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Group Title: Circular - University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences ; 498
Title: Selected shrubs for south Florida
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00067079/00001
 Material Information
Title: Selected shrubs for south Florida
Series Title: Circular Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Physical Description: 7 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Ingram, Dewayne L ( Dewayne Lebron ), 1952-
Midcap, J. T
Barrick, William Edgar, 1946-
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Publication Date: 1981?
 Subjects
Subject: Ornamental shrubs -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: D.L. Ingram, J.T. Midcap and W.E. Barrick.
General Note: Cover title.
Funding: Circular (Florida Cooperative Extension Service) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00067079
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 08817760

Table of Contents
    Historic note
        Unnumbered ( 1 )
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Back Cover
        Back Cover
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida






Circular 498


Selected Shrubs for


South Florida
D. L. Ingram, J. T. Midcap and W. E. Barrick


Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville, John T. Woeste, Dean for Extension





SELECTED SHRUBS FOR SOUTH FLORIDA
D. L. Ingram, J. T. Midcap and W. E. Barrick*


Ornamental shrubs are an important part of the
home landscape. Florida homeowners can select
from a large variety of available plants. Home-
owners and landscape designers must be aware of
basic shrub characteristics to make wise selections.
Each plant or plant group must serve a useful pur-
pose to achieve a well designed landscape.
Homeowners often select plants with bright
flowers or unusual foliage. Only a limited number of
unusual or accent plants can be used effectively in
the landscape and their location must be skillfully
planned. A complete landscape plan should be
developed before the plants are purchased.
Shrubs are selected on the basis of height, plant
form, foliage characteristics, flower color, season of
bloom and adaptation to the planting site.
Knowledge of these characteristics allows the
designer or homeowner to choose proper plant
materials to create the desired landscape. Shrub
growth habit is quite variable and can be cate-
gorized as broad spreading, spreading, globose,
upright spreading, upright or columnar (Figure 1.).
Foliage characteristics and branching habit deter-
mine shrub texture. Flowering shrubs can be
selected to provide color during all seasons in
specific areas of the landscape. Knowledge of flower
color and season of bloom helps eliminate incompati-
ble color combinations.
Shrubs are evaluated by their adaptability to en-
vironmental conditions of the landscape site. En-
vironmental conditions include the amount of
sunlight (full sun, partial shade or shade) and
tolerance to salt spray, particularly in coastal areas.
Soil characteristics of the site may restrict shrub
selection. Some shrubs are tolerant of poorly
drained soils while others grow best in dry sandy
soils.
Plants in retail outlets may be rated according to
grades and standards as established by the Florida
Department of Plant Industries. Ranked from best
to poorest quality, these classifications are: Florida
Fancy, Florida No. 1, Florida No. 2, and Florida No.
3. The lower the grade, the less likely plants will be
acceptable.


Since most plants are not rated as to grade, they
should be inspected closely before purchase. Shrubs
with an unhealthy appearance or with weak or poor-
ly formed branches should not be purchased,
because they usually develop into "leggy" plants.
Each plant should be examined for insects, diseases,
and mechanical damage such as scarred, cracked, or
peeling trunks and branches. Abnormally small or
yellow leaves are an indication of either nutritional
disorders, weak root systems, or some improper pro-
duction or shipping procedures.
The root system of container grown plants should
be well established but not root-bound. Roots
should be distributed throughout the soil medium
and not protruding outside the container or
penetrating into the ground. The soil ball of balled
and burlapped (B & B) plants should be intact and
moist.
South Florida, as discussed in this publication, in-
cludes Stuart to Punta Gorda and south. These are
general guidelines, and microclimatic factors of
given locations may vary.
The following table lists selected shrubs for South
Florida. Space does not allow including all shrubs
that could be grown in South Florida. The scientific
name, common name, growth habit, estimate of
common height, flower color and season, light re-
quirements, soil type preference, degree of salt
tolerance and other comments of interest are includ-
ed. Cultivars of some plant species listed here may
differ in growth habit, flower color, foliage
characteristics and/or size. This information should
help homeowners and landscape horticulturists
select appropriate shrubs for specific purposes and
locations in their landscapes.


Broad Spreading Spreading Globose Upright

*Authors are Assistant Professors, Ornamental Horticulture, IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville


Columnar




V t1_


SMALL SHRUBS

SCIENTIFIC/
COMMON NAME


FLOWER
GROWTH COMMON COLOR/
HABIT HEIGHT SEASON


LIGHT
CONDITIONS


SOIL
TYPE


SALT SPRAY
TOLERANCE


COMMENTS


Brassaia arboricola Spreading, 2-4' Incon.1 Partial Fertile Mod.2 Sensitive to cold
Dwarf Schefflera compact Shade
Carissa grandiflora 'Nana' Spreading 3-4' White, warm Full sun Sandy Yes Attractive scarlet fruit;
Dwarf Natal-Plum season other dwarf cultivars -
'Emerald Blanket' and
'Boxwood Beauty'
Cuphea hyssopifolia Spreading, 3-4' Red to white, Full sun Fertile No Susceptible to frost
Cuphea compact summer
Euphorbia milii Broad 3' Incon.; showy Full sun Very Yes Showy red, pink or
Crown-of-Thorns Spreading bracts well-drained cream bracts
Gardenia jasminoides Spreading, 1-2' White, Partial Fertile No Susceptible to nema-
'Prostrata' compact spring shade todes, white fly and
Prostrate Gardenia sooty mold
Homalocladium platycladum Spreading, 4' Incon. Partial Well-drained No Ribbon-like branches
Ribbon-Bush open shade
Ilex vomitoria 'Nana' Spreading, 3-4' Incon. Full sun, Variety Yes Other cultivars include
Dwarf Yaupon Holly compact shade 'Stokes Dwarf' and
'Schellings'
Juniperus chinensis Broad 2-3' Incon. Full sun Fertile, Mod. Cultivars include
Chinese Juniper Spreading well-drained 'Parsonii' and 'Parsonii
Variegata'
Juniperus conferta Broad 1-2' Incon. Full sun Fertile, Mod. Superior cultivars in-
Shore Juniper Spreading well-drained clude 'Blue Pacific' and
'Compacta'
Lantana montevidensis Broad 2' Lavender to Full sun Well-drained Yes Useful in dry, rocky
Trailing Lantana Spreading purple, warm locations
season
Mahonia fortunei Upright, 3-4' Yellow, Partial Fertile, No Thick mounded shrub;
Fortune's Mahonia multi-stems early spring shade well-drained good as specimen or
accent
Malpighia coccigera Upright 3' Pink, warm Partial Fertile No Attractive red fruit
Holly Malpighia season shade
Triphasia trifolia Spreading, 2-4' White, warm Full sun, Variety No Red berries; flowers
Lime-Berry weeping season shade fragrant; nematode sus-
ceptible

MEDIUM SHRUBS

Acalypha hispida Upright 5-6' Red, warm Full sun Variety No Prune after flowering;
Chenille-Plant Spreading season cultivar 'Alba' has
creamy white flowers
Acalypha wilkesiana Broad 5-6' Incon. Full sun Variety Mod. Large leaf mottled in
Copper-Leaf Spreading red, purple, green and
yellow
'Incon. is abbreviation for inconspicuous.
'Mod. is abbreviation for moderate.


SELECTED SHRUBS FOR SOUTH FLORIDA






SELECTED SHRUBS FOR SOUTH FLORIDA


MEDIUM SHRUBS

SCIENTIFIC/
COMMON NAME


GROWTH
HABIT


COMMON
HEIGHT


FLOWER
COLOR/
SEASON


LIGHT
CONDITIONS


SOIL
TYPE


SALT SPRAY
TOLERANCE


COMMENTS


Agave americana
Century Plant


Globose


5-6' Flowers
only once


Full sun


Well-drained


Tolerates sandy soil;
'Marginata' has yellow-
white marginal stripes


Breynia disticha Spreading, 5-6' Incon. Full sun Light, No Brightly variegated
Snow-Bush open sandy foliage in several colors
Carissa grandiflora Spreading, 5-6' White, Full sun Sandy Yes Attractive scarlet fruit;
Natal-Plum compact warm season milky sap
Cassia alata Spreading 8' Yellow, Full sun Variety Mod. Flowers are upright
Candle Bush fall and waxy
Codiaeum variegatum Spreading, 5-6' Incon. Full sun, Variety Mod. Multi-colored leaves,
Croton open partial color differs with
shade variety
Cordyline terminalis Upright 5-6' Incon. Partial Fertile No Nematode susceptible,
Ti Plant shade, showy leaves of many
shade colors
Erythrina herbacea Upright 5-6' Red, Partial Fertile No Deciduous, showy
Cherokee-Bean spring shade flowers, bright scarlet
fruit
Euphorbia pulcherrima Upright, 8' Incon. Full sun Well-drained No Showy red bracts at
Poinsettia multi-stems Christmas
Fatsia japonica Upright 5-6' Incon. Partial Fertile, Mod. Does well in landscape
Fatsia shade acid containers
Gardenia jasminoides Spreading, 5-6' White, Partial Fertile, No Showy spring color;
Gardenia compact spring shade acid susceptible to nematodes
Galphimia glauca Spreading, 5-6' Yellow, Full sun, Variety No New foliage reddish
(Thryallis glauca) compact warm season partial shade colored
Thryallis
Hamelia patens Spreading 5-6' Red, Partial Tolerates Mod. Showy tubular flowers;
Scarlet Bush warm season shade lime soil good enclosing border
hibiscus rosa-sinensis Upright, 6-8' Variable, Full sun, Moist, fertile No Many selection and
Hibiscus multi-stems warm season partial shade hybrids available
Ilex cornuta Spreading, 5-6' Incon. Full sun, Well-drained, No Not readily infested by
'Burfordii Compacta' compact partial acid scale insects
Dwarf Burford Holly shade
Jasminum mesnyi Broad 5-6' Yellow, Full sun Variety No Mounding growth habit
Primrose Jasmine Spreading, late winter
creeping
Jasminum multiflorum Broad 5-6' White, Full sun, Variety No Downy leaf surface;
Downy Jasmine Spreading, warm season partial often used as clipped
sprawling shade hedge
Jasmnum nitidum Spreading, 5-6' White, Full sun, Variety No Shiny leaf surface; often
Shining Jasmine sprawling warm season rt al used as clipped hedge
& _




Lantana camera
Lantana


- t ;-* --
Upright, 5-6' Red, pink, orange Full sun
Multi-stems or yellow,
summer


Variety


Susceptible to frost


Leucophyllum frutescens Spreading, 5-6' Lavender, Full sun Well-drained, Mod. Good for hot, dry
Texas Sage compact summer sandy locations
Mahonia lomarifolia Upright, 6-8' Yellow, Partial Fertile, No Good as border plant in
Chinese Holly-Grape multi-stems early spring shade well-drained formal garden; interest-
ing grape-like fruit
Malpighia glabra Upright 6-8' Incon. Full sun, Fertile No Susceptible to nema-
Barbados Cherry partial shade todes; edible red fruit
Malvaviscus arboreus Spreading 6-8' Red to pink, Full sun Variety No Susceptible to freeze
Turks-Cap warm season
Myrtus communis Upright 5-6' White, Partial Fertile No Cultivars include 'Micro-
Myrtle spring shade phylla' and 'Variegata'
Plumbago auriculata Spreading 5-6' Blue, Full sun Variety No Cultivar 'Alba' has
(P. capensis) warm season white flowers
Plumbago
Sanchezia nobilis Upright, 5-6' Yellow, Partial shade, Fertile, No Green leaves marked
Sanchezia open warm season shade well-drained with white; may become
invasive
Scaevola frutescens Spreading 5-6' Incon. Full sun, Well-drained Yes Sensitive to spider mites
Beach Naupaka partial shade
Severina buxifolia Spreading, 5-6' Incon. Full sun, Well-drained No Black berries
Boxthorn compact partial shade
Tabernaemontana Spreading, 6-8' White, Full sun, Variety No Fragrant waxy flowers
divaricata symmetrical warm season partial shade
Crape-Jasmine
Tetrapanax papyriferus Upright 6-8' Creamy white, Full sun, Variety No Produces suckers
Rice-Paper Plant winter partial shade
Viburnum suspensum Spreading 6-8' White, Full sun, Fertile No Easily maintained at
Sandankwa Viburnum spring shade smaller size
Westringia rosmariniformis Broad 5-6' White, Full sun Well-drained, Mod. Excellent clipped hedge
Victorian Rosemary Spreading spring and sandy
summer
Yucca gloriosa Upright 6-8' White, Full sun Well-drained Mod. Good for hot, dry
Spanish Dagger summer locations


LARGE SHRUBS


Ardisia paniculata Upright 12-15' White with Full sun, Sand, Yes Shiny black fruit; good
Marlberry purple lines, partial marl mass planting in
summer shade coastal areas
Bouganvillea spp. Spreading 10-12' Red to white Full sun Variety, No Aggressive grower;
Bouganvillea showy bracts, non-alkaline informal character
warm season
Buddleia officinalis Spreading 12-15' Lilac, Full sun Light, Mod. Fragrant flowers; good
Butterfly-Bush mid-winter sandy border plant






SELECTED SHRUBS FOR SOUTH FLORIDA


LARGE SHRUBS

SCIENTIFIC/
COMMON NAME
Caesalpinia pulcherrima
Barbados Flower-Fence

Calliandra haematocephala
Powerpuff
Cassia bicapsularis
Cassia
Callistemon citrinus
Lemon Bottlebrush
Callistemon rigidus
Bottle-brush
Coccoloba uvifera
Sea Grape


GROWTH
HABIT
Spreading


Spreading,
open
Upright,
multi-stem
Upright
Spreading
Upright

Spreading


COMMON
HEIGHT
8-10'


8-10'

10-12'

12-15'

8-10'

15-20'


FLOWER
COLOR/
SEASON
Scarlet or
yellow, warm
season
Red to white,
summer
Bright
yellow, fall
Red, late
spring
Red, late
spring
Incon.


LIGHT
CONDITIONS
Full sun,
partial
shade
Full sun

Full sun

Full sun

Full sun

Full sun


SOIL
TYPE
Variety


SALT SPRAY
TOLERANCE
Mod.


Variety

Variety

Well-drained

Well-drained

Beach sand


No

Mod.

Mod.

Mod.

Yes


COMMENTS
Bright shrub border;
fine texture

Vigorous, popular
flowering shrub
Specimen shrub

Good specimen or accent
plant
Large plants difficult
to transplant
Widely used on ocean
front; mature leaves have
red veins; edible fruit


Cocculus lauifolius Spreading, 12-15' Incon. Full sun, Variety No Coarse texture
Cocculus weeping partial shade
Conocarpus erectus Upright 15-20' Incon. Full sun, Variety Yes Commonly used as
sericeus Spreading partial shade clipped hedge
Silver Buttonwood
Datura arborea Upright 12-15' White, Full sun, Variety No Large fragrant flowers;
Angel's Trumpet summer partial shade poisonous
Dizygotheca elegantissima Upright, 12-15' Incon. Partial Variety No Tropical freestanding
False Aralia narrow shade, specimen
shade
Duranta repens Spreading 12-15' Blue, warm Full sun Variety No Yellow fruit is
Golden-Dewdrop season poisonous
Enallagma latifolia Upright 12-15' Incon. Full sun, Variety Mod. Used as large hedge
Black Calabash Spreading partial shade
Eugenia paniculata Upright 12-15' White, Full sun Variety No Compact foliage;
Australian Brush-Cherry warm season good clipped hedge
Eugenia uniflora Spreading, 12-15' White, Full sun Variety No Edible ribbed black
Surinam-Cherry compact warm season or red berry; good
clipped hedge
Feijoa sellowiana Spreading, 8-10' White with red Partial Variety Mod. Edible fruit; excellent
Pineapple Guava compact stamens, spring shade clipped hedge
Fortunella japonica Spreading 12-15' White, Full sun Variety Yes Attractive, fragrant
Kumquat spring edible fruit
Ixora coccinea Spreading, 8-10' Red, yellow or Full sun Fertile, Mod. Many hybrids; sensitive
Ixora compact orange, warm sea- well-drained to cold
son acid
Jatropha multifida Upright 12-15' Coral red, Full sun, Variety No Fine textured foliage;
Coral Plant warm season partial shade bright flowers
Juniperus chinensis Upright, 12-15' Incon. Full sun Fertile, Mod. Cultivars include
Chinese Juniper columnar well-drained 'Sylvestris' and


'Torulosa'


t- -- -- --


---------------


-





Lagerstroemia indica Upright 12-15' White, pink red Full sun Variety No Deciduous; susceptible
Crape-Myrtle or purple, to powdery mildew; often
summer used as small tree
Ligustrum japonicum Upright, 10-12' White, Full sun, Variety No Fragrant flowers;
Japanese Privet spreading spring partial excellent screen or
shade barrier
Ligustrum sinense Spreading 8-10' White, Full sun, Variety No Variegated form; often
Chinese Privet spring partial used as clipped
shade hedge
Murraya paniculata Upright 8-10' White, Full sun, Well-drained No Red attractive fruit;
Orange-Jasmine spring partial shade fragrant "citrus" like
flowers
Myrica cerifera Upright 12-15' Incon. Full sun, Variety Yes Excellent virgorous,
Southern Wax-Myrtle spreading, partial shade hardy plant
clumping
Nerium oleander Upright 12-15' Red, pink, Full sun Variety Yes Showy flowers; excellent
Oleander cream or white, seaside plant
summer
Pittosporum tobira Spreading, 8-10' White, Full sun, Fertile, Yes Easily maintained to
Pittosporum compact spring shade acid smaller size; variegated
selections available
Platycladus orientalis Globose, 25-30' Incon. Full sun Variety No Often misused; not a
(Thuja orientalis) densely foundation plant
Oriental Arborvitae foliated
Podocarpus gracilior Upright, 20-30' Incon. Full sun, Variety No Graceful specimen
Weeping Podocarpus weeping shade plant or screen
Podocarpus macrophyllus Upright, 20-25' Incon. Full sun, Variety Mod. Easily maintained at
Yew Podocarpus compact shade smaller size
Podocarpus nagi Upright 20-25' Incon. Full sun, Variety Mod. Strong accent plant;
Nagi Podocarpus shade good cut foliage
Psidium littorale Spreading, 15-20' White, Full sun Variety No Red or yellow edible
(P. cattleianum) compact spring fruit in summer; inter-
Cattley Guava testing trunk character
Ternstroemia gymnanthera Upright 12-15' White Partial shade, Fertile, No Reddish midribs in
Japanese Cleyera shade well-drained leaves
Thevetia peruviana Upright, 12-15' Yellow to Full sun Variety No Susceptible to frost
Lucky Nut compact peach, warm angular fruit; very
season poisonous
Tibouchina urvilleana Spreading, 12-15' Purple, Full sun Well-drained No Flowers showy; good
(T. semidecandra) open warm season border shrub
Princess-Flower
Viburnum odoratissimum Spreading, 15-20' White, Full sun Variety No Not a foundation plant;
Sweet Viburnum dense spring regular pruning required
Vitex trifolia Spreading 10-12' Lavender Full sun Sandy Mod. Vigorous shrub; cultivar
Chaste Tree to blue, 'Variegata' most common
summer
Yucca aloifolia Upright, 12-15' White Full sun, Well-drained Yes Excellent seaside plants;
Spanish Bayonet clumping shade accent plant
Yucca elephantipes Upright, 15-20' White Full sun, Well-drained Yes Harmless leaf-tips; some
Spineless Yucca clumping shade selections with striped
foliage







































































Illustrations by Yaeko Duran


This publication printed at a cost of $1,075.00, or 7.17 cents per copy to inform Floridians about or-
namental horticulture. 8-15M-81.



COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL
SCIENCES, K. R. Tefertiller, director, In cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this Infor-
mation to further the purpose of the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and is authorized to provide research, educa- IFAS
tional Information and other services only to Individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex or
national origin. Single copies of Extension publications (excluding 4-H and Youth publications) are available free to Florida
residents from County Extension Offices. Information on bulk rates or copies for out-of-state purchasers is available from
C. M. Hinton, Publications Distribution Center, IFAS Building 664, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Before publicizing this
publication, editors should contact this address to determine availability.




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