r97 BEAUTIFUL ENGRAVINGS.
F NEW HAVEN,
PRINTED AND PUBLISHED
F BY S. BABCOCK.
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' THE ELEPHANT.
} The Elephant is the largest, the
most intelligent, and most powerful of
all land animals. He is an inhabitant '.
:'of India, Africa, and the island of '
Ceylon, in the great forests of which
1 he runs wild.
In shape this animal can not be
compared to any other. His back is
high and arched; his body is very
large and remarkably round; his neck
Short and thick; his ears broad; his
eyes small, but brilliant, and full of
expression; his legs thick and long,
and his feet divided into five short
and rounded toes. His nose is con- U
m tinted out so as to form a probocis, or
trunk, the end of which reaches to the
SThe trunk of the Elephant is ofS
More use to him than our hands are to
$4 THE ELEPHANT.
Sus. At the end of it are the nostrils
through which he draws in water and
Sputs in his mouth when he wishes to
Drink. In the picture one Elephant
is seen taking up the water, and the
other in the act of drinking.
With his trunk the Elephant also
gathers and puts the food into his
South, selects herbs and flowers,
defends himself from his enemies, /$'
and breathes through it-so that it '-
.;' serves him for a nose, as well as'
: hands. With it he often throws clods :
and stones with great force and precis-
ion. There was an Elephant once-
in France, 1 believe-that was taught
to play at ball. He would throw the
ball with more force than a man, and
with nearly as good aim.
On each side of his trunk there
grows out of his mouth a large white t
Stusk, which is ivory. These two
tusks he uses, as well as his trunk, to
defend himself from his enemies.
With them he can toss the largest
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i6 THE ELEPHANT.
Buffalo into the air. Terrible battles
4t sometimes take place between the
,... Elephant and the Rhinoceros; but the
former generally retreats, if possible.
'!-I The picture reprepresents a Rhinoce-
Sros attacking two Elephants.
SThe skin of the Elephant is thick
and rough, resembling the bark of an ''.
Sold tree. A full grown one willl"
f. weigh from eight to ten thousand
pounds, or as much as eight or ten
'fatted oxen, and often much more. '.
SHis back is about as high as the head
of a man would be, if he stood on the
shoulders of another man. They are
from eight to thirteen feet high, and
'v, from ten to fifteen feet long.
His color is commonly a dark
i bluish brown; but some are milk
+. white. White Elephants are so
highly prized by the princes of the
SEast, as to be sometimes the occasion
of wars. The king of Pegu, hearing W
That the king of Siam had two white
SElephants, sent messengers to him to
. . . .
S8 THE ELEPHANT.
t buy them, offering any sum that should
Sbe asked. But the king of Siam refused '
Sto part with them. This so enraged
Sthe king of Pegu,thathe very wickedly
;" and unjustly sent an army and con-
,; quered the king of Siam, and took, not 6
.. only his two white Elephants, but his
Whole country from him.
9 The common food of the Elephant':'
-.is roots, leaves, and small branches..
Sof trees, which he pulls down with
Shis trunk, as seen in the picture. He
'- also eats hay, oats, and almost every ,
;kind of fruit. In each jaw he has
four grinders, which weigh from three
Sto four pounds each, and measure:
From eight to nine inches in length.
His hearings remarkably fine, and he ."
delights in music. His smell is very
Delicate, and he takes great pleasure in '
..the scent of sweet flowers and herbs.;
The sense of touch is equally nice, in
Sthe end of his trunk, for he can feel the
'smallest thing, and can pick up a piece
Sof money, or a straw from the floor.
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1.: 10 THE ELEPHANT
Elephants delight in marshy places, '
a:,nd in hot weather will go into the :
.water to cool and refresh themselves,.
where they draw up water in their "
:, trunks, and then spout it over their
. whole bodies, as if from a fountain.
The picture represents two Elephants
playing in the water, and spouting at '
": each other. '
An Elephant, in passing a tailor's :
shop, put the end of his trunk into an
open window. One of the workmen
pricked the trunk with his needle, just
for sport. Upon this, the Elephant'
marched off, and coming to a pool of
dirty water, filled his trunk and went '
"' back to the shop, where he again put
: it within the window, and spouted the "
lt dirty water all over the offender and ;
No animal is more tractable and
.. obedient than the Elephant, and i.:...-
Smore easily tamed. Most other uni-
mals must be taken quite young, in
S..:.ri r to render them perfectly tame '
llm .- .
12 THE ELEPHANT.
Sand docile. But the Elephant may be
P- taken at any time of life, and soon be
Taught perfect obedience to the com-
,, mands of his master.
'' A well trained Elephant will readily '
:swim or wade, with his driver on his ;-'
\. back. The picture shows one in the
act of crossing a river, with some men
: on his back. You see how he holds his $
... trunk out of the water. If his body ,
Were to sink quite under the water, he '.
would not drown, so long as the end o( ':
'his trunk is above, for he can breathe :-'
through his trunk. But in that case,
'the men would be obliged to stand up ;
on his back, or they would receive a
SThis animal is mild and peaceable .
in his disposition, and when well used,
,' harmless and even affectionate. But
: he remembers an insult for a long time,
(. and will not fail to avenge it.
A gentleman, to try this memory of -
injuries, gave an Elephant a quantity
'. of cayenne pepper between two pieces
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S14 THE ELEPHANT.
of bread. The animal was much of-
fended; and about six weeks after, .
. when the gentleman went to fondle
Shim, he endured his caresses with -.
much composure, but finished by spirt- '
;ing dirty water all over him.
In India and Africa, he is one of
'." the most useful of animals. His great '
' strength and wonderful sagacity are
',. there employed in all kinds of work.
'He is used for carrying the hunters
when they go out to kill Tigers, Lions,
: and other wild beasts which are found
.in that country. He also draws the
,-timber for building ships and houses; .
carries heavy loads from one place to
Another; helps to load and unload ves-
sels; launches ships; and performs all
Silnds of labor that he is set about.
One was once employed in assist- V'
': m to launch a ship; but the part as-
S- ned to him proved to be beyond his
: itength. The overseer, in a pet, or-
'dered the driver to "take away that
lazy beast and bring another." On
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N -" -.---
16 THE ELEPHANT.
this, the poor Elephant made another
great effort, fractured his skull, and .
died on the spot.
Sometimes the kings and princes!
that country indulge in the cruel spo. "'
Sof making Elephants fight with each ;'
other; or with a Lion, a Tiger, or a -.1
SLeopard. But such amusements as 'i
;.these can only be delighted in by weak
and unenlightened minds. The Bible
*forbids such scenes of cruelty. It is
True that God has given us power over
all these brutes; but it is only that we
,v may make them of use to us. We
.must not torment them to gratify a de-
praved and barbarous disposition.
Let us hope the time is not far dis- 'i'
; tant, when such savage sports will be :,
done away on all parts of the globe.
And let us be thankful that we live in
a land where we are taught to find o:'r
I amusements in more humane acts than -
torturing the dumb creatures which our
SHeavenly Father has kindly placed
1 ri., I...,, ..ur comfort and support.