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The Role and Status of Africans in
Spanish St. Augustine
* The students will identify the rights of
Africans in Spanish St. Augustine during
the 18th century.
Sunshine State Standards
* SS.A.1.2 The student understands historical
chronology and the historical perspective.
* SS.A.4.2 The student understands U.S. history
* LA.B.2.2 The student writes to communicate
ideas and information effectively.
* LA.E.2.2 The student responds critically to
fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and drama.
* Paper and Scissors for (KWL Foldable)
* Chart Paper
* Book: To Be a Slave by Julius Lester (Scholastic, Inc.,
New York, 1968)
* Book: Fort Mose: Colonial America's Black Fortress of
Freedom by Kathleen Deagan & Darcie MacMahon
(University Press of Florida, Gainesville, 1995)
* Overhead and student copies for primary source
documents of petition for manumission
* One index card per student marked with X or O (for
X and 0 Activity
1. Students will choose at random an X or O from bag at
the start of day.
2. Throughout the day students who have Xs will be
treated differently :
Xs are given less work during the day, Os are given a heavy
-Xs are given preferential seats, Os are seated in close
proximity at the back of the room
-Xs will have free time, while Os have to clean out their desks
and do other chores.
3. Teacher models and assists students in creating a
KWL foldable on the subject of African rights in
Spanish St. Augustine in the 18th century.
4. Students will write what they
know about the subject on the
"K" part of the KWL foldable.
5. After reading a selection from
To Be a Slave, teacher will
lead a discussion of the
Teacher will explain to
students the rights of enslaved
and free people of color.
Teacher will explain the
concept and show a visual of
the Siete Partidas (Spanish
6. Students will read
and discuss a
Daniel S. Delaney
and the woman of
color Juana Sterling
Writing in FCAT Format
Think about a time you or someone
you know was treated unfairly.
* Think about how you or the person you know
* Now write a grievance to the person who
treated you or someone you know unfairly to
express your feelings.
8. Complete the KWL foldable book.
Students will share creative writings with
Teacher observation and
creative writing samples.