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Annual costs and returns on various programs
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067786/00001
 Material Information
Title: Annual costs and returns on various programs
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Dept. of Animal Sciences. -- Beef Research Unit
Publisher: University of Florida.
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Creation Date: 1962
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Beef cattle -- Economic aspects -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1957?
General Note: Description based on 1962/1963; title from caption.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 72704085
lccn - 2006229421
System ID: UF00067786:00001

Table of Contents
    Historic note
        Copyright
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Method used in computing items of costs and returns
        Page 3
    Costs rates and prices used in calculating costs and returns
        Page 4
    Items of input
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Amount and value of beef produced
        Page 7
    Summary of costs and returns
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida







I' 1. '



BEEF RESEARCH UNIT, Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations
Annual Costs and Returns on Various Programs
October 1, 1962 to September 30, 19631/


This experiment is designed to evaluate pasture programs varying in
intensities of fertilization and levels of management in terms of forage
production, soil nutrient balance, and rate and economy of beef production.

The Agricultural Economics Department has the responsibility for ap-
proximating costs and returns for each program. To make the results appli-
cable to commercial operations, the experimental data are supplemented with
date from other studies. This is done in order to show about what it would
cost to carry on the programs on a commercial operation if the levels of
experimental practices were used.

The present experiment was started in 1957. The number of programs
was reduced from 8 to 5. This experiment contains one all grass, three
grass-clover and one irrigated grass-clover program, with varying rates of
fertilization, Each program is designed to carry approximately the same
number of cows and is replicated twice. The pastures were formed from units
in the first phase of the study and from reserve areas. Data in Table 1
show the approximate size of each program.

In the experiment it is assumed that the level of pr C~j'ed
annually is sufficient to maintain or improve the pastu s'Therefo-' n
calculating annual costs, the original cost of establish ig g pastures was
not depreciated over a stated number of years. An ann ~ char is made
to cover the cost of capital invested in establishing improVd pastur
programs. The amount of the investment was $90 per acr or all ss p s-
tures and $107 for clover-grass pastures. These amount ~ e basetn t e
cost of establishing grass and clover pastures in the ori a -experii nt
(Table 2). A value.of $100 per acre was added to the estab r hment cost to
cover the value of land and cost of fencing. It is assumed that a ranch would
be fenced with barb wire. A value of $160 per acre was used as the needed
investment in a well and equipment to irrigate program 5. This was the value
used in the first phase of the experiment. Program 5 is irrigated by means
of sprinkler irrigation.


SThis report was prepared in the Departmeat of Agricultural
Economics, Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Gainesville, Florida








-2-

Table l.--Approximate Size of Experimental Programs.


Program Number

1



2



3



4



5


Replication

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2


Approximate
Acreage
16

16

20
1/
20-

16

16

16

16

12

12


Forage Plants

Grass

Grass

Grass-clover

Grass-clover

Grass-clover

Grass-clover

Grass-clover

Grass-clover

Grass-clover (irri

Grass-clover (irri


SThis replication was increased to 20.83 acres in the 1961-62 season.



Table 2.--Investment per Acre in Pastures.


Item Program Number
1 2 3 4 5

Cost of establishing-' $ 90 $107 $107 $107 $107
Value of land and fences 100 100 100 100 100
Investment in irrigation -
facilities --- -- 160
Total $190 $207 $207 $207 $367


SBased on cost of establishing pastures in first phase of program.
Cost of establishing grass pastures, $90 per acre; grass and clover pastures,
$107 per acre.


gated)

gated)


--~ -- -I-- --I
- --- -- ~-- -- -- ~- ~ ----


. ,








-3-

Method Used in Computing Items of Costs and Returns

Various items of costs were charged to the programs as indicated below:

1. Fertilizer and top dressing: The charge for fertilizer and top dressing
was based on the amount applied on each program. Cost per ton was the
average price paid by the Experiment Station for these items purchased
for use at the B. R. U. during the 1962-63 season.

2. Pasture maintenance: Cost of spreading fertilizer and top dressing
was charged on a per ton basis. Mowing was charged on a per hour basis.
In each case the rate used was based on the normal time of commercial
operators for similar operations. The rate used was assumed to cover
cost of labor, power and use of equipment,

3. Irrigation: Cost of irrigation was charged on the basis of the estimated
cost of operating equipment to irrigate 40 acres. From unpublished
data of the Experiment Station, it was estimated that the fixed costs
of maintaining a sprinkler irrigation system was 12 percent of the
investment cost. Operating cost depends on the amount of water applied.
For a system of the size assumed, it would require about 1-1/2 hours
to apply an acre-inch of water.

4. Investment charge: The investment charge was based on 6 percent of the
estimated cost of establishing the pastures including the value of
land and fences. This charge was made to cover cost of capital invested
in land and fences and the capital invested in establishing the pastures.

5. Feed and minerals: A record was kept of supplemental feeds and the
amount of minerals consumed by the cows on each program. Items
purchased were charged at the average price paid during the 1962-63
season by the Experiment Station for these items purchased for use
at the B. R, U. Silage harvested on reserve areas and fed cows was
charged at its equivalent value in terms of the estimated cost to
purchase hay. Hay that was harvested on reserve areas and fed cows
was also charged at the estimated cost to purchase hay of similar
quality.

6. Miscellaneous charges: To obtain cost estimates comparable to a
commercial operation, charges were included to cover estimated costsof
breeding fees, labor on cows, veterinary, medicines, insurance, taxes,
etc., depreciation on cows, interest on investment in cows, and other
costs. The rates used for these items were based on data obtained in
the study "Cost of Clearing Land and Establishing Improved Pastures in
Central Florida", by L. A. Reuss (Florida Agr. Expt. Sta. Bul. 600,
August 1958). The rates were adjusted for the better quality of
cattle used in tbis experiment. Adjustments were made in some items
of miscellaneous cost for the 1962-63 season to cover increases in
costs since 1958. These adjustments were based on data in the "1962
Ranch Business Analysis", Agricultural Extension Service Economic
Series 63-4.









7. Extra grazing days: In conducting this experiment, surplus forage
that accumulates during the growing season is grazed off by adding
extra cows to the pastures at intervals as needed. No extra cows
were grazed on any of the pastures during the 1962-63 season.

8. Value of beef: When the calves were weaned, they were scored as to
their estimated slaughter grade. The value of beef produced was
based on the state average price for slaughter calves for August,
1963. The price for an individual lot of cattle was adjusted based
on market grade of the cattle and the amount of spread between grades.

Costs Rates and Prices Used in Calculating Costs and Returns

Costs rates and prices of beef used in calculating costs and returns
on the various programs for the 1962-63 season are given in Table 3.



Table 3.--Costs Rates and Prices Used in Calculating Costs and Returns, Beef
Research Unit, October 1, 1962 to September 30, 1963.

Item Unit Average rate
Fertilizer and top dressing
0-10-20 fertilizer ton $32.88
Nitrate of soda 16 percent ton 60.00

Feed and minerals
41 percent cottonseed meal ton 82.31
Ground snap corn ton 48.76
Dried citrus pulp ton 42.72
Aureomycin crumbles cwt. 25.00
Vita-flak A-10 (10 M units of A per gm.) cwt. 56.00
B. R. U. wintering ration No. 11! ton 58.22
Sorghum silage ton 7.50
Pangola grass hay ton 45.00
Mineral mix ton 96.80

Maintenance operations
Spreading fertilizer ton 5.00
Spreading top dressing ton 10.00
Mowing hour 3.00

Irrigation costs
Annual cost of maintaining equipment Per dollars 12 percent
Invested
Cost of operating equipment Acre-inch $ 1.50
Labor for applying water Acre-inch .75










Table 3.--Costs Rates and Prices Used in Calculating Costs and Returns, Beef
Research Unit, October 1, 1962 to September 30, 1963 (cont.)

Item Unit Average rate

Miscellaneous costs
Breeding fees Animal unit $ 6.00
Labor on cattle 3.00
Veterinary, medicines, insurance and taxes 2.00
Depreciation on cows 9.00
Interest on investment in cows 7.50
Other costs 3.00

Price of beef
State average price for slaughter calves in August
Good cwt. 23.92
Standard cwt. 22.30


B. R. U. wintering ration No. 1--14 percent crude protein

Item Unit Amount Cost
Ground snap corn Ib, 600 $14,63
Dried citrus pulp lb, 200 4,27
41 percent cottonseed meal lb, 200 8,23
Aureomycin crumbles lb, 8 2,00
Vita-flak A-10 (10 M units of A per gm.) lb. 0.5 .23
Total 1008.5 $29.36
Cost per ton $58,22



Items of Input

Fertilizer and top dressing: The amount of fertilizer and top dressing
applied per acre on each program is shown in Table 4, Top dressing was
applied only on program 1. Pastures in program 1 were top dressed twice
during the 1962-63 season with nitrate of soda. Normally, ammonium
nitrate is used as the material for top dressing rather than nitrate of
soda.










Table 4.--Number of Experimental Cows, Acres of Pasture per Cow and Amount
of Fertilizer and Top Dressing Applied, Average per Program,
Beef Research Unit, October 1, 1962 to September 30, 1963

Program Experimental Acres of Fertilizer and to dressing per acre
No. Cows Pasture 0-10-20 Nitrate of soda
Per cow
Number Number Pounds Pounds
1 11 1.46 450 7501_/
2 15 1.36 300
3 11 1.46 500
4 11 1.46 700
5 9 1.33 900


Equivalent to 120 pounds of N per acre.


Supplemental Feeds and Minerals: Table 5 shows the amount of supple-
mental feeds and minerals fed cows in each program. Each year that the
experiment has operated, cows on program 1 have required more supplemental
feed than cows on other programs.

The winter feeding program differed in the 1962-63 season in that the
cows on program 1 were fed a special B. R. U. wintering ration No. 1
for a part of the time. The experimental cows were also wintered on the
reserve pastures with the exception of programs 1 and 4 which were fed
in pastures 11 and 42 respectively. This feeding policy was adopted in
the 1962-63 season for the first time in an effort to save time and labor
and to avoid the pasture damage that resulted when the cows were fed in
the experimental pastures. No effort was made to adjust for this change
in wintering the cows in calculating costs and returns.

Table 5.--Supplemental Feeds and Minerals, Average Amount per Program and
per Cow, Beef Research Unit, October 1, 1962 to September 30, 1963

Program Supplemental feeds
No, 41 Percent B.R.U. wintering Sorghum Pangola Minerals
lCottonseed meal Ration No. 1 Silage Hay_
Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds Pounds
Amount per program
1 424 10,659 31,570 4,807 600
2 1,118 43,050 712
3 820 31,570 576
4 820 31,570 462
5 670 25,830 613
Amount per cow
1 38.5 969--- 2,70 437 55.5
2 74.5 2,870 47.5
3 74.5 2,880 52.4
4 74.5 2,870 42.0
5 74.5 2,870 68,1










Amount and Value of Beef Produc'ed

In this analysis production of beef was based on the total weight of
calves weaned from each program. The 1963 calves were weighed on August
22, 1963. Since each pasture was stocked with pregnant cows, the production
of beef represesai pzyiuction of beef from cows that calved. No adjustment
is made in these figures for cows that were exposed but did not calve.
These figures also are not adjusted for any shrinkage that would occur in
marketing the calves.

Table 6 shows number of calves weaned, average weight per calf,
production of beef on a per cow and per acre basis, average market grade
score of calves, and value of beef on a per pound, per cow and per acre
basis. The production of beef per acre varied from 324 pounds on program
3 to 379 pounds on program 2. The value of beef was $81 per acre on
program 3 and $96 on program 2.

Table 6.--Amount and Value of Beef Produced, Average per Program, Beef
Research Unit October 1, 1962 to September 30, 1963.

Calves weaned Pounds of beef Average Value of beef
Program Number Average Per Per Market Per
No. Weight Cow Acre Grade Pound Per Per Per
.S I Score (Cents) Calf Cow Acre
1 11.0 502 502 345 11.6 24.81 $125 $125 $86
2 15.0 516 516 379 11.6 24.76 128 123 96
3 10.5 494 471 324 11.8 24.88 123 117 81
4 11.0 499 499 343 11.9 24.92 124 124 85
5 8.0 509 453 340 12.3 25.15 128 114 85



The value of beef produced per acre depends on percent of calves born
that were weaned, average weight of calves at weaning, average market grade
score, and the price per pound for beef produced. Table 7 shows some
comparative figures for the five years that this phase of the experiment
has operated. The average weight of calves weaned showed a significant
increase from the 1958-59 season to the 1961-62 season, but weaning weight
has tended to level off during the past two seasons.










Table 7.--Comparison of Number of Calves Weaned, Average Weight of Calves
Weaned, Production of Beef per Acre, Price per Pound of Beef, Value of
Beef per Acre,
Beef Research Unit, Average per Program, Season 1958-59 to 1962-63

Season Program No.
SNu2 3 4 5
Number of calves weaned


11.0
14.5
14.5
13.5
15.0


9.0
11.0
10,5
10.0
10.5


8.5
10.5
10.5
10.5
11.0


Average weight of calves weaned--(Pounds)


427
436
516
527
516


423
442
486
514
494


Production of beef ner


1958-59
1959-60
1960-61
1961-62
1962-63


1958-59
1959-60
1960-61
1961-62
1962-63


1958-59
1959-60
1960-61
1961-62
1962-63


1958-59
1959-60
1960-61
1961-62
1962-63


1958-59
1959-60
1960-61
1961-62
1962-63


238
304
319
321
324


410
463
490
520
499


acre--(Pounds)


218
304
321
341
343


Price per pound for beef--(Cents)


28.65
22.24
24.56
24.75
24.76


27.95
21.62
24.77
24.46
24.88


Value of beef per acre
$67 $66
70 66
92 79
86 78
96 81


27.25
20.87
24.78
24.63
24.92


$59
63
80
84
85


Summary of Costs and Returns


An average of the various items of costs for the two replications in
each program is given in Table 8. These data are summarized in Table 9
and are expressed on a cost per acre and cost per pound basis. In the 1962-63


11.5
10.5
10.0
10.5
11.0


8.0
8.0
8.5
8.0
8.0


235
316
374
356
379


272
285
297
335
345


286
312
370
364
340


27.53
21.50
24.00
24.54
24.81


$75
61
71
82
86


27.95
22.50
24.93
24.86
25.13


Producion ofbeef pr acr-- (Pounds)-










season, the total cost for maintaining pastures varied from $19.04 per acre
on program 2 to $53.91 per acre on program 5. Total cost per acre varied
from $52.44 on program 2 to $105.36 on program 5. Cost per pound of beef
produced was 13.83 cents on program 2 and 30,51 cents on program 1. On
program 1 cost of fertilizer and top dressing was 8.65 cents per pound
and cost of supplemental feeds 10.56 cents per pound.


Table 8.--Average Cost per Program, Beef Research Unit,
to September 30, 1963


October 1, 1962


Item Program No.
1 2 3 4 5


Cost of pasture maintenance:
Fertilizer & top dressing
0-10-20 $ 118.37
Sodium nitrate 359.82
Total $ 478.19


Maintenance operations:
Spreading fertilizer
Spreading top dressing
Mowing


$ 18.00
59.97
28.35


Cost of irrigation:
Fixed cost of equipment -
Operation and labor costs --
Total direct costs $ 584.51
Investment charge 182.40
Total cost of main-
taining pastures $ 766.91


$ 100;70

$ 100.70

$ 15.31

19.21


$ 135.22


$ 131-.48

$ 131.48

$ 20.00

17.55




$ 169.03


$ 184,-11

$ 184.11

$ 28.00

31.05




$ 243.16


$ 177.54

$ 177.54

$ 27.00

13.50

230.40
49.50
$ 497.94


253.56 198.72 198.72 149.04

$ 388.78 $ 367.75 $ 441.88 $ 646.98


Feed and minerals:
41 pet. cottonseed meal
B.R.U.wintering ration
No. 1
Sorghum silage
Pangola grass hay
Minerals
Total
Other costs:
Breeding fees
Labor on cattle
Vet., med., ins., taxes,
etc.
Depreciation on cows


$ 17.45 $ 46.01 $ 33.75 $ 33.75 $ 27,57


310.28
118.39
108.16
29.04
$ 533.32


143.75

34.48
$ 224.24


$ 66.00 $ 90.00
33.00 45.00

22.00 30.00
99.00 135.00


118.39

27.86
$ 180.00

$ 66.00
33.00

22.00
99.00


118-;39

22.39
$ 174.53

$ 66.00
33.00

22.00
99.00


96f-.86

29.67
$ 154.10

54.00
27.00

18.00
81.00








-10-

Table 8.--Average Cost per Program, Beef Research Unit, October 1, 1962
to September 30, 1963, (cont.)

Item Program No.
S 1 2 3 4 5
Interest on investment
in livestock $ 82.50 $ 112.50 $ 82.50 $ 82.50 $ 67.50
Other 33.00 45.00 33.00 33.00 27.00
Total costs $1685,73 $1070.52 $ 883.25 $ 951.91 $1075.58
Number of calves weaned 11 15 10.5 11 8
Weight of calves 5525 7740 5185 5484 4074
Net cost per pound of beef
(cents) 30.51 13.83 17.03 17,36 26,40


Table 9.--Average Cost per Acre and Per Pound of Beef, Beef Research Unit,
October 1, 1962 to September 30, 1963

Item Program No.
1 2 3 4 5
Cost per acre


Fertilizer and top dressing
0-10-20 $ 7.40
Sodium nitrate 22.49
Total $ 29.89
Maintenance operations 6-;64
Cost of irrigation --
Investment charge 11.40
Total pasture costs $ 47.93
Feed and minerals 36.46
Miscellaneous livestock costs 20.97
Total costs $105.36


Fertilizer and top dressing
0-10-20 $ 2.14
Sodium nitrate 6.51
Total $ 8.65
Maintenance operations -1-93
Cost of irrigation --
Investment charge 3.30
Total pasture costs $ 13.88
Feed and minerals 10,56
Miscellaneous livestock costs 6.07
Total costs $ 30.51


$ 4793

$ 4.93
'769

12.42
$ 19.04
10.99
22.41
$ 52.44


$ 6722

$ 8.22
-2-.34

12.42
$ 22.98
11.25
20.97
$ 55.20


Cost ner naund


$ --.30

$ 1,30
-744

3.28
$ 5.02
2,90
5.91
$ 13.83


$ -2754

$ 2.54
-,72

3.83
$ 7.09
3.47
6.47
$ 17.03


$ 11.-51 $ 147.79

$ 11.51 $ 14.79
3a,69 3.37
-- 23.33
12.42 12.42
$ 27.62 $ 53.91
10.91 12.84
20.97 22.88
$ 59.50 $ 89.63
of beef (cents)


of beef (cents')


$ 3-.36

$ 3.36
"708

3.62
$ 8.06
3.18
6.12
$ 17.37


$ 4736

$ 4.36
.99
6.87
3.66
$ 15.88
3.78
6.74
$ 26.40


------








-11-

The net returns for the beef enterprise on each program are
summarized in Table 10, On programs and 5 the value of beef produced was
slightly less than the cost of producing the beef. Program 2 showed the
largest net returns. There was very little difference in the net returns
on programs 3 and 4.

Table lO.--Net Returns from Beef Production, Average Per Program, Beef
Research Unit, October 1, 1962 to September 30, 1963

Item Program No.
1 2 3 4 5
Returns per pounds (cents)
Value of beef $24.81 $24.76 $24.88 $24.92 $25.13
Net costs 30.51 13.83 17.03 17.37 26.40
Net returns -$ 5.70 $10.93 $ 7.85 $ 7.55 -$ 1,27
Returns per calf
Value of beef $125 $128 $123 $124 $128
Net costs 153 71 84 87 134
Net returns -$ 28 $ 57 $ 39 $ 37 -$ 6
Returns per cow
Val'ie of beef $125 $128 $117 $124 $114
Net costs 153 71 80 87 120
Net returns -$ 28 $ 57 $ 37 $ 37 -$ 6
Returns per acre
Value of beef $ 86 $ 96 $ 81 $ 85 $ 85
Net costs 105 52 55 60 90
Net returns -$ 19 $ 44 $ 26 $ 25 -$ 5


Tables 11 to 15 contain summaries of cost items and amount and value


of beef produced on pastures in the two replications
the 1962-63 season.


of each program for








-12-

Table 11.--Items of Cost, Beef Research Unit 1962-63, Program 1, Acres per
Replication, 16--Cows per Pasture, 11

Item Price Pasture 11 Pasture 12-
SUnit IAmount I Amount I Cost 1 Amount I Cost


Cost of pasture main-
tenance:
Fertilizer and topdressing:
0-10-20 ton $32.88
Sodium nitrate ton 60.00
Total
Maintenance operations:
Spreading fertilizer ton 10.00
Spreading top dressing ton 10.00
Mowing hour 3.00
Total direct cost


Investment charge


7200
11994



7200
11994
10.8


$ 118.37
359.82
$ 478.19

18.00
59.97
32.40
$588.56


7200 $ 118.37
11994 359.82
$ 478.19


7200
11994
8.1


18.00
59.97
24.30
$ 580.46


Sacre 11.40 16.0 182.40 16.0 182.40


Total cost of main-
taining pastures
Feed and minerals:
41 pet. cottonseed
meal
B.R.U. wintering
ration No. 1
Sorghum silage
Pangola grass hay
Minerals


$770.96


ton

ton
ton
ton
ton


82.31 424 $ 17.45


58.22
7.50
45.00
96.80


10659
31570
4807
600


Total


Other costs:
Breeding fees
Labor on cattle
Vet., med., ins.,
taxes, etc.
Depreciation on cows
Interest on invest-
ment in livestock
Other


A.U.
A,U.
A,U.

A.U.
A.U.

A.U.
A.U.


6.00
3.00

2.00
9.00

7.50
3.00


Total costs
Number of calves weaned
Weight of calves at weaning
Net cost per pound of beef (cents)


310.28
118.39
108.16
29.04
$583.32

$ 66.00
33.00

22.00
99.00

82.50
33.00
$1689.78


$ 762.86


424 $ 17.45


10659
31570
4807
600


310.28
118.39
108.16
29.04
$ 583.32

$ 66.00
33.00

22.00
99.00

82.50
33.00
$1681.68


5498
30.73


5552
30.29








-13-

Table 12.--Costsand Returns, Beef Research-Unit 1962-63, Program 2, Acres per
Replication, 20 in 21; 20.83 in 22--Cows per Pasture, 15

Item Price Pasture 21 Pasture 22
Unit Amount Amount I Cost Amount I Cost


Cost of pasture main-
tenance:
Fertilizer and top dressing:
0-10-20 ton $32.88 6000 $ 98.64 6250


Maintenance operations:
Spreading fertilizer ton
Mowing hour
Total direct cost
Investment charge acre


Total cost of main-
taining pastures
Feed and minerals:
41 pct, cottonseed
meal
Sorghum silage
Minerals


5.00 6000 15.00
3.00 5.3 15.90
$129.54


6250
7.51


12.42 20.0 248.40 21.83


ton $82.31
ton 7.50
ton 96.80


Total
Other costs:
Breeding fees A.U.
Labor on cattle A.U.
Vet., med., ins.,
taxes, etc. A.U.
Depreciation on cows A.U.
Interest on investment
in cattle A.U.
Other A.U.
Total costs
Number of calves weaned
Weight of calves at weaning


1118
43050
712


6.00
3.00

2.00
9.00

7.50
3.00


Net cost per pound of beef (cents)


$377.94


$ 46.01
143.75
34.46
$224.22

90.00
45.00

30.00
135.00

112.50
45.00
$1059.66


1118
43050
713


$ 102.75

15.62
22.53
$ 140.90
258.71

$ 399.61


$ 46.01
143.75
34.50
$ 224.26

90.00
45.00

30.00
135.00

112.50
45.00
$1081.37


8196
12.93


7284
14.84








-14-
Table 13.--Costs and Returns, Beef Research Unit 1962-63,
Replication, 16--Cows per Pasture, 11


Program 3, Acres per


Item Price J Pasture 31 Pasture 32
Unit Amount Amount I Cost Amount. Cost


tost of pasture i-a:u-
tenance:
Fertilizer and top dressing:
0-10-20 ton
Maintenance operations:
Spreading fertilizer hour
Mowing
Total direct costs


Investment charge
Total cost of main-
taining pastures
Feed and minerals:
41 pet. cottonseed
meal
Sorghum silage
Minerals


$32.88

3.00


acre 12.42


ton $82.31
ton 7.50
ton 96.80


Total
Other costs:
'Breeding fees A.U,
Labor on cattle A.U.
Vet., med., ins.,
taxes, etc. A.U.
Depreciation on cows A.U.
Interest on investment
in livestock A.U.
Other A.U.
Total costs
Number of calves weaned
Weight of calves at weaning


7998 $131.48

7998 20,00
7.8 23.40
$174.88
16.0 198.72


820
31570
575


6.00
3.00

2.00
9.00

7.50
3.00


Net cost per pound of beef (cents)


$373.60


$ 33.75
118.39
27.83
$179.97

$ 66.00
33.00

22.00
99.00

82.50
33.00
$889.07


5296
16.79


7998

7998
3.9


$131.48

20.00
11.70
$163.18


16.0 198.72


820
31570
576


$361.90


$ 33.75
118.39
27.88
$180.02

$ 66.00
33.00

22.00
99.00

82.50
33.00
$877.42


5074
17.29








-15-


Table 14.--Costs and Returns, Beef Research Unit 1962-63,
per Replication, 16--Cows per Pasture, 11


Program 4, Acres


Item Price Pasture 41 Pasture 42
Unit i Cost Amount Cost Amount Cost


Cost of pasture main-
tenance:
Fertilizer and top dressing:
0-10-20 ton
Maintenance operations:
Spreading fertilizer ton
Mowing hour
Total direct costs


Investment charge


$32.88 11199 $184.11


5.00 11199 28.00
3.00 7.1 21.30
$233.41


_ acre 12.42


16.0 198.72


11199 $184.11

11199 28.00
13.6 40.80
$252.91
16.0 198.72


Total cost of main-
taining pastures
Feed and minerals:
41 pet. cottonseed
meal
Sorghum silage
Minerals


Total
Other costs:
Breeding fees
Labor on cattle
Vet., med., ins.,
taxes, etc.
Depreciation on cows
Interest on investment
in cattle
Other


ton $82.31
ton 7.50
ton 96,80


820
31570
462


A.U. 6.00
A.U. 3.00


A.U.
A, U.


$432.13


$ 33.75
118.39
22.36
$174.50


820
31570
463


66.00
33.00

22.00
99.00


2.00
9.00


A.U. 7.50
A.U. 3.00


Total costs
Number of calves weaned
Weight of calves at weaning
Net cost per pound oE beef (cents)


82.50
33.00
$942.13


$451.63


$ 33.75
118.39
22.41
$174.55

66.00
33.00

22.00
99.00

82.50
33.00
$961.68


5759


5208


16.36 18,46