December 2000/January 2001 Entomology and Nematology News
Entomology and Nematology Student Organization
A University of Florida Publication
"Man can learn nothing except by going from the known to the unknown." Claude Bernard
EXPANDING THE BROOD
Jane Medley gave birth to a baby boy December 28, 2000: Levi Warren Medley, 6 lbs, 12 oz and 19 in
long. Both are home and doing well. Congratulations!
Drs. Julio Medal and James Cuda were awarded a one-year grant for $63,000 from the USDA-APHIS
and Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services-Division of Plant Industry to continue their
research work on biological control of tropical soda apple.
Richard Pluke gave a presentation at the annual SOPCA (Sociedad Puertorriquea de Ciencias Agricolas -
Puerto Rican Society of Agricultural Sciences) conference. The title of the talk was "Managing Insecticide
Resistance through the Biological Control of Diamondback Moth".
Dr. Pauline Lawrence presented a poster entitled "Purification and partial characterization of an
entomopoxvirus from a parasitic wasp oftephritid fruit flies," at the Joint Annual meeting of the
Entomological Society of America, Quebec Entomological Society and the Entomological Society of
Canada, in Montreal, Dec 3-6, 2000.
Ms. Cynthia Khoo, presented a poster, co-authored with P.O. Lawrence, entitled "Transovarial
transmission of a rhabdovirus in the wasp Diachasmimorpha longicaudata (Ashmead), a parasite of the
Caribbean fruit fly Anastrepha suspense Loew", at the Joint Annual meeting of the Entomological Society
of America, Quebec Entomological Society and the Entomological Society of Canada, in Montreal, Dec 3-
Dr. Julio Medal was an invited speaker to the 5th Annual Invasive Exotic Plant Workshop for Southwest
Florida held at Naples, FL, on December 14, 2000. Medal presented the paper entitled "Biological Control
of Tropical Soda Apple, What's Going On?". The paper was co-authored by James Cuda. This workshop
was sponsored by the US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Thomas Fasulo gave a three hour workshop on WWW Site Development to Florida Park Service
employees and volunteers at their annual meeting in Jacksonville, November 2-4, 2000. In 1997, Tom
received an award from the Department of Environmental Protection for his Web site on Florida's Olustee
Battlefield Historic Site. Recently, Tom's site was listed as one of the 95 best Civil War sites in the new
book "The Civil War on the Web: A Guide to the Very Best Sites." The authors are the Director of the
Center for Digital History at the University of Virginia and an editor for the New York Times on the Web.
Wade Davidson gave a presentation in the Nematology Seminar Series on the 29th of January. His
presentation, "Acid Deposition and Soil Fauna of Appalachia", gave listeners wonderful insight into the
effects of acid rain on tree stands of one of the world's oldest mountain ranges.
Khoo, C. C. H. and Tan, K. H. (2000). Attraction of both sexes of melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae to
conspecific males a comparison after pharmacophagy of cue-lure and a new attractant zingerone.
Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 97: 317-320.
Khoo, C. C. H., Yuen, K. H. and Tan, K. H. (2000). Attraction of female Bactrocera papayae to sex
pheromone components with two different release devices. Journal of Chemical Ecology 26: 2487-2496.
Medal, J.C., D.Gandolfo, R.A. Pitelli, A. Santana, J.P. Cuda, and D.L. Sudbrink. 2000. Progress and
Prospects for Biological Control of Solanum viarum Dunal in the USA, pp. 627-631. In: N.R. Spencer
(ed.). Proceedings of the X International Symposium on Biological Control of Weeds, 4-14 July 1999.
Montana State University. Bozeman, MT.
Rasmussen, A.K. & D.R. Denson. 2000. Range extension, ecological notes, and new records of
Pycnopsyche indiana (Trichoptera: Limnephilidae) from Florida. Ent. News 111(5):359-366
Smith, H.A., G.A. Evans, and R. McSorley. 2000. A survey ofparasitoids of Trialeurodes vaporariorum
and Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in eastern Guatemala. Florida Entomologist 83: 492-496.
If you would like to present a paper at the Insect Behavior Student Symposium at the Southeastern Branch
ESA meeting, please contact Dina Richman. Only a title is required for submission, and the meeting will
be held March 4-7 in Augusta, Georgia.
David Hall and Norm Leppla are putting together a symposium for the next annual meeting of the Florida
Entomological Society, to be held August 5-9 near Stuart, Florida (www.flaentsoc.org). The symposium is
entitled "Augmentative Biological Control Is There a Formula For Success?" and will focus on
implementing commercial augmentative biological control (ABC). We will include in the symposium a
presentation on methodologies associated with designing and testing augmentative biological control
programs. ABC is certainly a viable management approach for specific pests in some crop systems, and
there are a number of beneficial species currently available for sale that might be useful in ABC programs.
Intuitively, we should be able to use periodic releases of these beneficial to control targeted pests. Some
growers are therefore already interested in ABC. A problem is that commercial guidelines for using
beneficial insects currently exist for only a few pest situations, and developing ABC guidelines may be too
challenging for most growers. A wider base of support from University and USDA researchers would be
desirable in assessing the feasibility of ABC for particular systems and developing ABC guidelines. We
might better capitalize on ABC if more researchers would seriously consider the strategy for the crop
systems with which they work. While most entomologists probably have a basic idea of how to go about
formulating ABC guidelines, a good review of basic methodologies for testing release strategies and
implementing ABC would be advantageous.
From VIRENDRA GUPTA
I am retiring from the University of Florida effective February 1, 2001. I joined the Department in July
1982 after having taught at the University of Delhi for 20 years. I have enjoyed my time in Gainesville and
my work at UF, particularly my research on the taxonomy of the family Ichneumonidae (parasitic
Hymenoptera). I expect to continue working in the department on these insects for some years, as well as
organizing and systematizing my collections, which have a worldwide representation. A lot has to be done!
I thank the faculty and staff of the Department of Entomology & Nematology for all their help and
courtesies extended to me. Good luck, Dr. Gupta!
WALKER TO BECOME EMERITUS
Professor Tom Walker switches from active to Emeritus status on 31 January 2001 (just in time to avoid
having to deal with FAS). He looks forward to free parking and "doing anything he likes," which is what
he has been told Professors Emeritus are supposed to do.
One of the things he likes to do is to try to make North American crickets and katydids easily identifiable
by almost anyone. This past fall, he hit upon a winning way to accomplish this: put distribution maps,
songs, photographs, drawings, illustrated keys, and succinct text on an easy to navigate Web site. Alas, it
was too late to complete the project before 31 January. Therefore, he requested and received permission to
continue the project from his office and a lab across the hall (EYN 2115). To monitor the progress of his
Web project, go to http://buzz.ifas.ufl.edu/
He says not to be surprised to see him working on other projects he enjoys (like the Natural Area Teaching
Laboratory). When you don't see him around for a while, he is probably doing other things he likes--such
as traveling and fieldwork.
TRAVEL Jim Nation
My wife and I joined a tour group led by Dr. Tom Emmel to go to see the winter aggregation of Monarch
butterflies in the mountains outside Mexico City. The tour occurred Jan 12-16. Dr. Emmel estimated that
some 200-300 million butterflies were present in a few square miles. I made pictures and a video tape, but
neither can do justice to seeing great clusters of Monarchs hanging on the branches of giant fir trees, and
the tens of thousands in the air when the sun warms them a bit. They will leave the winter site in March
and fly toward northern Mexico and the US, laying eggs as they go on native milkweed plants. They do not
reproduce in the winter aggregations. They are in a reproductive diapause. It is a spectacular sight, and
well worth the trip.
Dr. Nancy Hinkle, who received her Ph.D. here in the early-90s and left to become the state Extension
Veterinary Entomologist at the University of California, has now accepted the same position at the
University of Georgia. She will be stationed on the main campus at Athens and will have the same
responsibilities as in California: livestock, poultry, and companion animals. Dr. Hinkle, also known as
"the flea lady", says she is looking forward to "being back in the Southeastern Branch." Actually, she is
just looking forward to big helpings of real Southern barbeque instead of the "tasty tidbits" they serve at
"trendy" California cafes.
In recent months the Natural Area Teaching Laboratory has been improved by the installation of signs that
identify the successional plots, by erecting a corral fence to keep vehicles from entering NATL from rear
parking lot at the Performing Arts Center, and by tilling an old-field-succession plot that will now go
unmolested for 40 years before its next tillage.
Tim Whitaker, of UF's Student Geomatics Association, prepared a 13-layer CAD map of NATL, now
posted on NATL's Web site and viewable with Internet Explorer.
An ephemeral pond, to encourage frog breeding, has been staked out on the south edge of successional plot
D and will soon be dug by personnel from UF's Physical Plant Division (PPD).
In late November, PPD renewed NATL's fire lanes in preparation for burning NATL's 18 acres oflongleaf
pine. Alan Long, NATL's bum master, plans the prescribed bum as soon as it rains enough to permit it. If
the bum occurs soon enough, Forestry students may plant longleafpine seedlings in some of the burned
With the help of PPD, NATL's Main Trail is being shifted from the south end of successional Plot D to its
original alignment a little farther south.
SINGING INSECTS OF NORTH AMERICA
Tom Walker and Tom Moore (University of Michigan Museum of Zoology) are developing a Web site
on the Singing Insects of North America at http://buzz.ifas.ufl.edu/ Walker is doing the crickets and
katydids and Moore is doing the cicadas. Each of the nearly 600 acoustical species in America north of
Mexico will be treated in such a way as to make them identifiable by almost anyone who is literate and has
a Web connection. This is accomplished with pictorial keys, detailed distribution maps, .wav files of the
calling songs, drawings, color photographs viewable at three magnifications, succinct text, and, to a limited
extent, PDF files of original literature. Thus far we've worked on only a few groups and are finished with
none, but for the best introduction to what is planned, check out the mole crickets and coneheaded
PUBLIC HEALTH TUTORIALS
As part of a USDA grant, Thomas Fasulo and David Dame have created two computer-verified training
tutorials on mosquitoes. The tutorials are based on Chapter 3 of the National Public Health Pest Control
Manual the two are editing. Each of the tutorials is also authorized for one CEU in the Public Health
category for the state of Florida. Information on the tutorials is available at http://vector.ifas.ufl.edu/
The UF Entomology and Nematology Department and the FDACS Division of Plant Industry have added
files on the following organisms to the Featured Creatures WWW site at: http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/
Weems, Jr., and M.T. Sanford. Beelouse, Braula coeca Nitzsch.
Denmark, H.A., H.L. Cromroy and M.T. Sanford. Honey bee tracheal mite, Acarapis woodi (Rennie)."
Capinera, J.L. Melon or cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover.
Atkinson, T.H. Ambrosia beetles, Platypus spp. of Florida, (Platypodidae).
Mead, F.W. Thorn bug, Umbonia crassicornis (Amyot and Serville).
Meeker, J.R., W.M. Dixon and J.L. Foltz. Southern pine beetle, Dendroctonusfrontalis Zimmermann.
Dybas, H.S., Featherwing beetles, (Ptiliidae).
Woodruff, R.E., E.J. Gerberg, and T.J. Spilman. A false powder-post beetle, Xylopsocus capucinus
Thomas, M.C. Larger elm leaf beetle, Monocesta coryli (Say).
Frank, J.H., and R.F. Mizell, Jr. The lady beetles of Florida (Coccinellidae).
Habeck, D.H., and F.W. Mead. Edwards wasp moth, Lymire edwardsii (Grote).
Denmark, H.A. Cyclamen mite, Steneotarsonemus pallidus (Banks).
Denmark, H.A. Broad mite, Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks).
Weems, H.V. Hover fly, Allograpta obliqua (Say).
Meeker, J.R. Forest tent caterpillar, Malacosoma disstria Huebner.
Welbourn. W.C. Coconut mite, Acathrix trymatus (Keifer).
Cromroy, H.L. and L.C. Kuitert. Blueberry bud mite, Acalitus vaccinii (Keifer).
Hamon, A.B. Fig wax scale, Ceroplastes rusci (L.).
Hoy, M.A. and R. Nguyen. Brown citrus aphid parasitoid, Lipolexis scutellaris Mackauer.
Warner, J. and R.H. Scheffrahn. Compact carpenter ant, Camponotusplanatus (Roger).
The file on the Diaprepes root weevil was also revised.
To save space, these publications are not listed exactly as they should be cited. The complete citation is:
Author(s). (date of publication). Full title. UF/IFAS Featured Creatures. EENY- ##. URL
SOME FEATURED "FEATURED CREATURES"
The "Featured Creatures" publication on the diamondback moth (by John Capinera) was selected by the
researchers at Lightspan's StudyWeb as one of the best online educational resources. StudyWeb is at http://
Several Featured Creatures publications on ticks blackleggedd tick Michael Patnaude) and mites (Varroa
mite Howard Denmark (FDACS, DPI) Tom Sanford; and house dust mite Howard Denmark and Harvey
Cromroy) were recently featured in the online German magazine Besuchen Sie unser Internet-Magazin,
g-o.de Wissen Online.
Featured Creatures is now being used for an Entomology 111 course at the State University of New York
Agricultural and Technical College at Cobleskill, NY.
If there is something you would like to see in future editions of the newsletter, pleas send all thoughts,
suggestions and supportive criticisms to: Erin Britton, editor
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December 2000 January 2001. Updated May 2003.
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