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Title: Heat tolerance of Dracaena 'Janet Craig' and Dracaena 'Warneckii'
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00065924/00001
 Material Information
Title: Heat tolerance of Dracaena 'Janet Craig' and Dracaena 'Warneckii'
Series Title: CFREC-Apopka research report
Physical Description: 2 p. : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Poole, R. T ( Richard Turk )
Conover, Charles Albert, 1934-
Central Florida Research and Education Center--Apopka
Publisher: University of Florida, IFAS, Central Florida Research and Education Center-Apopka
Place of Publication: Apopka FL
Publication Date: 1987
 Subjects
Subject: Dracaena -- Effect of heat on -- Florida   ( lcsh )
House plants -- Effect of heat on -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: R.T. Poole and C.A. Conover.
General Note: Caption title.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00065924
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 70709268

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HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida







S 10 Heat Tolerance of Dracaena 'Janet Craig' and Dr caena Ai maion

R. T. Poole and C. A. Conover
University of Florida, IFAS
Central Florida Research and Education Center Apia14: 1987
CFREC-Apopka Research Report, RH- 7-10
University of Florida

Dracaena deremensis 'Janet Craig' and Warneckii' are popular house-
plants adapted to low light locations. D. 'Warneckii' has attractive sword
shaped green and white streaked leaves whTile D. 'Janet Craig' has similar
shaped leaves which are dark green. D. 'Warneckii' sometimes has
serrations at the base of the leaves that appear as if someone had taken a
sharp knife and cut perpendicularly into the leaf margin. Sometimes cuts
are as much as one half the width of the leaf. D. 'Janet Craig'
occasionally develops chlorotic leaves in the vase which detract from the
appearance of the plant. Four experiments were conducted to
determine the cause of these problems.
Experiment 1. Rooted tips were obtained, planted in 6" tubs containing
Florida sedge peat:builder's sand (3:1 by volume), amended with 7 pounds
dolomite and 1-1/2 pounds MicroMax (a micronutrient blend from Sierra
Chemical Co., Milpitas, CA), and grown in a greenhouse with 1500 ft-c
maximum light. Five grams/pot of Osmocote 19-6-12 was applied*at 3 months'
intervals. Thermostats were set so that ventilation fans were activated in
each of the 4 sections in the greenhouse at 90, 95, 100 or 105F. Plants
were irrigated either 2, 4 or 6 times per week. The
experiment was initiated July 19, 1985. There were 6 replications.
There was a clear demarcation between plants in the section maintained
at a maximum of 90F and those maintained at 95-105'F (Table 1). D.
'Warneckii' grown at 90F had almost no notching, and D. 'Janet Craig' had
almost no chlorosis. Irrigation frequency did not affect chlorosis or
notching.
Experiment 2. A second experiment was initiated October 18, 1985.
Cultural conditions were similar except that maximum light was 1200 ft-c
maximum temperature, 90F and pots were irrigated twice weekly. Ca(OH)2
was applied to pots at levels of 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, or 1.0 grams in 200
ml water. When plants were examined December 17, 1985 no differences due
to treatment were observed.
Experiment 3. A third experiment involved weekly applications of iron, 0,
1 or 2 mg iron from iron sequestrene 330, to the vase of D. 'Janet Craig'
or 0, 2.5 or 5.0 mg boron from Solubor applied to the vase of D.
'Warneckii'. Trettme~Its were initiated August 23, 1985 and W'N4t'Wted
October 17, 1985. Treatments had no effect.
Experiment 4. This experiment was a repeat of Experiment 1 except that
irrigation was not a factor. Once again there was a clear difference
between 90 maximum and 95 105*F. The experiment was initiated June 26,

Professor of Physiology and Professor and Center Director, respectively,
Central Florida Research and Education Center, 2807 Binion Road, Apopka,
FL 32703.







1986 and terminated September 16, 1986.
Summary. When growing Dracaena deremensis 'Janet Craig' or
'Warneckii', temperatures should be kept at 900F or below. If
temperatures cannot be controlled by fan and pads, increasing
shade or air movement might be beneficial.


Table 1. Influence of temperature and
Dracaena 'Janet Craig' and notching
1985.


irrigation on chlorosis of
of Dracaena 'Warneckii'.


Janet Craig Warneckii
Chlorosisz Notchingy
Maximum
temp. 'F 8 Aug 4 Sept 14 Aug 4 Sept
90 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.9
95 1.9 2.2 3.3 3.3
100 2.9 3.1 3.0 4.2
105 2.2 2.4 2.7 3.4

F-value*

Linear 64.65** 61.25** 12.89** 23.45**
Quadratic 42.47** 40.96** 20.27** 18.37**
Cubic 9.09** 8.21** 3.71ns 0.83ns

Irrigations/
week

2 1.9 2.4 2.6 3.1
4 2.1 2.2 2.3 3.5
6 1.9 2.1 2.7 3.1

F-value

Linear 0.02ns 3.03ns 0.06ns 0.04ns
Quadratic 3.34ns 0.00ns 1.23ns 2.17ns


z1 = none, 5 = severe
1 = none, 5 = severe
p 1'-Nonsignificant
levels.


(ns) or significant at imr 1% (**)


-2-




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