Group Title: Animal science newsletter
Title: Animal science newsletter ; March 2007
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 Material Information
Title: Animal science newsletter ; March 2007
Series Title: Animal science newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Department of Animal Sciences, IFAS
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Department of Animal Sciences, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publication Date: March 2007
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Bibliographic ID: UF00067334
Volume ID: VID00062
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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-March 2007

March 2007

In This Issue...

-I Dates to Remember

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17 Small Farms Livestock Production Conference -
Manatee Co. Extension Office
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31 State 4-H & FFA Livestock Judging Contest -
Gainesville, FL

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6 Georgia Expo Commercial Heifer Sale Perry, GA
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14 State 4-H & FFA Horse Judging Contest Gainesville,
19-21 NLIBA. Ru.L;I.I II MhllIIP -* ilind,.. ki iiiiinir FL
21 State 4-H & FFA Horse Judging Contest Gainesville,

56th Annual Beef Cattle
S Short Course

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Online registration is now available! Please

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ANII Launlchles worker r Safety \\eb
Site 1
Horse CiGenomie Assemibled
Bronson Annouinces Ta\ Break For
Gro\\ ers
Ranchers Applaudil Introduction ofE SA
Reftmn Bill 4

Safe workplaces are good for employees...
S and good for business.

AMI Launches Worker Safety Web Site

The American Meat Institute has unveiled, a Web site to provide information
for the meat industry, the public and the media about
worker safety in the meat and poultry industry.
The new site offers access to a variety of
government and industry resources and training
materials. The Ergonomic Program Management
Guidelines for Meatpacking Plants, which were
developed jointly by the industry, the Occupational
Safety and Health Administration and the United Food
and Commercial Workers, are included. Other content
includes a section highlighting the industry's success
in reducing injury and illness rates, the implementation
of voluntary ergonomic guidelines and a in ll and
facts" section.

The Institute ofFood andAgricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmatve Acton Employer authorized to provide research educational information, and other
services only to individuals that function with regard to race, color sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other extension pubhcations, contact your county
Cooperative Extension Service office.

Horse Genome Assembled
Data on Equine Genome Freely Available to
Researchers Worldwide

The first draft of the horse genome sequence has
been deposited in public databases and is freely available
for use by biomedical and veterinary researchers around
the globe, leaders of the international Horse Genome
Sequencing Project announced today.
The $15 million effort to sequence the
approximately 2.7 billion DNA base pairs in the genome
of the horse (Equus caballus) was funded by the National
Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), one of
the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Ateam led by
Kerstin Lindblad-Toh, Ph.D., at the Eli and Edythe L.
Broad Institute of the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology and Harvard University, in Cambridge,
Mass., carried out the sequencing and assembly of the
horse genome.
Approximately 300,000 Bacterial Artificial
Chromosome (BAC) end sequences, which provide
continuity when assembling a large genome sequence,
were contributed to the horse sequencing project by
Ottmar Distl, D.V.M., Ph.D. and Tosso Leeb, Ph.D.,
from the University of Veterinary Medicine, in Hanover,
Germany and Helmut Blocker, Ph.D., from the Helmholtz
Centre for Infection Research in Braunschweig,
Germany. Production of the BAC end sequences was
funded by the Volkswagen Foundation and the State of
Lower Saxony.
Sequencing of the domestic horse genome began
in 2006, building upon a 10-year collaborative effort
among an international group of scientists to use genomics
to address important health issues for equines, known
as the Horse Genome Project (
Horsemap/). The horse whose DNA was used in the
sequencing effort is a Thoroughbred mare named Twilight
from Comell University in Ithaca, N.Y Researchers
obtained the DNA from a small sample of the animal's
blood. To download a high-resolution photo of Twilight,
go to
Twilight is stabled at the McConville Barn, Baker
Institute for Animal Health, College of Veterinary
Medicine, at Cornell University, with a small herd of

NHGRI-supported researchers have sequenced the
genome of /ii ,lgi. a Thoroughbred mare from
Cornell University in Itaca, NY.

horses that have been selected and bred for more than
25 years to study the mechanisms that prevent maternal
immunological recognition and destruction of the
developing fetus during mammalian pregnancy. The
research, conducted by Comell professor Doug Antczak,
VM.D, Ph.D., and funded by the National Institute of
Child Health and Human Development, has implications
in reproduction, clinical organ transplantation and immune
In addition to sequencing the horse genome,
researchers produced a map of horse genetic variation
using DNA samples from a variety of modem and
ancestral breeds, including the Akel Teke, Andalusian,
Arabian, Icelandic, Quarter, Standardbred and
Thoroughbred. This map, comprised of 1 million signposts
of variation called single nucleotide polymorphisms, or
SNPs, will provide scientists with a genome-wide view
of genetic variability in horses and help them identify the
genetic contributions to physical and behavioral
differences, as well as to disease susceptibility. There
are more than 80 known genetic conditions in horses
that are genetically similar to disorders seen in humans,
including musculoskeletal, neuromuscular, cardiovascular
and respiratory diseases. The SNPs are available at the
Broad Institute web site (
horse/snp) and will be available shortly from NCBI's
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism database, dbSNP

The initial sequencing assembly is based on 6.8-
fold coverage of the horse genome, which means, on

average, each base pair has been sequenced almost seven
times over. Researchers can access the horse genome
sequence data through the following public databases:
GenBank ( at NIH's
National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI);
NCBI's Map Viewer (; UCSC
Genome Browser ( at the
University of Califoria at Santa Cruz; and the Ensembl
Genome Browser ( at the Wellcome
Trust Sanger Institute in Cambridge, England. The data
is also available from the Broad Institute Web site
Over the next several months, researchers plan to
further improve the accuracy of the horse genome
sequence and expect to deposit an even higher resolution
assembly in public databases. Comparing the horse and
human genomes will help medical researchers learn more
about the human genome and will also serve as a tool
for veterinary researchers to better understand the
diseases that affect equines. Apublication analyzing the
horse genome sequence and its implications for horse
population genetics is being planned for the future.
To learn more about the expanding field of
comparative genomics, go to
11509542. A complete list of organisms and their
sequencing status can be viewed at
NHGRI is one of the 27 institutes and centers at
the National Institutes of Health, an agency of the
Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS).
Additional information about NHGRI can be found at
its Web site,
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) The
Nation's Medical Research Agency includes 27
Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services. It is the
primary federal agency for conducting and supporting
basic, clinical and translational medical research, and it
investigates the causes, treatments, and cures for both
common and rare diseases. For more information about
NIH and its programs, visit


National Institute of Health
Release February 7, 2007

SFresh Bronson

Flkoidao Announces Tax
Break For Growers

Florida Agriculture and Consumer Services
Commissioner Charles H. Bronson announced that some
state cost-share payments for implementing Best
Management Practices (BMPs) may be excluded from
a producer's adjusted gross income for 2006 federal
income tax purposes.
Bronson requested and received from the U.S.
Department ofAgriculture a determination that cost share
payments made under a number of state conservation
programs are made primarily for conserving soil and
water resources, protecting or restoring the environment,
improving forests, or providing habitat for wildlife.
The following BMP programs are included:
Program for Citrus, Cow/Calf, Dairies and
Other Agriculture in the Lake Okeechobee
Priority Basins.
Program for Indian RiverArea Citrus Groves.
Program for Interim Measures for Tri-County
Agricultural Area Farms.
Program for Interim Measures for Florida
Producers of Container-Grown Plants.
Program for Best Management Practices for
Shadehouse Grown LeatherleafFerns.
Nitrogen Best Management Practices Program
for Florida Ridge Citrus.
Nitrogen Interim Measures for Florida Citrus.
Nitrogen Interim Measures for Bahiagrass and
Bermuda Grass.
Florida Conservation Reserve Enhancement
Under the Internal Revenue Service Code, cost-
share payments made under these programs can be
excluded from adjusted gross income if such payments
are used for capital expenses and do not substantially
increase the income derived from the property for which
those payments are made. The IRS defines a "substantial

increase" as 10 percent or $2.50 per acre, whichever is
Bronson said he intends to request from the USDA
an additional determination to provide the adjusted gross
income exclusion for cost-share payments made under
any Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer
Services' conservation program. If successful, this change
would allow for such exclusion for 2007 federal income
tax purposes.


Ray Scott, FDACS
Phone: (850)410-6714
Release February 19, 2007

BEE7 Ranchers Applaud
Introduction of ESA

USA Reform Bill

S. 658 Aims to Strengthen Recovery Efforts with
Landowner Input

Efforts to reform the Endangered Species Act
(ESA) a priority issue for U.S. ranchers have been
revived in the 110' Congress thanks to a bill that seeks
to strengthen species recovery while providing for local
community input.
Senators Larry Craig (R-Idaho) and Craig Thomas
(R-Wyo.), who both serve on the Senate Environment
and Public Works Committee, introduced the
Endangered Species Reform Act of 2007 (S.658) on
February 16.
Members of the National Cattlemen's Beef
Association (NCBA) and the Public Lands Council
(PLC) have identified the issue as a top priority for
ranchers and landowners for many years.
"One of the key concerns we hear from our
members is that they want more say in the listing and
recovery process," says JeffEisenberg, NCBA's director
of federal lands and executive director of the PLC. "Since
ranchers are out on the land every day, they can offer a
first-hand account of how a species is being managed
and recovered."
For ranchers, the bill aims to put in place a number

of much-needed reforms including:
Giving impacted states a larger voice in the listing
process by requiring the Secretary of the Interior
to solicit assessments from those states.
Allowing for more public comment opportunities
by requiring a minimum of two hearings in each
of the affected states.
Requiring advocacy groups that petition for an
ESA listing to provide information on the species
that has been tested in the field, peer reviewed
and published by a scientific source. Petitioners
must also provide the historical and current range
and distribution of the species in addition to the
status and trends of all populations of that
Allowing the Interior Secretary to use data
observed by land owners on the status of that
Requiring the Interior Secretary to prepare a
recovery plan upon the proposal to list a species
and for the Secretary to change the status of a
species or remove the species from the list upon
meeting those criteria.
"This bill provides landowners, states and federal
agencies with the necessary tools to properly list and
manage species under ESA," says Eisenberg.
"Additionally, the bill establishes safeguards against
advocacy groups who pursue ESA without solid science."
Senators Chuck Hagel (R-Neb.), Mike Enzi (R-
Wyo.), and Wayne Allard (R-Colo.) are all cosponsors
of the legislation. The bill has been reported to the
Environment and Public Works Committee where it
awaits further action.

"Ranchers are grateful to these Senators for putting
forth common-sense ESA reform legislation," says
Eisenberg. "This action has set the stage for discussions
on ESA reform in the new Congress, and we're looking
forward to participating in this dialogue."


Karen Batra, NCBA
Tanya Augustson Camarra, NCBA
Release February 21, 2007

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