Front Cover
 Table of Contents
 Administrative, support and delivery...
 Regional activities
 State-of-the-art synthesis and...
 Program support
 Domestic support and enrichmen...
 Appendix 1. FSSP and related program...
 Appendix 2. FSSP core staff activities...
 Appendix 3. FSSP visitors to the...
 Appendix 4. List of official FSSP...
 Appendix 5. Biodata tables 1-5
 Appendix 6. FSSP newsletter maling...
 Appendix 7. Summary, non-University...
 Appendix 8. Index of activity report...
 Appendix 9. 1984 farming systems...

Group Title: Annual report, Farming Systems Support Project
Title: Annual report
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00066218/00004
 Material Information
Title: Annual report
Physical Description: v. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Farming Systems Support Project
University of Florida -- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
United States -- Agency for International Development
Publisher: University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Farming Systems Support Project.
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1984
Frequency: annual
Subject: Agricultural extension work -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Agricultural extension work -- Periodicals -- Latin America   ( lcsh )
Agricultural extension work -- Periodicals -- Africa   ( lcsh )
Agricultural extension work -- Periodicals -- Asia   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
Issuing Body: Submitted to the United States Agency for International Development.
General Note: Description based on: 1983.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: 1985.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00066218
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 70867122
lccn - 2006229373

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
    Administrative, support and delivery structure
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
    Regional activities
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
    State-of-the-art synthesis and support
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
    Program support
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    Domestic support and enrichment
        Page 39
        Page 40
    Appendix 1. FSSP and related program activities 1984
        Appendix 1-1
        Appendix 1-2
        Appendix 1-3
        Appendix 1-4
        Appendix 1-5
        Appendix 1-6
    Appendix 2. FSSP core staff activities 1984
        Appendix 2-1
        Appendix 2-2
        Appendix 2-3
        Appendix 2-4
        Appendix 2-5
        Appendix 2-6
    Appendix 3. FSSP visitors to the University of Florida
        Appendix 3-1
        Appendix 3-2
        Appendix 3-3
        Appendix 3-4
        Appendix 3-5
        Appendix 3-6
    Appendix 4. List of official FSSP memorandum of agreement contacts, December 1984
        Appendix 4-1
        Appendix 4-2
    Appendix 5. Biodata tables 1-5
        Appendix 5-1
        Appendix 5-2
    Appendix 6. FSSP newsletter maling list - distribution breakdown
        Appendix 6-1
        Appendix 6-2
        Appendix 6-3
        Appendix 6-4
    Appendix 7. Summary, non-University and University involvement in support of FSSP/AID activities
        Appendix 7-1
        Appendix 7-2
        Appendix 7-3
        Appendix 7-4
    Appendix 8. Index of activity report abstract
        Appendix 8-1
        Appendix 8-2
        Appendix 8-3
        Appendix 8-4
    Appendix 9. 1984 farming systems support project personnel
        Appendix 9-1
        Appendix 9-2
Full Text


Cooperative Agreement No.: Dan-4099-A-00-2083-00
Project No. : 936-4099

Submitted to

The United States
Agency for International Development

Prepared by

University of Florida in cooperation with
Support entities of the Farming Systems Support Project

For the period covering
January 1 December 31, 1984



I. Preface ............................................. 5

II. Introduction...................................... ... 7

III. Administrative, Support and Delivery Structure...... 9

IV. Regional Activities: Africa......................... 15
Latin America and
The Caribbean.................23
Asia and The Near East........25

V. State-of-the-Art Synthesis and Support..............27

VI. Program Support .................................... 33

VII. Domestic Support and Enrichment.....................39

VIII. Appendix.............................................

FSSP Calendar of Project and Related Program
Activities....... ......................... .1.1-1.5
FSSP Calendar of Core Staff Activities ............2.1-2.6
Visitors to the FSSP ..............................3.1-3.5
Official MOA Contacts.............................. 4.1-4.2
Summary of Biodata Searches .......................5.1-5.2
Newsletter Mailing List Distribution..............6.1-6.3
Support Entity Annual Reports Summary ............7.1-7.3
Index of Activity Report Abstracts ................8.1-8.3
Personnel ......................................... 9.1


The 1984 Annual Work Plan for the FSSP was based in an informal
assessment of needs extending through 1983, the first full year of the
project. With field experience in 1984, several additional needs
became evident, emerging across the response framework of the project.
Most important is the need to further strengthen the program
development base through various state-of-the-art synthesis activities
leading to training materials and technical assistance guidelines.

While the 1984 Work Plan served as a general guideline, in part
speculative relative to the demand nature of the project as outlined
in the FSSP Cooperative Agreement, achievement in 1984 suggests that
the plan was well-attended. As could be expected, unanticipated
activities emerged of significant proportions to further strengthen
the performance of the project. A shift in emphasis from program
delivery to program development, as a need, became evident where
training and provisioning trainers taxed the system to the limit. A
need for a broad base from which the FSR/E multiplier can function to
strengthen agricultural research and extension was evident. The role
for FSSP to enrich programming for USAID became real.

Desired, but not fully anticipated, qualitative results for FSSP
interventions include: strengthening the university/AID interface in
the realm of Title XII concepts, philosophy and practice; advancing
contributions to farming systems concepts and principles in the
context of the agricultural research and extension system; and
strengthening the capacity of people and institutions for meeting
production and survival challenges faced by farm families.

Most indicative of the quality experience achieved in 1984 is the
strength of the FSSP/AID relationship through active participation by
AID Missions, Regional Bureaus, and the Bureau for Science and
Technology, including the Divisions of Agriculture and Rural
Development. The FSSP support entity structure has been responsive to
requests for assistance by AID and has prepared a base for numerous
future interactions. To enrich programming efforts where bilateral
support and commodity-oriented research achievements call for
systems-oriented training and technical assistance on a scale not
easily attainable for independent project activities, is an
achievement and remains a goal of the FSSP.


This report serves to summarize the general program results,
activities and achievements for the FSSP in 1984. A summary of the
administrative, support and delivery structure details the complexity
of the overall FSSP organization and outlines attendant opportunities
for cooperative participation in the project.

Regional activities in Africa, Latin America and Asia show results
in training, networking and technical assistance building toward
stronger research and extension institutions and programs for the
future. Emphasis desired by AID is clear in Africa, where major
program development activities are designed for extensive
implementation efforts in 1985.

State-of-the-art synthesis and support activities express a base
for program development in 1985 resulting from various AID and support
entity interactions, leading to an assessment of priority program
needs. The following section then covers program support evolving in
1984. Domestic support and enrichment is summarized to emphasize the
contribution of and participation by support entities. A series of
appendices provides information to quantify and explain various
aspects of the project.

This report serves as a self-evaluation instrument for the FSSP
core staff and will be an instrument used by the External Evaluation
Panel in 1985. It is structured around performance criteria generally
related to training and technical assistance from the perspective of a
support mechanism to enrich country-specific bilateral and
commodity-specific multilateral assistance to national agricultural
research and extension institutions. The report is a reference point
for users in a continuum of support activity in the area of farming
systems. Because it serves as a part of a process, it is
process-oriented in emphasizing the evolution of an experiment by
USAID/S&T in broad-based support for some of the "generic" needs in
technical assistance and training.

Complementary information in support of the Annual Report includes
Quarterly Reports, initiated in 1984 and prepared retroactive to the
inception of the project (see Appendix 8). These brief reports
outline the qualitative implications of development and implementation
of a project such as the FSSP. Each report includes an executive
summary, three-to-five pages of setting, achievements and conclusions.
Attached to each Quarterly Report is a series of Activity Report
Abstracts. More extensive Activity Reports, covering primarily team
and individual interventions, are on record as back-up to this

information base. With the Annual Report as an overall source of
project information, both the Quarterly Reports and the short-term,
more specific Activity Reports provide a brief'but accurate means of
keeping abreast of the complex FSSP operations.


No major changes were made in 1984 in the organizational structure
of the FSSP as it relates to USAID and project support entities. The
Advisory Council was fully operative and met four times for purposes
of administrative and management counsel. The Advisory Council has
come to be well-respected by the project director and core staff, as
well as by the support entities. It has helped bring forth strong
university and institutional commitment to the FSSP. In a short 18
months this group has advised in and contributed to the establishment
of guidelines for program implementation procedures with specific
reference to the support entity base. These guidelines, spelled out
in a Procedural Manual, will be published in a preliminary form early
in 1985 and distributed for use and refinement.

Internally, the program and policy development strategy used has
been for the core staff to develop a series of Action Memos for broad
review by the core and by the Council. After review, the Director
prepared an Implementation Memo, based on the corresponding Action
Memo, for final affirmation and use by the FSSP organization.

On matters related to FSSP interactions with USAID/S&T management,
the Director and Project Manager prepared Action Memos for mutual
consideration by the respective staffs, again, followed by
Implementation Memos after review. In 1984 two meetings were held
between core and AID management staffs to further refine procedures
and to resolve operational issues. A result was clearer definition of
channels for managing and responding to AID Mission requests.

The support entity organizational structure was sufficiently
well-conceived to provide a base for infusing a "value orientation"
which has stimulated enthusiasm and participation. The exact nature
of this orientation is not easily defined, but it is evidenced by a
sense of commitment, consensus, collaboration and support throughout
the support entity network in task, training, workshop and team
assistance endeavors.

FSSP Organization And Operation

The support entity base consists of 21 universities and five
consulting firms:

University of Arizona University of Arkansas
Colorado State University Cornell University
University of Florida University of Hawaii
University of Illinois Iowa State University
Kansas State University University of Kentucky
Lincoln University Michigan State University
University of Minnesota University of Missouri (Columbia)
Tuskegee Institute North Carolina State University
Southern Illinois University Pennsylvania State University
Virginia State University Virginia Polytechnic Institute
Washington State University

Agricultural Development Consultants, Inc.
Development Alternatives, Inc.
International Agricultural Development Service
Research Triangle Institute
Winrock International

These 26 support entities comprising the FSSP Support Entity Network
provide a total of 541 Program Associates. Of these, 52 are
affiliated with the consulting firms while 489 are affiliated with the
universities. (A listing of official contacts for each of the support
entities is provided in Appendix 4).

Program Associates are faculty or staff dedicated to committing
themselves and some of their time to learning about and then
delivering the technical assistance and training activities necessary
to support FSR worldwide in conjunction with, and under the leadership
of, the FSSP. Additional information relating to the role of Program
Associates is provided in section VIII and in Appendix 8 of this

Technical assistance

With the exception of some FSR project evaluations, demand for
FSSP technical assistance remains unpredictable. The following two
sections divide technical assistance activities into the categories of
(a) the FSR biodata file, and (b) FSR project support.

The FSR Biodata File

The moratorium on signing more MOAs went into effect on July
1, 1984. This means that the FSSP support entity network is at or
very near its final size. Thus, no large changes are anticipated in
the size or composition of the biodata collection. Those changes
which are envisioned in the biodata files are (1) updates on specific
individuals, (2) updates on support entity official contact personnel,
(3) some additions to both the support entity program associate file

and to the independent file and (4) agreement upon an equitable but
highly necessary policy for maintaining and/or purging the biodata
collection. The sub-section which follows contains a brief descrip-
tion of current biodata uses.

During 1984, 54 searches for 71 individuals were carried out
using the FSSP biodata file. Twenty seven of these were for persons
with specific farming systems research experience. Those who use the
biodata file to search have included USAID, AID Missions, FSR project
contractors, potential bilateral contractors, FSSP core staff and FSSP
support entities. Searches have been for individuals and for whole
technical assistance teams, as well as for individuals with interest
or expertise in FSR training. (For detailed tables see Appendix 5).
The trend of the number of searches by month has been relatively
consistent, ranging from a low of one search (November, 1984) to a
high of eight searches (September, 1984), while averaging 4.5 per
month or about one per week. Searches conducted during the latter
half of 1984 were completely computerized and more accurate than
earlier searches. A mass mailing to all support entity program
associates during the year enabled some further fine-tuning and
updating of the biodata system to occur. Now, as a part of each
search, the FSSP provides the searcher with a summary of all pertinent
activities and experiences of each individual making the "short list",
as well as the short-listed individual's address and telephone number
to shorten lag time in recruitment of candidates.

The support entities are beginning to make greater use of their
biodata files. Sixteen of the 54 searches were requested by 10 of the
FSSP support entities. A recent policy change allows searchers from
within the support entity network (as well as requests coming to the
FSSP from AID Missions) to have direct access to program associate's
telephone numbers. FSSP policy now states that each program associate
has the responsibility for notifying his or her department or unit
head, as well as the program leader and/or administrative coordinator,
if contacted directly by a searcher. In addition, the short list of
candidates identified for each search is forwarded to each program
leader and administrative coordinator of each support entity which has
candidates on the short list.

Project Support

1. Needs assessment.

These types of activities were originally conceived of as an
important potential contribution of the project to upgrading
state-of-the-art in FSR projects. Very few of these activities have
been requested of the FSSP, however. During 1984, the FSSP was
involved in three such activities: (1) assisting to broker a needs
assessment in Honduras (for the creation of a semi-autonomous
agricultural research entity), (2) locating and sponsoring a team to
undertake a needs assessment and reconnaissance survey activity
between FSR projects in Liberia, and (3) locating and helping to
sponsor a joint Cornell University/FSSP training needs assessment team
for early January, 1985.

2. Project design.

This traditional AID activity consists of both the Project
Identification Document (PID) and Project Paper (PP) stages of project
design. During 1984, the FSSP core attempted to make increasingly
greater use of the overall expertise of the program associates in the
support entity network in these two major sub-areas of technical
assistance. During 1.984, the FSSP was involved officially in three
project design activities in Jordan (through the University of
Arizona), the Gambia and Sierra Leone.

3. Project evaluation.

Demand for FSSP involvement in FSR project evaluations is rather
more consistent and somewhat more "predictable" than other types of
technical assistance demands. During 1984, the FSSP was involved in
at least four project evaluations in Honduras (completed), Botswana
(completed), Zambia (requested in 1984 but to be carried out in 1985)
and the Philippines (requested in 1984 but to be carried out in 1985).
Again, the FSSP role in assisting any project evaluation is provision
of the most appropriate personnel to carry out the task, based on as
complete information from the host country and the AID Missions as
possible, relating to the specific needs of the evaluation.

In addition to locating individuals for evaluations, the FSR
project evaluation revision task force, or ETF, was formed in October,
1984. The ETF held a major organizational and scope-setting meeting
in late November, and will have completed its task of developing and
field-testing a revised format and method of evaluating FSR projects
during 1985. It is expected that such a revised format and methods
will address many of the current frustrations felt by all parties
involved in the bilateral FSR contract process -- the host country
nationals, the contractor, USAID/Washington and the AID Missions.

4. Team/individual orientations (briefings).

The FSSP assists in either team or individual
orientations/briefings upon request. Sufficient lead time for
planning them and working them into the schedule is a necessary
prerequisite. At least one-month official notice is required to help
assure a quality briefing. During 1984, four briefings were carried
out for (1) the Gambia, (2) Honduras, (3) Arkansas team for Rwanda,
and (4) Jordan.

5. Team/individual debriefings.

Debriefings occurred on an informal, case-by-case basis during
1984. A mixture of whole teams and team leaders have been debriefed.
Most debriefings took place in Gainesville. Manuscripts of recordings
of six debriefings -- Honduras project evaluation, Paraguay FSR
training, Rwanda project design, Gambia training workshop, Honduras
autonomous research entity follow-up and the Liberia needs
assessment/reconnaissance survey -- have been transcribed and await
summary and synthesis.

The FSSP views debriefings as the final step in the process of
improving the state-of-the-art in FSR project implementation. Nothing
should assist the improvement of FSR project design and delivery more
than identifying a more productive way to capture and use the vivid
impressions of technical assistance and training practitioners to
isolate and eliminate common project problem areas, and to reinforce
positive project areas and accomplishments.


Project initiatives in technical assistance, training and
networking are reported here chronologically, by region. There has
been a concerted effort to continue with and expand activity in
Africa, particularly in West Africa. At the same time, FSSP has
remained responsive to AID Mission requests from all regions. The
listings are brief; additional information for all activities is
available in the Activity Report Abstracts, a part of the Quarterly
Reports (Appendix 8) or, for greater detail, from the Activity Reports
themselves, on file with the FSSP.

Two maps overleaff Figures 1 and 2) offer a comparison of project
activity in 1983 with that of 1984. Circled numbers are keyed to the
numbered listing of Activity Report Abstracts (Appendix 8). The
dispersion of FSSP activity represents that planned for in the 1984
Work Plan, plus response to AID Mission demands for services that
arose during the year.

FSSP policy toward regional activity has been and continues to
include taking the initiative in structuring and developing activity
in West Africa, while responding to Mission requests throughout the
continent. Regional activity in Latin America and in Asia/Near East
has been and continues to be in response to requests for technical
assistance, training and specific networking functions.

Regional Activities: Africa

The FSSP conducted a number of activities in support of FSR/E in
Africa during 1984. A brief synopsis of each of these is given below
by country, institution, or activity in chronological order.

Gambia: 1/5-1/14: The FSSP sent two of the three trainers selected
to conduct the Gambia FSR regional training workshop (John Caldwell,
VPI, and Susan Poats, FSSP) to the Gambia to plan and design the
workshop, together with the AID Mission personnel and the Colorado
State University/CID Mixed Farming Project staff, who had offered to
host the training workshop.

Senegal: 1/17-21: FSSP core staff member Susan Poats visited the
Djibelor ISRA Station to meet with the ISRA Casamance FSR team, and
the ISRA headquarters in DAKAR in order to gain familiarity with the
FSR activities in Senegal. Additionally, Mulumba Kamuanga, MSU/ISRA,
was invited to the Gambia FSR workshop to present a case study on FSR
in the Casamance region. Discussions during this visit also centered
on potential FSSP support to the MSU/ISRA project activities, and



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possibly of assistance for a training workshop to be held later in

Gambia: 3/12-20: FSSP conducted the Gambia/West Africa Farming
Systems Workshop. Trainers were John Caldwell (VPI), Susan P.oats
(FSSP) and Steven Franzel (DAI). Participants included 13 Gambians, 7
expatriates working in the Gambia, 2 USAID Agricultural Development
Officers, and selected representatives from Cameroon, Sierra Leone,
Ivory Coast, Ghana, and Senegal. Additionally, Rosalie Norem (ISU)
attended as an observer in order to incorporate the workshop
experiences into the Training For Trainers Workshop to be held in
June. Thomas Fretz, Horticulture Department Head (VPI), also attended
as an observer. The seven-day workshop focused on the agricultural
problems of the Gambia, and provided an overview of all of the stages
of the FSR process. The highlight of the workshop was a mock "sondeo"
conducted in a village near the workshop site, which succeeded in
effectively demonstrating the validity of the FSR diagnostic
methodology. During the course of the workshop, Gambian participants
outlined a program of desired support from FSSP for future FSR
activities. Based on the workshop experience, two representatives
from the Gambia were invited to attend the Training For Trainers
Workshop in June.

Senegal: 3/21-26: Following the Gambia workshop, the workshop
trainers paid a visit to the ISRA Casamance FSR team at Djibelor,
Senegal. From Djibelor, the trainers proceeded to Dakar where they
met for several days with MSU project staff, Jim Bingen and Eric
Crawford, in order to debrief them on the experiences of the Gambia
workshop and assist them in the planning of a similar workshop for the
Senegalese FSR teams, to be held in October. FSSP agreed to support
this training activity by providing copies of existing training
materials in French, translating selected FSR documents to French,
providing an FSR expert as a resource person for the workshop, and
co-sponsoring the publication of a proceedings from the workshop.

Kenya: 4/15-5/8: Ken McDermott (FSSP) and Don Isleib (MSU) traveled
to Kenya at the request of the AID Mission in order to help the
Mission to determine its role in support of agricultural research.
Their recommendation was that the Mission should try to ensure the
success of the World Bank supported Training and Visit (T and V)
Project and of the CIMMYT OFR/FSP operation in Kenya, both of which
have other sources of support. As to the Mission's specific efforts,
their recommendations were to support the development and the
protection of a "basic national capacity" and to do so with patience
and empathy for the tremendous job that is facing the Kenyan
administrators. Implied in their recommendations is the need for
donor coordination and supervision to ensure that donor activities are
in line with Kenyan priority needs and problems.

Training for Trainers: 6/4-15: The Training for Trainers Workshop,
entitled "Designing Effective Farming Systems Training For West
Africa", was held at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. Workshop
leaders were Rosalie Norem and Eric Abbott (ISU). Additional training

support was provided by Kathy Alison and Robert Werge (OICD/USDA).
The workshop was designed to focus specifically on the unique farming
systems situation in West Africa, including the Francophone-Angolphone
distinctions, cropping and livestock patterns and the agricultural
research and extension institutional structures. Because of the
experimental nature of the workshop, it was planned as an interactive
training workshop, relying heavily on the exchange of information by
participants concerning existing programs, training experiences and
country needs. Participants included representatives from the
following African countries: Ivory Coast, Gambia, Nigeria, Zaire,
Zambia, Zimbabwe, Cameroon and Ghana.

Kenya: 6/10-14: Ken McDermott (FSSP) attended the "East African
Conference of Research and Extension Directors" held in Nairobi. This
was sponsored by World Bank, with support from USAID and CIMMYT East,
Central and Southern Africa Economics Programme. Representatives from
a dozen East and Southern African countries attended. Discussion
centered around the T and V system and its integration into national
research and extension systems.

Liberia: 7/1-8/8: The Liberia socio-economic survey, requested by
the AID Mission and Africa Bureau, was conducted by John Lichte,
consultant, and Tim Frankenberger, University of Kentucky. The survey
was to provide socio-economic information which could be used to help
establish research priorities at CARI. It was requested because AID
personnel reviewing the project-- which would provide the second phase
funding for CARI (Agricultural Research and Extension II)-- felt that
the project paper lacked socio-economic input and had not effectively
established research priorities for CARI. Since CARI has only a
single social scientist on its staff and no farm survey work had been
done, it was hoped that a socio-economic survey could provide an input
which would help orient CARI research toward the needs of farmers.
The FSR/E approach would facilitate this research orientation. The
socio-economic or FSR/E reconnaissance survey provided the requested
socio-economic input while demonstrating and training some staff in
the FSR/E methodology.

Kenya: 7/20-8/6: Steve Kearl (FSSP) met with staff members of the
CIMMYT East, Central and Southern Africa Economics Programme to
discuss FSSP-CIMMYT interfaces. The two organizations exchanged
training materials and formalized a newsletter information exchange.
Four potential cooperative activities were outlined: 1) FSSP
participation in a FSR orientation in Burundi, 2) FSSP participation
in a FSR orientation in Rwanda, 3) FSSP support for and participation
in an orientation for new Sudanese scientists joining WSARP (Western
Sudan Agricultural Research Project), January 12-24, 1985 in
Wadamatamu, and 4) FSSP/PAO involvement in CIMMYT's Zimbabwe training
in Harare. A similar training materials exchange was effected with
ICRAF, in Nairobi. ICRAF's staff expressed an interest in MSTAT and
in exchanging this statistical package for one of their own, MULBUD.
The availability of their data base was discussed, along with an
interest in obtaining a copy of the KSU literature collection on
farming systems. At ICIPE, Deputy Director Matt Cunningham asked FSSP
to facilitate ILCA participation in adding a livestock research

component to the on-farm trials underway at Mbita Point. Kearl
presented a seminar on August 2nd on farming systems research.

Botswana: 7/14-30: The first interim project evaluation of the ATIP
(Agricultural Technology Improvement Project) occurred. The
evaluation team consisted of Charles Francis(Univ. of Nebraska), plant
breeder and team leader; Cornelia Flora(KSU), rural sociologist; Dan
Galt(FSSP), agricultural economist; Boyd Whittle, extension and an
AID/Washington representative. The ATIP is a MIAC project for which
KSU is the lead implementing university. The project focuses on two
areas of the arid eastern portion of Botswana centered on the urban
areas of Mahalape and Francistown. The evaluation is still pending
acceptance by the government of Botswana. The evaluation activity has
lead to further use of the FSSP biodata by the ATIP chief of party and
to a PAO activity in the area of technical assistance (a livestock

Ethiopia: 8/6-8/10: Steve Kearl (FSSP) met with various staff at
ILCA, and visited both the Debre Berhan and Debre Zeit Research
Centers. This followed-up on a presentation Kearl produced based on
ILCA's animal traction work. The presentation was viewed by ILCA
staff and left with them for their use. Documentation materials were
collected to support the training unit development at FSSP and for the
literature collection at KSU and a publications exchange was
established. ICIPE's request for ILCA cooperation in a crop/livestock
research component was discussed. FSSP/ILCA relations were explored,
particularly collaboration in workshops involving livestock, but also
in terms of staff availability for short-term technical assistance.

IITA/WAFSRN: 8/20-24: Henk Mutsaers, agronomist, Farming Systems
Program, IITA, visited FSSP to discuss coordination of FSR activities
in the West African region. FSSP agreed to cooperate with IITA in
training and networking activities of common interest. FSSP also
agreed to send two resource persons to the IITA/OFRIC (On-Farm
Research in Ivory Coast) workshop planned for September. Susan Poats
(FSSP) and Martha Gaudreau (Soil Scientist Univ. Minn.) were selected
to attend the workshop. Martha Gaudreau was asked to come to IITA
prior to the workshop to assist with final preparation of workshop

Cameroon: 9/9-16: Susan Poats (FSSP) visited the AID Mission in
Yaounde to discuss FSSP assistance in the delivery of a technical
assistance seminar, sponsored by the Mission for all of the technical
assistance personnel in-country and their counterparts, to be held in
April 1985. Preliminary discussions on the issue took place earlier
at the University of Florida between FSSP and AID/ADO William
Litwiller. The FSSP part of the seminar program will focus on the
comparison of the francophone and anglophone approaches to FSR/E, and
will include a small group activity relevant to the implementation of
FSR/E in the Cameroonian context. Following the Mission visit, Poats
traveled to Bamenda to visit the TLU team, sponsored by IITA, in order
to familiarize FSSP with some of the FSR/E efforts in that region.
The last part of the trip included at visit with the Univ. of Florida
team with Agricultural University Project (USAID) at the University

Center of Dschang. The purpose of the visit was to discuss
possibilities for FSSP collaboration with the project in the area of
short term regional FSR/E training, and the potential of a workshop
involving university teaching and administrative staff to coincide
with the April 1985 Technical Assistance Seminar.

IITA: 9/11-14: Martha Gaudreau (Univ. Minn.) made a pre-workshop
trip to IITA to assist in the final preparations for the IITA/OFRIC
workshop in Ivory Coast. In addition, she met with several members of
the Farming Systems Program at IITA, on behalf of FSSP, and obtained
further materials for use in FSSP's efforts to develop training

Ivory Coast: 9/14-28: The OFRIC/IITA Farming Systems Workshop was
attended by Susan Poats (FSSP) and Martha Gaudreau (U. Minn.)
The workshop participants were drawn from Ivory Coast and Nigeria, and
was a follow-up to an earlier workshop held in Nigeria in 1983. A
majority of the participants were present at both activities,
providing both a networking as well as a training function.

Togo: 9/28-10/1: Susan Poats (FSSP) made a brief visit to the AID
Mission to discuss the preliminary arrangements and agreements to hold
a networkshop in Togo in early 1985 which would focus on the animal
systems in the farming systems of West Africa. Arrangements were made
for a planning visit in December.

Senegal: 9/29-10/21: In accordance with earlier agreements to
support a FSR workshop in Senegal for the ISRA/MSU team, the FSSP sent
John Lichte as a trainer and resource person to the workshop. His
role was to assist in the design of small group activities during the
workshop, and to moderate the entire workshop program. He also gave
several presentations, including one on the Mali FSR experience as a
case study, and another on the methodology of establishing
recommendation domains. A report from the workshop, including
participant presentations and commentaries was prepared and a
proceedings to be published jointly with FSSP and ISRA is underway.
Many of the materials generated by the workshop will be useful for
future training activities in the region.

Mozambique: 10/20-10/28: Eugenio Martinez (FSSP) participated in a
CIMMYT/FSSP sponsored farming systems orientation seminar in
Mozambique. Attending the seminar were participants from the National
Agricultural Research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture and the
University, who had expressed interest in the relevance of a farming
systems program for the country. Martinez presented an overview of
FSR/E and provided information on the FSSP structure and support. He
used the ICTA/Guatemala case as an example of a FSR/E project.
Considerable interest was expressed by participants in receiving
technical assistance (long term) from CIMMYT, however, CIMMYT response
was that they have too much demand already, and could help instead
with short term training. This could be considered in conjunction
with on-going FSSP training programs, however the language problem is
critical. Suggestions were made for FSSP to communicate with the
Mozambique group in order to provide a linkage to FSR work in Latin


Zambia: 11/27-29: Art Hansen (UF) represented the FSSP at a workshop
in Lusaka, Zambia on the role of rural sociologists and
anthropologists in FSR. The.workshop was jointly sponsored by the
Zambian ARTP and CIMMYT East African Economics Program. Rural
sociologists, anthropologists and other social scientists attended the
workshop from Zambia and ten other countries. Hansen delivered the
keynote address. Participants considered the workshop to be very
rewarding and Zambians are already proceeding to establish a
"sociological" unit as part of their program.

Botswana: 11/30-12/3: In conjunction with FSSP's representation at
the Zambia workshop by Art Hansen(FSSP), cabled the AID Missions in
the region to determine if there were other FSR/E needs that could be
met with Hansen's expertise. Botswana and Zimbabwe were two Missions
which responded positively. The request from Botswana was for an
expatriate social scientist to come to Botswana to support the
integration of the Rural Sociology Unit (RSU) into the ATIP project,
funded through USAID contract to Kansas State University. Visits with
both RSU staff and ATIP expatriate and national staff enabled Hansen
to develop a proposal for supporting the social science input to the
ATIP through a series of short term consultancies by Hansen, focusing
primarily on in-service training, assistance in setting priorities and
methodological facilitation.

Togo: 12/1-12/8: Susan Poats and John Lichte traveled to Togo to plan
the schedule and field activities for the networkshop entitled "Animal
Traction in a Farming Systems Perspective", to be held the first week
of march, 1985. Sidney Bliss, USAID-RDO in Togo worked with Poats and
Lichte to plan workshop sessions and logistics. Malcolm Aste, former
Pearce Corps Volumteer was hired as administrative assistant.

Zimbabwe: 12/3-6: Zimbabwe was the last stop on Art Hansen's trip to
Southern Africa. The purpose for this visit was to meet with members
of the University of Zimbabwe in Harare who are engaged in FSR/E
activities, especially in the area of regional training. This visit
was a follow-up to Zimbabwe participation in the Training for Trainers
Workshop earlier in the year. Suggestions and materials resulting
from the discussions will be incorporated into the FSSP Training Unit
Development Workshop scheduled for early 1985.

Mali: 12/15-12/22: FSSP, Michigan State University and AID Missions
supported an MSTAT workshop for thirteen participants from Mali,
Gambia, Burkina Faso and Niger. It was held at the Institute du Sahel
and conducted by Joe Tohme (MSU). This was the second French MSTAT
workshop in West Africa supported by FSSP.

Regional Activities: Latin America and the Caribbean

The FSSP has engaged in a variety of activities in Latin merica
and the Caribbean during 1984. By country (or institution) an in
chronological order, those are:

Honduras: 1/22-1/31: The FSSP conducted an evaluation of the
Honduras Agricultural Research project, implemented by the Con;ortium
for International Development under the leadership of New Mexi o State
University. Gustavo Arcia(RTI), Art Hansen(UF), Vernon Cardwe l(U of
MN), and Marson Marvel(Ayudamos).

Paraguay: 1/13-2/5: The FSSP conducted a three-week methods course
for extension practitioners working with the
Technology-for-Small-Farmers Project. This course led by Fede ico
Poey(AGRIDEC), Rene Velazquez(AGRIDEC), Mario Ozaeta(ICTA), GlInn
Sappie(U.of F), and Juan Herrera(ICTA) dealt with all stages o' the
FSR/E process and involved an actual survey, or sondeo, out of which
research hypotheses and a work plan for the year were developed. The
work plan is currently under implementation. This course was i sequel
to an earlier FSSP course to orient decision-makers to the FSR E
approach and was part of a broader scheme to integrate research and
extension using the approach. The FSSP has been working with
extension in Paraguay and collaborating with CIMMYT, which is working
with research. FSSP interventions in Paraguay can serve as a iodel
for potential activities in other countries of the region.

Guatemala: 2/24-3/3: Federico Poey(AGRICDEC),James Jones(FSS-), Juan
M. Herrera(ICTA), Romero Solano(CATIE), and Rolando Estrada(IC:A)
assisted the Programa Regional Cooperativo de Papa (PRECODEPA) in the
development and delivery of a one-week workshop in Quezaltenan0o,
Guatemala to orient potato researchers from Middle America and the
Caribbean to the FSR/E approach. The workshop was attended by
thirty-seven researchers from six countries of the region.

Dominican Republic: 5/5-5/19: The FSSP conducted a training survey
(sondeo) in the area of San Jose de Ocoa for the Natural Resou:ce
Management project (MARENA) directed by Federico Poey(AGRIDEC), Billie
DeWalt(U of K) and Romeo Solano(CATIE). There was first a
two-and-a-half day review of FSR/E concepts and survey procedures,
followed by an actual survey. Trainees were led through an
interpretation of the data and the formulation of research hypotheses
and the setting of research priorities for a one-year research plan.
The plan was detailed and included the design of experiments.
Twenty-one trainees attended the exercise, eleven of them working
directly on Project MARENA, the others affiliating with it in some

Eastern Caribbean: 5/24-6/2: Through the FSSP, Anita Spring assisted
WAND (Women and Development), a regional organization with several
development projects, in conducting a seminar on women and FSR/E at
the University of the West Indies in Trinidad. The seminar was
attended by several faculty members and by eleven students from island

nations in the region who are working toward a one-year diploma in
agricultural extension.

Haiti: 6/24-6/28: The FSSP participated in a seminar on agricultural
production systems in Haiti. Martha Gaudreau(U. of MN) and Louise
Fresoc(The Netherlands) summarized.the future FSR/E needs in Haiti and
made recommendations to project management in Gainesville regarding
FSSP involvement in FSR/E networking in Haiti.

Jamaica: 7/2-7/14: An FSSP team formed by James Dean(U of F), Steve
Franzel(DAI), Emmanuel Acquah(U. of Ml), and Eugenio Martinez (U of F)
went to Jamaica to design and develop a workshop to be delivered in
September to researchers of the Jamaican Farming Systems Research
Project, a pilot project with external funding. The workshop was to
be orientational in nature and would help project personnel gain a
basic understanding of FSR/E concepts. The workshop was subsequently
postponed until 1985 when the external funding source and the
Government of Jamaica failed to make funds available.

Peru: 8/26-8/30: The FSSP worked through Federico Poey(AGRIDEC) to
conduct a needs assessment of the North Carolina State/INIPA selva
project and help devise an action plan to implement the FSR/E approach
there. The Peruvian project manager was in Gainesville previously to
discuss FSSP support for efforts in the selva. The plan of action,
which proposes an initial three-day workshop on FSR/E as a way to
integrate research and extension and a subsequent three-week workshop
cum survey for project practitioners, is currently under review by

CATIE: 8/21-8/24: Representing the FSSP, James Jones participated
with CATIE in the planning of a workshop to be held in Turrialba March
4-8, 1985. The FSSP will play a supporting role in this CATIE
endeavor, which will analyze five FSR/E cases from Latin America in
terms of several dimensions with a view to deriving instructional
value for future FSR/E work in the region. The cases will be selected
by CATIE, CIMMYT, ICA (Colombia), ICTA (Guatemala), and EMBRAPA
(Brazil). An FSSP Core staff member visited CATIE also in February of
1984 to initiate discussions on potential collaboration. While the
FSSP has used CATIE researchers in some of its training and technical
assistance work (e.g., Dominican Republic, Paraguay), the proposed
workshop will be the first collaboration of its kind between FSSP and

INSORMIL: 9/5-9/9: Billie DeWalt representing the FSSP collaborated
with CIMMYT, ICRISAT, and the sorghum-millet CRSP (INSORMIL) in the
planning and delivery of a workshop at CIMMYT, Mexico. The workshop
focused on FSR/E in sorghum research in Latin America and the
Caribbean and involved 100 researchers from the region.

Paraguay: 11/17-12/8: Romeo Solano(AGRIDEC, Leader), Federico
Poey(AGRIDEC), Francisco Romero(U of F), Mario Ozaeta(AGRIDEC/PTPA)
conducted a three-week workshop on FSR/E methodology in livestock
production for the Paraguayan extension service (SEAG). The workshop
focused on viable research alternatives in beef, poultry, and dairy.

Regional Activities: Asia and the Near East

Early in 1984, an Asia FSR ad hoc Strategy Advisory Commi tee
agreed to serve in advisory capacity to the FSSP core staff on Asia
issues. .By mid-July, a cable outlining the capabilities of th FSSP
network in FSR in broad terms was sent to all Asian Missions b
Wendell Morse (AID/S&T) and Charles Antholt(AID/Asia Bureau). This
cable included the mechanism to initiate requests for FSSP ser ices,
and indicated that the FSSP was prepared to conduct initial,
exploratory visits to AID Missions and relevant host country
institutions at Mission request. Initiation of exploratory AI
Mission visits began in late September, 1984, with a visit to he
Philippines. Two additional exploratory AID Mission visits oc ured in
late November and early December, 1984, to Indonesia and Thail nd. In
addition, the FSSP network supported a technical assistance vi it to
Sri Lanka in October, 1984, to backstop a FSR workshop in that

At the FSSP Annual Meetings the Asia FSR ad hoc Strategy advisory
Committee was expanded from six to 13 individuals, representing ten
Support Entities and AID/Washington. The committee has been u graded
and expanded, as reflected by its new title, to the Near East nd
Asian Advisory Committee. The Committee urged the FSSP core t invest
sufficient time in Asia to (1) become familiar with FSR in the region
so as to understand some of its complexities and be better equ pped to
deal with and respond to these complexities and (2) be able to help
develop a strategy to allow the use of Asian FSR experts to ba kstop
both other Asian FSR field teams and African FSR activities.

It is further anticipated that requests for FSR training eeds
assessments, or training itself, will be forthcoming from Asia during
the rest of the life of the project. On-site training for hos
country FSR teams working mainly in newly begun, upland (non-p ddy
based rice), or rainfed systems projects, may also represent a
sizeable demand in the region. The Committee also advised the FSSP
core that there is a potentially large, latent demand for FSR
activities or requests for backstopping in Asia in general, an that
regional or sub-regional workshops for FSR practitioners may I come a
demand which cannot be met by all of the IARCs working in the egion.
Finally, the FSSP may be able to provide the means for allowing all of
the IARCs which work in the region to meet together to move ir o a
joint planning mode to lessen the likelihood of unnessessary
duplication of effort and to define for each other's satsifact on
their own FSR terminologies, focuses and priorities.

Project core staff met with regional and headquarter repr senta-
tives of both IRRI and CIMMYT during 1984. Attempts were made during
December, 1984, to involve IRRI researchers in the upcoming tr inning
unit development workshop in Gainesville in Feburary, 1985. A tempts
are also being made to interact with the IRRI Asian Farming Sy tems
Network (AFSN) and to involve IRRI trainers in the training un t
development workshop.

The conscious decision has been taken to avoid proposing

additional networks for the Asian region. Instead, the FSSP proposes
to work through and with those networks which currently exist. The
main two networks the FSSP anticipates working with are the AFSN
(Asian Farming Systems Network) and SUAN (South-East Asian University
Agro-ecological Network). The former is more than 10 years old (being
referred to previously as the Asian Cropping Systems Network), while
the latter will hold its second annual meeting in March of 1985.

It is expected that FSSP support entities which have expressed
the most interest in Asia will continue to do so during subsequent
years, and that this sub-group of entities will continue to form the
backbone of the project's Near East and Asian Advisory Committee and
provide advice and implementation staff to the FSSP for these regions.
During the remaining life of the project, the support entities will be
expected to assist the core in responding to most, if not all, of the
priority Asia FSR requests.

Some interest has been expressed by AID Missions in the region
for country-wide FSR needs assessments or status reports. While such
activities may or may not be seen as FSSP priorities, the FSSP core
staff will consider such requests, once they are formally made, along
with other alternative priorities. In general, it is expected that the
AID Missions in the region will buy-in to specific activities which
are mutually agreed to be of vital interest in the area of FSR/E, and
that such buy-ins will occur over the rest of the project's life.

In regard to the Near East, the FSSP reacted to a project design
request from Jordan during July and August, 1984. The fielding of the
project design team was handled almost exclusively by the University
of Arizona, with minimal input from FSSP core. As in Asia, the'FSSP
core must continue to look to the support entity network to assist in
fielding most, if not all, of the requests for FSR activities in this

While in Asia much FSR expertise resides in the faculties of
selected universities, it is anticipated that in the Near East, most
FSSP reaction will be to requests received from Near East AID


Technical Committee

The FSSP core staff maintains representation on the Technical
Committee through Dan Gait. This liason position is seen as one which
should (1) improve general communication between the core and the
Technical Committee, (2) provide a feeding mechanism to the Technical
Committee for agenda items considered important by FSSP core staff,
and (3) provide a more direct link back from the committee to core in
general, and to specific core members and/or in response to specific
issues or requests, whenever the need arises. (The role,
responsibility and purpose of the Technical Committee is spelled out
in the Procedural Manual: Operational Guidelines of the Farming
Systems Support Project).

During the latter half of 1984, the Technical Committee took upon
itself the task of reviewing submissions for the Bibliography of
Readings in Farming Systems. In this review process, the Technical
Committee eliminates publications which do not qualify and accepts or
recommends those which do. Considerable portions of the final two
technical committee meetings of 1984 were devoted to this review
process. The FSSP core feels that such a review is of significant
benefit to the project.

Bibliography of Readings in Farming Systems

Kansas State University serves as the lead institution in this
documentation effort, initiated by the FSSP in support of the growth
and development of farming systems research and extension.
Bibliographies are to be issued on an annual basis. The documentation
center at the university receives various articles and papers to be
considered for inclusion in the bibliographies. Cooperating Program
Associates then screen these nominations before forwarding them to the
Technical Committee.

A preliminary version of Volume I of the bibliography was
distributed at the Farming Systems Symposium at Kansas State in
October. As a result of contractual negotiations between
USAID/Washington and the Document Information and Handling Facility
(DIHF) subcontractor, a published bibliography was not issued in 1984,
although the work, including translations into Spanish and French was
completed. DIHF has the FSSP mailing list ready to use for
distribution once these publications are released.

Training Development

The FSSP approach to developing a training capacity has undergone
a significant shift during 1984. A two-week training-for-trainers
workshop was conducted by the project at Iowa State University in June
for the purpose of enhancing training skills and expanding the
training personnel base for Africa. The workshop was attended by
twenty-seven people, seven of them African nationals. Present to
assist with the effort were two professional trainers from the
training division of the Office of International Cooperation and
Development (OICD), United States Department of Agriculture. Although
the focus of the workshop was training skills, an awareness soon
emerged among participants of the need to identify and develop
effective training techniques and materials to communicate FSR/E
skills to field practitioners. Informal discussions on this topic led
members of the FSSP Core present to subsequently search for a way to
address this need.

Accordingly, in August the project convened a seven-person group
in Gainesville, including the management Core, to discuss materials
development. Project experience and discussions at the ISU workshop
suggested that the FSSP should move away from the idea of developing
"courses" toward that of developing training "units". The group in
Gainesville was given the charge of defining and prioritizing units
for developing as well as of suggesting an implementation scheme for
unit development.

Three categories of units were defined for development:

1. FSR/E Concepts
a) Philosophy, Objectives, Evolution
b) Characteristics of FSR/E

2. FSR/E Skills
a) Diagnosis
b) Agronomic Experimental Design and Analysis
c) Animal Production Experimental Design and Analysis
d) Socioeconomic Analysis
e) Applied Statistics
f) Management and Administration of FSR/E Teams
g) Evaluation of New Technology

3. FSR/E Implementation
a) Organizational Linkages
b) Management and Administration of FSR/E Projects
c) Field Program Development and Implementation
d) Training
e) Policy Development
f) Project Design
g) Project Evaluation
h) Needs Assessment

These units can be variously combined and will strenghten the

training effort by affording trainers the flexibility to design and
deliver courses that best respond to the needs of a given training
milieu. It will still remain for the trainer to adapt the units to a
particular training setting. The need for able trainers, therefore,
can never be dispensed with.

The first units slated for development are those of the skills
category. These units are given priority since they are needed to
train developing-country research and extension practitioners, the
recipient population for the burden of the FSSP training effort, in
the range of skills required to operationalize the farming systems
research and extension process at the field level. Work on all but
units "c" and "e" will be initiated in a one-week workshop scheduled
for February of 1985. The concepts units will be developed by the
FSSP Core by mid-1985, while units "c" and "e" of the skills category
will be ready by the end of that year. The implementation category,
as the units subsumed suggest, is concerned with the implementation of
the FSR/E approach. This category has a lower priority than the two
only because the development of units for most of its subject areas
must await state-of-the-art research and synthesis. All of the
implementation units are to be ready by the end of 1986.

Project Guidelines

At the end of 1984, the second working draft of Project
Guidelines was drafted. These guidelines are related to institutional
and operational management. They are cast in project terms, since
projects are the major access expatriates will have to the farming
systems research and extension management problems of lesser developed

The Project Guidelines will be reviewed and evaluated in a
workshop, revised, and tested through active projects for additional
refinement. The review-revision cycle will be repeated to improve
their utility. This process, however, should not interfere with their
distribution and use in 1985.

MSTAT (Michigan Statistics)

The need for improved methods of agricultural research design,
management and analysis of on-farm research projects is widely
recognized as a major constraint in successfully accomplishing the
goals of farming systems projects. FSSP has invested in the
development of an integrated microcomputer program, developed by
scientists at Michigan State University in cooperation with Dr. Oivind
Nissen, Agricultural University of Norway, to manage and analyze
statistical and economical data. The product is "Michigan
Statistics", or MSTAT.

The FSSP provided support for the development of MSTAT and its
deployment on a pilot basis in three countries: (1) Malawi in
English, (2) Ecuador in Spanish and (3) Senegal in French. In March
1984 an MSTAT workshop was held at Michigan State University to train
two researchers (each) from Ecuador, Senegal and Malawi.

The first in-country workshop was held at the Chitedze
Agricultural Research Station in Malawi from May 28 to June 8. A
two-week French MSTAT workshop was at the Institute du Sahel in
December, 1984 and a second French workshop was scheduled for delivery
at the Institut Senegalais Agricole in January, 1985. The first
Spanish workshop, tentatively planned for delivery in 1985, is
awaiting approval from the Ecuadorian government which has undergone
major personnel changes.

The International Rice Research Institute also conducted an MSTAT
workshop during the year, in September. It was attended by thirty
participants, including researchers from the Peoples Republic of
China, IRRI, Kenya, Nigeria and several southeast Asian countries.

Case Study Series

The FSSP and The Population Council agreed to co-sponsor the
development of a series of case studies in "Intra-household Dynamics
in Farming Systems Research and extension", assisted by a grant from
the Ford Foundation. The cases will detail several examples of
agricultural production under conditions of change and demonstrate how
and what data on household systems-- and access to resources by
different members of a household-- relates to various decision points
in FSR.

There is little material available for training or study which
synthesizes the insights provided by understanding houdehold systems
with the data requirements and objectives of farming systems research.
FSSP is supporting the goal of the case study series to contribute to
such a synthesis. (For additional information see FSSP Newsletter,
Vol.Two, No.Four, Fourth Quarter 1984).

Country Orientation Notebooks for Africa

The Center for African Studies at the University of Florida is
preparing a series of 13 African country orientation notebooks,
supported by the FSSP. The prototype notebook on Burkina Faso was
completed in 1984. These notebooks are designed and intended for use
in briefing and pre-departure orientation for short term technical
assistance teams involved in agricultural development projects
sponsored by USAID.

The 300-page Burkina Faso notebook is interdisciplinary in nature
and covers the following categories:
maps road, population, linguistic, climatic, etc.
historical survey
visitor information, including the Post Report
statistical information World Bank, FAO, AID
current news clippings from African journals
agricultural programs country strategy statement, annual
budget, congressional presentation
bibliography including a special annotated section on
agriculture with suggested readings
slide/tape presentation (40 slides)

The Center is currently preparing notebooks on the Gambia, Sierra
Leone, Burundi, Liberia, and Rwanda.

Synthesis of On-Farm Agronomic Trials Information

A cooperative support effort of the ESSP, the Office of
International Cooperation and Development (OICD), United States
Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Interamerican Institute for
Cooperation in Agriculture (IICA) has resulted in the published book
"On-Farm Agronomic Trials in Farming Systems Research and Extension",
authored by Peter E. Hildebrand and Frederico Poey. The synthesis
process for this publication began with a workshop on the design and
analysis of on-farm trials in San Jose Costa Rica in 1982. The
initial draft version of the text has been refined through training
courses offered through the FSSP in North America and South America,
the Caribbean and Africa.

The book presents the state-of-the art in the role and philosophy
of on-farm research in FSR/E activities and describes a logical
sequence for technology development. It presents new ideas and
methods for analyzing agronomic data obtained in the field without the
effect of usual experiment station controlled conditions, such as the
modified stability index.


Visitors to the FSSP

Visitors interested in the farming systems approach to
agricultural development began coming to the University of Florida in
early 1982 as information regarding the North Florida Farming Systems
Project became known. This predated the FSSP by almost one year.
With the inception of the FSSP, the visitor flow has steadily

Two maps indicating where FSSP visitors are coming from (see
overleaf Figures 3 and 4) show that while visitors in 1983 were
predominantly from the United States, those in 1984 represent a
growing interest in FSR among practitioners from other countries.
1983 visitors were largely from the growing network of support
entities of the FSSP. 1984 visitors came from a much wider
geographical range including Latin America, Africa and Asia.

As each visitor has a different agenda, the FSSP has endeavored
to tailor its program to address the individual or group needs.
Visitor's programs have ranged from mere appointment making with
university faculty to intensive orientation and training in farming
systems methodology and field trips to Florida agri-business concerns,
agricultural research centers and to the North Florida FSR/E Project.

The character of the visitors also shows great variation.
Visitors have ranged from U.S. graduate students to directors and
ministers of national governments. It has included many university
faculty and FSR practitioners from international research centers,
bilateral contracts, and national research programs.

Table 1 : Visitors to the FSSP
Visitors Days Countries Person-days Visits

140 262 36 539* 67

(*This number represents the total number of days spent with the FSSP;
one person/one day = one person-day. Large groups and/or longer visits
inflate this figure).


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FSSP Annual Meeting

The 1984 FSSP Annual Meeting was a series of working sessions for all
participants. While the occsaision provided an opportunity for the
Administrative Council and Tehcnical Committee to meet and report, and for
the core to address international activities on the horizon, separate task
and group working sessions were the major order of business. Three topical
areas were addressed: 1) Support Entity Involvement with the FSSP, 2)
Regional Strategies, and 3) Program Development Strategies. Group reports
were presented at plenary sessions prior to the close of the meetings, with
recommendations for further consideration. (A summary transcription of the
oral reports is available as a working document of the FSSP).

1) Support Entity Involvement with the FSSP
A FSSP Interactions
B Training (campus emphasis)
C Faculty Development
D Bilateral Contracts

2) Regional Strategies
A Latin America
B Africa
C Asia/Near East

3) Program Development Strategies
A Project Design and Evaluation
B Management, Administration, Institutionalization
C Learning/Training
D On-Farm Research

Participation included USAID/Washington project management and guests,
Administrative Coordinators and/or Program Leaders from all of the FSSP
support entities, a number of Program Associates, international visitors,
independents and the core staff of the FSSP. All facets of the project
were represented.


Newsletter The FSSP Newsletter continued to serve as a means of
dispensing information about project activities, training and technical
assistance activities and on-going farming systems research. Volume Two
Number Four contained an interim Farming Systems Research Project
Inventory. Quarterly issues of the Newsletter were published during the
year, in English, Spanish and French. The mailing list for this
publication (approximately 4600) was maintained on a regular basis (see
Appendix 6 for a distribution breakdown).

On Demand and On Networking These two newsletters were initiated
during the year to provide timely information about project activities and
related farming systems activities to the Administrative Coordinators,
Program Leaders, USAID/Washington project management, Advisory Council,
Technical Committee and core staff. Five issues of On Demand and 14 issues

of On Networking were issued in 1984.

Networking Papers To provide wider distribution of farming systems
articles about work in progress, this series was started in December. The
series is intended for practitioners, particularly those interested in
feedback from their colleagues or counterparts in farming systems projects
in other regions of the world.

Other publications A first draft of the 1984 Annual Report was
prepared for USAID/Washington project management review before year's end.
Similarly, a first draft of the 1985 Work Plan was prepared before the
close of the year.


Domestic Enrichment

During 1984, the FSSP went beyond the beginning step of having
FSR orientation workshops for program associates. The plan for the
FSSP program associates is to provide for two types of simultaneous
activities during the remainder of the project: (1) learning and (2)
technical asssistance/training. The first type of experience is what
the program associates take in to better equip themselves to assist in
the delivery of FSR tasks. The second types of experiences can be
viewed as what the program associates can deliver in the way of FSR/E.
This past year saw much consideration being given to the balance which
must be struck between these two simultaneous project goals. In
economic terms, there is a trade-off between the amount of time and
money the core staff can devote to assisting the program associates in
getting "up to speed" in FSR/E and the heavy emphasis the project must
place on FSR program development and delivery overseas.


The activities planned under this general category of bringing
program associates up to speed in FSR include the development of, and
initial presentations of, three domestic FSR workshops: (1) "Orien-
tation to FSR/E", (2) "Farm Trial Design and Analysis", and (3)
"Management in Research and Extension". Once a given workshop has
first been developed and presented at the University of Florida, FSSP
policy is to make the workshop available to be presented at other
support entities around the U.S., based on latent demand among the
program associates and desire on the part of the selected support
entities to host such workshops.

a. Domestic workshop #1: Orientation to FSR/E.

These five-day workshops were one of the first FSSP activities
between core staff and program associates. In addition to the five
held in 1983, four orientation workshops were held in 1984.

Program Non- Total
Entity Associates associates Attendees

1) Southern Illinois Univ. 6 16 22
2) University of Minnesota 6 20 26
3) Virginia State Univ. 8 19 27
4) University of Florida 25 0 25

The fourth, at the University of Florida, was internal for Florida
program associates only.

Year Attendees Program Associates Percent

1984 100 45 45%
1983 134 56 42%

Total 234 101 43%

The total number of attendees at general FSR orientation workshops
during 1984 was 100, of which 45 were program associates. During
1983, 134 individuals attended five FSR orientation workshops, of
which 56, or 42%, were program associates. Overall, in the nine FSR
orientation workshops which have occurred during project life, 234
individuals have attended, of which 101, or 43%, have been program
associates. It should also be noted that a considerable portion of
non-program associates who attended these workshops were international
graduate students studying in the U.S. or representatives of USAID,
who could be expected to further strengthen FSR activities in their
home countries.

Content varies from workshop to workshop, however, most
orientation workshops have used several of the modules developed by
the FSSP. Use of these modules has evolved from a fairly rote useage
in the beginning to adaptive useage as fits the audience and needs of
the program associates attending each workshop. Most orientation
workshops include practice reconnaissance surveys, either with trained
respondents or with farmers or both. Some workshops have taken the
participants to visit farmers in selected areas near the host support
entity, or have invited farmers to participate in some of the

The FSSP core has provided background materials for each
workshop. Logistical support and/or advice has also been provided.
The FSSP core is committed to providing one person-week of technical
support for each orientation workshop. Such support comes either in
the form of a core staff member, or in suggesting to the host support
entity a list of trainers who have all gone through the orientation
workshop previously and have indicated an interest in assisting in
another orientation workshop. The FSSP core encourages those support
entities which have hosted orientation workshops to provide the
technical assistance to other support entities when called upon to do
so. So far, cooperation has been excellent between previous host
support entities and the specific support entity hosting the most
current orientation workshop.

Support entities have utilized FSSP materials for various
in-house orientation seminars, workshops and courses. This report
does not attempt to quantify those activities because no direct
involvement was called for by FSSP core staff. Since inception of the
project over 50 sets of slide tape modules (up to 14 modules per set)
have been distributed on demand to various universities, international
entities and national institutions.

Appendix 1

FSSP and Related Program Activities 1984


6 17 Planning Gambia FSR overview workshop.

9 10 Title XII 1984 Seminar University of Arkansas.

9 -
Feb. 3 FSSP Practitioner Short Course Paraguay (Poey).

9 -
Aug. 18 ICRA Third International Course for Development
Oriented Research in Agriculture, Wageningen,
The Netherlands.

12 13 Title XII 1984 Seminar University of Idaho.

19 20 Title XII 1984 Seminar Virginia State University.

19 20 Technical Committee meets in Gainesville.

23 Honduras Evaluation Team Briefing at FSSP.

25 27 Presentation of 1984 Workplan to AID Bureaus and

31 University of Kentucky Seminar Series on FS -
Andrew opening presentation.


2 Honduras evaluation team leader debriefing at FSSP.

6 24 On-Farm Research (Diagnostic Phase) University of
Zimbabwe (Part I of two Parts see September 1984).

March 3 PRECODEPA Workshop, Guatemala.

27 -
March 9 University of Hawaii/BIFAD Pre-departure orientation

1 1

workshop for training trainers of Technical Assistance
Teams FSSP has parts of two days (February 28 and
March 2).


12 20 FS.SP, FSR/E Short Course, Gambia. In collaboration
with Colorado State University. Introduction to FSSP
and FSR/E.

19 30 MSTAT Initial orientation course, East Lansing, MI.,
for two national candidates from each of three pilot
project countries: Malawi, Ecuador, and Senegal.

26 29 Washington State University Personnel for DW1.
Training in Gainesville.


5 Debriefing on Rwanda Project Design, Don Voth, Univ.
of Arkansas, Steve Franzel, DAI.

5 Debriefing on Gambia workshop (Susan Poats, Steve Franzel).

6 Larry Janicki presentation on 1) MSTAT, 2) Future of Malawi

8 9 Agricultural Research Policy Seminar, University
of Minnesota.

12 FSSP Advisory Council Meeting Washington, D.C.

19 20 Nigeria National FSR workshop: methodology and
household makers.

23 Honduras follow-up debriefing Bob Waugh.

25 -
June 6 Agricultural Research Planning and Management Course,
University of East Anglia.

24 25 FSSP Technical Committee Meeting Kansas City, Mo.


7 to
June 20 Managing FSR/E. Course AGG4932. Bob Waugh/Dan Gait.

11 16 World Bank/AID/CIMMYT extension and Research in
Farming Systems Meeting, Eldoret, Kenya Ken

1 -2

21 23 FSSP Core meets with AID/S&T project management,
Washington, D.C.

21 24 CIMMYT Networkshop on On-Farm Experimentation, Lilongwe,

23 24 CRSP Managers Meeting (FSSP included), Washington, D.C.

25 to
June 5 MSTAT in-country training workshop, Malawi (Larry
Janicki, Russ Freed and Tom Stillwell, presenters).

31 to
June 1 Management & Institutionalization Task Force meeting
in Gainesville: D. Fienup, Michigan State University;
E. Kellogg, University of Illinois; R. Barker, Cornell
University; J. Meiman, Colorado State University;
R. Waugh and K. McDermott, FSSP-Gainesville.


11 22 Training FSR Trainers Workshop, FSSP/Iowa State
University, Ames.

18 Ag. and Rural Dev. Tech. Training, (RDO/ADO)
Workshop for AID Employees (FSSP has presentation
by Hildebrand and Fresco), Washington, D.C.

24 29 Congress of Agricultural Communicators.
Washigton, D.C.

24 29 HAITI one week orientation workshop.

26 CATIE and CIMMYT meet on regional and program


2 13 Planning trip to Jamaica for FSR course S. Franzel,
J. Dean, E. Martinez and E. Acquah.

9 24 Botswana FSR Project Evaluation ATIP MIAC Project
through Kansas State University C. Francis, N. Flora,
D. Galt.

12 13 FSSP Advisory Council Meeting, Washington, D.C.

16 20 First Domestic FSR Orientation Workshop, DW1, for
1984. Hosted by Southern Illinois University.

20 21 Briefing of University of Arizona/Jordan PP team by
Ken McDermott.

1 3

July -
August International Workshop on Farming Systems Development
for Small Farmers Santiago, Chile Sponsored by the
Regional office of FAO for Latin America and the
Caribbean J. Flora.


1 3 Meeting to begin developing training materials.

5 8 AAEA Meetings, Cornell University.

15 20 U.S. Universities CIMMYT Maize Conference "A Working
Conference on Cooperation and Collaboration Toward
Mutual LDC Corn Production Objectives," Mexico:
CIMMYT Headquarters and Poza Rica Tropical Station.

20 24 Second Domestic FSR Orientation Workshop, DW1 for 1984.
Hosted by University of Minnesota.

21 24 Planning trip to CATIE Jim Jones and Eugenio Martinez -
for workshop.

30 31 FSSP core staff working retreat.


4 7 Third Domestic FSR Orientation Workshop, DW1, for 1984.
Hosted by Virginia State University.

10 13 North Florida National Field Day/Symposium 98
participants from 22 universities.

16 22 FSSP/CIMMYT Workshop for INSORMIL, El Batan, Mexico.

17 28 OFRIC Ivory Coast-regional on-farm experimentation
workshop (IITA).

25 to
Oct. 5 "Computers in Agriculture" conference, followed by
"MSTAT and FSR", at IRRI.


7 10 Kansas State University FSR Symposium, Manhattan, Kansas.

7 14 Senegal FSR workshop in ISRA-Ziguinchor, MSU/ISRA/USAID.

11 12 FSSP Annual Meetings, Manhattan, Kansas.

1 -4

13 Technical Committee Meeting, Manhattan, Kansas.

21 24 Cameroon Technical Assistance Workshop Led by AID/ADD
office, FSSP input.

21 26 "Small Farm Systems in the Caribbean" 20th Annual Meeting-
Caribbean Food Crops Society, St. Croix, Virgin Islands.


5 9 CSRP Meetings (FSSP Invited)

12 FSSP Advisory Council Meeting at NASULGIC Annual
Meeting, Denver.

12 -16 Latin America AID-ADO/RDO conference.

26 -
Dec. 15 Belice, PID design.

27 29 CIMMYT Zambia Ministry of Agriculture Networkshop on
the role and place of Rural Sociologists in On-Farm
Research, (Mr. Sutherland, Mount Makulu Research
Station, Private Bag 7, Chilanga, Zambia.)


6 7 Presentation of Annual Work Plan to USAID Washington.

1 5

Appendix 2

FSSP Core Staff Activities 1984


5 17 Susan Poats to Gambia

9 10 Dan Gait and Ken McDermott Title XII 1984 Seminar
University of Arkansas.

9 12 Pete Hildebrand, Annual Meetings, Bean-Cowpea CRSP
External Review Panel, Atlanta.

12 13 Dan Gait and Jim Jones Title XII 1984 Seminar
University of Idaho.

13 27 (Tentative) FSSP Work Plan Report USAID,
Washington, D.C.

17 21 Susan Poats to Senegal (Ziguinchor).

19 20 Ken McDermott Title XII 1984 Seminar
Virginia State University.

22 24 Susan Poats to Senegal (Dakar).

23 Dan Gait hosts Honduras FSR Project Evaluation Team
for FSSP briefing

25 28 Susan Poats to IRAT/GERDAT Montpellier, France

29 31 Susan Poats to Amsterdam to meet with Louise Fresco on

31 -
Feb. 3 Jim Jones to San Jose, Costa Rica to initiate
relationships with CATIE and with IICA.


4 9 Jim Jones to Guatemala and Costa Rica to plan a
training workshop in Guatemala.

2- 1

22 24 Bob Waugh to Cornell University for SE Management

24 -
March 3 Jim Jones to Guatemala.to attend FSSP workshop.

27 -
March 9 Dan Gait University of Hawaii, Predeparture
Orientation Workshop.


5 21 Susan Poats to Gambia Workshop.

6 Bob Waugh to Colorado State University Undergraduate

7 Bob Waugh to Colorado State University Animal
Science Class.

9 10 Ken McDermott, Harvard University, FSR Seminar.

14 16 J. Jones to Washington to discuss FSSP program strategy
with USAID/LAB and to discuss the upcoming Iowa State
training workshop with training personnel of USDA/OICD.

21 24 Susan Poats to Senegal Ziguinchor.

23 B. Waugh to Las Cruces, N. M. to meet with Wilmer

23 & 26 Ken McDermott, Annual Leave

24 -
April 7 B. Waugh to Honduras, New Mexico State Contract.

24 29 Susan Poats to Dakar Workshops with MSU/ISRA/IRAT
and WAFSRN planning.

26 29 Jim Dean to teach Washington State University
Personnel-Domestic Workshop 1.


2 6 Ken McDermott in Gainesville.

3 Core Staff Myers Briggs Analysis.

5 13 Susan Poats vacation.

9 11 Dan Galt and Ken McDermott to AID/W for talks with S&T
and Asia bureaus: plan Asia strategy.

2 2

11 13 Chris Andrew USAID Washington and Advisory Council

12 Dan Gait to Tuskegee Institute to interact with faculty
on FSSP and MOA issues.

13 Bob Waugh to Colorado State University Sigma XI

16 Ken McDermott Cornell Univeristy on MOA and Case
Study work.

18 -20 Susan Poats Cornell University, Local Institutional

19 Bob Waugh arrives Gainesville.

22 to
May 12 Ken McDermott Kenya Research Institute review and

24 25 Dan Gait Technical Committee meeting, Kansas City

30 to
May 4 Jim Jones Annual Leave.


3 5 Peter E. Hildebrand to Raleigh, N.C. to initiate
soils management CRSP evaluation.

8 9 Chris Andrew Meetings with Don Winkleman, CIMMYT and
AID/S&T and Africa QAD, Washington, D.C.

6 12 Peter E. Hildebrand to Peru to evaluate soils
management CRSP project.

14 16 Bob Waugh, Honduras Research Foundation, Meeting
of Board.

21 23 Andrew, Poats, Jones, Gait, McDermott, Kearl meeting
with S&T management, Washington, D.C.

24 25 Jim Dean Annual Leave


4 8 Pete Hildebrand Annual Leave

9 30 Ken McDermott Kenya Workshop with CIMMYT/World Bank
2 weeks, and Consultation with Mission.

2- 3

17 22 Susan Poats, Jim Jones Iowa State Training for

18 P. Hildebrand Washington, D.C. ADO/RDO Workshop.

27 28 Steve Kearl International Communications Congress,
Washington, D. C.

27 28 Chris Andrew AUSUDIAP Annual Meetings Washington
State University.

28 29 Steve Kearl USAID & USDA, Washington, D.C.


2 6 Steve Kearl Annual Leave.

2 6 Ken McDermott Annual Leave.

2 13 Jim Dean to Jamaica Planning for DAI/Hillside
FSR Course.

8 25 Dan Gait Botswana for MIAC FSR/E project evaluation.

12 to
Aug. 4 Steve Kearl Ethiopia and Kenya.

12 13 Chris Andrew to Advisory Council Washington, D.C.

16 20 Jim Dean to SIU for DW1.

30 -
Aug. 3 P. Hildebrand Cornell.


5 8 Dan Galt American Ag. Econ. Meetings.

5 8 Pete Hildebrand American Ag. Econ. Assoc.

7 8 Susan Poats American Hort. Soc. Vancouver,

9 14 Chris Andrew El Batan, Mexico "U.S. Universities -
CIMMYT Conference".

9 17 Dan Gait Annual Leave.

9 24 Pete Hildebrand Annual Leave.

9 16 Susan Poats Annual Leave.


13 17 Steve Kearl Annual Leave -

21 24 Jim Jones and Eugenio Martinez to CATIE (Costa Rica)
to plan workshop.

29 31 FSSP Core Retreat.


9 16 S. Poats to Cameroon to plan FSSP input into Technical
Assistance Seminar.

12 14 Pete Hildebrand to Wageningen for Workshop on: Agricultural
Research Policy and Organization in Small Countries.
Jointly sponsored by the Directorate of Agricultural
Research, the University of Wageningen and ISNAR.

17 28 S. Poats to attend OFRIC Regional OFR Workshop with M.
Gaudreau, Univ. of Minnesota.

21 to
Oct. 5 Dan Gait to Philippines to interact with USAID/P and IRRI
staff regarding FSSP Asia strategy.

28 -
Oct. 1 Togo S.Poats to plan "Animal Systems in Farming Systems


7 13 Core to KSU Symposium and FSSP annual meeting.

14 -20 Pete Hildebrand to Michigan State University. Review
Bean/Cowpea CRSP Projects and Management Entity.

18 19 Chris Andrew Washington BIFAD meeting on Institution
Building and meetings with AID/S&T.

21 27 Jim Jones Caribbean Food Crops Society Meeting, St.

22 26 Jim Dean Annual Leave.

31 -
Nov. 1 Ken McDermott and Chris Andrew Purdue University for
seminars and meetings.

Oct. -
Dec. Dates unknown. Dan Gait to selected Asia countries to
visit USAID missions and IARCS regarding FSSP Asia
Strategy (with other SE PAs).



1 2


10 14

12 16

15 16

15 18

24 to
Dec. 8

Ken McDermott University of Ill. for meetings

Chris Andrew- Washington to meet with Peter Brumby, ILCA
and with the Latin American Bureau.

Chris Andrew to NASULGIC Meetings.

Pete Hildebrand to Raleigh, N.C. Soils Management
CRSP Triennial Review.

Chris Andrew Annual Leave.

Jim Dean and Jim Jones Am. Anth. Asso.

Dan Galt to Thailand and Indonesia.


1 8

3 -

8 15

17 31

26 31

26 31

29, 31

Susan Poats and John Lichte to Togo to plan networkshop.

Chris Andrew Speak at Tuskegee Small Farm Conference.

Pete Hildebrand to Botswana to review Bean/Cowpea CRSP.

Pete Hildebrand Annual Leave.

Jim Dean Annual Leave.

Susan Poats Leave.

Dan Galt Leave.



FSSP Visitors to the University of Florida


9 10 Ken Turner World Concern, Inc. (PVO) Going to
Mindanao, Philippines.

9 11 Darell McIntyre, USAID, Ecuador (MSU MSTAT/UF/USAID

14 to
Feb. 23 Francisco Olves de Araujo, Kellog Fellow FSSP,
FSR/E orientation-education, health and agriculture,
for application to Brazilian Rural Development Program.

19 20 FSSP Technical Committee Cornelia Flora, Jim Henson,
Bob McDowell, Bob Hart, John Cadwell, Sam Johnson.

19 20 Stuart Kean, Zambia, Team Leader of the Adaptive
Research Planning Team; Ministry of Agriculture

23 Honduras FSR Project Evaluation team for briefing Art
Hansen, Mason Marvel, Gustavo Arcia and Vernon Cardwell

26 27 MSTAT personnel Russ Freed and Tom Stillwell to work on
upcoming MSTAT training courses.


6 Maura Mack (USAID/W, nutrition), Ecuador PIP-nutrition

7 Stephen C. Buzdugan, Agric. Engineer; College of the
Virgin Islands.

16 17 Constantina Stafilios-Rothschild, Population Council;
Judith Bruce, Population Council; Nadine Horenstein,
USAID/WID. Met w/Susan Poats, Anita Spring, Marianne
Schmink, and Della McMilland about Intra-household
dynamics and Farming Systems Research.

27 Dr.Joseph D'joukem, University of Cameroon.

3- 1


12 to
April 20 Mr. & Mrs. A. R. Massawe, Mbozi Maize Farms Ltd.
Mbozi, Tanzania.

13 Dr. John Stovall BIFAD staff.

15 21 Mr. K. Ethirajan, UNESCO Fellow Institute of
Hydrology, Roorke, India to University of

21 Dr. Allen Turner, DEVRES, INC.

25 30 Ing. Astolfo Fumagalli, Sub Director, ICTA, Guatemala

26 29 Washington State University personnel for FSR&D
training (DWI), FSSP-FSR/E orientation and visit N. Fla.


2 Ron Leven, Director AID, Cameroon.

5 6 Rwanda debriefing Dr. Don Voth, University of
Arkansas, Tony Babb and Steve Franzel, DAI.

5 6 Dr. Emmanuel T. Acquah Virginia State University -
Program Leader.

8 11 Jerry Eckert and Ken Swanberg to work with Pete Hildebrand
on economic analysis.

9 Dr. Arun C. Basu; Soil Conservation Service, U.S.D.A.
with J. Dean to discuss FSR Training & N. Fla. for SCS
and 1890's Personnel.

18 Peter Heywood, Papau New Guinea National Development

27 Federico Poey, AGRIDEC and Bill DeWalt, University of

30 Dr. Guido Gryseels, ILCA, Addis Abbaba, Ethiopia.


1 3 Dr. Louk Box, Vakgroep Agrarische Sociologie, Van de Niet,
Westarse Geheiden, Landbouwhogeschool, "De Leenwenborch",
Hollandsweg 1, Wangenigen, Holland.

1 4 Kanon and Benjavan Rerkasem, Multiple Cropping Project,
Faculty of Agriculture, Chiang Mai University, Thailand

3 2

2 Dr. Lawrence Apple, North Carolina State University,
MOA discussion.

7 Rob Tripp CIMMYT training Mexico

9 10 Mr. D.K. Dogbe Regional Rural Development Director-

14 Honorable Francisco Morales Minister of Agriculture,
Costa Rica.


4 Kris Merschrod Cornell Bean-Cowpea CRSP in Ecuador
in regard to INIAP-PIPS and MSTAT.

6 11 Louise Fresco Agric. Univ., Wageningen. To review Zaire
module, her paper on FSR in West Africa; and French FSR

11 15 President Yang Feng and Prof. Li Shifen of Sichuan
Agricultural College, Sichuan, People Republic of

19 20 Adrian Fajardo, CIP. Meet with FSSP. View Modules.

22 Eduardo Trigo, ISNAR.

24 26 Jose Benitez North Carolina State University, Tropical
Soils Program in Peru.

24 26 Dr. Mandivamba Rukuni University of Harare, Zimbabwe.


2 6 Federico Poey, AGRIDEC.

23 24 Rodrigo Tarte, Director General, CATIE, and David Joslyn,
Agricultural Development Officer,Regional Office for Central
America and Panama/USAID.

23 26 Egyptian visitors to FSSP and N. Fla.; Agricultural Tour of
Florida. Sponsored by Agricultural Cooperation and
Development International.

24 25 William Litwiller, Agricultural Development Officer,
USAID, Cameroon.

26 27 Mr. Alberto Medina-Mora; Monterrey Institute of Superior
Studies, Monterrey, Mexico. Sponsored by Development
Associates Inc.


31 -
Aug. 3

Training Task Force Meeting. Steve Franzel, Emmanuel
Acquah, Neal Flora and Federico Poey.


6 Gretchen Heuterman Washington State University Visit
Ornamental Horticulture, Dean of Resident Instruction.

20 22 Jim Bingen MSU/USAID Senegal Chief of Party.

20 23 Henk Mutsaers IITA, On-Farm Research team leader.

21 22 Steve Franzel DAI to work on Senegal Course.

25 Dr. Henry Mwandemere Malawai: Chief Agriculture Research
Officer, Ministry of Agriculture.

27 29 Jack Gershon Asian Vegetable Research and Development
Center (AVRDC)


3 6

4 6




17 18

17 19

26 -
Oct 1

Egyptian visitors to FSSP and N.Fla.; Agricultural Tour of
Florida. Sponsored by Agricultural Cooperation and
Development International. International Programs/FSSP.

Mr. Madicke Niang and Mr. Pierre Tendeng, Senegalese
visitors from Casamance Integrated Agricultural Development
Project. FSSP and FSR/E. Sponsored by SECID.

Joe Such,CARDI, Head of Entomology/Agronomy unit.

Anthony Juo, Director, Farming Systems Program, IITA,
Ibadan, Nigeria.

Francisco Morillo, Director General, IICA.

Phillip Church, Wendell Morse and Ken Swanberg, AID
Washington, D.C.

Chuckree Senthong, Soonthorn and Panas from Thailand.

Dr. V. Balasubramanian Farming System Agronomist,
IITA Rwanda. To discuss Rwanda farming
systems project.

Dr. Virgilio Carangal IRRI.




14 15 Mr. Heatherwick M. Mbale, Principal Secretary,
Ministry of Agriculture, Malawi.

15 16 Dr. George Abalu and M. Diomande; Ahmadu Bello University,
Zaria, Nigeria and co-cordinator of the West African Farming
Systems Network (WAFSRN) and Nematologist, CIRES, Abdijan,
Ivory Coast and leader of On-Farm Research in Ivory Coast

19-26 Mr. Emmanuel Bondi and Dr. Omer Yembe; The Republic of
Cameroon. In charge of the Mission of the President of
Cameroon and Head of Studies in the Ministery of Higher
Education, respectively.

22 23 A. H. Bunting Professor, University of Reading,


1 16 Mr. A. Zouggari Ahmed Institut Agronomique et Veterinaire,
Hassan II, Morocco.

26-28 Professors Huang, Z.; Yang; Fang; Huang, J; and Gong
President and faculty of the South China College of Tropical
Crops; Hainan, Peoples Republic of China, respectively.

16 Mr. M.K. Kalume, First Vice President of the Zaire
Legislative Council and Mr. L. Nzungu of the Zairian Bank
for Agricultural Credit.

30 T. Frankenberger and J. Lichte debriefing on Liberia.


10 Dr. P. Anandajayasekeram Regional Training Officer, CIMMYT
Economics Program East and Central Africa.

17 Visitors from the IRI Project in Tingo Maria, Yurimaguas,
Peru. Dr. Raul Palacios, Engs. Gerado Bialon, Manuel
Costadio, Tito Hernandez, and Juan Velasquez. Meet with
International Programs and FSSP personnel. Coordinated by
Dr. Joe Conrad.

19-21 Dr. Bob House; Management Consultant. Meet with FSSP




This list provides the names of all administrative coordinators
(ACs), program leaders (PLs) and the numbers of program associates
(PAs) in the FSSP biodata file as of the end of November, 1984. The
underlined contacts have been designated as the "official" FSSP
contact individuals by their respective support entities.

Memorandum Of Agreement Number
Entities AC PL Of PAs


Agricultural Development Federico Poey Ramiro Ortiz 3
Consultants, Inc.

Development Alternatives A H (Tony) Barclay Eugene (Tony) Babb 17

International Agricultural Colin McClung Guy Baird 14
Development Service

Research Triangle Institute Ronald Johnson Gustavo Arcia 10

Winrock International Ned Raun Richard Bernsten 8


Colorado State


Iowa State

Kansas State


Michigan State

North Carolina State

Pennsylvania State

Southern Illinois

Tuskegee Institute

Jim Meiman

Larry Zuidema

J T Scott

Vernon Larson

Collin Weir (Int'l)
Helen Swartz (Dom)

Don Isleib

J L Apple

Dean Jansma

Howard Olson

Eugene Adams

4 1

James Oxley

Randy Barker

Eric Abbott

Cornelia Flora

Edward Wilson

Merle Esmay

Larry Nelson

John Ayers

Steve Kraft

Michael Boateng








Virginia Polytechnic

Virginia State

Washington State

Michael Norvelle

Hugh P'openoe

Harold J McArthur

Earl Kellogg

Herb Massey

Mike Nolan

Delane Welsch

P H Massey

Michael Joshua

James Henson

Timothy Finan 28

Ken Buhr 56

Vickie Sigman 15

Sam Johnson III 3

Billie DeWalt 34

Donald Osburn 14

Martha Gaudreau
(Int'l) 27
Michael Patton (Dom)

John Caldwell 26


Robert Butler 45

Total = 541

4- 2

Appendix 5: Biodata Tables 1-5

Table 1
Searches By Requesting Entity

Support entities................ ..... ....... 16
Colorado State.....................2
Cornell......................... ... .1
Development Alternatives, Inc......1
Kansas State ......................2
Pennsylvania State.................2
Florida.................. ........ 1
Minnesota........................... 2
Research Triangle, Inc..............2
Winrock International..............1
Washington State.................2

Official FSSP or USAID...........................19
FSSP....... ....... ... ....... 12
USAID.......... ....... ..... ..... 7

Non-affiliated entities........ .............. 20

Table 2
Searches By Regions (Total Individuals Requested)

o Africa ...... ... . . . ...... .. .34
Asia..... ...... .....................*..*... 6
Latin America/Caribbean.........................29
Near East........... .... .......... .... .. 0
Other (U.S. or other non-third world).......... 6

Table 3
Searches By Mandatory Language (Total Individuals Requested)

French........... . . ... . . .... 16
Spanish............... ... .. ........ ..** 7
Other............ ... .. .. .*.... ....**.* 0

5- 1

Table 4
Searches By Primary Discipline (Total Individuals Requested)

Agronomy........ ................ ............ *19
Agricultural economics....... .............. .... 14
Animal science/livestock................ ...... 5
Extension................................ ...... 5
Rural sociology/anthropology.................. 4
Soil science/water management................. 4
Research administration ........................ 3
Agricultural administration......... ............ 2
Agroforestry......... ................. .. ..... 2
Business advisor.............. ......... ......... 2
Farming systems development.................. 2
Engineering............ ..... ... .... ..... *.. 2
Horticulture.... ........... ..... .. .... ...... 2
Institutional analysis........... ..... ......... 2
Agricultural advisor................... ....... 1
Entomology/pathology/pest management.......... 1
Farm planning ..... .... ..... ... .... .... 1
Geography.............. ......... .... * ...* .. 1
Plant breeding............................... 1
Range management ............... .... ... ... 1

Table 5
Searches By Month

January ......... . . . ......**.. ***** 2
February............................... ** *** 6
March............. ........... ......... .. 7
April.. ...... ...... .. ........ ...... ..... 3
May.......... ..... ... ....................... 6
June.m ........ ... ............. ........ ... 3

Julyt..ber............................................... 8

October.... . . .. **** ****************** 5
November................... ................. 1
December........... .........................* *4

5 2



Distribution US

ENGLISH 1,601 1,616 = 3,217

FRENCH 495 30 = 525

SPANISH 896 7 = 903

2,992 1,653 = 4,645

----ENGLISH, non-U.S., single copies 1,002----------

ENGLISH, non-U.S., multiple copies 1,002
ENGLISH, non-U.S., multiple copies 54
ENGLISH, USAID Missions 545 1,601

ENGLISH, U.S. single copies 1,466
ENGLISH, U.S. multiple copies 150 1,616

FRENCH, non-U.S., single copies 317
FRENCH, non-U.S., multiple copies 32
FRENCH, USAID Missions 146 495

FRENCH, U.S., single copies 30 30

SPANISH, non-U.S., single copies 662
SPANISH, non-U.S., multiple copies 58
SPANISH, USAID Mission 176 896

SPANISH, U.S., single copies 7 7

Note: FSSP print overrun for internal use: 183 English, 75 French,
97 Spanish.
Total print order:
English 3,400
French 600
Spanish 1,000

6 1


Multiple English, sent to Washington, D. C. Total 545

10 Accra, Ghana
10 Addis Ababa
10 Amman
10 Bangkok
20 Banj ul
10 Beirut
10 Bissau
10 Brasilia
10 Bridgetown
10 Buj umbura
10 Burma
10 Cairo
10 Colombo
10 Conakry
10 Dacca
10 Damascu
10 Dar es Salaam
3 Douala, Cameroon
2 Ecuador
10 Freetwon, Siera Leone
10 Gaberone
10 Georgetown
10 Islamabad
10 Jakarta
10 Kampala
10 Karachi
10 Kartoum
20 Kathmandu
10 Kigali
10 Kingston
10 Lagos
20 Lilongwe
20 Monrovia, Liberia
10 Lisbon
10 Lusaka
10 Maseru
10 Mbabane
10 Mogadishu
10 Muscat
20 Nairobi
10 New Delhi
10 Paramaribo
10 Philippines
10 Rural Dev. Section/Philippines
10 Praia
10 Salisbury
10 Sana

10 Seoul
10 Suva
20 Tunis

Multiple French, sent to Washington, D.C. Total 146

10 Ab idj an
10 Bamako
6 Cameroon
10 Cotonou
10 Dakar
10 Dj ibouti
10 Kinshasa
10 Lome
10 'N'Djamena
10 Niamey
10 Nouakchott
10 Ouagadougou
10 Port-au-Prince
10 Rabat
10 Yaounde

Multiple Spanish, sent to Washington, D.C. Total 176

10 Asuncion
10 Bogota
10 Buenos Aires
6 Ecuador
20 Guatemala City
10 La Paz
10 Lima
10 Managua
10 Mexico
10 Montevideo
10 Panama City
10 Quito
10 San Jose
10 San Salvador
10 Santiago
10 Santo Domingo
10 Tegucigalpa





1. FSR course in the dominican Republic: field practitioners
2. FSR course in Paraguay: upper level administrators
3. FSR course in Paraguay: field practitioners
4. Assiting, development of FSR training units
5. INTSORMIL FSR workshop, CIMMYT, Mexico (Sept 1984)
6. FSR course in Guatemala for -PRECODEPA

1. Assisted, Mali design team orientation
2. Assisted, Upper Volta FSR workshop
3. Assisted, Gambia FSR workshop
4. Assisted, Rwanda FSR project design (PP)
5. Assisted, Jamaica FSR workshop
6. Assisting, development of FSR training units
7. Utilized the FSSP biodata for one search

1. Utilized the FSSP biodata for one FSR search

1. Assisted, Honduras FSR project evaluation
2. Submitted proposal for FSR project evaluation revision task
3. Utilized the FSSP biodata for two searches

1. Assisted, CARDI FSR project design (Phase II)
2. Robert Hart on Technical Committee
3. Submitted proposal for FSR project evaluation revision task force
4. Provided a member of the Asia FSR strategy task force: Richard
5. Utilized the FSSP biodata for one FSR search
6. Selected as lead entity for FSR project evaluation revision task

7- 1


1. Livestock task force leadership: Jim Oxley
2. Assisted in economic issues in FSR monograph (forthcoming)
3. James Meiman on advisory council
4. Hosted a DW1 (domestic FSR orientation workshop)
5. Utilized the FSSP biodata for two FSR search
6. Collaborated with Gambia workshop0
7. Assisted in FSR/E management training area

1. Larry Zuidema on advisory council
2. Robert McDowell on Technical Committee
3. Offered TA to Sri Lanka through Eastern Vfisayas project (Clive
4. Mission visits in Philippines and Sri Lanka
5. Utilized the FSSP biodata for 1 search

1. Hosted "training for trainers" workshop: Eric Abbott and Rosalie
2. Sent debriefing videotape (of India): Dan Lattimore

1. Hosts annual FSR/FSSP meetings: Neal Flora and Jim Jorns
2. Has world collection of FSR mainstream and fugitive literature
3. Assisted in evaluation of Botswana FSR project
4. Assisted in FSR/FSSP presentations in Chile, FAO workshop
5. Utilized the FSSP biodata for two FSR searches
6 Neal Flora (Chair) of the Technical Committee
7. Assisted in FSR/E management training area

1. Assisted in Rwanda FSR project design

1. MSTAT development and courses in at least three countries (Malawi,
Senegal, and Ecuador)
2. Assisted on Mali FSR project design: Russ Freed
3. Dale Harpstead on advisory council
4. Submitted names for the FSR project evaluation revision task force
5. Hosted a DW1 (domestic FSR orientation workshop)
6. Provided a member of the Asia FSR strategy task force: Harry (Skip)
7. Provided backstop for a DW1 (domestic FSR orientation workshop)
8. Chaired management task force: Darrell Fienup


1. Utilized the FSSP biodata for two FSR searches

7 -2

1. Hosted a DW1 (domestic FSR orientation workshop)
2. Provided a PAO (participant add-on)
3. Allowed a FSR field practitioner to attend the training for trainers
workshop at ISU


1. Handled the Jordan FSR project design team
2. Volunteered to host a DWII (FSR field techniques workshop) in 1985

1. Assisted in evaluation of Honduras FSR project
2. Contributed to course management course.
3. TA to HARP, Honduras, FSR project
4. Assisted with the CARDI PP design: W.W. McPherson, R.K.Waugh
5. Utilized the FSSP biodata for one search

1. Assisted in FSR INTSORMIL/FSSP/CIMMYT workshop: Billie DeWalt
2. FSR course, Dominican Republic
3. Assisted in TA to Liberia: Tim Frankenberger

1. Discussions in Asia (hagen followed by Dan Osburn)
2. Wendell McKennsie on Advisory Council

1. Hosted DW1 (domestic FSR orientation workshop)
2. Provided a PAO (participant add-on)
3. Provided a member of the Asia FSR strategy task force: Delane Welsch
4. Assisted in a Haitian FSR activity
5. Utilized the FSSP biodata for two searches

1. John Caldwell on Technical Committee
2. Hosted a DW1 (domestic FSR orientation workshop)
3. Assisting in a preparation of training materials
4. Assisted in Gambia workshop
5. Provided a member of Asia FSR strategy task force: John Caldwell
6. Provided backstop for a DW1: VSU (Caldwell and Rojas)
7. Provided resource person to UOF domestic FSR workshop: John Caldwell

1. Assited in Jamaica FSR workshop preparation team
2. Hosted a DW1 (domestic FSR orientation workshop)

1. James Henson on Technical Committee
2. Assiting development of FSR training units
3. Submitted proposal for FSR project evaluation revision task force
4. Utilized the FSSP biodata for two FSR searches
5. Sent four faculty to FSSP for FSR orientation and training



Index of Activity Report Abstract*

I. 1982 4th Quarter (10/01/82 to 12/31/82)
1. Andrew/Nigeria/-IITA/- 10/25 to 10/30/82
2. Meiman/Nigeria-IITA/ 10/25 to 10/30/82
3. Andrew/Nigeria-IITA/ 11/15 to 11/19/82
4. Jones/Nigeria-IITA/ 11/13 to 11/20/82

II. 1983 1st Quarter (01/83 to 03/31/83)
5. Jones/Nigeria-IITA/01/10 to 02/03/83
6. Jones/Ivory Coast/02/03 to 02/05/83
7. -Schmehl/Nigeria/02/20 to 03/18/83
8. Jones/Nigeria-IITA/02/27 to 03/18/83
9. Zuidema/Sri Lanka/02/27 to 03/03/83
10. Jones/Liberia/03/22 to 03/25/83

III. 1983 2nd Quarter (03/83 to 06/31/83)
11. McPherson/CARDI/ 04/04 to 05/13/83
12. Jones/Morocco/ 05/17 to 05/20/83
13. Jones/Zaire/ 05/21 to 06/15/83
14. Andrew/Kenya/04/18 to 04/20/83

IV. 1983 3rd Quarter (07/83 to 09/31/83)
15. Hildebrand/D.Republic/07/07 to 07/13/83
16. Poats/Upper Volta/08/04 to 08/13/83
17. Jones/CIMMYT-Mexico/08/10/83
18. Poey/D. Republic/08/11 to 09/15/83
19. McDermott/Zambia/09/83
20. Meiman/ISNAR/09/27 to 09/30/83
21. Poats/Upper Volta/09/25 to 10/02/83
22. Franzel/Upper Volta/09/25 to 10/02/83
23. Fresco/Upper Volta/09/25 to 10/02/83
24. Freed/Mali/09/83

V. 1983 4th Quarter (10/83 to 12/31/83)
25. French/Honduras/10/01 to 10/10/83
26. Poey/Paraguay/10/10 to 12/23/83
27. Jones/Peru/10/09 to 10/15/83
28. McDermott/E. Africa-CIMMYT/10/14 to 10/29/83
29. McDermott/CIMMYT-Zimbabwe/10/83
30. McDermott/CIMMYT-Swaziland/10/83
31. McDermott/CIMMYT-Lesotho/10/83
32. McDermott/CIMMYT-Malawi/10/83
33. Jones/Peru/11/7 to 11/13/83
34. Andrew/Zimbawe/12/6 to 12/9/83

These reports are appended to the Quarterly Reports as indicated.

VI. 1984 1st Quarter (01/84 tO 03/31/84)
35. Poats/The Gambia/01/06 to 01/18/84
36. Poey/Paraguay/01/13 to 02/05/84
37. Sappie/Paraguay/ 01/19 to 02/05/84
38. Arcia-Hansen/Honduras/01/84
39. Jones/Costa Rica/01/31 to 02/04/84
40. Poey/Guatemala/02/22 to 03/02/84
41. Jones/Guatemala/02/24 to 03/03/84
42. Poats/The Gambia/03/05 to 03/21/84
43. Janicki/Malawi/03/19 to 03/30/84
44. Kaunda/MSTAT/03/19 to 03/31/84
45. Poats/Senegal/03/21 to 03/29/84

VII. 1984 2nd Quarter (04/84 to 06/31/84)
46. Poey/Dominican Republic/04/26 to 05/19/84
47. Spring/Caribbean/05/84 to 06/84
48. Janicki/Malawi-MSTAT/05/28 to 06/08/84
49. McDermott/Kenya/06/06 to 06/21/84
50. Fresco/Haiti/06/24 to 06/28/84
51. Gaudreau/Haiti/06/24 to 06/30/84

VIII. 1984 3rd Quarter (07/84 to 09/31/84)
52. Lichte-Frankenberger/Liberia/07/01 to 08/08/84
3. Dean/Jamaica/07/02 to 07/13/84
4. Martinez/Jamaica/07/02 to 07/13/84
5. Galt/Botswana/07/08 to 07/25/84
6. Andrew/CIMMYT-Mexico/07/09 to 07/14/84
7. Izumi/Jordan/07/17 to 09/08/84
8. Isely/Jordan/07/19 to 08/27/84
9. Allen/Jordan/07/19 to 08/06/84
60. Vogel/Jordan/07/19 to 08/14/84
1. Sharrow/Jordan/07/19 to 08/27/84
2. Kearl/East Africa/07/20 to 08/10/84
3. Post/Jordan/07/21 to 08/28/84
4. Goetz/Jordan/07/22 to 08/17/84
5. Flora/Chile/07/28 to 08/19/84
6. Jones/Costa Rica/08/21 to 08/24/84
7. Poey/Peru/08/25 to 09/02/84
8. Poey/Mexico/09/05 to 09/09/84
9. Hildebrand/Netherlands/09/11 to 09/14/84 70.
DeWalt/CIMMYT-Mexico/09/16 to 09/22/84
1. Gaudreau/IITA-Nigeria/09/09/84
2. Poats/Ivory Coast/09/17 09/28/84
3. Poats/Togo/09/28 to 10/01/84

IX. 4th Quarter 1984 (10/84 to 12/31/84)
4. Poey/USA/10/01 to 10/05/84
5. Martinez/Mozambique/10/20 to 10/28/84
6. Gelaye/Botswana/11/09 to 11/24/84
7. Jones/Mexico/1l/l1 to 11/15/84
8. Poey/Paraguay/11/17 to 12/08/84

9. Galt/Thailand/11/24 to 12/08
80. Galt/indonesia/11/24 to 12/08
1. Hansen/Zambia/11/24 to 11/28/84
2. Hansen/Botswana/11/29 to 12/02/84
3. Hansen/Zimbabwe/12/03 to 12/04/84
4. Khon Kaen University Staff/Philippines/12/10 to 12/14/84

Appendix 9

1984 Farming Systems Support Project Personnel

Advisory Council

Technical Committee

Larry Zuidema, Chairperson
Jim Meiman
Dale Harpstead

Core Administration

Chris Andrew, Director
James Dean, Asst. to Director
Lisette Waleka, Asst. to Director
Judy Meline, Senior Secretary
Teresa Lyles, Secretary
Margarita Rodriguez, Secretary

Cornelia Flora, Chairperson
John Caldwell
Sam Johnson
Jim Henson
Bob Hart
Bob McDowell

Senior Council in Residence

Pete Hildebrand
Eugenio Martinez
Robert Waugh

Core Management USAID/S&T Management

Susan Poats, Assoc. Director
Dan Gait, Assoc. Director
Jim Jones, Assoc. Director
Ken McDermott, Assoc. Director
Steve Kearl, Editor

Wendell Morse, Project Manager
Ken Swanburg, Co-Project Manager

9- 1

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