T.- :.. UNIVERSITY OF
Institute of Food ai.vi A gri-,utr,'.l S...,n -',.,
Prepared By Extension
Specialists In Animal Sciences
*. F.G. Hembry, Professor, Department Chairman
R.S. Sand, Associate Professor, Extension
E.L. Johnson, Associate Professor, Extension
W.E. Kunkle, Professor, Extension Beef
S.H. TenBroeck, Associate Professor,
Extension Youth Specialist
R.O. Myer, Professor, Animal Nutritionist,
W. Taylor, Coordinator Youth
A. Stelzleni, Research Programs/Services
Marc / 2002
r Dates To
2 Florida Bull Test Sale Marianna
14 Beef Cattle Herd Health Management
19-20 Tri-State In-Service Training Auburn
26 Equine In-service Training -
26 Beef In-service Training -Gainesville
27 Forages In-Service Training -
16-18 Beef Cattle Reproductive Management
In This Issue...
Beef M management Calendar ........... .............. .... 2
UF Experts Help Southeastern Hunters Get Their
Money's Worth From Wildlife Forages............ 2-4
Livestock Summ ary ....................... ........ ...... 4-5
Chicago-Area Processor's Pot Roast Heading
To W inter Olympics......... ............................. 5-6
Smithfield Foods Unveiling Product Promotion
Tour On Wall Street Next Week..................... 6-7
Agriculture Budget Proposes Increases In Key
Areas ............... .................. .................. 7-8
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to
individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin For information on obtaining other extension publications, contact your county
Cooperative Extension Service Office Florida Cooperative Extension Service/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences/University of Florida/ Christine Taylor Waddill, Director
2 March 2002
) Prepare land for summer crops.
) Begin grazing warm season permanent
) Check and fill mineral feeder.
) Observe bulls for condition and success.
Rotate and rest if needed.
) Deworm cows as needed.
) Make sure calves are healthy and making good
) Hang forced-use dust bags by April 1 for
external parasite control or use insecticide
impregnated ear tags.
) Identify, vaccinate, implant and work late
) Put bulls out March 1 for calving season to
start December 9.
) Remove bulls March 22 to end calving season
) Plant warm season annual pastures.
) Plant corn for silage.
) Check and fill mineral feeder.
) Check dust bags or apply treated ear tags.
) Check for external parasites and treat if
) Observe cows for repeat breeders.
) Deworm cows as needed if not done in March.
) Vaccinate against blackleg and brucellosis
after 3 months of age and before 12 months of
) Market cull cows and bulls.
) Update market information and refine market
strategy for calves.
) Remove bulls.
) Harvest hay from cool season crops.
) Plant warm season perennial pastures.
) Fertilize warm season pastures.
) Check mineral feeder.
) Check for spittlebugs and treat if necessary.
) Apply spot-on agents for grub and louse
) Check dust bags.
) Vaccinate and implant with growth stimulant
any later calves.
) Reimplant calves with growth stimulant at 90-
120 days, when you have herd penned.
) Dispose of dead animals properly.
) Update market information and refine
) Remove bulls May 21 to end calving season
UF Experts Help
Southeastern Hunters Get
Their Money's Worth
From Wildlife Forages
If you plant it, they will come. Maybe.
Marianna, FL Do-it-yourself wildlife forages
have recently gained popularity with deer hunters
looking for an easy way to ensure a supply of
trophy bucks, but University of Florida agronomy
experts say buyers don't always get the performance
they pay for.
March 2002 3
"Not every forage crop grows well in every
climate," said Ann Blount, assistant professor at
UF's North Florida Research and Education Center
in Marianna. "Unfortunately, some producers
overlook this fact and sell the same product in every
market. Some hunters end up with forages that
won't tolerate local conditions."
With deer season largely closed throughout the
Southeast, Blount and other UF experts are
monitoring about 20 commercial cool-season forage
blends planted in locations around Florida to
evaluate their yield, quality and cost per acre.
Hunters and other wildlife enthusiasts use the
blends to grow food for animals during winter
"As a yardstick for comparison, we've also
planted mixtures of forage grasses and legumes
developed jointly by UF and the University of
Georgia," she said. "Because our varieties were
developed specifically for Florida growing
conditions, they perform better for us."
Blount, along with UF horticultural specialist
Steve Olson and UF forage specialists Ken
Quesenberry, Ron Barnett and Gordon Prine, has
released recommendations for several wildlife
blends that can be assembled with Florida and
Georgia varieties available at many feed stores, she
said. Named "UF Best Bang for Your Buck," "UF
Double Threat" and "UF Triple Threat," the blends
should be suitable for light, sandy soils throughout
In future trials, UF researchers will seek data
on the nutritional value and "appetite appeal" of the
blends, said Ken Quesenberry, agronomy professor
at the UF campus in Gainesville.
"There isn't much hard data on these subjects,
and we'd like to generate some because there's
plenty of public interest," he said. "Our county
extension agents get inquiries all the time from
hunters who want to know which forages perform
best in Florida. We've also been contacted by
Pennington Seed, the world's largest producer
of wildlife forages, already markets blends
developed for soil and climate conditions found in
specific states and may eventually add Florida to the
list, said John Carpenter, national sales manager of
forage and wildlife products.
"We depend on return business, so we want to
make sure our products really meet the customers'
needs," he said.
While commercialization remains only a
possibility, some hunters already use the UF blends.
In cooperation with UF researchers, employees of
Neal Land and Timber near Blountstown, Fla., are
using "Best Bang for Your Buck" on a 20,000-acre
tract the company maintains, said Emory Godwin,
wildlife management officer.
"We've tried other forages before, but this one
has gotten the most response from wildlife," he
said. "We'll keep using it."
Ideally, forages should be palatable to wildlife
but not irresistible, said Donald Lee Francis, area
wildlife biologist with the Florida Fish and Wildlife
Conservation Commission. Francis is based at Joe
Budd Wildlife Management Area, a 10,500-acre
state-managed tract that includes 80 acres of cool-
season forage and also hosts UF forage trials.
Donald Lee Francis, left, biologist with the Florida Fish and
Wildlife Conservation Commission, Steve Olson and Ann
Blount, researchers at the University of Florida's Institute of
Food and Agricultural Sciences, examine forage at Joe Budd
Wildlife Management Area near Quincy (Tuesday, 2/5). UF
researchers are testing forages that can be planted for wildlife
during the winter months. The new forages improve wildlife
habitats and opportunities for hunters in North Florida. (AP
photo by Milt Putnam, University of Florida/IFAS)
4 March 2002
"You don't want to plant something that's so
delicious it's like putting out a bowl of ice cream,"
he said. "If that happens, the deer will completely
obliterate it right away. You want forage that will
supplement their natural diet when they need it."
The UF blends are used to establish "nutrition
plots" that support long-term herd health, rather
than attractantt plots" meant to bring animals to
specific areas, Olson said.
"In the last few years, hunters have become
more interested in ways to improve wildlife habitat,
and establishing nutrition plots is one way to do it,"
he said. "Animals get most of the benefits from
these cool-season forages after hunting season ends,
so it represents an investment."
UF researchers also are studying warm-season
forages, which are planted in spring or early
summer to produce high-quality forage during the
summer and benefit hunters when deer seasons
open in the fall. The wildlife forage research is part
of the North Florida Forage Program, a cooperative
effort between UF and the University of Georgia to
develop better cattle forages.
NOTE: Further information regarding wildlife
forage can be found at the following web site:
NEWSLETTER 3 21 01.htm
SOURCE: Ann Blount, Associate Professor
North Florida REC, Marianna
Ken Quesenberry, Professor
UF Agronomy, Gainesville
(352) 392-1811, ext. 213
Steve Olson, Professor
North Florida REC, Quincy
By: Tom Nordlie
(352) 392-1773 Ext. 277
IFAS Communications Services
University of Florida
Release: February 6, 2002
SWeather took a heavy
toll on the beef sector in
2001. The extreme winter
during the first part of the
year in the feedlot-states
resulted in poor feed lot
performance and reduced
The weather drama continued during the
second half of the year with a drought that forced a
sell off of breeding stock. When combined with the
slowing economy and jitters over September 11,
slaughter weights set record highs as days on feed
increased while consumers retreated from
traditional venues that served beef.
The drought induced sell off of herds has now
reduced the availability of heifers and cows for
breeding programs as well as stockers for feedlots.
The resulting prediction is that beef production is
likely to decline through 2004 because of the
reduced availability of breeding stock. Retail prices
for choice beef have declined from the June peak of
$3.48 a pound, but remain well above the fall 2000
average of $3.11. The farm-to-retail spread is at a
record level, with the wholesale-retail spread very
wide as feed cattle prices have declined.
All things being held equal, retail beef prices
are likely to decline through late winter as excess
production is eliminated. However, most of the help
in aligning beef supply and demand will come from
declining feedlot placements.
March 2002 5
In 2020, if the economy returns to its pre-
recession vigor and the war ends successfully,
pricing will be strong on feeder cattle heading for
FLORIDA STOCKER HEIFER EXPORTS
95 9o 97 9S B9 OD
TOP 10 CATTLE COUNTIES IN FLORIDA
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0S 75 100 125 ISO
The Florida Agri-Journal
Released February 1, 2002
Researched by Les Harrison
Development Rep. I,
Division of Marketing
Pot Roast Heading To
r Morton, Ill.-based
RMH Foods LLC
recently shipped out
25,000 pounds of its
Quick-n-Easy brand pot
S .. roast that will be
enjoyed by the throngs of people during the 2002
Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City, Utah.
This product shipment is the direct result of
Certified Angus Beef becoming the official branded
beef supplier to the Winter Olympics, says Scott
Witzig, RMH Foods' director of sales and
marketing. And this is the first time RMH Foods
has ever supplied the Winter Olympics.
The CAB difference
Here's how the deal came down in Witzig's
"The Salt Lake City organizing committee has
a foodservice director who made the decision that
Certified Angus Beef is the best beef you can buy,"
Witzig told the Meatingplace.com. "In becoming
the official branded beef supplier, the foodservice
director asked Certified Angus Beef for products
that could be easily warmed up and integrated into
recipes that wouldn't take a lot of preparation time
and yet have great flavor and tenderness.
Next, he chose several value-added products
from the Certified Angus Beef line and one of them
was our Quick-n-Easy, heat-and-serve pot roast," he
For those Meatingplace.com readers who are
unfamiliar with this particular product, it is a fully
cooked chuck roll that is cooked for about 13 hours
to achieve maximum tenderness.
"It falls apart; you basically can cut it with a
fork," Witzig said. "It tastes a lot like what
Grandma used to make. They will feed this pot roast
to thousands of people including spectators, the
athlete feeding areas, the sponsor venues, and the
broadcasting and other print cafeteria areas. We're
very proud to be a part of this program."
The Certified Angus Beef program will be
supplying about 350,000 pounds of CAB products,
which includes the pot roast as well as fresh cuts,
hot dogs, barbecue products and a CAB chili.
"I believe this 350,000 pounds of CAB
products translates into about one million servings,"
6 March 2002
Witzig said. "We're hoping these people enjoy what
they eat and then go back to wherever they live and
seek out other sources for CAB products."
When asked if RMH will be shipping more pot
roast to Salt Lake City, Witzig answered: "It's
possible; but at this point we don't have that
assurance. They'll let us know if and when they'll
need more pot roast."
Release January 30, 2002
On Wall Street
On Feb. 6, Smithfield Foods Inc., the world's
largest pork producer, will unveil its "Smithfield
Taste the Future Tour" on Wall Street in New York
City. The tour will showcase what the company is
calling quick-and-easy, lifestyle-fitting meal
solutions featuring its Smithfield Lean Generation
and Premium Ham brands -- products that can go
from the store to the table within minutes.
Among other things, the company said that
pre-marinated Smithfield Lean Generation chops
and loins feature "goof proof "home-cooking ease,
and its Premium Ham is ideal for quick meals on
the go. Smithfield's Lean Generation line of pork
also offers many meat cuts that are lower in fat than
chicken. And several of these products carry a Heart
Healthy seal from the American Heart Association.
Including a professional chef team and an 18-
wheel mobile kitchen, the tour will make more than
120 appearances from March through December
this year. During the tour, Smithfield will distribute
more than a quarter-of-a-million free, 20-page
cookbooks featuring recipe tips.
Why was this program developed? Smithfield
executives said that with 77 million baby-boomers
retiring in the next decade and entire generations of
time-starved Americans burnt out on fast-food and
takeout food, home-cooked family meals are on the
"Smithfield has designed products for the new
generations of cooks in America, which include
entire generations that have grown up on fast-food,
restaurant take-out and ethnic cuisine," said Jim
Schloss, vice president of sales and marketing for
Smithfield Packing Co. "Our goal at Smithfield is to
meet the unique convenience, cultural, lifestyle and
dietary demands of all families."
Rolling down the highways
Using an expandable full service mobile
kitchen, the neighborhood-by-neighborhood
campaign will feature a team of chefs who will
demonstrate easy-to-prepare recipes that fit into any
lifestyle, life stage, pantry or family size, according
to the company. Along with interactive cooking
demonstrations and product sampling, the
Smithfield Taste the Future Tour will offer a variety
of branded product giveaways and promotions--and
it will provide consumers with a chance to win
state-of-the-art kitchen or other outdoor prizes.
"The Smithfield Taste the Future Tour marks
the first time a branded protein producer has shown
this type of commitment to helping Americans cook
and eat better," Schloss says.
During its pilot year, this tour will primarily
visit fairs, festivals and other retailer locations in
the Northeast, which make up Smithfield's fastest-
growing markets. The tour will enter new regions of
the country in the future, according to the company.
Smithfield Packing Co. Inc. is a subsidiary of
Smithfield Foods Inc. It is the largest vertically
integrated pork processor in the world. Smithfield
Packing produces and markets fresh pork and
March 2002 7
processed meat under a number of brands, including
Smithfield Lean Generation Pork, and Smithfield
Premium and Smithfield Premium Tender 'n Easy.
Release January 31, 2002
Veneman Points to Increases in Farm
Program Spending, Homeland
Security, Food Safety, Trade and
Feeding Assistance Programs
Washington D.C. Agriculture Secretary Ann
M. Veneman released details of the Bush
Administration's proposed FY 2003 USDA budget,
which includes full funding for farm safety net
programs, substantial increases for homeland
security, funds meat inspection programs at record
levels, increases spending for international trade
and provides greater resources for low-income
Americans who need food assistance.
"The President's budget underscores the
importance of spending in key areas significant to
agriculture," Veneman said.
In a detailed briefing, Veneman noted that the
budget supports the goals outlined in the
Administration's policy book, Food and Agriculture
Policy: Taking Stock for a New Century, released
"The proposed budget reflects the Bush
Administration's commitment to support an
additional $73.5 billion over 10 years for farm
programs," said Veneman. "This budget supports
strong farm programs, helps protect the food supply
and helps low-income Americans in need of
Veneman announced that the budget proposes
a $146 million increase for programs to protect the
nation's food supply from animal and plant pests
and diseases, strengthen food safety programs and
support specific research activities. In his State of
the Union address, President Bush stressed the need
for more homeland security protections.
"This budget builds on our efforts to protect
agriculture and the food supply from intentional and
unintentional risks," Veneman said. "This increase,
along with $328 million in supplemental funds
provided in the 2002 Defense Appropriations Act,
provides needed resources for more border
inspectors at ports of entry, increased security at our
laboratories and new research into emerging
diseases that threaten crops, livestock and our food
In addition, "The 2003 budget reflects our
commitment to a nutrition safety net by including a
record $41 billion for domestic nutrition assistance
programs, such as the Food Stamp, Child Nutrition
and the Women, Infants and Children programs,"
Veneman said. "The budget also allows for more
than $2 billion in contingency funds to cover any
unanticipated increases in domestic feeding
program participation levels."
The budget proposes legislation that would add
$4.2 billion to the Food Stamp Program over the
next 10 years to include eligibility for legal
immigrants who have resided in the U.S. for at least
five years, streamline the applications process and
revise eligibility requirements for working families.
The FY 2003 budget calls for $74.4 billion in
spending, an increase of $11 billion over the FY
2002 budget submitted by the President last year,
and $6 billion above actual budget outlays in FY
2001. The FY 2002 budget is estimated to reach
$76.6 billion due to reasons related to the slowed
8 March 2002
economy, homeland security and
uncontrollable events such as forest fires.
Additional highlights of the FY 2003 USDA
Record funding for the Food Safety and
Inspection Service at $905 million, a $28
million increase above 2002.
$6.4 billion in spending for international
trade programs, a $50 million increase,
designed to promote U.S. agricultural
exports, develop long-term markets overseas
and improve world food security.
$6.1 billion in spending for the Natural
Resources & Environment Agencies. This
includes approximately $1.5 billion in
funding for the National Fire Plan; a $36
million increase in conservation operations
in the Natural Resources Conservation
Service; and a $50 million increase for
National Forest System to support programs
such as the National Energy Plan and
wilderness management activities.
$2.3 billion to support ongoing research
programs in high priority areas such as
research on new prevention and control
strategies for emerging, reemerging and
exotic disease of animals such as Bovine
Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) and Foot
and Mouth Disease research. Other research
will support the development of
biotechnology, industrial and bioenergy
products, environmental protection, and
expanded market opportunities.
$11.6 billion to support rural community
Veneman said that the proposed budget
reduces funding in some areas, including
elimination of earmarked research projects so that
peer-reviewed and national priority research work
could be increased.
The budget also examines the programs and
services the Department manages and proposes
several management initiatives to better integrate
computer systems and technology to provide
employees and customers the necessary tools to
efficiently operate and deliver services in the 21st
"We must look at ways to better serve our
customers and ensure programs are delivering their
intended purpose," said Veneman. "We look
forward to working with the Congress in passing
this budget, which supports farmers and ranchers
and increases benefits to consumers."
A complete guide to the FY 2003 agriculture
budget is available at http://www.usda.gov.
Resource materials include a complete budget
summary, fact sheets, camera-ready graphics,
transcripts, audio feeds and press releases. For
additional information, please contact USDA
Communications at (202) 720-4623.
Release February 2, 2002
" fi p