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 Materials and methods
 Results and discussion
 Summary
 Reference
 Tables






Group Title: Research report - Bradenton Gulf Coast Research and Education Center - BRA1993-19
Title: Jalapeno and specialty pepper variety trial for spring 1993
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067738/00001
 Material Information
Title: Jalapeno and specialty pepper variety trial for spring 1993
Series Title: Bradenton GCREC research report
Physical Description: 11 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Howe, T. K ( Teresa K )
Waters, W. E ( Will E )
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center (Bradenton, Fla.)
Publisher: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Place of Publication: Bradenton FL
Publication Date: 1993
 Subjects
Subject: Peppers -- Varieties -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Jalapeäno -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (p. 5).
Statement of Responsibility: T.K. Howe and W.E. Waters.
General Note: Caption title.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00067738
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: oclc - 73495441

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Materials and methods
        Page 1
    Results and discussion
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Summary
        Page 4
    Reference
        Page 5
    Tables
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
Full Text





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Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida






q3-1l
UNIVERSITY OF
SFLODA Gulf Coast Research and Education Center
F LO R I A 5007 60th Street East, Bradenton, FL 34203
Bradenton GCREC Research Report BRA1993-19
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences August 1993


JALAPENO AND SPECIALTY PEPPER VARIETY TRIAL FOR SPRING 1993; ,Q
n 21 199)4
T. K. Howe and W. E. Waters'
:i.'.;. of Florida
Vegetable statistics for 1991-92 indicate that Florida ships 713,000 bushels
of non-bell peppers out of state (1). Production, value, and acreage
figures are not published. In order to evaluate yield and horticultural
characteristics of jalapeno, Hungarian yellow wax, cayenne and sweet banana
peppers, a variety trial was conducted at the University of Florida, Gulf
Coast Research and Education Center (GCREC) in Manatee County during the
spring of 1993.

Materials and Methods

Raised beds, 33 inches wide and 8 inches high, of EauGallie fine sand were
formed on 5 February and spaced on 5 ft centers with seepage irrigation
ditches spaced every 41 ft with six beds between ditches. An acre was
equivalent to 8712 linear ft of bed. Fertilizer included 18-0-25 (N-P205-
KO) at 1307 Ib/A placed in two grooves on the bed surface 12 inches to each
side of bed center. Superphosphate (0-20-0 with 80 Ib/ton minor elements
as F503) was banded to the false bed at 436 Ib/A. Beds were fumigated with
methyl bromide:chloropicrin (66:33) and covered with black polyethylene.
The beds were recovered with polyethylene on 8 February and again on 15
February due to damage by Sandhill cranes.

Seeds of all entries were sown in vermiculite on 7 January and germinated
in the laboratory. Seedlings were transferred 14 days later into 1.5 x 1.5
x 2.5 inch containerized cells containing a peat:vermiculite media (1:1,v:v)
amended with dolomite (11.3 lb), superphosphate (5.6 lb), and hydrated lime
(2.8 Ib), each per cu. yd. of media.

Transplants were set into the field for the first time on 25 February in 2
rows spaced 10 inches apart with an in-row spacing of 11 inches. Four
replications of 20 plants per entry (8 entries) were arranged in a
randomized complete block design. A severe storm on 12-14 March which
included very strong winds (gusts to 70 mph), chilling temperatures, and
rain caused extensive damage to the entire crop. On 18 March the field was
replanted using plants from the initial sowing for 'Jalapeno M', 'Jalapa',
Sunex 4509 and 'Ebano', while a local transplant house provided plants of
'Cayenne', 'Jalapeno', 'Hungarian Yellow Wax' and 'Sweet Banana'. However,
plants were set in 2 rows spaced 10 inches apart with an in-row spacing of
22 inches. This resulted in one-half the plant stand initially planned for
the trial.


'Research Program Coordinator and Center Director, respectively.










The crop was scouted for pests throughout the season. Insect populations were
managed with: methomyl, Bacillus thurinciensis, acephate, insecticidal soap,
oxamyl, and dimethoate. However, pepper weevil still caused significant damage
to the crop. The crop was also treated with mancozeb and tribasic copper to
control fungal pathogens and bacterial spot. Diseases were not a significant
problem.

Fruit were harvested three times on 20 and 28 May and 3 June. Pickers were
instructed to harvest the largest, firm fruit. Fruit were not allowed to acquire
mature color. Total fruit harvested were counted, weighed and sorted for cull
fruit, which were also counted and weighed. Fruit were considered cull if
damaged (mechanical, insect or disease), or were considered undersize or
misshapen based on trueness to type of the pepper being evaluated.

Yields were computed on a weight basis and were expressed in hundred weight
(cwt). Qualitative evaluations of horticultural characteristics and disease
incidence were made for all entries prior to the first harvest. A sample of 8
marketable fruit per entry and replication was taken from the earliest fruit
harvested. These fruit were measured for length, diameter and pod wall thickness
and the number of locules were counted.
Results and Discussion

Maximum daily temperatures, on average, were close to normal as compared to the
39-year averages (4) (Table 1). Minimum daily temperatures were one to five
degrees lower than normal compared to the 39-year averages. However, as
mentioned previously, a severe storm in mid-March caused damage severe enough to
replant the field. Rainfall was below average during May, but above average
during April.

A complete listing of all entries in the trial, along with their sources,
qualitative evaluations of the plants and fruit, and ratings for disease
incidence and overall acceptability are in Table 2. The trial results reported
below are in two separate sections, one section provides the analysis of the five
replicated jalapeno entries (Tables 3a-7a) and the other section provides the
analyses for the three other specialty pepper entries which have no counterparts
for direct comparison (Tables 3b-7b).

Jalapeno pepper results. Total marketable yield of jalapeno peppers for
the season ranged from 54 cwt/A for 'Jalapeno' to 198 cwt/A for Sunex 4509 (Table
3a). Sunex 4509 produced significantly higher yield by weight than any other
entry. The number of marketable fruit per plant ranged from 15 fruit for
'Jalapeno' to 32 fruit for 'Jalapa'. 'Jalapa' produced significantly more fruit
per plant than any other entry, except 'Ebano'. The greatest individual fruit
weight was produced by Sunex 4509 at 1.4 oz, significantly different than all the
other entries. Fruit from 'Jalapa', 'Jalapeno', 'Jalapeno M', and 'Ebano',
averaged 0.6 or 0.7 oz and were not significantly different from each other. The
proportion of harvested fruit which were cull ranged from 12% for 'Jalapeno M'
to 19% for 'Ebano' and 'Jalapeno', however there were no significant differences.
Defects were mainly confined to undersized fruit and pepper weevil damage. Plant
stand was excellent for all entries.










The seasonal total yields among all cultivars in the spring of 1993 were similar
to those found for a jalapeno trial conducted in Live Oak, FL in the spring of
1992 (2). There, the seasonal yields ranged from 87 to 185 cwt/A for six
cultivars harvested twice. However, only two cultivars were common to both
trials. One cultivar 'Jalapa' yielded 130 cwt/A in Bradenton and 112 cwt/A in
Live Oak, while another cultivar, 'Jalapeno M', yielded 66 cwt/A in Bradenton and
96 cwt/A in Live Oak. Another trial conducted in Live Oak during the fall of
1991 and harvested three times (3) had a seasonal yield of 47 cwt/A for 'Jalapeno
M' as compared to 66 cwt/A in Bradenton in the spring of 1993. These comparisons
indicate that the two locations had similar results.

At the first harvest on 20 May, marketable yields ranged from 11 cwt/A for
'Jalapeno' to 43 cwt/A for 'Jalapa' (Table 4a). The number of marketable fruit
per plant ranged from 3 fruit for 'Jalapeno' and Sunex 4509 to 9 fruit for
'Jalapa', with 'Jalapa' producing significantly more fruit than the other
entries. Average marketable fruit weight ranged from 0.6 oz for 'Jalapeno' and
'Jalapeno M' to 1.8 oz for Sunex 4509. Sunex 4509 fruit were significantly
heavier than any other. All other jalapeno entries were of similar weight at 0.6
to 0.8 oz. The proportion of cull fruit ranged from 6% for Sunex 4509 and
'Jalapeno M' to 17% for 'Ebano' and 'Jalapeno', but none of the entries were
significantly different.

Characteristics of marketable jalapeno fruit were quantified from a sample of the
earliest fruit harvested (Table 5a). Average fruit length ranged from 2.6 inches
for 'Jalapeno M' and 'Jalapa' to 4.1 inches for Sunex 4509. Fruit width ranged
from 1.0 inch for 'Jalapeno M' to 1.5 inches for Sunex 4509. The ratio of fruit
length to width ranged from 2.39 for 'Jalapa' to 2.72 for Sunex 4509. Wall
thickness ranged from 0.168 inches for 'Jalapeno M' to 0.196 inches for
'Jalapeno', with no significant differences among the entries. All entries
except 'Jalapeno' had less than 3 locules per fruit.

At the second harvest on 28 May, marketable yield ranged from 17 cwt/A for
'Jalapeno' to 116 cwt/A for Sunex 4509 (Table 6a). Sunex 4509 produced the
greatest yield of any entry. The number of marketable fruit produced per plant
ranged from 4 fruit for 'Jalapeno' to 13 fruit for Sunex 4509, which produced the
greatest number of fruit per plant. Average marketable fruit weight ranged from
0.6 oz for 'Ebano' and 'Jalapeno M' to 1.5 oz for Sunex 4509. Sunex 4509
produced the heaviest fruit. The proportion of cull fruit ranged from 9% for
'Jalapeno M' to 21% for 'Ebano', with no significant differences among the
entries.

On 3 June the marketable yield ranged from 26 cwt/A for 'Jalapeno' to 50 cwt/A
for Sunex 4509 (Table 7a). The number of marketable fruit per plant ranged from
7 fruit for Sunex 4509 to 13 fruit for 'Ebano' and 'Jalapa', with 'Ebano' and
'Jalapa' producing more fruit than any of the other entries. Individual fruit
weight ranged from 0.5 oz for 'Ebano' to 1.1 oz for Sunex 4509. The proportion
of cull fruit produced at the third harvest ranged from 15% for 'Jalapeno M' to
25% for 'Jalapeno', with no significant differences among the entries.

Specialty pepper results. 'Hungarian Yellow Wax', 'Sweet Banana' and
'Cayenne' specialty peppers had total marketable yields for the season of 145,
141 and 66 cwt/A, respectively (Table 3b). 'Hungarian Yellow Wax' and 'Sweet










Banana' produced about 20 marketable fruit per plant for the season, while
'Cayenne' produced 70. Average marketable fruit weight was 1.3 oz for 'Sweet
Banana', 1.0 oz for 'Hungarian Yellow Wax' and 0.2 oz for 'Cayenne'. Cull fruit
accounted for between 21 and 32% of total harvested fruit among the three types.
'Sweet Banana' had nearly 10% higher yield of cull fruit than the other two
types. Defects found in 'Sweet Banana' included: damage when stems did not tear
easily resulting in torn pod walls, virus-type symptoms where the pod wall was
puckered and discolored, misshapen fruit, soft rot and pepper weevil damage.
'Hungarian Yellow Wax' had problems with spotty coloration.

At the first harvest on 20 May, marketable yields were 44, 41 and 21 cwt/A for
'Hungarian Yellow Wax', 'Sweet Banana' and 'Cayenne', respectively (Table 4b).
'Hungarian Yellow Wax' and 'Sweet Banana' had 6 and 5 marketable fruit per plant
averaging 1.2 and 1.5 oz per fruit, respectively. 'Cayenne' yielded 19 fruit per
plant at 0.2 oz each. Cull fruit yield was below 20% for all three types.

Quantified fruit characteristics are in Table 5b. All three types had fruit
greater than 4 inches in length. Fruit width was 1.3 inches for 'Hungarian
Yellow Wax', 1.5 inches for 'Sweet Banana' and 0.5 inches for 'Cayenne'. The
ratio of fruit length to width was 3.59 for 'Hungarian Yellow Wax' and 3.36 for
'Sweet Banana', and 8.2 for 'Cayenne'. Pod wall thickness was 0.152 inches for
'Sweet Banana', 0.139 inches for 'Hungarian Yellow Wax' and 0.063 inches for
'Cayenne'. Locule number averaged just over 2 for 'Hungarian Yellow Wax' and
'Cayenne' and just over 3 for 'Sweet Banana'.

At the second harvest on 28 May, marketable yields were 77, 53 and 37 cwt/A for
'Sweet Banana', 'Hungarian Yellow Wax' and 'Cayenne', respectively (Table 6b).
The number of fruit per plant were 9, 11 and 40 for 'Hungarian Yellow Wax',
'Sweet Banana' and 'Cayenne', respectively. Average marketable fruit weight was
near 1.0 oz for 'Hungarian Yellow Wax' and 'Sweet Banana', but 0.2 oz for
'Cayenne'. Cull fruit yields were between 20 and 30% for all three types.

On 3 June marketable yields were 48, 23 and 9 cwt/A for 'Hungarian Yellow Wax'
and 'Cayenne', respectively (Table 7b). The number of marketable fruit per plant
were 2, 8 and 12 for 'Sweet Banana', 'Hungarian Yellow Wax' and 'Cayenne',
respectively. Fruit weight was 0.1 oz for 'Cayenne', 1.0 oz for 'Hungarian
Yellow Wax' and 1.5 oz for 'Sweet Banana'. Cull fruit yield was 28, 36 and 57%
of the total harvest for 'Hungarian Yellow Wax', 'Cayenne' and 'Sweet Banana',
respectively.

Summary

Sunex 4509, classified as a jumbo jalapeno by the breeding company, performed
reasonably well in yield. It is distinctive in its extra-large size. 'Sweet
Banana' had a high proportion of cull fruit throughout the season, especially at
the last harvest, indicating that this cultivar may need special cultural
practices to ensure prolonged production of marketable fruit. 'Jalapa' and
'Ebano' were excellent among the standard-sized jalapenos in maintaining good
yields throughout the season. However, 'Ebano' was unique in producing very dark
purple-green fruit.








5
Note: The information contained in this report is a summary of experimental
results and should not be used as recommendations for crop production. No
discrimination is intended or endorsement implied where trade names are used.

Acknowledgement: The authors wish to thank the following organizations/firms
which donated funds toward vegetable cultivar research during 1992-93
(alphabetical): American Takii, Asgrow Florida, Dorsing, Ferry-Morse, Green Cay
Farms of Boynton Beach, Harris Moran, Neuman, Pepper Research, Petoseed, Rogers
NK, Sakata Seed America, and Sunseeds. The authors also wish to thank Mr. Lamar
Parrish and Kathy's Greenhouses for providing plants.

Literature Cited
1. Florida Agricultural Statistics Service. 1993. Vegetable Summary 1991-
92. Florida Agric. Statistics Serv., Orlando, FL.

2. Hochmuth R. C., J. W. Breman and W. D. Thomas. 1992. Jalapeno pepper
cultivar evaluations, Spring 1992, Live Oak, Florida. Ext. Rept. Suwannee
Valley AREC 92-10.

3. Hochmuth R. C. and G. J. Hochmuth. 1992. Jalapeno pepper cultivar trial,
Fall 1991. Ext. Rept. Suwannee Valley AREC 92-3.


4. Stanley, C. D. I
Report BRA1993-1.


993. Weather report for 1992.


Bradenton GCREC Research


Table 1. Temperature and rainfall at the GCREC
the 39-year averages (4).


during the spring of 1993 and


Daily temperature (oF)
1993 39-yr ava. Rainfall (in.)
Month Max. Min. Max. Min. 1993 39-yr avq.

March (18-31) 782 60z 77y 55y 0.03z 3.40Y
April 80 57 82 60 3.73 1.68
May-June (1-3) 87z 65z 87 64' 1.722 3.16y


zTransplanted March 18, 1993. Last harvest June 3, 1993. Weather statistics
for 1993 are from these dates. June 1-3, 1993 are in the May 1993 figures.










Table 2. Characteristics and seed sources of specialty pepper entries evaluated during the spring 1993 trial.



Plant' Plant' Plant' Fruit' Immature Mature Blossom"
Uni- Habit Plant" Foliage Fruit' Uni- Fruit Fruit End Bacterial' Overall'
Seed Supplier/Entry formity Type Size Cover Habit formity Color Color Rot Sunscald" Mosaic" Spot Rating Comments"


Ferry-Morse
Ole jalapenoo)

Petoseed
Jalapa (jalapeno)


Jalapeno M



Sunseeds
Ebano (jalapeno)


Sunex 4509
(Large jalapeno)
Unknown
Cayenne



Hungarian Yellow Wax


Jalapeno



Sweet Banana


8 semi sh 8 pend


9 up med


9 pend


7 semi v tall 8 pend


8 semi tall


8 pend


8 semi med 8 pend


8 spread tall


9 pend


9 up med 7 up


8 up tall



10 up tall


8 pend



8 pend


9 dk green red 10 10 10 10


9 green


9 green




9 v dk
purple-
green
10 green


8 green



9 lime-
yellow

8 green



9 ivory-
yellow


red 10 10 10 10


red 10 10 10 10


10 10 10 10


10 10 10 10


10 10 10 10



10 10 10 10


red 10 10 10 10



org-red 10 10 10 10


8 square,bushy
plant

9 hvy checking,
dense canopy at
top of plant
7 It checking,
some purpling
fruit,plant
narrow at bottom

8 mod checking; v-
shaped plant

9 st checkering


8 well branched,
bush plant, fine
foliage, rambling
habit
8 long branches, st
open frame, wider
at top of plant
7 mod-hvy checking;
variablefruitsize
purple fruit, v-
shaped plant
9 plant more open
than jalapenos


'Rated 17 May 1993: 1 = poor or severe; 10 = excellent or none.
'up = upright; semi = semi upright; spread = spreading.
"sh = short (<17"); med = medium (18-23"); tall = (24-29"); v tall = (>29").
"up = upright; pend = pendant.
'Rated 17 May 1993: 1 = severe; 10 = none. Rated for a single replication.
"Checking = fine surface cracks on fruit; It = light; st = slight.





Table 3a. Total marketable yield, fruit size, percentage culls and plant stand for the spring 1993
jalapeno trial. (Harvested 20 and 28 May and 3 June 1993).


replicated


Marketablez Marketable Average Totaly Plant
Jalapeno Yield Fruit Marketable Culls Stand
Entry (cwt/A) per Plant (no.) Fruit Wt. (oz) (%_) (%)
Sunex 4509 198 aX 23 bc 1.4 a 17 a 100 a
Jalapa 130 b 32 a 0.7 b 15 a 92 a
Ebano 98 bc 27 ab 0.6 b 19 a 97 a
Jalapeno M 66 c 19 cd 0.6 b 12 a 97 a
Jalapeno 54 c 15 d 0.6 b 19 a 100 a

ZCwt = 100 lb. Acre = 8712 linear feet of bed.
YBy weight, as a percentage of harvested fruit.
XMean separation by Duncan's multiple range test, 5% level.




Table 3b. Total marketable yield, fruit size, percentage culls and plant stand for the spring 1993 specialty
trial. (Harvested 20 and 28 May and 3 June 1993).

Marketablez Marketable Average TotalY Plant
Specialty Yield Fruit Marketable Culls Stand
Entry (cwt/A) per Plant (no.) Fruit Wt. (oz) (%) (%)

Hungarian Yellow Wax 145x 23 1.0 21 100
Sweet Banana 141 18 1.3 32 100
Cayenne 66 70 0.2 23 100


ZCwt = 100 lb.
YBy weight, as
XComputed from


Acre = 8712 linear feet of bed.
a percentage of harvested fruit.
4 plots of 10 plants each.







Table 4a.


Marketable yield, fruit size and percentage of culls of replicated jalapeno trial
for the first harvest, 20 May 1993.


entries


Marketablez Marketable Average Totaly
Jalapeno Yield Fruit Marketable Culls
Entry (cwt/A) per Plant (no.) Fruit Wt. (oz) (%)

Jalapa 43 ax 9 a 0.8 b 9 a
Sunex 4509 33 ab 3 b 1.8 a 6 a
Ebano 26 bc 6 b 0.8 b 17 a
Jalapeno M 13 c 4 b 0.6 b 6 a
Jalapeno 11 c 3 b 0.6 b 17 a

ZCwt = 100 lb. Acre = 8712 linear feet of bed.
YBy weight, as a percentage of harvested fruit.
xMean separation by Duncan's multiple range test, 5% level.




Table 4b. Marketable yield, fruit size and percentage of culls of specialty trial entries for the
first harvest, 20 May 1993.

Marketablez Marketable Average Totaly
Specialty Yield Fruit Marketable Culls
Entry (cwt/A) per Plant (no.) Fruit Wt. (oz) (%)

Hungarian Yellow Wax 44X 6 1.2 14
Sweet Banana 41 5 1.5 19
Cayenne 21 19 0.2 15


zCwt = 100 lb.
YBy weight, as
xComputed from


Acre = 8712 linear feet of bed.
i percentage of harvested fruit.
plots of 10 plants each.





Marketable fruit characteristics for jalapeno pepper fruit.z


Jalapeno Ratio Wall No.
Entry Length (in.) Width (in.) Length/Width Thickness (in.) Locules

Jalapa 2.6 by 1.1 b 2.39 b 0.184 a 2.5 b
Sunex 4509 4.1 a 1.5 a 2.72 a 0.192 a 2.5 b
Ebano 2.9 b 1.1 bc 2.66 ab 0.184 a 2.3 b
Jalapeno M 2.6 b 1.0 c 2.55 ab 0.168 a 2.2 b
Jalapeno 2.8 b 1.1 b 2.48 ab 0.196 a 3.1 a

zAverages from samples of eight fruit per replication taken from the earliest harvest.
YMean separation by Duncan's multiple range test, 5% level.






Table 5b. Marketable fruit characteristics for specialty pepper fruit.z

Specialty Ratio Wall No.
Entry Length (in.) Width (in.) Length/Width Thickness (in.) Locules

Hungarian Yellow Wax 4.6y 1.3 3.59 0.139 2.3
Sweet Banana 4.9 1.5 3.36 0.152 3.1
Cayenne 4.1 0.5 8.20 0.063 2.1


ZAverages from samples
YComputed from 4 plots


of eight fruit per replication taken from the earliest harvest.
of 10 plants each.


Table 5a.







Marketable yield, fruit size and percentage of culls of
for the second harvest, 28 May 1993.


replicated jalapeno trial entries


Marketablez Marketable Average Totaly
Jalapeno Yield Fruit Marketable Culls
Entry (cwt/A) per Plant (no.) Fruit Wt. (oz) (%)

Sunex 4509 116 aX 13 a 1.5 a 17 a
Jalapa 38 b 10 b 0.7 b 18 a
Ebano 29 b 8 b 0.6 b 21 a
Jalapeno M 24 b 7 bc 0.6 b 9 a
Jalapeno 17 b 4 c 0.7 b 15 a

ZCwt = 100 lb. Acre = 8712 linear feet of bed.
YBy weight, as a percentage of total harvested fruit.
XMean separation by Duncan's multiple range test, 5% level.




Table 6b. Marketable yield, fruit size and percentage of culls of specialty trial entries for the
second harvest, 28 May 1993.

Marketablez Marketable Average TotalY
Specialty Yield Fruit Marketable Culls
Entry (cwt/A) per Plant (no.) Fruit Wt. (oz) (%)

Sweet Banana 77X 11 1.2 28
Hungarian Yellow Wax 53 9 1.0 20
Cayenne 37 40 0.2 25


ZCwt = 100 lb.
YBy weight, as
XComputed from


Acre = 8712 linear feet of bed.
i percentage of harvested fruit.
Spots of 10 plants each.


Table 6a.





Marketable yield, fruit size and percentage of culls of
for the third harvest, 3 June 1993.


replicated jalapeno trial entries


Marketablez Marketable Average Total'
Jalapeno Yield Fruit Marketable Culls
Entry (cwt/A) per Plant (no.) Fruit Wt. (oz) (%)

Sunex 4509 50 aX 7 b 1.1 a 22 a
Jalapa 49 a 13 a 0.6 b 16 a
Ebano 43 ab 13 a 0.5 b 18 a
Jalapeno M 29 bc 9 b 0.6 b 15 a
Jalapeno 26 c 8 b 0.6 b 25 a


ZCwt = 100 lb. Acre = 8712 linear feet of bed.
YBy weight, as a percentage of total harvested fruit.
XMean separation by Duncan's multiple range test, 5% level.


Marketable yield, fruit size and percentage of culls of
harvest, 3 June 1993.


specialty trial entries for the third


Marketablez Marketable Average TotalY
Specialty Yield Fruit Marketable Culls
Entry (cwt/A) per Plant (no.) Fruit Wt. (oz) (%)

Hungarian Yellow Wax 48X 8 1.0 28
Sweet Banana 23 2 1.5 57
Cayenne 9 12 0.1 36


ZCwt = 100 lb. Acre = 8712 linear feet of bed.
YBy weight, as a percentage of harvested fruit.
xComputed from 4 plots of 10 plants each.


Table 7a.


Table 7b.




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