• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Copyright
 Title Page
 Introduction
 Some early plans
 Crop requirements
 Soil preparation
 Liming
 Organic matter
 Fertilizing
 Irrigation
 Weed control
 Disease control
 Insect control
 Nematodes
 Pesticide precautions
 Planting guide for vegetable...






Group Title: Circular - Florida Cooperative Extension Service - 104N
Title: Vegetable gardening guide
CITATION PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE PAGE TEXT
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00066195/00001
 Material Information
Title: Vegetable gardening guide
Series Title: Circular
Physical Description: 1 folded sheet : ; 46 x 31 cm. folded to 23 x 10 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Stephens, James M
Publisher: Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Place of Publication: Gainesville Fla
Publication Date: 1980
 Subjects
Subject: Vegetable gardening -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Vegetables -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: J.M. Stephens.
General Note: Panel title.
General Note: "February 1980."
Funding: Circular (Florida Cooperative Extension Service) ;
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00066195
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida
Resource Identifier: oclc - 70853629

Table of Contents
    Copyright
        Copyright
    Title Page
        Page 1
    Introduction
        Page 2
    Some early plans
        Page 2
    Crop requirements
        Page 2
    Soil preparation
        Page 2
    Liming
        Page 2
    Organic matter
        Page 3
    Fertilizing
        Page 3
    Irrigation
        Page 4
    Weed control
        Page 4
    Disease control
        Page 4
    Insect control
        Page 5
    Nematodes
        Page 5
    Pesticide precautions
        Page 6
    Planting guide for vegetable gardens
        Page 7
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida





Ferur 198 Cicua 104


J. M. Stephens
Extension Vegetable Specialist


Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida, Gainesville
John T. Woeste, Dean for Extension


February 1980


Circular 104N






INTRODUCTION
Successful vegetable gardens are not accidental.
They are the results of planning, constant care,
and the will to make things grow.
There are many factors which determine
whether or not a garden will or will not be suc-
cessful. The recommendations contained here are
for home gardens; they may or may not be suit-
able for commercial use.
There are many things a vegetable garden may
offer toward a satisfying experience: fresh air,
exercise, sunshine, food rich in vitamins and min-
erals, income and knowledge.

SOME EARLY PLANS
Consider the size of your family and the amount
of produce to be canned, frozen, stored or sold, as
well as that used fresh. Don't underestimate the
work and personal attention involved.
Choosing a Location.-Select a plot of good,
well-drained soil near a water supply. It should be
close to the home for convenience but should not
be shaded by tall buildings or trees. Enclosing the
garden spot with a fence is usually profitable.
The Garden Design.-Many gardeners find it
helpful to draw out on paper the location of each
row and the crop or succession of crops to be
planted.
CROP REQUIREMENTS
Vegetables suited to Florida gardens, leading
varieties, seed or plants needed, planting distances
and depths, best time for planting by areas, hardi-
ness, days to harvest and expected yields are
shown in the Planting Guide on the inside of this
leaflet.
SOIL PREPARATION
Spade well or plow the land at 3 weeks before
planting. Rework the soil to secure a fine firm
seedbed for planting.

LIMING
Lime to sweeten the soil should be applied only
when the needs have been established by a reliable
soil test. The best range for gardens on sandy






INTRODUCTION
Successful vegetable gardens are not accidental.
They are the results of planning, constant care,
and the will to make things grow.
There are many factors which determine
whether or not a garden will or will not be suc-
cessful. The recommendations contained here are
for home gardens; they may or may not be suit-
able for commercial use.
There are many things a vegetable garden may
offer toward a satisfying experience: fresh air,
exercise, sunshine, food rich in vitamins and min-
erals, income and knowledge.

SOME EARLY PLANS
Consider the size of your family and the amount
of produce to be canned, frozen, stored or sold, as
well as that used fresh. Don't underestimate the
work and personal attention involved.
Choosing a Location.-Select a plot of good,
well-drained soil near a water supply. It should be
close to the home for convenience but should not
be shaded by tall buildings or trees. Enclosing the
garden spot with a fence is usually profitable.
The Garden Design.-Many gardeners find it
helpful to draw out on paper the location of each
row and the crop or succession of crops to be
planted.
CROP REQUIREMENTS
Vegetables suited to Florida gardens, leading
varieties, seed or plants needed, planting distances
and depths, best time for planting by areas, hardi-
ness, days to harvest and expected yields are
shown in the Planting Guide on the inside of this
leaflet.
SOIL PREPARATION
Spade well or plow the land at 3 weeks before
planting. Rework the soil to secure a fine firm
seedbed for planting.

LIMING
Lime to sweeten the soil should be applied only
when the needs have been established by a reliable
soil test. The best range for gardens on sandy






INTRODUCTION
Successful vegetable gardens are not accidental.
They are the results of planning, constant care,
and the will to make things grow.
There are many factors which determine
whether or not a garden will or will not be suc-
cessful. The recommendations contained here are
for home gardens; they may or may not be suit-
able for commercial use.
There are many things a vegetable garden may
offer toward a satisfying experience: fresh air,
exercise, sunshine, food rich in vitamins and min-
erals, income and knowledge.

SOME EARLY PLANS
Consider the size of your family and the amount
of produce to be canned, frozen, stored or sold, as
well as that used fresh. Don't underestimate the
work and personal attention involved.
Choosing a Location.-Select a plot of good,
well-drained soil near a water supply. It should be
close to the home for convenience but should not
be shaded by tall buildings or trees. Enclosing the
garden spot with a fence is usually profitable.
The Garden Design.-Many gardeners find it
helpful to draw out on paper the location of each
row and the crop or succession of crops to be
planted.
CROP REQUIREMENTS
Vegetables suited to Florida gardens, leading
varieties, seed or plants needed, planting distances
and depths, best time for planting by areas, hardi-
ness, days to harvest and expected yields are
shown in the Planting Guide on the inside of this
leaflet.
SOIL PREPARATION
Spade well or plow the land at 3 weeks before
planting. Rework the soil to secure a fine firm
seedbed for planting.

LIMING
Lime to sweeten the soil should be applied only
when the needs have been established by a reliable
soil test. The best range for gardens on sandy






INTRODUCTION
Successful vegetable gardens are not accidental.
They are the results of planning, constant care,
and the will to make things grow.
There are many factors which determine
whether or not a garden will or will not be suc-
cessful. The recommendations contained here are
for home gardens; they may or may not be suit-
able for commercial use.
There are many things a vegetable garden may
offer toward a satisfying experience: fresh air,
exercise, sunshine, food rich in vitamins and min-
erals, income and knowledge.

SOME EARLY PLANS
Consider the size of your family and the amount
of produce to be canned, frozen, stored or sold, as
well as that used fresh. Don't underestimate the
work and personal attention involved.
Choosing a Location.-Select a plot of good,
well-drained soil near a water supply. It should be
close to the home for convenience but should not
be shaded by tall buildings or trees. Enclosing the
garden spot with a fence is usually profitable.
The Garden Design.-Many gardeners find it
helpful to draw out on paper the location of each
row and the crop or succession of crops to be
planted.
CROP REQUIREMENTS
Vegetables suited to Florida gardens, leading
varieties, seed or plants needed, planting distances
and depths, best time for planting by areas, hardi-
ness, days to harvest and expected yields are
shown in the Planting Guide on the inside of this
leaflet.
SOIL PREPARATION
Spade well or plow the land at 3 weeks before
planting. Rework the soil to secure a fine firm
seedbed for planting.

LIMING
Lime to sweeten the soil should be applied only
when the needs have been established by a reliable
soil test. The best range for gardens on sandy






INTRODUCTION
Successful vegetable gardens are not accidental.
They are the results of planning, constant care,
and the will to make things grow.
There are many factors which determine
whether or not a garden will or will not be suc-
cessful. The recommendations contained here are
for home gardens; they may or may not be suit-
able for commercial use.
There are many things a vegetable garden may
offer toward a satisfying experience: fresh air,
exercise, sunshine, food rich in vitamins and min-
erals, income and knowledge.

SOME EARLY PLANS
Consider the size of your family and the amount
of produce to be canned, frozen, stored or sold, as
well as that used fresh. Don't underestimate the
work and personal attention involved.
Choosing a Location.-Select a plot of good,
well-drained soil near a water supply. It should be
close to the home for convenience but should not
be shaded by tall buildings or trees. Enclosing the
garden spot with a fence is usually profitable.
The Garden Design.-Many gardeners find it
helpful to draw out on paper the location of each
row and the crop or succession of crops to be
planted.
CROP REQUIREMENTS
Vegetables suited to Florida gardens, leading
varieties, seed or plants needed, planting distances
and depths, best time for planting by areas, hardi-
ness, days to harvest and expected yields are
shown in the Planting Guide on the inside of this
leaflet.
SOIL PREPARATION
Spade well or plow the land at 3 weeks before
planting. Rework the soil to secure a fine firm
seedbed for planting.

LIMING
Lime to sweeten the soil should be applied only
when the needs have been established by a reliable
soil test. The best range for gardens on sandy







soil is between pH 6.0 and 6.5. Applications of 2
to 3 pounds of finely ground dolomitic limestone
per 100 square feet usually will be sufficient except
on extremely acid soils.
Lime needs should be met well in advance of
the planting date, preferably 2 to 3 months before
the garden is to be planted. However, hydrated
lime may be applied two weeks or more before
planting where a quick-acting material is neces-
sary. Use at three-fourths the rate of dolomite.
Moisten the garden soil, and make sure the lime is
thoroughly mixed into the soil.
ORGANIC MATTER
The majority of Florida soils are low in organic
matter or humus. Organic matter is valuable in
that it increases the water holding capacity of a
soil, supplies nutrients and improves the ease of
working soils. The organic matter content of a soil
may be increased by applying animal manure,
rotted leaves or any partly decomposed plant
refuse. Cover crops add organic matter when
plowed or spaded into a soil.
Animal manure is not a balanced fertilizer.
Approximately 21/2 pounds of superphosphate
should be added to 25 pounds of manure and
spread over 100 square feet of garden.
FERTILIZING
When using commercial fertilizers the follow-
ing amounts and grades are usually satisfactory
for the initial application. Be sure to include
minor elements if soil is alkaline.
Amount Amount
Soil Grade 10 ft. Row 100 sq. ft.
Sand, marl, rock 6-6-6 or 1/3 lb. 2-5 lbs.
or clay 6-8-8
Organic soils (muck 0-12-20 1/6 lb. 1-2 lbs.
or peat)

During the growing season it may be desirable
to sidedress 2 or 3 times with the appropriate
mixed fertilizer, at 1 to 2 lbs. per 100 ft. of row.
On mineral soils, 10-0-10, 15-0-14 or similar mix-
ture, at 1/4 to 1/2 lb. per 100 ft. of row may be
substituted for the complete fertilizer.







soil is between pH 6.0 and 6.5. Applications of 2
to 3 pounds of finely ground dolomitic limestone
per 100 square feet usually will be sufficient except
on extremely acid soils.
Lime needs should be met well in advance of
the planting date, preferably 2 to 3 months before
the garden is to be planted. However, hydrated
lime may be applied two weeks or more before
planting where a quick-acting material is neces-
sary. Use at three-fourths the rate of dolomite.
Moisten the garden soil, and make sure the lime is
thoroughly mixed into the soil.
ORGANIC MATTER
The majority of Florida soils are low in organic
matter or humus. Organic matter is valuable in
that it increases the water holding capacity of a
soil, supplies nutrients and improves the ease of
working soils. The organic matter content of a soil
may be increased by applying animal manure,
rotted leaves or any partly decomposed plant
refuse. Cover crops add organic matter when
plowed or spaded into a soil.
Animal manure is not a balanced fertilizer.
Approximately 21/2 pounds of superphosphate
should be added to 25 pounds of manure and
spread over 100 square feet of garden.
FERTILIZING
When using commercial fertilizers the follow-
ing amounts and grades are usually satisfactory
for the initial application. Be sure to include
minor elements if soil is alkaline.
Amount Amount
Soil Grade 10 ft. Row 100 sq. ft.
Sand, marl, rock 6-6-6 or 1/3 lb. 2-5 lbs.
or clay 6-8-8
Organic soils (muck 0-12-20 1/6 lb. 1-2 lbs.
or peat)

During the growing season it may be desirable
to sidedress 2 or 3 times with the appropriate
mixed fertilizer, at 1 to 2 lbs. per 100 ft. of row.
On mineral soils, 10-0-10, 15-0-14 or similar mix-
ture, at 1/4 to 1/2 lb. per 100 ft. of row may be
substituted for the complete fertilizer.






One half of the first and main application of fer-
tilizer would best be broadcast over the entire
garden plot one to two weeks before planting. The
other half should be banded at planting time in 1
or 2 bands each 2 to 3 inches to the side of and 1
to 2 inches below the level of the seed or planting
row.

IRRIGATION
In irrigating the garden it is advisable to
thoroughly wet the soil once a week unless suf-
ficient rain falls, rather than to apply several light
sprinklings. A growing garden will require 1 inch of
water per week and when the plants are large as
much as 2 inches may be required. Place shallow
cans in your garden to determine how much water is
being applied.

WEED CONTROL
The primary purpose of cultivation is to control
weeds. Weeds are easy to control when they are
small. Shallow cultivation and hoeing is advised
in order to reduce damage to the crop root sys-
tem. No one chemical weed killer (herbicide) can
be suggested for a growing garden.

DISEASE CONTROL
Plant disease-resistant varieties wherever pos-
sible. A foliar fungicide may also be needed.
Spraying is more effective than dusting. For the
most common foliar diseases on most crops, use
one or more of the following: zineb, maneb, bravo,
or captain. Use wettable sulfur for controlling
powdery mildew and bean rust. Basic copper sul-
fate is useful against such diseases as bacterial
leafspot of tomato. Begin control efforts early,
and apply fungicides at weekly intervals as a pre-
ventive measure. Always follow label directions.
Certain soil-borne diseases, such as damp-off,
root rots, stem rots, and wilts, are controlled by
applying an all-purpose fumigant to the soil prior
to planting. See the Nematicide Table for two such
fumigants-vapam and vorlex.
Sanitation.-Many diseases and insects may be
reduced by rotating garden locations, cleaning up






One half of the first and main application of fer-
tilizer would best be broadcast over the entire
garden plot one to two weeks before planting. The
other half should be banded at planting time in 1
or 2 bands each 2 to 3 inches to the side of and 1
to 2 inches below the level of the seed or planting
row.

IRRIGATION
In irrigating the garden it is advisable to
thoroughly wet the soil once a week unless suf-
ficient rain falls, rather than to apply several light
sprinklings. A growing garden will require 1 inch of
water per week and when the plants are large as
much as 2 inches may be required. Place shallow
cans in your garden to determine how much water is
being applied.

WEED CONTROL
The primary purpose of cultivation is to control
weeds. Weeds are easy to control when they are
small. Shallow cultivation and hoeing is advised
in order to reduce damage to the crop root sys-
tem. No one chemical weed killer (herbicide) can
be suggested for a growing garden.

DISEASE CONTROL
Plant disease-resistant varieties wherever pos-
sible. A foliar fungicide may also be needed.
Spraying is more effective than dusting. For the
most common foliar diseases on most crops, use
one or more of the following: zineb, maneb, bravo,
or captain. Use wettable sulfur for controlling
powdery mildew and bean rust. Basic copper sul-
fate is useful against such diseases as bacterial
leafspot of tomato. Begin control efforts early,
and apply fungicides at weekly intervals as a pre-
ventive measure. Always follow label directions.
Certain soil-borne diseases, such as damp-off,
root rots, stem rots, and wilts, are controlled by
applying an all-purpose fumigant to the soil prior
to planting. See the Nematicide Table for two such
fumigants-vapam and vorlex.
Sanitation.-Many diseases and insects may be
reduced by rotating garden locations, cleaning up






One half of the first and main application of fer-
tilizer would best be broadcast over the entire
garden plot one to two weeks before planting. The
other half should be banded at planting time in 1
or 2 bands each 2 to 3 inches to the side of and 1
to 2 inches below the level of the seed or planting
row.

IRRIGATION
In irrigating the garden it is advisable to
thoroughly wet the soil once a week unless suf-
ficient rain falls, rather than to apply several light
sprinklings. A growing garden will require 1 inch of
water per week and when the plants are large as
much as 2 inches may be required. Place shallow
cans in your garden to determine how much water is
being applied.

WEED CONTROL
The primary purpose of cultivation is to control
weeds. Weeds are easy to control when they are
small. Shallow cultivation and hoeing is advised
in order to reduce damage to the crop root sys-
tem. No one chemical weed killer (herbicide) can
be suggested for a growing garden.

DISEASE CONTROL
Plant disease-resistant varieties wherever pos-
sible. A foliar fungicide may also be needed.
Spraying is more effective than dusting. For the
most common foliar diseases on most crops, use
one or more of the following: zineb, maneb, bravo,
or captain. Use wettable sulfur for controlling
powdery mildew and bean rust. Basic copper sul-
fate is useful against such diseases as bacterial
leafspot of tomato. Begin control efforts early,
and apply fungicides at weekly intervals as a pre-
ventive measure. Always follow label directions.
Certain soil-borne diseases, such as damp-off,
root rots, stem rots, and wilts, are controlled by
applying an all-purpose fumigant to the soil prior
to planting. See the Nematicide Table for two such
fumigants-vapam and vorlex.
Sanitation.-Many diseases and insects may be
reduced by rotating garden locations, cleaning up







crop refuse, keeping out weeds, and preparing
soil early.
Sterilizing Seedbed Soil.-Soil for starting trans-
plants may be sterilized by placing a 2-inch layer
in a pan and baking at 1800 F. for 1-11/2 hours.
Seed Treatment-Buy treated seed or apply
thiram (Arasan) to untreated seed.

INSECT CONTROL
A suggested general-purpose spray for insects
of vegetables is one containing malathion or diazi-
non plus Sevin or methoxychlor. Dust or spray
at the first signs of insects and repeat treatments
as necessary. The following materials are effective
against the insects as indicated and are safe if
properly used.


PEST


Sevin Malathion Diazinon Rotenone


Aphids
Armyworms
Budworms
Cabbage worms*
Col. potato beetle
Cucumber beetle
Earworms
Fleabeetle
Fruit, horn, pinworms
Leaf miner
Leafhopper
Leafroller
Melon, pickle worms
Mexican bean beetle
Pameras
Pea weevils
Spider mites
Stink bugs
Thrips


* Bacillus thuringiensis
gives control.


X X
X

X X X

X


X X
X X
X
X X

X
X
X
X
x


(Biotrol, Dipel,


or Thuricide) also


Soil inhabiting insects, including mole crickets, wire-
worms, cutworms, ants, etc., can be controlled with diazi-
non. Baits are excellent for cutworms and mole crickets.
Apply diazinon according to label directions and pre-
cautions.

NEMATODES
Most Florida soils contain parasitic plant ne-
matodes. For most vegetables these soils should







crop refuse, keeping out weeds, and preparing
soil early.
Sterilizing Seedbed Soil.-Soil for starting trans-
plants may be sterilized by placing a 2-inch layer
in a pan and baking at 1800 F. for 1-11/2 hours.
Seed Treatment-Buy treated seed or apply
thiram (Arasan) to untreated seed.

INSECT CONTROL
A suggested general-purpose spray for insects
of vegetables is one containing malathion or diazi-
non plus Sevin or methoxychlor. Dust or spray
at the first signs of insects and repeat treatments
as necessary. The following materials are effective
against the insects as indicated and are safe if
properly used.


PEST


Sevin Malathion Diazinon Rotenone


Aphids
Armyworms
Budworms
Cabbage worms*
Col. potato beetle
Cucumber beetle
Earworms
Fleabeetle
Fruit, horn, pinworms
Leaf miner
Leafhopper
Leafroller
Melon, pickle worms
Mexican bean beetle
Pameras
Pea weevils
Spider mites
Stink bugs
Thrips


* Bacillus thuringiensis
gives control.


X X
X

X X X

X


X X
X X
X
X X

X
X
X
X
x


(Biotrol, Dipel,


or Thuricide) also


Soil inhabiting insects, including mole crickets, wire-
worms, cutworms, ants, etc., can be controlled with diazi-
non. Baits are excellent for cutworms and mole crickets.
Apply diazinon according to label directions and pre-
cautions.

NEMATODES
Most Florida soils contain parasitic plant ne-
matodes. For most vegetables these soils should







be fumigated. "In-the-row" fumigation is cheap
and practical. This involves placing the fumigant
in a band in a trench six inches deep where the
crop is to be grown. After the fumigant is applied
the trench should be filled and the soil surface
sprinkled with water to seal the fumigant in the
soil. Fumigants should not be applied to soil that
is too wet, cold, or dry.


Nematicide


Rate/100 Ft.


Remarks


D-D, Vidden D 1 cup or 8 oz. May be mixed with
Telone kerosene, or mineral
spirits. Wait 14-21
days before planting.
EDB 3 tblsp. Same as for D-D,
except do not apply
for onions.
Vorlex 1 cup Same as D-D.
Covering row with
plastic for 7 days after
treatment helps. Also
controls weeds, soil
fungi, bacteria, and
insects.
VPM 2 cups Same as for Vorlex
Vapam except can be mixed
Fume V with water.


PESTICIDE PRECAUTIONS
Consider all pesticides as potential poisons.
They should be applied strictly according to manu-
facturers' precaution and recommendations. Al-
ways wash vegetables from the garden thor-
oughly before using. Use pesticides only as neces-
sary to control insects and diseases and stop
applications during the harvesting season. Store
pesticides in their original labeled containers.
Keep them out of the reach of children and other
irresponsible persons.

The listing of specific trade names here does not con-
stitute endorsement of these products in preference to
others containing the same active chemical ingredients.




PLANTING GUIDE FOR VEGETABLE GARDENS
Spacing in Inches Seed Planting Dates in Florida (inclusive) Plapt Pounds Days
Seed/Plants Depth Hardi- Yield to
Crop Varieties 100' of Row Rows Plants Inches North Central South nesst 100' Harvest
Beans, Snap Bush Blue Lake, Contender, Roma, 1 lb. 18-30 2-3 11/2-2 Mar.-Apr. Feb.-Mar. Sept.-Apr. T 45 45-60
Harvester, Miami, Cherokee (wax) Aug.-Sept. Sept.
Beans, Pole Dade, McCaslan, Kentucky Wonder 1/2 lb. 40-48 3-6 11/2-2 Mar.-Aug. Feb.-Apr. Sept.-Apr. T 80 55-70
191, Blue Lake Aug.-Sept.
Beans, Lima Fordhook 242, Concentrated, Hen- 1 lb. 24-36 3-4 11/2-2 Mar.-Aug. Feb.-Apr. Sept.-Apr. T 50 65-75
derson, Jackson Wonder, Dixie Sept.
Butterpea, Florida Butter (Pole)
Beets Early Wonder Detroit Dark Red 1 oz. 14-24 3-5 1/2-1 Sept.-Mar. Oct.-Mar. Oct.-Feb. H 75 60-70
Broccoli Early Green Sprouting, Waltham 100 pits. 30-36 12-18 1/2-1 Aug.-Feb. Aug.-Jan. Sept.-Jan. H 50 60-75
29, Atlantic, Green Comet (1/4 oz.)
Cabbage Copenhagen Market, Marion Market, 65 pits. 24-36 14-24 1/2 Sept.-Feb. Sept.-Jan. Sept.-Jan. H 125 70-90
King Cole, Market Prize, Red Acre, 1/ oz.
Chieftan Savoy, Rio Verde
Cantaloupes Smith's Perfect, Samson Hybrid, 1/2 oz. 70-80 24-36 / Mar.-Apr. Feb.-Apr. Feb.-Mar. T 150 75-90
Edisto 47, Planters Jumbo
Carrots Imperator, Chantenay, Nantes, 1/2 oz. 16-24 1-3 1/2 Sept.-Mar. Oct.-Mar. Oct.-Feb. H 100 70-75
Gold Pak, Waltham Hicolor
Cauliflower Snowball Strains, Snowdrift, 55 pits. 24-30 18-24 1/2 Jan.-Feb. Oct.-Jan. Oct.-Jan. H 80 55-60
Imperial 10-6 (1/4 oz.) Aug.-Oct.
Celery Utah Strains, Florida Strains, 150 plts. 24-36 6-10 1/-1/2 Jan.-Mar. Aug.-Feb. Oct.-Jan. H 150 115-125
Summer Pascal (1/4 oz.)
Chinese, Cabbage Michihli, Wong Bok, Bok Choy 125 plts. 24-36 8-12 1-1/2 Oct.-Jan. Cct.-Jan. Nov.-Jan. H 100 75-85
(1/4 OZ.)
Collards Georgia, Vates, Louisiana Sweet 100 pits. 24-30 10-18 1/2 Feb.-Mar. Aug.-Apr. Aug.-Feb. H 150 40-60
(l/4oz.) Aug.-Nov.
Corn, Sweet Silver Queen (white) Gold Cup, 1/4 lb. 24-36 12-18 1/2 Mar.-Apr. Feb.-Mar. Aug.-Mar. T 15 60-85
Iobelle, Bonanza, Florida Staysweet Aug. Aug.-Sept.
Cucumbers Poinsett, Ashley, Gemini (slicers) 1/2 oz. 36-60 12-24 1/2-% Feb.-Apr. Feb.-Mar. Jan.-Feb. T 100 40-55
SMR 18, Pixie, Galaxy picklerss) Aug.-Sept. Sept. Sept.
Eggplant Florida Market, Black Beauty, 50 pits. 36-42 24-36 1/2 Feb.-July Jan.-Mar. Dec.-Feb. T 200 80-95
Long Tom, Ichiban (1/4oz.) Aug.-Sept. Aug.-Oct.
Endive-Escarole Florida Deep Heart, Full Heart 100 pits. 18-24 8-12 /% Feb.-Mar. Jan.-Feb. Sept.-Jan. H 75 90-95
Batavian, Ruffec Sept. Sept.
Kohlrabi Early White Vienna 1/ oz. 24-30 3-5 1/2 Mar.-Apr. Feb.-Mar. Nov.-Feb. H 100 50-55
Oct.-Nov. Oct.-Nov.
Lettuce (Crisp) Minetto, Great Lakes, Fulton 100 pits. 12-24 8-12 3/ Feb.-Mar. Sept.-Mar. Sept.-Jan. H 75 50-80
(Butterhead) Bibb, White Boston Sept.
(Leaf) Prize Head, Ruby, Salad Bowl
(Romaine) Parris Island Cos, Dark Green Cos
Mustard Southern Giant Curled, Florida 1/ oz. 14-24 1-6 1/2 Jan.-Mar. Sept.-Mar. Sept.-Mar. H 100 40-45
Broad Leaf Sept.-May
Okra Clemson Spineless, Perkins Long 2 oz. 24-40 6-12 1-2 Mar.-July Mar.-Aug. Feb.-May T 70 50-75
Green, Emerald, Dwarf Greenpod Aug.-Sept.
Onions (Bulbing) Excel, Texas Grano, Granex, White 400 pits. or sets 12-24 3-4 3/ Aug.-Nov. Aug.-Nov. Sept.-Nov. H 100 100-130
Granex, Tropicana Red 1 oz. seed
(Green) White Portugal, Evergreen, 800 plts. or sets 12-24 11/2-2 3/ Aug.-Mar. Aug.-Mar. Sept.-Mar. H 100 50-75
Shallots (Multipliers) 11/2 oz. seed 18-24 6-8 3/Aug.-Jan. Aug.-Jan. Sept.-Dec. H 100 75-105
Parsley Moss Curled, Perfection 1/ oz. 12-20 8-12 % Feb.-Mar. Dec.-Jan. Sept.-Jan. H 40 90-95
Peas Wando, Green Arrow, 1 lb. 24-36 2-3 1-2 Jan.-Mar. Sept.-Mar. Sept.-Feb. H 40 50-70
Laxton's Progress
Peas, Southern Blackeye, Mississippi Silver, Texas 11/2 lbs. 30-36 2-3 1-2 Mar.-Aug. Mar.-Sept. Feb.-Oct. T 80 50-70
Cream 40, Floricream, Snapea,
Zipper Cream
Onions (Bulbing) Excel, Texas Grano, Granex, White 400 pits. or sets 12-24 3-4 % Aug.-Nov. Aug.-Nov. Sept.-Nov. H 100 100-130
Granex, Tropicana Red 1 oz. seed
(Green) White Portugal, Evergreen, 800 plts. or sets 12-24 11/2-2 / Aug.-Mar. Aug.-Mar. Sept.-Mar. H 100 50-75
Shallots (Multipliers) 11/2 oz. seed 18-24 6-8 % Aug.-Jan. Aug.-Jan. Sept.-Dec. H 100 75-105
Parsley Moss Curled, Perfection 1/ oz. 12-20 8-12 % Feb.-Mar. Dec.-Jan. Sept.-Jan. H 40 90-95
Peas Wando, Green Arrow, 1 lb. 24-36 2-3 1-2 Jan.-Mar. Sept.-Mar. Sept.-Feb. H 40 50-70
Laxton's Progress
Peas, Southern Blackeye, Mississippi Silver, Texas 11/2 lbs. 30-36 2-3 1-2 Mar.-Aug. Mar.-Sept. Feb.-Oct. T 80 50-70
Cream 40, Floricream, Snapea,
Zipper Cream
Pepper (Sweet) Early Calwonder, Yolo Wonder, 100 pits. 20-36 12-24 1/ Feb.-Apr. Jan.-Mar. Jan.-Feb. T 50 90-95
World Beater, Florida Giant (1/8 oz.) July-Aug. Aug. Aug.-Oct.
(Hot) Hungarian Wax, Anaheim Chili
Potatoes Sebago, Red Pontiac, Atlantic, 15 lbs. 36-42 8-12 3-4 Jan.-Mar. Jan.-Feb. Sept.-Jan. SH 150 80-95
Red LaSoda, LaRouge, Superior
Potatoes, Sweet Porto Rico, Georgia Red, Jewel, 100 pits. 48-54 12-14 Mar.-June Feb.-June Feb.-June T 75 120-140
Centennial, Coastal Sweet
Pumpkin Big Max, Funny Face, 1 oz. 60-84 36-60 2 Mar.-Apr. Feb.-Mar. Jan.-Feb. 60-90
Connecticut Field Aug. Aug. Aug.-Sept.
Radish Cherry Belle, Comet, Early Scarlet 1 oz. 12-18 1-2 3 Oct.-Mar. Oct.-Mar. Oct.-Mar. H 40 20-30
Globe, White Icicle, Sparkler (white
tipped) Red Prince, Champion
Spinach Virginia Savoy, Dixie Market, 1 oz. 14-18 3-5 3/,% Oct.-Nov. Oct.-Nov. Oct.-Jan. H 40 40-45
Hybrid 7, Bloomsdale Longstanding
Spinach, (Summer) New Zealand 2 oz. 30-36 18-24 /% Mar.-Apr. Mar.-Apr. Jan.-Apr. T 40 55-65
Squash, (Summer) Early Prolific Straightneck, Dixie, 11/2 oz. 36-48 24-36 1/2 Mar.-Apr. Feb.-Mar. Jan.-Mar. T 150 45-60
Summer Crookneck, Cocozelle, Gold Bar, Aug.-Sept. Aug.-Sept. Sept.-Oct.
Zucchini, Patty Pan, Scallopini,
(Winter) Sweet Mama, Table Queen, Butternut 1/2 oz. 60-90 36-48 2 Mar. Feb.-Mar. Jan.-Feb. T 300 95-105
Strawberry Florida 90, Tioga, Sequoia, 100 plts. 36-40 10-14 Sept.-Oct. Sept.-Oct. Oct.-Nov. H 50 90-110
Florida Belle
Tomatoes (Stake) Floradel, Tropic, Manalucie, 35 plts. 36-48 18-24 1/2 Feb.-Apr. Feb.-Mar. Aug.-March T 125 75-85
Better Boy, Manapal, Cherry, (1/8 oz.) Aug. Sept.
(Ground) Walter, Homestead, Fla. MH-1, 70 pits. 40-60 36-40 1/2 Feb.-Apr. Feb.-Mar. Aug.-Mar. T 200 75-85
Tropired, Floramerica, Flora-Dade (1/q oz.) Aug. Sept.
Turnips Japanese Foliage (Shogoin) 1/2 oz. 12-20 4-6 1/2- Jan.-Apr. Jan.-Mar. Oct.-Feb. H 150 40-50
Purple Top White Globe, Just Right Aug.-Oct. Sept.-Nov.
Water- (Large) Charleston Gray, Congo, 1 oz. 84-108 48-60 2 Mar.-Apr. Jan.-Mar. Jan.-Mar. T 400 80-100
melon Jubilee, Crimson Sweet July-Aug. Aug. Aug.-Sept.
(Seedless) Tri-X 317
(Small) New Hampshire Midget, Sugar Baby 48-60 15-30
Other Vegetables for the Garden-Jerusalem artichoke, Brussels sprouts, cassava, chayote, chives, dandelion, dasheen, dill, fennel, garbanzo bean, garlic, herbs, kale, leek,
luffa gourd, honeydew melons, and rutabaga. Note-globe artichokes, asparagus, and rhubarb not well adapted to Florida.
tH-Hardy, can stand frost and usually some freezing (32"F) without injury.
SH-Slightly hardy, will not be injured by light frosts.
T--Tender, will be injured by light frost.


This publication was prepared in cooperation with
workers of the Institute of Food and Agricultural
Sciences.


This publication was promulgated at a cost of $1875.00 or 3.7 cents per copy, to inform home gardeners
on vegetable production. 3-50M-80

COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL
SCIENCES, K. R. Tefertiller, director, in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture, publishes this infor-
mation to further the purpose of the May 8 and June 30, 1914 Acts of Congress; and is authorized to provide research, educa-
tional Information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function without regard to race, color, sex or
national origin. Single copies of Extension publications (excluding 4-H and Youth publications) are available free to Florida
residents from County Extension Offices. Information on bulk rates or copies for out-of-state purchasers is available from
C. M. Hinton, Publications Distribution Center, IFAS Building 664, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611. Before publicizing this
publication, editors should contact this address to determine availability.




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