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Examining the effects of colonization on Native American tribes, The Timucua and the Wampanoag

FHC UFPKY National Endowment for the Humanities
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067285/00001

Material Information

Title: Examining the effects of colonization on Native American tribes, The Timucua and the Wampanoag
Series Title: Spanish Colonial St. Augustine. Lesson Plans.
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Noonan, Linda

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: Saint Augustine (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Florida   ( lcsh )
Colonies -- Spain -- America
Genre: lesson plan
Temporal Coverage: Spanish Colonial Period ( 1594 - 1920 )
Colonial Period ( 1594 - 1920 )
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns County -- Saint Augustine -- Historic city
North America -- United States of America -- Florida

Notes

Abstract: Intended for 4th and 5th grade
Funding: Funded by a grant from the Florida Humanities Council

Record Information

Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: Board of Trustees of the University of Florida on behalf of authors and contributors. All rights reserved.
System ID: UF00067285:00001

Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067285/00001

Material Information

Title: Examining the effects of colonization on Native American tribes, The Timucua and the Wampanoag
Series Title: Spanish Colonial St. Augustine. Lesson Plans.
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Noonan, Linda

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: Saint Augustine (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Florida   ( lcsh )
Colonies -- Spain -- America
Genre: lesson plan
Temporal Coverage: Spanish Colonial Period ( 1594 - 1920 )
Colonial Period ( 1594 - 1920 )
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns County -- Saint Augustine -- Historic city
North America -- United States of America -- Florida

Notes

Abstract: Intended for 4th and 5th grade
Funding: Funded by a grant from the Florida Humanities Council

Record Information

Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: Board of Trustees of the University of Florida on behalf of authors and contributors. All rights reserved.
System ID: UF00067285:00001


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t-hPeopl Lesson Plans


Examining the Effects of Colonization on Native American Tribes:
The Timucua and the Wampanoag
Prepared by Linda Noonan,
5th Grade Teacher, Bruce .\/lnI ey Elementary School Fort Worth, TX

Intended Grade: 4th to 5th

Subject Areas: Social Sciences and Language Arts

Correlation to National or Texas State Standards:
Explain when, where, and why groups of people colonized and settled in the
United States. (SS TEKS 5.1A)
Apply geographic tools, including grid systems, legends, symbols, scales, and
compass roses, to construct and interpret maps. (SS TEKS 5.6A)
Translate geographic data into a variety of formats such as raw data to graphs
and maps. (SS TEKS 5.6B)
Organize and interpret information in outlines, reports, databases, and visuals
including graphs, charts, timelines, and maps. (SS TEKS 5.25C)
Select appropriate strategies to navigate and access information on local area
networks (LANs) and wide area networks (WANs), including the Internet and
intranet, for research and resource sharing. (Technology TEKS 5.4B)
Write to inform such as to explain, describe, report, and narrate. (E/LA 5.15C)

Approximate Time Required: 2 -3 hours

Material Required: see below

Instructions:
Students will use computers to access a Filamentality website created by the teacher
which has links to student-friendly websites about colonization in St. Augustine,
Florida and Plymouth, Massachusetts.
The students will work in pairs to read the information and to record it on data charts.
The chart will include information about the Native Americans' lives before, during,
and after colonization. The students will also complete a map to show where the
tribes lived and the natural resources they had. After completing the chart, the
students will compare both tribes' experiences with the colonists on a Venn diagram.
Each student will develop two statements with best describe both tribes' common
experiences with the Europeans.










Students will combine into groups of four and will select the best two statements to
record on chart paper and post on the wall. After all groups have posted their
statements, the students will do a "gallery walk" around the room and then will select
the best two statements.
On the third day of class, the students will use their data charts to write about one of
the tribes and how its life was changed by colonization.
(Note: The Filamentality website also has resources for teachers, including links to a site with free,
downloadable state outline maps and a site with a downloadable Venn diagram.)

Lesson Plan:

1. Briefly review explorers and exploration.
Ask students how were the explorers different? How were they alike?
Then ask students to make predictions about what will happen when people from Europe come
to these new lands to live.

2. Tell students that we are going to closely examine two groups of colonists and
the Native Americans they encountered to see if we can make some
generalizations to accurately describe colonization of North America in the
1500's and 1600's.
In order to draw conclusions about these people, we need to gather data. We will do this by
using a specially developed Filamentality web page that contains links to six student-friendly
sites (http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/fil/pages/listcolonizali.html).
Students will work in pairs to read the information and record the data on a chart. (Note: Both
students need to make notes on separate data charts.)
On day one, the students need to access the Filamentality website to gather data to complete
Section A of the chart. (Native American life prior to the arrival of the Europeans) and to
complete a Native American Map Activity Sheet.

3. The students need to use the information from their chart to complete a Native
American Map Activity Sheet. Also, each student needs to complete one map.
(One student will map the Timucuans while the other student maps the Wampanoags.)

4. On day two, prior to going to the library, have students discuss life for the two
Native American tribes.
Prior to the discussion have the students make a T-chart listing what was good about that
tribe's life and what challenges it faced. To save time, half the class will do this for the
Wampanoags and the other half would do the Timucuans. Look for commonalities and
differences.

5. Have the students access the links on the Filamentality website to complete the
last two sections of the chart: Encountering the Europeans and How their lives
were changed.
After the students have completed the chart, they need to create a Venn diagram to comparing
the experiences of the Timucuans and the Wampanoags. (Life before, during and after
colonization). (If you do not have a blank Venn diagram, you can access one at
http://www.itrc.ucf.edu/forpd/strategies/stratVenn.html).









6. Once the Venn diagram has been completed, have each student develop two
statements that describe both tribes' experiences with the Europeans.
The students will then need to work in groups of 4 to share the statements. After sharing the
statements they have written, each group needs to select the two statements that most
accurately describe the Native Americans' experiences. These will be written on a large piece
of construction or chart paper to be posted on the wall.
7. After all the statements have been posted, have the students do a "gallery
walk" around the room to read all the statements.
After reading all the statements, each student needs to go back and mark the
best two statements with a checkmark.
8. Discuss the statements that received the most votes.
Also, talk about how the statements that did not receive a lot of votes could be
changed to become a more accurate description of what happened.
9. On the third day, start class by having the students use their data chart to write
about one of the tribes, and how their lives were changed by colonization.

Evaluation:
Student-created maps
Data charts
Student writing












Comparing the Effects of Colonization on Native American Tribes
The Timucuan vs. The Wampanoag

Use the student links on the Hotlist on Colonization located at http://www.kn.pacbell.com/cgi-bin/fil2.pl to
complete the chart on Native American life before, during, and after European colonization in Florida and
Massachusetts.

Section 1 -- Life before the Europeans

Timucuan Tribe of Florida Wampanoag Tribe of Massachusetts
Physical description of
where they lived,
including climate and
natural resources

How this tribe
survived in this
climate including
housing, tools, and
food

Other information
including customs,
beliefs, relationships
with other tribes





Section 2 -- Encountering the Europeans

Timucuan Tribe of Florida Wampanoag Tribe of Massachusetts


Europeans they
encountered why
these people came




How the two groups
got along at the
beginning




Problems with the
Europeans












Section 3 -- How their lives were changed

Timucuan Tribe of Florida Wampanoag Tribe of Massachusetts


Effects of the two
groups living near
each other





What life is like for
this tribe today




Other interesting facts










Native American Map Activity


Using information from the Internet, create a map to show where the
Wampanoags or the Timucuans lived. Your map needs to include:

1. A map title printed across the top of the page.
2. Yellow shading with a map pencil to show the area in which your tribe
lived.
3. Label any important bodies of water your tribe lived near. Use a blue map
pencil to shade these bodies of water.
4. Develop a map key in the box in the lower left-hand comer of the page
which includes important natural resources including plants, animals and
forests. Be sure to mark these symbols on your map.
5. If your tribe had other nearby tribes which it was at war with, please shade
the area where they lived and label it.
6. Student's name at the bottom of the right-hand corer of the page.








































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