Group Title: Mimeo report - University of Florida North Florida Experiment Station ; 67-6
Title: Rolled high moisture corn, ground shelled corn, ground snapped corn, cottonseed hulls, sorghum-sudan haylage, coastal bermuda haylage, and citrus molasses in steer finishing rations
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00066040/00001
 Material Information
Title: Rolled high moisture corn, ground shelled corn, ground snapped corn, cottonseed hulls, sorghum-sudan haylage, coastal bermuda haylage, and citrus molasses in steer finishing rations
Series Title: NFES mimeo rpt.
Physical Description: 13 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Baker, F. S ( Frank Sloan ), 1921-
North Florida Experiment Station
Publisher: North Florida Experiment Station
Place of Publication: Quincy Fla
Publication Date: 1967
 Subjects
Subject: Beef cattle -- Feeding and feeds -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Beef cattle -- Carcasses -- Grading   ( lcsh )
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Statement of Responsibility: F.S. Baker, Jr.
General Note: Caption title.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00066040
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 69857745

Full Text

/ O NORTH FLORIDA EXPERIMENT STATION
c-- Lp na .- Quincy, Florida ----
N-5 (v -p June 15, 1967 HUIE LIBRARY
NFES Mimeo Report 67-6
JUL 211967
ROLLED HIGH MOISTURE CORN, GROUND SHELLED CORN, GROUND SNAPPED CORN,
COTTONSEED HULLS, SORGHUM-SUDAN HAYLAGE, COASTAL BERMUDA HAYLAGE,
AND CITRUS MOLASSES IN STEER FINISHING RATIO A.S. Univ. of Florida

By F. S. Baker, Jr./,

High moisture (23 to 32 percent) grain sorghum produced cattle gain with 10 to 18
percent less dry matter than dry grain sorghum in four Texas trials (Parrett and Riggs.
1966. Texas Agr. Exp. Sta. PR-2423). In a recent midwestern experiment, ground shelled
corn added to corn silage at the time of ensiling produced significantly greater calf gains
than the same quantity of ground shelled corn added to similar corn silage at the time of
feeding, indicating the value of the corn was enhanced by ensiling (Jordan, et al. Minn.
Beef Cattle Grasslands Field Day Rep. 1965). Other university studies, as well as numerous
feedlot trials, indicate an improvement in utilization of grains with relatively high
moisture content stored in gas tight structures, as compared with that of dry grains.

Harvesting corn with 22 to 32 percent moisture reduces field losses, but corn with this
much moisture requires either artificial' drying or gas tight storage. With sufficient dryer
capacity to handle the corn crop during the peak of the harvest season, installation of gas
tight storage appears desirable for many cattle feeders. Not only could corn be harvested,
stored, and preserved without loss or the necessity of drying, but the research previously
cited also indicates that storage in gas tight structures would result in improved
utilization of corn by cattle. If more than one filling is needed between harvest seasons,
Texas work indicates that dry grain reconstituted by adding water and placing in gas tight
storage gives results comparable to grain harvested and stored at high moisture (Tex. Agr.
Exp. PR-2423).

Two steer finishing trials, the results of which are reported herein, were conducted to
obtain experimental data for making recommendations concerning the use of high moisture
corn in Florida and the Southeast.

PROCEDURE

For the first trial, corn was harvested with 14 percent moisture and reconstituted to
23 percent moisture by spraying with water as it passed through a horizontal auger and
storing in a gas tight structure. Corn was harvested and stored with an average moisture
content of 24.5 percent for the second trial. Cokers 67 and Florida 200A, both locally
adapted hybrids, were used in the first, and Florida 200A was used in the second trial.

Feeder steers, purchased in Southeastern auction sales, were predominantly of Hereford,
Angus, or Hereford-Angus breeding, and graded standard to choice, with an average of low
good. Most of the cattle were yearlings, but approximately 40 percent of those in the
second trial were two-years-old or older.

Weighing conditions were on a buying weight to sale weight basis. Carcass weights
(hot weights less 2 1/2 percent) were used to adjust final live weights to a carcass yield
of 60.16 percent, which was the overall average yield or dressing percentage of the cattle
in the first trial. Adjusting to the same carcass yield permits direct comparison of
different groups on a live weight basis, with feed per 100 pounds also directly comparable


Animal Husbandman.









for the various lots. The same live weight was used to calculate both feedlot gain and
carcass yield or dressing percentage.

Average daily feed consumption and sample feed analyses are shown in Table 1. With the
exception of the groups fed Coastal Bermuda haylage in the second trial (Lots 25, 26, 29,
and 30), the same roughage to corn ratio (dry weight basis) was used with all rations.
Because of its low quality and palatability, the amount of Coastal haylage was reduced to a
roughage level approximately one-third below that of the other lots.

Table 1.-Daily feed consumption and feed analyses


Ground snapped corn
Shelled corn
Cob and shuck
Citrus molasses
41% cottonseed meal
Grass hay
Mineral
Total per day
Total per day (adjusted to
comparable dry matter)



Ground shelled corn
Cottonseed hulls
Citrus molasses
41% cottonseed meal
Grass hay
Mineral
Total per day
Total per day (adjusted to
comparable dry matter)


Lot 31
1st trial 2d trial
20.46 20.65
(15.35) (15.49)
( 5.11) ( 5.16)
3.61 3.69
2.39 2.40
0.20 0.36
0.14 0.10
26.80 27.20

26.16 26.55

Lot 33
1st trial 2d trial
14.05 17.09
4.68 5.69
3.61 3.69
2.39 2.40
0.20 0.41
0.11 0.14
25.04 29.42

24.40 28.77


Lot 32
1st trial 2d trial
19.56 22.40
(14.67) (16.80)
( 4.89) ( 5.60)
*
2.39 2.40
0.21 0.46
0.12 0.12
22.28 25.38

22.28 25.38

Lot 34
1st trial 2d trial
15.89 18.83
5.30 6.28
-
2.39 2.40
0.19 0.39
0.14 0.10
23.91 28.00

23.91 28.00


Ground shelled corn
Coastal Bermuda haylage
Coastal Bermuda haylage (91% dry matter)
Citrus molasses
Al% cottonseed meal
Grass hay
Mineral
Total per day
Total per day (adjusted to
comparable dry matter)


Lot 35
2d trial
17.15
7.53
(4.14)
3.69
2.40
0.41
0.08
31.26


Lot 36
2d trial
17.51
7.70
(4.23)

2.40
0.38
0.08
28.07


27.22


24.60








-3-


Rolled high moisture corn
Rolled high moisture corn (86%
dry matter)
Cottonseed hulls
Citrus molasses
41% cottonseed meal
Grass hay
Mineral
Total per day
Total per day (adjusted to
comparable dry matter)



Rolled high moisture corn
Rolled high moisture corn (86%
dry matter)
Haylage
Haylage (91% dry matter)
Citrus molasses
41% cottonseed meal
Grass hay
Mineral
Total per day
Total per day (adjusted to
comparable dry matter)


Lot 37
1st trial 2d trial
17.54 19.93

(15.70) (17.49)
5.26 5.98
3.58 3.69
2.39 2.40
0.24 0.43
0.12 0.13
29.13 32.56

26.66 29.47

Lot 39
1st trial 2d trial
18.29 19.66

(16.38) (17.26)
9.15 6.62
( 5.53) ( 3.64)
3.61 3.69
2.39 2.40
0.19 0.34
0.11 0.11
33.74 32.82

27.57 26.79


Lot 38
1st trial 2d trial
18.34 20.63

(16.42) (18.11)
5.50 6.09

2.39 2.40
0.19 0.49
0.14 0.13
26.56 29.74

24.64 27.22

Lot 40
1st trial 2d trial
20.80 19.43

(18.63) (17.06)
10.41 6.61
(6.29) ( 3.63)

2.39 2.40
0.20 0.49
0.13 0.12
33.94 29.05

27.64 23.70


In adjusting rations to comparable dry matter basis, following were the percentages:


High moisture corn
Citrus molasses
Haylage


1st trial
As fed Adiusted D.M.
77 86
70 85
55 91


Percentages


2d
As fed
75.5
70
50


trial
Adjusted D.Mt
86
85
91


Percent moisture and protein/feeds used in second trial


Ground snapped corn
Ground shelled corn
Rolled high moisture corn
Cottonseed hulls
Coastal Bermuda haylage
Cottonseed meal


Percent moisture
12.50
13.00
23.00
12.50
38.00
7.00


Percent protein
7.35
8.69
7.88
3.69
5.00
40.60








Table 2 contains prices of the various feeds used in the two trials. Ground shelled
and rolled high moisture corn were priced the same on a dry weight basis. Similarly, ground
snapped corn was priced on the same basis as a mixture of 75 percent ground shelled corn
and 25 percent cottonseed hulls.

Table 3 gives prices of feeder and finished cattle. Sale prices were actual prices
received for carcasses but are shown on both a live and carcass basis.

Cattle were confined to dry lot in an open, pole-type barn with 60 square feet of pen
space and 2 feet of trough space per animal. Feeding was once-a-day in the early morning,
with the cattle receiving all they would clean-up between feedings. High moisture grain
was rolled as it came from the gas tight structure immediately before mixing. All
ingredients were mixed except citrus molasses which was poured on top of the remainder of
the feed. Vitamin A palmitate to furnish 25,000 I. U. per head daily was premixed with the
cottonseed meal. Grass hay was self-fed only during the first week when the cattle were
being started on feed. Salt and steamed bonemeal were self-fed separately in a two
compartment feeder. Stilbestrol was implanted (24 mg) in the ear of each animal at the
start of the feeding period.

Table 2.-Feed prices used


Feed
Ground snapped corn
Ground shelled corn
Rolled high moisture corn
Cttonseed hulls
Sorghum-sudan haylage
Coastal Bermuda haylage
Protein supplement (41% cottonseed
meal + vit. A)
Grass hay
Citrus molasses
Salt
Steamed bonemeal
24 mg. stilbestrol implants (each)


Price
1st trial
$49.88
55.00
49.24
30.00
12.53


90.00
22.50
24.00
38.00
95.00
0.20


Ton
2d trial
$49.88
55.00
48.28
39.00

12.00

100.00
20.00
25.00
38.00
110.00
0;..5


Avg. 2 trials
$49.88
55.00
48.76
34.50



95.00
21.25
24.50
38.00
102.50
0.225


Table 3.-Cattle prices

Prices paid for feeders (delivered feedlot).


First trial
Second trial
Average two trials


Price 100 pounds
$24.49
23.27
23.85


Prices per 100 pounds received for carcasses


Grade
Choice
Good
Standard


1st trial
$42.00
40.00
39.00


2d trial
$40.00
39.00
38.00


Average price, dressed weight
Average price, live weight


1st trial
$40.92
24.62


2d trial
$39.41
23.71


Two trials
$40.07
24.10










RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

Average results of two trials comparing ground shelled and rolled high moisture corn,
with cottonseed hulls as roughage, are shown in Table 4. For the groups with citrus
molasses, no molasses, and the two groups combined, steers fed rolled high moisture corn
gained 0.44, 0.40, and 0.42 pound, respectively, more per head daily than those fed dry
ground shelled corn. Rolled high moisture ccn cattle consumed 12.2 percent (129 pounds)
less feed per 100 pounds gain, with a $3.48 lower feed cost per 100 pounds gain than the
ground shelled corn cattle. Net advantage in return above costs was $10.33 more per head
for the rolled high moisture corn cattle. Rolled high moisture corn was worth $10.18 more
per ton on a dry (14 percent moisture) basis than ground shelled corn. Feeding citrus
molasses resulted in increased gain, improved feed efficiency, and greater net return with
both moist and dry corn.

Results presented in Table 5 are similar to those in Table 4. In the one trial
reported with Coastal Bermuda haylage, rolled high moisture corn produced more gain with
14 percent less feed per 100 pounds gain ($3.76 less cost per 100 pounds gain) than dry
ground shelled corn. Return above costs of cattle and feed averaged $9.91 more per head
for the moist corn cattle. Citrus molasses improved results with both dry and moist grain.

A two trial comparison of cottonseed hulls and haylage as roughage in high moisture
corn rations is presented in Table 6. As previously stated sorghum-sudan haylage was used
in the first trial and Coastal Bermuda haylage in the second trial. Steer gains were
slightly larger and more efficient with the cottonseed hulls; but with cottonseed hulls
priced at $34.50 and haylage at $12.27 per ton, cost ot gain and return above costs of
cattle and feed did not differ greatly with the two roughages. With both roughages, citrus
molasses improved results. The one trial comparison of cottonseed hulls with sorghum-sudan
(Lindseys 77F) haylage are summarized in Table 7, and the cottonseed hull-Coastal Bermuda
haylage comparison is shown in Table 8. In considering the results presented in Tables 6-8,
it should be noted that quality of roughage was not an important factor with these rations,
because the roughage level was relatively low (approximately 20 percent of the total ration).

With dry ground shelled corn, cottonseed hulls as roughage produced slightly larger and
more efficient gains than Coastal Bermuda haylage; but costs of gains and net returns were
similar with the two roughages (Table 9). Citrus molasses improved performance with both
roughages.

Table 10 summarizes results of two trials comparing ground shelled corn-cottonseed
hulls with ground snapped corn. As previously stated, roughage level was the same for
the two rations, and in both the corn was air dry (14 percent moisture). Steer performance
and net returns slightly favored the ground shelled corn-cottonseed hull-mixture, although
other trials at the North Florida Station indicate no difference with similar comparisons.
In the trials reported in Table 10, one group of steers fed ground snapped corn without
citrus molasses made an unusually poor gain, possibly due to inferior animals allotted to
the group. It is apparent that the ground snapped corn (Lots 31 and 32) did not compare
more favorably with high moisture corn (Lots 37 and 38) than did the ground shelled corn
(Lots 33 and 34, Tables 4 and 10).

Detailed carcass data (Table 11) reveal differences in carcass weights but small
differences in other carcass characteristics. There was a tendency for carcasses of cattle
fed high moisture grain to be slightly fatter than those of dry grain cattle and for
carcasses of citrus molasses steers to bc slightly fatter than those of cattle not fed
molasses.





-6-


SUMMARY

Fattening steers fed rolled high moisture grain gained faster and more efficiently
than those fed dry ground shelled corn. With cottonseed hulls as roughage, 12.2 percent
less feed per 100 pounds gain was required with the high moisture corn ration. With Coastal
Bermuda haylage, cattle gained 14.0 percent more efficiently with high moisture corn. An
increase of $10.33 per head in return above costs of cattle and feed was obtained with high
moisture corn as compared to dry corn. This increased return amounted to $10.18 per ton of
high moisture corn or $11.49 per ton on a dry corn (14% moisture) basis.

Although not directly compared, there was apparently no difference in response to dry
corn reconstituted to 23 percent moisture and early harvested corn combined with 24.5
percent moisture.

Citrus molasses topdressed on rations at the rate of 3.64 pounds per head daily (389
pounds per head for feeding period) resulted in increased gains, improved feed efficiency,
lower cost gains, and greater returns above costs of cattle and feed. This response to
citrus molasses was obtained with all rations in both trials.


Table 4.-Ground shelled corn-cottonseed hulls versus
hulls (average two trials)


Lot 33 Lot 34
Ground shelled corn
+


citrus No
molasses molasses
Days 107 107
Average initial weight 748 748
Average final weight 1032 994
Average gain 284 246
Average daily gain 2.65 2.30
Average carcass weight 621 598
Dressing percentage 60.16 60.16
Average carcass grade** 11.3 10.8
Average daily ration:
Corn (as fed) 15.50 17.29
Corn (86% dry matter) 15.50 17.29
Cottonseed hulls 5.16 5.76
Citrus molasses 3.64 -
Protein supplement 2.39 2.39
Grass hay 0.29 0.30
Average feed per head:
Corn (as fed) 1658 1850
Corn (86% dry matter) 1658 1850
Total feed (as fed) 2902 2767
Total feed (adjusted dry matter) 2833 2767
Feed per 100 pounds gain (adjusted) 998 1125
Feed cost 100 pounds gain $25.78 $30.39
Cost feeders/100 pounds 23.85 23.85
Cost feeders/head 178.59 178.50
Feed cost/head 73.22 74.77
Cost cattle and feed 251.80 253.27
Sale price/100 pounds 24.05 24.15
Sale price/head 248.18 240.09
Return above costs -3.63 -13.18
Advantage high moisture corn/head -
Advantage citrus molasses/head 9.55 -
*1 steer slaughtered 23 days before completion first
**10, average good; 11, high good; 12, low choice.


rolled high moisture corn-cottonseed


Average
107
748
1013
265
2.48
610
60.16
11.1

16.40
16.40
5.46
1.82
2.39
0.30

1754
1754
2835
2800
1057
$27.92
23.85
178.55
74.00
252.55
24.10
244.14
-8.41


trial.


Lot 37 Lot 38
Rolled high moisture corn
+
citrus No
molasses molasses Averagi
106* 107 106
748 751 750
1077 .1040 1059
328 289 309
3.09 2.70 2.94
648 626 637
60.16 60.16 60.1'
11.6 11.2 11.4


18.69
16.57
5.61
3.64
2.39
0.33

1978
1753
3246
2965
904
$23.28
23.85
178.51
76.37
254.88
24.24
261.04
+6.16
9.79
8.47


19.49
17.27
5.80

2.39
0.34

2080
1843
3005
2768
958
$25.84
23.85
179.14
74.67
253.81
24.18
251.50
-2.31
10.87


19.05
16.88
5.70
1.82
2.39
0.34

2029
1798
3126
2867
928
$24.44
23.85
178.83
75.52
254.35
24.20
256.27
+1.92
10.33


0

6


Lot 33 Lot 34
Ground shelled corn
+












Table 5.-Ground shelled corn-Coastal Bermuda haylage
Coastal Bermuda haylage (1 trial)


citrus
molasses
Days 102
Average initial weight 785
Average final weight 1035
Average gain 250
Average daily gain 2.45
Average carcass weight 622
Dressing percentage 60.16
Average carcass grade 10.4
Average daily ration:
Corn (as fed) 17.15
Corn (86% dry matter) 17.15
Haylage (as fed) 7.53
Haylage (91% dry matter) 4.14
Citrus molasses 3.69
Protein supplement 2.40
Grass hay 0.41
Average feed per head:
Corn (as fed) 1750
Corn (86% dry matter) 1750
Total feed (as fed) 3188
Total feed (adjusted dry matter) 2776
Feed per 100 pounds gain (adjusted)1110
Feed cost 100 pounds gain $28.29
Cost feeders/100 pounds 23.27
Cost feeders/head 182.60
Feed cost/head 70.72
Cost cattle and feed 253.32
Sale price/100 pounds 23.63
Sale price/head 244.55
Return above costs -8.77
Advantage high moisture corn/head
Advantage citrus molasses/head 3.68


versus rolled high moisture corn-


Lot 35 Lot 36 Lot 39 Lot 40
Ground shelled corn Rolled high moisture corn
+ +


No citrus No
molasses Average molasses molasses Average


102
784
1004
220
2.16
604
06.16
10.6

17.51
17.51
7.70
4.23

2.40
0.39

1786
1786
2864
2510
1141
$30.47
23.27
182.53
67.04
249.57
23.62
237.12
-12.45


102
785
1020
235
2.30
613
60.16
10.5

17.33
17.33
7.62
4.18
1.85
2.40
0.40

1768
1768
3026
2643
1125
$29.31
23.27
182.57
68.88
251.45
23.62
240.84
-10.61


102
784
1068
284
2.78
643
60.16
11.4


19.66
17.26
6.62
3.64
3.69
2.40
0.34

2005
1760
3346
2731
962
$24.81
23.27
182.37
70.47
252.84
23.90
255.20
+2.36
11.13
6.13


102
784
1032
248
2.43
621
60.16
10.3

19.43
17.06
6.61
3.63

2.40
0.49

1982
1740
2962
2417
975
$26.38
23.27
182.46
65.43
247.89
23.66
244.12
-3.77
8.68


102
784
1050
266
2.61
632
60.16
10.9

19.55
17.16
6.61
3.63
1.85
2.40
0.41

1994
1750
3154
2574
968
$25.55
23.27
182.41
67.95
250.36
23.78
249.66
-0.70
9.91


--












Table 6.-Cottonseed hulls versus
(average two trials)


haylage as roughage in rolled high moisture corn rations


Lot 37 Lot 38 Lot 39 Lot 40
Cottonseed hulls Haylage
+ +
citrus No citrus No
molasses molasses Average molasses molasses Average


Days
Average initial weight
Average final weight
Average gain
Average daily gain
Average carcass weight
Dressing percentage
Average carcass grade
Average daily ration:
Corn (as fed)
Corn (86% dry matter)
Hulls or haylage (as fed)
Hulls or haylage (91% dry matter)
Citrus molasses
Protein supplement
Grass hay
Average feed per head:
Corn (as fed)
Corn (86% dry matter)
Hulls or haylage (as fed)
Hulls or haylage (91% dry matter)
Total feed (as fed)
Total feed (adjusted dry matter)
Feed per 100 pounds gain
Feed cost 100 pounds gain
Cost feeders/100 pounds
Cost feeders/head
Feed cost/head
Cost cattle and feed
Sale price/100.pounds
Sale price/head
Return above costs
Advantage cottonseed hulls/head
Advantage citrus molassealhead


106*
748
1077
328
3.09
648
60.16
11.6

18.60
16.58
5.61
5.61
3.64
2.39
0.33

1978
1753
593
593
3246
2965
904
$23.28
23.85
178.51
76.37
254.88
24.24
261.04
+6.16
-0.51
8.47.


107
751
1040
289
2.70
626
60.16
11.2

19.49
17.27
5.80
5.80

2.39
0.34

2080
1843
619
619
3005
2768
958
$25.84
23.85
179.11
74.67
253.81
24.18
251.50
-2.31
+2.21


106
750
1059
309
2.90
637
60.16
11.4


19.05
16.88
5.70
5.70
1.82
2.39
0.34

2029
1798
606
606
3126
2867
928
$24.44
23.85
178.83
75.52
254.35
24.20
256.27
+1.92
+0.84


107
748
1058
310
2.90
636
60.16
11.7


18.94
16.80
7.94
4.63
3.64
2.39
0.26

2027
1797
850
495
3562
2909
938
$23.41
23.85
178.44
72.58
251.02
24.36
257.69
+6.67

11.19


107
748
1018
270
2.52
612
60.16
10.8


20.15
17.88
8.60
5.02

2.39
0.33

2156
1914
920
537
3382
2756
1021
$26.51
23.85
178.43
71.57
250.00
24.11
245.48
-4.52


107
748
1038
290
2.71
624
60.16
11.3

19.55
17.35
8.27
4.82
1.82
2.39
0.30

2092
1856
885
516
3472
2833
977
$24.86
23.85
178.43
72.08
250.51
24.24
251.59
+1.08
-


*1 steer slaughtered 23 days before completion first trial.


_


....-- Lot- 37 ot3' -- Lo 9 Lo 0.. ..


- -- ----- ~~~ -- ---


-~---- ~~------"1--












Table 7.-Cottonseed hulls versus
corn (1 trial)


sorghum-sudan haylage as roughage with high moisture


Lot 37 Lot 38
Cottonseed hulls


m


Days
Average initial weight
Average final weight
Average gain
Average daily gain
Average carcass weight
Dressing percentage
Average carcass grade
Average daily ration:
Corn (as fed)
Corn (86% dry matter)
Roughage (as fed)
Roughage (91% dry matter)
Citrus molasses
Protein supplement
Grass hay
Average feed per head:
Corn (as fed)
Corn (86% dry matter)
Total feed (as fed)
Total feed (adjusted dry matter)
Feed per 100 pounds gain (adjusted)
Feed cost 100 pounds gain
Cost feeders/100 pounds
Cost feeders/head
Feed cost/head
Cost cattle and feed
Sale price/100 pounds
Sale price/head
Return above costs
Advantage cottonseed hulls/head
Advantage citrus molasses/head


citrus
molasses
110*
713
1044
331
3.01
628
60.16
11.6

17.54
15.71
5.26
5.26
3.58
2.39
0.24

1924
1723
3196
2926
884
$22.21
24.49
174.56
73.56
248.12
24.69
257.74
+9.62
-1.34
6.00


No
molasses
112
718
1026
318
2.75
617
60.16
10.9

18.34
16.42
5.50
5.50

2.39
0.19

2054
1839
2974
2759
896
$23.69
24.49
175.79
72.88
248.67
24.59
252.29
+3.62
+8.88
*


Lot 39 Lot 40
Sorghum-sudan haylage
+
citrus No
molasses molasses Avi
112 112 1:
713 712 7:
1048 1003 10:
335 291 31
2.99 2.60
630 603 6
60.16 60.16
11.9 11.3


rage
12
12
25
L3
2.79
17
60.16
11.6


Average
111
715
1035
320
2.88
623
60.16
11.3

17.92
16.05
5.38
5.38
1.79
2.39
0.22

1989
1781
3085
2843
888
$22.99
24.49
175.18
73.22
248.40
24.64
255.02
+6.62
+3.78
-


*1 steer slaughtered 23 days before end of trial.


Advantaee citrus molasses/head


- --


18.29
16.38
9.15
5.53
3.61
2.39
0.19

2049
1834
3778
3087
921
$22.29
24.49
174.52
74.69
249.12
24.83
260.17
+10.96

16.22


20.81
18.63
10.41
6.29

2.39
0.20

2331
2087
3801
3096
1064
$26.70
24.49
174.39
77.70
252.09
24.61
246.83
-5.26


19.55
17.51
9.78
5.91
1.81
2.39
0.19

2190
1961
3790
3092
988
$24.35
24.49
174.46
76.20
250.66
24.73
253.50
+2.84


--~ -


i








-10-


Table 8.-Cottonseed hulls versus Coastal Bermuda haylage as roughage with rolled high
moisture corn (I trial)

Lot 37 Lot 38 Lot 39 Lot 40
Cottonseed hulls Coastal Bermuda haylage
+ +
citrus No citrus No
molasses molasses Average molasses molasses Average


Days
Average initial weight
Average final weight
Average gain
Average daily gain
Average carcass weight
Dressing percentage
Average carcass grade
Average daily ration:
Corn (as fed)
Corn (86% dry matter)
Roughage (as fed)
Roughage (91% dry matter)
Citrus molasses
Protein supplement
Grass hay
Average feed per head:
Corn (as fed)
Corn (86% dry matter)
Total feed (as fed)
Total feed (adjusted dry matter)
Feed per 100 pounds gain (adjusted)
Feed cost 100 pounds gain
Cost feeders/100 pounds
Cost feeders/head
Feed cost/head
Cost cattle and feed
Sale price/100 pounds
Sale price/head
Return above costs
Advantage Coastal Bermuda
haylage/head
Advantage citrus molasses/head


102
784
1109
325
3.19
667
60.16
11.5

19.93
17.49
5.98
5.98
3.69
2.40
0.43

2033
1784
3320
3005
925
$24.36
23.27
182.46
79.18
261.64
23.83
264.33
+2.69


102
784
1055
271
2.66
635
60.16
11.4

20.63
18.11
6.09
6.09

2.40
0.49

2104
1847
3033
2776
1024
$28.21
23.27
182.48
76.46
258.94
23.76
250.71
-8.23


102
784
1082
298
2.92
651
60.16
11.5

20.28
17.80
6.03
6.03
1.85
2.40
0.46

2069
1816
3177
2891
970
$26.11
23.27
182.47
77.82
260.29
23.80
257.52
-2.77


10.92 -


102
784
1068
284
2.78
643
60.16
11.4


19.66
17.26
6.62
3.64
3.69
2.40
0.34

2005
1760
3346
2731
962
$24.81
23.27
182.37
70.47
252.84
23.90
255.20
+2.36

-0.33
6 13


102
784
1032
248
2.43
621
60.16
10.3

19.43
17.06
6.61
3.63

2.40
0.49

1982
1740
2962
2417
975
$26.38
23.27
182.46
65.43
247.89
23.66
244.12
-3.77


102
784
1050
266
2.61
632
60.16
10.9

19.55
17.16
6.61
3.63
1.85
2.40
0.41

1994
1750
3154
2574
968
$25.55
23.27
182.41
67.95
250.36
23.78
249.66
-0.70


+4.46 +2.07


tr citru mle .92 13-









-11-


Table 9.-Cottonseed hulls versus Coastal Bermuda haylage as roughage with
corn (1 trial)


ground shelled


Days
Average initial weight
Average final weight
Average gain
Average daily gain
Average carcass weight
Dressing percentage
Average carcass grade
Average daily ration:
Corn
Roughage (as fed)
Roughage (91% dry matter)
Citrus molasses
Protein supplement
Grass hay
Average feed per head:
Corn
Total feed (as fed)
Total feed (adjusted dry matter)
Feed per 100 pounds gain (adjusted)
Feed cost 100 pounds gain
Cost feeders/100 pounds
Cost feeders/head
Feed cost/head
Cost cattle and feed
Sale price/100 pounds
Sale price/head
Return above costs
Advantage Coastal Bermuda
haylage/head
Advantage citrus molasses/head


Lot 33 Lot 34 Lot 35 Lot 36
Cottonseed hulls Coastal Bermuda haylage
+ +
citrus No citrus No
molasses molasses Average molasses molasses Average


102
784
1067
283
2.77
642
60.16
11.6

17.09
5.69
5.69
3.69
2.40
0.41

1743
3000
2933
1036
$27.36
23.27
182.48
77.44
259.92
23.78
253.71
-6.21


102
783
1030
247
2.42
620
60.16
10.2

18.83
6.28
6.28

2.40
0.39

1921
2856
2856
1156
$31.84
23.27
182.34
78.65
260.99
23.53
242.39
-18.60


102
784
1049
265
2.60
631
60.16
10.9

17.96
5.98
5.98
1.85
2.40
0.40

1832
2928
2895
1092
$29.45
23.27
182.41
78.05
260.46
23.65
248.05
-12.41


12.39 --


102
785
1035
250
2.45
622
60.16
10.4

17.15
7.53
4.14
3.69
2.40
0.41

1750
3188
2776
1110
$28.29
23.27
182.60
70.72
253.32
23.63
244.55
-8.77

-2.56
3.68


102
784
1004
220
2.16
604
60.16
10.6

17.51
7,70
4.23

2.40
0.38

1786
2864
2510
1141
$30.47
23.27
182.53
67.04
249.57
23.62
237.12
-12.45


102
785
1020
235
2.30
613
60.16
10.5

17.33
7.62
4,18
1.85
2.40
0.40

1768
3026
2643
1125
$29.31
23.27
182.57
68.88
251.45
23.62
240.84
-10.61


+6.15 +1.80


- -- U


12.39








-12-


Table 10.-Ground shelled corn-cottonseed hulls versus ground snapped corn (average two
trials)

Lot 33 Lot 34 Lot 31 Lot 32
Ground shelled corn-
cottonseed hulls Ground snapped corn
+ citrus No + citrus No
molasses molasses Average molasses molasses Average
Days 107 107 107 107 107 107
Average initial weight 748 748 748 748 749 749
Average final weight 1032 994 1013 1025 956 990
Average gain 284 246 265 277 207 241
Average daily gain 2.65 2.30 2.48 2.59 1.93 2.25
Average carcass weight 621 598 610 617 575 596
Dressing percentage 60.16 60.16 60.16 60.16 60.16 60.16
Average carcass grade 11.3 10.8 11.1 11.2 10.8 11.0
Average daily ration:
Corn* 15.50 17.29 16.40 20.55 20.92 20.74
(15.42) (15.69) (15.56)
Cottonseed hulls* 5.16 5.76 5.46 -
(5.13) (5.23) (5.18)
Citrus molasses 3.64 1.82 3.64 1.82
Protein supplement 2.39 2.39 2.39 2.39 2.39 2.39
Grass hay 0.29 0.30 0.30 0.27 0.33 0.30
Average feed per head:
Corn* 1658 1850 1754 2199 2238 2219
(1650) (1679) (1665)
Total feed (as fed) 2902 2767 2835 2887 2542 2715
Total feed (adjusted dry matter) 2833 2767 2800 2819 2542 2681
Feed per 100 pounds gain (adjusted) 998 1125 1057 1018 1228 1112
Feed cost 100 pounds gain $25.78 $30.39 $27.92 $26.29 $33.35 $29.43
Cost feeders/100 pounds 23.85 23.85 23.85 23.85 23.85. 23.85
Cost feeders/head 178.59 178.50 178.55 178.88 178.66 178.77
Feed cost/head 73.22 74.77 74.00 72.81 69.04 70.93
Cost cattle and feed 251.81 253.27 252.55 251.69 247.70 249.70
Sale price/100 pounds 24.05 24.15 24.10 24.23 23.97 24.12
Sale price/head 248.18 240.09 244.14 248.39 229.19 238.79
Return above costs -3.63 -13.18 -8.41 -3.30 -18.51 -10.91
Advantage ground shelled corn/head -0.33 +5.33 +2.50 -
Advantage citrus molasses/head 9.55 15.21 --


*Numbers in parentheses on shelled corn basis--cob and shuck as roughage.












Table 11.-Detailed carcass data (average two trials)

Ribeye
Degree Fat area Kidney Kidney
Live Carcass Marbling Grade cover Ribeye cwt. and pelvic and pelvic Yield
Lot weight weight ** *** ribeye area carcass fat (lbs.) fat (%) grade

31 1025 617 12.75 11.20 0.52 12.09 1.96 16.8 2.73 3.0
32 956 575 10.85 10.80 0.46 11.58 2.02 12.7 2.22 2.7
33 1032 621 12.55 11.30 0.44 12.01 1.94 19.2 3.11 2.9
34 994 598 11.35 10.80 0.43 11.61 1.94 16.8 2.80 2.9
35T 1035 622 10.70 10.40 0.45 11.52 1.85 16.8 2.70 3.0
36* 1004 604 11.50 10.60 0.40 12.04 1.99 15.6 2.58 2.6
37 1077 648 13.05 11.55 0.56 11.96 1.82 19.1 2.91 3.4
38 1040 626 11.75 11.15 0.51 11.81 1.89 19.8 3.17 3.2
39 1058 636 13.25 11.65 0.50 12.06 1.90 19.3 3.04 3.2
40 1018 612 12.00 10.80 0.50 11.90 1.95 20.0 3.26 3.1


*1 trial only
**Small-, 10; small, 11;


***Good, 10; good+, 11; choice-, 12.


small+, 12; modest-, 13; modest, 14.


f*
F.-
I'
c^ U
f^h3
(Q (S 0
PO'^.O




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