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Pre-Colonial and Colonial Architecture of St. Augustine

FHC UFPKY National Endowment for the Humanities
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067328/00001

Material Information

Title: Pre-Colonial and Colonial Architecture of St. Augustine
Series Title: Spanish Colonial St. Augustine. Lessons.
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Michelle Kane, Jay Best, Monica Diba, Lori Monkman, Linda Torrible, Judith Hall

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: Saint Augustine (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Florida   ( lcsh )
Colonies -- Spain -- America
Genre: lesson plan
Temporal Coverage: Spanish Colonial Period ( 1594 - 1920 )
Colonial Period ( 1594 - 1920 )
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns County -- Saint Augustine -- Historic city
North America -- United States of America -- Florida

Notes

Funding: Funded by a grant from the Florida Humanities Council

Record Information

Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: Board of Trustees of the University of Florida on behalf of authors and contributors. All rights reserved.
System ID: UF00067328:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067328/00001

Material Information

Title: Pre-Colonial and Colonial Architecture of St. Augustine
Series Title: Spanish Colonial St. Augustine. Lessons.
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Michelle Kane, Jay Best, Monica Diba, Lori Monkman, Linda Torrible, Judith Hall

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: Saint Augustine (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Florida   ( lcsh )
Colonies -- Spain -- America
Genre: lesson plan
Temporal Coverage: Spanish Colonial Period ( 1594 - 1920 )
Colonial Period ( 1594 - 1920 )
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns County -- Saint Augustine -- Historic city
North America -- United States of America -- Florida

Notes

Funding: Funded by a grant from the Florida Humanities Council

Record Information

Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: Board of Trustees of the University of Florida on behalf of authors and contributors. All rights reserved.
System ID: UF00067328:00001


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-e-eple_ Lesson Plans



Pre-Colonial and Colonial Architecture of St. Augustine
Prepared by Michelle Kane, Jay Best, Monica Diba, Lori Monkman, Linda Torrible, and
Judith Hall

Intended Grade: Any grade, can be modified

Subject Area: Language Arts, Social Studies

Correlation to National or Florida Sunshine Standards: [unspecified]

Performance Standards: [unspecified]

Objectives: Students will:
1. Identify building materials during the pre-colonial, Spanish Colonial and British
Colonial periods of St. Augustine (and how they were used by the Native
American tribes, the Spanish and the British.
2. Design a building from one of the periods.
3. Construct a representative building of one of the four architectural styles used
in St. Augustine during the different historical periods (or an artist's rendering)
Students will also learn vocabulary by playing the Fly Swatter Game.


Required Materials:
Building materials:
Boxes
Brush
Clay
Palm Fronds
Drawing materials:
Poster Board
Sketch Paper
Crayons
Markers


* Papier-mache
* Play Dough
* Sticks



* Pencils
* Rulers
* Tape


Instructions:
1. Divide students into collaborative groups of 4 or 5.
2. Students will design the model of the building structure they have previously
chosen through research.
3. Distribute appropriate materials to students.









4. Students will construct a 3-d model of their building structure (or draw an artist's
rendering if construction is not possible.)
a. Native American Council House
b. Spanish Colonial House using Common Plan, St. Augustine Plan, or
Wing Plan
c. Castillo de San Marcos
d. Victorian House
5. Provide adequate time for completion of design and model.
6. Monitor progress of student projects.
7. Students will present and discuss their completed building projects to the class

Evaluation and Grading: [unspecified]

Bibliography:
Arana, Luis Rafael, and Albert Manucy. The Building of Castillo de San Marcos
(Eastern National Park and Monument Association, 1992)
"Beginning the Castillo" pp. 17-24
"Defending San Marcos" pp. 38-50

Gordon, Elizabeth. Florida's Colonial Architectural Heritage (University Press of
Florida, Gainesville, 2002).
Chapter 2, "The Spanish Missions" pp. 35-55

Manucy, Albert. The Houses of St. Augustine (St. Augustine Historical Society,
1962).
"A History of Housing" pp. 14-27
"Design and Materials" pp. 48-61









Fly Swatter Game Directions


1. Buy two plastic flyswatters of different colors.

2. On strips of paper, write the definitions of the Architecture Vocabulary below and
put all the strips into a basket or bowl.

3. In large handwriting using a thick black marker, write the Architecture Vocabulary
given below on an erasable blackboard or on chart paper.
For older students, you can write some of the words in circles or vertically to make them more
difficult to find. Part of the fun of the game is trying to find the word on the board.

4. If you are using chart paper, post it on the wall either in the back of the classroom
or in the front.

5. Divide class into two teams, A and B.

6. Set up two chairs facing the blackboard or chart paper and put a flyswatter on
each chair.

7. Rules:
When the teacher reads the definition, the first members of Team A and Team B
sitting in the front chairs get up quickly and try to be the first to slap the
vocabulary word that matches the definition.
No pushing, no blocking, no calling out ANYTHING that may be perceived as
cheating!

The first to slap the correct word gets a POINT for their team.
Students may slap several words until finally the correct word is slapped.
The teacher marks down a point for that team.

Then the next members of Team A and B come up and the game continues until
all the definitions in the basket have been called.










Fly Swatter Game Directions


Architecture Vocabulary
1....... Hallways
2....... St. Augustine Plan
3....... Common Plan
4....... Wing Plan
5....... Porches
6....... Wattle & Daub
7....... Roof
8....... Wood
9....... Shade


(PUT ON BOARD OR CHART):
10.....A Week
11..... Plaza
12..... Tabby
13..... Cypress
14..... Coquina
15..... Castillo de San
Marcos
16..... Peon Lots
17..... Caballero Lots


18..... Fences
19..... Entrance
20..... Rejas
21..... Shutters
22..... Windows
23..... Kitchens
24..... Spanish Stove
25..... Vara


Architecture Vocabulary (DEFINITIONS TO CALL OUT):
1....... There weren't any in Spanish houses.
2....... Entry to home is provided by a porch.
3....... Spanish houses had no hallways.
4....... House has additional rooms added on.
5....... Provided cool shade and ventilation.
6. ...... Type of wall made of wood sticks and clay.
7....... This was sometimes sloped.
8....... Type of English flooring
9....... What buildings provided because the streets were narrow.
10..... How long it took tabby to harden.
11. .... The central square in St. Augustine.
12..... Lime putty + sand + oyster shells.
13..... Type of shingles that resisted insects and rot.
14..... Quarried, cut out of the ground, then it hardens like concrete.
15..... Fort constructed of coquina shellstone.
16..... Measured 44 x 88 U.S. feet.
17..... Measured 88 x 176 U.S. feet.
18..... Provided complete enclosure of property.
19..... Gate in wall leading to a sideyard.
20..... Wooden gratings on exterior of lower street-side windows..
21..... Opened to the inside in Spanish homes for security purposes.
22..... Were omitted from the north side of the house.
23..... Were in separate buildings out back.
24..... Had no chimney, so smoke escaped through a roof hole.
25..... Spanish measurement equal to 33 inches.


























r'- .-'-. -= I
Palm Thatching, Crude Logs, & Boards




St. Augustine Plan






St. Augustine Plan


The Common Plan


illustrates the simple, plain lifestyle of the Spanish
colonists in St. Augustine in the 1600's and 1700's


Council House Mission San Luis Florida


Fly Swatter Game Directions


Visual Resources:


Chiefs House