Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00166
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: June 15, 1975
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00166

Full Text

Vol. 5 No. 24

162 EAST 78 STPFL.







THE Ministry of Educa-
tion is well on its way to
solving the Education
crisis in the country. But
the package which it is
considering is bound to
Come apart and saddle
the country with pro-
-blems even more intract-
able than those we face
-at present. : .

The Education Plan was
prepared in 1967. The first
Junior Sec. Schools were
opened in 1971. The first
graduates of these Junior Sec.
Schools, 6,500 of them, are'
due out in July 1975.
In any normal situation
these facts would have dic-
tated a course 6'f action
whereby all the groundwork
would have been laid to

ensure a smooth transition,
both for the 40% which the
plan envisages would go on
to further schooling and for'
the 60% which the plan
envisages would go on the
job market.
Instead we have the
absurd situation in which, at
this-eleventh hour, no one,
not the children, not the
parents, not the teachers,

not the Boards of manage-
ment, and least of all the
government, knows what is
going to happen in Septem-
It is the peculiar genius
of this Government that
they can telescope what
should have been three years
of careful planning into three'
months of hectic consultation
: about "conversion".- and

"placement", with Ministry
officials running around
basourdi urging half-baked,
quite patently absurd propos-
als, for "taking a class" (as
though it were a lottery
ticket) on reluctant Schools.
It is a classic case of ad-
hocracy, perhaps the most
significant contribution of
Cc.itmueid o,!x P'ge 2.

DOWN in Pointe-a-Pierre
the Guaracara River be-
comes a lazy estuary,
pouring torrents of
polluted silt and mud
"into the filthy Gulf of
Up_ in the back country
it is a beautiful stream, the
focus of delightful rolling
country reminiscent of un-
spoilt islands in the Eastern
Caribbean. Where the cosmic
forces of the Indies still
Just as the land'begins to
climb away from the gulf, a

nest of islanders have Lennox Khan, Krishna Ram-
founded a colony, one of the rekersingh and Lloyd Best
many fragments that make were treated to a royal
up the sprawling neglected discussion of.-the country's
settlement loosely described problems by folk whose com-
as Gasparillo. mon sense make long before
Up the road from here the book. FUND-RAISING continues
you can go to Mayo and Time for a change; time apace with two more Tapia
Corosal, up into the quarries, for a change. Invariably the' cake-sales this month.
Simple, grass-roots country chorus was the same. Following the big effort at
where Tapia has long -since the Diego Co-op two Satur.
found an easy reception. This
is the land of the Black
Gold Co-op.
Down the road last
Tuesday June 10, Gasparillo
welcomed a Tapia team with
a warmth and enthusiasmA RN
which cradled new-b orn hope.
Community Secretary
Beau Tewarie, Loretta and* T !BBA !


THIS Wednesday, the La
Brea meeting filled the
Union Hall right up. The
brothers and sisters came
already committed to the
From the time I hear
all yuh on the radio, I decide
me mind.
The brother was beaming.
Beside him, another said that
he had come once in search
of the Tapia House in
TunApuna quite from La
A young teacher from
Vessigny wanted to know
how the programme of
political education would
proceed from now in La
A clear voice from Fyza-
bad asked for clarification on
all these brands of socialism
being peddled by people who
somehow could not get

--What will Tapia do
about the Chamber of Com-
mess and thebig corporations.
A roar of delight when
the reply came that Tapia
did not anticipate any large-
scale import buy- and sell
trade in the future; nor did
we see any less capacity for
running oil in Trinidad than
existed in Egypt when Nasser-
took the canal for once and
More roars of delight
when Hamlet Joseph ex-
plained that Tapia supported
the demands of the oil and
sugar workers and the ULF
but did not favour the
method of crowd-confronta-
The only real solution
is a permanent, professional
political organisation bringing
together La Brea and Laven-

Arnold Hood, local boy
and Chairman for the night,
thanked the Tapia team for
an inspiring evening. He
spoke for Avril Callender,
Nigel Gill, Billy Montague,
Lloyd Best, Hamlet Joseph,
Annan Singh, Lloyd Taylor,
Constantine Scott, John
Callender, all of whom had.
come from far afield, sum-
-moned into action by_ this
ground swell on the Pitch
La Brea has been a
political vaccum for years;.
no more, not when all you
people have left your homes
to come.

NOBODY knows who
the military will finally
cry for. Who give them
ring or who give them the
thing? What we do know
is that the salvation army
is in politics now with a
vengeance. The mutiny,
the Danjuma trials, the
gas and the sugar.
And now, Tuesday
gone, they came to a
Tapia blockorama down
in Fyzabad, heart of the
so-called guerrilla coun-
Annan Singh, Tapia
line-man from down the
Siparia Road reports:
Tapia held a discussion at
Bush Village, Fyzabad on
Tuesday June 10 1975. At
7.15 John Callender wel-
comed everyone and in-
troduced the first speaker
Brother Mickey Matthews,
Second Vice-Chairman on the
Tapia National Executive.

days ago, preparations are in
progress to move to Barataria
on June 18th and then to
Maraval on the 25th.
A fete is also coming off
at 91, Tunapuna Road on
Saturday June 28.
The Fund-Raising Com-
mittee is looking forward to
full-scale Tapia support.

During Mickey's political
chat on economic reorganisa-
tion, the discussion suddenly
came to a standstill. A jeep-
load of Regiment soldiers
descended on the meeting
from nowhere, covering every
man-jack with their assort-
ment of rifles.
Brother! Everybody quiet
First time this kinda thing
happening in Bush Village,
The leader of the soldiers
spoke to a Brother on the
block in a harsh manner
and then questioned Brother
Matthews who promptly
The soldiers dallied around
while Mickey continued to
rap to the Brothers. Ten
minutes later they left.
The rap continued peace-
fully with Billy Montague,
from Santa Flora, the final
speaker, rapping about the
state into which the country
has developed.
A lively question session
ensued by the Brothers on
the block and the rap termi-
nated at 9.30 p.m.

30 Cents

- a

I L r~ Lr




Education used as Pawn in Election Gambit As

Gov't Places Junior Sec. Grads

From Pg. 1

the PNM to the field of
When a change as funda-
mental as the one now
being proposed in education
is being undertaken it is
absolutely necessary that allJ
those whom the plan touches
be perfectly clear about the.
changes that are to take
place, the times at which the
different phases are to be
introduced and the role of
each person or institution in,
the process of change.
This is of absolute impor-
tance so that all those in-
volved will come to grips
with the plan and make it a
priority in their thinking,
their planning and their
The Ministry has totally
abdicated the leadership role
that it should have been
playing to foster and promote
the plan. The result is that
it is now seeking to produce
a package which will sooth
the anxieties of the public,
mollify the parents, and
Appease the teachers until
the elections are safely out
of the way.


The plan envisaged 35-40%
of the Junior Sec. output
going on to post Junior Sec.
Schooling. This was first
brought dramatically to
public notice at a meeting of
Principals of Secondary
Schools with the Minister of
Education and his technical
Officers at Queen's Hall in
March 1974.
After much public pro-
testation a "ministry source"
revealed that attempts were
being made to place 70% of
the graduates. At the National
Consultation on the 15-year
Education Plan the Prime
Minister publicly charged the
Minister of Education to find
places for the graduates and
in June this year, the usual
"mriiistry source" revealed
that all graduates will be
placed come September.
This progression from
40% to 70% to 100% reveals
clearly the nature of the
operation on which the Gov-
ernment is embarked. No
serious plan can have that
degree of elasticity.
Which does not mean that
the Plan itself is not a seribus
attempt to come to grips
with some of the problems.
What it does mean is that

March 1967

March 17th, 1974

August 29th, 1974

Paper "Outline of a plan for Educational Development
in Trinidad & Tobago 1967-1983" presented to
Cabinet and 17 broad decisions taken.

Decision No. 4
Specialised training should be provided as far as possible
for approximately 35-40% of the age group above 15
years, bearing in mind proposals for an education
extention service for persons not attending full time

Meeting of Principals of Secondary Schools with the
Minister of Education and Technical Officers of the
Ministry at Queen's Hall.
Junior Secondary Schools' spokesman brings dramatic-
ally into public consciousness the fact that only 40%
of graduates-are to go on to further schooling according
to the plan.

"Ministry source" reveals that attempt will be made to
accommodate 70% of Junior Secondary School graduates
in 1975.
The Prime Minister in address "Education and Decoloniza-
tion" given at Caribbean Union Conference reveals that
"Cabinet considers that the time is appropriate, as
envisaged in the plan, to review the plan, with particular
reference to blah, blah, blah."

October 17th, 1974 Prime Minister in closing address to National Consulta-
tion on Fifteen-year education plan publicly charged the
Minister to seek solution.

May 1975

"Ministry Source" reveals that attempts are being made
to place all Junior Secondary School graduates.

HATT meeting to discuss education plan. Ministry of
Education spokesman Dr. Michael Alleyne fails to turn

the Government is not con-
cerned with the plan but is in
pursuit of a pure political
solution to the problem.
In this context it is safe
to predict that whatever the
package that is produced it is
bound to be bad, education-
ally. The effect will be to
cause serious damage to this
generation of Junior Sec.
graduates and do even more
damage to our educational
It is clear that the solution
being considered is to cram
into the existing post-Junior

Sec. School system all of the
6,500 graduates. Certain
questions immediately be
come relevant in the situa-
What courses are the
students going to persue
in these institutions?

How long are those
courses going to last, one
year, two years or three?

What teachers are going
to teach these courses?

What percentage of the

6,500 graduates will be
going to the "academic"
stream and what percent-
age to the "technical/
vocational" stream?

* What percentages will
be going to the different
tributaries of the "techni-
cal/vocational stream e.g.,
agriculture, home econ-
omics, commerce etc?

* How is the assignment
of students to these differ-
ent streams going to be
decided ?

'The first instrumental necessity for educa-
tional reform on a nationwide scale is a
good administrative service . And of
course they must know that their minister
will fight for them, that he will reform and
is not just playing with words "

Lionel Elvin "'Institutionalising educational
reform" in Prospects Vol. 11 No. 3 1972.


Our printing-plant is open at
The Tapia House 82-84 St. Vincent
Street, Tunapuna.

Kindly phone orders to: 662-5126.


iri- -
-p 1t.

': Would not the placing
of the 6,500 Junior S.c.
graduates inevitably result
in a reduction of the
number of children
allowed to "pass" the
Common entrance exam?

Finally we must consider
how this ad-hoc solution
squares with the long-term
plans and goals for
education as spelt out in the
15-year Education plan.
Specifically we must ask:

Is the plan now to be
formally abandoned and
will we be providing
places for all Junior Sec.
graduates now and in the

What are the implica-
tions of this for our
school-building programme,
our teacher education
programme, our education
budget and our national

*.If the plan is not to be
shelved and if we are to
revert to percentage
placements next year what
are the educational and
psychological implications
for this 1975 generation
lust in transition? ,.

Finally Whatever hap-
pened to the Prime Min-
ister's promise delivered
last year at the Caribbean
Union Conference for a
thorough reassessment of
the entire Education sys-
tem. Are these current
attempts at "placement"
the first *phase of a new


This Government is about
to open a Pandora's Box. of
problems for the nation in
education. This from a
Government which prided
itself on planning and not
doing things vie Id vie. This
from a Government- whose
major platform always has
been the provision of educa-
tion for the citizens.
We could not want for a
clearer indication of the
paralysis that has overtaken
the Government. It has been
found most wanting in the
area in which it most dearly
wished to be judged. But the
judgement will still be made.

IF Ili


-- _. ~_II~---

- ----~







SUNDAY JUNE 15, 1975

Michael Harris

THESE are not happy
times for the "Little
Papers" throughout the
Caribbean. At the best
of times, of course, they
lead a precarious exist-
ence but the last couple
of years have proven to
be extraordinarily severe.
In Guyana, for example,
the Burnham Government
amended the Publications
and Newspapers ordinance
in 1972, stipulating that a
bond of some $15,000, must
first be posted before permis-
sion could be obtained for
the publishing of a news-
When certaining enterpris-
ing opposition politicians got
together and brought out a
newspaper, Dayclean, which
was prmtea here in Trinidad
by Tapia, the Guyanese
Government promptly seized
the very first issue and
declared it to be on the
"negative list".
Since then Dayclean has
been published as a simple
stencilled sheet. But Burnham
with the fiendish throughness
for which he is well-known
has decided that not even
that ridiculously, ineffective
voice of dissent must be
heard, and has moved to kill
it completely by arresting
and charging Moses Bhagwan
for violating the Publications
and Newspapers Act of 1972.
Meanwhile Burnham's
lessons were well heeded by
at least one other Caribbean
pisspot. Premier Walters of
Antigua recently was success-
ful in having- the-courts---
uphold similar legislation
demanding totally exorbitant
bonds for the right to
publish a newspaper.
With that one Court deci-
sion at least three papers
died unmercifully swift
deaths. Amongst them was a
six-month old addition to
the fold of "Little Papers",
the attractive and shridently
sassy Outlet, billed by its
publishers as "the voice of


Here in Trinidad the
noose of repression has not
yet been tightened in such
obvious ways. Nonetheless
the pressures on the "Little
Newspapers" is great indeed.
In the first place,-of course,
the spiralling cost of materials
forces publishers to live on a
In addition however, they
are faced with totally in-
adequate advertising re-
venues. The reasons for this
are not hard to find. Business-
men are notoriously close-
fisted animals whose decisions
in terms of advertisement
are based on the unshake-
able criterion of circulation.
A paper having to build its
circulation therefore faces a
bleak financial youth,
Yet as the rags to riches ,
story of the Bomb is meant
to demonstrate given initially
adequate financial backing a
paper can make its way out
of the financial limbo. If,
and t'is a big if, there are no
other constraints but that of
circulation, determining whe-
ther it receives advertisement
or not.


I THE VANGUARD Eriday 30th May, 1975.

A Battle Is Fought: A Battle Is Won:

..q-'*** **f~i~ i-^ -*'* ".- *- --' -- -'J- -'-- '* *' -'. ^ ":.-- .-.e

But alas there are. Choko,
the editor of the Bomb
frankly states that his paper
is not trying to sell anything
and no doubt the affluence
of the Bomb demonstrates
how successfully one can sell
nothing. But most of the
little papers do in fact have
something to sell.
Theres' is the tradition
begun back in October of
1968 when the first issue of
Moko -A SeriousReview -
hit the streets. Its front-page
story was headlined
"Rodney: The Other Side."
And this is exactly what the
"Little Papers" try to sell,
The Other Side.
Implicit in the need to
sell the other side is the
charge of suppression and/or
manipulation of news and
events. In short then the.
"Little Papers" are born into
a world not only of political
conflict but of official anta-


And in Caribbean Societies
where officialdom is in
possession of such extensive
powers of patronage and
punishment and where in-
feriority breeds insecurity
and insecurity breeds vindic-
tiveness most businessmen
prefer not to touch, and in
some extreme cases, not even
to see, a "Little Paper". Not
to mention, of course, the
dry river of advertisement
that flows from the Govern-
ment-owned enterprises.
Under such conditions the
length of survival of a "Little

Paper" becomes a ready
testament to the will and
the courage and the dedica-
tion of the men or organisa-
tions behind it.
In those cases where the
paper is avowedly the organ
of a political party it is a
standard of judgement of the
-strength of that party that is
visible to all who wish to see.
For example when Moko
The Serious Review -
turned itself into Moko -
The- Fearless Paper and
began to fill its pages with a
lot of incomprehensible
rubbish all in the name of
reaching the grassroots one
could readily surmise that it
was the outward and visible
sign of an inward political
But there are many "Other

Sides" to sell and Moko is
not the only "Little Paper"
to fall quietly by the way-
side. Tapia, in fighting its
own fight, has seen mostly
with dismay, the rise and
fall of many a "Little Paper"
From the Governments
own Nation, which presum-
ably was allowed to die
because there was no need
to sell "The Side", to others
like Truth and Socialist
Worker and all those whose
soujourn in this world might
have been too brief to attract
Even so there is more
danger than disgrace in the
demise ot a paper. Danger -
first, in that the public is
certainly deprived of valuable
information and interpreta-
tion. Danger, secondly, that

those forces who have tried
and failed may yield to the
pressures and opt for the
manipulation of ignorance.
Yet it is a measure of the
growing political courage of
our people as well as of the
increasing manipulation of
reality that is visible in the
Government-owned media
avenues and the pliant
privately owned ones that
"Little Papers" continue to
be born even as the tolls of
death of their precedessors
peal around them.
If the truth be told it is a
joyful sign. But even more
joyous than Birth is resurrec-
tion. And the reader will
charitably forgive the mean-
dering introduction, which

Con't on Page 4



RSte hensDO

_ __ _I_


SUNDAY JUNE 15, 1975

Tunapuna Vendors


end to Harassment

THE Tunapuna 'Market
Administr: iion keeps
blowing hot and cold.
Last Tuesday they
again put pressure on fhe
vendors. A flying squad
of ten demolishers, two
policemen and four
officials swooped down
on the market and
cleared the street of all
tables, counters and
A heap of wood, galvanize
and building materials was
ceremoniously dumped on a
truck and carted off to limbo
with much weeping and

giilishing of lceilh.
Then ;again last Sunday
the Market Clerk turned the
lhcat on fish-vendor Bato
Rahim who has sworn to
bring him up this time.
This Tuesday June 10,
the Flying Squad descended
on the Market again pushing
tempers up to the point
where a war is in the offing.
Meanwhile reports from
the County Council Office
are holding out the promise
of an extension of market
A reply to Lloyd Best's
letter of April 26 confirms
that the parcel of land next


From Page 3. all, come in many different
leads to the news that the packages.
Vanguard, the official organ But there are times when
of the O.W.T.U. has returned the Medium may be even
to the fold. more important than the
Actually it may be a message. This may be one
presumption to say that it such instance. The point is
returned to the fold. For the that the Vanguard could not
issue which gleefullybought have been resurrected only
on my way through Wood- to die again. And even while
ford Square last Friday, it begins with the enviable
gives no information as to financial resources of the
Volume Number or Issue; O.W.T.U. at its disposal that
alone will not ensure its
nor, incidentally as to price. alone ll not ensure i
Which leaves its publishers survvaa.
in a very safe position with The Vanguard will survive
anyone trying to monitor its second coming if those
their regularity. After all an forces, the men and the
occasional paper never really organizations behind it have
dies howeverlong the interval the will and the capacity to
of time between its issues. make it a relevant journal in
Nonetheless I will not be these desperate times.
denied a celebration of such I have said before that
a rare event. For the return there are many "Other Sides"
of the Vanguard must be to sell. Undoubtedly and
seen as something more than rightly those who publish
the resurrection of an old the Vanguard will seek to sell
warrior. Timing is significant. that point of view in which
And one can celebrate, even they believe.
if in anticipation, that, per- But it is their duty, their
haps, the lessons of 1970 moral obligation in the pages
and of March this year have of their paper, just as it was
at last been learnt. or their platforms, to leave
This first issue devoted their readers and their
itself to a consideration of followers a little better off,
the events of the Industrial a little wiser, in a little better
struggle which occupied the position to make a reason-
entire nation's attention able judgement, than they
earlier this year. At the con- met them.
clusion of the review, If the Vanguard can do
by the unnamed this then my celebration is
writer we are promised that justified. If not then sadly
"The United Labour Front, we would have to conclude
like the proverbial Phoenix that the lessons of their
will rise out of the ashes of earlier death have not been
the recent struggle, undoubt- learnt. Manipulation in the
edly the most powerful service of whichever "side"
revolutionary force in the is equally reprehensible and
Caribbean." Truth can, after certainly fatal.


Tank Top Jerseys

Blue Gold



Available at the House Ring 662-5126

to the market is to be used
for the purpose of providing
vendors with extra selling
Vendors are wondering
why this policy of harass-
ment when everybody knows
that there is a very real
problem of space.
Why are they putting iup
a no-parking sign before the
extra market spaceris paved?
What is the point of all
this brutalisation when the
vendors will soon be able to
Vendors feel that this is a
sign that the letter from the
County Council is just

another election promise.
They want Minister Sham
Mohammed to say exactly
when the paving is going to
start. They want him to

I r* A-

AN emergency Council
Meeting of Tapia has been
called for Sunday June 22.
Acting Campaign Manager
Lloyd Taylor has requested
the early meeting to assess
the progress of field work as
the political temperature
From all over the country
come reports of a quickening
political tempo as the Gov-
ernment continues -to wave
the red rag of repressive
legislation before the zealots
of confrontation politics.
In the background, official
diehards are pushing a futile
campaign. Everywhere the
message of popular opinion
is that the time has come for

a change.
In the foreground, every
desperate measure is being
attempted to clean up the
education mess, to undo the
bungling in foreign policy
and to give a face lift to the
gloomiest possible picture in
regard to the use of the oil
bonanza. The Cabinet is even
tinkering suddenly with con-
stitution reform.
With the bottom falling
rapidly out of the 1956
bucket, the plan is clearly to
cut political losses and bid
for a snap election before the
year is out.
That is the plan;
implementation is always the
problem with this incompe-

know that if the harassment
continues, a volcano could
well erupt.

tent administration. Their big
fear is that any rise in the
political fever could at last
force the vast multitude of
floating voters to make a
stand for freedom.
No one quite knows where
the country will lay its
weary head. The failure of
confrontation politics in the
face of a heavy State-machine
has changed the whole
method of political cam-
Political support is no
longer a matter of whipping
up fickle crowds, or oif ind-
ing automatic constituencies
determined by race, religion,
or the organisation of labour.
The February Revolution
has made hard-wuk at the
grass-roots the only way to
power and glory


TH! (mIyfT Of A fINOTIR9 p ARlM R

i. __ __ _

'1 S

There (tafly is nothing comparable, .... except .... of course

.... an Insurance poliy with (11fe.


was founded 38 years ago by local people who know the
needs of the people. That is why we are able to provide
the security that brings comfort.

Speak to one of our agents let him tell you all about
our "comfort" plans There is one specially suited to your

Co 29 St. Vincent Street; Port of Spain, TRINIDAD. Telephones: 31421/7.
or at any of our branch offices throughout Trinidad and Tobago and the C rbbean
U.K. Subsidiary 219A Oxford Street, London, 1'R 14H


I-- I-

Conditions at the Tunpuna Market:

I wish to acknowledge your letter of the 26th April,
1975 on the above subject, and to inform you that following
representations made by my Council two (2) years ago, the Ministry
of Local Government has finalised acquisition proceedings with
respect to a parcel of land adjacent to the Market for the expan-
sion of facilities for vendors. In this respect, a Section 3
notice has already been published and a Section 5 notice is receiv-
ing the attention of Parliament.
With regard to the other matters raised in your letter, I
have started investigations into them with a view to taking
disciplinary action if necessary.
I can assure you that my Council is mindful of its responsi-
bility to vendors and I am certain that you will agree that we must
at all times take the necessary steps to safeguard the nation's

... ...........
Ag. Chief Executive Officer,
St. George County Council.

SUNDAY JUNE 15, 1975

.:. .. ,L' r)".:=. h" .;"j l,


-^ -it,^


C Ajo--
77eLs ea -klne rieaais elomn


Towards a New

System of Values

THE great debate that has been
joined all over the world on the
questions- of population expan-
sion, the limited quantum of
resources and the ecological
complications of permitting an
unthought, unplanned develop-
ment, actually skirts, /and
deliberately, the central challenge
facing us overconsumption.
It is rooted in the living
styles, now increasingly universal-
ised through the powerful mass
media networks, which we have
given our societies. The econ-
omic, political and social values,
which accrue to these living
styles, make nonsense of an,
projection into the future. In
fact, the present as spelt out in
the affluent world, cuts out even
the possibility of any future on
this planet.
Belatedly, but conclusively, the
truth is- now accepted that growth
cannot be unlimited, that it must
undergo qualitative change, that new
strategies for survival need working
out. However, battle has to be joined
here and now if only to discipline

growth and to restore faith in a row are interlocked, inseparable.
health survival. As the world shrinks under the
The moment has arrived to halt impact of science and technology, and
the wasteful consumption which over as we are pushed into more confusion
the years has become an accepted by our condition, it becomes difficult
part of the standard of living of to decide whose today is tomorrow
f fn ue n trsoctetiesrlf grdowtr-tas--to-*an-w-m..oaxrow. da..
be limited, waste has to be limited. If today and tomorrows are mixed up,
waste has to be limited, wants have for the value system which conditions
to be limited. this speculation is mixed up.
The challenge is formidable. It Clearly, we have to proceed step
involves not only the value system, by step if we intend clearing the mess
but the most powerful vested interest of thinking which has no connection
of our time overconsumerism. Are with the realities which have come
we all not part of this lobby? into focus during these last few years.
The great stirring for equality, Crucial to any beginning is the
expressed in the revolts of long need to redefine the perspectives in
suffering coloured peoples, of youth terms not of minima,.but of maxima.
impatient with the palsy of the status A minimum standard was acceptable
quo, of women who refuse to remain in the early phases of the struggle for
the servitors of men, and of the human equality and justice, a struggle
people at large, who now see their confined to national frontiers. But
leaders as incompetent, irrelevant the struggle spills over these frontiers.
creatures obsessed by strange dreams Resentments are developing against
of destiny; is not some dangerous an international canvas, for the
anarchy, but a clear indication that history of affluence is now more
humanity is now ahead of the institu- clearly understood and is seen as
tions which surround it. based largely on 'exploitation and
New attitudes, new programmes discrimination.
and new structures will have to be The principle of the maxima, as
evolved to serve the new conscious- both an economic concept and a
ness. It is here that today and tomor- value judgment, fixes a style of

civilised living and declares that all
consumption .beyond is not only
waste but a crime against large
numbers of fellowmen and against a
viable future. The maxima is the
right of every inhabitant of this planet.
Lt is .baed$ n scientific assessmen ts of

resources. It attacks waste. And in so
doing it first disciplines the affluent
pockets of our world.
The concept is revolutionary.
To win acceptance it demands a
political will of extraordinary courage
and perception. It would be foolhardy
to attempt to dispossess the affluent
in a frontal manner. To them -the
revolution of science and technology
has become synonymous with un-
limited growth and surpluses, a
psychology aided by that corrupting
colossus, the advertising industry.
That same colossus could be used by
responsible leadership to restructure
desires, habits and demands. After
all, major waste exists where its denial
does not hurt.
The examples from "the good.
life" are many. The enormously thick
newspaper in developed societies
should be studied against the famine

Con't on Pg. 8

-c-~- -L.... .... -.. ...U
S-m __ ,r .2; 'i; z w 7.
-- -- ------- 4lr~ .., *, s2-'' jj l~T r;.

w'.9 IX- A

ance a psychology aided by the corrupting colossus the advertising industry.

L4& dIit i
~.Sltu-inI 'dn r

The moment has arrived to halt the wasteful
consumption which over the years has become an
accepted part of the standard of living of affluent
societies. If growth has to be limited, waste has to be
limited. If waste has to be limited, wants have to be

A ,




rI .s

BRUCE ST. JOHN is a dialect
poet. In certain obvious, (and
not so obvious) ways this fact
marks him off from those poets
who are simply poets. His deci-
sion to write poetry almost
entirely in Barbadian Dialect
comes from the fact that he is a
Barbadian and that he has a
certain attitude to language.
There are, of course, other
reasons, some of which have
been stated by him publicly.
But the fact is, Bruce St. John
is a poet.
He could, presumably have
chosen to be, and may yet become, a
dialect prose writer or novelist, but
he chose to be a poet first. The
choice is important, because for a
poet the problem of 'the best words
in the best order' and this is a
problem Bruce must share with all
poets is a particularly tricky one.
The 'best words', we must
suppose, are those which best convey
the poet's meaning, and their value
will depend on what they can do in
this respect.
Where St. John differs from
other poets using English is that he
rejects Standard English because of
his reservations about how effective
such a language can be for his
purposes, and chooses Barbadian
English. Any discussion of his poetic
techniques, therefore, must start from
his attitude to Standard English and
to dialect as a better choice for
writing' the kind of poetry he wishes
to write.
In his talk, Thinking, Indepen-
dence and the Barbadian Language
(delivered in the U.S. in 1971) he
compliments those who have learnt
to manipulate so-called Standard
English as 'a weapon of defence and
counter-attack', but has misgivings
about the degree of self-expression
possible within the Caribbean using
that language alone.
His dialect poetry springs from
these misgivings, and his use of
language his 'poetic diction' is an
attempt to tap the involved, complex
and 'highly explosive potential' of
Bajan English.
His use of dialect, then, in the
concentrated art of poetry, serves to
further concentrate meaning: it is a
concentration illustrated in the
development of the standard 'May
God blind me' to 'God blind me' to
the cockney 'Gorblimey' through to
the Bajan 'Gaw-blomah!' with its
explosive mixture of outrage, disgust
and blasphemy. St. John chooses
language mainly for its acoustical
qualities; that is, the intellectual
meaning of the words is subordinated
to their visual and aural effect.
Impact precedes an intellectual
ordering of conscious meaning; and
this can present some difficulty. His
poems often, Polonius like,
'by indirections find directions
out'. Indeed, this may be a Barbadian
quality, as any stranger, asking direc-
tions on an endlessly winding Barbad-
ian road, soon discovers.
In discussing Bruce's poetic
technique, therefore, we have to keep
in mind the fact that we are dealing
with essentially oral or 'sung' poetry.
Bruce himself regards his Foetus Pains
and Foetus Pleasures as song-cycles,
or as two halves of a song-cycle.
Conventional critical terms then must
be taken in that context, and perhaps
need to be altered a little.
One important aspect of his
technique, for instance, I would call
-his use 'indirection' or 'undertone'. In
Letter to England, for example, an
apparently straightforward style tends
to disguise', through its low-keyed,
tonal quality, the ironic meaning of
the poem. The old Bajan mother's
gratitude to her daughter is touching.
But the daughter is merely a
regular, though distant, source of
gifts: a cashmere sweater, a five
pound note, a christmas card. Annual




'libations' to salve the conscience.
This daughter istacitly criticized,,but
so is the mother, for the point about
the expensive cashmere sweater is not
only that it is inappropriate to a
Caribbean climate, but also that it is
used by the old lady for purposes of
vulgar pride.

S Sister Reed can'Brag pun
me now like before, tink she
one got Daughter in England?
Uh water umn to Service t'ree
Sunday morning' straight Den all
'bout de place fuh to show
dem I en common, but, Lord, I
haffa tell yuh Dat it ketch 'pon
,a nail in de kitchen, so, Bless
you love-bird don' fo' get to
send annedduh one.

Notice incidentally, the visual
and aural effect of 'it ketch 'pon a
nail in de kitchen.' We both see and
hear the slight, but damaging tear that
will quickly render a cashmere sweater
useless, at least as a status symbol.
So too, the simple statement 'uh get
de five pound note and de Christmas
card/God blessh yuh!' is indirect-
ly illuminating because of the order of
selection of these two pieces of
paper. It is clear which of the two
fills the old lady's eye. The poem is
tender without sentimentality, ironic
without cruelty because St. John
captures just the right tonal shape
and rhythm of a felt language.
Rhythm, is at the deart of the
poetry as a whole. It is the sprung
rhythm' of oral poetry, where the
formal, metrical counting of ii ,iA..
is not important, since it is the beat,
or stress within the line that counts.
The term 'sprung rhythm' comes from
Gerrard Manley Hopkins.
Hopkins found that he needed
to invent critical terms for his own
poetry, which drew its strength from
a Western Oral Tradition and which
was influenced by the Welsh Dialect.


Bajan Litany

Follow pattern kill Cadogan
America got black power?
We got black power
Wuh sweeten goat mout bun 'e tail
Bermuda got tourism ?
W4e got too.
De higher monkey go.de more he show 'e tail.

Jamaica got industry?
We got industry
Jamaica got bauxite ?
Jamaica got bauxite?'
Choke 'e collar, hang 'e tie, trip 'e up trousers,
t'row downn boots.

Trinidad got army?
Trinidad got armnny?
We got too
Stop friggin'spiders Jfih twice de increase.
England got family planning?
We got too.
Wuith in ketch yuh en pass vith.
Follow pattern kill Cadoigan
Lord, Lord,
Lookeah we though nulh,
We heading fit trouble!
0 Lord!

Yes, Lord.
0 Lord.
Yes, Lord.
Yes, Lord.
Yes, Lord.

0 Lord.
Yes, Lord.
Yes, Lord.

0 Lord.

0 Lord.
Yes, Lord.
O Lord.
Yes, Lord.
O Lord.
Yes, Lord.
Yes, Lord.
Yes, Lord!


Yuh tink we fo
We gine ban Sc
We gine kill apt
Ashe can'play
Yuh tink we fo

We gine tek Ya
Pay fuh get ur
Buy dem things
Keep Sam proc
Keep 'e people
An le' helpp '
Yuh tink we fc

Bring in CanaL
Sell dem de bt
We kin tek de
Tink we foolish

Industry fuh s,
Hotels like pec
Doan min 'de.
When duh tek
We kin cut an
Tink we is foo.
Evah fool got
Tink we fbolist

IBarr~lra~ssaL~P11~-prsl--cp--rr --- -- ~,~C911-~lrs~g

I~p8116~irras~lsaa~slll~ I ~-- B

)NE 15, 19'7



Michael Gilkes



Letter To England

tth Africa an' invite the U.S.A.
'theid an'lick up black power
ror Sobers needuh

yuh wine
*kee aid

lish, tink we foolish ?

ian an'

Sde breeze

Girl chile darling ,'uh ole muddah hay
Praisin 'de Lord fifth 'E blessing an' 'E mercies
You is many many blessing's an 'all o' me mercies
Glory to God!
Uh get de 5 pound note an'de Christmas card
God bless yuh!
But de carpenter ain 'come to put on de shed-roof
So uh spen'it an uh send Rosy pretty to de
Exhibition gal, yuh should see she!
Next month when yuh send me allowance again,
We will see wuh kin happen in de name o' de Lord.

Da Cashmere sweater dat yuh sen'muh so soft
An so warm, .uh kin nevah nevah fiugetyuh,muh
Poor li'lchile. Sister Reed can'
Brag pun muh now like before, tink she one got
Daughter in England? Uh wear um to
Service t 'ree Sunday morning' straight,
Den all bout de place fuh to show dem
I en common, but Lord Ihaffa tell yuh
Dat it ketch 'pon a nail in de kitchen, so,
Bless you love-bird don'Jb 'get to send unedduh one.

Uh paint up de place an 'varnish de furniture
An Lord mek peace dat t'ief charge muh so
High dat Iain 'got a cent lef to brighten
Muh face, so de Lord will bless yuh
Don f 'get you ole muddah, lonely
An' t 'ankfid, wukkin' she finger to de
Bone, she soul case droppin'out, Lord!

I does pray daly an 'nigh t fuh yuh
Coirn hack chile, I does cry, I does grieve but
De Lord unde'stan' I closes now
Wid love an 'gratitude, tek care o 'yuhself
D)oau le'da nigger man dat yuh married
To upset yuh, le'de Lord
An 'ruh poor ole muddah keep a
Place in vuh heart: Amen! Praise de Lord!

Both Hopkins's
Glory be to God for dappled
things For skies of couple-colour
as a brinded cow ...
(Pied Beauty)

and St. John's
Girl chile darlin 'yuh ol' muddah
hey Praisin' de Lord fuh
'E blessin'an E mercies ...
(letter to England)

contain 9 and 12 syllables respectively
in the 1st and second lines but only 4
beats in each line, the result of an
organic 'sprung rhythm'. Sound and
Rhythm are especially important in
St. John's work. Not for nothing was
he trained both as a concert singer
and as a boxer. The sudden change in
a fixed rhythm is often used for
purposes of surprise (like a sudden
left jab) leading to a tonal change; a
change in meaning. The effect is
,indirect, as in the already much-
quoted West Indian Litany.

Stokeley like he mad!
Da is true
He outah touch wid de West
Da is true
He ain't even discreet!
Da is true
He can't be pon we side
Da is true
He mussy working fush de whites!
Da is true
Dem thrives pon we division
Da is true
So they wouldn't let e talk!
Da is true
Suppose he right though?
Wuh da?
Suppose he right though
Da is true
Da is true
The 'wuh da? in the response
'is like the 'bu-d' up' of an unexpected
one-two combination of quick jabs
and marks not only the break in the
poem's monotonous duple rhythm but
also the point where the response
suddenly takes a new direction, a
new tone. The listener has now really
begun to listen.
In musical terms, the variation
in tempo produced by the 'wuh da'
is a stretto a device often used in
Fugue-form to increase the emotional
tension of a particular phrase. This,
then, is the oral/aural level at which
the poem works and its message or
dramatic 'action' is produced almost
entirely by sound and rhythm.
This brings to us a device which
may be termed antithesis or justaposi-
tion but which I prefer to call
'coupling', with its added suggestions
of both sex and music (two subjects
which appear frequently in St. John's
work). It is a linking of apparently
opposed words and concepts (Educa-
tion/wisdom, town/country, rich/poor,
foetus pains/pleasures) a use of ques-
tion and answer, statement and
response in short, two-bar phrases,
often between two speakers (or
voices) who, as Christopher Laird puts
it in his introduction to the Kairi
edition of St. John's poems, "by
bouncing views from one to the other
progress in their awareness and
analysis and also carry the audience
with them."
At times indeed, the audience
(as in Once Upon a Time) is the
responding voice. This 'coupling' is an
organic, musical device reminiscent of
an oral tradition of ring-dances and
folk songs.

'Once upon a time De
teacher did sensible and de
parent did eegrunt but
Da Done .
Once upon a time De
master sign wid a flurry and de
parent wid a X but
Dat Done ...
Once upon a time parent
letter to de teacher did a 'vours

truly humble obedient servant
but ..
Dat Done

The similarity of that, or
'Stokely like e' mad. Da is true, He
can' ht pon we side. Da is true, with
the childhood games and songs so
many of us have forgotten is obvious.
Lsten to an old Guyanese 'call-and-
response2 children's ring-dance:

Rich chick chick chick, Congoday
ah bin a-back
See fowl mama '
wit five fat chicken "
Ah axe she fo'one "
an'she woldn'gie me one "
Yuh see dat woman "
She fat lak a butter
an she magga lak a yow "
That is the general framework of the
song. Each new 'caller' would add his
or her own, impromptu embellish-
ments, frequently satirical and highly
personalised, but always in the main
spirit of the shared ring-dance.
In other words, St. John draws
upon an African-based oral tradition;
a tradition which remains the most
powerful, though often subterranean,
impulse in the Caribbean. As Elton
Mottley and Timothy Callender, for
example, have pointed out, St. John's
work recalls certain qualities of tradi-
tional African poetry; a poetry which
has been described as a collective
experience initiated by an individual
in a group and shared by the rest,
emotionally and physically.
Elton Mottley compares St.
John's poetic voice with that of the
African griot or court singer. The
Nigerian writer and critic S. Okechukwu
Mezu, however, considers the griot
( a figure common in Moslem
Africa) to be "a courtesan paid to
chant the glories of a chief or king"
(see African Writers on African
Writing etc. G.D. Killam Heinemann
1973 p. 94) and, since St. John's
stance is in no sense related to this, I
would prefer to think of him more as
the 'bard' (which one hears about in
the traditional Igbo 'Yam Festival'
for instance) or 'all-licensed fool' who
leads the group with incantations and
poetic songs. Or, closer to home, as
the anancy Ballad-maker, like the
calypsonian whose spontaneous inven-
tions often carry a sting in the tail. The
humour and apparent simplicity
(even simple-mindedness) of such
poetry can be misleading.
So in that 'Anancy-poem Wisdom,
St. John places South/Africa against
the U.S.A., Apartheid against black
power, the beaches against the hills,
and as we listen, their apparently
antithetical qualities grow less and less
Yuh tink we foolish?/we gine
ban South African an invite de U.S.A./
we gine kill apartheid an lick up black
power/Ashe can play nor Sobers
needuh/yuh tink, we foolish?/. lef'
out Rhodesia an bring in Canadian!
sell dem de beaches we kin tek to the
hills. Tink we foolish?
The refrain, tinkk we foolish?"
soon becomes itself an implied com-
ment on the foolishness of such
shaky 'wisdom'.
The original version of the
poem, in standard English was a
straightforward boringly familiar pro-
test against apartheid.

Ashe can't play tennis?
Boycott the games!

Kick out South Africa
Down with apartheid

We got the beaches
Let them go to the hills

The final dialect version how-

Con't on Pg. 8

-------- -- ---- -- ------------- '" ~

c ----- ---- ~-~-4~-~--~-~-- C---r I --I 1

SUNDAY JUNE 15, 1975

The Poetry of Bruce St. John

From Pg. 7

ever gives immediacy and complicates
our response allowing for the element
of ambiguity or paradox within the

'Eva fool got 'a sense/Tink we
Finally I want to talk about the
device of 'deflation' in St. John's
poetry. A debunking process which is
observable, for example in Ode to a
Tunisian Mosaic: There is a deliber-
ate coupling fo the sublime (suggested
by the title) and the ridiculous, in
the figure of Old Sore Toe and his
drunken description of a stylized,
pisciform phallus, a picture of a
Tunisian Mosaic which he finds (as
the unexpected is so often found) in a
public library.
But although Sore Toe's visit
'to res' de corporation' and his tipsy,
moralist's logic in summing up this
work of art ('peenishness is wutless-
ness') may be the antithesis of an ode,
yet his refusal to call a spade an'
'agricultural implement' or a 'wutless
pickshuh', 'art', suggests the process of
'deflation' in the poem.
So, too, in Bajan Language:

"Shakespeare is all right
Ifyuh look at 'e right

'Cause 'e show we dat from early
we masters wus asses. "
or again

'"Tourism doing 'fine
whorism doi 'better
(We Country)

Bruce St. John's technique, then,
is not simply a matter of using a
-ready-made dialect for provoking
mirth (although this is one of the
functions of his poetry). First, he pins
us down with laughter, then the oral
technique, (what I've described as
'indirection' or 'undertone' use of
couplings', 'deflation', as well as of
imagery, rhythm and tone), does its
work at deeper levels. One has to listen
to Kites, for example, more than once
to realise how carefully orchestrated the
images are 'from animal to man to
angel', how much social comment is
present all within the quite visual and
aural context of kite flying. For the
total effect of the poem is quite
smooth and natural. There is even an
extended image of the birth, crucifix-
ion and resurrection of Christ (De
king o 'kites/De singin angel, boy ..)
within the poem. And, of course, this
is what kite flying- commemorates.
The same effortless seeming, but
craftily worked-out use of imagery is
seen in Cricket, where the game be-
comes an extension of the idea of the
Holy Trinity then of that other

stem of Values

From Pg. 5-
of paper for school books in develop-
ing regions. The obsession with throw-
away packaging is a feature of our
chaotic times. Clothing fashions need
analysis, and so do the much advert-
ised wining and dining fads. Indeed,
fashion must become a symbol of
degeneration, of anti-individuality.
Durability as an asset needs stressing
all over again. New status symbols,
with the accent on simplicity, have to
be evolved and projected. And so on,
keeping in mind that we ourselves are
the original creators of false values
and false status symbols.
Attention will also focus on
activities which excite and sponsor
wasteful operations. Take the spectacle
of tourism, perhaps the largest industry
in the world and considered by one
and all as a vital cultural pursuit.
There is a wide gulf between the
carefully elaborated theory and its
crude and ostentatious implementa-


Tourism today is largely organ-
ised waste. It creates vast movements
.of people in the most resource-
consuming conditions. to rush around
the world without-any real aim or
purpose. The original desire for
adventure, the zest for experiencing
new cultures, and lor establishing
communion with the extraordinary
variety of life, is_buiiied in regimnented,
slandardised transport and living
systems which are the antithesis of
cultural activity. The cost in lime,
energy and raw im alet il is phenomienial.
As for the ltirnslci of capital to
the developili' wild. I Iis too is a
legend. Tihed magdi e inii' thle Ic fabric
,I these s,;iclis hv lhe h.iiaulilics of
uiurism is dccp :ind Is1ng1. Travel is a
1l t'i leli tl ( i. t',l uit i' 'I l I s. It ,tellls
i oitll d "sit' 1t ii', l .hl iUt otlhci
Cu' 'l ''s ,iid pci. )le"s iI11d hioi1 Ilteill

It involves effort and preparation. It
can lead to enlarging the areas of
understanding on our planet.
The apparatus of rethinking
needs solid attention. It would be
impossible to calculate the waste of
human and material resources that
the whole fabric of affluent education
involves. Right from. the level of
children, for whom complex methods
for learning the simplest things are
continuously being evolved, things
which generations of children before
them learned quite easily, like the
alphabet, to a proliferation of research
on every and any manner of subject.
designed either to subserve powerful
government or vested interests, or to

Trinity, the three W's. There are, of
course, the other obvious poetic
techniques (for example) of allitera-
tion, assonance and onomatopoeia. A
line like 'goat rolls rattling' pon a
galvanise tinnin' (Higher learning) is
at once an example of all three, and
an uncomfortably accurate description
of some of the academic words of
wisdom from 'up de Hill'.
In Bajan Language, St. John,
defending Bajan English, cooks up a
sonnet that is a fantastic mixture of
Petrarchian and Shakespearian forms
peppered with Iambic, trochaic and
dactylic hendecasyllables which
alternate down to the second line of
the sestet. To round things off he
includes feminine rhyme, to keep the
'masculine rhyme' company. The
sonnet is a zany tour de force, but it
is ironically, the weakest moment in
a poem which (on the subject of the
limitations of dialect) is unnecessarily
defensive. The point is ahead well
made in the first few lines. 'Evah
language like a big pot o Bajan.soup/
Piece o 'yam
Piece o 'potato
Two dumplin
T.ree eddoe
One beet
Two carrot
Piece o 'pig tail
Piece o'beef ....
S. Boil up, cook up, eat up and yuh
still wan' rice Soup limit.
The question of the effective-

keep a large body of young people
engaged in unreal or make-belief
This is not to decry education
or research. but to point to their
g iiob lsue and overuse. We have to
restore purposefulness to education
and research because they constitute
a vital element in the making of
Here we are at a traumatic
moment in the history of the peoples
of this planet, but we are unable
despite all the skills and technologies
we have mastered, to organise coherent
thinking around dignified housing.
effective transport. education that
liberates the mind from centuries of
dullness and teaches it to think,
medicare which permits each individual
to treat ninety percent of the ailments
which afflict him, and on the processes
of delegated decision-making and
policy-implementation which must
assist the individual to rise above the
./ I


ness of dialect poetry in reaching a
wide audience, whether in fact by
choosing to write in dialect the poet
does not immediately narrow his
audience (and at the moment it seems
as if Bruce's poetry will travel only if
he himself can) is a controversial one.
I have my own reservations. And
ultimately I suspect that Bruce would
prefer to be regarded less as a 'dialect
poet' than as a poet who happens
to write in dialect.
What is certain is that, thanks
to his oral technique, his work can
produce a response without appearing
to pass through a process of logical
intellectual understanding. According
to the late. Christopher Okibgo 'if a
poem can elicit a response, either in
physical or emotional terms, the poem
has succeeded.' The poetry of Bruce
St. John, is, in that light, quite
definitely a success.

over-centralised, -politician- encrusted
institutions of today.
We are not thinking funda-
mentally, seeking out a new frame-
work of action. We have become the
menders of a fabric of living which is
already, beyond repair.
Yes, we could- drastically, by
law, control populations through
vasectomy and tubectomy, allowing
couples only to reproduce themselves.
We could attempt to break the
dominance of those who live by
military spending when victory on the
field of battle has become a thing of
shreds and patches, pyrrhic. We could
allow the tensions of today to explode
and trust that in the debris tomorrow
could be salvaged. There are many
ways to the future, as there are to
whatever "godhead.' one would con-
ceive, I believe that we must become
the.architects, conscious and creative,
of our tomorrow and must be so
judged today.

r L2 ego

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Laventille Residents Wait

In Vain For Water to Flow

UP on the hill on
Richards Trace in Laven-
tille live some of the
forgotten people 'of
Trinidad and Tobago.
They are hard-working,
tax-paying citizens in the
land where every creed
and race have an equal
place, but to many of
them it seems that their
place is to scrunt.
Appeals to their repre-
sentative the "Honour-
able Hinds" have brought
them nothing except 57
varieties of excuses and
The residents of Richards
Trace will tell you that at

one time they enjoyed pipe-
borne water. It is true that it
came only at night but at
least they got some water
for the rates they paid.


About three years ago
however "all fall down," all
die taps ran dry and the
sight of everybody, man,
woman and chile totingwater
from on the flatland or going
over to Tiou Macaque for
water became a familiar
But the good people of
Richards Trace did not

despair. A delegation was
sent to WASA which
promised to deliver truck-
borne water two or three
times a week. Well the water
came, but like when you
bend you crooked.
.The Government had been
building a road to the hill for
years. It had almost reached
the top of the hill but the
road was being so badly built
that the watertrucks began
tearing huge holes in the
"new" road. And of course
no one ever came to repair
the holes.
But the residents once
more turn to their own re-
sources. They themselves
patched the worst of the
holes with earth and gravel

and in the dry weather all
was fine.


But then the rains came.
The earth and gravel patches
turned to mud and the
watertrucks could only make
it up the hill with extreme
difficulty. One day one truck
almost skidded into a house.
After that, of course, the
truckdrivers refused to drive
up the hill. These days they
drive a little way up and the
people once more Ihave to
make their way back down
the hill if they want their

To add'to the misery of
the residents is the fact that
their are no street lights on
the upper half of the hill so
that toting water from the
flat at night becomes a
dangerous proposition.
And so today the residents
of Richards Trace are all
standing in their shoes and
wondering. Wondering why
the water main along the
Laventille road cannot be
tapped to bring water for
them when it is tapped to
bring water to Trou Macaque.


Wondering why it is that
Government would not repair
and extend the paved portion
of the road.
Wondering above all which
of the 57 boldface excuses
the "honourable Hinds"
going to bring when he
comes campaigning for the
next election.

c ean I BiiP c a., Lr

I-e_ e.s .tn


: ..

Andrew Marin-assaulted.

TWO events of the past
few days must cause
every thinking citizen a
great deal of concern. In
the first of these James
Millette wrote to the
Police Chief Tony May,
to protest the manner in
which he was using or
abusing his power under
Act 1 of 1972.
If Mr. May was quoted
correctly by one of the
daily papers then one must
protest in extremely positive
terms his statement that he
would treat Millette's letter
with the contempt it deserves.
It seem more than strange
that the head of an institu-
tion supported by the .axes
of the citizens and supposed
to protect and defend the
rights of those citizens should
treat any citizen with such
It is, of course, Mr. May's
right to disagree with the
contents of James Millette's
letter and it is also his duty
to make the grounds of his
disagreement publicly known.
But it is emphatically not
his right, or place to do so in
such a discourteous and
contemptible manner.
The second case concerns
the beating administered by
unknown assailants to one

J ames Millerrte- snubbed.

of the witnesses in the
current inquest into the death
of young Greene who was
killed by a police bullet.
The fact that the gentle-
man involved had given
information which was in
direct conflict with the testi-
mony of the police witnesses
in the case can only the
suspicion that intimidation
may be afoot.
Clearly what is required is
a thorough investigation of
this attack and a public
statement onf the part of the
Commissioner about the facts
of the case gleaned from
this information. The fact
that no word on this has yet
been forthcoming is disturb-
What both these incidents
may point to is the grim
possibility that the police.
have succumbed- to the
temptation to arrogate unto
themselves a view of their
powers and responsibilities
which leaves them virtually
immune from control.
If this is the case it
clearly marks a new develop-
ment in the establishment of
a full-fledged Papa-Docracy.
It remains oniv to add that if
the Police have made their
choice then they must be
prepared to stand all the
consequences of it. (E.M)

__ __

NUINDAi ,LJI'4t 15,291

OUT in Tacarigua, hidden
from direct view by the
luxuriant Samaan trees
which shade its driveway
and front lawns there
exists a Colony of Love.
It is the St. Mary's
Children Home popularly
known as the Tacarigua
The Home was started in
July 1857 by two of the
managers at the Orange
Grove Sugar Estates. Begin-
ning with nine children it
catered in its earliest days
specifically for the children
of Indentured Labourers
whose parents died while
undef contract.
Since then the Home has
grown into the sprawling,
attractively laid-out residence
catering for many of the
needs of its 517 children
who range in ages from
infants to sixteen-year-olds.
In addition to the Dormi-
tories the complex contains a
Nursery School, a Primary
School and Trade Shops in
Carpentry, Cabinet Making,
Masonry, .Tailoring Shoe
Making and Music.
There is also a Farm
School attached to the Home
which in addition to teach-
ing the youngsters farming
skills also provides a fair
supply of the school's daily
requirement of Fresh milk
and meat.
Many of the programs
and the buildings of which
the Home now boast owe
their presence to the inspira-
tion and dedication of Mrs.
Evelyn Tracey who has served
the Home as Manageress for
the past Twenty-five years.

SUNDAY JUNE 15, 1975

Colony built on Love

Mrs. Tracey's main con-
cern during those years has
been not only to make of
the Home a place of love and
friendship but also to involve
the children in every aspect
of its organisation. Their
participation in the activities
of the Home she considers
to be the most important
training they can receive to
equip them for the indepen-
dence of their later lives.
While admitting that there
have been those children who
did not benefit as well as
they might have from the
opportunities available at the

school Mrs. Tracey speaks
with obvious pride of the
many of her graduates who
are now successful and
respected members of the
wider community.
The latest project on
which the Home is embarked
is one to raise funds to build
a Hostel, initially for boys,
in order to provide a place
of residence for those boys
who leave the hometo go
into employment but have
no homes to go into.
At present attempts are
made to place such gradu-
ates Wiih p'iva.e ai i.s, '.

this is not always successfully
accomplished and so many
of the graduates have to
maintain their residence at
the Home even while they
are working, which is not
only inconvenient for them,
but places a serious strain on
on the accommodations at
the Home which are already
severely stretched.
The proposed Hostel,
which it is hoped to locate
somewhere in the Trincity
area, is estimated to cost
$100.000 and will cater for
twenty boys who will be
ae-.pi.-l fi":n the Home as

well as from similar institu-
A fund-raising Committee
has already been established
under the patronage of the
wife of the Governor-General,
and that committee has
planned as its first venture a
"July Extravaganza" which
is a giant Bazaar to be held
on the grounds of the
Governor-General's residence
on Sunday 6th July.
The Extravaganza will run
from 10 in the morning to
6.00 at night. And members
of the public have been
invited to support fully this
venture. (M.H.)

e go to any

length to do


We installed suspended ceilings on.two of AMQCO'S
offshore production platforms over twenty miles out at sea some
time ago. It was a.hew experience for us, but it was all part'of
our job The Industial and Building Products Division of
L. J.Williams Limited.
Apart from installing suspended ceilings, we also construct
shop fronts and partitions for business places, install NACO
Louvre Windows and.custorn. built Roller Shutters, and apply the
S ultra modern 'Flecto finish' to walls and floors
Also, we supply Kwikset locks Gibbons Ironmongery.
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s'. -- decorative plywood, and more'
I ., -If we have a service you could use, give us a call at 62-32866
Wo'll go to any lengrhito help you



SUNDAY JUNE 15, 1975

O.W.T.U. is now supposed
to be struggling for Bread,
Peace and Justice. I want to
test the validity of this claim
by bringing to public atten-
tion certain matters that
affect me personally.
On July 3, 1962 1 was
dismissed from my job as a
Refinery Plant Operator at
Texaco on the grounds of
alleged "General Unsatisfac-
tory Conduct", after receiv-
ing a warning notice from
the Company only the day
before concerning alleged
unsatisfactory conduct in my
Superintendent's office on
Saturday, June 30.
According to statements
made subsequently by Com-
pany officials it would appear
that this alleged unsatisfac-
tory conduct consisted of
the following claims: eating
a banana in the Superinten-
dent's office, refusing to sit
when asked to do so by the
Superintendent, correcting
the Shop Steward in the
presence of the Superinten-
dent, and collecting signatures
from fellow workers during
Company time calling for the
dismissal of the Shop

At the time in question
there was a dispute between
t_ ~f4..--anu.----~

myself over an agreement for
overtime work and compen-
satory time off. The Superin-
tendent claimed that there
was no such verbal agreement
with me, and my presence in
his office, together with my
shop steward, was to clear up
this matter.
But there was certainly no
basis for these charges, and
since in any case they could
hardly form the basis for
dismissal, I immediately
brought it to the attention
of my Union, the O.W.T.U.
The Union investigated the
matter, which they referred
to Texaco's General Manager,
who advised that the matter
would go through the usual
stages. The Union carried my
case through all the stages of
appeal within the Company,
without getting the Company
to change its position.

Following this, the Union
appealed to the Ministry of
Labour for the appointment
of a Board of Review. A
board, consisting of Dr. Zin
Henry and one representative
each from the Company and
the Union came to no firm
conclusion as to whether I
should be dismissed or re-
In a letter to the Company
dated January 14, 1964 and
signed by the then General
Secretary, Cyril Gonzales,
O.W.T.U. stated that its
General Council had taken a
decision to take the Company
to the Civil Court over the
matter. But in a letter tome,
dated September 1964, Mr.
Gonzales informed me that
the General Council had
taken a decision to consider


Bread. Peace and Justice

n:y case closed, and that it
had been decided to make me
a "grant-in-aid" of $300.
I thereupon appealed to
the Annual Conference of
the Union in November which
took the decision to re-open
discussions with the Com-
pany. The Union wrote the
General Manager to this
effect on November 24,
1964. On February 22, 1965
Texaco replied to the Union

and reiterated its "suggestion
that the matter is closed". In
a letter dated March 29,
1965 the Union conveyed
to the Company its decision
to close the case.
This letter formed the
basis of a subsequent Indus-
tri;d Court ruling that it
-._uld not adjudicate in the
matter, when the Union
brought the matter to the
Court on the instruction of

the Annual Conference of
Since that time 1 have
been unable to get any assist-
ance from the Union. I have
also been unable to secure
employment. I have attempt-
ed to take the Company to
Court on my own in 1971,
but by that time the matter
had become statute barred,
having been in the hands of
the Union between 1962 and

I am still pursuing my
own campaign for Bread,
Peace and Justice. Repeated
appeals to other Unions, to
the Government and to the
I.L.O. have not borne fruit.
The question still remains
though, whether I was not,
and still am not, entitled to
more effective representation
from my Union.
Ulric Rogers

WUhen an exporter

talks business

to an international

commercial capital

we talk his finance

The National Commercial Bank
works for you through more than
140 respected international banks
in 33 countries.



The National
Commercial Bank
of Trinidad & Tobago

the bank with international banking know how

SMan Campaign -Fo








A. Ramrekersingh.

THE World Cup series,
which started off rather
tamely last Saturday,
suddenly sprang to life
on Wednesday as the
West Indies and Pakistan
produced an absolutely
exciting game. The result
was in doubt until the
fourth ball of the sixtieth
over when Andy Roberts
scored a single off Wasim

Undoubtedly West
Indian supporters all over
the world went wild with
joy when the winning
-ian was scored especially
as we hovered on the
brink of defeat for a
considerable period. Des-
pondency gave way to


Everyone hoped that the
second round in the prelimin-
aries would produce more
thrilling cricket than the'first
round which was marred by
three mismatches. East Africa
never had a chance once
New Zealand, aided by an
unbeaten 171 by Glen
Turner, scored 309. The
same was true of India when
they faced England's 334.
They never even attempted
to make a match of it.

Sri Lanka proved no
match for us. They fell
quickly and easily to our
pacemen. Their lack of
experience in limited over
cricket and of English con-
ditions was clearly demon-
strated by the number of
their batsmen who fell to
catches in behind thewicket
positions. The pace and swing
simply overwhelmed them.


The only match which
afforded any excitement was
the Pakistan-Australia game,
and that only for a time, as
Pakistan curled up between
over number 38 and 52.
When they were 155 for 4
with 24 'overs to go they
seemed to be in with a real
chance. Raja and Asif Iqbal
were batting well after a good
innings by Majid which
treated Jeff Thompson with
scant courtesy.
The dismissal of Asif
marked the beginning of the
end. Dennis Lillee ripped
through the lower order
batsmen. One can't help but
feel that the presence of
Intikhab Alam would have
made a real difference.
With Saturday over we all
looked forward to more
exhilarating cricket as the
tournament continued on
Wednesday. The two matches
of interest were New Zealand
against England and West
Indies against Pakistan. From
the West Indian view point
it was obvious as to which

game held more interest.
We expected a hard game
and were somewhat relieved
when Pakistan had to field
two new and young players
in place of the injured Asif
and the unavailable Imran
Khan. Withtwo of their key
players out they were defini-
tely weakened. But knowing
that Pakistan had to win if
they were to remain with a
chance in the tournament
one anticipated that they
would fight with great deter-
mination. Few, if any of us,
expected the horrors that we
had to undergo.


For the first 42 overs of
their innings Pakistan were
kept in check by tidy bowl-
ing, good fielding and excel-
lent limited over field placing.
Majid in particular tried hard
to push the socre along
without suicidal action. What
was important, though, was
the fact that Pakistan had
lost only three wickets, at
this stage.
From this time the on-
slaught started. The last 18
overs produced 116 runs,
Wasim Raja, after a scrappy
start, simply clouted the ball
to all parts of the ground.
I remember that when he
was on-15 one commentator
remarked that it was not
one of his more distinguished
innings as his timing seemed
to be off key.
But it was from that very
moment that his timing
returned with a vengeance.
Even the usually steady
Holder was hit with impunity
to all parts, of the ground.
From 6 overs for 13 runs he
reached 12 for 55.
It was during Wasim's on-
slaught that our fielding
tended to deteriorate. There
was a lot of wild throwing.
Intelligent batting by Pakis-
tan had taken them to 266,
a total which did not seem
beyond our reach. Four and
a half an over was not an
unattainable goal in the
context of our wealth of
Our innings started off
with a llurry of runs. 24
after three overs but for the
loss of Greenidge. Soon it
was 36 for 3 as Sarfraz
struck two more vital blows,
dismissing Kallicharran and
Fredericks. The latter was
throwing his bal around to

the point of rff -d-riving iW
the direction of square leg.
Kanhai almost made it
four down when Majid drop-
ped a miscued hook. He and
Lloyd, though, seemed to be
settling down. They added
48 runs at about 5 an over.
Richards came out like a man
in a hurry, played three good
strokes and promptly left
266 seemed to be a distant
goal at this stage.


But there was still Julien
and Boyce to help Lloyd.
Three of the best exponents
ot batting in the limited over
game. Julien and Lloyd
batted well and we appeared
to be getting back into the
Then at 144 Julien went.
Uoyd who had been batting
soundly and intelligently
reached his fifty but was
out soon after in what he
believed was a controversial
decision. Even the die hards
began to despair at this
It was a feeling that grew
worse when Boyce left at
166. Holder and Roberts
alone to come. 101 runs to
go. With great resolution
Murray and Holder took the
score to 203. Sarfraz was
then reintroduced into the
attack and almost simul-
taneously Holder was dis-
missed.203 for 9.
Stealthily, a determined
Murray and Roberts inched
towards the Pakistan total.
So unobstrusively did they
move and so resigned to
defeat were we that it was
not until we were about

twenty- -runs trom-victory-did--
we realise that it was possible
to take our hand out of the
lion's mouth.
A kind of cautious optim-
ism emerged, growing as each
run came. Just after three
o'clock what had seemed
impossible two hours earlier
was achieved. Victory with
two balls to.spare. Our last
wicket had taken us from an
ignominious 203 for 9 to
victory 64 runs later.
Our batting was far too
scatterbrained. Only Lloyd,
Murray and numbers 10 and
jack departed from the
pattern set by the early
batsmen. We need to be
clear that limited over cricket
is not about unadulterated
vooping. The approach needs
to be carefully planned.
Erratic batting might have
cost us not only the match
but a place in the semi-finals.

The most redeeming
aspect from our point was
that we showed that we can
fight even though the odds
are overwhelmingly against
us. The sheer guts of Roberts,
Murray and Holder, not for-
getting Lloyd, was a shatter-
ing blow to all those who
believe that it is an inherent
weakness of West Indians
that we fold up easily under
Our final match in the
preliminary round is on
Saturday against Australia.
This is an eagerly awaited
clash. More than the prestige
involved is the probability
that the game may be a
preview of the final.


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