Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00072147/00048
 Material Information
Title: Tapia
Physical Description: no. : illus. ; 43 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Tapia House Pub. Co.
Place of Publication: Tunapuna
Creation Date: February 18, 1973
Frequency: completely irregular
Subjects / Keywords: Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Trinidad and Tobago   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Dates or Sequential Designation: no. 1- Sept. 28, 1969-
General Note: Includes supplements.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000329131
oclc - 03123637
notis - ABV8695
System ID: UF00072147:00048

Full Text


SOME OF US STILL cannot see that the edifice of conventional politics
is tumbling down about us. They honestly believe that in 1973 the
Wooding Commission will simply report, Williams will next call an election
and then the rest of us will just troop ritually to the soap boxes and vote
the old regime into continued domination of the state. The only thing
they all dispute is who will represent the old regime this time.
It is PNM or DLP, says Lequay who, in a grandstand play, suitably
reported in the front-page headlines next morning, drew fully 25 people
to the opening of his Northern Office in Tunapuna only marginally
less than he could muster on stage-centre at Woodford Square two weeks
ago when his campaign, it seemed, had warmed to fever pitch.
Elsewhere, Richard Jacobs, Political Editor of Moko, insists that .. today
UNIPis without doubt the strongest political force in this nation from the oil belt to
the sugar belt". An independent survey published in the Fearless Paper, puts UNIP
support as 59% of the voters and singles out James Millette as the Leader most wanted
by the country as Prime Minister.
But the United National Independence Party could never accept a "hollow
victory" amounting to only 2% more votes than the 57% earned by the PNM at the
height of its glory in 1961. The only important arithmetic is that of the last election,
made famous in MOKO for 72 plus 28. Now that it is the runaway choice of the
people, this party no longer, as in 1970"stands alone".

The other certain winner in the
coming contest is the Democratic Action
Congress. According to their scientific
groundings, Tapia and UNIP are both
going to run and will receive less than
2% of the votes.
The overwhelming majority of the
citizenry, will dedicate themselves to
the politics of coming revelations -


If all this idiotic nonsense had any-
thing to do with the needs and possibi-
lities of Trinidad, Tobago and the West
Indies today, Williams would indeed be
right in boasting that he is going to eat
them raw.
Fortunately, there is a fresh move-
ment in the country which is not so
foolish as to play the given game but
insists instead on altering the conven-
tions and the rules of play. The task of
bringing change is the thing that keeps
us turning over.
In contrast, the old-timeleader parties
which stay alive only while gearing for
elections and which would therefore
accomplish nothing if they ever came
to office, are kept by Williams like little
puppets on a string. To get them active,
their dear Doctor knows exactly what
to do.
Last November 12, Tapia raised the
question of a Santa Claus election, only
to show how in a few short months
after the February (not April) Revolu-
tion, the country had completely changed
around its thinking. We have come at
last to see that Governments are elected
at the pleasure of the people and are
movable at any time before a five-year
term is up.


On January 12, when a weekend
paper duly named a day in 1973 and
not in 1976, the point was clinched for
once and all. But as usual the election
parties took this as a signal to begin
hysterical preparations for a snap
Williams has since embarked on sys-
tematic feeding of this speculation,
valid only for the principle involved. We
have been witnessing all kinds of rush
decisions. Like the one that has now
suddenly thrown together the most

improbable combination in the sugar
belt and the other to crucify Tweedle-
dum and replace him with his closest
conspirator, Tweedledee.
We can now confidently expect can-
didates and conventions and manifestoes
of every kind after which the next step
must surely be a round of quickie wed-
dings en masse adding up, ultimately to
a united front of so called opposition
forces. And then all that Williams would
have to do in the face of the total
absence of any credibility for such a
grouping, would be to promise and then
delay his election until the inevitable
man-rat quarrels start.
If this were in fact the only action,
what a tale of woe would it not be for
poor Trinidad & Tobago? Fortunately,
it is only nancy story: the true opposi-
tion is in another league.
From the very start of the February
Revolution there have been two very
clear wings of the new movement which
has been appearing on the political
stage. Even before October 1968, these
two wings have been distinct in poli-
tical method while overlapping in stated

political aims and quite often sharing
their political adherents
Those who have demanded an im-
mediate articulation of their frustra-
tions in the public place have of course
made up the more militant wing. For
mostly very genuine reasons they sim-
ply could not wait for organisation
and leaders to emerge simultaneously
from their work.


The urgency behind their dreams
precipitated countless numbers into the
people's parliament and although it did
not win us the political means to bring
the victory, it made an immeasurable
contribution to the growth of political
conscience and to the building of a new
Caribbean vision.
In 1968 and 1969 when James
Millette and Moko were thought to be
pointing the way and had not yet opted
openly for an overnight conventional
party, we in Tapia were extremely wary
of the strident impatience of the move-

That was well before Geddes Granger
and NJAC came to the fore. When they
did, we did not budge, even though it
seemed to be succeeding. We were very
conscious of the risks involved in bring-
ing the pot to boil too soon or worse,
of being catapulted into office without
the self-knowledge necessary to use the
power less unwisely than the PNM.
We did not honestly see how to
support the simplifications and the
short-cuts which our indignant brothers
felt compelled to make. The other wing
of the unconventional movement was
therefore made up of all those who
rallied around Tapia while the more
impatient activists left to make their
fortunes with Granger and the NJAC
. no doubt because they could not
support the simplifications and the errors
which we in turn were surely making.

Continued on Page 3

Booklet for

TAPIA Associates and
Members are advised that
a booklet is to be published
next week for the Annual
General Meeting. The Meet-
ing comes off at the Tapia
House, Tunapuna, on Sun-
day March 18. instead of
February 18 Panorama day.
The booklet contains the
Tapia Constitution and the
following statements:-
*New World ... What Next?
*The Case for Tapia
*The Tapia House Movement
Forthcoming will be com-
panion documents setting out
Tapia's vision of a New Carib-
bean world as well as related
policies, plans and programmes
for constitutional, economic
and social reorganisation.
Already available are:-
*Black Power & National
Reconstruction March 1970
Proposals following the Feb-
ruary Revolution;
*Black Power in Human Song;
*Government and Politics
in the West Indies.

Life is a stage A

Vol. 3 No. 7.

15 Cents



is a


"LIFE is all one big
act". This is the conclu-
sion that the Lord Valen-
tion has come to after 31
Lunch with Lord In-
ventor, Stalin and the-
Lord Valentino at the
hilltop Point Cumana re-i
treat was about the best
opening one could get for
a relaxed interview with
Needless to say I was
awed at being in the pres-
ence of three calypso greats
at the same time. Sooner
or later curiosity would
make me stuff my size
fours into my mouth in-
stead of the delicious meal
on the table.
Of course it happened. I
had just gotten over telling'
Inventor that Tapia in fact
was not Lloyd Best but a
vibrant group of people like


Then I decided to ask
Stalin why, after a good tune
like "No Other Man", he did
not follow it up with another
and surely place himself in
the race of kings. There were
in fact other tunes, I was
informed, but after emceeing
the Revue show, quite a job
in itself, a man could only do
so much more.
And would you believe I
did it again?'The calypso in
Trinidad to me seemed to be
unique; rising as it did out of
the experience of the people
and-our consequent claim and
exercise of freedom.
Only recently I saw direct
commentary in the. blues and
singers like Swamp Dog in his
"Sam Stone".
So I learned my lesson
from the Mighty Stalin him-
self. Both the calypso and the
American.blues and soul misic
grew out of more or less
similar' experiences. As Spar-
row in "Slave" documented:

We had to chant and sing
To.express our feelings.
For this wicked and cruel man
It was the only medicine to
. m ake him listen
And 's so Calypso began

As calypsonians in Trini-
dad, where the land.is ours
and we are in the majority,
said. Stalin, there is no need
for fear. There are no lynch-
ings here.
In America, the situation
is. different. But the artist
has many devices.
There is the complaint and
protest of the Jazz horns, the
blues, soul music with its
undoubtedly African origins.
"And when Otis Redding sang
about 'Satisfaction' and 'Res-


Le Gendre



pect,', he was not talking'bout
Then lunch was over and
Inventor pottered over to the
kitchen juggling dishes as def-
tly as he did the notes of the
tenor pan. Stalin excused him-
self to wrestle barebacked with
pen and paper in preparation
for his work..
So I made off, notebook
in hand, to the gallery over-
looking the sea with Valentino
What with the siesta men-
tality reinforced by a lazy,
aftex rain humidity, the dis-
turbed bluey, grey-green of the
.sea, it was a wonder I stum-
bled out the first question.
To it he replied that his
purpose in calypso is to let
the brothers and sisters know
what is really going on to
teach, to warn at times..


Although he has composed
hit tunes like "Shotgun Wed-
ding". and more recently,
"Woman and Motor Car", he
shies away from singing them
.himself. He is off on another
scene altogether. The rap.
Take his stance. Cool, feet
firmly planted, one hand
clutching the mike, the other
outstretched, .matching the
conversational tone of voice.
At N.J.A.C. rallies he is
respected as the calypso spokes.
man. of the movement. His
performance is hailed with
shouts of "Power".
.I have always wanted to
find out, from the horse's
mouth, as it were, how
Valentino squared the vision
of "Third World" where he

thiopia will rise again
And in the Third World
The African shall reig

with his position on Indo-
African unity as expressed in
"No Revolution" and "Libera-
Valentino explained that
his songs have significance on.
national and international
level. "Third World" is uni-
Looking at the world, he
sees the African as one of the.

oppressed races finally suc-
ceeding in the struggle for
liberty and respect. And surely,
in time to come, the African
shall reign; and rightfully,
Ethiopia representing the total
upliftment of the Black man
shall rise again.


Again I was puzzled. For a
man who marched with thou-
sands calling for revolutionary
change, it was strange, to say
the least, to hear him sing:
"No, Doc, We din want no
But that was all one big
mamaguy, says Valentino.
"The man does come high, so
I coming high too".
How could a people strug-
gling for dignity and unity
gain those ends within the
present system without re-
volutionary change? The dou-
ble negative was intentional.
The chorus of "Liberation"
states just how committed to
struggle he is:

I will go to jail to balance the
That justice should prevail
We are hot for sale
I am willing to dead for my
brother man
In the fight for the Black man's.

After "Liberation" came "Hark,
Hark, The Dogs Do Bark".
The intention here is to warn.
Something is stirring and the
dogs are uneasy:

This word is me
And I am this word
So let my voice be heard
Fix your hearing aid
And hear what I say
Wipe your glasses and see things
my way
The sound that you hear is an
angry one
And I'm sure if you're seeing
-things clear
You'll see that all happiness is
And then the dogs the dogs
Are barking too long
Is a sign a sign that something is
Every day I wake in this country
I see signs of poverty
The money system getting so
That some people have to beg
their bread
Hark, Hark, the dogs do bark
The beggars are'coming to town
Beggars in rags, beggars in tags
And some in their velvet gowns

The. first three lines quoted
above are intended to be a
direct take-off on the arro-.
gance of Williams in the words
put into his mouth by Spar-
row in "Get to Hell Outa

This land is mine
I am the boss...

And when I talk
No damn dog bark

But the dogs are barking any-
This week Valentino re-
leases a new tune "Be Aware".
It is a natural follow on to
"Hark, Hark", which was a
warning The record was
produced by US-based Straker
Recordings while pressing and
distribution will be done by
Telco Recordings.


"In Be Aware", says
Valentino, "I am trying to
arouse the youth and suffering
masses to a consciousness of
the frustration which causes
the people of a society to beg,
steal, false preach and take
dope. The solution lies in the
hands of the youth. This is
their age the age of Aqua-
Taking the standpoint of
an older, more experienced
man, he cautions youth against
butcher politicians, and stres-
ses self-reliance. Having de-
clared that life is a stage, one
must now be aware of one's
role in life. With the passing
of the older folk, the stage is
set for youth.


Looking at Valentino's
calypsoes altogether, one can
see a thread linking them.
There si a recurrence of themes
like the imagery of the stage,
a progression from one song
to another and the further
development of themes.
The idea is to get the
message across through the
traditional medium of the
calypso. But as much care is
taken in the preparation as in
a political speech.


The calypso rap, then, is
Valentino's speciality.
As he gazed out across the
water, there was that familiar
look in his eyes and he ex-
pressed a humanist approach
to life. "We're only down
here once and we'd better
enjoy it."
His gaze shifted and I auto-
matically adjusted the slit at
the front of my skirt. Last I
saw of him, he was being
accosted by a chic afro who
bravely informed him, "I like
your lips". To which brother
Valentino gravely replied,
"Thank you, sis".

Where is Atilla's history of Calypso?

Whatever happened to
Attilla the Hun other-
wise known as Raymond
Quevedo? He died of course,
and a grateful government
repaid his contributions to
the nation by awarding
him a brass balisier ten
years later,
But whatever happened to
Attilla's vital History of the
Calypso, the only legacy he
was able to leave his family?
Shortly after his death, the
manuscript was presented by
his wife to our leading scholar,
the Prime. Minister, historian,

Messiah and preserver of ar-
chives. In consideration of
which, as they say in law, his
wife received $1,000, pending
publication of the manuscript
by the government.
Oh is so? How come we ent
see no copy of it yet? Well, the
Prime Minister say he loss the
manuscript and dat is dat.
("What I say goes" and
this went, but where?)
So the family find a next
copy and because dey please
wid de brass balisier and still
believe in the Doctor, dey send
him a copy of the copy. So
wha go happen now?

Well, since Attilla dead, the
Prime Minister set up a National
Cultural Council that have
plenty taxpayers' money to
spend on publishing. And it
seems that the Cultural Chair-
man is planning to publish his
very own History of the Calypso
very soon.
No big thing. Make them
publish both.
And I feel that Dr. Elder
and the grateful government
should give the money they
make from both of them to the
Quevedo family, in place of
the brass balisier.

FROM HIS bed in the
General Hospital, recover-
ing from gunshot wounds,
Franklyn Mascall tells an
incredible and harrowing
He is telling it, he says,
because there were people
who saw and who can help
him by telling it exactly
as it happened.
The Press has reported that
Mascall with four other men
attempted a robbery on Famous
Recipe at St. Anns. There was
a shoot-out with the police.
Four of the men were injured
and one was killed.
Mascall's story brings into
question the two basic asser-
tions: (1) that a robbery was
attempted, and (2) that there
was a shoot-out with the police.


He claims that on the night
of January 26, he was not on
what he described as his "night
He said that at the invitation
of the driver of the car, whom
they knew and with whom they
had been associated in the past,
Allan Caton, Norbert Gaskin
Allan Richardson and he set
out on a lime to the calypso
The car, according to Mascall,
went to Duncan Street and
then on to Piccadilly Street
but swung up Charlotte Street,
round the Savannah. The in-
tention was to go to Morvant,
but the driver continued in
the general direction of St. Ann's.



From his


Mascall says that the driver
was asked where he was going
and that he replied that he was
going to St. Ann's to get some-
Mascall said they did not
pay too much attention to this
since that was usually how the

lime went stopping here and
there, turning off and then
going on to the original des-
As he related it, just as the
car reached the point of the
alleged shoot-out, it stopped.
According to Mascall, Caton

tells how
it happened

must have seen a policeman
looking over a hedge.
Caton then said: "Boy what
yuh stop the .car for. Is a
police trap yuh bring we in or
what?" The driver replied that
the car had stalled.
As Caton asked: "The car
running good all the time just
so it stall?" shots started to hit
the car.
The occupants of the car
huddled low, the driver ran
out shouting:
"All right, Mr. Burroughs,
ah coming out", and ran, arms
upraised, straight in the police-
men's direction.
Time passed and Mascall
said they heard one of the
policemen say: "All of dem
fuckers done dead already".
Caton said: "Mascall, I go
try and make it, yes, because
dem fellers say they want to
kill mih. You better had try
and inake it, too.


They crept out of the car,
Caton went running, jumped
over a wall and the men, now
out of the car, hands upraised,
heard gunshots.
Up to then, Mascall said, he
was unhurt. He said that they
were told to sit on the ground
and it was then that they were
He said that the only man
who was shot in the car was
the driver who, according to
Mascall, was shot on his foot
when the police were firing at
the car.
Mascall said that one of the
policemen put a gun to his
head and asked him where
Caton had gone.
He said that the policemen
were ordered to take the dogs,
find Caton and kill him. Mascall
also said that before shooting
them the police told them that
they were going to shoot "every-
one of them".
In addition, he said, while
he was on the ground, already
shot, one of the policemen
jumped up in the air and on to
his thigh, breaking the bone.
Mascall, who lives in Morvant
and who is the proprietor of a
tailor shop, is appealing to
people who were there around
nine o'clock that night to come
forward and talk.
In particular, he is appealing
to a woman in a car (he cannot
remember the number) who
"The fellers and, dem ent
doing nutten, what all yuh
shooting dem for?"

April I Rally is dust in

damn-fool eyes

From Page 1 coherent, consistent and clear, our pro-
On our side, our contribution to the posals for the future have been concrete
February Revolution is not disputed, and comprehensive and we have en-
Our analysis -of the old regime has been dowed the militant faction with a set of

catchwords not, as so often, borrowed
from another place. Doctor Politics,
Unconventional Politics, Afro-Saxon cul-
ture; National Reconstruction and Local-

The February Revolution

isation have all been useful in their
different ways in the dramatisation of
the essential history of our time.
Organisationally, the two wings of
the Movement have remained apart but
in common they have had at least one
important thing. We will change the
rules of politics or die; the Government's
neo-colonial terms are not for us. When
Williams shifts his trainee Ministers
around, what difference can it make to
us who do not go for musical chairs?
The important difference between
Tapia and the 1970 Movements is that
we find it necessary to do more than
declare the irrelevance of mere elections
with trumped-up parties. We have out-
lined an alternative solution which is
clearly political and not military. If it
came to fighting over fundamental rights
we are resolved to back the country all
the way but we insist that a political.
solution is entirely possible. And that
explains our stand on the Constitution


In 1969 when the changes in popular
perception had not yet assumed revolu-
tionary dimensions, Tapia identified
constitutional reform as a central issue.
After the election fiasco of 1971, not-
withstanding his rararah about there
being no crisis, Williams was forced to
concede the point. Naturally he con-
ceded on the Government's terms which
Tapia then had to bend to suit ourselves.
At Arima we duly threw Williams
into panic. He had been banking on a
walkover victory over opponents who
he thought he could sell short as having
had no concrete programmes of recon-
struction to offer before the Commission
Cont'd on Page 10

'.'.'* ma f



SJanice McLeod leads a class in keep-fit exercises.

a bold venture




OFFERING a compre-
hensive set of health ser-
vices under one roof, and
perhaps the first of its
kind in Trinidad is Elixir
Health Spa (clinic).
Here in this island, the most
obvious indication of our de-
gradation is a manifest inability.
to cope with the day-to-day
problems of living.
The health spa serves to
remind us of how much is
possible with just a little cabeza
and a wee bit of imagination
- -whether at the level of the
state, at the level of the national
community, or even of the
For that is what it took.
Janice "Pat" McLeod and
two friends invested their re-
sources of time, money and

training in providing health ser-
They acquired and altered
the old residential quarters at
No. 6 Diego Martin Main Road,
into a health centre for chil-
dren, for those recuperating
from illness, and for the aged.
The services offered, to be
sure, would be a godsend to
many. They are of special in-
terest to women in childbirth;
for working parents who desire
to have proper pre-school edu-
cation for their children; for
patients who need exercise and
massage to complete convales-
cence and, in particular, for
men with problems of flabby
In addition, all those persons
of whom desk work seems to
get the better, can find relaxa-

tion in remedial exercises and
massage treatment.
The atmosphere, which is an
informal one, bereft of the
starched-stiffness normally as-
sociated with such institutions,
by itself is enough to disarm
most clients.
The two-storeyed building
which houses this ambitious
enterprise is spacious and roomy.
It contains a gym offering
weightlifting and massage treat-
ment for men; a gym with
cycle, benders and all-purpose
benches for women; dining
room, convalescence beds, and
nursery rooms- with cribs and
so on.
When frilly equipped, the
centre would have facilities for
sauna and steam bath treat-
ment. On the spacious grounds

is hoped to be constructed a
swimming pool.
Running this clinic are three
women: Pat McLeod who is
Managing Director, Cynthia
Alphonse and Gloria Alleyne.
Together they offer a unique
combination of skills in diet-
etics, physiotheraphy, massage
treatment, mental care and
regular nursing practice.
For Pat in particular, Elixir
marks the realisation of a dream
she had some years ago while
pursuing training in dietetics,
bone-setting, and in massage
and exercise treatment of
What distinguishes these
women is imagination and a
willingness to venture, with
some measure of risk-taking.


And this, to my mind, is
extremely crucial. For it can-
not be too often stressed that
it is imagination which, in the
final analysis will determine
whether we as a nation can
make the crossing into a
brighter and self-sufficient
And precisely because nothing
in our society really prepares
us to transform and to extend
our reality through the use of
skills, manpower and physical
resources, the crossing for all
of us becomes a particularly
difficult venture.
Remember that the people
operating this enterprise are
people of only average incomes.
They have been able to make
the initial investment from
savings accumulated in the
salaried jobs they formerly held.
They still have to rake and
scrape to make ends meet. The
services they offer are making
sturdier bodies and healthier
minds in a word longevity.
But while they provide for
our health, they need to sur-
vive. So, for the time being,
for the services rendered, we'll
have to pay.


are clamouring for higher
commissions. Like every-
body else, they are reacting
to the general inflation in
cost of living. Over the last
months the Index of Retail
Prices has jumped as high
as a mountain.
The National Lottery\is now

a big business. In four years it
has turned over $33% million
and by the end of this year,
it will have contributed close
on $15 million to Government
Revenue. According to the
Budget, it contributed $3.3
million in 1972.
Selling Lottery tickets has
become a crucial source of
jobs in a situation where Gov-
ernment policy consistently
fails to make any dent on
chronic and large scale unem-
ployment. In the four years,
vendors have received about
$5 million for this service of
distributing tickets.
It is not as glamourous as
being a chicken-and-chips ven-
dor or a Drag Brother but it is

Cost of living rise

makes increased

commissions a must

a bid for self-employment and
dignity all the same.
Like the car washers and all
those costermongers who buy
fruit, haberdashery or trinketry
and sell again in mini-quantities
under Salvatori's or some other
store front, the lottery vendors
are salvaging themselves by their
own exertions and setting an
example for the country.


Above all, the lottery has
become a source of hope. Hope
for the many who can see no
signs that the Government is
concerned with a more equit-
able distribution of the national

Life is now very much a
matter of luck and chance
with no certainty that work
and effort will win their just
reward. How many families
today can see no other pros-
pect than that their ticket will
"draw" this week?
Today in 1973 life is in-
creasingly a matter of specu-
lation and gambling. Not so
long ago, in the early 1960's,
the emphasis was still very
much on work and thrift and
constant endeavour. The offer
from the Government in those
days were .the Independence
and Better Village Bonds -
savings was still the watch-
TAPIA says that one of the

steps towards national recon-
struction must be a return to a
National Savings Scheme. If
in all humanity we insist on a
little gamble then let us run a-
restricted lottery on the in-
terest which would accumulate
on the National Savings Bonds.
But nobody should lose his
capital and the nation's face
will be turned in the right


That is a solution for a
Hardwuk Government only ...
after we have moved this in-
competent, improvident one.
It is a solution which will fall
into place against a back-
ground of jobs for- all and a
fairer distribution of wealth.

In the meantime, TAPIA
says increase the commission
of the lottery vendors and let
them at least maintain their
share of the cake.


lives in


says school

PARENTS of children at-
tending the Tunapuna E.C.
School are being organised to
make a number of road safety
demands of the St. George
County Council.
A circular sent to parents
notes the lack of safety in the
area, particularly on Morton
Street where there is not even
a school sign.
This state of affairs was
brought to the attention of the
school authorities by a member
of the Housewives Association
of Trinidad and Tobago.
The circular urges parents
to "ACT before your child
becomes a road casualtyy, and
by signing and returning to the
Headmaster the petition making
the following demands:-
That school signs be put-
That Morton Street be
closed to through traffic, leaving
access only to motorists resi-
dent on that street; and
That humps or "Sleeping-
Policemen" be put down at
strategic points to make sure
that traffic slows down.


wear their


AT A meeting of the
United Taxi-Drivers Asso-
ciation which took place
at the Tapia House on
Saturday February 10,
Mce-President, Mr. Shahid
Hosein urged colleagues to
work for a consolidation
of their position.
The main purpose of the
meeting was to elect a working
committee to shoulder the task
of building lasting unity first
among taxi-drivers plying the
Eastern Main Road and then,
hopefully, among drivers in
Trinidad & Tobago as a whole.
Elected to the Committee
were:- U. Dass; K. Gosein,
L. Mohammed, S. Ramadeen,
J. Baptiste and R. Singh.
Mr. Hyder Ali was also
elected Treasurer and Mr.
Krishnadath Naipaul, Public
Relations Officer.
Newly printed monograms
in attractive yellow and black
were distributed for members
to display on their windshields.
More of these are available
from the Secretary, for a dona-
tion of $2.00.

put off
IN RESPONSE to requests
from members, the Tapia Exe-
cutive has decided to postpone
the annual general meeting of
Tapia to March 18.
Members had pointed out
that the original date of the
general meeting February 18
coincided with the Panorama
preliminaries in Port of Spain.
And last Monday for the
first time the Monday night
meeting of the Tapia Political
Committee was held in our
newly acquired offices on 17
Royal Road, San Fernando.



we can bridge that


ABOUT 10.00 p.m. on Thursday February 1, a
taxi-driver plying the Pleasantville-San Fernando
route stopped-at a parlour on Winston Mahabir Street
to buy a soft drink. He had one passenger a brother
from Pleasantville.
As he got back to his car, he was greeted by the
police. The searched him, the car and the passenger,
but found nothing.
The passenger was on his

way to work and had his food
with him. The police, not satis-
fied with their search, took the
brother's spoon and made a
complete mess of his food. The
taxi-driver gave this story to
TAPIA's 'southern office on
17 Royal Road, San Fernando.
Other reports coming to the
office are that on two separate
instances brothers coming from
fetes, one of them half-stoned,
were accosted by the police,
beaten and had their money
taken away.
Now is this the type of
"protection" that we are paying
the police for? Isn't this police
intimidation? And then these
same policemen have the gall
to expect the public to assist
Of course I believe there
'must be some sort of law-
enforcement agency. But not
the type who would get a tip-
off, stake out the area, and
wait till the bandits come and
gun them down. We don't want

Kraal Coop,

La Romain

seeks help

MEMBERS OF the Kraal
Co-operative of La Romain,
are progressing rapidly. And
TAPIA is growing with
From pushing 35 copies of
issue Vol. 3 No. 4, they are
now pushing 30C c or.'es of
No. 5.
However, the brothers have
a problem. They still require

the type who are attacking and
robbing people just because
they may be stoned.
What we want is the type of
law-enforcement officers who
would try to prevent offences

police and


before they are committed,
who would be courteous to the
public even under the most
trying circumstances.
A police service which would
allow, and if necessary, assign

Why give one

anda half and

fortunate to gain em-
ployment with the San
Fernando Carnival De-
velopment Committee
as a gate attendant.
There were about 30
employees, of whom 25
were employed full-time
with the San Fernando
Borough Council, and the
other five or so unem-
ployed and casual em-
I found it very annoying
that those 25 full-time
workers with the S.F.B.C.
were allowed to earn this
extra money when there
were are so many brothers
are so many brothers who
-are daily begging for jobs
and are unable to get.
Why give a man a loaf
of bread and a half, and
another none?
Take, for instance, the
Mayor of San Fernando
and hsi band of PNM Coun-
cillors, all of whom are
fully employed elsewhere,
and still receive backpay,
honorarium and out-of-
pocket expenses.
Are there not any mem-
bers of the PNM who are
unemployed, who possess

31 sheets of galvanize to com-
plete the covering of their shop.
The official opening will be on
Saturday February 18.

the qualities of the goodly
Do you not think that
little change (roughly $6)
which is given to the Mayor
and his councillors could
assist the same number of
unemployed people if they
were made councillors?


reporting from

skilled personnel from their
staff to assist in organising
training courses in various
This way, I believe, the gap
between the police and the


This year I will watch
and see, and I ask members
of the public who may
attend the S.F.B.C. shows
at Skinner Park to see for
yourselves how many gate
attendants are full-time em-
ployees of the Borough






public, which is widening daily,
will soon be bridged, and a
sense of trust and confidence
will be established.

/s Stephens

If you can assist in any way, G. Henry, or Cecil "Fats" St. Vincent Street, Tunapuna,
please get in contact with any Baptiste, of George Street, or Tapia South Office, 17,
of the following persons: Slim La Romain. Royal Road, San Fernando.
John, Joe Lexama, Oswald Or you can get in touch
"Whisky", Jomo Grimes, Samuel with either the Tapia House, NIGEL GILL REPORTSJ

man a

another none?



_ I I_


AT A TIME when West Indians are in the
throes of throwing off the various vestiges of
colonialism, one might be justified in asking
why is it that the game of cricket, which is a
manifestation, par excellence, of the colonial
legacy, still features very prominently in the
West Indian cultural and sporting menu.
This article seeks to answer this question by
firstly examining the historical under innings
of West Indian cricket and secondly looking at
the functional aspects of this game, as far as
West Indians are concerned.
Cricket in the West Indies was forged and influenced
by the same conditions which moulded other facets of
West Indian social structure and culture. From the
colonial experience, three such facets spring to mind.
There is the concept of white supremacy; the degree
of violence, both pyhsical and mental, which has
maimed the personalities of countless West Indians.
And there is the concept of divide and rule, which has
so successfully kept West Indians of different ethnic
and political persuasions at each others' throats. Let us
look at this in somewhat greater detail.
I am using the term in the sense of white West Indians,
i.e., the extent to which an individual looks predominantly
The first West Indian cricket team to go to England
left in 1900, and from then until 1957, every subse-
quent team was captained and managed by a white, or
near white, West Indian.
In 19?8, the West Indies were awarded full Test
Match status. In the course of time there was a drama-
tic decrease in the proportion of white West Indians,
and a corresponding increase in the number of non-
white West Indians playing cricket for the West Indies.
(See Table I).
It should also be noted that with the exception of
1957, when Walcott was vice-captain under Goddard,
the manager and vice-captain were also white. So that
although the numbers of white. West Indian players de-
clined, effective control and decision making powers
always resided in the hands of the whites.
The game of cricket, therefore, in a real sense,
mirrored life in general in West Indian Society, where a
similar dichotomy existed.
Whites were represented in top echelons of West
Indian society, out of all proportion to their numbers
in the population. They led and non-white West
Indians were expected to follow.
In Barbados, this caste like stratification system,
based on race/colour, allotted to black Barbadians the
role of bowlers and fetchers of balls delivered during
practice sessions in which whites batted and blacks
bowled only.
The emergence of the Barbados League,\however,
introduced club cricket in Barbados, and blacks were
given the opportunity to bat as well as to bowl.
This explains why, for years, the only Barbadian
batsmen one heard of were white: Challenor, Tarilton,
Hoad, Goddard; and the only bowlers one heard of
were non-whites: Griffith, Martindale, EA.V. Williams.
It was the advent of the Barbados League that pro-
duced with a vengeance the legendary three W's
Hunte, Sobers and Nurse. It seemed as though these
batsmen were out to settle within one decade the
social injustices of several decades in the field of
In Guyana, the Georgetown Cricket Club (G.C.C.),
on whose ground, Bourda, all inter-colonial and inter-
national cricket was played, was a constant affliction
to the development of Guyanese cricket along serious
lines. This was the club of the whites and the
Portugese, and it was no exaggeration to say that the
colony team usually contained at least seven members
from the G.C.C.

Among the non-white, non-Portugese element there
was the opening pair (in the 1940's) Reece and
Westmaas, the premier Guyanese batsman Robert
Christiani a mercurial symbol of uncontained genius,
McWatt the wicket-keeper, Gaskin the master of in-
swing bowling and sometimes Trim a truly strong fast
bowler, who played as a professional for G.C.C.
These performed very creditably and for years
Christiani and Gaskin were the best in their respective
fields. But for years one watched as a succession of
light-skinned G.C.C. members and their sons, posing as
cricketers represented, or rather misrepresented Guyana.
The team, of course, was always led by a white or a
Portugese member of the G.C.C. It took a black
Barbadian, Clyde Walcott, himself a victim of the
system, to help shift the basis of selection from one of
colour to one of merit.


This was achieved largely by his efforts (and to
certain extent those of Christiani) as a cricket coach
and welfare officer on Bookers sugar estates.




The changing of the racial and colour basis of
selection produced batsmen of the calibre of Kanhai
Butcher and Solomon. This, it should be noted, was in
the 1950's, and the drive for political independence
was beginning to make irrevocable changes in the
structure of Guyanese society.
In Trinidad, we are assured by C.L.R. James in his
book, "BEYOND A BOUNDARY", that life for the
inon-white cricketer was one of uncertainty, restricted
upward mobility and discrimination along racial and
colour lines.
For example, one gets the impression that W. St Hill
was left out of the 1923 West Indies team to England
for reasons other than cricketing ability or bad

Again, Learie Constantine, after a number of
abortive attempts to play cricket and to keep his job in
Trinidad at the same time, eventually gave up and
went to England where he did both simultaneously.
He played professional cricket. This problem only
obtained for the non-white cricketer who, unless he
was affiliated to a club as a groundsman or practise
bowler, needed regular employment in order to be
able to purchase cricket gear.


There are some who would argue that those whites
chosen to play for the West Indies were worthy of
selection. To be sure, Tarilton, Challenor, Nunes,
Goddard and Stollmeyer, to name some, were all
tall scoring batsmen. (It has already been mentioned
that bowling was primarily for non-whites.) However,
the fact of the matter is that they only rarely repro-



duced this ability in Test Cricket, at least not against
A look at Table II reveals that the number of
double centuries, centuries and fifties scored by non-
whife cricketers exceeded those scored by white cric-
keters against England on every occasion the West
Indies played the latter during the period 1928-1959/60.


White West Indian batsmen scored no double
centuries or centuries and on 25 occasions made 50 or
more runs (but less than 100). Their non-white
counterparts scored seven double centuries, 29 cen-
turies and on 56 occasions made 50 or more runs

ARY 18, 1973
during the period under discussion.
While it is true that as time went on non-whites on
West Indian cricket teams outnumbered whites, it is
also true that since whites were not usually picked as
bowlers (see Table III) and they did not perform as
batsmen, then they must have been picked for some
other reason.
In view of the above, one can only conclude that
they were picked as administrators and as leaders.

Indeed, as mentioned before, with the exception of
the 1957 tour to England, when Walcott was vice-
captain, every West Indian manager, captain and vice-
captain for the period 1928-1959/60 on tour to
England was white.
During the 1958/59 tour to India and Pakistan, the
captain was white (Alexander) and the manager was

Indian cricket whites preponderated on West Indian
cricket teams. As the game caught on, the numerical
balance changed in favour of non-whites, but positions
of leadership were still retained by whites.
Decisions with respect to who should play, on
which grounds test matches in the West Indies should
be played, amount of entrance fee for games and
hence profits, continued to be made by whites. Thus
non-whites, as in other facets of West Indian life la-
boured so that white administrators might profit.
The link between the structure of West Indian
cricket control and that of the rest of the society is
fairly palpable. Cricket in the West Indies quite
accurately reflected the rest of West Indian society,
which was run and controlled by a small coterie of
Thus when Denzil Batchelor writes, in the style not
untypical of a white expatriate, that the West Indian
"picked up the lovely art as a child picks up a game,
not as a factory worker picks up a trade", apart from
the obvious reference to the "childish nature of the








TO ENGLAND 1900-1957

White Non-White
1900 10 5
1906 10 4
1923 8 8
-1928 6 12
1933 6 10
1939 7 11
1950 7 11
1957 7 13







black (Gaskin). But that was cricket against non-
whites, in front of non-white audiences and not
against the mother country.
A clear picture begins to emerge from the foregoing.
The data suggest that in the early history of West

West Indian", he may have been referring to this part-
icular facet of West Indian life which arrogated the
power of control to white administrators and the role
of hewers of wood and drawers of water to non-white
West Indians.


AT HOME AND ABROAD 1928-1959/60

W. N.W.
YEAR VENUE 50+ 50+ 100+200+
1928 England 3 -
1929/30 W. I. 4 6 4 2
1933 England 4 2 -
1934/35 W.I. 2 5 1
1939 England 3 3 3 -
1947 W.I. 4 6 4
1950 England 5 5 5 1
1953/54 W.I. 6 12 4 2
1957 England 1 5 3 -
1959/60 W.I. 7 4 1
TOTAL 25 56 29 7
W. White, N.W. Non-white
There were no corresponding 100 + and 200+ figures
for whites.


HOME AND ABROAD 1928-1959/60

1928 England 3
1929/30 W. I. 7
1933 England 3
1934/35 W. I. 2
1939 England 2
1947 W.I. 1 6
1950 England 1 7
1953/54 W.I. 5
1957 England 4
1959/60 W.I. 5
TOTAL 2 44

The figures relate to the times four or more wickets,
per innings, were achieved.


CRICKETER-Man in the gbheuo


tion struggle has a great signi-
ficance both for Africa and
for the world. We are in the
process of proving that peo-
ple such as ours economically
backward, living sometimes
almost naked in the bush, not
knowing how to read or write
not having even the most
elementary knowledge of mod-
ern technology are capable,
by means of their sacrifices
and efforts, of beating an
enemy who is not only more
advanced from a technological
point of view but is also
supported by the powerful
forces of world imperialism.
Thus, before the world and
before Africa we ask: are the
Portuguese right when they
claimed that we were uncivil-
ised peoples, people without
culture? We ask: what is the
most striking manifestation of
civilisation and culture if not
that shown by a people which
takes up arms to defend its
right to life, to progress, to
work and to happiness ...

And what are they doing,
these people who don't like
to hear us saying that the
socialist countries are not help-
ing us? They are helping
Portugal, the fascist-colonial
government of Salazar. Every-
body knows today that Portu-
gal, the Portuguese govern-
ment, if it could not count
on the' assistance of its NATO
allies, would not be able to
carry on fighting against us.
But we must state clearly
what NATO means.


Yes, we know: NATO is a
military bloc which defends
the interests of the West, of
Western civilisation, etc .
That is not what we wish to
discuss. NATO is concrete
countries, concrete govern-
ments and states. NATO is
the USA. We have captured in
our country many US wea-
pons. NATO is the Federal
Republic of Germany. We have
a lot of Mauser rifles taken

from Portuguese soldiers.
NATO, for the time being at
least, is France. In our country
there are Alouette helicopters.
Portugal-has other allies
too: South Africa, Mr. Smith
of Southern Rhodesia, the
government of Franco, and
other obscure allies who hide
their faces because of the
shame which this represents.
But all this assistance which
Salazar government receives
to kill our people and burn
our villages in Angola, Mozam-
bique, Guinea, Cabo Verde,
and San Tome has been in-
capable of stopping our national
liberation struggle.
On the contrary, our forces
become stronger each day.
And why? Because our strength
is the strength of justice, pro-
gress and history: and justice,
progress and history belong to
the people. Because our funda-
mental strength is the strength
of the people. It is our peoples
who are making sacrifices every
day to supply all the needs of
the struggle. It is our peoples

who guarantee the future and
the certainty of our victory...
For us the struggle in Viet-
nam is our own struggle. We
consider that in Vietnam not
only the fate of our own
people but also that of all the
peoples struggling for their
national independence and
sovereignty is at stake. We are
in solidarity with the people
of Vietnam, and we immensely
admire their heroic struggle
against US aggression and
against the aggression of the
reactionaries of the southern
part of Vietnam, who are no
more than the puppets of US
We offer all our support
to the people of Vietnam.
Under the present historical
circumstances of our people,
we can do no more than fight
every day with valour and
determination against the
Portuguese colonialists, who
are also the lackeys of inter-
national imperialism. (1968)


We believe that each peo-
ple and each leadership should
be free to choose the road of
struggle that best suits it, but
we also expect each people
and each leadership to know
how to recognize when the
real moment of struggle has
arrived, because the enemy
always fights with every means
at his disposal. There will be
disputes over whether or not
to carry out armed struggle.
Within the framework of the
national liberation of the peo-
ples there is no problem of
armed or unarmed struggle.
For us there is always
armed struggle. There are two
kinds of armed struggle: the
armed struggle in which the
people fight empty-handed,
unarmed, while the imperialist
or the colonialists are armed
and kill our people; and the
armed struggle in which we
prove we are not crazy by
taking up arms to fight back
against the criminal arms of
the imperialists. (1968)


In our new mobilisation we
avoided all generalisations and
pat phrases. We went into
detail and made our people
prepared for this kind of work
repeat many times what
they were going to say. This
is an aspect which we con-
sidered of great importance,
in our specific case, because
we started from the concrete
reality of our people.
We tried to avoid having
the peasants think that we
were outsiders come to teach
them how to do things; we put
ourselves in the position of
people who came to learn
with the peasants, and in the
end the peasants were dis-
covering for themselves why
things had gone badly for
They came to understand
that a tremendous amount of

exploitation exists and that it
is they themselves who pay
for everything, even for the
profits of the people living in
the city. Our experience
showed us that it is necessary
for each people to find its
own formula for mobilising
for the struggle; it also showed
that to integrate the peasant
masses into the struggle one
must have a great deal of
patience ...
Another aspect which we
consider very important is the
religious beliefs of our people.
We avoid all hostility towards
these religions, towards the type
of relationship our people have
with nature because of their
economic underdevelopment.
But we have resolutely opposed
anything going against human


We are proud of not having
forbidden our people to use
fetishes, amulets and things
of this sort, which we call
mezinhas. It would have been
absurd, and completely wrong.
to have forbidden these. We
let our people find out for
themselves, through the
struggle, that their fetishes are
of no use. Happily, we can say
today that the majority have
come to realize this.
If in the beginning a com-
batant needed the assistance
of a mezinha, now he might
have one near but he under-
stands and tells the people
that the mezinha is the
trench. We can state that on
this level the struggle has con-
tributed to the rapid evolu-
tion of our people, and this is
very important.



IN A bold and somewhat
surprising move, Libya has re-
portedly offered guerrillas op-
erating in Rhodesia (known to
Africans as Zimbabwe) arms,
money and training facilities
to intensify their campaign
against Rhodesian forces.
The guerrillas are to be
trained both in Libya and in
present training camps in Tan-
zania by Libyan military in-
The guerrillas in Rhodesia,
made up of both members of
the Zimbabwe African National
Union (ZANU) and the Zim-
babwe African Peoples Union
(ZAPU) continue to worry the
Rhodesian regime.
Hundreds of Africans in
Zimbabwe are said to be sup-
porting the present guerrilla
struggle, which was born during
the attempts at settlement be-
tween Rhodesia and the United
Kingdom. The activities of the
Pearce Commission revealed
considerable hostility toward
the Smith regime on which
ZAPU and ZANU were able to

Whether it is a factory or a warehouse like this one
which was built in 10 days, or even a school, DEXION pro-
vides a cheap, quick answer. Dexion Buildings are easy to
construct that an unskilled team can become expert in an
hour. You'll be impressed by Dexion's quality and price and
the speed at which Dexion will meet your needs.
Our technical staff is available to provide expert ad-
vice on all your construction requirements.


_1 ___




Manley told of wall-to-wall

carpeted offices at UWI

A SOUVENIR brochure
featuring this year's calypso
hits for the Original Regal Tent
went on sale last week.
The 28-page publication,
entitled "Yours Regally -
Calypso Hits '73" contains
the lyrics of over 20 calypsoes
performed nightly at the Regal's
Legion Hall headquarters, at
Richmond Street, Port of Spain,
where it can be had for $1.00.
Pen portraits and photo-
graphs of the Tent's many
kings and stars are included,
together with notes about the
orchestra, the choristers and
the other non-calypsonian per-
sonnel of the Tent.
The foreword, written by
the Mighty Chalkdust, describes
how the Tent came into being


es calypso

after dissatisfaction with the
way non-calypsonian managers
have traditionally pushed singers
The Regal's opening on
January 5, 1973 under the
direction of the Mighty Duke,
the Lord Superior and the
Mighty Chalkdust is termed
"a simple, yet far-reaching re-
volt in the calypso world".
Among the calypsonians
featured in this brochure, pro-
duced by the Tapia House
Printing Company Limited are
the Mighty Duke, the Lord
Superior, the Mighty Chalkdust,
Lord Nelson, the Mighty Drake,
Lord Coffee, Lord Valee, Black
Hat, Lord Smiley, Young Creole,
the Mighty Psycho and the
Lord Funny.

What hope for

lottery vendors?

Dear Editor,
I would not sign my name because I am afraid of cer-
tain people.
Since four years of Lottery existence we never had one
increase in our Comnmission when we sell tickets. And the
cost of living is going up every day.
The Lottery Board is making enough money that they
can pay Vendors and Agents back pay. Please we want some-
body to stand up and do the thing for the cause of the poor
people. The Vendors are waiting for somebody to say hope.

demics who wrote to the
Jamaican Prime Minister,
Michael Manley, on the
Trevor Munroe issue have
called for a change in the
university administration
and decentralization of the
administrative structure.
Drs. George Beckford,
Norman Girvan and Mr.
Louis Lindsay of the UWfs
Social Science Faculty had
written to Manley expres-
sing the view that a crisis
of confidence existed in
the university administra-
tion headed by Pro Vice-
Chancellor Professor Roy
Marshall, and charging
white racism..
The Jamaican PM's reply
reiterated a policy of non-inter-
ference in UWI affairs, called
for proposals from the academ-
ics, and noted that the aca-
demics charge of racism had
not been documented. Manley
also announced that his gov-
ernment intended to give its
views on the Mona situation in
the University Council meeting
on Wednesday February 14.
A subsequent open reply
by Beckford and Girvan
and Lindsay, dated February 5,
indicated that the aiithors'had
"serious doubts whether the
information on and interpreta-
tion of the situation at Mona
will adequately reflect the con-
cerns and viewpoints of other
sections of the University com-
And they cited the Vice-
Chancellor's November 1972
Report to Council which they
described as "biased and pre-
judicial in its treatment of the
actions of workers, students
and academic staff".
It might surprise Manley to
learn, the academics replied,
that while students and lec-
turers suffer from inadequate

H.R.H. Princess Alice Laying Foundation Stone of Agriculture Building UW.I.
H.R.H: Princess Alice Laying Foundation Stone of Agriculture Building UW.I.

facilities like lecture rooms and
library, the Administration spent
over $100,000 (J) to refurbish
the Administration Building
complete with wall-to-wall car-
peting, original paintings and a
stand-by power plant.

Proposals for solutions, they
argued, should be based on
"(1) a change in the University
Administration, and (2) a de-
centralization of the adminis-

trative structure to allow greater
participation by all sections of
the University community".
Responding to Manley's point
about the absence of docu-
mentation of the white racism
charge, the letter stated:
"The existence of complaints
which suggest that white racism
is rampant on the campus may
readily be confirmed by sam-
pling the experience of the



'2& 8'





T&T.............. $12.00 TT
CARIFTA.......... 18.00 WI
CARIBBEAN........ 12.50 US
US/CANADA........ 15.00 US
UK............... L 8.00 UK
W. Europe.......... 10.00 UK
WEST AFRICA.......1.2.00 UK
INDIA ............ 12.00 UK
AUSTRALIA........ 12.00 UK
EAST AFRICA...... 15.00 UK
FAR EAST.......... 15.50 UK
All overseas deliveries airmail.
Surface mail rates on request.

91, Tunapuna Road,
Trinidad & Tobago.



From Page 3
where it counted. The soda-fountain
pundits who live by purveying super-
ficial judgements shouted gleefully that
Tapia had been outwitted. Now they
must reflect on why it is that Williams
is doing his damnedest to downgrade
the Assembly that we are to have in
The April 1 Rally is dust in the eyes
of only those damn-fool commentators
who interpret every move in terms of
irrelevant elections when the issue, as
every serious contender must know,is
one of politics not one of government.
Win as many elections as you like, in a
revolution, you walk in mortal fear until
the balance of power is on your side.
And we are going classically through a
revolution, make no mistake; it cannot
be decided by the rituals of colonial


In other words, the only meaningful
election would be one that lined up real
social forces representing the funda-
mental differences in points of view that
have brought on the persisting crisis in
the country. It was certainly Tapia (and
probably also NJAC) which made the
no-vote campaign of 1971.
Robinson entertains the illusion that
by jumping on the wagon at the last
moment, he somehow swung the country
but that fallacy is immediately exposed
by reference to his (and Millette's)
appeal for the Governor General to
intervene on May 25, after the PNM had
been morally defeated by the lowest
turnout ever.
If Robinson had understood what he
was joining, he would have known that
the Governor General is totally incon-
sequential. Williams is the Queen. That
is what the constitutional crisis is about
in the first place. The Governor General
is not going to be permitted to call any
election that Williams cannot win.


It follows then, on Robinson's own
arguments about Williams' complete
dedication to permanent office, that
Williams himself is not going to call any
election which theopposition stands a
chance of winning. If he calls it, it
would only be because he knows full
well that those foolish enough to legiti-
mate such an election would never
substitute some third-rate apprentice foi
his master; or because the alternative to
holding an election is worse.
If Williams were to refuse to call an
election this year or next, the DAC and
DLP and UNIP would have simply to put
it in their pipes and smoke; they could
never mobilise the country for any sus-
tained struggle because they are all
nothing but a bunch of inveterate oppor-
tunists and the entire country not only
knows but says it openly.
The PNM knows it just as well. So
Williams is not electioneering; he is
trying, as he has always been, to beat off
the new movement which has a political
noose about his neck. In 1970 and 1971
he tried to pacify by advocating "black
dignity", a People's Sector and Perspec-
tives for the New Society. He tried to
meet Tapia by adopting "National Re-
construction" and conceding constitu-
tional reform.
If NJAC in the logic of their stand,
had advanced specific proposals for
economic and constitutional change, it
would have been hard to resist them
because people would very likely have
fought for their acceptance. As it turned
out, we in Tapia were left alone to
make the statement.
It was after we had thrown cold
water on the Commission and Wooding
had settled for a National Convention,
that we went to Arima pretty much on
our terms. Williams is now trying to get
the initiative back. His Rally of April 1
aims to dominate the opening weekend
of the Convention and to make the play
where they can be safe from licks. But
no such manoeuvre can ever save them

because we have now reached the stage
of fundamentals.
The new movement has all along
been opposing the Government on fun-
damentals. People in the country do not
have the information which we are en-
titled to have about the alternative vision
which is being put forward and about
alternative policies and plans. The media
are either directly controlled by the
State or too intimidated by the Govern-
ment to say what they know. And the
gangster policy of denying radio and
television time to the opposition, a step
which requires no constitutional dis-
cussion, has undoubtedly delayed pro-
gress but it can never in the final analysis
obstruct our relentless march forward.
We are creating our own unique media
the effectiveness of which the coming
political phase is certain to reveal.


The citizens are being starved of
information but we are not a people
without historical intuition. The poli-
tical choices which we have had to make
have been messy but on the whole we
have been wise in choosing among the
political options. We made one funda-
mental but historically necessary blunder
in selecting a now-for-now, robber talking
movement to lead us into independence
but we have stuck by it and we have
rejected from time to time all the even
more hastily conceived alternatives.
We know that the ideals of indepen
dence, federation, morality in public

affairs, economic planning, political edu-
cation and genuine party politics retain
their validity today. The movement to
displace the PNM must re-state them
and, in so far as is humanly possible,
must guarantee them in advance by
creating the conditions necessary for
their implementation before they take
office. The days of cat-in-bag done and
finish long ago.
All of this, the large majority of
citizens understand. We have been in
love and we have been hurt; we are not
going to trust so easily a second time.
The new movement must not only come
good it has to come better.


It is the coming better which is un-
conventional politics. The new conven-
tions demand that leaders and organisa-
tions must grow together from below.
If leaders are to become political leaders,
they must first make an organisational
impact on their own little world. Leaders
must change the way of seeing and the
quality of life in the places where they
live and work. Full-time political revolu-
tionaries must first make their revolu-
tions on the jobs to qualify themselves
for leadership in the government.
What Trades Union leader can be-
come a national political leader without
persuading his own union to support
the national political movement of his
choice? What does it mean to be an
intellectual who cannot woo except



by scandal?
Charity as always begins at home and
grassroots building means a new begin-
ning from your own community, from
your factory or your office. What but a
dictator would we create if we simply
imposed leaders from above?
These are the fresh conventions
which have been taking years of sweat
to mould. In moulding them we've made
innumerable mistakes in New World and
them in Tapia but we have hopefully
never abandoned the central theme.
Those who see us still through colonial
lenses complain that they want to see
new faces They complain that
Tapia is a one-man movement only
because they have no notion of the
co-operative effort involved in building
solid organisation.


Or they insist that Tapia is sub-
sidised by the Cuban Agency, Prensa
Latina, or the business community or
some foreign government because it is
beyond their experience to pay their
way by sweat and blood and tears
and nothing else.
They say Tapia is anti-trade union,
pro-PNM, wild Black Power, the same
as UNIP, anarchistic, impractical, ideal-
istic, intellectual all at once.
Which merely adds up to one thing. We
cannot be fitted into the pigeon-hole of
yesterday's politics. Sink or swim, we
are bringing something new. And they
cannot see how we can translate a small
hard-working, competent, organised
movement with untarnished ideals into
a national political movement capable
of filling the obvious political vacuum.


At the Tapia House we are very,
very clear that the crisis cannot be
resolved until such time as a political
force stronger than the combination of
the PNM and the Government machine
emerges. That force could emerge only
if the large majority come to trust
one movement which is solid enough
to tackle the task in hand including
embarking on a civil war, if necessary.
Such a movement would need coer-
cive military measures far less than any
overnight marriage which won an op-
portunist election and then found that it
didn't have the moral means to govern.
The surest way to political violence
would be to put a new version of the
old regime in office.


We know there is no law whatsoever
which guarantees that the movement
which we need will ever develop a real
existence. But we do know that since
February 1970 the country has had a
valuable political lesson and sees more
clearly now than ever before. There are
certainly enough people who are not
committed to the old order and many
who are irrevocably committed to serve
the new. All of them know that our hands
are in the lion's mo .th and some of them
have got to make a stand if we are to
get it out somehow.
Every succeeding issue is demanding
that we take position and align our-
selves either with the future or with the
past. The Government cannot govern
nor can they simply opt out by playing
over and over for time. They temporised
on devaluation and two weeks later the
decision has fallen back again on them.
In a revolution, negative reacting has no
place, not for opposition and not for
All and sundry have now noticed
the total bankruptcy of the old regime
in all its guises. We know that we are
heading towards chaos from which not
even an oil bonanza could save us. The
only conceivable solution is for the new
movement to get itself together and
present a choice that's genuine.
After that, the country will have to
say its piece. And whatever that may be,
in Tapia we are prepared to stand by it.



PLENTY PAIN in Panorama,
oui. Stand breaking down in the
morning, note going out of tune,
truck driver late and when yuh
reach is long, long line and fellers
with cardboard badge and untuned
megaphone telling yuh tuh wait
and see that nobody try to storm
with yuh band.
Even waiting is a hurry, pan and
people fill up the road so is a
bounce here and a bounce there,
best place is in yuh band but police
say yuh mustn't strike up outside,
so yuh stay and hear like one big
rumble, because yuh still too far,
dem bands moving the music down
the road, inside.
Dem fellars good, oui. And not now,
nuh. From long time dey taking plenty
and still doing thing. All yuh ent know,
nuh. Baby milk still on dey face and
dey know all about pan already. Ask
dem about Koy and dey asking yuh
what scene yuh on.
"Rat, doh hit the pan so hard nuh
"Mih fucking hand heavy, wha yuh
want mih do."


Koy, better yuh leave yuh band in
America and come and tell dem how
yuh set record for rolling on a pan. Tell
dem how yuh beat that one single note
from Invaders Panyard to Globe Theatre
that J'ouvay morning. And how the
fellars stand up by Green Corner and tell
people who wouldn't believe. Buh dat
was 30 years ago and people ent feel
they should remember so long.
Dat is a joke because dey getting tie
up with time, ting that happen long
time ago dey running in the papers and
saying is new thing. Woman waving flag
in front band is one ah dem "new ting".
So what about Purlie Thomas and
Mayfield wining in front of all dem
band, exciting the fellars so that dey
blood hot and sweat from the sun falling
on the pan because all ah dem feel is
dem pan making she wine so, and dey
trying to get she to notice, because dat
is all dey have to get anybody to notice
dem and dat too is why we here waiting
in the sun fuh Panorama to see we:
"bun de pan!
bun it! bun it!
bun she cunt!
ah stick dey
rubber on de end ..."
Ent Malik?
Ask Sharpeye! He was dey. He selling
pork under Frankie shop in Laventille.
Easy to find. He go tell yuh how dem
gul couldn't make the grade when band
start to fight, so dey take a man that the
other bands go respect, stick a flag in he
han and he had to dance because if a
man wining in front we band dem fellers



go say all kinda ting. Now it ent have so
much riot again, so some bands bring
back the women again.
Ask Shrapeye! And he go tell yuh
about that and, perhaps, if he in the
mood, about how he use to beat a bass
with one hand closed like a fist, one
note, but he getting the boom soun,
and the baptists by the corner, clapping,
dancing, running, shouting and telling
dem that pan go put dem in hell and.
hell ent have no pan and Fisheye,
Batasby, Sarge and Bully, Mastifae ent
listening, neither dem nor de fellars in
de dice game, "every day, every night,
fingers snapping".
Tuh tell yuh the truth, lef to me
alone, we wouldn't ah be in no Pano-
rama, but the fellars in the band go kill
mih. Dey say that we ent bong to win,
but if we ent go dey go forget about we,
so leh we go and enjoy we-self with all
dem woman and hear Solo and Starlift
making notes like "slanted grasshoppers"
as the feller Earl Lovelace did say.
Dey only saying dat. If we ent make
the finals we go feel we get thief and
when practice come men with long, long
face, fly can't walk on dem, pain fuh
days and mamaguy from the fellars in
the bands who make it and who now
feel dey right because we tell dem dey
living by we and dey shouldn't go and
beat in other bands outside.
But dey right, though. If we ent go -
one, two, three years dey go forget
about we. Boy. we must be the most
forgetful country in the world.
Now they paying tribute here and
tribute there, Spree meet Williams after
all these years buh yuh think he days of
hustling done. Those of we who can go
help him. Buh we can't help the orphan-



ages and dem. And is from dey we
getting musicians for years.
Ask Sharpeye. Nobody know he. All
right, then, check out Rudolph Charles
up by Desperadoes. The band still
huddled there, steel still tinkling, and
Rudolph does look out, past the Youth
Centre, past the water catch ent, over
the lank electric lines ano tension cables,
and dream and rap about the men whose
lives didn't revolve around the church,


Attractive Rates Reliable Service


but who went to prison and who lived
at the "height of poverty", and pounded
their dreams in pan.
Emmanuel Riley Cobeau Jack,
now a Fire Brigade Officer in the
United States, master of the double-
second, Spree again, Goldteeth and the
others who didn't make prison but
understood why the others went.
Victor Brady one of the greatest
soloist -working pan in Japan, Charlie
Baker now dead, Robert Greenidge,
beating pan in California, Eli, James
Jackman, Lennox Pierre who use to go
round with he violin giving dem fellars
notes, Patsy Haynes who reigned when
Casablanca was Casablanca, Errol Zep-
phryn (Invaders) who some say was the
greatest arranger, and nearer now men
like Allan Gervais, Wallace Austin, Clive
Bradley, too, Tony Williams and Bertie
Marshall. The last two always trying ting
with pan like Spree in the past.


The old in Laventille say that on
evenings if they dream and listen hard
enough they can still hear John the
Kettler who got that name because he
always with a "kettle drum" rong he
neck and there are panmen who can still
hum fuh yuh Spree playing bits of
African "Hi-Life", Invaders' "Melody
in F", and "In a Monastery Garden",
tunes that together with Despers' "Mama
Dis is Mas", Highlanders' "Italiana in
Algerie", Silver Stars' "Salut D'Amour",
Starlift's "I Feel Pretty", are high on
the list of musical arrangements.
And I can't remember all. Buh ah still
better than dem fellars waiting out
here in the street. Dey memory only
going as far back as last year Panorama
tune. But yuh ever see more, pan come
from so far, so much thing happen, so
much characters colour the ting, and the
big thing in pan these days is a one-day
competition called Panorama.
I like it too, I like people roun me,
the excitement, rum in the hot sun
bunning yuh throat and mih pan bump
does raise up when ah hear all dem nice
notes, buh why we can't get together
and beat more often, not for competi-
tion, not in the Savannah, fuh the fans
to hear and argue and talk shit:
"Gimme a light nuh, Donnie".
"Mih cigarette out".
"Yuh sure it out".
"Ay-Ay, if Gavaskar could out wha's
a cigarette?"


If I was Pan Trinbago yuh know
what I would do. I would help the
brothers organise more ah dem Blocko-
rama, not take it over, but help out
with transport, look for spots to hold
dem, get dem on radio, keep mih eye on
trends, have some booths, easy to put
up and break down, wuk mihself into
the blood of the ting.
Ah go tell Augustus that as soon as
we done play. Look at him, poor feller.
Hustling here and there. Just like George
Goddard used to do. Poor he too.
Lord, is we time, so come, leh we
play together, Pants strike up the drum
quick, iron-men a fast tempo, careful
with dah flag, Junior, we go make dem
people jump up and bawl, what? They
getting between the pans, judges cyar
hear we, tuh arse was dat, yes, you
could ah tell Mayfield and Gemma
Worrell about that, beat dem pans, not
so hard, yuh go mash up the pans for
the judges to hear?




__ I _

I __



i ..

tF,1.1 t.i ..r

R6 01 872 / I
Mrs. Andrea Talbutt,
Research Inst. for the Study of Man
162 East 78th Street,
New York 10021, N.Y., U.S.A.

Students move

for reform

THE UWI Student Guild
elections scheduled to be
held on Wednesday, Feb-
ruary 14, have been post
poned for another two
weeks while an effort is
being made to have the
Guild Constitution amended
for voting to take place on
a different basis.
This was one of the
results of a flurry of act-
ivity on the campus on
Monday and Tuesday last.
The issues of the Guild
Constitution and the Trevor
Munroe suspension were
seen in the general context
of ills afflicting the uni-
versity, and on Tuesday
there was a boycott of
classes and a mass meeting
involving, at peak, some
500 students.
The meeting Tuesday
passed a vote of no-confi-
dence in the Vice-Chan-
cellor Prof. Roy Marshall
whose hint of a likely pro-
longed closure of the Uni-
versity contained in a Re-
port to the UWI Council
was widely circulated on
Prof. Marshall had written
last November: if the
bringing of disciplinary charges
leads to a further disruption of
our academic and administra-
tive work, then the University
at Mona may have to be closed
for a prolonged period.

Winston Smart chairing
Tuesday's meeting

"If this were to happen,
then subject to the concurrence
of the appropriate University
bodies, the consequences could
be that all students might be
required to go home; all regis-
trations might be cancelled, all
students might have to re-apply
for re-admission; and first year
students might have to com-
pete with next year's graduates
from the schools for entry into


in support

of suspended


the various Faculties. More-
over, closure would not impede
the execution of the disciplinary


Also coming out of the
meeting on Tuesday was a
petition calling for the resig-
nation of the Vice-Chancellor,
and declaratioils of solidarity
with and support for Trevor
Munroe and Robert Figueroa,
two lecturers suspendedat Mona
and facing disciplinary charges.
But the elections never were
far in the background. The eve
of polling day has usually seen
feverish last-minute campaign-
ing by the contending parties
and individuals.
The'previous year, with the
Tapia St. Augustine team con-
testing, incendiary issues about
the nature of campus politics
were debated all around.
The Tapia team won four
of the eight seats they contested

and are among the outgoing
Guild officers this year, having
decided against seeking re-
election or fielding a new team.
And the elections this year
have been marked by a low
level of participation and in-
terest. By Monday only eight
of the 17 seats had attracted
candidates. And of those, there
would be polling contests only
for three President, Vice-
President and Treasurer no-
body at all having been nom-
inated for the post of Secre-

It was this situation which
a number of concerned students
moved to influence in some
way by calling for a postpone-
ment of elections and more
information about the Guild
Council affairs.
It led to another reconsidera-
tion of the Guild Constitution.
A Committee of "concerned
students" and Guild Councillors
have prepared a draft consti-
tution for discussion while the
Guild Council remains in office
for another two weeks or so.

The discussion draft now
being circulated is an attempt
to get away from "personality"
voting. The device being con-
sidered would eliminate voting
by the total student body for
executive posts like President
etc. Instead, these officers
would be elected from among
the faculty representatives.
Groups and organizations on
campus and students in gen-
eral are expected to debate
these proposals over the coming




"SUR Le Pont D'Avignon"
is not, as you might think, the
name of a French Drama.
It is in fact the title given to
a thoroughly West Indian con-
cert at the JFK Theatre, UWI,
on Friday February 16, start-
ing at 7.00 p.m.
People behind it? The UWI
French Society, of course, who
are trying to raise funds for a
trip to Martinique.
For the price of $1.50, you
can see and hear artistes like
Jean Coggins Dance Troupe,
Lord Relator, Mighty Duke,
Calypso Rose, Lord Inventor
and African drumming.

Associates wishing to apply for

membership in Tapia

are invited

forward the following information to

any local Tapia Group

or to the





Group 91, TunapunaRoad Tunapuna or

17 Royal Road, San Fernando

Name Community work

Occupation Eduction

Address Special interests: Spo


Business Address Other


3\fl ~/