Group Title: ARC-A research report - Agricultural Research Center-Apopka ; RH-73-6
Title: Suggestions for the use of Temik 10G on tropical foliage crops
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00065993/00001
 Material Information
Title: Suggestions for the use of Temik 10G on tropical foliage crops
Series Title: ARC-Apopka research report
Physical Description: 7 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Hamlen, R. A ( Ronald Alan ), 1940-
Henley, Richard W
Agricultural Research Center (Apopka, Fla.)
Publisher: University of Florida, IFAS, Agricultural Research Center
Place of Publication: Apopka Fla
Publication Date: 1973
 Subjects
Subject: Foliage plants -- Effect of pesticides on -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: R.A. Hamlen and R.W. Henley.
General Note: Caption title.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00065993
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 70548847

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Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
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Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
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' i;

SUGGESTIONS FOR THE USE OF TEMIK 10G ON TROPICAL FOUQGE_'QPS

R. A. Hamlen and R. W. Henley/
University of Florida, IFAS/ I/ "/ r. .
ARC-Apopka Research Report RH- 73-6


Temik 10G aldicarb pesticide has rapidly become bi '6Fthe most

widely used pest-,control materials in the foliage industry.

exists as to the effectiveness of Temik when used explicitly as stat

on the label. However, there is need for clarification on the safe use

of this material in the foliage industry.

Temik is a highly effective systemic material with insecticidal,

miticidal and nematicidal activity. The extremely toxic active ingredient

is impregnated into corn cob granules which are encapsulated to prevent

the release of the active material until they contact moisture. Following

application of the granules to the soil, the soil moisture releases the

active ingredient. The toxic agent is absorbed by the roots and subsequently

translocated to above-ground portions of the plant.

Temik 10G is federally registered on the following potted plants or

plant beds,in commercial greenhouses: chrysanthemum, orchids (Cymbidiums),

Easter lilies, poinsettia, gerbera, carnations, roses and snapdragons.

Insects controlled are: aphids, leaf miners, thrips, spider mites and

whiteflies. Registered uses on commercial field grown and nursery plants

include: roses, dahlias, lilies (bulbs), birch and holly. The same

insects as well as nematodes are the pests controlled according to the

label. The utilization of Temik 10G in Florida is sanctioned by a State

label. In addition to the crops appearing on the Federal label, the following

commercial ornamentals may receive Temik 10G treatments- trees and large

shrubs such as birch, citrus (nursery stock only), deciduous fruit trees

(nursery stock only), fir, larch, maple, oak, palm, pine, spruce, etc., and









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foliage plants including small woody shrubs. A complete listing of

ornamental plants and the insects, mites and nematodes controlled on

ornamentals can be found on the Florida label.

The following is a list of IMPORTANT ideas and recommendations for

the use of Temik 10G in the foliage industry:

1. There probably exists no other system of crop culture that demands

as close a physical contact between the employee and his crops as

in the foliage industry. The combination of this close relationship,

Florida's excessively high relative humidity and the careless use of

Temik presents a potentially dangerous situation for the employees

in this industry. Remember, it is moisture, including perspiration,

that releases the toxic ingredient from the granule. In other words,

keep granules of Temik from contacting wet skin. Store and make all

transfers of Temik in areas or on surfaces which are dry.

2. Most people have some fear of becoming contaminated by pesticide

sprays and usually protect themselves when spraying. Unfortunately,

these persons seem to have less respect for granular formulations of

pesticides and often become lax when using them. Temik has been

formulated in a granule at a concentration of active ingredient of

10% to lessen its toxicity; however, such preparations are still

very dangerous and should be treated as such.

3. Temik is a superb pest control agent and is fast becoming indespensible

to the foliage industry. However, Temik will not kill all types of

insects! It is highly effective against aphids, mites, mealybugs,

scales, whiteflies, leafhoppers and thrips. One application should

control aphids for six to eight weeks, but spider mite control may

end after four weeks. Temik has not proven effective against

caterpillars (larvae). Use Temik to control only susceptible insects.





.to"


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4. The use of a respirator with a dust cartridge, goggles, heavy textured

rubber gloves and boots as well as lone-sleeved outer protective

clothing or apron are recommended when applying Temik. Pants with

cuffs should fit outside of boots to prevent granules from entering

shoes and being trapped in close contact with the skin. Never allow

granules to become lodged in clothing. Gloves should extend several

inches above the wrist and be free from punctures or abrasions. !Tear

protective clothing when filling or cleaning application equipment as

well as during application.

5. Immediately following any application to a few plants or a small area,

wash hands and face thoroughly. After-long exposures, work clothes

should be changed followed by showering and especially washing of

hair. Do not allow contaminated work clothes to accumulate, but

wash as soon as possible.

6. In applying Temik, it is best to use an applicator designed for

granular pesticide application. Such an applicator is less likely

to grind granules and create hazardous dust particles. For pot plants,

standard methods of application include: a teaspoon, a shaker bottle,

a powder loader, or a granular, slow-release fertilizer applicator.

The last three items can be calibrated to deliver the small quantities

necessary and are both faster and safer than a teaspoon. Remember,

a little Temik goes a long way -- one 6-inch pot requires a maximum

dosage of only one-eighth of a teaspoon for 4 to 6 weeks effectiveness.

7. Avoid applying Temik to wet foliage. This creates a distinct hazard

as the toxic ingredient is rapidly released on contact with the moist

foliage. This can result in contamination of clothing and skin of

anyone contacting treated foliage.

8. Do not eat, drink or smoke in an area where Temik is being applied.









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9. Following treatment, it is advisable to post the treated areas with

signs cautioning both employees and visitors of the potential danger.

The sign should include the date of treatment.

10. Distribute granules uniformly over entire soil surface of pot, container

or bed. Do Not pile the granules in a heap as this presents a danger

to humans as well as the treated plant. Keep the granules in close

contact with the soil so the toxic ingredient can be rapidly absorbed

by the plant's roots and become effective.

11. Following application, water in Tenik as soon as possible with at least

1/2 inch of water. This assures the movement of the toxic material into

the root zone. Use overhead irrigation to remove any granules lodged in

the foliage.

12. Do Not mix Temik with irrigation water or incorporate into soil prior

to planting. This is extremely dangerous as well as illegal.

13, Following treatment with Temik, do not handle potted plants, soil or

examine roots for at least two weeks. If pots must be moved, use rubber

gloves and other protective clothing. Do not work in soil within four

weeks from date of treatment. Remember, rooted cuttings or potted plants

may not be sold before a four-week waiting period after Temik is applied.

14. Don't use Temik indiscriminately. In areas of recurring pest problems,

attempt to schedule Temik applications at the most appropriate and

effective time for treatment. In stock plantings, a satisfactory time

for treatment might be immediately following cutting of propagation

material. The beds would be more open allowing more uniform distribution

of the granules at the soil surface. Furthermore, the area could he

maintained relatively free of personnel without major inconvenience. To

be on the safe side, wait at least two weeks before taking cuttings

following an application of Temik to stock plants.











15. Keep the granules in the pot or in the bed heing treated. Do not

apply massive amounts of Temik as the excess will often land on walk-ways,

bench sides, etc., and expose personnel to contamination.

16. Attempt to schedule Temik applications at the end of a day, preferably

at the end of a work week or just prior to vacation or holiday periods.

Never use Temik where visitors or untrained personnel will come in

contact with it. If possible, keep personnel entirely out of treated

areas for a minimum of 3-4 days following treatment.

17. Avoid water leaching from Temik treated areas. The quantity of

toxic material in water leaching from a recently treated container

may be harmful. This is especially true where dosages are applied

far in excess of recommended amounts as has been observed in the

foliage industry. Observe where lechate water will run and avoid

contamination of non-target areas, such as walkways and work areas.

18. It would be helpful to appoint one or two individuals who are extremely

reliable and competent as Pesticide Managers. They should be responsible

for and completely familiar with the recommended application procedures

for Temik, as well as all safety information.

19. Immediately after the contents of a Temik container are used, burn or

bury all empty packages at least 18 inches deen in soil isolated from

water, supplies and crops. Stay away from and do not breathe or contact

the smoke while burning containers. Never re-use Temik packages for

any purpose.

20. Spills and exposed granules are a distinct hazard. Cover minor field-spills

immediately with soil. Large spills must be collected and buried as

previously described. Flood exposed indoor areas with a solution

containing one-half pound of lye (sodium hydroxide) per 2 gallons of

water. Allow this solution to be in contact with contaminated areas











for 4 hours or longer. The caustic remains must be removed by rinsing

with fresh water. Remember, wear protective face and body clothing

when cleaning up spills. The Union Carbide Corporation emergency

phone number for assistance with spills is- 304/744-3457 (24 hours).

21. All over-exposures to Temik should be reported at once to a physician

and to the Union Carbide Corporation. First aid procedures and the use

of thesantidote are listed on the product label. Read and remember these

life saving instructions. A copy of the product label should be taken

with the patient to the treating physician. In cases of over-exposure,

advice may be obtained from a member of Union Carbide Corporation's

medical staff:


Name

C. U. Dernehl, I.D.

K. S. Lane, 1D0

C. P. Carpenter, PhD


Day

212/551-4785

212/551-4797

412/327-1020


'icht

914/946-0646

914/666-3656

412/241-7896


22. The following tables are to assist in determining the

of Temik 10G.


application rates


Table 1. Amounts to be applied (Beds, Benches, Row Stock, Grouped Pots or
Cans).

Pounds per acre (Broadcast Equivalent)
50 75 100


Ounces per 1000 ft of row 60 90 120
Ounces per 1000 sq ft 20 30 40
Ounces per 100 sq yd 16 24 32
Grams per sq meter 5.0 7.5 10

Grams per sq ft 0.5 n.75 1.0


Based on 40-inch row spacings.


~











Table 2. Amounts to use for treatment of individual pots or cans.


Pot Diameter
(inches) Level teaspoons of Temik 10G ner pot"


5 1/16
6 1/8
8 1/4
10 1/3
12 1/2


Equivalent to 40 ounces per 1000 sq ft or 1i00 bs/acre.



"**
Pot Diameter Grams Temik 10G per pot for equivalent
(inches) rate (Ibs/acre)
50 75 100

3 0.025 0.038 0.05
4 0.05 0.075 0.10
5 0.075 0.11 0.15
6 0.1 0.15 0.2
8 0.2 0.3 0.4
10 0.3 0.45 0.6
12 0.5 0.75 1.0


1/2 level teaspoon weighs 1.0 gram.




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