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University of Florida latinamericanist
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Latin americanist
University of Florida Center for Latin American Studies
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Gainesville, Fla.
Center for Latin American Studies,
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v. ;28-36 cm.


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Periodicals -- Latin America ( lcsh )
Study and teaching (Higher) -- Periodicals -- Latin America -- Florida ( lcsh )
Periodicals ( fast )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )


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Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 3, 1964)-
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Suspended between v. 35, no. 1 (fall 1999) and v. 36, no. 1 (spring 2005).
General Note:
Latest issue consulted: Vol. 36, no. 2 (fall 2005).

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University of Florida
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UF Latin American Collections
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Full Text
latil if Canist-- *5
Center/for Latin" Untiversity
American Studies of Florida
The Uniersity Flor A MERICANIST is a publication o/ the Center for ican Stjs containing matters of
scholarly inte -est and is distributed the first Friday of every month. Items for publication should be submitted to the editor, R. J. Toner, 450 Main Library, by noon of the Tuesday preceding the Friday distribution date. The editor reserves the right to select and edit all material. Colleges or other institutions interested in Latin American Studies which desire to be placed on the mailing list may apply by calling university extension 2224, or write: The Center for Latin American Studies, 450 Main LiVOLUME III, No. 8 brary, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32601. October 13, 1967
Feature article 1
Conference 3 This month's feature article is by John Mayer, who
News 4 is writing his doctoral dissertation in the DepartFaculty 7 meant of Sociology, University of Florida. Mr. Mayer
Publications 7 received his B.A. from Florida Southern College in
Calendar reverse side 1963, and his M.A. from the University of Florida in
1966. The title of his thesis is: "Women without Men: Selected Attitudes 1f Some rban Refugees." The title of his forthcoming dissertation is: "The Brazilian Family: Size and Composition." Mr. Mayer is married and
lives in Gainesville, Florida.e.
UNACCOMPANIED RELOCATION Among those registered for public assistance with the
Cuban RefageeCenter, Miami, Florida, have been 3,700 women from eighteen through fifty-five years of age who were without men. In considering the chance to change a small relief check in Miami for an unaccompanied (by
another Cuban woman) mmve to a paying job elsewhere in the United States, it may appear
that the better educated woman would grasp this opportunity more eagerly than her less
well educated counterpart. Let as see.
Viewing the table below, a moderate association between unaccompanied resettlement and number of years of formal schooling is evidenced by the Yule's Q-coefficient of -.403,
Attitudes Toward Unaccompanied Relocation by Years of Formal Education
Attitudes toward unaccompanied relocation Unfavorable Favorable
Years of schooling:
o 6 36 44 80
7 or more 123 64 187
159 108 267
X2 10.O4, 1 d.f., p .005
Q -.403
fCenter for
7/ Latin American
2 ~ Studies
Gainesville, Florida

Volume III, No. 8, October 13, 1967 Page 2
and the negative sign signifies an inverse relationship between the factors. As the formal education of the Cuban refugee women without men increases, their attitudes toward unaccompanied relocation become l-ss favorable r m~r e a~avorable. The high significance of this relationship is made apparent by p .005, showing that this association would be expected to occur by chance less than five times in a thousand, and., of course, indicating rejection of the null hypothesis.
It has been thoroughly established by Hartl and others that selective factors are present in migration, but studies casting light on the particu_er phenomenon with which we are presently dealing seem to be lacking. A concept of the phenomenal self has been developed by Combs and Snygg, who define it as "all perceptions of the self a person has at a particular instant." They point out that it is this perceived self that every person is always trying to maintain.2 In regard to the respondents in the present study, it would not appear unlikely that those with seven or more years of schooling generally perceive themselves as enjoying a status higher than that of their sister refugees with zero to six years of formal education, when vieLed in relation to the latter group. Perhaps the member of the better-educated category fears that, transplanted out of the Miami refugee milieu, she will become merely another refugee. rather than a part of a
group perceived to be relatively sc.perior. Alv:se atitude toward resettlement may be manifestations of efforts to bolster her phenomenal self', . the maintenance and enhancement of /;hich7 . is the prime objective of . /EerT existence."3 To put the matter another way, the subject may perceive her "higher" status to be dependent upon the presence of other Cuban refugees as a frame of reference, and this potentially threatened by her relocation to another part of tie United States.
Refugee women with a lesser amount of schooling may be generally lower in socioeconomic status than are those with a greater amount.of formal eetcation. Nelson makes clear the lack of self-reliance in the life led by the woman in the uqr er 4 class Cuban family; her duties and cares are few. and she is waited upon end sheltered. Questionnaire responses show that 31.3 per cent of the women in the present study hsve absolutely no occupational experience, and this seems to be congruent with Nelson's findings. On the other hand. it is found that a lower class Cuban woman not only performs her own household chores, but also holds down a jgb.,S this endow.nZ her ith a significant degree of self-reliance. If, as seems likely, the education of the women in this study is a function of their socioeconomic status, then the relative lack of self-reliance found to be a concomitant of higher class membership in Cuba might explain the greater reluctance of the more highly educated women to undergo resettlement. Inversely, the more poorly educated subjects would tend to be of a lower class, and thus, as possessors of a greeter degree of self-reliance, would tend to accept more readily unaccompanied resettlement to a different part of the United States,
The Cuban Refugee Center may be able to direct its relocation efforts at least as much toward the more poorly educated women as toward the better-educated ones. Despite the external appearance of easier placement of the latter group, the differences in their attitudes are such that the more poorly educated group may offer as good or better a potential for being successfully prodded into resettlement.
1Hornell Hart, Selective Migration, University of Iowa Studies, No. 53 (Iowa City: University of Iowa, 1921), passim.
Arthur W. Combs and Donald Snygg, Individu.a Behavior: A Perceptual Approach to Behavior Revised edition. (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1959), P. 44.
Ibids p. 145.
S4Lowry Nelson, Rural Cube (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1950), p. 183.
Ibhid. p. 186.
6ffy Chinoy, Society: An Introduction to Sociology (Uaw York: Random House,
1961), pp. 160-161; Cf. John F. Cuber, Sociology: A Synopsis of Principles, Fifth Ed. (New York: Appleton-Century Crofts Divisioii of Meredith Publishing Company, 1963), 1963), PP. 565-566; William F. Ogburn and Meyer F. Nimkoff, Sociology, Third Ed. (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1958), p. 168, et passim; T. Lynn Smith, et al., Social Problems (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell C pany 1955), pP. 339-340.

S latinamericanist university of florida
Volume III, No. 8, October 13, 1967 Page 3
LATIN AMERICAN-AFRICAN Under the auspices of the University of Florida, the
INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE Center for Latin American :Studies, the Center for
Tropical Agriculture and the Center for African Studies will sponsor an international conference on the theme,. "Human Mobility and Social Change in Latin America and Africa." The conference, to be held November 29 December 2 of this year, will meet in the new J. Wayne Reitz Union. Building on the University campus. Dr. David Niddrie, professor of geography, is chairman of the planning committee. The program follows:
Wednesday, November 29
SESSION I: Time, Space and Human Mobility
Chairman: T. Lynn Smith, Professor of Sociology, University of Florida
Speakers: AFRICA Myer Fortes, Kings College, Cambridge University, England
LATIN AMERICA Sugiyama Iatake, Department of Sociology, University of Florida
Commentators: AFRICA John Middleton, Department of Anthropology, New York University
LATIN AMERICA Harley Browning, Director, Population Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
SESSION II: Society, Economics and Population Change
Chairman: W. W. McPherson, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of
Speakers: LATIN AMERICA Jorge Balan, Population Research Center, University of Texas, Austin
AFRICA William A. Hance., Department of Geography, Columbia University, New York City
Commentators: LATIN AMERICA Frencine Rabinovitz, Department of Political Science, University of Florida
AFRICA T. J. D. Fair., Department. of Geography, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale
PUBLIC LECTURE: "Some Problems of African Art," by Philip Dark, Department of Anthropology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, 8 p.m., Fine Arts Lecture Theater,
Thursday., November 30
SESSION III: Food Production', Human Mobility and Disease
Chairman: George K. Davis. Director, Division of Biological Sciences, University
of Florida
Speakers: AFRICA Mansell Prothero, Department of Geography, University of Liverpool, England
LATIN AMERICA J. Clyde Swartzwelderl Department of Tropical Medicine and
Medical Parasitology, Louisiana State University, New Orleans Commentators: AFRICA Jacques May, A.I.D., TCR/HS, Washington, D. C.
LATIN AMERICA Antonio Peia Chavarria, LSU-ICMRT., San Jose, Costa Rica
SESSION IV: Education, Traihing Processes and Human Mobility
Chairman: Richard R. Renner, Department of Foundations of Education, University
of Florida
Speakers: LATIN AMERICA -Fernando C6mara Barbachano, Curator of Ethnography, Museo Nacional de Antropologia, Mexico City AFRICA Mrs. Yette Glass, Research Associate, Human Sciences Laboratory, Transvaal and O.F.S., Chamber of Mines, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
Commentators: LATIN AMERICA Solon T. Kimball, Department of Anthropology, University of Florida
AFRICA Philip Foster, Comparative Education Center, University of Chicago, Illinois

Volume III, No. 8, October 13, 1967 ... Page 4
Friday) December 1
SESSION V: Detribalizationt Community Develbpment and Human Mobility .
Chairma'ni-: Raymond E. Crist, Department of Geography, UniVersity of Florida
Speakers: AFRICA J. Clyde Mitchell, Department of Urban Sociology, University of Manchester, England
LATIN AMERICA Carlos de Medina, Centro Latinoamerican de Pesquises em Ciencias Socisis, Rio de Jaieiro, Brazil Commentators: AFRICA William Watson, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, UniverSity of Virginia, Chariottesville LATIN AMERICA Dwight B. Heath, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island
SESSION VI: Leadership, Government and Human Mobility
airman: Lyle N. Mc Alister Professor of History and Acting Director, Center
for Latin American Studieb University of Florida
Speakers: LATIN AMERICA Paul Lewis, Depattment of Gdvernment, Tulane University, New Orleans
AFRICA Maertin Lt Kilson, Department of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Commentators' LATIN AMERICA Arpad von Lazar) Fleidher School of. Law bnd Diplomacy, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts AFRICA C. Sylvester Whitaker, Department of Political Sitence, University of California) 'Los Angeles
Saturday, December-2,
"The Conference: ItsTheme, Content and: Results/ Ia summing up by Pnilip Woodruff,
Graduate Research Professor of Economic, University of Florida
NOTE: The public lecture. by Professor. Philip Dark at 8 p..mi on Wednesday, November 29,
will be held immediately preceding the formal opening of the University Gallery's exhibition of African and Latin American art. This exhibition is to be organized
and arranged by ProfessOr Roy Craven$ Director of the University Gallery,
UF PROFESSOR DIRECTS Last summer the University of Florida and the Univer.MEXICAN SEMINAR sity of the Americas, Mexico City, in cooperation
with the U. S. Office of Education, jointly sponsored the Third Annual Summer Seminar in Mexido6 The seminar was directed by Dr. Irving R. Wershow, professor .of Spanish. Mrs. H. A. deBox was Mexican Coordinator for the University of the Americas.
The program consisted of about six weeks of academic work at the University of the Americas and about two weeks of organized travel to places of cultural end historical interest in Mexico. -Lectures were: given by bilingual members zof the regular staff of the University. of the Americas, with occasional guest speakers.
Participation in the program was on thebasis of grants awarded to American secondary school teachers and college instructors and assistant professors of Latin American history, government o-economics world geography, world history1 history .5f the Americas, or related subjects.
INTERNATIONAL FAO During september ,.0-20 the- United States G6vernment,
CONFERENCE ".in cooperation wi h the University of Florida, sponsored the Sixth Food and Agricultural Organization, United Nations, Inter-American Meeting on Animal Productivity-and Health.,, Dr. T. H. Cunha, professor of .Animal.Science. served as chairman of Local Arrangements Committee. This was the first time that the conference had been held in the United-States. Over 100 delegates from., the Americas and Europe met on the University campus to exchange information on animal science.
The program consisted of a series of discussions in daily sessions, alternating with field trips to University livestock research units and tours of livestock areas in and around Gainesville and Central Florida.

latinamericanist university of florida
Volume III, No. 8, October 13,, 1967 Page 5
FACULTY MEBER Vay and Then did Castro turn communist? Vhat is the
PUBLISHES. CASTRO STUDY nature of the Cuban dictatorship today? These are
some of the questions investigated by Dr. Andrds Sudrez in his recent study, Cba: Castroism and Communism: 1959-1966 (The MIT Press, Cambridge, 1967).
Dr. SudrezVisiting Professor of History and Political Science, University of Florida, feels that Castro chose communism after h1i su.zccssfl revolution, to create tension between the United States ond the U,S SoR., so he could best maintain his owm autonomy, Dr. Sudrez documents the events that gradually mrade it expedient fcr Castro to join the communist camp and makes it clear that Catro' primary motives have always been that of every dictator -- the maintenance of his on power,
Dr. Su6rez received a Doctor of Law Degree from the University of Havana. He later fought with pro-Castro forces against the Batista regime, then served the early Castro government as undersecretary in the Cuban Ministry of the Treasury until 1960 w.en he voluntarily.went into exile.
The research for Dr. Su6rez' book was begun i.n 1965 under a Ford Foundation grant to MIT; the book was completed in 1966 after Er. Suarez joined the University of Florida faculty.
UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR PLANS Dr. Neill Macaulay, associate professor of history
TRILOGY ON CARIBBEAN REVOLUTION at the University of .Florida, recently published The Sandino Affair (Quadrangle Books, Chicago, 1967) first of a projected trilogy about revolution in the Caribbean.
This study deals with the career of the Iicaraguan revolutionary, Augusto Sandino, who. eluded the pursuit of U. S. Marines for six years, from 1927-1933. Dr. Macaulay describes Sandino as one of the "precursors of modern revolutionary guerrilla warfare," a mode of fighting which was.beginning to be used successfully in China at about the same time. The:'author also examines the implications and results of American interventiong, concluding that this intervention was an unfortunate mistake of American foreign policy which was repeated in the Dominican Republic in 1965.
The second volume will explore Caribbean revolutionary activity after Wrld War II,
culminating ith the communist tLke-oDver in CGuatemala in 1954. The author continues his discussion of the effects of American intervention.
Thethird study will concentrate on the Castro revolution in Cuba, beginning with 1952 and the Batista regime, and following Castro's ascension and final control of Cuba. Dr. Macaulay served with Castro's forces from September 1958 to January 1959, thus is qualified to give first hand observations for that period.
Dr. Macaulay is also currently working on a study of Brazilian revolutionary activity. Tentatively titled The March of the Prestes Column: Revolution in Brazil., 1924-1927., the study will follow the route of Luis Carlos Prestes across Brazil., tracing the colu mn's evolution from an indigenous to a communist movement.
Research for this book was made possible by a Ford Foundation Grant under which the author spent a year and a half in Brazil. The Prestes Column was the subject of a talk that Dr. Macaulay gave to the Latin American Colloquium in March.
LATIN AMERICAN The Latin American Colloquium is to meet October 25
COLLOQUIUM MEETING in the recently opened Latin American Colloquium
Room, College Library, University of Florida, The colloquium will present a panel of three analysts to discuss revolutionary warfare in Latin America. Those composing the panel are: Dr., Lyle N. McAlister, Professor of Latin American History and Director Pro Tem of the Center for Latin American Studies; Dr. Neill N. Macaulay, Assistant Professor of Latin American History; and Major Russell W. Ramsey, U. S. Army, doctoral student in Latin American History. The panelists will discuss cases in revolutionary warfare in Latin America, explore problems and possibilities in research and methodology. and provide an opportunity for questions and panel discussion.

Volume III, No. 8, October 13, 1967 Page 6
RECENT PUBLICATIONS OF Dr. T. Lynn Smith, graduate research professor of
UF SOCIOLOGY PROFESSOR Sociology, University of Florida, has many publicaON LATIN AMERICA tions on Latin America to his credit. He recently
completed a study at the request of the U. S. Government Select Commission on Western Hemisphere Immigration, entitled Study of the Growth of Population in Central and South America, 1940-1970. The results of his study have been circulated privately but to date have not been published.
Dr. Smith also has several publications currently in print at the University of Florida Press. Just published this fall is Colombia: Social Structure and the Process of Development and The Process of Rural Development in Latin America.
Dr. Smith and another University of Florida Sociology professor, Dr. Joseph S. Vandiver, are to fly to Cali, Colombia this month as consultants in the cooperative teaching and research program that the University of Florida has initiated under a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation with the Universidad del Valle.
FACULTY'NEMBER'S FORTHCOMING Dr. Gerald Petersen, assistant professor of !Spanish, BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CHILEAN University of Florida, recently returned from Chile,
CULTURAL GROUP where he had been doing research sponsored by the
Center for Latin American Studies.
Dr. Petersen's project was to compile material for a bibliography on "Los Diez," a Chilean cultural group that flourished during the years 1915-1917. "Los Diez," which was formed in 1915 and headed by the author Pedro Prado, included writers, painters, musicians, architects and:critics. Each member of the group was a leader in his field, and received national, and sometimes international) recognition. Later Chilean-artists, such as Gabriela Mistral and Pablo-Nerdda, have freely acknowledged their debt to this group, :Dr. Petersen was able to interview personally Alfonso Lang, a well-known musician who was part' d "Los Diez" and whose compositions were performed in Washington, D. C. for President Truman.
Dr0 Petersen's data at present covers the period 1913-1923,'in luding some material r6gard regarding the origin of the group. He hopes to extend the sQcope of his research to.. include a longer period of time and explore further sources of information, after which he plans to publish the finished bibliography.
CENTER OPENS The Center for Latin American Studies officially
CONFERENCE ROOM opened its new Colloquium Room on October 13. The
room is to be used for meetings of the Latin American Colloquium and will .also serve as an informal meeting place for the Latin American faculty and graduate students in the Latin American Program.
GUATEMALAN NEWSPAPER The Center for Latin American Studies wsas ..recently
PUBLISHER VISITS CENTER visited by Sr. Roberto Carpio Nicolle, publisher of
El Grafico, the second largest' daily newspaper in Guatemala, and "Grafico Deportivo, a semi-weekly sports magazine.
M-. Carpio is a participant in the International Visitor program sponsored by the U. S. Department of State. The object of this program is to promote good will and better understanding between countries.
While at the University of Florida, Mr. Carpio discussed the organization of the Center for Latin American Studies and the Center for Tropical Agriculture with the respective directors, visited classes, as well as the offices of the University of Florida Press ard various facilities of the University of Florida Library. He also toured the campus.
Before returning to Guatemala at the end of October, Mr. Carpio will visit southern Florida and Puerto Rico.

latinamericanist university of florida
Volume III, No. 8, October 13, 1967 Page 7
UF. FACULT4TY NOTES Professor L. N. McAlister, graduate research professor of history, has been appointed a member bf the Joint Committee on Latin American Studies of the Social Sciences Research Council and the American Council of Learned Societies.
Dr. David BushnellA associate professor history, is now in Buenos Aires on a one-year Fulbright-Hays grant to study Argentine political institutions of the 19th century. Dr. Bushnell attended a lecture on "Babes regionales y sociales del parlamentarismo argentino" given by Mr. Lee Fennell, tPle VI, NDEA Fellow,-University of Florida, on October 10 at the Centro de Investigac{ones Sociales, Instituto Torcusato di Tella in Buenos Aires. Dr. Bushnell reports the lecture as "quite successfuli"
In July Dr. E. T. York, Jr., Provost of Agriculture, and Dr. Hugh Popenoe, Director of International Programs, traveled to Kingston, Jamaica, to formalize an assistance-contract between the University of Florida and the Ja aica School of Agriculture whereby academic departments at Florida (initially, Agricultural Economics, Animal Science, Agricultural Engineering, Entomology and Fruit Crops) will be responsible for developing the resources of counterpart departments in Jamaica. The three-year contract will be funded from an overall loan to Jamaica from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
Dr. William E. Carter, associate professor of anthropology, spent the latter part of August and first part of September in northeastern Guatemala completing field research for a monograph on "Cultural Conflict and Economic Development." The date obtained indicates considerable potential for migration by highland peoples using a slash and burn system of horticulture.
Mr. Clarence Reaves, Extension Dairyman, spearheaded a work-study visit for three students from the University of the West Indies in Trinidad on dairy farms in southern Florida. The students paid their own transportation to Florida and received lodging and food expenses from their employer in return for their work in various phases of the farm operation. The enthusiasm expressed by the students indiaates that the workstudy concept is an excellent way for student to'gain practical experience in dairy work organization.
The following are new members of the Latin American faculty:
Dr. Cornelis Goslinga, visiting interim professor of history, Carolus Magnus University, Nijmegen, Holland. Field of specialization: Latin American history;
Caribbean, Dutch colonial history, Latin American art.
Dr. David Geithman, assistant professor of economics. Field of specialization:
International economics.
Dr. Dale B. Truett, assistant professor of economics. Field of specialization:
Latin American economics, International economics, Economic development.
Dr. Fernando Ibarra, assistant professor of Spanish. Field of specialization:
19th and 20th century Spanish literature.
Dr. Samuel Schulman, visiting interim assistant professor of sociology, Colorado
State University. Field of specialization: Medical sociology, Latin American
Dr. Shnaw Grigsby, specialist in rural sociology, has received a grant from the Agricultural Development Council for the study of sociological factors influencing diversification of land use in coffee producing areas in Colombia.
CURRENT UF The University of Florida Press' list of new publiLATIN ANERICAN PUBLICATIONS cations for 1967-1968 includes a number of titles
of interest to Latinamericanists. The books listed below are either recently published or are in process of publication and will be ready soon.

Volume III, No. 8, October 13, 1967 Page 8
Bushnell, David, Eduardo Santos and the Good Neighbor, 1938-194e. A description..of the
joint efforts of Colombia and the United States to assess problems in the early stages of World War II. Latin American Monographs. Second Series, No. 4. Fall,
1967. $3.00.
Hopkins, Jack Walker, Thea Government Elecutive of Modern Peru. A study of the executive
bureaucracy and the social milieu out of which came one Latin American republic.
Latin American Monographs, Second ,Series, No. 3. Fall, 1967. $3;0oo.
Smith, T Lynn, Colombia: Social Structure and the Process of Devel6pment. One of the
most distinguished of America's sociologists has now produced what is destined o
bethe classic study of the Latin Amendrican country Fall, 1967 $12,50
Smith, T. Lynn, The Process of Rural Development in Latin America. Papers deliveredby
Dr. Smith at various conferences in Latin Americea University of Florida Monograps, Social Sciences) No. 33. $2.00.
Wilgas, A -Curtis (editor), The Caribbean: Its Hemispheric Role. Papers presented at
the Caribbean Conference held at the University of Florida in December :1966. Fall,
1967 $7. 50.
The above list does not include the.many other titles of interest to Latinamericanists contained in the catalogue. For further information, or for a catalogue upoi request: write to the University of Florida Press, 15 N. W. 15th Street, Gainesville, Florida 32601.
October 25: Latin American Colloquium Meeting, 8 p.m. in the Latin American Colloquium Room, College Library. ,
November 29 December 2: Latin American-African Conference on "Human Mobility and 8ocidl Change in Latin America and Africa." J. Wayne Reitz Union Building.