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Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
PROPAGATION OF AGLAONEMA
R. T. Poole
University of Florida, IFAS JUN ._
Agricultural Research Center Apopka
ARC-Apopka Research Report RH-1983-14
i.F.A.S.- Univ of Fi::
Aglaonemas can be propagated by tip cuttings, seeds, division, stem
segment (cane) cuttings or by air layering. Air layering produces large
plants, but is rarely used in commercial operations. Cane cuttings
produce a large number of plants, but they are small and require long
growing periods to reach salable size. Divisions of cultivars that
produce large numbers of breaks, such as 'Fransher' and 'Silver Queen'
are sometimes used commercially to produce large specimen plants.
Tissue culture propagation is not commercially feasible at this time.
Obtaining seeds is difficult and producing plants true to cultivar is not
Aglaonema commutatum seed grown in a peat-perlite mix planted at a
depth of the seed width in a temperature of 700F had 50% germination in
65 days. In another test, A. commutatum had a germination rate of 90% in
140 days when placed in a medium at 750F. Hot water treatments of 1000F
improved germination. Freshly harvested seeds may germinate in 2 weeks,
but older seeds require much longer as indicated in the above tests.
Therefore, seeds should be planted as soon as possible. Propagating with
tip cuttings having 4 to 6 leaves is the most common practice. Any medium
with good aeration and water holding capacity and a pH of 5.5 to 6.5 is
satisfactory for propagation. Among the moreefrequently used are either a
peat or a peat-perlite mix.
One of the most important factors influencing rooting of cuttings is
the temperature of the propagation medium. Rooting will be slow if
cuttings are propagated during winter in a greenhouse maintained at a
minimum of 60-650F. If cuttings are propagated in a medium held at 800F,
good rooting can be obtained in 4 weeks. Although no tests have been
attempted with Aglaonemas, cuttings from other plants initiate roots
faster as temperature is increased to 900F. However, root growth was
retarded by these high temperatures, and temperatures of 75-800F should be
maintained after root initiation. In one test using Hormodin 2 (0.3% IBA)
and Patio (O.07TIBA, 0.05% NAACET, 0.05% NAA) did not improve rooting of
'Silver Queen'. Another experiment with A. costatum and A. crispum showed
that Hormodin 2 improved rooting, but Hormodin 3 (0.8% IBA) was not as
effective as Hormodin 2. These tests were performed at 70-750F. Recent
tests have shown the Hormodin treatments are more effective at higher
temperatures of 80-850F, but not effective at temperatures of 65-700F.
Best results were obtained at 75-800F propagation temperatures with
Hormodin 2 or 3 applied to the base of cuttings.
system of 15
should be kept moist, but not excessively wet. A mist
seconds each half hour during the warm part of the day is
Light intensity of 1,500-2,000 foot-candles should be
Fertilization should be applied with the first sighting of roots. A
slow release fertilizer, 5 1b/ydi, can be mixed into the propagating
medium or liquid application, 150 ppm N, can be applied. Addition of
light during the night has been suggested to increase rooting and growth,
but has not been used commercially to any large extent. Stock plants
should be grown under 2,000-2,500 foot-candles and maintained in a
vigorous healthy growing condition.
1. Conover, C. A. and R. T. Poole. 1970. Foliage plant propagation.
Florida Foliage Grower 7(4):1-8.
2. Conover, C. A. and R. T. Poole. 1970. Methods of propagating foliage
plants. Florida Foliage Grower 7(5):1-7.
3. Conover, C. A., R. T. Poole, R. J. Henny, R. A. Hamlen and
1981. Aglaonema production guide for commercial growers.
of Florida Commercial Fact Sheet. 1:5 pp.
4. Dykeman, B. and H. Davidson. 1977.
and root development in cuttings.
5. Henny, R. J. and E. M. Rasmussen.
from seven Aglaonema cultivars. Un
Apopka, Res. Rept. RH-82-13.
6. Henny, R. J. 1983. Increasing roo
with hormones and bottom heat. Uni
Apopka, Res. Rept. RH-83-12.
A. R. Chase.
Temperature affects root initiation
Michigan State Horticultural Report
1982. Rooting response of cuttings
iv. of Fla., IFAS, Agric. Res. Ctr.
ting of Aglaonema 'Fransher' cuttings
v. of Fla., IFAS, Agric. Res. Ctr.
7. Mikorski, D. J. and J. W. White. 1977. Foliage plants seed
propagation and transplant research. Florists' Rev. 160(4153):55,99-101.
8. Miller, V.
J. and R. T. Poole. 1982. IFA effects on foliage plant
Univ. of Fla., IFAS, Agric. Res. Ctr. Apopka, Res. Rept.
9. Poole, R. T., C. A. Conover and C.
and propagation of foliage plants.
A. Robinson. 1980.
Foliage Digest 3(8)