SJOSEPH & HIS BRETHREN,
S EMBELLISHED WITH CUTS;
TO WHICH IM ADDED,
THE LIFE, JOURNEYINGS, AND DEATH
PRINTED FOR TTHE BOOKSELLERSR
The Baldwin Library
In Canaan lived man of Id:'. ~~,
Whom .the great God in love wa pleased to bless
With twelve sweet sons, one Joseph called by lamf,
Whose worthiness we'll to the world proclaim.
Being ended with blessings from above,
He gained the favour of his father's love,
Now while his brothers hated him, behold!
He dream'd a dream, which unto them he told;
Saving, As we were binding in the field
Our sheaves of wheat, it was to yme revealed
That mine arose upright, and yours around,
Stood making low obedience to the ground."
These yords of his, they did anger breed;
They say, must you reign over us indeed?
The like of this was never known before,
Thus for his dreams they hated him the more.
HIS SECOND DRE
Soon after this as Joseph .I
Free from the toils and troubles of the day,
le dreamed a second dream, and told the same
Unto his brothers, as to them he came;
Saying, in sleep appeared before my eyes,
The sun, the moon, the seven stars likewise,
All making their obedience unto me,
With meek and humble humility.
He told it likewise to his father dear,
Who chid him, saying, what is this I hear ?
Must I, thy mother, and thy brothers too,
Be all obliged to bow the knee to you,
Low on the earth, as if you reigned and ruled:
'Tis very hard that aged parents should
A meek and lowly veneration pay
To you who ought to honour and obey.
HE IS PUT INTO A PIT.
i-- ~-- -- -- --
This very paragraph will clearly show
How they did seek young Joseph's overthrow,
His father sent him to the rural plain,
Where with their flocks his brothers did remain.
When afar off young Joseph they espied,
Behold, here comes the dreamed now, they cried
SLet us conclude to take his life away,
And cast him in a pit without delay,
Then see how all his dreams will come to pass:
But Reuben, Reuben pitied him, alas
And hid him in the pit, there to remain,
Till he might safe conduct him home again.
What mortal man is able to express,
Poor Joseph's grief when in the wilderness
He lay confined ? no doubt his present fears
Caused his youthful eyes to flow with tears.
!1E IS SOLD INTO E';YrT.
While in the pit young Joseph lay confined,
They sat them down to eat, and ere they dined
SSome Ishmaelites from Egypt passed by;
Then Judah made his brothers this reply,
" What shall it profit to us now, I pray,
If we should take this precious life away ?"
They all consented to the same with speed,
For loth they were to see their brother bleed.
Then from. the lonesome pit the child they drew,
And sold'him to those trading merchants, who
A score of silver pieces for him paid,
And then to Egypt he was soon conveyed.
When Reuben found him not, how did he grieve
The rest contrive their father to deceive,
By staining Joseph's coat with! purple blood,
Which cnm5eil (,cr .TofS, m::I v i ;'- -
'E:-TTED BY POTIPHAR'S WIFE,
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When Joseph to the land of E.vpt, came,
One Potiphar a man of noted fame,
Bought him with silver and preferred him straight.
Making him steward of his whole estate.
On whom his mistress cast her wanton eyes,
And he reproved her, and said, be wise,
And cast, henceforth, these idle thoughts away--
How can I do that wicked thing, I pray ?
NcL finding her entreaties would not de,
She went to seize him, but away he flew,
Leaving his garment in her hand also:
No* from that time she proved his mortal foe:
She said, my lord, (when he returned at night,)
Thy 'Hebrew strove with all his might,
To mock thy lady, but was ne'er the near,
I cried, he fled, and left his garment here.
CAST INTO THIIE DUNGEON.
No sooner had she made this false report
Of Joseph's coming in so vile a sort,
But Potiphar immediately he flew
Into a sad and cruel passion too,
And cast him into prison where he lay
Till the chief butler and the baker, they
By Pharaoh's strict command were sent to be
Confined from their former liberty.
The baker and the butler both, we find [mind,
With dreams one 'night were much disturbed in
When they to Joseph did themselves apply,
i-e told them what their dreams did signify;
One he restores unto his former place,
The other, he must die in sad disgrace;
The butler must his former place supply,
The baker by the laws be doomed to die,
fiE If MADE LORD OF THE LAND.
Still Joseph lay confined in prison fast,
Until two tedious years were gone and past.
At length Pharaoh dreamed, but none in the land
Could his dream interpret or understand.
Then the chief butler to the king did say,
" I needs must own my faults this day:
In prison lies a Hebrew servant there,
Who will the truth of all your dreams declare:
Then from a prison to a palace straight,
Joseph was brought, and Pharoah did relate
His dreams, and did full satisfaction find,
Which eased the grief and anguish of his mind:
He gave such satisfaction to the king,
That from his royal hand he drew a ring,
And gave it Joseph, saying, Thou shalt be
Xext to myself in royal dignity."
REX GOING TO BUY CORN.
A mighty famie, which at lgth
sph in E pt ws ~~1head rulr or a;
,.ut when his brothers came, and seemed to fall
You're spies said he, they answered, no,
We are true men, m.y lord, pray say not so,
Should the dreams of Phron, did fonumbter were,
A myoungeshty famineow under h at length befer's care
Joseph in Egypt was head ruler oer all
But when his brothers came, and seemed to fall
Before him, straight his dreams ame in his mint,
Yet he spoke rough, and seemed most unkindest,
You're spies said hem aey answered, no,
We are true men, my lord, pray say not so,
Sons of one man, we twelve in number were,
The youngest now under his father's care
Remains at home, the other he is not.
lie knew them, yet his anger seemed hot,
And for three days they were in prison cast,
Confined they lay, yet Joseph came at last,
And laid upon them all a strict command,
To bring their young brother out of hand.
THE CUP IN BENJAMIN'S SACK.
S 7- _47_
When they had eaten up th lender store
Jacob he needs must send them down for more;
But knowing that his youngest son must go,
His eyes with melting tears did overflow.
With presents then they did return again,
And Joseph doth them kindly entertain.
When lie his brother Benjamin beheld,
His bowels yearned, his heart with joy was filled;
But here's a grief which did them all surround,
The nightly lord, his silver cup was found
On Benjamin; this made them sore afraid,
That for that crime they would be captives made
Then to the house of Joseph they returned,
,udah he pleaded, till his bowels yearned,
TL be a captive in his brother's room,
Lest he should see his father's threatened doo
JOSEPH DECLARETH HIMSELF.
" My lord, hear thy servant now I pray,
Our father, when we brought the child away
Expressed such grief and sorrow for his sake,
That if he stay, his aged heart will break:
Seeing his tears, which fell like showers of rain,
I promised then he should return again.
Therefore, my lord, pray let him go, for I
Am loth to live to see my father die."
Joseph from tears could now no longer hold:
He said, I am your brother whom you sold
To Egypt, when on me your anger fell;
And is my father yet alive and well,?"
Then on each other's necks they wept amain.
Their cries were heard, from tears could not refrair
"0 fetch my father hither," Joseph cried,
"That for the family I may now provide:"
JACOB'S JOURNEY INTO EGYPT.
The sons of Jacob Pharaoh did command,
To take both food and waggons from the land
Of Egypt, to fetch their father straight;
They did, and poor old Jacob's joy was great
He said, still as his spirits did revive,
it is enough, Joseph is yet alive,
The son for whom I mourned, therefore I
Will go and see him now before I die.
Then on his journey still he doth procee,
And in the land of Goshen, there indeed
Joseph did meet him, whom he straight did bring
Into the royal presence of the king.
When Jacob before king Pharaoh stood,
His age one hundred and thirty years, a good
Old man was he; Pharaoh gave to his race,
The land of Goshen for a dwelling-place.
JOS"I' VISITS tJ'j T.\"' :;,
When Joseph know his pious father lay
his sick bed, to him he hastes away,
Joseph he brought Manasseh and Ephraim,
Place them before his father's eyes now dim,
At sight of them, cries Jacob, Who are these ?"
" My sons," says Joseph, "from between my knees."
When near, he kissed them, and with sweet embrace,
Admires his GOD before his Joseph's face.
These boys of thine which were in Egypt born,
They shall be mine, not orphans. or forlorn.
Manasseh le blest, commended to his GOD,
Bids him to mark the steps that Abraham trod,.,
Displeased was Joseph to see his elder son
Put by, and the younger the blessing won;
But Jacob replied, Son, I know it well,
For Ephraim shall unto great nations swelL"
JACOB BLESSETH HIS ON.'-;.
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i 1A I' II
Weak as the water from the fountain clear;
Simeon and Levi, men of cruelty,
They smote a man, and caused him so to die.
Judah's bright sceptre slhan't from him depart
Till Shiloh come rejoicing every heart.
Zebulun's a small port where tall ships may pass,
Issachar well resembles the couchant ass.
Dan as a judge will do his people right,
Gad by a troop at last will win the fight;
sher his bread is fat, and of a dainty, sort,
aphtali's a hoind loosed for the hunter's sport.
Joseph's a bough laden with pleasant fruit,
Near to a well, whose branches sap recruit :
Benjamin like a ravenous wolf doth slay,
Devours his prey, then bears the spdil away.
JOSEPH'S LOVE TO HIS FATiER.
...I *, '^ -^ ^ __ v .....
Falls on his clay and with a kind embrace,
It must be so when life is charged to mould,
Filial affection's to old Jacob good,
When Canaan's land lay destitute of food,
Then Joseph kind his aged father fed,
When thousands daily starved for want of bread;
His love expressed with mind sedate and calm,
Then with rich spices did his corpse embalm;
When breathless lay upon a bed of down,
Ile treats blest Jacob, father of renown;
\ Falls on his clay and with a kind embrace,
Salutes the late most venerable face
Of Pious Jacob, now growing stiff and cold,
It must be so when life is charged to mould,
Plenty of tears did fim his eye balls flow,
To show mankind he did his duty know,
That nought's too much to pay a parent dear,
From children that the awful GOD do fear.
-I I : N.:i.. l
When, seventeen long years Jacob had dwelt,
Behold, the fatal hand of death he felt:
To Joseph he commits the special care
Of his great funeral, and tells him where
He would be laid, which was fulfilled at large,
According to the tenor of his charge;
For having yielded up his vital breath,
He dropped into the frozen arms of death.
Numbers of mourning coaches out of hand
Prepared were ; thus to his native land
-He was conveyed a sleeping-place to have,
Near to the borders of his father's grave.
Upright he was, and just in all his ways;
Pray now observe the number of his days,
He was, when he dropt off this earthly stage,
One hundred and forty-seven years of age.
LIFE OF ST. PAUL.
SanrM PA'L, though not one of the twelve, yet for
his great eminence in the ministry of the gospel,
had the honour to be styled an apostle, particularly
aboye all'the rest that werep.ot of the number, and
hath jui-tly the next place to St. lP,.r allotted to
him, both in re ,-ar. tbhL were so conversant in
their lives, and inseparable in their deaths. He
was born at Tarsus, not only of Jewish parents,
but originally descended from an ancient Jewish
family of the tribe of Benjamin in Judea, where
he had his education, which was a flourishing
Academy, whose scholars (as Strabo testifies) ex-
celled those of Alexandria, and even Athl Lu itself.
In the schools of this city, he was brought up from
his childhood, and became an excellent proficient in
all the polite learning of the ancients, yet at the same
time he was brought up to a manual trade, as even
the most learned of their Rabbins were, for enabling
them to get a livelihood if occasion required it; it
being a maxim (.: : : i. amongst the Jews,) that
he who teacheth not his son a trade, teacheth him
to be a thief; for learning of old was not made an
instrument to get a maintenance by, but for the
better polishing the mind; so that the learned
among the Jews were frequently denominated (as
Drusius observes,) from some one or other handy-
craft trade, as Rabbie Judah, the baker; Rabbie
Jochanan, the Shoemaker, &c.
Having at Tarsus attained to a great perfection
in the liberal arts and sciences. He was sent to
Jerusalem to be instructed in the knowledge of the
laws; and for the better accomplishing him in that
study, was put under the tuition of Raban Gamaliel
the son of Simon, (the same probably that took up
our Saviour in his arms.) He was an eminent
doctor of the law, one of the families of the school
at Jerusalem, and a person of principal note and
authority in the Jewish Sanhedrim, in which that
grave and prudent speech, mentioned in the Acts
of the Apostles, which he made on behalf of the
apostles and their doctrine, took great effect. At
the feet of this great doctor St. Paul was 1bjught
up, as he himself testifies; and by his insetrtions
lie soon advanced to that degree, that he gained him-
self a reputation above all his fellow scholars.
Moreover he was a strict professor of the sect of
the Pharisees, which of all others amongst the Jews,
was the severest and most magisterial; and the
professors thereof, generally great applauders of
themselves for their sanctity, despising and censur-
ing all others as reprobates, and unworthy of their
society, and presuming (as Josephus writes) to
Govern even princes themselves. With the fiery
genius of this sect, our apostle was too deeply in-
fected, which made him a most zealous persecuter
of the Saints ; so that when the blood of the martyr
Stephen was shed, I (saith he with sorrow after his
conversion) was standing by, consented to his death,
and kept the raiment of them that slew him. Nay,
of all the apparators, and inquisitors, employed by
the Sanhedrim, to execute their warrants; upon
those upstart heretics, as they called them, who
preached against the law of Moses, and the tradition
of the fathers; he was the man that strove to be
the forwardest. In this zeal'to execute his office,
as he was on his way to Damascus, with some others
of his fellow officers, breathing out vengeance and
destruction against the poor christians, their was
on a sudden a most glorious light shot full upon
him, and the rest that were with him, so that they
fell to the ground in great amazement, and at the
same time a voice from heaven was directed to'him,
saying, Saul, Saul.,why persecutest thou me?'
to which, amazed as ne was, he answered, Lord
who art thou? the voice replying, that it was Jesus
whom he persecuted, and that it was hard for him
to kick against the pricks. He again desired further
instructions ; Lord, said he, what wilt'thou have me
to do; upon which he was bid to rise, and go to
Damnycus, and there expect what should be further
reveaind to him; rising from the groundd he found
his sight gone. In this plight being led to Damas-
cus, he was there three days fasting, and probably
then he saw that celestial vision mentioned by him,
wherein he heard and saw things past utterance,
and those divine revelations, which gave him
occasion to say, that the gospel he preached, he was
not taught by man, but had it revealed to him by
Jesus Christ. The three days being expired,
Ananias, a devout man, and one of the seventy
disciples came to him, according to the command
he had received from our Lord, who appeared to
him, to go and enquire for one Saul of Tarsus, and
having laid his hands on him, told him his message,
upon which his sight was restored to him, and the
gift of the Holy Ghost conferred on him; presently
after he was baptized, and made a member of the
church, to the great joy of the rest of the disciples,
that he should become not only a professor, but a
preacher of that faith, which he so lately was a
bitter persecuter of. His stay at this time at Damas-
cus was not long, for being warned away by a
vision from heaven, he took a journey into Arabia.
where he preached the gospel for three years, and
then, returned to Damascus, where the unconverted
Jews eagerly sought his ruin, endeavouring to seize
him, but he escaped through the help of the disciples,
and the rest of his friends who were zealous for
Thus far we have made an entrance into the life
and acts of this great apostle, with which there is
scarcely any thing equally memorable in history ?
nor could the further prosecution thereof have been
omitted, but that all the travels of this apostle in
the pursuance of his ministry, from the time of his
conversion to the last of his being at Rome, with
the most principal transactions, and the severest,
accidents that happened to him therein, are already
related in the exposition of the map of the voyages
of the apostles, and more particularly those of St
Paul, in which, for avoiding needless repetitions,
the sequel of his life may not unfitly be referred.
We shall therefore make some enquiry into the
time and occasion of the several epistles wrote to
the several churches; as also unpo the time and
manner of his death
When he went from Athens to Corinth, it is said
he wrote his first epistle to the Thessalonians,
which he sent Silas and Timothy, who returned
during his stay, and before his departure he wrote
his second epistle to them, to excuse his not coming
to them as he promised in his first. Not long after
at Ephesus, he is said to have written his epistle to the
Galatians; and before he left Ephesus, he Wrote
his first epistle to the Corinthians. Moreover, he
sent from thence by Apollos and Silas to Titus,
whom he left in that island to propagate the faith,
and had him made bishop thereof, in which he
gives him advice for the better execution of his
episcopal office. At Macedonia, whither he went
from Ephesus, having by Titus received an accouiit
of the church of Corinth's present state of affairs,
he sent by him at his return, when he was accom-
panied by St. Luke, his second epistle to the
Corinthians; and about the same time he wrote his
first epistle to Timothy, whom he had left at
Ephesus. From Corinth' he went to Macedon,
whither he sent his epistle to the Romans, by
Phebo, a deaconess of the Church of Cenchrea, not
far from Corinth. Going thence to Rome, he sent
his epistle to the Phillipians by Epaphrodittis, who
had been sent from them with relief, not knowing
to what straits he might be reduced by his im-
prisonment at Rome. In the next place, he sends
by Tychicus his epistle to the Ephesians. Not
long after, (if not about the same time) he wrote
his epistle to the Colossians, and sent it by
Epaphras, his fellow-prisoner for some time at
Rome. As for his second epistle to Timothy,
there is some dispute about the time of his writing
it; only it seems probable by- authentic authors,
that it was written after the Philippians and
Elhiesians As for the epistle to the Hebrews, it
is not known when, or from whence written, and
rather conjectured than certainly known to have
been St. Paul's. Tertulliah judgeth it to be writ-
ten by Barnabas; but the most received opinion
is, that it was St. Paul's, but written by him in
Hebrew, and so sent to the Jews; but for the better
publishing it to the Gentiles, translated into Greek,
some say by St. Luke, and others by St. Clement,
for the style of whose epistles to the Corinthians
and Ephesians is observed by St. Jerome to come
very near the style of this epistle, and to contain a
purer vein of Greek than is found in the rest of St.
Our apostle having been now two years a prisoner
at Rome, is at length set free, and soon after de-
parts to visit other parts of the world, for the
further divulging the gospel, but into what par-
ticular parts is variously conjectured; some think
into Greece, and some parts of Asia, where he had
not yet been; others will have it that he went
preaching, as-well ino the Eastern as Western
parts of the world; for in his epistle to the Corin-
thians it is said, that Paul being a preacher both
Eastward and Westward, taught, righteousness to
the whole world, and *ent to the utmost bounds of
the West. That' he went into Spain, may be
gathered both from his own words, as intimating
so to do, and also from the testimony of other
authors, as Theodoret, who writes, that he not only
went into Spain to preach, butbrought the gospel into
the isles of the sea, and particularly into our
island of Britain ; and more particularly in another
place, he reckons up the Gauls and the Britons
amongst those people to whom the apostles, and
especially the tent-maker, as he calls him, had
divulged the Christian faith.
Farther mention of St. Paul we find none, till his
next and last coming to Rome, which is said to be
about the 8th and 9th years of Nero's reign; and
he came in the fittest time to suffer martyrdom he
could have chosen; for whereas at other times, his
privilege of being a Roman citizen gained him
those civilities which common morality could not
deny him, he had to do with a person with whom
the crime of being a christian weighed down all
apologies that could be alleged; a person whom
lewdness and debauchery had made seven times
more a Pagan than any custom or education could
have done. What his accusation was, cannot be cer-
tainly determined, whether it was his being an,
associate with St. Peter in the fall of Simon Magus,
or his conversion of Poppea Sabina, one of the
Emperor's concubines, by which he was curbed in
the career of his insatiate appetite. Neither can it
be resolved how long he remained in prison, what
the certain time of his suffering was, and whether
(according to the custom) he was first scourged;
only Barentons speaks of two pillars in the church
of St. Mary, beyond the bridge in Rome, to which
both he and St. Peter were bound; when they were
It is affirmed that St. Paul and St. Peter suffered
upon the same day, though different kinds of death,
Others will have it that they suffered on the same
day of the year, but at a year's distance ; and others
affirm that St. Paul suffered several years after St.
Peter; but all agree that Paul, as a Roman, had
the favour to be beheaded, and not crucified. His
execution was at the Aqums Salvioe, 3 miles from
Rome ; and he is said to have converted the three
soldiers that guarded him thither, who also suffered
for the faith. Some of the fathers add, that upon
his death there flowed from his veins a liquoi' more
like milk than blood, the sight whereof (saith St.
Crysostom) converted the executioner.
He was buried about two miles from Rome, in
the way called Via, Ostiensis, where Lucina, a noble
Roman matron, not long after settled a farm for
'he maintenance of the church. Here he lay but
differentlyy entombed for several ages, till the
reign of Constantine the Great, who in the year of
our Lord, 318, at the request of Sylvester, bishop
of Rome, built very sumptuous church, supported
with a hundred stately pillars, and beautified with
a most rare and exquisite workmanship, and after
all richly gifted and endowed by the emperor him-
self. Yet was all this thought too mean an honour
for so great an apostle by the emperor Valentinian,
who set an order to his Prsfect Salustinus, to
-take that church down, and to erect in its room one
more large and stately, which, at the instance of the
Pope Leo, was richly adorned, and endowed by the
Empress Placidia, and doubtless, hath received
great additions ever since, from age to age.
Thus was brought up, became converted, and a
preacher of the gospel, and thus was put to death
and buried, this great apostle of the Gentiles,
superior in learning aud natural parts, and not
'inferior in zeal to any of the rest of the apostles.