Group Title: AREC-A Research report
Title: Diseases of foliage plants
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00065331/00004
 Material Information
Title: Diseases of foliage plants
Series Title: AREC-A Research report
Physical Description: v. : ; 29 cm.
Language: English
Creator: University of Florida -- Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Agricultural Research and Education Center (Apopka, Fla.)
Central Florida Research and Education Center--Apopka
Publisher: University of Florida.
Place of Publication: Apopka Fla
Publication Date: 1984 revisted list
Frequency: annual
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Foliage plants -- Diseases and pests -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
 Notes
General Note: Description based on: 1985; title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: 1989.
General Note: <-1985> issued by the Agricultural Research and Education Center (Apopka) as an AREC-A Research report; <1988-1989> issued under the later name of Central Florida Research and Education Center as a CFREC-Apopka research report.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00065331
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 70627569
lccn - 2006229285

Full Text






DISEASES OF FOLIAGE PLANTS REVISED LIST 1984


A. R. Chase
University of Florida, IFAS
S'l \ Agricultural Research Center-Apopka
J ,'E\d ARC-A Research Report RH-84-10


- -Diseases play an important part in production of tropical foliage
plants. As each year passes, diseases appear which have not appeared
before, and others may not appear which once were canyon problems.
This report is a summary of diseases known to occur on foliage plants
during the past 11 years with most emphasis placed on listing newly
described or more common diseases found in the past 4 years. The list does
not attempt to record all diseases occurring on a species of foliage plant
nor diseases which occur on many foliage plants, such as pythiaceous root
rot diseases. The following list should be used as a guide to diseases *
which are likely to occur on the most common foliage plants and an aid
in development of superior disease control programs. There are many other
publications available which answer such important questions as what each
disease looks like on each host plant, what is the best control, and what
is the recommended control.


References-

1. Chase, A. R. 1981. Common fungal leaf spot diseases of foliage
plants. Foliage Digest 4(5):7-12.

2. Chase, A. R. 1981. Ccmaon fungal stem rot diseases of foliage plants.
Foliage Digest 4(6):3-4.

3. Chase, A. R. 1981. Common fungal root rot diseases of foliage plants.
Foliage Digest 4(7):15-16.

4. Chase, A. R. 1981. Caomon bacterial diseases of foliage plants.
Foliage Digest 4(8):10-12.

5. Chase, A. R. 1981. Common viral diseases of foliage plants. Foliage
Digest 4(9):9-11.

6. Chase, A. R. 1983. Phytotoxicity of some fungicides used on tropical
foliage plants. Florida Nurseryman 30(5):26-27, and 47.

7. Simone, G. W. 1983. Available disease control pesticides for foliage
production-1982. Foliage Digest 5(8):7-16.












techmea fasciata Bacterial leaf spot, Erwinia carotovora pv.
(Urn plant, stem rot carotovora
braneliad) Exserohilum leaf spot Exserohilum rostratum


teschynanthus Botrytis blight Botrytis cinerea
pulcher Corynespora leaf spot Corynespora cassiicola
(Lipstick vine) Myrothecium leaf spot Myrothecium roridum


Wglaonema spp. Bacterial leaf spots Erwinia chrysanthemi
(Chinese evergreen Pseudnonas cichorii
and many others) Xanthomonas campestris
pv. dieffenbachiae
Colletotrichum leaf Colletotrichum sp.
spot
Fusarium stem rot Fusarium solani
Mosaic Dasheen mosaic virus
Myrothecium leaf spot Myrothecium roridum
Soft rot Erwinia carotovora pv.
carotovora


Anthurium spp. Bacterial leaf spots Pseudanonas cichorii
Xanthanonas campestris
pv. dieffenbachiae
Soft rot Erwinia carotovora pv.
carotovora


Aphelandra Aphelandra stem gall Nectriella pironii
squarrosa (Kutilakesa)
(Zebra plant) Corynespora leaf spot Corynespora cassiicola
Mosaic Cucumber mosaic virus
Myrothecium leaf spot Myrothecium roridum .
Phytophthora stem rot Phytophthora parasitica


Araucaria hetero- Colletotrichun needle Colletotrichum. derridis
phylla (Norfolk blight
Island pine) Cylindrocladium root rot Cylindrocladium sp.


Asplenium nidus Bacterial leaf spots Pseudanmonas cichorii
(Bird's-nest fern) (= P. asplenii)
Pseudnmonas gladioli


lost Plan


(Caamon name) Disease Patho








Host Plant (Camnon name)


Brassaia actino-
phylla (Schefflera,
umbrella tree)


Alternaria leaf spot
Bacterial leaf spot
Cercospora leaf spot
Phytophthora leaf spot

Rhizoctania blight
Seedling blight
Southern blight
Xanthanonas leaf spot


Alternaria anax
Pseudcmonas cichorii
Cercospora spp.
Phytophthora parasitica
var. nicotianae
Rhizoctonia solani
Pythium splendens
Sclerotium rolfsii
Xanthamonas campestris
pv. hederae


Cacti Colletotrichum stem rot Colletotrichum
gloeosporioides
Drechslera stem rot Drechslera cactivora
Erwinia stem rot Erwinia spp.
Virus Cactus virus X


Caladium sp. Fusarium corm rot Fusarium solani
Mosaic Dasheen mosaic virus
Xanthomonas leaf spot Xanth nas campestris
pv. dieffenbachiae


Calathea spp. Alternaria leaf spot Alternaria alternate
Bipolaris leaf spot Bipolaris setariae
Fusarium root rot Fusarium xysprum
Mosaic Cucumber mosaic virus


Caryota mitis Bacterial leaf blight Pseudcamnas avenae
(- P. alboprecipitans)
Bipolaris leaf spot Bipolaris setariae
Exserohilum leaf spot Exserohilum rostratum


Chamaedorea spp. Bipolaris leaf spot Bipolaris setariae
(Parlor palm, Exserohilum leaf spot Exserohilum rostratum
Florida hybrid Gliocladium blight Gliocladium vernosceni
palm) Phytophthora blight Phytophthora sp.
Seedling root rots Fusarium sp.
Pythium sp.


Chrysalidocarpus Bipolaris leaf spot Bipolaris setariae
lutescens (Areca Exserohilum leaf spot Exserohilum rostratum
palm) Phaeotrichoconis leaf Phaeotrichoconis
spot crotalariae


-3-


Disease


Pathogen










Cissus spp. Anthracnose Colletotrichum sp.
(grape ivy, Botrytis blight Botrytis cinerea
Kangaroo vine) Powdery mildew Oidium sp.
Rhizoctonia blight Rhizoctonia solani
Southern blight Sclerotium rolfsii


Codiaeum variegatum Anthracnose Glamerella cingulata
(Croton) Crown gall Agrobacterium tume-
faciens
Stem gall and canker Nectriella pironii
(Kutilakesa)


Cordyline sp. Erwinia stem and root rot Erwinia chrysanthemi
(Ti plant) Phyllosticta leaf spot Phyllosticta draconis
Phytophthora leaf spot Phytophthora parasitica


rtanelthus sp. Colletotrichum leaf spot Colletotrichum sp.


Dieffenbachia spp. Bacterial leaf spot Xanthanonas campestris
(Dumb cane) pv. dieffenbachiae
Brown leaf spot Leptosphaeria sp.
Cephalosporium leaf spot Cephalosporium cinna-

Erwinia blight and stem Erwinia chrysanthemi
rot
Fusarium. stem rots Fusarium solani
Fusarium oxysporum
Glanerella leaf spot Glanerella cingulata
(Colletotrichum spp.)
Mosaic Cucumber mosaic virus
Mosaic Dasheen mosaic virus
Myrothecium leaf spot Myrothecium roridum
Phytophthora leaf spot Phytophthora parasitica
var. nicotianae


Dionaea muscipula Colletotrichum leaf Colletotrichum
spot gloeosporioides

Dracaena sanderana Bacterial leaf. spots Erwinia carotovora pv.
carotovora
Erwinia herbicola
Pseudomonas sp.
Stem rot Aspergillus niger








Bost Plant (Cannon name)


Dracaena spp. Botrytis blight Botrytis cinerea
Colletotrichum leaf spot Colletotrichum sp.
Fusarium leaf spot and Fusarium moniliforme
stem rot
Phytophthora leaf spot Phytophthora sp.
Soft rot Erwinia carotovora pv.
carotovora
Southern blight Sclerotium rolfsii


Epipremnum aureum Bacterial leaf spots Pseudomnas cichorii
(Pothos) Erwinia spp.
Rapid decay (soft rot) Erwinia carotovora pv.
carotovora
Pythium root rot Pythium splendens
Rhizoctonia leaf spot Rhizoctonia solani

Fatsia japonica Alternaria leaf spot Alternaria anax
(Japanese aralia) Bacterial leaf spot Pseudmnonas cichorii
Xanthmonas canpestris
pv. hederae

Ficus benjamina Corynespora leaf spot Corynespora cassiicola
(eeping fig) Phcmpsis dieback Phnopsis sp.
Verticillium wilt Verticillium albo-atrum

Ficus elastica Cercospora leaf spot Cercospora sp.
(Rubber tree) Colletotrichum leaf spot Colletotrichum sp.
Gray mold Botrytis cinerea
Mosaic Fig mosaic virus
Southern blight Sclerotium rolfsii


Fittonia spp. Mottle Biden's mottle virus
(Nerve plant)


Graophllum sp. Bipolaris leaf spot Bipolaris setariae
(Kentia palm) Exserohilum leaf spot Exserohilum rostratum


Gynura sp. White mold Sclerotinia sp.
(Purple passion
vine)


-5-


Disease


Pathogen










Bedera helix Bacterial leaf spot and Xanthaconas canestris
(English ivy) stem canker pv. hederae
Botrytis blight Botrtis cinerea
Colletotrichum leaf spot Colletotrichum
trichellum
Phytophthora leaf spot Phytophthora palmivora
Rhizoctonia blight Rhizoctonia solani


lan pp. Botrytis blight Botrytis cinerea
(Wax plant)


Kalanchoe spp. Cercospora leaf spot Cercospora sp.
Myrothecium leaf spot Myrothecium roridum
Powdery mildew Sphaerotheca hunili
Soft rot Erwinia carotovora pv.
carotovora
Stemphylium leaf spot Stemphylium bolicki


Maranta leuconeura Bipolaris leaf spot Eipolaris setariae.
(Prayer plant) Mosaic leaf spot Cucumber mosaic virus


Monstera sp. Bacterial leaf spot Pseudomonas cichorii
Colletotrichum leaf spot Colletotrichum sp.


Nephrolepis Bacterial leaf spot Pseudcmonas gladioli
exaltata (Boston Botrytis blight otrytis cinerea
fern and others) Rhizoctonia blight Rhizoctonia solani


Peperamia spp. Cercospora leaf spot Cercospora spp.
Colletotrichum leaf spot Colletotrichum spp.
Mosaic Cucumber mosaic virus
Myrothecium leaf spot Myrothecium roridum
Phyllosticta leaf spot Phyllosticta sp.
Phytophthora stem and Phytophthora arsitica
root rot
Pythium root rot Pthium splendens
Rhizoctonia leaf spot Rhizoctonia sp.
Southern blight Sclerotium rolfsii
Verticillium wilt Verticillium dahliae



I








Host Plant (Canmon name)


Philodendron spp.


Bacterial leaf spot
Botrytis blight
Colletotrichum leaf spot
Erwinia blight
Mosaic
Mosaic
Phytophthora leaf spot

Rhizoctonia blight
Southern blight


Pseudomonas cichorii
Botrytis cinerea
Colletotrichum sp.
Erwinia chrysanthemi
Cucumber mosaic virus
Dasheen mosaic virus
Phytophthora parasitica
var. nicotianae
Rhizoctonia solani
Sclerotium rolfsii


Philodendron Dactylaria leaf spot Dactlaria hmicola
scandens oxycar- Mosaic Dasheen mosaic virus
dium (Heart-leaf Red edge Xanthcmonas campestris
philodendron) pv. dieffenbachiae


Pilea sp. Bacterial leaf spot Xanthanonas campestris
(Aluminum plant pv. ?
and others) Colletotrichum blight Colletotrichum capsici
Myrothecium leaf spot Myrothecium roridum
Phytophthora blight Phytophthora parasitica


Polyscias spp. Alternaria leaf spot Alternaria panax
(Aralia) Bacterial leaf spots Pseudamonas cichorii
Xanthamonas campestris
pv. hederae

Rhapis sp. Bipolaris leaf spot Bipolaris setariae
(Lady finger palm) Exserohilum leaf spot Exserohilum rostratum


Rhoeo spathacea Mosaic Tobacco mosaic virus
(Oyster plant) Tan leaf spot Curvularia eragrostidis


Saintpaulia Botrytis leaf and flower Botrytis cinerea
ionantha (African blight
violet) Erwinia blight Erwinia chrysanthemi
Phytophthora stem and Phytophthora parasitica
root rot
Powdery mildew Oidium sp.


Sansevieria spp. Red leaf spot Fusarium moniliforme
(Mother-in-law Soft rot Erwinia carotovora pv.
tongue) carotovora
Stem rot Aspergillus niger


-7-


kk_


Disease


Pathogen








Disease Pathogen


Schefflera arbori- Alternaria leaf spot Alternaria panax
cola (Dwarf or Bacterial leaf spots Pseudcmonas cichorii
Hawaiian Xanthcmonas canpestris
schefflera) pv. hederae

Schluerera sp. Drechslera stem rot Drechslera cactivora
(Thanksgiving, Fusarium stem rot. Fusarium oxysorum
Christmas cacti) Virus Cactus virus X

Sedum sp. Colletotrichum leaf and Colletotrichum
(many succulents) stem rot gloeospricides
Stemphylium leaf spot Stemphylium bolicki

Spathiphyllum sp. Cylindrocladium root rot Cylindrocladium sahi-
phylli
Mosaic Dasheen mosaic virus
Myrothecium leaf spot Myrothecium roridun
Phytophthora leaf spot Phytophthora sp.
Pythium root rot Pythium sp.

Syngonium spp. Bacterial leaf spots Erwinia spp.
(Nephthytis) Pseudaonas cichorii
Xanthonas c estri
pv. vitians
Black cane rot or Ceratystis fimbriata
Ceratocystis blight
Cephalosporium leaf spot Cephalosporium
cinnamameun
(Acremonium crotocini-
genum)
Colletotrichum leaf spot Colletotrichum sp.
Erwinia blight Erwinia chrysanthemi
Myrothecium leaf spot Myrothecium roridum
Rhizoctonia blight Rhizoctonia solani
Soft rot Erwinia carotovora pv.
carotovora

radescantia spp. Mosaic Tradescantia mosaic
(Wandering Jew) virus

Yucca spp. Brown leaf spot Coniothyrium concen-
(Soft tip yucca tricum
and Spanish Gray leaf spot Cytosporina sp.
bayonet) Southern blight Sclerotium rolfsii

Zebrina pendula Mosaic Tradescantia mosaic
(Wandering Jew) virus


I-


Host Plant (Cannon name)




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