<%BANNER%>
HIDE
 Table of Contents
 Tobacco settlement issues
 Tobacco baling information
 Blue mold of tobacco
 Tobacco irrigation
 Virus infections in tobacco
 Peanut stands
 Boron for peanuts
 Peanut referendum
 Bt corn varieties
 Post-emergence grass control in...
 Cotton seed in short supply
 Ultra narrow row cotton
 The drought
 New bermudagrass
 Summer annual grasses
 Perspective plantings for 1999...


FLAG IFAS PALMM UF



Agronomy notes
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00066352/00008
 Material Information
Title: Agronomy notes
Uniform Title: Agronomy notes (Gainesville, Fl.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: May 1999
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Crops and soils -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Crop yields -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agronomy -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
General Note: Description based on: January 1971; title from caption.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000956365
notis - AER9014
System ID: UF00066352:00008

Table of Contents
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Tobacco settlement issues
        Page 2
    Tobacco baling information
        Page 2
    Blue mold of tobacco
        Page 2
    Tobacco irrigation
        Page 2
    Virus infections in tobacco
        Page 2
    Peanut stands
        Page 2
    Boron for peanuts
        Page 2
    Peanut referendum
        Page 2
    Bt corn varieties
        Page 2
    Post-emergence grass control in corn
        Page 3
    Cotton seed in short supply
        Page 3
    Ultra narrow row cotton
        Page 3
    The drought
        Page 3
    New bermudagrass
        Page 3
    Summer annual grasses
        Page 4
    Perspective plantings for 1999 field crops
        Page 5
Full Text






AGRONOMY


UNIVERSITY OF
SFLORIDA
Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


DATES TO REMEMBER


NOTES


May 17-20
June 14-16
June 17
June 29-July 1
July 6-8
July 13-16
July 25-27


IN THIS ISSUE


Aquatic Weed Control, Aquatic Plant Culture and Revegetation Short Course Ft. Lauderdale
Georgia Tobacco Tour
Florida Tobacco Tour
Deep South Weed Tour
Southern Conservation Tillage Conference for Sustainable Agriculture -Tifton, GA
American Peanut Research and Education Society Annual Meeting Savannah, GA
Southern Peanut Growers Conference Panama City


PAGE


TOBACCO
Tob acco Settlem ent Issues .......................................................................... .................................... .......... 2
Tobacco B aling Inform action ................................................................................ .............. ...................... 2
B lue M old of Tobacco ......................................................................................... .............. ........... ......... 2
T ob acco Irrigation ......................................................................................... ......................................... 2
V irus Infections in T tobacco ........................................................................ .................................... .......... 2

PEANUT
P eanut Stands .......................................... ... ..... ..... ... ..... ..... ... ... .. .. .... ........ .............. 2
Boron for Peanuts .......... ............................................. ... ..... ..... ... ... ....................... 2
P eanut R eferendu m ..................................................................................... ................................... .......... 2

CORN
B t C orn V varieties .............................. .. ... ..... ..... ... ..... ....... ............................. ................. 2
Post-em ergence G rass C control in C orn ......................................................... ................................................ 3

COTTON
C otton Seed in Short Supply ...................................................................... ......................... ................. 3
U ltra N arrow R ow C otton ............................................................................................. ............................... 3

FORAGE
The Drought .................................................................... 3
N ew B erm u d ag rass ............................................................................................................................................ 3
Sum m er A annual G rasses ............................................................................................................................ 4

MISCELLANEOUS
Prospective Plantings for 1999 Field Crops .................................................. ............................................... 5



The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other
services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other
extension publications, contact your county Cooperative Extension Service office. Florida Cooperative Extension Service / Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
/ University of Florida / Christine Taylor Waddill, Director.









VIRUS INFECTIONS IN TOBACCO


While no action will be taken this year by the Florida Legis-
lature to appropriate Phase I tobacco settlement funds to
.. farmers for loss of quota, a bill has been intro-
ducedand willbe .i... :.1 .' : '. 2000 legislature. Phase
II settlement funds may l i*.- .:. : iy the end : :: y ar
.: should keep in touch with their fann organizations
forthe latest 1 ...... .. i

EBW


TOBACCO BALING INFORMATION


North ( ....:... State University now has a web site that con-
tains :..:.......::.... b:out tobacco baling. Included are lists of
.:.:::.:.:. : .. w ire : i ..i i: : ::: i .::. ; .
as other information. The .:.'. :::: ..: will be updated as
needed. The address of the web site is: .1:" "
tobacco.bae.ncsu.edu/




BLUE MOLD OF TOBACCO
Although blue mold has been present i:: : : : i :-the last
few weeks, it has not become severe. This lack of :
S. 1' ... may be due to the hot and dry weather. How-
ever recent ....: .: ... have become favorable for the dis-
ease to develop, and as :: : : :: i::: : providedby the larger
i.:. blue mold could become a ... I ::: *::: .:.. is the
.. ..: i .. : currently .: :.:: forblue mold prevention,
bi: ... ..: : could soon receive a label for use i i...: i
If needed, a:i :::: : i should be ::'i : i for :i: :: i :: of
blue mold. rather than .. .i:. until there is a severe infec-
tion.

EBW


i: ..i. that ,:.. 1:. :i .:. including tomato i...:. .' wilt
virus (TSWV). cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and/or to-
bacco mosaic virus (TMV), may be : severe in some
tobacco fields this year. Potato virus-Y (PVY) and tobacco
etch virus ( Li ') do not normally become common until late
in May, but may already be present. Growers should have
an virus diseases identified, because it could help guide them
in making variety selections for 2000. There is varietal re-
sistance to TMV. PVY, and : i '.


EBW


PEANUT STANDS
Conditions should be favorable for: ..: i :::.::. ...: seed
when peanuts are planted. Uniform and healthy stands have
fewer .:... problems, .....: tomato spotted .: vi-
rus (TSWV), and weed problems are reduced when the i
nut plants i: 1.1 ground coverage early in the season. If
irrigation is not available, wait for rain.

EBW


BORON FOR PEANUTS
r ... .. : .:. : .. are i... ..: ....... :.. .... :. because most of
the l. ::::: :: grownon sandy .li ... : : leaching is com-
mon. Boronhelps ... : ... :. .: :.. .: i.. I heart"
in the kernels, which couldreullt in the :. ..... 1 a
lower grade when they are sold. Yields may also be reduced
by the boron il :: An :i'i'i: ::: :: of 0.5 pound of
elemental boron per acre should ..i.i.1 .!1 ,i.. .i levelsof
this nutrient to the : ....... Do not apply excessive rates of
boron because of the risk of toxicity. Most boron is
as ::: : : : :::il atth e :'::.:::
leaf spot.


TOBACCO IRRIGATION EBW


During May, water needs of tobacco increases considerably,
but these needs should be met by more frequent irrigations
rather than increasing the rate of application above the wa-
ter-holding ... :1 of the soil. Manny :I :... soils used for
tobacco will hold only about an inch of water in an 18-inch
rooting zone, so any amount over this will not be available
to the : .1 .:. The excess .. .... :. : :: also leach nitrogen and
..... !. i..:. .. below the root zone, where it .:: be un-
available to the :.1 ... More frequent irrigations will be
::' i :i I:: :: ing the correct amount. i: :: : Onav-
erage soils, tobacco should be irrigated every 3-4 days when
there is no .:.. .i; l .... i the plants are near the .I ... .... .
In case of extremely severe hot and dry conditions, such as
those that occurred in i it may be desirable to irrigate
tobacco every 2 days.


EBW


PEANUT REFERENDUM
F: .. :. .: .1 May 24 throughJune ll :.- ...-. produc-
ers ., ::: have the -: : : ::::il to vote on a national referen-
dum to determine if the proposed:.. ::..-.: : : ...-: i ..: research
and information order is favored. If passed, .... .::
be collected from the .: T...i.. This i" :... 1 order has
been : :: at various peanut meetings over the past
couple of years.

EBW

Bt CORN VARIETIES

At least two :::: :::: .. ii:: :/e Bt corn varieties available
for i. .:.:::. ::. i :.. .: ..year. The Btgenewill i.: :.
corn against some of the insect :..... that normally occurs


TOBAC/1CO SETTLEMENT ISSUES









VIRUS INFECTIONS IN TOBACCO


While no action will be taken this year by the Florida Legis-
lature to appropriate Phase I tobacco settlement funds to
.. farmers for loss of quota, a bill has been intro-
ducedand willbe .i... :.1 .' : '. 2000 legislature. Phase
II settlement funds may l i*.- .:. : iy the end : :: y ar
.: should keep in touch with their fann organizations
forthe latest 1 ...... .. i

EBW


TOBACCO BALING INFORMATION


North ( ....:... State University now has a web site that con-
tains :..:.......::.... b:out tobacco baling. Included are lists of
.:.:::.:.:. : .. w ire : i ..i i: : ::: i .::. ; .
as other information. The .:.'. :::: ..: will be updated as
needed. The address of the web site is: .1:" "
tobacco.bae.ncsu.edu/




BLUE MOLD OF TOBACCO
Although blue mold has been present i:: : : : i :-the last
few weeks, it has not become severe. This lack of :
S. 1' ... may be due to the hot and dry weather. How-
ever recent ....: .: ... have become favorable for the dis-
ease to develop, and as :: : : :: i::: : providedby the larger
i.:. blue mold could become a ... I ::: *::: .:.. is the
.. ..: i .. : currently .: :.:: forblue mold prevention,
bi: ... ..: : could soon receive a label for use i i...: i
If needed, a:i :::: : i should be ::'i : i for :i: :: i :: of
blue mold. rather than .. .i:. until there is a severe infec-
tion.

EBW


i: ..i. that ,:.. 1:. :i .:. including tomato i...:. .' wilt
virus (TSWV). cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and/or to-
bacco mosaic virus (TMV), may be : severe in some
tobacco fields this year. Potato virus-Y (PVY) and tobacco
etch virus ( Li ') do not normally become common until late
in May, but may already be present. Growers should have
an virus diseases identified, because it could help guide them
in making variety selections for 2000. There is varietal re-
sistance to TMV. PVY, and : i '.


EBW


PEANUT STANDS
Conditions should be favorable for: ..: i :::.::. ...: seed
when peanuts are planted. Uniform and healthy stands have
fewer .:... problems, .....: tomato spotted .: vi-
rus (TSWV), and weed problems are reduced when the i
nut plants i: 1.1 ground coverage early in the season. If
irrigation is not available, wait for rain.

EBW


BORON FOR PEANUTS
r ... .. : .:. : .. are i... ..: ....... :.. .... :. because most of
the l. ::::: :: grownon sandy .li ... : : leaching is com-
mon. Boronhelps ... : ... :. .: :.. .: i.. I heart"
in the kernels, which couldreullt in the :. ..... 1 a
lower grade when they are sold. Yields may also be reduced
by the boron il :: An :i'i'i: ::: :: of 0.5 pound of
elemental boron per acre should ..i.i.1 .!1 ,i.. .i levelsof
this nutrient to the : ....... Do not apply excessive rates of
boron because of the risk of toxicity. Most boron is
as ::: : : : :::il atth e :'::.:::
leaf spot.


TOBACCO IRRIGATION EBW


During May, water needs of tobacco increases considerably,
but these needs should be met by more frequent irrigations
rather than increasing the rate of application above the wa-
ter-holding ... :1 of the soil. Manny :I :... soils used for
tobacco will hold only about an inch of water in an 18-inch
rooting zone, so any amount over this will not be available
to the : .1 .:. The excess .. .... :. : :: also leach nitrogen and
..... !. i..:. .. below the root zone, where it .:: be un-
available to the :.1 ... More frequent irrigations will be
::' i :i I:: :: ing the correct amount. i: :: : Onav-
erage soils, tobacco should be irrigated every 3-4 days when
there is no .:.. .i; l .... i the plants are near the .I ... .... .
In case of extremely severe hot and dry conditions, such as
those that occurred in i it may be desirable to irrigate
tobacco every 2 days.


EBW


PEANUT REFERENDUM
F: .. :. .: .1 May 24 throughJune ll :.- ...-. produc-
ers ., ::: have the -: : : ::::il to vote on a national referen-
dum to determine if the proposed:.. ::..-.: : : ...-: i ..: research
and information order is favored. If passed, .... .::
be collected from the .: T...i.. This i" :... 1 order has
been : :: at various peanut meetings over the past
couple of years.

EBW

Bt CORN VARIETIES

At least two :::: :::: .. ii:: :/e Bt corn varieties available
for i. .:.:::. ::. i :.. .: ..year. The Btgenewill i.: :.
corn against some of the insect :..... that normally occurs


TOBAC/1CO SETTLEMENT ISSUES









VIRUS INFECTIONS IN TOBACCO


While no action will be taken this year by the Florida Legis-
lature to appropriate Phase I tobacco settlement funds to
.. farmers for loss of quota, a bill has been intro-
ducedand willbe .i... :.1 .' : '. 2000 legislature. Phase
II settlement funds may l i*.- .:. : iy the end : :: y ar
.: should keep in touch with their fann organizations
forthe latest 1 ...... .. i

EBW


TOBACCO BALING INFORMATION


North ( ....:... State University now has a web site that con-
tains :..:.......::.... b:out tobacco baling. Included are lists of
.:.:::.:.:. : .. w ire : i ..i i: : ::: i .::. ; .
as other information. The .:.'. :::: ..: will be updated as
needed. The address of the web site is: .1:" "
tobacco.bae.ncsu.edu/




BLUE MOLD OF TOBACCO
Although blue mold has been present i:: : : : i :-the last
few weeks, it has not become severe. This lack of :
S. 1' ... may be due to the hot and dry weather. How-
ever recent ....: .: ... have become favorable for the dis-
ease to develop, and as :: : : :: i::: : providedby the larger
i.:. blue mold could become a ... I ::: *::: .:.. is the
.. ..: i .. : currently .: :.:: forblue mold prevention,
bi: ... ..: : could soon receive a label for use i i...: i
If needed, a:i :::: : i should be ::'i : i for :i: :: i :: of
blue mold. rather than .. .i:. until there is a severe infec-
tion.

EBW


i: ..i. that ,:.. 1:. :i .:. including tomato i...:. .' wilt
virus (TSWV). cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and/or to-
bacco mosaic virus (TMV), may be : severe in some
tobacco fields this year. Potato virus-Y (PVY) and tobacco
etch virus ( Li ') do not normally become common until late
in May, but may already be present. Growers should have
an virus diseases identified, because it could help guide them
in making variety selections for 2000. There is varietal re-
sistance to TMV. PVY, and : i '.


EBW


PEANUT STANDS
Conditions should be favorable for: ..: i :::.::. ...: seed
when peanuts are planted. Uniform and healthy stands have
fewer .:... problems, .....: tomato spotted .: vi-
rus (TSWV), and weed problems are reduced when the i
nut plants i: 1.1 ground coverage early in the season. If
irrigation is not available, wait for rain.

EBW


BORON FOR PEANUTS
r ... .. : .:. : .. are i... ..: ....... :.. .... :. because most of
the l. ::::: :: grownon sandy .li ... : : leaching is com-
mon. Boronhelps ... : ... :. .: :.. .: i.. I heart"
in the kernels, which couldreullt in the :. ..... 1 a
lower grade when they are sold. Yields may also be reduced
by the boron il :: An :i'i'i: ::: :: of 0.5 pound of
elemental boron per acre should ..i.i.1 .!1 ,i.. .i levelsof
this nutrient to the : ....... Do not apply excessive rates of
boron because of the risk of toxicity. Most boron is
as ::: : : : :::il atth e :'::.:::
leaf spot.


TOBACCO IRRIGATION EBW


During May, water needs of tobacco increases considerably,
but these needs should be met by more frequent irrigations
rather than increasing the rate of application above the wa-
ter-holding ... :1 of the soil. Manny :I :... soils used for
tobacco will hold only about an inch of water in an 18-inch
rooting zone, so any amount over this will not be available
to the : .1 .:. The excess .. .... :. : :: also leach nitrogen and
..... !. i..:. .. below the root zone, where it .:: be un-
available to the :.1 ... More frequent irrigations will be
::' i :i I:: :: ing the correct amount. i: :: : Onav-
erage soils, tobacco should be irrigated every 3-4 days when
there is no .:.. .i; l .... i the plants are near the .I ... .... .
In case of extremely severe hot and dry conditions, such as
those that occurred in i it may be desirable to irrigate
tobacco every 2 days.


EBW


PEANUT REFERENDUM
F: .. :. .: .1 May 24 throughJune ll :.- ...-. produc-
ers ., ::: have the -: : : ::::il to vote on a national referen-
dum to determine if the proposed:.. ::..-.: : : ...-: i ..: research
and information order is favored. If passed, .... .::
be collected from the .: T...i.. This i" :... 1 order has
been : :: at various peanut meetings over the past
couple of years.

EBW

Bt CORN VARIETIES

At least two :::: :::: .. ii:: :/e Bt corn varieties available
for i. .:.:::. ::. i :.. .: ..year. The Btgenewill i.: :.
corn against some of the insect :..... that normally occurs


TOBAC/1CO SETTLEMENT ISSUES









VIRUS INFECTIONS IN TOBACCO


While no action will be taken this year by the Florida Legis-
lature to appropriate Phase I tobacco settlement funds to
.. farmers for loss of quota, a bill has been intro-
ducedand willbe .i... :.1 .' : '. 2000 legislature. Phase
II settlement funds may l i*.- .:. : iy the end : :: y ar
.: should keep in touch with their fann organizations
forthe latest 1 ...... .. i

EBW


TOBACCO BALING INFORMATION


North ( ....:... State University now has a web site that con-
tains :..:.......::.... b:out tobacco baling. Included are lists of
.:.:::.:.:. : .. w ire : i ..i i: : ::: i .::. ; .
as other information. The .:.'. :::: ..: will be updated as
needed. The address of the web site is: .1:" "
tobacco.bae.ncsu.edu/




BLUE MOLD OF TOBACCO
Although blue mold has been present i:: : : : i :-the last
few weeks, it has not become severe. This lack of :
S. 1' ... may be due to the hot and dry weather. How-
ever recent ....: .: ... have become favorable for the dis-
ease to develop, and as :: : : :: i::: : providedby the larger
i.:. blue mold could become a ... I ::: *::: .:.. is the
.. ..: i .. : currently .: :.:: forblue mold prevention,
bi: ... ..: : could soon receive a label for use i i...: i
If needed, a:i :::: : i should be ::'i : i for :i: :: i :: of
blue mold. rather than .. .i:. until there is a severe infec-
tion.

EBW


i: ..i. that ,:.. 1:. :i .:. including tomato i...:. .' wilt
virus (TSWV). cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and/or to-
bacco mosaic virus (TMV), may be : severe in some
tobacco fields this year. Potato virus-Y (PVY) and tobacco
etch virus ( Li ') do not normally become common until late
in May, but may already be present. Growers should have
an virus diseases identified, because it could help guide them
in making variety selections for 2000. There is varietal re-
sistance to TMV. PVY, and : i '.


EBW


PEANUT STANDS
Conditions should be favorable for: ..: i :::.::. ...: seed
when peanuts are planted. Uniform and healthy stands have
fewer .:... problems, .....: tomato spotted .: vi-
rus (TSWV), and weed problems are reduced when the i
nut plants i: 1.1 ground coverage early in the season. If
irrigation is not available, wait for rain.

EBW


BORON FOR PEANUTS
r ... .. : .:. : .. are i... ..: ....... :.. .... :. because most of
the l. ::::: :: grownon sandy .li ... : : leaching is com-
mon. Boronhelps ... : ... :. .: :.. .: i.. I heart"
in the kernels, which couldreullt in the :. ..... 1 a
lower grade when they are sold. Yields may also be reduced
by the boron il :: An :i'i'i: ::: :: of 0.5 pound of
elemental boron per acre should ..i.i.1 .!1 ,i.. .i levelsof
this nutrient to the : ....... Do not apply excessive rates of
boron because of the risk of toxicity. Most boron is
as ::: : : : :::il atth e :'::.:::
leaf spot.


TOBACCO IRRIGATION EBW


During May, water needs of tobacco increases considerably,
but these needs should be met by more frequent irrigations
rather than increasing the rate of application above the wa-
ter-holding ... :1 of the soil. Manny :I :... soils used for
tobacco will hold only about an inch of water in an 18-inch
rooting zone, so any amount over this will not be available
to the : .1 .:. The excess .. .... :. : :: also leach nitrogen and
..... !. i..:. .. below the root zone, where it .:: be un-
available to the :.1 ... More frequent irrigations will be
::' i :i I:: :: ing the correct amount. i: :: : Onav-
erage soils, tobacco should be irrigated every 3-4 days when
there is no .:.. .i; l .... i the plants are near the .I ... .... .
In case of extremely severe hot and dry conditions, such as
those that occurred in i it may be desirable to irrigate
tobacco every 2 days.


EBW


PEANUT REFERENDUM
F: .. :. .: .1 May 24 throughJune ll :.- ...-. produc-
ers ., ::: have the -: : : ::::il to vote on a national referen-
dum to determine if the proposed:.. ::..-.: : : ...-: i ..: research
and information order is favored. If passed, .... .::
be collected from the .: T...i.. This i" :... 1 order has
been : :: at various peanut meetings over the past
couple of years.

EBW

Bt CORN VARIETIES

At least two :::: :::: .. ii:: :/e Bt corn varieties available
for i. .:.:::. ::. i :.. .: ..year. The Btgenewill i.: :.
corn against some of the insect :..... that normally occurs


TOBAC/1CO SETTLEMENT ISSUES









VIRUS INFECTIONS IN TOBACCO


While no action will be taken this year by the Florida Legis-
lature to appropriate Phase I tobacco settlement funds to
.. farmers for loss of quota, a bill has been intro-
ducedand willbe .i... :.1 .' : '. 2000 legislature. Phase
II settlement funds may l i*.- .:. : iy the end : :: y ar
.: should keep in touch with their fann organizations
forthe latest 1 ...... .. i

EBW


TOBACCO BALING INFORMATION


North ( ....:... State University now has a web site that con-
tains :..:.......::.... b:out tobacco baling. Included are lists of
.:.:::.:.:. : .. w ire : i ..i i: : ::: i .::. ; .
as other information. The .:.'. :::: ..: will be updated as
needed. The address of the web site is: .1:" "
tobacco.bae.ncsu.edu/




BLUE MOLD OF TOBACCO
Although blue mold has been present i:: : : : i :-the last
few weeks, it has not become severe. This lack of :
S. 1' ... may be due to the hot and dry weather. How-
ever recent ....: .: ... have become favorable for the dis-
ease to develop, and as :: : : :: i::: : providedby the larger
i.:. blue mold could become a ... I ::: *::: .:.. is the
.. ..: i .. : currently .: :.:: forblue mold prevention,
bi: ... ..: : could soon receive a label for use i i...: i
If needed, a:i :::: : i should be ::'i : i for :i: :: i :: of
blue mold. rather than .. .i:. until there is a severe infec-
tion.

EBW


i: ..i. that ,:.. 1:. :i .:. including tomato i...:. .' wilt
virus (TSWV). cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and/or to-
bacco mosaic virus (TMV), may be : severe in some
tobacco fields this year. Potato virus-Y (PVY) and tobacco
etch virus ( Li ') do not normally become common until late
in May, but may already be present. Growers should have
an virus diseases identified, because it could help guide them
in making variety selections for 2000. There is varietal re-
sistance to TMV. PVY, and : i '.


EBW


PEANUT STANDS
Conditions should be favorable for: ..: i :::.::. ...: seed
when peanuts are planted. Uniform and healthy stands have
fewer .:... problems, .....: tomato spotted .: vi-
rus (TSWV), and weed problems are reduced when the i
nut plants i: 1.1 ground coverage early in the season. If
irrigation is not available, wait for rain.

EBW


BORON FOR PEANUTS
r ... .. : .:. : .. are i... ..: ....... :.. .... :. because most of
the l. ::::: :: grownon sandy .li ... : : leaching is com-
mon. Boronhelps ... : ... :. .: :.. .: i.. I heart"
in the kernels, which couldreullt in the :. ..... 1 a
lower grade when they are sold. Yields may also be reduced
by the boron il :: An :i'i'i: ::: :: of 0.5 pound of
elemental boron per acre should ..i.i.1 .!1 ,i.. .i levelsof
this nutrient to the : ....... Do not apply excessive rates of
boron because of the risk of toxicity. Most boron is
as ::: : : : :::il atth e :'::.:::
leaf spot.


TOBACCO IRRIGATION EBW


During May, water needs of tobacco increases considerably,
but these needs should be met by more frequent irrigations
rather than increasing the rate of application above the wa-
ter-holding ... :1 of the soil. Manny :I :... soils used for
tobacco will hold only about an inch of water in an 18-inch
rooting zone, so any amount over this will not be available
to the : .1 .:. The excess .. .... :. : :: also leach nitrogen and
..... !. i..:. .. below the root zone, where it .:: be un-
available to the :.1 ... More frequent irrigations will be
::' i :i I:: :: ing the correct amount. i: :: : Onav-
erage soils, tobacco should be irrigated every 3-4 days when
there is no .:.. .i; l .... i the plants are near the .I ... .... .
In case of extremely severe hot and dry conditions, such as
those that occurred in i it may be desirable to irrigate
tobacco every 2 days.


EBW


PEANUT REFERENDUM
F: .. :. .: .1 May 24 throughJune ll :.- ...-. produc-
ers ., ::: have the -: : : ::::il to vote on a national referen-
dum to determine if the proposed:.. ::..-.: : : ...-: i ..: research
and information order is favored. If passed, .... .::
be collected from the .: T...i.. This i" :... 1 order has
been : :: at various peanut meetings over the past
couple of years.

EBW

Bt CORN VARIETIES

At least two :::: :::: .. ii:: :/e Bt corn varieties available
for i. .:.:::. ::. i :.. .: ..year. The Btgenewill i.: :.
corn against some of the insect :..... that normally occurs


TOBAC/1CO SETTLEMENT ISSUES









VIRUS INFECTIONS IN TOBACCO


While no action will be taken this year by the Florida Legis-
lature to appropriate Phase I tobacco settlement funds to
.. farmers for loss of quota, a bill has been intro-
ducedand willbe .i... :.1 .' : '. 2000 legislature. Phase
II settlement funds may l i*.- .:. : iy the end : :: y ar
.: should keep in touch with their fann organizations
forthe latest 1 ...... .. i

EBW


TOBACCO BALING INFORMATION


North ( ....:... State University now has a web site that con-
tains :..:.......::.... b:out tobacco baling. Included are lists of
.:.:::.:.:. : .. w ire : i ..i i: : ::: i .::. ; .
as other information. The .:.'. :::: ..: will be updated as
needed. The address of the web site is: .1:" "
tobacco.bae.ncsu.edu/




BLUE MOLD OF TOBACCO
Although blue mold has been present i:: : : : i :-the last
few weeks, it has not become severe. This lack of :
S. 1' ... may be due to the hot and dry weather. How-
ever recent ....: .: ... have become favorable for the dis-
ease to develop, and as :: : : :: i::: : providedby the larger
i.:. blue mold could become a ... I ::: *::: .:.. is the
.. ..: i .. : currently .: :.:: forblue mold prevention,
bi: ... ..: : could soon receive a label for use i i...: i
If needed, a:i :::: : i should be ::'i : i for :i: :: i :: of
blue mold. rather than .. .i:. until there is a severe infec-
tion.

EBW


i: ..i. that ,:.. 1:. :i .:. including tomato i...:. .' wilt
virus (TSWV). cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and/or to-
bacco mosaic virus (TMV), may be : severe in some
tobacco fields this year. Potato virus-Y (PVY) and tobacco
etch virus ( Li ') do not normally become common until late
in May, but may already be present. Growers should have
an virus diseases identified, because it could help guide them
in making variety selections for 2000. There is varietal re-
sistance to TMV. PVY, and : i '.


EBW


PEANUT STANDS
Conditions should be favorable for: ..: i :::.::. ...: seed
when peanuts are planted. Uniform and healthy stands have
fewer .:... problems, .....: tomato spotted .: vi-
rus (TSWV), and weed problems are reduced when the i
nut plants i: 1.1 ground coverage early in the season. If
irrigation is not available, wait for rain.

EBW


BORON FOR PEANUTS
r ... .. : .:. : .. are i... ..: ....... :.. .... :. because most of
the l. ::::: :: grownon sandy .li ... : : leaching is com-
mon. Boronhelps ... : ... :. .: :.. .: i.. I heart"
in the kernels, which couldreullt in the :. ..... 1 a
lower grade when they are sold. Yields may also be reduced
by the boron il :: An :i'i'i: ::: :: of 0.5 pound of
elemental boron per acre should ..i.i.1 .!1 ,i.. .i levelsof
this nutrient to the : ....... Do not apply excessive rates of
boron because of the risk of toxicity. Most boron is
as ::: : : : :::il atth e :'::.:::
leaf spot.


TOBACCO IRRIGATION EBW


During May, water needs of tobacco increases considerably,
but these needs should be met by more frequent irrigations
rather than increasing the rate of application above the wa-
ter-holding ... :1 of the soil. Manny :I :... soils used for
tobacco will hold only about an inch of water in an 18-inch
rooting zone, so any amount over this will not be available
to the : .1 .:. The excess .. .... :. : :: also leach nitrogen and
..... !. i..:. .. below the root zone, where it .:: be un-
available to the :.1 ... More frequent irrigations will be
::' i :i I:: :: ing the correct amount. i: :: : Onav-
erage soils, tobacco should be irrigated every 3-4 days when
there is no .:.. .i; l .... i the plants are near the .I ... .... .
In case of extremely severe hot and dry conditions, such as
those that occurred in i it may be desirable to irrigate
tobacco every 2 days.


EBW


PEANUT REFERENDUM
F: .. :. .: .1 May 24 throughJune ll :.- ...-. produc-
ers ., ::: have the -: : : ::::il to vote on a national referen-
dum to determine if the proposed:.. ::..-.: : : ...-: i ..: research
and information order is favored. If passed, .... .::
be collected from the .: T...i.. This i" :... 1 order has
been : :: at various peanut meetings over the past
couple of years.

EBW

Bt CORN VARIETIES

At least two :::: :::: .. ii:: :/e Bt corn varieties available
for i. .:.:::. ::. i :.. .: ..year. The Btgenewill i.: :.
corn against some of the insect :..... that normally occurs


TOBAC/1CO SETTLEMENT ISSUES









VIRUS INFECTIONS IN TOBACCO


While no action will be taken this year by the Florida Legis-
lature to appropriate Phase I tobacco settlement funds to
.. farmers for loss of quota, a bill has been intro-
ducedand willbe .i... :.1 .' : '. 2000 legislature. Phase
II settlement funds may l i*.- .:. : iy the end : :: y ar
.: should keep in touch with their fann organizations
forthe latest 1 ...... .. i

EBW


TOBACCO BALING INFORMATION


North ( ....:... State University now has a web site that con-
tains :..:.......::.... b:out tobacco baling. Included are lists of
.:.:::.:.:. : .. w ire : i ..i i: : ::: i .::. ; .
as other information. The .:.'. :::: ..: will be updated as
needed. The address of the web site is: .1:" "
tobacco.bae.ncsu.edu/




BLUE MOLD OF TOBACCO
Although blue mold has been present i:: : : : i :-the last
few weeks, it has not become severe. This lack of :
S. 1' ... may be due to the hot and dry weather. How-
ever recent ....: .: ... have become favorable for the dis-
ease to develop, and as :: : : :: i::: : providedby the larger
i.:. blue mold could become a ... I ::: *::: .:.. is the
.. ..: i .. : currently .: :.:: forblue mold prevention,
bi: ... ..: : could soon receive a label for use i i...: i
If needed, a:i :::: : i should be ::'i : i for :i: :: i :: of
blue mold. rather than .. .i:. until there is a severe infec-
tion.

EBW


i: ..i. that ,:.. 1:. :i .:. including tomato i...:. .' wilt
virus (TSWV). cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and/or to-
bacco mosaic virus (TMV), may be : severe in some
tobacco fields this year. Potato virus-Y (PVY) and tobacco
etch virus ( Li ') do not normally become common until late
in May, but may already be present. Growers should have
an virus diseases identified, because it could help guide them
in making variety selections for 2000. There is varietal re-
sistance to TMV. PVY, and : i '.


EBW


PEANUT STANDS
Conditions should be favorable for: ..: i :::.::. ...: seed
when peanuts are planted. Uniform and healthy stands have
fewer .:... problems, .....: tomato spotted .: vi-
rus (TSWV), and weed problems are reduced when the i
nut plants i: 1.1 ground coverage early in the season. If
irrigation is not available, wait for rain.

EBW


BORON FOR PEANUTS
r ... .. : .:. : .. are i... ..: ....... :.. .... :. because most of
the l. ::::: :: grownon sandy .li ... : : leaching is com-
mon. Boronhelps ... : ... :. .: :.. .: i.. I heart"
in the kernels, which couldreullt in the :. ..... 1 a
lower grade when they are sold. Yields may also be reduced
by the boron il :: An :i'i'i: ::: :: of 0.5 pound of
elemental boron per acre should ..i.i.1 .!1 ,i.. .i levelsof
this nutrient to the : ....... Do not apply excessive rates of
boron because of the risk of toxicity. Most boron is
as ::: : : : :::il atth e :'::.:::
leaf spot.


TOBACCO IRRIGATION EBW


During May, water needs of tobacco increases considerably,
but these needs should be met by more frequent irrigations
rather than increasing the rate of application above the wa-
ter-holding ... :1 of the soil. Manny :I :... soils used for
tobacco will hold only about an inch of water in an 18-inch
rooting zone, so any amount over this will not be available
to the : .1 .:. The excess .. .... :. : :: also leach nitrogen and
..... !. i..:. .. below the root zone, where it .:: be un-
available to the :.1 ... More frequent irrigations will be
::' i :i I:: :: ing the correct amount. i: :: : Onav-
erage soils, tobacco should be irrigated every 3-4 days when
there is no .:.. .i; l .... i the plants are near the .I ... .... .
In case of extremely severe hot and dry conditions, such as
those that occurred in i it may be desirable to irrigate
tobacco every 2 days.


EBW


PEANUT REFERENDUM
F: .. :. .: .1 May 24 throughJune ll :.- ...-. produc-
ers ., ::: have the -: : : ::::il to vote on a national referen-
dum to determine if the proposed:.. ::..-.: : : ...-: i ..: research
and information order is favored. If passed, .... .::
be collected from the .: T...i.. This i" :... 1 order has
been : :: at various peanut meetings over the past
couple of years.

EBW

Bt CORN VARIETIES

At least two :::: :::: .. ii:: :/e Bt corn varieties available
for i. .:.:::. ::. i :.. .: ..year. The Btgenewill i.: :.
corn against some of the insect :..... that normally occurs


TOBAC/1CO SETTLEMENT ISSUES









VIRUS INFECTIONS IN TOBACCO


While no action will be taken this year by the Florida Legis-
lature to appropriate Phase I tobacco settlement funds to
.. farmers for loss of quota, a bill has been intro-
ducedand willbe .i... :.1 .' : '. 2000 legislature. Phase
II settlement funds may l i*.- .:. : iy the end : :: y ar
.: should keep in touch with their fann organizations
forthe latest 1 ...... .. i

EBW


TOBACCO BALING INFORMATION


North ( ....:... State University now has a web site that con-
tains :..:.......::.... b:out tobacco baling. Included are lists of
.:.:::.:.:. : .. w ire : i ..i i: : ::: i .::. ; .
as other information. The .:.'. :::: ..: will be updated as
needed. The address of the web site is: .1:" "
tobacco.bae.ncsu.edu/




BLUE MOLD OF TOBACCO
Although blue mold has been present i:: : : : i :-the last
few weeks, it has not become severe. This lack of :
S. 1' ... may be due to the hot and dry weather. How-
ever recent ....: .: ... have become favorable for the dis-
ease to develop, and as :: : : :: i::: : providedby the larger
i.:. blue mold could become a ... I ::: *::: .:.. is the
.. ..: i .. : currently .: :.:: forblue mold prevention,
bi: ... ..: : could soon receive a label for use i i...: i
If needed, a:i :::: : i should be ::'i : i for :i: :: i :: of
blue mold. rather than .. .i:. until there is a severe infec-
tion.

EBW


i: ..i. that ,:.. 1:. :i .:. including tomato i...:. .' wilt
virus (TSWV). cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and/or to-
bacco mosaic virus (TMV), may be : severe in some
tobacco fields this year. Potato virus-Y (PVY) and tobacco
etch virus ( Li ') do not normally become common until late
in May, but may already be present. Growers should have
an virus diseases identified, because it could help guide them
in making variety selections for 2000. There is varietal re-
sistance to TMV. PVY, and : i '.


EBW


PEANUT STANDS
Conditions should be favorable for: ..: i :::.::. ...: seed
when peanuts are planted. Uniform and healthy stands have
fewer .:... problems, .....: tomato spotted .: vi-
rus (TSWV), and weed problems are reduced when the i
nut plants i: 1.1 ground coverage early in the season. If
irrigation is not available, wait for rain.

EBW


BORON FOR PEANUTS
r ... .. : .:. : .. are i... ..: ....... :.. .... :. because most of
the l. ::::: :: grownon sandy .li ... : : leaching is com-
mon. Boronhelps ... : ... :. .: :.. .: i.. I heart"
in the kernels, which couldreullt in the :. ..... 1 a
lower grade when they are sold. Yields may also be reduced
by the boron il :: An :i'i'i: ::: :: of 0.5 pound of
elemental boron per acre should ..i.i.1 .!1 ,i.. .i levelsof
this nutrient to the : ....... Do not apply excessive rates of
boron because of the risk of toxicity. Most boron is
as ::: : : : :::il atth e :'::.:::
leaf spot.


TOBACCO IRRIGATION EBW


During May, water needs of tobacco increases considerably,
but these needs should be met by more frequent irrigations
rather than increasing the rate of application above the wa-
ter-holding ... :1 of the soil. Manny :I :... soils used for
tobacco will hold only about an inch of water in an 18-inch
rooting zone, so any amount over this will not be available
to the : .1 .:. The excess .. .... :. : :: also leach nitrogen and
..... !. i..:. .. below the root zone, where it .:: be un-
available to the :.1 ... More frequent irrigations will be
::' i :i I:: :: ing the correct amount. i: :: : Onav-
erage soils, tobacco should be irrigated every 3-4 days when
there is no .:.. .i; l .... i the plants are near the .I ... .... .
In case of extremely severe hot and dry conditions, such as
those that occurred in i it may be desirable to irrigate
tobacco every 2 days.


EBW


PEANUT REFERENDUM
F: .. :. .: .1 May 24 throughJune ll :.- ...-. produc-
ers ., ::: have the -: : : ::::il to vote on a national referen-
dum to determine if the proposed:.. ::..-.: : : ...-: i ..: research
and information order is favored. If passed, .... .::
be collected from the .: T...i.. This i" :... 1 order has
been : :: at various peanut meetings over the past
couple of years.

EBW

Bt CORN VARIETIES

At least two :::: :::: .. ii:: :/e Bt corn varieties available
for i. .:.:::. ::. i :.. .: ..year. The Btgenewill i.: :.
corn against some of the insect :..... that normally occurs


TOBAC/1CO SETTLEMENT ISSUES









VIRUS INFECTIONS IN TOBACCO


While no action will be taken this year by the Florida Legis-
lature to appropriate Phase I tobacco settlement funds to
.. farmers for loss of quota, a bill has been intro-
ducedand willbe .i... :.1 .' : '. 2000 legislature. Phase
II settlement funds may l i*.- .:. : iy the end : :: y ar
.: should keep in touch with their fann organizations
forthe latest 1 ...... .. i

EBW


TOBACCO BALING INFORMATION


North ( ....:... State University now has a web site that con-
tains :..:.......::.... b:out tobacco baling. Included are lists of
.:.:::.:.:. : .. w ire : i ..i i: : ::: i .::. ; .
as other information. The .:.'. :::: ..: will be updated as
needed. The address of the web site is: .1:" "
tobacco.bae.ncsu.edu/




BLUE MOLD OF TOBACCO
Although blue mold has been present i:: : : : i :-the last
few weeks, it has not become severe. This lack of :
S. 1' ... may be due to the hot and dry weather. How-
ever recent ....: .: ... have become favorable for the dis-
ease to develop, and as :: : : :: i::: : providedby the larger
i.:. blue mold could become a ... I ::: *::: .:.. is the
.. ..: i .. : currently .: :.:: forblue mold prevention,
bi: ... ..: : could soon receive a label for use i i...: i
If needed, a:i :::: : i should be ::'i : i for :i: :: i :: of
blue mold. rather than .. .i:. until there is a severe infec-
tion.

EBW


i: ..i. that ,:.. 1:. :i .:. including tomato i...:. .' wilt
virus (TSWV). cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) and/or to-
bacco mosaic virus (TMV), may be : severe in some
tobacco fields this year. Potato virus-Y (PVY) and tobacco
etch virus ( Li ') do not normally become common until late
in May, but may already be present. Growers should have
an virus diseases identified, because it could help guide them
in making variety selections for 2000. There is varietal re-
sistance to TMV. PVY, and : i '.


EBW


PEANUT STANDS
Conditions should be favorable for: ..: i :::.::. ...: seed
when peanuts are planted. Uniform and healthy stands have
fewer .:... problems, .....: tomato spotted .: vi-
rus (TSWV), and weed problems are reduced when the i
nut plants i: 1.1 ground coverage early in the season. If
irrigation is not available, wait for rain.

EBW


BORON FOR PEANUTS
r ... .. : .:. : .. are i... ..: ....... :.. .... :. because most of
the l. ::::: :: grownon sandy .li ... : : leaching is com-
mon. Boronhelps ... : ... :. .: :.. .: i.. I heart"
in the kernels, which couldreullt in the :. ..... 1 a
lower grade when they are sold. Yields may also be reduced
by the boron il :: An :i'i'i: ::: :: of 0.5 pound of
elemental boron per acre should ..i.i.1 .!1 ,i.. .i levelsof
this nutrient to the : ....... Do not apply excessive rates of
boron because of the risk of toxicity. Most boron is
as ::: : : : :::il atth e :'::.:::
leaf spot.


TOBACCO IRRIGATION EBW


During May, water needs of tobacco increases considerably,
but these needs should be met by more frequent irrigations
rather than increasing the rate of application above the wa-
ter-holding ... :1 of the soil. Manny :I :... soils used for
tobacco will hold only about an inch of water in an 18-inch
rooting zone, so any amount over this will not be available
to the : .1 .:. The excess .. .... :. : :: also leach nitrogen and
..... !. i..:. .. below the root zone, where it .:: be un-
available to the :.1 ... More frequent irrigations will be
::' i :i I:: :: ing the correct amount. i: :: : Onav-
erage soils, tobacco should be irrigated every 3-4 days when
there is no .:.. .i; l .... i the plants are near the .I ... .... .
In case of extremely severe hot and dry conditions, such as
those that occurred in i it may be desirable to irrigate
tobacco every 2 days.


EBW


PEANUT REFERENDUM
F: .. :. .: .1 May 24 throughJune ll :.- ...-. produc-
ers ., ::: have the -: : : ::::il to vote on a national referen-
dum to determine if the proposed:.. ::..-.: : : ...-: i ..: research
and information order is favored. If passed, .... .::
be collected from the .: T...i.. This i" :... 1 order has
been : :: at various peanut meetings over the past
couple of years.

EBW

Bt CORN VARIETIES

At least two :::: :::: .. ii:: :/e Bt corn varieties available
for i. .:.:::. ::. i :.. .: ..year. The Btgenewill i.: :.
corn against some of the insect :..... that normally occurs


TOBAC/1CO SETTLEMENT ISSUES









from late planting. However, three :: of data with late
' .. ..:". 1.... : ..: : varieties currently on the market should
not be planted too late out of the normal planting window
due to their .: i..-i.: to i. : Late planting of Bt in
1997and 1 i.:::: and July) made ::::I grain yield due to
th e ( .. ..: :. .. : i .: i i .: . .: : .i .. i
... Most of our ..1 .;. full season hybrids grown in
Florida, and the tropical corn hybrids have good resistance
to .i: It is expected that we -: :i have the Bt protein in
some of our more adapted hybrids in a year or two.

DLW


POST-EMERGENCE GRASS CONTROL IN CORN
The control of grasses in corn is a continuing concern to grow-
ers. Two common treatments arc Accent applied post-emer-
gence over-the-top up to 24" corn, and with drop nozzles up
to 36" high corn (the purpose of the drop nozzles is to keep
spray out of the whorls.) Accent can be mixed with several
materials including: atrazine, Banvcl, : i .:. and Buctril. Do
not mix with Bladex, Basagran, Laddok, or Tandem. Do not
mix with 2,4-D as reduced grass control will occur. Do not
:i. Accent to corn previously treated with Counter 15G,
Counter 20CR (:.. ........: unless hybrid is IR (imidizolinone
resistant). Injury may also occur when Accent is applied to
corn previously treated with .. : : : i :. .. .:: Thimet,
Lorsban, or Counter -- T-banded.

The addition of Basis Gold .. : ..... .... options pro-
vide the .:; .: .. : .: : i :. :. : ..':.. weed control. Basis
Gold can be .: : : : early over-the-lop of corn to control
several grasses :.... .. .i.. .1i panicum, Texas panicum, broa-
dleaf signalgrass,; .:...: : .. ... ... It also provides
control of several -.. : i:. .::'weeds including cocklebur, pig-
weed, and smartweed. The same precautions for i. :i
insecticide interactions should be taken when using Basis Gold
as with Accent.

::: eed control .i :. :: Accent Gold.
Accent Gold is a broadspectrum herbicide which controls
several grasses and broadleaves. Accent Gold should be
: .x ... i when weeds are young and actively growing. A crop
oil concentrate is : :::: 1 to provide acceptable weed con-
trol. An ammonium nitrogen fertilizer is recommended in
addition to the crop oil concentrate. As with the above her-
bicides, a herbicide-insecticide interaction can occur so refer
to the label.

Di .- i. A' : of Gramoxone Extra, Lorox or linuron prod-
ucts, *: .:: also provide excellent control of T : .:--
crn. Make sure the corn is at least 12" high and 1 i the
: near the base of the plant. A crop oil or mixed with
liquid nitrogen will provide the best weed control.


COTTON SEED IN SHORT SUPPLY
Several cotton varieties are in short .::: : 1 due to adverse
growing .:..::..:. of cotton in 1998. Several of the
. ... .. varieties ....:..... widely grown DPL458 had
some i--.- .... ... :. : ..... germinationrequirements.
Cotton seed should be ordered as early as i : ii to insure
. ::. e1. variety that is desired.

DLW


ULTRA NARROW ROW COTTON

There may be as much as i: .'.. of Florida cotton acreage
planted in narrow rows (10 inches or less) this year. Total
cotton acreage in Florida is expected to be around 90,000
acres and from 9 to 10,000 acres planted in narrow row.
' .: i:: ::i: ; show that good weed control can be attained
with cither Roundup ... or BXN cotton varieties. These
two systems allow over the top *i.. ..:....... of herbicides for
early season weed control. Under good growing .... i.. .... ,
narrow row cotton shades the ground in about 30 days as
S....... 1 to 60 days or longer in 36 inch wide rows making
weed control less ::.. .. : .::. crop ..... .

DLW


THE DROUGHT

At this time of year i : :) the chances of not getting a
rain are : : :::: the chances of getting a rain. We are in
a serious drought. Many pastures have no grass left or any
grass remaining has :........ ..::". Ranchers must decide
if and how they .. : .. their cattle in order to sustain them
S:..... :: ::: ...: .::.: Iffeed has run out and cattle are losing
weight ..:...i a rancher may .:.... .i: to hold on thinking
that a rain will come :.......... ". But, remember, at this
time of year ( i--. .' :.) the : 1 0 : not getting a rain are
: :: : :i: ::: the chances of getting a rain. Also, it will take at
least two weeks or longer after a rain before there is any
S: .:: (grazable) growth, .. .:: < ..:. :.: e
been grubbed to the sand. Do not wait to long to do some-
thing about a.::::: :::: situation.

CGC


NEW BERMUDAGRASS
Several i 1 have asked for information about a new
bemnudagrass called "World Feeder". Dr. P;... :. i. had
this grass in a test at the Range Cattle REC near Ona, Florida
for two years. Data is presented as : .:: .









from late planting. However, three :: of data with late
' .. ..:". 1.... : ..: : varieties currently on the market should
not be planted too late out of the normal planting window
due to their .: i..-i.: to i. : Late planting of Bt in
1997and 1 i.:::: and July) made ::::I grain yield due to
th e ( .. ..: :. .. : i .: i i .: . .: : .i .. i
... Most of our ..1 .;. full season hybrids grown in
Florida, and the tropical corn hybrids have good resistance
to .i: It is expected that we -: :i have the Bt protein in
some of our more adapted hybrids in a year or two.

DLW


POST-EMERGENCE GRASS CONTROL IN CORN
The control of grasses in corn is a continuing concern to grow-
ers. Two common treatments arc Accent applied post-emer-
gence over-the-top up to 24" corn, and with drop nozzles up
to 36" high corn (the purpose of the drop nozzles is to keep
spray out of the whorls.) Accent can be mixed with several
materials including: atrazine, Banvcl, : i .:. and Buctril. Do
not mix with Bladex, Basagran, Laddok, or Tandem. Do not
mix with 2,4-D as reduced grass control will occur. Do not
:i. Accent to corn previously treated with Counter 15G,
Counter 20CR (:.. ........: unless hybrid is IR (imidizolinone
resistant). Injury may also occur when Accent is applied to
corn previously treated with .. : : : i :. .. .:: Thimet,
Lorsban, or Counter -- T-banded.

The addition of Basis Gold .. : ..... .... options pro-
vide the .:; .: .. : .: : i :. :. : ..':.. weed control. Basis
Gold can be .: : : : early over-the-lop of corn to control
several grasses :.... .. .i.. .1i panicum, Texas panicum, broa-
dleaf signalgrass,; .:...: : .. ... ... It also provides
control of several -.. : i:. .::'weeds including cocklebur, pig-
weed, and smartweed. The same precautions for i. :i
insecticide interactions should be taken when using Basis Gold
as with Accent.

::: eed control .i :. :: Accent Gold.
Accent Gold is a broadspectrum herbicide which controls
several grasses and broadleaves. Accent Gold should be
: .x ... i when weeds are young and actively growing. A crop
oil concentrate is : :::: 1 to provide acceptable weed con-
trol. An ammonium nitrogen fertilizer is recommended in
addition to the crop oil concentrate. As with the above her-
bicides, a herbicide-insecticide interaction can occur so refer
to the label.

Di .- i. A' : of Gramoxone Extra, Lorox or linuron prod-
ucts, *: .:: also provide excellent control of T : .:--
crn. Make sure the corn is at least 12" high and 1 i the
: near the base of the plant. A crop oil or mixed with
liquid nitrogen will provide the best weed control.


COTTON SEED IN SHORT SUPPLY
Several cotton varieties are in short .::: : 1 due to adverse
growing .:..::..:. of cotton in 1998. Several of the
. ... .. varieties ....:..... widely grown DPL458 had
some i--.- .... ... :. : ..... germinationrequirements.
Cotton seed should be ordered as early as i : ii to insure
. ::. e1. variety that is desired.

DLW


ULTRA NARROW ROW COTTON

There may be as much as i: .'.. of Florida cotton acreage
planted in narrow rows (10 inches or less) this year. Total
cotton acreage in Florida is expected to be around 90,000
acres and from 9 to 10,000 acres planted in narrow row.
' .: i:: ::i: ; show that good weed control can be attained
with cither Roundup ... or BXN cotton varieties. These
two systems allow over the top *i.. ..:....... of herbicides for
early season weed control. Under good growing .... i.. .... ,
narrow row cotton shades the ground in about 30 days as
S....... 1 to 60 days or longer in 36 inch wide rows making
weed control less ::.. .. : .::. crop ..... .

DLW


THE DROUGHT

At this time of year i : :) the chances of not getting a
rain are : : :::: the chances of getting a rain. We are in
a serious drought. Many pastures have no grass left or any
grass remaining has :........ ..::". Ranchers must decide
if and how they .. : .. their cattle in order to sustain them
S:..... :: ::: ...: .::.: Iffeed has run out and cattle are losing
weight ..:...i a rancher may .:.... .i: to hold on thinking
that a rain will come :.......... ". But, remember, at this
time of year ( i--. .' :.) the : 1 0 : not getting a rain are
: :: : :i: ::: the chances of getting a rain. Also, it will take at
least two weeks or longer after a rain before there is any
S: .:: (grazable) growth, .. .:: < ..:. :.: e
been grubbed to the sand. Do not wait to long to do some-
thing about a.::::: :::: situation.

CGC


NEW BERMUDAGRASS
Several i 1 have asked for information about a new
bemnudagrass called "World Feeder". Dr. P;... :. i. had
this grass in a test at the Range Cattle REC near Ona, Florida
for two years. Data is presented as : .:: .









from late planting. However, three :: of data with late
' .. ..:". 1.... : ..: : varieties currently on the market should
not be planted too late out of the normal planting window
due to their .: i..-i.: to i. : Late planting of Bt in
1997and 1 i.:::: and July) made ::::I grain yield due to
th e ( .. ..: :. .. : i .: i i .: . .: : .i .. i
... Most of our ..1 .;. full season hybrids grown in
Florida, and the tropical corn hybrids have good resistance
to .i: It is expected that we -: :i have the Bt protein in
some of our more adapted hybrids in a year or two.

DLW


POST-EMERGENCE GRASS CONTROL IN CORN
The control of grasses in corn is a continuing concern to grow-
ers. Two common treatments arc Accent applied post-emer-
gence over-the-top up to 24" corn, and with drop nozzles up
to 36" high corn (the purpose of the drop nozzles is to keep
spray out of the whorls.) Accent can be mixed with several
materials including: atrazine, Banvcl, : i .:. and Buctril. Do
not mix with Bladex, Basagran, Laddok, or Tandem. Do not
mix with 2,4-D as reduced grass control will occur. Do not
:i. Accent to corn previously treated with Counter 15G,
Counter 20CR (:.. ........: unless hybrid is IR (imidizolinone
resistant). Injury may also occur when Accent is applied to
corn previously treated with .. : : : i :. .. .:: Thimet,
Lorsban, or Counter -- T-banded.

The addition of Basis Gold .. : ..... .... options pro-
vide the .:; .: .. : .: : i :. :. : ..':.. weed control. Basis
Gold can be .: : : : early over-the-lop of corn to control
several grasses :.... .. .i.. .1i panicum, Texas panicum, broa-
dleaf signalgrass,; .:...: : .. ... ... It also provides
control of several -.. : i:. .::'weeds including cocklebur, pig-
weed, and smartweed. The same precautions for i. :i
insecticide interactions should be taken when using Basis Gold
as with Accent.

::: eed control .i :. :: Accent Gold.
Accent Gold is a broadspectrum herbicide which controls
several grasses and broadleaves. Accent Gold should be
: .x ... i when weeds are young and actively growing. A crop
oil concentrate is : :::: 1 to provide acceptable weed con-
trol. An ammonium nitrogen fertilizer is recommended in
addition to the crop oil concentrate. As with the above her-
bicides, a herbicide-insecticide interaction can occur so refer
to the label.

Di .- i. A' : of Gramoxone Extra, Lorox or linuron prod-
ucts, *: .:: also provide excellent control of T : .:--
crn. Make sure the corn is at least 12" high and 1 i the
: near the base of the plant. A crop oil or mixed with
liquid nitrogen will provide the best weed control.


COTTON SEED IN SHORT SUPPLY
Several cotton varieties are in short .::: : 1 due to adverse
growing .:..::..:. of cotton in 1998. Several of the
. ... .. varieties ....:..... widely grown DPL458 had
some i--.- .... ... :. : ..... germinationrequirements.
Cotton seed should be ordered as early as i : ii to insure
. ::. e1. variety that is desired.

DLW


ULTRA NARROW ROW COTTON

There may be as much as i: .'.. of Florida cotton acreage
planted in narrow rows (10 inches or less) this year. Total
cotton acreage in Florida is expected to be around 90,000
acres and from 9 to 10,000 acres planted in narrow row.
' .: i:: ::i: ; show that good weed control can be attained
with cither Roundup ... or BXN cotton varieties. These
two systems allow over the top *i.. ..:....... of herbicides for
early season weed control. Under good growing .... i.. .... ,
narrow row cotton shades the ground in about 30 days as
S....... 1 to 60 days or longer in 36 inch wide rows making
weed control less ::.. .. : .::. crop ..... .

DLW


THE DROUGHT

At this time of year i : :) the chances of not getting a
rain are : : :::: the chances of getting a rain. We are in
a serious drought. Many pastures have no grass left or any
grass remaining has :........ ..::". Ranchers must decide
if and how they .. : .. their cattle in order to sustain them
S:..... :: ::: ...: .::.: Iffeed has run out and cattle are losing
weight ..:...i a rancher may .:.... .i: to hold on thinking
that a rain will come :.......... ". But, remember, at this
time of year ( i--. .' :.) the : 1 0 : not getting a rain are
: :: : :i: ::: the chances of getting a rain. Also, it will take at
least two weeks or longer after a rain before there is any
S: .:: (grazable) growth, .. .:: < ..:. :.: e
been grubbed to the sand. Do not wait to long to do some-
thing about a.::::: :::: situation.

CGC


NEW BERMUDAGRASS
Several i 1 have asked for information about a new
bemnudagrass called "World Feeder". Dr. P;... :. i. had
this grass in a test at the Range Cattle REC near Ona, Florida
for two years. Data is presented as : .:: .









from late planting. However, three :: of data with late
' .. ..:". 1.... : ..: : varieties currently on the market should
not be planted too late out of the normal planting window
due to their .: i..-i.: to i. : Late planting of Bt in
1997and 1 i.:::: and July) made ::::I grain yield due to
th e ( .. ..: :. .. : i .: i i .: . .: : .i .. i
... Most of our ..1 .;. full season hybrids grown in
Florida, and the tropical corn hybrids have good resistance
to .i: It is expected that we -: :i have the Bt protein in
some of our more adapted hybrids in a year or two.

DLW


POST-EMERGENCE GRASS CONTROL IN CORN
The control of grasses in corn is a continuing concern to grow-
ers. Two common treatments arc Accent applied post-emer-
gence over-the-top up to 24" corn, and with drop nozzles up
to 36" high corn (the purpose of the drop nozzles is to keep
spray out of the whorls.) Accent can be mixed with several
materials including: atrazine, Banvcl, : i .:. and Buctril. Do
not mix with Bladex, Basagran, Laddok, or Tandem. Do not
mix with 2,4-D as reduced grass control will occur. Do not
:i. Accent to corn previously treated with Counter 15G,
Counter 20CR (:.. ........: unless hybrid is IR (imidizolinone
resistant). Injury may also occur when Accent is applied to
corn previously treated with .. : : : i :. .. .:: Thimet,
Lorsban, or Counter -- T-banded.

The addition of Basis Gold .. : ..... .... options pro-
vide the .:; .: .. : .: : i :. :. : ..':.. weed control. Basis
Gold can be .: : : : early over-the-lop of corn to control
several grasses :.... .. .i.. .1i panicum, Texas panicum, broa-
dleaf signalgrass,; .:...: : .. ... ... It also provides
control of several -.. : i:. .::'weeds including cocklebur, pig-
weed, and smartweed. The same precautions for i. :i
insecticide interactions should be taken when using Basis Gold
as with Accent.

::: eed control .i :. :: Accent Gold.
Accent Gold is a broadspectrum herbicide which controls
several grasses and broadleaves. Accent Gold should be
: .x ... i when weeds are young and actively growing. A crop
oil concentrate is : :::: 1 to provide acceptable weed con-
trol. An ammonium nitrogen fertilizer is recommended in
addition to the crop oil concentrate. As with the above her-
bicides, a herbicide-insecticide interaction can occur so refer
to the label.

Di .- i. A' : of Gramoxone Extra, Lorox or linuron prod-
ucts, *: .:: also provide excellent control of T : .:--
crn. Make sure the corn is at least 12" high and 1 i the
: near the base of the plant. A crop oil or mixed with
liquid nitrogen will provide the best weed control.


COTTON SEED IN SHORT SUPPLY
Several cotton varieties are in short .::: : 1 due to adverse
growing .:..::..:. of cotton in 1998. Several of the
. ... .. varieties ....:..... widely grown DPL458 had
some i--.- .... ... :. : ..... germinationrequirements.
Cotton seed should be ordered as early as i : ii to insure
. ::. e1. variety that is desired.

DLW


ULTRA NARROW ROW COTTON

There may be as much as i: .'.. of Florida cotton acreage
planted in narrow rows (10 inches or less) this year. Total
cotton acreage in Florida is expected to be around 90,000
acres and from 9 to 10,000 acres planted in narrow row.
' .: i:: ::i: ; show that good weed control can be attained
with cither Roundup ... or BXN cotton varieties. These
two systems allow over the top *i.. ..:....... of herbicides for
early season weed control. Under good growing .... i.. .... ,
narrow row cotton shades the ground in about 30 days as
S....... 1 to 60 days or longer in 36 inch wide rows making
weed control less ::.. .. : .::. crop ..... .

DLW


THE DROUGHT

At this time of year i : :) the chances of not getting a
rain are : : :::: the chances of getting a rain. We are in
a serious drought. Many pastures have no grass left or any
grass remaining has :........ ..::". Ranchers must decide
if and how they .. : .. their cattle in order to sustain them
S:..... :: ::: ...: .::.: Iffeed has run out and cattle are losing
weight ..:...i a rancher may .:.... .i: to hold on thinking
that a rain will come :.......... ". But, remember, at this
time of year ( i--. .' :.) the : 1 0 : not getting a rain are
: :: : :i: ::: the chances of getting a rain. Also, it will take at
least two weeks or longer after a rain before there is any
S: .:: (grazable) growth, .. .:: < ..:. :.: e
been grubbed to the sand. Do not wait to long to do some-
thing about a.::::: :::: situation.

CGC


NEW BERMUDAGRASS
Several i 1 have asked for information about a new
bemnudagrass called "World Feeder". Dr. P;... :. i. had
this grass in a test at the Range Cattle REC near Ona, Florida
for two years. Data is presented as : .:: .









from late planting. However, three :: of data with late
' .. ..:". 1.... : ..: : varieties currently on the market should
not be planted too late out of the normal planting window
due to their .: i..-i.: to i. : Late planting of Bt in
1997and 1 i.:::: and July) made ::::I grain yield due to
th e ( .. ..: :. .. : i .: i i .: . .: : .i .. i
... Most of our ..1 .;. full season hybrids grown in
Florida, and the tropical corn hybrids have good resistance
to .i: It is expected that we -: :i have the Bt protein in
some of our more adapted hybrids in a year or two.

DLW


POST-EMERGENCE GRASS CONTROL IN CORN
The control of grasses in corn is a continuing concern to grow-
ers. Two common treatments arc Accent applied post-emer-
gence over-the-top up to 24" corn, and with drop nozzles up
to 36" high corn (the purpose of the drop nozzles is to keep
spray out of the whorls.) Accent can be mixed with several
materials including: atrazine, Banvcl, : i .:. and Buctril. Do
not mix with Bladex, Basagran, Laddok, or Tandem. Do not
mix with 2,4-D as reduced grass control will occur. Do not
:i. Accent to corn previously treated with Counter 15G,
Counter 20CR (:.. ........: unless hybrid is IR (imidizolinone
resistant). Injury may also occur when Accent is applied to
corn previously treated with .. : : : i :. .. .:: Thimet,
Lorsban, or Counter -- T-banded.

The addition of Basis Gold .. : ..... .... options pro-
vide the .:; .: .. : .: : i :. :. : ..':.. weed control. Basis
Gold can be .: : : : early over-the-lop of corn to control
several grasses :.... .. .i.. .1i panicum, Texas panicum, broa-
dleaf signalgrass,; .:...: : .. ... ... It also provides
control of several -.. : i:. .::'weeds including cocklebur, pig-
weed, and smartweed. The same precautions for i. :i
insecticide interactions should be taken when using Basis Gold
as with Accent.

::: eed control .i :. :: Accent Gold.
Accent Gold is a broadspectrum herbicide which controls
several grasses and broadleaves. Accent Gold should be
: .x ... i when weeds are young and actively growing. A crop
oil concentrate is : :::: 1 to provide acceptable weed con-
trol. An ammonium nitrogen fertilizer is recommended in
addition to the crop oil concentrate. As with the above her-
bicides, a herbicide-insecticide interaction can occur so refer
to the label.

Di .- i. A' : of Gramoxone Extra, Lorox or linuron prod-
ucts, *: .:: also provide excellent control of T : .:--
crn. Make sure the corn is at least 12" high and 1 i the
: near the base of the plant. A crop oil or mixed with
liquid nitrogen will provide the best weed control.


COTTON SEED IN SHORT SUPPLY
Several cotton varieties are in short .::: : 1 due to adverse
growing .:..::..:. of cotton in 1998. Several of the
. ... .. varieties ....:..... widely grown DPL458 had
some i--.- .... ... :. : ..... germinationrequirements.
Cotton seed should be ordered as early as i : ii to insure
. ::. e1. variety that is desired.

DLW


ULTRA NARROW ROW COTTON

There may be as much as i: .'.. of Florida cotton acreage
planted in narrow rows (10 inches or less) this year. Total
cotton acreage in Florida is expected to be around 90,000
acres and from 9 to 10,000 acres planted in narrow row.
' .: i:: ::i: ; show that good weed control can be attained
with cither Roundup ... or BXN cotton varieties. These
two systems allow over the top *i.. ..:....... of herbicides for
early season weed control. Under good growing .... i.. .... ,
narrow row cotton shades the ground in about 30 days as
S....... 1 to 60 days or longer in 36 inch wide rows making
weed control less ::.. .. : .::. crop ..... .

DLW


THE DROUGHT

At this time of year i : :) the chances of not getting a
rain are : : :::: the chances of getting a rain. We are in
a serious drought. Many pastures have no grass left or any
grass remaining has :........ ..::". Ranchers must decide
if and how they .. : .. their cattle in order to sustain them
S:..... :: ::: ...: .::.: Iffeed has run out and cattle are losing
weight ..:...i a rancher may .:.... .i: to hold on thinking
that a rain will come :.......... ". But, remember, at this
time of year ( i--. .' :.) the : 1 0 : not getting a rain are
: :: : :i: ::: the chances of getting a rain. Also, it will take at
least two weeks or longer after a rain before there is any
S: .:: (grazable) growth, .. .:: < ..:. :.: e
been grubbed to the sand. Do not wait to long to do some-
thing about a.::::: :::: situation.

CGC


NEW BERMUDAGRASS
Several i 1 have asked for information about a new
bemnudagrass called "World Feeder". Dr. P;... :. i. had
this grass in a test at the Range Cattle REC near Ona, Florida
for two years. Data is presented as : .:: .









Bermudagrass Yields average of two years 1993 & 1996, Ona AREC*.

T/A IVOMD**- Crude Protein

Tifton 85 Bermudagrass 12.2 54-66 7 58 11-24 x 17

Florona Stargrass 11.2 50-65 7 55 11-21 x 15

World Feeder Bermudagrass 11.1 44-58 7 52 11-20 x 15

Florakirk Bermudagrass 11.1 49-62 7 57 11-24 x 16

Coastal Bermudagrass 10.9 47-60 52 11-21 x 15

Florico Stargrass 10.8 54-64 7 59 11-23 x 15

Coastcross-1 Bermudagrass 10.5 49-66 7 59 13-22 x 17

Pensacola Bahiagrass 9.7 51-62 7 57 13-22 x 17

Data source Paul Mislevy
Grasses were harvested every 28 days (January through November) over a 2 year period.
Dry matter yield is an average of 2 years, however, CP & IVOMD represents only 1 year. The second year is
being analyzed.


Conclusions from the above data are:
1. Tifton 85 Bermuda clearly has the ?.. *~ :. ..
2. Protein is the same for all varieties.
3. World Feeder Bermuda : I .:. to be equal to (but no better than) Coastal Bermuda in yield, IVOMD and i :

CGC & PM


SUMMER ANNUAL GRASSES
A summer annual grass variety test was conducted at the Agronomy .- i :::::: :::'s Green Acres ::::: :: :: Gainesville in 1998.
Out of 24 varieties, the top 8 sorghum x sudans (sxs) and pearl millets (M) were as follows:

CGC

Variety Type Brand Dry Matter lb/A*

PP 202 m (M) Production Plus 13,058

Special Effort (SxS) Production Plus 13,253

Trudan 10 (SxS) Novartis 13,203

Trudan 8 (SxS) Novartis 14,372

Sweet Sioux V (SxS) Cargill 14,659

SX-15 (SxS) DeKalb Genetics 15,488

Tastmaker III (SxS) AgriPro 13,248

Tift-Leaf III (M) Ga. 13,705**

Total of three harvests taken June 9, July 15 and August 14.
** A late (October 8) harvest was taken from the Tift-Leaf III pearl millet, yielding an additional 5,763 pounds
(mature seed heads). All other varieties did not have sufficient stands or growth to warrant harvesting.









PROSPECTIVE PLANTINGS FOR 1999 FIELD CROPS

The Florida .. : ::: : : ::. -:. Service has reported that farmers intend to plant the :- ::- ... ..., acreages of field crops in
1999:

Florida United States

1999 as % 1999 as %
Crop Acres (x1000) of 1998 Acres (x1000) of 1998

Corn, for all purposes 140 88 78,219 98

Cotton, upland 100 112 13,639 104

All hay for harvest 240 104 60,093 100

Peanuts, all purposes 96 100 1,508 100

Soybeans 30 86 73,105 101

Tobacco, all types 6 88 647.9 89

Winter wheat 10 67 43,399 93


The use oftradenames does not constitute a guarantee or warrant of products named and does not .... approval to the exclusion of similar
products.
Prepared by: J. M. Bennett, Chairman; E. B. Whitty, Professor, Extension Agronomist; and C. G. Chambliss, Associate Professor, Extension
Agronomist, D. L. Wright, Professor, Extension Agronomist and J. A. Tredaway, Assistant Professor, Extension Weed Scientist.