The news
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00065546/00002
 Material Information
Title: The news
Uniform Title: News (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Physical Description: 14 v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 52-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: D.W. Whitehurst
Place of Publication: Saint Augustine E.F. i.e. Fla.
Creation Date: January 16, 1846
Publication Date: 1838-1852
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Saint Augustine (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Saint Johns County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 3, 1838)-v. 14, no. 25 (May 8, 1852).
General Note: Published at Saint Augustine, Fla., 1838-<1845>; Jacksonville, Fla., <1846>-1852.
General Note: Editors: D. Whitehurst, 1840-1841; T. Russell, <1842>; G. Powers; C. Byrne, <1851>; J.F. Rogers.
General Note: Publishers: Russell & Jones, 1840; T. Russell, 1840-1842; Russell & O'Sullivan, 1842-1844; T. Russell, 1844-1845; Albert A. Nunes, <1845>; Gillett & Hazzard, <1846>; F. Adams, <1846-1852>; Charles Byrne, <1851>.
General Note: "Our country."
General Note: Whig, 1838-1845. Cf. Knauss, J.O. Territorial Fla. journalism, 1926.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002057492
oclc - 02265067
notis - AKP5518
lccn - sn 84022789
System ID: UF00065546:00002
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida statesman
Succeeded by: Florida news (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1852)

Full Text

SWorking for a Living.-The follow-
ing excellent article in the Offering,
Edited by the factory girls of owell,
breathes the right spirit :owell,
: "Whence originated the idea that it
-Was derogatory to a lady's dignity, or
a blof ipon female character to labor 1
And who was the first to say. sneering-
ly, 'Oh, she works for a living.' Sure-
ly, such ideas and expressions ought
not to grow on republican soil! The
time has been when ladies ofo the first
rnhk were accustomed to bjy .thew-
L-iL'A.-"r-ome.t e--4p1m ent. mHo-
mer tells us of princesses :who used io
draw water from the springs, and ,wash
with their own hands the finest t the
linens of their respective families.. #The
famous Lucretia. used to spin, in' the
midst of her attendants; and the wife
of Ulysses, after the siege of Troy,
employed herself weaving uatil her hus-
band returned from Ithaca."

Punch's Iron Market.-The demand
for iron for the railroads is being sen-
sibly felt in the feverish state of sauce-
pans, which have risen to an alarming
height within thec last few weeks. A
good tea-kettle, which was quoted in
the New Cut at ninepence, a month
ago, has rushed up to a shilling with-
out the coupon, that is to-say,-with "no
lid to it. The buoyancy in gridironsi
has been quite frightful for their rose -
blance to railway lines has made them,
the object of competition among various
companies. Pokers were dreadfully
firm, without the -smallest probability
of their yielding;,.and there being no
chance of their giving way, there was
a good deal of activity. With the ex-
ception, however, of pokers, there was
very little stirring; for irons were flat,
and people seemed afraid of burning
their fingers. A little was done in fry-
ing-pans at the beginning of the day;
but there was no disposition to play for
a very great stake, as there formerly
used to be.
./ Great Title.--A witness examined
before the committee on the Zealand
was~ti, _Sidled' a^citd-tally rt ,',f-w--
knewa chielt in eN Z'e-TtfiFd\ViTomain-
tained that he had a great title to his
land,inasmuch as he had eaten the owner.
The old constitution of Missouri, pro-
vides that the Governor shall be a na-
tive citizen of the United States. The
State Convention, now sitting, has
changed this clause in such manner,
hat to be qualified to be Governor, a
man shall be ten years a citizen of the
United States, and five years a citizen
of Missouri.

The Louisville Journal learns that
Mir. _Ewing, the Whig candidate for
Congress in the Nashville district, is
elected by about 1200 majority over his
democraticc competitor, Gen. Trous-

The Public Lands.- From the Presi-
dent's annual Message to Congress, it
appears that 39,105,577 acres have been
n the market for more than twenty
vears-73,574,600, for more than ten
rears-and 106,176,961 acres, for more
han five years
The winter in Quebec has been more 1
evere than in the frightful climate of i
'Ioscow in 1812. t

,, Climax.-" What are you doing
ny son?" said a father to his boy Bil- f
y. 'Smoking a sweet fern segar, (
father; I made it." "Throw it away t
his minute, don't you know that a boy t
/ho smokes sweet fern will smoke to- f
acco, and if he smokes tobacco he wil! 1
rink rum, and if he drinks rum he will I
e, and if he lies he will steal, and if (
e steals he will murder, and if he mur- t
er, he will be-acquitted." ]

The New Orleans Delta says, a man
vas heard to say that he could pun up- t
n any thing. When hewas challenged
y a person at his elbow, to do so upon
he Latin Gerund, he exclaimed after a (
ause- t
"When Dido found Enea would not come, (
She mourned in silence, and was Dido dum." t

A vast and very beautiful cave has
een .iscoveiled near Middletown, Va. ]
t has been explored to the distance of r
alf a mile. t
A country editor, having received
he gift of apair ofover-shoes,expres-
es his gratification that one man hafd
ity on his sole.

Western Enterprise.-T. S. Thomp-
on, a merchant of Lafayette, has im- t
orted a quantity of Shawls and Dress
iXoods, direct from London. It must
ave surprised the Londoners to receive
n order from a place nearly 1,000
niles from the Atlantic coast.

The man of moustache and whisker
took off his hat, ran his fingers through
his hair, until it stood out as wildly as
the locks of a Lapland wind-stealer.--
"Sir!" said he, "I am a gentleman,'and
I choose to eat -alone," and he looked
around on the company with the most
sovereign contempt.
From this there was, of course, no
appeal, and the man of whiskers was
shown to his apartment, and supper
was prepared agreeable to his direc-
tions. The waiting maid was none
other than the fair daughter of the inn-
keeper-a girl in her seventeenth year,
with a bright black eye, and dark nat-
ural ringlets. The whiskered gentle-
man, as the bright Hebe seated herself
at the table, to wait upon his gastrono-
mic operations, stared at her for some
time with the most provoking assurance.
The girl blushed up to the dark shadow
of her ringlets.
S"You are a handsome girl" said the
gentleman at length.
-The fair waiter blushed yet deeper-
and tied to smile away her confusion.
Luckily for her, the substantial fare of
the table at that moment caught the
eye of her admirer, and completely oc-
cupied all his faculties for the next half
hour. The supper finished, the stran-
ger arose, strutted to the glass-pinch-
ed up his dickey-and twisted his
moustaches into a still fiercer erection.
"Ha-mv nrettv rniss" said he. as he

[Prom the German of L. Uhland.]
I dteanmedl not long ago
I stood on a rocky steep,-
On a cliff by the ocean's strand;-
And I looked Cfr over the land,
And down on the glorious deep.
Beneath me, in gallant trim,
Astutely bark lay moored,
The surge its dark side laving,-
Gaily its- (flng was waving,
And a pilot stood on board.
And hel.old there came from the mountains
A merry, merry bund;
Bedecked wilh garlinds bright,
They seenmed like spirits of light,
As they tripped along the strand.
Say, pilot, wilt thou iake 1is ?"
Wh at nymphs be ye so gay ?"1
Earth's.loys 1l P sle1asu1res are %%(,
From e rth we fiin wl nhflee,
0! bear us from earth awy !"

Then 1he pilot, he bude them enter;
And they nereonb*d on e.e by o.
" B ut tell m e, ;are her o til ? "
Are none h-'ft in bowvver or unll?" .
And il'y answered, Thwre are none',




.d Novel Case.-The Milledgeville
correspondent of the Columbus, (Ga.)
Enquirer writes thus:
"There is one novel case which will
probably claim the attention of the Le-
gislature in a short time, of which, I
suppose, yowhave heard no mention.
I allude to the fact of there being in
the city, at this time, a lady from For-
syth County, who has brought with
her three fine, healthy boys, the fruits of
one birth, and who claims on this
ground some little assistance from the
Legislature, as she is in indigent cir-
cumstances. Although I am opposed,
as a general rule, to the Statp's beatow-
ing its bounty 'on such applications
from the fact-of its setttig a very bad
precedent, yet as the present applicant
is really needy, andk as traveled some
distance to ask this Legislative aid, I
am of the opinion that her case should
,be favourably considered, and some
small su n given to her by the Lggisla-
tu re. with t he-camtion tharfa 3 ury g.ave
to Sam Johnson--'notguilty, but don't
do so any more' "
,,*<' .' ",;,;*- '
Coffee-gfowing Countries.-Brazil is
the greatest coffee-gro.wing country in
the' world, raising neay.1y one-quarter
of the whole produced.' Java and Su-
matra come next, 1and are not very far
behind Brazil. The West Indies pro-
duce an amount equal to the former, of
which the Spanigh or slave portions
furnish by far thegreater part. There
has been a great fallinsc. off in the cof-
fee productions of the British West In-
dia Islands'since the abolition of slave-
ry. The blacks now cultivate theso0il
for themselves, and, iristead of the cof-
fee formerly raised- for exportation,
raise vastly more provisions for their
own consumption.
Brazil, the West Indies, and the two
_jDtth-East India Islands, Java and Su-
'matra, produce nine-tenths of tied coffee
of the world. No article of'fiet has
taken such strides. Four times as
much coffee)is consumed in Europe as
there was twenty years ago. The in-
creased production has been almost
wholly in Brazil and the East Indies,
the former the product of slave labor,
the latter of free.
Genuine Eloquence.-One man whom
I saw sitting on the ground, leaning his
back against the wall, attracted my. at-
tention by a degree of squalor ifi his
appearance, which Ihad rarely observ-
ed even in Ireland. His clothes were
ragged to indecency, a very common
circumstance however, with the males,
uA--"-l -ft Cxe ,as pate- 'and sickly.-
He ilid-not address me, and I -passed -
by; but, having gone a few pace.y-my
heart smote me, and T turned back.-
"If you are in want," said -with soine
degree of peevishness, "why do you not
Leg!?" "Sure it is begging I:am," was
the reply. "You did not utter a word."
"No! is it joking you are with me, Sir!
Look here," holding up the tattered
remnant of what had once been a coat
"Do you see how the skin is speaking
through there holes of my trousers and
the bones crying out through my Srkin
Look at my sunken cheeks, and the
famine that's staring in my eyes! Mala
alive! isn't it begging I am with a hun-
dred tongues?-- Leigh Ritchie's Ire-.

Walking on the Water.-From Hano-
ver, we hear of a practical disc overy,
of a kind so curious as to require some
further explanation before we can quite
understand it; and we are rather sus-'
picious, inasnmuch as we have some re*
collection of a somewhat similar story
making the round of the continental pa-
pers several years ago. It is given,
however, in this instance, with an ira.
posing detail and the guarantee' of
nlames--if there be no borrowing" of

these for the occasion. The report ;is,
that two young men, one a Swede1 and
the other a Norman,-taking the hint
from that sort of foot-gear of fir-planks
called skies, by means of which, 'in
those northern countries, the inhabi-
tants pass through valleys and ravinesd
illed with snow, without sinking have,
been exhibiting, in that capital, the ex-
ploit of walkifig on the water by means
of skies-made, however, for the latter
purpose, with iron plates hollow within.
Backwards and forwards, much at their
ease, according to the report, did the
exhibitors walk and run; going through,
the military exercise with knap-sacks
at their backs---and finally drawing a
boat containing eight persons-allwith-
out wetting their shoes. The Minis-
ter at War has it is said, put a portion
of the garrison of Hanover under the
training of these gentlemen, for the pur-
pose of learning what might prove so
useful military man uvre; and as M.
M. Kjellberg and Balchen propose car-
rying their invention into other coun-
tries, our readers will probably suspend
their opinion till they have a nearer
view of this novel meeting of sky and
water.--Mechanics' Magazine.
An extraordinary surgical operation
was lately performed-which was the
completeremoval of the patient to ?ne-
ther world. The physician is, doing
well. .
Onions.---30,000 barrels of onions
have been raised the past season im ;
Danvers, Mas.s.


... .. I e i ..... do ....... .... ... .....
Awayl ien<;-il,. I ,r m ,,or ,,il; I flung his arm around the neck of th(
Len e gal~ lgily froin anchor's till ?Dt;
And ir ay she sped with n glorious motion,;,J fair waiter, who in the performance o
And I asaw thonm vainish over the ocean,- her household duties had chanced t(
E;11h's ,,ys and Pl.csures nlI. meet him-you're too handsome for a
THE MAN WITH THE MOUSTA- country girl." And he bent his whis.
C HES kers to her face, as he attempted tc
It was a warm Saturday afternoon in kiss her.
August that a horseman turned up to, Tile minoustaches would unquestiona-
t.tl iktma that fronts the steepless meet.. bl v li1S,--had-
,iehpuse tofhatosrrmth- vcle in mel int-s bi 4-een filled with the emptid di-s. -
use -rmt es of the supper table. As it was she
:rtor o New England. As usual lit tj es o h P a~-A I L
or of New England. e ksu sual i] t bounced out of the room in high dud-
warm Saturday afternoons ofsni goi: and our somewhat disconcerted
; .. .JH^ .- r4.1 in oeon': and our somewhat disconcerted
flne -&le portion of the villagers wei -'" ,.,..
ae nmbl pdto of the v t ler w e bero was left to his own reflections dur-
assembled at the tavern---some drmin n th r
ir TI in, a the rest -of the eveningT.
ing punch like water, and others, lio i h r d enig
"regul old soakers," discussing 0ie The girl, as was undoubtedly her du-
merit'of pure "New England-" Sne ty, immediately related the circumstan-
were stretched out half-asleep, an if ces of the offence she had received at
Sthe truth must be told, half-intoxicated, the hands of the whiskered traveller, tc
under the shade of two venerable plms, the keeper of her father's bar room,
which overlooked the highway infront who had for some time been her ac-
of the inn, whil others were seat in knowledge lover. She should not have
the window seats of the bar room gr ve- cared so much about it, she said, if the
ty arguing upon matters, spiritual fellow had looked and actedlike a Chris-
and- political. tian; but to have such a good for no-
But the unusual appearance .of thing looking heathen poking his head
stranger roused every one into the atti, in her face, was what she wouldn't bear
tude of curiosity. He was mounted ori nor touch to-she wouldn't, she knew
an elegant horse, and as he reined him" she wouldn't. The twain forthwith re-
up before the door, every eye was turn-i solved upon vengeance, and that very
ed upon him. He was somewhat tall-- night was fixed for execution.
with a diminutive waist which would, It was midnight-all was still in the
have answered to the similitude of Fal inn, save that here and there the sono-
staff---"an Eagle's talon"--and legs df rous noise of some uneasy sleeper,
most inordinate length, furnished wth "made the night hideous" with somnif-
a close covering of light cloth-looking erous melody. The stranger in mous-
,for all the world, like a couple of 'ox teaches had fallen into a quiet sleep,
goads with eel skins drawn over -m. with his pillow so adjusted as to pre-
His dark frock finely contrast with vent any collision with the hairy ap-
his light vest and open bosom oafmen- pendages of his countenance. He was
ted with pearl studs and glitter safe- roused into consciousness by the en-
ty chains. A broad stock of black silk trance of the stout barkeeper and his
elevated his chin to an angle orforty- pretty waiter of the preceding evening.
'five degrees, and supported a clear of He rubbed his eyes and raised himself
linen stretched to the stiffness o, heet half upright. The barkeeper placed a
Sdrn, and which protruded on each 'de basin of warm water, a shaving box
,of his chin like the horn of a Rhin e- and razors, and a huge pair of sheep
ros. Above, a huge pair of whisk'%rs shears upon the stand at the bedside.
extended from ear to ear, with the t i- "What do you want!" demanded the
fling exception of a square inch or vo whiskered gentleman in a tone vacilla-
of his chin, over which the tons0iial ting between resolution and terror.
implement had evidently recently ts- "To shave you," was the laconic re-
sed. His upper lip was garnishe/by ply.
enormous moustaches, which bristled In vain the dandy remonstrated,
fiercely upward and covered a oiety swore, and wept by turns-the bar-
of either cheek. His ha. was ipst ex- keeper was inexorable. Brandishing
quisitely small, cone-like, andj'itched his naked razor, he commanded him to
of his head, while huge rses of hair, weasand. Exhausted by agitation and
fumbled up carelessly atis temples, terror-our unfortunate hero sunk down
were left wholly uncovere on his pillow, and suffered the brush to
The stranger dismountedand enter- pass over his countenance without re-
ed the inn, without deigning glance to' distance. The girl with a grin of the
the right or left. "He's a Spaiard or most exquisite satisfaction, held the
a Portugeser," said one, in a loi whis- light, while her lover applied his dull
per, to his companions. "Loo tt his and jagged razor to the hairy honors of
beard!" said another. "Oh, what gs! the stranger. Whisker and moustache
said a third. One after another| the fell one after another-all beautiful as
16ungers. gave in their opinion,)'and they were, and deeply treasured as
none could agree as to the precisechar- they had been. The wretched dandy,
acter of the walking phenomenon% be- like the wounded Robespierre, lay with
fore them. An old sailor said il was a his eyes closed, and silent, save when a
Turkish Bashaw- while an itinerant dull groan or smothered curse told
preacher as strenuously affirmed that when the tonsorial instrument acted in
the being who had appeared, "i- such the double capacity pf. clearing knife
a questionable shape," was none 'other and stump digger.
than the famous Lorenzo Dow. <-. "Now for his hair, Jane," said the
Thi stranger had in the mean t ne barber, and the formidable sheep-shears
















IS published every FRIDAY morning, at Jack
sonville,in the County of Duval, and State of Florida
Term--THREE DOLLARS per annum, if paid it
advance, or FooR DOLLARS, if at the end ofthe year
[] Advertisements will be inserted on the follow.
Ing terms:
One dollar per square, of twelve lines and under
for the first insertion, and 75 cents for each subse
quentinsertion. To'yearly advertisers a liberal di&
count will be made.
[0'All advertisements must be paid for before in.
sertion, unless by a regular customer. By referring
to our terms, the requisite sum may be ascertained,
and transmitted with the advertisement.
KJ" Advertisements not marked with the number
of insertions required, will be continued until forbid
and charged for.
[:7Five dollars will be charged for all announce.
ments orcandidates for office.
One square, for Six Months, : : : $10 00
Notice to Debtors and Creditors, : : 10 00
Application for Letters of Administration 5 00
J* All religious notices will be inserted gratui-
[CGPAll admissable personal communications will
Ibe charged ,as advertisements.
1' All bills for Job Printing, must be paid on the
delivery of the work.
[9 Address all communications to A. C. GILLETT,
Editor, postage paid.

reached the centre of the bar-room.-
Elevating a glass to his eye, he looked
around, for the first time, upon the com-
pany, "Landlord," said he, "show me
my room, and let me have supper im-
"Our supper is just ready," said the
landlord, "will you take a seat with

went clipping amid the curled and 'per-
p and-Per-;
fumed locks of our hero. In a few mo-.'
ments he was left whiskerless and hair-
less-an excellent candidate for a wig.
"Good night to you, Mister!" said the
barber, as he gathered up his apparatus
and left the room, "the next time; you
attempt to kiss a country girl you will
have a smooth face for it."
The next morning, at breakfast, in-
quiries were made relative to the gen-
tleman in whiskers-and the landlord
on entering his room in the morning.
found it completely vacated. The-.her'
had disappeared, leaving notling- save
his hair, behind. The ostler stated
that just ,at day-light a wild looking,
bald-headed being came rushing into
the stable and demanded his horse. It
was no sooner furnished than he threw
himself into the saddle and plunged into
the highway with the speed of life and
death. The facts of the case soon ap-
peared, and the melancholy mishap of
the dandy with the moustaches, became
a standing subject of merriment to the
tenants and loungers of the inn.-N..
E. Review.

The Americans, it is said, whenever
literature and art are mentioned, have
no antiquity and no mo4udments, no
youth and no poetry, no literature and
no art; and this is regarded as convey-
ing a perfectly true, and, at the same
time, bitter censure, or ii'ither as the
most complete sentence of condemna-
tion. But might not an impartial spec-
tator reply: England's antiquity and
monuments belong equally to the Amer-
icans; they may justly reckon Chaucer
and Shakspeare as their own. Should
this however be denied--ifor what rea-
son I know not, and the first day of
America's independence be regarded as
her real birth-day; why, then she step-
ped forth like Adam, who came perfect
from the hand of God, without wearing
children's shoes; or like Mine'va,who
sprang from the head of Jove, and nev-
er was tutored by a bonne. Every bo-
dy in America, it is said, works to live,
untrue anlithe's. JLaoo is no ol-
1y' without thought, nor are the idle-
from many an eldest son down to the
lazzaroni-always thinkers.
Others maintain that the average cul-
ture is indeed higher in America than
ZD t
elsewhere, but that there is a want of
prominent, lofty intellects. The last at
any rate does not follow from the first t
on the contrary, as the whole broad
foundation rises to a higher point, the
summits also mount'at length into a
purer atmosphere. c
Every thing has its time Girls of
eight and grandmothers of eighty bear
no children; but the Americans-so (
think their censors-should do every e
thing at once, every thing at the same D
time-that is to say, at the wrong !- d
How many poets has Itance produced
in a thousand years, and whom can
Germany name between the author of d
the Nibelungen (who by the by is ei- a
other disowned or reviled) and Klop- il
stock 1
America has no monuments, it is y
true; but she has a nature which joins t
all the venerableness of age to the elas-
tic vigor of youth. And do pyramids,
and colossusses, and robber-castles ex- s
hibit more the value and progress of
art, or the misery which tyranny ever
produces ? The poetry of the Ameri-
cans lies not in the past, but: in the fu- n
ture. We Europeans go back in senti- l
ment through the twilight of ages, that f
lose themselves in night; The Ameri- t
cans go forward through the morning ^
dawn to day Their great, undoubted, b
historical past lies near them; their fa- d
others did great things, not their great- l
,reat-grandfathers Athens at the time h
of Miltiades, and Rome at the time of d
Scipio, had as yet no ancient history ;

and the year 1813 is more glorious for
Prussia than the time when the mar-.
graves fought with the Quitzows. It is o
better to build, to found, and to act- b
to live and improve in the present- t
than to have ruins pointed out and ex- p
plained by valets de place. Will Amer-
ca become greater, more profound, and
nore wonderful, when it shall lie in ru-
ns, or would one rather see Athens as b
she now is, or as she was at the time of I
Pericles, Phidias, Plato, and Sophocles? h
-Von Raumer's .1merica an'd the dmer-
can People.
"Was William Jones in your compa- s,
ay!" said a citizen yesterday to one of p
he volunteers returning from Texas.
"There was a Jones in our comrnpany,"
aid the disbanded volunteer, s9
"This Jones," said the citizen, "was p
ather a stout, corporeal man."
"Ah, it can't be the same," said the h
discharged soldier-,-Opur Jones was a a
Sergeant." n

was read a first and second times.
Motions to amend the same by adopt-
ing 2000 and 1200 instead of 1450 as
the ratio of representation, were lost.
Motions to allow the county of St.
Johns two members instead of one, and
the county of Leon eight instead of four,
and the county of Gadsden ten instead
of four, were lost.
1Ir. Ferguson offered the following
as an amendment to the first section of
said bill.
"Provided that if any county from
which the census returns have not been
received, shall be entitled, upon said
returns, to an additional member upon
the ratio herein established, such coun-
ty shall have such additional member
Which was adopted.
Senate resolution instructing and tre--
quiring the Committee of the Senate
and House of Representatives not to
include or allow in the appropriation
act of this session any per diem pay af-
ter the 29th day of December, 1845,
was, on motion of Mr. Ross, laid on
the table by a vote of 16 to 10.
Senate bill to be entitled, "An act to
amend an act concerning patrols," pas-
sed by a vote of 20 to 5.
The bill to apportion the representa-
tion of the General Assembly of the
State of Florida, passed by a vote of 15
to 13.
The Governor transmitted the nomni-
nations of David B. Ewing and s5hep-
pard Burnett as Commissioners of Fish-
eries for Madison county.
Which were advised and consented
Messages were received from the
Governor, transmitting his approval of
the following acts:
An act to amend an act entitled an
act to organize the office of Treasurer
of this State.
An act to define the duties of Sur-
An act to suspend so much of the 33d
section of the Revenue law as restricts
the city of St. Augustine to the assess-
ment of not more than fifty per cent. on
the State tax.
An act to amend an act to establish,
L 'ru.1i IW ix,,- K%___) -, ,fftua v l.
1r834. '
Also the following resolutions:
Resolutions in favor of the Secretary
of State, and for other purposes.
Resolutions directing Solicitor West-
ern Circuit to institute proceedings
against St. Andrews and Chipola Rail
Road Company.
An act concerning Coroners.
An act to provide for the erection of
a Jail in Monroe county.
An act to authorize the Comptroller
to audit the contingent expenses of Su-
preme and Circuit Courts.
Also the nominations of Manuel Fore-
hand and John Chain, as Auctioneers
for Santa Rosa county.
Which were advised and consented,



As certain of our exchanges and
communications are still sent to St.
Augustine, we beg leave again to call
attention to the fact, that the publica-
tion of this paper has been removed to
Jacksonville, and that our friends will
oblige us, by directing to us, in future,
at that place.

[1 We regret to learn that our es-
teemed fellow-citizen, Col. JNo. C. PE-
L.OT, of Columbia County, has met with
severe loss in the destruction by fire, of
the most valuable portion of his planta-
tion premises. The fire broke out at
about 5 P. M. on the night of the 7th
inst. in the ginning mill, and erelong,
that and the adjoining buildings, togeth-
er with all the farming utensils and 25,-
000 lbs. of Sea Island cotton, were total-
ly consumed. The fire, we are inform-
ed, originated in the cotton gin, and
was caused by the heat engendered by
the friction of the wheels.
V The General Assembly of this
State, upon petition from the Hon. D.
LEVY, have passed a resolution permit-
ting him to change his name to DAVID
LEVY EULEE. We understand that this
latter was once the family name of the
Honorable Senator, and, that having
been dropped by his father, he is dis-
posed, for certain reasons, to revive it.
V- We publish in another column,
according to request, the proceedings
of a meeting of the citizens of Colum-
bia county, held at Alligator, for the
purpose of organizing themselves into
an association for mutual protection.
It is similar to many others, which
have been formed, to oppose the notori-
ous gang of outlaws which pass under
the name of Morrelites, and have so
long infested the Southern and South-
western Stares. We are not prepared
-to discuss- the-propriety -e e -ttarma.
tion of so large a body of quasi-deputy
Sheriffs, but suppose that the gentle-
2men who have resolved themselves into
such, feel competent to excel the arm
of the law," in energy and expedition.
S We call attention to the prospec-
tus of the Southern Journal," in ano-
ther column. The Star of Florida"
is discontinued, and Mr. W. BARTLETT,
one of its late Editors, is to be the con-
ductor of the new paper. We wish this
gentleman every success in his under-
taking, and welcome so efficient an
ally to our ranks.

y We have received the first num-
ber of a new weekly, published in Balti-
more, under the title of the "Western
*Continent." It is under the manage-
ment of the well known and talented
PARK BENJAMIN, Esq., whose name is
sufficient to mark its high literary
character, and to ensure its ultimate
success. To those citizens of Florida
who would desire an excellent family
newspaper, we can suggest none which

'would be more generally acceptable.
We take this opportunity to commend
ourselves to a former friend with whom
we once mingled in literary converse,
and trust that time and distance has
not entirely obliterated the remem-
h='ances of "days of yore."

V- The Tallahassee "Sentinel"
states, for the relief of the 'News,' "
that the Hon. SAMUEL W. CARMACK has
declined the office of Judge of the
.Southern Judicial Circuit.
'ff"- The Governor of the State has
Appointed the following persons to act
as Trustees of the Seminary Lands un-
til the end of the next regular session of
the General Assembly.
Jons C. McGEHEE, of Madison.
DAVID L. WHITE, of Gadsden.
WILLIAM BAILEY, of Jefferson.
BRITTroN BARKLEY, of Jackson.
anotherr Democratic Member.-The
I-Ion. G. W. Towns, (Dem.) has been
elected to Congress from the third dis-
trict, Ga., by about 400 majority over his
opponent, Dr. Ambrose Baber, (Whig.)
The election was held to fill the vacan-
cy- occasioned by the resignation of
Hon. Washington Poe, (WbuQ

carry into effect
the ergetion of a

an act to provide for
Public Jail, and pre-

mnines in the county of Monroe," passed
ia vote of 13 to 0.
The Governor transmitted his ap-
troval of the following acts and resolu-
t ons.
Vn act concerning the Statutes of
G eat Britain of force in this State.
(n act to Organize the Militia of the
Sta-te of Florida.
AXi act to amend an act entitled, An
act do raise a Revenue for the State of
Florida, &c.
'An act concerning Roads and High-
ways, .
"IResolution authorizing the Comp.
rollerr to audit the accounts of the So-
licitor of the Western District.
The nominations of the Governor for
Port Wardens of the county of Wakulla,
*which had been laid on the table some
days previously, were advised and con-
sented to.
)The House bill to be entitled, An act
to- establish Trustees of the Seminary
aid School Funds, and for other pur-
pos came up on a second reading,
and s, on motion of Mr. Haughton,
postp ed until the next session of the
Tl House bill to be entitled, An
act incorporate the different Town-
sh' s in this State for the institution
ar- establishment of Common Sch0ools,
nme up on a second reading, and was,
o1n otion ofMr. Haughton, indefinitely
po .poned.
Whe Senate and House then proceed,
ed Ian election for Register of Public
Lan but after the 13th voting, there
was n election.
Bil oI be entitled "An act in addi-
tion to alact to establish the office of
Register of iblic Lands, &c., passed
by a vote o 0 to 1.
Mohnday,'Dec. 29th.-The President
made thetllowing protest:
The fdersigned, availing himself of
his co titutional right and privilege
of P TESTING-now spreads upon the

jour in of the Senate his most SOLEMIJ
PRO ST against the passage of a bill
by t e Senate, on 'Saturday, the 27tfi
day o'December, instant, entitled, "Ai
act for the apportionment of this State;"
and now propounds his objections to
the same :-
dFirt'-Bepause, by sad bill, gross
and nmanifest wrong and injustice wi*U
be doe to the Middle District of Flori-,
da and palpably injustice done q th

Also the following message :
I have approved 'An act concerning
elections in this State.'
I deem it proper, however, to remark,
that doubts are entertained as to the
expediency of that section of the act,
which provides for the time of holding
elections for a Representative to Con-
gress, and Governor of the State.
As the next General Assembly will
have an opportunity of amending the
act, so far as it provides for the elec-
tion of Governor, before the time spe-
cified in the act shall happen, (should
that body deem it objectionable in this
respect,) I have waived the objection
and approved the act."
On motion of Mr. Russell, the follow-
ing Protest was permitted to be spread
on the Journals:
The undersigned, representatives of
the county of St. Johns, do hereby Pro-
test against the passage of a bill enti-
tled, "An act to apportion the represen-
tation of this State," for the following
reasons, viz:
That said bill is partial, unequal, and
unjust, inasmuch as it only allows St.
Johns, with a Federal population of 2,-
420, but one representative, she being
also appended to Orange and St. Lucie
counties in her Senatorial District;
while Wakulla, with 994 Federal popu-
lation, has a Representative and a Sen-
ator; and also, that Alachua is unjustly
dealt with, she having a Fedeial popu-
lation of 1,558, and but one representa-
tive, being also attached to Marion
in her Senatorial district.
December 29th, 1845.
A bill to be entitled "An act making
appropriations to defray the expenses of
the adjourned session of the First Gen-
eral Assembly of the State of Florida,


f aillllI -MONO&I

The Legislature of the State of Flori- I
da at length adjourned on the 29th ult.
The session has been a long one, and,
as far as we can see, has not been pro- ]
ductive of any great results. The few
laws ot importance, that have been
passed, have been worked up under
sectional prejudices, and will most as"
suredly prove unacceptable to the great
body of the people. In the elections
we regret to perceive that the various
members seem to have been guided by
personal favor rather than the public
weal, and a vast deal of time has been
wasted by the disputes thus engender-
ed. Forty three acts and twenty eight
resolutions have been passed, and it
remains yet to be seen how many of
them will work to the advantage of the
State. Two which we notice as par-
ticularly objectionable, and which could
only have been carried through under
the principle of Might vs. Right, are
the amended Revenue Bill for 1846,
and the Apportionment Bill.
Through the politeness of the Hon.
Mr. .Nobody, we have been favored
with no copy of the Revenue Bill, and
our readers must be satisfied with the
following synopsis, extracted from the
St. Augustine "Herald." We propose
shortly to refer to certain of its provi-
sions which are unequal and unjust,
and which nothing but sectional fears
and prejudices could have conceived or
caused to be adopted.
Lands-First rate 1 cent. Second
rate 3-4 of a cent. Third rate 3-8 of a
cent per acre.
Every white man over 21 years of
age, fifty cents.
Slaves fifty cents.
Watches-Gold, fifty cents. Silver,
12 1-2 cents.
Pleasure Carriages, by whatever
name called, 20 cents on $100.
Improved and unimproved town lots,
20 cents on $100.
Income of Public Weighers, Public
Inspectors and Pilots,20 cents on $100.
Retailers of spirituous liquors under
one quart, $20.
Agencies of Foreign Insurance Com-
panies, $25.
Keepers of Billiard Tables, Ten Pin
_Alev, and rtail-rs of spirituous li-
quors, to-6hftez ia he=-
iff, or liable to a fine not exceeding
$200, or imprisonment, not to exceed
three months.
Free men of color between 21 and 60
years, $3.
Cattle of residents over 100 head, 1-2
cents-cattle of non residents, 1-2 cents
Money loaned at interest, stock in
banks and other corporations, mer-
chants stock in trade, and wharves in
use, 20 cents on $100 value.
Commissions received by commission
merchants and factors 1-2 per cent on
amount. .
Tavern and inn keepers in towns,$10.
Bars and restaurants, $30.
Doctors and Lawyers, 20 cents on
every $100 of income,
Ten Pin Alleys $10. Billiard Ta-
bles $25.
The Apportionment Bill, or, rather, as
it was more properly suggested to be
entitled by Mr. Fernandez, "the Bill for
Gerrymandering the State of Florida,"
provides as follows :-
The ratio to be 1450, according to
the constitutional basis, for each Rep-

resentative, giving to Escambia 1, Wal-
ton 1, Washington 1, Jackson 3, Cal-
houn 1, Franklin 1, Gadsden 4, Leon 4,
Wakulla 1, Jefferson 3, Madison 2,
Hamilton 1, Columbia 2, Levy 1, Ala-
chua 1, Marion 1, Benton 1, Duval 2,
Nassau 1, St. Johns 1, Orange 1, St.
Lucie 1, Hillsborough 1, Dade 1, Mon-
roe 1-making thirty-nine members in
In the Senate the apportionment is as
follows:-The county of Escambia to
compose the 1st Senatorial District,
Santa Rosa the 2d, Walton the 3d, Jack-
son the 4th, Washington and Calhoun
the 5th, Franklin the 6th, Gadsden the
7th, Leoon the 8th, Wakulla the 9th,
Jefferson the 10th, Madisonri the llth,
Hamilton the 12th, Columbia the 13th,
Duval the 14th, Alachua and Marion
the 15th, Nassau the 16th, St. Johns,
Orange and St. Lucie the 17th, Levy,
Hillsborough and Benton the 18th,
Monroe and Dade the 19th-making
nineteen Senators, and thirty-nine Re-
This ingenious arrangement, farcical-
!y based upon a ratio of 1450, if we
would believe the people of Middle and
West Florida, may be very amusing to
them, yet although we shall have to
wait ten years longer, we predict that
it is the last time they shall enjoy so
good a joke. For the benefit of our
readers in the East we shall shortly
take up this Bill, and exhibit to them by


a comparison with the Census returns,
the part they are made to play in the
"Act to apportion all the Representa-
tives of the State to Middle and West
We cannot but lament the unhappy
spirit of captiousness exhibited in the
members of the House in their amend-
ments to the Act authorizing the Hon.
D. LEVY to change his name. We
should suppose that the members of so
august a body were above listening to
the dictates of personal spleen in their
action upon a Bill of altogether a pri-
vate nature.
The State of Georgia has declined
the umpirage of the U. S. in the settle-
ment of the boundary lines, as propos-
ed in the resolutions of our Legislature.
Commissioners will shortly be appoin-
ted on the part of both States, and there
is reason to hope that the matter will be
speedily and satisfactorily settled.
Our friend of the Pensacola "Demo-
crat" boasts much of the advantages and
beauty of the place he has selected for
his Holy of Holies, but we doubt whether
he would after a visit to ourself, still
continue to claim the palm. To keep
our editorial brains free from the bewil-
dering influence of pretty faces,and being
of the same opinion as the "Democrat,"
that editors are the last of all Gods
creation that should think of such
things, we have selected the most re-
tired, yet the most beautiful part of the
town for our habitation, where we re-
vel, solitary and alone, in all the de-
lights of nature and paste pots, celiba-
cy and scizzois. A bend of that no-
blest of rivers, the St. Johns, forms a
beautiful bay of five miles in width im-
mediately in front of us. On our right
between ius and the waters edge, a
grove of Magnolias, Orange and Bay
trees, is filled during the warm winter
days with the feathered Songsters of
our tropical clime, whose music often
lulls us into dreams of Faery land, from
which we are only awakened by a hoarse
demand for 'MOKE COPY," proceed-
ing from our relentless persecutor, "the
printers devil'. _- 6_e_ xer
ngateiy commened the experi-
ment of keeping "Bachelors Hall," those
of our friends who may favor us with a
call at our new quarters will find a sub-
stantial wooden chair, for the editor,
and some rough but useful looking
packing boxes for themselves to sit up-
on, with a plenty of exchanges and a
Florida cigar. A few law books and a
great many newspapers, a paste pot, a
steel pen, and a portentous pair of
shears, complete the catalogue of gar-
niture editorial. Concerning our at-
tempt to keep Bachelor's Hall, we feel
somewhat sensitive, our temper being
still ruffled by a puzzling question ad-
dressed to us %ut an hour ago by the
colored lady who rules our roast,"
"whether she should cook the potatoes
in a large pot or a small one," which
was followed up shortly afterwards by
the astounding discovery that she had
been boiling onions in the tea kettle.-
Our bachelor friends will sympathize
with us in these little mishaps, yet at
the same time coincide in our convic-
tion, that, notwithstanding them, our

sort of life is better than the other.
House of Representatives, Monday,
December 29th.-A message was receiv-
ed from the Governor transmitting his
approval of the "Act regulating the
appointment of Masters in Chancery,
and defining their duties."
Senate Bill to be entitled "An act in
relation to an act entitled, an act to
establish the office of Register of Public
Lands, for the State of Florida," pas-
sed by a vote of 23 to 2.
Senate bill to be entitled, "An act
for securing liens to mechanics, over-
seers and others," passed by a vote of
20 to 6.
Senate bill to be entitled, "An act to
allow the Hon. David Levy to change
his name to David Levy Eulee," pas-
sed as amended by a vote of 23 to 4.
Mr. Taylor moved to amend the title
by striking out the "Hon.," which was
carried; the title as amended was a-
A bill to be entitled, "An act to regu-
late trading with slaves," was lost by a
vote of 10 to 12.
A bill to be entitled, ';An act to ap-
portion the representation of the Gener-

al Assembly of the State of Florida,"

commencing on the 17th day of Noa
vember, A. D. 1845," passed by a vote
of 25 to 2.
The Senate and House of Representa-
tives then proceeded to an election for
Register of Public Lands for the State
of Florida.
Mr. John M, Fontane, Mr. Barton C.
Pope, Mr. Henry Washington, Mr.
Charles C. English, and Mr. Thomas
Brown, were severally nominated.
Upon the twentieth voting, Mr. Eng-
lish received 4-votes, Mr. Fontane 17,
and Mr. Brownr 20.
So there was no election, and, on mo-
tion, the. election was suspended by the
General Assembly.
The Governor transmitted his ap-
proval of the following acts:
An act for securing liens to mechan-
ics, overseers and others.
An act to apportion ahe-representa-
tion in the General Assembly of this
An act to allow David Levy to change
his name to David Levy Eulee.
An act in addition to an act to estab-
lish the office of Register of Public.
Lands of this State.
An act to defray the expenses of the
adjourned session of the first General
Assembly of this State, and for other
Also, a resolution in relation to the
Printing of the Laws.
On motion of Mr. Goff, the House
adjourned sine die.
In Senate, Saturday Dec. 27th, 1845.
. -The Governor transmitted the nomi-
nations of Wmn. Cooley and John Dar-
ling, for Commissioners of Fisheries,
for the county of Benton. Which were
advised and consented to.
The motion, relative to the Flag of
,the State, and its motto, was adopted
by a vote of 8 to 5. \
The Senate and House of Represen-
tatives then proceeded to an election
for( Register of Public Lands for the
State of Florida, but at the 7th voting,
tlere was no election.
The Bill to be entitled An act to
apportion the representation of the
State," passed by a vote of 11 to 2.
The Bill to be entitled, "An act to

same time, many other members at-
tempted to get the floor, bat all yielded
to Mr. Adams, and there were many
cries of go on, go on! though the debate
was entirely irregular, Mr. Adams was
allowed to proceed, and he commanded
the most intense interest and attention.
His feeble state of health, he said,
would not allow him to take part in the
questions which were about to come
before this House-questions which
xxT,-rp nQ i t\ t nv wh h eve o

Waggons for Sale.
THE Subscriber offers for sale,
two -2 Horse Waggons, both!of
hm at Jc then in good condition. Apply to
him at Jacksonville.
January 16th. 1846. tf r

4 r-tim A.


Administratrix Notice. i
N OTICE is hereby given to creditors of, and per-
sons entitled to distribution in, or having any
claims or demands against or interest in, the Es-
tate of Fleming Bates, jr., late of Alachua county,
ldec., that unless the same are exhibited or asser-
ted within two years from date, they "will be for-
ever barred. Persons having claims or demand*
against said Estate, are requested to present t'hehf
without delay, to L. Aldrich, Esq., (at Newnrans-
ville, East Florida,] who is my agent and alior-
ney, fxAertn-tmnauetion of the business of thee Es-
Newnansville. E. F.; January 16th, 18 6.



*-"-" T

' *il:&a^t&<-t;*- .

and parcel of the territories of the Uni-
ted States.
2. Resolved, That there exists no
power in this Government to transfer
its soil and the allegiance of its citi-
zens to the dominion, authority, control
and subjection of any Foreign Power,
Prince, State or Sovereignty.
3. Resolved, That the abandonment
or surrender of any portion of the terri-
tory of Oregon would be an abandon-
ment of the honor, character and the
best interests of the American people.
Hon. J. C. Calhoun after some re-
marks, offered the following resolutions
antagonistic to those of Mr. Hannegan.
Resolved, That the President of the
United States has the power by and
with the advice and consent of the Sen-
ate, to make treaties, provided two-
,hirds of the Senate concur.
Resolved, That the power of making
tr aties embraces that of fixing and set-
tlin boundaries between the territories
antd possessions of the United States
an those of other powers in cases of
co ilicting claims between them in re-
fdince to the same.
Resolved, That however clear their
cla;tis, in their opinion, to the country
included between the parallels of 49
deg and 52 deg. 40 mrin. north latitude,
and extending from the Rocky Moun-
lain- to the Pacific Ocean, known as
theterritory of Oregon, there now ex-
ists and have always existed conflic-
tin" claims to the possession of the
,ame between us and Great Britain,-
Ne adjustment of which has been the
&,*ect of negotiation between the res-
pe tive Governments.
Resolved, That the President of the
U. ratess has rightfully the power un-
dertihe Constitution by and with the
advi* and consent of the Senate, provi-
ded to-thirds of the same concur, to
adjust by treaty the claims of the two
Governments to the said territory by
fixigr a boundary for their present pos-
se ions.
`*Resolved, That the President of the
S. in renewing the offer in the spirit
of peace and compromise to establish
the 49th degree of north latitude as a
line between the two countries to the
said territory, did not abandon the hon-
or, character or the best interests of the
American people, or exceed the pow-
ers vested in him by the Constitution
"'to make treaties.

of 1827 was continued. If that notice
was not to be given there was no need
of preparation. He had, at the last ses-
sion, offered the notice as the first sec-
tion of the Oregon Bill. He would
have offered it the first day of this ises-
sion had there been any prospectof'suc-
He was ready to do it now, and take
possession of the whole territory, which
rightfully and exclusively belonged to
us. [Loud cheers.] As he had said
before, he did not think that this no-
tice, nor even our taking possession,
would necessarily lead to a war. We
might take the country first and nego-
tiate afterwards. If a war should en-
sue, which God forbid! and the;breath
of life should still be in his body, he
would make every personal sacrifice in
support of it. He believed that the
whole heart of the country would be
united in the cause of the country, and,
if so, the war would be a brief one, and
would terminate in the expulsion of-
Great Britain, not only from Oregon.
but from every foot of territory on this
continent. [Great applause.J, But he
would not vote for these regiments of
riflemen-nor for the stockades and
block-houses-nor for the sappers and
miners-until we had given the notice;
for such was his regard for the faith of
treaties that he would do nothing which
seemed to be inconsistent with the Con-
vention of 1827.
Mr. Adams expressed his surprise
that the Committee of Foreign Rela-
tions had refused to report the bill
giving the notice.
SENATE, Saturday, Jan. 3.
The President laid before the Senate
a communication from the War Depart-
ment transmitting a statement of the
balance of appropriations, which was
laid on the table and ordered to be
A message was received from the Pre-
sident of the United States in reply to
a resolution of the Senate requesting
information relative to the agents em-
ployed and the expenses attending the
preservation of the government timber
lands in Florida. Laid on the table
and ordered to be printed.

By the arrival of the fast running
steam ship Galveston, Capt. Wright,
we have dates from Galveston up to the
28th ult.
The returns of the re ent election in
Texas, owing to the badness of the
roads, have been slow in coming in'. It

J. P. Henderson has been elected Gov-
ernor of the new State over his oppo-
nent, Dr. Miller, by a handsome ma-
jority. Gen. H. is one of the most pop-
ular men in Texas, and will doubtless
make a most excellent officer. Gen.
Burleson has been elected Senator from
Bastrop county, Col. Volney E. Howard
from Bexar, Col. Cuney from Fort Bead
and Austin, Judge Williamson from
Washington. The Hon. N. H. Darnell
has probably been elected Lieut. Gov-
ernor over Col. Horton. It was under-
stood that Gen. Chambers had been
chosen to the Senate from the Liberty
and Jefferson district, and Mr.Brashear
from Harris.
From four to six vessels arrive daily
at Corpus Christi, and their cargoes
meet with a ready sale. The Mexican
traders feel secure, and come here in
large numbers, always leaving the spe-
cie for what they carry off.
Houston is improving rapidly. The
Star of that city says:
,There is not a house in town to
rent, and several new buildings are go-
ing up. The hotels are literally crow-
ded with boarders. The value of real
estate in this city has advanced at least
a hundred per cent within the as8t
two months "

The same paper remarks:
Several intelligent and wealthy plan-
ters from Georgia and South Carolina
have recently been examining the lands
near the mouths of the Brazos and Co-
lorado, and on the Caney and San Ber-
nard and Oyster Creeks, with a view
of opening large cotton, sugar and to-
bacco plantations in that region.
"The dysentery still prevails to some
extent among the troops stationed there,
owing probably to the want of a sup-
ply of wholesome water.
Precipice Department.-When you
stand on a precipice with a young lady,
(says the Albany Knick'booker,) al-
ways remember and put your arm
around her waist to prevent her becom-
ing dizzy, Ladies who have tried, say
there is no antidote in the world at all
comparable with it. Indeed, a young
!ady of our acquaintance says that, un-
der such circumstances, she could look
down Niagara for hours and not exper-
ience the first disagreeable sensation
whatever. Queer isn't it!

The Rail Road Journal states that
the stock for a suspension bridge across
Niagara river, a mile and a quarter be-
low the Falls, is all "engaged," on con-
dition that a charter be obtained the
ensuing winter. Cost, abouz $200,000.

Three hundred and seventy-seven
boxes, or 2,262 brass and wood clocks,
left New Haven for Philadelphia Dec.

Holding on in Prayer.-On Saturday
evening, Elder Knapp commenced pray-
ing in Pittsburgh, at 7 o'clock, and con-
tinued, without ceasing,until 10 o'clock
on Sunday morning.
A short time since, a gold chain,
about a yard long, was found in the
stomach of a .bullock slaughtered in
England. The chain was not in the
slightest degree tarnished, but, when
found, it was coiled up about half way.

The census of Illinois shows that the
population of the State has increased
200,000 during the last five years, and
that it now amounts to 700,000.

Rochester, with a population of twen-
ty-five thousand inhabitants, is kept in
peace and quietness at night, by only
six watchmen.
The New York Common School Jour-
nal justly remarks, that, "when the seats
in a school are so high that the children
cannot reach the floor with their feet,
and so narrow that they have to hold
on with both hands, then the verb to
sit must be an active verb,"
Wallaloo! Wallalool
Love white man and eat him too!
Stronger white, but that no matter!
Brown man fat, but white man fatter !
Put him on hot stone and bake him !
Crisp and crackling soon we'll make him!
Round and round the dainty goes:--
Eat his fingers eat his toes!
His body shall our palates tickle,
Then we'll put his head in pickle !
On the white man d(line and sup!
Whet your teeth and eat him up,!

populous county of Leon, o which this
Protestant is in part a repr tentative.
Second-Because said b s"is based
upon no ratio of population, as the Con-
stitution of the State unequivoe'ly re-
.quires. The same being unc rnstitu-
1Jional, unjust and arbitrary in all its-
, _bearings-presenting an absurdity of
Legislation, by which, at least, ten 4hou
sand of the population of the Vddle
SDistrict of Florida will be depr ed of
a voice upon the floor of the (neral
Assembly. .
Third-Because the bill giv to the
Eastern and Western portion Jns of the
State nearly twice as mu elpresenta-
tion as the Middle Distri when in
truth and fact, the Middle Dist't has,
within a few hundreds, a popular n as
great as the East and West comb I.
-The Senate concurred 'm the amen -
mnents of the House to the Bill entitled
An act to allow the Hon. David Levy
to change his name to David Levy
S The Bill to be entitled, An act to
amend an act concerning Patrols,"
passed by a vote of 12 to 0.
House resolution instructing the At-
tprney General to proceed against cer-
.-hin corporations, was lost.
SThe House returned the Senate Bill
to be entitled "An act to apportion the
Representation of this State.
The Governor transmitted his appro-
val of the following acts. ,
"An Act to amend an act entitled ar.
Sact to organize the office of Treasurer
of this State."
"An Act to define the duties of Sur-
"An Act to suspend so much of the
33d section of the Revenue Law, ag re-
stricts the city of St. Augustine to the
assessment of not more than fifty per
cent. on the State tax."
"An Act to amend an act to eslai
lish a tariff of fees, approved Febr ry
15th, 1834."
Also the following resolutions:
"Resolution in favor of Secretary
State, and for other purposes." ,
Resolution directing Solicitor Wes-
i t A rvi ren+t to institntut nroeedlinys

The LADIES' of the Episcopal Church, Jick-
sonville, will hold a FAIR, in the.Hall of the
I. O. O..F., on W'ednesday afternoon and evening,
the 28tlh. instant. The public are invited to at.
tend. : r
Jacksonville, Jan. 16th, 1846.

Per steamer St. Matthews, from Savanriinh,
January 12th -Mrs Beadles, 3 children anid ,er-
vant, Mrs. Bailey, Dr. Cross,Dr. Moore, General
Clinch. Messrs. Beadles, Z. H. Madison, N.
Walsh, Price, and 6 deck.
Per Steamer Wm. Gaston, fionr Savannah,
Jan. 150h.-Mrs. Parmelee, Mrs. Barnaqd;% 2
Miss Bilbo's, Messrs. F. Frazer, H. Bac0o, '-L.
Moore, D. H. Burr, John O. Whaler, T. Living-

stonand 14 deck.

- /

12.-Schr. Tangier, Brooks, Charleston.
10.-Schr. George Warren. Small, Havana.
16.-Schr. Tangier, Brooks, Port au Prince.

HREE single gentlemen, or a gentleman ali
his lady and two single gentlemen, can .bd
accommodated with board and comfortable roolas,
at the plantation of the undersigned, on the St.
Johns River.
Terms, $18 per month, including washing, &c.
Those who are fond of hunting, and wish to,par-
ticipate in the sport, or are desirous of riding for
exercise, can have the use of a good saddle horse,
at any time, free of charge.
Constantia, St. Johns River, Jan. 16, 1846. St.
ALL persons interested, will please take notice,
-. that I have this day elected, to take a child's
part, in the estate ofGeo. W. Wells, late of Alachnua
county, deceased, and that I shall, at the next ses-
sion of the Court of Probates, for said county, to
commence at Newnansville, E. F., on Monday,
the 9th day of Marchnext,after date, apply to hav y
the same set apart to me.
Adm'x., and late widoww.or
G. W. Wells, deceased,'
Newnansville, Jan. 16th, 1846. tf. .

State of the Thermometer, at Jacksonville, dur-

ing the week,
Jan. 8th,
9th, .

ending the 14th inst.
8 A. M. 2 P. M.
40 55

9 P. M.



n, re irc;ui W pl 11L U gUtjVU1u1; r
S, .. [Correspondence of the Charleston Courier.]
against St. Andrews and Chipola Rail WASHINGTON, Dec. 31.
Road Company." Tle course of Mr. Calhoun, and his
House Bill to be entitled, "An act to |ppy influence, over the question of
L_ pt- t- .,-p, ... ..o. Btill r b enitee, spbcs o gene-
--^"tpportion the Representatiorni o_,1i_ congratulation. There is some
'!State, -passed without amendment by darling at Mr. Calhoun among the
; a vote of 7 to 6. westernn men, who were looking out
oLr ilios ~ tary offices, and fat
S- Mr. Forward made the following Or good jobs, military offices, and fat
SProtest: ntracts, and political advancement, in
rROTEST tnsequence of the war. But the great
S I PROTEST against the passage oa the majority of the members, whigs and
House "bill to apportion the Represen- jorts, ae sincerely grateful at
e ppeemocrats, are sincerely grateful at
etatives of this State: 1 Mr. Calhoun's successful management
First---Because, in my opinion, tlh9 of this matter. It is admitted that if
Constitution requires that one Repi-eseui r. CalIhoun had not taken hold of this
native to every County shall be first al- subject the notice would have been giv-
lowed, and that the Representation after n and the consequence would have
thtsalbicedo ,,unibforn, an conseuenc
;that shall be increased on a b"u il een war. It is now believed that Mr.
Sratio of population"-that as this bill "alhoun commands a majority in the
'l departs from the express provision of nate of perhaps thirty, which will en-
the Cotastitution, its provisions are un- le him to carry out his purpose of
Constitutional, d eating any rash or imprudent mea-
S Secondly-That said bill is PATIAL,s s on the part of Congress.
Unequal and UNJUST, inasmuch as it on- after all, it may be that war cannot
ly allows St. Johns, with a Federalpop- honorably prevented. It may be
elation of 2420, but one Representative, at we are mistaken in the supposition
-eshe being also appended to Orange and at the British government will re-
St. Lucie counties in her Senatorial wv the negotiation upon the basis of
SDistrict, while Wakulla, with 994 Fed- 49t parallel Should that be the,

eral population, has a Representativf. case, Mr. pCalhoun is himself in favor
-and a Senator. And also that Alachu f giving the notice, and standing the
,utl el ih ha-,a
is unjustly dealt with, she ha-lag a azards of it. But we gain, by this
Federal population of 1558, and but one course, what? Unanimity among our-
Representative, being also attached selves-the greatest of all preparations
,Marion county in her senatorial for a war, and, in fact, the best preven-
Strict. W. A. FORWA tive of it.
[I29th Dee. 1845 '
29th Dec. 185 Nothing but the madness of faction,
The Governor transmitted his a o0- or the selfishness of interested politi-
-.val of rhe following acts: 1 clans,' could be brought into opposition
f 4 \"An Act to authorize the Compt l- to such a policy as this. "The Union"
.."er to audit and allow the contingt has not declared itself hostile to it.--
l~er to audit, and allow the contng^ t ^.^gnrlybeivdta r
Indeed, it is generally believed that Mr.
expenses of the Circuit Courts and St Calhoun has acted in concert with the
i: preme Court of Florida; administrationn in all that he has done
I ,An Act concerning Coroners; on this subject.
.. "An Act providing for the erection WASHINGTON, Jan. 2, 1846.
a .il in Monroe county. The Senate did not meet to-day.
|k .a an inltnereseconyi 1 T -
SIn the House, there was an mteres-
The Senate and House then a ti ng discussion on the Oregon ques-
proceeded to an election for Registe f tion.

S public Lands, but, after the twev| th Mr. J. Q. Adams rose, and at the

At a large and respectable meeting of the citi-
zens of Columbia county, assembled in the Court
House, in Alligator, on Wednesday, the 7th day
of January, 1'646, for the purpose of taking into
consideration-such measures as may be necessary
for the protection of good order, &c.
On motion, Capt. Jacob Summerlin was called
to the Chair, and S. Scarborough, Esq., was re-
quested to act as Secretary.
On motion of Capt. J. Carter, Maj. S. M.
Elliott was requested to explain the object of the
meeting, which was done in a brief and appro-
priate manner.
On motion of Dr. James S. Jones, the following
Preamble and Resolutions were d'nanimously
adopted, to w, *
Whereas, it is a conceded right and well estab-
lished principle of society,, in all newly settled
countries, that where the Law is inadequate to
the protection of the rights and privi eges which
belong and appertain to a community of citizens
in a social and moral point ofview, it is theindis-
putable right growing out of the natural order of
things, and the principles of self-preservation, that
the individuals, composing said-community, should
resort to the strong arm of physical power to pro-
tect them against agents of destruction, which,
owing to peculiar circumstances, are beyond the
reach of legal interposition.
And whereas, ebullitions of popular feeling,
when improperly directed, may be productive of
consequences detrimental to the public weal; and,
of course, much to be depn,-'l-d ;-yet. consid-
erations of public utility and public safety, will
warrant the exercise of assumed powers, to pre-
serve the, elements of social existence, which con
sists in the promotion of morality, and the secur-
ity of life and property. .
And whereas, we are fully s.n;ible of, and rev-
orence the majesty of the Law, and are ready to
vindicate it.against aggression in any manner or
form whatever, the pledge should be solemnly
made ntin to interfere, either directly or indirectly
with the duties incumbent upon and to be exer-
cised by any judicial or ministerial officer of this
or any other State of the Union.
And whereas, this assemblage has taken place
for purposes ofra solemn and impressive character,
yet it is san,:'ien,"il by the first laws of nature,-by
precedents innumerable throughout our Southern
and Western borders-and conscious of the in-
genuousness of our motives, \ Ihich should serve as
landmarks to conduct us in the paths of modera-
tion and prudence. Be it therefore
Resolved; By the people of Columbia county
assembled in the town of Alligator, That it has
become necessary, that we should band together,
in the spirit of self-protection, .to prohibit, any
longer,the immigration and settlement amongst us,
of men,whose characters are notoriously infamous,
and whose presence threaten the peace and safety
of the citizen population of the said county of'
Columbia. .
Be it further Resolved, That each individual
appending hisi name to this instrument, obligates
himself that he will not shrink from the perfor-
mance of any duty, however unpleasant, which
may devolve upon him, by virtue of the legitimate
objects of this As;ocintion.
Resolved, That there should be a President of
this Association, who shall be authorised to con-
vene the members of the Association, to'deter-
mine upon the punishment which any delinquent
shall receive,
Resolved, That we appoint Capt. Jacob Sum-
merl.in, to act as-Prosident of this Association.
.Resolved, That S. Scarborough,- Esq., be ap-
pointed as Secretary of the Association:.
Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting
be published irn, h'' new'aponprs of the State.
S. SCARBOOUGHw, Secretary.

Administrator's Notice,- ,
LL persons indebted to the Estate of Chmjte
Auflerheide, late of Duval county, Florida,
deceased, are hereby requested to make payment.
immediately, and all persons having demand&
against said Estate, are requested to present then
within two years, or this notice will be pleaded ia
bar of recovery. *,
..January 16, 1846. 2m Administraitor;F
Runaway Negro Caught.
A negro fellow calling himself PETER,.
and supposed to be the property of. Mr.
Daniel A. Burleson, was arrested at tha-
Panama Mills, .and Ias been committed,.
this day, to the Duval county Jail, at Jacksonviille.
Said negro is about 20 years of age, about five feet
high, stout built, and very black. Thelowner will
please come forward, prove his property, niay the
expenses and take him away. -
Sheriff. Duva'l county.:
By A. A. Canova, Deputy.
Jacksonville, Jan. 9oh, 1.846.
r.wa u .. .'
rr.P QPiCTUS ,
To be Publis.ed in. Tallahassee,, Florida,
T HE undersigned proposes to publisb in lbhe
City of Tallahassee, a weekly Newspaper.
to be entitled "THE SOUTHERN JOURNAL:'"
To be devoted to Politics, Literature, Agridu4
ture, the cause of Temperance, and Morality
generally. :. .
In Politics thre "Snuslern Journal" will attack
itself to the southern school,; and sustain, thosao
principles which earning Southerni-Democratsare,
known as the State Right Doctrines,
It will contend for a strict construction of thbe
Constitution of the United States beieviog thalU
the Federal Government was the resutIt o) a com_.
pact between separate and imidependent Stalese
and that every power not expressly griated, waa
reserved to the States, severally. .;...
That the exercise of any power not expresslyw
granted, on the part of the Federal Government,
is an.usurpation, irnrd slholld be checked.
The "Southern Journal" will contend for the.
doctrine that the Federal Government should takes.
no money from .the people of .th,.,States, except
by the express grant; under the authority sf el-)
plicit terms of the Constiturion.: .
It will contend that no Tariff should be impe.;
sed. except for the purpose of Revenue, and. o de,
fray the necessary expenses of an economical ad-
ministration of Government. .
It will oppose the appropriation ofibhe proceeds-:
of the sale:of the Public Lands to the States. .-
These are some of the leading topics o hich wil
engage the attention of the "Southern Journal..
In relation to the local affairs of the State, the,
Journal will bp Democratic, and support the poli,
cy of the Democratic Party. With thepas.-tthf
strife and the bitterness of a by-gone day, it wili
have as little to do as the riature of its position
will permit. Those questions, which have in tinifea
past divided the public mind, which have beel
discussed and settled-.which are no longer prae
tical questions, and which can have no weight
with practical statesmen or enlightened people, is.
will permit to pass unregarded, unless imrperious *;
lyforced upon its attention. :
The "Southern Journal" will be published eve|,
ry Tuesd;lay, and furnished to subseribhrs at Th-re#
Dollars per aninum, payable invariably in advance.
The undersigned has also made arrangement,'-
to. secure the assistance in the editorial depart_-.
ment, of an highly intelligent.gentlemon from A Pi
hama; whose connexion viti: the 'anirnittl wilt
c,,mmence somriiriio ih'Jn huarv. '{,.". :';
Tallahaqsee, 27th December,, 184. Jn U

"-voting, there was no election, .
A resolution was adopted te ering
i lhe thanks of the Senate to t Hon.
Jas. A. Berthelot, for the able, di ified,
Sand., impartial manner in which had
discharged his duties as Presid t of
S_the: Senate, !
The Senate then adjourned sine d(
+- U. S. SENATE.
The following resolutions, otered n
iMondny, by Mr. Hannegan, were cal d
p :1 p.
1:I. Resolved, That the country inc -
ded .within the parallels of 412 and4.
deg. 40 min, riorth latitude, and ext'
Sding from the Rocky Mountains to th,
.Pacific Ocean, known as the territory
f.Qregon, iS the o 'ierty of, and part

were as mporan L/U-s y w W111011.IVUIc
had been or would be discussed here.- The people of Alabama have decided
Why, he asked, were we called upon to in favor of biennial sessions of the Leg-
increase our military force! It was be- islature of that State, by a majority of
cause some apprehension of war had 50,652,-only 5,167 votes having been
been entertained. For himself, he did cast in favor of annual sessions. They
not see any danger of war; there could also voted to remove the seat of Govern-
be, none, unless we gave the notice that meant from Tuscaloosa. Before these
we mean to terminate the joint occu- changes can be made, however, they
ancy of Oregon-for Great Britain, must be ratifiedby a two thirds vote-of
oul0 take no offence while the treaty the present Legislature.


















A THE subscriber having recently fitted up
the above establishment, with a view to the
greater convenience and accommodation of those
whom ill health or pleasure might attract to this
portion of Florida, solicits tie patronage of the
public, trusting that none, who may favor him,, will
find anything requisite to their comfort neglected.
The healthiness of Jacksonville-its protection
from the harsh sea breezes and its easiness of ac-
cess from any point, have always secured it the
reputation of be g the most advantageous place
in East Florida, for the resort of invalids, during
the winter season. To such persons, he offers ac-
commodations, which he hopes will prove accept-
able, and as medical advice, of the highest order,
can be commanded in the town, they may rely
upon.the most careful attention.
As visitors from the North have occasionally de-
layed their coming, under the impression, that the
bouse was filled, the subscriber takes this oppor-
tunity to assure such, in future, that, in that case,
he can always provide them temporarily with com-
fortable accommodations in the town.
Jacksonville, Dec. 19, 1845. ly

United States Weekly Mail, in Two Horse
Coaches, from Garey's Ferry, by Newnans.-
ville, Ellisville, Alligator, Little River, Min-
eralSprings,Columbus, Madisun Court House,
Talofee, Marion, Lipona, to Tallahaskee, Fla.
.^ ^THE undersigned takes plea-.
sure in announcing to the travel.
-- ing public, that he has on this
Line two splendid four seat Troy built Coaches,
which for ease and comfort are equal to any now
in use. Thankful for past favors, solicits a con-
tinuance, and pledges to exert himself to please
those who may favor him with their patronage.
This line will leave Garey's Ferry every Tues-
day at 3 o'clock, P. M., and arrive at Tallahassee,
every Monday at 4, P. M.
Leave Tallahassee every Wednesday at 6, A.M.
arrive at Garey's Ferry every Monday at 3, P. M.
connecting with the U. S. mail steamer, St. Mat-
thews on her npward trip and returning.
Garey's Ferry to Tallahassee, $18 00
Newnansville, 5 00
Alligator, 7 50
Mineral Springs, 10 0
Columbus, lf11
Madison Court House, 1 00
Madison Court House to Tallahassee, 00
C9 All intermediate travel, ten cents pe, mile.
Forty pounds baggage will be allowed efch pas-
senger. Extra charges will be made f extra
baggage. Children tinder twelve yenrs of ale half
Receiving Agents.-A. Coy, Esq., ey's
Ferry; Thos. J. Prevatt, Esq., Newnar le;
S. Scarborough, (in the absence of the sub riber)
Alligator; Thos. D. Dexter, Esq., Mineral rings;
Geo. W. Cole, Columbus ; E. P. Smith, vdison
Court House; Messrs. McKinney & Lathiia, City
Hotel, Tallahassee. S
J. CARTER, Pro ietor.
Alligator, Nov. 1, 1845. ly I

Watchmaker and Jeweller.
Respectfully informs the citizens
of acksonville andits vicinity,that
he has removed to the house im-
mediately adjoining the one re-
cently occupied, as the printing
office of the "Florida Statesman," and is now pre-
pared toexecute, with promptitude,all orders con-
nected with the above line.
Mr. Grothe would also say, that he has deter-
mined to confine his attention, in future, exclusive-
ly to work in these branches. He renders his
thanks to the many friends w he have given him
their patronage, and trusts that his exertions here-
after will be such as to merit it.
From long practise in his business, he feels
himself competent to give satisfaction, and his
charges will be moderate and as reasonable as
those of the North.
N. B. Clocks and Watches repaired in the best
manner, and at the shortest notice.
Jacksonville, Dec. 26, 1845.



I -





In Circuit Court.
In Chancery.
ANzY FEWAUX, ) Bill for
RIcHARD FEwAxx. Divorce.
IT having been made to appear by affidavit toth
satisfaction of the Court that Richard Fewaux
the Defendant named in the above entitled cause
resides in jurisdiction of this Court, On motion of Joseph B
Lancaster, Esq.. Solicitor for the Complaincnt, i
is Ordered, That the said Defendant, Richar
Fewaux, do appear and answer the Complainant
Bill within four months or the same will betake
as confessed against him.
Andit isfurther Ordered, That a copy of thi
*order duly certified by the Clerk of this Court, b
published in some newspaper printed within th
Eastern Circuit of Florida, once a week consecu
tively for four months.
I, CSCAR HART, Clerk of said Court, hlereby
certify that the above is a true copy of an Orde
made and entered in said entitled cause on the
Tenth day of November, A. D. 1845.
S In testimony whereof, I hereunto se
( my hand and affiix the Seal of said of
Ss fice. OSCAR HART, Clerk.

Nov. 22, 1845.

St. Augustine, November 8th, 1845.
Notice to Owners of Unsurveyed
Private Claims.
HE Surveyor General, of Florida, respectful
ly informs those concerned, that he has
furnished theKeeper of the Archives, at this place,
with a Diagram, in which is plainly delineated
the districts of the several Surveyors, as assigned
by their contracts entered into with my predeces
sor, on the 28th day of July last, and within
which they are about commencing their surveys.-
All persons having confirmed claims within those
limits, are earnestly desired to furnish the Deputy
where their claims lie, with the certificate of A.
,Alvarez, Esq. in the usual form, or where a Decree
of-the Court in this District has been made, and
from --hich no appeal has been taken, or where a
final Decree of the Supreme Court of the United
States has been given, a certified copy of said final
decree in the usual form from the Clerk of the
Court, and certificate of the Judge, &c. will be ne-
cessary, and the establishment in the field of their
beginning_ corners required toenablethe surveyors
respectively to lay them fo'WM-MMrret iy, anli t,,
report to this office under their instructions.
Those persons having claims heretofore survey-
ed, are informed that the certificates of survey
amounting to more than thrae hundred, have been
lying in this office for several years, awaiting their
application and receipt therefor;-they are re-
quested to call or send an order for thepi, without
further unnecessary delay.
ROBERT BUTLER, Sur. General.
Nomv 8

From the Gillisonville Jail, Beaufort
District, S. C., a negro fellow, 5 feet 9
inches high, dark complexion, slow in
speech and has a severe burn between the
legs. He is about 25 years old, and says his name
is MELFORD, and that he belongs to Semeon
Petit, of Meriwether county, Georgia. Ten Dol-
lars will be paid for his apprehension and delivery
in jail, so that I may get him again.
Sheriff Beaufort District.
Dec 15 tf dec 26

List of Letters,
EMAINING in the Post Office, at Jackso
ville, E. F., up to the 31st December, 184
which, if not taken out in three months, will t
sent to the dead letter office, at Washington, D.

...__ 'The Travelling Puhlic, is
,formed that Stages,1 re rgul,
A- ._", x between the above placesItl-
lows: 1
Leaves Picolata on Monday night, immediately
afier the arrival of the Mail steamer front avan-
nah. .A
Leaves St. Augustine at 5 o'clock TueC-.lny
morning, to meet the Mail Boat on hebway to
Savannah. *
Leaves on Friday at 5 o'clock, A. M to meet
the Wm. Gaston on her way from Sav nah to
Leaves Picolata on Friday morning, ter he
arrival of the steamer WVm. Gaston, from avan-
nah. O
For passage apply to GEORGE W. COL,
Florida House, St. Augustine. No sent can
secured unless paid for. May 1a'

Acosta, A.

Alger, Isaac

Bethune, George
Byrne, Charles

Chapman, Mrs. Geo. C.


Fleming, Mrs. Susan
Floyd, H. H.

Gibbs; Fanny

Higginbotham, James Hemenway, William 2
Higginbotham, Benj. W. Helghinn, H.
Higginbotham, Day. H. Houston, Mrs. Sarah S.
Hart, Ossian B. .Hopkins, Col. Benj. 2

Hopkins, Francis

SIX WEEKS after date. I shall apply to the
Hon. Judge of the county ofOrange, for Letters o
Administration, on the estate of Joseph Thompson
late of said county, deceased.
Orange county, E. F., Dec. 12tb, 1845.

St. Augustine, October 3d, 1345.
ITHE undersigned respectful gives notice tf
al il persons seeking information from i ie S
veyor General's Office, or making applicariis,
..... t ;,.. thp*e I interests; will a(, ess
the Surveyor General postage pai.
him alone will the information sought be atffibd,
and if not answered in a reasonable time, it v
be considered that the information cannot be fui
wished, or the application denied. This cmi,,,.,i
deemed necessary, to prevent the important ime ii
the Surveyor and Clerks being abstracted fi n
iheirduties, to the injury of the public service-
Communications from these persons, connect
with this office, will invariably have envelopes, a
endorsed with the address-on public service.
Oct 4 Surveyor General.

BY JESSE E. Dow & Co.
T HE-first number of our new paper will be -
sued this (first) day of May, with an on- e
new dress-new type, fine white paper, with oa r
important alterations and improvements. he,
paper will be devoted to a fearless exposit'p of
Democratic principles; it will zealously an un-
remittingly oppose each and every effort to b-
lish a mammoth monarchy bank and other is-
chievous corporations and consolidations of we ,
which subvert the rights of the people and un -
mine the pillars of the Republic; it will opp
an oppressive and anrti-republican tariffsystem,
assumption of the State debts by the General G
ernment, and all other Federal principles which
have an inevitable tendency to destroy public pros,
perity as well as individual happiness. Again
all such political delusions, we shall wage unchang
ing, uncompromising war.
The FARMER and the MECHANIC who produce,
all the real capital of the nation, will find in our pa-
per and unwavering champion of their inalienable
rights; the long cherished principles of the editors
are too well known to the public to require any
pledge npan this point. To the Miscellaneous
Department particular attention will be voted;
the Ladies will always find in our columns a choice
selection from the current literature of the day, as
well as original contributions from the most talen-
ted writers cf which our country can boast. A
general summary of Foreign and Domestic news
will be furnished ; a regular price t*urrent and a
correct list of the prices of stocks will also be g;"
The conductors have already secured the aid
and co-operation of a large number of.the most dis-
tinguished literary and political writers of the day;
arrangemems will also be made, at the earliest
period possible, to embellish our columns by the
contributions of correspondents from abroad.-
With this brief and imperfect outline of our plan,
we very respectfully submit our claims to an ex-
tensive patronage to t he consideration of a gener-
ous public.

Weekly paper by theyear $2 00
for six months I 00
Semi-Weekly paper by the year, in advance 5 00
for less than a year, 50 cts.
per month.
Daily paper by the year, in advance 10 00
," for less than a year, $1 Per month.
Subscriptions to the Daily for less than two, to
the Semi-Weekly for less than four, or to the
Weekly for less than six months, will not be re-
If not paid witnin tne year, the Daily paper will
be $12, the Semi-weekly $6, and the Weekly
$2 50 a year.
All payments to be made in advance. ThosA
who have not an opportunity of paying otherwise,
may remit by mail, at our risk. postage-paid.-
The Post-master's certificate of such remittance
shallbe a sufficient receipt therefore. The notes of
any speie paying bank will be received.
May 31 ^

Hogue, Mrs. -
Hagins, Jainphy

Lassere, Eugene
Lewis, Capt. Thos.

Moore, Dr. John S. 3
Moore, Mrs. Wm. A.
Mott, Abraham
Morange, James P.
-rVefn,BIVri. Iabitha

Pendarvis, William 2
Pendarvis, George
Packett, Aaron B.

Stone, David
Seastrunk, Dr. Reuben
Starratt, H.-
Starratt, Thomas

Thistle, Capt. H. L. 3
Taylor. Capt. Samuel
Tracey, Hon. E. D.

Williams, Ebenezer T.
Whitcher, John
Welch, John
Wester, Samuel

Ledwith, William

Milnor, Dr. Thomas 2
McCormick, James
McDermot, John 2

Administratrix Notice.
NOTICE is hereby given to creditors of, and
persons entitled to distribution in, or having any
claims or demands against or interest in, the Es-
tate of Henry Bates, jr. late of Alachua County,
dec., that unless the same are exhibited or asser-
tod-wilthintwa years from date, the" will be for-
ever barred. Persons having claims or-ideman-da
against said Estate, tire requested -to presentlhieni-
without delay, to L. Aldrich, Esq., [at Newnans-
4ille, East Florida,] who is my agent and attor-
ney, fot the transaction of the business of the Es-
Newnansville. E. F., Januaay 2d. 1846.


Parsons, Amanda 2
Philips. A. Jacksonj
Parmenter, Mrs. Sarah
Starratt, Mrs. Margaret
Sheldon, Daniel H. 2
Speer, Dr. A. S.
Statz, Johannes
Teasdale, Chapelle B.
Taylor, Mrs. Catherine
Turner, Mrs. Sarahl
Waters, A. G.
Welling, Mrs. M. M.
Weaver, Dr. Adam T.

Magnificent Family Paper!
ONLY $1.00!
For Reviving and Publishing a Weekly paper entitled
THE NEW-YORKFR, a Weekly Journal of Litera-
ture and General Intelligence, was established by
the present Editor of The New York Tribune, in
March, 1834, and discontinued, or rather merged,
on the establishment of The Weekly Tribune, in
September, 1841, after having been published just
seven years and a half. Having now ample and
able Literary assistance, and having recently ex-
tended and prefected our Mechanical arrange-
ments, we propose to revise and reissue it on and
after the e1st of October, 1845, on a sheet slightly
differing in size or character from the old New-
Yorker, but at a much lower price.
The pian of this pqper will combine-
1. Original Literature-Reviews, Poems, etc.
2. Select Literature-Tales, Sketches, extracts
from new Books, etc.
3. Miscellany-Letters from Europe and differ-
ent parts of our own Country. Statistics,
Anecdotes, &c.
4. Hints on Domestic Economy-Agriculture, In-
ventions, Recipes, &a.
5. General Intelligence-Foreign and Domeistic,
including Political events, Proceedings of
Congress, &c. &c.
This last department will be carefully prepared,
and will be as ample and varied as that of any
other Weekly paper whatever. The extensive
correspondence and other facilities for obtaining
information which we have been years engaged in
concentrating on the Daily and Weekly Tribune,
will enable us to present early and authentic ac-
counts of all transpiring events through this our
cheaper Weekly, from which Political essays and
all matter of a partisan character will be carefully
excluded. In fine, The New-Yorker will be sim-
ply and truly a Family Newspaper, of moderate
size and the lowest possible price, intended for
such readers as either dislike, Political discussion
or prep.er to obtain this portion of their intellectual
aliment through the gazettes of their respective
localities. We intend that no matter to which ra-
tional men of any Political, Religious or other per-
suasion can object shall appear in this paper,
though a large portion of its contents will appear
also in the Weekly Tribune.
THE NEW-YORKER will be published every Sat-
urday morning, but printed and mailed on Thurs-
day and Friday, so as to reach as many of its pat-
rons as possible before the Sunday rest of the
Mails, It will be printed on a sheet of fine white
paper, identical in size and quality with that of
the Daily and Semi-Weekly Tribune, (of which
this is a specimen,) and afforded to subscribers at
the low price of One Dollar a year, payable al-
ways in advance.
Twelve copies will be sent a year tor Ten Dol-
lars, or Twenty-five copiess for Twenty Dollars.
Subscriptions are respectfully solicited by
158 Nassau-street, New York.
August 16th, 1845. Dec 26
[Pj Postmasters may remit subscriptions at our
risk. Bills of all specie-paying Banks are received
at par.

Tobacco Seed.
F RESH superior Cuba (Vuelta de Abajo) To
bacco Seed, for sale at the store of
Jacksonville, Dec. 19.

OW landing per brig Sen Flower, new Buct
wheat, in small pnckages; 1.2 Ibls new Flou,
1-8 kegs Indian Mal; RR)e Flomr; asort.ed Bij
ter,.Soda, Sugar. Pic Nir and Lenimn Crarkers.,
small packages; fine G,-,hen Butter; ILeaf Lard
choice Hams; Die.I Beei: Fuion Msniket curedt
Beef, in 1-4 kegs; Siiunges; cured Sialmon ; Mark.
erel in 1-8 packages; and o-her nilicles, as krP
by us, now in fine oder,. fi dan)s fim New Yo01
At retail. B. E. CARR & CO.
.St. Augustine. Oct. '25. "

Family Groceries.
HE subscriber has just received a choice as.
sortment of Family Groceries, consisting of
Flour, Butter, Lard, Hamrs, Cheese
Smoked and Pickled Tongues
Sugars, Coffee, Tea
Candles, Soaps, Rice, Potatoes
Almonds, Raisins, Figs, Molasses
Nutmegs. Cloves, Cinnamon, Pepper
Saleratus, Pork, Beef, Mackerel, Herring
Onions, Tobacco, Cigars, &c. &c.
All of which are offered to the public upon rea
sonable terms. GEORGE D. FISHER.
Dec 5 5t

Columbia County Sheriff's Sale.
BY virtue of a writ of fieri facias issued out of
the Superior Court, for the county of Colum-
bia, Eastern District of Florida, and to me directed
and delivered, I will dispose of, at public sale, in
front of the Court House in the town of Alligator.
on the first Monday in-February, 1846, between
the usual hours of sale on that da'y, the following
negro slaves, to wit: Prince,'Charlotte, Richard,
Christopher, Matilda, (or Lilla) David, Jacky,
Nelly, Anne, Jane, Mary, Judy, Rinah, John,
Phtebe, Polly, Binah, Adel, Adeline, Yoric, Jim,
Cecelia, Cornelia, Sarah, Ann, Polly, Cuddy, Har-
riet, Maria, Silla, Hager, Diana, Hannah. Katy,
Romeo, Chance, Jack, Mary, George, Jim, Moses,
Essex and Casey; being forty three in number.
Levied-on-a*the property of Charles M. Cooper,
at the suit of Sarah C. P. Postell.
Sheriff Columbia county.
Alligator, December 3d, 1845. Dec 12

roffat's Life Pills & Plhoenix
'n perfectly snfe, unerring, nnd success
treatment of almost every srecies of disean
by i ,e use of Dr. MOFFAT'S LIFE MEDI-
ClI S, is no longer an experiment: as a refeien O
toj experience of many thousand paturients nifi
sa actorily prove. During the month of Setprter
b. lonemany hundred cases have come to th
k c.wledge of Dr. MNaih, where the patient hai
Small appearances, effected a permn'nent cure I
.e exclusive and Judicious use of the Life Medjy'k
cines-some eight or ten of these had been coni'
-sidered beyond all hope by their medical attend,
Its. Such happy resuilis are a source of-greAr
,pasure to Dr. M". and inspire him with new v
cdence to recommend the use of his Medicines t"
lis fellow citizens. *,
hp LIFE MEDICINES are a purely VEGE',
pLE preparation. They are mild nnd plea
s in theiroperaiilr, and at the sonme time th
ong acting rapidly upon the secretions of th
sytyi -carring off nil acrimonious humors, nnr
a84M iiinz wilh and lurifying ilia hlod. Fo
this rea n, in aggravated rases of Dyspepsin, tih'
Life MN irines will give relief in a shorter spacff
of tim n any other prescription. In Fever-1
and-agi Inflammnaifiry Rheumatism, Fevers oc
every cription. Sick Hendaches, Heatn-bourn
Dizzin iin the head, Pains in the Chest. Flata'
lency paired appetite, and in pexry disease
arisi from an impmily of ihe blond, or a disor-.,
der stnteofthe stomach. i,, use of ibPse Medi-.
cin has always proved m lie beyond donbt, greWa-
ly erior to any other mode of,,eaiment."
I that Dr. Moffat asks of his patients ii to b
pa icular in taking them according to the-dircc
ti s. It is not by a newspaper notice, or by ni
th that he may say in their favor, th heI ho Ipe
to in credit. It is alone by the result of a fai
tr Is the render an invalid, and does he wi
t now whether the Life Medicines will suit hi
o case? If so, let him send to B. E. '
C store and prncure n copy of he Good'l
its published gratuitously. He il4l th"
le rate d very many extraordinary s d
kr ptrhaps some exactly .milart
ioleeale and retail by '
fB. E..CARR & C.-Agm I
SL: Augas

N OTICE.-ALt. persons entering land are
L hereby informed, that we own, by virtue of a
Spanish Grant to Domingo Fernandez 3000 acres
of land in Marion county, E. F., in Township 13
South of the base and range 21 East of the Meri-
dian, known on the Spanish plot as Moody's ham-
mock, and about Marion and Alachua counties as
Wetumpkie or Hall's hammock. We hereby for-
bid all persons from occupying or in any wise tres-
passing on said land.
Jacksonville, Nov. 13, 1845. Nov 15

SIX WEEKS after date. I will apply to the
Judge of Probates, of Alachua county, for Letters
of Administration on the estate ofO. F. Stout, late
of said county, deceased.
Newnansville, Dec. 19, 1845.,

Prdobate Court.
THE office of the undersigned will be always
open for the rransaction of business within
jurisdiction'of his Court. All applications to him
in his Judicial capacity, must be made either by
petition or affidavit. On the first Monday in Oc-
tober of every year, a regular Term of Court will
be held for the settlement of accounts of Execu-
tors, Administrators, Curators, and Guardians.
Those failing to render their accounts on that day
will forfeit their commissions.
Judge of Probates of Duval county;
Jacksonville, Sept. 27, 1845.

ALL persons having claims against the estate
of John Dixon, deceased, must present them to
the subscriber, within two years from this date,
properly authenticated according to law, otherwise
they will be forever barred.
Dec. 19, 1845.

IS Hereby Given, to creditors of, and persons
entitled to distribution in the estate of John B.
Barns, late of Alachua county, deceased, that un-t
less their claims or demands be exhibited to the
undersigned, within two years from this date, they
will be forever barred. Persons having demands
against the above estate will please present them
to the undersigned without delay; and all persons
indebted to the estate will please'make immediate
payment to him.
GEO. L. BROWN, Adm'r.
Newnansville, Fa., July 26, 1845.|


ESSRS. HOLMES & CO., have removed
their stock of Merchandize to the large
building occupied by the United States, known as
the Government Building. They have added to
their stock, by the late arrivals from New York,
a full assortment of Dry Goods, Groceries, Hard-
ware. Provisions, &c. &c.
They have on hand, now landing from brig Vir-
ginia, from New York, 50 bales Hay, 50 bbls.
LiAme, 20 thousand Laths, 30 boxes Cheese, 20
kegs Butter, 20 kegs Lard, 20 bbls. Pork, 20 half
bbis. Beef, 20 bbls. Bread, 50 bags Coffee, 50
bbls. Liquor, 100 Ploughs, Iron of various sizes,
Glasses, boxes Pipes, Tobacco, &c. &c. All of
which they will sell at low prices.
Jacksonville, January 9th, 1846.

DIED, of consumption, at my residence, at
Enterprise, Lake Monroe, in Orange county,
Florida, on the 14th day of November last, a gen-
tleman calling himself E. L. HALLOWELL,
and stating that he was from the State of North
Carolina. The deceased came to my said resi
denoe snout the last of October in an extremely
low state of health, and survived only to the pe-
riod first above named. This is to notify his
friends and relatives of his decease, and to say,
that sundry articles consisting chiefly of one horse
and a buggy, of wearing apparel, gold watch, and
money amounting to about one hundred and thirty
dollars, left by him, are now in my possession,
and ready to be surrendered to such person as
may be entitled to the same, subject to his funeral
and other expenses incurred during his last illness,
and the costs of this advertisement.
Jan 9 6t C.TAYLOR.

4ted States -SAA
Florida an savannah packet, via 11e0iieta, Binet
Creek n. ndarint, Jacksonville, Sr. ohns Bluff
St. s. Brunswick and Darien. Carryit
the S. Mail to the above places. ....
l |& The regular packet steamer ST
y | MATTHEWS, P. McNelty, mar
Iter, has been thoroughly ove
ha d, her decks arid cabins rebuilt, and hand
so ly furnished and painted, and her machinery-
muh improved. As for accommodation and com-
for she cannot be surpassed by any boat on the
route This boat will arrive at #Savannah every
Thur ay morning, before the departure of the
daily 'ne of steamers for Charleston, which leave..
ever evening. '
Also passengers wishing to take passage ih the '
brig or arque line which leaves Savannah eveiry
Thursday nd Saturday for New York, afte 'the
arrival of tL*. Matthews from Florida. /
Passen f, with their baggage, will be put on
board o their line, if required. / ,
T h ove boat will leave as follow ./* ,
Le e Pilatka every Tuesday, A. M,, at 8 o'clock
Picolata 11 1
Black Creek P. M. 3 ':
Jacksonville night, 12 "
For freight or passage, apply to Capt. McNehy,
on board, or to
Agents, Savannah. '
Agents, Jacksaonvie...
Agent, Black Creek, '
09P'The steamer SARAH SPALDING, runs ,
in connection with this boat,and none other,to En- ,
terprise on Lake Monroe, one hundred and twenty-
five miles above Palatka up the St. John's river.
July 5, 1845. .
United States Mail.
g~r^1 The steam Packet, SARAH ,F
SPALDING, Capt. Robt. Ander-
Aso n, having been thoroughly over-
hauled, her decks and cabin rebuilt, and cabin en-
larged for the accommodation of passengers, has
commenced her regular trips, from Pnaihka to En-
terprise, on Lake Monroe, up the St. Johns River
125 miles above Palatka.
The above Boat, leaving Palatka every Tuesday
Morning, after the arrival of the U. S. Mail Swinm
Packet, St. Matthews, Captain McNelry,fiom, Sa-
vannah, carrying the U. S. Mail to the above named
Passengers for Enterprise, will inake the .St.
Matthews every Saturday Evetting, at 4 o'clock;in
The Steamer Sarah Spalding, will run to Jnck-
sonville, via Picolata & Mandarin, and back evfiry
trip, leaving Jacksonville every Monday at 11
For freight or passage, apply to the Captain 5.
Board, or to Fernandez & Bisbee, Agnts Jack-
N. B. All goods will be received in Siore, free
S Storage in Jacksonville & Savannah.

lrida a-n Sad Saivaniahli Steant
rr THIE regularSteam Parneke WM.
GASTON, Capt. F. Peck, will nr-_
(eS-.- "^ rive at Picolata every Fi iday mirn- ,^
ing at 9 A. M. on each week, and will leave at 4y"
P. M. for Savannah via Mandarin, Jitkionville, .
St. Marys, andt all other immediate landing r d 'o l
arrive in Savannah early on Sunday nmoriiihgl,
Passengers for Charleston can leave an 8 o'clock
in the evening in ihp daily line of Steamers.
The Gaston run.z in ciimr,'rin wildh eNeW .
Washbuhnrn & \\Wiler's Big I.iner I P'nkel
New York, of which ,ine lenes eery M,,h1,.1r
The Gaston does mnot reluin Ito Black Crpe('l,'
her wny to Snvnanrh.
Tlhe veqssels cr,.n>ir.i liz Lirle. ill herenfi
be despatched r'eI.nly --very M inl ;v I;s f.ll. ,,1 w
Brig CLINTO')N. T. L .n,.. mn'-ir.'.,,ne 1.6.
Brig AUGUST'A, A.. % I. Sl -,I. l n;iisttr,
Jime 23.
New bark VERNON, \V. Fllrvy, niaster, lunee

Bris SAVANNAH, A. H al,,, m-re.r. Jilv7/
B, ig EXACI .1. .Johinson, mntter, .luly 14.
SBrig EXCEL, C. B. Smili, miurr, July 21.
) These easelss a o comninnded by men o;f nifhA*
pperienre, who ill noe eer, y exeri, n to render',
Passenger as c-mfiorialble as plossible. "l
,They will snil punctunlly as ibve, and in mil
enses be towed to .*eo lhv n Sipunilicn. ,
Agent, Jarksonville^ '- |
Berths can be sprured at St. Augueiine, on I plication to B. E. CARR & CO., Agents. *
July 15, 1845. 0

HE subscriber having laid off his property,
situated on the forks of Black Creek, (known
as Garey's Ferry) into lots, is now prepared to
give titles for said lots, to any responsible person
or persons, who will erect a building thereon,
valued at $300.
Garey's Ferry is, and has been (except during
its Military occupation) as healthy a spot as can
be found in Florida, and will become, from its
resources, a more desirable point, for business,
than any other that can be found on the borders
of St. John's River. It commands the North anet
South prongs of Black Creek, which is navigable
upwards of twenty miles into-the interior of the
country for Steamboats and other vessels.
For further particulars, apply to the subscriber.
Black Creek, January 9th, 1846. 3t

Administrator's Notice.
NOTICE is hereby given to creditors of, and
persons entitled to distribution in the Estate of
ancis R. Sanchez, late of Alachua County, dec.
and to all persons who may have any claims or
demands whatsoever, against, or interest in said
Estate, that unless the same be exhibited or as-
serted within the period of two years from this
date, they will be barred. Persons having claims
and demands against the Estate, are requested to
present them to the ulndersigned, without delay.
Newnansville, E. F., January2d, 1846.

ON the 4th day of July next ensuing, after
date, I will apply to the Hon. Judge of Probates.
for County of Alachua, for a final discharge from
the Administration of the Estate of Lewellen Wil.
liams, (late of said County,) dec,
Newnansville, E. F., January 2, 1846.
vs. Garnishment.
IsAAc J. MoSEs.
THE defendant and all others interested, are
hereby notified of the commencement of this suit,
returnable to a Justice Court, to be held at Gareys
Ferry, on the 13th day Feb. 1846, next, and to
appear and plead to the same.
Given under my hand and seal, this 13th day
December, 1845.
Justice Peace, 3d Dis't., Duval Co.
Jan. 2.

JNO. M. ,ONS, P. M.
Jacksonville, Jan. 2d, 1845.

Confectionary, Ac.
HE subscriber having established a Confec-
tionary and Cordial Distillery in the town of
Jacksonville, gives notice that he is prepared to
fill any orders for articles in the above line. He
also manufactures Syrups of all kinds and of the
best qualities. He offers for sale Candies, war-
ranted to be made of the purest sugar, at 37 1-2
cents per pound. Peppermint, Cinnamon, Life of
Man, Perfect Love and Aniseed Cordials, at 37 1-2
cents per gallon. Syrups, of any kind. at $2 per
gallon. He respectfully requests those who may
wish to purchase any of the above articles, by the
quantity, to give him a few days notice, in order
that there may be no delay in meeting their de-
Do 5


Bryan, Maj. A.
Bryan, Jacob
Booth, John
Uoggeshall, George
Coffin, Mrs. Nath'l.
-Donaldson, Lieut. J. L.

Fatio, Miss Mary
Finnegan, Cornelia
Fleming. Mrs. Julia
Gadsden, Rev. C. E.
Geiger, Aaron