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hepople' Lesson Plans
Sir Francis Drake's Attack on St. Augustine, 1586
Prepared by Deborah Clark
Intended Grade: Can be adapted for 4th Grade or older students
Subject Areas: Social Studies
Correlation to National or Florida Sunshine States Standards:
(1.) listens attentively to the speaker (including but not limited to making eye
contact and facing the speaker).
(1.) reads and organizes information (for example, in outlines, timelines,
graphic organizers) throughout a single source for a variety of purposes (for
example, discovering models for own writing, making a report, conducting
interviews, taking a test, performing a task).
The student understands the influence of geography on the history of Florida.
The student knows the significant individuals, events, and social, political, and
economic characteristics of different periods in Florida's history.
The student understands how the physical environment supports and
constrains human activities.
The lesson plan is a one day mini-project that would be used as a part of a larger
unit. It utilizes drawings of the Drake's raid (1586) and a short text.
The students will match an illustration to the appropriate text description, and glue
this to a sheet of paper. When complete, the papers will form the pages of a book.
These will be joined and the students can design a cover.
Approximate Time Reauired: 1 session
An illustration of Sir Francis Drake's attack of 1586
Copy may be found in the Maps section of the Spanish Colonial St. Augustine web site at
Details from it can be made from this image, or can be printed out from the sections contained
in the web site's Image Gallery.
Excerpts about the raid can be taken from three online sources. Teachers will have to assess
them for reading difficulty.
For 4th graders, teachers may want to use the short letter of Menendez
Excerpts for older students (8th and above) can be take from:
James Covington, "Drake Destroys St. Augustine, 1586," Florida Historical
Quarterly, Vol. 44, Nos. 1&2, 1965
Copy may be found at http://fulltext.fcla.edu/DLData/SN/SN00154113/0044 001/44nol.pdf
or from "The Illustrated Drake's Raid" at http://mywebpaqes.comcast.net/calderon/illdrake.html
Show an example of the finished product.
Explain that the students will have to find and use parts of a descriptive
passage that match the images shown in the sketch.
They must match the correct passages) to the correct imagess.
(The teacher will have to separate text and sketches into handout format, and number
either the sketches or passages according to chronological order.)
Matching sketches and passages will be cut and pasted together on the
Pages will be put into time order using the numbers to form a book.
Pass out copies of the passages and segments of the map of the Drake raid.
Dramatically read aloud the complete story.
Then give students time to match passages with images.
Teacher can decide on other aspects of this mini project
(i.e. students designing and executing their own cover picture for their book, writing a summary
of the raid, etc).
Students may work alone or in pairs.
(17) Short Response
(5) Classroom Work
Some Spanish Accounts of Drake's Raid on St. Augustine
[Pedro Men6ndez Marques to the president of the House of Trade, San Agustin, June 17,
Very Illustrious Sir
I am reduced to such a situation that I do not know where to begin to relate the hardship
and misery which have befallen this land. Therefore this communication will not be long,
as will be observed.
On the 6th instant Francis Drake arrived at this port with 42 sail, 23 being large vessels
and nineteen pinnaces, frigates and shallops. At dawn on the 7th he landed 500 men and
with seven large pinnaces sought me forthwith in the fort. With 80 men I had in the fort I
resisted him until nearly midday. In view of my resistance he sent to the ships which lay
outside the bar for reinforcements, and in nine vessels landed some 2000 men and planted
four pieces of artillery among certain sand dunes near the fort, with which he began to
batter it. I retired as best I could, to protect my women and children (more than 200
Having occupied the fort, the enemy took and sacked the town and burned the church
with its images and crosses, and cut down the fruit trees, which were numerous and good.
He burned the fort and carried off the artillery and munitions and food supplies. We are
all left with the clothes we stood in, and in the open country with a little munition which
was hidden. We are without food of any sort except six hogsheads of flour which will last
twenty days at half a pound per head. I am reporting to His Majesty in full in the
accompanying dispatch and entreat your lordship to forward it immediately, and to
favour me as far and as speedily as possible, since help for Florida must come from your
Our Lord, etc.
San Agustin, June 17, 1586.
Pedro Men6ndez Marques
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