• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Copyright
 Introduction
 Walter
 Walter PF
 Florida MH-1
 Floramerica
 Florida 101
 Florida 556
 Summary














Group Title: Homestead AREC research report - University of Florida Agricultural Research and Education Center ; SB77-3
Title: Descriptive summary of tomato cultivators and breeding lines recently developed by the University of Florida
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Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067822/00001
 Material Information
Title: Descriptive summary of tomato cultivators and breeding lines recently developed by the University of Florida
Series Title: Homestead AREC research report
Physical Description: 4 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Volin, R. B
Agricultural Research and Education Center, Homestead
Publisher: University of Florida, Agricultural Research and Education Center
Place of Publication: Homestead Fla
Publication Date: 1977
 Subjects
Subject: Tomatoes -- Varieties -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: R.B. Volin
General Note: "August 2, 1977."
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00067822
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 72476291

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Introduction
        Page 1
    Walter
        Page 1
    Walter PF
        Page 1
    Florida MH-1
        Page 2
    Floramerica
        Page 3
    Florida 101
        Page 3
    Florida 556
        Page 3
    Summary
        Page 4
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida







Homestead AREC Research Report SB77-3 August 2, 1977

Descriptive Summary of Tomato Cultivars and Breeding
* Lines Recently Developed by the University of Florida

R. B. Volinl/

INTRODUCTION

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) within the University of
Florida has conducted research toward tomato improvement for over half a century.
The general objectives have not changed over the years for the purpose remains to
provide Florida with high quality disease resistant fresh market tomatoes.

Through cooperative efforts IFAS researchers have recently released several tomato
cultivars and breeding lines designed to meet the various needs of the tomato in-
dustry. Production and evaluation of the new,.cultivar have provided evidence
that improvements in disease resistance, qu a aptability are inherent.

The following report provides t4 f description and mparison of the cultivars
and breeding lines recently re based. i77


WALTER. -..

Fresh market cultivar rel&ae ovemn-rWT
Developed for Florida but ha's--Wiespread adaptability elsewhere.
Disease resistances Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leafspct, gray leafmold.
Disease tolerances early blight.
Disorders unlikely to occur gray wall, catface, fruit cracking, blossom-end
rot, autogenous necrosis.
Fruit jointed stem, smooth, not firm when red, fruit size averages 6 oz.
Maturity, plant characteristics, and culture determinate, suitable for
ground, stake or wire cage culture. Pruning enhances size. Not recommended
where Verticillium is prevalent. Productivity and quality good when grown
as a fall, winter or spring crop.
Mechanical harvest not recommended due to the likelihood of excessive bruis-
ing and lack of concentrated maturity.
Flavor and texture good when harvested green mature or vine ripe.
Seed available at most farm supply distributors.


WALTER PF

Fresh market cultivar released March 1977.
Developed from a selection of WALTER with reduced incidence of fruit pox and
gold fleck.
Disease resistances, tolerances and disorders unlikely to occur same as for
WALTER except disorders fruit pox and gold fleck occur at mu!h less fre-
quency. (Fruit pox conditioned by single recessive gene, gold fleck con-
ditioned by a single dominant gene and both influenced by environment).
Fruit, maturity, plant characteristics and culture same as for WALTER. In
most pack-out tests WALTER PF produced larger fruit. Seasonal adaptability
same as for WALTER.




1/Associate Plant Pathologist, University of Florida, IFAS, Agricultural Research
and Education Center, Homestead, Fla. 33031.







Homestead AREC Research Report SB77-3 August 2, 1977

Descriptive Summary of Tomato Cultivars and Breeding
* Lines Recently Developed by the University of Florida

R. B. Volinl/

INTRODUCTION

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) within the University of
Florida has conducted research toward tomato improvement for over half a century.
The general objectives have not changed over the years for the purpose remains to
provide Florida with high quality disease resistant fresh market tomatoes.

Through cooperative efforts IFAS researchers have recently released several tomato
cultivars and breeding lines designed to meet the various needs of the tomato in-
dustry. Production and evaluation of the new,.cultivar have provided evidence
that improvements in disease resistance, qu a aptability are inherent.

The following report provides t4 f description and mparison of the cultivars
and breeding lines recently re based. i77


WALTER. -..

Fresh market cultivar rel&ae ovemn-rWT
Developed for Florida but ha's--Wiespread adaptability elsewhere.
Disease resistances Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leafspct, gray leafmold.
Disease tolerances early blight.
Disorders unlikely to occur gray wall, catface, fruit cracking, blossom-end
rot, autogenous necrosis.
Fruit jointed stem, smooth, not firm when red, fruit size averages 6 oz.
Maturity, plant characteristics, and culture determinate, suitable for
ground, stake or wire cage culture. Pruning enhances size. Not recommended
where Verticillium is prevalent. Productivity and quality good when grown
as a fall, winter or spring crop.
Mechanical harvest not recommended due to the likelihood of excessive bruis-
ing and lack of concentrated maturity.
Flavor and texture good when harvested green mature or vine ripe.
Seed available at most farm supply distributors.


WALTER PF

Fresh market cultivar released March 1977.
Developed from a selection of WALTER with reduced incidence of fruit pox and
gold fleck.
Disease resistances, tolerances and disorders unlikely to occur same as for
WALTER except disorders fruit pox and gold fleck occur at mu!h less fre-
quency. (Fruit pox conditioned by single recessive gene, gold fleck con-
ditioned by a single dominant gene and both influenced by environment).
Fruit, maturity, plant characteristics and culture same as for WALTER. In
most pack-out tests WALTER PF produced larger fruit. Seasonal adaptability
same as for WALTER.




1/Associate Plant Pathologist, University of Florida, IFAS, Agricultural Research
and Education Center, Homestead, Fla. 33031.







Homestead AREC Research Report SB77-3 August 2, 1977

Descriptive Summary of Tomato Cultivars and Breeding
* Lines Recently Developed by the University of Florida

R. B. Volinl/

INTRODUCTION

The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) within the University of
Florida has conducted research toward tomato improvement for over half a century.
The general objectives have not changed over the years for the purpose remains to
provide Florida with high quality disease resistant fresh market tomatoes.

Through cooperative efforts IFAS researchers have recently released several tomato
cultivars and breeding lines designed to meet the various needs of the tomato in-
dustry. Production and evaluation of the new,.cultivar have provided evidence
that improvements in disease resistance, qu a aptability are inherent.

The following report provides t4 f description and mparison of the cultivars
and breeding lines recently re based. i77


WALTER. -..

Fresh market cultivar rel&ae ovemn-rWT
Developed for Florida but ha's--Wiespread adaptability elsewhere.
Disease resistances Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leafspct, gray leafmold.
Disease tolerances early blight.
Disorders unlikely to occur gray wall, catface, fruit cracking, blossom-end
rot, autogenous necrosis.
Fruit jointed stem, smooth, not firm when red, fruit size averages 6 oz.
Maturity, plant characteristics, and culture determinate, suitable for
ground, stake or wire cage culture. Pruning enhances size. Not recommended
where Verticillium is prevalent. Productivity and quality good when grown
as a fall, winter or spring crop.
Mechanical harvest not recommended due to the likelihood of excessive bruis-
ing and lack of concentrated maturity.
Flavor and texture good when harvested green mature or vine ripe.
Seed available at most farm supply distributors.


WALTER PF

Fresh market cultivar released March 1977.
Developed from a selection of WALTER with reduced incidence of fruit pox and
gold fleck.
Disease resistances, tolerances and disorders unlikely to occur same as for
WALTER except disorders fruit pox and gold fleck occur at mu!h less fre-
quency. (Fruit pox conditioned by single recessive gene, gold fleck con-
ditioned by a single dominant gene and both influenced by environment).
Fruit, maturity, plant characteristics and culture same as for WALTER. In
most pack-out tests WALTER PF produced larger fruit. Seasonal adaptability
same as for WALTER.




1/Associate Plant Pathologist, University of Florida, IFAS, Agricultural Research
and Education Center, Homestead, Fla. 33031.






-2-

WALTER PF (Continued)

Mechanical harvest not recommended due to the likelihood of excessive bruis-
ing and lack of concentrated maturity.
Flavor and texture same as for WALTER good when harvested mature green or
red ripe.
Seed same as SUPER WALTER but renamed WALTER PF to more accurately indicate
improvement. Available at local farm supply distributors.


FLORIDA MH-1

Fresh market cultivar released September 1971.
Developed to meet Florida's need for a combination machine harvest hand pick
tomato variety.
Disease resistances Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leafspot, gray leafmold.
Disease tolerances bacterial soft rot, early blight.
Disorders unlikely to occur fruit pox, autogenous necrosis, catface, fruit
cracking.
Fruit very firm when red, jointless stem, generally not as smooth as WALTER,
deep red color outside and inside, maintains shelf-life over a longer period
of time. Fruit size averages 5-6 oz.
Maturity about 3-4 days earlier than WALTER.
Plant characteristics short determinate, lighter green foliage than WALTER.
Culture ground culture, stake or wire cages. No pruning needed. Not recom-
mended where Verticillium is prevalent. Grow as Fall, Winter or Spring crop.
Mechanical harvest recommended since it has concentrated maturity and the
ripe fruit are firm. Use special machine modifications to minimize bruising.
Flavor and texture good when harvested green mature or vine ripe.
Seed available at most farm supply distributors.


FLORA-DADE

Fresh market cultivar released December 1976.
Developed for south Florida and especially adapted to calcareous, rock soils.
Disease resistances Verticillium wilt, Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray
leafspot, gray leafmold.
Disease tolerances early blight, bacterial soft rot.
Disorders unlikely to occur fruit pox, catface, black shoulder, fruit cracking,
blossom-end rot, autogenous necrosis, gray wall
Fruit very firm when red, medium sized fruit 5-6 oz., jointless stems, good
fruit setting capability even in adverse weather, maintains good shelf-life
over a longer period of time.
Maturity 5 days later than WALTER, 8 days later than FLORIDA MH-1.
Plant characteristics vigorous, determinate, somewhat larger bush and more
erect growth than WALTER.
Culture grow under same management as WALTER. Productivity best when grown
as a Fall or late Spring crop. Prune to enhance size especially when staked.
Mechanical harvest not recommended for first harvest except when possible to
concentrate maturity. Use special machine modifications to minimize bruising.
Flavor and texture good when harvested mature green or vine ripe.
Seed available at local farm supply distributors.







FLORAMERICA

Fresh market HYBRID cultivar released January 1977.
Developed for all Florida production. Winner in 1974 All-American Vegetable
Trials.
Disease resistances Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leafspot, gray leafmold,
crown rot.
Disease tolerances early blight, Verticillium wilt, bacterial soft rot.
Disorders unlikely to occur fruit pox, fruit fleck, autogenous necrosis,
black shoulder, concentric cracking.
Fruit not as firm as FLORA-DADE and FLORIDA MH-1. Use care when handling
to prevent bruising. Large sized fruit 6-10 oz. pick only when fruit breaks
color to best determine maturity. Jointed stem. Blossom-end scars moderate.
Maturity similar to WALTER.
Plant characteristics determinate, selected for ability to set fruit under
adverse weather.
Culture ground culture, stakes or wire cages. No pruning needed. Produc-
tivity and quality best when grown as a Fall or Spring crop.
Mechanical harvest definitely not recommended due to the likelihood of ex-
cessive bruising and lack of concentrated maturity.
Flavor and texture best when picked pink or vine ripe.
Seed available at local farm supply distributors.


FLORIDA 1011

Dual purpose market processing released July 1977.
Developed as a breeding line in the improvement of disease resistant, market-
processing tomatoes.
Disease resistances and tolerances Verticillium wilt, Fusarium wilt race 1,
gray leafspot, gray leafmold, bacterial soft rot.
Fruit averages 4 oz., jointless stem, good separation of fruit and stem, good
red color, firm when red ripe, fruit has uniform green (ug) characteristic.
Maturity slightly earlier than WALTER.
Plant characteristics and culture determinate, smaller plant than FLORIDA 556.
Not as concentrated in set as FLORIDA MH-1. Productivity and quality good
when grown as a Fall, Winter or Spring crop.
Mechanical harvest most successful when the first harvest is hand picked or
growth regulators are used to concentrate maturity.
Use as a breeding line or parent in the development of future cultivars and
not recommended for fresh market, commercial production.
Seed Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc., P. O. Box 14006, University
Station, Gainesville, Florida 32601.


FLORIDA 556

Fresh market breeding line released September 1972.
Developed as a machine harvest, multiple disease resistant, fresh market
tomato.
Disease resistances and tolerances Verticillium wilt, Fusarium wilt race 1,
gray leafspot, gray leafmold, bacterial soft rot.
Fruit susceptible to graywall, jointless stem but vine separation poor. Deep
red color, 5 oz. average size, firm when red.
Maturity similar to WALTER.
Plant characteristics and culture vigorous plant, determinate, not as con-
centrated in fruit set as Florida MH-1. Productivity and quality good when
grown as a Fall, Winter or Spring crop.







FLORAMERICA

Fresh market HYBRID cultivar released January 1977.
Developed for all Florida production. Winner in 1974 All-American Vegetable
Trials.
Disease resistances Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leafspot, gray leafmold,
crown rot.
Disease tolerances early blight, Verticillium wilt, bacterial soft rot.
Disorders unlikely to occur fruit pox, fruit fleck, autogenous necrosis,
black shoulder, concentric cracking.
Fruit not as firm as FLORA-DADE and FLORIDA MH-1. Use care when handling
to prevent bruising. Large sized fruit 6-10 oz. pick only when fruit breaks
color to best determine maturity. Jointed stem. Blossom-end scars moderate.
Maturity similar to WALTER.
Plant characteristics determinate, selected for ability to set fruit under
adverse weather.
Culture ground culture, stakes or wire cages. No pruning needed. Produc-
tivity and quality best when grown as a Fall or Spring crop.
Mechanical harvest definitely not recommended due to the likelihood of ex-
cessive bruising and lack of concentrated maturity.
Flavor and texture best when picked pink or vine ripe.
Seed available at local farm supply distributors.


FLORIDA 1011

Dual purpose market processing released July 1977.
Developed as a breeding line in the improvement of disease resistant, market-
processing tomatoes.
Disease resistances and tolerances Verticillium wilt, Fusarium wilt race 1,
gray leafspot, gray leafmold, bacterial soft rot.
Fruit averages 4 oz., jointless stem, good separation of fruit and stem, good
red color, firm when red ripe, fruit has uniform green (ug) characteristic.
Maturity slightly earlier than WALTER.
Plant characteristics and culture determinate, smaller plant than FLORIDA 556.
Not as concentrated in set as FLORIDA MH-1. Productivity and quality good
when grown as a Fall, Winter or Spring crop.
Mechanical harvest most successful when the first harvest is hand picked or
growth regulators are used to concentrate maturity.
Use as a breeding line or parent in the development of future cultivars and
not recommended for fresh market, commercial production.
Seed Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc., P. O. Box 14006, University
Station, Gainesville, Florida 32601.


FLORIDA 556

Fresh market breeding line released September 1972.
Developed as a machine harvest, multiple disease resistant, fresh market
tomato.
Disease resistances and tolerances Verticillium wilt, Fusarium wilt race 1,
gray leafspot, gray leafmold, bacterial soft rot.
Fruit susceptible to graywall, jointless stem but vine separation poor. Deep
red color, 5 oz. average size, firm when red.
Maturity similar to WALTER.
Plant characteristics and culture vigorous plant, determinate, not as con-
centrated in fruit set as Florida MH-1. Productivity and quality good when
grown as a Fall, Winter or Spring crop.







FLORAMERICA

Fresh market HYBRID cultivar released January 1977.
Developed for all Florida production. Winner in 1974 All-American Vegetable
Trials.
Disease resistances Fusarium wilt races 1 and 2, gray leafspot, gray leafmold,
crown rot.
Disease tolerances early blight, Verticillium wilt, bacterial soft rot.
Disorders unlikely to occur fruit pox, fruit fleck, autogenous necrosis,
black shoulder, concentric cracking.
Fruit not as firm as FLORA-DADE and FLORIDA MH-1. Use care when handling
to prevent bruising. Large sized fruit 6-10 oz. pick only when fruit breaks
color to best determine maturity. Jointed stem. Blossom-end scars moderate.
Maturity similar to WALTER.
Plant characteristics determinate, selected for ability to set fruit under
adverse weather.
Culture ground culture, stakes or wire cages. No pruning needed. Produc-
tivity and quality best when grown as a Fall or Spring crop.
Mechanical harvest definitely not recommended due to the likelihood of ex-
cessive bruising and lack of concentrated maturity.
Flavor and texture best when picked pink or vine ripe.
Seed available at local farm supply distributors.


FLORIDA 1011

Dual purpose market processing released July 1977.
Developed as a breeding line in the improvement of disease resistant, market-
processing tomatoes.
Disease resistances and tolerances Verticillium wilt, Fusarium wilt race 1,
gray leafspot, gray leafmold, bacterial soft rot.
Fruit averages 4 oz., jointless stem, good separation of fruit and stem, good
red color, firm when red ripe, fruit has uniform green (ug) characteristic.
Maturity slightly earlier than WALTER.
Plant characteristics and culture determinate, smaller plant than FLORIDA 556.
Not as concentrated in set as FLORIDA MH-1. Productivity and quality good
when grown as a Fall, Winter or Spring crop.
Mechanical harvest most successful when the first harvest is hand picked or
growth regulators are used to concentrate maturity.
Use as a breeding line or parent in the development of future cultivars and
not recommended for fresh market, commercial production.
Seed Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc., P. O. Box 14006, University
Station, Gainesville, Florida 32601.


FLORIDA 556

Fresh market breeding line released September 1972.
Developed as a machine harvest, multiple disease resistant, fresh market
tomato.
Disease resistances and tolerances Verticillium wilt, Fusarium wilt race 1,
gray leafspot, gray leafmold, bacterial soft rot.
Fruit susceptible to graywall, jointless stem but vine separation poor. Deep
red color, 5 oz. average size, firm when red.
Maturity similar to WALTER.
Plant characteristics and culture vigorous plant, determinate, not as con-
centrated in fruit set as Florida MH-1. Productivity and quality good when
grown as a Fall, Winter or Spring crop.






-4-


FLORIDA 556 (Continued)

Mechanical harvest not recommended due to the lack of concentrated maturity
and difficult fruit-stem separation.
Use as a breeding line in the development of future cultivars and not recom-
mended for fresh market, commercial production.
Seed Florida Foundation Seed Producers, Inc., P. 0. Box 14006, University
Station, Gainesville, Florida 32601.


SUMMARY

This report provides only a brief description of IFAS tomato cultivars and breeding
lines. For circulars containing more complete information about each cultivar con-
tact Administrative Services Publications, IFAS, Building 664, University of
Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 or local county extension offices.




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