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Group Title: Agricultural economics mimeo report - Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Florida - EC 70-1
Title: Index numbers of agricultural production in Florida, 1924-1968
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00071979/00001
 Material Information
Title: Index numbers of agricultural production in Florida, 1924-1968
Physical Description: 37 l. : illus. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Spurlock, A. H.
Publisher: Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1969
 Subjects
Subject: Agriculture -- Statistics -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Index numbers (Economics)   ( lcsh )
Genre: statistics   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Funding: Agricultural economics mimeo report - Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Florida - EC 70-1
Statement of Responsibility: by A.H. Spurlock.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00071979
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 00104136
lccn - 70630214

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Table of Contents
        Page 1 (MULTIPLE)
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Production volume and trends of commodity groups
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Population and population trends
            Page 12
            Page 13
            Page 14
        Production volume and cash receipts from farm marketings
            Page 15
        Production volume in Florida and in the United States
            Page 16
    Production per unit or yield of crops and livestock
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
    Appendix
        Page 20
        Index numbers of volume of production of crops and livestock
            Page 21
            Page 22
            Page 23
            Page 24
            Page 25
            Page 26
            Page 27
        Index numbers of crop acreage and breeding units of livestock
            Page 28
            Page 29
            Page 30
            Page 31
            Page 32
        Index numbers of yield or production per unit of crop and livestock
            Page 33
            Page 34
            Page 35
            Page 36
            Page 37
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida









Agricultural Economics
Mimeo Report EC 70- 1


INDEX NUMBERS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
IN FLORIDA, 1924-1968



by
A. H. Spurlock

Agricultural Economist


Index


150


125


100


75


50


25


0


1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965


Fig. l.--Total Volume of Agricultural Production and
in Florida, 1924-1968.
(1957-59 = 100)


Yield or Production Per Unit


Department of Agricultural Economics
Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Gainesville, Florida


4) C
17 f) -~n


July 1969

















INDEX NUMBERS OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
IN FLORIDA, 1924-1968



Contents

Page
Introduction .............................................................. 1
Production Volume and Trends of Commodity Groups........................ 4
Production and Population Trends..................................... 12
Production Volume and Cash Receipts from Farm Marketings.............. -15
Production Volume in Florida and in the United States.................. 16
Production Per Unit or Yield of Crops and Livestock..................... 17
Appendix............................ .................................... 20
Index Numbers of Volume of Production of Crops and Livestock.......... 21
Index Numbers of Crop Acreage and Breeding Units of Livestock......... 28
Index Numbers of Yield or Production Per Unit of Crops and Livestock.. 33


Introduction

In a changing economy production trends of various crops and livestock
enterprises move in divergent directions. Within a generation some com-
modities have gone out of production while others have had rapid increases,
and new crops have been introduced. These shifting trends are due to many
factors such as changing demand with resultant price changes, competition
from other areas and other commodities, mechanization and changing tech-
nology.
To measure these trends over a period of years and to combine various
units.of production, as boxes of oranges and pounds of beef, an index has
been constructed. Since index numbers are expressed as percentages of the
base period, they facilitate direct comparison between unrelated groups such
as animals and vegetables.










Index numbers of Florida agricultural production volume from 1924 to
1968 have been prepared using the period 1957-59 as a base for comparison
of changes. Previously, similar series were computed on a 1935-39 base-
2/
and on a 1947-49 base.- Since many other indexes with which Florida agri-
cultural production might be compared now use the years 1957 to 1959 as a
base, the index has been revised using the later period. Some changes have
been made in the weighting system used and the new index incorporates the
latest revision of prior years'estimates of production and yield. Several
products have been added which were previously omitted because of lack of
data, and a few have been dropped due to lack of production.
The index measures the volume of gross farm production when it is pro-
duced or harvested rather than when it is marketed. It is possible with
some crops or livestock to carry over a portion of the production to another
year, and to market within a given year either more or less than was produces.
The total production of each crop or livestock product is the combined
result of all factors affecting output. An increase in production of a
given crop may be due to increased acreage, more fertilizer, a better pest
control program or a combination of improved farming practices and weather.
Livestock production is the result of number of animals, quality, feed
available and production technology. Crop and livestock production indexes
are shown separately, and then combined into a single index of quantity pro-
duced without regard to changes in quality over time.
The volume-of-production index does not indicate disposition of products.
A part of the production represented in the index is used on farms where pro-
duced, as for livestock feed, seed and hatching eggs. The indexes of crop
and livestock production are indexes of gross production rather than net
farm output. Previous attempts at eliminating the effect of double count-
ing of some products in crops, and again in livestock as meat, resulted in
a net index very close to the gross production index shown herein.
- Spurlock, A. H. Indexes of Volume of Agricultural Commodities Produced in
Florida, 1910-1954.Florida Agricultural Experiment Station Circular.S-88,Sept.
1955.
2/Spurlock, A. H. Index Numbers if Agricultural Production in Florida,1910-1960.
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station,Agricultural Economics Mimeo Report No.
62-3, July 1961.









All data on production and prices used with few exceptions, were
obtained from reports of the Crop and Livestock Reporting Service, Stat-
istical Reporting Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture. Historical
records of production of most of the important Florida crops and livestock
are, in general, adequate since 1924. Production data for some general
crops, citrus and milk, go back to 1910 or earlier, most vegetables to
1918, tobacco to 1919, meat animals and poultry to 1924.
Most crop and livestock estimates are now prepared on a calendar year
basis. Vegetable crops are arranged by harvesting seasons to approach a
calendar-year production. When production of a crop spreads over a part
of two calendar years the total production was considered as being in the
latter year. Thus the 1967-68 production of a crop of oranges would be
entered in 1968. Production data used exclude quantities of crops not
harvested for any reason.
The index was calculated by the weighted aggregative method using the
ZP Q
formula: I = o 1 where I represents the index number for a given
E P Q
year, Po the average price of a commodity in the base period, 1957-59; Q1 the
quantity produced in the current year and Qo the average quantity produced
during the base period.
The quantities of each product produced each year were multiplied by
fixed prices as weights. These price-quantity products were then summed
and expressed as percentages of the average price-quantity aggregate in the
base period 1957-59. Since price is held constant and production fluctuates,
changes in the index represent percentage changes from the base period in
production.
Three separate periods were used for weights in constructing the index.
For the year 1950 and later, 1957-59 average prices were used as weights.For
the years 1940 to 1949, 1947-49 average prices were used for weights; and for
the period 1924 to 1939, 1935-39 price-weights were used. The index numbers
for 1950 to 1968 were calculated directly on the 1957-59 base as explained
above. For the period 1940 to 1949, index numbers on the 1947-49 base were
converted to 1957-59 base by a factor derived from the relation of the two
series in 1950. For the years 1924 to 1939 index numbers on the 1935-39












base were converted to 1957-59 by the relation of the two series in 1940.
This scheme of using three price-weight periods gives more appropriate
recognition to the changing importance of different crops and livestock
classes with time.

Production Volume and Trends of Commodity Groups
The commodities included in the index of Florida's agricultural Pro-
duction volume are shown in Table 1, together with the group weights in-
dicating their relative importance in the total index during four periods.
Crops declined in importance from 75.1 percent of the total farm pro-
duction in 1935-39 to 70.6 percent in the 1957-59 period. Of the two
largest groups of crops, citrus and vegetables, citrus increased from 29.1
percent of all commodities to 40.5 percent in 1957-59, and made up 57.4
percent of the crops. Livestock and livestock products increased in re-
lative production from 24.9 percent of the total in 1935-39 to 29.4 per-
cent in 1957-59. Most of this increase was due to meat animals which in-
creased from 7.7 percent of all products in 1935-39 to 11.3 percent in
1957-59. Poultry products and milk production remained about constant
in relative production in the three base periods compared.
Relative group weights on the 1957-59 base shifted in 1968 as would
be expected by variations from trends in the production of various com-
modities. Citrus crops were lower, as were meat animals, while poultry
products about doubled.











Table 1.--Commodities Included in Index of Volume of Agricultural Production
1924 to 1968 and Weight Distribution in Specified Periods.1/

Group Products Included Relative Group Weight,Percent
1935-39 1947-49 1957-59 1968
Citrus Oranges,Temples,Tangerines,Grape-
fruit,Tangelos,Limes 29.1 26.6 40.5 33.9
Other Fruits
& Nuts Pecans,Avocados,Pineapples .5 .4 .3 .3
Vegetables Lima beans,Snap beans-fresh &
processed-Cabbage,Cantaloupes,
Cauliflower,Celery,Sweet corn,
Cucumbers,Eggplant,Escarole,Lettuce,
Green peppers,Irish potatoes,Squash,
Spinach-processed-Strawberries,
Tomatoes-fresh & processed-Water-
melons. 28.9 27.1 21.4 20.6
Grains Corn, Oats, Wheat 4.7 3.4 1.5 2.2
Hay All Hay .5 .4 .7 .9
Cotton and
Cottonseed Cotton lint and Cottonseed 1.4 .7 .3 .2
Tobacco Types 14 (flu-cured)& 62 (cigar wrap) 3.3 4.8 2.9 2.4
Other Crops Sweet potatoes,Peanuts-for nuts, Soy-
beans,Tung nuts,Velvet beans,Sugar
cane-for-sugar,Lupine seed 6.7 6.9 3.0 6.3
TOTAL CROPS 75.1 70.3 70.6 66.8

Meat Animals Cattle,Calves,Hogs,Sheep,Lambs 7.7 11.3 11.3 9.4
Dairy Products-Whole Milk 11.0 10.4 11.6 11.3
Poultry Prod. Chickens,Eggs,Broilers,Turkeys 6.2 7.5 6.1 12.1
Other
Livestock
Products Wool, Honey, Beeswax .5 .4 .4
TOTAL LIVESTOCK & LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 24.9 29.7 29.4 33.2

TOTAL CROPS, LIVESTOCK & LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0


1935-39


average prices; for 1940 to 1949 weights are 1947-49 average prices; for
1950 and later weights are 1957-59 average prices.


Less than .05 percent.
-For the period 1924 to 1939 inclusive, production is weighted by









Annual index numbers of Florida's farm production volume, 1924-1968 are
shown in Table 3 (Appendix). Individual products are arranged in related
groups as nearly as possible and a group total is shown. There are a number
of agricultural products omitted from the production index because satis-
factory data on the quantity of production either were lacking or were
available for only a few years. The most important of these omissions were
nursery and greenhouse products, forestry products, horses and certain
vegetables carrots, radishes and greens.
The total index of production volume of crops and livestock increased
to 40 percent above the average rate during 1957-59 by 1968. The index was
140 in 1968, or more than 5 times the total in 1924, and twice the total in
1950 (Fig. 1). The increase in production has been steady, except for the
years following the heavy freezes of 1957 and 1962 when crop production was
sharply curtailed, reducing the average rate. From 1924 to 1968 combined
production of crops and livestock increased at the average rate of 4.1 per-
cent per year; from 1924 to 1946 the rate of increase was 4.1 percent per
year and from 1946 to 1968, 3.8 percent per year.
Crop production had increased by 1968 to 32 percent above the 1957-59
average (Fig. 2). The average yearly rate of increase of crops from 1924
to 1968 was 3.8 percent. From 1924 to 1946 the rate was 4.1 percent, and
from 1946 to 1968 the rate declined to 3.2 percent per year.
Livestock and livestock products increased in production by 58 percent
above 1957-59 average in 1968 (Fig. 2). The rate of increase from 1924 to
1968 was 4.7 percent; from 1924 to 1946 livestock and products increased
at the rate of 4.0 percent per year. The rate of production increase from
1946 to 1968 was 5.3 percent per year.
For the whole period, 1924 to 1968, citrus has had an annual growth
rate of about 4.5 percent which is above the average for all crops and all
commodities combined (Fig. 3). For the first half of this period 1924 to
1946 the rate was 7.24 percent per year. Despite the very large crops pro-
duced'in some years since 1946,freezes and similar disasters have reduced
the average growth rate between 1946 and 1968 to only 2.4 percent. In 1968
(1967-68 season) the total production of citrus was only 17 percent above the
1957-59 average.







Index


1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965
Fig. 2.-Production of Crops and of Livestock and Livestock Products in Florida,
1924-1968. (1957-59 = 100)
Index


1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960
Fig. 3.-Production of Citrus and Vegetable Crops in Florida, 1924-1968.
(1957-59 = 100)


1965









Oranges followed the total citrus trend; tangerines and grapefruit
declined in production since 1957-59 and substantial increases were shown
by Temples, tangelos and limes. These latter varieties accounted for a
small part of the total citrus production.
Vegetable crops had a volume of production in 1968 of 34 percent above
their 1957-59 average. Individual crops in this group which decreased in
production were cantaloupes, lima beans and snap beans and cauliflower
which went out of production completely. Crops showing increases above
the average of all vegetable crops in 1968 were strawberries, peppers,
cabbage and tomatoes. Since about 1946 vegetable crops as a group have
increased in production more slowly than in the preceding 22 years (Fig.3).
From 1924 to 1968 vegetable crops gained in production by 3.8 percent per
year; from 1946 to 1968 the increase has been at the rate of 3.3 percent.
The production of grains increased slowly or not at all from 1924 to
1948 then turned sharply upward. The level of production in 1968 was 102
percent above the 1957-59 average, and the growth trend 1946 to 1968 was
8.2 percent per year. Grains have benefited from better varieties and from
improved cultural practices and harvesting machinery (Fig. 4). Wheat was
added to corn and oats as a crop in this group when production began about
1958.
In 1946 hay production was no higher than in 1924. In 1968 production
was 79 percent above the 1957-59 average and the rate of increase for the
period 1946 to 1968 was 6.4 percent. However, hay represents a very small
proportion of crop production in Florida (Fig. 4).
The production trend of cotton has been the most erratic of all crops.
Formerly, cotton was much more important in the State's economy than the
present contribution, which is negligible (Fig. 5). In 1925 production of
cotton and cottonseed was about 4 times the 1957-59 level, and 4.3 times
the 1968 crop. Since control measures were developed for the boll weevil
it has been comparatively less profitable to produce cotton in Florida
than other crops. The rate of decline in production from 1924 to 1968 was
2.4 percent per year.

















































1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965
Fig.4 .- Production of Grains and Hay in Florida, 1924-1968. (1957-59 = 100)


Tobacco production in 1968 was 16 percent above the 1957-59 average (Fig. 5).
Flu-cured tobacco (type 14) was 23 percent above the base period in 1968, and
shade-grown tobacco was 9 percent above. The trend of all tobacco production
from 1924 to 1968 was 3.2 percent increase per year; from 1946 to 1968, production
increased at only 1.3 percent annually.




-10-


1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965
Fig. 5.-Production of Cotton and Cottonseed, and Tobacco in Florida, 1924-1968.
(1957-59 = 100)
The group of other crops shows no definite production trend because of the
diverse trends of the crops making up this group. Sweet potatoes have declined
steadily for many years and are no longer reported. Velvet beans, sugar cane for
syrup and lupine seed also have gone out of production. Peanut production in 1968
was 64 percent above the 1957-59 average and soybeans were 220 percent above.Sugar
cane for sugar received a strong stimulus about 1960 and production in 1968 was
296 percent above the 1957-59 average.
Production of meat animals in 1968 was 17 percent higher than in the base
period, 1957-59. Beef cattle and calves accounted for all of the increase. Hogs
were 13 percent below the base base period production in 1968, and sheep and
lambs were 24 percent below.
From 1924 to 1968 the production trend of great animals increased at an average
annual rate of 3.8 percent; from 1946 to 1968 the rate of increase was 3.1 percent
(Fig. 6).





-11-


Production of dairy products in Florida is represented only by whole milk-
the principal product. Milk production in 1968 was 35 percent above the 1957-59
level. Milk production has shown the most steady and consistent increase of any
of the commodities until 1960 when there was some slowing in the rate(Fig. 6).
Production in Florida has tended to follow the population trend. From 1924 to
1968 production increased at the rate of 4.9 percent per year. During the
earlier years of this period, 1924 to 1946, production increased 3.9 percent
annually, but from 1946 to 1968 the rate was 5.3 percent.


1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965
Fig. 6.-Production of Meat Animals, Dairy Products and Poultry Products in florica,
1924- 1968. (1957-59 = 100)






-12-


Poultry products in 1968 had increased to 2.8 times the 1957-59 pro-
duction. Chickens were 171 percent higher, egg production was 174 percent
higher and broilers were 3.6 times the base rate. Turkey production in
1968 had declined to only 52 percent of the 1957-59 level. From 1924 to
1968 poultry production increased at an average rate of 6.2 percent per
year. The most rapid change, however, has come in the last two decades.
From 1924 to 1946 all poultry products increased at an average rate of 3.6
percent per year; from 1946 to 1968 the rate of increase has been 8.8 per-
cent (Fig.6). In rate of production increase, poultry products exceeded all
other groups.

Production and Population Trends.-- Total population in Florida increas-
ed from 1,264,000 in 1925 to 6,100,000 in 1968 or a growth of 483 percent./
Population has increased by 120 percent since 1950. Between 1925 and 1950
farm population decreased from 286,000 to 233,000 -a decline of 19 percent.
A further decrease to 108,000 occurred by 1968, which was only 38 percent
2/
of the 1925 farm population. / Farm population in Florida increased during
the depression years, but declined after the beginning of World War II (Fig.7).
In 1925 Florida farm population was about 23 percent of the total State pop-
ulation; in 1950 it was only 8.4 percent; and in 1968 it was only about 2
percent.
Florida farm population and volume of agricultural production are com-
pared in Figure 8. Despite the decreasing trend of farm population, total
production has continued steadily upward, with a still more striking increase
in production per capital of the farm population. In this illustration the
index of total farm production was divided by the index of farm population.
In 1925 production per capital was only 12 percent of the 1957-59 base-period
average; in 1950 it was 41 percent; and in 1968, 171 percent. Number of
farm workers, if data were available, would be a better factor for measur-
ing output, since by the method shown total farm population is included, but
seasonal and migratory labor used in harvesting is excluded.
/Florida population, 1925, from State census; in 1968, projection from U.S.
?nsus of 1960, prepared by various private groups.
Farm population data are largely estimates. For some of the years the U.S.
Department of Agriculture prepared estimates based partly on census data which
showed only rural population in some enumerations. The 1960 census gave farm
population for that year; the 1968 figure is an estimate.







-13-


Index
250 ...


225-


200- ,.*
\\\


175 \ Farm Population Trend


150. \


125 '\


100.


75
Total Population
Trend
50


25



1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965

Fig. 7.-Total Population and Farm Population in Florida, 1924-1968. (1957-59=100)







-14-


Index
250


225 /
-.- './ Farm Population \
Trend



175
\,
150,



125


100


75 -


50 Total Agricultural Production


2 ........................ Production Per Capita of Farm
Population
..I...............** Population


1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965
Fig. 8.-Total Farm Population and Agricultural Production,and Production Per (hpita
of Farm Population in Florida, 1924-1968. (1957-59 = 100).








-15-


Production Volume and Cash Receipts From Farm Marketings.- In Figure 9
the volume of production is compared with the cash receipts from farm marketing.
Sales do not all occur necessarily in the year of production; some non-perishable
products may be carried over and sold in the next year. The line in Figure 9
representing cash receipts, reflects changes in price level as well as in quan-
tities marketed. In the line tracing the volume of production, price has been
held.constant so that the level is affected only by volume changes.


1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965

Fig. 9.--Volume of Agricultural Production and Cash Receipts From Marketings in
Florida, 1924-1968 (1957-59 = 100)










-16-


Production Volume in Florida and in the United States.--Index numbers
of farm production in Florida were arranged by groups to conform as nearly
as possible to similar indexes in the United States. These two series are
compared for the year 1968 in Table 2. Agricultural production is increasing
faster in Florida than in the United States as a whole. Since the base per-
iod 1957-59 total farm production in 1968 has increased 40 percent in Florida,
compared with an increase of 20 percent in the United States. All livestock
and livestock products increased 58 percent in Florida and 18 percent in
the United States. All crops in 1968 were 32 percent higher than the base
period in Florida and 19 percent above in the United States. Only in meat
animals and oil crops was the increase in the United States faster.


TABLE 2.-- Index Numbers of Farm Production in Florida and the United
States, 1968. (1957-59 100)
1/
Commodity Group Florida United States -
(Preliminary)

Citrus 117 109
Other Fruits & Nuts 151
Vegetables 134 113
Hay 179 114 2/
Feed Grains 22 /118
Food Grains 141
Cotton & Cotton Seed 92 88
Tobacco 116 99
Sugar Crops 396 162
Oil Crops 179 188
All Crops 132 119
Meat Animals 117 123
Dairy Products 135 98
Poultry & Eggs 278 135
All Livestock & Products 158 118
TOTAL FARM PRODUCTION 140 120
1/ Source: Changes in Farm Production and Efficiency, Statistical Bulletin
No. 233, USDA. Revised June 1969.
2/
Hay and forage.





-17-


Production Per Unit, or Yield of Crops and Livestock
The indexes of agricultural production volume presented in Appendix
Table 3 refer to total production of crops and livestock, however obtained.
As previously pointed out, this is the net result of all factors affecting
production -acreage of crops, number of head of breeding stock,fertilizer
and pesticide practices, varieties and cultural methods. An increased out-
put, for example, may be due to increased acreage of crops without any in-
crease in yield per acre.
In order to determine whether yield or production per unit has changed
over a period of years, an index of yield was constructed. First a simple
index or relative of production for each crop and each class of livestock
was calculated. Then a relative index of acreage of each crop and number
of head of breeding stock of each class of animal was calculated yearly,
with 1957-59 as a base. The production relative of each crop was then
divided by the corresponding acreage relative for the same year to obtain
the yield index for each crop. For livestock, the index of the number of
head of breeding stock on hand January 1, or average number on hand during
the year was used. Finally the yield relatives of each crop or class of
livestock were combined into homogeneous groups, and the groups combined
by using 1957-59 value-weights.
If acreage and production move in the same direction at the same rate,
yield, as shown by the index, is unchanged; but if production increases
faster than acreage, an increase in yield is indicated.
Index numbers of acreage of crops and numbers of breeding units of
livestock are shown by groups from 1924 to 1968 in Appendix Table 4. Indexes
of yield or production per unit are shown in Appendix Table 5. The base
period for these index numbers is 1957-59. The commodities included in each
group are the same as in the production index with the following exceptions;
pecans, avocados, pineapples and tung nuts were omitted for lack of satis-
factory acreage data.
Indexes of yield do not indicate the inputs of various production mat-
erials such as feed, fertilizer and pesticides, but only reflect the output
per acre or per head of livestock.
The yield per unit of all crops and livestock in 1968 was 22 percent
higher than in the base period, 1957-59. (Appendix Table 5 and Fig.10). The
average yield in the last 10 years, 1959-1968 was 23 percent higher than in
the preceding 10 years, 1949-1958. From the base period 1957-59 to 1968
yields of crops increased by 16 percent and livestock and livestock products
by 35 percent.







- -18-


Index



150


125


100 Crops


75 -. '..ivestock and Products


50


25


0 . . .. : "
1925 1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965
Fig. 10.-Yield of Crops and Production Per Breeding Unit of Livestock and Live-
stock Products in Florida, 1924-1968. (1957-59 = 100)
The trend of livestock production per unit of breeding stock has been
steadily upward for the whole period since 1924. Crop yields have increased
erratically since about 1936 (Fig. 10).
Citrus yields have not followed the trend of crop yields as well as some
other groups. They were at low levels during the depression years in the thirties,
perhaps due in part to low prices and grove neglect. Citrus yields show sudden
declines in years following a freeze--as in the two years following the 1957
freeze and several years after the 1962 freeze. In 1968 yields were only 88
percent of the 1957-59 average, but this does not represent the trend.
The yield of vegetable crops as a group indicate little trend until after
about 1947 when substantial improvement was shown. In 1968 vegetable crop
yields had increased to 61 percent above the 1957-59 period. However, there
was a wide variation in yields of the individual crops making up this group.
Total vegetable yields in the last 10 years, 1959 to 1968 were 42 percent above
the preceding 10 years, 1949 to 1958 inclusive.











-19-


Grains showed no significant increase in yield from 1924 to about
1950 when a strong uptrend began, perhaps due in large measure to im-
proved varieties of both corn and oats. In 1968 the yield of grains was 66
percent above the 1957-59 average.
Yields of hay were rather static at comparatively low levels until
about 1949 when a steady upward trend doubled the yield in 8 years. In 1968
yields had ,increased to 18 percent above the average in 1957-59.
Cotton yields showed no well defined trend for many years but turned up-
ward in the years since 1950. The yield level in 1968 was 48 percent above
the 1957-59 average.
Yields of the two-types of tobacco produced in Florida (type 14 and
type 62) had fairly consistent yields to about the mid-fifties when they
both moved up to higher rates. All tobacco yields in 1968 were 25 percent
above the 1957-59 base, with type 14 showing the larger increase.
Other crops, the most important of which were peanuts and sugarcane for
sugar, had yields io higher as a group in 1968 than in 1926. Peanuts were 67
percent higher in 1968 than in the base period. During the period included
however, sweet potatoes and velvet beans declined in importance. Soybeans
came into production about 1949 and have continued since. The index of yield
for other crops was therefore a composite of non-homogeneous crops.
Production per unit of breeding stock in meat animals has moved upward
by steps after 1924. Since the early fifties per unit production has had a
more consistent increase, and in 1968 stood at 25 percent above the base
period average. This group is dominated by cattle and calves, but hogs,though
declining in relative importance, have had a much more rapid increase in pro-
duction per unit in recent years.
Production of milk per cow in the herd was static from 1924 to about
1936 when a gradual increase began. Since 1957-59 the increase has been
faster and in 1968 was 40 percent above the base period.












-20-


The increasing output per cow in the herd reflects many improved
practices, including better breeding and calf replacement policies. Total
milk production and production per cow have not been subject to the fluc-
tuation seen in crop yields, as weather is less a factor.
The per unit output of poultry products or production per breeding unit
in 1968 was 42 percent above the 1957-59 average. The principal product in
this group is eggs, which was 30 percent above the base period average in
1968.



Appendix


Index numbers showing trends of total agricultural production in Florida,
acreage of crops and number of head of breeding animals, and yield or product-
ion per unit of crops and livestock from 1924 to 1968 are given in the follow-
ing appendix tables. The base period from which trends are measured is the
average of the years 1957-59. Methods of constructing have previously been
explained.






-21-


TABLE 3.- INDEX NUMBERS OF VOLUME OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN FLORIDA, BY
COMMODITIES AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES, 1924-1968 (1957-59 = 100)


Citrus Fruits


Year Oranges Temples Tange- Tange-Grape- Limes Total Avo- Pecans Pine- Total Other
d I I los rines fruit Citrus cados apple Fruits& Nuts


1924 16
1925 12
1926 11
1927 12
1928 10
1929 18
1930 11
1931 20
1932 14
1933 17
1934 19
1935 18
1936 19
1937 23
1938 28
1939 35
1940 30
1941 34
1942 32
1943 44
1944 55
1945 51
1946 59
1947 62
1948 69
1949 69
1950 69
1951 79
1952 91
1953 83
1954 105
1955 101
1956 104
1957 106
1958 96
1959 98
1960 103
1961 98
1962 128
1963 86
1964 65
1965 97
1966 113
1967 165
1968 119


24
33
30
37
38
30
46
71
71
92
104
117
112
63
125
162
167
192
83
142
158
188
208
188


67
73
99
108
93
170
155
309
232
278
309
371
526
526


15
25
19
25
23
41
23
65
55
52
55
55
57
82
63
93
65
74
57
115
98
105
115
106
93
120
136
125
112
134
123
134
123
126
57
117
74
134
109
55
98
102
98
112
76


25 13
26 11
22 9
25 4
22
33 2
24 2
46 2
31 3
34 3
32 4
44 5
33 4
52 14
42 22
67 30
46 30
71 25
56 47
79 55
90 60
65 79
93 63
76 54
85 54
87 63
70 82
96 88
96 82
94 101
118 117
101 120
111 126
108 126
90 111
102 63
88 101
91 98
101 107
87 126
76 142
92 177
101 131
126 133
95 227


17
15
13
14
12
21 5
13 7
25 10
18 17.
21 26
22 24
24 12
22 7
29 24
31 25
42 26
34 11
41 15
37 25
52 55
61 70
54 38
66 19
65 28
71 37
72 60
70 66
83 78
91 104
86 127
107 136
102 161
106 116
107 171
93 44
100 85
102 22
100 73
126 140
85 167
71 153
99 36
114 70
159 176
117 144


42
62
49
37
64
32
37
76
25
49
44
64
85
80
115
112
115
151
148
146
165
127
132
85
148
101
134
170
139
235
83
352
129
78
77
145
58
155
116
219
87
68
129
126
161


2841
1326
1010
600
474
379
379
253
158
253
284
284
789
474
379
316
253
379
158
95
474
316
631
126
145
158
205
363
600
884
789
253
284
237
63


49
43
36
24
34
26
31
48
30
46
50
42
55
57
78
67
70
78
88
100
132
92
82
66
97
86
100
125
126
186
87
252
124
128
60
112
39
111
127
190
120
49
97
144
76


Other F^uits & Nuts







-22-


TABLE 3. CONT.--INDEX NUMBERS OF VOLUME OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN FLORIDA, BY
COMMODITIES AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES, 1924-1968 (1957-59= 100)
I Vegetables
Year Lima Snap Cab- Canta- Cauli- Celery Sweet Cucum- Egg- Esca- Lettuce
Beans beans bage loupe flower Corn bers plant role

1924 29 38 51 41 33 53 229
1925 39 27 28 45 40 60 192
1926 23 20 29 31 31 29 63
1927 40 13 48 43 33 37 80
1928- 29 14 36 48 24 32 12 87
1929 60 35 35 52 37 57 20 102
1930 73 23 29 58 22 56 20 62
1931 85 37 11 51 28 38 21 93
1932 76 20 14 47 13 48 13 50
1933 116 33 24 42 13 58 23 70
1934 82 110 38 18 51 13 45 26 65
1935 82 104 26 11 46 16 29 17 47
1936 76 102 32 11 47 12 47 20 37
1937 95 88 28 15 57 12 45 24 37
1938 208 134 55 50 55 29 69 27 42
1939 371 124 49 34 60 24 59 26 45
1940 225 130 101 29 62 38 37 31 90
1941 205 113 54 25 69 33 80 22 57
1942 223 121 81 35 71 28 64 28 54
1943 230 116 76 25 68 17 62 31 57
1944 240 144 107 32 74 11 94 32 54
1945 283 114 97 20 172 88 34 100 40 50
1946 356 76 89 18 176 101 45 127 44 74
1947 242 113 72 74 141 76 43 77 39 61
1948 285 111 112 91 105 77 8 59 82 46 48
1949 272 135 114 56 176 86 30 58 91 48 87
1950 243 130 116 98 390 102 52 70 90 62 104
1951 203 146 142 91 377 109 55 88 86 68 120
1952 175 130 140 114 524 116 75 96 120 87 115
1953 167 131 116 83 495 104 79 102 95 77 130
1954 165 141 106 104 214 110 96 104 113 80 136
1955 151 166 126 144 230 112 109 115 111 98 176
1956 125 127 138 181 262 109 114 111 96 93 170
1957 123 117 100 78 166 106 102 117 123 99 139
1958 101 94 90 101 61 88 98 100 78 95 86
1959 76 89 110 121 73 106 100 83 99 106 75
1960 97 117 127 101 73 113 102 98 96 105 89
1961 113 121 121 105 64 115 100 123 130 102 99
1962 76 108 120 95 116 118 98 121 106 91
1963 78 107 127 108 116 129 133 118 114 122
1964 66 108 114 123 120 111 145 121 106 97
1965 60 100 105 168 123 128 138 125 103 91
1966 58 102 134 126 132 141 133 128 128 136
1967 54 115 145 126 125 158 124 136 122 126
1968 44 98 176 98 118 131 123 104 126 129







-23-


TABLE 3. CONT.--INDSX NUMBERS OF VOLUME OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN FLORIDA, BY
C .J i 'TLES fAND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES, 1924-1968 (1957-59 = 100)
I Vegetables


Year Green
Peppers


Irish
Potatoes


Processed Total
Squash Straw- Toma- Water- Snap Spinach Toma- Vege-
berries toes melons beans toes tables


1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968


256
274
182
262
210
500
538
597
562
706
613
474
438
522
479
698
459
351
319
142
89
134
204
284
172
200
384
319
243
205
149
264
268
151
66
83
181
219
342
420
601
648
530
446
385


69
78
80
106
81
86
104
128
112
112
102
86
141
129
110
131
124
120
127
84
137


!


I -






-24-


TABLE 3. CONT.--INDEX NUMBERS OF VOLUME OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN FLORIDA, BY
COMMODITIES AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES, 1924-1968 (1957-59 = 100)

All Grains Cotton & Tobacco
Hay Corn Oats Wheat Total Cotton- Type Type Total
Year Grains Seed 14 62 Tobac
1924 36 52 27 47 193 10 42 30
1925 32 59 23 54 397 19 30 27
1926 33 59 27 53 332 15 38 31
1927 35 46 18 42 166 24 50 42
1928. 34 51 25 46 204 26 59 47
1929 32 50 20 45 306 30 65 52
1930 32 42 20 38 521 34 57 49
1931 35 45 26 41 446 25 47 39
1932 25 46 14 41 166 7 35 23
1933 25 44 15 40 261 22 18 20
1934 36 45 19 40 261 20 25 24
1935 32 57 21 51 287 35 34 37
1936 32 49 25 45 287 42 37 41
1937 32 53 26 48 374 83 34 59
1938 44 56 26 50 242 93 49 73
1939 34 43 23 39 102 121 39 79
1940 44 60 28 55 196 69 59 67
1941 40 52 29 47 159 48 55 55
1942 45 56 38 51 148 65 53 61
1943 41 61 55 56 148 69 52 60
1944 40 54 128 52 121 100 52 71
1945 44 49 164 49 72 100 51 70
1946 37 47 131 46 53 112 53 76
1947 42 54 109 51 87 136 66 90
1948 48 45 73 42 130 97 76 85
1949 41 51 17 46 152 118 88 101
1950 44 62 29 56 130 107 90 98
1951 60 80 64 74 304 158 97 126
1952 57 74 196 75 283 151 82 116
1953 78 75 194 76 239 133 62 96
1954 86 75 120 72 235 162 93 127
1955 91 89 140 86 228 174 96 134
1956 107 89 120 84 122 127 99 112
1957 97 92 109 86 93 90 103 97
1958 110 100 109 148 104 83 96 87 92
1959 93 108 82 152 110 124 114 110 111
1960 103 113 82 164 115 152 129 132 130
1961 127 147 80 176 146 126 152 124 137
1962 113 150 72 204 149 146 170 101 134
1963 149 170 64 253 170 170 151 92 121
1964 147 122 66 218 126 141 131 104 117
1965 144 196 76 145 187 124 116 113 115
1966 150 196 80 163 188 89 125 98 111
1967 170 285 74 242 271 76 149 111 129
1968 179 199 80 341 202 89 123 109 116





-25-


TABLE 3..CONT.--INDEX NUMBERS OF VOLUME OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN FLORIDA, BY
COMMODITIES AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES, 1924-1968 (1957-59 = 100)


1924 872
1925 910
1926 935
1927- 925
1928 840
1929 900
1930 672
1931 729
1932 771
1933 674
1934 737
1935 796
1936 611
1937 643
1938 692
1939 521
1940 445
1941 623
1942 555
1943 675
1944 571
1945 443
1946 437
1947 505
1948 317
1949 277
1950 226
1951 165
1952 142
1953 189
1954 138
1955 158
1956 113
1957 108
1958 84
1959 108
1960 81
1961 65
1962 61
1963 63
1964 65
1965 67
1966 59
1967
1968


13
14
15
25
26
37
72
60
99
120
81
90
109
110
131
179
213
227
294
320


769
691
743
1017
887
756
574
756
783
822
913
913
652
743
743
2 456
18 769
8 848
14 691
3 809
26 587
31 483
56 378
41 391
66 274
61 352
31 365
46 222
116 157
106 130
81 130
23 157
67 130
60 118
131 91
109 91
9 78
116 52
22 26
78 13
76
95
59
36
45


1
14
24
20
28
32
29
33
39
44
60
49
63
64
44
47
54
71
71
63
69
77
79
85
101
97
84
79
82
92
89
119
106
143
273
310
430
373
413
444
396


1398
844
655
1514
1048
1041
728
328
409
251
109
118
73
245
306
205
158
146


54
53
54
55
56
65
58
S65
64
67
72
82
81
77
100
71
102
104
94
105
97
96
81
97
100
86
90
88
99
99
84
88
89
92
101
107
98
129
198
227
303
279
295
318
295






-26-


TABLE 3. CONT.--INDEX NUMBERS OF VOLUME OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN FLORIDA, BY
COMMODITIES AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES, 1924-1968, (1957-59 = 100)
Meat Animals Poultr
Cattle Sheep Total Dairy
and gs and Meat hick- Eggs Broil- Turkeys Total
Year Calves Lambs Animals 3 ens ers Poultry
1924 13 61 137 25 17 57 23 18
1925 13 61 171 25 18 57 24 18
1926. 14 68 86 27 19 65 24 19
1927 14 72 91 28 19 75 27 22
1928 13 72 108 28 20 58 28 21
1929 13 68 37 26 22 64 25 30 20
1930 12 68 132 26 21 67 29 34 20
1931 12 71 132 27 22 73 23 40 20
1932 16 73 125 30 22 63 26 50 21
1933 19 73 125 32 23 56 24 55 19
1934 18 64 144 29 24 58 22 5 51 19
1935 19 66 183 30 25 64 21 7 56 20
1936 19 77 154 33 28 74 22 9 59 22
1937 21 88 149 37 28 66 24 11 50 22
1938 20 105 137 40 28 76 25 13 45 24
1939 20 109 149 42 29 80 24 16 47 25
1940 21 97 120 39 28 81 25 25 52 28
1941 23 104 117 42 33 85 24 31 48 29
1942 25 116 81 47 34 108 27 36 46 33
1943 29 133 75 54 37 128 30 44 48 39
1944 39 126 25 60 38 100 31 37 46 36
1945 43 122 53 61 41 112 30 42 54 37
1946 47 124 49 65 42 95 30 43 54 36
1947 44 100 20 56 43 102 32 54 55 39
1948 46 108 22 60 45 100 36 53 54 42
1949 44 92 23 54 48 105 39 69 53 47
1950 59 94 25 66 52 94 42 77 43 50
1951 61 114 25 72 55 106 42 76 47 51
1952 85 121 24 92 59 104 45 82 46 54
1953 94 104 24 96 67 112 50 89 60 60
1954 91 93 32 92 70 105 57 100 65 66
1955 96 101 63 97 77 100 64 80 52 68
1956 94 110 113 97 87 91 80 104 71 84
1957 99 93 97 98 95 93 90 99 89 91
1958 104 98 102 102 97 98 100 103 81 100
1959 97 109 101 100 108 109 110 98 130 109
1960 98 94 104 98 114 111 117 95 45 111
1961 103 92 82 101 114 126 130 115 62 125
1962 111 93 77 107 114 134 139 111 60 132
1963 117 89 94 111 116 180 160 91 48 147
1964 129 94 83 122 118 223 183 107 35 169
1965 124 83 83 116 121 232 202 128 41 187
1966 125 90 69 118 129 241 227 175 41 213
1967 122 82 88 114 137 266 250 244 55 242
1968 124 87 76 117 135 271 274 365 52 278






-27-


TABLE 3. CONT.--INDEX NUMBERS OF VOLUME OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN FLORIDA, BY
COMMODITIES AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES, 1924-1968 (1957-59 = 100)

Other Livestock Products Total Total Crop
Year Wool Honey Beeswax Livestock and
and Products Livestock

1924 415 21 26
1925 446 21 26
1926. 437 22 23
1927 418 24 26
1928 382 24 26
1929 376 24 30
1930 346 23 27
1931 336 -24 32
1932 349 25 27
1933 346 26 30
1934 327 -- 25 32
1935 318 26 33
1936 300 29 33
1937 282 30 37
1938 273 32 43
1939 261 33 46
1940 240 33 43
1941 221 48 40 33 44
1942 209 51 41 39 46
1943 185 53 58 44 50
1944 149 64 58 46 54
1945 124 56 51 47 55
1946 100 94 86 49 58
1947 100 50 48 47 57
1948 82 50 41 50 61
1949 48 70 50 51 66
1950 36 100 81 58 72
1951 36 110 84 61 81
1952 36 105 80 71 89
1953 36 111 85 77 88
1954 39 109 83 78 99
1955 55 81 66 83 104
1956 70 107 97 91 105
1957 94 117 129 95 105
1958 103 96 92 100 95
1959 103 87 79 105 100
1960 97 119 103 107 105
1961 64 120 104 111 113
1962 58 128 104 115 124
1963 67 129 92 121 114
1964 61 124 113 130 112
1965 61 100 105 132 125
1966 88 123 106 142 135
1967 100 110 95 150 158
1968 85 129 111 158 140






-28-


TABLE 4.--INDEX NUMBERS OF CROP ACREAGES AND BREEDING UNITS IN FLORIDABY COMMODITIES
AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES, 1924-1968. (1957-59 = 100)

Year Citrus Fruits Vegetables
Oranges Temples Tange- Tange- Grape- Limes Total Lima- Snap- Cabbage Canta-
los rines fruit Citrus beans beans loupes


1924 24
1925 29
1926 .30
1927 34
1928 35
1929 36
1930 37
1931 39
1932 43
1933 47
1934 49
1935 52
1936 54
1937 56
1938 58
1939 59
1940 60
1941 63
1942 65
1943 68
1944 70
1945 71
1946 73
1947 75
1948 78
1949 80
1950 83
1951 86
1952 86
1953 89
1954 92
1955 98
1956 101
1957 104
1958 98
1959 98
1960 102
1961 104
1962 113
1963 102
1964 107
1965 120
1966 131
1967 145
1968 154


65
68
76
84 68
94 80
98 91
97 103
105 106
110 122
121 152
108 213
87 194
82 186
82 232
87 266
92 327
93 403


28 40 49 29 47 31 41
35 45 49 34 48 30 22
43 44 49 35 37 23 22
56 48 49 39 65 19 35
69 53 35 42 51 19 54
82 53 35 43 73 42 35
86 58 35 45 96 24 35
103 60 35 48 93 42 15
123 67 33 54 88 35 12
126 72 37 58 141 40 24
130 76 39 61 74 131 68 18
135 78 41 64 74 149 36 12
140 70 43 63 89 154 58 12
141 78 47 67 119 123 54 18
142 80 57 68 268 154 60 41
141 81 65 70 347 142 64 29
140 82 73 70 307 130 102 29
137 82 84 70 392 140 64 29
137 82 118 74 278 129 115 29
131 83 112 75 75 100 119 108
131 84 106 76 253 194 128 32
131 84 100 78 268 150 100 29
132 85 94 79 377 187 78 47
133 85 88 81 293 187 78 47
133 87 88 83 273 169 107 71
134 89 90 85 226 144 102 71
134 93 92 87 206 149 113 82
126 94 102 89 228 177 122 76
128 98 108 89 164 141 100 88
129 102 116 93 164 118 125 106
130 105 120 95 144 120 100 118
134 111 124 101 144 137 92 112
123 111 129 103 124 114 107 141
117 112 133 105 119 104 89 94
91 95 98 98 102 98 99 94
92 93 69 97 79 98 112 112
100 92 65 101 84 103 114 106
88 92 65 103 79 102 109 88
86 94 65 111 69 94 93 71
78 88 59 100 69 90 104 65
67 83 67 103 50 89 106 71
70 84 69 114 60 80 88 94
72 86 65 123 50 87 93 71
75 87 67 135 45 91 98 59
83 87 78 144 45 89 109 71





-29-


TABLE 4.CONT.--INDEX NUMBERS OF CROP ACREAGES AND BREEDING UNITS IN FLORIDA,BY
COMMODITIES AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES, 1924-1968 (1957-59= 100)


1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968


86
86
103
69
103
137
189
223
240
189
189
206
154
77
69
51
43


34
39
32
38
47
52
52
48
53
52
47
47
51
57
62
57
61
75
80
75
85
95
116
98
99
81
83
89
89
86
91
78
97
88
98
114
97
87
91
95
95
99
105
110
102


1
34
64
58
73
69
85
76
86
99
96
105
88
81
100
112
106
118
127
123
110


76
65
41
49
57
68
75
55
45
33
31
29
34
36
40
45
49
53
58
37
34
55
66
87
78
69
76
82
90
95
104
88
88
110
101
89
92
92
85
97
99
91
88
90
100


51
58
23
40
38
63
70
52
68
82
63
37
48
53
63
65
53
87
78
65
117
108
130
117
118
103
92
70
97
83
90
95
78
107
97
96
100
97
77
83
78
78
75
78
67


- 99
- 96
- 42
- 57
6 42
9 42
8 31
14 45
12 28
12 27
12 31
11 25
12 16
15 23
17 25
17 28
22 57
17 71
20 99
25 71
40 69
48 40
43 51
46 62
53 48
51 65
61 88
80 93
82 79
68 93
77 93
78 116
82 122
97 105
94 105
109 90
106 93
102 82
104 85
114 96
112 96
133 96
138 113
119 110
101 113


21
30
18
33
31
44
63
56
59
61
57
48
54
55
59
57
43
52
49
54
68
71
84
80
88
81
105
85
84
95
108
108
99
114
88
98
102
108
86
98
102
111
130
122
120


64
51
53
64
71
52
73
46
52
43
58
62
64
79
78
68
64
67
62
68
72
77
87
58
51
48
54
54
68
92
73
84
92
120
98
82
82
75
67
78
72
91
96
80
93


201
182
128
158
193
270
377
390
334
454
360
343
381
377
321
386
309
236
214
111
60
90
120
206
80 180
81 171
100 231
108 257
95 167
90 159
96 111
108 146
99 159
104 150
99 86
97 64
117 60
100 77
87 81
101 86
93 107
90 137
85 99
54 86
81 81










TABLE 4.. CONT.--INDEX NUMBERS OF CROP ACREAGES AND BREEDING UNITS IN FLORIDA, BY
COMMODITIES AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES 1924-1968 (1957-59 = 100)

Year Vegetables All Grains
Processed Total Hay Corn Oats Wheat Total
Tomatoes Water- Snap- Spinach Tomatoes Veget- Grains
melons beans ables

1924 96 32 71 85 184 54 178
1925 70 25 60 74 188 49 182
1926 39 28 44 73 186 44 180
1927 65 34 63 84 188 44 182
1928 74 40 67 78 194 44 188
1929 79 46 79 77 192 39 185
1930 76 40 86 80 195 34 188
1931 57 35 85 88 220 39 212
1932 54 33 80 84 224 29 217
1933 56 26 99 80 231 34 223
1934 74 27 3 96 92 214 39 207
1935 66 23 3 70 94 89 236 44 229
1936 77 18 1 63 104 94 220 44 212
1937 72 22 3 45 99 89 211 49 204
1938 90 26 3 56 109 107 217 49 210
1939 89 26 3 32 111 98 203 49 197
1940 71 27 3 28 81 106 198 54 187
1941 62 29 48 28 82 100 190 54 180
1942 71 25 141 127 84 124 180 74 171
1943 56 14 204 58 72 118 186 98 178
1944 79 29 139 44 95 110 172 197 169
1945 73 45 137 28 90 116 155 221 154
1946 68 54 102 31 102 114 165 197 162
1947 69 54 68 32 99 116 154 147 150
1948 65 52 68 45 93 123 133 103 128
1949 82 68 64 41 90 90 108 29 102
1950 89 78 72 58 90 88 109 44 103
1951 98 65 96 120 94 95 113 79 109
1952 113 82 69 92 97 91 117 197 119
1953 105 106 180 104 100 100 103 187 105
1954 114 112 131 110 103 107 108 148 108
1955 115 101 108 125 102 111 110 157 111
1956 118 104 86 59 128 103 122 104 148 104
1957 114 109 127 104 91 108 102 99 123 98
1958 98 109 87 65 117 98 109 99 98 150 100
1959 88 82 86 131 92 94 89 102 79 150 102
1960 66 84 126 117 77 85 101 96 69 156 97
1961 84 74 129 117 100 89 111 104 64 174 105
1962 83 70 53 104 72 85 106 100 59 186 102
1963 87 69 77 261 86 91 128 105 54 240 109
1964 86 64 82 339 113 91 132 104 49 216 107
1965 95 69 80 222 93 97 133 110 54 138 108
1966 97 68 56 326 114 100 142 112 54 138 110
1967 89 65 84 287 131 95 145 140 54 240 142
1968 81 64 58 248 84 92 151 117 54 324 125






-31-


TABLE 4. CONT.--INDEX NUMBERS OF CROP ACREAGES AND BREEDING UNITS IN FLORIDA, BY
COMMODITIES AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES 1924-1968 (1957-59 = 100)


1924 426
1925 548
1926 597
1927 377
1928 543
1929 597
1930 719
1931 680
1932 489
1933 460
1934 450
1935 436
1936 431
1937 578
1938 372
1939 333
1940 318
1941 299
1942 274
1943 196
1944 142
1945 117
1946 108
1947 152
1948 142
1949 225
1950 152
1951 303
1952 294
1953 348
1954 177
1955 164
1956 147
1957 100
1958 70
1959 130
1960 120
1961 115
1962 101
1963 116
1964 117
1965 108
1966 70
1967 49
1968 61


21 55 34 926 82 622 488 82
37 36 37 1015 71 560 500 82


26
44
59
56
60
49
16
41
39
58
66
138
134
243
105
93
107
112
157
160
168
188
135
156
148
185
187
175
177
174
146
94
91
115
114
115
122
115
104
88
105
105
94


45
55
71
74
69
57
48
26
38
50
48
50
57
59
76
79
67
62
62
57
71
79
86
95
100
98
95
79
90
93
102
98
93
109
117
107
95
93
98
114
102
92
93


33
48
63
63
64
52
28
35
38
55
59
105
105
173
89
85
85
85
105
104
116
129
108
123
123
140
139
125
132
132
123
96
92
112
115
112
109
105
101
100
104
100
93


926
971
882
882
882
971
1147
971
926
1015
838
926
882
750
662
838
750
926
750
618
574
618
441
375
309
199
159
185
154
141
124
106
93
101
88
71
66
62
57
66
53


63
74
96
100
100
108
114
100
112
124
141
133
147
167
176
167
225
216
196
196
196
206
216
131
141
127
106
110
108
118
110
102
102
96
92
92
94
96
98
98
157
96
98


534
688
666
569
591
732
878
S 922
953
887
794
S 838
860
882
1006
962
869
904
794
512
512
525
309
15 318
18 353
21 282
31 212
36 150
74 176
79 141
67 141
105 115
113 93
82 92
85 75
103 57
108 40
128 22
174 -
200
205
256 -
326


461 76
513 83
292 87
287 93
296 100
334 103
390 102
357 110
356 109
368 112
327 112
352 117
354 119
330 120
237 95
254 96
252 98
278 95
243 102
197 97
212 105
233 106
203 100
161 97
114 91
108 95
108 96
111 98
103 100
100 103
89 104
93 105
97 97
110 98
122 99
142 102
260 116
326 119
486 134
422 136
442 143
439 149
427 151






-32-


TABLE 4,CONT.--INDEX NUMBERS OF CROP ACREAGES AND BREEDING UNITS IN FLORIDA, BY
COMMODITIES AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES 1924-1968 (1957-59 = 100)


Year Meat Animals Dairy Poultry Products Honey Total Total
Cattle Hogs Total Pro- Chick-Eggs Broil TurkeysTotal & Bees Live- Crops &
& Meat ducts ens ers Poul- wax stock & Live-
Calve Animals try Products stock


1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968


40 164 117 37
38 149 108 39
37 128 94 42
33 141 101 43
31 149 105 44
30 146 102 45
29 152 106 46
30 148 103 46
31 143 100 47
34 138 99 49
37 133 97 51
38 128 94 53
39 131 96 54
39 146 105 52
38 152 109 51
40 164 116 52
42 156 92 54
44 156 93 55
48 175 104 57
56 230 133 59
61 228 134 61
62 189 117 64
65 177 114 67
67 167 111 69
68 159 108 70
61 152 101 72
70 139 83 72
76 143 89 74
84 149 97 78
94 133 101 87
106 113 108 92
102 125 106 93
100 123 104 95
104 112 105 98
102 93 100 100
94 95 95 102
93 74 90 103
88 66 84 100
94 67 90 95
103 59 96 94
102 57 95 94
105 56 98 94
113 49 103 95
113 46 103 96
109 46 100 96


40
41
40
46
51
43
41
41
45
42
40 40
37 36
38 35
42 39
40 44
43 44
44 45
45 49
47 49
51 56
57 65
51 58
55 58
52 63
55 63
57 61
61 64
59 66
62 66
62 69
63 68
65 66
77 83
91 96
100 99
109 105
110 114
121 132
131 144
166 153
198 159
159 130
168 151
191 165
210 161


40
41
40
46
51
57 43
62 43
66 43
84 47
93 45
101 43
97 39
106 40
88 44
84 43
110 46
110 46
88 48
93 49
97 54
97 61
93 54
106 57
84 56
66 57
62 58
62 62
66 61
71 63
75 64
84 65
71 66
79 78
110 92
93 100
97 108
93 110
88 123
84 132
79 164
62 192
57 154
44 164
44 186
35 203


54
55
60
66
67
70
72
73
70
77
80
84
88
88
88
91
97
101
102
102
104
109
108
109
108
108
114
118


64
62
59
63
66
63
65
64
64
64
63
63
64
67
67
71
72
68
73
86
89
82
83
82
81
79
74
77
82
88
92
92
95
100
100
100
101
102
105
117
125
114
120
127
131


77
77
71
78
82
86
91
93
93
98
97
99
99
104
105
107
88
87
90
92
98
92
98
99
94
92
86
89
92
95
98
100
101
104
98
98
99
102
113
118
131
129
136
142
145






-33-


TABLE 5. --INDEX NUMBERS OF YIELD OR PRODUCTION PER UNIT IN FLORIDA, BY COMMODITIES
AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES 1924-1968 (1957-59 = 100)


1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968


64
42
S37
35
29
49
29
51
34
37
38
35
34
40
49
60
50
54
49
64
78
71
80
83
89
86
83
93
105
93
114
104
103
103
97
100
101
94
113
83
60
81
87
114
77


63
91
63
61
58
82
77
92
86
83
110 84
110 70
86 66
80 72
78 87
107 87
74 100
53 81
81 94
75 100
95 74
106 76
95 41
83 61
105 66
121 94
119 87
90 83
108 92
103 111
115 117
105 121
101 111
104 113
99 96
97 91
115 114
143 119
111 116
114 119
135 122
102 126
118 117
122 127
90 111


118 123
89 130
84 132
68 136
77 68
84 100
96 84
88 77
56 119
83 102
56 104
73 95
56 95
51 89
91 123
77 115
98 100
84 86
70 120
119 108
84 100
96 67
114 39
91 159
104 130
111 80
101 120
116 120
140 129
92 78
105 89
136 130
129 129
112 84
91 108
97 108
110 96
111 120
129 136
122 168
107 176
120 180
144 180
147 216
161 140


109
104
122
124
124
115
65
120
148
139
179
97
175
195
217
228
202





-34-


TABLE 5.CONT.--INDEX NUMBERS OF YIELD OR PRODUCTION PER UNIT IN FLORIDA, BY COMMODITIES
AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES 1924-1968 (1957-59 = 100)


Year Vegetables
Cauli- Celery Sweet Cucum-I Egg- Esca- Let- Green j Irish Squash Straw-
Iflower corn bers plant role I tuce peppers I potatoes I I berries


1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968


- 119
116
94
113
101
99
110
106
89
79
106
97
92
98
89
104
101
92
88
90
87
206 92
210 86
140 77
157 77
175 105
291 121
204 121
240 129
211 120
116 120
125 142
130 124
110 119
80 89
110 92
146 115
152 130
126
S 121
125
123
125
113
114


44 105
62 104
76 130
68 93
42 84
54 90
29 80
50 74
29 71
40 71
44 71
54 80
34 97
35 84
72 110
53 91
78 70
61 93
48 82
46 96
33 80
62 93
68 98
49 67
76 70
85 88
92 99
108 124
107 125
108 115
101 126
132 117
127 123
106 116
100 81
94 103
107 97
134 135
116 159
138 142
147 155
153 165
151 172
140 175
123 156


234
201
150
143
207 206
237 241
255 202
145 207
112 179
196 263
216 211
149 187
168 241
155 166
157 164
150 161
138 161
128 81
136 55
124 81
79 78
84 127
103 147
85 98
87 100
94 134
101 120
85 130
106 147
113 140
104 147
124 153
113 140
102 134
101 83
97 83
99 96
99 121
102 109
100 128
94 102
77 96
92 121
102 115
125 115


154
110
132
110
126
103
77
84
79
100
61
62
83
75
105
105
96
93
98
96
92
109
86
71
93
111
98
111
112
99
99
132
135
109
93
98
124
147
153
151
153
130
130
146
156


41
58
55
49
59
54
37
85
32
60
64
44
45
54
61
59
72
52
69
57
50
71
75
58
76
115
107
122
118
112
139
125
127
102
99
99
95
133
119
140
124
116
113
104
127


86
97
80
98
85
95
108
119
113
108
103
89
121
129
126
130
134
134
149
156
170


125
148
139
162
107
181
139
150
164
69
166
135
112
135
145
177
145
145
146
125
145
146
166
135
94
114
162
121
142
126
131
177
165
98
75
127
294
277
410
479
548
462
525
508
462


646
89
81
96
102
114
113
143
133
103
102
95
116
123
118
116
105
108
111
129
119





-35-


TABLE 5. CONT.--INDEX NUMBERS OF YIELD OR PRODUCTION PER UNIT IN FLORIDA, BY
COMMODITIES AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES 1924-1968 (1957-59=100)


Yeai Vegetables All Grains
Processed Total Hay Corn Oats Wheat Total
TomatoesWater- Snap- Spinach Tomatoes Vege- Grail
melons beans tables

1924 41 84 75 43 49 49 49
1925 43 130 82 43 55 46 55
1926 49 155 78 45 55 61 55
1927 64 104 81 42 43 40 43
1928 50 95 73 43 45 55 45
1929 41 100 81 41 44 51 44
1930 39 94 73 40 36 59 37
1931 40 114 83 40 34 66 35
1932 59 69 75 30 34 46 35
1933 58 76 73 31 32 44 33
1934 54 62 44 81 39 35 48 35
1935 58 114 42 72 75 36 40 48 41
1936 42 97 54 44 67 34 38 55 39
1937 44 97 68 56 71 36 41 51 41
1938 65 97 56 70 85 41 43 51 43
1939 72 83 52 77 90 34 33 46 33
1940 53 100 52 52 85 41 47 51 47
1941 54 93 9 56 75 40 40 53 41
1942 56 112 66 56 79 36 45 51 45
1943 46 112 99 34 79 35 47 55 47
1944 50 105 71 67 71 36 43 64 44
1945 61 89 86 77 81 38 45 73 46
1946 72 78 83 51 78 33 41 66 42
1947 52 83 71 90 67 36 49 73 50
1948 69 105 60 57 90 39 40 69 "- 42
1949 96 83 97 110 100 45 51 59 51
1950 96 75 89 85 97 49 57 66 57
1951 99 109 102 96 105 64 71 80 71
1952 94 105 88 86 107 62 63 99 65
1953 89 102 104 88 104 78 73 102 75
1954 99 105 106 104 110 80 69 81 70
1955 136 113 113 132 132 82 81 88 82
1956 111 124 102 100 107 121 88 85 81 85
1957 110 94 106 110 107 108 95 93 88 93
1958 76 112 112 86 90 92 101 101 110 99 102
1959 114 94 82 104 103 100 104 106 102 101 105
1960 156 137 115 143 145 134 102 118 117 105 117
1961 186 179 123 137 173 156 113 142 125 101 139
1962 183 144 106 125 166 155 107 150 121 109 147
1963 187 214 125 162 177 166 116 162 117 105 158
1964 190 207 103 119 165 167 111 118 132 101 117
1965 179 214 110 109 163 160 108 178 139 105 173
1966 170 234 108 122 169 162 105 174 146 118 170
1967 194 200 103 135 183 168 117 202 135 101 195
1968 178 186 103 116 164 161 118 170 146 105 166






-36-


TABLE 5. CONT.--INDEX NUMBERS OF YIELD OR PRODUCTION PER UNIT IN FLORIDA, BY
COMMODITIES AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES 1924-1968 (1957-59=100)

Year Cotton Tobacco Other Crops Tota
and Cype Type Total Sweet Peanuts Soy- Velvet Sugarcane Total Crop
Cotton- 14 62 Tobacco potatoes for beans beans for Other
seed nuts sugar Crops
1924 44 49 77 60 94 70 124 95 67
1925 71 51 83 63 90 67 123 92 64
1926 55 57 85 68 101 70 139 101 60
1927 43 53 92 68 95 66 148 99 60
1928 37 44 83 59 95 59 133 47 76 53
1929 50 53 88 67 102 65 133 76 91 66
1930 71 56 83 66 76 54 97 73 76 53
1931 64 51 82 63 75 59 103 57 71 67
1932 33 42 74 55 67 43 89 85 75 55
1933 56 53 68 59 70 52 89 83 78 55
1934 57 51 67 57 80 57 96 71 77 59
1935 65 61 68 64 79 63 103 88 87 58
1936 65 64 77 69 73 67 82 87 83 54
1937 63 60 68 63 70 59 89 84 80 59
1938 64 69 85 75 79 77 86 93 91 67
1939 30 50 65 55 70 45 52 91 74 72
1940 60 66 77 72 67 79 76 82 84 68
1941 52 51 70 62 74 70 88 78 80 66
1942 53 61 80 71 74 59 80 77 74 65
1943 74 62 84 74 73 70 89 65 74 73
1944 83 64 85 75 76 65 74 73 75 75
1945 60 63 88 77 72 68 94 85 82 75
1946 49 67 74 71 76 48 74 83 72 78
1947 64 72 84 79 82 68 75 68 77 74
1948 94 72 88 81 72 80 89 73 83 85
1949 68 76 93 85 74 79 82 111 78 86 90
1950 83 72 90 81 73 88 78 103 80 87 86
1951 98 85 99 92 83 90 74 78 83 89 97
1952 95 81 86 84 90 96 82 74 89 96 102
1953 69 76 79 77 102 103 74 87 83 94 95
1954 127 92 103 98 90 84 49 74 83 85 109
1955 135 100 104 102 112 105 90 111 85 98 110
1956 82 87 96 92 92 111 90 92 102 109 107
1957 91 96 106 101 102 91 95 102 106 88 103
1958 116 105 94 99 92 116 107 99 97 109 95
1959 93 99 100 100 106 93 98 99 97 103 102
1960 125 113 113 113 92 122 107 104 81 94 112
1961 107 131 116 124 92 127 107 91 93 104 119
1962 142 139 106 124 93 136 103 66 90 103 128
1963 147 131 99 116 102 143 103 59 81 96 116
1964 124 126 107 117 113 155 103 75 92 107
1965 116 132 99 117 102 172 107 76 95 117
1966 128 119 96 108 112 93 111 81 91 120
1967 131 141 119 131 166 115 88 105 138
1968 148 131 117 125 167 99 82 99 116






-37-


TABLE 5. CONT.--INDEX NUMBERS OF YIELD OR PRODUCTION PER UNIT IN FLORIDA, BY
COMMODITIES AND GROUPS OF COMMODITIES 1924-1968 (1957-59=100)


Year Meat Animals
Cattle Hogs Total
& Meat
Calves lAnimals


1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1962
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968


32
34
38
.42
43
42
41
41
50
56
48
49
50
54
52
51
49
52
52
53
64
69
72
66
68
72
85
80
101
100
86
94
94
95
102
103
106
118
118
114
127
119
111
108
114


Total Total
Live- Crops &
stock & Live-
Products stock


37
41
53
50
48
46
44
47
51
53
48
51
59
60
68
66
62
66
65
57
55
64
70
59
67
60
67
79
80
78
81
80
88
83
104
113
126
139
137
149
162
148
182
176
187


35
38
47
47
46
45
43
45
51
54
48
50
55
58
62
60
55
58
58
55
60
67
71
63
68
67
81
80
97
96
85
92
93
93
102
105
109
121
121
119
132
123
122
118
125


47 142 57 -
47 139 58
45 163 61 -
45 162 59 -
46 114 55 -
48 150 58 -
46 156 70 -
47 177 57 -
47 140 58 -
47 132 57 -
47 146 54 13
48 175 58 20
52 196 58 25
54 157 56 27
55 187 61 30
55 186 55 38
52 184 56 55
59 187 53 64
59 229 57 74
62 250 59 79
62 174 55 57
64 217 58 73
63 173 55 75
63 196 61 85
63 183 66 85
67 185 69 113
72 154 69 119
75 180 71 114
76 166 72 125
77 179 81 129
76 166 90 147
83 153 98 122
92 117 104 126
97 102 99 103
97 98 100 103
106 100 101 94
111 101 106 83
113 104 107 87
119 102 106 77
123 108 96 60
125 113 92 68
128 146 127 99
135 144 135 116
142 139 131 148
140 129 130 226


85
85
94
92
75
52 86
55 96
60 94
59 59
59 80
50 74
58 85
55 91
57 80
54 92
42 88
47 82
54 84
49 97
49 104
47 80
58 95
51 85
66 96
82 96
86 105
69 81
71 84
65 85
80 93
78 102
73 104
89 107
80 99
87 100
133 101
49 103
70 104
71 102
59 92
57 90
71 124
92 133
123 133
146 142


89
92
89
97
84
134
70
69
100
130
137
125
127
124
92
117
120
95
85
117
115
117
119
114
92
114
97
109


63
61
59
59
53
63
54
65
54
56
57
58
56
60
67
70
65
66
66
72
73
74
76
73
82
86
84
91
97
93
102
105
104
101
96
103
111
117
124
115
110
119
123
136
122




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