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Group Title: ARC-A research report - Agricultural Research and Education Center - RH-83-23
Title: Germination of Neanthe Bella palm seeds
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00066506/00001
 Material Information
Title: Germination of Neanthe Bella palm seeds
Series Title: ARC-A research report
Physical Description: 2, 1 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Poole, R. T ( Richard Turk )
Conover, Charles Albert, 1934-
Agricultural Research Center (Apopka, Fla.)
Publisher: University of Florida, IFAS, Agricultural Research Center-Apopka
Place of Publication: Apopka FL
Publication Date: 1983
 Subjects
Subject: Germination -- Experiments -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Palms -- Seeds -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (p. 2).
Statement of Responsibility: R.T. Poole and C.A. Conover.
General Note: Caption title.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00066506
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: oclc - 71231600

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HISTORIC NOTE


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not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
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Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
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(7 0


:3 GERMINATION OF NEANTHE BELLA PALM SEEDS

R. T. Poole and C. A. Conover
University of Florida, IFAS
Agricultural Research Center-Apopka
ARC-A Research Report RH-83-23

Chamaedorea elegans, Neanthe Bella Palm or Parlor Palm,is used
extensively for interior decoration. Most Neanthe Bella Palm seeds
used for commercial production are gathered from palms in their native
habitats of Mexico and Central America. Seeds are usually collected
in late summer or early fall and planted September through November.
Germination sometimes occurs in 2 months, but many seeds do not germinate
until spring or summer, when seeds are germinated in ground beds where
soil temperatures are below 60F during the winter.

The ideal palm seeds for planting are obtained from fully ripe fruits,
planted within several days of harvesting under conditions that will induce
rapid germination. Two factors important to palm seed germination are
prevention of desiccation during storage and age of seed when planted (2).
Although most seeds of temperate zone plants are stored at temperatures
slightly above freezing, best storage conditions for seeds of most tropical
plants are not known. Seeds of the oil palm have been stored at 720F and
55% relative humidity in commercial practice and then germinated at a
temperature of 100F for 70 days (5). Seed of Rhapis humilis planted in
peat and perlite in December and maintained at 65-70F germinated by
March (4). Donselman (1) emphasized the importance of obtaining fresh
viable seeds from reputable sources.

The germination medium for palm seeds should be well aerated. Palm
seeds should be planted near the surface and not overwatered. Planting
seeds deep in a poorly drained medium and watering heavily reduces seed
germination. Neanthe Bella seeds should be planted immediately after
collection for best germination, but if seed are stored, 750F is preferred
to 40F (3). Higher germination temperatures increased speed of germination,
but not percentage of seed germinated.

Recent research at the Agricultural Research Center-Apopka confirms
these conditions (Table 1 & 2) and established the importance of maintaining
high humidity if seeds are stored. However, percent germination is much
better if seeds are planted immediately. Other ornamental palm seed probably
respond in a similar manner.

Summary

For best germination of Neanthe Bella palm seeds, obtain fresh seeds and
plant immediately in a well-aerated medium approximately 1 cm deep. Maintain
moist, but not wet conditions and germination temperatures of 75 800F. If
seed are stored, maintain high humidity and temperatures of 70-750F.










References

1. Donselman, H. 1982. Palm seed germination studies. Proc. Fla. State

Hort. Soc. 95:256-257.

2. Loomis, H. F. 1961. Culture of the palms, preparation and germination

of palm seeds. The Horticultural Magazine 49(1):128-132.

3. Poole, R. T. and C. A. Conover. 1974. Germination of Neanthe Bella

palm seeds. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 87:429-430.

4. Shenkel, K. L. 1981. Propagating Raphis humilis palms by seed. The

Plant Propagator 27:8.

5. Wonkyi-appiah, J. B. 1973. Effect of duration of heat treatment on

germination of dura oil palm seed. Ghana Jnl. Agric. Sci. 7:57-59.







Table 1. Germination (%) of Neanthe


Storage humidity
10%
90%
Planting date
Oct. 16
Nov. 13
Dec. 11
Germination temp. (OF)


% Germination


Storage temp. (OF)
40
80


Best treatment
Planted immediately
Germination temperature -


not significant


Table 2. Germination (%) of Neanthe Bella Palm 1981.


Storage humidity


% Germination


Storage temp. (OF)
40
80
Planting date
Oct. 8
Nov. 19,
Germination temp. (F)


Best treatment 80
Planted immediately
800F Germination temperature


Bella Palm 1980




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