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 Table of Contents
 Tobacco sucker control
 Tobacco bale tags
 Tobacco harvesting
 Tobacco virus problems
 Peanut field day
 Gypsum for peanuts
 Confirm pesticide update for armyworm...
 Soybean variety trials for...


FLAG IFAS PALMM UF



Agronomy notes
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00066352/00009
 Material Information
Title: Agronomy notes
Uniform Title: Agronomy notes (Gainesville, Fl.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: June 1999
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Crops and soils -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Crop yields -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agronomy -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
General Note: Description based on: January 1971; title from caption.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000956365
notis - AER9014
System ID: UF00066352:00009

Table of Contents
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Tobacco sucker control
        Page 2
    Tobacco bale tags
        Page 2
    Tobacco harvesting
        Page 2
    Tobacco virus problems
        Page 2
    Peanut field day
        Page 2
    Gypsum for peanuts
        Page 2
    Confirm pesticide update for armyworm control on pastures
        Page 3
    Soybean variety trials for 1999
        Page 3
Full Text






AGRONOMY


UNIVERSITY OF
SFLORIDA
Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


NOTES


DATES TO REMEMBER


June 14-16
June 17
June 29-July 1
July 6-8
July 13-16
July 25-27
August 24


Georgia Tobacco Tour
Florida Tobacco Tour
Deep South Weed Tour
Southern Conservation Tillage Conference for Sustainable Agriculture -Tifton, GA
American Peanut Research and Education Society Annual Meeting Savannah, GA
Southern Peanut Growers Conference Panama City
Peanut Field Day Marianna, FL


IN THIS ISSUE PAGE

TOBACCO
Tobacco Sucker Control ............................................................... 2
Tobacco B ale T ags ............................................... ... ..... ... ..... ... ... ... .. ............ ... 2
T ob acco H arv estin g ............................................................................................................................................ 2
Tobacco Virus Problem s ............................................................... 2

PEANUT
P eanut F field D ay ............................................ ..... ..... ..... ..... ... ....... .......... ..... ...... ..................... 2
Gypsum for Peanuts ....................... ....................... ...... 2

FORAGE
Confirm Update for Armyworm Control on Pastures .................................................................................. 3
Soyb ean V variety T rials for 1999 ................................................................................... ............................... 3


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other
services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other
extension publications, contact your county Cooperative Extension Service office. Florida Cooperative Extension Service / Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
/ University of Florida / Christine Taylor Waddill, Director.









TOBACCO SUCKER CONTROL


: :-.:., sucker control requires selection of chemicals, and
their timely and .. .:.. .... ... T..... :.... begins with
..: :.. :.. first contact(: :: alcohol) material when about
half of the :::: are 1- -:::: ::: button. In case of a non-
uniform. : .. the initial application can be made when 40
percent of the plants have started to button. A few more
young : .1 .. will have the buds killed by this early :.: :
tion, but there will be : : :: : to remove by 1::::. i: F:::
the ;..1 : .' ::. The rate of fatty alcohol should be 1.5 .
lons of the 85% ....... .: .... : .. with 48.5 gallons of wa-
ter for each acre. Three TG-3 nozzles (or two TG-3 nozzles
on the outside and a TG-5 in the center) on a i::: i: boom
over( ,. :.. ::. !.: :.1 good rundown of the chemical to
the bottom of the stalk. A low pressure ": 30 psi) should
provide the necessary 50 :.... of :.. .. material per acre.
A second :i : i:: :: :: of a fatty alcohol should be made 3-5
days later, using the same i.: 1..::.. and nozzle ..::.. -
ment. If necessary because the ...... :... are not ready
forthe m aleic : :........ : : : :.. .... :.: : ....... :. : ...
plant at least six inches in length), a tl:::.' :F i: alcohol :: i i:
cation should be made. The plants should be' .I.i. I. and any
suckers not killed by the fatty alcohol should be removed
prior to :.: .:.. the next sucker control chemical, maleic
hydrazide. About 7-10 days : F: : i: final fatty alcohol was
applied, .:. 1.. :... .. : leaf ofthe .i.. 1 ..:.1 : six inches
.. a tank mix of maleic hydrazide and either Prime+ or
S. ...... should thenbe .:. -..:. : At least six and : :...
a 24-hour rain-free period : i : maleic hydrazide has been
applied is needed to :... .: : i,..:! I: : .::. earlier. then
a reduced rate of maleic hydrazide. The rate should
be : ....: .... 1 to the rain-free period. If Prime+. : ...
was in a tank mix with the maleic hydrazide, the re : :
tion of maleic hydrazide is not as critical as when applied
alone. Do not .: .. Prime+ or: .- ,.. 'the rain did not
occur within two hours of .: :.. ....: and often one hour is
sufficient. Wait seven days before harvesting and ::1 : i if
it does not rain during this period.


EBW



TOBACCO BALE TAGS

Information on ordering : .,. :.- ,: .: :.: .: has been sent
to the.: -i *i-: :: county agents. These tags can be ordered
by mail, fax, or e-mail. The tags for on-fann baling are dif-
ferent from the lags for warehouse baling. Growers should
let their)~ ... .......... -.. ....tobaleattheware-
house, so that the tags can be obtained in advance of the bal-
ing.


EBW


Growers may have read or heard of the proposal by some
tobacco buyers to ...:. : .. :. ...:.. .... needs rather than
buy on the auctions. One reason for this :...: :1 is that the
::: ::: :::: : feel that too much of the tobacco offered at
auction has leaves mixed from .:i: : .:: stalk ..., l,.:. A
contract would :. : that there be at least four harvests.
Although this ...: .. -1 will not be put into effect in 1999,
growers should recognize that their markets could shrink if
tobacco is harvested less thanfourtimes. i ::.. :..i : :i:
tobacco should be mature when harvested.


EBW



TOBACCO VIRUS PROBLEMS

There are several tobacco fields in Florida,. ....:..: ..: in
Hamilton County, that have severe ...: ...... of cucumber
mosaic virus mixed with tobacco etch virus, potato virus-Y,
tobacco mosaic virms, and/or tomato i. :: will virus. Com-
binations of two or more viruses infecting the same plant are
.. .I i ...... .... :. : ...... ,:vir s infections. Diagno-
sis by visual symptoms are also ..:.- ::: : -there are
mixed infections. i' i .:: .from (. : *:.::.: :: that tomato
spotted :: :... infections are very severe on many farms.


EBW



PEANUT FIELD DAY

The annual Peanut Field Day at the Mariamia NFREC will
be held on August 24. .: .... will start at 8:00 AM
(CT) and field tours :ii begin at 8:30. T i: .to be dis-
cussed include .i: control (leaf spot and white mold),
tomato :. ..:.. .: :. :. insect control, weed control, breed-
ing and varieties, tillage and crop management. A meal will
be provided at noon and CEUs will be available at registra-
tion. The Marianna .: i i:C is located seven miles north of
Marianna on Highway 71 or one mile south of Greenwood.


EBW



GYPSUM FOR PEANUTS

.. .::::: should be :1: : .i to peanuts as soon as they begin
to bloom freely if the :... ..... are being grown for seed, if
they are a virginia variety, or if soil tests from the potential


TOBACCO HARVESTING









TOBACCO SUCKER CONTROL


: :-.:., sucker control requires selection of chemicals, and
their timely and .. .:.. .... ... T..... :.... begins with
..: :.. :.. first contact(: :: alcohol) material when about
half of the :::: are 1- -:::: ::: button. In case of a non-
uniform. : .. the initial application can be made when 40
percent of the plants have started to button. A few more
young : .1 .. will have the buds killed by this early :.: :
tion, but there will be : : :: : to remove by 1::::. i: F:::
the ;..1 : .' ::. The rate of fatty alcohol should be 1.5 .
lons of the 85% ....... .: .... : .. with 48.5 gallons of wa-
ter for each acre. Three TG-3 nozzles (or two TG-3 nozzles
on the outside and a TG-5 in the center) on a i::: i: boom
over( ,. :.. ::. !.: :.1 good rundown of the chemical to
the bottom of the stalk. A low pressure ": 30 psi) should
provide the necessary 50 :.... of :.. .. material per acre.
A second :i : i:: :: :: of a fatty alcohol should be made 3-5
days later, using the same i.: 1..::.. and nozzle ..::.. -
ment. If necessary because the ...... :... are not ready
forthe m aleic : :........ : : : :.. .... :.: : ....... :. : ...
plant at least six inches in length), a tl:::.' :F i: alcohol :: i i:
cation should be made. The plants should be' .I.i. I. and any
suckers not killed by the fatty alcohol should be removed
prior to :.: .:.. the next sucker control chemical, maleic
hydrazide. About 7-10 days : F: : i: final fatty alcohol was
applied, .:. 1.. :... .. : leaf ofthe .i.. 1 ..:.1 : six inches
.. a tank mix of maleic hydrazide and either Prime+ or
S. ...... should thenbe .:. -..:. : At least six and : :...
a 24-hour rain-free period : i : maleic hydrazide has been
applied is needed to :... .: : i,..:! I: : .::. earlier. then
a reduced rate of maleic hydrazide. The rate should
be : ....: .... 1 to the rain-free period. If Prime+. : ...
was in a tank mix with the maleic hydrazide, the re : :
tion of maleic hydrazide is not as critical as when applied
alone. Do not .: .. Prime+ or: .- ,.. 'the rain did not
occur within two hours of .: :.. ....: and often one hour is
sufficient. Wait seven days before harvesting and ::1 : i if
it does not rain during this period.


EBW



TOBACCO BALE TAGS

Information on ordering : .,. :.- ,: .: :.: .: has been sent
to the.: -i *i-: :: county agents. These tags can be ordered
by mail, fax, or e-mail. The tags for on-fann baling are dif-
ferent from the lags for warehouse baling. Growers should
let their)~ ... .......... -.. ....tobaleattheware-
house, so that the tags can be obtained in advance of the bal-
ing.


EBW


Growers may have read or heard of the proposal by some
tobacco buyers to ...:. : .. :. ...:.. .... needs rather than
buy on the auctions. One reason for this :...: :1 is that the
::: ::: :::: : feel that too much of the tobacco offered at
auction has leaves mixed from .:i: : .:: stalk ..., l,.:. A
contract would :. : that there be at least four harvests.
Although this ...: .. -1 will not be put into effect in 1999,
growers should recognize that their markets could shrink if
tobacco is harvested less thanfourtimes. i ::.. :..i : :i:
tobacco should be mature when harvested.


EBW



TOBACCO VIRUS PROBLEMS

There are several tobacco fields in Florida,. ....:..: ..: in
Hamilton County, that have severe ...: ...... of cucumber
mosaic virus mixed with tobacco etch virus, potato virus-Y,
tobacco mosaic virms, and/or tomato i. :: will virus. Com-
binations of two or more viruses infecting the same plant are
.. .I i ...... .... :. : ...... ,:vir s infections. Diagno-
sis by visual symptoms are also ..:.- ::: : -there are
mixed infections. i' i .:: .from (. : *:.::.: :: that tomato
spotted :: :... infections are very severe on many farms.


EBW



PEANUT FIELD DAY

The annual Peanut Field Day at the Mariamia NFREC will
be held on August 24. .: .... will start at 8:00 AM
(CT) and field tours :ii begin at 8:30. T i: .to be dis-
cussed include .i: control (leaf spot and white mold),
tomato :. ..:.. .: :. :. insect control, weed control, breed-
ing and varieties, tillage and crop management. A meal will
be provided at noon and CEUs will be available at registra-
tion. The Marianna .: i i:C is located seven miles north of
Marianna on Highway 71 or one mile south of Greenwood.


EBW



GYPSUM FOR PEANUTS

.. .::::: should be :1: : .i to peanuts as soon as they begin
to bloom freely if the :... ..... are being grown for seed, if
they are a virginia variety, or if soil tests from the potential


TOBACCO HARVESTING









TOBACCO SUCKER CONTROL


: :-.:., sucker control requires selection of chemicals, and
their timely and .. .:.. .... ... T..... :.... begins with
..: :.. :.. first contact(: :: alcohol) material when about
half of the :::: are 1- -:::: ::: button. In case of a non-
uniform. : .. the initial application can be made when 40
percent of the plants have started to button. A few more
young : .1 .. will have the buds killed by this early :.: :
tion, but there will be : : :: : to remove by 1::::. i: F:::
the ;..1 : .' ::. The rate of fatty alcohol should be 1.5 .
lons of the 85% ....... .: .... : .. with 48.5 gallons of wa-
ter for each acre. Three TG-3 nozzles (or two TG-3 nozzles
on the outside and a TG-5 in the center) on a i::: i: boom
over( ,. :.. ::. !.: :.1 good rundown of the chemical to
the bottom of the stalk. A low pressure ": 30 psi) should
provide the necessary 50 :.... of :.. .. material per acre.
A second :i : i:: :: :: of a fatty alcohol should be made 3-5
days later, using the same i.: 1..::.. and nozzle ..::.. -
ment. If necessary because the ...... :... are not ready
forthe m aleic : :........ : : : :.. .... :.: : ....... :. : ...
plant at least six inches in length), a tl:::.' :F i: alcohol :: i i:
cation should be made. The plants should be' .I.i. I. and any
suckers not killed by the fatty alcohol should be removed
prior to :.: .:.. the next sucker control chemical, maleic
hydrazide. About 7-10 days : F: : i: final fatty alcohol was
applied, .:. 1.. :... .. : leaf ofthe .i.. 1 ..:.1 : six inches
.. a tank mix of maleic hydrazide and either Prime+ or
S. ...... should thenbe .:. -..:. : At least six and : :...
a 24-hour rain-free period : i : maleic hydrazide has been
applied is needed to :... .: : i,..:! I: : .::. earlier. then
a reduced rate of maleic hydrazide. The rate should
be : ....: .... 1 to the rain-free period. If Prime+. : ...
was in a tank mix with the maleic hydrazide, the re : :
tion of maleic hydrazide is not as critical as when applied
alone. Do not .: .. Prime+ or: .- ,.. 'the rain did not
occur within two hours of .: :.. ....: and often one hour is
sufficient. Wait seven days before harvesting and ::1 : i if
it does not rain during this period.


EBW



TOBACCO BALE TAGS

Information on ordering : .,. :.- ,: .: :.: .: has been sent
to the.: -i *i-: :: county agents. These tags can be ordered
by mail, fax, or e-mail. The tags for on-fann baling are dif-
ferent from the lags for warehouse baling. Growers should
let their)~ ... .......... -.. ....tobaleattheware-
house, so that the tags can be obtained in advance of the bal-
ing.


EBW


Growers may have read or heard of the proposal by some
tobacco buyers to ...:. : .. :. ...:.. .... needs rather than
buy on the auctions. One reason for this :...: :1 is that the
::: ::: :::: : feel that too much of the tobacco offered at
auction has leaves mixed from .:i: : .:: stalk ..., l,.:. A
contract would :. : that there be at least four harvests.
Although this ...: .. -1 will not be put into effect in 1999,
growers should recognize that their markets could shrink if
tobacco is harvested less thanfourtimes. i ::.. :..i : :i:
tobacco should be mature when harvested.


EBW



TOBACCO VIRUS PROBLEMS

There are several tobacco fields in Florida,. ....:..: ..: in
Hamilton County, that have severe ...: ...... of cucumber
mosaic virus mixed with tobacco etch virus, potato virus-Y,
tobacco mosaic virms, and/or tomato i. :: will virus. Com-
binations of two or more viruses infecting the same plant are
.. .I i ...... .... :. : ...... ,:vir s infections. Diagno-
sis by visual symptoms are also ..:.- ::: : -there are
mixed infections. i' i .:: .from (. : *:.::.: :: that tomato
spotted :: :... infections are very severe on many farms.


EBW



PEANUT FIELD DAY

The annual Peanut Field Day at the Mariamia NFREC will
be held on August 24. .: .... will start at 8:00 AM
(CT) and field tours :ii begin at 8:30. T i: .to be dis-
cussed include .i: control (leaf spot and white mold),
tomato :. ..:.. .: :. :. insect control, weed control, breed-
ing and varieties, tillage and crop management. A meal will
be provided at noon and CEUs will be available at registra-
tion. The Marianna .: i i:C is located seven miles north of
Marianna on Highway 71 or one mile south of Greenwood.


EBW



GYPSUM FOR PEANUTS

.. .::::: should be :1: : .i to peanuts as soon as they begin
to bloom freely if the :... ..... are being grown for seed, if
they are a virginia variety, or if soil tests from the potential


TOBACCO HARVESTING









TOBACCO SUCKER CONTROL


: :-.:., sucker control requires selection of chemicals, and
their timely and .. .:.. .... ... T..... :.... begins with
..: :.. :.. first contact(: :: alcohol) material when about
half of the :::: are 1- -:::: ::: button. In case of a non-
uniform. : .. the initial application can be made when 40
percent of the plants have started to button. A few more
young : .1 .. will have the buds killed by this early :.: :
tion, but there will be : : :: : to remove by 1::::. i: F:::
the ;..1 : .' ::. The rate of fatty alcohol should be 1.5 .
lons of the 85% ....... .: .... : .. with 48.5 gallons of wa-
ter for each acre. Three TG-3 nozzles (or two TG-3 nozzles
on the outside and a TG-5 in the center) on a i::: i: boom
over( ,. :.. ::. !.: :.1 good rundown of the chemical to
the bottom of the stalk. A low pressure ": 30 psi) should
provide the necessary 50 :.... of :.. .. material per acre.
A second :i : i:: :: :: of a fatty alcohol should be made 3-5
days later, using the same i.: 1..::.. and nozzle ..::.. -
ment. If necessary because the ...... :... are not ready
forthe m aleic : :........ : : : :.. .... :.: : ....... :. : ...
plant at least six inches in length), a tl:::.' :F i: alcohol :: i i:
cation should be made. The plants should be' .I.i. I. and any
suckers not killed by the fatty alcohol should be removed
prior to :.: .:.. the next sucker control chemical, maleic
hydrazide. About 7-10 days : F: : i: final fatty alcohol was
applied, .:. 1.. :... .. : leaf ofthe .i.. 1 ..:.1 : six inches
.. a tank mix of maleic hydrazide and either Prime+ or
S. ...... should thenbe .:. -..:. : At least six and : :...
a 24-hour rain-free period : i : maleic hydrazide has been
applied is needed to :... .: : i,..:! I: : .::. earlier. then
a reduced rate of maleic hydrazide. The rate should
be : ....: .... 1 to the rain-free period. If Prime+. : ...
was in a tank mix with the maleic hydrazide, the re : :
tion of maleic hydrazide is not as critical as when applied
alone. Do not .: .. Prime+ or: .- ,.. 'the rain did not
occur within two hours of .: :.. ....: and often one hour is
sufficient. Wait seven days before harvesting and ::1 : i if
it does not rain during this period.


EBW



TOBACCO BALE TAGS

Information on ordering : .,. :.- ,: .: :.: .: has been sent
to the.: -i *i-: :: county agents. These tags can be ordered
by mail, fax, or e-mail. The tags for on-fann baling are dif-
ferent from the lags for warehouse baling. Growers should
let their)~ ... .......... -.. ....tobaleattheware-
house, so that the tags can be obtained in advance of the bal-
ing.


EBW


Growers may have read or heard of the proposal by some
tobacco buyers to ...:. : .. :. ...:.. .... needs rather than
buy on the auctions. One reason for this :...: :1 is that the
::: ::: :::: : feel that too much of the tobacco offered at
auction has leaves mixed from .:i: : .:: stalk ..., l,.:. A
contract would :. : that there be at least four harvests.
Although this ...: .. -1 will not be put into effect in 1999,
growers should recognize that their markets could shrink if
tobacco is harvested less thanfourtimes. i ::.. :..i : :i:
tobacco should be mature when harvested.


EBW



TOBACCO VIRUS PROBLEMS

There are several tobacco fields in Florida,. ....:..: ..: in
Hamilton County, that have severe ...: ...... of cucumber
mosaic virus mixed with tobacco etch virus, potato virus-Y,
tobacco mosaic virms, and/or tomato i. :: will virus. Com-
binations of two or more viruses infecting the same plant are
.. .I i ...... .... :. : ...... ,:vir s infections. Diagno-
sis by visual symptoms are also ..:.- ::: : -there are
mixed infections. i' i .:: .from (. : *:.::.: :: that tomato
spotted :: :... infections are very severe on many farms.


EBW



PEANUT FIELD DAY

The annual Peanut Field Day at the Mariamia NFREC will
be held on August 24. .: .... will start at 8:00 AM
(CT) and field tours :ii begin at 8:30. T i: .to be dis-
cussed include .i: control (leaf spot and white mold),
tomato :. ..:.. .: :. :. insect control, weed control, breed-
ing and varieties, tillage and crop management. A meal will
be provided at noon and CEUs will be available at registra-
tion. The Marianna .: i i:C is located seven miles north of
Marianna on Highway 71 or one mile south of Greenwood.


EBW



GYPSUM FOR PEANUTS

.. .::::: should be :1: : .i to peanuts as soon as they begin
to bloom freely if the :... ..... are being grown for seed, if
they are a virginia variety, or if soil tests from the potential


TOBACCO HARVESTING









TOBACCO SUCKER CONTROL


: :-.:., sucker control requires selection of chemicals, and
their timely and .. .:.. .... ... T..... :.... begins with
..: :.. :.. first contact(: :: alcohol) material when about
half of the :::: are 1- -:::: ::: button. In case of a non-
uniform. : .. the initial application can be made when 40
percent of the plants have started to button. A few more
young : .1 .. will have the buds killed by this early :.: :
tion, but there will be : : :: : to remove by 1::::. i: F:::
the ;..1 : .' ::. The rate of fatty alcohol should be 1.5 .
lons of the 85% ....... .: .... : .. with 48.5 gallons of wa-
ter for each acre. Three TG-3 nozzles (or two TG-3 nozzles
on the outside and a TG-5 in the center) on a i::: i: boom
over( ,. :.. ::. !.: :.1 good rundown of the chemical to
the bottom of the stalk. A low pressure ": 30 psi) should
provide the necessary 50 :.... of :.. .. material per acre.
A second :i : i:: :: :: of a fatty alcohol should be made 3-5
days later, using the same i.: 1..::.. and nozzle ..::.. -
ment. If necessary because the ...... :... are not ready
forthe m aleic : :........ : : : :.. .... :.: : ....... :. : ...
plant at least six inches in length), a tl:::.' :F i: alcohol :: i i:
cation should be made. The plants should be' .I.i. I. and any
suckers not killed by the fatty alcohol should be removed
prior to :.: .:.. the next sucker control chemical, maleic
hydrazide. About 7-10 days : F: : i: final fatty alcohol was
applied, .:. 1.. :... .. : leaf ofthe .i.. 1 ..:.1 : six inches
.. a tank mix of maleic hydrazide and either Prime+ or
S. ...... should thenbe .:. -..:. : At least six and : :...
a 24-hour rain-free period : i : maleic hydrazide has been
applied is needed to :... .: : i,..:! I: : .::. earlier. then
a reduced rate of maleic hydrazide. The rate should
be : ....: .... 1 to the rain-free period. If Prime+. : ...
was in a tank mix with the maleic hydrazide, the re : :
tion of maleic hydrazide is not as critical as when applied
alone. Do not .: .. Prime+ or: .- ,.. 'the rain did not
occur within two hours of .: :.. ....: and often one hour is
sufficient. Wait seven days before harvesting and ::1 : i if
it does not rain during this period.


EBW



TOBACCO BALE TAGS

Information on ordering : .,. :.- ,: .: :.: .: has been sent
to the.: -i *i-: :: county agents. These tags can be ordered
by mail, fax, or e-mail. The tags for on-fann baling are dif-
ferent from the lags for warehouse baling. Growers should
let their)~ ... .......... -.. ....tobaleattheware-
house, so that the tags can be obtained in advance of the bal-
ing.


EBW


Growers may have read or heard of the proposal by some
tobacco buyers to ...:. : .. :. ...:.. .... needs rather than
buy on the auctions. One reason for this :...: :1 is that the
::: ::: :::: : feel that too much of the tobacco offered at
auction has leaves mixed from .:i: : .:: stalk ..., l,.:. A
contract would :. : that there be at least four harvests.
Although this ...: .. -1 will not be put into effect in 1999,
growers should recognize that their markets could shrink if
tobacco is harvested less thanfourtimes. i ::.. :..i : :i:
tobacco should be mature when harvested.


EBW



TOBACCO VIRUS PROBLEMS

There are several tobacco fields in Florida,. ....:..: ..: in
Hamilton County, that have severe ...: ...... of cucumber
mosaic virus mixed with tobacco etch virus, potato virus-Y,
tobacco mosaic virms, and/or tomato i. :: will virus. Com-
binations of two or more viruses infecting the same plant are
.. .I i ...... .... :. : ...... ,:vir s infections. Diagno-
sis by visual symptoms are also ..:.- ::: : -there are
mixed infections. i' i .:: .from (. : *:.::.: :: that tomato
spotted :: :... infections are very severe on many farms.


EBW



PEANUT FIELD DAY

The annual Peanut Field Day at the Mariamia NFREC will
be held on August 24. .: .... will start at 8:00 AM
(CT) and field tours :ii begin at 8:30. T i: .to be dis-
cussed include .i: control (leaf spot and white mold),
tomato :. ..:.. .: :. :. insect control, weed control, breed-
ing and varieties, tillage and crop management. A meal will
be provided at noon and CEUs will be available at registra-
tion. The Marianna .: i i:C is located seven miles north of
Marianna on Highway 71 or one mile south of Greenwood.


EBW



GYPSUM FOR PEANUTS

.. .::::: should be :1: : .i to peanuts as soon as they begin
to bloom freely if the :... ..... are being grown for seed, if
they are a virginia variety, or if soil tests from the potential


TOBACCO HARVESTING









TOBACCO SUCKER CONTROL


: :-.:., sucker control requires selection of chemicals, and
their timely and .. .:.. .... ... T..... :.... begins with
..: :.. :.. first contact(: :: alcohol) material when about
half of the :::: are 1- -:::: ::: button. In case of a non-
uniform. : .. the initial application can be made when 40
percent of the plants have started to button. A few more
young : .1 .. will have the buds killed by this early :.: :
tion, but there will be : : :: : to remove by 1::::. i: F:::
the ;..1 : .' ::. The rate of fatty alcohol should be 1.5 .
lons of the 85% ....... .: .... : .. with 48.5 gallons of wa-
ter for each acre. Three TG-3 nozzles (or two TG-3 nozzles
on the outside and a TG-5 in the center) on a i::: i: boom
over( ,. :.. ::. !.: :.1 good rundown of the chemical to
the bottom of the stalk. A low pressure ": 30 psi) should
provide the necessary 50 :.... of :.. .. material per acre.
A second :i : i:: :: :: of a fatty alcohol should be made 3-5
days later, using the same i.: 1..::.. and nozzle ..::.. -
ment. If necessary because the ...... :... are not ready
forthe m aleic : :........ : : : :.. .... :.: : ....... :. : ...
plant at least six inches in length), a tl:::.' :F i: alcohol :: i i:
cation should be made. The plants should be' .I.i. I. and any
suckers not killed by the fatty alcohol should be removed
prior to :.: .:.. the next sucker control chemical, maleic
hydrazide. About 7-10 days : F: : i: final fatty alcohol was
applied, .:. 1.. :... .. : leaf ofthe .i.. 1 ..:.1 : six inches
.. a tank mix of maleic hydrazide and either Prime+ or
S. ...... should thenbe .:. -..:. : At least six and : :...
a 24-hour rain-free period : i : maleic hydrazide has been
applied is needed to :... .: : i,..:! I: : .::. earlier. then
a reduced rate of maleic hydrazide. The rate should
be : ....: .... 1 to the rain-free period. If Prime+. : ...
was in a tank mix with the maleic hydrazide, the re : :
tion of maleic hydrazide is not as critical as when applied
alone. Do not .: .. Prime+ or: .- ,.. 'the rain did not
occur within two hours of .: :.. ....: and often one hour is
sufficient. Wait seven days before harvesting and ::1 : i if
it does not rain during this period.


EBW



TOBACCO BALE TAGS

Information on ordering : .,. :.- ,: .: :.: .: has been sent
to the.: -i *i-: :: county agents. These tags can be ordered
by mail, fax, or e-mail. The tags for on-fann baling are dif-
ferent from the lags for warehouse baling. Growers should
let their)~ ... .......... -.. ....tobaleattheware-
house, so that the tags can be obtained in advance of the bal-
ing.


EBW


Growers may have read or heard of the proposal by some
tobacco buyers to ...:. : .. :. ...:.. .... needs rather than
buy on the auctions. One reason for this :...: :1 is that the
::: ::: :::: : feel that too much of the tobacco offered at
auction has leaves mixed from .:i: : .:: stalk ..., l,.:. A
contract would :. : that there be at least four harvests.
Although this ...: .. -1 will not be put into effect in 1999,
growers should recognize that their markets could shrink if
tobacco is harvested less thanfourtimes. i ::.. :..i : :i:
tobacco should be mature when harvested.


EBW



TOBACCO VIRUS PROBLEMS

There are several tobacco fields in Florida,. ....:..: ..: in
Hamilton County, that have severe ...: ...... of cucumber
mosaic virus mixed with tobacco etch virus, potato virus-Y,
tobacco mosaic virms, and/or tomato i. :: will virus. Com-
binations of two or more viruses infecting the same plant are
.. .I i ...... .... :. : ...... ,:vir s infections. Diagno-
sis by visual symptoms are also ..:.- ::: : -there are
mixed infections. i' i .:: .from (. : *:.::.: :: that tomato
spotted :: :... infections are very severe on many farms.


EBW



PEANUT FIELD DAY

The annual Peanut Field Day at the Mariamia NFREC will
be held on August 24. .: .... will start at 8:00 AM
(CT) and field tours :ii begin at 8:30. T i: .to be dis-
cussed include .i: control (leaf spot and white mold),
tomato :. ..:.. .: :. :. insect control, weed control, breed-
ing and varieties, tillage and crop management. A meal will
be provided at noon and CEUs will be available at registra-
tion. The Marianna .: i i:C is located seven miles north of
Marianna on Highway 71 or one mile south of Greenwood.


EBW



GYPSUM FOR PEANUTS

.. .::::: should be :1: : .i to peanuts as soon as they begin
to bloom freely if the :... ..... are being grown for seed, if
they are a virginia variety, or if soil tests from the potential


TOBACCO HARVESTING









:* : ....- that additional calcium is needed. The
rate of dry x : ::::: when :i': i: .i in a band over the row for
runner .:... is 400 pounds per acre and 800 pounds per
acre for virginia varieties. These rates should be doubled if
the dry .:- ..... is broadcast. If :.1. :. 1 ... .... :. or other
bulk wet i :::::: is used, the rates should be increased to
:...... : :: highermoisture, and ..: i....:: lowercal-
cium content ..'. materials. Cost, ..:- :..: and con-
venience of the :-::- ...* :. r .. : ; are major consid-
erations in the selection.


EBW



CONFIRM PESTICIDE UPDATE FOR ARMYWORM
CONTROL ON PASTURES

In early i. ..: a Section 18 petition for the use of ( ..:
insecticide for the control of the fall armyworm on pastures
in Florida was sent to the Florida Department of Agriculture
and Consumer Services (Pesticide i' i: :i : ). This peti-
tionwas :. .::.. ::. ..1: :. .::1. requestofthe i :.
Farm Bureau and seve ....... in the state .. :: .... .. 1998.
a ... :- .. ? 1 1 .: : ...: ; ...., ofthe : ii ...... w orm caused
substantial damage to : I::: and grass grown for hay
1,:. ..... : state In conversations ,i.i i the FDACS
determined that the Section i: .... : .... : the EPA require-

.: of registered insecticides and/or documented
tiveness of registered insecticides). As a result. FDACS has
withdrawn the petition from the Section 18 :... During
the .....:. season, extensive tests to evaluate the
ness of registered insecticides for the control of the fall ar-
myworm on pastures will be conducted. If control : ...
are documented, the Section 18 : ... !: ... : be reconsidered
for submission to EPA.


RKS and ARB



SOYBEAN VARIETY TRIALS FOR 1999

The 1998 i : : :i Soybean Variety Trials were part of
a : i..:. r ... : : .,.,. the University of C ..: .to test
varieties and experimental soybean lines for the Southeast.
The cooperation with the University of Georgia allows the


Florida :. 1:: :- greater access to variety testing informa-
tion so that :.. ..... have ..::. ... .. : :.. .. ... .: iy -
bean varieties to aid in their decision making. This past sea-
son, :-::.' andj: :: soybean varieties and. i ':. :.'
i::: were evaluated for yield, agronomic traits, nematode,
disease, insect and Roundup herbicide resistance. The results
of these trials are still available at the web address:



The 1999 Regional i. ... 1...1. .:..... ....: .. T. 50 Roundup
Ready and 100 conventional soybean varieties. Yield results
and observational data -. :ii be available at the above web
address and from county ..1: in mid to late January.


RB, DLW, LD and RKS


The use oftradenames does not constitute a guarantee or warrant of products named and does not signify approval to the exclusion of similar
products.
Prepared by: J. M. Bennett, Chairman; E. B. Professor, Extension Agronomist; D. L. Wright, Professor, Extension Weed Scientist; A.
R. Blount, Assistant Professor, Extension Agronomist; R. K. Sprenkel, Associate Professor, Pest Management; J. L. Day, University of
Georgia, Senior Agricultural Specialist.









:* : ....- that additional calcium is needed. The
rate of dry x : ::::: when :i': i: .i in a band over the row for
runner .:... is 400 pounds per acre and 800 pounds per
acre for virginia varieties. These rates should be doubled if
the dry .:- ..... is broadcast. If :.1. :. 1 ... .... :. or other
bulk wet i :::::: is used, the rates should be increased to
:...... : :: highermoisture, and ..: i....:: lowercal-
cium content ..'. materials. Cost, ..:- :..: and con-
venience of the :-::- ...* :. r .. : ; are major consid-
erations in the selection.


EBW



CONFIRM PESTICIDE UPDATE FOR ARMYWORM
CONTROL ON PASTURES

In early i. ..: a Section 18 petition for the use of ( ..:
insecticide for the control of the fall armyworm on pastures
in Florida was sent to the Florida Department of Agriculture
and Consumer Services (Pesticide i' i: :i : ). This peti-
tionwas :. .::.. ::. ..1: :. .::1. requestofthe i :.
Farm Bureau and seve ....... in the state .. :: .... .. 1998.
a ... :- .. ? 1 1 .: : ...: ; ...., ofthe : ii ...... w orm caused
substantial damage to : I::: and grass grown for hay
1,:. ..... : state In conversations ,i.i i the FDACS
determined that the Section i: .... : .... : the EPA require-

.: of registered insecticides and/or documented
tiveness of registered insecticides). As a result. FDACS has
withdrawn the petition from the Section 18 :... During
the .....:. season, extensive tests to evaluate the
ness of registered insecticides for the control of the fall ar-
myworm on pastures will be conducted. If control : ...
are documented, the Section 18 : ... !: ... : be reconsidered
for submission to EPA.


RKS and ARB



SOYBEAN VARIETY TRIALS FOR 1999

The 1998 i : : :i Soybean Variety Trials were part of
a : i..:. r ... : : .,.,. the University of C ..: .to test
varieties and experimental soybean lines for the Southeast.
The cooperation with the University of Georgia allows the


Florida :. 1:: :- greater access to variety testing informa-
tion so that :.. ..... have ..::. ... .. : :.. .. ... .: iy -
bean varieties to aid in their decision making. This past sea-
son, :-::.' andj: :: soybean varieties and. i ':. :.'
i::: were evaluated for yield, agronomic traits, nematode,
disease, insect and Roundup herbicide resistance. The results
of these trials are still available at the web address:



The 1999 Regional i. ... 1...1. .:..... ....: .. T. 50 Roundup
Ready and 100 conventional soybean varieties. Yield results
and observational data -. :ii be available at the above web
address and from county ..1: in mid to late January.


RB, DLW, LD and RKS


The use oftradenames does not constitute a guarantee or warrant of products named and does not signify approval to the exclusion of similar
products.
Prepared by: J. M. Bennett, Chairman; E. B. Professor, Extension Agronomist; D. L. Wright, Professor, Extension Weed Scientist; A.
R. Blount, Assistant Professor, Extension Agronomist; R. K. Sprenkel, Associate Professor, Pest Management; J. L. Day, University of
Georgia, Senior Agricultural Specialist.