<%BANNER%>
HIDE
 Table of Contents
 Tobacco baling report
 Tobacco market report
 Outlook for the 1999 tobacco...
 Tri-state peanut disease tour
 Reinspection of Seg 3 peanuts
 Certification of non-use of certain...
 Peanut foliage-feeding insects
 Hay!
 Fall armyworms: description and...
 Armyworms on pasture
 Date to plant rye for pasture
 Arrange to purchase winter clover...
 Southeastern farmer of the Year...
 Range cattle REC field day
 Value of Florida crop production...
 August field crops report
 Field crop production by counties...


FLAG IFAS PALMM UF



Agronomy notes
ALL VOLUMES CITATION SEARCH THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00066352/00001
 Material Information
Title: Agronomy notes
Uniform Title: Agronomy notes (Gainesville, Fl.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
Place of Publication: Gainesville
Creation Date: September 1998
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Crops and soils -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Crop yields -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agriculture -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agronomy -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: Florida Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
General Note: Description based on: January 1971; title from caption.
Funding: Florida Historical Agriculture and Rural Life
 Record Information
Source Institution: Marston Science Library, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Holding Location: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, and the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station; Institute for Food and Agricultural Services (IFAS), University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: aleph - 000956365
notis - AER9014
System ID: UF00066352:00001

Table of Contents
    Table of Contents
        Page 1
    Tobacco baling report
        Page 2
    Tobacco market report
        Page 2
    Outlook for the 1999 tobacco quota
        Page 2
    Tri-state peanut disease tour
        Page 2
    Reinspection of Seg 3 peanuts
        Page 2
    Certification of non-use of certain herbicides on peanuts
        Page 2
    Peanut foliage-feeding insects
        Page 2
    Hay!
        Page 3
    Fall armyworms: description and life cycle
        Page 3
    Armyworms on pasture
        Page 3
    Date to plant rye for pasture
        Page 3
    Arrange to purchase winter clover seed ASAP
        Page 4
    Southeastern farmer of the Year for Florida
        Page 4
    Range cattle REC field day
        Page 4
    Value of Florida crop production in 1997
        Page 4
    August field crops report
        Page 5
    Field crop production by counties in 1997
        Page 5
Full Text






AGRONOMY


UNIVERSITY OF
SFLORIDA
Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences


NOTES


September 1998


DATES TO REMEMBER


September 9-11
September 14-18
September 16-18
September 24
October 8
October 20-22


IN THIS ISSUE


Tri-State Peanut Disease Tour AL, FL, GA
Florida Extension Meetings St. Augustine
Soil and Crop Science Society of Florida Annual Meeting Daytona Beach
Precision Agriculture in Practice: Agronomy In-Service Training Newton, GA
Range Cattle REC Field Day Ona
Sunbelt Agricultural Exposition Moultrie, GA


PAGE


TOBACCO
T tobacco B aling R report ........................................................................... ........................... 2
T tobacco M market R report ............................................................................ ....................... 2
O outlook for the 1999 Tobacco Q uota .............................................. ........................................ 2

PEANUT
Tri-State Peanut D disease Tour .................................................................... ...................... 2
R inspection of Seg 3 Peanuts ..................................................... ...................................... 2
Certification of Non-Use of Certain Herbicides on Peanuts ........................................ ............ 2
Peanut Foliage-Feeding Insects .............................................. ............................................ 2

FORAGE
H ay! ................................................... ................... .... ............. 3
Fall Armyw orm s: D description and Life Cycle ................................... ............... ....................... 3
A rm yw orm s on Pasture ........................................................................ .............................. 3
D ate to Plant Rye for Pasture ............................................... .............................................. 3
Arrange to Purchase Winter Clover Seed ASAP ............................. ... ........................... 4

MISCELLANEOUS
Southeastern Farm er of the Y ear for Florida .................................... ....................................... 4
R ange C attle R E C Field D ay ........................................................... ........................................ 4
Value of Florida Crop Production in 1997 ............................. ................................................. 4
A ugust Field Crops R report .................................................... ............................................ 5
Field Crop Production by Counties in 1997 ..................................... ..................................... 5


The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer authorized to provide research, educational information and other
services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex, age, handicap, or national origin. For information on obtaining other
extension publications, contact your county Cooperative Extension Service office. Florida Cooperative Extension Service / Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
/ University of Florida / Christine Taylor Waddill, Director









TRI-STATE .- -.\:i IT DISEASE TOUR


A s of ... .. : i i..::. i : : ::::. : 1. : i: I : 5,830
tags for tobacco bales. If all of these tags are used, ;....:; i..
bales weigh about 700 pounds each, about 25 percent of
Florida's 1998 tobacco crop will be sold in bales. There
havel. :. : .i... f'.. over **, .. : 1:, ,ii:: flue-cured
, ..... .... .1... :.. states, w ith : .. :. ...." that the total
could reach 300,000. Due to the demand for tags, the time
S: : ..I:: : increasedto 10-12 days. F::::: : : .::
to bale should consider this time period when .:. .1 ::. their
.: :. Dueto. .. : .. .of:. .:.. thereare now a
number of i: .......... :..... Farmers can build, or have
built, balers for their :' iH needs in 1999. Also, ware-
houses may bale for farmers again next year. There are a
number of considerations that should be taken into account
when :1... ...:... i ...... ..... into the farming opera-
tion.

EBW

TOBACCO MARKET REPORT

::- .. : : '. .: 7, Florida tobacco markets had gross
sales of 7,358,012 pounds for an average :" of $154.84
per 100 pounds. Gross sales includes :.... ..... sales as ... :
as resales by the warehouse. The average price and the gross
sales are below that of an .i:: :1 period during 1997. So far
this season, 10.5 .. ..1 of the gross sales has gone into the
loan ...... .... compared to 8.6 :. .. : during a :.... .. -
riod last year. For the Georgia and Florida markets com-
bined, only 32 : ::' of i: : :: .i::. : : : :. beensold so
far this year. However the crop estimate indicates that the
1998 :.....!.. 1:.... will be well below the effective quota. Due
to the quota reduction for 1998, weather, .. .. .... "! i '
S.. lower prices .: : tobacco, the economic :: ::
tion of tobacco : ....... .... in 1998 may be less than 80 .
cent of the $32,790,000 that was the farm value of tobacco
produced in 1997.


EBW


OUTLOOK FOR THE 1999 TOBACCO QUOTA

Due to the quantity of tobacco that went into loan in
1 and the amount that is ::. into loan in 1998, there
could be a reduction in quota for 1999. The quota is deter-
mined by purchase intentions by domestic manufacturers,
average i: : and the amount held in loan. When the
amount held in loan exceeds 15 percent of the .: ...: ;. .
the new quota is reduced. .. of tobacco from the loan
:. ....... e been very low in recent months. Growers should
also be aware that the no-net-cost assessment could be in-
creased substantially in 1999. Quotas for 1999 will be an-
nounced on December 15 by the Secretary of Agriculture.


FBW


This annual ..: :ii begin at 9:00 AM on September
9 at the Green Acres Research Farm near C.. .... :. Tom
Kucharek and DonE : .: .:: 1 :.. : ..... : .:..: ;on
:i: : :: ::: ::: : control. The ::: iibe inTiftonGA
for'-: :i: ::....:...9: .: .:.i. 9 and the morning of Septem-
ber 10. During the .,: ......... of September 10, the ...
be i. : :: ... AL, and then in Marianna the next morning
at the ] :: i: :::.' Education Center.

EBW

REINSPECTION OF SEG 3 PEANUTS

The USDA will now : i. *: the cleaning and:
of 1998 :. .... that arc found to be infected ...:1. ergil-
lus mold. A fanner can have the : ....: cleaned at the
buying -:: :. 1 : .: : reinspected within 24 hours of the
:: ::: :: .:: There can be only one :: 1: : :: i i. :: This
change in the rules resulted from litigation that 1 ..
after considerable tonnage of 1997 peanuts were graded in
the Seg 3 category (contains :.. mold growth that could
be a source of : i :: :::: and could not be cleaned and re-
graded.

EBW

CERTIFICATION OF NON-USE OF CERTAIN
HERBICIDES ON PEANUTS

Peanut :.1... .... must certify that MSMA or .:
were not used in the :i.....1.. : .... :''.. : ; .....: if they are to
receive ': supports. If the farmer ..:. and it is later
detennined that residues of either of the two pesticides are
present, the price ..: :.. loan for quota or additional :.
nuts in that load will be zero. There are no labels for the use
of MSMA orDSMA on .:'


EBW


PEANUT FOLIAGE-FEEDING INSECTS

Farmers should continue to scout their peanut fields
::, .,: ,i : ,. ,, : i i ,
have been ....... 11 severe in 1998. which has .
greater use of insecticides. Also, ....: :- spider mites, es-
: ii if the weather remains hot and dry. ::::: .
S, i. i;. 1: near
woods or fence rows. Lesser ..... .:: borers can also be-
come more severe during dry weather, so check the pods for
i::' :: Lesser ::: : : borers can lead to : ::
due to the ::.. to pods and kernels, as well as cause di-
rect losses due to :. r:

EBW


TOBACCO BALING REPORT~









TRI-STATE .- -.\:i IT DISEASE TOUR


A s of ... .. : i i..::. i : : ::::. : 1. : i: I : 5,830
tags for tobacco bales. If all of these tags are used, ;....:; i..
bales weigh about 700 pounds each, about 25 percent of
Florida's 1998 tobacco crop will be sold in bales. There
havel. :. : .i... f'.. over **, .. : 1:, ,ii:: flue-cured
, ..... .... .1... :.. states, w ith : .. :. ...." that the total
could reach 300,000. Due to the demand for tags, the time
S: : ..I:: : increasedto 10-12 days. F::::: : : .::
to bale should consider this time period when .:. .1 ::. their
.: :. Dueto. .. : .. .of:. .:.. thereare now a
number of i: .......... :..... Farmers can build, or have
built, balers for their :' iH needs in 1999. Also, ware-
houses may bale for farmers again next year. There are a
number of considerations that should be taken into account
when :1... ...:... i ...... ..... into the farming opera-
tion.

EBW

TOBACCO MARKET REPORT

::- .. : : '. .: 7, Florida tobacco markets had gross
sales of 7,358,012 pounds for an average :" of $154.84
per 100 pounds. Gross sales includes :.... ..... sales as ... :
as resales by the warehouse. The average price and the gross
sales are below that of an .i:: :1 period during 1997. So far
this season, 10.5 .. ..1 of the gross sales has gone into the
loan ...... .... compared to 8.6 :. .. : during a :.... .. -
riod last year. For the Georgia and Florida markets com-
bined, only 32 : ::' of i: : :: .i::. : : : :. beensold so
far this year. However the crop estimate indicates that the
1998 :.....!.. 1:.... will be well below the effective quota. Due
to the quota reduction for 1998, weather, .. .. .... "! i '
S.. lower prices .: : tobacco, the economic :: ::
tion of tobacco : ....... .... in 1998 may be less than 80 .
cent of the $32,790,000 that was the farm value of tobacco
produced in 1997.


EBW


OUTLOOK FOR THE 1999 TOBACCO QUOTA

Due to the quantity of tobacco that went into loan in
1 and the amount that is ::. into loan in 1998, there
could be a reduction in quota for 1999. The quota is deter-
mined by purchase intentions by domestic manufacturers,
average i: : and the amount held in loan. When the
amount held in loan exceeds 15 percent of the .: ...: ;. .
the new quota is reduced. .. of tobacco from the loan
:. ....... e been very low in recent months. Growers should
also be aware that the no-net-cost assessment could be in-
creased substantially in 1999. Quotas for 1999 will be an-
nounced on December 15 by the Secretary of Agriculture.


FBW


This annual ..: :ii begin at 9:00 AM on September
9 at the Green Acres Research Farm near C.. .... :. Tom
Kucharek and DonE : .: .:: 1 :.. : ..... : .:..: ;on
:i: : :: ::: ::: : control. The ::: iibe inTiftonGA
for'-: :i: ::....:...9: .: .:.i. 9 and the morning of Septem-
ber 10. During the .,: ......... of September 10, the ...
be i. : :: ... AL, and then in Marianna the next morning
at the ] :: i: :::.' Education Center.

EBW

REINSPECTION OF SEG 3 PEANUTS

The USDA will now : i. *: the cleaning and:
of 1998 :. .... that arc found to be infected ...:1. ergil-
lus mold. A fanner can have the : ....: cleaned at the
buying -:: :. 1 : .: : reinspected within 24 hours of the
:: ::: :: .:: There can be only one :: 1: : :: i i. :: This
change in the rules resulted from litigation that 1 ..
after considerable tonnage of 1997 peanuts were graded in
the Seg 3 category (contains :.. mold growth that could
be a source of : i :: :::: and could not be cleaned and re-
graded.

EBW

CERTIFICATION OF NON-USE OF CERTAIN
HERBICIDES ON PEANUTS

Peanut :.1... .... must certify that MSMA or .:
were not used in the :i.....1.. : .... :''.. : ; .....: if they are to
receive ': supports. If the farmer ..:. and it is later
detennined that residues of either of the two pesticides are
present, the price ..: :.. loan for quota or additional :.
nuts in that load will be zero. There are no labels for the use
of MSMA orDSMA on .:'


EBW


PEANUT FOLIAGE-FEEDING INSECTS

Farmers should continue to scout their peanut fields
::, .,: ,i : ,. ,, : i i ,
have been ....... 11 severe in 1998. which has .
greater use of insecticides. Also, ....: :- spider mites, es-
: ii if the weather remains hot and dry. ::::: .
S, i. i;. 1: near
woods or fence rows. Lesser ..... .:: borers can also be-
come more severe during dry weather, so check the pods for
i::' :: Lesser ::: : : borers can lead to : ::
due to the ::.. to pods and kernels, as well as cause di-
rect losses due to :. r:

EBW


TOBACCO BALING REPORT~









TRI-STATE .- -.\:i IT DISEASE TOUR


A s of ... .. : i i..::. i : : ::::. : 1. : i: I : 5,830
tags for tobacco bales. If all of these tags are used, ;....:; i..
bales weigh about 700 pounds each, about 25 percent of
Florida's 1998 tobacco crop will be sold in bales. There
havel. :. : .i... f'.. over **, .. : 1:, ,ii:: flue-cured
, ..... .... .1... :.. states, w ith : .. :. ...." that the total
could reach 300,000. Due to the demand for tags, the time
S: : ..I:: : increasedto 10-12 days. F::::: : : .::
to bale should consider this time period when .:. .1 ::. their
.: :. Dueto. .. : .. .of:. .:.. thereare now a
number of i: .......... :..... Farmers can build, or have
built, balers for their :' iH needs in 1999. Also, ware-
houses may bale for farmers again next year. There are a
number of considerations that should be taken into account
when :1... ...:... i ...... ..... into the farming opera-
tion.

EBW

TOBACCO MARKET REPORT

::- .. : : '. .: 7, Florida tobacco markets had gross
sales of 7,358,012 pounds for an average :" of $154.84
per 100 pounds. Gross sales includes :.... ..... sales as ... :
as resales by the warehouse. The average price and the gross
sales are below that of an .i:: :1 period during 1997. So far
this season, 10.5 .. ..1 of the gross sales has gone into the
loan ...... .... compared to 8.6 :. .. : during a :.... .. -
riod last year. For the Georgia and Florida markets com-
bined, only 32 : ::' of i: : :: .i::. : : : :. beensold so
far this year. However the crop estimate indicates that the
1998 :.....!.. 1:.... will be well below the effective quota. Due
to the quota reduction for 1998, weather, .. .. .... "! i '
S.. lower prices .: : tobacco, the economic :: ::
tion of tobacco : ....... .... in 1998 may be less than 80 .
cent of the $32,790,000 that was the farm value of tobacco
produced in 1997.


EBW


OUTLOOK FOR THE 1999 TOBACCO QUOTA

Due to the quantity of tobacco that went into loan in
1 and the amount that is ::. into loan in 1998, there
could be a reduction in quota for 1999. The quota is deter-
mined by purchase intentions by domestic manufacturers,
average i: : and the amount held in loan. When the
amount held in loan exceeds 15 percent of the .: ...: ;. .
the new quota is reduced. .. of tobacco from the loan
:. ....... e been very low in recent months. Growers should
also be aware that the no-net-cost assessment could be in-
creased substantially in 1999. Quotas for 1999 will be an-
nounced on December 15 by the Secretary of Agriculture.


FBW


This annual ..: :ii begin at 9:00 AM on September
9 at the Green Acres Research Farm near C.. .... :. Tom
Kucharek and DonE : .: .:: 1 :.. : ..... : .:..: ;on
:i: : :: ::: ::: : control. The ::: iibe inTiftonGA
for'-: :i: ::....:...9: .: .:.i. 9 and the morning of Septem-
ber 10. During the .,: ......... of September 10, the ...
be i. : :: ... AL, and then in Marianna the next morning
at the ] :: i: :::.' Education Center.

EBW

REINSPECTION OF SEG 3 PEANUTS

The USDA will now : i. *: the cleaning and:
of 1998 :. .... that arc found to be infected ...:1. ergil-
lus mold. A fanner can have the : ....: cleaned at the
buying -:: :. 1 : .: : reinspected within 24 hours of the
:: ::: :: .:: There can be only one :: 1: : :: i i. :: This
change in the rules resulted from litigation that 1 ..
after considerable tonnage of 1997 peanuts were graded in
the Seg 3 category (contains :.. mold growth that could
be a source of : i :: :::: and could not be cleaned and re-
graded.

EBW

CERTIFICATION OF NON-USE OF CERTAIN
HERBICIDES ON PEANUTS

Peanut :.1... .... must certify that MSMA or .:
were not used in the :i.....1.. : .... :''.. : ; .....: if they are to
receive ': supports. If the farmer ..:. and it is later
detennined that residues of either of the two pesticides are
present, the price ..: :.. loan for quota or additional :.
nuts in that load will be zero. There are no labels for the use
of MSMA orDSMA on .:'


EBW


PEANUT FOLIAGE-FEEDING INSECTS

Farmers should continue to scout their peanut fields
::, .,: ,i : ,. ,, : i i ,
have been ....... 11 severe in 1998. which has .
greater use of insecticides. Also, ....: :- spider mites, es-
: ii if the weather remains hot and dry. ::::: .
S, i. i;. 1: near
woods or fence rows. Lesser ..... .:: borers can also be-
come more severe during dry weather, so check the pods for
i::' :: Lesser ::: : : borers can lead to : ::
due to the ::.. to pods and kernels, as well as cause di-
rect losses due to :. r:

EBW


TOBACCO BALING REPORT~









TRI-STATE .- -.\:i IT DISEASE TOUR


A s of ... .. : i i..::. i : : ::::. : 1. : i: I : 5,830
tags for tobacco bales. If all of these tags are used, ;....:; i..
bales weigh about 700 pounds each, about 25 percent of
Florida's 1998 tobacco crop will be sold in bales. There
havel. :. : .i... f'.. over **, .. : 1:, ,ii:: flue-cured
, ..... .... .1... :.. states, w ith : .. :. ...." that the total
could reach 300,000. Due to the demand for tags, the time
S: : ..I:: : increasedto 10-12 days. F::::: : : .::
to bale should consider this time period when .:. .1 ::. their
.: :. Dueto. .. : .. .of:. .:.. thereare now a
number of i: .......... :..... Farmers can build, or have
built, balers for their :' iH needs in 1999. Also, ware-
houses may bale for farmers again next year. There are a
number of considerations that should be taken into account
when :1... ...:... i ...... ..... into the farming opera-
tion.

EBW

TOBACCO MARKET REPORT

::- .. : : '. .: 7, Florida tobacco markets had gross
sales of 7,358,012 pounds for an average :" of $154.84
per 100 pounds. Gross sales includes :.... ..... sales as ... :
as resales by the warehouse. The average price and the gross
sales are below that of an .i:: :1 period during 1997. So far
this season, 10.5 .. ..1 of the gross sales has gone into the
loan ...... .... compared to 8.6 :. .. : during a :.... .. -
riod last year. For the Georgia and Florida markets com-
bined, only 32 : ::' of i: : :: .i::. : : : :. beensold so
far this year. However the crop estimate indicates that the
1998 :.....!.. 1:.... will be well below the effective quota. Due
to the quota reduction for 1998, weather, .. .. .... "! i '
S.. lower prices .: : tobacco, the economic :: ::
tion of tobacco : ....... .... in 1998 may be less than 80 .
cent of the $32,790,000 that was the farm value of tobacco
produced in 1997.


EBW


OUTLOOK FOR THE 1999 TOBACCO QUOTA

Due to the quantity of tobacco that went into loan in
1 and the amount that is ::. into loan in 1998, there
could be a reduction in quota for 1999. The quota is deter-
mined by purchase intentions by domestic manufacturers,
average i: : and the amount held in loan. When the
amount held in loan exceeds 15 percent of the .: ...: ;. .
the new quota is reduced. .. of tobacco from the loan
:. ....... e been very low in recent months. Growers should
also be aware that the no-net-cost assessment could be in-
creased substantially in 1999. Quotas for 1999 will be an-
nounced on December 15 by the Secretary of Agriculture.


FBW


This annual ..: :ii begin at 9:00 AM on September
9 at the Green Acres Research Farm near C.. .... :. Tom
Kucharek and DonE : .: .:: 1 :.. : ..... : .:..: ;on
:i: : :: ::: ::: : control. The ::: iibe inTiftonGA
for'-: :i: ::....:...9: .: .:.i. 9 and the morning of Septem-
ber 10. During the .,: ......... of September 10, the ...
be i. : :: ... AL, and then in Marianna the next morning
at the ] :: i: :::.' Education Center.

EBW

REINSPECTION OF SEG 3 PEANUTS

The USDA will now : i. *: the cleaning and:
of 1998 :. .... that arc found to be infected ...:1. ergil-
lus mold. A fanner can have the : ....: cleaned at the
buying -:: :. 1 : .: : reinspected within 24 hours of the
:: ::: :: .:: There can be only one :: 1: : :: i i. :: This
change in the rules resulted from litigation that 1 ..
after considerable tonnage of 1997 peanuts were graded in
the Seg 3 category (contains :.. mold growth that could
be a source of : i :: :::: and could not be cleaned and re-
graded.

EBW

CERTIFICATION OF NON-USE OF CERTAIN
HERBICIDES ON PEANUTS

Peanut :.1... .... must certify that MSMA or .:
were not used in the :i.....1.. : .... :''.. : ; .....: if they are to
receive ': supports. If the farmer ..:. and it is later
detennined that residues of either of the two pesticides are
present, the price ..: :.. loan for quota or additional :.
nuts in that load will be zero. There are no labels for the use
of MSMA orDSMA on .:'


EBW


PEANUT FOLIAGE-FEEDING INSECTS

Farmers should continue to scout their peanut fields
::, .,: ,i : ,. ,, : i i ,
have been ....... 11 severe in 1998. which has .
greater use of insecticides. Also, ....: :- spider mites, es-
: ii if the weather remains hot and dry. ::::: .
S, i. i;. 1: near
woods or fence rows. Lesser ..... .:: borers can also be-
come more severe during dry weather, so check the pods for
i::' :: Lesser ::: : : borers can lead to : ::
due to the ::.. to pods and kernels, as well as cause di-
rect losses due to :. r:

EBW


TOBACCO BALING REPORT~









TRI-STATE .- -.\:i IT DISEASE TOUR


A s of ... .. : i i..::. i : : ::::. : 1. : i: I : 5,830
tags for tobacco bales. If all of these tags are used, ;....:; i..
bales weigh about 700 pounds each, about 25 percent of
Florida's 1998 tobacco crop will be sold in bales. There
havel. :. : .i... f'.. over **, .. : 1:, ,ii:: flue-cured
, ..... .... .1... :.. states, w ith : .. :. ...." that the total
could reach 300,000. Due to the demand for tags, the time
S: : ..I:: : increasedto 10-12 days. F::::: : : .::
to bale should consider this time period when .:. .1 ::. their
.: :. Dueto. .. : .. .of:. .:.. thereare now a
number of i: .......... :..... Farmers can build, or have
built, balers for their :' iH needs in 1999. Also, ware-
houses may bale for farmers again next year. There are a
number of considerations that should be taken into account
when :1... ...:... i ...... ..... into the farming opera-
tion.

EBW

TOBACCO MARKET REPORT

::- .. : : '. .: 7, Florida tobacco markets had gross
sales of 7,358,012 pounds for an average :" of $154.84
per 100 pounds. Gross sales includes :.... ..... sales as ... :
as resales by the warehouse. The average price and the gross
sales are below that of an .i:: :1 period during 1997. So far
this season, 10.5 .. ..1 of the gross sales has gone into the
loan ...... .... compared to 8.6 :. .. : during a :.... .. -
riod last year. For the Georgia and Florida markets com-
bined, only 32 : ::' of i: : :: .i::. : : : :. beensold so
far this year. However the crop estimate indicates that the
1998 :.....!.. 1:.... will be well below the effective quota. Due
to the quota reduction for 1998, weather, .. .. .... "! i '
S.. lower prices .: : tobacco, the economic :: ::
tion of tobacco : ....... .... in 1998 may be less than 80 .
cent of the $32,790,000 that was the farm value of tobacco
produced in 1997.


EBW


OUTLOOK FOR THE 1999 TOBACCO QUOTA

Due to the quantity of tobacco that went into loan in
1 and the amount that is ::. into loan in 1998, there
could be a reduction in quota for 1999. The quota is deter-
mined by purchase intentions by domestic manufacturers,
average i: : and the amount held in loan. When the
amount held in loan exceeds 15 percent of the .: ...: ;. .
the new quota is reduced. .. of tobacco from the loan
:. ....... e been very low in recent months. Growers should
also be aware that the no-net-cost assessment could be in-
creased substantially in 1999. Quotas for 1999 will be an-
nounced on December 15 by the Secretary of Agriculture.


FBW


This annual ..: :ii begin at 9:00 AM on September
9 at the Green Acres Research Farm near C.. .... :. Tom
Kucharek and DonE : .: .:: 1 :.. : ..... : .:..: ;on
:i: : :: ::: ::: : control. The ::: iibe inTiftonGA
for'-: :i: ::....:...9: .: .:.i. 9 and the morning of Septem-
ber 10. During the .,: ......... of September 10, the ...
be i. : :: ... AL, and then in Marianna the next morning
at the ] :: i: :::.' Education Center.

EBW

REINSPECTION OF SEG 3 PEANUTS

The USDA will now : i. *: the cleaning and:
of 1998 :. .... that arc found to be infected ...:1. ergil-
lus mold. A fanner can have the : ....: cleaned at the
buying -:: :. 1 : .: : reinspected within 24 hours of the
:: ::: :: .:: There can be only one :: 1: : :: i i. :: This
change in the rules resulted from litigation that 1 ..
after considerable tonnage of 1997 peanuts were graded in
the Seg 3 category (contains :.. mold growth that could
be a source of : i :: :::: and could not be cleaned and re-
graded.

EBW

CERTIFICATION OF NON-USE OF CERTAIN
HERBICIDES ON PEANUTS

Peanut :.1... .... must certify that MSMA or .:
were not used in the :i.....1.. : .... :''.. : ; .....: if they are to
receive ': supports. If the farmer ..:. and it is later
detennined that residues of either of the two pesticides are
present, the price ..: :.. loan for quota or additional :.
nuts in that load will be zero. There are no labels for the use
of MSMA orDSMA on .:'


EBW


PEANUT FOLIAGE-FEEDING INSECTS

Farmers should continue to scout their peanut fields
::, .,: ,i : ,. ,, : i i ,
have been ....... 11 severe in 1998. which has .
greater use of insecticides. Also, ....: :- spider mites, es-
: ii if the weather remains hot and dry. ::::: .
S, i. i;. 1: near
woods or fence rows. Lesser ..... .:: borers can also be-
come more severe during dry weather, so check the pods for
i::' :: Lesser ::: : : borers can lead to : ::
due to the ::.. to pods and kernels, as well as cause di-
rect losses due to :. r:

EBW


TOBACCO BALING REPORT~









TRI-STATE .- -.\:i IT DISEASE TOUR


A s of ... .. : i i..::. i : : ::::. : 1. : i: I : 5,830
tags for tobacco bales. If all of these tags are used, ;....:; i..
bales weigh about 700 pounds each, about 25 percent of
Florida's 1998 tobacco crop will be sold in bales. There
havel. :. : .i... f'.. over **, .. : 1:, ,ii:: flue-cured
, ..... .... .1... :.. states, w ith : .. :. ...." that the total
could reach 300,000. Due to the demand for tags, the time
S: : ..I:: : increasedto 10-12 days. F::::: : : .::
to bale should consider this time period when .:. .1 ::. their
.: :. Dueto. .. : .. .of:. .:.. thereare now a
number of i: .......... :..... Farmers can build, or have
built, balers for their :' iH needs in 1999. Also, ware-
houses may bale for farmers again next year. There are a
number of considerations that should be taken into account
when :1... ...:... i ...... ..... into the farming opera-
tion.

EBW

TOBACCO MARKET REPORT

::- .. : : '. .: 7, Florida tobacco markets had gross
sales of 7,358,012 pounds for an average :" of $154.84
per 100 pounds. Gross sales includes :.... ..... sales as ... :
as resales by the warehouse. The average price and the gross
sales are below that of an .i:: :1 period during 1997. So far
this season, 10.5 .. ..1 of the gross sales has gone into the
loan ...... .... compared to 8.6 :. .. : during a :.... .. -
riod last year. For the Georgia and Florida markets com-
bined, only 32 : ::' of i: : :: .i::. : : : :. beensold so
far this year. However the crop estimate indicates that the
1998 :.....!.. 1:.... will be well below the effective quota. Due
to the quota reduction for 1998, weather, .. .. .... "! i '
S.. lower prices .: : tobacco, the economic :: ::
tion of tobacco : ....... .... in 1998 may be less than 80 .
cent of the $32,790,000 that was the farm value of tobacco
produced in 1997.


EBW


OUTLOOK FOR THE 1999 TOBACCO QUOTA

Due to the quantity of tobacco that went into loan in
1 and the amount that is ::. into loan in 1998, there
could be a reduction in quota for 1999. The quota is deter-
mined by purchase intentions by domestic manufacturers,
average i: : and the amount held in loan. When the
amount held in loan exceeds 15 percent of the .: ...: ;. .
the new quota is reduced. .. of tobacco from the loan
:. ....... e been very low in recent months. Growers should
also be aware that the no-net-cost assessment could be in-
creased substantially in 1999. Quotas for 1999 will be an-
nounced on December 15 by the Secretary of Agriculture.


FBW


This annual ..: :ii begin at 9:00 AM on September
9 at the Green Acres Research Farm near C.. .... :. Tom
Kucharek and DonE : .: .:: 1 :.. : ..... : .:..: ;on
:i: : :: ::: ::: : control. The ::: iibe inTiftonGA
for'-: :i: ::....:...9: .: .:.i. 9 and the morning of Septem-
ber 10. During the .,: ......... of September 10, the ...
be i. : :: ... AL, and then in Marianna the next morning
at the ] :: i: :::.' Education Center.

EBW

REINSPECTION OF SEG 3 PEANUTS

The USDA will now : i. *: the cleaning and:
of 1998 :. .... that arc found to be infected ...:1. ergil-
lus mold. A fanner can have the : ....: cleaned at the
buying -:: :. 1 : .: : reinspected within 24 hours of the
:: ::: :: .:: There can be only one :: 1: : :: i i. :: This
change in the rules resulted from litigation that 1 ..
after considerable tonnage of 1997 peanuts were graded in
the Seg 3 category (contains :.. mold growth that could
be a source of : i :: :::: and could not be cleaned and re-
graded.

EBW

CERTIFICATION OF NON-USE OF CERTAIN
HERBICIDES ON PEANUTS

Peanut :.1... .... must certify that MSMA or .:
were not used in the :i.....1.. : .... :''.. : ; .....: if they are to
receive ': supports. If the farmer ..:. and it is later
detennined that residues of either of the two pesticides are
present, the price ..: :.. loan for quota or additional :.
nuts in that load will be zero. There are no labels for the use
of MSMA orDSMA on .:'


EBW


PEANUT FOLIAGE-FEEDING INSECTS

Farmers should continue to scout their peanut fields
::, .,: ,i : ,. ,, : i i ,
have been ....... 11 severe in 1998. which has .
greater use of insecticides. Also, ....: :- spider mites, es-
: ii if the weather remains hot and dry. ::::: .
S, i. i;. 1: near
woods or fence rows. Lesser ..... .:: borers can also be-
come more severe during dry weather, so check the pods for
i::' :: Lesser ::: : : borers can lead to : ::
due to the ::.. to pods and kernels, as well as cause di-
rect losses due to :. r:

EBW


TOBACCO BALING REPORT~









TRI-STATE .- -.\:i IT DISEASE TOUR


A s of ... .. : i i..::. i : : ::::. : 1. : i: I : 5,830
tags for tobacco bales. If all of these tags are used, ;....:; i..
bales weigh about 700 pounds each, about 25 percent of
Florida's 1998 tobacco crop will be sold in bales. There
havel. :. : .i... f'.. over **, .. : 1:, ,ii:: flue-cured
, ..... .... .1... :.. states, w ith : .. :. ...." that the total
could reach 300,000. Due to the demand for tags, the time
S: : ..I:: : increasedto 10-12 days. F::::: : : .::
to bale should consider this time period when .:. .1 ::. their
.: :. Dueto. .. : .. .of:. .:.. thereare now a
number of i: .......... :..... Farmers can build, or have
built, balers for their :' iH needs in 1999. Also, ware-
houses may bale for farmers again next year. There are a
number of considerations that should be taken into account
when :1... ...:... i ...... ..... into the farming opera-
tion.

EBW

TOBACCO MARKET REPORT

::- .. : : '. .: 7, Florida tobacco markets had gross
sales of 7,358,012 pounds for an average :" of $154.84
per 100 pounds. Gross sales includes :.... ..... sales as ... :
as resales by the warehouse. The average price and the gross
sales are below that of an .i:: :1 period during 1997. So far
this season, 10.5 .. ..1 of the gross sales has gone into the
loan ...... .... compared to 8.6 :. .. : during a :.... .. -
riod last year. For the Georgia and Florida markets com-
bined, only 32 : ::' of i: : :: .i::. : : : :. beensold so
far this year. However the crop estimate indicates that the
1998 :.....!.. 1:.... will be well below the effective quota. Due
to the quota reduction for 1998, weather, .. .. .... "! i '
S.. lower prices .: : tobacco, the economic :: ::
tion of tobacco : ....... .... in 1998 may be less than 80 .
cent of the $32,790,000 that was the farm value of tobacco
produced in 1997.


EBW


OUTLOOK FOR THE 1999 TOBACCO QUOTA

Due to the quantity of tobacco that went into loan in
1 and the amount that is ::. into loan in 1998, there
could be a reduction in quota for 1999. The quota is deter-
mined by purchase intentions by domestic manufacturers,
average i: : and the amount held in loan. When the
amount held in loan exceeds 15 percent of the .: ...: ;. .
the new quota is reduced. .. of tobacco from the loan
:. ....... e been very low in recent months. Growers should
also be aware that the no-net-cost assessment could be in-
creased substantially in 1999. Quotas for 1999 will be an-
nounced on December 15 by the Secretary of Agriculture.


FBW


This annual ..: :ii begin at 9:00 AM on September
9 at the Green Acres Research Farm near C.. .... :. Tom
Kucharek and DonE : .: .:: 1 :.. : ..... : .:..: ;on
:i: : :: ::: ::: : control. The ::: iibe inTiftonGA
for'-: :i: ::....:...9: .: .:.i. 9 and the morning of Septem-
ber 10. During the .,: ......... of September 10, the ...
be i. : :: ... AL, and then in Marianna the next morning
at the ] :: i: :::.' Education Center.

EBW

REINSPECTION OF SEG 3 PEANUTS

The USDA will now : i. *: the cleaning and:
of 1998 :. .... that arc found to be infected ...:1. ergil-
lus mold. A fanner can have the : ....: cleaned at the
buying -:: :. 1 : .: : reinspected within 24 hours of the
:: ::: :: .:: There can be only one :: 1: : :: i i. :: This
change in the rules resulted from litigation that 1 ..
after considerable tonnage of 1997 peanuts were graded in
the Seg 3 category (contains :.. mold growth that could
be a source of : i :: :::: and could not be cleaned and re-
graded.

EBW

CERTIFICATION OF NON-USE OF CERTAIN
HERBICIDES ON PEANUTS

Peanut :.1... .... must certify that MSMA or .:
were not used in the :i.....1.. : .... :''.. : ; .....: if they are to
receive ': supports. If the farmer ..:. and it is later
detennined that residues of either of the two pesticides are
present, the price ..: :.. loan for quota or additional :.
nuts in that load will be zero. There are no labels for the use
of MSMA orDSMA on .:'


EBW


PEANUT FOLIAGE-FEEDING INSECTS

Farmers should continue to scout their peanut fields
::, .,: ,i : ,. ,, : i i ,
have been ....... 11 severe in 1998. which has .
greater use of insecticides. Also, ....: :- spider mites, es-
: ii if the weather remains hot and dry. ::::: .
S, i. i;. 1: near
woods or fence rows. Lesser ..... .:: borers can also be-
come more severe during dry weather, so check the pods for
i::' :: Lesser ::: : : borers can lead to : ::
due to the ::.. to pods and kernels, as well as cause di-
rect losses due to :. r:

EBW


TOBACCO BALING REPORT~









HAY!

The i- .:. i : .:::.. :., of Agriculture and ( ..:. ..:. :
Services is .. 1: .. 1 !. : 1 .....7.. .. .locate sources of hay.
Hay :,.... ... in Florida has been reduced by the :..:..
drought and now by a widespread outbreak of armyworms
and grass loopers. '.'. .:.:. will :: :i continue to be a prob-
lem through the rest of the growing season.

The : : :: ::: ::i ::.: :: anannual i :: i : : D Di-
rectory" i... i. i. : producers who have hay for sale.

Florida hay producers who want to be included in the
next edition of the Florida Hay :'i: : :y, which will be pub-
lished in the November 1998 issue of the i..:... Market
Bulletin,' should contact the Department by ". : 1. ..... ..:21.

For .::: :::: :i :: about current sources of hay, call the
i i ::. :.: at "/ 488-4366 or access the i *. ... :... :.:'s
web site .: 1.::. ..... To be included in the next
hay .:... : .., send your name, address, telephone number
and county, along with the i:: ,.: :i :i and whether
you have ....: or round bales, to:

Hay :: -.. :, Florida : .. ...... of Agriculture and
- :: .::::: : : =. es, I i :: .iC :: i I ::: ::: i I ::' i =
414M ayoJ ... .::. I .ii.i. i 32399-080, or call:, ,:
488-4132.

Source: i :' i : Market Bulletin, pp. 11, Aug. 1998.

CGC

FALL ARMYWORMS: DESCRIPTION AND LIFE
CYCLE

L .".. Although the ::ii: ::: ::: i: i : striped
armyworms may occasionally be found in forages and i
tures it is usually the fall armyworm that causes the most
serious damage. Adult: :: army worm moths are .: :.... :
mately 3/4 inch in length and are gray ,.. :: : i: : ::: :: :::
They have .. :::. i : .: i ..: :1. front edge
of the mid .... :.._ Eggs are laid in masses of 100-150
eggs and are covered with scales from the female's body.
First instar larvae are :: :,: ::::: : T 1/16 ::: 1: 1 ::- and are
light green to cream-colored with a dark head .:. 1. As
they feed and grow they become darker with distinctive light
colored lines down the sides of their bodies. On larger lar-
vaethe head :: ::1 is dark-colored with a white inverted Y-
mark on the front. The ...: found in the thatch and soil,
are dark chestnut brown and are .:.:.... : .. *.. 5/8 inch in
length.

Life Cycle andDamage: i ... ::. ::_ : winters survival
is limited to central and south Florida. The moths are strong
S i are capable of reinfesting north Florida. The "


are laid on the lower I : :i I i .. and hatch in 3-4 days. The
larvae undergo 6 molts and require 12-16 days to reach their
full 1 1/2 inch length. Early instars each require 1 1/2-2 days
to complete while larva spend up to 4 days in each .: ::.. last
two instars. As a result .i:: :. 1::: 1. 90% of the food con-
sumed during the larval stage is eaten during the last two
instars. The pupal stage *. .::. lasts 9-10 days. However,
field observations -- :- .:: that the i *:i- : stage may be ex-
tended by approximately :i under drought :: ::..
After the adults emerge they live an average of two weeks.
The entire life cycle ranges from 24-'. 's. During her life-
time a : *. ::- moth will lay 305 egg masses each containing
from 100- **eggs.

RKS (CGC)

ARMYWORMS ON PASTURE

Due to the warm and wet I -98 winter, there was
very little .1: ..... ....to insect growth and ..... .:.:.. ..... on
:. .... .... :.. ... Considerable armyworm outbreaks have
been reported on : ::: ,::: ::: b::: bahiagrass) :: ::_1: :::
Florida even before the regular fall season. Three factors are
critical in our .:..:.: to bring the situation under some kind
of control: (1) ::. .. : .. ................ :
of 1 ::: ::: .'.1 :: :1: are i:: .i ::. 'i : 1ii to i :1 .
( selecting and .i:.1 :1.. right kind and dose of insecti-
cides; (3) working .....': with our ... : ... : .. ranchers to
avoid re-infestation from ...........:... f .... Adult army-
worms are ::: : :: :: :i brownto grey in color. Presence of
a swarm of moths on :. ..: should signal trouble. Because
the larae often move in large numbers from one area to an-
other in search of food, they are called armyworms. The
: .: i: of larvae to consume plant tissue increases with size
and they create large holes in the leaves or strip an entire
:. .... The most commonly recommended insecticide for
anmyworm control is carbaryl. -- : .. It provides effective
control only wl: :: :ii'i: itoworms in the ::::_ i::: "
stage of growth. i : .:. must be scouted twice a week for
young worms. ": .- Sevin XL or Plus (emulsified concen-
trate) at 1 qt/A when about 3 :.. .. worms are counted in
a square foot. '.' i: :: ::l::: openupthe : :: ::: withboth
hands and stay still to observe movement of worms on the
ground. Remember that the worms .... .. :: roll up when dis-
turbed and take a minute or so to resume movement. Sevin is
not :. i: on larger worms. Hence, if larvae are full size
already, the best advise will be to mow the pasture and wait
for the next generation of worms in 20-30 days. Also get
your neighbors involved in a concerted effort at control to
avoid quick re:: ::

MBA

DATE TO PLANT RYE FOR PASTURE

In some years "early" planted rye is attacked by seed-









HAY!

The i- .:. i : .:::.. :., of Agriculture and ( ..:. ..:. :
Services is .. 1: .. 1 !. : 1 .....7.. .. .locate sources of hay.
Hay :,.... ... in Florida has been reduced by the :..:..
drought and now by a widespread outbreak of armyworms
and grass loopers. '.'. .:.:. will :: :i continue to be a prob-
lem through the rest of the growing season.

The : : :: ::: ::i ::.: :: anannual i :: i : : D Di-
rectory" i... i. i. : producers who have hay for sale.

Florida hay producers who want to be included in the
next edition of the Florida Hay :'i: : :y, which will be pub-
lished in the November 1998 issue of the i..:... Market
Bulletin,' should contact the Department by ". : 1. ..... ..:21.

For .::: :::: :i :: about current sources of hay, call the
i i ::. :.: at "/ 488-4366 or access the i *. ... :... :.:'s
web site .: 1.::. ..... To be included in the next
hay .:... : .., send your name, address, telephone number
and county, along with the i:: ,.: :i :i and whether
you have ....: or round bales, to:

Hay :: -.. :, Florida : .. ...... of Agriculture and
- :: .::::: : : =. es, I i :: .iC :: i I ::: ::: i I ::' i =
414M ayoJ ... .::. I .ii.i. i 32399-080, or call:, ,:
488-4132.

Source: i :' i : Market Bulletin, pp. 11, Aug. 1998.

CGC

FALL ARMYWORMS: DESCRIPTION AND LIFE
CYCLE

L .".. Although the ::ii: ::: ::: i: i : striped
armyworms may occasionally be found in forages and i
tures it is usually the fall armyworm that causes the most
serious damage. Adult: :: army worm moths are .: :.... :
mately 3/4 inch in length and are gray ,.. :: : i: : ::: :: :::
They have .. :::. i : .: i ..: :1. front edge
of the mid .... :.._ Eggs are laid in masses of 100-150
eggs and are covered with scales from the female's body.
First instar larvae are :: :,: ::::: : T 1/16 ::: 1: 1 ::- and are
light green to cream-colored with a dark head .:. 1. As
they feed and grow they become darker with distinctive light
colored lines down the sides of their bodies. On larger lar-
vaethe head :: ::1 is dark-colored with a white inverted Y-
mark on the front. The ...: found in the thatch and soil,
are dark chestnut brown and are .:.:.... : .. *.. 5/8 inch in
length.

Life Cycle andDamage: i ... ::. ::_ : winters survival
is limited to central and south Florida. The moths are strong
S i are capable of reinfesting north Florida. The "


are laid on the lower I : :i I i .. and hatch in 3-4 days. The
larvae undergo 6 molts and require 12-16 days to reach their
full 1 1/2 inch length. Early instars each require 1 1/2-2 days
to complete while larva spend up to 4 days in each .: ::.. last
two instars. As a result .i:: :. 1::: 1. 90% of the food con-
sumed during the larval stage is eaten during the last two
instars. The pupal stage *. .::. lasts 9-10 days. However,
field observations -- :- .:: that the i *:i- : stage may be ex-
tended by approximately :i under drought :: ::..
After the adults emerge they live an average of two weeks.
The entire life cycle ranges from 24-'. 's. During her life-
time a : *. ::- moth will lay 305 egg masses each containing
from 100- **eggs.

RKS (CGC)

ARMYWORMS ON PASTURE

Due to the warm and wet I -98 winter, there was
very little .1: ..... ....to insect growth and ..... .:.:.. ..... on
:. .... .... :.. ... Considerable armyworm outbreaks have
been reported on : ::: ,::: ::: b::: bahiagrass) :: ::_1: :::
Florida even before the regular fall season. Three factors are
critical in our .:..:.: to bring the situation under some kind
of control: (1) ::. .. : .. ................ :
of 1 ::: ::: .'.1 :: :1: are i:: .i ::. 'i : 1ii to i :1 .
( selecting and .i:.1 :1.. right kind and dose of insecti-
cides; (3) working .....': with our ... : ... : .. ranchers to
avoid re-infestation from ...........:... f .... Adult army-
worms are ::: : :: :: :i brownto grey in color. Presence of
a swarm of moths on :. ..: should signal trouble. Because
the larae often move in large numbers from one area to an-
other in search of food, they are called armyworms. The
: .: i: of larvae to consume plant tissue increases with size
and they create large holes in the leaves or strip an entire
:. .... The most commonly recommended insecticide for
anmyworm control is carbaryl. -- : .. It provides effective
control only wl: :: :ii'i: itoworms in the ::::_ i::: "
stage of growth. i : .:. must be scouted twice a week for
young worms. ": .- Sevin XL or Plus (emulsified concen-
trate) at 1 qt/A when about 3 :.. .. worms are counted in
a square foot. '.' i: :: ::l::: openupthe : :: ::: withboth
hands and stay still to observe movement of worms on the
ground. Remember that the worms .... .. :: roll up when dis-
turbed and take a minute or so to resume movement. Sevin is
not :. i: on larger worms. Hence, if larvae are full size
already, the best advise will be to mow the pasture and wait
for the next generation of worms in 20-30 days. Also get
your neighbors involved in a concerted effort at control to
avoid quick re:: ::

MBA

DATE TO PLANT RYE FOR PASTURE

In some years "early" planted rye is attacked by seed-









HAY!

The i- .:. i : .:::.. :., of Agriculture and ( ..:. ..:. :
Services is .. 1: .. 1 !. : 1 .....7.. .. .locate sources of hay.
Hay :,.... ... in Florida has been reduced by the :..:..
drought and now by a widespread outbreak of armyworms
and grass loopers. '.'. .:.:. will :: :i continue to be a prob-
lem through the rest of the growing season.

The : : :: ::: ::i ::.: :: anannual i :: i : : D Di-
rectory" i... i. i. : producers who have hay for sale.

Florida hay producers who want to be included in the
next edition of the Florida Hay :'i: : :y, which will be pub-
lished in the November 1998 issue of the i..:... Market
Bulletin,' should contact the Department by ". : 1. ..... ..:21.

For .::: :::: :i :: about current sources of hay, call the
i i ::. :.: at "/ 488-4366 or access the i *. ... :... :.:'s
web site .: 1.::. ..... To be included in the next
hay .:... : .., send your name, address, telephone number
and county, along with the i:: ,.: :i :i and whether
you have ....: or round bales, to:

Hay :: -.. :, Florida : .. ...... of Agriculture and
- :: .::::: : : =. es, I i :: .iC :: i I ::: ::: i I ::' i =
414M ayoJ ... .::. I .ii.i. i 32399-080, or call:, ,:
488-4132.

Source: i :' i : Market Bulletin, pp. 11, Aug. 1998.

CGC

FALL ARMYWORMS: DESCRIPTION AND LIFE
CYCLE

L .".. Although the ::ii: ::: ::: i: i : striped
armyworms may occasionally be found in forages and i
tures it is usually the fall armyworm that causes the most
serious damage. Adult: :: army worm moths are .: :.... :
mately 3/4 inch in length and are gray ,.. :: : i: : ::: :: :::
They have .. :::. i : .: i ..: :1. front edge
of the mid .... :.._ Eggs are laid in masses of 100-150
eggs and are covered with scales from the female's body.
First instar larvae are :: :,: ::::: : T 1/16 ::: 1: 1 ::- and are
light green to cream-colored with a dark head .:. 1. As
they feed and grow they become darker with distinctive light
colored lines down the sides of their bodies. On larger lar-
vaethe head :: ::1 is dark-colored with a white inverted Y-
mark on the front. The ...: found in the thatch and soil,
are dark chestnut brown and are .:.:.... : .. *.. 5/8 inch in
length.

Life Cycle andDamage: i ... ::. ::_ : winters survival
is limited to central and south Florida. The moths are strong
S i are capable of reinfesting north Florida. The "


are laid on the lower I : :i I i .. and hatch in 3-4 days. The
larvae undergo 6 molts and require 12-16 days to reach their
full 1 1/2 inch length. Early instars each require 1 1/2-2 days
to complete while larva spend up to 4 days in each .: ::.. last
two instars. As a result .i:: :. 1::: 1. 90% of the food con-
sumed during the larval stage is eaten during the last two
instars. The pupal stage *. .::. lasts 9-10 days. However,
field observations -- :- .:: that the i *:i- : stage may be ex-
tended by approximately :i under drought :: ::..
After the adults emerge they live an average of two weeks.
The entire life cycle ranges from 24-'. 's. During her life-
time a : *. ::- moth will lay 305 egg masses each containing
from 100- **eggs.

RKS (CGC)

ARMYWORMS ON PASTURE

Due to the warm and wet I -98 winter, there was
very little .1: ..... ....to insect growth and ..... .:.:.. ..... on
:. .... .... :.. ... Considerable armyworm outbreaks have
been reported on : ::: ,::: ::: b::: bahiagrass) :: ::_1: :::
Florida even before the regular fall season. Three factors are
critical in our .:..:.: to bring the situation under some kind
of control: (1) ::. .. : .. ................ :
of 1 ::: ::: .'.1 :: :1: are i:: .i ::. 'i : 1ii to i :1 .
( selecting and .i:.1 :1.. right kind and dose of insecti-
cides; (3) working .....': with our ... : ... : .. ranchers to
avoid re-infestation from ...........:... f .... Adult army-
worms are ::: : :: :: :i brownto grey in color. Presence of
a swarm of moths on :. ..: should signal trouble. Because
the larae often move in large numbers from one area to an-
other in search of food, they are called armyworms. The
: .: i: of larvae to consume plant tissue increases with size
and they create large holes in the leaves or strip an entire
:. .... The most commonly recommended insecticide for
anmyworm control is carbaryl. -- : .. It provides effective
control only wl: :: :ii'i: itoworms in the ::::_ i::: "
stage of growth. i : .:. must be scouted twice a week for
young worms. ": .- Sevin XL or Plus (emulsified concen-
trate) at 1 qt/A when about 3 :.. .. worms are counted in
a square foot. '.' i: :: ::l::: openupthe : :: ::: withboth
hands and stay still to observe movement of worms on the
ground. Remember that the worms .... .. :: roll up when dis-
turbed and take a minute or so to resume movement. Sevin is
not :. i: on larger worms. Hence, if larvae are full size
already, the best advise will be to mow the pasture and wait
for the next generation of worms in 20-30 days. Also get
your neighbors involved in a concerted effort at control to
avoid quick re:: ::

MBA

DATE TO PLANT RYE FOR PASTURE

In some years "early" planted rye is attacked by seed-









HAY!

The i- .:. i : .:::.. :., of Agriculture and ( ..:. ..:. :
Services is .. 1: .. 1 !. : 1 .....7.. .. .locate sources of hay.
Hay :,.... ... in Florida has been reduced by the :..:..
drought and now by a widespread outbreak of armyworms
and grass loopers. '.'. .:.:. will :: :i continue to be a prob-
lem through the rest of the growing season.

The : : :: ::: ::i ::.: :: anannual i :: i : : D Di-
rectory" i... i. i. : producers who have hay for sale.

Florida hay producers who want to be included in the
next edition of the Florida Hay :'i: : :y, which will be pub-
lished in the November 1998 issue of the i..:... Market
Bulletin,' should contact the Department by ". : 1. ..... ..:21.

For .::: :::: :i :: about current sources of hay, call the
i i ::. :.: at "/ 488-4366 or access the i *. ... :... :.:'s
web site .: 1.::. ..... To be included in the next
hay .:... : .., send your name, address, telephone number
and county, along with the i:: ,.: :i :i and whether
you have ....: or round bales, to:

Hay :: -.. :, Florida : .. ...... of Agriculture and
- :: .::::: : : =. es, I i :: .iC :: i I ::: ::: i I ::' i =
414M ayoJ ... .::. I .ii.i. i 32399-080, or call:, ,:
488-4132.

Source: i :' i : Market Bulletin, pp. 11, Aug. 1998.

CGC

FALL ARMYWORMS: DESCRIPTION AND LIFE
CYCLE

L .".. Although the ::ii: ::: ::: i: i : striped
armyworms may occasionally be found in forages and i
tures it is usually the fall armyworm that causes the most
serious damage. Adult: :: army worm moths are .: :.... :
mately 3/4 inch in length and are gray ,.. :: : i: : ::: :: :::
They have .. :::. i : .: i ..: :1. front edge
of the mid .... :.._ Eggs are laid in masses of 100-150
eggs and are covered with scales from the female's body.
First instar larvae are :: :,: ::::: : T 1/16 ::: 1: 1 ::- and are
light green to cream-colored with a dark head .:. 1. As
they feed and grow they become darker with distinctive light
colored lines down the sides of their bodies. On larger lar-
vaethe head :: ::1 is dark-colored with a white inverted Y-
mark on the front. The ...: found in the thatch and soil,
are dark chestnut brown and are .:.:.... : .. *.. 5/8 inch in
length.

Life Cycle andDamage: i ... ::. ::_ : winters survival
is limited to central and south Florida. The moths are strong
S i are capable of reinfesting north Florida. The "


are laid on the lower I : :i I i .. and hatch in 3-4 days. The
larvae undergo 6 molts and require 12-16 days to reach their
full 1 1/2 inch length. Early instars each require 1 1/2-2 days
to complete while larva spend up to 4 days in each .: ::.. last
two instars. As a result .i:: :. 1::: 1. 90% of the food con-
sumed during the larval stage is eaten during the last two
instars. The pupal stage *. .::. lasts 9-10 days. However,
field observations -- :- .:: that the i *:i- : stage may be ex-
tended by approximately :i under drought :: ::..
After the adults emerge they live an average of two weeks.
The entire life cycle ranges from 24-'. 's. During her life-
time a : *. ::- moth will lay 305 egg masses each containing
from 100- **eggs.

RKS (CGC)

ARMYWORMS ON PASTURE

Due to the warm and wet I -98 winter, there was
very little .1: ..... ....to insect growth and ..... .:.:.. ..... on
:. .... .... :.. ... Considerable armyworm outbreaks have
been reported on : ::: ,::: ::: b::: bahiagrass) :: ::_1: :::
Florida even before the regular fall season. Three factors are
critical in our .:..:.: to bring the situation under some kind
of control: (1) ::. .. : .. ................ :
of 1 ::: ::: .'.1 :: :1: are i:: .i ::. 'i : 1ii to i :1 .
( selecting and .i:.1 :1.. right kind and dose of insecti-
cides; (3) working .....': with our ... : ... : .. ranchers to
avoid re-infestation from ...........:... f .... Adult army-
worms are ::: : :: :: :i brownto grey in color. Presence of
a swarm of moths on :. ..: should signal trouble. Because
the larae often move in large numbers from one area to an-
other in search of food, they are called armyworms. The
: .: i: of larvae to consume plant tissue increases with size
and they create large holes in the leaves or strip an entire
:. .... The most commonly recommended insecticide for
anmyworm control is carbaryl. -- : .. It provides effective
control only wl: :: :ii'i: itoworms in the ::::_ i::: "
stage of growth. i : .:. must be scouted twice a week for
young worms. ": .- Sevin XL or Plus (emulsified concen-
trate) at 1 qt/A when about 3 :.. .. worms are counted in
a square foot. '.' i: :: ::l::: openupthe : :: ::: withboth
hands and stay still to observe movement of worms on the
ground. Remember that the worms .... .. :: roll up when dis-
turbed and take a minute or so to resume movement. Sevin is
not :. i: on larger worms. Hence, if larvae are full size
already, the best advise will be to mow the pasture and wait
for the next generation of worms in 20-30 days. Also get
your neighbors involved in a concerted effort at control to
avoid quick re:: ::

MBA

DATE TO PLANT RYE FOR PASTURE

In some years "early" planted rye is attacked by seed-









ling ::. : ..and stands are lost. Certain.i:- : fungi that
attack small grains and :.. 11 rye are more active when
soil temperatures are "warm." In some years, temperatures
remain warmn:- :. :. October when we : :.::: have a drop
in ::: : ::: The normnnally recommended starting date
.,, ...: .. : is October 15th innorth
central Florida. But, mother nature does not always .- -: "
: i: to the calendar. In some years, rye plantings made in
mid-October or earlier have been lost due to i::: dis-
eases. Therefore, the best "date of planting" strategy to fol-
low may be to wait until a series of cool nights and lower
daytime temperatures occur and then plant, ratherthan going
::1:i by the calendar. Oats are somewhat less ::. ::i
to ..... diseases than rye or wheat and could be planted
earlier than rye or wheat in a wann fall. The normally rec-
ommended planting dates for oats in north Florida are ......
." i :::': : 15 to November 15. In :::i i : :.: i. ,: ::
should be made around November 1.

CGC

ARRANGE TO PURCHASE WINTER CLOVER SEED
ASAP

Seed of winter clovers .:.:... to be in short ....
this season. We have received information that a limited
amount of Flame crimson clover will be available in 1998,
and ::: ::i of Dixie and common are down from previous
years. Demand for Cherokee red clover may also exceed the
1 .: available for fall 1998 planting. Moderate .. ...::
ofOsceola white clover are available, but increased .:. :
related to summer hay shortages may exhaust these ::i:i :
Growers are urged to contract for their needed seed
ASAP. Listedbelow are known wholesale ...:.- ,.!::.
clovers. Growers must have their local retail outlets contact
the wholesale i::: :: : since these organizations do not usu-
Ssell to individual producers.

Flame crimson clover: Bunch '.': ... :' Industries
(BWI), Texarkana, TX :. ;8-8561)or : i.
895- *and Haile-Dean Seed, Orlando, FL (407-877-
3333).

Cherokee red clover: Alabama :::: : ::
Decatur, AL : :' ); Haile-Dean Seed: Kaufman
Seed Ashdown, AR .: :1-898-7271): Kelly Seed, Hartford,
AL (334- : ) Pennington Seed, : .: GA :
277-1412); and Seed South, Dothan AL 1. -7

Osceola white clover: Alabama Farmers "'
:.: -Dean Seed; Kaufman Seed; Kelly Seed; r- ..... : : ...
Seed; Seed South; and Tennessee Fanners C .. Laverne,
TN (615-79:

KHQ & CGC


SOUTHEASTERN FARMER OF THE YEAR FOR
FLORIDA

John Hoblick, a fern producer from Volusia County
has been selected as the 1998: .... :, ..:.. : : ..Farmer
of the Year for Florida. He will be considered, along with
seven other state winners, for the Southeastern Farmer : ::
Year Award, which will be : :: .1 at the Sunb i: i
tion in Moultrie, GA.

EBW

RANGE CATTLE REC FIELD DAY

The Range Cattle REC Field Day will be held on Oc-
tober 8, 1998. T. : .... .. will begin at 8:30 am, with the
starting at 9:20. The morning session will consist of
discussions on techniques to :.:.i.: cattle and. : pro-
duction. Lunch will be served at noon and there will be a
field tour in the .:: ....... Adjourmnent is at 3:00 pm. Mail
registration is needed by October 2 to : : :i: :i 1::::
ration. Call 941-735-1314 by ( : .i. : 6 if you fail to mail
the r : .. .

MBA

VALUE OF FLORIDA FIELD CROP PRODUCTION IN
1997

The following information on : crop :.... ...
andvalue .. : '.by b the '1 ..:,]. 1..... Statistics
Service.

EBW


Season Value of
Crop Production Average Production
Price (X1000)
Corn 6,400,000 bu $2.90 $18,560

Cotton 57,123,000 Ib $0.737 $42,120

Cottonseed 45 tn $123.00 $5,520

Hay, all 598,000 tn $90.00 $53,820

Peanuts 228,060,000 lb $0.237 $54,050
S :: 988,000 bu $7.00 $6,916

Sugarcane1 14,498,000 tn $29.40 $426,241

Tobacco 19,053,000 lb $1.721 $32,790

Wheat 585,000 bu $3.40 $1,989

11996 data









ling ::. : ..and stands are lost. Certain.i:- : fungi that
attack small grains and :.. 11 rye are more active when
soil temperatures are "warm." In some years, temperatures
remain warmn:- :. :. October when we : :.::: have a drop
in ::: : ::: The normnnally recommended starting date
.,, ...: .. : is October 15th innorth
central Florida. But, mother nature does not always .- -: "
: i: to the calendar. In some years, rye plantings made in
mid-October or earlier have been lost due to i::: dis-
eases. Therefore, the best "date of planting" strategy to fol-
low may be to wait until a series of cool nights and lower
daytime temperatures occur and then plant, ratherthan going
::1:i by the calendar. Oats are somewhat less ::. ::i
to ..... diseases than rye or wheat and could be planted
earlier than rye or wheat in a wann fall. The normally rec-
ommended planting dates for oats in north Florida are ......
." i :::': : 15 to November 15. In :::i i : :.: i. ,: ::
should be made around November 1.

CGC

ARRANGE TO PURCHASE WINTER CLOVER SEED
ASAP

Seed of winter clovers .:.:... to be in short ....
this season. We have received information that a limited
amount of Flame crimson clover will be available in 1998,
and ::: ::i of Dixie and common are down from previous
years. Demand for Cherokee red clover may also exceed the
1 .: available for fall 1998 planting. Moderate .. ...::
ofOsceola white clover are available, but increased .:. :
related to summer hay shortages may exhaust these ::i:i :
Growers are urged to contract for their needed seed
ASAP. Listedbelow are known wholesale ...:.- ,.!::.
clovers. Growers must have their local retail outlets contact
the wholesale i::: :: : since these organizations do not usu-
Ssell to individual producers.

Flame crimson clover: Bunch '.': ... :' Industries
(BWI), Texarkana, TX :. ;8-8561)or : i.
895- *and Haile-Dean Seed, Orlando, FL (407-877-
3333).

Cherokee red clover: Alabama :::: : ::
Decatur, AL : :' ); Haile-Dean Seed: Kaufman
Seed Ashdown, AR .: :1-898-7271): Kelly Seed, Hartford,
AL (334- : ) Pennington Seed, : .: GA :
277-1412); and Seed South, Dothan AL 1. -7

Osceola white clover: Alabama Farmers "'
:.: -Dean Seed; Kaufman Seed; Kelly Seed; r- ..... : : ...
Seed; Seed South; and Tennessee Fanners C .. Laverne,
TN (615-79:

KHQ & CGC


SOUTHEASTERN FARMER OF THE YEAR FOR
FLORIDA

John Hoblick, a fern producer from Volusia County
has been selected as the 1998: .... :, ..:.. : : ..Farmer
of the Year for Florida. He will be considered, along with
seven other state winners, for the Southeastern Farmer : ::
Year Award, which will be : :: .1 at the Sunb i: i
tion in Moultrie, GA.

EBW

RANGE CATTLE REC FIELD DAY

The Range Cattle REC Field Day will be held on Oc-
tober 8, 1998. T. : .... .. will begin at 8:30 am, with the
starting at 9:20. The morning session will consist of
discussions on techniques to :.:.i.: cattle and. : pro-
duction. Lunch will be served at noon and there will be a
field tour in the .:: ....... Adjourmnent is at 3:00 pm. Mail
registration is needed by October 2 to : : :i: :i 1::::
ration. Call 941-735-1314 by ( : .i. : 6 if you fail to mail
the r : .. .

MBA

VALUE OF FLORIDA FIELD CROP PRODUCTION IN
1997

The following information on : crop :.... ...
andvalue .. : '.by b the '1 ..:,]. 1..... Statistics
Service.

EBW


Season Value of
Crop Production Average Production
Price (X1000)
Corn 6,400,000 bu $2.90 $18,560

Cotton 57,123,000 Ib $0.737 $42,120

Cottonseed 45 tn $123.00 $5,520

Hay, all 598,000 tn $90.00 $53,820

Peanuts 228,060,000 lb $0.237 $54,050
S :: 988,000 bu $7.00 $6,916

Sugarcane1 14,498,000 tn $29.40 $426,241

Tobacco 19,053,000 lb $1.721 $32,790

Wheat 585,000 bu $3.40 $1,989

11996 data









ling ::. : ..and stands are lost. Certain.i:- : fungi that
attack small grains and :.. 11 rye are more active when
soil temperatures are "warm." In some years, temperatures
remain warmn:- :. :. October when we : :.::: have a drop
in ::: : ::: The normnnally recommended starting date
.,, ...: .. : is October 15th innorth
central Florida. But, mother nature does not always .- -: "
: i: to the calendar. In some years, rye plantings made in
mid-October or earlier have been lost due to i::: dis-
eases. Therefore, the best "date of planting" strategy to fol-
low may be to wait until a series of cool nights and lower
daytime temperatures occur and then plant, ratherthan going
::1:i by the calendar. Oats are somewhat less ::. ::i
to ..... diseases than rye or wheat and could be planted
earlier than rye or wheat in a wann fall. The normally rec-
ommended planting dates for oats in north Florida are ......
." i :::': : 15 to November 15. In :::i i : :.: i. ,: ::
should be made around November 1.

CGC

ARRANGE TO PURCHASE WINTER CLOVER SEED
ASAP

Seed of winter clovers .:.:... to be in short ....
this season. We have received information that a limited
amount of Flame crimson clover will be available in 1998,
and ::: ::i of Dixie and common are down from previous
years. Demand for Cherokee red clover may also exceed the
1 .: available for fall 1998 planting. Moderate .. ...::
ofOsceola white clover are available, but increased .:. :
related to summer hay shortages may exhaust these ::i:i :
Growers are urged to contract for their needed seed
ASAP. Listedbelow are known wholesale ...:.- ,.!::.
clovers. Growers must have their local retail outlets contact
the wholesale i::: :: : since these organizations do not usu-
Ssell to individual producers.

Flame crimson clover: Bunch '.': ... :' Industries
(BWI), Texarkana, TX :. ;8-8561)or : i.
895- *and Haile-Dean Seed, Orlando, FL (407-877-
3333).

Cherokee red clover: Alabama :::: : ::
Decatur, AL : :' ); Haile-Dean Seed: Kaufman
Seed Ashdown, AR .: :1-898-7271): Kelly Seed, Hartford,
AL (334- : ) Pennington Seed, : .: GA :
277-1412); and Seed South, Dothan AL 1. -7

Osceola white clover: Alabama Farmers "'
:.: -Dean Seed; Kaufman Seed; Kelly Seed; r- ..... : : ...
Seed; Seed South; and Tennessee Fanners C .. Laverne,
TN (615-79:

KHQ & CGC


SOUTHEASTERN FARMER OF THE YEAR FOR
FLORIDA

John Hoblick, a fern producer from Volusia County
has been selected as the 1998: .... :, ..:.. : : ..Farmer
of the Year for Florida. He will be considered, along with
seven other state winners, for the Southeastern Farmer : ::
Year Award, which will be : :: .1 at the Sunb i: i
tion in Moultrie, GA.

EBW

RANGE CATTLE REC FIELD DAY

The Range Cattle REC Field Day will be held on Oc-
tober 8, 1998. T. : .... .. will begin at 8:30 am, with the
starting at 9:20. The morning session will consist of
discussions on techniques to :.:.i.: cattle and. : pro-
duction. Lunch will be served at noon and there will be a
field tour in the .:: ....... Adjourmnent is at 3:00 pm. Mail
registration is needed by October 2 to : : :i: :i 1::::
ration. Call 941-735-1314 by ( : .i. : 6 if you fail to mail
the r : .. .

MBA

VALUE OF FLORIDA FIELD CROP PRODUCTION IN
1997

The following information on : crop :.... ...
andvalue .. : '.by b the '1 ..:,]. 1..... Statistics
Service.

EBW


Season Value of
Crop Production Average Production
Price (X1000)
Corn 6,400,000 bu $2.90 $18,560

Cotton 57,123,000 Ib $0.737 $42,120

Cottonseed 45 tn $123.00 $5,520

Hay, all 598,000 tn $90.00 $53,820

Peanuts 228,060,000 lb $0.237 $54,050
S :: 988,000 bu $7.00 $6,916

Sugarcane1 14,498,000 tn $29.40 $426,241

Tobacco 19,053,000 lb $1.721 $32,790

Wheat 585,000 bu $3.40 $1,989

11996 data









ling ::. : ..and stands are lost. Certain.i:- : fungi that
attack small grains and :.. 11 rye are more active when
soil temperatures are "warm." In some years, temperatures
remain warmn:- :. :. October when we : :.::: have a drop
in ::: : ::: The normnnally recommended starting date
.,, ...: .. : is October 15th innorth
central Florida. But, mother nature does not always .- -: "
: i: to the calendar. In some years, rye plantings made in
mid-October or earlier have been lost due to i::: dis-
eases. Therefore, the best "date of planting" strategy to fol-
low may be to wait until a series of cool nights and lower
daytime temperatures occur and then plant, ratherthan going
::1:i by the calendar. Oats are somewhat less ::. ::i
to ..... diseases than rye or wheat and could be planted
earlier than rye or wheat in a wann fall. The normally rec-
ommended planting dates for oats in north Florida are ......
." i :::': : 15 to November 15. In :::i i : :.: i. ,: ::
should be made around November 1.

CGC

ARRANGE TO PURCHASE WINTER CLOVER SEED
ASAP

Seed of winter clovers .:.:... to be in short ....
this season. We have received information that a limited
amount of Flame crimson clover will be available in 1998,
and ::: ::i of Dixie and common are down from previous
years. Demand for Cherokee red clover may also exceed the
1 .: available for fall 1998 planting. Moderate .. ...::
ofOsceola white clover are available, but increased .:. :
related to summer hay shortages may exhaust these ::i:i :
Growers are urged to contract for their needed seed
ASAP. Listedbelow are known wholesale ...:.- ,.!::.
clovers. Growers must have their local retail outlets contact
the wholesale i::: :: : since these organizations do not usu-
Ssell to individual producers.

Flame crimson clover: Bunch '.': ... :' Industries
(BWI), Texarkana, TX :. ;8-8561)or : i.
895- *and Haile-Dean Seed, Orlando, FL (407-877-
3333).

Cherokee red clover: Alabama :::: : ::
Decatur, AL : :' ); Haile-Dean Seed: Kaufman
Seed Ashdown, AR .: :1-898-7271): Kelly Seed, Hartford,
AL (334- : ) Pennington Seed, : .: GA :
277-1412); and Seed South, Dothan AL 1. -7

Osceola white clover: Alabama Farmers "'
:.: -Dean Seed; Kaufman Seed; Kelly Seed; r- ..... : : ...
Seed; Seed South; and Tennessee Fanners C .. Laverne,
TN (615-79:

KHQ & CGC


SOUTHEASTERN FARMER OF THE YEAR FOR
FLORIDA

John Hoblick, a fern producer from Volusia County
has been selected as the 1998: .... :, ..:.. : : ..Farmer
of the Year for Florida. He will be considered, along with
seven other state winners, for the Southeastern Farmer : ::
Year Award, which will be : :: .1 at the Sunb i: i
tion in Moultrie, GA.

EBW

RANGE CATTLE REC FIELD DAY

The Range Cattle REC Field Day will be held on Oc-
tober 8, 1998. T. : .... .. will begin at 8:30 am, with the
starting at 9:20. The morning session will consist of
discussions on techniques to :.:.i.: cattle and. : pro-
duction. Lunch will be served at noon and there will be a
field tour in the .:: ....... Adjourmnent is at 3:00 pm. Mail
registration is needed by October 2 to : : :i: :i 1::::
ration. Call 941-735-1314 by ( : .i. : 6 if you fail to mail
the r : .. .

MBA

VALUE OF FLORIDA FIELD CROP PRODUCTION IN
1997

The following information on : crop :.... ...
andvalue .. : '.by b the '1 ..:,]. 1..... Statistics
Service.

EBW


Season Value of
Crop Production Average Production
Price (X1000)
Corn 6,400,000 bu $2.90 $18,560

Cotton 57,123,000 Ib $0.737 $42,120

Cottonseed 45 tn $123.00 $5,520

Hay, all 598,000 tn $90.00 $53,820

Peanuts 228,060,000 lb $0.237 $54,050
S :: 988,000 bu $7.00 $6,916

Sugarcane1 14,498,000 tn $29.40 $426,241

Tobacco 19,053,000 lb $1.721 $32,790

Wheat 585,000 bu $3.40 $1,989

11996 data










AUGUST FIELD CROPS REPORT

The : ..:. ::, .. ..i .:. :. Senice releasedthe
estimates in the two ..::... ... tables for field crop produc-
tion as of August 1, 1998.

EBW


Acreage (X1000)
Crop
Florida United States

Corn for grain 55 73,789

Cotton, all 80 10,697.5

Hay, all 270 59,819

Peanuts 81 1425.5

S. 35 71,570

Sugarcane 443 934

Tobacco, all 6.5 744.5

Wheat, all 13 59,211



Yield per acre
Crop
Florida United States Unit

Corn for grain 60 130 bu

Cotton, all 498 640 Ib

Hay, .: 2.00 2.48 tn

Peanuts 2400 2442 Ib

23 39.5 bu

Sugarcane 35.5 33.1 tn

Tobacco, all 2300 2103 Ib

Wheat, all 41 43 bu



FIELD CROP PRODUCTION BY COUNTIES IN 1997

T h e :i...: .: : : :: :. .: ... :.i ,
: ...:.. .. : used inthe : .ii... :.. two tables.


EBW


Counties with the most acres
Crop
County Acres

Corn Jackson 16,900
Suwannee 8,400
Madison 6,300
State Total 80,000
Peanuts Jackson 29,100
Santa Rosa 12,100
Levy 8,500
State Total 84,000
Soybeans Jackson 12,900
Calhoun 5,700
Escambia 3,900
State Total 38,000
Tobacco Suwannee 1,730
Hamilton 1,090
Alachua 1,030
State Total 7,300
Cotton Jackson 26,200
Santa Rosa 25,700
Escambia 14,000
State Total 99,000
Sugarcane Palm Beach 319,000
Hendry 71,000
Glades 19,000
State Total 421,000



Counties with the highest yield
Crop
County Yield per acre
Corn Escambia 120.4 bu
Calhoun 109.2 bu
Holmes 109.0 bu
State Average 80.0 bu
Peanuts Levy 3655 lb
Suwannee 3480 lb
Washington 3380 lb
State Average 2715 lb
-: .. Walton 33.8 bu
Okaloosa 33.3 bu
Jefferson 32.3 bu
State Average 26.0 bu
Tobacco Gadsden 3000 Ib
Lafayette 2860 Ib
Columbia 2830 Ib
State Average 2610 Ib
Cotton Santa Rosa 654 Ib
Okaloosa 633 Ib
Columbia 600 Ib
State Average 577 Ib
S.: Palm Beach 37.1 tn
Martin 36.5 tn
Hendry 36.3 tn
State Average 36.9 tn


The use of tradenames does not constitute a guarantee or warrant of products named of similar products.

Prepared by:
J. M. Bennett, Chairman, jmbt@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu
E. B. .. : .:: Professor, Extension Agronomist, .. .. : :.
M. B. Adjei, Assistant Professor, Extension Agronomist, mba@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu
C. G. Chambliss, Associate Professor, Extension Agronomist, ..... : .:: :.
K. H. Quesenberry, Professor, clover@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu
R. K. Sprenkel, Associate Professor, Entomologist, rks@icon.qcy.ufl.edu










AUGUST FIELD CROPS REPORT

The : ..:. ::, .. ..i .:. :. Senice releasedthe
estimates in the two ..::... ... tables for field crop produc-
tion as of August 1, 1998.

EBW


Acreage (X1000)
Crop
Florida United States

Corn for grain 55 73,789

Cotton, all 80 10,697.5

Hay, all 270 59,819

Peanuts 81 1425.5

S. 35 71,570

Sugarcane 443 934

Tobacco, all 6.5 744.5

Wheat, all 13 59,211



Yield per acre
Crop
Florida United States Unit

Corn for grain 60 130 bu

Cotton, all 498 640 Ib

Hay, .: 2.00 2.48 tn

Peanuts 2400 2442 Ib

23 39.5 bu

Sugarcane 35.5 33.1 tn

Tobacco, all 2300 2103 Ib

Wheat, all 41 43 bu



FIELD CROP PRODUCTION BY COUNTIES IN 1997

T h e :i...: .: : : :: :. .: ... :.i ,
: ...:.. .. : used inthe : .ii... :.. two tables.


EBW


Counties with the most acres
Crop
County Acres

Corn Jackson 16,900
Suwannee 8,400
Madison 6,300
State Total 80,000
Peanuts Jackson 29,100
Santa Rosa 12,100
Levy 8,500
State Total 84,000
Soybeans Jackson 12,900
Calhoun 5,700
Escambia 3,900
State Total 38,000
Tobacco Suwannee 1,730
Hamilton 1,090
Alachua 1,030
State Total 7,300
Cotton Jackson 26,200
Santa Rosa 25,700
Escambia 14,000
State Total 99,000
Sugarcane Palm Beach 319,000
Hendry 71,000
Glades 19,000
State Total 421,000



Counties with the highest yield
Crop
County Yield per acre
Corn Escambia 120.4 bu
Calhoun 109.2 bu
Holmes 109.0 bu
State Average 80.0 bu
Peanuts Levy 3655 lb
Suwannee 3480 lb
Washington 3380 lb
State Average 2715 lb
-: .. Walton 33.8 bu
Okaloosa 33.3 bu
Jefferson 32.3 bu
State Average 26.0 bu
Tobacco Gadsden 3000 Ib
Lafayette 2860 Ib
Columbia 2830 Ib
State Average 2610 Ib
Cotton Santa Rosa 654 Ib
Okaloosa 633 Ib
Columbia 600 Ib
State Average 577 Ib
S.: Palm Beach 37.1 tn
Martin 36.5 tn
Hendry 36.3 tn
State Average 36.9 tn


The use of tradenames does not constitute a guarantee or warrant of products named of similar products.

Prepared by:
J. M. Bennett, Chairman, jmbt@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu
E. B. .. : .:: Professor, Extension Agronomist, .. .. : :.
M. B. Adjei, Assistant Professor, Extension Agronomist, mba@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu
C. G. Chambliss, Associate Professor, Extension Agronomist, ..... : .:: :.
K. H. Quesenberry, Professor, clover@gnv.ifas.ufl.edu
R. K. Sprenkel, Associate Professor, Entomologist, rks@icon.qcy.ufl.edu