The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.
Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
GULF COAST RESEARCH AND EDUCATION CEiiTER
IFAS, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
'5007 60th Street East
Dradenton, FL 34203
Bradenton GCREC Research Report BRA1986-13
BIBLIOGRAPHY OF PAST AND PRESENT IRRIGATION RESEARCH
ADMINISTERED FROM THE GULF COAST RESEARCH AND EDUCATION CENTER
C. D. Stanley
Irrigation water for proper growth of horticultural crops in southwest
Florida has proven: to be essential for profitable production. In the past,
the quantities of water assumed to be available to horticultural producers
has been considered nearly limitless. However, (within the last 15 years)
demands for water from all users has increased substantially causing periodic
crisis situations to develop in specific geographic locations. Agriculture
has been and continues to be a large consumer of groundwater supplies.
Production areas are often located close in proximity to areas experiencing
rapidly expanding population growth.
It became apparent that agriculture was going to need.to:be more
responsible for the water that was used for irrigation ,,It was determined
that an increased research effort was needed to investigate such areas as the
possible uses of alternative irrigation management practices that would
result in a reduction of the amount of water applied (or-increase the
irrigation efficiency) without causing a reduction in production, crop
management practices which would or could change with changing irrigation
management, and the utilization of new technologies to perform tasks (such as
frost and freeze protection) that were formerly accomplished by the use large
quantities of irrigation water. With these goals in mind, a substantial
number of research projects were initiated by numerous faculty administered
from the Gulf Coast Research and Education Center. .Hany of the projects were
supported in part by the Southwest Florida Water Management District.
Following is a summary of project areas in which research efforts were
concentrated, and research reports and scientific publications which
Past and Present Research Areas
(Topics apply to both vegetable and ornamental crops unless specified
1) Irrigation Requirement Determination
a) crop requirements
b) irrigation system requirements
2) Irrigation System Evaluation (advantages and disadvantages)
a) seep subirrigation (ditch-conveyed)
b) subsurface drain subirrigation
c) drip (trickle) irrigation
d) system combinations
e) overhead sprinkler irrigation (potted ornamentals)
f) individual pot tube (potted ornamentals)
g) capillary mat (potted ornamentals)
3) Irrigation.Management Improvement
a) recycling applied irrigation water
b) effect of changing irrigation system on other management practices
1) fertilization procedures
2) insect pest control
3) disease control
c) fertilization placement
d) irrigation scheduling
e) application of chemicals through drip irrigation lines
:f) drip tubing evaluation
1) emitter type
2) tubing type
g) multiple cropping
4) Reduction of Overhead Irrigation for Strawberry Production
a) determination of critical frost and freeze protection temperatures
b) use of intermittent water application for establishment of strawberry
transplants, and frost and freeze protection
c) use of alternative methods for frost and freeze protection
5) Economic Evaluation of Irrigation Systems and Management Practices
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS
(listed in order of year published by author)
Geraldson, C, N. 1971. Constant nutrients and moisture for precision
nutrient gradients. Proc. Experts Panel on Irrigation Herzliya Pitnach,
Israel Sept. 6-13.
Geraldson, C. M. 1971. Corn yields with optimal nutrients and water. Soil
Sci. Soc. of Fla. 30:259-262.
HcConnell, D. B. and U. E. Waters. 1971. Central Florida well water
analysis. The Florida Nurseryman.
Raulston, J. C. and C. M. Geraldson. 1971. Production of cut flowers on
subirrigated mulched beds with a single preplant fertilizer application.
Proc. Fla.:State Hort. Soc. 84:403-407.
Albregts, E. A., and C. M. Howard. 1973. Influence of temperature and
moisture stress from sodium chloride salinization on okra emergence.
Agron. Journal. 65:836-837.
Everett, P. H. 1974. Influence of piug-mix placement and overhead watering on
soluable salt accumulation and subsequent injury to tomatoes grown with
full-bed mulch. Proc. Trop. Reg.,Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 18:
Geraldson, C. M. 1974. A constant micro source of moisture as a component in
a gradient system for a high level production Proc. 2nd Int'l Drip
Irri. Congress. 131-136. July 7-14, 1974. San Diego; Ca.
Overman, A. J. 1974. Nematicides and linear irrigation in full-bed mulch
culture for tomato. Proc. Soil & Crop Sci. Soc. Fla. 34:197-200.
Overman, A. J. 1975.:.Efficacy of nematicides applied through micro-pore
tape. Nematropica Vol. 5:1.
Albregts, E. E. and C. M. Howard. 1976. Effect of intermittent irrigation
and anti-transpirants on establishing strawberry transplants on mulch.
Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 89:
Albergts, E. E. and C. M. Howard. 1976. Effect of anti-transpirants on
strawberry plant response. Proc. Soil & Crop Sci. Soc. Fla. 35:67-69.
Albregts, E. E. and C. M. Howard. 1976. Effect of irrigation rate and
fertilizer placement and sources of N03 and NH4 in soil solution with
drip irrigation on fruiting strawberries. Hort. Sci. 11:322 (Abstract).
Lucas, R. F. and C. D. Baird. 1976. Application of solar heated water to
green houses. AREC Bradenton Res. Rept. GC1976-3.
Marlowe, G. A. Jr. and J. S. Rogers. -1976:Tater use by Florida vegetable
crops. Veg. Crop Ext. Report No. 16-1976.
Rogers, J. S. and G. A. Marlowe, Jr. 1976. Water needs of Florida vegetable
crops. IFAS Water Res. Council.
Mislevy, P..andYP. H.,Everett. 1976. The response of fifteen tropical""
grasses tostubble height and irrigAtion. 1976 Agro Abstracts p' 6.
Overman, A. J. 1976. Efficacy of soil fumigants applied via a drip
irrigation system..Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 89:72-74..
Rogers, J. S. and G. A. iIarlowe, Jr. 1976. Water needs of Florida vegetable.
crops. IFAS Water Res. Council.
iarlowe, G. A., Jr. 1977. Water concerns of the Florida Vegetable Industry.
Am. Soc. of Civil Engineers, Florida Section. college of Engineering
USF, Tampa, Proc. of Workshop on Florida Water Problems.
Marlowe, George A., Jr. and A. J. Overman. 1977. A rationale for the
determination of irrigation needs of vegetable crops grotm with seep
irrigation. .Bradenton AREC Res. Rept. GCr1977-8.
Overman, A. J. 1977. Crop Response to nematicides and drip irrigation
.on sandy soil. Proc. VII International Agricultural Plastics
Wilfret, G. J. and B. K. Harbaugh. 1977. Evaluation of poinsettia cultivars
grown on two irrigation systems. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc.
Albregts, E. E. and C. M. Howard. 1978. Influence of fertilizer sources and
drip irrigation on strawberries. Prbc. Soil and Crop Sci. Soc. Fla.
Csizinszky, A. A. and A. J. Overman. 1978. '"Variation in soil moisture pH.and
total soluble salt content of tomato fields under full-bed plastic mulch
with drip irrigation. Proc. 14th Nalt. Plastics Conf:167-179.
Csizinszky, A. A. and A. J. Overman. 1978. Effect of drip irrigation tube
placement, type and quantity of fertilizer on yields of broccoli and
cauliflower under full-bed plastic mulch culture. Proc. Soil and Crop
Sci. Soc. Fla. 38:46-58.,
Everett, P. H. 1978. Fertilizing tomatoes or cucumbers as second crops on
plastic mulched beds. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 91:317-319. (Also in
Citrus and vegetable ilagazine, Dec. 1978, p. 37).
iarlowe, George A., Jr. 1978. Water for people or for food? Vegetarian
Newsletter March., .
Marlowe, George A., Jr. 1978. Water conservation in the early growth of
vegetables. Vegetarian newsletter, April.
Otte, J. A., J. D. Jackson, R. T. Montgomery, and M. T.:Pospichal. .1978.
Estimated investment in PVC pipe water conveyance systems for southwest
Florida seepi irrigated tomato fields, 1978. FRED, IFAS, Econ. Info.
Res. Rept. 111... .
Overman, A. J. 1978. Crop response to SIMDC applied through adrip
irrigation system. Proc. 14th National Agri. Plastics Congress:1;28-136.
Overman, A. J. and *F. G. IIartin. 1978. A survey of soil and crop
management practices in the Florida tomato industry. Proc. Fla. State
Hort. Soc. 91:294-297.
Stanley, C.-D..and R. HI. Shaw. 1978. The relationship of evapotranspiration
to open panevaporation throughout 'the growth cycle of.soybeans. Iowa
State Journal of Research 53(2)1129-136.
Albregts, E. E. and C. i. Howard. 1979. Effect of two and four row beds
with drip irrigation on strawberry fruiting response. Proc. Fla.
State Hort. Soc. 92:73-74.
Csizinszky, A. A. 1979. Calculation of irrigation water for seep irrigated
land from riser flow rates. Bradenton AREC Res. Rept. GC1979-12.
Csizinszky, A. A. 1979.. Calculation f 'row fdbt and plant numbersin tomato
fields. Bradenton AREC Res. Rept. GC1979-11.
Csizinszky, A. A. 1979. Considerations in calculating and reporting water
application rates for drip irrigated'lands. Bradenton AREC Res. Rept.
Csizinszky, A. .A 1979. Comparison of.yield and water use of broccoli, sweet
corn, and zucchini squash with seep and drip irrigation methods.
Bradenton AREC Res. Rept. GC1979-10.
Csizinszky, A. A. 1979. .The importance of irrigation frequency and
fertilizer placement in growing vegetables with drip irrigation. Proc.
Fla. State Hort. Soc. 92:76-80.
Geraldson, C. M. 1979. Relevance of water and fertilizer to production and
efficiency of tomatoes and pepper. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc...
Harbaugh, B. K., and G. J. Uilfret. 1979. Spray chrysanthemum production
with controlled-release fertilizer and trickle irrigation. Journal Am.
Soc. Hort. Sci. 105:367-371.
IIarbaugh, B. K. and G. J. Wilfret. 1979. Mini-pot mums production
practices using capillary mat irrigation and slow release fertilizer.
Bradenton AREC Res. Rept. GC1979-7.
Overman, A. J., F. G. Martin, J. L. Green and A. U. Engelhard. 1979. The
influence of linear drip irrigation placement in mulched and nonmulched
soils on chrysanthemum production and nutrient distribution. Proc. Fla.
State Hort. Soc. 92:322-326.
Prevatt, J. U., B .K .Harbaugh and J. A. Otte. 1979. A cost appraisal of
capillary mat, tube weight, handwater and overhead irrigation system
used in potted chrysanthemum production. Proc. Fla. Sate Hort. Soc. 92:
Rosenbaum, S. E., B. K. Harbaugh, T. A. Hell and G. J. Wilfret. 1979.
Growth responses of potted chrysanthemum to controlled release
fertilizers with two irrigation systems. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc.
Csizinszky, A. A. 1980. Response of tomatoes to fertilizer rates and
within-row plant spacing in two and four-row production systems. Proc.
Fla. State Hort. Soc. 93:241-243.
Csizinszky, A. A. 1980. Yield.and water use of vegetable crops with seepage
and drip irrigation systems. 43rd Proc. Fla. Acad. Sci. Soc. 43:285-292.
Geraldson, C. Hi. 1980. Vegetable production from the spodosols of peninsular
Florida. Soil and Crop Sci. Soc. of Fla. Proc. 40:4-8.
Geraldson, C. H. 1980. Importance of water control for tomato production
using the gradient-mulch system. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc.
Harbaugh, B. I., J. I. Prevatt and J. A. Otte. 1980. Selecting an
irrigation system. Florida Ornamental Growers' Assn. Newsletter Vol.
3(4):6 July August 1980.
Harbaugh, B. K., J. I. Prevatt and J. A. Otte. 1980. Irrigation systems for
pot plant production in Florida economic and horticultural
implications. Bradenton AREC Res. Rept. GC1980-1. 11 pp.
Prevatt, J. W. 1980. Installing or replacing an irrigation system.
Hillsborough County Extention Office Newsletter, The Water Line, Vol.
1, Ho. 1. Jan. 1980.
Prevatt, J. W., C. D. Stanley and U. E. Waters. 1980. Evaluation of a water
conveyance and recovery system for seep irrigation. Proc. Fla. State
Stanley, C. D. and B. K. Harbaugh. 1980. Preliminary studies on soil-water
movement from trickle irrigation lines on a Mydkka fine -sand, Bradenton
AREC Res. Rept. GC1980-7.
Stanley, C. Do, T. C. Kaspar, and H. II. Taylor. 1980. Soybean top and root
response to temporary water tables imposed at three different stages of
growth. Agron. J. 72:341-346.
Csizinszky, A. A. 1981. Response of a fall crop of green peppers to seepage
and high frequency trickle irrigation a preliminary report. Bradenton
AREC Res. Rept. GC1981-13.
Csizinszky, A. A. 1981. Effect of fertilizer placement on cabbage yields
with seepage'and trickle irrigation. AREC Bradenton Res. Rept.
Csizinszky, A. A. and A. J. Overman. 1981. Exploratory investigation on the
response of mulched, staked tomato to drip irrigation, tube placement,
and type and quantity of fertilizer. Bradenton AREC Res. Rept. GC1981-9.
-Stanley, C. D. and B. K. Harbaugh. 1981. The effect of distance between
plants and trickle line on yield characteristics of chrysanthemums.
Bradenton AREC Res. Rept. GC1981-10.
Stanley, C. D. and B. K. Harbaugh. 1981. A rapid and simple method for
determining evaportanspiration requirements for potted ornamental crops.
Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 94:83-85.
Stanley, C. D., J. S. Rogers, J. U. Prevatt and U. E. Waters. 1981.
Subsurface drainage and irrigation for tomatoes. Soil & Crop Sci. Soc.
of Fla. Proc. 40:92-95.
Stanley, C. D., T. C. Kaspar, and H. M. Taylor. 1981. Modeling soybean
leaf-water potentials under non-limiting soil waterconditions. Agron.
Geraldson, C. II. 1982. Tomato productivity and the associated composition of
the hydroponic or soil solution. Plant Nutrition 5:1091-1098.
Harbaugh, B. K., C. D. Stanley;.and J. F. Price. 1932. Trickle irrigation
rates and chrysanthemum cut-flower production.' HortScience
Kovach, S. P. 1982. Bibliography for crop and irrigation system water
management by University of Florida (IFAS) faculty. Veg. Crops Ext.
Harlowe, G. A., Jr. 1982. Agricultural water use and public opinion. The
Vegetarian Newsletter. April.
I-larlowe, G. A., Jr. 1982. Irrigation water application in south and
southwest Florida, p.11. In 21st Annual Florida Tomato Institute.
Veg. Cropd-Ext. Rept. VEC82-1. 39pp.
Marlowe, G. A., Jr. 1982. Water application on full bed mulched tomatoes in
southwest Florida. the Vegetarian Newsletter. November.
Marlowe, G. A., Jr. 1982. !ater management in commercial vegetable
production. Water IManagement Workshop. IFAS, Southwest Florida Water
Management District. Seffner, FL.
iarlowe, G. A., Jr. 1982. Water use and conservation in vegetable
production. Water Management.Workshop, IFAS-St. Johns Water IMgmt.
District,'DeLand, Fl. The Vegetarian Newsletter. June.
iarlowe, G. A., Jr., J. 11. Bennett and L. B. Baldwin. 1982. Conservation of
irrigation water in vegetable production. Fla. Coop. Ext. Circ. 533.
1iarlowe, G. A., Jr. A. J, Overman and S. P.. Feinberg. 1982. Results of an
irrigation application rate survey of tomatoes and strawberries in
southwest Florida. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 95: 301-304.
Overman, A. J. 1982. Soil fumigation via drip irrigation under full-bed
mulch culture for row crops. Proc. Soil and Crop Sci. Soc. Fla.
Prevatt, J. W., C. D. Stanley and B. K. Harbaugh. 1982. A cost analysis of
ornamental irrigation systems using a microcomputer. Proc. Fla. State
Short. Soc. 95:178-180.
Price, J. F., B. K. Harbaugh and C. D. Stanley. 1982. Response of mites and
leafminers to trickle irrigation rates in spray chrysanthemum
production. HortScience 17(6):895-896.
Stanley, C. D. 1982. A summary of results from water research projects
supported by the Southwest Florida Water Management District and
S conducted at the AREC-Bradenton, ARC-Dover and ARC-Immokalee. Bradenton
AREC Res. Rept. GC1982-2.
Stanley, :C. D. and B. K. Harbaugh. May-June 1982. The effect of distance
between plants and trickle line on yield characteristics of
chrysanthemums. Fla. Ornamental Growers Assoc. Newsletter 5(3):3-5.
Stanley, C. D., B. K. Harbaugh and J. F. Price. 1982. The use of leaf water
potential for estimating the effect of seasonal water stress on yields
of chrysanthemums. HortScience 17(5): 812-813.
Geraldson, C. Ii. 1983. Factors affecting the functional stability of the
gradient-mulch system. Proc. Fla.:State Hort. Soc. 96:117-120.
Kovach, S. P. 1983. Injection of fertilizers into drip irrigation systems
for vegetables. Citrus and Vegetable 47:14, 40 and 47.
Kovach, S. P. 1983. Irrigation water management. Vegetarian Newsletter
Kovach, S. P. 1983. Irrigation water management quantity/ irrigation.
Vegetarian Newsletter 33-06:5-7.
Kovach, S. P. 1983. Recent developments in irrigation water management for
ro crops in Florida. Proc. Symposium on Freshwater, Sarasota, FL.
School Board of Sarasota Co. Hay 12, p 30-37.
Kovach, S. P., A. A. Csizinszky, and C. D. Stanley. 1983. Effect of bed
size and supplemental dry fertilizer on yields of drip irrigated
cauliflower and tomato. Florida State Hort. Soc. Proc. 96:96-98.
Overman, A. J. and J. F. Price. 1983. Application of pesticides via drip
irrigation to control nematodes and foliar arthropods. Proc. Soil and
Crop Sci, Soc. of Fla. 42:92-96.
Rogers, J. S. and C. D. Stanley. 1983. Subirrigation of staked tomatoes.
Proc. Soil and Crop Sci. Soc. Fla. 42:65-69.
Stanley, C. D., B.. K. Harbaugh, and J. F. Price. 1983. Environmental factors
influencing leaf water potential of chrysanthemum. J. Amer. Soc. Hort.
Stanley, C. D. and B. K. Harbaugh. 1983. Estimating daily water use for
potted chrysanthemum using pan evaporation and plant height.
Stanley, C. D., B. K. Harbaugh, and J.. U. Prevatt. 1983. The advantages and
disadvantages of trickle irrigation for cut-flower chrysanthemum
production. AREC-Bradenton Res. Rept. BRA1983-4.
Stanley, C. D., J. U. Prevatt, S. P. Kovach and B. K. Harbaugh. 1983. An
economic analysis of two irrigation systems for field produciton of
cut-flower chrysanthemums. Proc. Soil and Crop Sci. Soc. Fla.
Csizinszky, A. A. and C. D. Stanley. 1984. Effect of trickle tubes per bed
and N and K rates on spring broccoli and cabbage yields. Proc. Soil and
Crop Sci. Soc Fla. 43:51-55.
Harbaugh, B. K., R. U. Henley and C..D. Stanley. 1984. :Capillary mat
irrigation for bedding plants. Foliage Uews 9(11) and Florida
liurseryman 32(6) p. 15-16.
Kovach, S. P. 1984. Injection of fertilizers into drip irrigation systems
for vegetables. Fla. Agr. Expt. Sta. Cir. S-606. 5pp.
Kovach, Steven P. 1984. Determination of water requirements for Florida
vegetable crops. 'Fla. Expt. Sta. Cir. S-607. 8pp.
Prevatt, J. W., C...D. Stanley, and S. P. Kovach. 1984. An economic,
comparison of vegetable irrigation systems. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc.
Stanley, C. D. and B. B. Harbaugh. 1984. Estimating daily water use for
potted chrysanthemum using pan evaporation and plant.height.
Stanley, C. D. and B. K. Harbaugh. 1984. Trickle irrigation for,
establishing rooted cuttings for cut flower chrysanthemum production.
Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 97:307-309.
Stanley, C. D. .1984. Irrigate and drain fieldse.ith the same pipes. Amer.
Veg. Grower 32(4):63.
Stanley, C. D. 1984. Recovery and reuse of runoff water from seep
subirrigation on Florida flatwood soils. Proc Soil and Crop Sci. Soc.
Albregts, E. E. and C. I. Howard. 1985. Effect of intermittent sprinkler
irrigation on establishment of transplants.. Soil and Crop Sci. Soc.
Fla. Proc. 44:197-199.
Albregts, E. E. and C. M. Howard. 1985. .ater use in strawberry transplant
establishment. Dover AREC Res. Rept. DOV1985-3. ,21pp.
Csizinszky, A. A., C. D. Stanley and S. P. Kovach. 1985. .Response of
trickle-irrigated cauliflower to IN-source, in-row spacing, and seedling
container cell size. HortScience 20(3):591.
Harbaugh, B. K. and C. D. Stanley. 1985. Guidelines for the choice and use
of capillary mat, spaghetti tube and trickle irrigation systems for
floricultural crops., Bradenton GCREC Research Report BRA1985-18.
Harbaugh, B. K., C. D. Stanley and J. F. Price. 1985 Trickle irrigation
rates fpr chrysanthemum cut flower production. Proc.,Fla..State Hort
,Soc. 98,(in Press).
Harbaugh, B. K. and C. D. Stanley. 1985. Guidelines for the choice and use
of papillary mat, spaghetti tube and trickle irrigation systemsfor
floricultural crops. Foliage Digest VIII(8).
Locascio, S. J., S. II. Olsen, F. 11. Rhoads, C. D. Stanley and A. A.
Csizinszky. 1985. Hater and fertilizer timing for trickle irrigated
tomatoes. Proc. Fla..State Hqrt. Soc. 98: (in Press).
Stanley, C. D. .1985. Water management with drip irrigation systems. In D.
H. Maynard, ed. Florida Tomato Institute. Univ. Fla. Veg..Crops Res.
Stanley, C. D. and A. Hornsby. 1985. Soil and water management. In Soil
Science Comprehensive Departmental Review, Mclceal, B. L. and Jo B.
Stanley, C. D. and B. K. Harbaugh. 1985. Ornamental irrigation systems for
water conservation. Fla. Orn. Growers Assoc. newsletter 8(3):1-3.
Csizinszky, A. A. and C. D. Stanley. 1986. Effect of nitrogen source, plant
spacing and seedling container cell size on trickle irrigated
cauliflower. Soil and Crop Sci. Soc. Fla. Proc. 45:(in press).
Harbaugh, B. K., C. D. Stanley and J. F. Price. 1986. Interactive effects
of trickle irrigation rates with cultivars and culture on chrysanthemum
cut flower production. HortScience 21(1):94-95.
Zazueta, F., E. E. Albregts and C. D. Stanley. 1986. Recovery of
irrigation water tailing in strawberry production in Florida. Soil and
Crop Sci. Soc. Fla. Proc. 45:(in Press).