• TABLE OF CONTENTS
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 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Introduction
 Organization of materials
 Part I: Parc National Macaya
 Part II: Parc National La...
 Literature cited






Group Title: Herpetofaunas of the proposed national parks in southern Haiti
Title: The Herpetofaunas of the proposed national parks in southern Haiti
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00065373/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Herpetofaunas of the proposed national parks in southern Haiti
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Franz, Richard
Cordier, Daniel
Publisher: Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville FL
Publication Date: 1986
 Notes
Summary: lthb prv
Statement of Responsibility: Richard Franz and Daniel Cordier.
General Note: Cover title: Herpetofaunas of the national parks of Haiti.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00065373
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: aleph - 001827039
notis - AJQ1097

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Cover
    Title Page
        Title
    Introduction
        Page 1
    Organization of materials
        Page 2
        Page 3
    Part I: Parc National Macaya
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Setting
            Page 6
            Page 7
            Page 8
            Page 9
        Annotated list of amphibians and reptiles known from the Massif de la Hotte and adjacent areas
            Page 10
            Page 11
        Species accounts
            Page 12
            Page 13
            Page 14
            Page 15
            Page 16
            Page 17
            Page 18
            Page 19
            Page 20
            Page 21
            Page 22
            Page 23
            Page 24
            Page 25
            Page 26
            Page 27
            Page 28
            Page 29
            Page 30
            Page 31
            Page 32
            Page 33
            Page 34
            Page 35
            Page 36
            Page 37
            Page 38
            Page 39
            Page 40
            Page 41
            Page 42
            Page 43
            Page 44
            Page 45
            Page 46
            Page 47
            Page 48
            Page 49
            Page 50
        Parc National Macaya and its herpetofauna
            Page 51
            Page 52
            Page 53
        Table
            Page 54
    Part II: Parc National La Visite
        Page 55
        Setting
            Page 56
        Annotated list of amphibians and reptiles known from the Massif de la Selle and adjacent mountain areas
            Page 57
            Page 58
            Page 59
        Species accounts
            Page 60
            Page 61
            Page 62
            Page 63
            Page 64
            Page 65
            Page 66
            Page 67
            Page 68
        Parc National La Visite and its herpetofauna
            Page 69
            Page 70
    Literature cited
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 73
Full Text



Herpetofaunas

of


The National Parks of Haiti

by

Richard Franz
and
Daniel Cordier





















OK
228.1
.F72
1986





QK



.F7.2.

The Herpetofaunas

of

The Proposed National Parks

in

Southern Haiti



by



Richard Franz

and

Daniel Cordier

Florida State Museum
University of Florida
Gainesville, Fla.
32611





January 1986













Prepared for USAID/Haiti under contract Number
521-0169-C-00-3083-00







THE HERPETOFAUNAS OF THE PROPOSED NATIONAL PARKS IN SOUTHERN HAITI.


RICHARD FRANZ AND DANIEL CORDIER


Florida State Museum, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611.


INTRODUCTION


Recently, Haiti has proposed to establish national parks in two remote high

altitude areas in the Massif de la Hotte and the Massif de la Selle in the

southern part of the country. Both of these areas contain remanents of virgin

montane forests, in a rugged mountainous setting, which together produce

extremely valuable scenic resources. These areas also serve as important refugia

for unique biotas, ones which are declining rapidly. Many of these plants and

animals occur no other places in Hispaniola, or for that matter in the world.

Hence, these parks may represent the last chances to preserve these species for

the future.

Between January 1984 and February 1985, Charles A. Woods of the Florida

State Museum organized several expeditions into the proposed park areas, with

the missions of inventorying their biotas. The goal of these biological surveys

was intended to supply the necessary documentation to permit the establishment

of appropriate boundaries for the newly created parks, and to earmark those

special areas within the parks that contain unique species.

The purpose of this paper is to report on the herpetological data obtained

by members of the 1984-1985 C.A. Woods-FSM Expeditions to these mountain areas,

and to review other pertinent information on these areas gathered by previous

visitors. We believe with these data we can provide a preliminary assessment

of the distributional limits of the amphibians and reptiles that occur within








1











the current park boundaries, and present information necessary to document the

needs for further boundary modifications.


ORGANIZATION OF MATERIALS


Materials in this report are divided into two parts, one for Parc National

Macaya and one for Parc National La Visite. Each part consists of a brief

description of the study area, an annotated list of species known to occur

within each mountain area, and accounts for individual species found during our

visits. Each species account includes the scientific name, a local name when

available, the descriptions of the local and general distributions of the

species or subspecies, habitat notes, specific records, and a list of pertinent

literature.

The Specific Records section lists data for specimens obtained by us during

our visits to each park area. (In some accounts, we have refrained from listing

those individuals for which we have only made tentative identifications,

although we may allude to them in the text portion of the account. These

specimens are still under study and will be reported on at a later date.) This

section includes the following information: general and specific locality data,

elevations in meters, date of collections, field or museum numbers in

parenthesis, and name of collectors. General place names (e.g. Plaines Formon,

Sou Bois, Bois Formon, Seguin, Morne La Visite, etc.) used here were retrieved

from published maps. Names for specific sites were derived from information

supplied by the local populace (e.g. Jeremie and Titwe areas, village of Formon,

etc.), or names contrived by us to mark important points in the expedition's

progress (e.g. Base Camp, Formon Ridge Camp, Brent's Trail, Ravine Camp). These

names do not appear on area map; however, they have been shown on the included

map.


2










Specimens obtained by us are housed in the collection of the Florida State

Museum (UF). In cases where UF specimens remain uncatalogued, we have retained

the following original expedition field numbers: RF (Richard Franz), KA (Kurt

Auffenberg), or R (Daniel Cordier).





















































3










PART I. PARC NATIONAL MACAYA


As proposed, this park lies entirely within the Department du Sud, and

includes the ridges of Formon and Macaya, the Saddle, and the upper portions of

the Grande Ravine du Sud, at elevations above the 1600 meter contour. Within

this area, the two highest peaks (Pic Formon -- 2200 meters; Pic Macaya -- 2340

meters) in Massif de la Hotte are located.

Expeditions to this park originated in Camp Perrin, progressed by road

along the Riviere L'Acul, to a point where the road left the river and ascended

the plateau (Les Platons), cresting at the ruins of La Citadel. At this point,

the vehicles were left, and we began a 2-hour walk to the Base Camp on Plaines

Formon through Sou Bois and Bois Formon.

Base Camp on Plaines Formon became the hub of our penetrations into the

park. Large numbers of specimens were collected by us or brought to us at this

outpost from the surrounding countryside. It was here also that we launched

collecting trips into the sinkhole areas on Les Platons. Trails lead out from

Base Camp toward the southern park boundary on the south slope of Morne Formon.

Collecting within the park was biased due to the limited number of access routes

into this precipitous terrain. At the time of our visits, there were two

Haitian trails that cross Morne Formon, one that lead through Formon Ridge Camp,

cresting the ridge at an elevation of 1900 meters, the other by way of the

Jeremie Sinkhole Plain and Morne Cavalier. Both trails ended in the Grande

Ravine du Sud. A third trail, cut by Brent Mitchell and a Haitian work force,

followed the crest of Formon, connecting both of these trails. This trail then

continued beyond the more western Cavalier trail, accessing Pic 2170, Pic

Formon, (2200 meters), and the crest of the Saddle (1800-1900 meters). From the

Saddle, the climbs to Pic Macaya originated. Collections were made along each



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of these routes, along subsidiary trails leading off of the major ones when

available, and in the vicinity of camping sites (Formon Ridge Camp on the south

slope of Morne Formon at an elevation of 1650 meters, Brent's Camp along Brent's

Crest Trail near Pic 2170, Ravine Camp in the Grande Ravine du Sud at 1030

meters, Saddle Camp at a point where the Saddle intersected Morne Macaya at 1900

meters, and Pic Macaya Camp on the crest of Morne Macaya at 2330 meters). The

positions of these trails and camps are noted in Figure 1.

We considered the study area to consist of (1) Les Platons (from the ruins

of the Citadel at an elevation of 700 meters, north through Bois Formon, Plaines

Formon, and Morne Cavalier, to the south base of the ridge of Formon), (2) the

south and north slopes of Morne Formon including the crest, (3) the Saddle that

forms the headwall of the Ravine du Sud, (4) the Grande Ravine du Sud above 900

meter contour, and (5) the south slope and crest of Morne Macaya (including Pic

Macaya at 2340 meters elevation) (see Figure 1). This expanded view of the park

area enabled us to gather data for a greater range of elevations, and to include

several forest types that would otherwise remain unknown.

Herpetological materials were obtained from the Macaya park vicinity during

January and early February, June, July and early August, and September in 1984,

and January and February in 1985. This provided seasonal samples for most

species. Hopefully, these specimens will become the basis for future natural

history studies.


SETTING


Geologically, the region forms a vast upland karst. Permanent surface

water is uncommon in the study area, except for the Riviere du Sud and a few

springs originating at the bases of the ridges of Formon and Macaya. Deep

solution pits (up to 97 meters in depth), sometimes with small caves at their



6










bottoms, are common in Les Platons area, particularly on Plaines Formon and the

lower slopes of Morne Cavalier. A second karst area with deep solution pits

also occurs on the ridge of Macaya east of Pic Macaya. One of us (DC) collected

extensively in these pits, while exploring them for paleontological materials.

According to Woodring et al (1924), lowland sites are reported to receive

up to 2108 millimeters (Les Cayes) of rainfall annually. Unfortunately, they

did not have data for high altitude sites, although they did intimate that these

sites got considerable more precipitation than the lowlands. They also noted

two well-defined wet seasons in the area, one between April-June, and the other

August-December. During our stays, it rained little at Base Camp on Plaines

Formon, except in June. However, there was precipitation, either as rain or

mist, practically every day on Formon and Macaya. Trails, particularly at the

crest of these ridges, were generally muddy, with standing pools of water

occurring in low spots. Clouds blew through these forests daily, and dripping

water was an ever-present sound as one walked the trails. Evenings were usually

clear and cool, but by morning the clouds would again reform. The week that was

spent in the ravine was hot and sunny. The Saddle showed the most severe

weather conditions as a result of local wind patterns which passed through the

ravine and up over the Saddle.

There are three distinctive forest types present within the study area.

(See Judd in this compendium for a thorough description of each type.) We will

refer to them in the accompanying text by the following names.

I. Montane Pine Forests/Cloud Forests-- West Indian pine (Pinus

occidentalis) characterized the forests on the slopes and crests of Formon and

Macaya and near the summit of Morne Cavalier, at elevations greater than 1300

meters'. This forest could be divided into the following recognizable

associations that graded into one another, and probably resulted as a



7










consequence of fires and other disturbances. (1) Dry pinelands were

characterized by pines, blackberries (Rubus spp.) and ferns (Pteridium

aquilinum, Histiopteris incisa, Blechnum tuerckheimii); (2) Moist pinelands,

including "cloud forest", had scattered pines and a dense layer of woody shrubs

(Didymopanax tremulum, Persea anomala, Myrsines coriacea, Brunellia

comocladiifolia, Garrya fadyenii, Miconia spp.), tree ferns (Cynathea harriji,

Alsophila minor, Weinmannia pinnata), bromeliads, and climbing bamboo

(Arthrostylidium haitiense); (3) Open balds were dominated by Myrica picardae

and Ilex obcordata.

II. Wet Forests on Limestone-- This forest type occurs on Les Platons and

the lower slopes of Cavalier, Formon and Macaya, below 1250 meters. Important

plants include Dendropanax arboreus, Didymopanax tremulum, Prunus occidentalis,

Prunus myrtifolia, Beilschmeidia pendula, Zonthoxylum haitiense, and many

melastomes (particularly species of Macranium, Calcyqonium, Miconia, and

Ossaea), Chrysophyllium argentium, Dipholis cubensis, Phyllanthus myriophyllus,

Micropholis sp. n., Lunania mauritii, Daphnopsis crassifolia, Palicouria

alpinus, Psychotria pubescens, Cobelia robusta, Alchornia latefolia,

Rhytidophyllum spp., Solanum spp., and Eupatorium spp. Unfortunately, much of

the original forest has now been cut and the areas planted with gardens or

converted to pastures. There are still some undisturbed forest remanents on the

more rugged limestone hills in the area locally known as Bois Formon.

III. Ravine Pine Forest-- This peculiar forest occurs along the floodplain

of the Riviere du Sud in the inner gorge of the Grande Ravine at elevations to

at least 1250 meters. Here, spindly pines grow in rather extensive stands in

the alluvial cobble and boulder bars along the stream. Although close to water,

the area appears arid with ferns (particularly Pteridium aquilium), blackberries

(Rubus spp.) and a few woody shrubs (Heterotrichum angustifolium, Gyrotaenia



8










myriocarpa, Senecio stenodon, Garraya faydenii, and Cestrum bicolor) forming a

dense layer under the pines.


























































9












ANNOTATED LIST OF AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES KNOWN FROM THE MASSIF DE LA HOTTE AND
ADJACENT AREAS.

The following 54 amphibians and reptiles were reported in Schwartz and
Thomas (1975) Henderson and Schwartz (1984), and/or this report, as occurring
in the Massif de la Hotte in the western Tiburon Peninsula, Haiti. = indicates
those taxa listed in the literature from the Massif de la Hotte, but not
reported from the study area; ** = includes those taxa represented in
collections from the study area; 1 = includes those taxa not previously listed
from the Massif de la Hotte, but are represented in our collections. Those
species without notation are reported as occurring in the general area by
Henderson and Schwartz (1984) and may eventually be found within the study area.

Order ANURA

Family Leptodactylidae (22 taxa)

Eleutherodactylus abbotti Cochran
** Eleutherodactylus apostates Schwartz
* Eleutherodactylus audanti audanti Cochran
** Eleutherodactylus bakeri Cochran
** Eleutherodactylus brevirostris Shreve
** Eleutherodactylus chlorophenax Schwartz
** Eleutherodactylus counouspeus Schwartz
* Eleutherodactylus eunaster Schwartz
** Eleutherodactylus glandulifer Cochran
* Eleutherodactylus glaphycompus Schwartz
** Eleutherodactylus heminota Shreve and Williams
* Eleutherodactylus hypostenor Schwartz
Eleutherodactylus inoptatus Barbour
** Eleutherodactylus lamprotes Schwartz
1 Eleutherodactylus nortoni
** Eleutherodactylus oxyrhynchus Dumeril and Bibron
** Eleutherodactylus pictissimus pictissimus Cochran
** Eleutherodactylus ruthae aporostegus Schwartz
* Eleutherodactylus sciagraphus Schwartz
* Eleutherodactylus semipalmatus Shreve
** Eleutherodactylus ventrilineatus Shreve
** Eleutherodactylus wetmorei wetmorei Cochran

Family Hylidae (4 taxa)

** Hyla heilprini Noble
** Hyla pulchrilineata Cope
** Hyla vasta Cope
** Osteopilus dominicensis Tschudi








10











Order SQUAMATA

Suborder SAURIA

Family Gekkonidae (1 taxon)

* Sphaerodactylus elasmorhynchus Thomas

Family Anguidae (3 taxa)

** Celestus costatus costatus Cope
** Celestus stenurus stenurus Cope
* Sauresia sepsoides Gray

Family Iguanidae (19 taxa)

1 Anolis armouri Cochran
** Anolis coelestinus coelestinus Cope
** Anolis cybotes Cope
* Anolis darlingtoni Cochran
** Anolis distichus aurifer Schwartz
* Anolis distichus suppar Schwartz
* Anolis distichus vinosus Schwartz
** Anolis dolichocephalus dolichocephalus Williams
* Anolis dolichocephalus sarmenticola Schwartz
* Anolis koopmani Rand
* Anolis monticola monticola Shreve
** Anolis monticola quadrisartus Thomas and Schwartz
** Anolis ricordi leberi Williams
* Anolis ricordi viculus Schwartz
* Anolis rupinae Williams and Webster
Anolis semilineatus Cope
* Anolis singularis Williams
** Chamaelinorops barbouri Schmidt
** Leiocephalus melanochlorus melanochlorus Cope

Family Boidae (2 taxa)

** Epicrates gracilis hapalus Sheplan and Schwartz
** Epicrates striatus exagistus Sheplan and Schwartz

Family Colubridae (3 taxa)

** Antillophis parvifrons parvifrons Cope
** Darlingtonia haetiana haetiana Cochran
** Uromacer catesbyi catesbyi Schlegel










11












SPECIES ACCOUNTS


ORDER Anura


Family Leptodactylidae (There were large numbers of frogs in the genus

Eleutherodactylus obtained by us whose identities remain undetermined. Within

this group, there are, no doubt, several undescribed taxa represented. We

decided to refrain from including them in this report until they can be

adequately studied.)


Eleutherodactylus apostates Schwartz


Crapau


Previously, E. apostates has been reported in the literature from the

vicinity of the type locality at Castillon on the north slope of Massif de la

Hotte, between 1029 and 1147 m (Schwartz and Thomas 1975). Our specimens

indicated its occurrence on the southern slopes of this mountain area.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Formon Ridge (north slope)-- elev. 1650 m, 7 Jan 1983, (CAW#),

C.A.Woods; 5 Jan 1983,' (UF 53928), C.A.Woods.


REMARKS: We were unable to distinguish between specimens of E. apostates and

Eleutherodactylus bakeri in all cases. Therefore, we have included only those

specimens identified by A. Schwartz as apostates in the Specific Records of this

account. All other specimens were included in the E. baker account. In the

future, we hope to resolve these identification problems, and present a more

representative picture of the distribution of these two species in the park

area.





12










PERTINENT LITERATURE: Schwartz 1973 (original description), Schwartz and Thomas

1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Eleutherodactylus baker Cochran


Crapau


E. bakeri occurs on Les Platons at Plaines Formon and Morne Cavalier, on

the slopes of Morne Formon and Morne Macaya, at elevations between 1000 and 2340

meters. We found them in a variety of habitats including in deep sinkholes, in

leaf mold, under bark of upright dead pine trees, and in bromeliads.

According to Schwartz and Thomas (1975), J. baker is known from the type

locality stated as "Mt. La Hotte, 5000-7800 feet" and Castillon.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- vicinity of Base Camp, 1000 m,

26 Jan 1984, (UF 58343), C.A.Woods; upper ravine of Riviere Cass Cou, 1300 m, 29

Jan 1984, (UF 58347), R.Franz; 30 Jan 1984, (UF 58348), R.Franz; dry ravine near

Trouing Jeremie #5, 2 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1220 m, 1 Feb 1984, (UF 58349,

58363), R.Franz; Trouing Jeremie #9, 2.0 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1220 m, 2Feb

1984, (UF 58362), C.A.Woods; Jeremie #10, 2 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1108 m,

(UF 58373), C.A.Woods, D.Cordier; (Morne Cavalier area)-- south slope, 1600 m,

iFeb 1984, B. MacFadden, R.Cleeland; southwest slope, elev. 1300-1400 m, 31 Jul

1984, (UF 58376-58380), R.Franz, S. Partin; Formon Ridge (south slope)-- Formon

Ridge Camp, elev. 1650 m, 24 Jan 1984, (UF 58334); 26 Jan 1984, (UF

58330-58331); basin, ESE of Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1500 m, 27 Jan 1984, (UF

58340-58342), R.Franz; 3 Aug 1984, (UF 58352-58354), S.Woods, A.Fowler,

J.Yarington; (crest)-- trail between Formon Ridge Camp and Ravine Camp, elev.

1800-1860 m, 26 Jan 1984, (UF 58329), 4 Aug 1984, (UF 58350-58351), S.Woods;




13












(north slope)-- trail, between Formon Ridge Camp and Ravine Camp, elev. 1900 m,

25 Jan 1984, (UP 58.327), R.Franz, J.Franz; 1700-1790 m, 24 Jan 1984, (UF 58328);

1650 m, 28 Jan 1984, (UF 58335-58336), R.Franz; ravine garden, east trail

between Formon Ridge Camp and Ravine Camp, elev. 1650 m, 28 Jan 1984, (UF

58337-58339), R.Franz; Saddle-- south of Saddle Camp, elev. 1860-1900 m, 5 Feb

1985, (UF 58371-58372), R.Franz; Macaya Ridge (south slope)-- above Saddle Camp,

elev. 1900-2100 m, 6-7 Feb 1984, (UF 58368-58369), R.Franz, W.Judd; (Crest)--

vicinity of Pic Macaya Camp, elev. 2200-2340 m, 6-7 Feb 1984, (UF 58365-58366,

58370), R.Franz.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1935 (original description), 1941 (general

account), Schwartz 1973 (description of E. apostates), Schwartz and Thomas 1975

(synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Eleutherodactylus brevirostris Shreve


Crapau


This frog was found commonly in the Montane Pine Forests and Cloud Forests

on the slopes and crest of Formon, the Saddle, and the crest of Macaya. On Les

Platons, it was only found in the northwestern part of Plaines Formon and in the

Morne Cavalier area. At two of these lower sites, specimens were collected from

deep sinkholes. We did not found it in the Grande Ravine du Sud.

This species may have a distribution similar to that of Eleutherodactylus

glandulifer, i.e. being incredibly abundant in the moist pinelands and cloud

forests of the mountain slopes, and restricted to moist ravines and caves and

cave-like habitats at lower elevations, particularly where the forests have been

removed. At higher elevations, we found this frog hopping all over the ground


14













when the weather was wet, and under rocks and debris lying on the ground during

drier periods.

Previously, E. brevirostris was known from the northern and eastern

foothills of the Massif de la Hotte, and from the vicinity of Castillon, at

elevation from 1029 to 2264 meters (Schwartz and Thomas 1975). Our records

extend the known range of this frog onto the southern slopes of the central

ridges in the massif.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- vicinity of Trouing Sicol, 2.5

km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1240-1260 m, 1 Aug 1984, (RF 482, 484), D. Cordier;

Trouing Jeremie #2, 2.5 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1280, 31 Jan 1984, (RF 324),

R.Franz, D.Cordier; upper ravine of Riviere Cass Cou, on trail between Base Camp

and Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1250 m, 31 Jan 1984, (RF 339), F.G. Thompson;

(Morne Cavalier area)-- Trouing Johnionelli, 3.2 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1420

m, 2 Aug 1984, (RF 632), D. Cordier; Ridge of Formon (South Slope)-- vicinity

of Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1650 m, 24 Jan 1984, (RF 269), R. Franz, J. Franz;

26 Jan 1984, (RF 268), F.G. Thompson; 3 Aug 1984, (RF 539), S. Woods, A. Fowler,

J. Yarington; basin above spring, SE of Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1500-1530 m,3

Aug 1984, (RF 539), local collector; (RF 547), A. Fowler, S. Woods, J.

Yarington; 28 Jan 1984, (RF 275), F. G. Thompson; 28 Jan 1984, (RF 276), R.

Franz; (RF 286), R. Franz, B. J. MacFadden, R. Cleeland; (Crest)-- trail from

Formon Ridge Cap to Ravine Camp, elev. 1800-1900 m, 4 Aug 1984, R. Franz, local

collectors; (North Slopes)-- trail between Formon Ridge Camp and Ravine Camp,

elev. 1700-1750 m, 24 Jan 1984, (RF 2650, R. Franz; 28 Jan 1984, (RF 282), R.

Franz; 4 Aug 1984, (RF 555), R.Franz, local collectors; elev. 1650 m, 7 Jan

1983, (C.A.W#), C. A. Woods; in ravine along trail, elev. 1500, 7 Aug 1984, (RF

586) R. Franz, local collectors; Saddle-- vicinity of Saddle Camp, elev. 1800


15













m, 7 Aug 1984, (RF 599), R. Franz, local collectors; Ridge of Macaya (crest)--

near Pic Macaya Camp, elev. 2200-2340 m, 6 & 7 Feb 1984, (RF 374), R. Franz.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Shreve 1936(original description), Cochran 1941 (general

account), Schwartz 1973 (distribution, biogeography), Schwartz and Thomas 1975

(synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).




Eleutherodactylus chlorophenax Schwartz


Crapau


Previously, E. chlorophenax was known only from the type locality at

Castillon which is located on the northern slope of the Massif de la Hotte. Our

records from Les Platons and the Graande Ravine du Sud indicate it is more

widespread in this mountainous region.

E. chlorophenax occurred on Les Platons and in the Grande Ravine du Sud,

within the Wet Limestone Forests and in the drier ravine pinelands. Most of the

specimens were taken from within deep solution pit caves up to 97 meters below

the surface. At all of these sites, this frog was found in association with

Eleutherodactylus nortoni. Both frogs show similar behaviors in these caves,

hopping about or hiding under rocks and organic debris on the bottom, or wedging

themselves into nooks and crannies on the vertical walls of the sink. Two

specimens, collected on the surface, were found under a rock in a dry stream

bed, and from a notch on the side of a giant boulder, about 2 meters above the

cobble strewn flodplain of the Riviere du Sud.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Citadel area)-- Trou Zambi, trail between the

Citadel and Base Camp, elev. 995 m, 30 Jun 1984, (UF 56797, 56799), D. Cordier;


16












(Plaines Formon)-- Trouing Dirant #1, 0.25 km WSW of Base Camp, elev. 1030 m,

(RF 634), D. Cordier; Trouing Deron, elev. m (RF 272), D. Cordier; upper Ravive

Cass Cou, trail between Base Camp and Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1300 m, 29 Jan

1984, (RF 297), R. Franz; Grande Ravine du Sud-- Ravine Camp, elev. 1030 m, 5

Aug 1984, (UF 56800), R.Franz.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Schwartz 1976 (original description), Henderson and

Schwartz 1984 (key).





Eleutherodactylus counouspeus Schwartz


Crapau


Originally, this frog was known only from the type locality at Grotto de

Counou Bois, near Camp Perrin. However, recent collections have shown the

species to be common in the vicinity of the Cavillon (Schwartz, pers. comm.).

Our specimens extend the range of this species to include the area near the

Citadel on Les Platons, at an elevation of 730 meters.

Initially, the type specimen was secured as it actively hopped about rocks

about fifty feet back from the entrance of Grotto de Counou Bois. Specimens

from the vicinity of Cavillon were found to call from deep inaccessible crevices

in extremely rocky places (Schwartz pers. comm.) The five specimens obtained

by us occurred beyond the lighted zone at the bottom of a deep sink. These

frogs, like the one from Grotto de Counou Bois, were found to be active and

accurate jumpers, and seemed quite at home in the total darkness. No other frog

was found association with this species at Trou Jhing. Perhaps, this species is

excluded by E. chlorophenax and E. nortoni from sinkholes at higher elevations.




17













SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Citadel Area)-- Trou Jhing, 2.2 km NW of the

Citadel ruins, elev. 730 m, 30 Aug 1984, (UF 57633-57635, R 124), D. Cordier.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Schwartz 1964a, Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis,

distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).




Eleutherodactylus glandulifer Cochran


Crapau


Specimens of E. glandulifer from the study area were found under rocks and

other debris on the ground, and in deep sinkhole caves, at elevation between

1100 and 1900 meters. They were common at the surface in the Montane Pine

Forests on the slopes of Morne Cavalier and Morne Formon, but apparently not on

the drier southern slopes of Morne Macaya. Specimens from elevations below 1300

meters in the Les Platons region were only found inside sinkhole caves in the

Jeremie sinkhole plain area. These cave specimens were found in cavities on the

vertical walls of the shafts, as well as on the under debris at the bottom, at

depths up to 27 meters below the surface. We interpreted the sinkhole frogs to

be part of relictual colonies of this species at lower elevations. This may

have resulted as a consequences of drier conditions with the removal of the

local Wet Limestone Forest which formerly predominated in this area.

Previously, E. glandulifer was known from the type locality in the north and

east foothils of Macaya and from Castillon, between 1000 ft and 4000 ft

(Schwartz and Thomas 1975). Our specimens extend the range to the southern

slopes of the Massif de la Hotte.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- Trouing Jeremie #1 (in sink 12


18












meters below surface), 2.5 km NW of Base Camp, 2 Aug 1984, (RF 619), D. Cordier;

Jan 1984, (RF 311), D. Cordier; Trouing Jeremie #3, (RF), D, Cordier, A. Folwer;

Trouing Jeremie #5, i(in cave 12 meters below surface), 1 Feb 1984, (RF 329, RF

336), D. Cordier; Trouing Jeremie # 6, 1 Feb 1984, (RF 342), D. Cordier; Trouing

Jeremie #8, (in sink 17 meters below surface), 2 Feb 1984, (RF 360), D. Cordier,

C.A.Woods; Trouing Jeremie #10 (in cave 27 meters below surface), 2 Feb 1984,

(RF 362), D. Cordier, C.A.Woods; (Morne Cavalier area)-- Trouing Johnionelli,

elev. 1420 m, 2 Aug 1984, spec. and eggs (RF 615-617), D. Cordier; soth slope of

Morne Cavalier, elev. 1500 m, (RF 335), B.J.MacFadden, R. Cleeland; near summit

of Morne Cavalier, elev. 1550 m, 4 Feb 1984, (RF379), F.G.Thompson; Formon Ridge

(South Slope)-- along trail between Base Camp and Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1400

m, 3 Aug 1984, (RF 545), R. Franz, S.Partin; vicinity of Formon Ridge Camp,

elev. 1650 m, 3 Aug 1984, (RF 534, 538), S. Woods, A. Fowler, L Yarington; 26

Jan 1984, (RF 267), R. Franz; 28 Jan 1984, (RF 295), R.Franz; 3 Aug 1984, eggs

(RF 540), J. Yarington; basin at spring, ESE of Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1460 m,

27 Jan 1984, (RF 285), R.Franz, J. Franz; basin above spring, ESE of Formon

Ridge Camp, elev. 1500 m, 28 Jan 1984, (RF 275), F.G.Thompson;elev. 1500-1530 m,

(RF 286), R.Franz, B.J. MacFadden, R. Cleeland; 3 Aug 1984, (RF 547), S.Woods,

A.Fowler, J.Yarington; ravine of the upper Riviere Cass Cou, at intersection

with trail to Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1300 meters, 29 Jan 1984, (F 297),

R.Franz, and S. Partin; (North Slope)-- small ravine at trail between Formon

Ridge Camp and Ravine Camp, elev. 1500 m, 28 Jan 1984, (RF 276), R.Franz; ravine

east of garden site, east of trail between Formon Ridge Camp and Ravine Camp,

elev. 1650 m, 28 Jan 1984, (RF 280), R. Franz; near crest of Morne Formon, along

trail between Formon Ridge Camp and Ravine Camp, elev. 1800-1900 m, (RF 554),

R.Franz; 3 Aug 1984, eggs (RF 561), S. Woods. Macaya Ridge (North Slope)--




19













Trouing Large Genti, approx. 5 km E of Pic Macaya, elev. 1365 m, 13 Sep 1984, (R

079), D. Cordier.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1935 (original description), Cochran 1941 (general

account), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and

Schwartz 1984 (key).




Eleutherodactylus lamprotes Schwartz


Crapau


All of our specimens were collected from large, water-filled bromeliads at

elevations between 975 and 1200 meters.

Previously, E. lamprotes was only known from the type locality at Castillon

on the northern slopes of the Massif de la Hotte. Our specimens from Bois

Formon, Plaines Formon and the Grande Ravine du Sud suggest this species to be

widespread in the central part of the Massif de la Hotte.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Bois Formon)-- forested limestone hill, 200 m S

of Base amp, elev. 975 m, (UF 56802-56803), R.Franz, J.Franz; (Plaines Formon)--

hill SW of the upper ravine of Riviere Cass Cou, trail between Base Camp and

Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1200 m, 30 Jan 1984, (UF 56813), R. Franz; limestone

hill at Base Camp, elev. 1000 m, 1 Aug 1984, (RF 531), R. Franz; Grande Ravine

du Sud-- floodplain of the Riviere du Sud, above Ravine Camp, elev. 1100 m, 7

Aug 1984, (UF 56804-56805), R.Franz.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Schwartz 1973 (original description), Schwartz and Thomas

1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).


20











Eleutherodactylus nortoni Schwartz


Crapau


Previously, E. nortoni was known only from the Massif de la Selle in Haiti

and two localities in Pedernales Province in Republica Domonicana. Our

specimens extend the known range of this species into the Massif de la Hotte.

This frog was common in deep sinkhole caves up to 97 meters deep in the Les

Platons region and the karst plain on the east side of the Macaya ridge. It

co-occurred with Eleutherodactylus chlorophenax at several sinkhole sites, where

both species were found amongst the rocks and organic debris on the bottom, or

on the vertical walls of the sinks. There were only two occasions when this

species was located on the surface-- in a notch of a limestone cliff face, near

a small stream, cascading into the Riviere du Sud, and under a large rock in a

rocky area that had recently been converted from forest to pasture.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Citadel Area)-- Trou Zambi, trail between the

Citadel and Base Camp, elev. 995 m, 30 Jun 1984, (UF 56794-56796, 56798), D.

Cordier; (Bois Formon)-- Trouing Bois Formon #1, elev. m, 23 Jan 1984, (UF

56788), D. Cordier; (Plaines Formon)-- Trouing Deron, elev. m, 25 Jan 1984, (UF

56789-56791), D. Cordier; Trouing Delvas Dirant, 0.5 km WSW of Base Camp, elev.

1080 m, 5 Aug 1984, (RF 621), D. Cordier; Trouing Dirant #1, 0.25 km WSW of Base

Camp, elev. 1030 m, 8 Aug 1984, (RF 634), D. Cordier; Trouing Vapir Dirant #2,

1.85 km SW of Base Camp, elev. 985 m, 14 Sep 1984, (R 102), D. Cordier; Trouing

Cheetah, 1.5 km SSE of the Base Camp, Elev. 850-900 m, 6 Aug 1984, (RF 625), D.

Cordier; vicinity of Jeremie sinkhole plain, 2.5 km NW of Base Camp, 1250 m, 1

Feb 1984, (UF 56793), F.G. Thompson; Trouing Jeremie #1, elev. 1240 m, (RF 619),

D. Cordier; Trouing Jeremie #3, 31 Jan 1984, (UF 56792), D. Cordier; Grande


21












Ravine du Sud--- Ravine Camp, elev. 1030 m, 6 Aug 1984, (RF 587), R. Franz; 7

Aug 1984, (UF 56801), local collector; Macaya Ridge-- Trouing Large Genti #1,

karst area on the eastern part of the ridge, elev. 1365 m, 13 Sep 1984, (R 079),

D. Cordier.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Schwartz 1976 (original description); Henderson and

Schwartz 1984 (key).



Eleutherodactylus oxyrhynchus (Dumeril and Bibron)


Crapau


E. oxyrhynchus is the most common frog on Les Platons. Here, it occurs on

disturbed sites in incredible numbers, frequently 2 to 7 under a single rock.

At higher elevations, this frog is less common, and seems to prefer old garden

sites. It may be that this species has recently invaded the slopes of Morne

Cavalier and Morne Formon, and the Saddle, from Les Platons, following

deforested corridors. We found no specimens on the south slope or crest of

Morne Macaya, in forested area on Morne Formon, or in the inner gorge of the

Grande Ravine du Sud. E. oxyrhynchus was also common in the bottoms of sinkhole

pits, up to 12 m.

E. oxyrhynchus is known to occur in the Massif de la Hotte and Massif de la

Selle, at elevations between 735 m and 1176 m (Schwartz and Thomas 1975).



SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Bois Formon)-- Trouing Grand Fond, 1.25 km SW of

Base Camp, elev. 920 m, 6 Aug 1984, (RF 623), D. Cordier; Trouing Delas, Bois

Dirant, 0.5 km WSW of Base Camp, elev. 1080 m, 5 Aug 1984, (RF 621), D. Cordier;

(Plaines Formon)-- vicinity of Base Camp, elev. 970 m, 31 Jul 1984, (RF 451),


22












local collectors; 1 Aug 1984, (RF 507, 531), local collector; Trouing Sicol

area, approx. 2,5 km W of Base Camp, ele. 1240-1260 m; 1 Aug 1984, (RF482, 483,

484), D. Corider; upper ravine of Riviere Cass Cou, at intersection with trail

between Base Camp and Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1260-1300 m, 29 Jan 1984, (RF

297), R.Franz; 3 Aug 1984, (RF 542), R. Franz, S. Partin; vicinity of Trouing

Jeremie sinkholes, approx. 2 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1210-1280 m, 1 Feb 1984,

(RF 331), R.Franz; Trouing Jeremie #1, 2 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1210 m, 30

Jan 1984, (RF 311), D. Cordier; Trouing Jeremie #4, 2 km NW of Base Camp, elev.

1220 m, (RF 340), D. Cordier; Trouing #5, 2 km NW of Bae Camp, elev. 1220 m. 1

Feb 1984, (RF 329), D. Cordier; Trouing Jeremie #6, 2 km NW of Base Camp. elev.

1220 m, 1 Feb 1984, (RF 342), D. Cordier; (Morne Cavalier area)-- southwest

slope of Mone Cavalier, elev. 1300-1400 m, 31 Jul 1984, (RF 445), R.Franz, S.

Partin; vicinity of Trouing Titwe, approx. 3.5 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1000 m,

1 Aug 1984, (RF 505), local collectors; 'Trouing Johnionelli, 3.2 km NW of Base

Camp, elev. 1420 km, (RF 632), D. Cordier; Formon Ridge (South Slope)-- Formon

Ridge Camp, elev. 1650 m, 26 Jan 1984, (RF 268), F. G. Thompson; basin, ESE of

Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1500 m, 28 Jan 1984, (RF 275), F.G.Thompson; 3 Aug

1984, (RF 547), S. Woods, A Fowler, J. Yarington; (North Slope)-- trail between

Formon Ridge Camp and Ravine Camp, elev. 1500 m, 7 Aug 1984, (RF 586), local

collector; Saddle-- east slope, below Saddle Camp, elev. 1800 m, 7 Aug 1984, (RF

599), local collector.



PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1935 (original description of E. femur-levis),

Lynch and Schwartz 1971 (systematics, illustrations), Schwartz 1973

(distribution, biogeography), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution),

Henderson and Schwartz (key).



23












Eleutherodactylus ventrilineatus (Shreve)


Crapau


Previously, this frog was only known from the type series obtained by J. P.

Darlington in 1934 on the Pic Macaya. As far as we known, the specimens

obtained by us represent only the second series of this species in existence in

museum collections. Our specimens extend the known range to include the Saddle

and Morne Formon, at elevations in excess of 1700 meters.

All of our specimens including females with eggs were found on drier, more

open sites in the Montane Pine and Cloud Forests. The frogs were most common in

areas that were recently burned or under cultivation.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Formon Ridge (north slope)-- garden site, along trail between

Formon Ridge Camp and Ravine Camp, elev. 1700 m, (RF 258), R.Franz, J.Franz;

(Crest)-- along trail between Formon Ridge Camp and Ravine Camp, elev. 1800-1900

m, 26 Jan 1984, (RF 266), R. Franz, W. Judd; 28 Jan 1984, (RF 282), R. Franz; 4

Aug 1984, (RF 554), R. Franz; spec. and eggs (RF 557), S. Woods; spec. and eggs

(RF 559), S. Woods; Brent's Trail to Pic 2170, approx. 1.3 km W of trail between

Formon Ridge Camp and Ravine Camp, elev. 2140-2200 m, (RF 365), R. Franz;

Saddle-- trail along ridge along crest, elev. 1860-1900 m, 5 Feb 1984, (RF 369),

R.Franz, W.Judd; Saddle Camp, elev. 1900 m, Jun 1984, (KA 360), D. Cordier;

Macaya Ridge (South Slope)-- Shoulder Trail to Pic Macaya, elev. 1900-2100 m,

(RF 370), R.Franz; (Crest)-- vicinity of Pic Macaya Camp, elev. 2200-2340 m,

(RF 373, RF 375), R. Franz, W. Judd; 11 Sep 1984, (R 066), D. Cordier.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Shreve 1936 (original description), Cochran 1941 (general

account), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and

Schwartz 1984 (key).
24














Eleutherodactylus wetmorei wetmorei Cochran


Crapau


We purchased 2 specimens of this frog from local collectors during our

stay. Both of these specimens were supposedly collected from the Plaines

Formon area, but unfortunately, we were unable to dulpicate their collections

during our sampling. Since this species is rather common at lower elevations,

it may be that these specimens had been collected from a site outside the study

area and transported to Base Camp for us to purchase.

E wetmorei wetmorei occurs in the Massif de la Hotte, from Camp Perrin and

Les Platons on the west to the vicinity of Miragoane, at elevations between 215

and 882 meters. Other subspecies are known from the northern slopes of the

Massif de la Hotte and the Monts Cartaches, and from the north and south slopes

of the Massif de la Selle and Morne 1'Hopital, and southeast of Los Arroyos in

the Republic Dominicana. (Schwartz and Thomas 1975).



SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- vicinity of Base Camp, 1000 m,

31 Jul 1984, (RF 451), local collector; 1 Aug 1984, (RF 531), local collector.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1935 (original description of E. wetmorei), 1941

(general account), Shreve and Williams 1963 (systematics), Schwartz 1968a

(description of subspecies), 1977, Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis,

distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).








25









Family Hylidae


Hyla heilprini Noble


Crapau


This hylid frog is a common in the Grande Ravine du Sud. We found it to

rarely strays far from flowing water. Tadpoles and transforming froglets were

common in plunge pools along the rocky and boulder-strewn upper Riviere du Sud,

at elevations up to 1200 meters. The few specimens from Plaines Formon were

reported to have been taken among the rocks in wet areas along the creek bed in

the Ravine Cass Cou.

H. heilprini is a widespread endemic species in Hispaniola, particularly at

elevations between 590-880 meters (Schwartz and Thomas 1975). In the Massif de

la Hotte, Schwartz and Thomas (1975) reported it from Camp Perrin, Les Platons,

and the base of Pic Macaya.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- village of Formon, 1 km E of

Base camp, elev. 900 m, 30 Jul 1984, (RF 436), local collectors; vicinity of

Base camp, elev. 970 m, 31 Jul 1984, (RF 453), local collector; Grande Ravine du

Sud-- vicinity of Ravine Camp, elev. 1030 m, 6 Aug 1984, (RF 583), R. Franz; 8

Aug 1984, (RF 610), local collectors; 13 Sep 1984, (R 078), D. Cordier; 1 km W

and upstream from Ravine Camp, elev. 1200 m, 7 Aug 1984, tadpoles and froglets

(RF 591), R. Franz, S. Partin, A Fowler; side canyon entering river, near Ravine

Camp, elev. 1100-1150 m, 8 Aug 1984, (RF 606), local collector.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Noble 1923 (original description), 1927 (natural history

information), Cochran 1941 (general account), Shreve and Williams 1963

(systematics), Trueb and Tyler 1974 (morphology and systematics), Schwartz and

Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz (key).

26












Hyla pulchrilineata Cope


Crapau


All of the specimens of H. pulchrilineata in our collections were from the

vicinity of Base Camp. Specimens found by us were collected at night on the

leaves of melastomes on a rocky limestone hillside in back of camp, or in the

grasses around the cow pond. Specimens, initially seen on the leaves, jumped

into the rocks, and had to be dug out of the limestone rubble.

H. pulchrilineata is endemic to Hispaniola and occurs through the island

(Schwartz and Thomas 1975).


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- Base camp, elev. 970 m, 22 Jan

1984, (RF 254), A Fowler, J. Franz, R. Franz; 26 Jan 1984, (UF 57630-57631) A.

Fowler; 2 Feb 1984, (RF 353), local collector; 1 Aug 1984, (RF 531), local

collectors; 9 Aug 1984, (UF 58084), D. Cordier.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1941 (general account), Shreve and Williams 1963

(systematics), Trueb and Tyler 1974 (morphology and systematics), Schwartz and

Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Hyla vasta Cope


Crenouigne


This huge treefrog was uncommon in the study area. All of our specimens

were collected by local people, so we did not have direct experience with this

frog. According to them, these frogs were taken in rolled up banana leaves near

a small spring in the Riviere Cass Cou creek bed, just below Base Camp. We



27










failed to locate tadpoles of this species in any of the creeks of the area,

while tadpoles of other hylids were common.

At Camp Perrin, tadpoles of H. vasta were common in pools along the Riviere

du Sud, between 200-400 meters. It may be that this frog achieves its

altitudinal limits on the slopes of LesPlatons, below Plaines Formon, and does

not make it onto the plateau proper or into the upper reaches of the Riviere du

Sud in the Grande Ravine.

H. vasta is restricted to the southern mountains of the Tiburon and

Barahona peninsulas, and in the central mountain areas of Haiti and Republicana

Dominicana, and in hilly to mountainous areas of northern and eastern

Republican Dominicana, between 300 and 1025 meters (Henderson and Schwartz

1984).


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon Area)-- below Base Camp, elev 900

m, 30 Jul 1984, (UF 58077-58078), local collectors; 1 Aug 1984, (UF 58082),

local collector; Canalzil area, in vicinity of the Riviere Cass Cou, southeast

of Base Camp, elev. 700-800 m, 9 Jun 1984, (UF 58079-58081), local collectors.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1924, Noble 1923a, 1923b, 1923c, 1927

(description, life history, ecology), Cochran 1941 (general account), Shreve and

Williams 1963 (systematics), Trueb and Tyler 1974 (morphology and systematics),

Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984

(key).



Osteopilus dominicensis (Tschudi)


Crapau





28











In the park area, we found the casque-headed 0. dominicensis common around

Base Camp, and in the vicinity of Morne Cavilier at elevations up to 1530

meters, but were unable to find it at higher elevations on Formon or Macaya, or

in the Grande Ravine du Sud. In both areas this frog was associated with the

grassy margins of small ponds. At Base Camp, we also found it common in the

buildings, frequently appearing on the walls and furniture at night around our

gas lamps, presumably gathering insects that were attracted these light sources.

0. dominicensis is reported to be widespread in Hispaniola including many

of the offshore islands, at elevations from sea level to 1470 m (Schwartz and

Thomas 1975).


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- vicinity of Base Camp, elev.

970 m, 26 Jan 1984, (UF 58053-58055), A. Fowler; 4-13 Jun 1984, (UF 58083), K.

Auffenberg; 30 Jul 1984, (UF 58056-58058), local collectors; 31 Jul 1984, (UF

58059-58070), local collectors; 1 Aug 1984, (UF 58073-58075), local collector; 9

Aug 1984, (UF 58085-58091); (Morne Cavalier Area)-- in pasture near Trouing

Johnionelli, 3.2 km NW of Base camp, elev. 1420 m, 2 Aug 1984, (UF 58052), S.

Woods; spring, on east slope of Morne Cavalier, 0.5 km ENE of Pic 1570, 3.2 km

WNW of Base Camp, elev. 1530 m, 9 Aug 1984, (UF 58071-58072).


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Noble 1927 (tadpole morphology and behavior), Cochran 1941

(general account), Shreve and Williams 1963 (systematics), Trueb and Tyler 1974

(morphology and systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution),

Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).











29
















Order SQUAMATA


Suborder SAURIA


Family Anguidae


Celestus costatus costatus (Cope)


* Soude


pelestus costatus is wide-spread in Hispaniola. The subspecies, C. c.

costatus, occurs in the western Tiburon Peninsula including the Massif de la

Hotte, from Dame-Marie and Jeremie, south to Camp Perrin, and east to the

vicinity of Miragoane, from sea level to 1117 m (3800 ft) (Schwartz and Thomas).

C. c. costatus was found in the vicinity of Plaines Formon, Bois Formon and

the Grande Ravine du Sud at elevations to 1330 m (4522 ft). Specimens were

collected from under limestone rocks in disturbed sites (pastures and newly dug

gardens). This lizard was much more abundant at Plaines Formon than in the

Grande Ravine.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- Bois Formon, approx. 0.5 SW of

Base Camp, elev. 1000 meters, 30 July 1984, (RF 443), R.Franz; vicinity of Base

Camp, elev. 1000 meters, 31 July 1984, (RF 449, 456, 457, 466, 472, 474, 479),

local collectors; 1 Aug 1984, (RF 512, 521, 524, 527), local collectors; Trouing

Titwe area, approx. 3.5 km NW Base Camp #1, elev. 1320-1330 meters, 1 August

1984, (RF 486, 501, 502, 503). Grand Ravine du Sud-- vicinity of Ravine Camp,

elev. 1030 meters, 5 Aug 1984, (RF 577), R.Franz; 6 Aug 1984, (RF 582), R.

Franz.


30













PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1941 (general account); Schwartz 1964b

(systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and

Schwartz 1984 (key).



(* Soude refers to Typhlops in Camp Perrin)



Celestus stenurus stenurus (Cope)


Soude


Celestus stenurus is wide-spread in Hispaniola with numerous subspecies

recognized. Populations from the Tiburon Peninsula are known as C. stenurus

stenurus. It occurs over most of the Tiburon Peninsula at elevations from near

sea level to 1117 m (3800 ft) and intergrades with C. s. weinlandi in the region

around Port-au-Prince and the north slopes of the Massif de la Selle (Schwartz

and Thomas 1975).

This lizard was found on Plaines Formon and in the Grande Ravine du Sud, to

elevations of 1030 m (3607 ft). In both areas, C. stenurus was found to

co-occurred with C. costatus, although it seemed to prefer the drier sites. It

was more abundant than C. costatus in the the Grande Ravine area, and less

common on Plaines Formon. In the Grande Ravine, we found the majority of

specimens in piles of rocks along the stream channel, particularly in

association with dense bracken fern glades.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Grand Ravine du Sud-- vicinity of Ravine Camp, elev. 1030

meters, 7 Feb 1984, (RF 380), F.G.Thompson; 5 Aug 1984, (RF 572, 577), R.Franz;

6 Aug 1984,(RF 582), R.Franz; 7 Aug 1984, (RF 594), R.Franz. Les Platons

(Plaines Formon)-- vicinity of Base Camp, elev. 1000 meters, 31 July 1984, (RF


31












448, 471, 472), local collectors; Trouing Titwe area, approx. 3.5 km NW of Base

Camp, elev. 1000 meters, 1 Aug 1984, (RF 503), local collector.



PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1941 (general account); Schwartz 1964b

(systematics); Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and

Schwartz 1984 (key).




Family Iguanidae


Anolis cf. armouri (Cochran)


Anoli


Specimens of a cybotes-like anoles from high elevation sites on Morne

Macaya, Morne Formon and in the Grande Ravine du Sud resemble Anolis armouri

known from the Massif de la Selle and from the Sierra de Baoruco (Republica

Dominicana). Specimens from Les Platons are more difficult to separate from A.

cybotes, and may be intermediate between the two forms. It will be necessary to

study in this complex of lizards from the study site in detail before the

precise natures of these lizards are revealed.

Unfortunately, the systematics of the Anolis cybotes group remain

incompletely studied. We repeat the remarks of Schwartz and Thomas (1975: 77)

here to indicate the complexity of the situation. "Probably no other Hispaniolan

anole more requires detailed analysis than A. cybotes. Within the range of A.

cybotes are several geographic variants that are almost certainly nameworthy,

including those from both Isla Catalina and Isla Saona. The relationships of

the taxa cybotes and armour are poorly understood; in the Sierra de Baoruco,

these forms replace each other ecologically and altitdinally, but they seem to

32













intergrade on the Montagne Noire. The distribution of haetianus (=Anolis

cybotes haetianus Garman, new combination in Schwartz and Thomas 1975) is poorly

understood since specimens of haetianus occur near and at the type locality of

A. c. cybotes (Jeremie). It seems probable that cybotes, armouri, and haetianus

are disinct species, and that there are several unnamed subspecies of A. cybotes

(sensu stricto)"

Specimens from the high elevations in the Massif de la Hotte preferred

disturbed sites. Around the Formon Ridge Camp, this lizard was usually found in

rock piles where they would sun themselves until disturbed; at which time they

would dash under rocks or into the pile where they had to be dug out. In the

ravine, they were most common on the boulders and cobbles that were part of the

stream bed.



SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- vicinity of Base Camp, elev.

1000 m, 1 Aug 1984, (RF 494), local collector; vicinity of Jeremie sinkhole

plain, 2 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1240 m, 1 Feb 1984, (RF), R.Franz; vicinity

of Trouing Sicol, 2.5 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1240-1260 m, 1 Aug 1984, (RF

497, D. Cordier; Ravine Datest, upper part of the Ravine Cass Cou, at jet. with

trail between Base Camp and Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1260 m, 30 Jan 1984, (RF

301), R.Franz, J.Franz, W. Judd; Ridge of Formon (South Slope)-- Formon Ridge

Camp, elev. 1650 m, 24 Jan 1984, (RF 269), R.Franz, J.Franz; 3 Aug 1984, (RF

546), R.Franz; basin ESE of Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1530 m, 28 Jan 1984, (RF

270), J. Franz, R.Franz; Ridge of Macaya (South Slope)-- 2 km E of Pic Macaya,

elev. 1540 m, 6 Aug 1984, S. Woods, A. Fowler, J. Yarington; Grande Ravine du

Sud-- vicinity of Ravine Camp, elev. 1500 m, 7 Feb 1984, (RF 381), F.G.Thompson;

Ravine Camp, elev. 1030 m, 5-7 Aug 1984, (UF 56828, 56830, RF 573, 575, 588), R.

Franz, local collectors; side ravine on south site of Riviere du Sud, near

33












Ravine Camp, elev. 1100-1150 m, 8 Aug 1984, (RF604, 607), S.Woods, A.Fowler,

J.Yarington.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Williams 1963 (systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975

(synopsis, distribution Schwartz and Henderson 1982 (systematics), Henderson

and Schwartz 1984 (key).




Anolis coelestinus coelestinus Cope


Anoli


A. c. coelestinus was common through most of the study site, up to about

1500 m. It was most commonly seen associated with human structures, but away

from habitations, this lizard occurred on rocks in open areas, particularly

where the forest had been cleared for gardens. In the ravine, it was found on

boulders and cobbles along the stream bed.

This lizard generally occurs in Haiti and Republica Dominicana, south of

the Cul de Sac Plain with at least one record from the Cul de Sac Plain itself,

from sea level to (5600 ft) at Furcy (Schwartz and Thomas (1975). Our specimens

from the Formon Ridge Camp (1650 m or 5610 ft) indicate a similar altitudinal

range for this lizard in the Massif de la Hotte.



SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Bois Formon)-- Trou Grand Fond, 1.25 km SW of

Base Camp, elev. 900 m, 7 Aug 1984, (RF 642), local collectors; (Plaines

Formon)-- vicinity of Base Camp, elev. 970 m, 26 Jan 1984, (RF 288), C.A.Woods;

1 Aug 1984, (RF 513, 490, 494, 496), local collectors; 9 Aug 1984, (RF 648), D.

Cordier; Trouing Vape Deron, 28 Jan 1984, (RF 294), C.A.Woods; vicinity of

Trouing Sicol, 2.5 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1240-1260 m, 1 Aug 1984, (RF 497),
34












D. Cordier; Ridge of Formon (South Slope)-- basin, ESE of Formon Ridge Camp,

elev. 1530 m, 27 Jan 1984, (RF 292), R. Franz; (North Slope)-- trail between

Formon Ridge Camp and Ravine Camp, elev. 1500 m, 7 Aug 1984, (RF 585), local

collector; Grande Ravine du Sud-- Ravine Camp, elev. 1030-1050 m, 5-7 Feb 1984,

(RF 381,384), F.G.Thompson, R. Cleeland; 6 Aug 1984, (RF 581, 588), R.Franz,

local collectors; side canyon, south slope of Ravine du Sud, entering Riviere at

Ravine Camp, elev. 1100-1150 m, 8 Aug 1984, (RF 604, 607), S.Woods, A.Fowler,

J.Yarington.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1941 (general account), Williams 1965

(systematics), Schwartz 1969 (systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis,

distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Anolis cybotes cybotes Cope


Anoli


Specimens showing the cybotes characteristics were most commonly found on

Les Platons below 1260 meters with a few specimens from the Grande Ravine with

them. However, most of the ,ravine specimens as well as the high elevation ones

were of the armouri morph.

Anolis cybotes is generally distributed throughout Hispaniola and many of

the offshore islands. The systematic relationships of the lizards in the Anolis

cybotes complex are not fully understood (see Anolis armouri species account for

more information).


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Bois Formon)-- near Trouing Cheetah, 1.5 km SSE

of Base Camp, lev. 850-900 m, 6 Aug 1984, D. Cordier; near Trouing Dirant #1,

0.25 km SSE of Base Camp, elev. 1030 m, 8 Aug 1984, D. Cordier; (Plaines

35













Formon)-- vicinity of Base Camp, elev. 1000 m, 26 Jan 1984, (RF 305), A. Fowler;

31 Jan 1984, (RF 326), local collector; 1 Aug 1984, (RF 496, 515, 525), local

collectors; vicinity of Trouing Sicol, 2.5 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1240-1260

m, 1 Aug 1984, (RF 497), D. Cordier; Near Trouing Mesanfort Diclaire, 1.0 km NNE

of Base Camp, elev. 950 m, 7 Aug 1984, (RF 628, 642), D. Cordier; hill south of

Ravine Datest, trail between Base Camp and Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1260 m, 30

Jan 1984, (RF 301), R.Franz, J.Franz, W.Judd; Grande Ravine du Sud-- Ravine

Camp, elev. 1030 m, 7 Aug 1984, (RF 588), R. Franz, local collectors.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1941 (general account), Williams 1965

(systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribtuion), Schwartz 1979

(systematics), Schwartz and Henderson 1982 (systematics), Henderson and Schwartz

1984 (key).



Anolis distichus aurifer Schwartz


Anoli


A. distichus was one of the three most abundant anoles occurring within the

study area. Specimens were collected from Les Platons, Bois Formon, Plaines

Formon, slopes of Cavilier, Formon, and Macaya, and the Grande Ravine du Sud, at

elevations up to 1800 m (ft). It was most common at elevations lower then 1500

meters. This species was collected on the trunks of pine and other trees,

usually on drier sites. On Plaines Formon and Les Platons, it occurred

primarily in the ecotone areas where the forest was being cut, on isolated trees

in agricultural area, and in a few case on houses and other buildings. In the

Grande Ravine, it was common on the trunks of pine trees, and occasionally on

the large boulders along the stream channel.


36












A. distichus occurs in southeast Florida, Bahamas, and Hispaniola. In

Hispaniola, it is widely-distributed including the offshore islands. Three

subspecies of Anolis distichus (aurifer Schwartz, suppar Schwartz, and vinosus

Schwartz) are reported from the western Tiburon Peninsula and the Massif de la

Hotte in Haiti. Specimens from the study area are most similar to A. d. aurifer

(Schwartz, pers. comm.). This subspecies was previously reported from near

Cavaillon, Pourcine, Trou Bois, on the north and south flanks of the Massif de

la Hotte near the tip of the Tiburon Peninsula, and east to Paillant near

Miragoane (Scwartz and Thomas 1975). A. d. vinosis has been reported from Camp

Perrin and Les Platons, south to Les Cayes, west to Presqu'ile du Port-Salut and

Chevalier, north to Roche-a-Bateau; intergrades with A. d. aurifer at Cavillon

and Plaine Martin between Catiche and Duchity; with A.d. suppar at Gadouard

between Roche-a-Bateau and Coteaux (Schwartz and Thomas 1975). A. d. suppar

occurs on the western tip of Tiburon Peninsula, from Dame-Marie east to Jeremie,

south on the northern slopes of the Massif de la Hotte in the vicinity of Marche

Leon, and around the tip of the peninsula to Cantin between Port-a-Piment and

Coteaux; intergrades with A. d. aurifer at Roseaux on the north coast (Schwartz

and Thomas 1975).


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Citadel area)-- vicinity of Trouing Carfineyis, 2

km SE of Base Camp, elev. 950 m, 14 Sep 1984, (R 103, 115), D. Cordier; (Bois

Formon)-- near Trouing Cheetah, 1.5 km SSE of Base Camp, elev. 850-900 m, 6 Aug

1984, (UF 56815, 56817-56819, 56823, 56826, RF 624), D. Cordier; vicinity of

Trouing Vapir Dirant, 1.85 km SW of Base Camp, elev. 985 m, 14 Sep 1984, (R

098), D. Cordier; (Plaines Formon)-- Base Camp, elev. 975 m, 22 Jan 1984, (RF

253), R. Franz; 4 Jun 1984, (KA 350), K. Auffenberg; 31 Jul 1984, (RF 474),

local collectors; 1 Aug 1984, (RF 492, 496, 513), local collectors; Trouing

37












Sicol area, 2.5 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1240-1260 m, 1 Aug 1984, (RF 497), D.

Cordier; near Trouing Mesanfort Diclaire, 1.0 km NNE of Base Camp, elev. 950 m,

(RF 641-642), D. Cordier; (Eastern Plateau)--near Trouing Larome #2, above

Govin, plateau area between Ravine Cass Cou and Ravine L'Acul, elev. 1010 m, 10

Aug 1984, (RF 643), D. Cordier; Ridge of Formon (North Slope)-- trail between

Formon Ridge Camp and Ravine Camp, elev. 1500 m, 7 Aug 1984, (RF 585), local

collector; Saddle-- below Saddle Camp, elev. 1800 m, 7 Aug 1984, (RF 599), D.

Cordier; Ridge of Macaya (South Slope)-- 2 km E of Pic Macaya, elev. 1440 m, 6

Aug 1984, (RF 579), S. Woods, A. Fowler, J. Yarington; 2 km E of Pic Macaya,

elev. 1200-1500 m, 13 Sep 1984, (R 086, 090), D. Cordier; 5.5 km E of Pic

Macaya, elev. 1300-1500 m, 10 Sep 1984, (R 062, 059, 060), D. Cordier; 12 Sep

1984, (R 067, 072), D. Cordier; Grande Ravine du Sud-- Ravine Camp, elev. 1030

m, 5 Aug 1984, (RF 576), R.Franz; upstream from Ravine Camp, elev. 1150 m, 7 Aug

1984, (RF 593), R.Franz; side ravine, south of Ravine Camp, elev. 1100-1150 m, 8

Aug 1984, (RF 604), S.Woods, A.Fowler, J. Yarington;


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Schwartz 1968b (original description); Schwartz and

Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).




Anolis dolichocephalus sarmenticola Schwartz


Anoli


The specimens collected by us in the Grande Ravine du Sud were caught on

the leaf blades of bracken ferns growing among scattered pines on the flood

plain of the river.

Specimens from the Ravine Camp in the Grande Ravine are most similar to A.

d. sarmenticola. This subspecies has been collected at Saut Mathurine,

38












Marceline, Camp Perrin, Les Platons above Carrefour Canon, Trombeau Cheval

between Camp Perin and Beaumont, and north of Cavillon (Schwartz and Thomas

1975).

Generally, A. dolichocephalus is known from the vicinity of Dame-Marie and

Jeremie, to 13 km north of Cavillon, on the north and south slopes of the Massif

de la Hotte, south to Camp Perrin, Les Cayes, and along the Presqu ile de Port

Salut east of Port-Salut, elevations from sea level to 854 m (at Castillon)

(Schwartz and Thomas 1975). Specimens from the Ravine Camp in the Grande Ravine

du Sud extend the altitudinal range of the species to 1030 meters.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Grande Ravine du Sud-- Ravine Camp, elev. 1030 m, 7 Aug 1984,

(UF 56833), S. Woods; 8 Aug 1984, female and egg (UF 56834), R. Franz.


PERTINENT LITEWRATURE: Williams 1963 (original description of A. henderson

dolichocephalus); Schwartz 1968c (description of subspecies), Schwartz and

Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).




Anolis monticola quadrisartus Thomas and Schwartz


Anoli


Anolis monticola is endemic to the upland areas of the extreme western end

of the Tiburon Peninsula at elevations between 382-823 m (1300-2800 ft)

(Schwartz and Thomas 1975). The subspecies, A. m. quadrisartus, is reported from

about 4 mi from Camp Perrin, between Post Avance and Catiche, and Les Platons

(Schwartz and Thomas 1975). Our specimens extend the known range of this lizard

into the upper Ravine du Sud to an elevation of 1150 m (3910 ft).

One specimen was collected on the rocks in the lighted portions of deep


39













solution pit near the ruins of the old fort. The others were found among rocks

along the flood plain of the Riviere du Sud. One specimen was initial seen as

it perched atop a small rock in full sunlight on an exposed portion of the

stream's bed. This animal attempted to escape by swimming across a small pool

of water, and then darting in and around other stream cobbles on the beach. The

other one was captured as it jumped from a large stream-side boulder onto some

overhanging shrubs.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (La Citadel area)-- Trou Jhing, 2.2 km NW of the

Citadel ruins, elev. 730 m, 30 Aug 1984, (UF 57636); Grande Ravine du Sud--

near Ravine Camp, elev. 1030 m, 5 Aug 1984, (UF 56831), R.Franz; upstream from

Ravine Camp, elev. 1150 m, 8 Aug 1984, (UF 56832), R.Franz, S.Partin.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Shreve 1936, Thomas and Schwartz 1967, Schwartz and Thomas

1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).





Anolis ricordi leberi Williams


Aganmant


All of our specimens of A. ricordi were collected in the trees and vines

overhanging the cut bank sides of the intermittent Riviere Cass Cou near the

small village of Formon. The vegetation of this area except for the narrow

fringe of native trees along this bank had been cleared and planted with bananas

and vegetables.

Anolis ricordi is wide-spread in Hispaniola where several subspecies have

been described. Two of these subspecies occur in the western Tiburon Peninsula:

A. r. leberi from Camp Perrin and Marceline on the southern slope of the Massif

40












de la Hotte; A. r. viculus Schwartz from the vicinity of Castillon on the

northern slope. Our specimens extends the known range of A. r. leberi to

Plaines Formon at an elevation of 750 m (2550 ft).



SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- along the Riviere Cass Cou,

near the village of Formon, 2 km E of Base camp, elev. 800 m, 10 Aug 1984, (RF

636, 637), local collectors.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Williams 1965, Schwartz 1974 (systematics), Schwartz and

Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key



Chamaelinorops barbouri Schmidt


Anoli


There are five known populations of C. barbouri, two in Haiti (Massif de la

Hotte, Massif de la Selle), three in the Dominican Republic (Sierra de Baoruco,

Cordillera Central, and Sierra de Neiba) (Schwartz and Inchaustegui 1980).

Schmidt's (1919) record from Navassa Island between Hispaniola and Jamaica

appears in error (Thomas 1966).

The CAW-FSM expeditions obtained specimens of this rare lizard on Plaines

Formon, and on the slopes of Formon and Macaya ridges at elevations between 1030

and 1600 meters. Specimens were most abundant in the Wet Montane Pine Forest

Vegetation Type. Most of the specimens were found close to the ground,

particularly in association with dead pine needles. However, three specimens

including an adult female and a juvenile were collected among twigs in dead

shrubs. Schwartz and Inchuastegui (1980) listed specimens from piles of cut

grasses and vines, in weeds on the ground beside a road, on the ground along a


41























Chamaelinorops barbouri











path through "cafetel", in natural vegetation along the edge of deciduous woods

and banana-coffee cultivations in a ravine-like river valley, on boulders in a

once wooded ravine, and in a crevice on a large tree about 1.2 meters above the

ground in a recently cut-over area. Schwartz and Inchaustegui (1980) indicated

that this lizard demanded shade and sufficient ground cover in the form of small

woody shrubs or forest floor debris in which to live.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- vicinity of Trouing Sicol, 2.5

km NW of Base camp, elev. 1240-1260, 1 Aug 1984, (RF 485), D. Cordier; Ridge of

Formon (South Slope)-- spring at outlet to basin, ESE of Formon Ridge Camp,

elev. 1460 m, 27 Jan 1984, (RF 293), F.G. Thompson; basin, ESE of Formon Ridge

Camp, elev. 1530 m, 3 Aug 1984, (RF 548), S. Woods, A. Fowler, J. Yarington;

Ridge of Macaya (South Slope)-- 2 km E of Pic Macaya, 1200-1500 m, 12-13 Sep

1984, (R 073, 095), D. Cordier; Grande Ravine du Sud-- vicinity of Ravine Camp,

elev.1030 m, 5-6 Aug 1984, (RF 571, 590), R.Franz, local collectors.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Schmidt 1919 (description); Cochran 1928 (description);

Cochran 1941 (general account); Thomas 1966 (distribution), Schwartz and Thomas

1975 (synopsis, distribution), Schwartz and Inchaustegui 1980 (systematics,

ecology, and behaviour), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).




Leiocephalus melanochlorus melanochlorus Cope


Mabuya


This lizard was found on Plaines Formon, Bois Formon, slopes of Formon and

Macaya, and the flood plain of the Riviere du Sud, to elevation of 1650 meters.

It was common on drier sites on the plateau, particularly in areas modified by


43











agriculture, along paths, and in pastures. We surmise that this lizard moved

along deforested corridors to reach newly created garden plots on the slopes of

both ridges. We did not find it in areas where the forest persisted. In-the

Grande Ravine, it was found among the bracken ferns and scrubby pines along the

flood plain of the Riviere du Sud.

Leiocephalus melanochlorus appears restricted to the Tiburon Peninsula,

ranging from the area around Furcy and Kenscoff to Jeremie, at elevations from

sea level to 1647 m (5600 ft) (Schwartz and Thomas 1975). Populations from the

western Tiburon Peninsula and Ile-a-Vache are referred to the nominate

subspecies, L. m. melanochlorus, while more easternly populations (east of St.

Michel du Sud) belong to the subspecies, L. m. hypsistus Schwartz.



SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- vicinity of Base Camp, elev.970

m, 2 Feb 1984, (RF 358); 4-13 June 1984, (UF 57653-57659), K. Auffenberg; 31 Jul

1984, (UF 57784-57795), local collectors; 1 Aug 1984, (UF 57661-57662,

57796-57826), local collectors; near Trouing Mesanfort Diclaire, 1 km NNE of

Base Camp, elev. 950 m, 7 Aug 1984, (UF 57827-57829), D. Cordier; trail between

Base Camp and Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1060 m, 30 Jan 1984, (RF 318), W. Judd;

vicinity of Trouing Carfineyis, 2 km SE of Base Camp, elev. 950 m, (UF

57679-57707, R 105, R 108), D. Cordier and local collectors; Ravine Seche, elev.

800 m, 13 Jun 1984, (UF 57660), D. Skean; (Bois Formon)-- near Trouing Grande

Fond, 1.25 km SW of Base Camp, elev. 920 m, (UF 57663-57664), D. Cordier; Grande

Ravine du Sud--

Ravine Camp, elev. 1030 m, 5 Aug 1984, (RF 570), R. Franz; 7 Aug 1984, (RF 595),

S.Woods; 8 Aug 1984, (RF 603), local collector; Macaya Ridge (South Slope)-- 2

km east of Pic Macaya, elev. 1200-1500 m, 12 Sep 1984, (UF 57668), D. Cordier;

13 Sep 1984, (UF 57669-57670), D. Cordier; Pic 1516, 5.5 km east of Pic Macaya,

44












elev. 1300-1500 m, 10 Sep 1984, (UF 57665-57666), D. Cordier; 12 Sep 1984, (UF

57667), D. Cordier.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1941 (general account), Schwartz 1966a

(systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and

Schwartz 1984 (key).
















































45










Suborder SERPENTES


Family Boidae


Epicrates gracilis hapalus Sheplan and Schwartz


One female specimen (925 mm SVL, 1080 mm TL) was collected in a rock pile

at Ti Macaya. This specimen was in the process of molting at the time of

capture.

This subspecies occurs from Port-au-Prince and Jacmel, west to Jeremie in

the Tiburon Peninsula (Schwartz and Thomas 1975).


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- Ti Macaya, 4 June 1984, (KA

352), local collector.


PERTINENT: Sheplan and Schwartz 1974 (original description), Schwartz and Thomas

1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Epicrates striatus exagistus Sheplan and Schwartz


Two specimens of this boa were brought to Base Camp by local collectors

from Plaines Formon. The larger of the two from Trou Grand Fond was taken from

a tree hole several meters above the ground, where it had apparently retired

after taking a meal.

E. striatus occurs in the Bahama Islands and Hispaniola. Of the numerous

subspecies described, one race, E. s. exagistus, is reported from the distal end

of the Tiburon Peninsula, east to Les Basses, although it may also occur farther

east since there are apparent intergrades from near Jacmel. This form is also

known from Ile-a-Vache. (Schwartz and Thomas 1975).





46











SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- vicinity of Base Camp, elev.

970 m, 4-13 Jun 1984, (KA 351), local collector; vicinity of Trou Grand Fond,

1.25 km SW of Base camp, elev. 900 m, 7 Aug 1984, (RF 627), local collector.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Sheplan and Schwartz 1974 (original description), Schwartz

and Thomas 1975 (sysnopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Family Colubridae


Antillophis parvifrons parvifrons (Cope)


Ti coulevre flambo


As defined by Maglio (1970), the genus Antillophis has two species, one in

Cuba and the other, A. parvifrons, in Hispaniola. There may be a local

population of Antillophis on Little Inagua Island, Bahama Islands, but its

taxonomic status is unknown at the present time (Schwartz and Thomas 1975). A.

parvifrons is widespread in Haiti and Republica Dominicana, including the

offshore islands, with numerous subspecies described. Within the western

Tiburon Peninsula, there is only the nominate subspecies reported. According to

Schwartz and Thomas (1975), this form intergrades with A. p. protenus Jan in the

vicinity of Miragoane.

A. parvifrons was the most common snake found in the study area. Most of

the specimens, except for those from the ravine, were found under rocks at Les

Platons, where they appeared most abundantly in cultivated areas. The few

specimens from the arid Grande Ravine du Sud were collected along the

cobble-strewn stream bed of the Riviere du Sud.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Bois Formon)-- 0.5 km SW of Base Camp, elev. 1000




47










m, 30 Jul 1984 (RF 440-441), R.Franz, S.Partin, S. Woods, J. Yarington; vicinity

ofTrouing Vapir Dirant #2, 1.8 km SW of Base Camp, elev. 985 m, (R 101), D.

Cordier; vicinity of Trouing Carfineyis, 2 km SE of Base Camp, elev. 950 m, 14

Sep 1984, (R 117), D. Cordier;

(Plaines Formon)-- vicinity of Base Camp, elev. 970 m, 4-13 Jun 1984, (KA 351),

local collectors; 26 Jan 1984, (UF 56071), local collector; 30 Jan 1984, (UF

56051-56059), local collectors; 31 Jan 1984, (UF 56060), local collector; 2 Feb

1984, (UF 56063-56068), local collectors; 30 Jul 1984, (RF 437), local

collectors 31 Jul 1984, (RF 464-465, 473, 476-477), collector; 1 Aug 1984, (UF

57511-57515, RF 488, 517-519, 522-523, 526), collectors; Grande Ravine du Sud--

upstream from Ravine Camp, elev. 1250 m, 7 Aug 1984, (UF 57517), R. Franz; near

Ravine Camp, elev. 1050 m, (R 064), D. Cordier; Macaya Ridge (South Slope)-- 2

km E of Pic Macaya, elev. 1200-1500 m, 12 Sep 1984, (R 074), D. Cordier; Pic

1516, 5.5 km E of Pic Macaya, elev. 1300-1500 m, 10 Sep 1984, (R 065), D.

Cordier.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Barbour 1930 (systematics), Cochran 1941 (general

account), Thomas and Schwartz 1965 (systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975

(synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Darlingtonia haetiana haetiana Cochran


Niris (dark phase), Serpente (red phase).


D. haetiana was found to be a very common snake in the Les Platons region,

with specimens from Plaines Formon, Jeremie sinkhole plain and Morne Cavalier

areas, at elevations between 970 and 1420 meters. Only one specimen was

collected in the Grande Ravine. Specimens were found mostly under rocks, and




48










were commonly encountered as farmers cleared new garden plots. All of the

specimens were found in association with Wet limestone Forests, and not in the

pine forests except in the ravine.

This snake occurs in the Massif de la Hotte and the Massif de la Selle in

Haiti, and in the Sierra de Baoruco in Republica Dominicana, at elev. between

970 and 1647 meters. Each mountain area has its own endemic subspecies.



SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Plaines Formon)-- vicinity of Base Camp, elev.

970 m, 30 Jan 1984, (RF 314), R.Franz; (RF 354-355), local collectors; 4-13 Jun

1984, (KA 351), local collectors; 30 Jul 1984, local collectors; 31 Jul 1984 (RF

463-464, 473), local collectors; 1 Aug 1984, (RF 520), local collectors;

vicinity of Trouing Sicol, 2.5 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1240-1260 m, 1 Aug

1984, (RF 500), D. Cordier; Ravine Datest, upper ravine of the Riviere Cass

Cou, at junct. of trail between Base Camp and Formon Ridge Camp, elev. 1260 m, 3

Aug 1984, (RF 544), R.Franz, S. Partin; vicinty of Trouing Jeremie caves, elev.

1220-1240 m, 31 Jan 1984, (RF 321), R.Fran, J. Franz; 1 Feb 1984, (RF 344), R.

Franz; 2 Feb 1984, (RF 363), local collector; (Morne Cavalier Area)-- vicinity

of Trouing Johnionelli, 3.2 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 1420 m, 2 Aug 1984, (RF

617), D. Cordier; Grande Ravine du Sud-- vicinty of Ravine Camp, elev. 1050 m, 7

Feb 1984, (RF 383), R.Cleeland.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Barbour 1930 (systematics), Cochran 1941 (general

account), Thomas and Schwartz 1965 (systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975

(synopsis, distribution), Franz and Gicca 1983 (natural history), Sadjak and

Henderson 1983 (natural history), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Uromacer catesbyi catesbyi (Schlegel)




49










Coulevre lien.


U. catesbyi occurs island-wide in Hispaniola, as well as on many of its

offshore islands. The nominate subspecies is restricted to the Tiburon

Peninsula, east about the longitude of Momance (Schwartz and Thomas 1975).

In the study area, this snake was found in the Wet Limestone Forests, and

not in pinelands. According to local farmer, it usually found in shrubbery and

small trees; our specimens were collected as they cleared land for gardens.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Les Platons (Bois Formon area)-- Sou Bois, elev. 1020 m, 4 Aug

1984, (UF 57229), local collectors; (Plaines Formon)-- vicinity of Base Camp,

elev. 970 m, 26 Jan 1984, (UF 56073), local collector; 4-13 Jun 1984, (UF

57230-57231), local collector.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Mertens 1939 (systematics), Cochran 1941 (general

account), Schwartz 1970 (systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis,

distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).




























50










PARC NATIONAL MACAYA AND ITS HERPETOFAUNA


The Annotated List presented earlier in this report cites 26 amphibians and

28 reptiles in the Massif de la Hotte. This list and the analysis below did not

take into consideration those taxa whose distributions are confined to coastal

and low elevations sites (under 700 meters), and undescribed or unidentified

taxa found during recent explorations. At least one of the the new taxa is a

unique frog from Morne Formon in the vicinity of Formon Ridge Camp, the Formon

crest, and the north slope down to approximately 1650 meters. This species is

now under study by Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas, and one of us (RF) and will be

published on separately.

Collections from the study area include 18 frogs, 11 lizards, and 5 snakes.

This represents approximately 58% of the taxa presented in the Annotated List.

Tabulation of the information present in Tables 1 and 2 show the following

patterns in the distribution of the amphibians and reptiles in the study area.

In general, the study area includes a mixture of both wide-ranging and highly

restrictive species. The wide-ranging amphibians and reptiles are usually

well-represented in collections from lower elevations while the restrictive ones

are confined to specific habitats and/or certain altitudes. Examination of

Table 1 indicates that the greatest species richness occurs at elevations under

1300 meters and that as one ascends in elevation the number of species decreases

markedly until there are but 3 on Pic Macaya (elevation 2340 meters). Within

the proposed park area (between 1600 and 2340 meters), we found 8 species (Table

2). Five were restricted to mid and high elevation sites, while 3 were

wide-ranging. Only Eleutherodactylus ventrilineatus (and the undescribed frog)

appears to be endemic to the proposed park itself.






51












Expansion of the park boundaries would increase the number of species

present in the park. Table 2 shows the following: inclusion of Morne Cavalier

and south slopes of M. Formon and M. Macaya-- an additional 7 taxa included in

park (Eleutherodactylus nortoni, Celestus costatus costatus, Anolis coelestinus

coelestinus, Chamaelinorops barbouri,Leiocephalus melanochlorus melanochlorus,

Antilliophis parvifrons parvifrons, Darlingtonia haetiana haetiana); inclusion

of portions of Plaines Formon, Bois Formon, and Grande Ravine du Sud-- 15 more

taxa added (Eleutherodactylus chlorophenax, Eleutherodactylus lamprotes,

Eleutherodactylus wetmorei wetmorei, Hyla heilprini, Hyla pulchrilineata, Hyla

vasta, Osteopilus dominicensis, Celestus stenurus stenurus, Anolis cybotes

cybotes, Anolis dolichocephalus sarmenticola, Anolis monticola quadrisartus,

Anolis ricordi leberi, Epicrates gracilus hapalus, Epicrates striatus exagistus,

Uromacer catesbyi catesbyi); inclusion of portions of the north slope including

areas near Castillon-- at least 16 more taxa added (* Eleutherodactylus audanti

audanti, Eleutherodactylus abbotti, Eleutherodactylus eunaster, *

Eleutherodactylus glaphycompus, Eleutherodactylus heminota, *

Eleutherodactylus hypostenor, Eleutherodactylus inoptatus, ** Eleutheroactylus

pictissimus pictissimus, Eleutherodactylus sciagraphus, Eleutherodactylus

semipalmatus, Sphaeodactylus elasmorhynchus, Anolis darlingtoni, Anolis

distichus suppar, Anolis dolichocephalus dolichocephalus, Anolis monticola

monticola, Anolis ricordi viculus, and probably others-- *= those taxa that may

eventually be found in one of the other proposed inclusion; **= those taxa known

to occur at lower elevations just outside of the study area).

Many of the listed amphibians and reptiles occur in specific habitats.

Note that those species occurring at elevations above 1300 meters are found in

Montane Pine Forests/ Cloud Forest; those found below 1300 meters are associated

with Wet Forests on Limestones. Both of these habitat types provide a cool and



52










humid environment for its inhabitants. Data suggest that when these conditions

become more arid through deforestation and agriculture many of the species

disappear from the surface with some taking refuge in sinkholes and caves. Other

are probably extirpated. It is also apparent that certain species notablyy

Eleutherodactlus oyrhynchus, Osteopilus dominicensis, Anolis coelestinus, Anolis

distichus, Leiocephalus melanochlorus, Celestus costatus, Celestus stenurus,

Darlingtonia haetiana) are apparently able to thrive under those new conditions

and in some cases spread. This has probably enabled certain "weed" species to

follow trails where the canopy has been removed into areas that were previously

uninhabited by them. We do not doubt that Eleutherodactylus oxyrhynchus and

Anolis distichus used these corridors to gain access to high altitude sites on

M. Formon, the Saddle, and M. Macaya. The intrusion of exotic species probably

adversely

impacts resident species.

We think that the creation of a park within the Massif de la Hotte is

absolutely essential for the survival of the region's herpetofauna. The region

is an important center for endemism in southern Hispaniola and contains over 30

restricted species and subspecies. In addition, there are at least 15 other

taxa which are also found in the Massif de la Selle area but are missing from

intervening lowlands.

To preserve portions of the Massif de la Hotte means to provide a sanctuary

for approximately 30 % of amphibian and reptile species known from Hispaniola

(including 17 species which are found nowhere else in the world).












53












TABLE 1. Altitudinal distribution of amphibians and reptiles at Parc
National Macaya.

2340 meters (SUMMIT)

E. bakeri, E. brevirostris, E. ventrilineatus.


1900 meters

E. apostates (?), E. bakeri, E. brevirostris, E. glandulifer (1900 m), E.
oxyrhynchus (1800 m), E. ventrilineatus, A. armouri (1650 m), A. distichus (1800
m)


1600 meters

E. apostates (?), E. bakeri, E. brevirostris, E. glandulifer, E. nortoni (1365
m), E. oxyrhynchus, C. costatus (1330 m), A. armouri, A. coelestinus (1530 m),
A. distichus, C. barbouri (1530 m), L. melanochlorus (1500 m), A. parvifrons
(1500 m), D. haetiana (1420 m).


1300 meters

E. apostates (?), E. bakeri, E.chloropheax (1300 m), E. glandulifer, E.
lamprotes, E. nortoni, H. heilprini (1200 m), C. costatus, C. stenurus (1030 m),
A. armouri, A. coelestinus, A. cybotes (1260 m), A. distichus, A.
dolichocephalus (1030 m), A. monticola (1150 m), C. barbouri, L. melanochlorus,
A. parvifrons, D. haetiana, U. catesbyi (1020 m).


1000 meters

E. chlorophenax, E. counouspeus (730 m), E. lamprotes, E. nortoni, E.
oxyrhynchus, E. wetmorei, H. heilprini, H. pulchrilineata (1000 m), H. vasta
(900 m), 0. dominicensis (1000 m), C. costatus, C. stenurus, A. armouri, A.
coelestinus, A. cybotes, A. distichus, A. monticola, A. ricordi (800 m), L.
melanochlorus, E. gracilus, E. striatus (970 m), A. parvifrons, D. haetiana, U.
catesbyi.

700 meters
-------------------------- OUTSIDE STUDY AREA-----------------------













54












PART II: PARC NATIONAL LA VISIT


This park is located on a high karsted plateau, north of the the town of

Seguin, Department de l'Ouest. Access was gained by road originating in

Petionville, through Kenscoff and Furcy, and in Jacmel through Seguin. We used

the buildings at the old saw mill along the road between Furcy and Seguin as

Base Camp, from which we launched collecting trips to other areas of the park.

Later, this group of buildings are to be used as the park headquarters. As

proposed, the park area included the plateau itself, Morne La Visite, Cabaio,

Belle Fontaine, Tete Opaque, Roche Cabrit, and other hills occurring along its

northern edge, and the plateau slopes, down to the 1600 meter contour.

Unlike the Macaya expeditions, we did not purchase specimens from the local

populace, but collected them ourselves. This was necessary because we feared we

would not be able to control the accuracy of the locality data for the specimens

brought to us due to the transitory nature of the population in the area.

Collections were made in February and June, in 1984, and January, in 1985.

Field work was centered on the plateau. Attempts were made to collect specimens

in as many diverse habitats as possible. Large collections of specimens were

obtained from the vicinity of Base Camp, along routes leading to and on the

major hills along the northern rim, on the west and north slopes, on the far

western extension of the plateau at D'Enfer, along the Riviere Blanche, and in

caves and sinkholes on the plateau. We also made collecting forays to Morne La

Selle and along the road between Seguin and Marigot on the lower south slope of

the Massif de la Selle, but we did not include these specimens in the current

report. Collection sites are shown on the map in Figure 4.







55













SETTING


The park area is located on a karst plain that slopes from a high point in

the north, southward. Most of the headwater drainages are subterranean, and

have their resurgences from springs and caves in the valley of the Riviere

Blanche. The Blanche leaves the plateau by a narrow ravine about 5 km west of

Seguin. It eventually joins the Riviere Grande which flows into the Caribbean

2 km east of Marigot.

Judd (this compendium) describes the following two forest types as

occurring in the park. The Pine (Pinus occidentalis) Forests on Limestone can

be divided into four recognizable associations: (1) Open Rocky Pinelands with

dense stands of pine with an understory of Agave antillarium and other shrubs;

(2) Open Pine Savannas with widely scattered pines and hummocks of bunch grass

(Danthoria domingensis); (3) Open Pinelands with scattered shrubs (Lyona

microcarpa, Myrica picardae, Baccharis myrsinites, Garrya fadyenii, Eupatorium

illitum, E. cabaionum) and many grasses and sedges; and (4) Moist Pinelands with

continuous shrub layer (shrub species listed in #3). The Cloud Forests on

Limestone are locally referred to as "rac bois", and occur mostly along the

steep north slope of the plateau. These are composed primarily of hardwood

species, and show a high diversity of plant species. Both forest types have

been severely modified by human activities and the ensuing ruderal habitats are

composed of mainly exotic plants, particularly European weed species.














56














ANNOTATED LIST OF AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES KNOWN FROM THE MASSIF DE LA SELLE AND
ADJACENT MOUNTAIN AREAS.

Sixty-five taxa are listed as potentially occurring in, or are known from,
the Massif de la Selle and adjacent mountain areas (Schwartz and Thomas 1975,
and Henderson and Schwartz 1984). = indicates those taxa listed in Henderson
and Schwartz (1984) from these mountain areas, but were not reported from the
park; ** includes those taxa either reported in the literature as occurring in
the park or represented in our collections. Those taxa without notation are
reported to occur more generally in the area and may eventually be found in or
near the study area.

Order ANURA

Family Leptodactylidae (18 taxa)

** Eleutherodactylus abbotti Cochran
** Eleutherodactylus armstrongi Noble and Hassler
** Eleutherodactylus audanti audanti Cochran
** Eleutherodactylus darlingtoni Cochran
* Eleutherodactylus fowleri Schwartz
** Eleutherodactylus furcyensis Shreve and Williams
** Eleutherodactylus glanduliferoides Shreve
* Eleutherodactylus heminota Shreve and Williams
* Eleutherodactylus hypostenor Schwartz
Eleutherodactylus inoptatus (Barbour)
** Eleutherodactylus jugans (Cochran)
** Eleutherodactylus leoncei Shreve and Williams
* Eleutherodactylus norton Schwartz
** Eleutherodactylus oxyrhynchus (Dumeril and Bibron)
* Eleutherodactylus pictissimus pictissimus Cochran
? Eleutherodactylus ruthae aporostegus Schwartz
* Eleutherodactylus semipalmatus Shreve
* Eleutherodactylus wetmorei ceraemerus Schwartz

Family Hylidae (4 taxa)

** Hyla heilprini Noble
Hyla pulchrilineata Cope
Hyla vasta Cope
Osteopilius dominicensis (Tschudi)


Order SQUAMATA

Suborder SAURIA

Family Gekkonidae (6 taxa)

Gonatodes albogularis notatus Reinhardt and Lutken
Hemidactylus brooki haetianus Meerwarth
Sphaerodactylus altavelensis brevirostratus Shreve
57











* Sphaerodactylus armstrongi Noble and Hassler
* Sphaerodactylus cinereus
* Sphaerodactylus streptophorus Thomas and Schwartz

Family Anguidae (3 taxa)

* Celestus stenurus weinlandi Cope
* Celestus costatus oreistes Schwartz
** Wetmorena haetiana haetiana Cochran

Family Iguanidae (13 taxa)

* Anolis alinger Mertens
** Anolis armouri (Cochran)
Anolis bahorucoensis southerlandi Schwartz
Anolis coelestinus coelestinus Cope
Anolis cybotes cybotes Cope
Anolis distichus dominicensis Reinhardt and Lutken
* Anolis hendersoni ravidormitans Schwartz
Anolis ricordi subsolanus Schwartz
Anolis semilineatus Cope
* Anolis singularis Williams
* Chamaelinorops barbouri Schmidt
Leiocephalus melanochlorus hypsistus Schwartz
Leiocephalus personatus personatus Cope

Family Teiidae (1 taxon)

Ameiva taeniura varica Schwartz

Suborder SERPENTES

Family Typhlidae (4 taxa)

* Typhlops capitulata capitulata Richmond
Typhlops hectus Thomas
* Typhlops pusilla Barbour
Typhlops sulcata Cope

Family Leptotyphlopidae (1 taxon)

* Leptotyphops leptepileptus Thomas, McDiarmid, and Thompson

Family Boidae (3 taxa)

* Epicrates fordi fordi Gunther
Epicrates gracilis hapalus Sheplan and Schwartz
Epicrates striatus striatus Fischer

Family Tropidophiidae (1 taxon)

Trophidophis haetianus haetianus Cope

Family Colubridae (9 taxa)
58













Alsophis anomalus (Peters)
Antillophis parvifrons protenus (Jan)
* Darlingtonia haetiana perfector Schwartz and Thomas
* Darlingtonia haetiana vaticinata Schwartz
Hypsirhynchus ferox ferox Gunther
Ialtris dorsalis (Gunther)
Uromacer catesbyi catesbyi (Schlegel)
Uromacer frenatus frenatus (Gunther)
Uromacer oxyrhynchus Dumeril and Bibron

Suborder Amphisbaenia

Family Amphisbaenidae (2 taxa)

Amphisbaena innocens Weinland
* Amphisbaena manni Barbour











































59










ORDER Anura


Family Leptodactylidae. (There were many specimens of Eleutherodactylus that

remain unstudied. Some of these specimens do not agree with the existing

descriptions of any known forms and may represent undescribed taxa. Additional

study is necessary before we can properly ascertain the status of these forms.)


Eleutherodactylus abbotti Cochran


Specimens tentatively identified as E. abbotti were collected within the

park and near Seguin. Further study is warranted in order to positively

establish the identification of these specimens.

According to Schwartz and Thomas (1975), j. abbotti occurs in the Tiburon

Peninsula in both massifs, as well as in the lowlands between them. They also

reported it from scattered localities in northern Haiti and the Republica

Dominicana. It is very abundant in all the mountainous areas of the latter

country, except in the Sierra Oriental. It is known to occur from sea level to

1647 meters (at Furcy).


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1923 (original description), 1941 (general

account), Schwartz 1966b (systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis and

distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Eleutherodactylus armstrongi Noble and Hassler


Shreve and Williams (1963) listed this species from Morne La Visite, but we

did not find it in the park. Our only collections of E. armstrongi were along

the road between Seguin and Marigot at an elevation of 1400 meters. At this

locality, it was taken under rocks in pasture areas. Schwartz and Thomas (1975)



60











listed this frog from the Montagne Noire in the vicinity of Furcy, Obleon,

Peneau), and from southwest of Seguin. They also indicate its presence in the

Sierra de Baoruco in the Republica Dominicana.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Noble and Hassler 1933 (original description), Shreve and

Williams 1963 (systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution),

Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Eleutherodactylus audanti audanti Cochran


E. audanti is the most abundant and obvious frog within the park area, and

occurs even on the summit of Pic La Selle. In the park, it shows considerable

variation in color pattern, the most spectacular of which is the bright orange

morph. We found it in both pine and cloud forest areas, but most commonly on

disturbed sites.

This subspecies is reported from the Massif de la Hotte, Montagne Noire,

and Massif de la Selle in Haiti and Republica Dominicana. Other subspecies are

known from several mountain areas in the Republica Dominicana (Schwartz and

Thomas 1975).


SPECIFIC RECORDS: ravine on S slope of hill S of Morne La Visite, elev. 2150 m,

13 May 1984 (UF 60427), K.Auffenberg, R.W.Portal; 2.7 km E Base Camp, elev. 1920

m, 12 Jan 1985, (UF 60356-60370), U. Vermont class; hillside NW of Roche Plate,

18 May 1984, (UF 60371-60372), K.Auffenberg, R.W.Portal; Riviere Blanche ravine,

S of road between Jacmel and Kenscoff, elev. 1830 m, (UF 60373-60374),

K.Auffenberg, R.W.Portal; plateau S of Morne La Visite, 1-2 km NW of Base Camp,

10 May 1984 (UF 60375-60388), R.Franz; 1 km NE of Base Camp, 3 km NW of Seguin,

elev. 2060 m, 15 Feb 1984 (UF 60389-60390), R.Franz; plateau at Tete Opaque, 3.5




61










km N of Seguin, 15 Feb 1984 (UF 60390-60392), R.Franz, B. Mitchell; along road

at western rim of Roche plate, 3 km W of Base camp, elev. 1890 m (UF 60393),

R.Franz, et. al.; Nan Carotte, between Morne Cabaio and Peak 2242, elev. 2135 m,

20 May 1984 (60428-60431), D. Cordier; S slope of Morne La Visite, elev. 2100 m,

12 May 1984 (UF 60432-60435), D Skean; Fe Nois, elev. 1880 m, 17 May 1984

(60436-60437), K.Auffenberg, R.W.Portal; W slope of plateau at Roche Plate,

approx. 6 km NW of Seguin, elev. 1800-1900 m 14 Feb 1984 (UF 60438-440), R.Franz

(UF 60438-60440), R.Franz; between first and second peaks of Morne D'en Fer,

elev. 1910-1925 m, 15 May 1984 (UF 60441-60444), K.Auffenberg, R.W Portal; 1 km

S Base Camp, elev. 1820 m, 10 Jan 1985 (UF 60394-60398), U. Vermont class; 2 km

NE of Base Camp, elev. 2130 m, 11 Jan 1985 (UF 60399-60400), U. Vermont class; 1

km E Base Camp, elev.2030 m, 11 Jan 1985, (60401-60405), U. Vermont class; 0.5

km E Base Camp, elev. 1935 m, 12 Jan 1985 (UF 60406-60419), U. Vermont class;

summit of Morne Cabaio, elev. 2200 m, 13 Jan 1985 (UF 6042-60422), U. Vermont

class.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1934 originall description), 1941 (general

account), Shreve and Williams 1963 (systematics and distributional records),

Schwartz 1966b (systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution),

Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Eleutherodactylus darlingtoni Cochran


_. darlingtoni is known from the type locality near La Visite, and from

along the road to Saltrou on the ridge of La Selle. We have specimens from the

park that may be this species but at this point we are not totally convinced of

this determination. Further study is necessary to determine if the frogs we

have are this species or something undescribed.


62











PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1935 (original description), Shreve and Williams

1963 (systematics), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).




Eleutherodactylus furcyensis Shreve and Williams


A specimen of E. furcynsis was collected in the bottom of a deep sinkhole

in the park. Other specimens, tentatively identified as this species, were also

found at scattered localities in the park and along the road between Seguin and

Marigot.

Schwartz and Thomas (1975) report it from Montagne Noire, Morne La Visite,

Savane Moutan, near Seguin and between Pedernales and El Aguacate.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Trou Slierie (63 meters deep sinkhole), 21 Sep 1983, (UF

39199) D. Cordier.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Shreve and Williams 1963 (original description), Schwartz

1964a (systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution),

Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Eleutherodactylus glanduliferoides Shreve


Specimens of frogs tentatively identified as E. glanduliferoides were found

at scattered localities in the park area. Schwartz and Thomas (1975) indicate

that it has only been found in the vicinity of La Visite.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Shreve 1936 (original description), Cochran 1941 (general

account), Shreve and Williams 1963 (distribution), Schwartz and Thomas 1975

(synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



63











Eleutherodactylus jugans (Cochran)


E. jugans is endemic to the La Selle ridge. Our collections indicate it is

a frog of cloud forest areas in the park at elevations down to 1690 meters. We

found them under rocks in both disturbed and forested areas.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: between the first and second peaks on Morne D'enfer, elev.

1910-1925 m, 15 May 1984, (KA 309), K. Auffenberg, R.W.Portell; Fe Nois peak, on

trail from Morne D'enfer to Bo Jacques, elev. 1880 m, 17 May 1984, (KA 313),

K.Auffenberg, R. Portell; ridge of Morne D'enfer, elev. 1860 m, 15 May 1984, (KA

310), K.Auffenberg, R.W.Portell; Morne La Visite, elev. 2160 m, 13 Feb 1984, (RF

390), R.Franz; elev. 2080 m, 13 Jan 1985, (RF 792-793), Univ. Vermont class;

north face of Morne Cabaio, elev. 1830 m, 16 Jan 1985, Univ. Vermont class;

along road on western rim of Roche Plate, 3 km W of Base Camp, elev. 1890 m, 14

Feb 1984, (RF 394), R.Franz, B. Mitchell, S.Yocum, F.G.Thompson; along road on

western slope of Roche Plate, elev. 1800-1900 m, 14 Feb 1984, (RF 398), R.Franz;

elev. 1690 m, 14 Feb 1984, (RF 401), R.Franz;


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1935 (original description), 1937 (systematics),

1941 (general account), Shreve and Williams 1963 (distribution), Schwartz 1964a

(systematics), Schwartz and Thomas 1975 (synopsis and distribution), Henderson

and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Eleutherodactylus leoncei Shreve and Williams


Specimens tentatively identified as E. leoncei were found at scattered

localities in the park. Further study is required to determine definitive

nature of these specimens. This frog is known from the Massif de la Selle and




64











the Republica Dominicana between Los Arroyos and El Aguacate. They indicate a

single specimen also from the Sierra de Baoruco.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Shreve and Williams 1963 (original description), Schwartz

and Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).



Eleutherodactylus oxyrhynchus (Dumeril and Bibron)


This frog was rare within the park, although we did encounter it at lower

elevations along the road below Seguin.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: between Morne Fe Noir and Morne Nacel, elev. 1700-1840, 18 May

1984, (KA 315), K.Auffenberg, R.W.Portell.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: See Eleutherodactylus oxyrhynchus account in Part I.




Family Hylidae


Hyla heilprini Noble


Although we have only one specimen in our collections, we suspect this

hylid to be common within the park area, particularly along the Riviere Blanche.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Morne Fe Noir on trail between Morne D'enfer and Bo Jacque,

1880 m, 17 May 1984, (KA 315), K.Auffenberg, R.W.Portell.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: See Hyla heilprini account in Part I.










65













ORDER Squamata



SUBORDER Sauria



Family Anguidae


Wetmorena haetiana haetiana Cochran


This unique anguid lizard is widespread and common throughout the park area

including the western and northern slopes of the plateau, between 1690-2280

meters elevation. Our collections indicate that it occurs under rocks,

primarily on disturbed sites in both Pine and Cloud Forests.

Three subspecies of Wetmorena haetiana have been described from the

mountainous areas in the Massif de la Selle area in Haiti, and the Sierra de

Baoruco in Republica Dominicana. The nominate subspecies is restricted to the

Massif de la Selle including Pic La Selle, Montagne Noire at Furcy and Morne

Bourette, at elevations between 1470 and 2594 meters (Schwartz and Thomas 1975).


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Riviere Blanche at waterfalls, elev. 1850 m., 10 May 1984, (KA

290), K. Auffenberg; northwestern rim at Roche Plate, along road from

Petioville, 3 km W of Base Camp, elev. 1890 m, 14 Feb 1984, (RF 393) R.Franz, B.

Mitchell, S. Yocum, F.G.Thompson; western slope at Roche Plate, 3 km WNW of Base

Camp, elev. 1690 m, 14 Feb 1984, (RF 400), R.Franz; plateau, trail to Tete

Opaque, 1 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 2080 m, 15 Feb 1984, (RF 402), R.Franz, S.

Yocum; Tete Opaque, 3.5 km NW of Base Camp, elev. 2200 m; 15 Feb 1984, (RF 406,

410) R.Franz, B. Mitchell; Roche Cabrit, 2.5 km ENE of Base Camp, elev. 2200 m,

(RF 409), R.Franz, S.Yocum, F.G.Thompson; Morne La Visite, elev. 2100 m, 13 Feb



66










1984, (RF 391), R.Franz; ride between Morne Fe Noir and Morne Nacel, elev.

1700-1840 m, 18 May 1984, (KA 315), K. Auffenberg; 2 km NE of Base Camp, W of

Belle Fontaine, elev. 2130 m, 11 May 1985, (RF 701-704), Univ. Vermont class;

limestone ridge between Morne Cabaio and Belle Fontaine 3 km NE of Base Camp,

elev. 2225 m, 11 Jan 1985, (RF 714-715), Univ. Vermont class; ravine of Riviere

Blanche, 1 km W of Base Camp, elev. 2030 m, 12 Jan 1985, (RF 744-748), Univ.

Vermont class; near summit of Morne Cabaio, elev. 2250-2280 m, 13 Jan 1985, (RF

781-783), Univ. Vermont class; north slope of Tete Mon, between Morne La Visite

and Morne Cabaio, elev. 2000 m, 15 Jan 1985, (RF 807-808), Univ. Vermont class;

north slope of plateau, W of Morne Cabaio, elev. 1980 m, 16 Jan 1985, (RF

817-818), Univ. Vermont class; Nan Carotte, between Morne Cabaio and Belle

Fontaine, elev. 2135 m, 30 May 1984, (KA 326), D. Cordier.


PERTINENT LITERATURE: Cochran 1927 (original description of W. haetiana), 1941

(general account), Schwartz 1965 (description of subspecies), Schwartz and

Thomas 1975 (synopsis, distribution), Henderson and Schwartz 1984 (key).




Family Iguanidae


Anolis armouri (Cochran)


This lizard is widespread throughout the park, and more common than the

records indicate. It was primarily seen in disturbed sites, where it was common

in rock piles adjacent to cleared garden plots.

According to Schwartz and Thomas (1975), A. armouri intergrades with A.

cybotes in the vicinity of Furcy on Montagne Noire, but these forms replace each

other ecologically and altitudinally in the Sierra de Baoruco in Republica

Dominicana. Our specimens are most like A. armouri. See A. armouri account in



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Part I for more information concerning the systematic relationship of these

lizards.


SPECIFIC RECORDS: Base Camp, on Furcy-Seguin road, elev. 1865 m, 10 Jan 1985,

(RF 649), Univ. Vermont class; appro. 2 km NE of Base Camp, elev. 2130 m, 11 Jan

1985, (RF 706-710), Univ. Vermont class; limestone ridge at rim in northeast

section of park, 3 km NE of Base Camp, 11 Jan 1985, (RF 713-719).


PERTINENT LITERATURE: See Anolis armouri account in Part I.













































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PARC NATIONAL LAVISITE AND ITS HERPETOFAUNA


Twelve species of amphibians and reptiles are reported to occur within the

proposed boundaries of Parc National LaVisite. Three species (Eleutherodactylus

darlingtoni, Eleutherodactylus glanduliferoides, Eleutherodactylus juqans) are

endemic to the park and the crest of the La Selle range. Four others

(Eleutherodactylus armstrongi, Eleutherodactylus fjrcyensis, Eleutherodactylus

leoncei, Wetmorena haetiana) are restricted to the Massif de la Selle and

adjoining ranges in the south-central mountains of southern Haiti and adjacent

Republica Dominicana. The remaining five species are more generally distributed

forms, including Anolis armouri which we also found in Parc National Macaya.

During the course of conducting field work in Parc La Visite we found

several frogs which we presume to be undescribed. They are currently under

study. The possible new frogs plus those taxa already established suggest that

the creation of Pare national La Visite is warranted in order to conserve the

quickly disappearing montane herpetofauna associated with high elevations in the

Massif de la Selle. Most of these species occur in rather specialized

environments and therefore it is essential that the native vegetations,

especially the Cloud Forests, remain intact.

Expansion of the proposed boundaries to include Morne D'Enfer and several

isolated tracts southwest of Seguin is recommended. This would add many taxa on

the Annotated List not presently included in the park. The lower elevation

sites southwest of Seguin are remnants of Wet Forest on Limestone which is a

forest type that has nearly disappeared from the Massif de la Selle. Much of

that which remains occurs on isolated limestone ridges that extend south of the

road between Seguin and Marigot. Only limited agriculture is possible on these

rugged limestone outcrops. With their addition to the park concept, the



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over-all species richness of the park would be greatly enhanced. However, we

suggest that an inventory of these ridges be undertaken first in order to

preserve the most unique of them.

























































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LITERATURE CITED

Barbour, T. 1930. A list of Antillean reptiles and amphibians. Zoologica 11
(4):61.

Cochran D.M. 1923. A new species of Eleutherodactylus from the Dominican
Republic. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 36:93-94.

1924. Notes on the herpetological collections made by Dr. W.L. Abbott in
the island of haiti. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 66:1-15.

1927. A new genus of anguid lizard from Haiti. Proc. Biol. Soc.
Washington 40:91-92.

1928. A new species of Chamaelinorops from Haiti. Proc. Biol. Soc.
Washington 41:45-47.

1935. New reptiles and amphibians collected in Haiti by p.J. Darlington.
Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 40(6):367-376.

1937. A necessary change in an amphibian name. J. Washingtom Acad. Sci.
27(7):312.

1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus. 177:vii +.398
pp.











Franz, R. and D. Gicca 1982. Observations on the Haitian snake Antillophis
parvifrons alleni. J. Herpetol. 16(4):419-421.

Henderson R.W. and A. Schwartz 1984. A guide to the identification of the
amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola. Milwaukee Public Museum, Sp. Publ.
Biology and Geology #4, 70 pp.

Lynch, J.D. and A. Schwartz 1971. Taxonomic disposition of some 19th Century
leptodactylid frog names. J. Herpetol. 5(3-4):103-114.

Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel
Hispaniola. Westinidien. Abh. senckenberg. naturf. Ges. (449):1-84.

Noble, G.K. 1923a. Six new batrachians from the Dominican Republic. Amer. Mus.
Novit. (61):1-6.

1923b. In pursuit of the giant tree frog. Nat. Hist. 23(2):105-116.




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1923c. Field studies of Dominican tree frogs and their haunts. Nat. Hist.
23(2):117-121.

1927. The value of life history data in the study of the evolution of the
Amphibia. Ann. New York Acad. Sci. 30:31-128.

Noble, G.K. and W.G. Hassler 1933. Two new species of frogs, five new species
and a new race of lizards from the Dominican Republic. Amer. Mus. Novit.
(652):1-17.

Sadjak R.A. and R.W. Henderson 1982. Notes on the eggs and young of Antillophis
parvifrons stygius (Reptilia, Serpentes, Colubridae). Florida Sci.
45(3):200-204.

Schwartz, A. 1964a. Three new species of frogs (Leptodactylidae,
Eleutherodactylus) from Hispaniola. Breviora (208):1-15.

1964b. Diploglossus costatus Cope (Sauria, Anguidae) and its relatives
inHispaniola. Sci. Publ., Reading Pub. Mus. and Art Gallery (13):1-57.

1965. Two new subspecies of the anguid lizard Wetmorena from
Hispaniola. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 78:39-48.

1966a. The Leiocephalus (Lacertilia, Iguanidae) of Hispaniola. I.
Leiocephalus melanochlorus Cope. J. Ohio Herp. Soc. 5:39-48.

1966b. The relationships of four small Hispaniolan Eleutherodactylus
(Leptodactylidae). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 135(8):371-399.

1968a. Geographic variation in the Hispaniolan frog Eleutherodactylus
wetmorei Cochran. Breviora (290):1-13.

1968b. Geographic variation in Anolis distichus Cope (Lacertilia,
Iguanidae) in the Bahama Islands and Hispaniola. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool.
137:255-309.

1969. A review of the Hispaniolan lizard Anolis coelestinus Cope.
Carib. J. Sci. 9(1-2):33-38.

1970. A systematic review of Uromacer catesbyi Schlegel (Serpentes,
Colubridae). Tulane Stud. Zool. and Botany 16:131-149.

1973. Six new species of Eleutherodactylus (Anura, Leptodactylidae)
from Hispaniola. J. Herpetol. 7:249-273.

1976. Two new species of Hispaniolan Eleutherodactylus
(Leptodactylidae). Herpetologica 32:163-171.

1977. A new subspecies of Eleutherodactylus wetmorei Cochran (Anura:
Leptodactylidae) from northern Haiti. Herpetologica 33(1):66-72.

1979. A new cybotoid anole (Sauria, Iguanidae) from Hispaniola.
Breviora (451):1-27.


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Schwartz A. and R.W. Henderson 1982. Anolis cybotes (Reptilia:Iguanidae): The
eastern Hispaniolan populations. Milwaukee Public Mus. Contr. Biol. Geol.
(49): 1-8.

Schwartz A. and S.J. Inchaustegui. 1980. The endemic Hispaniolan lizard genus
Chamaelinorops. J. Herpetol. 14:51-56.

Schwartz A. and R. Thomas 1975. A checklist of West Indian amphibians and
reptiles. Carnegie Mus. Nat. Hist. Spec. Publ. 1:1-216.

Sheplan B.R. and A. Schwartz 1974. Hispaniolan boas of the genus Epicrates
(Serpentes, Boidae) and their Antillian relationships. Annals Carnegie Mus.
45:57-143.

Shreve B. 1936. A new Anolis and new Amphibia from Haiti. Proc. New England
Zool. Club 15:93-99.

Shreve B. and E.E. Williams 1963. The herpetology of the Port-au-Prince region
and Gonave Island, Haiti. Part 11. The frogs. Pp. 302-342 in Bull. Mus.
Comp. Zool. (129):293-342.

Thomas R. 1966. A reassessment of the herpetofauna of Navassa Island. J. Ohio
Herp. Soc. 5(3):73-89.

Thomas and Schwartz 1965. Hispaniolan snakes of the genus Dromicus (Colubridae).
Rev. Biol. Trop. 13:58-83.

1967. The monticola group of the lizard genus Anolis in
Hispaniola. Breviora (261):1-27.

Trueb L. and M.J. Tyler 1974. Systematics and evolution of the Greater Antillian
hylid frogs. Occas. Pap. Mus. Nat. Hist., Univ. of Kansas (24):1-60.

Williams E.E. 1963. Notes on Hispaniolan herpetology 8. The forms related to
Anolis hendersoni Cochran. Breviora (186):1-13.

1965. Hispaniolan giant anoles (Sauria, Iguanidae): new data and a
new subspecies. Breviora (232):1-7.




















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