Material Information

University of Florida Center for Latin American Studies
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Center for Latin American Studies,
Publication Date:
Physical Description:
v. ;28-36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Latin America ( lcsh )
Study and teaching (Higher) -- Periodicals -- Latin America -- Florida ( lcsh )
Periodicals ( fast )
serial ( sobekcm )
periodical ( marcgt )


Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 1, no. 1 (Feb. 3, 1964)-
Numbering Peculiarities:
Suspended between v. 35, no. 1 (fall 1999) and v. 36, no. 1 (spring 2005).
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
UF Latin American Collections
Rights Management:
Copyright, Patricia Alba at Center for Latin American Studies. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
22346166 ( ALEPH )
5269284 ( OCLC )

Full Text


center for latin amercan studies university of florida nesville

Volume II, No. 11

November 12. 1965

The University of Florida Latinamericanist is a bi-weekly calendar and newsletter distributed on alternate Fridays. Items for publication should be submitted to the editor, Captain Raymond J. Toner, USN (Ret.), 450 Main Library, by noon of the Tuesday preceding the Friday distribution date. The editor reserves the right to select and edit all material submitted. Persons desiring to be placed on the mailing list should call the Center for Latin American Studies (University Extension 2224).


November 12:

November 16
to 18

November 17:

Agriculture Economics Seminar. Speaker: Mr. J. Francisco Montoya R., UN, FAO in Colombia, "The Role of Agrarian Reform in the Economic Development of Colombia." Room 160 McCarty B, 3:30 5:00 p.m.

Second Southern Regional Conference on International Education. General Theme: Latin America. All sessions at Ramada Inn. See detailed schedule below.

Latin American Colloquium. Speaker: Dr. Murdo MacLeod, "National Character in the Andean Countries: Some Preliminary Characteristics." Florida Union, Oak Room, 8:00 p.m. Public invited.

November 22:

Student Seminar on Latin America. Subject: "The Triangular Struggle Communism vs. Democratic Change."

Sponsored by the Latin American Club. in Latin America: The Status Quo vs. Florida Union, 8:00 p.m.


Of considerable interest to all Latinamericanists will be the forthcoming Conference on International Education, sponsored by Phi Delta Kappa, honorary Education fraternity ann the Center for Latin American Studies. The theme of the Conference is "Latin America.' Associate Professor of Secondary Education Peter Oliva will serve as Conference chairman. Faculty members are cordially invited to attend, with their classes, any of the lectures of the following program.

The announced purposes of the Conference are: (1) to develop some understanding of the systems, programs and problems of education in Latin America; (2) to show the extent of U. S. involvement in educational programs there; and (3) to point out the opportunities for participation in these educational programs.

All sessions will be held at the RAMADA INN. The following schedule lists only the subjects and principal speakers. Any additional information may be obtained from Professor Oliva at University extension 2202.

Volume II, No. 11, November 12, 1965

November 16,

November 17,

8:00 p.m., Speaker:

9:30 a.m., Speaker:

11:00 a.m., Speaker:

Conference Sp-akers

"The Importance of Latin America Charles McKay, McKay, Miller and Latin America and the Caribbean.

to the United States." Associates, Consultants in

"Problems of Education in Latin America." Francisco S. Cespedes, Director, Department of Educational Affairs, Pan American Union, Washington, D. C.

"Problems of Education in Latin America." Harold Benjamin, Distinguished Service Professor, Glassboro State College, Glassboro, New Jersey.

12:30 p.m. (Luncheon), "The Role of Education in the Development of Latin
Speaker: Edmund E. Hegen, Assistant Professor of Geography, University of Florida.

2:00 p.m.,
Speaker: 3:30 p.m.,

5:30 p.m.,

"Educational Exchange Programs with Latin America." J. Manuel Espinosa, Deputy Director, Office of Inter-American Programs, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, U. S. Department of State, Washington, D. C.

Panel of Latin American Stud nts. Chairman: Bill Roys, Counselor, St. Petersburg Junior College,
Clearwater Campus.
Moderator: Glenn-A. Farris, Foreign Student Adviser, University
of Florida.
Panel: Maria Whatley Martins, Brazil; Alvaro Aguirre, Guatemala;
Rosa Mancero, Ecuador; Raquel Betsalel, Chile; Ignacio
Gomez, Colombia; Claudio Chicco, Venezuela.

Reception fc: visiting speakers and members of sponsoring organizations (Convention Hall).

6:30 p.m. (Buffet Dinner), "Covering Recent Events in the Dominican Republic and Cuba."
Speaker: Al Burt, Latin America Editor, The Miami Herald.

November 18, 9:30 a.m., "Educational Programs of the Agency for International Development in Latin America."
Speaker: Joshua M. Levino, Manpower Consultant to the Agency for International Development in Latin America, Department of State, Washington, D. C.

11:00 a.m. Speaker:

"Cultural Institutes in Latin America." George A. Rylance, Deputy Assistant Director for Latin America, U. S. Information Agency, Washington, D. C.

Page 2

Volume II, No. 11, November 12, 1965

Conference Speakers (continued)

November 18, 12:30 p.m. (Lancheon), "The Alliance for Progress."
Speaker: Carlos Urrutia-Aparicio, Assistant Director of Information, Pan American Union, Washington, D. C.

2:00 p.m., "American Schools in Latin America."
Speaker: Vincent McGugan, Regional Education Officer, Office of Overseas Schools, U. S. Department of State, Washington, D. C. Speaker: C. W. Schultheis, Associate Director, International Schools Service, Washington, D. C.

3:30 p.m., "The Role of Foundations in Latin America."
Speaker: Reuben Frodin, Dean, College of Arts and Sciences, City College of New York, and Consultant to the Ford Foundation.


On November 1, Captain Raymond J. Toner, U. S. Navy (Retired), became Assistant Director in the Center for Latin American Studies. Captain Toner retired on the same date from the United States Navy after more than thirty-nine years of naval service which included seven sea commands and five shore commands. His last duty station was Commanding Officer, U. S. Naval Station, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Captain Toner's naval career included various tours of duty associated with Education and Latin American Affairs. Prior to World War II, he taught midshipmen at Northwestern University, and after the war, he commanded the Service Schools Commands at Naval Training Center, Bainbridge, Maryland, and Naval Training Center, Norfolk, Virginia. From 1959 to 1962, he was Professor of Naval Science and Chairman, Naval Science Department, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.

During two of his tours of duty, Captain Toner was closely associated with Latin American Affairs. From 1953 to 1955, he was Chief of Naval Mission and Naval Adviser to Minister of Defense, Republic of Ecuador and from 1955 to 1958, he was Head, Foreign Naval Training Branch, Office of Chief of Naval Operations, Washington, D. C. He has been decorated by the Republics of Ecuador and Chile.

Captain Toner received his B.S. and M.A. degrees from Northwestern University. He is also a graduate of the Institute for Management, Graduate School of Business Administration, Northwestern University, the Armed Forces Staff College, and is a member of Phi Delta Kappa, honorary Education fraternity.


J. Francisco Montor2 R., UN, FAO in Colombia, will be on the campus November 8-12,inclusive, on an invitational visit sponsored by the Latin American Language and Area Program,

Page 3

Volume II, No. 11, November 12, 1965

the Center of Tropical Agriculture and the Department of Agricultural Economics. While here, Mr. Montoya will meet with AS 630, participate in the Agricultural Economics Seminar, and will be available to meet with interested students. His office while on campus will be Room 45 McCarty B. He may be reached by telephoning Mrs. Eva Mobley, University extension 2965. Conference time may be arranged with Mr. Montoya by appointment.


The following has been received from Preston Valieu, Director, Graduate Academic Programs Branch, Office of Education, HEW: "Our memorandum of September 16 stated that we would announce our 1966-67 Title IV fellowship allocations on or about October 15. We regret to announce that staff services and background work on the Higher Education Bill of 1965 have delayed us. We are determined, however, that these allocations will receive the careful review consistent with the objectives of the program, that their significance
and magnitude demand.

"It appears certain now that we will be able to announce the allocations sometime in November, probably toward the middle of the month."


William D. Carmichael, Dean, Graduate School of Business and Public Administration, Cornell University, advises that this year Cornell's School of Business and Public Administration is again offering a Latin American Internship Program in Business and Public Affairs under a grant from the Ford Foundation. Under this program ten recent recipients
of NBA, MPA, or equivalent graduate degrees will be placed in governmental agencies and business firms in South America for periods of twelve to fifteen months.

Applicants need not have prior knowledge of Spanish. (Intensive language training will
be included in the summer orientation program at Cornell preceding field assignments.) Furthermore, they need not be concerned about substantial loss of income. Interns will receive salaries of $600 per month throughout the Program and substantial housing allowances while in Latin America.

Since the selection of next year's interns and their assignments must be completed under a very tight timetable, those interested in applying should write immediately for further details to: Dr. William D. Carmichael, Dean, Graduate School of Business and Public Administration, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York.


The University of Pard, Bel6m, Brasil is interested in obtaining a Professor of English and Literature for its Department of Languages. This position must be filled immediately, as the present professor will be leaving in January, 1966.

Page 4

Volume II, No. 11, November 12, 1965

The requirements for this position are a master's degree in English and literature with some training in linguistics and/or English as a foreign language and a working knowledge
of Portuguese. A bachelor's degree with further graduate study would also be acceptable. The candidate must furnish his own transportation to Brasil and arrive not later than January 15, 1966. The salary is adequate by Brasilian standards and the person can easily supplement his income by teaching at the local bi-national center or private

Anyone interested please send biographical data, academic background and official transcripts at once to Profa. Patricia L. Ransom, Ndcleo de Letras da Universidad do Pard,
Arcipreste M. Teodoro, 594, Bel6m, ParA, Brasil.


There is a group of about 100 city and university people in Gainesville who have formed the Council for International Friendship. The Council holds business meetings only a few times during the'year; the remainder of its time is spent in a variety of ways to show its friendship for foreign students. The operation of a Loan Closet is a major activity
of the Council. Items ranging from baby clothes to sofas, donated by individuals, religious and social groups, are stored on campus for loan to families of foreign students
who arrive without sufficient money to buy such items.

Names of all foreign students are obtained from -the Foreign Student Adviser and each of the more than 600 foreign students on campus will receive an invitation to be entertained at a lake outing, picnics, at Thanksgiving and Christmas dinners and dinners celebrating other holidays. Transportation is furnished foreign newcomers from plane, bus and train;
assistance is given in teaching of English-, sewing, baby care, shopping, cooking, etc.; assistance in obtaining housing; help at registration; and tours around Florida are some
of the services rendered.

The Council works closely with the Foreign Student Adviser, whose office will supply any
additional information desired.


Russell Fitzgibbon, Professor of Political Science at the University of Southern California, Santa Barbara, presented a preliminary draft of a paper entitled "DemographicPolitical Interrelationships in Latin America" on November 4 before a group of students and faculty on this campus. The presentation placed emphasis on the issue of birth control, the role of the Catholic Church, the "minifundio" and "latifundio", the population density, and the barriers to an adequate and meaningful growth of gross domestic product vis-a-vis the expanding population. These factors were viewed both in terms of their immediate and their potential impacts.

Two very interesting points were brought up by the guest speaker. The first dealt with the negative stand taken by Communists in Latin America on the issue of birth control and

Page 5

Volume II, No. 11, November 12, 1965

the motivation which can be attributed to this stand. The second and most important was made in reference to the need for the introduction of a more meaningful way of measuring population density. Professor Fitzgibbon offered a new measure which he has termed "density per effective square mile." This takes into account the extension of land which can be effectively cultivated rather than the total area of a country and yields density figures which in some cases are close to twice those yielded by the standard measure.

Colonel Alvaro Valencia-Tovar, Colombian Army, spoke to the Latin American Colloquium held in Florida Union Oak Room, November 2, on the subject, "The Role of the Military in Modern Colombian Society." Colonel Valencia-Tovar, one of the leading military intellectuals of Colombia divided his lecture into three parts: (1) historical background, (2) the institution of the Colombian Army, and (3) the role the institution plays in Colombian Society. He stressed the traditionally non-political orientation of the Colombian Army from the beginning of the Republic, based upon the policies and guidance of General Francisco de Paula Santander, the first president of Colombia. This non-political orientation, except for three brief instances, has continued to the present day.

The Institution of the Colombian Army commenced with the establishment of the Colombian Military Academy in 1907 as a part of a general military reform instigated by General Rafael Reyes. General Reyes foresaw that internal stability was an essential factor to the growth of political democracy, that to ensure this, the Colombian Army must act as a stabilizing factor between the two traditional parties; the Conservatives and the Liberals. In this connection Colonel Valencia-Tovar noted that the signing of a political agreement by the two traditional parties aboard the battleship USS WISCONSIN, lead to forty years of peace and stability in Colombia. Chilean military advisors were brought in who assisted in the reorganization of the Colombian Army and the establishment of the military academy. By 1932 graduates of the military academy had replaced the non-professionally trained officers who remained from the civil wars of the 19th century. The Colombian Army was further modernized by a German military mission before World War II. Its greatest advance has resulted from lessons learned in combat during the Korean Conflict in which Colombia contributed one battalion and two naval units to United Nations Forces there. Today, U. S. Army, Navy and Air Force missions are assisting the Colombian military forces.

In carrying out its traditional role of maintaining internal stability, the Colombiam Army in recent years has been faced with a problem of guerrilla warfare, "La Violencia", which originally flared between the two traditional parties, then was utilized by local leaders and more recently by foreign political movements. In addition to the military aspects of the suppression of La Violencia, the Colombia Army is deeply committed to improving the welfare of the Colombian peasant; the building of roads, bridges, teaching illiterates, etc. The Army has also participated in such projects as stocking lakes and rivers with fish (trout, for example, which is not native to Colombia) and conducting programs to popularize this new and protein rich food; assisting local labor leaders and employers of labor to meet and resolve their problems in an objective manner; also, in the training of a large number of recruits in various technical skills which are in great demand in the national economy and are utilized by the soldier when he completes his military training.

Page 6

Volume II, No. 11, November 12, 1965

Colonel Valencia-Tovar concluded by stating that the military can best serve their country as military. Since 1932, the Colombian military, in order that they remain nonpolitical, have been denied the right to vote. In any country, he stated, there is always the temptation for the military to overthrow an inefficient and corrupt civil government in the face of problems. If this were attempted in Colombia, it would fractionalize the military. Colombian officers understand this very well, their training and tradition are in support of civil government and political democracy. Because of the size of his country and the nature of its economy, Colonel Valencia-Tovar dismissed the possibility of a nuclear or major conventional warfare role for the Colombian Army, but reaffirmed its continuing and traditional role of maintaining an internal stability, without which no country can continue to function, much less develop in a competitive world.


Hower, Alfred, review of Gilberto Freyre: Sua Ciencia, Sua Filosofia, Sua Arte. Ensaios sobre o autor de Casa-Grande e senzala e sua influencia na moderna cultura do Brasil, comemorativos do 25 0, anivers6rio da publicaggo desse seu livro. Rio de Janeiro, Livaria Jos6 Olympio Editora, 1962, 576 p. In Inter-American Review of Bibliography XV (JulySeptember 1965), 261-63.


John V. D. Saunders, Director, Latin American Language and Area Program, has been awarded a grant by the U. S. Office of Education for demographic research in Brazil during trimesters II and III-A of the current academic year.


William E. Carter, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, spoke to the residents of the retirement community of Penney Farms on November 10. His subject was "The United States and Latin American Culture Change." Professor Carter's monograph, Aymara Communities and the Bolivian Agrarian Reformwas recently published as No. 24 in the University of Florida's Social Science monograph series.

T. J. Cunha, Head, Department of Animal Science, has been appointed to a three-man Executive Committee of the Latin American Science Board, National Academy of Science, Washington, D. C.

Glenn A. Farris, Foreign Student Adviser, University of Florida, attended the two-region conference of the National Association of Foreign Student Advisers in New Orleans, November 4-6. The keynote speaker was Dr. Adolfo Fortier-Ortiz, Executive Director for Latin American Programs for the College Entrance Examinations Board.

Page 7


Volume II, No. 11, November 12, 1965

Page 8

J. F. Hentges, Associate Professor of Animal Science, will judge the beef cattle show at the Inter-American Exposition at Managua, Nicaragua, on November 24-29. During his stay in Nicaragua, he will visit cattle ranches in the area.

Alfred Hower, Professor of Portuguese, on November 10 attended a meeting in New Orleans
of professors of Portuguese representing various centers of Latin American Language and Area programs, to discuss organizing regional summer institutes for the intensive study of Portuguese. The University of Florida, the University of Texas and Tulane University would cooperate in establishing these institutes, which would be held alternately on the campuses of the three universities. Other southern universities would also be invited to participate.

John B. Knox, Professor of Sociology, University of Tennessee, on November 4 lectured to AND, Sociology Honorary Fraternity on Social Bases of Industrialization in Latin America, focusing upon attitudes relevant to economic development and especially industrialization.

A. Z. Palmer, Professor of Animal Science, wva in Venezuela from August 15 to Ontober 15 to assist -he Vcnezuelan government in organizing a grading oysten for beef.


There will be a General Assembly meeting of the Latin American Club on Sunday, November '14, at 8 p.m. in Room 324 Florida Union. All faculty and students interested in Latin America are cordially invited to attend.