• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Historic note
 Main














Title: Evaluation of antirrhinum majus L. (snapdragon) cultivars for the landscape
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00065230/00001
 Material Information
Title: Evaluation of antirrhinum majus L. (snapdragon) cultivars for the landscape
Series Title: Bradenton GCREC research report
Physical Description: 11 leaves : ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Howe, T. K ( Teresa K )
Waters, W. E ( Will E )
Gulf Coast Research and Education Center (Bradenton, Fla.)
Publisher: Gulf Coast Research & Education Center, IFAS, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Bradenton FL
Publication Date: 1988
 Subjects
Subject: Snapdragons -- Varieties -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references (leaf 5).
Statement of Responsibility: T.K. Howe and W.E. Waters.
General Note: Caption title.
General Note: "November, 1988"
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00065230
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 63682250

Table of Contents
    Historic note
        Historic note
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
Full Text





HISTORIC NOTE


The publications in this collection do
not reflect current scientific knowledge
or recommendations. These texts
represent the historic publishing
record of the Institute for Food and
Agricultural Sciences and should be
used only to trace the historic work of
the Institute and its staff. Current IFAS
research may be found on the
Electronic Data Information Source
(EDIS)

site maintained by the Florida
Cooperative Extension Service.






Copyright 2005, Board of Trustees, University
of Florida






CS

Reprinted from Proc. Florida State Hort. Soc., Vol. 101, in prsfKsAi'y

GULF COAST RESEARCH & EDUCATION CENTER
IFAS, UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA I Floiha |
5007 60th Street East
Bradenton, FL 34203

Bradenton GCREC Research Report BRA1988-23 November 1988

EVALUATION OF ANTIRRHINUM MAJUS L. (SNAPDRAGON) CULTIVARS
FOR THETANDSCAPE

T. K. Howe and W. E. Waters1

Garden snapdragon cultivars were evaluated in field trials at the Gulf
Coast Research & Education Center in Bradenton, FL during the spring
(Mar.-May) and fall (Oct.-Dec.) of 1987. The fifty-five entries in the
spring and fifty-one entries in the fall are grouped for discussion by
mature plant heights as dwarf (Pumilum group), medium (Nanum group) or
tall (Maximum group).

Earliest flowering cultivars both seasons were the dwarf cultivars
(Pumilum group) followed by cultivars of intermediate height (Nanum
group), and the tall cultivars (Maximum group). The earliest cultivar
each season was 'Tahiti', which flowered 2-8 days earlier than 'Floral
Carpet'. Plants grown in the fall were shorter and flowered earlier than
those in the spring. For landscape purposes, overall appearance ratings
were good to excellent for dwarf and intermediate types, but poor to fair
for tall types since they had distorted stems and lodged in wind and rain
when left unsupported.

Florida ranks sixth nationally in reported wholesale value of flowering
and foliar type bedding plants (exclusive of geraniums) sold in flats (1).
The 1987 wholesale value of these products was $14,707,000 for 2,878,000
flats from 51 producers. The average value on a unit basis was $5.11 per
flat.

Snapdragons produced for garden and landscape use represent about 2% of
total bedding plant crop production, and thus is considered a minor
bedding plant (3). It ranked tenth in popularity and eleventh as a
planned increase item among producers for 1988. However, according to A.
0. Voight (3), even though smaller increases and production occur for
minor bedding plant species, "minor bedding plants ought not be overlooked
in production marketing strategy, especially where more knowledgeable
customers and retailers are concerned".

Snapdragon cultivar evaluations were conducted during the spring and fall
of 1987 at the Gulf Coast Research & Education Center in Bradenton, FL to
assess garden snapdragon for landscape use.


1Biological Administrator I and Center Director, respectively.








Materials and Methods

Transplant production Seed of snapdragon cultivars (Table 1) were sown
in flats filled with peat:vermiculite medium (1:1, v:v, amended with
dolomite, superphosphate and minor elements) on 12 Jan and 21 Aug.
Seedlings were transplanted into 1.5 x 1.5 x 2.5 inch containerized cells
filled with the same peat:vermiculite medium. Plants were pinched at the
fourth true leaf. Transplants received liquid fertilizer (20-8.7-16.6 N-
P-K) as needed during production. No plant growth regulators were used in
this study.

Field preparation and crop management Beds of EauGallie fine sand were
formed to a width of 30 inches on 4.5 ft centers. Slow release fertilizer
at the' rate of 1673 Ib./Acre Osmocote 18-2.6-11.2 (N-P-K) was broadcast
over the full bed surface and incorporated to a depth of 3 to 4 inches.
An acre was equivalent to 9680 linear feet of bed. Beds were fumigated
with 67% methyl bromide:33% chloropicrin at 35 gal/A and covered with
black polyethylene in the spring and white polyethylene in the fall. The
fields were irrigated by seepage via lateral ditches spaced every 7 beds.
The trial area was in full sun. Plants were set into beds staggered on 12
inch centers with 3 rows per bed on 5 Mar. and 5 Oct. and drenched with
20-8.7-16.6 N-P-K at 5 lb./100 gal. Four replications of 6 plants per
cultivar were arranged in a randomized complete block design. P e s t
pressure throughout the year was very light. However, in the spring,
metalaxyl was applied at transplanting to prevent damp-off, benomyl and
Bacillus thuringiensis were applied throughout the season for disease and
worm control, and avermectin was used once in flay for thrips. In the
fall, metalaxyl was applied at transplanting to prevent damp-off and
Bacillus thuringiensis was applied throughout the season for worm control.

Data collection Cultivars were evaluated for earliness to flower, spike
length, floret size and color, plant growth habit, mature plant
dimensions, and other horticultural qualities. Subjective ratings for
overall appearance were assigned to field plots based on a 0 to 10 scale,
(0 = all plants dead and 10 = excellent). Vigor, floriferousness, habit
and uniformity were considered in this single rating.
Discussion

Spring In the spring of 1987, daily average temperatures were lower
during the month of April than the 33-year averages by 50F (Table 2) and
plants were of better quality than if temperatures were more
characteristic for the time of year.

Among the dwarf snapdragon cultivars, 'Tahiti Mix' flowered significantly
earlier than any other cultivar (84 days) (Table 3). The 'Royal Carpet'
series began flowering within 87-92 days, with significant differences
among cultivars. 'Kolibri Bronze' and 'Kolibri Mix' flowered in 90 and 94
days, respectively with the bronze significantly earlier than the mix.
'Floral Carpet Mix' began blooming in 92 days, which was similar to most
entries of the 'Royal Carpet' series, the 'Kolibri' entries, 'Magic Carpet
Mix', 'Pixie Mix' and a medium size snapdragon, 'Princess Purple/White
Tube'. 'Sweetheart Mix' (double bellflower type), 'Sunshine Mix' and








'Little Darling Mix' (a single bellflower type) bloomed in 96, 96 and 97
days respectively and were similar to only 'Magic Carpet Mix' and 'Pixie
Mix' of the dwarf types.

A wide range of times to first flower was found among the medium sized
snapdragons. Earliest among the medium sized snapdragon group were the
'Princess' series (91-100 days), the 'Sonnet' series (96-103 days), the
'Sprite' series (97-107 days), 'Trumpet Serenade Mix' (97 days), 'Minaret
Hix' (101 days) and 'Tetraploid Bicolor Mix' (102 days). The 'Princess',
'Sonnet', and 'Sprite' series had significant differences among cultivars
within each respective series. The latest were 'Frontier Mix' (111 days)
and 'Cinderella Mix' (112 days). Intermediate blooming dates of 107-108
days were found for 'Coronette Mix', 'Cheerio Mix' and 'Carioca Mix'.

Among the tall snapdragon cultivars 'Burpee's Double Supreme Mix', 'Bright
Butterflies Mix' and 'Burpee's Topper Mix' were earliest to flower (110-
112 days). 'Rocket Mix', 'Panorama Mix', 'Madame Butterfly' and 'Spring
Giant Mix' were the latest cultivars to flower (117-120 days).

'Burpee's Topper Mix' was the tallest snapdragon entry in the spring at
39.1 inches (Table 3). All of the Maximum group snapdragon entries were
significantly taller than the medium sized snapdragons, except for
'Frontier Mix'. This cultivar, according to seed catalog information,
should be medium sized plant approximately 24.0 inches tall. However, in
this trial, it was 32.5 inches in height. 'Kolibri Bronze' was the
shortest entry (9.1 inches) with 'Tahiti Mix', 'Magic Carpet Mix' and
'Kolibri Mix' being similar in height. Plant diameter ranged from 11.9
inches for 'Sonnet Pink' to 21.3 inches for 'Princess Pink'. No
distinctions in plant diameter among tall, medium and dwarf cultivars were
obvious.

Largest floret size (1.8 inches) was produced by 'Sweetheart Mix' which
had double bellflower florets (Table 3). Sixteen cultivars were similar
in size to the small florets produced by 'Cinderella Mix' (1.0 inches).
Average flower spike length ranged from 4.1 inches for 'Kolibri Bronze' to
14.5 inches for 'Frontier Mix'. Four other cultivars were similar to
'Frontier Mix' and five entries were similar to 'Kolibri Bronze'.

Overall subjective ratings for appearance ranged from 0.6 for 'Burpee's
Double Supreme Mix' to 10.0 for 'Princess Purple/White Tube'. All nine of
the tall entries were below a rating of 5.0 which was the break-off point
for landscape use acceptability. They lodged when not staked. Thirty-
five cultivars were rated good (8.0) to excellent (10.0).

Fall In the fall of 1987, temperatures were typical as compared to the
33-year averages (Table 2).

The number of days to first flower in the fall (Table 4) ranged from 68
for 'Tahiti Mix' to 93 for 'Panorama Mix'. Among the dwarf cultivars,
'Magic Carpet Mix', 'Royal Carpet Mix', 'Royal Carpet White' and 'Floral
Carpet Mix' were similar in flowering time to 'Tahiti Mix'. Three medium
snapdragons, 'Minaret Mix', 'Sonnet Mix' and 'Princess Yellow/Red Eye'
also were similar to 'Tahiti Mix'. 'Kolibri Bronze', 'Pixie Mix',
'Kolibri Mix', 'Sunshine Mix', 'Tom Thumb Mix' and 'Little Darling Mix'








were intermediate in flowering time among dwarf entries, while 'Sweetheart
Mix' (double bellflower) was the latest to flower at 83 days.

Again, as in the spring, the medium snapdragon entries had a wide range of
times to first flower. The latest were 'Sprite Red', 'Cinderella Mix',
and 'Frontier Mix', all flowering at 87 days. All the remaining medium
entries flowered between 72 and 82 days with the three cultivars mentioned
previously being among the earliest in the trial. As in the spring trial,
the 'Sonnet' and 'Sprite' series had significant differences in time to
first flower among the cultivars within each respective series. 'Spring
Giant Mix', 'Panorama Mix', 'Rocket Mix' (hm), and 'Burpee's Topper Mix'
were the latest to flower among the tall types (92-93 days).

Plant height (Table 4) in the fall trial ranged from 6.3 inches for
'Kolibri Bronze' to 25.5 inches for 'Rocket Mix' (pa). Only 'Tahiti Mix'
was similar in size to 'Kolibri Bronze' with an average plant height of
7.2 inches. All trial entries were much shorter in the fall than in the
spring. Based on the tall, medium and dwarf designations for snapdragons,
only four could be considered as tall types (>24 inches) in the fall.
Plant diameter ranged from 10.3 for 'Sonnet Bronze' to 20.7 inches for
'University of California Mix'. Tall snapdragon entries showed a tendency
to have larger plant diameter in the fall.

Floret size ranged from 1.0 inches for 'Princess White/Purple Eye' to 1.8
inches for 'Tall Bright Butterflies' (Table 4). The four largest floret
sizes were produced by bellflower snapdragons ('Tall Bright Butterflies
Mix', 'Sweetheart Mix', and 'Bright Butterflies Mix') and a double
standard snapdragon ('Burpee's Double Supreme Mix'). Flower spike size
ranged from 3.4 inches for 'Kolibri Bronze' to 13.0 inches for 'Rocket
Mix' (pa).

Overall ratings in the fall ranged from 3.8 for 'Panorama Mix' (Sluis &
Groot) to 9.9 for 'Minaret Mix' and 'Sprite Orange'. As in the spring
trial, tall snapdragon entries received lowest ratings. Thirty-nine
entries were rated at 8.0 or above (good to excellent).

For landscape purposes in spring or fall, overall appearance ratings were
good to excellent for dwarf and medium types, but poor to fair for tall
types since tall cultivars, when left unsupported, had distorted stems and
lodged in wind and rain.

Note: The information contained in this report is a summary of
experimental results, and should not be used as recommendations for crop
production. Where trade names are used, no discrimination is intended and
no endorsement is implied.









Literature Cited

1. Anonymous. 1988. Floriculture Crops. 1987 Summary. U.S. Dept.
Agr. National Agricultural Statistics Service, Hashington, D.C. SpCr
6-1 (88).

2. Stanley, C. D. 1988. Temperature and rainfall report for 1987.
Bradenton GCREC Res. Rpt BRA1988-11.

3. Voight, A. 0. 1987. It was a good but early '87 bedding plant
season Prospects above average for '88. BP News, Special Edition,
Dec. 1987. BPIA Grower's Organization. Okemos, MI.


Table 1. Alphabetical listing of Antirrhinum majus L. (snapdragon)
cultivars evaluated in field trials during 1987.


Trial Plant
Cultivarz seasonY Flower typex type


Bright Butterflies Mix F1
Burpee's Double Supreme Mix F1
Burpee's Topper Mix F1
Carioca Mix F1
Cheerio Mix F2
Cinderella Mix
Coronette Mix F1
Floral Carpet Mix F1
Frontier Mix F1
Kolibri Series F1
Kolibri Bronze
Kolibri Mix
Little Darling Mix F1
Madame Butterfly Mix F1
Magic Carpet Mix F1
Majestic Mix
Minaret Mix F1
Panorama Mix F2
Pixie Mix F1
Princess Series F1
Princess Nix
Princess Pink
Princess Purple/White Tube
Princess Scarlet/White Tube
Princess White
Princess White/Purple Eye
Princess Yellow
Princess Yellow/Red Eye
Rocket Mix F1
Royal Carpet Series F1
Royal Carpet Crimson
Royal Carpet Deep Rose
Royal Carpet Mix


s,f
s,f
s, f
s,f
s,f
s,f
s,f
s,f
s,f

s,f
s,f
s,f
s
s, f
f
s,f
sf
s,f

f
s
s
s
s
s, f
s
s,f
S

s,f

s
s
f


single bellflower
double standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard

standard
standard
single bellflower
double bellflower
standard
standard
standard
standard
single bellflower

standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard

standard
standard
standard


tall
tall
tall
medium
medium
medium
medium
dwarf
medium

dwarf
dwarf
dwarf
tall
dwarf
medium
medium
tall
dwarf

medium
medium
medium
medium
medium
medium
medium
medium
tall

dwarf
dwarf
dwarf








Table 1 (continued).


Trial Plant
Cultivarz seasonY Flower typex type


Royal Carpet Orange
Royal Carpet Pink
Royal Carpet Red/White Tube
Royal Carpet White
Royal Carpet Yellow
Sonnet Series F1
Sonnet Burgundy
Sonnet Bronze
Sonnet Carmine
Sonnet Crimson
Sonnet Mix
Sonnet Orange Scarlet
Sonnet Pink
Sonnet Rose
Sonnet White
Sonnet Yellow
Spring Giant Mix F1
Sprite Series F1
Sprite Cherry
Sprite Orange
Sprite Pink
Sprite Red
Sprite Rose
Sprite Yellow
Sunshine Mix
Sweetheart Mix F1
Tahiti Mix F1
Tall Bright Butterflies Mix Fl
Tetraploid Bicolor Mix
Tetraploid Mix
Tom Thumb Mix
Trumpet Serenade Mix
University of California Mix


s
s
S
s
f
s

s, f
s,f
s,f
s, f
s,f
s,f
s,f
s,f
s,f
s,f
s,f

s,f
s,f
s,f
s,f
s,f
s, f
s,f
s,f
s,f
f
s, f
f
f
s, f
f


standard
standard
standard
standard
standard

standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard

standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
standard
double bellflower
standard
single bellflower
ruffled standard
ruffled standard
standard
single bellflower
standard


dwarf
dwarf
dwarf
dwarf
dwarf

medium
medium
medium
medium
medium
medium
medium
medium
medium
media um
tall

medium
medium
medium
medium
medium
medium
dwarf
dwarf
dwarf
tall
medium
medium
dwarf
medium
tall


ZCooperating seed companies included: American Takii, Inc.; Salinas, CA;
Ball Seed Co., W. Chicago, IL; W. Atlee Burpee Seed Co., Santa Paula, CA;
Goldsmith Seed Co., Gilroy, CA; Harris Moran Seed Co., Rochester, NY; Pan
American Seed Co., W. Chicago, IL; Geo. W. Park Seed Co., Greenwood, SC;
Royal Sluis Inc., Salinas, CA; Sluis & Groot, Englewood, CO; and
Vaughan's, Downer's Grove, IL.
Ys = spring, f = fall.
XBellflower also known as butterfly, azalea, or open-faced.
Wtall = Maximum Group (approx. 24-36 inches), medium = Nanum Group (approx. 14-
24 inches), dwarf = Pumilum Group (approx. 6-12 inches).











Table 2. Temperature and rainfall for 1987 and
Bradenton, FL (2).


33-year averages at


1987 33-year average
Daily Temp. (OF) Rainfall Daily Temp. (OF) Rainfall
Month Max. Min. (inches) Max. Min. (inches)

Jan. 71 50 3.65 71 49 2.63
Feb. 74 54 2.62 73 51 3.25
*Mar. 77 58 11.31 77 55 3.39
*Apr. 77 54 0.23 82 60 1.59
*May 88 66 2.87 87 64 3.14
Jun. 91 72 6.18 91 70 7.75
Jul. 93 73 14.26 91 72 9.22
Aug. 93 74 4.45 91 72 9.90
Sep. 92 72 6.55 89 71 8.22
*Oct. 83 61 2.89 85 64 2.83
*Nov. 80 61 3.64 78 57 2.00
*Dec. 75 54 0.76 73 52 2.37


* = months of trial.




v


W


Table 3. Growth and performance of field grown Antirrhinum majus L. (Snapdragon) cultivars at the
Gulf Coast Research & Education Center, Bradenton, FL (5 Mar. through 24 May, 1987).

Flowerx
DaysY Plantx Plantx Floretx Spike
to Height Width Size Length Overallw
Cultivarz Flower (inches) (inches) (inches) (inches) Rating

Tahiti Mix 84 xv 9.8 uv 13.9 k-r 1.1 1-p 4.8 xy 9.4 ab
Royal Carpet Deep Rose 87 w 12.3 s-u 16.9 c-I 1.2 h-n 6.1 v-x 9.6 ab
Royal Carpet Crimson 90 vw 13.0 st 16.3 e-n 1.1 k-p 6.7 u-w 9,3 ab
Kolibri Bronze 90 vw 9.1 v 12.8 qr 1.0 op 4.1 y 9.4 ab
Royal Carpet Red/White Tube 90 uv 13.4 st 16.2 e-o 1.2 h-n 7.0 s-v 8.9 a-d
Royal Carpet Yellow 91 uv 12.3 s-u 14.4 i-r 1.0 n-p 5.8 v-y 8.8 a-d
Royal Carpet Pink 91 t-v 16.0 qr 19.3 a-e 1.2 g-m 8.3 p-u 9.3 ab
Princess Purple/White Tube 91 t-v 17.4 pq 19.0 a-f 1.3 e-k 9.2 m-r 10.0 a
Floral Carpet Mix 92 t-v 12.3 s-u 15.9 f-g 1.1 k-p 5.3 v-y 9.5 ab
Royal Carpet Orange 92 t-v 13.4 st 15.6 g-q 1.2 j-o 7.0 s-v 3.0 b-e
Magic Carpet Mix 93 s-u 11.0 t-v 15.6 g-q 1.1 1-p 5.6 v-y 7.0 d-g
Pixie Mix 93 s-u 13.7 rs 17.7 b-h 1.1 k-p 6.9 t-v 8.3 a-e
Kolibri Mix 94 r-t 11.0 t-v 15.7 g-q 1.2 g-m 4.8 w-y 8.9 a-d
Princess Scarlet 95 q-s 15.9 qr 16.3 d-m 1.2 g-m 8.2 q-u 8.9 a-d
Princess Yellow 95 p-s 18.5 n-p 19.9 a-c 1.6 b 8.2 r-u 8.6 a-e
Sweetheart Mix 96 p-s 17.4 pq 13.0 o-r 1.8 a 8.4 o-u 8.5 a-e
Sonnet Bronze 96 o-s 21.1 i-n 14.0 j-r 1.3 e--k 10.9 e-m 9.4 ab
Sunshine Mix 96 o-s 19.3 k-p 17.2 c-j 1.3 f-1 9.8 i-r 8.0 b-e
Sonnet Crimson 96 n-r 21.2 i-n 13.7 1-r 1.2 g-m 10.4 f-o 8.9 a-d
Sprite Rose 97 m-r 19.1 i-p 14.6 h-r 1.1 l-p 9.4 j-r 8.9 a-d
Little Darling Mix 97 m-r 19.0 m-p 16.4 d-m 1.4 b-f 8.6 n-t 9.0 a-c
Sonnet Pink 97 m-r 20.3 j-o 11.9 r 1.2 h-n 11.2 d-l 8.5 a-e
Trumpet Serenade Mix 97 m-r 18.2 o-q 15.1 g-q 1.5 b-e 8.1 r-u 7.9 b-f
Sonnet White 97 m-q 21.8 h-I 15.1 g-r 1.3 g-m 11.4 d-j 9.5 ab
Sonnet Yellow 98 m-q 23.9 gh 13.0 o-r 1.3 g-m 13.6 a-c 8.4 a-e
Sonnet Rose 98 l-q 21.9 h-k 15.6 g-q 1.4 d-i 11.1 d-m 8.4 a-c
Princess White/Purple Eye 98 k-p 15.9 qr 15.5 g-q 1.0 n-p 8.8 n-s 7.9 b-f
Sprite Cherry 99 k-o 18.7 n-p 13.7 l-r 1.0 op 9.4 j-r 8.1 a-e
Sprite Pink 99 j-n 19.5 j-p 13.7 1-r 1.1 m-p 10.3 f-p 8.3 a-o
Sprite Yellow 99 j-n 21.1 i-n 14.5 i-r 1.5 b-d 9.6 j-r 9.0 a-c
Princess White 100 i-m 20.5 j-o 19.4 a-d 1.2 g-m / 9.5 j-r 9.5 ab
Sonnet Mix 101 h-l 21.6 h-m 13.2 m-r 1.3 c-k / 10.9 e-m 8.8 a-d
/




MW


Table 3 (continued).


Flowerx
DaysY Plantx Plantx Floretx Spike
to Height Width Size Length Overallw
Cultivarz Flower (inches) (inches) (inches) (inches) Rating

Sonnet Orange Scarlet 101 h-I 19.2 k-p 13.0 o-r 1.2 i-o 9.3 k-r 9.3 ab
Princess Pink 101 h-I 23.8 gh 21.3 a 1.1 1-p 12.8 a-e 8.3 a-e
Minaret Mix 101 h-I 20.1 j-o 15.9 f-q 1.4 d-i 10.1 g-r 8.1 a-e
Princess Yellow/Red Eye 101 h-k 19.3 k-p 15.4 g-q 1.2 g-m 9.9 h-r 8.4 a-e
Tetraploid Bicolor Mix 102 g-j 21.0 i-n 13.1 n-r 1.4 c-h 10.4 f-o 5.5 g-i
Sonnet Burgundy 103 g-i 20.6 j-o 14.4 i-r 1.3 d-j 10.1 h-r 8.6 a-e
Sonnet Carmine 103 gh 20.7 j-o 12.9 p-r 1.3 g-m 8.9 n-s 8.3 a-e
Sprite Orange 105 fg 21.1 i-n 15.0 g-r 1.2 h-n 9.2 1-r 8.1 a-e
Cheerio Mix 107 ef 22.1 h-j 14.9 g-r 1.1 1-p 11.2 d-l 8.1 a-e
Sprite Red 107 d-f 25.5 fg 17.1 c-k 1.1 m-p 11.7 c-i 6.1 f-i
Coronette Mix 108 c-e 26.3 f 14.9 g-r 1.1 m-p 11.7 c-i 6.8 e-h
Carioca Mix 108 c-e 23.5 g-i 17.5 c-i 1.2 i-o 11.8 c-h 7.3 c-f
Burpee's Double Supreme Mix 110 b-d 31.0 de 17.4 c-i 1.2 g-m 10.2 g-q 0.6 o
Bright Butterflies Mix 111 bc 31.4 de 18.0 b-g 1.4 b-g 12.2 b-f 1.5 no
Frontier Mix 111 bc 32.5 cd 17.8 b-g 1.2 j-o 14.5 a 5.3 h-j
Burpee's Topper Mix 112 b 39.1 a 20.6 ab 1.2 g-m 13.9 ab 3.8 j-m
Cinderella Mix 112 b 21.0 i-n 14.0 j-r 1.0 p 9.1 m-r 8.4 a-e
Rocket Mix (pa) 117 a 34.6 bc 16.5 d-l 1.1 1-p 12.1 c-g 3.0 1-n
Rocket Mix (hm) 118 a 33.8 bc 16.8 d-I 1.2 h-n 12.9 a-d 4.8 i-k
Panorama Mix (hm) 118 a 298, e 16.1 f-p 1.2 i-o 11.3 d-k 4.5 i-1
Spring Giant Mix 118 a 35.6 b 16.6 d-I 1.3 g-m 11.0 d-m 1.5 no
Panorama Mix (sg) 118 a 30.3 de 21.0 a 1.2 g-m 10.6 f-n 2.6 mn
Madame Butterfly Mix 120 a 32.5 cd 16.2 f-o 1.5 bc 8.9 n-s 3.5 k-m


w


ZRocket Mix (hm)
Panorama Mix (hn
YFrom sowing on 1
XMeasured 21 May.
WRated 7 May for
rating scale: 0
VMean separation


= Rocket Mix from Harris Moran Seed Co., Rocket
i) from Harris Moran, and Panorama Mix (sg) from
2 Jan., 1987.
Floret size measured from top to bottom.
early and midseason cultivars, rated 24 May for
= all plants dead, 1 = v. poor, 5 = acceptable,
within columns by Duncan's multiple range test,


Mix (pa) from Pa
Sluis and Groot.


n American Seed Co.,


late flowering cultivars. Overall
10 = excellent.
5% level.




W


W


Table 4. Growth and performance of field grown Antirrhinum majus L. cultivars at the
Gulf Coast Research & Education Center, Bradenton, FL (5 Oct. through 8 Dec., 1987).

Flowers
DaysY Plantx Plantx Floretx Spike
to Height Width Size Length Overallw
Cultivarz Flower (inches) (inches) (inches) (inches) Rating

Tahiti Mix 68 ov 7.2 t 11.6 q-t 1.2 g-j 3.9 v 9.1 a-e
Floral Carpet Mix 70 no 10.0 rs 16.5 d-i 1.3 d-h 4.6 uv 9.5 a-c
Royal Carpet White 71 m-o 10.5 rs 15.1 e-m 1.3 c-g 5.8 q-u 9.8 ab
Royal Carpet Mix 72 1-o 10.1 rs 13.5 k-q 1.3 e-h 5.6 r-u 8.5 a-h
Magic Carpet Mix 72 l-o 9.2 s 16.1 d-j 1.1 j-1 4.8 t-v 9.0 a-f
Minaret Mix 72 k-o 15,8 f-l 16.1 d-j 1.4 b-f 8.4 e-l 9.9 a
Sonnet Mix 72 k-o 14.9 h-n 12.8 1-s 1.3 c-g 6.8 k-s 9.0 a-f
Princess Yellow/Red Eye 72 j-o 13.6 n-p 14.4 g-o 1.1 i-l 7.2 k-r 9.3 a-d
Princess White/Purple Eye 74 i-n 10.4 rs 12.9 l-r 1.0 1 5.8 q-u 9.1 a-e
Kolibri Bronze 74 i-n 6.8 t 10.3 st 1.1 kl 3.4 v 8.5 a-h
Sonnet Crimson 74 i-n 13.6 n-p 12.1 o-t 1.3 c-g 6.7 1-s 8.8 a-g
Sonnet Bronze 74 i-n 12.2 pq 10.3 t 1.3 e-h 6.3 n-t 9.3 a-d
Princess Mix 74 i-n 14.0 1-o 17.7 b-d 1.3 c-g 6.6 m-s 8.8 a-g
Sonnet Burgundy 75 i-m 14.2 k-o 13.3 l-q 1.3 d-h 7.0 k-s 8.0 d-h
Sprite Rose 75 i-i 14.8 h-n 12.5 n-t 1.2 g-j 8.1 g-m 9.4 a-d
Sonnet Pink 76 h-k 15.9 f-k 10.5 r-t 1.2 g-j 10.2 b-d 9.1 a-e
Pixie Mix 76 h-k 11.6 qr 16.6 d-h 1.3 e-h 5,4 s-u 9.0 a-f
Sonnet Yellow 76 h-k 16.1 f-j 11.8 p-t 1.3 d-h 9.7 c-h 8.4 b-h
Sprite Pink 77 g-j 13.8 n-p 11.8 p-t 1.1 i-I 7.7 j-o 9.6 ab
Sprite Cherry 77 g-j 14.4 j-o 14.0 j-q 1.2 f-i 7.9 i-n 9.6 ab
Cheerio Mix 77 g-i 14.1 k-o 12.7 m-t 1.3 d-h 7.8 j-o 8.1 c-h
Sonnet Rose 77 g-i 16.1 f-j 11.8 q-t 1.4 b-d 8.1 h-m 9.0 a-f
Kolibri Mix 77 g-i 9.4 s 16.9 c-g 1.2 h-k 3.9 v 9.4 a-d
Sunshine Mix 77 g-i 15.4 g-n 15.3 d-l 1.3 c-g 7.6 j-p 8.5 a-h
Tom Thumb Mix 77 g-i 11.3 qr 15.1 e-m 1.2 h-k 5.7 q-u 8.4 b-h
Trumpet Serenade Mix 77 g-i 13.9 m-o 13.6 j-q 1.4 bc 6.2 o-u 7.8 e-i
Little Darling Mix 77 g-i 14.6 i-n 17.1 c-f 1.5 b 6.6 m-s 9.4 a-d
Sonnet Orange Scarlet 78 g-i 14.5 i-o 12.5 n-t 1.4 b-e 7.5 j-p 8.9 a-f
Tetraploid Bicolor Mix 78 g-i 14.6 i-n 12.4 n-t 1.3 d-h 7.4 j-q 8.0 d-h
Coronette Mix 78 f-i 15.6 f-m 13.1 l-q 1.3 e-h 8.0 i-n 8.9 a-f


Majestic Mix


80 e-h 16.7 fg 15.9 d-k


1.4 b-e 8.5 e-k 7.6 f-i




w


Table 4 (continued).
Flower
DaysY Plantx Plantx Floretx Spike
to Height Width Size Length OverallI
Cultivarz Flower (inches) (inches) (inches) (inches) Rating

Sonnet Carmine 80 e-h 15.0 g-n 12.8 l-r 1.3 c-g 7.2 k-r 8.6 a-g
Sprite Yellow 80 e-h 16.3 f-i 14.6 g-o 1.5 b 6.0 p-u 9.5 a-c
Tetraploid Mix 80 e-h 15.8 f-1 14.0 i-q 1.3 c-g 8.0 i-n 8.0 d-h
Sonnet White 81 d-g 18.7 de 12.6 m-t 1.2 g-j 10.0 c-e 9.8 ab
Sprite Orange 82 c-f 17.2 ef 14.4 h-p 1.3 c-g 7.6 j-p 9.9 a
Carioca Mix 82 c-e 16.6 f-h 11.6 q-t 1.3 e-h 8.3 f-I 8.6 a-g
Sweetheart Mix 83 c-e 12.8 o-q 13.0 1-r 1.8 a 6.2 o-u 8.4 b-h
Bright Butterflies Mix 83 b-e 18.8 de 20.3 a 1.8 a 9.1 c-j 5.9 j-1
University of California Mix 85 b-d 22.2 c 20.7 a 1.3 d-h 10.4 b-d 7.1 h-j
Burpee's Double Supreme Mix 85 bc 19.8 d 20.4 a 1.7 a 9.6 c-i 6.5 i-k
Rocket Mix (pa) 86 bc 25.5 a 20.2 a 1.4 b-f 13.0 a 5.0 1
Tall Bright Butterflies Mix 87 b 21.5 c 19.5 ab 1.8 a 9.0 d-j 7.4 g-i
Sprite Red 87 b 16.3 f-i 14.7 f-n 1.4 b-f 7.8 j-o 8.6 a-g
Cinderella Mix 87 b 14.7 i-n 12.9 l-r 1.3 d-h 7.6 j-p 8.9 a-f
Frontier Mix 87 b 21.9 c 14.5 g-o 1.3 d-h 9.8 c-g 8.0 d-h
Spring Giant Mix 92 a 24.0 ab 20.4 a 1.4 bc 10.6 b-d 5.8 kl
Panorama Mix (sg) 92 a 24.7 ab 16.0 d-j 1.4 b-d 11.6 b 3.8 m
Rocket Mix (hm) 92 a 23.1 bc 19.1 a-c 1.3 c-g 10.7 bc 7.1 h-j
Burpee's Topper Mix 93 a 23.9 ab 17.7 b-d 1.4 bc 9.9 c-f 7.6 f-i
Panorama Mix (hm) 93 a 21.5 c 17.3 b-e 1.3 d-h 10.5 b-d 7.1 h-j


ZRocket Mix (pa) = Rocket Mix from Pan American, Panorama Mix (sg) from Sluis & Groot,
(hm) from Harris Moran, and Panorama Mix (hm) from Harris Moran.
YFrom sowing 21 Aug. 1987.
xMeasured 11 Nov. through 2 Dec. Florot size measured from top to bottom.
wRated 8 Dec. Overall rating scale: 0 = all plants dead, 1 = v. poor, 5 = acceptable,
excellent.
VMean separation within columns by Duncan's multiple range test, 5% level.


Rocket Mix


10 =




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs