In this issue
 Beef management calendar
 Florida Equine Institute and Allied...
 First of its kind: UF launches...
 Economic impact of the horse industry...

Group Title: Animal science newsletter
Title: Animal science newsletter. September 2005.
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067334/00009
 Material Information
Title: Animal science newsletter. September 2005.
Series Title: Animal science newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Creator: Department of Animal Sciences, IFAS
Affiliation: University of Florida -- Florida Cooperative Extension Service -- Department of Animal Sciences -- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Department of Animal Sciences, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Publication Date: September 2005
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00067334
Volume ID: VID00009
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    In this issue
        Page 1
    Beef management calendar
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Florida Equine Institute and Allied Trade Show
        Page 4
        Page 5
    First of its kind: UF launches Center for Food Distribution and Retailing
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Economic impact of the horse industry in the U.S.
        Page 8
Full Text

In This Issue...

Beef N lanauement Calendar 2

Beef Industr UIniversity Travel Course for Teen
Leaders 2

Florida Equine Institute & Allied Trade Show \

First of its Kind UL Launches Center for Food
Distribution and Retailinu 6

Economic Impact of the Horse Industry in the LU S 8

Prepared by Extension Specialists in
Animal Sciences

J.D. Arthington
BeefCattle Management, Ona
J.N. Carter
BeefCattle Extension Specialist, Marianna
*: GR. Hansen
BeefCattle Production, Marianna
EG Hembry, Professor
Department Chairman, Gainesville
M.J. Hersom
Extension BeefCattle Specialist, Gainesville
*: T.A. Houser
Extension MeatSpecialist, Gainesville
E.L. Johnson, Associate Professor
Extension Equine Specialist, Gainesville
T.T. Marshall, Professor
BeefCattle Management, Gainesville
: R.O. Myer, Professor
Animal Nutritionist, Marianna
W. Taylor, Coordinator
Youth Education/ .......... Gainesville
S.H. TenBroeck, Associate Professor
Extension Equine Specialist, Gainesville
T.A. Thrift, Assistant Professor
BeefCattle Nutrition, Gainesville

W 14 Dates to Remember

15-17 FCA Fall lQuarterlry M\eeing Cr\stal Ri\er, FL
25 Florida Santa Gertrudis Sale Bartow, FL





OLcala. FL
The Farm Bull Sale Okeechobee, FL
Li\estock Evanluation Coaches Workshop -
Gaincsv\ill., FL
National 4-H Meats Judging Contest Manhattan, KS
Florida Santa Gertrudis -kssioation -Auction Bartom,.
Little Creek Farm Bull Sale Kissimmee, FL
\leado\l.- (reek Bull Sale Kissninme, FL
Callaway Angus Bull Sale Kissimmee, FL
Ankon\ Angus Bull Sale Ocala. FL
Graham Angus Bull Sale Okeechobee, FL
Circle G Bull Sale Hampton. GA
Lemmon Cattle Company Okeechobee, FL

*FLORLDA :, ^. y a.



The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Employment Opportunity Affirmatve Acton Employer authorized to provide research, educational information, and
other services only to individuals that functon with regard to race, color sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other extension publicatons, contact your
county Cooperative Extension Service office.

- 1 10 Annual FCA Q quality Replacemtent Hcifcr Sale -

Beef Management

0 Cut hay.
0 Heavily graze pastures to be interplanted to cool
season pastures.
0 Check mineral feeder.
0 Check for mole crickets, spittlebugs, and
grassloopers, and treat if necessary.
0 Check dust bags.
0 Wean calves and cull cow herd if not already done.
Remove open, unsound, or poor producing cows.
0 Train cowboys to observe normal and abnormal
behavior and signs of disease.
0 Be sure any replacement purchases are healthy and
have been calfhood vaccinated for brucellosis.
0 September or October is a good time to deworm
the cow herd if internal parasites are a problem.
0 When replacement heifers are weaned, give them
required vaccinations and teach them to eat from a
bunk then put them on a good nutrition program.
0 Determine bull replacement needs, develop selection
criteria, and start checking availability of quality
0 Review winter feed supply and feeding plans so that
needed adjustments can be made before supplies
tighten and prices rise.

0 Plant cool season legumes.
0 Plant small grain pastures.
0 Check mineral feeder.
0 Check for external parasites, especially lice, and treat
if needed.
0 Check for spittlebugs and grassloopers and treat, if
0 Watch condition of cow herd; maintain adequate
0 Isolate any additions to the herd for 30 to 60 days
and observe for signs of disease; retest for brucellosis
and leptospirosis.
0 Be sure you have adequate handling facilities, and
they are in good working order.



0 If you are raising bulls for the commercial market,
October thru December is the main bull-buying
season for cattlemen in south Florida and now is the
time to have your promotion program fully activated.

0 Have soils tested.
0 Observe cows daily to detect calving difficulty.
0 Use mineral with high level of magnesium if grass
tetany has been a problem in the past.
0 Check for external parasites and treat if needed.
0 Maintain adequate nutrient level for cow herd.
0 Calve in well-drained pastures.
0 Survey pastures for poisonous plants.
0 Start summarizing your annual records, both
production and financial-then you will have time to
make adjustments for tax purposes.
0 Re-evaluate winter feeding program and feed
0 Get breeding soundness exams on bull battery so
you have time to find replacements if some fail.
0 Implement bull conditioning program.
0 Review plans and arrangements for the upcoming
breeding season.
0 Check progress of developing replacement heifers
are they going to meet your target weight by the
start of the breeding season?

UNivERSrrTOF Beef Industry
.FLORLO M University Travel
IFAS EXTENSION Course for Teen



Applicants must be at least 15 years-of-age by
September 1, 2005 and be a current member of the
Junior Florida Cattlemen's Association.
Session 1 June 2006; UF campus and/or FCA

Session 2 July 2006; Travel Course to the High


The Beef Industry University is an exciting,
educational, enlightening experience for teen leaders who
plan to spend a life in the beef cattle industry. Maybe the
most important function of this summit is to motivate and
inspire our outstanding teens to continue in the beef
industry in the face of inhibiting factors presented by the
media, their peers, and sometimes their own family. The
program is designed to connect teens with the important
and influential issues and people in the beef industry.

How to apply?

7. Evidence of school scholastic performance
provided by your high school or college (GPA, SAT,
8. Provide evidence of activity and professional
development gained from:
a. 4-H
b. FFA
c. Junior FCA and local County Cattlemen'sAssoc.
d. Junior breed associations
e. Other youth programs

9. Work experience in the beef cattle industry

10. Other work experience

Participants will submit applications to Dr. Tim
Marshall by January 15, 2006. The FCA Youth
Committee will make the selections by February 1,2006.
Members will be notified immediately so that plans can
be made for participation.
P.O. Box 110910
Animal Science Building
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611

Follow this format to create an application packet.
Please be accurate, complete, but concise. Your packet
development is an indicator of your communication skills,
ability to organize and creativity. Using Micorsoft Word,
WordPerfect or other software, create this packet. Do
not try to hand write on this form.

1. Legal Name Name that you want used to address
you (ie., Sue rather than Susan)

These questions must be answered by the
applicant alone. He/she may use any source of
information to respond, but must use personal
critical thinking and creative writing to provide
the answers.

11. Identify one of the following maj or issues affecting
the beef cattle industry and discuss its effect on
Florida's beef industry? 1. BSE and the Export
Markets 2. National Animal ID

12. Why do you want to participate in this program?

13. Why should you be selected to represent Florida's
Junior FCA membership in this program?

14. How would you use what you learn in this
program to benefit the beef cattle industry, the Junior
FCA membership, and yourself?

15. Describe the United States beef cattle industry
structure and discuss how Florida's beef cattle
producers fit into this national structure.


2. Permanent Mailing Address

3. Phone Numbers (home, cell, others)
4. E-mail Address

Tim Marshall
Phone: (352) 392-1917
Email: marshall@animal.ufl.edu
UF/IFAS, Department ofAnimal
Gainesville, FL

5. Birth Date

6. Number of years actively involved as member of
the Junior FCA.


The FC A Youthl Committee reser\ es the niluht
to interview\ the applicants f lthe pi nnted apple ications
Co not p\ e suet po infoIdemffan I tont to coml plete the
selection process


%. Florida Equine
Institute &Allied Trade

September 22, 2005
8:00 am

Southeastern Livestock Pavilion
2232 NE Jacksonville Road
Ocala, Florida 34470

This Equine Institute and Allied Trade Show is
conducted by:
Central Florida Livestock Agents Group



Mark Shuffitt, Marion County Extension

Extension Equine Specialist

Ed Johnson, Ph. D.

Extension Equine Specialist

Saundra TenBroeck, Ph. D.

Extension Director

Freddie Johnson, Ph. D.

Central Florida Livestock Agents Group

Joe Walter-Brevard County

Ed Jennings-Pasco

Mark Shuffitt-Marion County

Dennis Mudge-Orange & Seminole

Randy Bateman-Osceola County

Brantley Ivy-Polk County

Sharon Gamble-Volusia County

8:00 8:45
Trade Show Opens / Registration

Mark Shuffitt, Chairman CFLAG

"Opening remarks / Welcome"
F. Glen Hembry, PhD, Chairman, Department of
Animal Sciences, University ofFlorida

9:00 9:45
"Managing Horse Manure by Composting"
Lori Warren, Ph.D.; Equine Nutritionist, Department
ofAnimal Sciences, University ofFlorida

9:45 10:30
"Maintaining the Mouth of Equine Athletes"
Kent Seamonson, DVM, Tomoka Equine Practice,
DeLand, Florida

10:30- 11:00
Trade Show Break

11:00 12:00
"Common Lamenesses"
Murray Brown, D.VM., MSc Dipl, Chief, Large
Animal Surgery, University ofFlorida


12:00 12:15
"Florida Equine Waste Management /BMP's"
Saundra TenBroeck, Ph.D., Equine Specialist,
Department ofAnimal Sciences, University of Florida

12:15 -1:15
Lunch/Trade Show Break
Waste Management Demo

1:15 1:45
"Techniques & Technology in Hoof Care"
Ed Johnson, Ph.D., Equine Extension Specialist,
Department ofAnimal Sciences, University of Florida

1:45 2:30
"Boots & Bandages" (Panel Discussion)


Ed Johnson, Ph.D.
Equine Extension Specialist
University ofFlorida

Equine Extension Veterinarian
University ofFlorida

Murray Brown, D.VM., MSc, Dipl
Chief, Large Animal Surgery
University ofFlorida

2:30 3:00
Trade Show Break

Live Animal Demonstration

"Saddle Fitting & Pad Selection"
Blake Kral
Master Saddle Maker
Morriston, Florida

Joel McQuagge
Saddle Maker
Manager Horse Teaching & Research Farms
Department ofAnimal Sciences
University ofFlorida

Register Now To Win $500 Gift Certificate!

Each paid participant registration to the 2005
Florida Equine Institute and Allied Trade Show will be
entered in a drawing to win a $500 gift certificate good
at Tack Shack of Ocala, Inc. or Tack Shack Too. Take
look at their website: http://www.tackshackofocala.com.
The drawing will be held at the conclusion of the program
on September 22, 2005. You do not need to be present to

Registration includes admission to all seminars, trade
show, a printed copy of the speakers' papers, refreshment
breaks, and catered lunch. Additionally, each paid registrant
will be eligible to win a $500 gift certificate for use at Tack
Shack of Ocala, Inc. or Tack Shack Too.

Directions to Southeastern Livestock Pavilion
from 1-75:
Exit 354 US Hwy 27
Turn east on US 27 and continue to US 441, turn
north onto US 441 and go to first traffic light, turn east
onto 200A and continue for approximately 1 mile.
Southeastern Livestock Pavilion is on the north side of

W 82" 07.835'
N 29" 12.662'

For more information contact:

Marion County Extension Service
ATTN: Mark Shuffitt
2232 NE Jacksonville Road
Ocala, Florida 34470-3615
Phone: (352) 671-8400
Email: jmsh@ifas.ufl.edu



Participation Registration Form

Florida Equine Institute & Allied Trade Show
September 22, 2005
Southeastern Livestock Pavilion
Ocala, Florida


State & Zip

Registration Includes:
All seminars, trade show, proceedings,
refreshment breaks, and lunch

$25 Registration Fee (Postmarked on or
before 09/12/05)

$15 Student Registration Fee

$50 Late Registration Fee (postmarked
after 09/12/05) or pay at the gate


Marion County Extension



First of its Kind: UF Launches
Center for Food Distribution and

Described by researchers as the first of its kind in
the world, the new Center for Food Distribution and
Retailing at the University of Florida will help the nation's
$950 billion retail food industry provide consumers with
high quality products at affordable prices.
The center will conduct research and education on
the entire food distribution chain from farm to fork, with
an emphasis on perishable food products such as fresh
produce, meat, fish and baked goods, said Jeffrey Brecht,
director of the center at UF's Institute of Food and
Agricultural Sciences.

He said the center will also focus on improving
packaging design and developing new technologies such
as radio frequency identification on food products to
replace the current bar code system and speed customers
through the checkout counter.
"When it comes to perishable food products -
which account for half of all retail food sales high losses
translate into razor-thin profits that average about 1.4
percent," Brecht said.
"For perishables, only 19 percent of the retail price
represents the amount paid to growers," he said. "The
balance covers marketing and distribution as well as
losses, which means there are real opportunities for
improving the process from growers to the shelves of a
retail store."

One of the best ways for a retailer to keep or gain
market share is by presenting a perfect produce section,
he said. The positive image gives customers a better
perception of the overall quality of the business.
"In the minds of many customers, if the store
provides high quality fresh produce, it is probably
maintaining the same high quality for other products in
the store," he said.

"However, keeping this 'freshness image' requires
an inventory turnover of almost 50 percent each day -
the highest percentage in a retail store after the meat and
fish sections."



As a result, the average lost revenue for a fresh
produce section in a supermarket is about $200,000
per year, said Brecht, a horticultural sciences professor.

The interdisciplinary center, which includes scientists
from five UF departments working in cooperation with
major national food distributors and retailers, will
generate research-based information for the food industry,
consumers and students. Participating UF departments
include agricultural and biological engineering, food and
resource economics, food science and human nutrition,
horticultural sciences and plant pathology.

Jean-Pierre Emond, an associate professor of

Jejfrey Brecht (left) and Jean-Pierre Emond, co-directors of
the University of Florida 's new Center for Food Distribution
and Retailing, check pineapples for freshness and quality
after shipment from Costa Rica. Brecht said the center -the
first of its kind in the world -will conduct research and
education on the entire food distribution chain from farm to
fork, with an emphasis on perishable food products such as
produce, meat, fish and baked goods. Emond said the center
will also help test and develop new technologies such as
radio frequency identification tags that will eventually
replace traditional bar codes on packages. (AP photo by
Thomas ;ih i University of Florida/IFAS)

agricultural and biological engineering and co-director
of the UF center, said their advisory board includes
executives from maj or supermarket chains such as Ahold,
Publix and Wal-Mart. More than $1 million in research
support commitments have already been received from
firms such as Franwell Inc. in Plant City, FL; Ingersoll-
Rand Co. Ltd., in Bridgeton, Mo.; and IPL Inc. in
Quebec, Canada.

"While the primary focus is the Florida food
distribution and retailing industry, the UF center will have
an impact on the worldwide industry," Emond said. "The
center will also introduce new concepts in food
distribution and retailing at the undergraduate and
graduate levels as well as through continuing education

"Outreach efforts will target the entire food industry,
ranging from growers and packers to shippers and
transportation services as well as warehouse operators,
wholesalers and retailers."

He said radio frequency identification or RID -
is one of the hottest new technologies in the distribution
and retailing industry, and it will eventually make bar codes
on products obsolete.

"RFID tags will revolutionize the checkout counter,"
Emond said. "Instead of waiting for individual food items
to scanned, customers will be able to have the cost of all
their purchases totaled electronically in a matter of

The tags contain a microchip and a tiny antenna
that send the price and other information about the
product to a computer. In the future, the technology will
allow products to be tracked through every stage of the
supply chain, recording temperature, shock and other
conditions during shipping, Emond said.

"We will work closely with the industry to help them
adopt these new technologies to limit losses and make
further improvements in freshness, quality and safety,"
Emond said.

He said 40 percent of the perishable produce from
Central and South America enters the United States
through Florida, making the state a logical site for the
new center. Because of the rapid globalization of
agricultural trade, the center is expected to become a
valuable source of information for food distribution.


Scott Charlton, senior vice president of
manufacturing and distribution at Publix Supermarkets
Inc. in Lakeland, FL, said the UF center is "a valuable
partner providing a unique level of expertise that is not
readily available to our industry. It will help us improve
overall quality and service to our customers."
JeffWells, president and chief executive officer of
Franwell Inc., said its relationship with the new food
distribution and retaining center is an important strategic
"The center provides a platform for our retailing
customers who are competitors to collaborate in solving
difficult problems that affect us all," he said. "This shared
cooperation would not be possible outside the center,
which provides a framework for research on neutral
ground for all its members."

Jeffrey Brecht
Email: jkb@ifas.ufl.edu
Phone: (352) 392-1928, Ext. 213

Jean-Pierre Emond
Email: jpemond@ufl.edu
Phone: (352) 392-1864, Ext. 229

Scott Charlton
Email: scott.charlton@publix.com
Phone: (863) 284-5562

Email: Jeff@agware.com
Phone: (813) 752-7952, Ext. 223

By: Chuck Woods
Phone: (352) 392-1773, Ext. 281
Gainesville, FL
Release August 24, 2005

Economic Impact of the Horse
Industry in the U.S.

Florida ranks 3 behind Texas and California

* The Florida horse industry produces goods and
services valued at $3.0 billion
* The national industry has a $5.1 billion impact
on the Florida economy when the multiplier effect of
spending by industry suppliers and employees is taken
into account. Accounting for off-site spending of
spectators would result in an even higher figure.
* 440,000 Floridians are involved in the industry
as horse owners, service providers, employees, and
volunteers. Even more participate as spectators.
* The Florida horse industry directly provides
38,300 full-time equivalent (FTE)jobs. Spending by
suppliers and employees (in Florida and other states)
generates additional obs in Florida for a total employment
impact of 104,700.
* There are 500,000 horses in Florida, over 60
percent of which are involved in showing and recreation.


American Horse Council
Release August 24, 2005




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