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Group Title: Research report - Bradenton Agricultural Research & Education Center - GC1975-6
Title: Soil preparation for crops on old sand land using fumigants and full-bed mulch
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067691/00001
 Material Information
Title: Soil preparation for crops on old sand land using fumigants and full-bed mulch
Series Title: Bradenton AREC research report
Physical Description: 1 leaf : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Overman, A. J ( Amegda J )
Jones, J. P ( John Paul ), 1932-
Geraldson, C. M ( Carroll Morton ), 1918-
Agricultural Research & Education Center (Bradenton, Fla.)
Publisher: Agricultural Research and Education Center, IFAS, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Bradenton Fla
Publication Date: 1975
 Subjects
Subject: Soil management -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Mulching -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: A.J. Overman, J.P. Jones & C.M. Geraldson.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "May, 1975."
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00067691
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: oclc - 71842412

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HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
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site maintained by the Florida
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Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida





AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AND EDUCATION CENTER
I IFAS, University of Florida

BRADENTON AREC RESEARCH REPORT GC1975-6 May, 1975

SOIL PREPARATION FOR CROPS ON OLD SAND LAND USING FUMIGA1NTS AD FULL-BED MULCH
A. J. Overman, J. P. Jones & C. M. Geraldson, 1,

PRELIMINARY DECISIONS TO BE MADE:
1. PLANTING SITE: FEB 22 1976
a. Determine potential production problems based on cropping history.
b. Obtain cooperation of your County Extension Director in evaluating site.
2. CROP VARIETY:. .
a. Consider growth habit of candidate varieties.
b. Consider disease resistance of candidate varieties.
3. PLANT SOURCE:
a. Cell-pack transplants improve stand survival.
b. Use only disease-free transplants or plug-mix.
4. SOIL FUMIGANT
a. Factors to be considered:
1) Disease pressure expected in the field.
2) Length of the crop life.
3) Cash value of the crop harvest.
5. FULL-BED MULCH
a. To improve fumigant action, e. To control weeds on the beds.
b. To retain soil moisture. f. To protect roots from mechanical damage.
c. To restrict leaching of fertilizers, g. To reduce fruit rots in ground culture.
d. To prevent bed erosion. h. To prevent recontamination of beds.
FIELD PREPARATION
1. SOIL MOISTURE:
a. Maintain seedbed moisture during preparation of the field.
b. Purpose:
1) Encourage rotting of crop debris.
2) Encourage hatching of nematode and insect eggs, germination of weed seeds
and spores of disease organisms.
2. CULTIVATION:
a. Rotovate, disk the field repeatedly for at least 1 month before planting.
b. Purpose:
1) Destroy previous crop debris.
2) Destroy weeds.
3) Clean-fallow to starve out soil pests.
3. SOIL AMENDMENTS:
a. Mix dolomite broadcast during cultivation and superphosphate + fritted trace
elements in the beds.
b. Purpose:
1) Liming materials and phosphates should be thoroughly mixed in the plow layer.
4. SOIL FUMIGATION:
a. Apply a soil fumigant in prepared beds or as the beds are being constructed.
b. Method:
1) 3 to 5 streams (depending on width of the bed) 6" below the final bed surface.
2) Distance between streams varies with chemical (8-12 inches).
3) Compact the treated bed immediately with a press, eliminate chisel crevice.
5. FERTILIZATION: (Immediately)
a. Place 1500-2000 lbs/A 18-0-25-2 in 2 narrow bands on outer edge of bed surface.
b. Broadcast starter fertilizer such as 300 lbs/A 6-10-10 between the bands.
6. MULCH: (Immediately)
a. Seal mulch over fumigated and fertilized bed.
b. If soil is excessively wet or below 600F, cut the plant holes in mulch 7 days
after fumigation.
c. 14 days after fumigation, plant.




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