Table of Contents
 Livestock summary
 Marketing your way to profitab...
 Production efficiency
 USDA releases specifications for...
 Biocontrol program for tropical...
 FDA, CBP announce steps to streamline...

Group Title: Animal science newsletter
Title: Animal science newsletter ; June 2003
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067334/00042
 Material Information
Title: Animal science newsletter ; June 2003
Series Title: Animal science newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Department of Animal Sciences, IFAS
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Department of Animal Sciences, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publication Date: June 2003
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00067334
Volume ID: VID00042
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Table of Contents
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Livestock summary
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Marketing your way to profitability
        Page 4
    Production efficiency
        Page 5
    USDA releases specifications for the purchase of irradiated ground beef in the national school lunch program
        Page 6
    Biocontrol program for tropical soda apple
        Page 7
    FDA, CBP announce steps to streamline collection of information on food imports
        Page 8
Full Text

il Science


June 2003

In This Issue...
Beef M management Calendar ............................ 2
Livestock Sum m ary.......................................... 2
Call for Consignments 2003 Florida Bull
Test .................. ........................................ 4
Marketing Your Way to Profitability -
Cattle Risk Management Workshop........... 4
Production Efficiency................................. 5
USDA Releases Specifications for the Purchase
of Irradiated Ground Beef in the National
School Lunch Program ..... ........................... 6
Biocontrol Program for Tropical Soda Apple.. 7
FDA, CBP Announce Steps to Streamline
Collection of Information on Food
Im ports............................ ............. 8

Prepared by Extension
Specialists in Animal
F.G. Hembry, Professor, Department
E.L. Johnson, Associate Professor,
Extension Equine Specialist
: T.T. Marshall, Professor, Beef Cattle
R.O. Myer, Professor, Animal Nutritionist,
R.S. Sand, Associate Profe or. Exte
Livestock Specialist
W. Taylor, Coordinator south
:* S.H. TenBroeck, Associate Professor,
Extension Youth Specialist
:* T.A. Thrift, Assistant Professor, Beef Cattle

not 2
IjI ;

Dates to

3 Creating and Managing Farm Ponds
Workshop Bartow, FL
10 Creating and Managing Farm Ponds
Workshop Chipley, FL


6th Annual Hay Field Day Alachua, FL
Annual Florida Goat Production
Conference Gainesville, FL

14 Chastain-Bishop Farms Prospect Steer
Sale-Xbred & Limousin Steers -
Punta Gorda, FL
18-20 FCA Convention & Allied Trade Show -
Marco Island, FL
18-20 AI Management School Okeechobee,
23-25 Hog & Ham Gainesville, FL

1 State 4-H Horse Events
(Demonstrations, Public Speaking, Quiz
Bowl, Horseman of the Year Interviews)
Gainesville, FL
7-11 Florida 4-H Legislature Tallahassee,
10-12 State 4-H Horse Show Tampa, FL
16 Food Safety and Quality Program and
Serv-Safe Test Inverness, FL
17 Santa Rosa County Farm Tour -
Milton, FL
21-25 Florida 4-H Congress Gainesville, FL




The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to
individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county
Cooperative Extension Service Office Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/University of Florida/ Christine Taylor Waddill, Director

2 June 2003
N, Beef Management


0 Last date for planting sorghum.
0 Check mineral feeder, use at least 8%
phosphorus in mineral an not over 2 12 to 1 calcium
to phosphorus ratio.
0 Check pastures and hay field for spittlebugs,
mole crickets, and army worms.
R Treat if necessary; best month for mole cricket
0 Check dust bags.
0 Watch for evidence of pinkeye and treat.
0 Utilize available veterinary services and
diagnostic laboratories.
0 Get heifers vaccinated for brucellosis if not
already done.
0 Pregnancy check cows.
0 Update market information and plans.
0 Make first cutting of hay.
0 Put bulls out June 1 for calves starting March
0 Reimplant calves at 90 to 120 days with growth
0 Cut corn silage.


0 Cut corn silage.
0 Control weeds in summer pastures.
0 Apply nitrogen to warm season pastures, if
0 Check mineral feeder.
0 Check for army worms and mole crickets, and
treat if necessary.
0 Wean calves and cull cow herd.
0 Watch for evidence of footrot and treat.
0 Consider preconditioning calves before sale
including vaccination for shipping fever and IBR at
least 3 weeks before sale.
0 Check dust bags.
0 Update market information and plans.
0 Revaccinate calves at weaning for blackleg.


0 Cut hay.
0 Apply lime for fall and winter crops.
0 Harvest Bahiagrass seed.
0 Check mineral feeder.
0 Update market information and marketing plans.
0 Check for army worms, spittlebugs, and mole
crickets, and treat if necessary.
0 Check dust bags.
0 Wean calves and cull cow herd.
0 Watch for evidence of abortions.
0 Observe animals regularly for signs of disease.
0 If cattle grubs were found on cattle last winter
or heel flies were observed in the pasture, treat for
cattle grubs this month.
0 Pregnancy test and cull open heifers from
replacement herd.

Livestock Summary

The USDA is reporting cattle
numbers continued to decline
nationally. However, the rate of
reduction has been relatively
moderate over the past two years.

The weather, in particular drought, has been a
major influence. In some areas severe drought has
deteriorated the availability of forage resources.

The fourth consecutive year of dry conditions
has forced cow slaughter to remain particularly
high. In combination with the overall economy,
weather has hindered the industry, thus hurting its
chances to expand.

Cattle and calves on January 1, 2003, totaled
96.1 million head, down less than 1 percent from
last year, and down over 7 percent from the 1996
cyclical peak of 103.5 million head.

The herd liquidation cycle was in its seventh
year in 2002. The current high cow slaughter, along
with continued drought in many areas, is predicted
to extend into the beginning stages of expansion
past 2003.


June 2003 3

The availability of forage remains scarce and
water supplies for livestock are uncertain in many
regions. Replenishing the forage base is likely to be
a slow process. Some producers will find it difficult
to remain economically viable.

In the beginning of 2003, cattle-on-feed
inventories started down over 8 percent from the
year before. Although feedlot placements declined 2
percent, fed cattle marketing rose 1 percent as
feeding conditions were very favorable for feedlot

Feeder cattle supplies were increased by
continued low heifer retention and extremely dry
weather conditions in Canada. This resulted in
fewer U.S. feeder cattle exported into Canada and
more imported into the U.S.

Cattle numbers are expected to continue to
decline during 2003. If forage conditions start to
improve during the spring and summer, inventories
may begin to stabilize by 2004. Projections are that
numbers will start to rise 2005.

With production continuing to fall for the next
couple of years, cow-calf production should remain
profitable. This is dependent upon forage conditions
improving and increased heifer retention, a function
of the overall economy.

Profitability in the cattle-feeding sector will be
under constant pressure from a strong demand for
feeder cattle and higher prices. Retail beef demand,
especially for higher quality product, is expected to
remain strong.

Overall, it looks good for Florida's cow-calf
operations this year.

Livestock Trends

Florida Cattle and Calves Cash Receipts

1997 1998 1999 2000 201

Florida Hogs Production Values


1998 1999 2000 2001

Florida Honey Cash Receipts

13,2oo00 -
10 A00 -
1997 1998 1999 2000


The Florida Agri-Journal
Researched by Tony Young
Marketing Specialist I
Division of Marketing
Release May 5, 2003




4 June 2003

Call for
2003 Florida Bull

It is now time to plan consignments to the
2003 Florida Bull Test at the University of Florida,
North Florida Research and Education Center,
Marianna. Consignment is open to all breeds and
composites with Expected Progeny Differences.
Bulls must be born between September 1 and
December 31, 2002. Bulls will be gain tested for
112 days. Weight growth, ultrasound, health and
reproduction data will be gathered throughout the
test. Eligible bulls will sold at auction at the
NFREC Pavilion on Saturday, January 24, 2004.
Bulls will be scheduled to arrive at the testing
facility on August 1-2, will go on test August 26-27
and complete the test on December 17-18.

Nomination forms are available by contacting:
Mary Chambliss, North Florida Research and
Education Center, 3925 Hwy 71, Marianna, FL
32446-7906, (850) 482-9904 or can be downloaded
from http://flbulltest.ifas.ufl.edu/. A Nomination
Form and $50 per head are due by July 1, 2003. The
overall cost of the test is anticipated to be similar to
last year at $625. Upon receipt of the nomination,
additional information will be sent to the

The 2002 test concluded with a successful sale
for those consignors who chose to participate.
Forty-five bulls sold for an average price of $1583.
In reviewing the sale results, one noted fact was that
buyers are paying close attention to EPD's. Bulls
with below breed average EPD's for growth, or well
above breed average for birth weight were not as
actively sought and their prices fell well below the
average of the sale. This is a performance test and
sale, so consignors should take this into account
before selecting bulls to be placed in the test. This
year should be another opportunity to showcase
superior beef cattle genetics in Florida. Don't miss
this opportunity to see how bulls from your herd
compare with some of the best in the Southeast. By
consigning a bull to the Florida Bull Test, you will
also have the opportunity to participate in what is

becoming the one of the highest quality bull sales in
the region.


Doug Mayo
Livestock Agent
Jackson County Extension
Release May 6, 2003


Marketing Your
Way to

Cattle Risk Management Workshop
Featuring Cattle-Fax Analysts

August 7-8, 2003
Florida Cattlemen's Association
National Cattlemen's Association Office
800 Shakerag Road
Kissimmee, FL

Thursday, August 7, 2003

9:00 am Registration & Coffee

10:00 am
4:00 pm

Futures and Options 101
Presented by Chicago Mercantile
* Marketing Alternative for
* Shifting Price Risk
* Mechanics of Futures with
* Basics of Forward Pricing with
* Hedge Risk Management
* Timing Considerations for Selected
Option Strategies


June 2003 5

5:00 pm Cattlemen's Social Hour

6:00 pm Steak Supper with all the trimmings

Friday, August 8, 2003

8:00 am Putting Marketing Tools to Work
3:00 pm Presented by Cattle-Fax Analysts
Developing a Risk Management
Plan Driven by Realistic Profit
Cattle Numbers, Beef & Total
Meat Supplies, Demand & Trade
Seasonal Supply & Price Trends
Basis and Futures Putting
Together a Marketing Plan

The registration fee is $50 for members of
NCBA or any state affiliate and $100 for Non-
Members. Meals and breaks will be provided with
your registration fee.

To register, please send your name, complete
mailing address, telephone number, email, and
check for registration made payable to "Florida
Cattlemen's Association" to:

Florida Cattlemen's Association
PO Box 421929
Kissimmee, FL 34742-1929

Presented by:
Florida Cattlemen's Association
National Cattlemen's Beef Association
Chicago Mercantile Exchange


Florida Cattlemen's Association
(407) 846-6221



Beef industry
Shows Efficiency

Two efficiency measures beef production
per cow, and steer and heifer slaughter as a percent
of the previous year's calf crop suggest the U.S.
beef industry continues to produce more with less
and continues to evolve, reports Cattle-Fax. Beef
production/cow is the measure of total beef
production divided by the total number of beef and
dairy cows.

In 1996, beef production/cow was 580 lbs.;
for 2002, that figure is 637 lbs., a 10%

Over the past 10 years, the beef industry has
added over 100 lbs. (20%) of production/cow.

Heavier carcasses and faster utilization, to
better manage cattle throughout the system, are
two reasons for the increase in beef

In 1993, the industry harvested 66.8% of the
1992 calf crop. During 2002, the industry
harvested 75% of the 2001 calf crop. That's up
1% from a year ago and 12% over the past 10

What does this mean?

The industry continues to improve and
adjust to the economic environment.

The industry has produced more with less.

The improvement in these measures
suggests that without some steady
improvement in beef demand over time, the
industry doesn't need a tremendous amount of
expansion at the cow-calf level during this


#qW ]

6 June 2003

* It also suggests that the impact of expansion
could impact the market more dramatically
both in the short- and long-term.


http://www.cattle-fax. com
Release May 2003


USDA USDA Releases
C Specifications for the
Purchase of Irradiated
Ground Beef in the National
School Lunch Program

Provides Education Recommendations
for Local School Districts

The U.S. Department of Agriculture has
released specifications for the purchase of irradiated
ground beef for donation through the National
School Lunch Program. The product will be
available for schools to order in January 2004.

The 2002 Farm Bill directs USDA to not
prohibit the use of approved food safety
technologies on foods purchased for the National
School Lunch Program. The law's report language
also indicates that USDA should consider "the
acceptability by recipients of products purchased"
by USDA for commodity distribution. Therefore,
before irradiated beef is made available for order by
schools in January 2004, USDA will provide
balanced consumer education materials to all school
districts to use in educating parents, students and
the community in their decision to order the
product. The decision to order and serve irradiated
ground beef will be made by local school districts.

"Each school district will have the option to
choose between irradiated and non-irradiated
ground beef products and will decide how to notify

parents and students if they choose to offer them,"
said Under Secretary for Food, Nutrition and
Consumer Services Eric Bost. "While USDA does
not have the authority to require that schools inform
parents and students about whether or not the
district will be ordering irradiated beef, USDA is
strongly encouraging schools to provide
information to students, teachers, food service
personnel, school administrators, parents and
caregivers as part of the decision-making process."

USDA's Food and Nutrition Service will
provide all school districts with an informational
package to prepare them to decide whether to order
irradiated beef products. The package will be
mailed in June 2003 and will include a letter from
Under Secretary Bost strongly encouraging schools
to notify parents, students and the community if
they are planning to order irradiated beef. In
addition, the package will include a brochure with
answers to commonly asked questions about
irradiation. This letter will also include web-site
addresses for the brochure as well as the site for the
Food and Drug Administration irradiation consumer
information. The letter will give information
regarding the community educational materials
currently under development by the State of
Minnesota that will be available to schools in Fall

On May 1, 2003, USDA announced
specification for all ground beef items purchased for
the National School Lunch Program that added new
process and testing requirements throughout the
manufacturing process. "USDA's Agricultural
Marketing Service will utilize test results to
measure the performance of processing systems
producing raw and finished ground beef products
for purchase by USDA," said Under Secretary for
Marketing and Regulatory Programs Bill Hawks.
"Both irradiated and non-irradiated ground beef
products will be subject to these new requirements."

"Protecting the public from foodborne illnesses
is a priority for USDA," said Under Secretary for
Food Safety Elsa Murano. "Irradiation technology
is another tool to enhance food safety. It is
important to remember, however, that this
technology is not a substitute for proper hygiene,
good sanitation and safe handling and preparation


June 2003 7

practices in the processing plant and school

In 1997, the Food and Drug Administration
approved irradiation of raw meat and poultry
products after a thorough scientific review of a
substantial number of studies conducted worldwide
on the effects of irradiation on a wide variety of
products. The studies included examination of the
chemical effects of irradiation on food, impact on
nutrient content of irradiated products, potential
toxicity concerns and effects on microorganisms in
or on irradiated products. FDA concluded that
irradiation is safe in reducing disease-causing
microbes and that it does not compromise the
nutritional quality of treated products. USDA's
Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)
approved its use in raw meat and poultry in 1999.
Food irradiation has been approved in 37 countries
for more than 40 food products. The United
Nation's World Health Organization, Codex
Alimentarius Commission, American Medical
Association and many others have endorsed the

FSIS inspects all meat and poultry products,
including those that are irradiated. Additionally,
FSIS conducts microbial testing to be sure plants
are producing wholesome products. Only FSIS
federally-inspected establishments and state-
inspected facilities that meet the same requirements
specified in the federal regulations are able to
irradiate meat.

Meat and poultry establishments that use
irradiation must meet sanitation and Hazard
Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP)
regulations. Additionally, FSIS conducts microbial
testing to be sure plants are producing wholesome

For information on the National School Lunch
Program, visit www.fns.usda.gov/cnd/ More
details on irradiation can be found at
www.fsis.usda.gov/OA/topics/irrmenu.htm and the
new ground beef specifications with irradiation
included is available at www.ams.usda.gov/lsg/cp/
beef/beef whatsnew.htm.


Jean Daniel
(703) 305-2286
Martha Abrams
(202) 720-4623
Release May 29, 2003


Program for
Tropical Soda

Florida Agriculture
Commissioner Charles
H. Bronson announced
that the first release in
the United States of a
biological control program to address the spread of
tropical soda apple (TSA) began May 14 on a ranch
outside of Lakeland in Central Florida.

Tropical soda apple, an exotic, noxious weed
native to Brazil and Argentina, has already caused
great economic damage to Florida where it has
spread over more than a million acres. TSA is a tall,
prickly plant with white flowers and a fruit whose
skin resembles the watermelon, though much
smaller. It displaces native plants and is found in
hammocks, ditches, groves and vegetable fields. It
is a serious problem for ranchers because it quickly
covers entire pastures. Cattle, one of the main
vectors, spread the seed through their digestive

"The Department is working hard to control
this aggressive, invasive plant," said Commissioner
Bronson, "and we are pleased to be part of the team
that is developing natural methods for its control."

The biocontrol program involves release of the
South American leaf-feeding beetle Gratiana
boliviana, into a TSA-infested field. Field surveys


8 June 2003

and tests have demonstrated a high level of
defoliation of TSA with this leaf beetle, and six
years of exhaustive research has been conducted by
Dr. Julio Medal, an assistant professor at the
University of Florida, to confirm its efficacy and to
ensure that there are no harmful side effects to other

The program is a cooperative effort among
scientists with the Florida Department of
Agriculture & Consumer Services, the USDA and
University of Florida's Institute of Food &
Agricultural Sciences.

In addition to Florida, over the past decade
TSA has been discovered in Georgia, Alabama,
Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Tennessee, North
Carolina, South Carolina and Pennsylvania.

For more information visit the Florida
Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services
website at http://www.doacs.state.fl.us/-pi/TSA/
TSAsite.html or call the toll-free helpline at (888)


Denise Feiber
(352) 235-0036
Florida Department of Agriculture
Release May 12, 2003


FDA, CBP Announce Steps to
Streamline Collection of
Information on Food Imports

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and
the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection will
streamline the implementation of the prior notice
requirement of the Bioterrorism Act by allowing
food importers to provide required information on
food imports to both agencies using an integrated

Importers will be required to provide "prior
notice" about the content of their food imports to
FDA, starting no later than Dec. 12, 2003. Since the
Bioterrorism Act was passed last year, FDA and
CBP have worked together to find ways to modify
CBP's Automated Commercial System, currently
used to obtain import information required by
Customs. As a result of this collaboration, importers
will be able to provide the required information to
FDA using this existing system, making it easier for
them to comply with the new law.

The Bioterrorism Act requires that FDA
receive prior notice before food is imported or
offered for import into the United States. The
advance notice of import shipments will allow FDA
and CBP to target import inspections more
effectively and help protect the nation's food supply
against terrorist acts and other public health

"FDA is dedicated to its mission as one of the
nation's frontline defenses against terrorism," said
Commissioner of Food and Drugs Mark McClellan.
"Collaborating closely with CBP is one of the
essential steps we are taking to improve the security
of our food supply against new threats, while
minimizing the impact on imported foods."

"The men and women of Customs and Border
Protection are the guardians of our nation's
borders," said CBP Commissioner Robert C.
Bonner. "Our primary mission is keeping terrorists
and terrorist weapons from entering the U.S. That is
why we are partnering with the FDA to protect our
nation against the potential of terrorists
contaminating our imported food supply. And we
are also partnering with the FDA to develop a
system that will be less burdensome on the trade
while at the same time fulfilling the mandates of the
Bioterrorism Act."


Joshua Lipsky
Release May 29, 2003



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