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 Historic note
 Fruit plants for South Florida
 References














Group Title: Sub-Tropical Experiment Station - mimeographed report ; no. 56-4
Title: Fruit plants for South Florida
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067803/00001
 Material Information
Title: Fruit plants for South Florida
Series Title: Mimeographed report
Physical Description: 16 leaves : ; 21 x 36 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Ledin, R. Bruce ( Robert Bruce ), 1914-1959
Sub-Tropical Experiment Station
Publisher: University of Florida, Sub-Tropical Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Homestead Fla
Publication Date: 1956
 Subjects
Subject: Tropical plants -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (leaves 14-16).
Statement of Responsibility: R. Bruce Ledin.
General Note: "March, 1956."
Funding: Mimeographed report (Sub-Tropical Experiment Station) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00067803
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 71817350

Table of Contents
    Historic note
        Copyright
    Fruit plants for South Florida
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
    References
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida









Nimeographed Report No. 56-1


FRUIT


PLANTS


FOR SOUTH


FLORIDA


R. Bruce Ledin

University of Florida
Sub-Tropical Experiment Station
Route 2, Box 508
Homestead, Florida


NOTES

Tree Size (depends on growing conditions and cultural practices)

Tall--growing upright, little spreading


Large--over 25 feet tall and usually with spreading branches

Medium--15 to 25 feet tall

Small--15 feet or less, often shrub-like


E--evergreen
D--deciduous
F--fast growing
S--slow growing
Se-semi


Availability in nurseries


X-common, carried by most nurseries
0--occasionally found in nurseries
R--rare, available only in a few nurseries, especially those specializing
in new and unusual fruit plants

References-number refers to publications listed on last three pages


3
rzC~


March, 1956





4K J


Scientific Name


Common Name


Native Country


Type,
Size


Fruits


Season


Uses


0
a i

<~u o
0) 0 B
;4 :3 *I.l
S4 :
I' Tl


4)
Mfi

(0 r-i


C C)
-I2


a:H
2p 0
rf
o -P
'd .a
0 o
o U


Propagation


Improved
Varieties


Notes


i Mexico, large, I frozen, j i desirable shade
Achras zapote Sapodilla Central tree, brown, May, fresh, E S X X Se X grafts, i O 46 Prolific, tree; seedlings
America medium sweet June sherbets seeds Russell unreliable; Pro-
n Caishelific variety
West Indies, large, late Ifresh,drink heavy bearer
Anacardium Cashew Tropical tree, apple-like spring, preserves,
occidental America medium fleshy part, early wine, nuts Se S X seeds R 9 red, cold sensitive
and nut summer roasted yellow
Slarge,yellow ratoons, Red Spanish requires qpccial
Ananas comosus Pineapple Tropical herb ish-orange, all year fresh, E F suckers, 0 42 Smooth culture; not w ll
;America juicy, etc. slips, Cayenne adapted to cul-
sub-acid crown IQueen, ture on li-me-
SAbakka, etc: stone soils
Annona cherimola Cherimoya :Peru, tree, large, 50 several in Does not do well
Ecuador small sweet summer fresh D S grafts 41l California in Florida
Mexico, large, fresh, fruit excellent,
Annona diversifolia llama |Central tree, pink or August- ice cream D S grafts R 41pink, white but shy bearer
America small white September
South Florida tree, fruits gathered
Annona glabra Pond apple iTropical small to large, fall drink D S seeds from the wild
America medium yellow trees
Mountain tree, *large, :July-
Annona montana soursop West Indies small yellow August drink D S seeds 41l

Soursop, Tropical tree, large, green summer drink, some heavy
Annona muricata Guanabana America small soft spines, and ice, D S seeds, R41l bearers sensitive to cold
_white flesh fall ice cream grafts selected
rd:: 0


Annona reticulata


Custard apple, iTropical
Bullock's heart America


tree,
small


large,almost
smooth


late
winter,
early
spring


fresh,
drink


seeds










Annona squamosa


Sugar apple,
Sweet sop


Tropical
America


tree,
small


large,heart-
shaped, seg-
mented,pulp
white creamy.
sweet


-3-


Summer,
fall


fresh,
ice cream


grafts,
seeds


Ol41


some
selections
made


the easiest of
the"annmonas
to grow


Annona squamosa X tre fresh, one of the best
Annona cherimoya Atemoya (Florida) small all drink, grafts R 41 Page Annona friiti-
S____________ice cream D S___ atemoya
Malaysia to tree, variablejelly, i airlayers, an excellent
Antidesma bunius Bignay West small t6 small, in late juice, E Se iSeI grafts, iO22 several on juice fruit,
Australia medium long currant-summer & wine seeds test tree attractive
Slike- ueter fall I when in fruit
m____________ale & female ____ i
Herber t atree, as above but jelly, an excellent
Antidesma River Australia small Ifruits September juice, E Se Se as above BR48 only one juice fruit,
dallachyanum cherry Ito larger iDecember wine i tree attractive
___medium hen in fruit
.ai_ i va le, very cold sen-
Java and large, baked, airlayers, variable, very col sen-
Artocarpus altilis Breadfruit other tree, around, all boiled, E S : X root no sitive. Can
islands large green, year roasted i | cuttings selections be grown only
______seedless __ i_ made here on Keys
; small, i j '
Artocarpus Kwai Muk South tree, round, all fresh E S seeds 9
hypargyrea China small green
4yre C asl genfresh, ... j | _
I I i.arge, i resh variable, hardier than
Artocarpus Jakfruit India, tree, elongated, !fall cooked, E S C X seeds, 9 no 'the breadfruit,
integrifolia i Malaya large segmented, dried, cuttings selections but fruit not
green seeds made here desirable
S i _______roasted
Bilimbi Malayan tree, Ipickle-like I pickles, i .
Averrhoa bilimbi Pickle region small Igreenish- bff and preserves, E S seeds
fruit yellow,acid on relish
t 4~-.


Averrhoa carambola


Carambola,
Star fruit


Malayan
region


medium
to
small


large-,
:yellow-
orange,
i5 ribbed


all
year


Fires ,
jelly,
preserves,
juice


E iS


airlayers,
grafts


sweet


handsome tree
and a desirable
dooryard fruit













Blighia sapida


Butia capitata



Calocarpum sapota


Calocarpum viride


Carica papaya


Carissa carandes


Carissa grsndiflora


Casimiroa edulis


Casimiroa tetrameria.


Akee,
vegetable
brain


West Africa


tree,
medium


large, yel-
low-red,
black seeds
,edible aril


-4-


fall


aril
fried,
fresh


seeds


3~~ 3 ____________________ _________________________________----


Jelly
palm


Gapote,

sapote


Green
sapote


Papaya.


Kprenda.


Carissa,
Natal plum


Brazil

Central
America


i 3------


Central
America


Tropical
America


India


South
Africa


palm,
medium


tree,
large


tree,
large


tall
herb


shrub,
long
thorny
branches

shrub,
thorny


- T


White
sapote,
Matesano


Woolly-
leaved
white
sapoto


Mexico &
Central
America


Mexico &
Central
America


tree,
medium


large, in
clusters,
yellow
large,
reddish
brown

large,
green

large,
yellow,
mclon-
like
small,
purplish-
black,
acid
medium
size, rod,
milky
;juice


large, yel-
lowish,
custard-like,
sweet


tree, as above
medium


}


off and jelly
on

May- fresh,
July sherbets,
ice cream

fresh


all fresh,
year juice,
etc.


June- juice,


Nov. jelly

more or fresh,
less salads
all sauce,
year juice


spring fresh


spring


fresh


E SeX X


F-- --X.-.. ....

E i X X




D -- X---
D i 1X


D :F
i i
i
i
i
i
E


seeds

seeds,
grafts


seed



seed


ell


:28 B:tty,Blue
*62 stem, Blue
:59 Solo


some mpde
X seeds, R 9 for sweet
airleyers, 158 Pnd large
cuttings fruit
-....-_- ~------_ _.-l- L

X seeds, pir- Gifford,
layers, X 9 Horne
cuttings

grafting, 9 Dado, Lenz
seeds 0 37 Pago,
|51 Golden,
SBlumenthel


grafting,
seeds


0 38


very
palm


cold hardy


cold sensitive


Ihas not fruited
Sin Florida


culture quite
exacting, papaya
fruit fly & viruses
hard to control

desirable juice
fruit



useful for hedgesol ,
thornless variety.
desirable orn-r:.en-
tal
, Unusual fruit


IR 9 Cooper

| i -


---


--


?


- '


II-----i F


i


spring


fruit poisonous
before it opens;
black seeds
poisonous. Tree
attractive when
in fruit


i
i
;- ---
i i i
i L i


,T__-


,,


,











Ceratonia silique


Carob,
St. John's
bread


Mediterranean
region


tree,
large


large pod


May-
July


-5-

Sflour,
I syrup,
i etc.


seeds


:20
i


some in
California


I ~ I_ ~ .---.~-- -<-*-- -.----- ---2 4--


Chrysobalanus
icaco


Chrysophyllum
cainito


Coco plum


Star apple


South Florida,
West Indies


Tropical
America


shrub


tree,
large


smootn, wnite
or purple,
cotton-like
nuln


large, purple
or green


summer
fall


spring


Jelly,
preserves


fresh


seeds


seeds,
craftss


Oi 9
36


white,
purple


green,
nurni p


pods rich in
protein & sugar.
Desired as a
health food
grown more as
San ornamental


-attractive
foliagee and
kinustnal. f7


Street, medium. to 'spring, i ey or Percian li
Citrus Lime Southern small to small, green but more juice, E S budding, XE18 Mexican, commercial
aurantifolia Asia edium when unripe or less pie, airlayers 25 Persian or ey lime or
oir |all year etc. : | I 30 Tahiti, Ifor home
Rangpur planting
SSour or i18 Pour orrange
Citrus aurantium. Seville I Southern tree, large, acid winter juice, E F X seeds 25 jsed as roc
orange Asia medium _marmalade i 05 stock
.. ..__..______....__...___ ___d___ _30 tock


Citrus grandis


Pummelo or
Shaddock


unina ana
Southern
Asia


tree,
medium


very large,
thick skin,
flesh yellow
or pink


November-
February


fresh,
peel
candied


budding I


i10
R 25
30


Green
shaddock


L
4it

fruit.
Ily



)t-


'very large, un-
usual fruit.
Iot well known
Here


I I small to large Dec.- i i Meyer,
Citrus limon Lemon Southern tree, some rough April, juice, 18 iVilla franca
Asia small to skin, acid also peel E Se X budding 25 Perrine, ot grown
medium summer & candied, i 30 2 Pond5erosa, ~och in
fall flavoring (rough lemon IFlorida
i i i i r rootstock)
Citrus mitis small, round, summer juice i i small
(C. reticulate X Calamondin Philippines tree or orange, I winter esee, S X budding ornamental
Fortunella sp.) orange shrub :acid winter eeb g X5 shrub
Smarmaladei 0 30
1 ____j_________-here' j _,


Citrus nobilis


King orange


Southeastern
Asia


tree,
medium


large,
rough skin


November-
February


juice,
fresh


budding


o18 i
0125
30
!


occasionally
grown


- -i i i i L i


..~. i


1


L










Citrus paradisi


Grapefruit


West Indies


tree,
medium
large


large,
to yellow,
acid


-6-


November- fresh,
June Ijuice


budding


Early (Nov.-Jan.):
Duncan, McCarty
Late (Jan.-June): Marsh
Seedless, FosterThompson,
Ruby (last 3 pink)


Tangerine, Southeast tree, round, sweet, fresh, Dancy tangerine,
Citrus reticulata Mandarin Asia, medium to peels easily November- juice, E 0Se X 1Xbudding 0 25 Cleopatra mandarin recom-
orange China small February rootstock 30 mended for rootstock in
_____________ __ Dade County
"tree, large, M ..8 lineola, tangelo's are
Citrus reticulata X Tangelo (Florida) medium to juicy, October- fresh, E Se budding O 25 Lake, unusual fruit--
Citrus grandis small sweet February juice i 30 Orlando, combining the
'I Seminole, qualities of
SSampson grapefruit and
Si _____________ ____ ______ __i i tangerine
r ge, i the temple is
Citrus reticulata X Tangors (Florida) tree, juicy, December- fresh, E Se i budding X 25 Temple the best orange
Citrus sinensis medium sweet March 'juice 3 orange to eat out-of
S_____ hand
tree, large, b J 'Early (Oct.-Nov.): Parson
Citrus sinensis Sweet China medium to juicy, October- fresh, IE Se budding X 25 Brown, Hamlin
orange large sweet June juice I i 30 iMidseason (Dec.-March):
Si I Jaffa, Pineapple
SLate (March-June): Valencia,
______ i ______Lue Gim Gong
Small, round, fresh, seeds,
Clausena lansium Wampi South China tree, yellow-green, June- juice, E F cuttings, 9
small aromatic August jelly,pie grafts _
'. -~~~~~ Im- ^ ... ... .. _. g a t


Coccolobis uvifera


Sea grape


and Tropical
America


medium
large


to to white, in
clusters


v aL.L UT
all
year


jelly


seeds
airlayers


some
selections
made


Native; good
ornamental;
fruits used for
"Span. f-arTfl i^PT l"


palm, Ilarge, fresh I Common type, one of the most
Cocos nucifera Coconut South Pacific 'tall fibrous jall year Igrated, iE jS IX X X seeds XI "Dwarf" popular trees ir
outside juice, type South Florida
uice d i i __ type South Florida


Cyphomandra betacea


Tree
tomato


Peru


tree or
shrub,
small


small,
tomato-like


Small year


fresh,
cooked


seeds


short lived
plant


!










Diospyros
discolor


Velvet
apple,
Mabolo


Philippines


tree,
medium


-7-


large,
covered with
reddish-
brown hairs


Sept.-
Dec.


fresh


seeds,
grafts


seedless
form


attractive,
unusual
fruit


Diospyros BElck i tree, large, dark variable, fresh, some on unusual
ebenaster sapote Mexico medium green to mostly desserts E F seeds, R 9 test fruit
black winter grafts
_--_--------~-------- --~- -*--- i-- -.---------- --- ------ ,. --*-- .k-- *_"...-..* ------ ---*------ '.
Japanese large, Ttnenpshi, does better
Diospyros or Orien- China & tree, yellow- fall fresh D F X grafts 0 17 Tsmopan, further
kaki tal per- Japan small orange, 13 others north,but
sinmmon seedless w ill grow
Here
shrub, or small, best of the
Dovyalis Abyssinian Ethiopia small tree, apricot- Nov.- fresh, E F seeds, 48 Dovyelis,
abyssinica Dobyalis thorny,male like May jam cuttings, ibut diffi-
and female rafts Icult to grow
shrub, medium, jMay-July, jelly, acid fruit,
Dovyelis Eei apple South thorny, greenish- sometimes preserves, E S X X seeds, R 9 used in
caffra. Africa male and yellow, fell sauces grafts sauces, pre-
female acid serves, etc.
Ceylon shrub, small, jelly, seeds, I Vigorous
Dovyelis goose- Ceylon thorny, dark Oct.- juice, E F X cuttings, 0 9 growing,
hebecarpa berry, male and purple, June pre- Trafts prolific
Kitembilla female acid serves i shrub
some selec- !fruit inter-
Dovyplis medium, tions mrde !mediate be-
hebecarpa x Hybrid (Florida) thorny yellowish- Sept.- fresh, E F X X airlayers, 0 48 for heavy jtween the
Dovyalis Dovyalis shrub brown, May juice, cuttings bearing,large parents,
abyssinica suba.cid jelly fruit, per- plants vig-
fect flowers orous, heavy
i |bearing
Eleagnus scandant small, Dec.- seeds, attractive
philippensis Lingaro Philippines shrub pale red, May jelly E F cuttings R 9 flowers and
aromatic t ifrits


Eriobotrya
japonica


Loquat


China


tree,
small to
medium


small, round
to oval,
yellowish-
orange, sweet


winter,
spring


fresh,
cooked,
pie,
jelly


x x


grafts,
airlayers,
seeds


SES No.4,01ivierdesirable
Tanaka,Thales, 7dooryard tree
Pineapple,Cham- :for f rit!p
payne, Advance, 'ornamsnLal
Premier










Eugenia.
aggregata


Cherry-of
the Rio-
Grande


Brazil


shrub or
small
tree


Small,
dark purple,
sweet


-8-


May,
June


fresh


seeds


attractive
ornamental


I small, attractive
Eugenia Grnmihama purple- March- fresh E S X i seeds R ornamental
doibeyi:.. Irazil shrub bleek, August
i sweet
sweet I_ ______ I____ __________
small, fresh, attractive
Eugenia Pitomba Brazil shrub orange- May- jam, E S seeds 9 ornamental
luschnathisna yellow, July jelly,
i sweet sherbet
Eugenia Brush shrub or small, attractive
paniculata cherry Australia small purple, spring jelly E S X seeds R ornamental
tree dry.
------ ------------------ ------ ---.. ... --r -- ----- --' ------ ----
Surinam round and fresh,
Eugenia cherry, Brazil shrub lobed,red April- salads, E F X seeds, X 9 red, useful
uniflora Pitanga to black, July jelly, grafts black hedge
resinous sherbet i plant
| hardy tree,
Euphoria Longsn South tree, small, July fresh, E S X seeds, R 9 easier to
longan China medium brown, dried, sirlpyers 126 gro', than
sweet preserved -lychee

Feijoa, fresh, Andre, cold hardy,
Feijoa Pineapple South shrub medium, October- jelly, E F X X seeds, 0 9 Choice, attractive
'F ,Xi X: X seeds, 0 1 9 Choice, ttr,-c ti!v
sellowiena guava America green December preserves grafting 52 Coolidge, flor ad
I i Superbp fruits
-',~~-~----i~---~ 4--
Flacourtia shrub or berry, July- seeds, m or
berry seeds, mor e or-.- .
cataphracta Paniala India and small tree, dark red, November, jelly E F X X cuttings, R 9 Thornless menl.l t
(F. jangomas) Malaya spiny, male round February-i airlayers Gove:nor s
Sand female I April pln
____ ___ __j-- I---------- I i | \ -----. ______


Flacourtia
indica
(F. ramontchi)


Governor s
plum,
Ramontchi


Madagascar,
South Asia


shrub or
small tree,
spiny, male
and female


berry,
round,
smooth,
red to black


July- fresh
November


F X


i


seeds,
cuttings,
airlayers


Thornless


good hedge
plant











Flacourtia inermisl Lovi-lovi


Malaya


shrub or
small
tree


oerry,
bright red,
acid


-9-


spring,
summer


jelly,
juice


seeds,
airlayers


not well known


shrub or i
Flacourtia rukam Rukam Malayasia small tree, i berry, dark FJuly-Oct., jelly E F X X seeds, 9
_ I _spiny purple :Feb.-Aprili airlayers -
Sweet or -Southeast small,
Frtunella Meiwa China shrub, orange, October- fresh, E S X grafts 0 30 popular dwarf
crassifolia kumquat ___ dwarf _sweet January juice _____plant
Round or small,
Fortunella Mariumi ISoutheast shrub, orange, October marmalade, E Se X grafts 0 30 popular dwarf
japonica kmgquat China i dwarf acid January conserve ______plant
FortunellaOval or Southeast shrub, small, October- marmalade, E Se X grafts 0 30 popular dwarf
marginata iNagami kumquat China dwarf orange, acid January conserve____ plant
shrub, small, round
Garcinia Imbe East Africa thorny, male orange, April- fresh E S X X X seeds R 9 odd-shaped
livingstonei & female large seed jAugust ___________plant
Hibiscus i Old World annual calyxes November cooked F
sabadariffica Roselle tropics shrub edible December sauce seeds 0
Night blooming large red flowers noctur-
Hylocereus icereus,Pitaya, Guatemala vine 'berry, juicy August- fresh, cuttings, 9 nal, large and
guatemalensis Strawberry seedy red :October juice E F seeds unusual
pear pulp i _

Hylocereus Night blooming similar but IAugust- fresh, cuttings, flowers noctur-
undatus cereUs,Pitaya Mexico vine pulp white October juice E IF seeds 0 9 nal, large and
Strawberry unusual
pear ,


Litchi
chinensis


Macadamia
ternifolia


Lychee


Macadamia or
Queensland
nut


South
China


Australia


tree,
large


tree,
large


medium, red,
white sweet
pulp


white
kernels


June


October-
February


fresh,
dried,
frozen,
preserved


fresh,
roasted


airlayers


grafts,
airlayers,
seeds


O 19
126
54
56


R.24
127


Brewster,
Bengal,
Groff


some on
test


a delicious
fruit; now being
grown
commercially

a delicious
nut and
attractive
tree


i i _i f _i ~--i-------i--~c-i---------i-









West Indian West Indies,
or Barbados Central and
cherry, South Ameri-
Acerola Ica


shrub


berry, large
red, juice,
sweet or
tart


May-
October


- 10 -
fresh,
juice,
ice


Sef F


airlayers,
cuttings,
seeds


Sweet,
SES
1000,
Younghans


attractive
plants,
fruits very
high in
Vitacin C


UWest Indies, large,round, fresh, i I attractive
Mammea Mamey South tree, brown, sweet summer cooked, E S X seeds, 9 tree, slow
sesgr i I 9 tree, slo
americana apple ilmerica medium to subacid jam grafts growing,cold
3 i I i sensitive


Mangifera
indica


Mangoo


Southeast
Asia


tree,
large


variable


May-
October


fresh,
frozen,
preserves,
etc.


grafts


23
34
39
49,57


Early--Zill, Florigon,Saigon
Midsepson--dward,Carrie,
Kent
Late-Palmer, Keitt


Spanish does not do
Melicocca lime, Tropical tree, medium, July- fresh E S X seeds, R 9 well on main-
bijuga Mamoncillo America large green, October airlayers I land,popular
Said _|___| j in Key West
I foliage corn-like, grown for
Monstera MonMonst, Mexico and plant, in sections, August- fresh, E cuttings X 9 large,unusual
cuttings, X large,unusual
deliciosa Ceriman Guatemala shrub-like sweet October salads seeds ileaves,flow-
vine ers and fruit
Capulin, I atractive,
Muntingia Panama berry, Trop- trees, small berry, May- fresh, E F i seeds, 0 9 red, fast-growing,
calabura Jamaica cherry, ical small red or yel- December jam, i suckers yellow small shade
Cuban Straw- Amer- low, sweet tarts i tree
Sherry ica _______ __
Musa Plantain, large large, in all i cold
paradisiaca cooking India herb bunches, year cooked E F suckers R 43 sensitive
banana ____ yellow __ i i________
Musa. large all Apple, Lady Apple variety
paradisiaca Banana India. herb variable year fresh E suckers 0 43 Finger, Ori- most commonly
var. sepientum _____ noco or hog grown
Musa Dwarf or South dwarf to 6" long, all j the best
nana Cavendish China type 1 across year fresh E F X I suckers 43 Cavendish banana for
banana i here
...___ a a a _ _ ,_.....___:,__,__ __ __ __ _,,_,__ ., ._ _____ ____ the.


MyrciPria
ceuliflora


Jaboticaba


Brazil


shrub or
small
tree


medium,
round,
black,
sweet


spring


fresh,
frozen,
wine


E S


seeds,
grafting


slow growing
but attrac-
tive end
able


Malpighia
glabra.









Passiflora
edulis


Purple passion
fruit,
Granadilla


Brazil


vine


large,purple ,spring,
subacid, sumner
juicy


fresh,
juice,
sherbet


seeds


large, unusual
flowers


Passiflora edulis Yellow passion Ilarge, juicy, fresh, I
var. flavicarps fruity Brazil vine yellow, spring, i juice, E' F seeds 9 large, unusual
Granadilla subacid Pummer Serbet i flowers
____ ___ _--------------_----- -------i --- ------- i. -- -S_------41 --- *--- ---
Passiflora Giant Tropical very large, I
quadrangularis Granadilla America vine greenish- .pring juice, E F seeds 13 large, unusual
yellow, cooked I I flowers
subacid
Avocado, large, green i I i Early--Pollock, Russell
Persea Alligator Tropical tree, or purple, jiune- fresh, Midseason--all, Fairchild
americana pear America large flesh pale March salads, | E F j i grafting X 163 Late--Itzamna, Nabal,
yellow,nutty etc. I Choquette
flavor i
Phyllanthus Otaheite Madagascar tree,medium, l edAum, 6- ril- preserves, seeds, i difficult to
acidus gooseberry & India male & lobed, pale une pies D F budding, control
female green, acidic cuttings I 9 caterpillars
Phyllanthus Emblic, Tropical treelarge, round, preserves, fruits high in
emblica Myrobolan Asia male and smooth, 'all pies D F seeds, 40 vitamin C
female green, acid i budding
Pouteria Canistel, Central tree, small variable in
campechiana Egg fruit, America, to medium, size and off and fresh, i seeds, I 9 several unusual fruit
(Lucuma nervosa) Yellow sapote Northern variable shape.yellow on eggnogg, E F X grafting on test
South orange, dry cooked
mrc i _i_ ___
America I I I I
Red Ceylon tree, medium, green! fresh, seeds, the only peach
pcCa s only peach
Prunus persica peach Ceylon small red around spring frozen, ID F X grafting, 153 none made to grow well
stone cooked cuttings j here
i, i her


Psidium
cattleianum


Cattle or
Strawberry
guava


Brazil


shrub or
small
tree


small, round,
red or yellow
subacid


July-
October


fresh,
jelly


seeds


Red,yellow
(var.
lucidium)


useful sbh-ub
for landscaping











Psidium
guajava


Rhodomyrtus
tomentosa


Guava


Downy
Myrtle,
Hill
gooseberry


Mexico to
northern
South
America


Tropical
Asia


tree,
small to
medium


shrub


variable


small,
greenish-
purple,
sweet


August-
October;
February-
March


August-
November


- 12 -

dessert,
jelly,
preserves,
juice,
etc.


jam,
pie


seeds,
airlayers,
grafts


seeds


Ruby,
Supreme,
Red Indian,
Ruby x
Supreme


fruits high
in Vitamin C0
"wild" ones
best for jel-
ly; improved,
as dessert
fruit


attractive
foliage,needs
acid soil


Mysore fresh, seeds, the only
Rubus black India bush, black, December- juice, E F cuttings, 0 33 raspberry
albescens rasp- small sweet, June ice cream, tip lay- to do well
berry juicy etc. ering here
size of favorite juice
small grafting fruit of ~que--
Solanum INTran- Ecuador shrub orange, all juice E F on 32 dor; must be
quitoense jilla hairy, year Solanum grafted onto J.
green macranthum macranthum to
inside seedlings overcome root-
______ _____ ______ ____ ______knot problem
large,
Spondias Amberella, South tree, yellow, August- fresh, D S X airlayers, 9 best of the
cythera Otaheite Facific large apple-like, February preserves, large Spondias
apple large spiny jelly cuttings
stone ___ __
Spondias Yellow Tropical tree, small, yel- August- fresh, seeds,
mombin mombin Imerica large low, large October cooked, D S X cuttings 9
seed jelly ____
Spondias pur- Red or Tropical tree, small, May- fresh, seeds,
purea & var. purple Imerica medium red, sub- August cooked, D S X cuttings 9
lutea mombin _____acid jelly________
Jambolan small, variable, good, fast-
Syzygium or Java Southeast tree, plum-like. May- jelly, E F X X X seeds, 0 9 some se- growing
cumini plum Asia large purple, July juice, grafting elections shade tree
astringent wine __ ___ made


Syzyg5um
,ambos


Rose
apple


East
Indies


tree,
large


round, pale
yellow,
sweet


April-
June


Sresn,
candied,
preserves


seeds


good s.hade
trec


i I i i










Tamarindus
indica


Tamarind


Tropical
Africa


tree,
large


pod,
brown,
pulp
date-
like


May-
June


- 13 -


drink,
pre-
serves,
chutney


Sel X


seeds,
airlayers,
grafts


some
selections
made


One of the best
shade trees;
fruits high
in sugar, cal-
cium, phos-
phorus, and
thiamine


Ssmall,red, fresh, useful in
Triphasia Lime Troical shrub, sweet, all preserves, iE F X seeds X 13 landscaping.
trifoliata berry Asia dwarf, resinous, year juice,candied,
__thorny aromatic _____jelly _________________
Indian tree, fleshy, fresh, I
Zizyphus or Malay .India medium, creb apple- Decem- dried, E P X seeds 91 heavy
msuritiana 'jujube thorny like,yellow- ber- jelly, | bearer
_________ish brown March candied ___


TROPICAL AND SUBTROPICAL FRUITS THAT, FOR VARIOUS REASONS,
HAVE NOT GROFN SATISFACTORILY IN SOUTH FLORIDA


PLANTS THAT CAN BE GROWN IN SOUTH FLORIDA BUT VI1ICH, FOR 03E REASON
OR ANOTHER, ARE NOT EECOOINEDED AS FRUIT PLAiTS


Artocprpus odoratissima
Beccaurea rscemosa
Bertholletia excelsa
Bowea macrophylla
Canarium ova.tum
Canarium commune
Crntaeaus mexicana
rurio zibethinus
.aupenia malaccensis
Garcinia mangostana
4enipa americana
Lansium domesticum
Nephellum lappaceum
Nephellum mutable
Platonia insignis
Pouteria caimito
Prunus salicifolia
Sandoricum kostjape
Spondias tuberosa
Zizyphus jujube


HMarang
Rambi
Brazil nut
?andaria
Pili nut
Java almond
Manzanillo
Durian
Malay apple
Mangosteen
Genip
Langsat
Rambutan
Pulasan
Bakuri
Abiu
Capulin
Santol
Imbu
Chinese jujube


Aegle marmelos
Dillenia indica
Eugenia currani
Ficus carica
Garcinia dulcis
Morus nigra
Morus rubra
Olea europe
Pereskla aculeata
Phoenix dactylifera
Punica granatum
RBndia formosena
Rollinia mucosa.
Terminalia cptappa
Tetrastigma harnandi
Vitis spp.


Bael fruit
Dillenia
Lipote
Fig

Black mulberry
Red mulberry
Olive
Barbados gooseberry
Date palm
Pomegranate
Rpndia
Rollinia
Tropical almond

Grape







14-

REFERENCES

A. General Publications

1. Brooks, R. ::. and C. O. Hesse. Western fruit growing. Univ. Calif. Press. 287 pp. 1953.

2. Chandler, V. H. Evergreen orchards. Lea Febiger, Philadelphia. 452 pp. 1950*

3. Cheema, G. S., S. S. Bhat, and K. C. Naik. Commercial fruits of India. Macmillan Co., Calcutta. 422 pp. 1954.

4. Dahlgren, B. E. Trqoical and subtropical fruits. Botany Series, No. 6, Chicago Natural History Museum. 72 pp. 1947.

5. Hayes, A. B. Fruit growing in India. Kitabistan Publishers, Allahabad, India, 2nd ed. 449 pp. 1953.

6. Joiner, Jasper. Adaptability of Florida fruit trees to landscape use. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 67: 308-311. 1954.

7. Ledin, R. B. A report on improvement of subtropical fruits at the Sub-Tropical Experiment Station, Homestead, Fla. Ceiba 4 (5): 275-285. 1955.

8. Morton, Kendal and Julia horton. Fifty tropical fruits of Nassau. Text House, Fla. 166 pp. 1946.

9. Mowry, Harold and L. R. Toy. Miscellaneous tropical and subtropical Florida fruits. Fla. Agr* Ext. Ser., Gainesville. Bull. 223, 88 pp. 1931.
Revised by H. S. Wolfe, Bull. 85, 90 pp. 1936.
Revised by H. S. Wolfe, Bull. 109, 94 pp. 1941.
Revised by G. D. Ruelle, Bull. 156, 112 pp. 1953.

10. Naik, K. C. South Indian fruits and their culture. P. Varadachary Co., Madras, India. 477 pp. 1949.

11. Ochse, J. J. Fruits and fruit culture in the Dutch East Indies. G. Kolff and Co., Batavia, Java. 180 pp. 1931.

12. Popenoe, Wilson. Manual of tropical and subtropical fruits. Macmillan Co., New York. 474 pp. 1927.

13. Sturrock, D. Tropical fruits for southern Florida and Cuba and their uses. Arnold Arboretum of Harvard Univ. 131 pp. 1940.
Fla.
. 14. Whitman, Y. F. Tropical pomology as a hobby. Proc,/State Hort. Soc. 67: 236-241. 1954.

1 5. Wolfe, H. S. Landscaping with tropical and subtropical fruits. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 65: 284-286. 1952,


<-*C








- 15 -


B. Specialized Publications

16. Arostegui, Fo, C. F. Asenjo, A. I. Muniz, and L. Alemany. Studies on the
West Indian cherry Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 67: 250-253. 1954.

17. Camp, A. F. and H. E. Mowry. The cultivated persimmon in Florida.
Fle. Agr, Ext. Ser. Bull. 124, 31 pp. 1948.

18. Camp, A. F. Citrus propagation. Fla. Agr. Ext. Ser. Bull. 139,
48 pp. 1950.

19. Cobin, M. (Revised by F. B. Ledin.) The lychee in Florida.
Fle. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 546. 35 pp. 1954.

20. Coit, J. E. Carob culture in the semi-prid southwest.
'alter Rittenhouse, San Diego, Calif. 15 pp. 1949.

21. Condit, J. J. The loquzt. Calif. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 250. 33 pp. 1915.

22. F.irchild, D. The jaboticabe and the antidesma. Proc. Fla. State Hort.
Soc. 49: 117-123. 1936.

23. Florida Mango Forum, Mango Studies. Printed by the Stuart Daily News,
Inc., Stuart, Fla. 156 pp. 1951.

24. -oldweber, S. Macademips for Florida. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 67:
257-261. 1945.

25. Granger, J. A. Dooryard citrus plantings in Florida. Fla. Agr. Ext.
Ser. Bull. 140. 23 pp. 1952.

26. Groff, G. W. The lychee and lungan. Orange Judd Co., New York.
188 pp. 1921.

27. Hamilton, R. A., W. N. Storey, end E. T. Fukunaga. Two new macadamia
nut varieties and an appraisal of the H.A.E.S. named varieties.
Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Cir. 36. 7 pp. 1952.


28. Harkness, R. W. Papaya growing in Florid. Fla. Agr. Ext. Ser.
Cir. 133. 7 Pp. 1955.

29. Hume, E. P. and H. F. Winters. The "Palo de Tometoe" or tree
tomato. Econ. Bot. 3 (2): 140-142. 1949.

30. Hume, H. H. The cultivation of citrus fruits. The Macmillan
Co., New York. 1949.

31. Krome, Mrs. I. Loquats. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 49: 143-145.
1936.

32. Ledin, R. Bruce. The naranjilla. (Solanum quitoense Lam.). Proc.
Fla. State Hort. Soc. 65: 187-190. 1952.

33. Ledin, R. Bruce. A tropical black raspberry for Florida. Fla. Agr.
Exp. Sta. Cir. S-56. 12 ppo 1953.

34. Ledin, R. Bruce. Mango varieties. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 67:
284-290. 1954.

35. Ledin, R. Bruce. The West Indian or Barbados cherry. Fla. Agr. Expo
Sta. Mimeographed report No. 56-1. 1955.

36. Lowe, B. K. The star apple in Dade County. Proc. Fla. State Hort.
Soc. 50: 60-61. 1937.

37. Lynch, S. J. The Dade white-sapote. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Press
Bull. 581. 4 pp. 1943,

38. Lynch, S. J., E. Larson, and D. D. Doughty. A study of the edibil-
ity of the akee (Blighia sapida) fruit of Florida. Proc. Fla.
State Hort. Soc. 64: 281-284. 1951.

39. Lynch, S. J. and M. J. Mustard. Mangos in Florida. Fla. Dept. of
Agr., Tallahassee. Bull. No. 20. 83 pp. 1955.


. I I.




, ,


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40.


41.


42.


43.


44.


45.


46.


47.


48.


49.


50.


51.


Morton, Julia. Phyllpnthus emblica. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc for
1955. (In press.)

Noonan, J. C. Review of investigations of the Annons species. Proc.
Fle. State Hort. Soc. 66: 205-210. 1953.

Platts, P. X. Pineapple ABC's. Fla. Dept. of Agr., Tallahassee.
Bull. 125. 78 pp. 195C.

Euehle, G. D. Growing bananas in Florida. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta.
Mimeographed report No. 11. 1946.

Ruehle, G. D. Promisinf new euava varieties. Proc. Fla. State Hort.
Soc. 59: 127-131. 1946.

Ruehle, G. D. The common guava--a neglected fruit with a promising
future. Econ. Bot. 2 (3): 306-325. 1948.

Ruehle, G. D. The sapodilla in Florida. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta. Cir.
S-34. 14 pp. 1951.

Ruehle, G. D. Growing fuavas in Florida. Fla. Agr. Exp. Sta.
MimeogrPphed report No. 12. 1953.

Ruehle, G. D. Two new fruits for South Florida. Proc. Fla. State
Hort. Soc. 66: 190-192. 1953.

Ruehle, -. D. and E. B. Ledin. Growing mangos in Florida. Fla.
Agr. Eip. Sta. Bull. (In press.)

Schroeder, C. A. Cheriroya varieties in California. Fruit Var. and
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Schroeder, C. A. White sapote varieties in California. Fruit Var.
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Schroeder, C. A. The Feijoa in California. Fruit Var. end Hort.
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Sharpe, R. H., T. E. Webb, and H. W. Lundy. Peach variety tests.
Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 67: 245-247. 1954.

Singh, L. B. and U. P. Singh. The litchi. Lucknow, India.
87 pp. 1954.

Smith, K. L. Growing and preparing guevas. Fla. Dept. of Agr.,
Tallahassee. 48 pp. 1952.

Storey, W. B., R. A. Hamilton, and H. Y. Nakpsone. Groff--a new
variety of lychee. Hawaii Agr. Exp. Sta. Cir. 39, 8 pp. 1953.

Sturrock, D. Notes on the mango. Stuart Daily News, Stuprt, Fla.
127 pp. 1944.

Sturrock, D. The ksrenda as a commercial fruit. Proc. Fla. State
Hort. Soc. 61: 289-291. 1948.

Thursby, I. S. The fruitful papaya. Fla. Agr. Ext. Ser. Bullo 134.
20 pp. 1948.

Thursby, I. S. The goodly guava. Fla. Agr. Ext. Ser. Bull, 135.
36 pp. 1948.

Wolfe, H. S. The jaboticaba. in Florida. Proc. Fla. State Hot',
Soc. 52: 37-39. 1939.

Wolfe, H. S. and S. J. Lynch. Papaya culture in Florida. Fla. Agr,
Ext. Ser. Bull. 113. 32 pp. 1950,

Wolfe, H. S., L. R. Toy, and A. L. Stshl. (Revised by G. D. hheble.,)
Avocado production in Florida. Fla. Agr. Ext. Ser. Ball. 141.
124 pp. 1949.




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