1 O( a Willard Waterm and Growth of Syngonium 'Pink Allusion'
e R.T. Poole and C.A. Conover'
p 3 0 1994 University of Florida, IFAS
Central Florida Research and Education Center Apopka
University Of Florida CFREC-Apopka Research Report RH-91-19
Foliage growers agree that a product which would allow them to produce good quality
plants with less fertilizer than currently used would be both economically and environmentally
beneficial. Many growers have stated they can produce better plants when using Willard Water"
(Caw Industries, Inc. Rapid City, SD 57702-8399), sometimes with much less fertilizer and
water. Farmers have reported producing plants with better root structure, stronger stems, more
foliage and higher yields when they were treated with Willard WaterT. Willard WaterT, also
called CAW, (catalyst altered water or carbonaceous activated water) has a micelle which
consists of sodium meta silicate, sulfated castor oil, calcium chloride and magnesium sulfate.
An experiment was performed comparing plants grown with Willard WaterTM to plants grown
with tap and de-ionized water at two fertilizer levels.
Materials and Methods
An experiment, using Syngonium 'Pink Allusion', which tested 4 water and 2 fertilizer
treatments with 5 replications per treatment, was initiated 20 June 1991. Liners were placed in
6" pots containing Fafard #4 potting medium (pine bark, Canadian peat, perlite and starter
nutrient charge) then moved to a greenhouse where they were grown under natural light with
a maximum of about 1,500 ft-c at bench level. Temperatures ranged from 70-95F and pots
were watered 2-3 times weekly, with tap water, deionized water or Willard WaterM at the
recommended rate (2 ounces Willard Waterm/gallon water) or 1/2 the recommended rate. Pots
within each watering regime received either 2 or 4 grams 19-6-12 fertilizer 20 June and 20
Plant height, grade and fresh weight were determined 4 October 1991, when research was
terminated. Growth and quality measurements were analyzed using analysis of variance.
Results and Discussion
Plant height, fresh weight, and quality were unaffected by treatments, indicating that
good quality plants could be grown with any water treatment tested and 2 tri-monthly
applications of 2 grams of 19-6-12 Osmocote (Table 1). The least expensive choice would be
'Professor of Plant Physiology and Professor of Environmental Horticulture and Center Director,
respectively, Central Florida Research and Education Center-Apopka, 2807 Binion Road,
Apopka, FL 32703.
ie use of tap water and 2 grams of 19-6-12 fertilizer.
Chase, A.R., L.S. Osborne and R.T. Poole. 1984. Syngonium. Agricultural Research
and Education Center-Apopka, Foliage Plant Research Note RH-1984-G.
Jacobsen, R.M. 1987. Aqua Vitae. Christopher Lawrence Communications, Fargo,
'able 1. Growth of Syngonium 'Pink Allusion' as influenced by Willard WaterTM.
Water treatment Height, (cm) Fresh weight (g) Plant grades
Tap water 46 117 4.2
Deionized water 47 101 3.8
Willard WaterTM 1 46 104 3.9
Willard WaterT 2 46 117 4.2
Linear nsx ns ns