In This Issue...
Beef M management Calendar ............................... .. 2
Livestock Sum m ary............................................. 2
Range Cattle Research and Education Center
Field D ay ......................................................... 4
2003 Corn Silage Field Day............... ..................
6th Annual Hay Field Day...................................... 5
USDA Data Show Incidence of Salmonella
Reduced in Raw Meat and Poultry ..................6.
Could 'Good' Virus Combat E. coli
0157:H7? ................................... .. .. .... 7
Cattlemen, CME Join Forces for Risk
M anagem ent Training .....................................7
Bronson Announces Draft Ag Water Policy;
Seeks Citizen Input on Long-range Water
Plan ............... ..................... ......... .. 8
Prepared by Extension
Specialists in Animal
F.G. Hembry, Professor, Department Chairman
E.L. Johnson, Associate Professor, Extension
T.T. Marshall, Professor, Beef Cattle
R.O. Myer, Professor, Animal Nutritionist,
R.S. Sand, Associate Pl
W. Taylor, Coordinator Youth
S.H. TenBroeck, Associate Professor, Extension
: T.A. Thrift, Assistant Professor, Beef Cattle
not w 2
9 Victoria Farms Inaugural Production
Sale Alachua, FL
14 USDA COOL Information Session -
15 UF/IFAS Range Cattle Research and
Education Center Field Day Ona, FL
17 Heart of Florida Club Calf Sale -
27-30 Bio-Terrorism Disaster Preparedness
Conference Orlando, FL
28-31 35th Annual Beef Improvement
Federation Annual Meeting Lexington,
29 2003 Corn Silage Field Day Hague, FL
13 6th Annual Hay Field Day Alachua, FL
18-20 FCA Convention & Allied Trade Show -
Marco Island, FL
battle on tlat-wooas type pasture.
Beef Research Unit, Gainesville, Florida.
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to
individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county
Cooperative Extension Service Office Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/University of Florida/ Christine Taylor Waddill, Director
2 May 2003
0 Remove bulls.
0 Harvest hay from cool season crops.
0 Plant warm season perennial pastures.
0 Fertilize warm season pastures.
0 Check mineral feeder.
0 Check for spittlebugs and treat if necessary.
0 Apply spot-on agents for grub and louse control.
0 Check dust bags.
0 Vaccinate and implant with growth stimulant
any later calves.
0 Reimplant calves with growth stimulant at 90-
120 days, when you have herd penned.
0 Dispose of dead animals properly.
0 Update market information and refine marketing
0 Remove bulls May 21 to end calving season
0 Last date for planting sorghum.
0 Check mineral feeder, use at least 8%
phosphorus in mineral an not over 2 V2 to 1 calcium
to phosphorus ratio.
0 Check pastures and hay field for spittlebugs,
mole crickets, and army worms.
0 Treat if necessary; best month for mole cricket
0 Check dust bags.
0 Watch for evidence of pinkeye and treat.
0 Utilize available veterinary services and
0 Get heifers vaccinated for brucellosis if not
0 Pregnancy check cows.
0 Update market information and plans.
0 Make first cutting of hay.
0 Put bulls out June 1 for calves starting March
0 Reimplant calves at 90 to 120 days with growth
0 Control weeds in summer pastures.
0 Apply nitrogen to warm season pastures, if
0 Check mineral feeder.
0 Check for army worms and mole crickets, and
treat if necessary.
0 Wean calves and cull cow herd.
0 Watch for evidence of footrot and treat.
0 Consider preconditioning calves before sale
including vaccination for shipping fever and IBR at
least 3 weeks before sale.
0 Check dust bags.
0 Update market information and plans.
0 Revaccinate calves at weaning for blackleg.
The USDA is reporting total red
meat and poultry production is
expected to be down over one percent
in 2003. Cattle and hog producers
continue to reduce their breeding
herds. Hatchery data indicates a continuing pull
back by poultry producers. As a result, livestock
and poultry prices are projected to be higher across
the board in 2003.
Beef and pork production has been larger than
expected in early 2003. The increased beef
production is largely credited to the highest cow
slaughter since 1997.
Beef cow slaughter is up about three percent.
Higher beef cow slaughter reflects continued
deterioration in forage conditions and a colder
Both steer and heifer slaughters are averaging
below year-earlier levels. Slaughter weights will
fluctuate, but should average near to below last
Utility cow and yearling feeder cattle prices are
likely to average about $2 per hundredweight under
last winter. Fed cattle prices have been very strong
this winter. However, uncertainty is projected over
May 2003 3
the next few quarters, especially with a questionable
macro economic and geopolitical climate.
Dairy cow slaughter through February is up
about ten percent compared to last winter. Poor
returns and a large number of replacement dairy
heifers available have contributed to this trend.
Producers are culling poorer cows and replacing
them with lighter, more efficient heifers.
Average dairy cow slaughter weights could
rise with a larger proportion of much heavier dairy
cows in the slaughter mix.
Broiler production has increased each year
since 1975. Production in 2003 is expected to be
about 32.3 billion pounds, just barely above 2002.
Weekly chick placements continue to run below a
year earlier in response to low prices last fall and
continuing international trade uncertainties.
U.S. beef exports of 2.45 billion pounds last
year are an improvement over the poor showing of
2001, but fell short of the record level achieved in
2000. Exports to Japan, the largest U.S. market,
declined 23 percent in 2002. Consumer concerns
over Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy were
cited for the down shift.
Exports to South Korea surged by 73 percent
in 2002 over a relatively weak market in 2001.
Mexico continued its strong upward trend with an
increase of 18 percent. Exports to Canada increased
a little over three percent.
Exports to Russia more than doubled as the
country continued its economic recovery. The
Peoples Republic of China also proved to be a
strong export market along with other mainland
Florida Milk Production Values
1998 1999 2000 2001
Florida Egg Production Values
1998 1999 2000 2001
Active Stallions in Florida
1999 2000 2001
The Florida Agri-Journal
Researched by Les Harrison
Development Rep. I
Division of Marketing
Release April 4, 2003
4 May 2003
Range Cattle Research and
Education Center Field Day
Thursday, May 15, 2003
Moderator: Gary Mikulcky, Highlands County
8:30-9:30 Registration & Coffee
9:30 Welcome Findlay Pate
9:35 Range Cattle Station, the Cattlemen's
Research Center Gilbert or Bert Tucker
9:50 From Range to Environmental
Restoration Rob Kalmbacher
10:10 A Look Back at Changes in the Florida
Cattle Market and the Outlook for the
Future Tom Anton
10:30 Agro-forestry Systems for Sustainable
Beef Production in South-Central
Florida Ike Ezenwa
10:45 Historical Perspective of Pasture Insect
Pests Control in Peninsular Florida -
11:05 Use of Early Weaning to Improve Heifer
and Young Cow Productivity John
11:25 Agricultural Catchments and Water
Quality: A Phosphorus Enigma Hari
11:40 Perennial Grass Development, 1936 to
If you would like to attend this year's field
day, the deadline for registration is May 14th. The
Range Cattle REC will need your name, address,
and the total number of people who will be
attending; in order to ensure an adequate number of
free steak lunches. You can contact them by phone
at (863) 735-1314 or you can fax your information
to (863) 735-1930.
SOURCE: Range Cattle Research and
2003 Corn Silage
.. Thursday, May 29, 2003
SDepartment of Animal
Dairy Research Unit
8:00 Registration at the corn field
Coffee and donuts
Dr. Jerry Bennett, Chair,
Department of Agronomy
Dr. Glen Hembry, Chair,
Department Animal Sciences
8:20 Demonstrations in the Field
Dr. Carroll Chanbliss
Seed Corn Co. Representatives
Roundup-Ready Corn Varieties
Bt Corn Varieties
15 Inch and Twin Corn Rows
9:15 *Weed Management-Atrazine
Alternative and Herbicide Resistant
Varieties Dr. Greg MacDonald
9:45 *Corn Silage: To process or Not to
Process Dr. Adegbola Adesogan
May 2003 5
10:30 Disease Management of Corn Crops -
Dr. Tom Kucharek
10:45 Principles of Corn Insect Control -Dr.
11:00 Travel to Shop Area
11:15 From Field to Cows: Preserving Plant
Quality, a Look at Bunker and/or Bag
Storage Dr. Charles Staples
11:40 Contract Growing of Corn Silage A
Dry Matter Requirements
Weight Delivered Basis
Responsibility for Chopping,
Length of Cut
Safety and Liability
Research Programs Coordinator
Department of Animal Sciences
Beef and Forage Group
6th Annual Hay Field Day
Friday, June 13, 2003
Shaw & Shaw Farms
- Lunch (Provided)
- Equipment Display
*Continuing Education Units
2.5 Private or Row Crop
*Certified Crop Advisor Credits
1 Pest Management
1 Crop Management
Phone: (352) 392-1120
Fax: (352) 392-7652
If you would like to attend this year's field
day, please register by May 26th to ensure your
reservation for the sponsored lunch. Please send
your name and complete mailing address to: Corn
Silage Field Day; Department of Animal Sciences;
University of Florida; PO Box 110910; Gainesville,
FL 32611 or you may fax the information by May
28th to the attention of Jerry Wasdin at (352) 392-
7652. Please list all registrants individually.
Registration begins at 8:30 am;
Demonstrations & Discussions start at 9:00 am
which include: Hay Quality, Soil Testing &
Fertilization, Economics of Hay Production,
Pesticide Safety, Forage Diseases, Weed
Demonstration Plots, Irrigation. Equipment
Demonstration at 1:00 p.m. Lunch will be served at
12:00 pm. (Persons attending will be offered a
choice of 7 presentations and must pick 5 to attend.)
Registration fee is $5.00. Please RSVP to the
Extension Office at (352) 955-2402 by June 6,
2003. For more information, contact Cindy Sanders,
Extension Agent Livestock.
Extension Agent Livestock
Alachua County Extension Office
USDA USDA Data Show
Salmonella Reduced in
Raw Meat and Poultry
Data released by USDA's Food Safety and
Inspection Service (FSIS) show that overall, the
regulatory sampling prevalence of Salmonella in
raw meat and poultry continues to decrease.
In calendar year 2002, FSIS took 58,085
Salmonella samples compared to 45,941 in 2001, a
26.4 percent increase in the number of samples
taken. However, the percentage of samples testing
positive for Salmonella across all commodities
dropped from 5.0 percent to 4.3 percent. For
steer/heifer carcasses, FSIS found 14 positive
samples out of 4,572, a positive rate of 0.3 percent.
Also, positive Salmonella samples from very small
broiler plants showed the greatest decrease, from
37.2 percent in 2001 to 8.4 percent in 2002.
"These data tell us that we are making steady
and sustained progress in reducing the incidence of
Salmonella in raw meat and poultry products," said
USDA Under Secretary for Food Safety Dr. Elsa
Murano. "This positive trend in regulatory samples
will hopefully translate into fewer cases of
Salmonellosis due to meat and poultry."
FSIS collects and analyzes regulatory
Salmonella samples in seven categories: broilers;
market hogs; cows/bulls; steer/heifer; ground beef;
ground chicken; and ground turkey. In every
category, Salmonella prevalence levels continue to
register well below baselines set prior to the
implementation of the Pathogen Reduction/Hazard
Analysis and Critical Control Points (PR/HACCP)
system. Six of the seven categories showed
improvement between 2001 and 2002, with only
ground chicken showing an increase in positive test
Regulatory sampling prevalence of Salmonella
for the years 1998-2002 as compared to the
performance standard established in the PR/HACCP
rule are as follows: broilers, 10.9 percent compared
to a standard of 20 percent; market hogs, 4.7
percent compared to a standard of 8.7 percent;
cows/bulls, 2 percent compared to a standard of 2.7
percent; steer/heifer, 0.4 percent compared to a
standard of 1 percent; ground beef, 3.2 percent
compared to a standard of 7.5 percent; ground
chicken, 19.8 percent compared to a standard of
44.6 percent; and ground turkey, 26.6 percent
compared to a standard of 49.9 percent.
USDA continues to strengthen its food safety
programs to ensure safe and wholesome meat,
poultry and egg products. On Jan. 23, Secretary
Veneman announced that President Bush would
seek record-level support for USDA's meat and
poultry food safety programs as well as increase
efforts to strengthen agricultural protection systems
in his FY 2004 budget.
USDA's food safety budget will increase to
$797 million, an increase of $42 million over the
FY2003 request, which represents a $148 million
increase in food safety programs since FY2000. The
FY 2004 request will fund 7,680 food safety
inspectors, provide intensified training for the
inspection workforce, increase microbiological
testing and sampling, strengthen foreign
surveillance programs and increase public education
Information on food safety can be found at
www.fsis.usda.gov. Details of the new report
can be found at www.fsis.usda.gov/ophs/haccp/
Release April 16, 2003
Could 'Good' Virus Combat E.
Washington state researchers say a harmless
virus that kills the food-poisoning bacterium E. coli
0157:H7 has been discovered in sheep.
The British newspaper, the Independent
reported that the virus, CEV1, is a bacteriophage, or
"bacteria eater", and was found by chance when
scientists were studying new antibiotics. Andrew
Brabban, a microbiologist at Evergreen State
College in Washington, told attendees this month at
meeting of the Society for General Microbiology in
Edinburgh, Scotland, that in a small trial in sheep,
the phage reduced numbers of the toxic bacterium
by 99 percent in just two days.
Brabban and his colleagues found it was
almost impossible to infect sheep with the E. coli
0157:H7 because it kept disappearing of its own
accord before the antibiotics could be administered.
The team tried to re-infect the animals three times
but on each occasion the bacteria mysteriously
A detailed explanation of Brabban's research,
posted on the Evergreen State Website,
www.Evergreen.edu, quotes Brabban as saying
"CEV1 may be a promising new way of reducing
pathogen concentrations in livestock prior to
slaughter via a natural, non-antibiotic approach."
When the scientists managed to extract the
bacteriophage, they found that it killed 16 out of 18
toxic strains of E. coli. "That includes all the big
ones you've ever heard about," Brabban said.
Furthermore, CEV1 only kills eight out of 73
harmless strains of E. coli, which normally live in
the gut and are essential for good health.
The phage seems to persist in animals,
suggesting it continues to replicate in a harmless E.
coli strain after all the E coli 0157:H7 bacteria have
been destroyed. Finally, while bacteria can develop
resistance as they do to antibiotics, the phage can
May 2003 7
Bacteriophages are preferable in treating cattle
and sheep and could offer many advantages over
conventional antibiotics. They are more specific and
less likely to kill useful bacteria and also are passed
easily from one infected individual to another,
Release April 25, 2003
Join Forces for
The National Cattlemen's Beef Association and
the Chicago Mercantile Exchange are teaming up
with state cattlemen's associations to present a new
risk management series, called "Marketing Your
Way to Profitability."
The workshops will feature hands-on training
for using futures and options and how to use these
tools in cattle operations.
"Educational activities are just one way your
state and national associations are providing service
for you," says Eric Davis, an Idaho cattle producer
and president of NCBA. "The risk management
sessions are designed to help cattlemen obtain tools
that can help them be more profitable."
CME representatives and Cattle-Fax Analysts
will teach the two-day course. On the first day CME
staff will instruct participants through the
mechanics of futures with hedging and the basics of
forward pricing with options. The second session
will feature Cattle-Fax analysts leading the group
through technical, fundamental and basis analysis in
order to develop a marketing plan for their
operations. They will also discuss the market
impacts of the structural changes in the beef
industry and price trends.
8 May 2003
Participating state cattlemen's associations for The draft policy, which has been developed
this pilot programs are the Colorado Cattlemen's after more than a year of public meetings, is posted
Association, Colorado Livestock Association, at www.floridaagwaterpolicy.com. Citizens and
Florida Cattlemen's Association, Kansas Livestock agricultural industry groups are encouraged to view
Association, Kentucky Cattlemen's Association, the site and make any recommendations that they
Nebraska Cattlemen, Oklahoma Cattlemen's may have in a comment section on the website.
Association, South Dakota Cattlemen's Association,
and Texas & Southwestern Cattle Raisers. The 31-page draft policy identifies actions that
are needed to assure that agriculture has access to
Marketing Your Way to Profitability will be an adequate supply of water of sufficient quality to
held: remain competitive in a global marketplace. It calls
for all levels of government to work together to
* Oklahoma (May 1-2) achieve that goal and stresses the need for industry
* Nebraska (One day sessions on June 30 and groups to implement environmentally-friendly Best
July 1) Management Practices and employ various water
* South Dakota (July 7-8) conservation measures.
* Kansas (July 14-15)
* Kentucky (August 5-6) "Water is vital to our industry, and we have
* Florida (August 7-8) developed what we believe is a sound blueprint for
the state to follow to assure that water remains
* Texas (September 11-12), .
STexas (September 11-12) available to agriculture, which is the second largest
* Colorado (September 18-19) .
SColorado (September 18-19) industry in Florida," Bronson said.
For more information on the sessions and to A i i i
A final policy is expected to be approved by
register, contact your participating state cattlemen's
Bronson at a water policy meeting in Marco Island
association or Renee Lloyd, NCBA, at 303/850-
3373 or RLloyd@beef.org. on Juy
.^ SOURCE: Chuck Aller
SOURCE: Daniel Yovich SOURCE: Chuck Aller
www.meatingplace.com Florida Department of Agriculture
www.meatingplace.com o *
iand Consumer Services
Release April 22, 2003 and Consumer
Release April 22, 2003
Bronson Announces Draft Ag
Water Policy; Seeks Citizen
Input on Long-range Water Plan
Florida Agriculture Commissioner Charles H.
Bronson has announced that his department has
developed a proposed agricultural water policy and
is seeking public comment on it between now and
_ _. LI_