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 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Method of procedure and basic documents...
 Comparison of findings with other...
 Definition of terms
 List of Tables
 Tables






Group Title: Special report, Agricultural economics series - Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Florida - 52-6
Title: Transportation of fresh citrus from Florida, seasons 1949-50 and 1950-51
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00071997/00001
 Material Information
Title: Transportation of fresh citrus from Florida, seasons 1949-50 and 1950-51 statistical findings
Series Title: Special report, Agricultural economics series
Physical Description: 125 Á. : tables. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Brooker, Marvin Adel, 1903-
Publisher: s.n.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1952
 Subjects
Subject: Citrus fruits   ( lcsh )
Genre: non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: by Marvin A. Brooker, Donald E. Church, and Kenneth M. Gilbraith.
General Note: University of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Gainesville, Fla. under contract with the Division of Marketing and Transportation Research, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. Financed by funds authorized under the Research and marketing act of 1946.
General Note: "Special report."
Funding: Agricultural economics mimeo report ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00071997
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 04614279
lccn - a 53009373

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents
    Introduction
        Page 1
    Method of procedure and basic documents used
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Comparison of findings with other available statistics
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
    Definition of terms
        Page 10
    List of Tables
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Tables
        Page 20
        Page 21
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Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida






Special Report
Agricultural Economics
Series No. 52-6




TRANSPORTATION OF FRESH CITRUS FROM FLORIDA

SEASONS 1949-50 AND 1950-51


STATISTICAL


FINDINGS


Marvin A. Brooker, Donald E. Church

and

Kenneth M. Gilbraith


University of Florida Agricultural Experiment Station,
Gainesville, Florida, under contract with the Division of Mar-
keting and Transportation Research, Bureau of Agricultural
Economics, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington,
D. C. Financed by funds authorized under the Research and Mar-
keting Act of 1946.




University of Florida -
Agricultural Experiment Station

Gainesville, Florida ;,


August 1952














CONTENTS

Page

Introduction .........,,....*.......,..... .......... 1


Method of Procedure and
Basic Documents Used *...................................... 2


Comparison of Findings with
Other Available Statistics ......*......e.................


Definition., of Terms *......,..........*.................... 10


List of Tables *,,.......e* ****.......*****,.....*........* 11


Tables ........,...... .... s............... 20






TRANSPORTATION OF FRESH CITRUS FROM FLORIDA
SEASONS 1949-50 AND 1950-51'

STATISTICAL FINDINGS

by Marvin A. Brooker,2 Donald E. church3
and Kenneth M. Gilbraith4

INTRODUCTION


This study of the methods of transportation of fresh citrus
fruit from Florida was undertaken to develop a body of information
which should prove helpful as a basis for carriers to improve their
services and for both carriers and public agencies to develop their
policies. Transportation costs on Florida citrus, probably exceed-
ing 60 million dollars annually, constitute an important contribu-
tion to the transportation industry, and, equally important to the
citrus industry of Florida, the quality and cost of the transporta-
tion service are important factors influencing the price of the
product.
The results of this study are to be issued in two sections;
(1) This initial report of the statistical findings, and (2) A gen-
eral interpretive report to be issued at a subsequent date which
will be primarily a discussion of the major findings of fact, ap-
parent causes and relationships (insofar as possible) among factors
influencing the transportation of fresh citrus.

1ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: The authors wish to express their grateful ap-
preciation to Messrs. Theo H. Ellis, R. W. Bonney, and George C.
James for assisting in collecting the field data contained herein;
to Mr. W. F. Callander and Dr. H. A. Meyer for drawing the sample
used and for frequent consultations held throughout the period of
the study; to the statistical laboratory for cooperation in com-
piling the tables; and to Dr. H. G. Hamilton, Head, Department of
Agricultural Economics, Florida Agricultural Experiment Station,
and Dr. Bennett S. White, Jr., Head, Division of Marketing and
Transportation Research, Bureau of Agricultural Economics for their
many suggestions, general direction and consultations. Especial
acknowledgement is due the marketing firms who so kindly made their
records available. Without this cooperation and assistance this
study would not have been possible.
2Agricultural Economist, Florida Agricultural Experiment Station,
and Professor of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture,
University of Florida.
3Formerly Transportation Economist, Division of Marketing and Trans-
portation Research, Bureau of Agricultural Economics, United States
Department of Agriculture,
4Field Assistant, Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, and Grad-
uate Student, College of Agriculture, University of Florida.










The purpose of this report is to make the statistical find-
ings immediately available to those persons who are interested
while the general interpretive report is being prepared, It is
believed that members of the citrus and transportation industries
will be interested in the detailed statistical data presented
herein, and it is hoped that representatives of the citrus in-
dustry and transportation and marketing specialists will feel
free to give the authors any general or specific comments which
they may have, including possible explanations for relationships
indicated by the data.

METHOD OF PROCEDURE AIT BASIC DOCUMIETS USED

The Citrus and Vegetable Inspection Division of the Florida
Department of Agriculture publishes an annual report giving by
county the names of all shippers of fresh citrus fruit and the
volume of each kind of fruit shipped. Using this report in draw-
ing the sample, the state was divided into two principal strata
and the packing houses in each were divided into six sub-strata
on the basis of volume of fruit handled. The two principal strata
were (1) Indian River counties (corresponding to Origin Area 1,
Figure 1) and (2) all other counties shipping citrus fruit.
Shippers of less than 20,000 boxes were omitted from the universe,
leaving a total of 199 firms from which to sample.

On the basis that each shipment contained an average of from
275 to 375 boxes, a self-weighting proportional sample was de-
signed with an overall sampling rate of 1/12, which yielded ap-
proximately 8,500 shipments for the 1949-50 season. The number
of shipments to be drawn from each firm was the number that one
enumerator could handle on the average in one day, which was
estimated at 150 manifests or 45,000 to 55,000 boxes. The sam-
pling rate within firms and the number of firms to be sampled in
each size group was so proportioned that the product of the pro-
portion of houses sampled and the sampling rate within firms
would equal the 1/12 overall sampling rate. The following table
gives the sample in its final form.

Table 1. Number of Houses Sampled in Each
Size Group and Sampling Rate Within Houses.

Sub-Strata Sampling Rate
Volume of No. of Rate Within
House in Boxes Houses Houses
(000) %
1) 20- 99 9 100
2) 100-199 11 50
3) 200-299 7 25
4) 300-399 6 20
5) 400-499 4 16 2/3
6) 500-Over 8* 10

There were 10 houses in this group but re-
cords unavailable in two of them.




























I -

-I.-



'i,-

A- &_4


-----------------------------------------------
f I
I 4 ,
I -
a


Figure 1. Boundaries of the 5 origin areas
and location of the 45 firms
used in this study


I-


I
S1 ---
|-


r~~~


/


Ir1 I
I" -












In the above table the two components, i.e., number of
houses and the rate within houses, differ somewhat from the
theoretical rates as they were adjusted slightly in order to
keep the sampling rate in fractions that were easy to handle*
However, these adjustments make no significant difference in
the results so long as the overall sampling rate is approx-
imately maintained.

The packing houses kept a jacket-file on each shipment
which included the following documents; (1) the order con-
firmation, (2) the bill of lading, (3) the inspection certifi-
cate, (4) the account of sale, and (5) miscellaneous documents
showing diversion directions and other pertinent information
concerning the shipment, These jacket-files were in numerical
order and were sampled systematically in each house using a
random start, the interval being based on the sampling rate
within houses. The above documents were used in filling out
the schedule shown on the last page of this report.

While the sample yielded approximately 1/12 of the fruit
for the 1949-50 season, this factor could not be used in ex-
panding the sample to the universe. This was due to a con-
siderable increase in volume during the 1950-51 season causing
many of the houses appearing in the sample to fall in larger
size groups. In using the same sampling rate within houses for
both seasons a larger percentage of fruit was obtained during
the second season. Therefore, it was decided to base the ex-
pansion factor on the ratio of the volume of fruit obtained in
each size group in the sample, to the volume of fruit in this
same size group as shown by the annual report published by the
Citrus and Vegetable Inspection Division of the Florida Depart-
ment of Agriculture. This report had by now been published for
the 1950-51 season making it possible to ascertain just what
size group each house was in during the second season.

In following this procedure a separate expansion factor
was obtained for each season and for each size group. The'
schedules were then coded, the data were placed on IBM cards
and each shipment was expanded by the appropriate expansion
factor in preparation for tabulation.

COMPARISON OF FINDINGS WITH OTHER AVAILABLE STATISTICS

In order to test the reliability of the data obtained in
the survey, certain comparisons were made with other available
statistics. From the "100 cities" group in the Market News
Service report on fruits and vegetables, published by the United
States Department of Agriculture and the Florida State Marketing
Bureau, those cities receiving 100,000 boxes or more annually
were chosen as shown in Figure 2 and Tables 2 and 3. The unloads











by rail and water in these principal markets as reported by the
Market News Service were then converted to boxes on the basis of
500 boxes per unload, and this volume was compared with the vol-
ume shipped to these markets as shown by the sample expanded to
the universe. These results are given in Table 2.

A similar comparison was made in fruit being shipped to
these principal markets by truck (Table 3). While the total
volume shipped by truck does not compare as favorably as that
shipped by rail and water, it is suspected that those houses
having a volume of less than 20,000 boxes ship a larger pro-
portion by truck than they do by rail, and in omitting these
houses from the sample this volume did not appear.

A third comparison was made on the transportation costs per
car and transportation costs per cwt. between the data in the
survey and that reported in the one percent sample published by
the Interstate Commerce Commission (Table 4).

Variations between the data contained in the survey and that
reported in the Market News Service could appear because of num-
erous reasons. In the case of rail and water, those shipments
that were sold f.o.b. could have been diverted by the receiver
while enroute and this information would not be in the shipper's
file. Also, some variation in rail and water might have been
due to converting the unloads to boxes. In the case of truck
shipments, especially those sold f.o.b. to private truckers, the
shipper would have no information regarding a change uf desti-
nation made by the buyer,

While, by virtue of the method used in expanding the sample,
the aggregates by all means of transport were equal to the total
reported by the Citrus and Vegetable Division annual report, and
while there was variation within individual cities in the com-
parisons with other sources, the fact that the overall percentage
distributed by rail and truck is approximately the same percent-
age as that shown by the official reports, and the comparison
between the survey and the Interstate Commerce Commission sample
being as close as it is gives considerable support to the
accuracy of the survey.















I I


I
1. .-. IE-



S'WESTERN AREA
S.L. 'A


N,,


C ENT-RA-Ir*-, A
- ^
,:' ,.t- +


Figure 2. Boundaries of the 3 destination regions and location of the 30 principal markets
e 2. BoMarkes indicated by this symbol received less than 00,00f 0 boxes annually and
therefore were not used in Tables 2 and 3.
Markets indicated by this symbol received less than 100,000 boxes annually and
therefore were not used in Tables 2 and 3.
















Table 2. All Citrus: Comparison of Volume Shipped to Principal
Markets by Rail and Water As Shown by Transportation Survey and as
Reported by Market News Service. (Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51)



Transportation Market News
City Survey Service Ratio

Boxes Boxes
Baltimore, Md. 408,540 608,000 .67
Boston,'Mass. 1,075,890 1,389,250 .77
Buffalo; New York 138,010 -190,000 .73
Chicago, Illinois 1,037,987 1,114,500 .93
Cincinnati, Ohio 652;710 562,250 1.16
Cleveland, Ohio -657,810 605,250 1.01
Detroit, Michigan 1,119,559 900,500 1.24
Milwaukee, Wis. 93,809 133,500 .70
New York, N.'Y. 5,861,607 5,857,500 1.00
Philadelphia, Pa. 2,419,998 1,888,250 1.28
Pittsburg, Pa. 464,084 423,750 1.10
St. Louis, Mo. 339,979 382,500 .89
Washington, D. C. 193,958 186,000 1.04
Atlanta, Ga. 142,676 155,250 .92
Memphis, Tenn. 202,636 225,250 .90
Nashville, Tenn. 214,894 199,000 1.08
Louisville, Ky. 135,559 111,750 1.21

Total 15,164,244 14,952,050 1.01
__ __-__-_ ___-___ _i _















Table 3. All Citrus: Comparison of Volume Shipped to Principal
Markets by Truck as Shown by Transportation Survey and as Reported
by Market News Service. (Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51)



Transportation Market News
Cty Survey Service Ra

Boxes Boxes
Baltimore, Md. 169,500 304,000 .56
Boston, Mass, 199,500 200,500 1,00
Buffalo; N. Y, 119,500 171,000 .70
Chicago, Ill. 788,500 838500 .94
Cincinnati, Ohio 103,000 113,500 .91
Cleveland, Ohio 99,000 100,000 ,99
Detroit, Mich. 409,000 122,500 3.34
Houston, Texas 59,000 119,000 .50
Minn. & St. Paul, Minr 80,000 116,000 .69
New Orleans, La. 359,000 160,000 2.24
New York, N. Y. 619,000 1,069,000 .58
Philadelphia, Pa. 255,000 406,000 .63
Pittsburg, Pa, 316,500 419,000 .76
St. Louis, Io. 102,000 127,000 .80
Washington, D. C. 447,500 296,000 1.51
Atlanta, Ga. 579,000 648,000 .89
Birmingham, Ala. 233,000 320,000 .73
Louisville, Ky. 229,000 186,000 1.23

Total 5,166,000 5,716,000 .90
















Table 4. All Citrus; Compearions of Transportation Cost Per Car
and Transportation Cost Per CWT. as Shown by Transportation Survey
and as Reported by The Interstate Commerce Commission One Percent
Sample. (Calander Year 1950)



State Of Cost Per Car Cost Per Cwt.
Destination Survey I.C.C. Ratio Survey I.C.C. Ratio

Massachusetts $594 $562 1.06 $1.34 $1.26 .1.06
Rhode Island 565 567 1.00 1.30 1.28 1.02
Connecticut 564 560 1.01 1.35 1.27 1.06
New York 501 496 1.01 1.08 1.07 1.01
New Jersey 492 479 1.03 1,11 1.07 1.04
Pennsylvania 498 486 1.03 1.05 1.05 1.00
Ohio 595 496 1.20 1.29 1.09 1.18
Illinois 544 497 1.10 1.25 1.08 1.16
Michigan 654 583 1.12 1.47 1.27 1.16
Missouri 564 478 1.18 1.23 1.14 1.08
Maryland 533 451 1.18 1.24 .97 1.28
North Carolina 329 154 2,14 .85 .48 1,77
Georgia 181 144 1.26 .49 .41 1.20
Washington, D.C. 463 392 1.18 1.11 .89 1.25
Kentucky 521 458 1.14 1,19 .95 1.25
Tennessee 424 230 1.84 .92 .63 1.46
Louisana 290 234 1.24 .67 .59 1.14
-1 I -I_










DEFINITION OF TERMS


Certain terms which recur with considerable frequency
throughout this report are explained as follows;


Type of Carrier

Shipper's truck: Truck owned by the packing house shipping
the fruit.

Buyer's truck: Truck owned by the party purchasing the fruit.

Truck hired by the shipper: Where the truck owner differed
from the shipper or the purchaser and the transportation costs
were paid by the shipper.

Truck hired by the buyer: Where the truck owner differed from
the shipper or the purchaser and the transportation costs were
paid by the purchaser.

Privately owned trucks: Combination of buyer's and shipper's
trucks; no hired trucks involved.

Combinations: All shipments involving more than one type of
carrier, i.e., truck and rail, truck and water, and such.


Type of Sale

Private with broker: A private sale between a shipper and a
purchaser negotiated by a broker; determined by a brokerage
fee appearing on the account of sale.

Private direct: A private sale between a shipper and a pur-
chaser with no broker involved.


Transportation Costs

Transportation costs includes all charges such as transpor-
tation, refrigeration, drayage, demurrage and tax,










LIST OF TABLES


Volume of Citrus and Type of Carrier:

Table 5- Number of Boxes of Citrus Shipped from Florida
by Type of Carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51..,* ,,,....*

Table 6-- Percentage Distribution of Citrus Shipped from
Florida by Type of Carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51.....

Type of Carrier and Origin Area in Florida:

Table 7-- Oranges: Shipments by Type of Carrier and by
Origin Area in Florida, 1949-50 and 1950-51.........

Table 8-- Oranges: Percentage Distribution Shipped by Type
of Carrier and by Origin Area in Florida, 1949-50
and 1950-51.. ...... ...... ............ ..... ......

Table 9-- Grapefruit: Shipments by Type of Carrier and by
Origin Area in Florida, 1949-50 and 1950-51.........

Table 10- Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution Shipped by
Type of Carrier and by Origin Area in Florida,
1949-50 and 1950-51................................

Table 11-- Tangerines: Shipments by Type of Carrier and by
Origin Area in Florida, 1949-50 and 1950-51........

Table 12- Tangerines: Percentage Distribution by Type of
Carrier and by Origin Area in Florida, 1949-50
and 1950-51 ........................................

Table 13- All Citrus: Shipments by Type of Carrier and by
Origin Area in Florida, 1949-50 and 1950-51.........

Table 14-- All Citrus: Percentage Distribution by Type of
Carrier and by Origin Area in Florida, 1949-50
and 1950-51 ............... ..........................

Type of Container and Origin Area in Florida:

Table 15- Oranges: Shipments by Type of Container from
Florida Origin Areas, 1949-50 and 1950-51...........

Table 16- Oranges: Percentage Shipped by Type of Container
from Florida Origin Areas, 1949-50 and 1950-51......

Table 17-- Grapefruit: Shipments by Type of Container from
Florida Origin Areas, 1949-50 and 1950-51......*...,


Page



20


21



22


23











LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table 18-- Grapefruit: Percentage Shipped by Type of
Container from Florida Origin Areas, 1949-50
and 1950-51 .......... .... .....................

Table 19- Tangerines: Shipments by Type of Container
from Florida Origin Areas, 1949-50 and 1950-51......
Table 20- Tangerines: Percentage Shipped by Type of
Container from Florida Origin Area, 1949-50
and 1950-51............................... ..........
Type of Carrier and Type of Container:

Table 21- Oranges: Shipments by Type of Carrier and
Type of Container, 1949-50 and 1950-51..............
Table 22- Oranges: Percentage Distribution of Types of
Containers Used by Each Type of Carrier, 1949-50
and 1950-51........................................
Table 23-- Oranges: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers
by Type of Container, 1949-50 and 1950-51...........
Table 24-- Grapefruit: Shipments by Type of Carrier and
Type of Container, 1949-50 and 1950-51..............
Table 25-- Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution of Types
of Containers Used by Each Type of Carrier,
1949-50 and 1950-51..............................
Table 26- Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers
by Type of Container, 1949-50 and 1950-51...........
Table 27- Tangerines: Shipments by Type of Carrier and
Type of Container, 1949-50 and 1950-51.............
Table 28-- Tangerines: Percentage Distribution of Type of
Containers Used by Each Type of Carrier, 1949-50
and 1950-51.......................................
Table 29- Tangerines: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers
by Type of Container, 1949-50 and 1950-51...........
Length of Haul:

Table 30- All Citrus: Average Length of Haul by Type of
Container from Origin Areas in Florida, 1949-50
and 1950-51...................... ..............


Page

33

34


35



36


37

38

39


40

41

42


43

44











LIST OF TABLES (Continued)

Page
Table 31- All Citrus: Average Length of Haul by Type
of Carrier from Origin Areas in Florida,
1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons Combined.,.............. 45

Table 32-- All Citrus: Average Length of Haul from
Florida to Destination Region by Type of
Carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51...................... 46

Volume by Months and Type of Carrier:

Table 33-- Oranges: Monthly Shipments by Type of
Carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51....................... 47

Table 34-- Oranges: Percentage Distribution of Ship-
ments by Months for Each Type of Carrier,
1949-50 and 1950-51.. ............................. 48

Table 35-- Oranges: Percentage Distribution of Ship-
ments Among Carriers by Months, 1949-50
and 1950-51....................................... 49

Table 36-- Grapefruit: Monthly Shipments by Type of
Carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51................. ......... 50

Table 37-- Grapefruitt Percentage Distribution of Ship-
ments by Months for Each Type of Carrier,
1949-50 and 1950-51........ ................. 51

Table 38- Grapefruit: Percentage distribution of Ship-
ments Among Carriers by Months, 1949-50 and
1950-51............................................. 52

Table 39-- Tangerines: Monthly Shipments by Type of
Carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51........................ 53

Table 40- Tangerines: Percentage Distribution of Ship-
ments by Months for Each Type of Carrier,
1949-50 and 1950-51 ........... ..... ............... 54

Table 41-- Tangerines: Percentage Distribution of Ship-
ments Among Carriers by Months, 1949-50 and
1950-51........................... 55

Table 42-- All Citrus: Monthly Shipments by Type of
Carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51........................ 56












LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table 43--



Table 44-


All Citrus: Percentage Distribution of Ship-
ments by Months for Each Type of Carrier,
1949-50 and 1950-51.........................,,,,,,

All Citrus: Percentage Distribution of Ship-
ments Among Carriers by Months, 1949-50 and
1950-51............................................


Type of Sale and Type of Carrier:


Table 45--



Table 46--


Table 47--



Table 48--



Table 49--


Table 50--


Table 51--


Table 52-


Table 53--



Table 54--


Oranges: Volume Shipped to Selected Cities
by Type of Sale. (Average Volume for
1949-50 and 1950-51)...............................

Oranges: Percentage Distribution Shipped to
Selected Cities by Type of Sale. (Average
Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51).................*...

Oranges: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Private Sales with Brokers.
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)...........

Oranges: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Private Sales
with Brokers. (Average Volume for 1949-50
and 1950-51).....,................................

Oranges: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Private Direct Sales.
(Average Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51),...............

Oranges: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Private Direct
Sales. (Average Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51)........

Oranges: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Auction Sales. (Average
Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)............. .....


Oranges:
Selected
(Average

Oranges:
Carriers
(Average


Distribution Among Carriers to
Cities, Commission House Sales.
Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)............

Percentage Distribution Among
to Selected Cities, Auction Sales.
Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)............


Oranges: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Commission
House Sales. (Average Volume 1949-50 and
1950-51),,..o..,..........,....................


Page


57


58











LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table 55-


Table 56-


Table 57--


Grapefruit: Volume Shipped to Selected
Cities by Type of Sale. (Average Volume
for 1949-50 and 1950-51)..... .....................

Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution Shipped
to Selected Cities by Type of Sale. (Average
Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)...................*

Grapefruit: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Private Sales with Brokers,
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)............


Table 58- Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Private Sales
With Brokers. (Average Volume for 1949-40
and 1950-51)........................ ......

Table 59-- Grapefruit: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Private Direct Sales.
(Average Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51)................


Page

67


68


69



70


71


Table 60--


Table 61-


Table 62--


Table 63-


Table 64-



Table 65--


Table 66-


Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Private Direct
Sales. (Average Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51)........,

Grapefruit: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Auction Sales. (Average
Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51).......................*

Grapefruit: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Commission House Sales.
(Average Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51) ..... ..........

Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Auction Sales.
(Average Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51).......** .......

Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Commission
House Sales. (Average Volume 1949-50 and
1950-51) ........, ,...................,..........,.
Tangerines: Volume Shipped to Selected Cities
By Type of Sale, (Average Volume 1949-50 and
1950-51)..... ..*.................... .. ....... ....

Tangerines: Percentage Distribution Shipped to
Selected Cities by Type of Sale. (Average Volume
for 1949-50 and 1950-51)........................











LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table 67- Tangerines: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Private Sales with Brokers.
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)...........


Table 68--




Table 69-


Tangerines: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Private Sales
with Brokers. (Average Volume for 1949-50
and 1950-51)...................... ............. ..


Tangerines! Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Private Direct Sales. (Average
Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51).............. .....


Table 70-- Tangerines: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Private Direct
Sales. (Average Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51)........


Table 71--


Tangerines: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Auction Sales. (Average
Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51) ....... ................


Table 72-- Tangerines: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Commission House Sales.
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)...........
Table 73-- Tangerines: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Auction Sales.
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)............

Table 74-- Tangerines: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Commission House
Sales. (Average Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51)........


Table 75--



Table 76--



Table 77--



Table 78--


All Citrus: Volume Shipped to Selected Cities
by Type of Sale. (Average Volume for 1949-50
and 1950-51)........... ........ ..... ...... .............

All Citrus: Percentage Distribution Shipped to
Selected Cities by Type of Sale. (Average
Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)....................

All Citrus: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Private Sales with Brokers.
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)............

All Citrus: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Private Sales
with Brokers, (Average Volume for 1949-50
and 1950-51)........................,......,..,,.


Page


77











LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table 79-- All Citrus: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Private Direct Sales.
(Average Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51)......,,........

Table 80-- All Citrus: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Private Direct
Sales. (Average Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51)........

Table 81-- All Citrus: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Auction Sales. (Average
Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51)........................

Table 82- All Citrus: Distribution Among Carriers to
Selected Cities, Commission House Sales.
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)............

Table 83-- All Citrus: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Auction Sales.
(AOvrage Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)............

Table 84-- All Citrus: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Selected Cities, Commission House
Sales. (Average Volume 1949-50 and 1950-51)........


Type of Sale and Size of City:


Table 85--


Table 86--



Table 87--



Table 88-


Oranges: Volume Shipped by Type of Sale and
by Size of City by State. (Average Volume
for 1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons)..................

Oranges: Percentage Distribution of Volume
Shipped by Type of Sale and Size of City, by
State. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51
Seasons)...........,.................................

Grapefruit: Volume Shipped by Type of Sale ahd
by Size of City, by State. (Average Volume
for 1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons)....,..............

Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution of Volume
Shipped by Type of Sale and Size of City, by
State, (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51
Seasons)...............................,.............


Table 89- Tangerines: Volume Shipped by Type of Sale and
by Size of City, by State. (Average Volume
for 1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons).......,....,.......


Page


87



88



89



89



90



90











LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table 90--


Tangerines: Percentage
Shipped by Type of Sale
State. (Average Volume


Page


Distribution of Volume
and Size of City, by
for 1949-50 and 1950-51


Table 91--



Table 92-


Seasons),.... ,.... ....... ... .. ... ... ..........

All Citrus: Volume Shipped by Type of Sale and
by Size of City, by State. (Average Volume for
1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons)..................... ..

All Citrus: Percentage Distribution of Volume
Shipped by Type of Sale and Size of City, by
State. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51
Seasons) ..... ... ... .. ..... ............... .. 4 ...


Type of Carrier, Type of Sale, and Size of City:


Table 93--


All Citrus: Distribution Among Carriers of
Fruit Sold by Private Sale with Brokers, by
Size of City and by State. (Average for
1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons).......................


Table 94--


All Citrus:
Carriers of
Brokers, by
for 1949-50


Percentage Distribution Among
Fruit Sold by Private Sale with
Size of City and by State. (Average
and 1950-51 Seasons)..................


Table 95--




Table 96-




Table 97--



Table 98--


All Citrus: Distribution Among Carriers of
Fruit Sold by Direct Private Sale, by Size of
City, and by State. (Average for 1949-50
and 1950-51 Seasons)............. ...................

All Citrus: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers of Fruit Sold by Direct Private Sale,
by Size of City and by State. (Average for
1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons)......................

All Citrus: Distribution Among Carriers of
Fruit Sold on Auction in Large Cities by States.
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51.Seasons)....

All Citrus: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers of Fruit Sold on Auction in Large
Cities by States. (Average Volume for 1949-50
and 1950-51 Seasons)............................. .9


103




105


107


109


ll




113



115


115







.19


LIST OF TABLES (Continued)


Table 99--



Table 100--


All Citrus: Distribution Among Carriers of
Fruit Sold Through Commission Houses in
Large Cities by States. (Average Volume for
1949-50 and 1950-51,Seasons).......................

All Citrus: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers of Fruit Sold Through Commission
Houses in Large Cities by States. (Average
Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons)............


Type of Carrier, Destination Region and Length of Haul:


Table 101-



Table 102-



Table 103--



Table 104--


Table 105--



Table 106-


Oranges: Distribution Among Carriers of Ship-
ments to Destination Regions by Length of Haul.
(Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons)..........

Oranges: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers
to Destination Regions by Length of Haul.
(Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons)..........

Grapefruit: Distribution Among Carriers of Ship-
ments to Destination Regions by Length of Haul.
(Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons)..........

Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Destination Regions by Length of Haul.
(Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons)..........

Tangerines: Distribution Among Carriers on Ship-
ments to Destination Regions by Length of Haul.
(Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons)..........

Tangerines: Percentage Distribution Among
Carriers to Destination Regions by Length of Haul.
(Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons)..........


Type of Carrier and Transportation Charges:


Table 107--


All Citrus: Transportation Charges per 100 lbs.
by Rail and Truck to Selected Cities. (Average
for 1949-50 and 1950-51 Seasons)...................


Table 108-- All Citrus: Transportation Charges per 100 Ibs.
by Type of Carrier to Destination Regions by
Mileage Groups. (Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51
Seasons)..... ... ......... ..... ............ .*.,.


Page


116




116


117



118



119



120



121


122


123


124






20
'Table 5 Number of boxes of citrus shipped from Florida by type of carrier,
1949-50 and 1950-51
1949-50 season

Type of Orange Grapefruit Tangerine Total
Carrier Shipments Shipments Shipments Shipments

Boxes Boxes Boxes gBoes
Rail 8,560,926 4,611,452 1,472,298 14,644,676

Shipper's Truck 155,986 64,502 25,931 246,419

Truck hired by shipper 2,994,823 1,287,861 522,376 4,805,060

Buyer's truck 1,617,866 518,992 240,816 2,377,674
Truck hired by buyer 4,834,926 1,689,457 421,543 6,945,926
Water 795,667 206,946 21,910 1,024,523

Truck and water 974,270 684,121 100,720 1,759,111

Truck and rail 12,594 658 13,252

Truck, water and rail 106,669 10,543 5,612 122,824

All carriers 20,053,727 9,074,532 2,811,206 31,939,465

1950-51 season

Rail 12,732,593 8,655,802 1,507,540 22,895,935
Shippers truck 170,876 143,136 26,078 340,090
Truck hired by shipper 2,138,702 1,937,645 503,206 4,579,553
Buyers truck 1,591,364 744,398 219,890 2,555,652

Truck hired by buyer 4,374,062 2,294,330 380,946 7,049,338
Water

Truck and water 5,487 5,874 11,361
Truck and rail 66,766 11,513 6,829 85,108
Truck, water and rail

All carriers 21,079,850 13,792,698 2,644,489 37,517,037








21

Table 6. Percentage distribution of citrus shipped from Florida by type of
carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51

1949-50 season

Type of Orange Grapefruit Tangerine Total
Carrier Shipments Shipments Shipments Shipments

Percent Percent Percent Percent

Rail 42.6 50.8 52.4 45.9

Shipper's truck .8 .7 .9 .8

Truck hired by shipper 14.9 14.2 18.6 15.0

Buyer's truck 8.1 5.7 8.5 7.4

Truck hired by buyer 24.1 18.6 15.0 21.7

Water 4.0 2.3 .8 3.2

Truck and water 4.9 7.6 3.6 5.5

Truck and rail .1 .1

Truck, water and rail .5 .1 .2 .4


All carriers 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


1950-51 season

Rail 60.4 62.8 57.0 61.0

Shipper's truck .8 1.0 1.0 ,9

Truck hired by shipper 10.2 14.0 19.0 12.2

Buyer's truck 7.5 5.4 8.3 6.8

Truck hired by buyer 20 '. 16.6 14.4 18.8

Water

Truck and water .1 .1

Truck and rail .3 .1 .3 .2

Truck, water and rail

All carriers 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0










Table 7. Oranges: Shipments by type of carrier and by origin area in Florida,
1949-50 and 1950-51

1949-50 season

Type of Origin Area
Carrier AU
All
1 2 3 4 5 Areas

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
Rail 1,121,626 4,012,651 2,319,237 979,433 127,979 8,560,926

Privately owned
trucks 791,285 633,311 334,321 14,935 1,773,852

Trucks hired
by shipper 14,652 1,190,169 1,331,223 415,288 43,491 2,994,823
Trucks hired
by buyer 2,160 2,801,158 1,822,324 194,572 14,712 4,834,926

Combinations 956,656 486,078 65,952 326,010 54,504 1,889,200

All carriers 2,095,094 9,281,341 6,172,047 2,249,624 255,621 20,053,727


1950-51 season

Rail 3,160,333 5,103,837 3,624,232 704,240 139,951 12,732,593

Privately owned
trucks 2,022 867,135 717,519 169,468 6,096 1,762,240
Trucks hired
by shipper 13,087 936,098 942,990 188,356 58,171 2,138,702
Trucks hired
by buyer 2,047,687 1,969,249 345,593 11,533 4,374,062
Combinations 56,461 1,238 14,554 72,253


All carriers 3,175,442 9,011,218 7,255,228 1,422,211 215,751 21,079,850










Table 8 Oranges: Percentage distribution shipped by type of carrier and origin
area in Florida, 1949-50 and 1950-51.

1949-50 season

Type of Origin Area
Carrier All
1 2 3 4 5 Areas

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent
Rail 53.5 43.2 37.6 43.5 50.1 42.7

Privately owned
trucks 8.5 10.2 14.9 5.8 8.9

Trucks hired .7 12.8 21.6 18.5 17.0 14.9
by shipper
Trucks hired
by buyer .1 30.2 29.5 8.6 5.8 24.1
Combinations 45.7 5.3 1.1 14.5 21.3 9.4

All carriers 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1950-51 season

Rail 99.5 56.7 50.0 49.5 64.9 60.4
Privately owned
trucks .1 9.6 10.0 11.9 2.8 8.4

Trucks hired
by shipper .4 10.4 13.0 13.3 27.0 10.1
Trucks hired
by buyer 22.7 27.0 24.3 5.3 20.7

Combinations .6 1.0 .4

All carriers 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0











Table 9 Grapefruit: Shipments by type of carrier and by origin area in Florida,
1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season


Type of
Carrier


Rail

Private trucks

Truck hired
by shipper

Truck hired
by buyer

Combinations


Origin Area
- -,


5


I I, I i i L__ -


Boxes

1,058,233








512,317


All carriers ;1.570.550


Rail

Private trucks

Truck hired
by shipper

Truck hired
by buyer

Combinations

All carriers


Boxes

1,202,446

205,500


445,400


542,181

29,948


Boxes

1,071,005

280,795


514,040


994,483

21,995


Boxes

539,082

78,671


127,020


75,110

164,035


Boxes

740,686

18,528


201,401


77,683

173,973


All
Areas
Boxes

4,611,452

583,494


1,287,861


1,689,457

902,268


.1 4 1 4.


2.425.475


2,882,318


983,918


1,212,271


9,074,532


1950-51 season
,,,I ,i T


2,718,496




51,396


2,769, 892 1


1,916,622

298,154


444,614


715,080

125


2,409,831

511,767


772,037


.1,389,132

5,668


342,962

38,589


87,651


56,851

5,720


1,267,891

39,024


581,947


133,267

5,874


8,655,802

887,534


1,937,645


2,294,330

17,387


_I i 4 4


3,374,595


5,088,435


531,773


2,028,003


13,792,698


2 8- I I -









Table 10. Grapefruit: *Percentage distribution shipped by type of carrier and
origin area in Florida, 1949-50 and 1950-51

1949-50 season

Type of Origin Area
Carrier All
1 2 3 4 5 Areas

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent

Rail 67.4 49.6 37.2 54.8 61.1 50.8

Private truck 8.5 9.7 8.0 1.5 6.4

Truck hired
by shipper 18.4 17.8 12.9 16.6 14.2
Truck hired
by buyer 22.3 34.5 7.6 6.4 18.6

Combinations 32.6 1.2 .8 16.7 14.4 10.0

All carriers 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1950-51 season

Rail 98.1 56.8 47.3 64.5 62.5 62.8
Private truck 8.8 10.1 7.2 1.9 6.4

Truck hired
by shipper 1.9 13.2 15.2 16.5 28.7 14.1

Truck hired
by buyer 21.2 27.3 10.7 6.6 16.6

Combinations .1 1.1 .3 .1

All carriers 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.8











Table 11. Tangerines: Shipments by type of carrier and by origin area in Florida,
1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season

Type of Origin Area
Carrier All
1 2 3 4 5 Areas

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes

Rail 2,958 741,817 430,480 290,390 6,653 1,472,298

Private truck 101,294 140,231 24,783 439 266,747

Trucks hired
by shipper 233,743 251,029 35,065 2,539 522,376

Trucks hired
by buyer 167,754 246,889 6,132 768 421,543

Combinations 7,600 33,123 15,863 68,017 3,639 128,242

All carriers 10,558 1,277,731 1,084,492 424,387 14,038 2,811,206

1950-51 season
,. .


Rail

Private truck

Trucks hired
by shipper

Trucks hired
by buyer

CombAnations

All carriers


37,059



214






37,273


666,309

146,205

196,927


126,918

6,829


638,898

81,299


282,954


235,656


154,543

18,464

21,547


16,489


10,731



1,564

1,883


-4 I 4 I


1,143,188


1,238,807


211,043


14,178


1,507,540

245,968


503,206


380,946

6,829


2,644,489


__________ ______ ________ I I











Table 12. Tangerines: Percentage distribution shipped by type of carrier and
origin area in Florida, 1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season

Type of Origin Area
Carrier All
1 2 3 4 5 Areas
Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent

Rail 28.0 58.1 39.7 68.4 47.4 52.4

Private Truck 7.9 12,9 5.8 3.1 9.5

Truck hired
by shipper 18.3 23.1 8.3 18.1 18.6
Truck hired
by buyer 13.1 22.8 1.5 5.5 15.0
Combinations 72.0 2.6 1.5 16.0 25.9 4.5

All Carriers 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


1950-51 season

Rail 99.4 58.3 51.6 73.2 75.7 57.0

Private truck 12.8 6.6 8.8 9.3

Truck hired
by shipper .6 17.2 22.8 10.2 11.0 19.0

Truck hired
by buyer 11.1 19.0 7.8 13,3 14.4

Combinations .6 ,3

All carriers 100,0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0










Table 13 All citrus: Shipments by type of carrier and by origin area in Florida,
1949-50 and 1950-51

1949-50 season

Type of Origin Area
Carrier All
1 2 3 4 5 A
Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
Rail 2,182,817 5,956,914 3,820,722 1,808,905 875,318 14,644,676
Private truck 1,098,079 1,054,337 437,775 33,902 2,624,093

Truck hired
by shipper 14,652 1,869,312 2,096,292 577,373 247,431 4,805,060
Truck hired
by buyer 2,160 3,511,093 3,063,696 275,814 93,163 6,945,926
Combinations 1,476,573 549,149 103,810 558,062 232,116 2,919,710

All carriers 3,676,202 12,984,547 10,138,857 3,657,929 1,481,930 31,939,465

1950-51 season

Rail 5,915,888 7,686,768 6,672,961 1,201,745 1,418,573 22,895,935
Private truck 2,022 1,311,494 1,318,585 226,521 45,120 2,895,742
Truck hired
by shipper 64,697 1,577,639 1,997,981 297,554 641,682 4,579,553
Truck hired
by buyer 2,889,685 3,594,037 418,933 146,683 7,049,338
Combinations 63,415 6,906 20,274 5,874 96,469

All carriers 5,982,607 13,529,001 13,582,470 2,165,027 2,257,932 37,517,037








Table 14, All citrus: Percentage distribution by type of carrier and by origin
area in Florida, 1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season

Type of Origin Area
Carrier AU
All
1 2 3 4 5Areas

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent

Rail 59.4 45.9 37.7 49.5 59.1 45.9

Private Truck 8.5 10.4 12.0 2.3 8.2

Truck hired
by shipper .4 14.4 20.7 15.8 16.7 15.0

Truck hired
by buyer .1 27.0 30.2 7.5 6.3 21.7

Combination 40.1 4.2 1.0 15.2 15.6 9.2

All carriers 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1950-51 season


Rail 98.9 56.8 49.1 55.5 62.8 61.0

Private Truck 9.7 9.6 10.5 2.0 7.7

Truck hired
by shipper 1.1 11.7 14.7 13.7 28.4 12.2

Truck hired
by buyer 21.3 26.5 19.4 6.5 18.8
Combinations .5 .1 .9 .3 .3

All carriers 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Li__i_ I i _














Table 15. Oranges: Shipments by type of container from Florida origin areas,
1949-50 and 1950 51.

1949-50 season

Type of Origin Area
Container All
1 2 3 4 5 Areas

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
Boxes 2,095,094 7,062,851 3,491,552 1,892,796 224,479 14,766,772
Small Bags 460,618 880,887 102,751 7,698 1,451,954
Boxes and Small Bags 1,572,529 1,660,188 230,827 23,444 3,486,988
Other/ 185,343 139,420 23,250 348,013

All types 2,095,094 9,281,341 6,172,047 2,249,624 255,621 20,053,727

1950-51 season

Boxes 3,177,663 7,284,221 4,601,145 996,757 197,719 16,257,505
Small Bags 285,710 589,411 45,701 920,822
Boxes and Small Bags 1,304,891 1,767,709 295,858 18,032 3,386,490
Other/ 136,396 294,742 83,895 515,033

All types 3,177,663 9,011,218 7,253,007 1,422,211 215,751 21,079,850


I/ Consists of shipments containing combinations other than boxes and small bags
(boxes and j box bags, small bags and j box bags) plus a small amount of bulk,













Table 16. Oranges:


Percentage shipped by type of container from Florida origin
area, 1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season


Type of Origin Area
Container All
1 2 3 4 5Arpa.

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Pepcent

Boxes 100.0 76.1 56.6 84.1 87.8 73.6

Small Bags 5.0 14.3 4.6 3.0 7.2

Boxes and Small Bags 16.9 26.9 10.3 9.2 17.4

Other/ 2.0 2.2 1.0 1.8


All types 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1950-51 season

Boxes 100.0 80.8 63.4 70.1 91.6 77.1

Small Bags 32 8.1 3.2 4.4

Boxes and Small Bags 14.5 24.4 20.8 8.4 16.1

Other/

All types 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

i/ Consists of shipments containing combinations other than boxes and small bags
(boxes and j box bags, small bags and I box bags) plus a small amount of bulk.











Table 17. Grapefruit: Shipments by type of container from Florida origin areas,
1949-50 and 1950-51.

1949-50 season

Type of Origin Area
Type of ______________________OriginArea
Container All
1 2 3 4 5 Areas

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes

Boxes 1,570,550 2,163,827 2,259,257 908,579 1,210,442 8,112,655

Small Bags 8,361 89,084 8,123 105,568

Boxes and Small
Bags 213,005 513,850 67,216 1,829 795,900
Other-/ 40,282 20,127 60,409

All types 1,570,550 2,425,475 2,882,318 983,918 1,212,271 9,074,532


1950-51 season

Boxes 2,769,892 2,952,042 3,965,339 435,168 2,010,023 12,126,028
Small Bags 5,171 173,912 432 6,167 191,438
Boxes and Small
Bags 383,841 795,137 77,435 1,256,413
Othe4L 33,541 154,047 18,738 11,813 218,819

All types 2,769,892 3,374,595 5,088,435 531,773 2,028,003 13,792,698


boxes and small bags
small amount of bulk.


j/ Consists of shipments containing combinations other than
(boxes and j box bags, small bags and j box bags) plus a











Table 18. Grapefruit:


Percentage shipped by type of container from Florida origin
area, 1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season


Type of Origin Area
Container A
Container 1 2 3 4 5 All
Areas
Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent
Boxes 100.0 89.2 78.4 92.3 99.8 89.4

Small Bags .3 3.1 .8 1.2

Boxes and Small Bags 8.8 17.8 6.8 .2 8.8

Other 1.7 .7 .1 .6

All types 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


1950-51 season

Boxes 100.0 87.5 77.9 81.8 99.1 87.9

Small Bags .2 3.4 .1 .3 1.4
Boxes and Small Bags 11,4 15.6 14.6 9.1
Other/ .9 3.1 3.5 .6 1.6

All types 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

I/ Consists of shipments containing combinations other than boxes and small bags
(boxes and j box bags, small bags and j box bags) plus a small amount of bulk.












Table 19. Tangerines: Shipments by type of container from Florida origin areas,
1949-50 and 1950-51.

1949-50 season

Type of Origin Area
Container All
1 2 3 4 5 Areas

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
Boxes 10,558 1,218,570 992,404 412,782 14,038 2,648,352
Small sags 1,622 1,622

Boxes and Small Bags 42,418 79,881 8,560 130,859

Other/ 15,121 12,207 3,045 30,373

All types 10,558 1,277,731 1,084,492 424,387 14,038 2,811,206


1950-51 season

Boxes 37,273 1,087,665 1,125,619 198,020 14,178 2,'62,755
Small Bags 487 487
Boxes and Small Bags 42,738 79,570 12,203 134,511
Other/ 12,785 33,131 820 46,736

All types 37,273 1,143,188 1,238,807 211,043 14,178 2,644,489


and small bags
amount of bulk.


1/ Consists of shipments containing combinations other than boxes
(boxes and j box bags, small bags and j box bags) plus a small












Table 20. Tangerines:


Percentage shipped by type of container from Florida origin
area, 1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season

Type. of Origin Area
Container All
1 2 3 4 5 Areas

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent

Boxes 100.0 95.4 91.5 97.3 100.0 94.2

Small Bags ,1 .1

Boxes and Small Bags 3.3 7.4 2.0 4.7

Other/ 1.2 1.1 .7 1.0

All types 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


1950-51 season

Boxes 100.0 95.1 90.9 93.8 100.0 93.1
Small Bags

Boxes and Small Bags 3.7 6.4 5.8 5.1

Other/ 1.2 2,7 .4 1.8


All types 100,0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

I/ Consists of shipments containing combinations other than boxes and small bags
(boxes and j box bags, small bags and j box bags) plus a small amount of bulk.









Table 21. Oranges: Shipments by type of carrier and type of container, 1949-50
and 1950-51


1949-50 season


Type of Type of carrier
Type of .. .. .. ..-....
Container Rail Privately Trucks Trucks Water and All
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes

Boxes 6,354,977 1,353,925 2,010,993 3,225,583 1,821,294 14,766,772

Small Bags 844,044 22,228 209,501 316,419 59,762 1,451,954

Boxes and
Small BagE 1,231,979 290,773 742,944 1,213,148 8,144 3,486,988

Bulk 46,372 33,006 22,089 19,000 120,467

Other 83,554 73,920 9,296 60,776 227,546

All Types 8,560,926 1,773,852 2,994,823 4,834,926 1,889,200 20,053,727


1950-51 season

Boxes 10,460,525 1,238,408 1,694,793 2,792,664 71,015 16,257,505

Small Bags 706,488 20,452 70,150 122,494 1,238 920,822

Boxes and
Small Bags 1,429,592 359,503 354,260 1,243,135 3,386,490

Bulk 41,492 76,004 11,546 102,870 231,912

Other 94,496 67,873 7,853 112,899 283,121

All Types 12,732,593 1,762,240 2,138,702 4,374,062 72,253 21,079,850












Table 22. Oranges: Percentage distribution of types of containers used by each
type of carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51.

1949-50 season

Type of carrier
Cotaner Rail Privately Trucks Trucks Water and All
Cont r owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent

Boxes 74.2 76.3 67.2 66.7 96.4 73.6

Small Bags 9.9 1.2 7.0 6.5 3.2 7.3

Boxes and
Small Bags 14.4 16.4 24.8 25.1 .4 17.4

Bulk .5 1.9 .7 .4 .6

Other 1.0 4.2 .3 1.3 1.1

All Types 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1950-51 season

Boxes 82,2 70.3 79.2 63.8 98.3 77.1

Small Bags 5.5 1.2 3.3 2.8 1.7 4.4

Boxes and
Small Bags 11.2 20.4 16.6 28.4 16.1
Bulk .3 4.3 .5 2.4 1.1

Other .8 3.8 .4 2.6 1.3

All Types 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0












Table 23 Oranges: Percentage distribution among carriers by type of container,
1949-50 and 1950-51

1949-50 season

Type of Carrier_
Ctpainer Rail Privately Truck Truck Water and All
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent

Boxes 43.0 9.2 13.6 21.8 12.4 100.0

Small Bags 58.1 1.6 14.4 21.8 4.1 100.0
Boxes and
Small Bags 35.3 8.3 21.3 34.8 .3 100.0

Bulk 38.5 27.4 18.3 15.8 100.0

Other 36.7 32.5 4.1 26.7 100.0

All Types 42.7 8.9 14.9 24.1 9.4 100.0

1950-51 season

Boxes 64.4 7.6 10.4 17.2 .4 100.0
Small Bags 76.7 2.2 7.6 13.3 .2 100.0
Boxes and
Small Bags 42.2 10.6 10.5 36.7 100.0
Bulk 17.9 32.8 5.0 44.3 100.0

Other 33.3 24.0 2.8 39.9 100.0

All Types 60.4 8.4 10.1 20.8 .3 100.0










Table 24 Grapefruit: Shipments by type of carrier and type of container, 1949-50
and 1950-51

1949-50 season

Type of Carrier
Type of Rail Privately Truck Trucks Water and All
Container owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Truck Shipper Buyer nations

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes

Boxes 4,314,060 486,782 1,061,256 1,354,112 896,445 8,112,655
Small Bags 24,422 3,459 40,159 31,705 5,823 105,568
Boxes and
Small Bags 234,773 76,027 185,608 299,492 795,900
Bulk 34,306 10,854 838 630 46,628
Other 3,891 6,372 3,518 13,781

All Types 4,611,452 583,494 1,287,861 1,689,457 902,268 9,074,532

1950-51 season

Boxes 7,982,368 673,860 1,698,760 1,754,333 17,387 12,126,768

Small Bags 142,270 4,108 22,507 22,553 191,438
Boxes and
Small Bags 434,550 127,077 209,861 484,925 1,256,413

Bulk 18,679 73,009 5,930 6,423 104,041
Other 77,935 9,480 587 26,096 114,098

All Types 8655802 887534 1,937,645 2,294,330 17.387 13,792,698












Table 25 Grapefruit: Percentage distribution of types of containers used by
each type of carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51

1949-50 season


Type of _Type of Carrier
Container
Rail Privately Truck Truck Water and All
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent

Boxes 93.6 83.4 82.4 80.2 99.4 89.4

Small Bags .5 .6 3.1 1.9 .6 1.2

Boxes and
Small Bags 5.1 13.0 14.4 17.7 8.8

Bulk .7 1.9 .1 .5

Other .1 1.1 .2 .1

All types 100.0 i 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1950-51 season

Boxes 92.2 75.9 87.7 76.5 100.0 87.9
Small Bags 1.7 .5 1.2 1.0 1.4
Boxes and
Small Bags 5.0 14.3 10.8 21.1 9.1
Bulk .2 8.2 .3 .3 .8
Other .9 1.1 1.1 l8

All types 100.0 100.0 100.6 100.0 100.0 100.0
t I, 1 100.0 i00.0










Table 26 Grapefruit: Percentage distribution among carriers by type of container,
1949-50 and 1950-51

1949-50 season

Type of ___ Type of Carrier
Container
Container ail Privately Truck Truck Water and All
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent
Boxes 53.2 6.0 13.1 16.7 11.0 100.0
Small Bags 23.1 3.3 38.1 30.0 5.5 100.0

Boxes, and
Small Bags 29.5 9.6 23.3 37.6 100.0
Bulk 73.6 23.3 1.8 1.3 100.0

Other 28.3 46.2 25.5 100.0

All types 50.8 6.4 14.2 18.6 10.0 100.0


1950-51 season

Boxes 65.8 5.6 14.0 14.5 .1 100.0
Small Bags 74.3 2.1 11.8 11.8 100.0

Boxes and
Small Bags 34.6 10.1 16.7 38.6 100.0

Bulk 17.9 70.2 5.7 6.2 100.0
Other 68.3 8.3 .5 22.9 100.0

All types 62.8 6.4 14.1 16.6 .1 100.0











Table 27. Tangerines: Shipments by type of carrier and type of container,
1949-50 and 1950-51

1949-50 season

Type of Carrier

Type of Rail Privately Truck Truck Water and All
Container owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer actions

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes

Boxes 1,437,703 224,758 494,582 363,067 128,242 2,648,352

Small Bags 1,342 280 1,622
Boxes and
Small Bags 21,912 26,580 27,669 54,698 130,859

Bulk 9,841 9,518 125 19,484

Other 1,500 5,611 3,778 10,889

All Types 1,472,298 266,747 522,376 421,543 128,242 2,811,206


1950-51 season

Boxes 1,444,591 199,313 486,858 325,164 6,829 2,462,755

Small Bags 487 487

Boxes and
Small Bags 40,638 36,478 15,417 41,978 134,511

Bulk 7,502 5,150 224 12,876

Other 14,809 5,027 931 13,093 33,860

All Types 1,507,540 245,968 503,206 380,946 6,829 2,644,489











Table 28. Tangerines:


Percentage distribution of types of containers used by each
type of carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season


Type of Type of Carrier
Container
Rail Privately Truck Truck Water and All
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent

Boxes 97.6 84.3 94.7 86.1 100.0 94.2

Small Bags .1 .1 .1

Boxes and
Small Bags 1.5 10.0 5.3 13.0 4.6

Bulk .7 3.6 .7

Other .1 2.0 .9 .4

All Types 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


1950-51 season

Boxes 95.8 81.0 96.7 85.4 100.0 93.1

Small Bags .1

Boxes and
Small Bags 2.7 14.8 3.1 1.0 5.1

Bulk .5 2.1 .1 .5

Other 1.0 2.1 .2 3.4 1.3

All Types 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0









Table 29, Tangerines: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers by Type of Container
1949-50 and 1950-51

1949-50 season


Type of Carrier
Type of
Container Rail Privately Trucks Trucks Water and All
Owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent
Boxes 54.3 8.5 18.7 13.7 4.8 100,0

Small Bags 82.7 17.3 100.0

Boxes and
Small Bags 16.7 20.3 21,2 41,8 100.0

Bulk 50,5 48.9 .6 100.0

Other 13,8 51.5 34.7 100.0

All Types 52.4 9.5 18.6 15.0 4,5 100.0

1950-51 season


Boxes 58.7 8.1 19.7 13.2 .3 100.0

Small Bags 100.0 100.0

Boxes and
Small Bags 30.2 27.1 11.5 31.2 100.0

Bulk 58.3 40.0 1.7 100.0

Other 43.7 14.8 2.8 38.7 100.0

All Types 57.0 9.3 19.0 14.4 .3 100.0





45

Table 30. All citrus: Average length of haul by type of container from origin
areas in Florida 1949-50 and 1950-51.


1949-50 season

Type of Origin Area
container All
1 2 3 4 5 Areas

Miles Miles Miles Miles Miles Miles
Boxes 1178 875 896 1061 1217 953
Small Bags 947 1058 909 1208 1012
Boxes and Small Bags 838 910 490 1114 848


1950-51 season

Boxes 1201 816 883 924 1270 925

Small Bags 885 1053 842 1227 1003
Boxes and Small Bags 823 906 614 1076 849


Table 31. All citrus Average length of haul by type of carrier from origin areas
in Florida, 1949-50 and 1950-51 seasons combined.

Type of Origin Area l
Carrier 1 2 3 4 5 Ae

Miles Miles Miles Miles Miles Miles
Rail 1187 1106 1116 1151 1388 1144
Privately owned truck 393 414 370 606 402

Truck hired by shippe 1150 1104 1078 909 1152 1075

Truck hired by buyer 732 790 718 1074 762
Combinations 1223 1163 1254 1264 1208 1223

All Carriers 1193 838 884 923 1240 916









Table 32. All citrus: Average length of haul from Florida
to destination region by type of carrier, 1949-50
and 1950-51.


1949-50 season

Type of Atlantic Central Western
Carrier Coast Region Region Regions

Miles Miles Miles

Rail 1098 1081 2115

Private Trucks 315 821 1199

Hired Trucks 776 1032 941

Water 1223

Combinations 1218


All carriers 855 1028 1195


1950-51 season

Rail 1127 1083 1905

Private Trucks 285 864 1190

Hired Trucks 693 1047 974

Water

Combinations 1183 949 3354

All carriers 800 1036 1156









Monthly shipments by type of carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season


Type of carrier
Month Privately Truck Truck Water and
Rail owned Hired by Hired by Combin- All
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations Carriers
Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
September
October 152,623 74,473 155,594 304,541 687,231
November 885,140 270,897 392,586 750,333 32,329 2,331,285
December 1,359,890 401,516 297,847 734,629 187,905 2,981,787
January 1,008,240 162,491 361,796 629,136 230,856 2,392,519
February 907,773 185,576 266,139 573,932 227,378 2,160,798
March 1,325,697 219,049 445,282 638,044 428,227 3,056,299
April 1,124,916 157,359 450,505 549,605 339,387 2,621,772
May '1,102,967 202,827 428,906 370,605 291,668 2,396,973
June 623,511 90,972 157,586 270,349 150,579 1,292,997
July 70,169 8,692 38,582 13,752 971 132,066
August

Total 8,560,926 1,773,852 2,994,823 4,834,926 1,889,200 20,053,727

1950-51 season

September 10,331 2,553 1,913 6,003 20,800
October 336,785 189,007 293,167 292,647 1,111,606
November 1,084,861 317,160 405,403 570,166 3,260 2,380,850
December 1,722,368 349,287 300,341 597,617 11,328 2,980,941
January 1,453,749 192,518 256,855 476,498 2,379,620
February 1,492,069 222,414 254,406 548,241 17,330 2,534,460
March 1,946,005 204,327 240,137 527,571 17,330 2,935,370
April 1,7C1,383 135,605 144,679 558,088 2,539,755
May 1,661,532 82,598 165,972 487,831 4,328 2,402,261
June 1,138,569 55,838 62,561 266,654 9,869 1,533,491
July 184,941 7,864 13,268 42,746 8,808 257,627
August 3,069 3,069

Total 12,732,593 1,762,240 2,138,702 4,374,062 72,253 21,079,850


Table 33- Oranges:








Table 34 Oranges: Percentage distribution of shipments by months for each type
of carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51

1949-50 season

Type of carrier

Month Rail Privately Truck Truck Water and All
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer actions
Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent
September
October 1.8 4.2 5.2 6.3 3.4
November. 10.3 15.3 13.1 15.5 1.7 11.6
December 15.9 22.6 9.9 15.2 9.9 14.9
January 11.8 9.2 12.1 13.0 12.2 11.9
February 10.6 10.5 8.9 11i9 12.0 10.8
March 15.5 12.3 14.9 13.2 22.7 15.2
April 13.1 8.9 15.0 11.4 18.0 13.1
May 12.9 11.4 14.3 7.6 15.4 12.0
June 7.3 5.1 5.3 5.6 8.0 6.4
July .8 .5 1.3 .3 .1 .7
August

Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


1950-51 season

September ,1 .2 .1 .1 .1
October 2.7 10.7 13.7 6.7 5.3
November 8.5 18.0 19.0 13.0 4.5 11.3
December 13.5 19.8 14.0 13.7 15.7 14.1
January 11.4 10,9 12.0 10.9 11.3
February 11.7 12.6 11.9 12.5 24.0 12,0
March 15.3 11.6 11.2 12.1 24.0 13.9
April 13.4 7.7 6.8 12.8 12.1
May 13.0 4.7 7.8 11.1 6.0 11.4
June 8.9 3.2 2.9 6.1 13.6 7.3
July 1.5 .4 .6 1.0 12.2 1.2
August .2

Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0











Tabler35. Oranges:


Percentage distribution of shipments among carriers by months
1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season


Type of carrier
Month
Rail Privately Truck Truck Water and All
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent

September
October 22.2 10.8 22.7 44.3 100.0
November 38.0 11.6 16.8 32.2 1.4 100.0
December 45.6 13.5 10.0 24.6 6.3 100,0
January 42.1 6.8 15.1 26.3 9.7 100.0
February 42.0 8.6 12.3 26.6 10.5 100.0
March 43.4 7.2 14.5 20.9 14.0 100.0
April 42.9 6.0 17.2 21.0 12.9 100.0
May 46.0 8.5 17.9 15.5 12.1 100.0
June 48.2 7.0 12.2 20.9 11.7 100.0
July 53.1 6.6 29.2 10.4 .7 100.0
August

Total 42.7 8.8 14.9 24.1 9.5 100.0

1950-51 season

September 49.7 12.3 9.2 28.8 100.0
October 30.3 17.0 26.4 26.3 100.0
November 45.6 13.3 17.9 24.0 .1 100.0
December 57.8 11.7 10.1 20.0 .4 100.0
January 61.1 8.1 10.8 20.0 100.0
February 58.9 8.8 10.0 21.6 .7 100.0
March 66.3 6.9 8.2 18.0 .6 100.0
April 67.0 5.3 5.7 22.0 100.0
May 69.2 3.4 6.9 20.3 .2 100.0
June 74.2 3.6 4.1 17.4 .7 100.0
July 71.8 3.0 5.2 16.6 3.4 100,0
August 100.0 100.0

Total 60.4 8.4 10.1 20.7 .4 100.0









Table 36. Grapefruit: Monthly shipments by type of carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season

Type of carrier
Month
Rail Privately Truck Truck Water and All
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
September 29,063 1,437 133 30,633
October 261,556 33,200 132,890 96,259 523,905
November 468,999 69,808 143,059 159,856 29,967 871,689
December 400,231 65,730 93,676 138,777 70,944 769,358
January 571,615 59,529 89,608 138,864 130,489 990,105
February 551,842 63,225 140,899 260,454 250,703 1,267,123
March 809,599 96,950 266,992 393,223 168,141 1,734,905
April 576,640 84,320 195,995 268,737 127,535 1,253,227
May 725,716 83,326 160,230 174,629 78,696 1,222,597
June 210,449 19,421 61,112 55,020 45,793 391,795
July 5,742 7,985 1,963 3,505 19,195
August

Total 4,611,452 583,494 1,287,861 1,689,457 902,268 9,074,532

1950-51 season

September 232,136 46,339 200,709 146,519 1,096 626,790
October 368,138 84,833 373,899 226,914 1,053,784
November 831,023 114,568 180,396 228,536 1,354,523
December 657,283 74,246 156,250 176,572 1,064,351
January 1,004,048 118,173 163,857 249,505 1,535,583
February 1,217,029 113,576 233,657 331,936 4,572 1,900,770
March 1,194,242 132,245 261,148 306,141 11,594 1,905,370
April 1,278,373 72,774 169,985 283,019 1,804,151
May 1,096,855 60,315 138,346 229,783 125 1,525,424
June 702,040 46,133 56,149 102,077 906,399
July 61,702 12,675 3,249 13,337 90,963
August 12,933 11,657 24,590

Total 8,655,802 887,534 1,937,645 2,294,330 17,387 13,792,698
I, ...... I,









Table 37. Grapefruit: Percentage distribution of shipments by months for each
type of carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51

1949-50 season

Month ____Type of carrier
Rail Privately Truck Truck Water and All
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent
September .6 .1 .3
October 5.7 5.7 10.3 5.7 5.8
November 10.2 12.0 11.1 9.5 3.3 9.6
December 8.7 11.3 7.3 8.2 7.9 8.5
January 12,4 10.2 7.0 8,2 14.5 10.9
February 11.9 10.8 10.9 15.4 27.8 14.0
March 17.6 16.6 20.7 23.3 18.6 19.1
April 12.5 14.4 15.2 15.9 14.1 13.8
May 15.7 14.3 12.4 10.3 8.7 13.5
June 4.6 3.3 4.8 3.3 5.1 4.3
July .1 1.4 .2 .2 .2
August

Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

1950-51 season

September 2.7 5,2 10.3 6.4 6.3 4.5
October 4.2 9.6 19.3 9.9 7.6
November 9.6 12.9 9.3 9.9 9.8
December 7.6 8.4 8.1 7.7 7.7
January 11.6 13.3 8.4 10.9 11.1
February 14.1 12.8 12.1 14.5 26.3 13.8
March 13.8 14.9 13.5 13.3 66.7 13.8
April 14.8 8.2 8.8 12.3 13.1
May 12.7 6.8 7.1 10.0 .7 11.1
June 8.1 5.2 2.9 4.5 6.6
July .7 1.4 .2 .6 .7
August .1 1.3 .2

Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 .100.0 100.0 100.0









Table 38 Grapefruit:


Percentage distribution of shipments among carriers by
months, 1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season


Month Type of carrier
Rail Privately Truck Truck Water and All
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent
September 94.9 4.7 ,4 100.0
October 49.9 6.3 25.4 18,4 100.0
November 53.8 8.0 16.4 18,3 3.5 100.0
December 52.0 8.6 12.2 18.0 9.2 100.0
January 57.7 6.6 9.1 14.0 13.2 100.0
February 43.6 5.0 11.1 20.5 19.8 100.0
March 46.7 5.5 15.4 22.7 9.7 100.0
April 46.0 6.7 15.7 21.4 10.2 100.0
May 59.4 6.8 13.1 14.3 6.4 100.0
June 53.7 5.0 15.6 14,0 11.7 100.0
July 29.9 41.6 10.2 18.3 100.0
August

Total 50.8 6.4 14.2 18.6 10.0 100.0


1950-51 season

September 37.0 7.4 32.0 23.4 .2 100.0
October 34.9 8.1 35.5 21.5 100.0
November 61.4 8.4 13.3 16.9 100,0
December 61.7 7.0 14.7 16.6 100.0
January 65.4 7.7 10.7 16.2 100.0
February 64.0 6.0 12.3 17.5 .2 100.0
March 62.7 6.9 13.7 16.1 .6 100.0
April 70.9 4.0 9.4 15.7 100.0
May 71.9 3.9 9.1 15.1 100.0
June 77.4 5.1 6.2 11.3 100.0
July 67.8 13.9 3.6 14.7 100.0
August 52.6 47.4 100.0

Total 62.8 6.4 14.1 16.6 .1 100.0










Table 39. Tangerines Monthly shipments by type of carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season


Type of Carrier
Month Rail Privately Truck Truck Water andAll
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- A
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations Carrers

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
September
October 7,803 1,236 9,039
November 129,216 19,387 43,227 24,573 216,403
December 600,222 118,110 201,563 184,177 47,316 1,151,378
January 368,251 38,553 171,161 102,201 36,387 716,553
February 278,839 50,677 74,209 93,858 35,640 533,223
March 76,653 38,496 32,216 14,723 7,613 169,701
April 11,314 740 159 1,163 13,376
May 794 470 123 1,387
June 146 146
July
August

Total 1,472,298 266,747 522,376 421,543 128,242 2,811,206

1950-51 season

September 1,898 1,898
October 32 1,141 1,123 2,296
November 147,759 29,493 49,815 29,810 256,877
December 662,946 98,325 214,368 177,360 6,829 1,159,828
January 342,724 69,022 158,281 106,092 676,119
February 268,624 40,999 66,751 61,441 437,815
March 78,809 6,923 12,587 3,035 101,354
April 3,628 385 71 .4,084
May 3,050 433 263 116 3,862
June 356 356
July
August

Total 1,507,540 245,968 503,206 380,946 6,829 2,644,489










Table 40 Tangerines: Percentage distribution of shipments by months for each
type of carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season

Type of carrier
Month Rail Privately Truck Truck Water ancd I
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- All
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations C

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent

September
October .5 .3 .3
November 8.8 7.3 8.3 5.8 7.7
December 40.8 44.3 38.6 43.7 36.9 41.0
January 25.0 14.4 32.7 24.3 28.4 25.5
February 18.9 19.0 14.2 22.3 27.8 19.0
March 5.2 14.4 6.2 3.5 5.9 6.0
April .8 .3 .9 .5
May .3 .1 .1
June
July
August

Total 100.0 100.0 1000 100.0 100.0 100.0

1950-51 season

September .5 .1
October .2 .3 .1
November 9.8 12.0 9.9 7.8 9.7
December 44.0 40.0 42.6 46.6 100.0 43.9
January 22.7 28.1 31.4 27.9 25.6
February 17.8 16.7 13.3 16.1 16.6
March 5.2 2.8 2.5 .8 3.8
April .3 .1 .1
May ,2 .2 .1 .1
June .1
July
August

Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0









Table 41 Tangerines:-Percentage distribution of shipments among carriers by
months, 1949-50 and 1950-51

1949-50 season

Type of Carrier
Month Rail Privately Truck Truck Water and
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- All
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations Carriers

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent
September
October 86.3 13.7 100.0
November 59.7 8.9 20.0 11.4 100.0
December 52.1 10.3 17.5 16.0 4.1 100.0
January 51.4 5.4 23.9 14.2 5.1 100.0
February 52.3 9.5 13.9 17.6 6.7 100.0
March 45.2 22.7 19.0 8.6 4.5 100.0
April 84.6 5.5 1.2 8.7 100.0
May 57.2 33.9 8.9 100.0
June 100.0 100.0
July
August

Total 52.4 9.5 18.6 15.0 4.5 100.0


1950-51 season

September 100.0 100.0
October 1.4 49.7 48.9 100,0
November 57.5 11.5 19.4 11.6 100.0
December 57.1 8.5 18.5 15.3 .6 100.0
January 50.7 10.2 23.4 15.7 100.0
February 61.4 9.4 15.2 14.0 100.0
March 77.8 6.8 12.4 3.0 100.0
April 88.8 9.4 1.8 100.0
May 79.0 11.2 6.8 3.0 100.0
June 100.0 100.0
July
August

Total 57.0 9.3 19.0 14.4 .3 100.0









Monthly shipments by type of carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season


Month Type of carrier
Rail Privately Trucks Truck Water and All
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Trucks Shipper Buyer nations

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
September 29,063 1,437 133 30,633
October 421,982 107,673 288,484 402,036 1,220,175
November 1,483,355 360,092 578,872 934,762 62,296 3,419,377
December 2,360,343 585,346 593,086 1,057,583 306,165 4,902,523
January 1,948,106 260,573 622,565 870,201 397,732 4,699,177
February 1,738,454 299,478 481,247 928,244 513,721 3,961,144
March 2,211,949 354,495 744,490 1,045,990 603,981 4,960,905
April 1,712,870 242,419 646,500 818,501 468,085 3,888,375
May 1,828,683 286,947 589,136 545,704 370,487 3,620,957
June 833,960 110,393 218,698 325,515 196,372 1,684,938
July 75,911 16,677 40,545 17,257 871 151,261
August

Total 14,644,672 2,624,093 4,805,060 6,945,926 2,919,710 31,939,465

1950-51 season

September 242,467 48,892 202,622 154,411 1,096 649,488
October 704,923 273,872 668,207 520,684 2,167,686
November 2,063,643 461,221 635,614 828,512 3,260 3,992,250
December 3,042,597 521,858 670,959 951,549 18,157 5,205,120
January 2,800,521 379,713 578,993 832,095 4,591,322
February 2,977,722 376,989 554,814 941,618 21,902 4,873,045
March 3,219,056 343,495 513,872 836,747 28,924 4,942,094
April 2,983,384 208,764 314,664 841,178 4,347,990
May 2,761,437 143,346 304,581 717,730 4,453 3,931,547
June 1,840,609 102,327 118,710 368,731 9,869 2,440,246
July 246,643 20,539 16,517 56,083 8,808 348,590
August 12,933 14,726 27,659

Total 22,895,935 2,895,742 4,579,553 7,049,338 96,469 37,517,037
i, ... 7, 4, 7 55 i6 6 3 ,9517 ,03


Table 42 All citrus:









Table 43. All citrus Percentage distribution of shipments by months for each
type of carrier, 1949-50 and 1950-51

1949-50 season


Type of carrier

Month Rail Privately Truck Truck Water and All
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Truck Shipper Buyer at. .ns

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent

September .2 *1
October 2.9 4.1 6,0 5.8 3.8
November 10.1 13.7 12,0 13.4 2.2 10.7
December 16.1 22.3 12.3 15.2 10.5 15.4
January 13.3 10.0 13.0 12.5 13.6 12.8
February 11.9 11.4 10.0 13.4 17.6 12.4
March 15.1 13.5 15.5 15.1 20.7 15.5
April 11.7 9.2 13.5 11.8 16.0 12.2
May 12.5 10.9 12.3 7-9 12,7 11.3
June 5.7 4.2 4.6 4.7 6.7 5.3
July .5 .7 .8 .2 .5
August

Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
1950-51 season

September 1.1 1.7 4.4 2.2 1.2 1.7
October 3.1 9.5 14.6 7.4 5.8
November 9.0 15.9 13.9 11.7 3.4 10.6
December 13.3 18.0 14.6 13.5 18.8 13.9
January 12.2 13.1 12.6 11.8 12.2
February 13.0 13.0 12.1 13.4 22.7 13.0
March 14.1 11.9 11.2 11.9 30.0 13.2
April 13.0 7.2 6.9 11.9 11.6
May 12.0 5.0 6.7 10.2 4.6 le.5
June 8.0 3.5 2.6 5.2 10.2 6.5
July 1.1 .7 .4 .8 9.1 .9
August .1 .5 .1

Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0









Table 44 All Citrus:


Percentage distribution of shipments among carriers by
months, 1949-50 and 1950-51


1949-50 season


Type of carrier
Month
Rail Privately Truck Truck Water and All
owned Hired by Hired by Combin- Carriers
Truck Shipper Buyer nations

Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent
September 94.9 4.7 .4 100.0
October 34.6 8.8 23.6 33.0 100.0
November 43.4 10.5 16,9 27.4 1.8 100.0
December 48.1 11.9 12.1 21.6 6.3 100.0
January 47.5 6.4 15.2 21.2 9.7 100.0
February 43.9 7.6 12.1 23.4 13.0 100.0
March 44.6 7.1 15.0 21.1 12.2 100.0
April 44.1 6.2 16.6 21.1 12.0 100.0
May 50.5 7.9 16.3 15.1 10.2 100.0
June 49.5 6.6 13.0 19.3 11.6 100.0
July 50.2 11.0 26.8 11.4 .6 100.0
August

Total 45.9 8.2 15.0 21.7 9.2 100.0

1950-51 season

September 37.3 7.5 31.2 23.8 .2 100.0
October 32.5 12.7 30.8 24.0 100.0
November 51.7 11.5 15.9 20.8 .1 100.0
December 58.5 10.0 12.9 18.3 .3 100.0
January 61.0 8.3 12.6 18.1 100.0
February 61.1 7.7 11.4 19.3 .5 100.0
March 65.1 7.0 10.4 16.9 .6 100.0
April 68.6 4,8 7.2 19.4 100.0
May 70.2 3.6 7.$ 18.3 .1 100.0
June 75.4 4.2 4.9 15.1 .4 100.0
July 70.8 5.9 4.7 16.1 2.5 100.0
August 46.8 53.2

Total 61.0 7.7 12.2 18.8 .3 100.0









Table 45. Oranges: Volume shipped to selected Cities by Type of Sale
Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


(Average


Type of Sale

City Private Private Auction Commission All
with Direct House Types
Broker


Boston, Mass
New York, New York
Buffalo, New York
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburg, Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago, Illinois
Detroit, Michigan
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Missouri
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebr.
Baltimore, Md.
Charlotte, N.C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington, D.C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Washington
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif


Boxes

411,468
555,300
37,149
321,958
212,284
116,498
115,902
312,010
590,196
41,264
8,*453
2,110
150,320
53,820
8,136
188,059
91,055
387,824
184,589
168,769
84,282
119,621
181,086
280,554
5,599
20,292
6,552
5,139
8,784
3,034


Boxes

195,395
2,569,402

1,253,067
79,095
313,915
264,824
151,062
180,882

146

70,268


11,316


Boxes

70,451
155,790
3,066
47,958
118,498
8,980
4,618
193,622
25,856


13,320


25,114

34,626
38,616
3,886


Boxes

704,017
3,401,800
139,181
1,729,000
439,217
474,664
413,364
854,058
820,868
84,544
49,694
4,119
254,556
81,086
19,435
309,355
120,161
521,028
350,422
259,490
225,185
253,518
234,832
361,195
44,183
56,866
20,659
19,791
15,616
5,518


t t 4 I


5,089372 744401


Boxes

26,703
121,308
98,966
106,017
29,340
35,271
28,020
197,364
23,934
43,280
41,095
2,009
20,648
27,266
11,299
84,866
29,106
98,578
227,217
86,835
140,903
133,897
53,746
80,641
38,584
36,574
14,147
14,652
6,832
2,484


All Cities


1,761,582


4,672,107


5,089,372


744.401


12.267.462







Table Oranges
of Sale.


Percentage Distribution Shipped to Selected Cities by Type
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Sale

Private Private Auction Commission All
City with Direct House Types
Broker


Boston, Mass.
New York, New York
Buffalo, New York
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburg, Pa,
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago, Illinois
Detroit, Michigan
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Missouri
Kansas City, Missouri
Omaha, Nebraska
Baltimore, Md.
Charlotte, N. C,
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington, D. C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Washington
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Califo


All Cities


Percent

3.8
3.6
71.1
6.1
6.7
7.4
6.8
23,1
2.9
51.2
82.7
48.8
8.1
33.6
58.1
27.4
24.2
18.9
36.3
33.5
62.6
52.8
22.9
22.3
87,
64.3
68.3
74.0
43.8
45.0


14.4


Percent

58.4
16.3
26.7
18.6
48.3
24.6
28.0
36.5
71,9
48.8
17.0
51.2
59.1
66.4
41.9
60.8
75.8
74.4
52.7
65.0
37.4
47.2
77.1
77.7
12.7
35.7
31.7
26.0
56.2
55.0


Percent

27.8
75.5

72.5
18.0
66.1
64.1
17.7
22.0

.3

27.6


3.7

6,6


Percent

10.0
4.6
2.2
2.8
27.0
1.9
1.1
22.7
3.2



5,2


8.1


11.0
1.5


1 4 t I


38.1


41.5


6.0


I Ii.1. ,


Percent

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100,0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100,0
100.0
100.0
100.0


100.0









Table 47. Oranges: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities, Private
Sales with Brokers (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier

City Rail* Privately Hired All
owned Trucks Types
Trucks


Boston, Hass.
New York, New York
Buffalo, New York
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburg, Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago, Illinois
Detroit, Michigan
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Missouri
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebraska
Baltimore, Md.
Charlotte, N. C.
Atlanta, Ga.
7ashington, D. C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, '"ash.
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.

All cities


Boxes

21,716
84,092
57,416
77,212
10,676
25,868
12,447
146,695
13,428
34,872
15,422
2,009
15;084
10,914
1,547
49,145
16,460
31,319
13,662
31,118
81,492
99,040
32,236
33,770
29,111
11,788
14,652
6,832
2,484


982,507


Boxes

529
10,052
710
1,281

496
2,210


3,466





6,335
18,155
10,616
1,668
6,758


1,730
1,286


Boxes

4,458
27,164
40,840
27,524
18,664
8,907
13,363
50,669
10,506
4,942
25,673

5,564
16,352
9,752
35,721
6,311
49,104
102,939
54,049
52,653
34,857
21,510
45,141
37,298
7,463
2,359


.4. 4 r


65,292


713,783


Boxes

26,703
121,308
98,966
106,017
29,340
35,271
28,020
197,364
23,934
43,280
41,095
2,009
20,648
27,266
11,299
84,866
29,106
98,578
127,217
86,835
140,903
133,897
53,746
80,641
38,584
36,574
14,147
14,652
6,832
2,484


1,761,582


*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.


*Includes a small volume shipped by


water and various combinations.






Table 48. O-anges: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities
Private Sales with Brokers (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-I1)


Type of Carrier
City
Rail* Privately Hired All
owned Trucks Types
___Trucks

Percent Percent Percent Percent
Boston, Mass. 81.3 2.0 16.7 100.0
New York, New York 69.3 8.3 22.4 100.0
Buffalo, New York 58.0 .7 41.3 100.0
Philadelphia, Pa. 72.8 1.2 26.0 100.0
Pittsburg, Pa. 36.4 63.6 100.0
Cincinnati, Ohio 73.3 1.4 25.3 100.0
Cleveland, Ohio 44.4 7.9 47.7 100.0
Chicago, Illinois 74.3 25.7 100.0
Detroit, Michigan 56.1 43.9 100.0
Milwaukee, Wis. 80.6 8.0 11.4 100.0
Minneapolis, Minn. 37.5 62.5 100.0
St. Paul, Minn. 10 .0 100.0
St. Louis, Missouri 73.1 26.9 100 0
Kansas City, Mo. 40.0 60.0 100.0
Omaha, Nebraska 13.7 86.3 100.0
Baltimore, Md. 57.9 42.1 100.0
Charlotte, N.C. 56.5 21.8 21.7 100.0
Atlanta, Ga. 31.8 18.4 49.8 100.0
Washington, D.C. 10.7 8.4 80.9 100.0
Louisville, Ky. 35.8 1.9 62.3 100.0
Memphis, Tenn. 57.8 4.8 37.4 100.0
Nashville, Tenn. 74.0 26.0 100.0
Birmingham, Ala. 60.0 40.0 100.0
New Orleans, La. 41.9 2.1 56.0 100,0
Houston, Texas 3.3 96.7 100.0
Denver, Colorado 79.6 20.4 100.0
Salt Lake City, Utah 83.3 16.7 100.0
Seattle, Wash. 100.0 100.0
Portland, Oregon 100.0 100.0
Los Angeles, Calif. 100.0 100.0

All Cities 55.8 3.7 40.5 100.0


shipped by water and various combinations.


*Includes a small volume








Table 49. -


Oranges: Distribution Among Oarriae to Selected Cities on Private Direct
Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


City


Boston, Mass.
New York, N.Y.
Buffalo, N.Y.
Philadelphis, Pa.
Pittsburg, Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago, Ill.
Detroit, Mich.
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Missouri
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebr.
Baltimore, Md.
Charlotte, N.C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington, D. C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Houston, Texas
Denver, Col.
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Wash.
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.

All Cities


Type of Carrier


Rail*


q -1


Privately
owned
Trucks


Hired
Trucks


All
Types


I 4 4- 4 --


Boxes

368,651
455,588
12,634
244,404
86,865
92,200
73,847
184,828
343,318
21,938
1,817

103,048
30,754
592
109,352
31,431
70,840
103,932
69,227
62,972
73,862
34,314
19,240

19,914

5,139
8,784
3,034


2,632,525


Boxes

4
2,678
1,480
1,890
1,009

2,469




1,718


5,302
21,684
160,214
3,623

8,305
3,016
5,622
744


Boxes

42,813
97,034
23,035
75,664
124,410
24,298
39,586
127,182
246,878
19,326
6,636
2,110
45,554
23,066
7,544
73,405
37,940
156,770
77,034
99,542
13,005
42,743
141,150
260,570
5,599
378
6,552


Boxes

411,468
555,300
37,149
321,958
212,284
116,498
115,902
312,010
590,196
41,264
8,453
2,110
150,320
53,820
8,136
188,059
91,055
387,824
184,589
168,769
84,282
119,621
181,086
280,554
5,599
20,292
6,552
5,139
8,784
3,034


4 4 4


219,758


1,819,824


S. I I


4,672,107`


*Includes a small volume shipped by water


and various combinations.







Table 50, Oranges: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities
on Private Direct Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier
City Rail* Privately Hired All
Owned Truck Types
Trucks

Percent Percent Percent Percent
Boston, Mass, 89.6 10,4 100.0
New York, N. Y. 82.0 .5 17.5 100.0
Buffalo, N. Y. 34.0 4.0 62.0 100.0
Philadelphia, Pa. 75.9 .6 23.5 100.0
Pittsburg, Pa. 40.9 .5 58.6 100.0
Cincinnati, Ohio 79.1 20.9 100.0
Cleveland, Ohio 63.7 2.1 34.2 100.0
Chicago, Ill. 59,2 40.8 100.0
Detroit, Mich. 58.2 41.8 100.0
Milwaukee, Wis 53.2 46.8 100.0
Minneapolis, Minn. 21.5 78.5 100.0
St. Paul, Minn. 100.0 100.0
St. Louis, Missouri 68.6 1.1 30.3 100.0
Kansas City, Mo. 57.1 42.9 100.0
Omaha, Nebr. 7.3 92.7 100.0
Baltimore, Md. 58.2 2.8 39,0 100.0
Charlotte, N.C. 34.5 23.8 41.7 100.0
Atlanta, Ga. 18.3 41.3 40.4 100,0
Washington, D.C. 56.3 2.0 41.7 100.0
Louisville, Ky. 41.0 59.0 100.0
Memphis, Tenn. 74.7 9.9 15.4 100,0
Nashville, Tenn. 61.8 2.5 35.7 100.0
Birmingham, Ala. 18.9 3.1 78.0 100.0
New Orleans, La. 6.8 .3 92.9 100.0
Houston, Texas 100.0 100.0
Denver, Colo. 98.1 1,9 100.0
Salt Lake City, Utah 100.0 100.0
Seattle, Wash. 100.0 100.0
Portland, Oregon 100.0 100.0
Los Angeles, Calif. 100.0 100.0

All Cities 56.3 4.7 39.0 100.0


*Includes a small volume shipped by water


and various combinations.







Table 51. Oranges: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities on Auction
Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier
City Rail* Privately Hired Trucks All
Owned Trucks Types

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
Boston, Mass. 193,266 2,129 195,395
New York, N. Y. 2,464,056 1,800 103,546 2,569,402
Philadelphia, Pa. 1,212,196 3,957 36,914 1,253,067
Pittsburg, Pa. 58,142 20,953 79,095
Cincinnati, Ohio 301,372 12,543 313,915
Cleveland, Ohio 264,352' 472 264,824
Chicago, Illinois 105,037 46,025 151,062
Detroit, Michigan 180,501 381 180,882
Minneapolis, Minn. 146 146
St. Louis, Mo. 70,268 70,268
Baltimore, Md. 9,209 2,107 11,316

All Cities 4,858,399 6,610 224,363 5,089,372


Table 53 Oranges: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities on Commission
House Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51

Type of Carrier
City
it Rail* Privately Hired Trucks All
Owned Trucks Types

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
Boston, Mass. 62,542 7.909 70,451
New York, New York 109,040 46,750 155,790
Buffalo, New York 3,066 3,066
Philadelphia, Pa. 39,366 8,592 47,958
Pittsburg, Pa. 85,371 4,930 28,197 118,498
Cincinnati, Ohio 3,050 2,033 3,897 8,980
Cleveland, Ohio 3,348 1,270 4,618
Chicago, Illinois 66,366 2,222 125,034 193,622
Detroit, Michigan 25,856 25,856
St. Louis, Mo. 10,068 3,252 13,320
Baltimore, Md. 25,114 25,114
Atlanta, Ga. 678 33,948 34,626
Washington, D.C. 11,654 26,962 38,616
Louisville, Ky. 3,886____ 3,886
All Cities 448,727 9,863 285,811 744,401
*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.






Table 53 .


66
- Oranges: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities,
Auction Sales. (Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier
City Rail* Privately Hired Trucks All
Owned Trucks Types

Percent Percent Percent Percent

Boston, Mass. 98.9 1.1 100.0
Hew York, N. Y. 95.9 .1 4.0 100l 0
Philadelphia, Pa. 96.7 .3 3.0 100.0
Pittsburg, Pa. 73.5 26,5 100.0
Cincinnati, Ohio 96,0 4.0 100.0
Cleveland, Ohio 99.8 .2 100.0
Chicago, Illinois 69.5 30.5 100.0
Detroit, Michigan 99.8 .2 100.0
Minneapolis, Minn. 100.0 100.0
St. Louis, Mo. 100.0 100.0
Baltimore, Md. 81.4 18.6 100.0

All Cities 95.5 .1 4.4 100.0


Table 54, Oranges: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities,
Commission House Sales. (Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51)

Type of Carrier
City Rail* Privately Hired Trucks All
Owned Trucks Types

Percent Percent Percent Percent

Boston, Mass. 88.8 11.2 100.0
New York, New York 70.0 30.0 100.0
Buffalo, New York 100.0 100.0
Philadelphia, Pa. 82.1 17.9 100.0
Pittsburg, Pa. 72.0 4.2 23.8 100.0
Cincinnati, Ohio 34.0 22.6 43.4 100.0
Cleveland, Ohio 72.5 27.5 100.0
Chicago, Illinois 34.3 1.1 64.6 100,0
Detroit, Michigan 10C0 100.0
St. Louis, Mo. 75.6 24.4 100.0
Baltimore, Md. 100.0 100.0
Atlanta, Ga. 2.0 98.6 100.0
Washington, D. C. 30.2 69.8 100.0
Louisville, Ky. 100.0 100.0

All Cities 60.3 1.3 38.4 100.0

"Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations,







Table 55 Grapefruit: Volume Shipped to Selected Cities By Type of Sale.
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)



Type of Sale
City Private Private Commission All
with Direct Auction House Types
Broker


Boston, Mass
New York, New York
Buffalo, New York
Philadelphia, Pa,
Pittsburg, Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago, Illinois
Detroit, Michigan
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Mo.
Kansas City, Mo,
Omaha, Nebraska
Baltimore, Md.
Charlotte, N. C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington, D. C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn,
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Washington
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.


Boxes


Boxes

15,464
73,892
62,626
7,278
19,830
2,625
25,934
159,792
13,911
34,024
58,010
1,616
15,948
34,198
14,864
38,647
12,457
31,189
111,545
37,222
46,879
38,189
11,249
19,028
8,375
48,226
7,296
41,296
2,661


Boxes


194,940
2,217,216

554,912
42,452
152,240
136,968
130,923
122,603

2,300

33,319

19,193


Boxes


152,546
182,534
7,594
29,171
80,818
6,880
27,244
169,078
42,722


20,038

39,818
24,683
41,596
6,976


7,639


Boxes


504,975
2,628,532
99,186
657,265
227,233
206,796
262,054
671,421
582,596
42,232
102,756
9,898
149,440
76,700
22,622
186,008
50,457
165,751
241,817
92,380
73,645
77,767
64,836
66,120
10,370
63,666
16,159
71,834
12,536
7,197


I I 4 1


AL. Cte 9,21 1,0,55 36706 3,3 .,4,


142,025
154,890
28,966
65,904
84,133
45,051
71,908
211,628
403,360
8,208
42,446
8,282
80,135
42,502
7,758
88,350
38,000
109,879
88,676
48;182
26,766
39,578
53,587
39,453
1,995
15,440
:8,863
30,538
9,875
7,197


All Cities


12,003,575


839,337 7,444,249


994,271


3,607,066






Table 56. Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution Shipped to
of Sale. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and


Selected Cities by Type
1950-51)


Type of Sale

City Private Private Commission All
with Direct Auction House Types
Broker


Boston, Mass.
New York, New York
Buffalo, New York
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburg,-Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago; Illinois
Detroit, Michigan
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Missouri
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebraska
Baltimore, Md.
Charlotte, N. C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington, D. C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn,
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La,
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Washington
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.


Percent
3.1
2.8
63.1
1.1
8.7
1.3
9.9
23.8
2.4
80.6
56.5
16.3
10.7
44.6
65.7
23.2
17.9
18.8
46.1
40.3
63.7
49.1
17.3
28.8
80.8
75.7
45.2
57.5
21.2


Percent
28.1
5.9
29.2
10.0
37.0
21.8
27.4
31,5
69.2
19.4
41.3
83.7
53.6
55.4
34.3
52.9
54.6
66.3
36.7
52.2
36.3
50.9
82.7
59.7
19.2
24.3
54.8
42.5
78.8
100.0


Percent
38.6
84.4

84,4
18.7
73.6
52.3
19.5
21.1

2.2

22.3


27.5


Percent
30.2
6.9
7.7
4.5
35.6
3.3
10.4
25.2
7.3


13.4


23.9

14.9
17.2
7.5


11.5


Percent
100.0
100.0
100,0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100,0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0


1 4 I --~ 9


All Cities 100.0
I 4


13.4


26.9


48.4


11.3


All Cities


100.0







Table 57. Grapefruit: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities Private
Sales with Brokers. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier

City Pri vately
Ral owned Pired All
Trucks Trucks Types

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
Boston, Mass. 15,141 323 15,464
New York, New York 47,408 8,343 18,141 73,892
Buffalo, New York 41,813 20,813 62,626
Philadelphia, Pa. 2,858 4,420 7,278
Pittsburg,-Pa. 13,806 6,024 19,830
Cincinnati, Ohio 164 2,461 2,625
Cleveland, Ohio 20,890 5,044 25,934
Chicago; Illinois 128,228 31,564 159,792
Detroit, Michigan 7,851 6,060 13,911
Milwaukee, Wis. 27,494 6,530 34,024
Minneapolis, Minn. 40,940 17,070 58,010
St. Paul, Minn. 1,616 1,616
St. Louis, Mo. 13,788 2,160 15,948
Kansas City, Mo. 12,328 21,870 34,198
Omaha, Nebraska 2,353 12,511 14,864
Baltimore, Md. 29,320 9,327 38,647
Charlotte, N. C. 5,254 4,460 2,743 12,457
Atlanta, Ga. 8,067 8,917 14,205 31,189
Washington, D. C. 7,511 1,607 102,427 111,545
Louisville, Ky. 11,358 25,864 37,222
Memphis, Tenn. 30,880 2,296 13,703 46,879
Nashville,"Tenn. 27,817 10,372 38,189
Birmingham, Ala. 3;901 40 7,308 11,249
New Orleans, La. 8,042 291 10,695 19,028
Houston, Texas 8,375 8,375
Denver, Colorado 23,512 2,427 22,287 48,226
Salt Lake City, Utah 7,296 7,296
Seattle, Washington 41,296 41,296
Portland, Oregon 2,661 2,661
Los Angeles, Calif.

All Cities 581,240 30,734 382,297 994,271

*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.








Table 58. Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to
Private Sales With Brokers. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and


Selected Cities,
1950-51)


Type of Carrier

City Privately Hired All
Rail* Owned Trucks Types
Trucks


Boston, Mass.
New York, New York
Buffalo, New York
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburg,Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago, Illinois
Detroit, Michigan
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Mo.
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebraska
Baltimore, Md.
Charlotte, N. C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington, D. C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Washington
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.

All Cities


Percent
97.9
64.2
66.8
39.3
69.6
6.2
80.6
80.2
56.4
80.8
70.6
100.0
86.5
36.0


75.9
42,2
25.9
6.7
30.5
65.9
72.8
34.7
42.3

48.8
100.0
100.0
100.0


Percent

11.3


15.8

35.8
28.6
1.5

4.9

.4
1.5

5.0


Percent
2.1
24.5
33.2
60.7
30.4
93.8
19.4
19.8
43.6
19.2
29.4


13.5
64.0
84.2
24.1
22.0
45.5
91.8
69.5
29.2
27.2
64.9
56.2
100.0
46.2


_ _ ~I


58.5


3.1


38.4


*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.


Percent
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100,0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0


100.0








Table 59 Grapefruit: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities, Private
Direct Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)



Type of Carrier

City Privately Hired All
Rail* Owned
Rail* d Trucks Types
Trucks


Boston, Mass.
New York, New York
Buffalo, New York
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburg, Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago, Illinois
Detroit, Michigan
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Mo.
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebraska
Baltimore, Md.
Charlotte, N. C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington, D. C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis; Tenn.
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala,
New Orleans, La.
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Washington
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.

All Cities


Boxes

103,361
91,551

43,713
42,261
23,158
42,458
124,700
277,796
5,916
27,308
1,997
50,300
25,591
1,048
64 865
11,103
23,297
36,113
8,194
22,446
15,637
4,522
2,880

14,764
5,740
30,538
9,875
1,902


1,113,034


Boxes

4
2,161

3,063
2,710
362






2,038
11,314
35,492
1,602

3,106
3,295
648


65,795


Boxes

38,660
61,178
28,966
22,191
38,809
21,893
26,740
86,566
125,564
2,292
15,138
6,285
29,835
16,911
6,710
21,447
15,583
51,090
50,961
39,988
4,320
20,835
45,770
35,925
1,995
676
3,123

5,295


4 4


824,746


Boxes

142,025
154,890
28,966
65,904
84,133
45,051
71,908
211,628
403,360
8,208
42,446
8,282
80,135
42,502
7,758
88,350
38,000
109,879
88,676
48,182
26,766
39,578
53,587
39,453
1,995
15,440
8,863
30,538
9,875
7,197


2,003,575


*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations,







Table 60. Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities,
Private Direct Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)



Type of Carrier

City Privately Hired All
{ Rail* Owned
Rail* owned Trucks Types
Trucks


Boston, Mass,
New York, New York
Buffalo, New York
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburg, Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago, Illinois
Detroit, Michigan
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, ?inn.
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Mo.
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebraska
Baltimore, Md,
Charlotte, N. C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Tashington, D. C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala,
New Orleans, La.
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Washington
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.

All Cities


Percent
72.8
59.1

66.3
50.2
51.4
59.0
58.9
68.9
72.1
64.3
24.1
62.8
60.2
13.5
73.4
29.2
21.2
40.7
17.0
83.9
39.5
8.4
7.3

95.6
64.8
100.0
100.0
26.4


55.6


Percent

1.4


3.7

3.8
.2






2.3
29.8
32.3
1.8


7.9
6.2
1.6


3.3


Percent
27.2
39.5
100.0
33.7
46.1
48.6
37.2
40.9
31.1
27.9
35.7
75.9
37.2
39.8
86.5
24.3
41.0
46.5
57.5
83.0
16.1
52.6
85.4
91.1
100.0
4.4
35.2


73.6


Percent
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100,0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0


i. I


41.1


100.0


*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.






Table 61. Grapefruit:
Sales,


Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities, Auction
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier
City Privately Hired All
Rail* Owned
R__ail* Ownd Trucks Types
Trucks
Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
Boston, Mass. 147,966 46,974 194,940
New York, New York 2,069,074 6,438 141,704 2,217,216
Philadelphia, Pa. 543,727 11,185 554,912
Pittsburg,-Pa. 40,782 1,670 42,452
Cincinnati, Ohio 146;039 6,201 152,240
Cleveland, Ohio 136,968 136,968
Chicago, Illinois 72,852 58,071 130,923
Detroit, Michigan 122,603 122,603
Minneapolis, Minn. 2,300 2,300
St. Louis, Mo. 33,319 33,319
Baltimore, Md. 19,193 19,193

All Cities 3,332,123 6,438 268,105 3,607,066

Table 62. Grapefruit: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities, Commission
House Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier
City Privately Hired All
Rail* Owned Trucks Types
Trucks
Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
Boston, Mass. 120,469 32,077 152,546
New York, New York 157,974 3,090 21,470 182,534
Buffalo, New York 7,594 7,594
Philadelphia, Pa. 25,048 1,448 2,675 29,171
Pittsburg,-Pa. 43,832 1,107 35,879 80,818
Cincinnati, Ohio 6,246 634 6,880
Cleveland, Ohio 20,992 6,252 27,244
Chicago, Illinois 88,527 3,824 76,727 169,078
Detroit, Michigan 42,722 42,722
St. Louis; Mo. 15,114 4,924 20,038
Baltimore, Md. 36,507 3,311 39,818
Atlanta, Ga. 787 23,896 24,683
Washington, D. C. 9,036 32,560 41,596
Louisville,*Ky. 6,976 6,976
New Orleans, La. 7,639 7,639

All Cities 588,676 10,256 240,405 839,337
*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.






Table 63 Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities,
Auction Sales. (Average Voltme for 1949-50 and 1950-51)

Type of Carrier

City Privately Hired All
Rail* Owned Trucks Types
Trucks

Percent Percent Percent Percent
Boston, Mass. 75.9 24.1 100.0
New York, New York 93.3 .3 6.4 100.0
Philadelphia, Pa. 98.0 2.0 100.0
Pittsburg,-Pa. 96.1 3.9 100.0
Cincinnati, Ohio 95.9 4.1 100.0
Cleveland, Ohio 100.0 100.0
Chicago, Illinois 55.6 44.4 100.0
Detroit, Michigan 100.0 100.0
Minneapolis, Minn. 100.0 100,0
St. Louis, Mo, 100.0 100.0
Baltimore, Md. 100.0 100.0

All Cities 92.4 .2 7.4 100.0

Table 64. Grapefruit: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities,
Commission House Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)

Type of Carrier
City Privately Hired All
Rail* Owned Trucks Types
Trucks
Percent Percent Percent Percent
Boston, Mass. 79.0 21.0 100.0
New York, New York 86.5 1.7 11.8 100.0
Buffalo, New York 100.0 100.0
Philadelphia, Pa. 85.9 4.9 9.2 100.0
Pittsburg,'Pa. 54.2 1.4 44.4 100.0
Cincinnati, Ohio 90.8 9.2 100.0
Cleveland, Ohio 77.1 22.9 100.0
Chicago; Illinois 52.3 2.3 45.4 100.0
Detroit, Michigan 100.0 100.0
St. Louis; Mo. 75.4 24.6 100.0
Baltimore, Md. 91.7 8.3 100.0
Atlanta, Ga. 3.2 96.8 100.0
Washington; D. C. 21.7 78.3 100.0
Louisville, Ky, 100.0 100.0
New Orleans, La. 100.0 100.0

All Cities 70.1 1.2 28.7 100.0
*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.









Table 65. Tangerines: Volume Shipped to Selected Cities by Type of Sale (Average
Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)



Type of Sale
City Private Private Auction Commission All
with Direct House Types
Broker


Boston, Mass.
New York, N. Y.
Buffalo, N. Y.
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburg, Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago, Ill.
Detroit, Mich,
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Mo.
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebr,
Baltimore, Md.
Charlotte, N.C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington; D.C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Wash.
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.


All Cities


Boxes

4,069
6;188
7,613
2,026
8;090
3,420
2,190
19,934
2,999
11,739
12,262

4,772
4,671
2,994
10,213
3,652
5,887
13,457
8,152
7,290
2,586
260
2,734
466
19,854

11,284


178,802


Boxes

28,298
33;379
6,374
33,626
34,498
40,496
5,378
32,422
34,910
2,268
4,011
2,383
16,016
1;074
3,643
17,152
10,608
22,111
21,434
3,876
4,947
3,620
7,693
765
4,430
4,113
932
4,667
5,281
2,191


Boxes

9,618
350,002

237,904
25,214
27,019
62,046
174,400
58,150


10,450


44,738


.4. a -


392,596


999,541


Boxes

24,122
56,076
4,314
14,946
46,273
3,443
11,875
73,925
28,992

3,414


10,672

6,679
14,330
891


306,740


Boxes

66,107
445,645
18,301
288,502
114,075
74,378
81,489
330,681
125,051
14,007
19,687
2,383
38,026
5,745
6,637
82,775
14,260
34,677
49,221
12,919
12,237
6,206
7,953
3,499
4,896
23,967
932
15,951
5,281
2,191


1,877,679


.1. .L I .4.








Table 66. Tangerines: Percentage Distribution Shipped to Selected Cities by Type
of Sale. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)



Type of Sale
City
Private Private Auction Commission All
with Direct House Types
Broker

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes

Boston, Mass 6.2 42.8 14.5 36.5 100.0
New York, N. Y. 1.4 7.5 78.5 12.6 100.0
Buffalo, N. Y. 41.6 34.8 23.6 100.0
Philadelphia, Pa. .7 11.7 82.4 5.2 100.0
Pittsburg, Pa. 7.1 30.2 22.1 40.6 100.9
Cincinnati, Ohio 4.6 54.5 36.3 4.6 100.0
Cleveland, Ohio 2.7 6.6 76.1 14.6 100.0
Chicago, Ill. 6.6 10.8 58.0 24.6 100.0
Detroit, Mich. 2.4 27.9 46.5 23.2 100.0
Milwaukee, Wis, 83.8 16.2 100.0
Minneapolis, Minn. 62.3 20.4 17.3 100o0
St. Paul, Minn. 100.0 10060
St. Louis, Mo. 12.5 42.1 27.5 17.9 100.0
Kansas City, Mo. 81.3 18.7 100,0
Omaha, Nebr. 45.1 54.9 100.0
Baltimore, Md. 12.3 20.7 54.1 12,9 100.0
Charlotte, N.C. 25.6 74.4 1000.
Atlanta, Ga. 17,0 63.8 19.2 100,0
Washington, D.C. 27.3 43.6 29.1 100.0
Louisville, Ky. 63.1 30.0 6.9 100.0
Memphis, Tenn. 59.6 40.4 100.0
Nashville, Tenn. 41.7 58.3 100.0
Birmingham, Ala. 3.3 96.7 100.0
New Orleans, La. 78.1 21.9 100.0
Houston, Texas 9.5 90.5 100,0
Denver, Col. 82.8 17.2 1000
Salt Lake City, Utah 100.0 100.0
Seattle, Wash. 70.7 29.3 100.0
Portland, Oregon 100.0 100.0
Los Angeles, Calif.. 100.0 100.0
I III,,_


All~ ~ Ciis95 095. 1. 0


16.4


All Cities


9.5


20.9


53.2


100,0









Table 67. Tangerines: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities, Sales
with Brokers (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)



Type of Carrier
City I I
Rail* Privately Hired All
owned Trucks Types
Trucks


Boston, Mass.
New York, N. Y.
Buffalo, N. Y.
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittaburg, Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago, Illinois
Detroit, Mich.
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Missouri
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebraska
Baltimore, Md.
Charlotte, N.C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington, D.C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala
New Orleans, La.
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Wash.
Portland, Ore.
Los Angeles, Calif.

All Cities


Boxes

3,414
4,204
5,103

8,090
2,190
2,190
16,099
2,615
2,393
7,661

4,772
1,165
1,126
8,259

4,173
4,285
798
470
2,115


4,775

11,284


97,181


Boxes





1,230




1,588


1,118

1,216
240
227
1,538

471


Boxes

655
1,984
2,510
2,026



3,835
384
9,346
3,013


3,506
750
1,954
2,436
1,474
8,945
5,816
6,820
260
2,734
466
15,079


_ _ 4 I


7,628


73,993


________ I I .5. p


Boxes

4,069
6,188
7,613
2,026
8,090
3,420
2,190
19,934
2,999
11,739
12,262

4,772
4,671
2,994
10,213
3,652
5,887
13,457
8,152
7,290
2,586
260
2,734
466
19,854

11,284


178,802


*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.


-








Table 68. Tangerines: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities,
Private Sales with Brokers (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)




Type of Carrier
City Rail* Privately Hired All
owned Trucks Types
Trucks

Percent Percent Percent Percent
Boston, Mass, 83.9 16.1 100.0
New York, New York 67.9 32.1 100.0
Buffalo, New York 67.0 33.0 100.0
Philadelphia, Pa, 100.0 100.0
Pittsburg, Pa. 100.0 100.0
Cincinnati, Ohio 64.0 36.0 100,0
Cleveland, Ohio 100.0 100.0
Chicago, Illinois 80.8 19.2 100.0
Detroit, Michigan 87.2 12.8 100.0
Milwaukee, Wis. 20.4 79.6 100.0
Minneapolis, Minn. 62.5 13.0 24.5 100.0
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Missouri 100.0 100.0
Kansas Citr, Mo, 24.9 75.1 100.0
Omaha, Nebraska 37.6 37.3 25.1 100.0
Baltimore, Md. 80.9 19.1 100:0
Charlotte, N.C. 33.3 66.7 100.0
Atlanta, Ga. 70.9 4.1 25.0 100.0
Washington, D.C. 31.8 1.7 66.5 100.0
Louisville, Ky. 9.8 18.9 71.3 100.0
Memphis, Tenn. 6.4 93.6 100.0
Nashville, Tenn. 81.8 18.2 100.0
Birmingham, Ala. 100.0 100.0
New Orleans, La. 100.0 100.0
Houston, Texas 100.0 100,0
Denver, Colorado 24.1 75.9 100.0
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Wash. 100.0 100.0
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.

All Cities 54.3 4.3 41.4 100,0
*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.








Table 69. Tangerines: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities, Private
Direct Sales, (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier
City Rail* Privately Hired All
owned Trucks Types
Trucks

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
Boston, Mass. 12,144 31 16,123 28,298
New York, N. Y. 21,686 1,824 9,869 33,379
Buffalo, N.Y. 6,070 304 6,374
Philadelphia, Pa. 14,142 3 19,481 33,626
Pittsburg, Pa. 20,454 14,044 34,498
Cincinnati, Ohio 23,090 477 16,929 40,496
Cleveland, Ohio 3,420 1,958 5,378
Chicago, Illinois 18,439 13,983 32,422
Detroit, Michigan 15,725 19,185 34,910
Milwaukee, Wis. 1,196 1,072 2,268
Minneapolis, Minn. 2,286 1,725 4,011
St. Paul, Minn. 980 1,403 2,383
St. Louis, Missouri 10,996 5,020 16,016
Kansas City, Mo. 470 604 1,074
Omaha, Nebr. 908 2,735 3,643
Baltimore, Md. 8,288 223 8,641 17,152
Charlotte, N.C. 3,752 4,167 2,689 10,608
Atlanta, Ga. 2,830 10,774 8,507 22,111
Washington, D.C. 21,434 21,434
Louisville, Ky. 3,112 212 552 3,876
Memphis, Tenn. 2,280 571 2,096 4,947
Nashville, Tenn. 924 709 1,987 3,620
Birmingham, Ala. 7,693 7,693
New Orleans, La. 765 765
Houston, Texas 4,430 4,430
Denver, Colorado 3,414 699 4,113
Salt Lake City, Utah 932 932
Seattle, Wash. 4,667 4,667
Portland, Oregon 5,281 5,281
Los Angeles, Calif. 2,191 2,191

All Cities 186,387 21,349 184,860 392,596
* Includes a small .volume shipped by water and various combinations.









Table 70. -


Tangerines: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities,
Private Direct Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier
City Rail* Privately Hired All
owned Trucks Types
Trucks


Boston, Mass.
New York, New York
Buffalo, N.Y.
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburg, Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago, Illinois
Detroit, Michigan
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn,
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Missouri
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebraska
Baltimore, Md.
Charlotte, N.C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington, D.C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Wash.
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.

All Cities


Percent

42.9
65.0
95.2
42.1
59.3
57.0
63.6
56.9
45.0
52.7
57.0

68.7


58.3
35.4
12.8

80.3
46.1
25.5



83.0

100.0
100.0
100.0


47.5


Percent

.1
5.5



1.2





41.1

43.8
24.9
1.3
39.3
48.7

5.5
11.5
19.6


5.4


Percent

57.0
29.5
4.8
57.9
40.7
41.8
36.4
43.1
55.0
47.3
43.0
58.9
31.3
56.2
75.1
50.4
25.3
38.5
100.0
14.2
42.4
54.9
100.0
100.0
100.0
17.0
100.0


I 4.


47.1


*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations,


Percent

100oo.6
100.0
10010
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0


100.0


~_







Table 71 Tangerines: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities on Auction
Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)

City Type of Carrier
Rail* Privately Hired All
Owned TrUcks Trucks Types

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes

Boston, Mass. 8,836 782 9,618
New York, N.Y. 315,012 34,990 350,002
Philadelphia, Pa. 211,186 26,718 237,904
Pittsburg, Pa. 23,904 1,310 25,214
Cincinnati, Ohio 26,200 819 27,019
Cleveland, Ohio 62,046 62,046
Chicago, Ill. 58,990 115,410 174,400
Detroit, Mich. 58,150 58,150
St. Louis, Mo. 10,450 10,450
Baltimore, Md. 40,819 3,919 44,738

All Cities 815,593 183,948 999,541

Table 72 Tangerines: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities, Commission
House Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)

Type of Carrier
City ----
Rail* Privately Hired All
Owned Trucks Trucks Types

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
Boston, Mass. 21,521 2,601 24,122
New York, N.Y. 37.513 18,563 56,076
Buffalo, N.Y. 4,314 4,314
Philadelphia, Pa. 6,146 3,953 4,847 14,946
Pittsburg, Pa. 27,376 3,176 15,721 46,273
Cincinnati, Ohio 3,130 313 3,443
Cleveland, Ohio 11,875 11,875
Chicago, Ill. 27,264 12 46,649 73,925
Detroit, Mich. 28,992 28,992
Minneapolis, Minn. 3,414 3,414
St. Louis, Mo. 2,774 4,014 6,788
Baltimore, Md. 10,672 10,672
Atlanta, Ga. 2,140 4,539 6,679
Washington, D.C. 7,764 6,566 14,330
Louisville, Ky. 891 891

All Cities 195,786 7,141 103,813 306,740

*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.






Table 73. Tangerines: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities,
Auction Sales. (Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier
City ,
y Rail* Privately Hired All
Owned Trucks Trucks Types

Percent Percent Percent Percent
Boston, Mass. 91.9 8.1 100.0
New York, N.Y. 90.0 10.0 100.0
Philadelphia, Pa. 88.8 11.2 100.0
Pittsburg, Pa. 94.8 5.2 100.0
Cincinnati, Ohio 97.0 3.0 100.0
Cleveland, Ohio 100.0 100.0
Chicago, Ill. 33.8 66.2 100.0
Detroit, Mich. 100.0 100.0
St. Louis, Mo. 100,0 100.0
Baltimore, Md. 91.2 8.8 100.0

All Cities .81.6 18.4 100.0


Table 74. Tangerines: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities,
Commission House Sales. (Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51)

Type of Carrier
City
City Rail* PriVately Hired All
Owned Trucks Trucks Types

Percent Percent Percent Percent

Boston, Mass 89.2 10.8 100.0
New York, N. Y. 66.9 33.1 100.0
Buffalo, N.Y. 100.0 100.0
Philadelphia, Pa. 41.1 26.5 .32.4 100.0
Pittsburg, Pa. 59.2 6.8 34.0 100.0
Cincinnati, Ohio 90.9 9.1 100.0
Cleveland, Ohio 100.0 100.0
Chicago, Ill. 36.9 63.1 100.0
Detroit, Mich. 100.0 100.0
Minneapolis, Minn. 100.0 100.0
St. Louis, Mo. 40.9 59.1 100.0
Baltimore, Md. 100.0 100.0
Atlanta, Ga. 32.0 68.0 100.0
Washington, D.C. 54.2 45.8 100.0
Louisville, Ky. 100.0 100.0

All Cities 63.8 2.3 33.9 100.0

,-*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations,






Table 75, All Citrus: Volume Shipped to Selected Cities by Type of Sale.
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)



Type of Sale
City Private Private Commission All
With Direct Auction House Types
Broker


Boston, Mass.
New York, New York
Buffalo, New York
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburg, Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago; Illinois
Detroit, Michigan
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul, Minn.
St. Louis, Mo.
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebraska
Baltimore, Md.
Charlotte, N. C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington, D. C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Houston, Tex.
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Wash.
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.


All Cities


Boxes
46,236
201,388
169,206
115,321
57,261
41,316
56,144
377,089
40,844
89,044
111,368
3,624
41,367
66,134
29,158
133,727
45,216
135,654
252,219
132,208
195,073
174,672
65,254
102,403
47,425
104,654
21,443
67,232
9,492
2,484


2,934,656


Boxes
581,792
743,568
72,488
421,490
330,915
202,046
193,188
556,060
1,028,466
51,740
54,910
12,776
246,470
97,396
19,538
293,560
139,663
519,814
294,700
220,827
115,996
162,819
242,366
320,772
12,024
39,844
16,346
40,344
23,940
12,421


7,068,279


Boxes
'399,953
5,141,620
2- .flAt'


-I


146,760
093,174
S63,838
056,386
361,636

2,446
L14,038

75,247


Boxes
247,118
394,399
14,973
92,076
245,590
19,303
43,737
436,625
97,570

3,414
40,146

75,604
65,989
94,542
11,753


7,639


Boxes
1,275,099
6,480,975
256,667
2,674,770
780,526
755,839
756,907
1,826,160
1,528,516
140,784
172,138
16,400
442,021
163,530
48,696
578,138
184,879
721,457
641,461
364,788
311,069
337,491
307,620
430,814
59,449
144,498
37,789
107,576
33,432
14,905


I .1 5---


I 9,700,981


S I


1,890,478


21,594,394


2







Table 76. All Citrus: Percentage Distribution Shipped to Selected Cities by Type
of Sale. (Average Volume for 1949-50 arid 1950-51)



Type of Sale

City Private Private Commission All
With Direct Auction House Types
Broker
Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent
Boston, Mass. 3.6 45.6 31.4 19.4 100.0
New York, New York 3.1 11.5 79.3 6.1 100.0
Buffalo, New York 65.9 28.3 5.8 100.0
Philadelphia, Pa. 4.3 15.8 76.5 3.4 100.0
Pittsburg,-Pa. 7.3 42.4 18.8 31.5 100.0
Cincinnati, Ohio 5,5 26.7 65,2 2.6 100.0
Cleveland, Ohio 7.4 25.5 61.3 5.8 100.0
Chicago; Illinois 20.6 30.5 25.0 23.9 100,0
Detroit, Michigan. 2.7 67.3 23,6 6.4 100.0
Milwaukee, Wis. 63.2 36,8 100,0
Minneapolis, Minn. 64.7 31.9 1.4 2.0 100.0
St. Paul, Minn. 22.1 77.9 100.0
St. Louis, Mo. 9.3 55.8 25.8 9.1 100.0
Kansas City, Mob 40.4 59,6 100,0
Omaha, Nebraska 59.9 40.1 100.0
Baltimore; Md. 23.1 50.8 13.0 13.1 100.0
Charlotte, N. C. 24.5 75.5 100.0
Atlanta, Ga. 18.8 72.1 9.1 100.0
Washington, D. C. 39.3 46.0 14.7 100.0
Louisville, Ky. 36,3 60.5 3.2 100.0
Memphis, Tenn. 62.7 37.3 100.0
Nashville, Tenn. 51.8 48.2 100.0
Birmingham, Ala. 21.2 78.8 100,0
New Orleans, La. 23.8 74.4 1.8 100.0
Houston, Texas 79,8 20.2 100.0
Denver, Colorado 72*4 27.6 100.0
Salt Lake City, Utah 56.7 43.3 100,0
Seattle,-Wash. 62,5 37.5 100,0
Portland, Oregon 28.4 71.6 100.0
Los Angeles, Calif. 16.7 83.3 100.0


All Cities


13.6


32.7


44.9


8.8


100.0


I I-- I-- ------ -- -







Table 77 .


- All Citrus: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities, Private
Sales With Brokers. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier

City Privately Hired All
Rail* Owned Trucks Types
Trucks


Boston, Mass,
New York, New York
Buffalo, New York
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburg, Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago; Illinois
Detroit, Michigan
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul, *Minn.
St. Louis, Mo.
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebraska
Baltimore; Md.
Charlotte, N. C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington, D, C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn,
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala,
New Orleans, La,
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Washington
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.

All Cities


Boxes
40,272
135,704
104,332
80,070
32,574
28,224
35,528
291,022
23,894
64,759
64,023
3,624
33,643
24,406
2,673
86,723
21,714
43,558
25,458
43,274
112,844
128,972
36,136
41,812

57,398
19,084
67,232
9,492
2,484


1,660,929


Boxes
529
18,395
*710
1,281

1,726
2,210


5.054


3,471
12,012
27,313
12,450
3,205
9,054
470
40
2,021
1,286
2,427


Boxes
5,435
47,289
64,164
33,970
24,687
11,366
20,616
83,857
16,950
24,285
42,291

7,724
41,728
23,014
47,004
11,490
64,783
214,311
85,729
73,175
45,230
29,078
58,570
46,139
44,829
2,359


I 4 9


i 103,654


1,170,073


Boxes
46,236
201,388
169,206
115,321
57,261
41,316
56,144
377,089
40,844
89,044
111,368
3,624
41,367
66,134
29,158
133,727
45,216
135,654
252,219
132,208
195,073
174,672
65,254
102,403
47,425
104,654
21,443
67,232
9,492
2,484


2,934,656


*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.
*~Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.







Table 78. All Citrus: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities,
Private Sales With Brokers. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier

City Privately Hired All
Rail* Owned
Rail* Trucks Trucks Types'
Trucks

Percent Percent Percent Percent
Boston, Mass. 87.1 1.1 11.8 100.0
New York, New York 67,4 9.1 23,5 100.0
Buffalo, New York 61.7 .4 37.9 100.0
Philadelphia, Pa. 69.4 1.1 29.5 100.0
Pittsburg, Pa. 56.9 43.1 100.0
Cincinnati, Ohio 68.3 4.2 27.5 100.0
Cleveland, Ohio 63.3 36.7 100.0
Chicago, Illinois 77.2 .6 22.2 100.0
Detroit, Michigan 58.5 41,5 100.0
Milwaukee, Wis. 72.7 27.3 100.0
Minneapolis, Minn. 57.5 4.5 38.0 100.0
St. Paul, Minn. 100.0 100.0
St. Louis, Mo. 81.3 18,7 100.0
Kansas City, Mo. 36.9 63.1 100.0
Omaha, Nebraska 9.2 11,9 78.9 100.0
Baltimore, Md. 64.9 35.1 100.0
Charlotte, N. C, 48.0 26.6 25.4 100.0
Atlanta, Ga. 32.1 20.1 47.8 100.0
Washington, D. C. 10.1 4.9 85.0 100.0
Louisville, Ky, 32.7 2.4 64.9 100.0
Memphis, Tenn. 57.8 4.7 37.5 100.0
Nashville, Tenn, 73.8 .3 25.9 100.0
Birmingham, Ala, 55.4 .1 44.5 100.0
New Orleans, La. 40.8 2.0 57.2 100.0
Houston, Texas 2.7 97;3 100.0
Denver, Colorado 54.9 2.3 42.8 100.0
Salt Lake City, Utah 89.0 11.0 100.0
Seattle, Wash. 100.0 100.0
Portland, Oregon 100.0 100.0
Los Angeles, Calif. 100.0 100.0

All Cities 56.6 3.5 39.9 100.0

*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.







Table 79. All Citrus: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities, Private
Direct Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)



Type of Carrier
City
City Privately Hired All
Rail* Owned Hired Al
Trucks Trucks Types
Trucks


Boston, Mass.
New York, New York
Buffalo, New York
Philadelphia, Pa.
Pittsburg, Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago, Illinois
Detroit, Michigan
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul,*Minn.
St. Louis, Missouri
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebraska
Baltimore; Md.
Charlotte, N. C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington; D. C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn,
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La,
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, -Washington
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.

All Cities


Boxes
484,156
568,825
18,704
302,260
149,580
138,448
119,726
327,968
636,840
29,050
31,411
1,996
164,343
56,344
1,640
182,506
46,286
96,968
140,046
80,532
87,696
90,423
38,836
22,119

38,093
5,740
40,344
23,940
7,126


3,931,946


Boxes
38
6,664
1,480
1,892
4,072
'477
5,178
362


*980
1,718
470
908
7,563
37,165
206,480
5,224
213
8,876
6,830
8,918
1,392


Boxes
97,598
168,079
52,304
117,338
177,263
63,121
68,284
227,730
391,626
22,690
23,499
9,800
80,409
40,582
16,990
103,491
56,212
216,366
149,430
140,082
19,424
65,566
194,612
297,261
12,024
1,751
10,606

5,295


SI II I


306,900


2,829,433


Boxes
581,792
743,568
72,488
421,490
330,915
202,046
193,188
556,060
1,028,466
51,740
54,910
12,776
246,470
97,396
19,538
293,560
139,663
519,814
294,700
220,827
115,996
162,819
242,366
320,772
12,024
39,844
16,346
40,344
23,940
12,421


7,068,279


*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.








Table 80. All Citrus: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities,
Private Direct Sales. (Average Volute for 1949-50 and 1950-51)



Type of Carrier

City Privately Hired All
Rail* Owned Trucks Types
Trucks


Boston, Mass,
New York, New York
Buffalo, New York
Philadelphia, Pa,
Pittsburg, Pa.
Cincinnati, Ohio
Cleveland, Ohio
Chicago, Illinois
Detroit, Michigan
Milwaukee, Wis.
Minneapolis, Minn.
St. Paul,-Minn.
St. Louis, Mo.
Kansas City, Mo.
Omaha, Nebraska
Baltimore, Md.
Charlotte, N. C.
Atlanta, Ga.
Washington, D. C.
Louisville, Ky.
Memphis, Tenn.
Nashville, Tenn.
Birmingham, Ala.
New Orleans, La.
Houston, Texas
Denver, Colorado
Salt Lake City, Utah
Seattle, Washington
Portland, Oregon
Los Angeles, Calif.

All Cities


Percent
83.2
76.5
25,8
71.7
45.2
68.5
62.0
59.0
61.9
56.1
57.2
15.6
66.7
57.8
8.4
62.2
33.1
18.7
47.5
36.5
75.6
55.5
16.0
6.9

95,6
35.1
100.0
100.0
57.4


55.6


Percent

.9
2.0
,5.
1.2
.2
2.7
.1



7.7
.7
.5
4.6
2.6
26.6
39.7
1.8
.1
7.7
4.2
3.7
.4


Percent
16.8
22.6
72.2
27.8
53.6
31.3
35.3
40.9
38.1
43.9
42.8
76.7
32.6
41.7
87.0
35.2
40.3
41.6
50.7
63.4
16.7
40.3
80.3
92.7
100.0
4.4
64.9

42.6


I 4. I


40.0


Percent
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100,0
100.0


100.0


*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.





Table 81. -


All Citrus: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities on Auction
Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier
City
Rail* Privately Hired All
owned Trucks Trucks Types
Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes

Boston, Mass. -350,067 49,886 399,953
New York, N. Y. 4,853,141 8,238 280,241 5,141,620
Philadelphia, Pa. 1,967,109 3,957 74,817 2,045,883
Pittsburg, Pa. 122,828 23,932 146,760
Cincinnati, Ohio 473,612 19,562 493,174
Cleveland, Ohio 463,366 472 463,838
Chicago, Ill. 236,879 219,507 456,386
Detroit, Mich. 361,255 381 361,636
Minneapolis, Minn. 2,446 2,446
St. Louis, Mo. 114,038 114,038
Baltimore, Md. 69,221 6,026 75,247

All cities 9,011,516 13,048 676,417 9,700,981


Table 82. All Citrus: Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities, Commission
House Sales. (Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51)

Type of Carrier
City Rail Privately Hired All
owned Trucks Trucks Types

Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes

Boston, Mass. 204,532 42,586 247,118
New York, N. Y. 304,528 3,089 86,782 394,399
Buffalo, N. Y. 14,973 14,973
Philadelphia, Pa. 70,560 5,402 16,114 92,076
Pittsburg,-Pa. 156,580 9,212 79,798 245,590
Cincinnati, Ohio 12,426 2,033 4,844 19,303
Cleveland, Ohio 36,215 7,522 43,737
Chicago, Ill. 182,158 6,058 248,409 436,625
Detroit, Mich. 97,570 97,570
Minneapolis, Minn. 3,414 3,414
St. Louis, Mo. 27,956 12,190 40,146
Baltimore, Md. 72,292 3,312 75,604
Atlanta, Ga. 2,140 ,6 62,385 65,989
Washington, D. C. 28,454 66,088 94,542
Louisville, Ky. 11,753 11,753
New Orleans, La. 7,639 7,639
All Cities 1,233,190 27,258 630,030 1,890,478
*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.







Table 83. -


All Citrus: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities,
Auction Sales. (Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51)


Type of Carrier
Privately
City Rail* Owned Hired All
Trucks Trucks Types
Percent Percent Percent Percent
Boston, Mass. 87.5 12.5 100.0
New York, N. Y. 94.4 .2 5.4 100.0
Philadelphia, Pa. 96.1 .2 3.7 100.0
Pittsburg, Pa. 83.7 16.3 100.0
Cincinnati, Ohio 96.0 4.0 100,0
Cleveland, Ohio 99.9 .1 100.0
Chicago, Ill. 51,9 48.1 100.0
Detroit, Mich. 99.9 .1 100.0
Minneapolis, Minn. 100.0 100.0
St. Louis; Mo. 100.0 100.0
Baltimore, Md. 92.0 8.0 100.0

All cities 92.9 .1 7.0 100.0


Table 84. All Citrus: Percentage Distribution Among Carriers to Selected Cities,
Commission House Sales. (Average for 1949-50 and 1950-51)

Type of Carrier
Privately
City Rail* Owned Hired All
Trucks Trucks Types
Percent Percent Percent Percent
Boston, Mass. 82.8 17.2 100.0
New York, N. Y. 77.2 .8 22.0 100,0
Buffalo, N. Y. 100.0 100,0
Philadelphia, Pa. 76.6 5.9 17.5 100.0
Pittsburg,-Pa. 63.8 3.7 32.5 100.0
Cincinnati, Ohio 64.4 10.5 25.1 100.0
Cleveland, Ohio 82.8 17.2 100.0
Chicago, Ill. 41.7 1.4 56.9 100.0
Detroit, Mich. 100.0 100.0
Minneapolis, Minn. 100.0 100.0
St. Louis; Mo. 69.6 30,4 100.0
Baltimore, Md. 95.6 4.4 100.0
Atlanta, Ga, 3.3 2.2 94.5 100.0
Washington; D.'C. 30.1 69.9 100.0
Louisville, Ky, 100.0 100.0
New Orleans, La. 100.0 100,0

All cities 65.2 1.5 33.3 100.0

*Includes a small volume shipped by water and various combinations.






Table 85. Oranges: Volume Shipped by Type of Sale and by Size
and 1950-51 seasons)


(Average Volume for 1949-50


State


Maine
New Hampshire
Vermont
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Ohio
Indiana
Illihois
Michigan
WTisconsin
Minnesota
Iowa
Missouri
North Dakota
South Dakota
Nebraska
Kansas
Delaware
Maryland
Virginia
West Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia


1/ Large Cities:
2/ No sales by au


Type of Sale and Size of City
Commission
Private with Broker Private Direct AuctionT/ House2/ Total


Large
Cities


Small
Cities


Large
Cities


Small
Cities


Large
Cities


Large
Cities


I I J I I I


Boxes


42,957
7,776
158;222
348,920
43,559
174,481
163,248
97,008
205;611
83,000
43;280
44,200
13;787
47,913


11,299
674

84;866
219,328

29,106

110,176


I


I Boxes I


I


Large
Cities


Small
Cities


i


Continued.


100,000 population or over; Small cities, less than 100,000 population.
action, and only insignificant sales through Commission Houses in small cities.


Boxes
40,091

28,916
2,054
1,230
3;549
138,332
7,608
42,240
72,298
21,258
50;891
67;484
79,341
5,150
25,548
5,134
2,448
1;392
5,852
10,903

7;768
148;973
72,661
261,606
205,268
36,558


Boxes



504,308
37,762
101,359
675,559
94,892
647,185
492,891
394,413
341,072
653,398
41,264
15,496
'683
204,140


8,136
3,710
*742
188,059
86,948

91,055

469,842


Boxes
42,716


22,533
59,408
1,270
91,765
87,070
227;221
99,514
33,660
72,428
4,894
19;616
2,305
32,374
5,483
'432
1,590
5,164
5,360
5,842
36,360
110,618
107,068
287,547
186,473
254,631


Boxes



195,395


2,569,402

1,335,228
578,740

151,062
180,882

146

70,268




11,316


71,202
23,370
15,964
171,366

166,456
19,084
5,364
193,622
25,856



13,320




25,114




35,552


Boxes



813,862
68,908
275,545
3,765,247
138,451
2,323,350
1,253,963
496,785
891,367
943,136
84; 544
59,842
14,470
335,641


19,435
4,384
742
309,355
306,276

120,161

615,570


Boxes
82,807

28,916
24,587
60,638
4,819
230,097
94,678
272,447
172,671
54,918
123,319
72,378
98,957
7,455
57,922
10,617
2,880
2,982
11,016
16,263
5,842
44,128
259,591
179,729
550,033
391,741
291,189


-








- -


of Citylf by State.





Table 85. -


Oranges: Volume Shipped by Type of Sale and by Size of Cityl/ by State. (Average Volume for 1949-50
and 1950-51 Seasons) continued.


Type of Sale and Size of City

State Private with Broker Private Direct Auction/ Colmmi nTotal
2Total

Large Small Large Small Large Large Large Small
Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities
Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes Boxes
Florida 20,838 130,983 257,952 335,052 3,915 282,705 466,637
Washington, D.C. 127,217 185,364 38,616 351,197
Kentucky 86,835 41,587 168,769 14,300 3,886 259,490 55,887
Tennessee 475,391 57,998 248,711 33,957 1,943 726,045 91,955
Alabama 161,526 22,895 273,516 49,374 435,042 72,269
Mississippi 146,800 169,454 316,254
Arkansas 14,456 25,290 22,930 15,272 37,386 40,562
Louisiana 119,206 19,840 288,160 13,850 407,366 33,690
Oklahoma 20,098 1,667 46,856 322 990 67,944 1,989
Texas 159,732 38,569 44,068 2,469 203,800 41,038
Montana 3,938 5,302 9,240
Idaho
Wyoming 1; 184 1184
Colorado 36,574 2,961 20,292 14780 56,866 4,741
Nevada
Arizona 1,932 1,032
Utah 14,147 6,552 20,699
New Mexico
Washington 14,652 5,139 19,791
Oregon 6,832 8,784 15,616
California 2,484 3,034 710 5,518 710
Canada 345,016 100,153 445,169
Unknown 76,523 24,782 101,305

All States 3,189,399 2,258,620 6,634,073 2,571,303 5,092,439 815,620 15,731,531 4,835,250

/ Large Cities: 100,000 population or over; Small cities, less than 100,000 population.
/ No sales by auction, and only insignificant sales through Commission Houses in small cities.





Table ,-. -


Oranges: Percentage .isn;riu.,ion o_ .o.ume -..ippe- -y _ype o. a.e and Size of City,, by State
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51 seasons)


Type of Sale and Size of City
State Private with Broker Private Direct Auction2/ Commission Total

Large Small Large Small Large Large Large Small
Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities


Maine
New Hampshire
Vermont
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Ohio
Indiana
Illinois
Michigan
Wisconsin
Minnesota
Iowa
Missouri
North Dakota
South Dakota
Nebraska
Kansas
Delaware
Maryland
Virg.inia
West Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgi.a


Percent



5.3
11.3
57.4
9.3
31.5
7.5
13.0o
19.5
23.1
8,8
51.2
73.9
95.3
14.3


58.1
15.4

27.4
71.6


17.9


Percent
48.4


100.0
8.4
2.0
73.6
60.1
8.0
15.5
41.9
38.7
41.3
93.2
80.2
69.1
44.1
48.4
85,0
46.7
53.1
67.0

17.6
57.4
40.4
47.6
52.4
12.6


Percent


62.0
54.8
36.8
17.9
68.5
27.9
39.3
79.4
38.3
69.3
48.8
25.9
4.7
60.8


41.9
84.6
100.0
60.8
28.4

75.8

76.3


Percent
51.6


91.6
98.0
26.4
39.9
92.0
83.4
57.6
61.3
58.7
6.8
19.8
30.9
55.9
51;.6
15.0
53.3
46.9
33.0
100.0
82.4
42.6
59.6
52.3
47.6
87.4


Percent


24.0


68.2

57.5
46.2

16.9
19.2

.2

20.9





3.7


Percent


8.7
33.9
5.8
4.6

7.1
1.5
1.1
21.7
2.7


Percent


100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0


100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0

100.0
100.0


Percent
100.0


100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
108.0
100.0
100.0
100,0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0


continued


i Large Cities; 100,000 population or over; Small cities, less than 100,000 population.
/ No sales by auction, and only insignificant sales through Commission Houses in small cities.


- I






Table 86. -


Oranges: Percentage Distribution of Volume Shipped by Type of Sale and Size of Cityl_ by State
(Average Volume for 1949-50 and 1950-51 seasons) continued


Type of Sale and Size of City
State Private with Broker Private Direct Auction/ Commisoion Total

Large Small Large Small Large Large Large Small
Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities
Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent Percent
Florida 7.4 28.1 91.2 71.8 1.4 100.0 100.0
Washington, D.C. 36.2 52.8 11.0 100.0
Kentucky 33.5 74.4 65.0 25.6 1.5 100.0 100.0
Tennessee 65.5 63.1 34.2 36,9 .3 100.0 100.0
Alabama 37.1 31.7 62.9 68.3 100.0 100.0
Mississippi 46.4 53.6 100.0
Arkansas 38.7 62.3 61.3 37.7 100.0 100.0
Louisiana 29.3 58.9 70.7 41.1 100.0 100.0
Oklahoma 29.6 83.8 69,0. 16.2 1.4 100.0 100.0
Texas 78.4 94.0 21.6 6.0 100.0 100.0
Montana 42.6 57.4 100.0
Idaho
Wyoming 100.0 100.0
Colorado 64.3 62.5 35.7 37.5 100.0 100.0
Nevada
Arizona 100.0 100.0
Utah 68.3 31.7 100.0
New Mexico
Washington 74.0 26.0 100.0
Oregon 43.8 56.2 100.0
California 45.8 55.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Canada 77.5 22.5 100.0
Unknown 75.5 24.5 100.0

All States 20.3 46.7 42.1 53.2 32.4 5.2 100.0 100.0


2/ Large Cities: 100,000 population or over; Small
J/ No sales by auction, and only insignificant sales


cities, less than 100,000 population.
through Commission Houses in small cities.





Table 87. Grapefruib: Volume Shipped by
91 49-50 and 1950-51 seasons)


Type of Sale and by Size of Cityl/ by State. (Average Volume for


Type of Sale and Size of City
Commission
State Private with Broker Private Direct Auction?/ House,/ Total
Large Small Large Small Large Large Large Small
Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities
101-0-40, -an ,~~ seaons


Maine
New Hampshire
Vermont
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Ohio
Indiana
Illinois
Michigan
Wisconsin
Minnesota
Iowa
Missouri
North Dakota
South Dakota
Nebraska
Kansas
Delaware
Maryland
Virginia
West Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia


Boxes


Boxes



64,563
23;091
33;258
189,428
140,200
36,022
55,850
34,069
164,;220
60,649
34;0r4
59;626
8,547
50,146


14,864


38; 648
79,014

12,458

34,684


Boxes
26,758


Boxes
12,608

14,517


4,413
54,594
15,488
8,398
12,174
16,756
43; 944
44; 887
33;998
3,218
23,900
10,439
2;202
3,540
4,118
11,193

7;373
57;592
32;042
96,858
67;253
19,831


Boxes



194;940
11,918

2,217,992

597,364
289,208

130,923
122,603

2,300

33,319




19,~:


154,615
13,644
3,489
190,128

109,990
37,070
3,936
169,078
42,722



20,038





39,818




24,742


574,245
71,689
116,679
2,795,634
201,242
946,176
626,591
174,539
693,713
672,590
42,232
120 525
9,428
226,140


22,622
5,476

186,009
141,808

50,458

197,238


aoxe:s


L ___ 1 11


1/ Large Cities: 100,000 population or over; Small
/ No sales by auction and only insignificant sales


cities, less than 100,000 population.
through Commission Houses in small cities.


Continued


160,127
23,036
79,932
198,086
61,042
202,800
244,463
136,534
229,492
446,616
8,208
58,599
.881
122,637


7,758
5,476

88,350
62,794

38,000

137,812


6;096
10,429
86
32,643
35;374
51,783
28,4421
15;516
31,366
1,622
13;584
11,105
25,615
7;226
1;611
9;248
11; 614
6,236

11;191
65,321
41;597
88,395
59,318
50,230


Boxes


39,366

14, 517
6,096
10,429
4,499
87,237
50,862
60;957
44,356
32,272
75,310
46;509
47,582
14,323
49,515
17,665
3,813
12,788
15,732
17,429

18,564
122;913
73,639
185,253
126,571
70,061





Table 87. Grapefruit: Volume Shipped by Type of Sale and by Size of Cityl/ by State. (Average Volume for
194S-50 and 1950-51 seasons) continued.


State


Florida
Washington, D.C.
Kentucky
Tennessee
Alabama
Mississippi
Arkansas
Louisiana
Oklahoma
Texas
Montana
Idaho
Wyoming
Colorado
Nevada
Arizona
Utah
New Mexico
Washington
Oregon
California

Canada
Unknown

ll States


Type of Sale and Size of City

Private with Broker Private Direct Auction / Cii ion Total
_____ ITo a ...


Large
Cities


Small
Cities


Large
Cities


Small
Cities


I 4. 4.


Boxes
14,890
111,545
37,222
150,142
32,962

3;602
22,208
6,830
43,272



48,226


7,296

41,296
2,661


Boxes
107,865

7,253
9,434
1,088
13,737
3,648
3,657
2,067
9,006
7,000
3,057

12,408


375,188
1 10,507


Boxes
156,843
88,676
48,182
76,230
76,412

17,150
40,234
23,592
19,610



15,440


8,863

3;,896
9,875
7,197


Boxes
351,736

2,256
15,200
3,554
6,390
1,938

1,786
1,250
2,289
3,746
8,710
102






1,073

118,818
20,026


Large
Cities
Boxes
1,968


Large
Cities
Boxes
2,521
41,596
6,976




7,639
490


- _________ I ________


Large
Cities


Boxes
176,222
241,817
92,380
226,372
109,374

20,752
70,081
30,912
62,882



63,666


16,159

75,192
12,536
7,197


4. 1 T I- I


1,655,513 1,167,251


2,934,843


1,181,280


3,621,728


868,492


9,080,576


Small
Cities


Boxes
459,601

9,509
24,634
4,642
20,127
5,586
3,657
3,853
10,256
9,289
6,803
8,710
12,510






1,073

494,006
30,533


2,353,047


I I L


/Large Cities; 100,000 population or over; Small
9/No sales by auction and only insignificant sales


cities, less than 100,000
through Commission Houses


population.


in small cities


I II I


I


3





Table 88. Grapefruit:
Average for


Percentage Distribution of Volume shipped by Type of
1949-50 and 1950-51 seasons)


Sale and Size of Cityl/, by State.


Type of Sale and Size of City

Private with Broker Private Direct Auction Commission Total
Hosr2/ Total
Large Small Large Small Large Large Large Small
Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities Cities


Maine
New Hampshire
Vermont
Massachusetts
Rhode Island
Connecticut
New York
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Ohio
Indiana
Illinois
Michigan
Wisconsin
Minnesota
Iowa
Missouri
North Dakota
South Dakota
Nebraska
Kansas
Delaware
Maryland
Virginia
West Virginia
North Carolina
South Carolina
Georgia


Percent



11.3
32.2
28.5
6.8
69.7
3.8
8.9
19.5
23.7
9.0
80.6
49.5
90.7
22.2


65.7


20.8
55.7

24.7

17.6


Percent
32.0

100.0


98.1
62.6
30.5
13.8
27.4
51.9
58.4
96.5
71.5
22.5
48.3
59.1
57.7
27.7
26.2
64.2

39.7
46.9
43.5
52.3
53.1
28.3


Percent



27.9
32.1
68.5
7.1
30.3
21.5
39.0
78.2
33.1
66.4
19.4
48.6
9.3
54.2


34.3
100.0

47.5
44.3

75.3

69.9


Percent
68.0


100.0
100.0
1.9
37.4
69.5
84.9
64.1
48.1
41.6
3.5
28.5
77.5
51.7
40.9
42.3
72.3
73.8
35.8

60.3
53.1
56.5
47.7
46.9
71.7


Percent


33.9
16.6

79.3

63.1
46.2

18.9
18.2

1.9

14.7





10.3


cities, less than 100,000
through Commission Houses


Percent


26.9
19.1
3.0
6.8

11.6
5.9
2.3
24.3
6.4



8.9





21.4




12.5


Percent



100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0


100.0
100.0

100.0
100,0

100.0

100.0


population.
in small cities.


Percent
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0


L ____


continued


/ Large Cities: 100,000 population or over; Small
SNo sales by auction and only insignificant sales


I I-


I


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