UNIVERSITY OF 0.
* FLORIDA j ifl cienc
IFAS EXTENSION rslir
In This Issue...
Beef Mlannement Calendar
Responsibility of Extension Agents in the Collection
and Deliver\ of Check-Off Pa ments 2
Ne\\ Guide for Veterinaians on National Scrapie
Eradication Prouram No\\ Available 3
AMISA Presents 2004 Achie\ ement yardsd s to Three
Dale Sauls Selected 2004- Lancaster Sunbelt Expo
Southeastern Farmer of the Year for Florida 4
Food Promotion Act Puts an End to Labelinu
Ne\- National Anmial ID S\ stem Will Guard Auainst
Salad Co\\ Disease and Anmial Health
Prepared by Extension Specialists in
+ J.D. Arthington
Beef Cattle Management, Ona
: J.N. Carter
Beef Cattle Extension Specialist, Marianna
*: GR. Hansen
Beef Cattle Production, Marianna
*: EG. Hembry, Professor
Department Chairman, Gainesville
Extension Beef Cattle Specialist, Gainesville
E.L. Johnson, Associate Professor
Extension Equine Specialist, Gainesville
+ T.T. Marshall, Professor
Beef Cattle Management, Gainesville
R.O. Myer, Professor
Animal Nutritionist, Marianna
R.S. Sand, Associate Professor
Extension Livestock Specialist, Gainedvile
SW. Taylor, Coordinator
Youth Education/Training, Gainesville
+ S.H. TenBroeck, Associate Professor
Extension Equine Specialist, Gainesville
+ T.A. Thrift, Assistant Professor
Beef Cattle Nutrition, Gainesville
/ Dates to Remember
3 Goal Field Da\ Rain,_i Caile REC. (n)l FL
9-13 NCBA Mid Year Conference Denver, CO
13 NoillK st Floinda Bc.i &.l Foigi: Gioup "ilt Ainnial
HaI Fikld Di\ Holi/ ldoif Faini. Sutik FL
15-17 Florind C(Tlllemiin F ll (,- In irll M cNlccllie (- stal
16 2004 FL Equine Institute and Allied Trade Show -
Southeastern Livestock Pavilion; Ocala, FL
211-24 The FIorida Assocjation of El\tcision Piofc-ssioiuls
rlecium Cocoa Beach FL
25 Florida Santa Gertrudis Sale Bartow, FL
UF/IFAS photo by Eric Zamora.
Other photos are available for news and feature
type photography at http://ics.ifas.ufl.edu/pictures/
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmative Acton Employer authorized to provide research, educational information, and other
services only to individuals that function with regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other extension publcations, contact your county
Cooperative Extension Service office.
0 Treat for liver flukes as close to August 15th as
possible, if they are in your area.
0 Cut hay.
0 Apply lime for fall and winter crops.
0 Harvest Bahiagrass seed.
0 Check mineral feeder.
0 Update market information and marketing plans.
0 Check for army worms, spittlebugs, and mole
crickets, and treat if necessary.
0 Check dust bags.
0 Wean calves and cull cow herd.
0 Watch for evidence of abortions.
0 Observe animals regularly for signs of disease.
0 If cattle grubs were found on cattle last winter or
heel flies were observed in the pasture, treat for
cattle grubs this month.
0 Pregnancy test and cull open heifers from
0 Cut hay.
0 Heavily graze pastures to be interplanted to cool
0 Check mineral feeder.
0 Check for mole crickets, spittlebugs, and
grassloopers, and treat if necessary.
0 Check dust bags.
0 Wean calves and cull cow herd if not already
done. Remove open, unsound, or poor producing
0 Train cowboys to observe normal and abnormal
behavior and signs of disease.
0 Be sure any replacement purchases are healthy
and have been calfhood vaccinated for
0 September or October is a good time to deworm
the cow herd if internal parasites are a problem.
0 When replacement heifers are weaned, give them
required vaccinations and teach them to eat then
put them on a good nutrition program.
0 Plant cool season legumes.
0 Plant small grain pastures.
0 Check mineral feeder.
0 Check for external parasites, especially lice, and
treat if needed.
0 Check for spittlebugs and grassloopers and treat,
0 Watch condition of cow herd; maintain adequate
0 Isolate any additions to the herd for 30 to 60 days
and observe for signs of disease; retest for
brucellosis and leptospirosis.
0 Be sure you have adequate handling facilities,
and they are in good working order.
0 If you are raising bulls for the commercial market,
October thru December is the main bull-buying
season for cattlemen in south Florida and now is
the time to have your promotion program fully
f Responsibility of
Extension Agents in the
Collection and Delivery of
I was recently asked about the responsibility of
Extension Agents in the collection and delivery of
check-off payments for show lambs. Although under
some legal scrutiny, there are currently check-off
systems in place that require money to be collected
and sent for market hogs, steers, and market lambs
that are sold at fairs and shows. The show/fair board
that runs the sale is responsible for collecting and
mailing the money to the correct state or national
office. I hope that all of our shows are doing this,
thus within the law. Although extension faculty may
be involved in these activities as teachers, they do
not have the responsibility of handling the money.
Questions can be answered through the
following INTERNET sites:
SAmerican Lamb Board -
Lamb Promotion, Research and
Information Order http://www.ams.usda.
SCattlemen's Beef Board -
SBeef Promotion and Research Order -
J ork Board http://www.porkboard.org/
Pork Promotion, Research and Consumer
Information Order -
The confusion about extension agent's
responsibilities came from a letter sent to agents by
the American Lamb Board which used the phrase
"extension programs" too liberally. This is one time
when the county faculty need to stand fast in their
role as an educator supporting the educational value
of the fair/show activities, rather than be the "person
SOURCE: Tim Marshall, Professor
Department of Animal Sciences
University of Florida
@* '"' r
NATIONAL SCRA PE EDC UCA ION IITr AT IVE
www.lanillit Iru leTre, erg/irarp
New Guide for Veterinarians on
National Scrapie Eradication
Program Now Available
A new publication, "A Guide to the National
Scrapie Eradication Program for Veterinarians" is
now being distributed to small ruminant practitioners
across the nation and is available to other
veterinarians and veterinary clinics upon request.
"This publication is an extremely handy, user-
friendly reference piece on the National Scrapie
Eradication Program (NSEP) and scrapie genetics,
the use of genotyping in the eradication program,"
says Dr. Cindy Wolf, chair of the National Institute
for Animal Agriculture's (NIAA) Sheep and Goat
Health Committee and a small ruminant specialist at
the University of Minnesota.
"What makes this publication so useful is its
format as well as the information it contains. It's
designed similar to a wall calendar with tabs
representing seven sections, allowing practitioners
to quickly find what they need," states Dr. Wolf.
"Further, we've prepared this guide so that a
veterinarian can use it in explaining the rather
complicated subject of scrapie genetics/genotyping
The guide is being distributed to members of
the American Association of Small Ruminant
Practitioners (AASRP) as well as state and federal
animal health officials. Other veterinarians who
would like a copy can email Julie Jones at
firstname.lastname@example.org. The guide can also
be downloaded on the Internet at
www.animalagriculture.org/scrapie. The Web site
also contains a number of other informational
resources on the NSEP and scrapie, most of which
are aimed at producers.
The guide is the latest resource developed by
the National Scrapie Education Initiative, a
collaborative effort conducted by NIAA on behalf of
the U. S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and
Plant Health Inspection Service, Veterinary Services,
which administers the eradication program. AASRP
provided technical assistance during the guide's
SOURCE: National Institute for Animal
Release July 13, 2004
Awards to Three
The American Meat Science Association
awarded three of its members a 2004 Achievement
Award during the 57th annual Reciprocal Meat
Conference in Lexington, KY.
Dr. Randall Huffman (UF graduate), vice
president of scientific affairs for the American Meat
Institute Foundation, Rosmarie A. Nold of the
University of Nebraska and Duane M. Wulf of South
Dakota State University received awards.
"It is truly an honor to receive this award from
an organization such as AMSA," Huffman said. "For
over half a century AMSA and its members have
provided scientific leadership that has led to dramatic
improvements in the quality and safety of meat
products. To be recognized by my peers within this
organization is very rewarding and humbling."
The award is presented annually to "young
AMSA members who have demonstrated significant
scientific skills in muscle foods research/technology,
which contribute to the animal products industry and
the American Meat Science Association."
Other awardees honored at the conference
* Ken Fleming, Cargill Meat Solutions -
Intercollegiate Meat Judging
Meritorious Service Award
* Joseph C. Cordray, Iowa State University -
Meat Processing Award
* Floyd K. McKeith, University of Illinois -
Distinguished Research Award
* Ted H. Montgomery, West Texas A&M
University Distinguished Extension Industry
* John A. Unruh, Kansas State University -
Distinguished Teaching Award
* William G Moody, University of Kentucky -
R.C. Pollock Award
Signal Service Award
* Herbert C. Abraham, Abraham Consulting
* W. Ronald Usborne, Caravelle Foods,
* Roger L. West, University of Florida
SOURCE: Eric Hanson
Release June 30, 2004
Dale Sauls Selected
S Sunbelt Expo
Southeastern Farmer of the Year
The beginning of Dale Sauls' agricultural career
in Anthony, FL, was far from glamorous or a
smashing hit. In fact, in the early 1970's, he lost his
job on a beef cattle operation when the beef market
Next focus for Sauls dairy farming and what
a wise decision it turned out to be. He entered into
partnership on an older small dairy farm that covered
only 80 acres of land and a 70-cow dairy herd.
"I initially supplied half the capital and all the
labor and management skills," said Sauls. "We also
began by buying twelve springing heifers, installing
pipelines and devising a feeding operation."
Three years later, he bought out the partnership,
moved the operation and built a modem dairy barn
on leased land. Today, the outstanding growth in the
Sauls' operation has led to his selection as the 2004
Lancaster/Sunbelt Expo Southeastern Farmer of the
Year for Florida as chosen in judging conducted by
the Florida Farm Bureau. He was nominated by
Sauls nowjoins seven other Southeastern state
winners as a finalist for the Lancaster/Sunbelt Expo
Southeastern Farmer of the Year Award for 2004,
which will be announced during the Sunbelt Expo
in Moultrie, GA, on Tuesday, Oct. 19th.
As the Florida state winner, Sauls will receive
a $2,500 cash award and an expense paid trip to the
Sunbelt Expo from Swisher International of
Jacksonville, FL; a jacket and a $200 gift certificate
from the Williamson-Dickie Company; a
commemorative gun safe from Misty Mom Safe Co.;
and a $500 gift certificate from Southern States. He
is also now eligible for the $14,000 cash award that
will go to the overall winner and the use of a Massey
Ferguson tractor for one year from AGCO, Inc.
Swisher International, through its Lancaster
Premium chewing tobacco brand, and the Sunbelt
Expo are sponsoring the Southeastern Farmer of the
Year Award for the 15th consecutive year. Swisher
has contributed more than $600,000 in cash awards
and other honors since the Award was initiated in
1990. Dairy farming and milk remain the focus of
the Sauls operation today and includes massive
numbers. The milk production for his 620 milking
cows is now over 16,603,600 pounds with a rolling
herd average of 26,780 pounds. And that computes
out to be 1,930,651.1 gallons!!
There are also 450 head of heifers and what
Sauls classifies as a "hobby" of 25 to 30 beef
cattle. Seven thousand tons of corn silage are
produced on 300 acres and it's a crop he's extremely
"We have a grower who comes in and grows
the crop for us," said Sauls. "Then we take over with
the harvest and storage. It's some of the finest corn
silage grown anywhere.
"All our milk is marketed through Southeast
Milk, a local group that I have been an active board
member since its inception," said Sauls, "There's an
agreement with the Marion County Inmate Workfarm
for the purchase of all our dairy bull calves.
"The beef cattle are a rewarding project," he
added. "We sell the offspring to kids in 4-H and FFA
for their local shows. We also work with them from
start to finish of the project from breaking the
animals, to grooming, clipping, showmanship,
nutrition and herdsman ship. "
Sauls and his wife Connie have two daughters,
Rolly, 20, and Megan, 19. Rolly is a junior at the
University of Florida while Megan attends Central
Florida Community College.
Previous state winners from Florida include:
Ernie Nunez of Dade City, 1990 and 1991; Wayne
Wiggins of Plant City, 1992; Leroy Baldwin of Ocala,
1993; Bill Long of Apopka, 1994; Richard Barber,
Jr., of Ocala, 1995; Al Bellotto of Lakeland, 1996;
Rex Clonts, Jr., of Apopka, 1997; John Hoblick of
DeLeon Springs, 1998; Doug Holmberg of Valrico,
1999; Damon Deas of Jennings, 2000; Gene Batson
of Mount Dora, 2001; Will Putnam III of Alturas,
2002; and Sonny Williamson, Jr. of Okeechobee,
ErnieNunez (1991), Leroy Baldwin (1993), Rex
Clonts (1997) and Doug Holmberg (1999) were each
chosen as the Lancaster/Sunbelt Expo Southeastern
Farmer of the Year.
A distinguished panel of judges will visit the
Sauls farm along with the other seven state finalists
in August. The judges for this year include 2000
Lancaster/Sunbelt Expo Southeastern Farmer of the
Year James Lee Adams of Camilla, GA; Dr. John
Wilson, retired state program leader for agriculture
and natural resources for Mississippi State
University; and Eric Raby, Vice President Marketing
- Massey Ferguson North America.
SOURCE: http://www.sunbeltexpo. corn
Release July 8, 2004
* Food Promotion Act
Puts an End to
Beef, Pork, Seafood, Fruit & Vegetable Pro-
ducers Urge Support for Voluntary Effort
Cattle ranchers, pork producers, seafood
producers and growers and shippers of fruits and
vegetables are among 347 food groups urging support
for legislation that will finally implement a long-
awaited country-of-origin labeling program. The
Food Promotion Act of 2004 (H.R. 4576) will meet
these objectives of both consumers and producers:
to provide country-of-origin information to
consumers, and to promote American agriculture
products in a way that is beneficial not burdensome
- to producers and growers.
Introduced June 15 by House Agriculture
Committee Chairman Bob Goodlatte (R-VA) and
Ranking Minority Member Charles Stenholm (D-
TX), the bill amends the Agricultural Marketing Act
of 1946 to direct the Secretary of Agriculture to
establish a voluntary country-of-origin labeling
program for fruits, vegetables, meat (including beef,
pork, veal, lamb) and seafood. This market-based
program is designed to create a brand for "products
of the U.S." and encourage consumers to choose
American products at their supermarkets.
The National Cattlemen's Beef Association
(NCBA), National Pork Producers Council (NPPC),
National Fisheries Institute (NFI), United Fresh Fruit
and Vegetable Association (UFFVA) and Produce
Marketing Association (PMA) are applauding the bill
and are urging continued support.
"This bill represents a bipartisan effort and a
win-win for everyone," says NCBA President Jan
Lyons, a Kansas cattle producer. "This legislation
allows country-of-origin labeling to move forward,
giving both consumers and producers a market-
driven, cost-effective labeling program."
"America's pork producers have been working
for years in support of a labeling program that adds
value to U.S. pork products," says NPPC Vice
President Joy Philippi, a pork producer from Bruning,
Neb. "We're excited about this effort to inform
consumers while giving pork producers another
opportunity to build demand for their products."
Over 75 percent of produce offered for sale in
U.S. retail stores is already labeled with consumer
information on a sticker or package, which can be
adapted to include origin labeling. "We want
consumers to have useful information about where
their food comes from," says Kathy Means, vice
president of government relations at PMA. "This
legislation puts origin information in the grocery
stores and promotes American foods in a way that is
supported by producer groups nationwide." UFFVA
President Tom Stenzel agrees, noting that "the fruit
and vegetable industry is committed to providing
consumers the information they want about our
products. With oversight by the Department of
Agriculture to measure our results, and
comprehensive reporting back to Congress, this
legislation will help us fulfill our commitment to
consumers to provide them with country-of-origin
"This voluntary program realizes a marketing
advantage for seafood producers without the cost and
confusion of the mandatory rule," says Justin
LeBlanc, vice president of government relations at
NFI. "Hundreds of existing voluntary programs have
already proven their value for producers and
The producer groups collectively represent
hundreds of thousands of producers who, along with
347 food groups, have pledged their support for this
effort that implements a voluntary labeling program
that will be beneficial to both producers and
Release July 20, 2004
New National Animal ID System
Will Guard Against Mad Cow
Disease And Animal Health
To fight mad cow disease and other deadly
animal illnesses, a new computerized animal
identification system will allow state and federal
officials to quickly track potential disease threats
from farm to plate.
"The first phase of the National Animal
Identification System starts later this year, and will
eventually allow officials to trace and monitor all
animal diseases, particularly those that originate in
foreign countries," said Todd Thrift, an assistant
professor of animal sciences with the University of
Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
"Currently, there is no nationwide animal ID
system in the United States, although some regional
programs are being tested," he said. "The European
Union now has the most comprehensive program for
identifying and tracking animals."
Thrift, who is helping the U.S. Department of
Agriculture educate producers about the new system,
said it is designed to identify and track within 48
hours all animals and sites exposed to disease -
including imported and exported livestock.
"While the first phase focuses heavily on the
nation's $190 billion cattle industry, the animal ID
system is scheduled to become mandatory by July
2006 for all livestock including everything from beef
and dairy cattle to goats, hogs, horses and farm-raised
fish," Thrift said.
Under the new system, producers and processors
will be responsible for registering animals and
Todd Thrift, an assistant professor of animal sciences with
the University of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural
Sciences, holds an electronic tag that will be used in the new
National Animal Identification System Friday, July 23, 2004.
The small white tag, which consists of a microchip and coil
of copper wire that serves as an antenna, would cost about
$2.50 per animal. The electronic identification system will
track animals from theirfirst point of sale to the processing
plant, allowing disease problems to be more quickly
contained and eradicated. (AP photo by Josh Wickham/
University of Florida/IFAS)
recording their movement from the farm to the
harvesting plant. The data will be maintained by
USDA in cooperation with state agriculture
departments, he said.
The first phase of the program will identify the
geographical locations of the producers. No
information about individual animals will be
recorded, Thrift said.
"Called Premise, the first step will be nothing
more than a seven-digit number that identifies where
the producer's farm is located in the state," Thrift
said. "If you're a beef cattle operator, Premise will
record your name and address, phone and email
contacts, type of operation and probably some GPS
(Geographic Positioning Satellite) coordinates."
By July 2005, under current plans, the second
phase of the program will identify animals that enter
interstate commerce. For example, chickens, hogs
or catfish from a single farm that go on one truck to
a processing plant in another state will be tracked as
a group or batch.
"For cattle moving in interstate commerce,
we're going to need a single ID so that each animal
can be tracked from the original producer to the
processing plant," Thrift said. "That means an
electronic tag with a microchip will be needed
because cattle are usually mixed or co-mingled with
animals from other farms.
"When you're dealing with millions of cattle,
an electronic tag is the only sure way to accurately
track animals from one owner to another.
Conventional bar-code tags can be easily lost or
damaged, so that they are not readable by scanning
devices," he said.
Cost of the electronic tags is about $2.50
compared to $1 for the traditional tags. Thrift said
the federal Department of Homeland Security may
help underwrite the cost of the animal identification
program to help protect the nation's food supply.
The program's third phase, scheduled for
implementation in July 2006, will identify animals
in intrastate commerce, requiring an electronic ID
tag for animals moved around inside the state.
"When the system is fully operational, data on
animals will be transmitted to a computerized
database maintained by USDA," Thrift said. "When
animals are harvested, the processing plant will send
a termination report to the database."
Thrift said other new technologies, such as
retinal scanners, will permit processing plants to
verify animal identities much like a human
fingerprint. Hamburger, which may include meat
from several different animals, will be more difficult
"We have the potential to track animals all the
way through the system and also measure how well
they perform," Thrift said. "We can start to manage
animals as individuals instead of managing them as
groups, figuring out why one animal gained three
pounds a day in the feed yard while another gained
less one pound per day or why one animal graded
low-select and another graded high choice."
He said some producers are skeptical about the
new federal program, expressing concerns about
costs, confidentiality and liability.
"In the 1920s and 1930s, some producers were
skeptical about government-mandated programs to
control tick fever, and some were concerned about
brucellosis eradication programs in the 1970s and
1980s," Thrift said. "But, experience shows that these
programs had positive results, and I believe the
national animal identification system will be no
He said the program has great potential for
adding value to the industry, providing producers
with detailed information on animals throughout their
entire production cycle and creating new
opportunities for marketing premium products to
Mike Milicevic, president of the Florida
Cattlemens Association in Kissimmee, said the
association is working with UF and USDA to develop
the animal identification system for the state's $1.2
billion cattle industry.
"We understand the need for an effective and
rapid response to animal health issues, but we must
make sure the system is efficient, economical,
flexible and confidential," he said. "Producers will
probably bear a big share of the cost of implementing
the plan. If it if is designed correctly, the identification
system could help generate information to increase
production and add more value to their cattle."
Todd Thrift, Assistant Professor
Department of Animal Sciences
UF/IFAS, Gainesville, FL
Florida Cattlemens Association
By: Chuck Woods
UF/IFAS News, Gainesville, FL
(352) 392-1773, ext. 281
Release July 23, 2004