| Material Information
||Soil preparation for crops on old sand land using fumigants and full-bed mulch
||Bradenton AREC research report
||1 leaf : ; 28 cm.
||Overman, A. J ( Amegda J )
Jones, J. P ( John Paul ), 1932-
Geraldson, C. M ( Carroll Morton ), 1918-
Agricultural Research & Education Center (Bradenton, Fla.)
||Agricultural Research and Education Center, IFAS, University of Florida
||Place of Publication:
||Soil management -- Florida ( lcsh )
Mulching -- Florida ( lcsh )
||government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent) ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
||Statement of Responsibility:
||A.J. Overman, J.P. Jones & C.M. Geraldson.
||Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
|Table of Contents
The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
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site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.
Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION CENTER
I IFAS, University of Florida
BRADENTON AREC RESEARCH REPORT GC1975-6 May, 1975
SOIL PREPARATION FOR CROPS ON OLD SAND LAND USING FUMIGA1NTS AD FULL-BED MULCH
A. J. Overman, J. P. Jones & C. M. Geraldson, 1,
PRELIMINARY DECISIONS TO BE MADE:
1. PLANTING SITE: FEB 22 1976
a. Determine potential production problems based on cropping history.
b. Obtain cooperation of your County Extension Director in evaluating site.
2. CROP VARIETY:. .
a. Consider growth habit of candidate varieties.
b. Consider disease resistance of candidate varieties.
3. PLANT SOURCE:
a. Cell-pack transplants improve stand survival.
b. Use only disease-free transplants or plug-mix.
4. SOIL FUMIGANT
a. Factors to be considered:
1) Disease pressure expected in the field.
2) Length of the crop life.
3) Cash value of the crop harvest.
5. FULL-BED MULCH
a. To improve fumigant action, e. To control weeds on the beds.
b. To retain soil moisture. f. To protect roots from mechanical damage.
c. To restrict leaching of fertilizers, g. To reduce fruit rots in ground culture.
d. To prevent bed erosion. h. To prevent recontamination of beds.
1. SOIL MOISTURE:
a. Maintain seedbed moisture during preparation of the field.
1) Encourage rotting of crop debris.
2) Encourage hatching of nematode and insect eggs, germination of weed seeds
and spores of disease organisms.
a. Rotovate, disk the field repeatedly for at least 1 month before planting.
1) Destroy previous crop debris.
2) Destroy weeds.
3) Clean-fallow to starve out soil pests.
3. SOIL AMENDMENTS:
a. Mix dolomite broadcast during cultivation and superphosphate + fritted trace
elements in the beds.
1) Liming materials and phosphates should be thoroughly mixed in the plow layer.
4. SOIL FUMIGATION:
a. Apply a soil fumigant in prepared beds or as the beds are being constructed.
1) 3 to 5 streams (depending on width of the bed) 6" below the final bed surface.
2) Distance between streams varies with chemical (8-12 inches).
3) Compact the treated bed immediately with a press, eliminate chisel crevice.
5. FERTILIZATION: (Immediately)
a. Place 1500-2000 lbs/A 18-0-25-2 in 2 narrow bands on outer edge of bed surface.
b. Broadcast starter fertilizer such as 300 lbs/A 6-10-10 between the bands.
6. MULCH: (Immediately)
a. Seal mulch over fumigated and fertilized bed.
b. If soil is excessively wet or below 600F, cut the plant holes in mulch 7 days
c. 14 days after fumigation, plant.