The news
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00065546/00001
 Material Information
Title: The news
Uniform Title: News (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Physical Description: 14 v. : ill. (chiefly advertisements) ; 52-62 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: D.W. Whitehurst
Place of Publication: Saint Augustine E.F. i.e. Fla.
Creation Date: January 9, 1846
Publication Date: 1838-1852
Frequency: weekly
Subjects / Keywords: Newspapers -- Saint Augustine (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Saint Johns County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Jacksonville (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Newspapers -- Duval County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre: newspaper   ( marcgt )
newspaper   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage: United States -- Florida -- Duval -- Jacksonville
Coordinates: 30.31944 x -81.66 ( Place of Publication )
Additional Physical Form: Also available on microfilm from the University of Florida.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Nov. 3, 1838)-v. 14, no. 25 (May 8, 1852).
General Note: Published at Saint Augustine, Fla., 1838-<1845>; Jacksonville, Fla., <1846>-1852.
General Note: Editors: D. Whitehurst, 1840-1841; T. Russell, <1842>; G. Powers; C. Byrne, <1851>; J.F. Rogers.
General Note: Publishers: Russell & Jones, 1840; T. Russell, 1840-1842; Russell & O'Sullivan, 1842-1844; T. Russell, 1844-1845; Albert A. Nunes, <1845>; Gillett & Hazzard, <1846>; F. Adams, <1846-1852>; Charles Byrne, <1851>.
General Note: "Our country."
General Note: Whig, 1838-1845. Cf. Knauss, J.O. Territorial Fla. journalism, 1926.
Funding: Funded in part by the University of Florida, the Library Services and Technology Assistance granting program of Florida, the State Library and Archives of Florida, and other institutions and individuals.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 002057492
oclc - 02265067
notis - AKP5518
lccn - sn 84022789
System ID: UF00065546:00001
 Related Items
Preceded by: Florida statesman
Succeeded by: Florida news (Jacksonville, Fla. : 1852)

Full Text



During the late canal navigationasea-
n there were exported from Roches-
r,N.Y. 1,152,159 pounds of Wool, an
crease over the shipments last year
387,407 pounds..
There were shipped from Rochestor
ring the same time 268,695 pounds
Butter and 301,505 pounds of
The shipments of Flour from'Roches-
r this season, by the Erie Canal
aountedIto 518,618 barrels of Flour,_
] 18,940 barrels more than in 1844.
The total quantity of Wheat received
Rochester this year by the Erie and
nnessee Valley Canal was 1,169,58
shels, an increase over last year of
8,780 bushels.
A late English invention in the man-
acture of sugar has for its object the
aporation of the syrup at a low tem-
rature, and this the patentee proposes
accomplish by cylinders to revolve
the syrup while it is being evapora-
(, which cylinders do not communi-
te heat to the syrups, but being par-
lly immersed therein, by simply re-,-i
living, they carry up the syrup out of-
e general body of the liquid contain-
in the evaporating vessels, and thus '
militate the evaporation.
.3 Feline Waltonian.-The Carlisle'
urnal states that a cat belonging to
r. Monkhouse of Reinhouse, Castle ,
)werby, had within the last fortnight,.
ought home no less than five trouts;
d, what is more extraordinary they '
ere all alive. One of them measured
n inches,' and weighed upwards of
,lfa pound. The nearest brook or,
vulet from which it was possible tof
tainn them is more than a quarter of'
mile from the house.
The trial of T. M. Wadsworth, for
e murder of Captain Carson came on,
New Orleans on the 10th and ended
n the 1th in a verdict of not guilty.,
was proved, that Carson attacked
Tadsworth furiously and probably
would have killed him if he had, noq
een killed himself.
The last by the Boston Post.-The,
oston Post has the following: "Dont,
and there loafing," said a professor
t Cambridge to three students stpnd&
ng where they shouldn't. "Wqtrenot
)afing,"said Nat; "there areonly.three
f us, and it takes'leavCIn '0o make a

At St Louis, on the 12th., Miss Su,
an Keen, of abolition notoriety, 'was.
ied in the Recorder's Court, for livftig
ith a colored man, contrary to- thi
statute regulating intercourse withlpre-
roes. ThelTactTwas proven, built sobie
*gal quibble or other .produced 'hr
ischarge. !*.- n'? to
High Prices.--Turkeys are sl' ing
Souir market for three dollars per paii
nd six dollars and a half a cord, we aye,
ld, is asked for wood. A Christmas
inner, will, therefore, amount to somey
thing this season, unless a man puts;
p with less than he has been accustom--
d to.-Charlston Patriot.
Among the last new inventions int
fondon are "Galvanic Hats." ,
A fortnight had been nearly occupie.d-
n discussion in the chambers, of the-
nswer to the King's speech. The
senate passed the address unanimously,
ut in the Representatives there wasa
division on an amendment proposed ty
he Minister of the interior. The: King
eplied, but the answers contained n9-

hing remarkable.,
The treaty with the United States,
iad not been published, but was uider-
tood to establish a perfect reciprocity
n all the commercial relations of the;
wo countries.
St. Petersburgh,. Nov. 18.-The il-
est news from Caucasus was,. that ah
autumn campaign had been resolved
upon. The Russian Generals had tri-
ei hard to destroy the forests by'fi're,,
but had failed. They had conse'uiient-
y to proceedtoAhe-laborious operation
Of cutting down trees, so as toa get:4t
the mountaineers. i;d
Berlin, Nov. 26.-N. P. Willis, ar4
attache to the United States eimiba`si,,
left this city some days back with des-
patches for the American Government.
The King of Prussia has issued a ci& -
cular protesting strongly against re-
ports that he was favorable to: the emi-
gration of Prussians to the -fanitld
States. He is strongly opposed to such
emigration, recommends the people .to
keep at home, telling them they 6an
find occupation enough in the Western
provinces. '
A conspiracy has been discovered-at
Pozen, the object of which was the re-
iteration of Polish nationality. Many
arrests have been made- and otheisakre
taking place daily. :
The Chambers in Saxony have not
yet finished the discussion on:the,,ad-
dress in reply to the king's speech.
The new religion of Ronge coutinihes
to make progress in all directions The
Church of Rome, now thoroughly

Is publisIhed every FRIDAY morning, at Jack-
aalvi n the County of val, and State of Florida,
e s--Tmtzk DoL ns per annum, if paid in
advatn, br FOUR DOLLARS, if at the end ofthe year.
O[Advertisementa will be inserted on the follow-
Sing terms:r
One dollar per square, of fifteen lines and under,
S\for the first insertion, and 75 cents for each subse-
kitentinsertion. To yearly advertisers a liberal dis.
I c4ut will be made.
| uSPAll advertisements must be paid for before in.
section, unless by a regular customer. By referring
to or terms, the requisite sum may be ascertained,
and otansmitted with the advertisement.
f Advertisements not marked with the number
of insertions required, will be continued untilforbid
and charged" or.
]'0PFive dollars will be charged for all announce-
ments of candidates for office.
One square, for Six Months, : : : $10 00
\ Notice toDebtors and Creditors, : : 10 00
Applicationfor Letters of Administration 5 00
% I., All religious :notices will be inserted gra ui-
[CFlIl admissable personal communications will
be chaygo, as advertisements.
(. =' All bi~s for Job Printing, must be paid on the
S delivery of the work.
*.... l' 'Addres nltmlnuinirationi to C. GI JLETT,
on '- -"^ ''- '
T 11 E %V I N N 0 W E R .
Sings a maiden b)y. river,
Sings and sighs alternately;
'-In mny heart shall flow forever,
..Ljke a stream, herf m,'hldy.
'Midst her hair of flax(n hue
"'ond'rest budls and blossaoms teemi ;
And.her beauty glows as through
Hazy sppIvnihorsr of a dream.
SLike her melody's rich balts-
-Or a golden flood of fstars,-
R.ustling like a summer rain,
: Through her fingers fulls the gr-tin,
Swells her voice irksuch sweet imiusure,
1 must join for very pleasure;
; But mny lay shall be of her,
Bright and lovely WVinnower!
When her wrongg to laughter 'mere's,
Melts the mdsic of hepr, ongue,
O 'Like the voice of mimic surges
Over golden pebbles flung.
.From her hands the grainless hnft'
On the light winds dances fcee ;
I ut a, sigh will clieck her latugh,-
..-. So much worthlosstesi a, lilt nil v
Tringles wrth-the good !" saith sh: ;
Yet.tho irrin is fair to see.
SLaughter, like soin, Awlt surprise,
.eLi-iphta 'ngin betI; Iry (,eVS, .
..A.d Iher song hliath.drowid her sighs ;
therefore will I sin, of lhr,
"Rrigiht and lovely Winnower!
Duwn beside as firir ar river
." Sings the maiden Po,,;y,
v ,na my heart slill flow forever
Her ,nfdying melody.
; :Through tier rosy fingers fall
Golden grain of richest thought;
SBtt the grainless chaff is nill
-; "".f,' B.y i n ,cftt'rinrg -breezes catight:-
S So much wonh,,i,,. ali me !
,';. :, ,, *ingles A ii li t he grod ." sailth siw,
- f)H in i ,,1 ..- i.. "' .s2
Thetehorv lau,1hs shu r, iily .
':* L, ighl and -ings in -nwh sweet mi-isuie,
r "- .Ilp, nljiin lot, v~er, -ptens 're-
W' Whilt iv Itheart keps tune with her,
"/ *V fr* pll iti t h il fi wer !
' t / " '"

: "VWe extract the following melanch<
ly story from Mr. Reade's Pros,
Sketches." The reader will find :
o oh interesting and well written.-
i Chateau Tankerville--the scene of th
-story-is on the banks of the Sein
r near Paris; or rather its ruins a
i there. The story would have former
; : an admirable subject for the genius <
I Byron. There is something like it i
the ,Spaniard's story; in Maturin
|,l: mehnoth':
... There is one legend, .,a record <
truth, attached to the ruined towers <
C-'hateau Tankerville, which I knot
from a peculiar circumstance, has nc

been told by any tourist or annual
S whatsoever. It is of a striking chara
.ter, ad would, form perhaps a mo:
powerful subject for tie poet than ev(
The Prisoner of Chillon.'.
| ? During those middle ages, wh(
Might was right, and when gold an
- ,the falsest visions of honor were tl
only idols worshipped, the name
Hugh Tankerville ranked high amor
S the chivalry of the day. That he w-
S'powerful and wealthy, the extent of h
-rained castle well testifies; and th
.g.an was more savage then than no
S;^in his more polished state, and that w
man leaned thern,- as now, to the wea
'r kide of the heart, this record affor(
.: f'terible example.
S Perhaps the name of Clotilde mui
have been aitheme for beauty, even
those days, when personal attraction
were frequently the sole cause whi(
laid so many lancps in rest; certain
is,' that her exceeding beauty won t
heart, or flattered the pride, of th
fowverful chieftain, who succeeded
obtaining from her parents or guarc
.ai's, (her consent, it would seem fro
'tlhe sequel being the last thing eonside
ed,) and in carrying her down from t
gay world to the savage solitudes
T_-ankerville. ;
If, as doubtless she was, of gay ter
perament, the change must have be
trying; the clang 8f the sea fowl f
the touch of the hiarp, and the dull r
rotonouis soitd of the -waters for t
applause of shloutipg multitudes, B
.this life could not have lasted long.
Unfortunately for her, her first lov
to whom', it Would seem, she had plig]
ed herself, of course secretly, fou



...- -- ---- "- --- -' .-- ---- anm

in lulling every suspicion of the watch- Elevate the Masses.-The impor- Climate of New Zealand.-The cli- -
ful baron. The dames of that age had, tance of making every man in our coun- mate of New Zealand may, perhaps,
perhaps. more virtue, but less circum- try a freeholder, cannot be, in our judg- be ranked amongst the most boisterous at
section, than those of the present, for ment, too highly appreciated, of not on- in the world. A calm day is, indeed, Ge
opportunity was rarely given as a temp- ly placing him beyond the contingency a miracle at any season, and, from the bn
station; shut up in strong fortalices of poverty, but it identifies him with middle of May to the end of September, 19
during the better half of their lives, the interest and well-being of:our coun-, there are few days upon which rain or
they were untried-here was almost a try and serves to make him a better ci- hail does not fall, more or less. The
solitary exception; she forgot the in- tizen as well as a happier man. prevailing winds throughout the year uf
separable bar which had risen between When education is placed within the are westerly, and the south-west wind, eva
them, and dared to love again. reach of the masses, and when they be- during -the winter months, is extremely per
The tale was hinted to the baron; his come owners of the soil, we need have bleak, and is accompanied with fre- to
fury may be imagined, but not descri- no fear about the perpetuity of freedom quent showers of sleet, hail and cold in
bed. It would seem that the fact sur- or of our institutions; the former will rain. The north-east wind invariably te(
passed his belief-that his own eyes give him a just conception of the bles- brings rain, and generally blows strong cal
must be the witness of the infidelity of sings to be derived frornm freedom, and fortwo or three days, during.which tia
the one and the madness of the other, the latter the strongest- interest that rain falls in torrents, without intermis- vol
He feigned, therefore, a journey; and so can be made to preserve ail sacredly sion. The country, during these rains, th(
entirely deceived his frail but lovely preserve the same. Theble.ins, en- is inundated; the surfaces of the hills ed
lady, that she fancied herself never joyed by the people with a proper mor- present a vast sheet of water continual- fac
more secure, from intrusion than in al, and religious restraint, form the ly rolling down with great fury; the
those momntIs when tkie very suppres- -Strongest 'safeguard against external rivers suddenly rise, and, rushing with Jo
sed' breathing of the listening avenger hntl internal foes, that can in any event resistless force towards the ocean, car- M
might have been heard in the room- be made by amnation. Standing armies, ry with them the mighty monarchs of So
when the very manner and moment of navies and fortifications, are as noth- the forest, which are twirled in their br
their dreadful deaths were settled, ing in comparison; these in the hands eddies like straws, and oftimes huge an
His eyes could not deceive him; that of a mercenary soldiery may spread masses of rock are dislodged from their w
his vengeance was premeditated, is ev- for a time through any country des- beds and carried by the force of the te
ident by the refinement of thought truction; but they are not the elements current to almost incredible distances. ha
which it must have required-other- for building up and protecting perma- Suddenly, amidst the war of elements, ri
wise, nature and a choking passion neatly a country of freemen. Eleva- the wind will shift to the north-west, ob
must have sacrificed them on the spot. ting the condition of the masses ought and blow with increased fury for a few a
They were instantly seized and to be the great desideratum of our leg- minutes; it will then shift to west, and
bound in his presence; the despair of islators; for, in the accomplishment of will fall moderate; all at once the dark
the one and execration of the other, this, almost every great object of legis- clouds will roll away in a volume, the th
being unheard by him whose sword was lation is attained. sun will shine forth, and, in the course at
law, whose will only was his god; and of half an hour, there will be nothing to or
they were dragged down to the lowest 1 Pressing Emergency.-The brilli- remind you of the dreary storm save It
dungeon of the castle himself follow- ant but dissipated Dr. McGhin once, the roaring of the floods in the rivers,
ing them There the beheld two iron when in his cups, invited a large party which, like departing thunder, send w
stakes driven into the earth, a chain, to dinner when his larder, his wine eel- forth their echoes fainter and fainter for b(
half way down, being attached to each lar, and his purse were alike etnpty.- several hours. After the lapse of a few
of them. The erringo lover was bound On the morning of th e intended visit, hours the ground will be completely B
0his wie ovs almost distracted in the dry, and the air will be again filled with
to one, his speechless and unfortunate t of having to recei y, u e air w e again ea wi st
victim to the other, the chain, by a re- prospect of having to rcothe ex dust These heavy rains fall at inter- at
finemeat of cruelty, being made of that pected guests. Poor McGhin!i he was vals throughout the year, although more in
exact length, that they could approach yet soundly sleeping under th effects frequently in the winter than in the lo
close to each o there, but with out touch- of the vinous libations of tihepreed- summer season; and if a fortnight or o
i ing day, when his lady went up and three weeks should pass away without li
The savage tyrant then bid them awoke him, as was her wo t. He such a visitation, vegetation, except in
i he savag tyrant thn arousemd himself, and'exclalinedl, "Whatth e'sofheortsicekdan
note, that the small arched door open- aroused himself, and ex laime, What he depths of the forests, is checked, and
ing on the back, (and through which is it o'clock? "Near eleven" was the' nature seems completely parched. I s:
they had so often passed to their ren- reply head sa once knew the month of February to t
dezvous,) was recently walled up, so tensely; what have we in the house?" pass away without any rain, and then w
dezvous, was recently walled up, so "Very little,,,' was the ans lx'4) of the pa- hns every thing that was not she!- st
that their cries would be unheard-that h asy almost every thing that was notshe s
irti- p-L:,ildnIlnikenIi"was be f.ied Ihere ti'enwife"Fo0 t at I .. en,: tered by m-he- foTest-or'Couldi norte at- g
until starved to death-food being dis- said MeGhmin, "why I have half a dzen tifieially irrigated, perished, and the air le
played just without their reach! and people coming to dinner. Andwe have on the hills was so filled with dust aris- d
r J ,, k ii T i, +1, neither food ornmoney-not aithing10 to in-fn hdrvnpicmdtt
that their bones should lie where they net foo mon v a ng to ing from the dry, volcanic mud, that
then stood, and be forever unburied. set before them." The case e admit- travelling was almost put a stop to.-
ix~ i- c itea was desperate, and appin vine in~ni'>fF n
Who can imagine their war of feel- tea w a e 1 hatd iSons C. ag.
ings within and without, as when, being gar and other retogerents to is heated an
stunned with this dreadful sentenced, temples, in order to "aniilatthe ef- Keeping Warm all Winter with a Sin- t(
th fects of yesterday," the clever swribe in gle Log of Wood.-To enjoy health, d
Which cut of all hope, they were dester
ed to their hearing by the retreating a short time, penned a I,,ding article warmth, peace of mind and a vigorous tl
- footsteps and harsh locks and bolts of uncommon splendor, i wich the constitution, if you have nothing else u
drawin d harer u on theo. coruscations of his talent spared like to do, take a log of wood of moderate e
, Centuries on centuries rolled away; diamonds upon a Queen. "I stall soon size, carry it to the upper garret and

and the baron's line, and his castle, fol- be home, said he; an away e went throw it from the wmdow mto the L
1 lowing the irrevocable laws of change to the office of a popular morning jour- street, taking care of course not to
lin t r l o c nal--it was received with gladness, and knock any body on the head; this done,
["and time, sank in ruins. Our late era ,io~i^^~r li vju."1-
ane tmen, ank, i r Our at Eria twenty pounds was handed ovei to the run down stairs as fast as you can; take
even, approaching, in which an English needy man. The dinner was :shortly it up again to the garret and do as be-
traveller straying on that unfrequented rovided, though we believe it was ser- fore. Repeat the process until you are ii
beach, observed, while wandering among ved up a little later than the appointed sufficiently warm-when you lay away a
thed up, ou the schaeau, a small door time; but the eclat, when the apecdote the log for another occasion.-Old Re- S
walled up,was told at table, as the wine circula- ci e b
, and scarcely supporting each other.- ted was proportioned to the singularity d
The traveller's curiosity prevailed; he of the experiment. Interesting to Lawyers.-The Legis- t
; forced his way through the half-mant- nature of Vermont, at its recent session, t
* ling brushwood, and overthrowing the Pedigrees.-The English family of passed a law providing that in case an t
; stones, he entered a small dungeon- Vere, Earls of Oxford, pretended to de- attorney should fail to pay over moneys
i vault. From the ground, in the centre, duce its pedigree from the Roman Emh- collected by him, it should be deemed .

rose two iron stakes, each placed oppo- peror Lucius Verus. a wilful and malicious neglect, and up- S
Site the other, with fragments of chains Philip Dormer Stanhope,' Earl of on a verdict being rendered against him i
I hanging from them, half eaten by rust; Chesterfield, placed among th portraits for the same, execution should issue t
e and at the feet of each stake was gath- of his ancestors two old heads, minscrit- against his body, and he be closely con-
f ered a small portion of white dust, and bed ddam de Stanhope, and Eve de fined in jail until the money shall be
intermingled with them, pieces which Stanhope. forthcoming. t
s were discovered to be parts of a skull; The French family of the'Duke'de
s -and these were once animated-and Levis, have a picture in their' -hateau, The following warrant for the arrest
t formed two erring human beings!- in which Noah was represented going of a prisoner was issued by an Indian
v Even so does the tale of murder come into the ark, and carrying under his Judge of Massachusetts, in the days
- to light, when almost the very names arm a small trunk, on whiciiswritten, when Indians were plenty m the Bay
- of the perpetrators are forgotten; so "Papers belonging to theLuvibamily." State: "HHoudi-you Peter ater-
s does the earth reveal the deed of the This puts us in mind of the two man-Jeremy Wicket, Quick you
secret man of blood, Scotchmen, McPherson ond McLeod. catch him Fast you hold him, Straight
t The legend was indeed preserved; McPherson argued that his wis a more youi bring him before me
n but it was this traveller who illustra- ancient clan than that of the McLeod, Resignation of Mr. Slidell.-The
s ted its truth; now, it, may be known to and in proof, asserted that kne of his N..ourier announces the receipt of
h every villager of Tankerville; the guilt ancestors was in the ark witt Noah.- an address of John Slidell to the Elec-
t of the unfortunate pair is revived again, "In the ark wi' Noo-ah!" sai McLeod, tors of the Firt Congressional Dis-
e which else had been buried and forgot- disdainfully; "Look you her Alic Mc- tc tatin that in consequence of his
s ten with the million of similar cases; Pherson," said he, "my anceItors were aing t appointed Minister to Mex-
n but here, their punishment has conceal- in existence far ayont the deluge, but ico he has transmitted to Gov. Mou-
- ed it on earth, asi m heaven, do ye thenk they'd gang int the ark i0 resignation of the seat. M Con-
n When I heard this tale, and from the wi' birds, beasts, reptiles, ad a' that ress which he held as the ir represen-
r- high authority, 1 could not help throw- could be picked up on airth' I Nae Alibc, native It is dated U. S. shi p St. Ma-
e ang myself into the far off moment of they'ddispise it; and besides, whaeever st off Vera Cruz 29th November,a
f their existence. I drew before me the saw the McLeod wi'out a -rigo' his r 2
agonizing changes of their last hours. ane1-N. 0. Delta. i
- I pictured to. myself the first fond : Commodore Elliot, recently deceased,
n bursts of regret, and of passionate ten- Good XNewsfor the Ladies. I-Dr. Per- originally entered the naval service in
r derness-the afterwards slowly corn- quin, of Paris, read a papet before the April, 1804-the date of commission
- mencinglanguor from the exhaustion of French Academy in favor oi the corset as Captain, March, 1818. His names
e body and mind-and then as the still as an article which should 1e Worn by the tenth on the list of Captains. He
it clinging hope utterly failed them, the females. He ridiculed me'tical men was born in Maryland, and appointed
- wild remorse-ending in the execra, for attributing consumption aWd various from .Pennsylvania.,
r, tions perhaps of the one, and in the other diseases to this cause, and de-
t- unanswering despair of the other-until clares that the inferiority of the mus- A large number of families are now
d the struggle of both became feeble, and, cles in that part of the female frame emigrating from Illinois and Missourni








ever upon the decision of the commit-
tee, and that at the date of his commu-
nication, Dec. 31st ult., it was the pre-
vailing opinion that Mr. BROCKEN-
BROUGH would be successful, and that
the committee would report resolutions
declaring him to be entitled to his seat.
This will be a terrible disappointment
to our Whig friends, for they have late-
ly considered the whole matter settled,
and we may expect all manner of ac-
cusations and imputations of partiality
against the committee when their re-
port is made public. No one however,
with the proof before his eyes that Mr.
BROCKENBROUGH had obtained over one
hundred majority, would, we think, hes-
itate to say that in fairness he should
be entitled to the seat. At any rate, a
few days will decide the matter, and
relieve us from our disagreeable state
of suspense.

Which nominations were severally
advised and consented to.
Resolutions requesting our Senators
and Representative in Congress, to ob-
tain the passage of a law making do-,
nations of 160 acres of land to such
citizens as will engage in the cultivation
of Tropical productions;-were adopt-

Illinois to introduce a bill to author;
the President to negotiate the matter.
We hope the time is not long distar
when this proposition will appear les
extravagant to our Whig brethren, an
that they may yet see the flag of th
Union waving over a fair Island, di,
traced by the tyrannical government
of a feeble and exacting monarchy.

House of Representatives, Dec. 23d.-
A message was received from the Gov
ernor transmitting his approval of ai
act entitled "An act to authorize thl
sale of the equity of redemption t4
mortgaged property, and for other pur
A Bill to be entitled "An act concern
ning the statutes of Great Britain o
force in this State," was read the firs
The Bill to be entitled "An act to ap
portion the representation of this State,'
-after having been amended by th(
House, passed by a vote of 17 to 6.
The House and Senate then- proceed.
ed to an election for the office.of Asses-.
sor for the County of Orange, and upor
the first ballotting Mr. Constant Pottei
receiving 36 votes to 3 blank, was de-.
clared duly elected Tax Assessor foi
Orange County.
Senate bill entitled An act regula-
ting the duties of Masters in Chancery,
&c.," was read the first time.
Senate preamble and resolution ask-
ing Congress to grant to the State ol
Florida St. Francis Barracks for a sem-
inary of learning, were read the first
Senate preamble and resolutions re-
lative to a change in the mail route
from TVllahassee to Jacksonville and
Garey's Ferry, and to increase the
speed thereof; also, establishing a mail
route from Blount's Ferry in Columbia
county, to Kirkland's in Nassau coun-.
ty, conoining with the line from St.
Mary"s ;o Jacksonville, were adopted.
Sena e Preamble and resolutions ask-
ing of Congress the erection of a light
house at Cedar Keys, were adopted.
Prea ble and resolution in relation
to militia services performed by eleven
men unfer-command of Allen G. John-
son in 139, were adopted.
- Sena; Bill to be entitled "An act re-
spectin the property of and debts due
to corporations, that have been dissol-
ved an. of debts owing by them;" was
lost by a vote of 11 to 13.
A Bll to be entitled "An act so
amending the Constitution of this State,
as to mike the sessions of the Legisla-
ture binnial, instead of annual," was
read the first time.
A Bil to be entitled "An act to de-
fine the duties of Surveyors," passed by
avotelof 23 to 2.
A 1^11 to be entitled "An act con-
cernin Coroners," passed by a vote of
19 to .
A l]ill to be entitled "An act to pre-
vent tie burning of woods, and for oth-
er purb0ses," was lost by a vote oe 9 to
A ill to be entitled "An act to au-
thoriz and empower the Comptroller
of the T'easury, to audit and allow the

contingVit expenses of the Circuit
Courts apd Supreme Court of Florida,"
passed bbya vote of 19 to 5.
Senate Bill to be entitled "An act to
amend t4e several acts in relation to
the limitation of actions, &c," pas-
sed as i4mefided, by a vote of 15 to 7.
Senat bill to be entitled "An act
supplen ;etary to an act, &c. entitled
an act o provide for the appointmentI
of Just sof the Peace and Constables,"
passed br a vote of 18 to 4.
Wedn day, Dec. 24th.-A message
was rec ived from the Governor, nomi-
nating he following persons as Com-
mission rs of Fisheries.
For D Aval county, A. M. Read, and
Charles B reward.
For 3 onroe county, F. L. Moreno,
and Joh; H Geiger.
For dade county, Wm. H. Bethell,
and Wi F. English.
For U'yy county, E. H. Richards
and John Waterson.
For t. John's county, James R.
Sanche, and James Keogh.
For range county, N. H. Buck-
house, and Asa Munson.
For St. Lucie county,- Ward,
and- Barker.
Also,,. as Port Wardens, for Cedar
Keys, E, H. Richards, and J. G. Put-
nam, John E. Johnson, and John Wa-


As certain of our exchanges and
communications are still sent to St
Augustine, we beg leave again to call
attention to the fact, that the publica.-
tion of this paper has been removed tc
Jacksonville, and that our friends will
oblige us, by directing to us, in future
at that place.

D The General Assembly of this
State adjourned sine die, on the night
of the 29th ult. at about 12 o'clock.-
The press upon our columns, caused
by the proceedings of the Legislature,
- will cease after the next week, and we
shall spare no exertion to fill them with
subjects of more general interest.
[OD P-We acknowledge the receipt of
the first number of a new evening pa-
per, called the "Evening Herald" pub-
lished in Savannah. It is issued un-
der the auspices of Mr. EWD. C. CovN-
CELL,,a practical printer of high respect-
ability, and although we believe it to be
a hazardous undertaking to embark un-
der a neutral flag, we have every confi-
dence that the gentleman will ultimate-
ly succeed.
([P- We learn from an article in the
Tallahassee Star," that it is to be dis-
continued, and that one of its former
proposes to establish a new papet, to
be called The Southern Journial."
This gentleman, after explaining the
reasons of the quasi neutrality of the
Star," and attributing it to the pecu-
liar position of its late Editor, declares
that he has never believed, either in the
doctrines or measures of the Whig
party-that he has found his late posi-
tion irksome-and has resolved to em-
bark his energies in a sphere where he
cat, aid those to whom he is really
friendly, and can oppose principles
which he believes detrimental. We
cannot avoid feeling some satisfaction
at the course adopted by the gentleman,
for, as we believe, that a neutral politi-
cal paper is no political paper at all,
we are the more gratified at welcoming
to our ranks a colleague whose past ef-
forts give so much promise for the fu-
ture. We will publish the prospectus
in,our next.

(U]P" For the information of those of
our Northern friends whom ill health
or nipping cold weather have inspired
with disgust for their inclement .win-
ters, we have resolved to publish so
much of a meteorological table as will
exhibit the temperature of our Florida
atmosphere, at three different times in
the day. When it is remembered that
the season is remarkably severe, and
that the observations, being taken With
great care, exhibit a greater degree of
cold than would be naturally supposed,
we feel confident that our Florida cli-
mate will awake at once the envy and
admiration of the many who have form-
ed no idea of it. We" are now writing
in an open room, without a fire, and be-
lieve that few of our editorial brethren
to the North .of us could do so without
feeling a violent inclination to split up
thfiirold pjne table, We trust that our
'effort to 'spread the information will

have the effect to call to our sunny land
many a one who is fond of a delicious
winter or a delicious summer.
The vexed question, who is to be the
Representative of the State .of Florida,
remains still undecided. For months
we have been in suspense, and which-
ever way the matter is terminated, we
believe it will be a relief to the friends
of both the claimants, to ]earn- that'
something definite has been arrived at.,
The Whigs were lately in high glorifth-
cation on account of the decision of cer-
tain incidental questions by the com-
mittee of enquiry, in favor of Mr. CA-
'BELL, but from very recent intelligence
we have little doubt but that their
triumph will be short lived.
We also learn from the Washington
correspondent of the Richmond Inquir-
er, and no authority can be more reli-
able, that the decision of these inciden-
tal questions will have no effect what-

The resolution offered by the H-on.
DAvID LEVY, in the Senate of the United
States, authorizing the President to
enter into negotiations for the purchase
of the Island of Cuba, seems to have
called forth the universal sneer from
the Whig press, which might have
been expected. And although, in the
present state of affairs, we think it ra-
ther premature, yet we can find nothing
in the movement which should inspire
either ridicule or contempt. And in
the comments of Whigs upon this sub-
ject, we cannot perceive that its merits
have ever been in the least examined,
or that they have ever been sought to
be examined. It was not that the pur-
chase of Cuba would be productive of
injury to the country,-it was not that
the measure would be unacceptable to
the people of that Island or the United
States, but it was because the proposi-
tion emanated from a Democratic Sena-
tor,-and was directly hostile to the ex-
clusive and Anti-Democratic spirit of
Whiggery,-that it was made the un-
pardonable sin.
The peculiar constitution of our go-
vernment, prevents a movement of this
kind from being kept private. In a
monarchy, however, although it might
be a subject of interest to every ore-~i&-
the realm, yet these little things aro set-
tled by ministers of State, over a glass
of madeira, and nobody is a whit the
wiser. The objection to the resolution
to the present time is not to the subject
itself, but to the manner in which it was
introduced. The public declaration of
our interests and of outf intentions,
might embarrass us greatly in the set-
tlement of other national measures,
which are yet at issue. But that it
will become eventually of vital impor-
tance to the country that we have pos-
session of the Island, no one of foresight
can have a doubt. England, it is said,
has always acted upon the principle of
having the key to everybody's back
door. Their is no reason why we
should not exert ourselves to procure
the key of what will one day be our
own front door. The position of Cu-
ba, at the mouth of the Gulf of Mexi-
co, enables it to command the com-
merce of all the territories that lie
thereon. In case of wrar, the protec-
tion of the Southern tier of States,
of Texas,-and of that vast and weal-
thy region which is watered by the
Mississippi, the Missouri, the Colo-
rado, the Rio Grande and the Red Riv-
,ers, would render it absolutely necessa-
ry that we should be in possession of
the best point on the Gulf. The pro-
ductions which will one day flow from
that great agricultural country stretch-
ing flom the banks of the Mississippi
to the eastern base of the Rocky Moun-
tains, must all find enn outlet through
the mouth of that great river, and the
interests of the United States will re-
quire the possession of Cuba. It is no
new project. It is not the creation of
an imaginative brain. It is what has
long agitated the people of the South
and West. It is now a measure which
they ardently desire will be eventually
carried out. Nor is this resolution

without an echo from the popular voice.
Many public meetings have recently
b-een held in the West to promote the
purchase of this Island. We may re-
fer to one at Springfield, Ill., where
Gov. FORD presided. Speeches were
made by -Gov. REYNOLDS and others,
and resolutions were adopted instruct-
ing the Representatives inCongress from


ww-v -or -or a--I 1%LT V--l 'K7lr7* L4



them. In this case* the Committee
have been unable to find it to be within
the province of the general Asssnbly
to afford the relief asked foi. '"eey
therefore ask to be dicharged fromhe
further consideration &f the matter
WM. W. J. KELLY, Ch'm,
In Senate-Tuesday, Dec. 23d.-Mr,
Kain offered a preamble and resolution,
calling upon our Senators and Repre
sentative in Congress, to procure the
establishment of a tri-weekly mail to
the city of Apalachicola, which was :a-
dopted unanimously.,
House Bill to be entitled "An act to
establish the office of Register of Public
Lands for the State of Florida," was
read the first time. /
House Bill to be entitled "An act to
amend an act entitled an act to raise a
revenue for the State of Florida," pas-
sed as amended, by a vote of 11 to 5.
The nominations of the Governor for
Commissioners of Fisheries, were advis-
ed and consented to, excepting those of
Jas. R. Sarhez, for St. Johns C4$nty,
and Barker forSt. Lucie, wAh on
motion of Mr. Forward, were laid on
the table.
Wednesday, Dec. 24th.-Mr. Broward
moved that the Flag presented to the
General Assembly with its motto-
"LET us ALONE"---which was received
and adopted as the Flag of the State of
Florida, by, the House of Representa-
tives at the commencement of this ses-
sion, be now advised, consented to and
adopted by the Senate, as the Flag of
the State of Florida.
Which was adopted.
The nomination of -- Barker, as
Commissioner of fisheries, for the coun-
ty of St. Lucie, was taken from the ta-
ble, the word "John" prefixed to said
name, and the same advised and con-
sented to bythe Senate.
Engrossed Bill to be entitled "An act
for securing liens to mechanics, over-
seers, and others,"--passed by a vote
of 8 to 4.
The resolutions relative to the office
of Treasurer, Comptroller and Secreta-
ry of State, were adopted bjr a vote of
7 to 6.
The resolution relative to the im-
provement of the navigation of the Su-
n*ijkiee River, wu;3 adoptedd unanimous-
The Bill to be entitled "An act so t
amend the Constitution of this State,
as to extend the elective franchise to all
free white male inhabitants of, and over
he age of 21, &c,"-was lost by a vote
of 7 to 5, two-thirds not voting for it
The Bill to be entitled "An aet to
nmend an act to establish a tariffof
ees," passed by a vote of 10 to 3, and
was afterwards amended so as to read,
'An act to provide for the payment of
urors, and for other purposes. /
House Bill to be entitled "An act re*
ative to elections in this State," was
ead the first time.
House Bill to be entitled "An act ti
establish the office of Register of Public
,ands, for the State of Florida," passed
y a vote of 11 to 3.
The Select Committee, to whom was
referred the petition of Moses E. Levy,i
2harles RobSon, Eugene Van Ness,
ohn M. Berrien, B. A. Putnam and

ohnH. Lewiss praying a suspension
f the assessing and collection of the
axes on certain lands, situate part in
lachua county, and partly in Marion
county, called and known by the "Ar-
edondo Alachua grant, reported the
allowing resolution:
"Th/hat tIie Board'of Commissioners
or the counties of Alachua aind Mar-
on, be and are hereby authorized, (in
heir discretion,) to suspend the-asses-
ing and collection of taxes upon the
Alachua Arredondo Grant," for the'fis-
al year 18"5, after which suspension
he assessors and collectors of said
counties, and each of them, shall pro-
eed to assess and collect the taxes on
aid grant for the said fiscal year, in
he same manner":Vs they would and
would have done, iad not this resolution
een passed."
Which was readthe first time.
House bill entitled, "An act to incor-
orako the different Townships in this
tate for the institution and establish-
nent of common schools," was read
he first time.v- .,
Mr. Forward presented a. petition
oin the Honorable'David Levy pray-
ig to change his name to that of Da-
id Levy Eulee.
Which was referredto a Select COm-w
aittee consisting of Messrs. Forward,
3roward and Cartdr. '

A Bill to be entitled "An act relating
to executions," was indefinitely post-
poned by a vote of 18 to 8.
A message was received from the
Governor nominatieg the following per-
sons as Commissioneas of Fisheries,-
For the County of St. Johns, Wm. Pa-
cetty, and for the County of Hillsbo-
rough, Hamilton V. Snell, and Thos.
P. Kanada. Which were advised and
consented to, except the nomination of
Mr. Pacetty, which, on motion of Mr.
Russell, was laid on the table.
A Bill entitled "An act relative to
Elections in this State, passed by a vote
of 22 to 4.
Resolution requiring the first im-
provement to be made by the Board of
Internal Improvement in this State,
shall be the improvement of the navi-
gation of the Suwannee River, wes read
a second time, and on motion of Mr.
Ferguson, was laid on the table.
A bill to be entitled "An act to in-
corporate the different Townships in
this State, for the institution and es-
tablishment of Common Schools, pass-
ed by a vote of 20 to 9.
The Senate and House then proceed-
ed to an election for Tax Assessor for
Calhoun county, and 'pon the first vo-
ting, Mr. Taylor Caraway having re-
ceived 41 votes to 3, was declared/duly
elected. /
Senate Bill to be entitled, "An act
for securing liens to mechanics, over-
seers and others," was read the first
Senate resolutions relative to the du-
ties of the Secretary of State, Comp-
troller of Public Accounts, &c., were
A bill to be entitled, "An Act to Rs-
ablish Trustees of the Seminary asud
School funds, &c," passed by a vote of.
15 to 8.
A bill to be entitled "An act so a-
nending the Constitution of this State
is to make the sessions of the Legis-
ature biennial, instead of annual," was
aid on the table by a vote of 15 to 11.
Friday, Dec. 26th.-A message was
received from the Governor transmit-t
ing his approval of the following reso-
utions and acts:






Resolution in relation to a Light
House at Cedar Keys.
Resolution in favor of Wm. Blount.
Resolutions in relation to sundry
mail routes therein mentioned.
Resolution for a tri-iweekly mail to
and from Apalachicola.
Resolution, authorizing the Governor
to exchange maps, books, &c.
An act in relation to the Clerk of the
Circuit Court of Calhoun county.
An act supplemental to an act for the
appointment of Justices of the Peace.
An act for the appointment of In-
spectors of cotton, lumber, arid other
.produce therein mentioned, for the
county of Franklin.
An act to refund certain taxes in the
county of Alachua.
An act to locate the county site for
Washington county.
An act to suspend so much of the 33d
section of the revenue law, as relates to
Tallahassee and Pensacola.
An act to suspend so much of the
33d section oP'thq revenue law, as re-
lates to Apalachicola. .. ,
Also, nominating Dr. Benj. Melli-
champ as Commissoner of Fisheries
in Washington county; which nomina-
tion was advised and consented to.
The select committee to whom was
referred the petition of Pedro Benet,
made the following report:
"That it is assumed by the petition-
er, that he was elected by a large ma-
jority of the votes of St. Johns county,
on the 6th of October, 1845, one of the
Board of County Commissioners, not-
withstanding which he has been iri-
properly deprived of his seat in said
Board, by the "misplacing a few words,
and the misinterpretation of others by
the officers conducting the election."-
What these words are, or what others
have been misinterpreted, the Commit-
tee have not been advised. The Com-
mittee are of opinion, that applications
of this character should receive the
strictest scrutiny; indeed, too much
caution cannot be had in investigating
issues of fact, when an attempt is made
to interfere with conclusions made or
interpretations of law by those who are
sworn to execute the trust confided to












the views of some of our modern mor-
alists, all our joys would be neutralized.
It is a trite remark founded on exten-
sive observation, that the nearly entire
extinction of the warmer and more gen-
erous emotions, is the price paid for
mere polish of manners, and the civili-
zation of us moderns, the habit of
uniformly repressing the feelings, hav-
ing the ultimate effect of deadening and
destroying them. There is an infinite
deal of hypocrisy in our soi-disant good
society-the exterior is indeed brilliant,
but, with a few exceptions, it is all ex-
terior. For our part we beg to be de-
livered from the utilitarian spirit of the
age-the false notions of duty-the di-
vision of interests and selfishness of this
" good society," and to be left to follow
the dictates of nature, and of acting,
when thus called upon to act, in very
despite of the prejudices of birth and
education, and the more appealing and
powerful advocacy of self-interest or
At the ball, on the 22d February, in
commemoration of Washington's birth,
let the same feeling prevail.
Let those then dance, who never danced before,
And those whoulwuys dance,then dance tie more."
Jacksonville, Jan. 6th, 1846.
The intelligence received here from
Mexico, by way of Havanna, is fully
credited. The Mexican government is
* undoubtedly in a state of dissolution.
The effect of the downfall of Herrera's
government upon our interests will be
very important. A war must ensue, as
every one says here. Our government
cannot longer leave unsettled the diffi-
culties so long pending bei ween the two
countries, nor is it the intention of the
present administration to withdraw
their forces until the boundary ques-
* tion, at least, shall be settled.
Mr. Webster presented a memorial,
signed by some thousand, remrnonstrat-
ing against the admission of Texas.-
SMr. Webster continued, "This paper
Scorano ratlfd late Sir, but it will tbe in
- time for Cuba, so let it lie on the table.'
There was a very general laugh at the
idea. But the ultimate annexation of
Cuba is no joke.
e WASHINGTON, Dec. 27.
S Texas.-A message was received
i from the House of Representatives, an
Snouncing that-the joint resolution fo
the admission of Texas into the Unio
had been signed by the President of the
United States, and requesting the sig
Nature of the Vice President thereto.
f Resolutions of the Legislature of Ver
Smont, and remonstrances from the citi
zens of Maine, of Vermont and of Penn
, sylvania, against the admission of Tex
- as into the Union, were presented an
g laid on the table.
e Cuba.-Mr. Levy rose and said that
in deference to the desire expressed t,
Y him by several of his friends, he had
w concluded to withdraw for the present
the resolution introduced by htm a fe\
s days since in reference to the acquisi
y tion of Cuba. Although his judgment
by no means concurred in the potency
of the reasons assigned to induce it
s- withdrawal, yet, willing as he was a
il all times to defer to the superior expe
o rience and wisdom of his associates, h
, did not hesitate to adopt their wishe
,t by its withdrawal for the present, th
more especially as it had not been hi
d purpose, when the resolution was intro
g duced, to call it up for action until
e late period of the session. He accord
ingly, by general consent, withdrew
. the resolution which he had moved up

- on the subject.
11 Oregon, 4'c.-The following resolu
i- tions, submitted by Mr. Atchisonl o
.- the' 18th ult., coming up in course, t
'- Resolved, That the Committee o
d Territories be instructed to enquire ir
, to the expediency of organizing a Gov
g ernment for the Territory of Oregon.
n Resolved, That the Committee o
Military Affairs be instructed to inquiry
into the expediency of establishing
10 block houses and stockade forts an
r, military posts from the frontiers of Mi,
ie sour to Freemont's Pass, in the Rock
Mountains, and from thence through
r- Oregon Territory to the mouth of th
e- Columbia river;' and also to enquire ii
t to the expediency of raising and orgat
t izing a corps of mounted riflemen fo
e, the purpose of escorting emigrants, an
v- protecting American citizens in the O
d egon Territory.
le Resolved, That the Committee c
al Public lands be instructed to enqui
into the expediency of granting land
c- to actual settlers in the Territory
" Oregon.
m Resolved, That the Committee o





) q
















M. Gaillardet, the intelligent editor
of the French Courier in New York,
who returned last week from a visit to
Europe, in the Acadia, ventures upon
the following prediction concerning the
Oregon question.
"After exhausting all negotiations
England will accept the 49th degree of
latitude provided Cape Quadra and Van-
couver's Island be also conceded to her
in compensation for yielding the Co-
lumbia. But that will be England's
ultimatum, and even it will not be offer-
ed unless the terms of the discussions
shall be more concilliatory than hereto-
fore, for now, Oregon is more a point of
honor than of interest for England."
Dissolutior.-The "Native party"
in New York has "blown up," and the
American Patriot, (their only newspa-
per organ) denounces the leaders of the
party in set terms. It accuses them ( f
divers offences, and describes them as
"heartless, selfish, and, of course, un-
principled politjcians"-as "the merce-
nary, malicious, craven-hearted, re-
vengeful, reckless and implacable, who
have assumed a position in the Native
American party which they never
could have obtained in any other, and
consequently better regulated party."
The Hon. Jesse D. Bright, dem., has
been elected by the Indiana Legislature
U. S. Senator for six years from the 4th
of March last.

Plum Pudding for the Million.-
Take half a pound of flour, half a pound
of currants, halfa pound of grated car-
rots, half a pound of grated potatoes, a
quarter of a pound of suet, and a little
seasoning. Mix them together, and
boil them in a basin an hour and a half.
You will then have an excellent plum
pudding for a trifle more than a six-
pence! Just try the experiment.-
Shropshire Conservative, (Eng.)

Fifteen feet of Snow at Quebec.-The
Quebec Gazette, of the 5th says, that
for the previous eight days the weather
had been more severe in that city than
it was in the frightful climate of Mos-
cow in 1812. The .thermometer was
down to ten degrees below zero, and
the snow lies in heaps more than fifteen
feet deep, and then falling so thick that
it was impossible to see at a distance of
a few feet. "The broad St. Lawrence
is not only covered with floating ice,
but is heaped one piece above another,
rendering it almost impossible even for
the hardy canoemen of Point Levy, to

The Texan papers state that. from
practical tests, Texas is a fine sugar
growing country. As an illustration of
the mildness of the Texan climate, it is
stated that tobacco, egg-plant, okra,
palma christi, and many other plants,
continue through the winter the growth
and verdure of spring.

S Serious Witticism.-Some friends
were commenting on Byron's scheme
for collecting into a melancholy jest
book, the last sallies of distinguished
men. "Sir Thomas Moore," said one,
"was witty even on the scaffold."-
"Ay," replied another, "and it is well
kuown that the grave Charles I was so
t struck with the gesticulation of the ex-
r ecutioner, that he could not keep his
1 The Brooklyn N..Y. Eagle contains
" the call for a meeting of the people of
Long Island to take into consideration
. the expediency of making a State ot
Long Island.

, The population of Russia, according
s to the last census, is 62,500,000; yet
e there is evidently less wealth and
" strength than in the United States.

e Population of Oregon.-There are
from six to seven thousand emigrants
e from the United States in Oregon, and
t from preparations now in progress in
y forming emigrating companies, there is
s no doubt but this population will be
- next year double, at least, what it is

, A Texas feather -bed is said to be
v made of corn cobs and shucks! In Mex-
t ico their beds are sometimes made of
prickly pears and centipedes, with an oc-
casional tarantula.
'- Suicide ofa Midshipman.-Mr. W
d H. Jamison, a passed midshipman in
- the U. S. navy, committed suicide a
Charleston on Tuesday morning, by
jumping out of the window of his room
- at the Merchant's Hotel. He arrived th<
I- previous evening from Pensacola, where
s he had received his discharge in conse
d quenCe of bad health. He has a wif
h and children in Virginia.

._ Russian Railroad-The most ex
s tensive tract of railroad ever contem
e plated in Europe is that from St. Pe
e tersburg to Odessa, over an uninter
of rupted line of sixteen hundred miles
y It will connect the Baltic, the Blac
of and the Caspian Seas, traversing their
e different zones of temperature; so that
e- person may thus leave the Russian cap
of ital in the depth of winter, and arriv
)n on the same rail in Odessa in ho

the Militia be instructed to enquire in
to the expediency oforganiziug, arming
and equipping the militia of Oregon
Resolved, That the Committee on
Indian Affairs inquire into the expedi-
ency of establishing Indian agencies
and sub-agencies in the Oregon Terri-
tory, and the extension of the laws of
the United States regulating intercourse
with the Indians over said territory as
far as they may be applicable.
Resolved, That the Committee on
the Post Office and Post Roads be in-
structed to enquire into the expediency
of establishing a mail route from the
frontiers of Missouri to the city of Or-
egon, in the Oregon Territory.
Fram the National Intelligencer ofrthe 27th ult.
The following paragraph appears in
the New York "Morning News" of
Wednesday last, which, with other
New York papers of the same date,
reached us since our last publication:
"A report was in general circulation
yesterday afternoon that a letter had
been received in the city from a mem-
ber of the Cabinet at Washington, by
the afternoon's mail, to the effect that a
settlement of the Oregon boundary
question had been concluded in London
between the British Government and
Mr. McLane on the basis of the 49th
degree-the proposition having come
from the former. We have not seen
the letter in question, but have reason
to regard the truth of this report as in
the highest degree probable. We know
the British Government is anxious for
the speedy and amicable settlement
of the question. We know too, that it
was at a recent day ready to offer the
49th degree, before allowing matters to
go to extremities. Nothing can be
more likely than that out of this anxie-
ty on their part, coupled with the fact
of our Government having recently of-
fered to accept the line of 49 degrees,
has grown a definite treaty between
Lord Aberdeen and Mr McLane."
Had this paragraph appeared in al-
most any other paper, we should have
passed it by as being a mere embodi-
ment of one of the multitude of rumors
from Washington which are constantly
on the wing in the great commercial
Emporium. Nor do we now giye faith
Sto the rumor said to have gone to New
York from this city of the actual "set-
Stlement of the Boundary Question" at
London. But to remarks of the News
I upon the rumor, we attach much con-
- fidence from the fact that the Editor of
Sthe News, J. L. O'Sullivan, Esq., has
r just returned in the Acadia, from a short
Visit to Europe, during whicd he has
doubtless had access at Londo, to the
e best sources of information. V-hen he
f says that he has "reason to regard the
truth of the report as in the highest de-
gree probable," and that he knows the
d disposition and willingness of tie Brit-
- ish Government to be such as ie says,
r we feel bound to share the confidence
n which he expresses of a speedy and sat-
e isfactory adjustment of this question
" on the principle above stated. Such,
our readers will recollect, has teen our
" hope, and, we may say, our predic-
" tion.

" Texas.-The New Orleans ]elta, ot
d the 26th ult. says-On perusing our
files of Texas papers, brought by the
, New York, we find little of interest in
o addition to the news we gave in a post,
d script yesterday morning. -
t The Texas papers are filled witt:
v long articles-attacks and replies. Gen
-" Houston explains his course towards th(
t Mier prisoners-Col. Wm. S. Fisher
Y commander of that expedition, replies,
s in an able article. In addition, there
t appears several wordy letters from Ash
-" bel Smith, defining his position in re
e nation to annexation. The articles ar(

s quite racy-but the weather is pool.
e We have been informed that private
s letters from Corpus Christi re resen
" the health of the troops as d(cidedl
a bad. One letter states the the deaths
- average two a day. We hope these ac
w counts may be exaggerated.
The Thermometer at Albanv, N. Y.
L- on Thursday, was at 11 degrees belov
n zero, within one degree of the lowes
o point at that place last winter.

n Caution.--It ought to be generally
" known that white swellings are fre
q luently induced by pressing bureau am
other drawers into their proper posi
n tion with the knee.
g Ole Bull left New York on Vednes
d day, the 3d inst., in the packet bhip Bal
s- timore for Havre. It is said that thi
y distinguished artist gave two nundre,
h concerts while in this country which
ie yielded him nearly $80,000.
n- The President, it i's understood, (say
)r the Washington correspondent of th
d Baltimore American) has signed th
r- joint resolution for the admission (
Texas, and forwarded a copy of it b
)n a private messenger to the capital
re Texas. Two months will probably se
Is Texas sinking her identity as an ind
of pendent nation into a single State
*this Union, with representatives upc
)n the floor of Congress,

After a short time Mr. Forward, Dan to Beersheba. crying, all, allis bar-
from said committee, reported said pe- ren. On the contrary, we should sedul-
tition with a bill to be entitled, An Act ously cultivate that disposition, which
to allow the Hon: David Levy to would lead us to administer a little
change his name to David Levy Eulee. pleasure, as a palliative to the ills of
Which was read a first time, and on life. Should we practically conform to

motion of Mr. Forward, the rule was
waived, read a second and third time

The Militia of the United States.-
The number of militia.enrolled and sub-
ject to draft in the United States is,
according to the Army Register 1,759,-
719. From the date of many of the
returns, they must necessarily be far
below the true standard, but they may
safely be stated at 2,000,000 men.-
One tenth of the actual militia force of
the country would give an army of
200,000 men. This is the number con-
templated in the resolutions for organi-
zing the militia, which, it is said, Col.
Benton intends to report to tlie Senate.

William Smith, Esq, has accepted
the office of Governor of Virginia, and
will be in Richmond on 31st inst., to
enter upon its duties.

Manufacturing Profits in Virginia.
The Richmond Enquirer says the Man-
chester Cotton and Wool Manufactur-
ing Company have declared a dividend
of nine per cent.

Dogwood, says the N. Y. Star, may
readily be distinguished by its peculiar
Fools.-A man in W\Vest Roxbury di-
vides fools into two classes-natural
fools and d- d fools.
"Shoot folly as it flies.-Pope."-
was set up by a stupid printer-"Shoot
Polly as she flies, pop."-Reveille.

Industry: An Abolitionist straighten-
ing a negro's hair-

On -which the yeas and nays were:
Yeas-Mr. President, Messrs. Bel-
lamy, Broward, Carter, Forward, Kain,
Mays, McLean, Mitchell and Priest-
So the bill passed. Title as stated.
House Bill entitled "An act to estab-
lish Trustees of the Seminary and
School funds, &c," was read the first
Mr. Haughton, having offered a pre-
amble and resolution on Thursday last,
in reference to the Public Lands, a Na-
tional Bank, and the Tariff, asked leave
to withdraw them from the Senate in
that shape; and to spread them upon
the journals in the form of a protest
against the report of the Committee on
the State of the Republic, made a pre-
vious day.
Which leave was granted, and the
protect ordered to be inserted.
A message was received from the
Governor nominating Domingo Acosta
and Ephraim Harrison as Commission-
ers of fisheries for Nassau County.
Which were severally advised and
consented to.

"Life's ne'er the worse for't," ex-
claimed a merry friend of KITZENWIN-
GER, a German moralist, in conversing
with him upon the little incidents of
joyance that obtain in life. The
scrupulous," said he, would bind us
down to a rigid form of unchanging
ceremony, fastidiously impugning the
most harmless sallies o' our cheerful-
ness, but I likes a bit of hop."
S Harmonizing in sentiment with the
friend of KITZENWINGER, and wishing
to suit the action to the expression, a
company of ladies and gentlemen as-
sembled at-- to dance out the old
and welcome in the new year. The,
hall was beautifully and fancifully fes-
tooned With cedar, and the dark greer
foliage of the cedar, brilliantly span
gled o'er with lights, presenting a fin(
effect. And when music arose with
S its voluptuous swell" from its sylvan
retreat-but one feeling pervaded t.h,
S whole assembly.
; On with the dance, let joy ho uncnfin'd,
No sleep till morn, where yo.,th ond honity meet
Toehase the \vingvd himrs, with flying feet."
Having spent the night in winding
with graceful and fantastic step through
S the mazes of the waltz and cotillion
and in the liveliest interchange of senti
S ment, and the sprightly repartee calling
frequently into exercise our risible
powers, the party dispersed, cordial
wishing each other a happy new
The pleasure of the entertainment i
to be principally attributed to the gayet;
*\ of the ladies, whose joy beaming coun
' tenances kindled a flame of enthusiasm
ii tic hilarity which diffused its genial
t,,, influence around. This is not said t
-,. the disparagement of the managers
r': whom we cannot too highly complimen
|' for their admirable management, an
who heartily unite with us in laudin
the beauty and taste, as well as th
gayety of the ladies.
Though it woul'mseem almost invidi
1 .ous to particularise, where each and a

S present the highest claims to consider
S0 tion, yet we cannot refrain from ex.
W pressing- our admiration of the fairy
-like Miss who, to youth an
Beauty, unites a delicate enthusiasm
Fascinating deportment and within
grace. Of her you would exclaim i
the language of MOORE :
When her delicate feet in the dince Iwink
That her steps are of light. that her homo is 1 he ai
And she only "par complaisance," touches tl
The absence of these social gather
ings would be a loss, much to be re
gretted-it would cause estrangement
and reserve to predominate, where
S otherwise, perfect harmony and fellow
S ship exist. Man is a creature forme
for society-he has within him noble
S attributes, which require the socit
magnet, by which alone they are elic
ted. "-Life's ne'er the worse fort.
There is no use inr our travelling front

State of the Th'rmometer, at Jacksonville, dur-
ing the week, ending the 7th inst.
1846. 8 A. M. 2 P. M. 9 P. M.
Jan. 1st, 46 64 60
2d, 61 66 55
3d, 47 58 55
4th, 54 64 60
5bih, 59 66 60
6th, 64 66 61
7th, 61 62 51

Per steamer St. Matthews, from Savannah,
January 5th.-Mrs. Grant, two MissGrants, Mrs.
Hardee, two children and servant,3Mrs. Kurstead,
Miss Annie Blount, Miss Pugsley, Messrs; f. f .
Houston, Jas. Pendirvis, H. T. Grant, L. King,
J.1. LaRoche, R. J. Berrie, J. H. Madison, Wnm.
Kiirstead, Perpall, D. Olmsted and J. Dunham.
Per Steamer WVm Gaslon, from Savannah,
January 8th.- Mrs. Hucy, Miss Hucy, Mrs.
Camp, Gen. Hernandez, Messrs. Stovell. Hucy,
Heine. Hopkins, Camp, Camp,jr., and McGaha-

6th. Schr. Solomon Rosevelt, Covert, for Gal-

ESSRS. HOLMES & CO., have removed
their stock of Merclhandize to the large
building occupied by the United States, known a&
the Government Building. They have added to
their stock, by the late arrivals from New York,
a full assortment of Dry Goods, Groceries, Hard-
vwure. Provisions, &c. &c.
They have on hand, now landing from brig Vir-
ginia, from New York, 50 bales Hay, 50 bbls.
Lime, 20 thousand Laths, 30 boxes Cheese, 20
kegs Butter, 0 kegs Lard, 20 bbls. Pork, 20 half
bbls. Beef, 20 bbls. Bread, 50 bags Coffee, 50
ibls. Liquor, 100 Ploughs, Iron of various sizes,
Glasses, boxes Pipes, Tobacco, &c. &c. All of
which they wil! sell at low prices.
Jaclksonville, January 9th, 1846.

Rganaway Negro Caught.
A negro fellow calling himself PETER,
and supposed to be the properly of Mr.
Daniel A. Burleson, was arrested at the
K }'anama 1Millk. anidl ius been committ'i,
thisdly, to the Dtival county ail, at Jacksonville.
Dep. Sheriff. Duval county.
J.1cksonvllle, Jan. 9th, 1846.,

IED, of consumption, at my residence, at
Enterprise, Lake Monroe, i-n Orange county,
Florida, on the 14th day of November last, a gen-
tleman calling himself E. L. HALLOWELL,,
and stating that he was froni the State of N#r4h1
Carolina. The deceased came to my said resi
dence anout thli last of October in an extremely
low state ofhealth, and survived only to the pi-
riod first, above named. This is to notify his
friends and relatives of his decease, and to si,.
that sundry articles consisting chi,-fly of one horse
and a buggy, of wearing apparel, gold waich. and
money amounting to about one hundred and thirty
dollars, left. by him, are now in my pip.'sesa.ion,
and ready to be surrendered toI such person as
may be entitled to the same, subject to hisfTineral
and other expenses incurred during his Inst illnesr,
and the costs of this advertisement.
Jan 9 6t C.TAYLOR.
HE subscriber having .laid off his property.
situated on the forks of Black Creek, (knrown
as Garev's Ferryv) into lots, is now prepared to
give titles for said lots, to any responsible person
or persons, who will erect a building th|reon,
valued at $300. .,
Garey's Ferry is, and has been (except during
its Military occupation) as healthy a spot as can
be found in Florida, and will become, from nta
resources, a more desirable point, for business.
than any other that can be found on the borders
of St. John's ;River. It command, the North ant)
South prongs of Black Creek, which is navigalde
upwards of twenty miles into the interior of the
country for Steamboats and other vessels..
For further particulars, apply to the subscriber,
Black Creek, January 9lti, 1846. %3t

and put on its passage.

T. O. Holmes, 20 bales.
Barnad &, nFanrrar, 5 "
Jino. H. Giunby, 11 "
Feinnndez & Bishee. 8 "
B. P. Cuter, 6 "
Toinl, 60 bales.

































Jacksonville, Jan, 2d, 1845.

SIX WEEKS after date, I will apply to the
Judge of Probntes for Duval county, for Letters of
Administration on the estate of PERNAL TAYLOR,
late of said county, dec.
Ndv22. J. M. PONS.

Tobacco Seed.
F"RESH superior Cuba (Vuelta de Abnjo) To
bacco Seed, for sale at the store of
Jacksonville, Dec. 19.

Watchmaker and Jeweller.
'Q Respectfully informs the citizens
/'(l^ ofJacksonville nndits vicinity,that
'. 4 b he has removed to the house im-
mediately adjoining the one re-
ecentiy occupied, as the printing
office of the "Florida Statesman," and is now pre-
pared to execute, with promptitude,all orders con-
naected with the above line.
Mr, Grothe would also say, that he has deter-
mined, to confine his attention, in future, exclusive-
ly to work in these branches. He renders his
thanks to the many friends w ho have given him
their patronage, and trusts that his exertions here-
after will be such as to merit it,
From long practise in his business, tho feels
'himself competent to givo satisfaction, and his
charges will be moderate and as reasonable as
,those of the North.
,N. B. Clocks and Watches repaired in the best
manner, and at the shortest notice.
Jacksonville, Dec, 26, 1845.

_ THE subscriber having recently fitted up
the above establishment, with a view to the
'greater convenience and accommodation of those
whom ill health, or pleasure might attract to this
portion ofFlorida, solicits le arnaeo the
pulc rusting that -nonf, who mnay favor him) will
Aind anything requisite to their com fo rt neglected.
r The, healthiness, of Jasnile l protection
f'o0ithf harsh sea breezes and its easiriess of ac-
-bess from any point, have always secured it the
$reputation ,of being the most advantageous place'
ina East Florida, for the resort of invalids, during
thq, winter season. To such person, he offer's ac-
commodation., which he hopes will prove accept-
able, and aq medical advice, Of the highest of'ter,
,qap:be command,,d in the town, they may" rely
.upon the most. carefull attention.
*, As vi.,itors from the North hae o ccasionally' de-
,!ayed their comi nz, under tbhe impres-i,,n, that the
house weas filled, tbhe subscriber takes this oppor-
tunity to assure such, in future, that, in that case,
he can always provide then temporarily with com-
fortable accommodations in the town.
Jacksonville, Dec. 19, I845 ly, .

'Confectioman'y, o&c.
T HE subscriber having established a Confec-
tionary and Cordial Distillery in the town of
Jacksonville, gives notice that he is prepared to
fill any orders for articles in the above line. He
also, manufactures Syrups of all kinds and of the
best qualities.,: He ot o.3 for sale Candies, war-
rante4 to be made of the purest sugar, at 37 1-2
cents per pound. Peppermint, Cinnamon, Life of
Man, Perfect Love and Aniseed Cordials, at 37 1-2
cents per gallon. Syrups, of any kind. at $2 per
gallon.. He respectfully requests those who may
wish to purchase any of the above articles, by the
quantity, to give him a few days notice, in order
that there may be no delay in meeting their de-
Dec 5 *


List of Letters,
EMAINING in the Post Office, at Jackson-
ville, E. F., up to the 31st December, 1845;
which, if not taken out in three months, will be
sent to the dead letter office, at Washington, D. C.

Administrator's Notice.
NOTICE is hereby. given to creditors of, and
KorsOs entlthid to dlistribition in the Estate of
ancls R. Sanchez, late of Alachua County, dec.
and to toll persons who may have any claims or
demands whatsoever, against, or interest in said
Estate, that unless the same be exhibited or as-
serted within the period of two years from this
date, they will be barred. Persons having claims
and demands against the Estate, are requested to
present them to the undersigned, without delay.
Newnansville, E. F., January 2d, 1846.

Administratrix Notice.
NOTICE is hereby given to creditors of, and
persons entitled to distribution in, or having any
claims or demands against or interest in, the Es-
tate of Henry Bates, jr. late of Alachua County,
dec., that unless the same are exhibited or asser-
ted within two years from date, they will be for-
ever barred. Persons having claims or demands
against said Estate, are requested to present them
without delay, to L. Aldrich, Esq., [at Newnans-
ville, EastFlorida,] who is my agent and altor-
ney, fuit tho transaction of the business of the Es-
Newnansville. E. F., Januaay 2d. 1846.

Probate Court.
HE office of the undersigned will be always
open for the transaction uf business within
jurisdiction of his Court. All applications to him
in his Judicial capacity, must be made either by
petition or affidavit- On the first Monday in Oc-
tober of every year, a regular Term of Court will
be held for the settlement of accounts of Execu-
tors, Administrators, Curaters, and Guardins.
Those failing to render their accounts on that day
will forfeit their commissions.
Judge of Probates of Duval county.
Jacksonville, Sept. 27, 1845.

SIX WEEKS after date, I shall apply to the
Hon. the Judge of Probates for Duval county, for
Letters of Administration on the estate of Conrad
Deppisch, late of Duval county, deceased.
Nov. 1. W. NEVE.

8l. Augustine, October 3d, 1845.
THE undersigned respectfully gives notice to
all persons seeking information from the Sur-
veyor General's Office, or making applications,
having relation to their own interests; will address
the Surveyor General, (postage paid) as through
him alone will die information sought be afforded,
and if not answered in a reasonable time, it may
be considered that the information cannot be furn-
ished, or the application denied. This course is
deemed necessary, to prevent tie important lime of
the Surveyor and' Clerks being abstracted from
.4heir duties, to the injury of the public service.-
Communications from these persons, connected
with this office, will invariably have envelopes, and
endorsed with the address-on public service.
Oct 4 Surveyor General.

United Sta~tes Mail.
Florida anti Savannah packet,- via Picolata, Black
Creek. Mandarin, Jacksonville, St. John's Bluff,
St. Marys. Brunswick and Darien.- Carrying
the U. S. Mail to the above places.
SS TThe regular packet steamer ST.
MATTHEWS, P. McNehy, mas-
ter, has been thoroughly over,
hauled, her decks and cabins rebuilt, and hand
somely furnished and painted, and her machinery
much improved. As for accommodation and cony.
fort, she cannot be surpassed by any boat on the
route. This boat will arrive ajt Savannah every
Thursday morning, before the departure of the
daily line of stearners for Charleston, whicl leave
every evening.
Also passengers wishing to take passage in the
brig or barque line which leaves Savannah every
Thursday ind Saturday for New York, after the
arrival of the St.. Matthews from Florida.
Passengers, with their baggage, will be put on
board ofeither line, if required.
The above boat will leave as follows:
Leave. Pilatka every Tuesday, A' M., at 8 o'clock.
Picolata 11 >.,
Black Creek P. M. 3 "
Jacksonville night, 12 ..
For freight or passage, apply to Capti McNelty,
on board, or to ^
Agents, Savannah.
Agents, Jacksonville.
Agent, Black Creek.
D:j'The steamer SARAH SPALDING, runs
in connection with this boat.and none otherto En-
terprise on Lake Monroe, one hundred andi twenty-
five miles above Ptalatka up the St. John's river.
July 5, 1845.

Acosta, A.
Bethune, George
Byrne, Charles

Chapman, Mrs. Geo. C.


Fleming, Mrs. Susan
Floyd, H. H.

Alger, Isaac

Bryan, Maj. A.
Bryan, Jacob
Booth, John

2oggeshall, George
Coffin, Mrs. Natli'l.

Donaldson, Lieut. J. I

Fatio, Miss Mary
Finnegan, Cornelia
Fleming. Mrs. Julia

Gadsden, Rev. C. E.
Geiger, Aaron

Magnificent Family Paper!
ONLY $1.00!
For Reviving and Publishing a Weekly paper entitled
THE N EW-YORKFR, a Weekly Journal of Litera-
ture and General Intelligence, was established by
the present Editor of The New York Tribune, in
March, 1834, and discontinued, or rather merged,
on the establishment of The Weekly Tribune, in
September, 1841, after having been published just
seven years and a half. Having now ample and
able Literary assistance, and having recently ex-
tended and prefected our Mechanical arrange-
ments, we propose to revise and reissue it on andl
after the 1st of October, 1845, on a sheet slightly
differing in size or character from the old New-
Yorker, but at a much lower price.
The plan of this paper will combine-
1. Original Literature- Reviews, Poems, etc.
2. Select Literature-Tales, Sketches, extracts
from new Books, etc.
3. Miscellany--Letters from Europe and diffei-
ent parts of our own Country. Statistics,
Anecdotes, &e.
4. Hints on Domestic Economy-Agriculture, In-
ventions, Recipes, &c.
5. General Intelligence-Foreign and Domestic,
including Political events, Proceedings of
Congress, &c. &c,
This last department will be carefully prepared,
and will be as ample and varied as that of any
other Weekly paper whatever. The extensive
correspondence and other facilities for obtaining
information which we have been year., engaged in
concentrating on the Daily and Weekly Trihune,
will enable us to present early and authentic ac-
counts of all transpiring events through this our
cheaper Weekly, from which Political essays and
all matter of a partisan character will be carefully
excluded. In fine, The New-Yorker will be sim-
ply and truly a Family Newspaper, of moderate
size end the lowest possible, price, intended for
such readers as either dislike, Political discussion .
or proper to obtain this portion of their intellectual
aliment through the gazettes of their respective
localities. We intend that no matter to which ra-
tional men of any Political, Religious or other per-
suasion can object shall appear in this paper,
though a large portion of its contents will appear
also in the Weekly Tribune.
THE NEw-YoRKER will be published every Sat-
"urday morning, but printed and mailed on Thurs-
day and Friday, so as to reach as many of its pat-
rons as possible before the Siundny rest of the
Mails, It will be printed on a sheet of fine white
paper, identical in size and quality with that of
the Daily and Semi-Weekly Tribune, (of which
this is a specimen,) and afforded to subscribers at
the low price of One Dollar a year, payable al-
ways in advance.
Twelve copies .will be sent n year for Ten Dol-
lar- jIr Twenty-five copies for Twenty Dollars.
Subscriptions are respectIulTy solicited 6v
158 Nassau-street, New York. i
Autzuit 16th, 1845. Doc 26
0: Postmasters may remit subscriptions at our
risk. Bills fall specie-paying Banks are received
at par.

Gibbs; Fanny


IS Hereby Given, to creditors of, and persons
entitled to distribution in the estate of John B.
Barns, late of Alachua county, deceased, that un-
less their claims or demands be exhibited to the
undersigned, within two years from this date, they
will be forever barred. Persons having demands
against the above estate will please present them
to the undersigned without delay ; and all persons
indebted to the estate will please make immediate
payment to him,
GEO. L. BROWN, Adm'r.
Newnansville, Fa., July 26, 1845.

Higginbotham, James Hemenway, William 2
Higginbotham, Benj. W. Helgheim, H.
Higginbotham, Dav. H. Houston, Mrs. Sarah S.
Hart, Ossian B. Hopkins, Col. Benj. 2
Hogue, Mrs. -- Hopkins, Francis
Hagins, Jainphy

ON the 4th day of July next ensuing, after
date, I will apply to the Hon. Judge of Probates.
for County of Alachua, for a final discharge from
the Administration of the Estate of Lewellen Wil-
liams, (late of said County,) den,
Newnansville, E. F., January 2, 1846.

Ledwith, William

Lassere, Eugene
Lewis, Capt. Thos.

Moore, Dr. John S. 3
Moore, Mrs. Wm. A.
Mott, Abraham
Morange, James P.

Nelson, Mrs. Tabitha

Pendarvis, William 2
Pendarvis, George
Packett, Aaron B.

Stone, David
Seastrunk, Dr. Reuben
Starratt, H.
Starratt, Thomas

Thistle, Capt. H. L. 3
Taylor. Capt. Samuel
Tracey, Hon. E. D.

Williams, Ebenezer T.
Whitcher, John
Welch, John
Wester, Samuel

Milnor, Dr. Thomas 2
McCormick, James
McDermot, John 2

Parsons, Amanda 2
Philips, A. Jackson
Parmenter, Mrs. Sarah
Starratt, Mrs. Margaret
Sheldon, Daniel H. 2
Speer, Dr. A. S.
Statz, Johannes
Teasdale, Chapelle B.
Taylor, Mrs. Catherine
Turner, Mrs. Sarahi
Waters, A. G.
Welling, Mrs. M. M.
Weaver, Dr. Adam T.

I In Circuit Court.
In Chancery.

ANzy FEWAUX, J Bill for

IT having been made to appear by affidavit to the
satisfaction of the Court that Richard Fewaux,
the Defendant named in the above entitled cause,
resides in the State of Georgia, and beyond the
jurisdiction of this Court, On motion of J oseph B.
Lancaster, Esq.. Solicitor for the Complaincnt, It
is Ordered, That the said Defendant, Richard
Fewaux, do appear and answer the Complainants
Bill within four months or the same will betaken
asconfessed against him.
And it isfurther Ordered, T"hat a copy of this
order duly certified by the Clerk of this Court, be
published in some newspaper printed within the
Eastern Circuit of Florida, once a week consecu.
tIvely for four months.
I, CSCAR HART, Clerk of said Court, hereby
certify that the above is a true copy of an Order
made and entered in said entitled cause on the
Tenth day of November, A. D. 1845.
SIn testimony whereof, I hereunto set
( ? my hand and affiix the Seal of said of-
L~s. rfice. OSCAR HART, Clerk.

Nov. 22, 1845.

Si. Augustine, November 81h, 1845.
Notice to Owners of Unsurveyed
Private Claims.
THE Srveyor General, of Florida, respect fil-
ly informs those concerned, that he has'
furnished (he Keeper of the Archives, at this place,
with a Diagram, in which is plainly delineated
the districts of the several Surveyors, as assigned
by their contracts entered into with my predeces-
sor, on tli 28th (lay of July last, and within
which thoy are about commencing their surveys.-
All persons having confirmed claims within those
limits, ar earnestly desired to furnish the Deputy
where their claims lie, with the certificate of A.
Alvarez, ,sq. in the usual form. or where a Decree
of the CGrt in this District has boiumadp and
from whidc no appeal has been taken, or where a
final Decoe of the Supreme Conrt of the United
States liajbeen given, a certified copy of said final
decree irt the usual form from the Clerk of the
Court, and certificate of the Judge, &c. will be ne-
cessary, wid the establishment in the field of their
beginning corners required, to enable tha surveyors
respectivdy to lay them down correctly, and make
report towhis office under their instructions.
Those Fersons having claims heretofore survey-
ed, are formed that the certificates of survey
amounting to more than throe hundred, have been
lying in tis office for several years, awaiting their
application and receipt thwefor ;-they are re-
quested to call or send an order for them, without
further umecessary delay.
ROBERT BUTLER, Sur. General.
Nomv 8

vs. Garnishment.
THE defendant and all others interested, are
hereby notified of the commencement of this suit,
returnable to a Justice Conrt, to be held at Gareys
Ferry, on the 13h. day Feb. 1846, next. and to
appear and plead to the saime.
Given under my hand .and seal, this 13th day
December, 1845,
Justice Peace, 3d Dis't., Duval Co.
Jan. 2.

United States Mail.
The steam Packet, SARAH
SPALDING, Capt. Robt. Ander-.
son, having been thoroughly over-
hauled, her decks and cabin rebuilt, and cabin en-
larged for the accommodation of passengers, has
commenced her regular trips, from Palatka'ro En-
terprise, on Lake Monroe, up the St. Johns River
125 miles above Palatka.
The above Boat, leaving Palatka every Tuesday
Morning, after the arrival ofihe U. S. Mail Steam
Packet, St. Matthews, Captain McNelhy,from Sa-
vannah, carrying tlie U. S. Mail to the above named,
Passengers for Enterprise, will take, the St.
Matthews every Saturday Eveiiing, at 4 o'clock in
The Steamer Sarah Spahding, will run to Jack"
sonville, via Piwlata & Mandarin, and 'back every
trip, leaving Jacksonville every' Monday at 12
For freight or passage, apply to the Cnptnin in
Board, or to Fernandez & Bisbee, Agents Jack-
N. B. All goods will be received in Store, frea
of Storage in Jacksonville & Savannah.
Aug 23

Columbia County Sheriff's Sale.
BY .virtue of a writ of fieri facial issued out of
the Superior Court, for the county of Colum"
bia, Eastern District of Florida, and to me directed
and delivered, I will dispose of, at public sale, in
front of the Court House in the town of Alligator,
on the first Monday in February, 1846, between
the usual hours of sale on that day, the following
negro slaves, to wit: Piince, Charlotte, Richard,
Christopher, Matilda, (or Lilla) David, Jacky,
Nelly, Anne, Jane, Mary, Judy, Rinah, John,
Phoebe, Polly, Binah, Adel, Adeline, Yoric, Jim,
Cecelia, Cornelia, Sarah, Ann, Polly, Cuddy, Har-
riet, Maria, Silla, Hager, Diana, Hannah. Katy,
Romeo, Chance, Jack, Mary, George, Jim, Moses,
Essex and Casey ; being forty three in number.
Levied on as the property of Charles M. Cooper,
at the suit ofSarah C. P. Postell.
Sheriff Columbia county.
Alligator, December 3d, 1845. Dec 12
",r From the Gillisonville Jail, Beaufort
.B1 District, S. C., a negro fellow, 5 feet 9
Inches high, dark comlplexion, slow in
J ,speech and has a severe burn between the
legs, He is about 25 years old, and says his name
i4,MELFORD, and that he belongs to Semeon
Petit;'of Meriwether county, Georgia. Ten Dol-
laUiwill be paid. f6r his apprehension and delivery
in jail, so that I may get him again.
Sheriff Beaufort Diktrict.
Dee 15 tf dec 26

Family Groceries.
THE subscriber has just received a choice as-
sortment of Family Groceries, consisting of
Flour, Butter, Lard, Hams, Cheese
Smoked and Pickled Tongues
Sugars, Coffee, Tea
Candles, Soaps, Rice, Potatoes
Almonds, Raisins, Figs, Molasses
Nut'megs. Cloves, Cinnamon, Pepper
Saleratns, Pork, Beef, Mackerel, Herring
Onions, Tobacco, Cigars, &c. &c.
All of which are offered to the public upon rea
sonable terms. GEORGE D. FISHER.
Dec 5 5t
S[X WEEKS after date. I will apply to the
Judge of Probates, of Alachua county, for Letters
of Administration on the estate ofO. F. Stout, late
of said county, deceased.
Newnansville, Dec. 19, 1845.

Florida and Savannah Steam
8 T H-E regular Steam Packet WM.
GASTON, Capt. F. Peck, will ar-
rive at Picolata every Friday morn-
itng at 9 A. M. on each week, and will leave at 4
P. M. for Savannah via Mandarin, Jacksonvitle,
St. Marys, and all other immediate landings; nnd
arrive in Savannah early on Sunday moritirngQ.
Passengers for Charleston can leave at 8 o'clock
in the evening in the daily line of Steamers, ,/
The Gaston runs in connection with Messrs.
Washiburn & Wiler's Brig Line of PRacvets t
New York, of which one leaves every Monday
Th,, Ons,.. hi -'101 o rio r,-rn-to Black*';lk(- on
her,.wny to Savainnah. ... .-
The vessels composi~g l-this Line, vil h opi pren -
be dlespatched rev.d,,- v \e.ry. Monday a..-;l.l fhm'I.(':
Brig CLINTON, T. Lyon, ma.ster,'June 16. '
Brig AUGUSTA, A.'M. Sherwood, master,
June 23. .,
New bark VERNON, W. Eliery, master, June
3 0 o
Brig SAVANNAH' A. Hawley, master, July,7.
Brig EXACT. J. Johnson, master, July 14.
Brig EXCEL, C. B. Smith, master, July 21.
These vessels are commanded by men of much
experience, Nho will rse every exertion torender
Passengers as comfortable as.possible.
They will sail punctually as above, and in all
enses be towed to sea by a Steamboat.
Agent, Jacksonville.
Berths can he secured at St. Augustine,-on 'ap-
plicatien to B. E. CARR & CO., Agents.
July 15, 1845.
N OW landing per brig Sea Flower, rew Bick
went, in small packages; 1-2 bbIs new E'iO.Tr;
1-8 kegs Indian Meal; Rye FlHour; assorted BDOt-
ler, Soda, Sugar, Pic Nic and Lemon Crack ers, in
small packages; fine Goshen Butter; Leaf Lard-;
choice fre, ; Dried Beef; Fulton Market cured
Beef, in I1A1 h, o-; Sausages; cured Salmon ; Mack-
erel in 1-8-packages; and other articles,, as kept
bY u%, now in fine order, 6 da)s from New York.
At retail. B. E. CARR & CO.
St. Augustine, Oct. '25. :

AL L persons having claims against the estate
of.John Dixon, 'deceased, must present them to
the subscriber, within two years from this date,
properly authenticated according to law, otherwise
they will be forever barred.
Dec. 19, 1845.
SIX WEEKS after date, I shall apply to the
Hon. Judge of.the county of Orange, for Letters of
Administration, on the estate of Joseph Thompson,
late of'said county, deceased.
Orange county, E.F., Dec. 12th, 1845.

BY JESSE E. Dow & Co.
T HE first number of our new paper will be is-
R-sued this (first) day of May, with an entire
new dress--new type, fine white paper, with other
important alterations and improvements. The
paper will be devoted to a fearless exposition of
Democtatic principles-; it "ill zealously and un-
remittingly oppose ench and every effort to estab-
lish a mammoth monarchy bank and other mis-
chievous corporations and consolidations 4f wealth,
which subvert the rights cif the people and under-
mine the pillars of the Republic ; it will oppose
an oppressive and anti-republican tariffsystem, the
assumption of the State debts by the General Gov-
ernment, and all other Federal principles which
have an inevitable tendency to destroy public pros
perity as well as individual happiness; Agninst
all ouch political delusions) we shall wage unchang-
ing, uncompromising war. -
Thie FARMER and the MFECHANiC who produce
all the real capital of-the nation, will find in our pa-,
per and unwavering champion of their inalienable
rights; thft long cherished principles of the editors
nre too well known to the public to require any
pledge npz)n this pint. To the Miscellaneous
Department particular attention will be devoted ;
the Ladies will always find in our columns a choice
selection from the current.literature of the day, as
well as original contributions from the most talen-
ted writers of which our country can boast. A
general summary of Foreign and Domestic news
will be furnished'; a regular price current and a
correct list of thle prices of stocks will also be giv-
en ; .
The conductors have already secured tho aid
and co-operation of a large number of the most dis-_
tinguished-li-teary and political writ,-r of vl'-.d4-,-
arrangemenis will also be made, at the ea-rliear*t
period possible, to embellish our, columns.by the
contributions of ,ori jpi.l-rA t. "from abroad.
With this brief and imwprfect ou1tline bf oue-pltan,:
we very respectfully submit ourciwims to t an, 0X-
tensive patronage to theoconsideration ofa getner-
ous public.

TERMS F .R.N--..-.::
Weekly paper by theyear ..- ..... O 00
S-" -for .six months A- l 00
Semi-Weekly paper by the year, in advancrv 5-00
S... .for legs-than a year, 50 cts. :
.... -pper-m onth. '
Daily paper by the year, in advance 10 00
,, 9 for less than a yoear, $1 permonth.
Subscriptimns.to the Daily for loss than two, to
the Semi-Weokly for less than four, or -to the
Weekly for less than six months, will not bere-
ceived. *
If not paid witnin tne year, the Daily paper will
be $12, the Semi-weekly $6, 'and the'Weklyi
$2 50 a year. ,, :.:
All 1;aytenfs to be made in advance. 'Fhose
who have'not an -opportunity of paying. otherwise,
may remit by mail, at our risk, poslage-paid.-
The Post-master's certificate of such remittance
shall be a sufficient receipt therefore. The notes of
any speeie paying bank will be received. i;
May 31 .

SIX WEEKS after date, I will apply"to the
Judge of Probates for Duval county, for Letters of
Administration on the estate of JOSEPH PEDDER,
of said county, dec. J. M. PONS.
Nov. 22.

United statess Weekly Mail, in Two Horse
Coaches, from Garey's Ferry, by Newnans-
ville, Ellisville, Alligator, Little River, Min-
eral Springs, Colnumbus, Madisim Court House,
Talofee, Marion, Lipona, to allahassee, Fla.
z_:Zz THE undersigned takes plea-
sure in announcing to the travel-
N S A-=,,^ ing public, that he has on this
Line two splendid four seat Troy built Coaches,
which for et- eiand comfort are equal to any now
in use, haiinkl'ul for past favors, solicits a con-
tinuance, and pledges to exert himself to please
those who .,ay favor him with their patronage.
This live will leave Garey's Ferry every Tues-
day at 3 ('clock, P. M.,jand arrive at Tallahassee,
every Monday at 4, P. M.
Leave Tallahassee every Wednesday at 6, A.M.
arrive at 13arey's Ferry every Monday at 3, P. M.
connecting with the U. S. mail steamer, St. Mat-
thews onher npward trip and returning.
Garey's Ferry to Tallahassee, $18 00
Newnansville, 5 00
Alligator, -7 50
Mineral Springs, 10 00
Columbus, 11 50
Madison Court House, 13 00
Madison Court House to Tallahassee, 5 00
[C" ,All intermediate travel, ten cents per mile.
Forty lOrn,,l bo ta.e.. will be allowed each pas-
sengsr. !Extra charges will be made for extra
baggage." Children under twelve years of age half
Receiaing Agents.-A. Coy, Esq., Garey's
Ferry; ThosA. J. Prevatt, Esq., Newnansville;
S. Scarbotoush, (in the absence of the subscriber)
Alligator "Thos. D. Dexter, Esq., Mineral Springs;
Gee. W. "ole, Columbus; E. P. Smith, Madison
Court Ho ise; Messrs. McKinney & Latham, City
Hotel, Tllahassee.

SIX WEEKS after date, I will apply to the
Judge of Probates for Duval county, for Letters of
Administration on the estate of GEORGE HYSLER,
late of said county, dec.
Nov 21. J, M. PONS.

Dr. Moffat's Life Pills & Phoenix
T HE .perfectly safe, unerring, and' stucce.sful
T treatment of almost every species, ofC idisas
by the use of Dr. MOFFAT'S LIFE MEDI-
CINES, is no longer an experiment; asn n'efeienco
:to. the experience of many thou-1and patiernts-w-Ail
nif~n.-lilpr.r.\e. Dui ing the month of Septem-
bcr alone mrn3 hundred caso's have come-to rte-
knowledge of Dr. Mn',;ii, where, the _patient by?,
to all appenIIcaneve, effected, a permanent cure by
.Jtje gs-c'!1-ve a idl judiciotis ne of the Life Medi-
cines-.some ei-.ht or i vf,,i- vs e bad been. con-
silhrc be, aInd aIll hope by their, medical nitend-
a11114. Sl,'hit appy'results are 's'oure bof great
-pleasure to Dr. M. and in;[pire him muith new coa-
fidence to recommend the use of his Medicines 6)
hi. fellow citirz as. '- .... '
The LIFE MEDICINES nre a purely VEGE-
TABLE preparation. They are mild And plea-
-sitnt in their ,,perno if ..a"id at it same timetio-
oluih--ating 'i-iidlly uon 'the scretioins orf 1he
3 stenm- ,ia,''.ir L ui. ,, rill acrimoni,:i,,s humnors, andt
a+i.t. il',tinir with !,nd I,, if\ ing the -b1 .odA '- or
this reason, in :,;;, 'r nal qnses of Dyspepsia, thie
Life Mi'ii,'w will give relief In a'shorter, sprce
of time than any hthe" prescription. ,.tn, Fever.
, and-ague, Inflammatory F{heumavism, Fevers of
every description, Sick Headaches, Heart-blrnx
Dizziness in the head, Patns, in; the Che.sLr, Fta-tit
lencv. impaired njiiielite, 'and in every di.ai.be.
arising from an impurity of the blood, or a disor.
dered stnte of the stomach, the- use of rhese Medi-"
ci iies has always proved to lIe I)4 yonI diib, great,
ly sup-erior to any-other Emtde ,of irentmrnt. .
All that Dr. Miint asks of his patients is to be.
particular in taking then] cordingg to thei'dhrec.,
iinns. It isnrot by a neovs|inper notice, or yany,
ti ng that he may say in iliir favor, that the hope*s
to gain credit. it is alone by the wsulft(fnfair.
trial. Is the reader an invalid, and d6es he -ivit
to know whether theoLife. Medicines w'ill sifit his
*6own case? If so, let 'him s*-nd-t0-B.'E. Cnrr &
Co's. sore nod procure n copy (f the Goode Snmar.,
itan, published gratuiioitly. H, ill there find,
eniimprated very murani exirani dinary cases of ureP,
4ndperhaps some exncily itmilartohis own. Sult
hohlios'ale and rtinil by
"3B? E. 'CARR '& CO. Agents,' "
$t. A^upstku,

SIX WEEKS after date, I will apply to the
Judge of Probates for Duval county, for Letters of
Administration on the estate of WILLIAM SPIRES,
late of said county, dec.
Nov. 22. J. M. PONS.

SIX WEEKS after date, I will apply to the
Hon. the Judge of Probate for Duval county, for
Letters of Administration on the estate of H,-I*RY
SWINEY, late of said county, dec.
Nov. 22. J. M. PONS.

ALL persons indebted to the estate of Wm. F.
Murhee, are requested to make immediate pay-
merit. And all persons having demands against
said deceased, will render them in agreeable to
l. -J .MARY MURHEE, Ex'trx.
Na,.3nuCIO., Fla., Sept. 1, 1845.
OTICE.-ALL persons entering land are
hereby informed, that we own, by virtue of a
Spanish Grant to Domingo'Fernandez 3000 acres
of land in Marion county, E. F., in Township 13
South of the base and range 21 East of the Meri-
dian, known on the Spanish plot as.Moody's'ham-
mock, and about Marion and Alachua counties as
Wetumpkie or Hall's hammock. We heftby for-
bid all persons from occupying or in any wise tres-
passing on said land.
-Jacksonville, Nov. 13, 1845. Nov,15

J. CARTER, Proprietor.
r, Nov. 1, 1845. ly


,__ The Travelling Public, is in-
formed that Stages run regularly
between the above places,as fol-
lows :
Leaves Picolata on Monday night, immediately
after the arrival of the Mail steamer from Savan-
Leaves St. Augustine at 5 o'clock Tuesday
morning, to meet the Mail Boat on her way to
Savannall. -.
Leuve( on Friday at 5 o'clock, A. M., to meet
the WVm. Gaston on her way from Savannah to
Leaves Picolata on Friday' morning, after the
arrival of the steamer Wm." Gaston, from Savan-
nah. .
For passage apply to GEORGE, W. COLE,
Florida House, St. Augustine. No seat can be
secured unless paid for. May 31

SIX WEEKS after date, I' will apply to the
Hon. Judge of Duval county, ior Letters of Ad-
ministration on the estate of Matthew Craddock,
deceased. JOHN PRICE.
Nov. 22.

SIX WEEKS after date, I will apply, to the
Judge of Probate for Duval county, for Letters of
Administration on the estate of Theophilue T.
Woods, late of said county, deceased.
Nov. 29, 1845, G. W. WALTON.