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 Title Page
 Materials and methods
 Results and discussion
 Summary
 Reference
 Literature cited
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Group Title: Research report - GCREC-Bradenton - BRA-1997-08
Title: Yield evaluation of five tomato cultivars grown with micro-irrigation during the spring and fall seasons of 1996
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067764/00001
 Material Information
Title: Yield evaluation of five tomato cultivars grown with micro-irrigation during the spring and fall seasons of 1996
Series Title: GCREC-Bradenton research report
Alternate Title: Yield evaluation of five tomato cultivars grown with microirrigation during the spring and fall seasons of 1996
Physical Description: 8 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Howe, T. K ( Teresa K )
Csizinszky, Alexander Anthony, 1933-
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center (Bradenton, Fla.)
Publisher: Gulf Coast Research & Education Center, IFAS, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Bradenton FL
Publication Date: 1997
 Subjects
Subject: Tomatoes -- Varieties -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Tomatoes -- Irrigation -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Tomatoes -- Growth -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (p. 4).
Statement of Responsibility: T.K. Howe and A.A. Csizinszky.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "May."
Funding: Bradenton GCREC research report ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00067764
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: oclc - 73258800

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Materials and methods
        Page 1
    Results and discussion
        Page 2
    Summary
        Page 3
    Reference
        Page 4
    Literature cited
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Gulf coast research and education center
        Page 9
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida








UNIVERSITY OF


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T. K. Howe and A. A. Csizinszky


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itute of Food and Agricultural Sciences GCREC-Bradenton Research Report BRA-1997-08

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JAN 07 1998

YIELD EVALUATION OF FIVFlMW~1lA~
CULTIVARS GROWN WITH MICROIRRIGATION
DURING THE SPRING AND FALL
SEASONS OF 1996








GCREC Research Report BRA1997-8


YIELD EVALUATION OF FIVE TOMATO CULTIVARS GROWN WITH MICRO-
IRRIGATION DURING THE SPRING AND FALL SEASONS OF 1996

T. K. Howe and A. A. Csizinszky'
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
University of Florida, IFAS
Bradenton, FL


In 1995-96, 45,500 acres of tomatoes were harvested in Florida, yielding 55.3 million 25-pound
cartons worth $440 million (Fla. Agr. Stat. Serv., 1997). Tomatoes accounted for 30% of the total
production value for all vegetables grown during 1994-95, making it the most important vegetable
produced in the state. The Palmetto-Ruskin area (west-central Florida) accounted for 31% of the
state's total fresh market tomato production in 1994-95 (Fla. Agr. Stat. Serv., 1996).

A variety trial grown with micro-irrigation was conducted at the Gulf Coast Research and Education
Center (GCREC) in Manatee County during the spring and fall of 1996 to provide the industry
information on yield and horticultural characteristics of five fresh market tomato cultivars.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Raised beds ofEauGallie fine sand were formed on 6 February 1996 and 19 August 1996. The 33-
inch wide, 8-inch high beds were spaced on 5-ft centers with seepage drainage ditches spaced every
6 beds. A production acre was equivalent to 8712 linear ft of bed. Fertilizer placed in the bed
included a band down the bed center of 15-0-30 (N-P20s-K20) at 435 lb/A and superphosphate ,0-
20-0, (N-P2Os-K20) in a 6 inch-wide band on the pre-finished bed at 435 lb/A. Beds were fumigated
with methyl bromide:chloropicrin (66:33) at 213 lb/mulched A, and covered with black polyethylene
film mulch in the spring and white on black polyethylene film mulch in the fall.

Cultivar selection of'Agriset 761', 'Sunbeam', 'Sunny' and 'Solar Set' was based on reported use
patterns in the state (Maynard, 1996) and the desire to include the newest heat tolerant hybrid
released by the University of Florida, 'Equinox'. Seed were sown on 10-11 January and 10-11 July
into transplant flats (1.5 x 1.5 x 2.5 inch cells) containing a peat:vermiculite medium (1:l,v:v)
amended with dolomite (11.3 Ib), superphosphate (5,6 Ib), and hydrated lime (2.8 lb), each per cu.
yd. of medium. Seeds were germinated in a greenhouse.

Transplants were set into the field on 27 February and 3 September in one row per bed with plants
spaced 18 inches apart. Four replications of 13 plants in the spring and 13 plants in the fall per
cultivar were arranged in a randomized complete block design. Plants were staked and lightly
pruned.


1Research Program Coordinator and Associate Professor, respectively.


May









The crop was irrigated via a micro-irrigation tape (T-Tape, 0.67 gpm/100ft 8-inch emitter spacing)
placed in the center of the bed. Soil moisture was monitored by tensiometers placed 6 inches deep
in the plant row. Irrigation was applied according to daily open pan evaporation measurements at
GCREC. The crop received 10.2 acre inches of irrigation during the 105-day long season during the
spring and 11.1 acre inches in the 107-day long season during the fall. Additional fertilizer was
applied through the irrigation tape from a liquid 8-0-8 (N-P205-K20) that provided 174 Ib N and 174
lb K20 for a total of 261 lb N, 87 lb P2 Q, and 348 lb IY O per acre from liquid and pre-plant dry
fertilizers.

The crop was scouted for pests throughout the season. Registered pesticides were applied
preventively or in response to pest outbreaks. Pests of concern in the spring and fall included
lepidopterous larvae, thrips, and silverleafwhitefly. Disease pressure was light both seasons.

Fruit were harvested at breaker stage or beyond on 23, 30, May and 6, 13, and 20 June in the spring
and 26 November and 4, 12, and 19 December in the fall. Harvested fruit were separated by USDA
standards for grades (USDA, 1981), counted and weighed. Yields were computed on a weight basis
and were expressed in 25-lb bushels.

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Weather information for the season compared to the 42-year averages (Stanley, 1996) is in Table 1.
Average maximum and minimum daily temperatures were below normal compared to the 42-year
averages during March and April, but at or above normal during May and June. On average, March
was three degrees below normal, but temperatures were wildly erratic throughout the month. In one
instance, from March 6 to March 10, three days of 83 degree temperatures were followed by two
nights with overnight lows at 33 and 34 degrees. Rainfall was well above the 42-year averages during
March, May and June. Rainfall was slightly below normal in April. Additionally, high winds were
prevalent during March and April. During the fall, average maximum daily temperatures were normal
or slightly above normal as compared to the 42-year averages during the entire season. Average
minimum daily temperatures were normal or within two degrees of normal during the season. Rainfall
was well below average during August, September and November, slightly below average in
December and higher than average during October. The sparsity of rainfall probably contributed to
reduced disease pressure and fruit disorders in the fall.

Spring 1996: There were no differences among the cultivars with respect to total seasonal yield,
however extra-large fruit yield for the entire season ranged from 1321 cartons/A for 'Sunny' to 1780
cartons/A for 'Sunbeam' (Table 2). 'Sunny' and 'Solar Set' were significantly lower in extra-large
fruit yield than 'Sunbeam' or 'Agriset 761'. Large fruit yields for the season were not significantly
different among the cultivars, ranging from 293 to 530 cartons/A. Medium fruit yields ranged from
87 cartons/A for 'Sunbeam' to 228 cartons/A for 'Sunny', which reversed the trend found for the
extra-large fruit yields. Average individual fiuit weight for the season ranged from 5.8 oz for 'Sunny'
to 7.1 oz for 'Sunbeam'. 'Sunbeam' produced significantly greater fruit weight than any other
cultivar. Cull fruit production during the spring was greatest for 'Agriset 761' (1537 cartons/A) and
'Sunny' (1561 cartons/A) and least for 'Sunbeam' (749 cartons/A).







3
Greatest total and extra-large yields at the first harvest came from 'Equinox' and 'Solar Set' where
'Agriset 761' was not significantly different from 'Solar Set' (Table 3). At the second harvest, which
was the most substantial harvest of the season, 'Sunbeam' and 'Agriset 761' had the greatest extra-
large yields, at 957 and 831 cartons/A, respectively. At the third harvest, 'Sunbeam' (386 cartons/A)
produced the greatest extra-large yield of all the cultivars. By the fourth harvest only 'Agriset 761'
(148 cartons/A) and 'Solar Set' (64 cartons/A) were significantly different from each other in extra-
large fruit yield.

Fall 1996: There were no differences among the cultivars with respect to total seasonal yield, as in
the spring. Extra-large fruit yield for the entire season ranged from 2649 cartons/A for 'Agriset 761'
to 2120 cartons/A for 'Sunny' (Table 4), with only 'Sunny' significantly lower in extra-large fruit
yield than 'Agriset 761'. Large fruit yields for the season were greatest for 'Sunny', 'Solar Set' and
'Equinox' with yields of 724, 647 and 637 cartons/A, respectively. Medium fruit yields ranged from
141 cartons/A for 'Sunbeam' to 281 cartons/A for 'Sunny'. Average individual fruit weight for the
season ranged from 5.9 oz for 'Sunny' to 7.0 oz for 'Sunbeam'. As in the spring of 1996, 'Sunbeam'
produced significantly greater fruit weight than any other cultivar. Cull fruit production during the
fall ranged from 888 cartons/A for 'Equinox' to 1270 cartons/A for 'Agriset 761', with only 'Sunny'
not significantly different from 'Agriset 761'.

Greatest total and extra-large yields at the first harvest came from 'Equinox', and 'Solar Set' (Table
5). These two cultivars behaved similarly in the spring of 1996. At the second harvest, which was
the most substantial harvest of the season, 'Sunbeam', 'Equinox' and 'Solar Set' had the greatest
extra-large yields, at 1150, 1147 and 1084 cartons/A, respectively. At the third harvest, yield of
extra-large fruit ranged from 382 cartons/A for 'Equinox' to 725 cartons/A for 'Agriset 761' with
only 'Sunbeam' at 624 cartons/A not significantly different than 'Agriset 761'. By the fourth harvest
only extra-large fruit yields ranged from 784 cartons/A for 'Agriset 761' to 337 cartons/A for
'Equinox', with only 'Sunny' similar in extra-large fruit yield to 'Agriset 761'.

SUMMARY

Season-longperformance. There were no differences among the cultivars in total seasonal yields
during either the spring or fall 1996 production. 'Agriset 761', 'Sunbeam' and 'Equinox' each had
very good seasonal yields of extra-large fruit during both spring and fall. 'Sunbeam' delivered the
greatest seasonal individual fruit weight both seasons.

Earliness. Best extra-large fruit yield at the first harvest date in the spring came from 'Equinox',
which was not significantly different than 'Solar Set'. In the fall, best early extra-large fruit yield
came from 'Equinox' and 'Solar Set'.

Note: The information contained in this report is a summary of experimental results and should not
be used as recommendations for crop production. No discrimination is intended or endorsement
implied where trade names are used.










LITERATURE CITED

Florida Agricultural Statistics Service. 1997. Vegetables: Acreage, production and value. Fla. Agr.
Stat. Serv., Orlando, FL. Jan. 29.

Florida Agricultural Statistics Service. 1996. Florida Agricultural Statistics. Vegetable Summary
1994-95. Fla. Agr. Stat. Serv., Orlando, FL.

Maynard, D. N. 1996. Tomato varieties for Florida. 1996 Proc. of the Florida Tomato Institute.
Univ. Fla. Hort. Sci. Dept. PRO 108:i-vi.

Stanley, C. D. 1996. Weather report for 1995, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center,
Bradenton, Florida. Bradenton GCREC Res. Rept. BRA1996-06.

United States Department of Agriculture. 1981. U. S. standards for grades of tomatoes. Agr. Mktg.
Serv., USDA, Washington, DC.




Table 1. Temperature and rainfall at the GCREC during the spring and fall of 1995 and the 42-year
averages (Stanley, 1996).


Average Daily Temperature (F)
Maximum Minimum Rainfall (in.)
Month 19952 42-yr avg 1995Z 42-yr avg 1995z 42-yr avg

March 85 78 57 55 2.57 3.45
April 83 82 63 60 3.41 1.83
May 91 87 70 64 1.48 2.86
August 93 91 75 72 11.30 9.61
September 91 90 73 71 8.25 7.76
October 87 85 70 64 5.12 2.93
November 77 79 56 58 3.97 1.94
December 72 74 50 52 1.16 2.22


"Fields transplanted 2 March and 23 August 1995. Last harvests 25 May and 13 December 1995,
for spring and fall seasons, respectively.










LITERATURE CITED

Florida Agricultural Statistics Service. 1997. Vegetables: Acreage, production and value. Fla. Agr.
Stat. Serv., Orlando, FL. Jan. 29.

Florida Agricultural Statistics Service. 1996. Florida Agricultural Statistics. Vegetable Summary
1994-95. Fla. Agr. Stat. Serv., Orlando, FL.

Maynard, D. N. 1996. Tomato varieties for Florida. 1996 Proc. of the Florida Tomato Institute.
Univ. Fla. Hort. Sci. Dept. PRO 108:i-vi.

Stanley, C. D. 1996. Weather report for 1995, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center,
Bradenton, Florida. Bradenton GCREC Res. Rept. BRA1996-06.

United States Department of Agriculture. 1981. U. S. standards for grades of tomatoes. Agr. Mktg.
Serv., USDA, Washington, DC.




Table 1. Temperature and rainfall at the GCREC during the spring and fall of 1995 and the 42-year
averages (Stanley, 1996).


Average Daily Temperature (F)
Maximum Minimum Rainfall (in.)
Month 19952 42-yr avg 1995Z 42-yr avg 1995z 42-yr avg

March 85 78 57 55 2.57 3.45
April 83 82 63 60 3.41 1.83
May 91 87 70 64 1.48 2.86
August 93 91 75 72 11.30 9.61
September 91 90 73 71 8.25 7.76
October 87 85 70 64 5.12 2.93
November 77 79 56 58 3.97 1.94
December 72 74 50 52 1.16 2.22


"Fields transplanted 2 March and 23 August 1995. Last harvests 25 May and 13 December 1995,
for spring and fall seasons, respectively.









5
Table 2. Seasonal yields, seed sources and average fruit size for five tomato cultivars during the
spring, 1996.


Marketable Yield (cartons/A)' Avg.
Extra- Fruit Wt Culls
Entry Source Total Large Large Medium (oz) (cartons/A)z

Agriset 761 Agrisales 2370 ay 1713 a 492 a 165 ab 6.3 b 1537 a
Equinox Agrisales 2197 a 1589 ab 468 a 139 b 6.4 b 1267 b
Sunbeam Asgrow 2159 a 1780 a 293 a 87 b 7.1 a 749 c
Sunny Asgrow 2080 a 1321 c 530 a 228 a 5.8 c 1561 a
Solar Set Asgrow 2017 a 1397 be 462 a 158 ab 6.4 b 1270 b


zCarton = 25 lb; A = 8712 linear ft of bed with beds spaced on 5 ft centers.
YMean separation by Duncan's multiple range tests, 5% level.











Table 3. Yields and average fruit size for five tomato cultivars by harvest date during the spring, 1996.


Marketable Yield (cartons/A)z
Extra Avg. Fruit Culls
Cultivar Total Large Large Medium Wt (oz) (cartons/A)z

Harvest 1: May 23
Equinox 796 a 647 a 113 a 36 a 6.8 ab 541 a
Solar Set 672 ab 538 ab 103 a 32 a 7.5 a 417 ab
Agriset 761 465 be 345 be 102 a 18 ab 6.7 ab 361 b
Sunny 332 c 220 c 87 a 24 ab 5.9 b 388 b
Sunbeam 320 c 279 c 30 b 12 b 7.6 a 133 c

Harvest 2: May 30
Agriset 761 1127 a 831 a 212 ab 84 ab 6.4 b 772 a
Sunbeam 1076 ab 957 a 98 b 21 c 7.7 a 373 d
Sunny 1005 ab 645 b 235 a 126 a 6.0 b 752 ab
Equinox 982 ab 647 b 267 a 68 be 6.1 b 492 cd
Solar Set 887 b 613 b 206 ab 68 be 6.2 b 578 be

Harvest 3: June 6
Sunbeam 539 a 386 a 118 a 35 a 6.5 a 179 b
Agriset 761 459 ab 304 b 116 a 40 a 6.0 b 288 a
Sunny 404 be 243 b 116 a 45 a 5.7 c 310 a
Solar Set 292 ed 154 c 101 a 38 a 5.6 c 173 b
Equinox 227 d 153 c 44 b 30 a 6.1b 143 b

Harvest 4: June 13
Agriset 761 205 a 148 a 42 ab 16 ab 5.9 be 57 a
Sunny 193 a 118 ab 56 a 20 a 5.6 c 58 a
Sunbeam 158 ab 1llab 31 ab 16 ab 6.4 b 27b
Equinox 120 ab 96 ab 21 b 3b 7.1 a 27 b
Solar Set 105 b 64 b 34 ab 7ab 5.9 be 36 ab

Harvest 5: June 20
Sunny 146 a 95 a 37 a 14 a 5.5 a 54 ab
Agriset 761 113 a 85 a 21 a 7a 5.7 a 59 ab
Equinox 72 a 45 a 25 a 2 a 5.6 a 64 ab
Sunbeam 65 a 46 a 17 a 2 a 5.4 a 37 b
Solar Set 62 a 30 a 18 a 14 a 5.0 a 66 a


'Carton = 25 Ib; A = 8712 linear ft of bed with beds spaced on 5 ft centers.
YMean separation by Duncan's multiple range tests, 5% level.











Table 4. Seasonal yields, seed sources and average fruit size for five tomato cultivars during the
fall, 1996.


Marketable Yield (cartons/A)z Avg.
Extra- Fruit Wt Culls
Entry Source Total Large Large Medium (oz) (cartons/A)z

Agriset 761 Agrisales 3283 ay 2649 a 468 b 166 be 6.5 b 1270 a
Equinox Agrisales 3244 a 2379 ab 637 a 228 ab 6.1 c 888 c
Solar Set Asgrow 3181 a 2308 ab 647 a 226 ab 6.1 c 990 be
Sunny Asgrow 3124 a 2120 b 724 a 281 a 5.9 c 1150 ab
Sunbeam Asgrow 3033 a 2524 a 369 b 141 c 7.0 a 928 be


'Carton = 25 lb; A = 8712 linear ft of bed with beds spaced on 5 ft centers.
YMean separation by Duncan's multiple range tests, 5% level.











Table 5. Yields and average fruit size for five tomato cultivars by harvest date during the fall, 1996.


Marketable Yield (cartons/A)'
Extra Avg. Fruit Culls
Cultivar Total Large Large Medium Wt (oz) (cartons/A)z
Harvest 1: November 26
Equinox 603 a 513 a 71 a 19 a 7.3 a 184 a
Solar Set 516 a 449 a 53 a-c 14 ab 7.4 a 159 ab
Sunny 366 b 293 b 63 ab 10 ab 7.3 a 183 a
Agriset 761 301 b 264 b 30 be 7 ab 8.4 a 139 ab
Sunbeam 268 b 242 b 23 c 4b 8.4 a 64 b

Harvest 2: December 4
Equinox 1509 a 1147 a 280 a 82 a 6.3 b 225 a
Solar Set 1453 a 1084 a 272 a 98 a 6.3 b 216 a
Sunbeam 1322 a 1150 a 133 c 39 be 7.3 a 188 a
Sunny 1021 b 742 b 208 b 71 ab 6.3 b 230 a
Agriset 761 1007 b 876 b 105 c 26 c 7.2 a 249 a

Harvest 3: December 12
Agriset 761 888 a 725 a 123 ab 39 b 6.7 b 361 a
Sunbeam 721 ab 624 ab 70 b 26 b 7.6 a 285 ab
Sunny 664 ab 427 be 162 a 75 a 5.9 b 252 b
Solar Set 571 b 411 be 126 ab 35 b 5.9 b 256 b
Equinox 520 b 382 c 110 ab 28 b 6.2 b 162 c

Harvest 4: December 19
Agriset 761 1089 a 784 a 210 ab 95 ab 5.6 a 522 a
Sunny 1074 a 658 ab 291 a 125 a 5.3 b 485 a
Sunbeam 724 b 509 be 143 b 71 b 5.9 a 391 b
Solar Set 641 b 364 c 196 b 80 b 5.1 b 359 b
Equinox 611 b 337 c 175 b 99 ab 5.0 a 316 b


zCarton = 25 Ib; A = 8712 linear ft of bed with beds spaced on 5 ft centers.
YMean separation by Duncan's multiple range tests, 5% level.








The Gulf Coast Research and Education Center


The Gulf Coast Research and Education Center is
a unit of the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sci-
ences, University of Florida. The Research Center
originated in the fall of 1925 as the Tomato
Disease Laboratory with the primary objective of
developing control procedures for an epidemic out-
break of nailhead spot of tomato. Research was ex-
panded in subsequent years to include study of sev-
eral other tomato diseases.

In 1937, new research facilities were established
in the town of Manatee, and the Center scope was
enlarged to include horticultural, entomological, and
soil science studies of several vegetable crops. The
ornamental program was a natural addition to the
Center's responsibilities because of the emerging in-
dustry in the area in the early 1940's.

The Center's current location was established in
1965 where a comprehensive research and extension
program on vegetable crops and ornamental plants is
conducted. Three state extension specialists posi-
tions, 16 state research scientists, and two grant
supported scientists from various disciplines of
training participate in all phases of vegetable and
ornamental horticultural programs. This interdisci-
plinary team approach, combining several research
disciplines and a wide range of industry and faculty
contacts, often is more productive than could be ac-
complished with limited investments in independent
programs.


The Center's primary mission is to develop new
and expand existing knowledge and technology, and
to disseminate new scientific knowledge in Florida, so
that agriculture remains efficient and economically
sound.

The secondary mission of the Center is to assist
the Cooperative Extension Service, IFAS campus
departments, in which Center faculty hold appropri-
ate liaison appointments, and other research centers
in extension, educational training, and cooperative
research programs for the benefit of Florida's pro-
ducers, students, and citizens.

Program areas of emphasis include: (1) genetics,
breeding, and variety development and evaluation;
(2) biological, chemical, and mechanical pest manage-
ment in entomology, plant pathology, nematology,
bacteriology, virology, and weed science; (3) produc-
tion efficiency, culture, management, and counteract-
ing environmental stress; (4) water management and
natural resource protection; (5) post-harvest physiol-
ogy, harvesting, handling and food quality of horti-
cultural crops; (6) technical support and assistance to
the Florida Cooperative Extension Service; and (7)
advancement offundamental knowledge ofdisciplines
represented by faculty and (8) directing graduate
student training and teaching special undergraduate
classes.


Location of
GCREC Bradenton


IFAS IS:
" The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences,
University of Florida.
Q A statewide organization dedicated to teaching,
research and extension.
" Faculty located in Gainesville and at 13 research
and education centers, 67 county extension
offices and four demonstration units throughout
the state.
D A partnership in food and agriculture, and natural
and renewable resource research and education,
funded by state, federal and local government,
and by gifts and grants from individuals, founda-
tions, government and industry.
Q An organization whose mission is:
Educating students in the food, agricultural,
and related sciences and natural resources.
Strengthening Florida's diverse food and
agricultural industry and its environment
through research.
Enhancing for all Floridians, the application
of research and knowledge to improve the
quality of life statewide through IFAS exten-
sion programs.




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