GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA 32601 VOLUME 6, NO.X'0' JUNE 1, 1971
COLOMBIA: internal migration
Dr. Alan B. Simmons, who presented CA R18EAIA SEA dividing the migrant category into the
this paper at the jIatin American Col- ....,," points of origin, Boyaca -Cundinamarca
loquium May 6, 1971, is Assistant and all other states, a different pattern
Professor of Sociology at York Uni- ".is perceived. Those in the latter cateversity, Ontario, Canada. He received ;ne gory more nearly duplicate the distrihis M.A. from the University of British bution of the native-born population,
Columbia and his Ph.D. from Cornell. ,, oZA and exceed the status rankings of the
Simmons has done extensive field work OEAN total population. This verifies the
on migration patterns in Colombia. theory that long-distance migration i!
The most dynamic aspect of on- ),.o selective of urban dwellers (from other
going social change in Colombia is -.,,.provincial capitals) who hold some'
expressed by migration patterns. A .!,, privileged status. In contrast, nearby'
large percentage of the present rural .;.-.. migrants tend to come from small rural
population has migrated at some time, 'C..o BRAZI towns and represent lower social strata.
either having been inan urban environ- The major focus of the study was
ment or having gone to other rural areas migration as it relates to social and
or towns for temporary employment ad- Colombia psychological change. However, results
vantages. This geographic mobility, of the study also provide parameter of
especially the rural-urban migration, present migration patterns in Colombia,
has a profound impact on life style and not obtained through the study of a
the economic level of the population. and income. These factors were uti- specific urban barrio or point of origin.
The rapid growth of Colombian lized to divide the city geographically Present migration in Colombia appears cities is testimony to the influx of into lower, middle, and higher social to be less selective than it was in the migrants to those centers. Native city strata sectors. The percentage of the past, with migrants now being drawn dwellers tend to characterize the mi- total population of Bogota by social from wider social circles. As the gengrant groups as marginal people who strata is noted in Table 1. Sampling eral education level of the nation rises, are stagnant, entering the lower strata was also done of the points of origin larger numbers of people are influenced of urban society and placing burdens of migrants to Bogota using 11 rural to try city life. Twenty per cent of the on urban services and facilities. In communities in the states of Boyaca companies. Over 90 per cent of the some circles they are considered to be and Cundinamarca, adjacent to Bogota. schooling while in the city. and those potentially 'dangerous' elements polit- This permitted the study of the non- who become return-migrants are able ically. migrant and return-migrant population. to take to the rural sectors new skills
The purpose of this study was to An analysis of the social strata which would otherwise not be attaindetermine the type of migration in distribution of migrants shows that able. Colombia and examine changes in mi- they tend to be more concentrated in Increasing rates of migration suggratory characteristics over time. the lower strata (54%) than either the gest the development of broader horiSampling was done in Bogota, using population born in Bogota (43%) or the zons and higher aspirations by the 1964 census data on educational levels total population (47%). However, sub- total population, and tend to provide
as impetus to social mobility, Over TABLE 1: time, they are bringing about a transformation of Colombian society. Distribution of male migrants and men born in Bogoti, aged 15 to 64 years, by
social-residential strata in the BogotAi sample.
Aw yards Strata in the sample(a)
Announced UPPER MIDDLE LOWER TOTAL
Migrant s from
Recipients of awards and fellow- Boyaca-Cundinamarca* 5 38 57 100%
ships for the 1971-72 academic year Migrants from all have been announced by the Center other states* 23 43 34 100%
for Latin American Studies. Twelve All migrants* 10 36 54 100%
students received grants under Title VI of the National Defense Education Non-migrants (born Act administered by the U. S. Office of in Bogot )* 23 34 43 100%
Education. These grants are to en- Total population courage the teaching of foreign lan- of Bogoti** 15 38 47 100%
guages and related area studies in U. S. universities and colleges. Title VI *Source: Representative stratified sample of 3,579 men between 1 and 64 years holders and their departments are: of age, Bogot6, 1968. Rosemary A. Brana (History), J.Michael **Source: Estimations from a special tabulation of the 1964 national census of Davis (Sociology), Charlotte I. Doria (Anthropology), Michael A. DiSalvo (Economics), Marshall W. Green (Geog- (a) For definitions of the sample strata, see the text. raphy), Ruth I. Husman (History), Amy TABLE 2: B. McCants (Latin American Studies), 4ndrew W. Miracle (Latin American Occupations, mean occupational skill score, and mean years schooling of fathers Studies), Emilio F. Moran (History), of rural-urban migrants, return-migrants, and rural non-migrants. Leonidas F. Pozo-Ledezma (Political Science), Frederick J. Shaw, Jr. (His- SAMPLE
tory), and Norman F. Tate (Anthro- Rural non- Return- Migrants from
pology), migrants* migrants* rural BoyacFrederick L. Bein (Geography) and Cundinamarca in
Robert A. Doria (Sociology) received BogotA
grants under the Fulbright-Hays Act. These grants are for persons who an- (N=) (191) (56) (461)
ticipate teaching in U. S. institutions Father's occupation of higher education. They enable advanced graduate students to engage in Landless farmer or farm dissertation research abroad. laborer 47 23 33
Earnest C. Palmer (Geography) was Farmer with land 30 47 32
awarded a Peace Corps scholarship by (total in agriculture) (77) (70) (65)
the University of Florida as a returned Peace Corps Volunteer. George H. Commerce, government,
professions 18 25 31
(Continued on page 6) Construction, transport
and miscellaneous 5 5 4
**Source: Urban Representative sample Total 100% 100% 100%
of 871 men interviewed in Bogota, 1968. Only migrants from towns with less than 10,000 inhabitants in the Father's mean occupational skill BoyacA-Cundinamarca region are in- score (6 point scale)a 2.1 2.8 2.3
eluded in this analysis. Father's mean years schooling 2.1 4.2 2.8
a. The construction of this scale is *Source: Rural sample of male non-migrants (rural born men who have never left described briefly in the test. Higher the rural area) and return-migrants (rural born men who have lived for at least scores indicate more skilled occupa- one year in a city before returning to the rural area) in 11 towns in Boyac6tions. Cundinamarca, 1968.
COLLOQUIUM:- Land over 10000 feet
MARCH 19, 1970 RiberattaL t lats
Expropiation of Pipelines ".. ..RaPpeins
Gulf Oil in f, 1 0
T. D. Lumpkin is the Executive A
Vice President of Gulf Oil Company- A,.A SanIgnacio
Latin America. He was the Gulf repre- 1 .
sentative who handled the negotiations C
with the Bolivian government at the S..nt time of the expropriation. Arica Oruro
The negotiations between Gulf Oil 0 4 u
Company and the Bolivian government
following the expropriation of Gulf's 0
holdings were prolonged, involved and 5 9,
frustrating. They began in October, 5..
1969, and are now substantially com- isn/
plete. The company's involvement in Villa I -k
k. Monies Bolivia began in 1956 through a con- TI to T
tract with the Paz Estenssoro regime, Antofagasta r a
which ultimately resulted in a $35 million investment. Four years later the toJujuy .
first well was drilled near the city of A R G N T I N A
Santa Cruz in the eastern section of
A 40-year concession was later ments. At the moment of nationaliza- concerned in which the agreement wast granted to Gulf Oil by Bolivia, which tion, Bolivian Gulf and YPFB were ratified and confirmed. Here then was was to result in a $150 million invest- finalizing an agreement whereby the a transaction involving the governments ment by the company. Due to Bolivia's two companies would jointly explore of two Latin American countries, the landlocked geographic position, export acreage located in the Altiplano area IBRD (World Bank), a state-owned gas crude and condensate moved through a of Bolivia. The purpose of a company company, a state-owned oil company 600-mile pipeline system from Eastern owned by both Gulf and YPFB, was to and a private enterprise. Bolivia fields across the altiplano to own and operate a gas pipeline system These projects were interrupted the Chilean port of Arica on the Paci- of some 335 miles in length, of 24-inch when the Armed Forces occupied the fic, fromwhere the oil moved by tankers diameter size, and which was to be offices and facilities of Gulf in 1969 to refineries in California. Production constructed for the purpose of deliver- and the Ovando government issued the for the domestic market was delivered ing gas at a point near Yacuiba on the nationalization decree. The Company to YPFB, the state oil company, at border of Argentina in order that these feels this action came after thirteen offtake points along the main pipeline two companies, as sellers, could carry years of risk and hard work and consystem. A portion of this pipeline sys- out the terms and provisions of a gas siderable financial outlay on its part, tem was constructed by Bolivian Gulf sales agreement which had been ne- with no opportunity to realize anticiat a cost of $24 million, and Gulf ad- gotiated with the Argentine government pated profits. Tentative agreements vanced YPFB another $7 million so through its state-owned gas company, were reached on the Company's claims that it could complete its portion. Ex- Gas del Estado, to supply gas to Ar- to indemnization. In September, 1970, port sales of crude began ten years gentina over a period of 20 years from a preliminary figure of $101.1 million after Gulf was welcomed into the coun- date of commencement of firstdelivery. was reached. In January, 1971, $11 try on a 40-year concession basis. This gas pipeline agreement was million of additionalindebtedness were
While Gulf Oil Company was investing ratified and confirmed in detail by de- settled. $150 million and incurring no overall crees of both the Argentine and Bo- Gulf Oil consistently acted in a operating profits, the Bolivian govern- livian governments. It was also the responsible manner and was responsive ment received nearly $18 million from subject of an exchange of reciprocal to the needs of Bolivia and the probGulf in royalties, taxes and other pay- diplomatic notes by the two countries lems faced by a developing nation. As
a result of nationalization Bolivia has in the developing countries will be developed parts of the world. The suffered serious and on-going damage, killed off, and the entire world will skills, knowledge and services of losing sources of both technical and suffer. Domestic politics will be the private investment are far too ingrained capital assistance. cause. Such opportunistic and naive into the process of development today.
During the last decade, the oil political actions can, it is true, bring In the case of the oil industry, risk industry has been nationalized in short-run euphoria to nationalistic capital is most important-lots of it. eleven nations of the world. One factor elements in each country. But once And it is not the United States governcommon to all eleven cases was that industry has decided to move on with ment, but the host government of the decisions to nationalize were made its investments to less vulnerable countries in which we operate that on a political, not an economic basis. areas, this emotional profit is difficult must provide stability and protection.
In the specific case of Bolivia, to maintain. About $400 billion worth of goods are
the death of President Ren6 Barrientos, presently produced by international
in a helicopter accident on April 27, For U.S. Companies to develop an investment in the world. About half 1969, created a serious political isolationist philosophy in reaction to of this is produced by United States vacuum. His was a constitutionally nationalization, does not serve the companies. Over 90 per cent of the elected government. Following his purpose of either the companies or the employees of these companies are death, he was succeeded by Siles developing nations. There is no reason local nationals. If the present trend Salinas, then Vice President, in order- why the goals of a company should be continues at the same rate, the world ly constitutional process. But the in conflict with the goals of the na- economy will be more than half intervocies of the nationalist, radical left tions where the company is involved. nationalized by the end of this century in Congress grew more and more per- Gulf has faith in the future of Latin -only 29 years from now. suasive. A bill to nationalize Gulf America, but must have firm assurwas introduced that became the sub- ances from host country governments ject of debate and the expression of that the company's investments will Gulf is presently in the mainpassionate views. It was at this be recognized and profits paid on the stream of this trend and hopes to moment that President Siles Salinas terms agreed, in order to establish remain there and flourish. Gulf sees was overthrown, and the revolutionary mutually profitable relationships- The no reason why their plans and objecgovernment of President Ovando took countries must provide stability, pro- tives need conflict with those of any over-on September 26 of 1969. Less tection, and value the potential con- of the 60 or so nations where there is than a month later Gulf was out. tributions of the private sector. Gulf investment. If such is ever the Unless the process Nationalization International business must not case, this conflict must be solved is halted, foreign private investment abandon its endeavors in these less reasonably and fairly.
Professor returns from Brazilian trip
Dr. John Saunders, Professor of these loans may be repaid in twelve bus trip, 8 per cent come from another Sociology, recently was in Brazil as a monthly payments. A second innovation nearby city, and almost one-third come consultant to the new Sol Del Poldo is the offering of courses in three from 56 small towns in the region. University, located in the urban fringe separate shifts, morning, afternoon, Ninety-five per cent of the students of Porto Alegre. Founded as a School and evening. A course meets once a are self-sufficient and employed- their of Philosophy with 116 students in week for fourhours, and three sections mean age is 27, and 29 per cent are 1958, the institution was given Univer- of the same course are offered, one married. Current studies are developing sity status in 1970. There are now during each shift. This arrangement further profiles of the students to 4273 registered students. serves to provide full utilization of support planning efforts.
Although a private institution, the facilities and also enables comoriginally established by the Jesuits, muting students to spend less time Dr. Saunders' primary relationship the University has attempted to attract traveling, as it is no longer necessary to the University is with the Social a student body representing a broad to attend every day or more than one Science Research Center. This Center social spectrum. Several innovations session in a day. plans to attract funded research prohave been developed to this end. One jects sponsored by various agencies
is an arrangement with the local As a result of these changes in the of the State and Federal governments.
branch of the Federal Savings Bank traditional structuring of schedules and The staff of the Center is now explorfor low-interest loans QV2%) to finance courses, some 81 per cent of the stu- ing research possibilities and it is tuition charges. Through special dent body commutes. Forty-five percent anticipated that an emphasis will be subsidies provided by the University, come from Porto Alegre, a 45 minute given to work in urban sociology.
COLLOQUIUM APRIL 29, 1971
Study of Chilean socialism
Dr. John P. Harrison is Director He has announced the provision of a cies, directed toward providing a of the Institute for Inter-A merican free pint of milk daily for every child vast expansion of educational opporStudies at the University of Miami. He under 15. This can be accomplished tunities. The rural peasantry has received his undergraduate and gradu- only at great expense and by increased undergone a great politization. Their ate training at the University of Calii- domestic milk production. Nationaliza- expectations have been stimulated fornia at Berkeley. Other positions tion is raking place under prolonged and so far they believe that the Governthat Harrison has held include the negotiations. This has resulted in ment will assist them in obtaining directorship of the Institute of Latin production slow-downs, with a loss of what they need. American Studies at the University of foreign exchange, as companies postTexas, and representative in Chile pone maintenance and modernization The idea of change has been
of the Rockefeller Foundation Dr. of equipment while they await final accepted as a goal by a broad sector Harrison has authored several articles outcome of the negotiations, of the Chilean population. There are,
on the Latin American University. The Allende government has had however, many problems still to be
Since the 1930's the Chilean successes with its educational poli- resolved in teaching that goal. political scene has been dominated by
political and social issues, to the w f ril
exclusion of traditional Latin American Professor, wiewrite atceabout
concerns. At an early date the Com--cno i
munist Party became influential in the Latin ec n development
mining areas of the north, and leftist
political activity took hold in rural Unusual attention is being given to an article on "Latin American Economic Chile in the post World War I period. Development"~ written by William and Helga Woodruff. William Woodruff is a In the late 1930's the middle-class Graduate Research Professor of Economic History. The article was first read dominated Radical Party formed a at a conference on "The Economic Integration of Latin America," held at Stanpopular front government. The Minister ford in May 1968. It subsequently appeared in whole as in part in a number of of Health in that regime was Salvador books, journals, and papers, including the journal of Inter-American Economic Allende. Affairs, The Atlantic Economic Review, Business and Economic Dimensions',
Allende and his Socialist Party Crucible, and it forms chapter .12 of a book edited by Ronald Hilton, The Movemade several attempts to attain the ment Towards Latin American Unity, published by Praeger, 1969. It is als6 Presidency, but were not successful scheduled to appear in a book, Latin America and the United States in the 1970's' until the election on 1970. In that to be published this year by Peacock Press, edited by Richard B. Gray. Woodruff election, Unidad Popular scored explains the extensive reception given to his article by saying, "So much nonstriking victories among male voters, sense has been talked about Latin American economic development that almost
als intheindstral itis ad tade any effort made to return to reality to show development or lack of it as an union centers, such as Iquique, Con- historical process rather than abstract theory-must evidently be welcomed by a cepci6n, and Valparai'so. Allende is wieadnc.
now faced with several major problems wd uine~
in both the political and the policy -___________________________________making spheres. He has been able to Law pieannounced
overcome some obstacles only throughprz
his skill as a politician. His governing W. D. Macdonald, Professor and civil law institutions in procoalition is not a tightly-disciplined of Law, has announced the regula- moting economic development and unit, and there are disagreements as tinfoth191SntrGog pltcasabiy.Eresm t
to the rate of change to be followed tinfoth191SntrGog pltca sabiy.Eresmt
and in conforming to the limitations A. Smathers Prize in Latin Ameni- be at least 5,000 words in length, imposed by legal processes. While the can Law. The papers that are excluding footnotes. This contest
government is firmly committed to land submitted may be prepared in triae ahya nDcme
re-distribution, there are segments of connection with regular law shcool terminates eac hi yeard nhDce the coalition that favor the use of or graduate school course or 3.Jde o hsaad hc
armed revolt over evolutionary legal seminar work. Term papers in is a $500 prize, are representachange. Allende has tried to focus Latin American Law seminars are tives of the Florida Bar, the Uniattention on the 'foreign threat' as a
catalyst for internal union, automatically eligible. The basic versity of Florida Center for
President Allende is attempting to theme must be a comparison of Latin American Studies, and the
make good on his campaign promises. the relative merits of common law College of Law.
C A S otspoject is "Export Promot Ion and Museum, isthe editor of the recent
CLAS Sho t .oo..an o~
ort ... Diversification in Brazil." The publication lonographs and Papers study entails an examination of in Maya Archacology (Papers of PROFESSORS JOIN PROGRAM Brazilian industrial exports and the Peabody Museum, Harvard
an analysis of their growth and University, Vol. 61, 1970). It is Dr. John S. Fitch and Dr.
behavior. It also will attempt to a collection of reports and essays Weston H. Agor will be joining relate export performance and on various topics of Mays prepromotion to economic growth in history by ten authors. The volume ence Department as assistant pro- Brazil. is dedicated to the archaeologists
fessors in September. Both are Tyler has had extensive ex- A. Ledyard Smith and Robert E.
Latinamericanists. Agor is now an
Assist can Professor t Ganw Valn perience in Brazil, having worked Smith. All of the authors have Assistant Professor at Grant Val- with the Getulio Vargas Foundation worked in the field with one or ley State College in Michigan. He in Rio de Janeiro for three years. both of the Smiths during more than holds a Master of Public Adminis- Several of his articles on Brazil- 40 years of field work. tration degree from the University ian economic activity have apof Michigan, and received his peared in the Revista Brasileira LIBRARIAN TO OSU
Ph.D. in Political Science from de Economia.
the University of Wisconsin. He
held a Fulbright grant to study in IUTAKA RETURNS TO UNIVERSITY Mrs. Sammy Kinard, Assistant
Librarian of the Latin American
Chile in 1962-1963, and has pub- Dr. Sugiyama lutaka, Associate Lion since Octoberc99
lished several articles on the Professor of Sociology, will return haslacted ainewytblished Chilean Senate. Latin American to the University of Florida in pos ate O stateiUniLegislative Systems: Their Role September following a two-year versity as Latin American Biband Influence, of which Dr. Agor absence. During the 1969-70 aca- l er S egin or k Bibliographer. She begins work there
is editor and a contributor, is demic year he was a visiting pro- on July 1. Her successor is to be scheduled for release this summer fessor at the University of Reading, Miss Elaine Miller, who holds by Praeger. Reading, England. lutaka has M.A. degrees from the University
Dr. Fitch holds a master's spent the current academic year of Wisconsin in both Library Scidegree in Political Science and in Belfast, Northern Ireland, as ence and in Ibero-American Studies.
Economics from Yale University. a visiting professor at Queens While pursuing her second degree His Ph.D. in Political Science, University. Dr. lutaka's field of there, she held a library appointnow in process, is also from Yale. specialization is social stratifiment at the Land Tenure Center
Fitch's primary interests are Latin cation in Latin America. in Madison.
American polities and simulation BIBLIOGRAPHY COMPLETED
and model building. His chapter,
"Toward a Model of the Coup Dr. T. Lynn Smith, Graduate Awards. . (continued)
d'Ett inLatn Amric," i to Research Professor of Sociology,
bepublished bytBruercand Brew- has completed work on his con- Nelson (History) was granted a fellower,. editors, Approach to the Study tribution to Foreign Affairs: 50 ship by the Doherty Foundation. The o[ Political Development: Toward Year Bibliography. This volume Foundation's purpose is to increase o/ gya Dthe number of scholars with field exUseful Procedures and Productive is to be published in the summer perience in Latin American Studies. Methods. of 1972, under the auspices of the Lucy T. Briggs (Interdepartmental
Council of Foreign Relations. Lunguistics Program) was awarded a TYLER IN BRAZIL Of the 75-80 annotated Latin Amer- graduate fellowship by the National
ican titles to be included, Smith Science Foundation. These fellowships Dr. William G. Tyler, Assistant hare given for advanced and specialized Professor of Economics, is in has provided 15. education in several scientific fields
Brazil under a faculty research MONOGRAPH PUBLISHED and related interdisciplinary programs.
Four students received Foreign
grant from the Fulbright-Hays pro- William R. Bullard, Jr., Asso- Area Fellowships, as was previously gram. The title of his research ciate Curator of the Florida State announced.
Florida State Museum:
Compliments Latin American Studies Program
The Florida State Museum, located in new facilities he was involved in the investigation of malaria and chagas on the University of Florida campus, is a center for a disease. He has also studied lizards and snakes in Mexico. wide range of research activities. Complementing the The interest of Dr.- Carter Gilbert, Assistant Professor
interest of other campus departments in Latin American of Zoology, is in Central Caribbean estuary studies. ReStudies, the professional staff of the Museum is noted for search in this field has taken him to the Bahamas and the its expertise in the Caribbean and Circum- Caribbean areas. islands of Cayman and Providencia. Several of the zoolologists, biologists, and anthropologists Dr. S. David Webb, Associate Professor Zoology, that are with the Museum have carried out research in relates his interests in both Latin America and the State of Central and South America. Most of the members of the Florida through his studies of migration and evolution. Museum staff hold appointments with the University's Webb's research looks at the nature of fauna and animals academic units. of tropical America. The work of Dr. Thomas H. Patton,
Dr. William R. Bullard, Chairman of the Museum's Assistant Professor of Zoology and Biology, combines the Department of Social Sciences and Professor Anthropolo- study of this State and the Caribbean islands. His primary gy, is known for his study of the post-classic culture of research in mammalian paleontology has been with tropical the Southern Maya lowlands. He has done extensive arch- American mammals in Florida, Jamaica, and the Cayman eological work in Guatemala, British Honduras, and Mexico. Islands.
Dr. W. Howard Campbell, Assistant Professor of Zool- Evolution is also the specialty of Dr. Fred G. ogy, has studies reptiles and amphibians in Southern Thompson, Assistant Curator. Thompson has investigated Mexico and Central America, and conducted ecological the evolution of land, fresh water, and estuary mollusks studies in Panama. He anticipates carrying out research in his research in Mexico, the Lesser Antilles, and Eastern on reptiles in Cuba in the future. The Museum Curator and P .eru. This summer he will continue his work in the PeruChairman of the Natural Sciences Division, Dr. Walter vian Amazon Basin. Auffenberg, is also interested in the study of large reptiles. Ecology, animal-man relationships, and the use of His work has been in the Lesser Antilles, Jamaica, the animals by man are the fields of concern of Dr. Elizabetk
Bahams, ad Meico.Wing, Assistant Curator and Assistant Professor of AnthroDr. Samuel R. Telford, Assistant Curator, spent four pology. Dr. Wing is currently involved with a project that years at the Gorgas Memorial Laboratory in Panama where is sponsored by the University of Tokyo to investigate theta cultural levels in Andean Peru. Her portion of the project focuses on the domestication of the llama and the guinea P eru ian T ex il es E xh bit d at M us um ig A ssociate C urator R ipley P B ullen is at present w orking on an archeological survey of Saint Vincent in the West Indies. He has worked and traveled extensively in the Antilles and has also written on pre-Colombian history of Florida and the islands of the Caribbean. Mrs. Adelaide K. Bullen, a research associate with the Museum, is a specialist in cultural and physical anthropology. She is now developing an annotated bibliography of pre-historical and living populations of Latin America. This will be included in the Handbook of Latin American Studies, published under the auspices of the Library of Congress.
The Latin American staff of the Florida State Museum will be expanded with the addition of two staff members beginning in the summer. Dr. Alfred Deevy, internationallyrecognized authority in Paleo-ecology, has been appointed Graduate Research Curator. Deevy is reconstructing past environmental conditions through the examination of animal life in the southwestern United States and Central America.
Dr. Stephen Humphrey, a mammologist from Oklahoma State University, will become an Assistant Curator of the Museum. He will continue his study of the vampire bat in northern Mexico, with an emphasis on the problem of rabies among cattle.
ceedings and discussion sections. in Northern Paranf., Brazil."
The general theme selected for ***** **
this first conference is the formation Dr. Cornelis C. Goslinga, Proand development of teaching person- fessor of Latin American Studies, nel, emphasizing the university- will be in Holland for the summer, level teacher in Caribbean institutions working in the Colonial Archives in of higher education. The Hague. During his visit to that
Dr. Emmett Williams, Assistant country in 1966 he obtained a copy Dr. Richard R. Renner, Associate Dean of the College of Education, of The Very Remarkable Voyages of Professor of Education, will attend also has been invited to attend the Jan Erasmus Reining, a biography of the first Conference on Educational Santo Domingo meeting, a Dutch pirate and privateer, printed
Problems in the Caribbean Area, to in 1696. The author was a medical
be held in the fall at the Universidad Dr. Maxine L. Margolis, Assistant doctor with the Dutch West India ComNacional Pedro Enriquez Ure-na, Professor of Anthropology, is the pany in Curacao. Goslinga intends to Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. recipient of a National Science Foun- translate the book into English. His This meeting is under the sponsorship dation post-doctoral fellowship. The research in Holland will enable him Association of Caribbean Universities award will enable her to spend the to obtain additional information about and Research Institutes. As one of summer months in the community of Reining and to prepare a critical the four leaders of the work groups, Ouro Verde, Brazil. The title of the analysis. The Dutch pirate is of speRenner will also attend the pre- research project that she will under- cial interest because he served under Conference planning sessions to take there is "A Re-Study of Ouro Morgan and was a witness to the assist in the organization of the pro- Verde, a Coffee-Growing Community sacking of Panama City.
Doc"mef t s Dept.
IT CampuS Non-P rofit Org.
U. S. POSTAGE
Permit No. 338
University of Florida Gaines ville, Florida 32601