In This Issue...
211117 North Florida Bef Cattnl Foragc
Field Da\ Schedulced
Bronson Takcs Action to .-.ssit in Animal
Floridal culturall NILiSctII11 Rccci\CS
Cirant FuLdinll foi Nc\\ Pcnimancnt
.Japan Tests Fail to Sho\\ BSE Infcction
from YOu ii, Cattle
Animal \\clfarc is Our Li\cliliood and
56th nn eBee
%A- 6 6 I --. -
,JseSvel eatmn fnma cecsU/FS
Dates to Remember
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25-26 W illi.stm Ranch RodclI \\ illilIni. I'L
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Il inn. Sl i in.. FL L
'1fi11 N 1li li'd' i [IS it ItIC I'lId C I'1IJI Dal,
5 Management Decisions for the Cow/Calf Herd in
Stressful Times Hastings, FL
9 N7' Ai.\ iudil PILC[ ', ,it I'l.l- B'r.iiii''I I I CI' .IC lc. h -
FlI ii hii l' l. k j.\
9 : -'n' .\- hIiLl.lh I .111nt.n B l.11l1 n.nl. B IlLJd I .\~1.\ S.nk -
III Hiol eL'i .Lt-hi lr SLiiiIl, \\ CiLAk.L. IL
14 2007 Corn Silage/Forage Field Day Tifton, GA
14-16 S.eI2iII 1" ('.ill le [ lc 2iCI I A'l, .\- IL .i I'IM 'kI" '111 i ll !1 .
IKi- 'JIIiii.C I L
15-16 Northeast Florida Youth Classic Prospect Steer &
Heifer Show Callahan, FL
17 Hi .ull ii .hIl ip S' hI',,l \\ ,l.lk.;.. I'L
18-19 FCA Cattlemen's College Marco Island, FL
19-21 IF'.\ It '\V .\uiui l i'lIIi. C i.CII u A .\llicJ Tr.dli Slu.:.
I.I'I, I l. Ind. IL
22 State 4-H Horse Events Gainesville, FL
24 H i oge.-Iil' SL& Hm \\ Gi illek. FL
26-28 4-H Hog & Ham Gainesville, FL
The Institute ofFood andAgrcultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Employment Opportunity -Affirmative Acton Employer authorized to provide research educational information and other
services only to individuals that function with regard to race, color sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other extension publcations, contact your county
Cooperative Extension Service office.
2007 North Florida Beef Cattle/
Forage Field Day Scheduled
Mark you calendars and plan to attend the fourth
Beef Cattle/Forage Field Day at the University of Florida/
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, (UF/IFAS)
North Florida Research and Education Center Beef Unit
in Marianna, FL, on Tuesday, June 5,2007. The field day
will begin at 8:00 am (CDT) and will end at 3:00 pm.
Lunch and refreshments will be provided.
The field day will include demonstrations along with
field tours of ongoing research. Topics covered will include
an update on feed efficiency research, alternative
fertilization of pastures, weed control in pastures, mineral
supplementation of the cow herd, cull cow marketing
options, update on by-product feeds, ongoing forage studies,
and pasture mole cricket control.
Bronson Takes Action to Assist
in Animal Evacuation
Florida Agriculture and Consumer Services
Commissioner Charles Bronson has taken steps to make
it easier for horse and livestock owners to move their
animals in the event of an evacuation due to wildfires.
Bronson has temporarily suspended intrastate
movement requirements only for those animals being
evacuated from affected areas. He has also lifted
interstate requirements for animals being evacuated from
the fire affected areas in Georgia and moving into Florida.
At the same time, Alabama and Georgia officials have
waived their interstate movement requirements for Florida
livestock being evacuated into those states.
"We need to help people get out of harm's way as
quickly as possible because these wildfires can spread
quickly and we have new fires breaking out in many areas
of the state each day," Bronson said. "This temporary
suspension of these requirements is critical for people who
need to move out of an area quickly and want to protect
Anyone transporting livestock during this emergency
situation must continue to stop at the Florida agricultural
interdiction stations. If the proper paperwork does not
accompany the shipment, the transporter will be issued
an ALE-5, Livestock Truck Passing Report. This
movement report must accompany the livestock during
transport within Florida, Georgia and Alabama until the
owners return home when it is deemed safe to do so.
The NFREC Beef Unit is located one mile west of
Greenwood, FL, on state highway 162. For additional
information call (850) 482-9904 or (850) 482-1243. A
registration fee of $10 will be charged.
For a listing of facilities accepting livestock in the
southeast, log on to the Division of Animal Industry's
Emergency Evacuation Web site at: http://
Dr. William Jeter
Phone: (850) 410-0900
Release May 10, 2007
Florida Agricultural Museum
Receives Grant Funding for New
Florida Agriculture and Consumer Services
Commissioner Charles H. Bronson announced that the
Florida Agricultural Museum has received $31,000 in
funding from the Division of Historical Resources to mount
a new exhibit, "Florida's Black Cowboys: Past and
The permanent exhibit will introduce visitors to the
involvement of black men and women in Florida's cattle
industry, past and present, through text panels, archival
images, and appropriate artifacts. Some images and text
will be collected during interviews with present-day
African American cattlemen.
The involvement of African Americans in the state's
cattle industry is a little known and under reported aspect
of Florida's history. The term "cowboy" was introduced
to America during the 18th century in coastal South
Carolina and specifically referred to a black male slave
who tended cows. Long before that, however, African
Americans both enslaved and free served as ranch hands
and overseers on the large ranches established by
important Spanish families connected to the royal
government of Florida. Many Africans had experience in
tending cattle in their homelands and interestingly shared
an "open grazing" approach to cattle raising with the
Spaniards, who introduced both cattle and African
Americans to the state. Some free blacks ranched for
themselves but more frequently they acted as drovers for
herds being moved into and out of the state. Black
participation in Florida's cattle industry continued
throughout the centuries Florida's development. Today,
black men and women remain important players in
ranching operations throughout Florida.
Cattle were first introduced to Florida by Ponce de
Leon on his second voyage in 1521. The expedition failed,
and it seems unlikely that the cattle survived. When Pedro
Menendez de Aviles successfully established his colony
in 1565, he brought with him 200 tereras, or bred heifers.
By the 17th century, the largest of Florida's Spanish
ranches were coming into existence. Throughout the
colonial and territorial periods, and the days of early
statehood, cattle remained a crucial component of Florida's
economy and history. Even today, in the face of
development and the loss of rural working lands, the cattle
industry remains a cornerstone of Florida's agricultural
Phase One of the exhibit will be completed over the
course of the next year. Funding is currently being sought
for Phase Two of the project. Phase Two will involve the
production of a DVD for possible distribution to television
stations and all public Florida K-12 schools and 4-H
coordinators for inclusion in their youth development and
educational programs. The DVD will also be added to
Phase One of the exhibit.
The Florida Agricultural Museum is a direct support
organization of the Florida Department ofAgriculture and
Consumer Services created under Florida Statute and
designated as the museum for agriculture and rural history
of the State of Florida.
Bruce J. Piatek
Phone: (386) 446-7630
Release- April 19, 2007
Japan Tests Fail to
Show BSE Infection
from Young Cattle
Brain matter carrying mad cow disease
from the two youngest cattle confirmed with BSE in Japan
has so far failed to infect mice in tests, a Health Ministry
official said on Wednesday.
The test results could influence Japan's trade talks
with the United States, as Tokyo has restricted American
beef imports to cattle aged 20 months or younger on
grounds that the youngest case of the disease was found
in a 21-month-old animal.
Washington is pressing Tokyo to raise the limit to up
to 30 months, arguing this is in line with international
Japanese scientists used brain matter from cattle
aged 21 months and 23 months which had been diagnosed
with mad cow disease in 2003 and were subsequently
The brain matter was injected into mice, but the
animals did not show signs of developing the disease.
"The results so far do not show that (mad cow
disease) has spread," the Health Ministry official said.
He did not specify when the tests started.
The official said he expects the test results to be
eventually presented to the Food Safety Commission, a
panel of experts that assesses risk and makes policy
The Japanese animals whose brain tissue was used
for the experiment are believed to be some of the youngest
cases of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE, found
in cattle in the world.
Experts believe older cattle are more likely to
develop the brain-wasting disease.
The United States is still struggling to regain its
previous role as one of the top foreign suppliers of beef to
Japan, a position it lost after it reported its first case of
mad cow disease in December 2003, prompting Japan to
ban the meat.
It has since resumed exports, but beef sales have
been slow in Japan due to a number of reasons including
the restriction on the cattle's age.
The World Animal Health Organization is expected
to give the United States a "controlled risk" rating later
this month, a ruling Washington is expected to use to
pressure Japan to further open its beef market.
Japan was the top foreign beef market for the United
States before the ban, buying some $1.4 billion worth of
the meat in 2003.
Release May 9, 2007
Animal Welfare is Our
Livelihood and Our Legacy
Paxton Ramsey is a Texas cattle producer and
member of the National Cattlemen's Beef Association
(NCBA). In testifying on behalf of the American rancher
before the House Agriculture Committee's Subcommittee
on Livestock, Dairy, and Poultry, Ramsey reaffirms the
importance of animal welfare to the cattle industry.
"As a rancher, the care and well-being of my livestock
is top priority. Ranchers are the original proponents of
animal care and welfare because we understand the moral
obligation that comes with being a steward of our animals.
We spend every day living off the land, working with our
livestock and it is our passion.
"This long-standing commitment to the health and
welfare of our animals is probably not something we talk
about enough in public, because it is not something that
we have to make a conscious decision to pursue. Good
care of our animals is second nature to us. It is not
something we do because it is popular or nci'\\ s\thi.
We do it because these animals depend on us and we
cannot fail them.
"Taking good care of our livestock is not just about
doing the right thing; it also makes good business sense. It
is well-recognized by our entire industry that it is in
everyone's best interest from producer to packer to
handle animals humanely. Sound animal husbandry
practices based on generations of research and practical
experience are known to impact the well-being of cattle,
individual animal health, and herd productivity.
"NCBA has long taken its role in animal welfare
seriously. As the trade association forAmerica's cattlemen,
we have a role to help educate and train our members in
the proper care and handling of livestock. These
discussions began at the grassroots level and have involved
the expertise of all entities associated with our business.
Producer-led initiatives include NCBA's Beef Quality
Assurance (BQA) Program and the cattle industry's
"Guidelines for the Care and Handling of Cattle."
"Created in 1987, BQA unites animal scientists,
veterinarians, feed suppliers, animal health companies,
packers, and retailers with producers. The BQA program
provides guidelines for livestock care and handling, nutrition,
and veterinary treatment. Cattlemen become certified and
undergo continuous training to remain certified.
"BQA incorporates current Food and Drug
Administration (FDA), Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA), and United States Department of Agriculture
(USDA) regulations, as well as Hazard Analysis Critical
Control Point (HACCP) principles. Today, BQA influences
more than ninety percent of U.S. cattle.
"Not only is proper care and handling something we
practice, it is also regulated by state and federal laws. As
such, we look forward to working with Congress to ensure
that state and federal agencies such as the Animal and
Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) have all of the
resources they need for inspection of regulated facilities
that handle livestock. In addition, we think it is crucial for
local, state, and federal governments to prosecute those
who willingly mistreat their animals and break these laws.
"Years of practical experience have shaped the
practices that my family, and ranching families across the
country, use to provide humane care of our livestock. It is
not just something we talk about, it is something we do
Tanya A. Camarra
Release May 8, 2007
Jluson t ewaru, rignt, a projessionau roueo competlor jrom vwalstIlon,
Fla., prepares to rope a steer with partner M s Melsom, an amateur
rodeo competitor from Starke, Fla., at UF's Horse Teaching Unit in
Gainesville -- Saturday, March 24, 2007. The pair were among more
than 30 riders who took part in UF's second annual Ropin' in the
Swamp competition. In the event, pairs of riders attempted to rope and
secure a steer in the shortest time possible. (AP photo/University of