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July August 2001 Entomology and Nematology News
Entomology and Nematology Student Organization
A University of Florida Publication
Several entomology-nematology faculty have been recognized for their sustained performance. Those
receiving the salary performance plan awards were: Arshad Ali, Dov Borovsky, Drion Boucias, John
Capinera, Carl Childers, Don Dickson, J. Howard Frank, Don Hall, Marjorie Hoy, Phil Koehler,
Pauline Lawrence, Phil Lounibos, Clay McCoy, Bob McSorley, J.K. Nayar, Herb Nigg, Russ Mizell,
Dave Schuster, Grover Smart, and Jim Tsai.
Fahiem El-Borai Kora received Third Place in the student paper competition at the annual meeting of the
Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida. He has also been awarded the Davidson Graduate Student
Scholarship for 2001 ($250) to attend The Society of Nematologists international meeting in Salt Lake
City August 24-29.
The School IPM Team has been awarded a FES Team Award for the School IPM Web site and program.
Dr. Capinera has also nominated them for an IFAS Extension Team Award.
Dr. James P. Cuda accepted an invitation by Dean Humphrey to become an affiliate faculty member in
the College of Natural Resources.
Florida Entomological Society Student Affairs Committee Awards 2001 Minigrants of $100 were awarded
to nine students to help defer costs of equipment, resources and supplies important for the completion of
their research activities. Applicants were scored on the basis of provided budgets, justifications and
research descriptions. Award winners listed in order of scores starting with highest are Cynthia Khoo,
Barry Alto, Deanna Branscome, Marco Toapanta, Raul Villanueva, Cynthia Linton Tucker, Shawn
Brooks, Kathryn Barbara and Hector Cabrera-Mireles.
Seven students were awarded $100 travel grants to offset expenses of attending the 2001 Florida
Entomological Society Annual Meeting held at Hutchinson Island, Florida August 5 to 8 at the Marriott
Beach Resort and Marina. Barry Alto, Kathryn Barbara, Deanna Branscome, Hector Cabrera-
Mireles, Cynthia Linton Tucker and Raul Villanueva were honored for their successful applications at
the awards banquet on August 7th. Florida Entomological Society Student Scholarships were awarded to
the top three applicants. Students were asked to submit statements of their research and goals, curriculum
vitae, transcripts and two letters of recommendation. Ten students competed for the scholarships this year.
The successful packages represented a considerable time investment by the students to summarize and
quantify their numerous activities and accomplishments and indicate the high level of commitment they
bring to our science and community. This year we congratulate the following students for winning $500
FES Student Scholarships: Deanna Branscome, Cynthia Khoo and Dina Richman.
Contestants in the Student Paper Competition got a chance to show off their research findings, and
organizational, presentation and speaking skills to an eager audience at the Hutchinson Island venue.
Sixteen students did their best to impress the judges and vie for 1st, 2nd and 3rd place prize monies of
$200, $150 and $125, respectively. The 1st place paper was presented by Dina Richman and was entitled
"The effects of elevated soil pH from masonry cement on residual soil termiticide performance". Scotty
Long was awarded 2nd place with his paper "Recent additions to the Mayflies (Insecta: Ephemeroptera) of
Tennessee and discussion of endemic species from the central basin". The presentation "Precipitation and
temperature effects on populations ofAedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae): implications for range
expansion" by Barry Alto was awarded 3rd place.
Dr. James P. Cuda was awarded a one-year grant for $24,203 from the USDA, CSREES Tropical and
Subtropical Agricultural Research (T-STAR) Competitive Grants Program to initiate a project on classical
biological control of strawberry or cattley guava, Psidium cattleianum, which is an invasive weed of
natural areas and one of the main host plants for the Caribfly, Anastrepha suspense.
Drs. James P. Cuda and Norman C. Leppla were awarded a two-year grant for $49,919 from the USDA
Southern Region Sustainable Research and Education (SARE) Professional Development Program to
develop educational materials and in-service training programs for County Extension Faculty in IPM
emphasizing biological control practices.
Andy Rasmussen received two awards for his research at the North American Benthological Society
meeting: $500 Graduate Student Research Award and a $300 travel award from the Boesel- Sanderson
Drs. Julio Medal, James Cuda, and Waldemar Klassen in collaboration with Mr. Alberto Sediles and
Dr. Fredy Aleman (Universidad Nacional Agraria de Nicaragua), and Mr. Daniel Gandolfo and Hugo
Cordo (director of the USDA-ARS South American Biological Control Laboratory, Argentina) are
organizing the "First Latin American Short-Course on Biological Control of Weeds" that will be held June
24-28, 2002 at the Hotel Barcelo in Montelimar, Nicaragua. The main purpose of this course is to provide
participants with basic understanding of the principles and concepts of biological control of weeds using
insects and pathogens. This course will bring together about 20 international experts in all aspects of weed
biocontrol, and approximately 40-60 trainees representing at least 15 developing countries. For additional
information or registration please contact Dr. Julio Medal, course coordinator.
Ms. Lucy Treadwell and Dr. Julio Medal traveled from Buenos Aires, Argentina, to Bella Vista,
Paraguay--a total of 600 miles--and then around Curitiba, Brazil, in March in search of insects for
biological control of Brazilian peppertree and tropical soda apple. In Argentina and Paraguay they were
driven by Daniel Gandolfo, of the USDA, and assisted in the field by Diana Ohashi, technician at the
INTA-Cerro Azul Experiment Station. They got a unique view of the countryside--from inside cow
pastures, where they had to be on the alert for "vacas locas", snakes, and Africanized bees. That segment of
the trip concluded with a pleasant afternoon at the spectacular Iguazu Falls (> 200 waterfalls), at the
borders of Brazil and Argentina. In Brazil they were taken into the field by Drs. Henrique Pedrosa and
Marcelo Vitorino of the University of Curitiba. Lucy is now taking intensive Spanish-Portuguese classes to
be prepared for a second trip to South America.
Dr. Julio Medal was an invited speaker at the "II International Biological Control Meeting of the
Neotropical Region" held in Varadero, Cuba from June 10-15. Medal gave a presentation on "Perspective
and Limitations for Biological Control of Weeds in Latin America".
Andy Rasmussen recently traveled to Lacrosse, Wisconsin for the annual meeting of the North American
Benthological Society. Andy presented results from his dissertation in a talk titled: "Trichoptera and
Plecoptera Assemblages from Ravine Streams in North Florida: Biodiversity and Distributional Patterns".
Dr. Phil Stansly went on a year's sabbatical to Aguilas (Murcia) Spain with his family June 26. He will be
working with Koppert Biological Systems to help develop biological controls for vegetable pests of
greenhouses in Southern Spain, Morocco and the Canary Islands. He can be reached at pstansly(ufl.edu.
Drs. James P. Cuda and Julio C. Medal attended the VII Simposio de Controle Biologico held in Pocos
de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 3-7 June. Cuda and Medal were co-authors on four poster presentations
involving collaborative research with Brazilian scientists on various aspects of classical biological control
of Brazilian peppertree, Schinus terebinthifolius, and tropical soda apple, Solanum viarum.
As Chair-Elect for Section C (Biology, Ecology and Behavior), Dr. James P. Cuda attended the ESA's
Program Committee Planning Meeting held at the Town and Country Resort & Convention Center, San
Diego, CA, 14-15 July. The 2001 Annual Meeting of the ESA will be held at this site 9- 12 December.
Dr. James P. Cuda attended the Second Natural Resources Forum on Watershed Science, Policy,
Planning, and Management held in Tampa, FL, 19-21 June.
Drs. John L. Capinera, James P. Cuda, Marjorie A. Hoy and Philip G. Koehler attended the 2001
Florida FIRST Stakeholder's conference held in Orlando, FL, 27-29 June.
Dr. James P. Cuda accepted an invitation by Dr. Norman C. Leppla to deliver his oral presentation on
"Advancing Augmentation Biological Control from Research to Application" at the VII Simposio de
Control Biologico held in Pocos de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 3-7 June
Medal, J.C., D. Sudbrink, D. Gandolfo, D. Ohashi, and J.P. Cuda. 2001. Gratiana boliviana, a potential
Biocontrol agent of Solanum viarum: Quarantine host-specificity testing in Florida and field surveys in
South America. Bio Control 46 : 1-17.
Medal J.C. 2001. Perspectives and limitations for the implementations of biological control of weeds in
Latin America. In: Abstracts II Latin American Congress- Neotropical Section of the International
Organization for Biological Control. p. 131.
Cuda, J. P., B. R. Coon, Y. M. Dao, and T. D. Center. 2001. Biological control ofhydrilla, Hydrilla
verticillata (Hydrocharitaceae), in the Crystal River watershed by the tip mining midge Cricotopus lebetis
(Diptera: Chironomidae), pp. 15-16. Abstracts of the Natural Resources Forum: Watershed Science,
Policy, Planning, and Management- Can We Make It Work?, Tampa, FL, June 2001.
Cuda, J. P., N. J. Szabo, H. K. Abbas, and G. R. Buckingham. 2001. Occurrence of vertebrate toxins in
two sawflies (Hymenoptera: Pergidae) that are candidates for classical biological control of weeds in the
USA, p. 313. Abstracts of the VII Symposium of Biological Control, Pocos de Caldas, Minas Gerais,
Brazil, June 2001.
Harmuch, D. A., J. H. Pedrosa-Macedo, J. P. Cuda, and M. D. Vitorino. 2001. Biological aspects of
Pseudophilothrips ichini (Hood, 1949) (Thysanoptera, Tubulifera: Phlaeothripidae) on Schinus
terebinthifolius Raddi (Anacardiaceae), p. 30. Abstracts of the VII Symposium of Biological Control,
Pocos de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, June 2001.
Simoes, C. G., J. H. Pedrosa-Macedo, M. D. Vitorino, and J. P. Cuda. 2001. Occurrence and
distribution of Calophpya terebinthifolii (Homoptera: Psyllidae) on Brazilian peppertree, Schinus
terebinthifolius, at the first plateau and littoral region of Parana state, Brazil, p. 325. Abstracts of the VII
Symposium of Biological Control, Pocos de Calda, Minas Gerais, Brazil, June 2001
With duplication costs recovered, the department has reduced the price of three CD-ROMs on insects sold
by the University of Florida.
MCricket Alternative Methods of Mole Cricket Control is now just $10 (old price $25). WoodyBug -
Pest and Beneficials of Southern Ornamentals is now just $20 (old price $30). Pests In and Around
the Home structural, food, landscape and turfgrass pests is now just $30 (old price $50). For details
or to order visit http://pests.ifas.ufl.edu/software/
The UF Entomology and Nematology Department and the FDACS Division of Plant Industry have added
files on the following organisms to the Featured Creatures WWW site at: http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/
Wang, K.H. Reniform nematode, Rotylenchulus reniformis Linford & Oliveira.
Cuda, J. P., S.A. Wineriter, G.R. Buckingham, T.D. Center, and K.T. Gioeli. Melaleuca snout beetle,
Oxyops vitiosa (Pascoe).
Su, N., R.H. Scheffrahn, and B. Cabrera. Native subterranean termites, Reticulitermesflavipes (Kollar),
Reticulitermes virginicus (Banks), Reticulitermes hageni Banks.
Nguyen, R., A.B. Hamon and T.R. Fasulo. Cloudywinged whitefly, Dialeurodes citrifolii (Morgan).
Thomas, M.C., J.B. Heppner, R.E. Woodruff, H.V. Weems and T.R. Fasulo. Mediterranean fruit fly,
Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann).
Mead, F.W., and T.R. Fasulo. Darkwinged fungus gnats, Bradysia spp.
Capinera, J.L. Yellowstriped armyworm, Spodoptera ornithogalli (Guenee).
Capinera, J.L. Sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius).
New text and/or photographs were added to the files on: Mexican fruit fly (photo of adults), southern pine
beetle (selected references), European corn borer (four new natural enemies), lady beetles (photo of
larvae), and white grubs (photo of beneficial fungus).
To save space, these publications are not listed exactly as they should be cited. The complete correct
citation is: Author(s). (date of publication). Full title. UF/IFAS Featured Creatures. EENY- ##. URL.
Some Featured Featured Creatures
Bette Hines, a teacher at Silver Trail Middle School, in Florida, reports that Featured Creatures was posted
to the "garden with butterflies" bulletin board at http://groups.yahoo.com/group/gardenwithbutterflies/
because of the number of butterflies that Don Hall, Jerry Butler and others have added to Featured
Heike Meissner, USDA-APHIS-PPQ, Raleigh, NC, says, "(Featured Creatures is) a very good website, and
it saved me a lot of work."
Dr. Malcolm T. Sanford first came to beekeeping through a course at the University of Georgia in 1973.
This led to his Masters Degree Thesis: A Geography of Apiculture in Yucatan, Mexico. Shortly thereafter
he was accepted by Dr. Alfred Dietz as a graduate student and managed the University of Georgia bee
yard. After graduating, he became a research associate at the University of Georgia and wrote and
appeared in Bees and Honey, a Georgia Public Television Program aired for several years on PBS. As part
of his training, he also worked for a time at Rossman Apiaries in Moultrie, Georgia. He is a life member of
both the Florida and Georgia Beekeepers Associations and a twenty-six year member of the American
Dr. Sanford was hired as extension apiculturist in 1978 at the Ohio State University. Three years later, he
accepted a job as Associate Professor at the University of Florida. His career has consisted of a twenty-plus
year love affair writing about honey bees and beekeeping. He has been published in a variety of journals,
including The Speedy Bee, American Bee Journal, Bee Culture, Bee Science and Bee Biz. During the
period, he published a monthly beekeeping newsletter both at The Ohio State University (Beekeeping
Notes) and the University of Florida (APIS).
Dr. Sanford is a pioneer of the Information Age. His writings first appeared on the fledgling Internet (then
called BITNET) in the early 1980s. His APIS newsletter was one of the first Internet World Wide Web
sites that featured information for beekeepers http://apis.ifas.ufl.edu/. He writes the monthly column for
Bee Culture magazine "Beekeeping in the Digital Age," which describes the changes this medium is
bringing to how information is developed and used by the apicultural community http://bee.airoot.com/
beeculture/digital/. Because of his electronic information presence, Dr. Sanford's reputation has spread
worldwide as a quality source of beekeeping information. He has also attended and published descriptions
of international beekeeping events, including several Apimondia conferences (Mexico, Brazil, Hungary,
Canada). He has also spent three six-month sabbaticals abroad Italy, (1989), France (1997) and Ecuador
Dr. Sanford has observed and published about many of the changes that have revolutionized beekeeping
over the last two decades. He coauthored with Dr. Roger Hoopingamer, the first ever chapter on Business
Practices in Beekeeping in the 1992 Edition of The Hive and The Honey Bee (Dadant & Sons, Inc.) and
most recently the Chapter on Introduction of Varroa in North America in Mites of the Honey Bee (Dadant
& Sons, Inc., 2001). He has also been actively involved in deliberations concerning how the beekeeping
industry and regulators approached introductions of the tracheal mite (1984), Varroa mite (1987),
Africanized honey bee (1990) and African small hive beetle (1999).
After twenty years of service to the beekeeping industry, Dr. Sanford has chosen to discontinue his service
as part of the University of Florida's Cooperative Extension Service. He hopes to remain a vital part of the
apicultural industry and that his legacy will "virtually" continue through World Wide Web technology.
Throughout his career, Dr. Sanford has won several awards, including the Achievement Award for
Extension (Florida Entomological Society, 1992), Service Award (Apiary Inspectors of America, 1997)
and Award of Excellence in Extension (American Association of Professional Apiculturists, 1998).
Although an academic by background and training, Dr. Sanford is most proud of his contributions to the
beekeepers of the world, who have supported him in numerous ways throughout his career. This is perhaps
no better exemplified than by the following:
Subject: 1st PRIZE Beekeeper Page From: firstname.lastname@example.org (Andy Nachbaur)
Newsgroups: sci. agriculture.beekeeping
Oh my gosh with so many very good Beekeepers sites on the Internet how can anyone judge them all and
come back with a winner without hurting everyone's feeling. Well I have not judged them as it is really an
impossible job, but for content I have a WINNER for you all to check out. If you don't want to read more
on why set your browser to: http://apis.ifas.ufl.edu/ Surprise, no fancy graphics, but a diary or series of
letters from Dr. TOM SANFORD, from the University of Florida, Beekeeping Extension, father of the
Internet for beekeepers and a teacher, Doctor of Beekeeping Extension via the Internet for sure. Why you
ask do I suggest its worth the time to read these 19 letters, because it is a fast way, (maybe an hour for a
careful reader) to get a look into what others, beekeepers, educators, bee regulators, and bee scientist's are
doing and thinking TODAY in the Mediterranean region. After a few minutes of reading you will be able
to relate to what is or has gone on in the US and how other's are dealing with it. All this is from Dr.
Sanford's perspective which I believe to be an open minded one, and slanted maybe toward what Florida's
beekeepers or southern states beekeepers could be interested in. Read it because you will find reading them
a totally enjoyable experience today that may not repeat itself for many years to come in quality or content,
but I believe will be read in the future as classic history for beekeepers interested in beekeepers.
With all the recent changes in UF/IFAS URLs, many of the links to UF-affiliated author sites on the
Featured Creatures WWW site no longer worked. In addition, Division of Plant Industry and some student
organization URL changes also resulted in broken links. So we spent a lot of time correcting these, but
probably didn't get them all. If you are an author of a Featured Creature file, and the link at the bottom of
the file does not link to your site, please let Tom Fasulo (fasulo(@ufl.edu) know the file URL and your
Web URL, and it will be corrected.
Best of the Bugs
If you ever wanted to have your own scanning electron microscope then you need to check out the newest
addition to the UF Best of the Bugs Award page. See the Dennis Kunkel Microscopy web site available
The USGS North Prairie Wildlife Research Center's "Butterflies of North America" Web site is the latest
to be awarded our Best of the Bugs award. The Best of the Bugs Web site is located at http://pests.ifas.ufl.
Kagan Owens wrote: "U.S. Senate passes the School Environment Protection Act of 2001 (SEPA)
(amendment no. 805) under unanimous consent this morning as an amendment to S.1, Better Education for
Students and Teachers Act, (which amends the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)). Please
find Beyond Pesticides/NCAMP's press release below. Letters of support are needed as S.1 moves through
the Senate/House Joint Conference Committee. Write your Congress members supporting amendment
#805 (SEPA) as adopted by the Senate without weakening amendments. Sample letter and more
information will follow in separate email. Let me know if you want to add your organization or business to
the list of supporters. For a copy of the SEPA summary or a copy of SEPA amendment language as passed,
go to http://www.beyondpesticides.org"
EXPANDING THE BROOD
Linnea Grace joined the McAuslane/Albom family on June 16th, weighing in at 7 lb 8.5 oz and measuring
20.5 inches. Heather and Hans are enjoying the pleasures and relative ease of caring for a single, healthy
newborn, while 3-year-old twin big brothers, Daniel and Matthew, are less excited!
Graduate Student News
Mike Patnaude has been unofficially given the job of director of the arthropod surveillance and control
program in Westchester County, NY (sandwiched between NYC and Conn. on the northeast coast)
Juan Manuel Alvarez is still unpacking in his new office at the University of Idaho, but you can reach him
at ialvarez(uidaho.edu He and his wife are expecting.
Congratulations to Tom Merritt who was married in Scotland on July 30.
The Insect Petting Zoo was a success at the Museum of Natural History's "Fun With Science" day. Over
1900 children and parents were in attendance.
Thank you goes out to everyone who continually helps with the school tours of the department. These
would not be possible without your assistance. Current tour stops include: Ant Lab, Grasshopper Lab, Bio-
Control Lab, Nematology Lab, Cockroach Lab, Termite Cam, and Insect ID Lab.
4-H Congress was a blast this year. Six 4-H members received prizes for competing in the Insect
Collection Competition. 20 4-H members attended a three hour workshop in the department where they
made insect collecting equipment, learned about insect morphology and participated in an insect
mouthparts relay and a Bug Bowl.
A "political correctness gone mad" bonehead award goes both to the Japanese Entomological Society and
the Japanese Ichthyological Society which have decided to begin renaming some creatures so people's
feelings will not be hurt. Mekura kamemushi (blind bugs) will now be called Kasumi kamuemushi (misty
bugs) and Mekura unagi (blind eels) are to be renamed as well. Gone will be Kobito (dwarf) penguins.
Instead they will become fairy penguins. In fact, 37 museums in Japan have actually removed displays
because they thought the names of the creature might offend someone. Mainichi Shimbun (Japan)27-Jun-
01 Found on http://bonehead.oddballs.com/ a.k.a.: "Bone Head of the Day Awards" page
A gift for the person who has everything, FlyPower. Check out this site for fun insect gifts, or just for a
good laugh. Http://www.flypower.com/
The Environmental Health and Safety welcomes all the labs in UF campus to share a new and innovative
program called the ChemSwap (http://swap.ehs.ufl.edu/). As the name suggests, it is a program focused on
promoting resource sharing between various labs and in the process, reducing the amount of hazardous
wastes. The various labs can register for the program under the PI's and multiple users can register under a
PI. Once registered, the member labs have a password protected elaborate inventory database, and access
to the ChemSwap service. The program is based on the fact that there are a lot of chemicals available in
various labs that are not needed, but can be useful for other labs. The various members of the program put
these chemicals on the exchange list, which can be accessed by all the members of the program, and hence,
the various labs can make a request for the particular chemical online. Once a chemical is requested,
EH&S contacts the two labs and arranges for a pickup and delivery, free of charge. The website also
features a list of requested chemicals, where any of the members can post a request for a chemical. Once a
request has been made, EH&S can deliver the requested chemical from the donor lab. Apart from the
obvious benefits like minimization of wastes and financial gains, the program can also help in promoting
resource sharing. Similar programs have been implemented in various other universities and have proved
to be quite useful. EH&S hopes that more and more labs will use this tool and register.
Dr. Dennis Kunkel, whose Microscopy web site won our Best of the Bugs Award (see http://pests.ifas.ufl.
edu/BestBugs/) is interested in obtaining some medical or economically important pests to do SEMs on.
He says, "If you or other colleagues might have specimens that are interesting (such as agricultural pests or
other medical or economically important specimens) I would be interested in obtaining some preserved
samples. I would be glad to take some images to share with the person who provides the sample as well.
Some kids have asked me about looking at some deer ticks as well as the kissing bug (Triatoma I believe)."
Here are some of the critters he is interested in: Ticks Ixodes sp., Haemaphysalis sp.; Mites -
Leptotrombidium sp., Liponysoides sp., Sarcoptes sp., other skin or follicle mites; Flies Chrysops sp.,
Culicoides sp., Phlebotomus sp.; Mosquitoes Anopheles sp., salt marsh mosquito, others besides Aedes
and Culex that I have already photographed; Bugs Triatoma sp., Panstrongylus sp. You can contact him
through the Best of the Bugs web site listed above.
Bugs may be cool, but bots are hot! If you see a squirrel with large lumps on its body, don't panic-- these
probably are not cancerous lesions resulting from toxic wastes buried in your backyard nor a highly
infectious disease that will ravage children and pets. Rather, it's that time of year for squirrel bot flies, and
these lumps (warbles) are the work of the larvae (bots) of the tree squirrel bot fly, Cuterebra emasculator.
For more information, consult Frank Slansky's website at http://botfly.ifas.ufl.edu/. This site is still being
developed so several of the links are not yet available, but click on the 'Overview' link to get answers to
frequently asked questions about this fly/squirrel encounter, and visit the 'Warbles' link to get up close and
personal with these lumpy squirrels.
Something missing from your newsletter?
If there is something you would like to see in future editions of the newsletter, pleas send all thoughts,
suggestions and supportive criticisms to: Rebecca Baldwin.
A hard copy of this newsletter is given to department members in building 970 only. All others can obtain
an electronic subscription by sending a request to listserv(@lists.ufl.edu and in the text of the message type:
subscribe UF-bugnews-L yourfirstname yourlastname
Turn off any signature file, if you have one. You will receive instructions for confirming your subscription
and further information on the rules for the list server.
This version of the newsletter is prepared for the Web by Andy Koehler.
August 2001. Updated May 2003.
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