Front Matter
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 The sleigh ride
 Something about Christmas
 The study
 The boys' room
 The walk through the fields
 What Uncle Harvey said about...
 The bag of chestnuts
 Building a snow-man
 Another sleigh ride
 What Nucle Harvey said about...
 The walk to the barn
 The skating party
 The return home

Group Title: winter holidays
Title: The Winter holidays
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00064427/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Winter holidays
Physical Description: Book
Creator: Amerel.
Publisher: D. Appleton and Co.
Place of Publication: New York
Manufacturer: George S. Appleton
Publication Date: 1850
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00064427
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltuf - ALG1906
alephbibnum - 002221679

Table of Contents
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
    Title Page
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
        Page 4
    The sleigh ride
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 10a
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
    Something about Christmas
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
    The study
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 28a
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
    The boys' room
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
    The walk through the fields
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 46a
        Page 47
        Page 48
    What Uncle Harvey said about snow
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
    The bag of chestnuts
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
    Building a snow-man
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
        Page 72a
        Page 73
    Another sleigh ride
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
    What Nucle Harvey said about monkeys
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
    The walk to the barn
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 92a
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
    The skating party
        Page 104
        Page 104a
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
    The return home
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
Full Text




.2' hwuL -* ,

ii *?WLNTON A** 6l 3SOADWAir.
b. .1.

#*PLTO "aeg m Ioxl

EarTRZD according to Act of Congress, in the year 1850, by
in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Southern
District of New York.


h - - - - - - -
I Mn hig about Chriu h .- - - - -
Stl y, ------ ------- -

a Boye PBAOO, - - - -U

Mh Walk thron th Pied, . . . . 4
What WWil. km,.7 Mid about hew, -9- --4

i .

The King of Chertm,- - - 57
Building a Snow an, - - - - - 4
Another Sleigh Bide, - - - - - 74
What Unole Harvey aid about Monkey, - - 84
The walk to the Br, - - - - - 91
The Stin Party, - - - - -----10O
ho Return Home;-- - - - - n10




SAM&x REED had been promised, that
if he would be a good boy, and study his
lessons at school, he should spend his
Christmas holidays in the country. This
made him very careful at school, so that
his father, and all his teachers, We
very much pleased with him.

- A


Christmas drew near, Samuel began to
think of the promise which his father
had made to him, and from time to time,
reminded him of it. Mr. Reed had not
forgotten; and a few days before Christ-
mas, Samuel was busy packing up his
clothes, and other articles, which he
wished to carry with him. He was
going to see his two cousins, John and
Thomas Harvey, who lived about twenty
miles from the city. Samuel could do
scarcely any thing all day, except talk
abdut the fine times he expected have
with his cousins. ..


Two days before Christmas, snow began
to fall, and continued all that night and
the next day; so that at Christmas eve
the ground was covered a foot deep, and
the air had grown very cold. Mr. Reed
then told Samuel that he must go in a
sleigh; and be careful to wrap himself
up warm. He was to start very early
in the morning, so as to be able to reach
his uncle's house by eight o'clock. He
wished them all a merry Christmas, bade
them good night, and went early to bed.
In the morning he was up at falM
o'clock; and a every thing had bei.-

'c -;


made ready the night before, he was
soon wrapped in a great coat, and seated
in the sleigh. His father and mother,
who had rose early, in order to see him
start, bade him good bye; and soon the
horses were galloping ahead, and the
merry sleigh bells ringing as the sleigh
glided over the smooth, frozen snow.
The wind cut keenly, almost like a knife;
but Mr. Ieed's servant man, who drove,
placed a great buffalo skin around Sam-
uel, so that he did not feel the wind, ex-
cept in his face. Samuel did not like to
be bundled up in this manner;, but he


remembered, that his father had given
James, the servant man, many directions
about him, and knew that it was his
duty to obey. The sleigh was soon out-
side of the city, and on the great turn-
pike road that led to Samuel's uncle's.
He wished that the sun might rise, so
that he could see the trees and fences
covered with icicles, and the fields with
their wide sheets of snow. But they
rode on, mile after mile, for more than,
two hours, before the sun arose. The air
was. clear and cold, theclouds had passed
way, and the stars peakled brightly in


the deep, blue sky. But when at last
the sun arose, the whole ground seemed
covered with sparkling pearls, and Sam-
uel could scarcely bear to look on the
smooth snow, where the sun shone on it.
By this time his feet were very cold, and
he had to move them about, lest they
would become numb. Them he thought
how much wiser his father was than
himself, in covering him so carefully;
*and resolved, always afterward to sub-
mit to the wifrof those who knew better
tlan he. As theisdeigh glided on, Sam-
Rel saw many wagons coming to town,



laden with chickens, ducks, turkeys, and
other poultry. They were on their way
to market, and some of the men and
boys in them, were singing Christmas
songs. About an hour before Samuel
reached his uncle's house, the @leigh
passed a .small cottage wbre a number
of chickens were feeding before the door,
and a large bird, entirely black wma
hopping about over the snow. SBalM
asked James what bird it was.
"They call it a raven," said the man,
"and the old lady who lives there, has
tamed it, and keeps it for a pet."


Samuel asked him where ravens come
from, and how they lived; but James
could not tell.
At last the sleigh drew near Uncle
William's house. Samuel had been there
before, so that he knew every tree, and
every field, foP some distance along the
road. By and by, he saw the house
itself, with the four tall poplar trees
before the door, and the large gate that
opened into the little lane, which ran off
from the turnpike road. As the sleigh
turned into this lane, the door of the
house opened, and Samuel's two cousis


ran out to meet him. James drove up
to the door, and Uncle William helped
Samuel to get out. He was so cold and
numb that he could scarcely stand; but
he shook hands with all round, while
"Merry Christmas," Merry Christmas,"
came from every mouth. "You must
come in, first of all, and warm yourself"
said his uncle. Samuel followed him,
while John and Thomas, each held one
of his hands, and James came next, car-
rying the bundle of presents which Mr.
Reed had sent to his nephews. Samuel
was led into the parlor where a great


fire was blazing in the old fashioned
grate, and a large, rocking chair had been
set before it for him. His overcoat, hat,
gloves, and woollen comforter, were soon
of, and his feet up on a stool. His
uncle then left the room, and Samuel re-
mained with his cousins.




JTHOMAs, the oldest of Uncle William's
children, was about fifteen; his brother
John was three years younger. Samuel
was about thirteen. So these boys were,
in respect to age, all suited to each other;
and besides, they were all of an active,
stirring disposition, fond of fun, and
whether studying or playing, 1hey did
what they were engaged in, with their
whole strength. It had been a long


while since the three were together, and
they had a thousand questions to ask
of each other. When Samuel was pretty
warm, a servant entered with some cakes
and hot coffee, for him to eat. While.he
was eating, Thomas asked him if he ever
got chestnuts in town
"Not often," replied his cousin; "they
have been very dear this year, and you
know that father does not think it right
to go into other people's woods after,
them. Whose that uncle sent in October,
lasted us nearly two months. We have
had only a few since."


"We have saved a bag full, for you to
take to town," replied Thomas. "Our
trees have not been full this year, but
the chestnuts are very large. You have
had plenty of apples, I suppose?"
"Yes," said Samuel; "but we cannot
buy any like yours. Every one who
comes to father's, wonders to see such
monstrous pippins and bell-flowers 1"
"There must be fine sights in town
to-day," said. John. "Have you seen
any of the Christmas things, Samuel?"
"Oh, yes," replied his cousin. "Dogs
as large as live ones, made of sugar, and


great trees dressed, as it is called, with
all kinds of sweet things, and windows
full of candies-horses, cats, soldiers, apd
every thing else. There are more toys
than I could tell you the names of in a
day. Then there are all sorts of shows
-puppets, museums, wild beasts, and
such places. In one store, I saw a doll,
made of wax, as large as a woman, and
dressed in the finest manner. It cost
two hundred dollars. One baker has a
cake so big, that it has to be cut with a
wooden spade. I saw some toys that
looked like shoemakers, and their arms


and eyes moved all the time. It was a
curious sight 1"
"Would you not rather live in,the
city, than in the country ?" asked John.
"No," replied Samuel. "One soon
gets tired of looking at cakes, and dolls;
and some of the city folks are very
foolish. Father says, that children as old
as we are, often spend more money for
such things than would pay for a good
part of their schooling."
"Don't you love candy, Samuel," asked
"Yes, I do, when it is good; but do


you not remember, how sick a small
piece made you when you were last at
father's house."
"I remember it, if John does not,"
answered Thomas. "I do not want any
more of that kind for a while; and you
remember, that uncle told us that some-
times drugs that would injure the health,
were often put in candies to color them."
"Well, I would rather live in town,"
said John; "I am tired of this dull
place-nothing but trees, and fences, and
the bare fields, and owls, and snakes, and
the two or three houses, a mile apart. If


father didn't talk and read to us in the
evening, I would die in less than a year."
"How is it in summer, John?" asked
"Why then it is a little better; but
still not half so nice as the town."
"Why, John," replied his brother,
"you have forgotten what you said last
harvest-then you wished never to see
the town again, while such fun as cut-
ting grain, and eating ripe blackberries,
was at hand."
John remembered, that he had said
this; but though a good boy, and so kind,


that he would give any thing he had to
a friend, and do without it himself, yet
he was apt to be impatient and fretful,
when disappointed in any thing. As
long as summer and fall lasted, he loved
the country well enough; but when the
ground was covered with snow, which
hindered him from going out as often as
he would like, he began to wish that he
was at Uncle Reed's. Just as he was
about to reply to Thomas, Uncle William
entered. We will see in the next chap-
ter what he came for.



WHEN Mr. Harvey saw that Samuel
was quite warm, and had eaten what
had been sent to him, he told Thomas,
that he might take his cousin through
the house, to show him the different
rooms. "We will go into the study
first," said Thomas; and he ran into the
entry, and up a flight of steps, which led
into the study. John and Samuel, fol-
lowed him through the door. "This


room has been fitted up since you were
here," he said to his cousin. Samuel
looked round, and saw that shelves and
book cases were arranged along the
walls, on each side. These contained
hundreds of books, all placed upright,
so that their names could be read with-
out taking them from the shelves.
Several tables were in the room, with
heavy volumes spread on them; while
maps and pictures, were either hanging
from the walls, over the book cases, or
rolled up in the corner. Two writing
desks were in the room, one of them


covered with papers; and the study was
warmed by a grate, like the one in the
parlor. "What a number of books,"
said Samuel; "how I wish we had such
a study at home."
Samuel's father was a good man, and
was fond of reading; but his business
did not allow him to collect his books
together, or to give that attention to
them, that Uncle William could. Neither
was he so rich as Uncle William. This
uncle owned large farms, and some
houses in the city; and he devoted much
of his time to study, and to helping poor


persons around him. He could do this,
and have his farming and other business
attended to at the same time. His wife
had died soon after John was born; and
ever since he had lived on his country
seat, apart.from the noise and confusion
of the city. When Samuel had entered
the room, Thomas told him to look over
the door. He did so, and read these
words, "The fear of the Lord is the be-
ginning of wisdom."
They were written in gold colored let-
ters. "Is not that taken from the
Bible?" asked Samuel. Thomas told


him that it was, and then Samuel asked
him what it meant.
"I cannot tell you all it means," re-
plied his cousin. "But I know this
much: father never undertakes any
thing unless he believes it to be right,
and then he first asks the blessing of
God upon it. He says, that no man is
truly wise who does not love and serve
God; so he placed that verse over his
study, to remind himself that all he
reads or writes, should be directed to
some good purpose."
Samuel went on from case to case,


reading the titles of the books, until he
reached a large volume, bound in mo-
rocco, with the words, 'Natural History,'
on the back. He asked his cousin if it
had pictures in.
"Yes," replied Thomas, as he took it
from the shelf; "the pictures are colored,
and very beautiful. You see there are
four volumes-this is the first, and it
treats of man, and the quadrupeds, or
four footed animals. Here is a picture
of the tiger, which, father says, is the
finest he ever saw. There is the camel,
and its Arab driver. There is the African

Ir 11t 1,



elephant. Did you, Samuel, ever see an
elephant ?"
"Yes," replied his cousin; "last week
a great many wild animals were brought
to town, and father took me to see them.
There were three elephants; one was
brought into the ring, where he kneeled
down, rode around, carried his keeper
on his back, and .did many other tricks.
But I do not think he looked exactly
like this picture."
I suppose it was an Asiatic elephant
He is different from the one found in
Africa There I-that is a picture of the


elephant from Asia. You see it is larger
than the other."
"This is like the one I saw," replied
Samuel. "But, John," he continued,
turning round, "why do you not help us
to look at the pictures ?"
John had left his cousin, and seated
himself in a rocking chair, near the fire.
He appeared to be very busy making
something out of paste board, and had
not spoken until Samuel turned round.
Then he answered, that he would come
by and by. Samuel now turned over
the leaves of one of the large books on


the table. It was a history of England,
an 1 had large pictures in it, of cities,
and castles, and battles, and great men.
He asked Thomas how long he thought
it would take to read it through.
"Silence, boys exclaimed John, all
at once. Thomas and Samuel turned
around; but no sooner had they seen
him, than they both burst out laughing.
While they had been busy, he turned
his chair round by the desk, slipped his
father's morning gown on, which always
hung in the study, put on a pair of paste
board spectacles, and with a pen behind


his ear, and Uncle William's cane in his
hand, he looked exactly like an old, cross
schoolmaster. "Silence, I say," he ex-
claimed, stamping his foot. "Thomas,
take that history of England, and learn
twenty pages in it before noon. Samuel,
sit in yonder corner, with a foolscap on,
because you couldn't tell what an Afri-
can elephant is. I'll have order here.
Neither of you will get a bite of Christ-
mas dinner-recollect that."
Samuel could not speak for laughing
at the odd figure his cousin made; but,
at this moment, somebody was heard


coming up stairs. "It's father," said
Thomas. John threw his spectacles into
the grate, run the cane under a book
case, and just had time to hang up the
gown, when the door opened. It was
only a servant, come to attend to the
fire. When he had gone, all the boys
laughed, and John replaced the cane in
the corner. "You need not have been
in such a hurry," said his brother, "for
if father had seen you, he would have
laughed, too."




ArmT Samuel had spent about an
hour in the study, his cousin took him
out, and around a gallery, to a smaller
door, of which Thomas had the key in
his pocket. This is our room, Samuel,"
said John, as his brother unlocked it.
Many large pictures of animals were
were hung around the walls, and a little
book case was in one corner. This room
was warmed by a grate. Every thing


was in order-so neat and comfortable,
that Samuel was delighted.
"How nice this is," said Samuel. "But
what a number of birds you have in this
case, Thomas ?"
"Yes," said his cousin. "Most of
them were brought by father from other
countries; John has a case exactly like
it, in the other corner. Father will show
you his own cabinets, before you leave
for the city. Every now and then, he
gives us two or three birds, and they
help us very much in understanding
books on natural history. They have all


been stuffed with great care, and John
and I, dust the cases ourselves, every
"What is this big one, that looks
something like a grown child?" asked
"It is the frigate bird," said Thomas.
"You see what a strong bill it has, and
a fierce look, and that its feet are webbed.
It soars to a great height lives along the
sea shore, and is a bold, greedy bird."
"Samuel," said John, "do you know
what that big red bird, with long legs,
long neck, broken bill, and short tail, is ?"


Samuel said he did not know.
It is a flamingo. Father says, they
play soldiers, in the West Indies." Sam-
uel did not know what he meant; but
Thomas laughed, and said, "they go in
flocks, and when a great distance off,
their long necks look like guns, and their
bright, red bodies, like soldiers' coats.
Besides, they march along very slow and
"That's all the same as playing sol-
diers," answered John. I wish we had
flamingoes in our country, instead of
geese and chickens."

"It would be bad for us about the
time of Christmas," said Samuel, "unless
flamingoes are fit to be eaten. That
white owl is the biggest one I ever saw."
"It is a snow owl," answered John;
"he lives in cold countries, and eats
hares and foxes. He could soon kill one
of the owls in this country." It is also
very scarce," added Thomas; "father
has some larger ones in his cabinet; but
this is nearly the size of a small eagle."
"I caught an owl once," said John.
He was sitting in an old window of the
stone barn, about four o'clock in the


afternoon; and nearly a dozen little
birds were tormenting him. He looked
as if he were crying; so I pitied him,
and drove the birds away with a hickory
branch. After that I climbed up to the
barn window, on a plank, and got Mr.
Owl, under my arm."
"Was that the time you fell and
bruised your knee?" asked Thomas.
"Yes," said John; "but I held on to
the owl, and brought him home. It was
his fault that I fell."
"What became of him," asked Samuel.
"We kept him for a few days in a


box," replied John; "but he grew stub-
born, and wouldn't eat. Then I took
him by the sides one night, and threw
him up in the air. He flew away as
merry as a cricket, without saying good
night !"
When Samuel had looked at all the
birds in both cases, and at many other
things in this little room, he passed out,
and was led'through several others. At
last they heard the dinner bell ring, and
ran down into the dining room, where
Uncle William was ready to sit down to
dinner. When they were all seated, and


had commenced eating, his uncle asked
Samuel how he liked this quiet way of
spending Christmas. Samuel answered,
"I like it much better than being in
town, uncle. Every thing seems fresh
and quiet out here; and when we are by
ourselves, we can speak, and act just as
we think. But in town there is so much
company and noise, and talking, that I
get tired."
Then his uncle told him that he used
to feel so too, when he was a boy, and
that then nothing pleased him more than
to spend a day with his grandfather, in


the country. But John said that he
would like to be in town, where he would
see Christmas. I could make as much
noise as any body," he added, "but if
you had not come to see us, I would have
been miserable all day."
"Father," said Thomas, "shall we go
skating on the mill pond, to-morrow
afternoon, if it is clear. We will have
such fun with cousin SamueL"
"You may, if I can find time to go
with you," said Uncle William. "This
afternoon I am going to church, and you
may p time in any way you like."




THE boys were very glad to hear this.
After dinner they walked down toward
the barn, while Uncle William got ready
for church. When they came to a little
shed, built under a tree, John stopped,
and said, "This is the spot where we
built the last snow-man. We must make
another, Thomas, while cousin is here to
help us. Wouldn't you like to snow ball
the old fellow, Samuel? It's rare sport."


Samuel said he would do his best; and
then they walked on, round the barn,
and down a lane leading to a wood. The
trees of this wood were very tall and
straight. John told his cousin, that they
were the trees on which the large chest-
nuts grew. Samuel asked him how they
climbed to such a height.
"We do not often climb chestnut
trees," replied his cousin. "We knock
the burrs off with clubs, by throwing
their against the branches. Could you
'throw so high, Samuel?"
"No," said his cousin, "I could not


But do not the burrs open, and let the
chestnuts drop out ?"
"Yes; but I never wait till then. Last
October I had a whole tree stripped be-
fore one burr was opened."
The boys now turned off toward the
main road; for the snow in the wood and
fields, was too soft to bear their weight
As they were walking up to the house,
Samuel told his cousins that he had seen
a raven on the road, and asked Tho
what kind of a bird it was. Tho
told him as well as he could, saying, that
it came from the cold parts of our coun-

- 4f .A, -


-- _h 1


try, and other countries; and that when
wild, it lived on fish, and other small
animals. He added, that when tame, it
had to be closely watched, or it would
steal spoons, dishes, money, jewels, and
almost every thing else.
The boys were now at the house; and
Uncle William told them, he would soon
ride out, and that he wished them to re-
main in the house. When they went
into the parlor, they found some fine
fruit on the table, which John's father
had left there for them to eat during the
afternoon. When they had sat for some

-^-_. .*&.

J -


time by the fire, Samuel asked John what
his cap was made of.
It is seal skin," replied John. "See
how soft and smooth it is;" and he
handed the cap to his cousin.
"I have read something about seals,"
said Samuel; "but I did not think they
had such warm fur as this on their skins.
How large do you suppose a seal is?"
John said he did not know; but
Thomas answered, that a full grown one
was large thn a man, and twice as -
"I read a great deal about them in


my Natural History," said John. They
live where the sea is frozen, and have to
come to the top to breathe. They make
holes in the ice, and sometimes come out
of the water, and sleep on the top. Then
the people who live there, creep neir, and
either knock them on the head, or stab
them with a harpoon. The skin sells for
a great deal of money, and the fat is
used to burn in lamps."




THu boys passed the afternoon very
pleasantly, talking together in this man-
ner, or passing from room to room of the
house, looking at books, pictures, and
maps. When Mr. Harvey's sleigh drove
up to the gate, it had began to grow
dark, and the boys ran out to receive
him;. as he entered the door, John took
his hat, and Samuel his cane, while
Thomas went before to open the parlor


door, and stir up the fire. After supper,
they all returned to this room, where
Samuel spent nearly two hours convers-
ing with his kind uncle, and his cousins.
The fire was kept burning brightly, for
it was very cold, and the sky was again
overcast with heavy clouds. Mr. Har-
vey said there would be more snow, when
Samuel asked of what use snow was.
"It has several uses," replied his
unele. "Perhaps the chief one is, that
it keeps the ground warm duiAng the
winter, and this preserves the grain,
sown in the fall, and at the same time,

THU #nqET leftDAfl.

it renders the earth fit to receive the in-
fluence of the sun in spring. When the
snow on mountains melts, it fills the
streams and pools with water; and this,
in warm countries, gives man and ani-
Ijals drink, and moistens the earth; for
rain does not fall there in summer. Be-
sides, there can be no doubt that snow
has a good effect upon the air, in making
it fresher and purer; for as soon as snow
falls, many diseases which stay with us
through the hot season, pass away."
Are not persons sometimes frozen to
death, in snow storms r" asked Thomas.


"I have read of several instances of
this kind," said Mr. Harvey. "On the
Alps mountains, where snow lies all the
year, many people have thus perished.
But they are generally numbed and
frozen by the keen wind, before they fall
into the snow. Perhaps you will be
astonished to hear, that a few persons
are known to have been buried under
the snow for two or three days, and yet
were taken out alive I"
"And did they live afterwards asked
"They did," replied his father. On


one occasion, a house containing a whole
family was covered by a great mass of
snow, which rolled down from a moun-
tain. The persons inside were not in-
jured, but were dug out in a few days.
On another occasion, a woman was found
under a bed of snow, in a field, and
when properly treated, regained her
health. Indeed, the Greenlanders, who
live, you know, in one of the coldest
countries inAhe world, build their houses
of bRB of ice, which freeze together,
and thus keep out the cold air."
"Who would live in such a manner,"

54 Ti


said John. "Wh they not leave so
dreary a place, a me to America, or
some other wa rm and ?"
"The Greenlai Is," said his father,
" think that no try is as fine as their
own. If they t taken from it, they
soon droop die; and they are as
happy in their ice houses, with nothing
to eat but whale's fat, and no finer
clothing than a seal skin, as we are in
this parlor, with every thi mfortable
around us. The Greenlander lovt een-
land as much as we do America; for God
has wisely made man, so that he will

love the country in which he is born, and
so it is with the Arabs, and the Esqui+
max, and all other nations."
"Is there nothing but seals and whales
around Greenland?" asked Samuel
"Yes," said Mr. Harvey; "the white
bear is found there. He is a large,
savage beast, and when chased, will
sometimes kill two or three men before
#he can be destroyed. There are also
foxes; whiteall over, and an animal
calle walrus, which looks somewhat
like a seal, but is larger, and has a long,
straight horn, growing out in front of his

head. There are a few other animals in
Greenland, but I need not tell you their
names. And now, boys, I think you
have heard enough about cold countries;
so you may amuse yourselves as you
choose until bed time.




NEXT morning, while Samuel was
standing on the porch, before Mr. Har-
vey's door, he saw a little bird fly up to
the casement of the window, and peck
at the glass with its bill. Soon after, the
woman who kept house for his uncle,
opened the window, and held out some
crumb' The bird hopped in, and ate
them from her hand, and then jumped
on her shoulder. Samuel, who had never

TIn M frn.M. 19o0.Y.,

seen such a thing in town, called John.
But his cousin told him, that this bird,
and many others, came every morning
to pick crumbs, and that sometimes, they
staid in the house all night. "I have
had two in my hand at once," John
added, "and they looked at me with one
eye as saucy as though I could not hurt
them. In the spring they fly away, and
we see nothing more of them till the next
But how do they get so fat 2t wi-
ter ?" asked Samuel.
"I do not know," replied John, "4.


cept that the snow agrees with them. If
the sun were shining now, instead of the
weather being cloudy, you would see two
or three dozen of them scattered over the
snow, picking up crumbs."
This morning, more snow fell; so the
boys could neither go skating nor walk
through the fields. They spent the
morning, therefore, in Thomas's room=
either drawing pictures of birds for Siame
uel to take with him, or cracking wal-
nuts anw shell-barks. While they were
very busy at these nuts, John dropped
his hammer, all at once, iad said:


'Thomas, our bag of chestnuts; we
have forgotten to show it to cousin, or to
look at it for a week. I will run up
stairs, this minute, and bring it down."
"Do," said Thomas; and off went
John. It was not long before he ap-
peared, with the bag over his back, but
with a most woeful face. "Ah, Thomas,"
he said, as he set it on a chair, "I'm
afraid we have nothing left but shells.
The mice have got into the closet, cut
through the bag here, where my hand is,
and pulled out more than half a peck.
The closet floor is covered with shells. I


suppose they have left nothing else in
the bag."
This was bad news, indeed; for these
chestnuts had been selected by the boys
on account of their size, from all they
had gathered off their trees. They had
hoped to give a good many of them to
their cousin. Thomas looked as woeful
as John, and said, "Let us bring the
large box out of the store-room, to empty
them in." Both of them ran to bring it
down, while Samuel held the bag. They
soon had the box in the room; and as
Samuel was untying the string of the


bag, John said he would kill every mouse
on the farm. When they poured the
chestnuts out, and sat down to examine
them, it was found that the mice had
eaten only a little distance into the bag,
and that nearly all the chestnuts were.
still sound. John jumped up and danced
about the room with joy, and tears of
gladness stood in Thomas's eyes. After
the shells had all been thrown away,
Thomas proposed that each of them
should have a third of all the nuts; but
John wanted to give Samuel half; for he
said that his cousin could not get any in

mN wnMqm ROUDAY8.

town without buying them. Samuel was
astonished to see such large nuts; but
he would not consent to take either a
third or a half of them. After a long
talk, Samuel was forced to agree, that he
would take a quarter, and an equal num-
ber of smaller ones. John would not
listen to such terms; but as his brother
and his cousin were agreed, he had to
submit. Then the chestnuts were re-
placed in the bag, and the boys locked
them up in a large chest of drawers,
which stood, in the store-room.




IN the afternoon the sun broke through
the clouds, the wind changed, and Mr.
Harvey said that he thought it would be
fine weather. "Now for the snow-man,"
said John. His father told them they
might have their choice-either to take
a ride around the country, in his sleigh,
or play about the farm, as they pleased.
Thomas wanted to ride; John spoke for
the snow-man. So they referred the


matter to their cousin. Samuel would
not decide; and Mr. Harvey then told
them, that they might have the sleigh
on the next day, if they wished it. Then
they. all agreed to make the snow-man,
and John ran to the shed .to collect
spades, hatchets, and pieces of wood for
the nose and eyes.
Off they went in high glee. The snow
was deep and soft, so that they sunk in
it at every step; and more than once,
they tumbled over each other, while try-
ing to run down the road. Before they
reached the lane leading to the barn,


each one was covered with snow from
head to foot. "This is something like
fun," said John; and they passed round
the barn, to the little shed, under a tree,
where the snow-man was to be made.
Here the snow was deeper than at other
places, for it had drifted against the
shed, and the sides of the barn. Each
of the boys had brought with them a
spade and a hatchet; and now they all
fell to work, to make the snow-man.
First, they beat the snow down very
closely, with spades. Then they began
to pile more on this hard place, beating


it down, now and -then, and shaving off
the rough edges. At last they had raised
it as high as their heads, when they
stopped to warm their fingers, and con-
sider what was next to be done. "We
ought to have brought chairs," said
Thomas; "for how will we be able to
throw a spade full of snow so high, and
then pat it down?" "Let us climb up
on the shed," replied Samuel. They all
sprang up the side; but the boards gave
way, and they fell down in the snow. At
last John said:
"Thomas, push me up on the snaw-


man, and I'll take the snow off your
spades." His brother and Samuel pushed
him up, and gave him spadefulls of snow,
which he took with his hands and fixed
on the pile. This was cold business;
but John worked away busily until the
pile was so high that Thomas could not
reach it. What shall we do now ?" said
SamueL "Let us," replied Thomas,
"place these wide, long shed boards,
against the pile, and roll the snow into
hills. Then both of us can roll the balls
up the boards to John." They did so;
and their work went on merrily until


they had made the pile high enough.
John now began to cut out the head,
while Thomas and Samuel shaped the
sides. The sun was nearly down before
the snow-man was made; and then the
boys were so cold, that they could not
hold any thing in their hands, while
their teeth chattered together. So they
could not snow-ball that day; but John
said he would make him cry enough' in
the morning. They left their spades by
the shed, and walked as fast as they
could toward home. Mr. Harvey saw
them coming, and came out on his porch


to meet them. They were almost numb
with cold; so he told them to dip their
hands in cold water, and not to go near
the fire for some time. But these boys
did not mind being a little cold; and
although their hands and ears began to
tingle smartly, yet they could only think
and talk about their snow-man. At last
they began to feel warm, and went into
the parlor, where Mr. Harvey was sitting.
He said to Samuel:
"Are you not tired, my boy, of this
cold, dull place ?"
"No indeed, uncle," replied Samuel


" It does not seem dull to me, and I do
not mind the cold. How pure and soft
the wide fields look. Is there any thing
whiter than snow, uncle ?"
"I believe not," replied Mr. Harvey.
"But what would you think, boys, to see
red snow?"
"Red snow" exclaimed John, "who
ever heard of such a thing I"
"We learn wonderful things every
day," replied his father. A snow flake
itself, is sufficient to excite our wonder."
"But is there any red snow, uncle,"
asked Samuel.


Yes," replied Mr. Harvey. In very
cold countries, the tops, or sides of moun-
tains, are often covered with snow of a
pink, or red color. I have never heard
that it has been seen in any part of this
"But what makes it red ?" asked
"That is not certainly known. Some
have thought that the red color was
owing to a small plant, growing inside
the snow flake, like moss around the
bark of trees. But this seems very



"I should like to see a snow-man
made out of red snow," said John. His
body though, ought to be white, and his
face and hands red. It would be curious."
His father smiled at this notion, and
then they all went to supper.
Next morning, the boys went down to
the barn before breakfast, to examine
their snow-man. They found that it had
frozen very hard; and after snow ball-
ing it for a while, they brought away
their spades and hatchets, and returned
to the house.




AFTER breakfast, Thomas reminded his
father of the promise about the sleigh.
It was soon before the door, and Mr. Har-
vey asked Thomas if he would rather
have one of Uncle William's men to drive
than drive himself. "No," said John;
"we will have it all to ourselves."
Thomas knew well how to manage
horses, for his father had accustomed
him and John to such kinds of exercise;


thus teaching them to depend upon
themselves rather than upon others.
After they had been well bundled up in
great coats, and buffalo robes, John and
his cousin got into the sleigh, while
Thomas led the horse down the path to
the turnpike gate. When the horse was
in the road, he shut the gate, jumped
into the sleigh, and after promising his
father to be careful, drove off in high
"We will not go down the road," said
John, "for then Samuel would see noth-
ing more than he has seen.


After they had gone a little distance,
a great flock of turkeys came out from a
shed, and ran with a loud noise toward
a house, where a boy was standing to
feed them. Thomas told his cousin, that
these were being fattened for New Year's
day, when they would be killed and taken
to market. They also saw many geese,
chickens, and Guinea fowls. After leav-
ing these, they came to a bridge over a
wide stream, which, Thomas said, ran
into the river, and that he and John
often came there in the summer time to
fish. Samuel asked him, what kinds of


fish were there. "Catfish and perch,"
replied his cousin, "and eels as long as
your arm. There is plenty of snakes,
too. Last August, John killed one, more
than a yard long. It came out from
under that crooked bush, which you see
yonder. In the evenings and mornings,
you can see them, swimming about near
the shore, sometimes as many as half a
dozen together. It is dangerous to go
into the water then; but there is a fine
place to bathe in, behind that cluster of
trees which you see over in there meadow."
Thomas now turned into a lane, which


ran off from the turnpike road, and they
were soon out of sight of the water.
Samuel asked what old wooden house
that was standing in a field, at some dis-
tance from the lane. "It is a school
house," said Thomas. "It went to ruin
while the last teacher was there. He
was an old man, and very cross; but he
did not know much, and the boys were
always in mischief. At last he went
away, and now the people are trying to
get a good teacher. Sometimes one of
the scholars in our academy, comes down
to teach for a day; but the school is now


shut on account of the Christmas holi-
They now reached a hill, and Thomas
turned the horse into a path which
wound around the descent, but was not
so steep as the main path. Samuel ob-
served, that while the horse was going
down this path, his cousin held the reins
very tight, so that the horse's head was
high up He asked him what he did
it for.
"To prevent him from falling," said
Thomas. "If he should- stumble while
going down, and the reins were loose, he


would pitch forward, and drag sleigh and
all, after him. Last spring, a horse and
wagon fell down this hill, over on the
path, killing the driver, and bruising
another man very badly. Father came
down here as soon as he heard of it, with
John and me, and we lifted the two men
into a carriage, and took them home. A
great many persons were round. The
horse broke both his fore legs by the fall,
and had to be killed. It was a sad sight."
When Samuel heard this, he felt a little
afraid that the sleigh might be upset;
but Thomas drove carefully, so that they



reached the bottom of the hill Withoit
any accident. A little further on, John
showed his cousin a field, where, in Oe-
tober, some men had shot several domen
of wild geese.
"Where did they come from?" asked
SamueL Thomas told him, tat they
had been driven out of the northern
countries by the cold weather, and were
flying toward a warmer place. "In the
spring," he added, "they will fly back
again, and stay in the north all summer.
They fly in long rows, somewhat in the
shape of a letter V; two rows being


joined together. Each one of these V's
has a leader, whom all the other geese
follow. They fly very high in the air,
and cannot often be shot."
"And do the same geese go and return
every year ?" asked SamueL
"Yese replied Thomas; "and they
fly many miles without resting or stop-
ping. When high in air they make a
loud screaming; but when passing near
to houses, or near the ground, they are
In this manner the boys continued
riding and talking for nearly two hours,

when Thomas said it'was time to return.
He drove back very fast by another road;
so that they were not more than an hour
in reaching the house.

% qgo-




WHEN the boys came into the parlor,
they found Mr. Harvey sitting by the
fire, with several stuffed monkeys on the
table before him. As the door opened,
he turned around and said, "Come in,
my children. I have just received these
from a gentleman who has been to Africa
This one, with the long, white mane, is
called the silver monkey. This, that
looks like a dog, and has such a long,


bushy tail, is the Ursine baboon. I wil
tell you the names of the others, by and
by. Have you read any thing about the
habits of monkeys, Samuel?"
Not a great deal, uncle; but I should
like to do so very much. I think you
called this a baboon. Is there any differ-
ence between a baboon and a monkey ?"
"Yes," replied Mr. Harvey, "there are
several. You would not understand
them all if I were to state them; but
you may remember that the baboons are
larger, that they cannot take hold of any
thing with their tail, as monkeys can,


and that they scarcely ever raise them-
selves to walk on their hind feet. The
Ursine baboon lives in thick woods, from
which he comes at night to steal fruit
and vegetables from the gardens of the
negroes. Sometimes there are one hun-
dred of these animals together. They
stand in a long row, from the garden to
the woods, and throw the fruit from one
to the other. In this manner they will
strip a garden in a night. If the negroes
come after them, they all run very swiftly
to the woods, and hide themselves in the
tallest trees. These baboons are so


strong, that one is a good match for two
large dogs. Their teeth are long and
sharp, and it is dangerous to keep them
in a cage unless they have been taken
while young. They look awkward when
running on the ground, because their
hind legs are much longer than the fore
Are there any monkeys in our coun-
try?" asked Samuel.
"There are many in South America,"
replied his uncle; "but none of the
kinds that you see before you. These,
as I have told you, came from Africa."


"I have sometimes," said Samuel
"seen a man in the city, carrying a
monkey and an organ, along the street.
Whenever he played the organ, the mon-
key would dance, or take his hat around
to beg money of the people who were
looking on. Once I saw him run up into
a tree, where he sat grinning at the
"Such monkeys,' said Mr. Harvey,
"are generally treated with cruelty, so
they do not live very long. Indeed, no
monkey lives as long here as in its own
country, because the climate is too cold.


When I was a boy like one of you, a man
used to travel round the town I lived in,
with a bear, two dogs, and two monkeys.
He would stop in the street, and sing,
then the bear danced on its hind legs,
and the monkeys sprung on the dogs'
backs, and rode round the bear. Such
things have now gone out of fashion, and
people do not like any more to see ani-
mals dragged about and abused in this
It was now dinner time; but while he
was eating, Samuel could not think of
any thing but the monkeys. He said to


himself, that he would study natural his-
tory when he became a man, so that he
might tell about all kinds of animals
as well as Uncle William could. He
thought, too, that he would like to travel
from one country to another, and see
islands, cities, mountains, animals, and
the manners and works of different




AFTER dinner, Mr. Harvey took a walk
with the boys down to the barn. Three
men were at work' inside, threshing
wheat. When Mr. Harvey drew near,
they stopped and nodded to him; and
Samuel observed that his uncle spoke to
them very kindly. Each of them had a
flail in his hand, with which he beat the
pile of grain spread out on the barn
floor. Mr. Harvey asked one of the men


to hand his flail to Samuel, so that he
might see how it was made. Samuel
observed that it consisted of a heavy
pole, long and thick, and to this another
thick stick was joined by a strong piece
of leather. The man held the long pole
in his hand, and then swinging it round,
struck the wheat with the short one. As
Samuel handed the flail back to the man,
his uncle asked him how he would like
to thresh all day. Samuel smiled, and
said, he would not like it; for the fail
was very heavy. The men made a great
noise, as they struck the wheat one after


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