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3BO AND3 SAY.
BY MRS. FOLLEN.
bli*tta teo bwit Zifog bips.
NICHOLS & HALL,
43 WASHINGTON STREET,
Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1857, by -
WHITTEMORE, NILES, AND HALL,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.
ELECTROTYPED AT THE
BOSTON STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY.
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
COULD you not tell us a traveller's story of
some strange people that we have never heard
of before said Harry to his mother, the next
6 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
After a moment or two of thought, Mrs.
Chilton said, "Yes, I will tell you about a
people who are great travellers. They take
journeys every year of their lives. They dislike
cold weather so much that they go always be-
fore winter, so as to find a warmer climate.
They usually meet together, fathers, moth-
ers, and children, as well as uncles, aunts, and
cousins, but more especially grandfathers and
grandmothers, and dedide whither they shall
go. As their party is so large, it is important
that they should make a good decision.
When they are all prepared, and their
mind quite made up, they all set off together.
I am told that they make as much noise, on
this occasion, as our people make at a town-
meeting; but as I was never present at one of
the powwows of these remarkable travellers,
I cannot say."
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
What is a powwow? asked Harry.
"It is the name the Indians give to their
council meetings," replied Mrs. Chilton.
She went on. "This people, so fond of
travelling, have no great learning; they write
no books; they have no geographies, no steam-
boats, no railroads, but yet never mistake their
Four-footed travellers, I guess," said Harry.
"By no means; they have no more legs
than any other great travellers; but you must
not interrupt me.
Well, to go back to our travellers; every
one is ready and glad -to prepare apartments
for them, such as they like. They are so
lively, so merry, and good-natured, that they
find a welcome every where. They are such
an easy, sociable set of folks that they like a
8 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY
house thus prepared for them just as well as
if they had built it themselves.
I .have been told that when they arrive at
any place, before they wash themselves, or
brush off the dust of their journey, they will
go directly to one of these houses that has
been prepared for them, and examine every
part of it; and, if they like it, they seem to
think they have, of course, a right to it, and
they take possession directly, and say, Thank
you' to nobody.
No one is affronted with them; but every
one is ready and glad to accommodate the
strangers as well as he can, merely for the sake
of their good company. They come to us in
May, and leave our part of the country in Au-
gust, to visit other lands.
The great reason, I think, that all the
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 9
world welcomes these travellers is, that they
are such a happy, merry set of beings they
make every one around them cheerful; their
gayety is never-failing. They rise with the first
streak of light; there are no sluggards among
them. They are all musical, and sing as they
go about their work; but their music pleases
me best when they join in their morning hymn.
When the morning star is growing pale, and
rosy light tinges the edges of the soft clouds in
the east, this choir of singers stop for a second,
as if waiting, in silent reverence, for the glad
light to appear; then, just as the first ray gilds
the hill tops and the village spire, all pour
forth a joyful song, swelling their little throats,
and making such a loud noise that every sleepy
head in the neighborhood awakes."
Ah! now I have caught you, Mother," said
10 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
Frank; "these famous travellers are martins.
I wonder, when you said they were not four
footed, I did not think of martins. I heard
George say, the other day, that his father had
put up a martin box, and how they came and
looked at it first, before they took it, and that
they always sang before daylight, and what a
noise they made.
But, Mother, when you tell that story
again, you must not say little throats, or any
one will know who your travellers are quick
enough; but do please tell us more about
Yes, Frank, you have caught me; these
travellers are martins; and, if you wish, I will
tell you more about them. Mr. Wilson, whom
I have been reading to-day, calls them birds
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 11
What does that mean, Mother? "
"It means that they find it necessary for
their support to pass from one country to an-
other when winter is coming on. At that time
they leave us.
Some people think that martins and swal-
lows hide themselves from the cold in holes in
rocks and banks, or in hollow trees; but Wil-
son, who spent many years in watching the
habits of birds, and learning their history,
thinks that these fly a great way off to a warm-
er country as winter approaches, and that they
return again in the spring."
But how can they find the way?" asked
"All that we know about that, Frank, is,
that He who created the martins has given to
them the knowledge that guides them right.
12 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
In their long way through the pathless air,
they never make a mistake. Our great vessels
and our skilful captains sometimes get lost in
the wide ocean; but these little birds always
know the way, and arrive with unerring cer-
tainty at their place of destination. .
Our great poet, Bryant, has written some
beautiful lines to a water-fowl, which express
this idea. I will repeat these lines to you if
you like to hear them.
'Whither, 'midst falling dew,
While glow the heavens with the last steps of day,
Far,through their rosy depths, dost thou pursue
Thy solitary way?
Vainly the fowler's eye
Might mark thy distant flight to do thee wrong,
As, darkly limned upon the crimson sky,
'Thy figure floats along.
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 13
Seek'st thou the plashy brink
Of weedy lake, or marge of river wide,
Or where the rocking billows rise and sink
On the chafed ocean side ?
14 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
There is a Power whose care
Teaches thy way along that pathless coast, -
The desert and illimitable air, -
Lone wandering, but not lost.
All day thy wings have fanned,
At that far height, the cold, thin atmosphere;
Yet stoop not, weary, to the welcome land,
Though the dark night is near.
And soon that toil shall end;
Soon shalt thou find a summer home, and rest,
And scream among thy fellows; reeds shall bend,
Soon, o'er thy sheltered nest.
Thou'rt gone, the abyss of heaven
Hath swallowed up thy form; yet on my heart
Deeply hath sunk the lesson thou hast given,
And shall not soon depart.
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 17
Martins have been known, when no house
ias provided for them, to take possession of
part of a pigeon house; and no pigeon ever
dares to set its foot in the martin's side of the
house. The martin is a very courageous and
spirited bird, and will attack hawks, crows, and
even great bald eagles; he whirls around and
around them, and torments them, till, at last,
he succeeds in driving them off. This makes
the martin a very valuable friend to the farmer,
whose chickens he defends from their enemies.
The martins are very faithful and affection-
ate to each other; when the mother bird is
hatching her eggs, her mate often sits by her
side; and sometimes he will take her place, and
send her out to take exercise and get food. He
passes a great deal of his time at the door of
her apartment, chattering to her, as if he were
18 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
telling her amusing stories; and then he will
sing very softly and tenderly to her, and he does
every thing he can to please her.
The martin has very strong and large wings,
and short legs, that they may not interfere with
his flight, which is very rapid. It is calculated
by Mr. Wilson that this bird flies as fast as a
mile in a minute. Sometimes you may see a
martin flying in the midst of a crowded street,
so near people that it seems as if they might
catch him; and then, quick as thought, he darts
out of their reach, and, in less than a minute,
you may see him far up among the clouds, look-
ing like a little black speck upon their silver
"How happy, Mother," said Frank, "the
martins must be, to be able to fly about among
the clouds, and travel so far, and go just where
they please so easily!"
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 19
God has made every living thing to be hap-
py," said his mother; and in this we see His
goodness. Are not you happy, too ? "
Almost always, Mother. Sometimes I am
Whet is the reason why you are not always
"Why, things trouble me, and I feel cross
"But if you try to bear with disagreeable
things, and conquer your ill-humor, and make
yourself patient, are you unhappy then ? "
"No, Mother; but then I have to try very
"But you are happy when you succeed.
Now, what is it in you that tries to be good,
and is happy when it succeeds ? "
"It is my mind, Mother."
20 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
"Would you, Frank, give up your mind for
a pair of martin's wings? "
"0, no, Mother; but I want my mind, and a
pair of wings too."
If you think your mind is better than the
martin's wings, my dear, be thankful for the
possession of it; and be thankful too that God
has allowed you the privilege of making your-
self happy by your own efforts, and by the ex-
ercise of your thoughts, for they are the wings
of your mind. You do not now see a martin
in the air; you are only thinking of him; and
yet you feel how pleasant it might be to be like
him, up among the clouds.
The martin cannot have the pleasure we have
now had, but God has given him wings, and
taught him the way through the air, and put
love into his heart for his mate; and let us
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 21
rejoice in his happiness, and, more than all, let
us rejoice in the goodness of Him who has put
joy into so many. hearts. And when, my dear
children, you see the martin cutting his way so
swiftly through the air, and when you think of
him travelling away thousands of miles, guided
by the goodness of God to the right place, and
you wish that you had wings like him, and
think that he is happier than you are, you can
then remember a far greater gift that God has
bestowed upon you.
Although the martin's flight is very swift
and very high, yet he can go but so far, and he
knows not what directs him. When his wings
are wearied, and he is nothing but a speck of
dust, and when your body also is nothing but
dust, these thoughts of yours, that have pur-
sued him, will be still travelling on; and, if you
22 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
stretch the wings of your mind, and soar up-
ward, as the martin does with his bodily wings,
and like him, use all your powers as God
directs you, you will be rising higher and
higher. And you will also know to whom
you go, and who gives you all your powers.
The martin knows nothing of this. He must
go and come at such a time, and do just as
all other martins have done; but you are free
to choose for yourself, and to take the right
and happy way, because you know it is the
right way, and the path to heaven.
But I must tell you what made me think
particularly now of these travellers through the
pathless air. Last week, you remember, I
was ill, and shut up in my room. As I was
sitting at my chamber window, enjoying the
perfume of the apple blossoms, and listen-
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 23
ing to the song of the birds, and the soft sigh-
ing of the south wind, the world looked as
beautiful to me as if it had been that moment
24 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
You remember that there is an olive jar in
the cherry tree close to my window, which I
had last autumn desired to have placed there,
in the hope that the birds would build in it
While I was looking I saw a bluebird alight
on the tree. Presently she came nearer and
nearer to the jar, and looked earnestly at the
small round opening in it, as much as to say,
' That looks like a nice place for a nest.' Then
she came still nearer, and looked round to see
if any one noticed her. I kept very still. At
last she grew bolder, and flew upon the jar.
Now she looked around again, as if she was
afraid of something. Then she turned her
head sideways, and looked up and down, this
way, and that way, and every way, till she sat-
isfied herself that no enemy was near. At
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 25
last, she flew upon the edge of the hole, and
courageously looked in; then she quickly drew
her head out, and looked all around again. I
thought she looked directly into my face, and
came to the conclusion that I was a friend, for
she went part way in. Then she suddenly
drew her beautiful head and shoulders out
again, and looked about once more. At last,
she seemed satisfied, made one more effort, and
flew in. She staid in long enough to make up
her mind that it was a good place for her nest,
and then she flew off, quick as thought. In
less than two minutes she came back with her
mate. They alighted upon a bough near the
jar, and it was plain that they were confabulat-
ing together, and that she was urging him to
go in and look at the place she had chosen for
her nursery. Her mate looked very wise and
26 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
grave, as much as to say, 'My dear, we must
not be too hasty. We must choose this home
of ours with great care. Too much of our hap-
piness depends upon this step to allow of any
mistake; he then flew upon the outside of
the jar, and went through just the same cere-
monies that his better half had performed be-
fore, only he was still more deliberate and cau-
tious about entering. At last, he flew in, and,
in a short time, appeared again, and alighted
on a branch near the jar by the side of his dear
mate. There they conversed together in their
bird language for some time, as plainly to me
as if they had spoken good English. 'This,'
said he, is a nice large comfortable place, my
dear. That great house is rather too near, to
be sure, but I am well informed that its inhab-
itants, and those of all this neighborhood, will
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 27
never molest us. Last year, the cherry birds
ate up all the cherries in all the gardens around
here, and not one of the thieves received the
slightest harm. We will, I think, begin our
work immediately, and make a nice soft bed
for our young to rest in when we shall be so
happy as to have any.' This, I am sure, was
the result of their confab, for directly they be-
gan to pick up hay, and furze, and feathers, and
every soft thing they could find, and carry them
into the jar.
The male bird, which I knew by the greater
brightness of his plumage, and his more slen-
der form, seemed to be fondest of bringing
sticks, one of which was too long for the mouth
of the jar to admit. It was very amusing to
witness his efforts to get the stick in; but it
would not do; the stick fell to the ground.
28 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
All day long, these pretty creatures were busy
at their work; one usually watched while the
other was in the jar arranging the nest for their
expected brood. In about a week, it was evi-
dent that their work was completed, for they
carried in no more sticks or dried grass. They
were gone a great part of the day, I suppose
playing, after so much hard work, but they re-
turned at evening. Some one in the neighbor-
hood fired a gun. This scared the bluebirds so
that they staid away for two whole days; and,
when they returned, it was amusing to see how
timidly they entered their house. Then they
would fly off to another tree at a distance, and
make believe they had nothing to do with the
one their nest was in. At last, they grew
bolder; and, every evening at sunset, I saw the
mother bird go into her nest while her mate
went to roost.
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 29
There was a slight feeling of despondency in
my heart when I first went to look out of this
window; but when I saw these birds, and wit-
nessed the scene of faithful love and domestic
industry and happiness set forth by these little
creatures, the spirit of complaint was rebuked
within me, and I learned a new lesson of serene
trust and assurance that all were cared for by
the Creator of all.
But I must tell you the rest of the story of
the bluebirds; and I am sorry to say, they
met with sad trials. The first encroacher, as
they supposed him to be, was a woodpecker;
he seemed, as I thought, to mean them no
harm; but as soon as they heard his tap, tap,
tap, they flew at him very angrily and drove
him away. A more dangerous enemy was at
hand, one that from his size you would not
30 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
have supposed dangerous to them. A little
wren, not nearly so large as the bluebird, came
one day to the tree; and, seeing the jar, hav-
ing examined it, and being pleased with it,
resolved to take it for herself. The little thief
waited till the bluebirds had gone upon some
expedition; and then, without any ceremony,
without any fear of any thing, she entered the
jar, and was evidently confirmed in her pur-
pose of taking possession of it. Probably she
held a consultation with her mate; but this I
did not witness, as I did that between the two
bluebirds. The next day this pert little Mad-
am Wren, or her mate, I could not tell which,
came again, and, perching on the topmost
branch of the tree, poured forth a loud tri-
umphant song, and then, as soon as the coast
was clear, entered the house she was resolved
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 31
to appropriate to herself. In a minute after,
she appeared at the mouth of the jar with her
bill full of the dried grass of which the blue-
bird's nest was made, which she threw out on
the ground disdainfully. Back again she flew,
and in an instant brought some more and
threw it out. This she did with the most im-
pudent look you can imagine. Then she flew
swiftly in and out, like a little termagant,
throwing out of the mouth of the jar, sticks,
dead leaves, grass, with all the nice soft things
which the poor bluebird had been a week in
collecting. Eveiy now and then, she came out
for a minute and sang as sweetly as if she were
not engaged in such a piratical work; and the
little rogue looked up in my face so saucily,
too, as much as to say, Who cares for you?'
Then she began singing at the top of her
32 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
voice, exulting over her work of destruction.
Can you suppose it was any sense of honesty
that prevented her using the bluebird's nest
after having stolen her house No, Jenny
Wren had no principle. You would have
laughed to see how scornfully she tossed out
those dead leaves. Every thing went out of
the nest pell-mell. The little monster! what
could the poor bluebirds say or do ? This bird
evidently had no conscience, at least not a good
one, that is plain. Never did general rejoice
more over the capture and destruction of a city
than this little bit of a bird rejoiced over the
destruction of the bluebird's nest, and at the
unlawful possession of the house. I saw her
carrying in a long stick that suited her better
than the short ones that the bluebird had car-
ried in: she found she could not get it in if she
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 33
took it in the middle; so she changed the
place, and held it by the end, and so by that
means got it in. She was more cunning than
the bluebird. Now you might hear the two
little robbers sing again. They are happier
than any king can be nowadays. Poor, dear,
beautiful bluebirds! What has become of
them? Then came the mother. She looked
into the jar and saw the destruction of her
nest--all her week's work. How distressed
she seemed! but the victorious wrens had no
pity on her. They drove. her away. She
disappeared. The saucy conquerors flew in
and out of their stolen house twenty times a
minute, caring for nothing. They could have
had no moral sense; but they were very amus-
ing, and they were nothing but birds; they
knew no better; so we must forgive them."
34 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
"I like stories about animals better than any
other stories," said Frank. I think animals
know as much, and sometimes more than we
do. So, Mother, do tell us all you can think
of about elephants, bears, and lions, as well as
dogs, and cats, and birds."
"I have laid up in my memory two or three
dog and cat stories, which I will tell you, and
then I will see what I can remember of lions,
bears, and elephants. But first I must tell you
what I have lately read about courts of justice
among the crows."
"What is a court of justice ?" asked Harry.
"A court of justice is an assemblage of men
who meet together to ascertain if any one who
is accused of doing a wrong thing has really
done it or not. If he is proved to have com-
mitted the offence, he is declared to be guilty;
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. S6
if he is not proved to have done it, he is de-
clared not guilty.
A writer on the history of the Feroe Isl-
ands describes these extraordinary courts as if
36 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
he had witnessed them. He says, these crow-
courts are observed here (in the Feroe Islands)
as well as in the Scotch Isles. The crows col-
lect in great numbers, as if they had been all
summoned for the occasion. A few of the
flock sit with drooping heads, others seem as
grave as if they were judges, and some are ex-
ceedingly active and noisy, like lawyers and
witnesses; in the course of about an hour the
company generally disperse, and it is not un-
common, after they have flown away, to find
one or two left dead on the spot.
Dr. Edmondstone, in his View of the Shet-
land Islands, says that sometimes the crow-
court, or meeting, does not appear to be com-
plete before the expiration of a day or two, -
crows coming from all quarters to the session.
As soon as they are all arrived, a very general
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 37
noise ensues, the business of the court is
opened, and shortly after they all fall upon one
or two individual crows, (who are supposed to
have been condemned by their peers,) and put
them to death. When the execution is over,
they quietly disperse." 0
I shall never look at a crow, Mother, again,"
said Harry, without dislike cruel creatures."
"We don't understand these things," said
his mother; "animals have no compassion for
their sick companions; they kill them some-
times for being sick. It seems very cruel, but
we don't understand enough to judge."
"Now, Mother, what new story have you
The story I shall tell you now seems to
show that dogs have good hearts, and are com-
passionate and magnanimous. A dog was
38 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
placed to watch a piece of ground, perhaps a
garden. A boy ran across the forbidden place.
The dog chased him. The boy, greatly fright-
ened, ran very fast, fell, and broke his leg. The
dog, when he came up and heard the boy's cries,
did not touch him, but ran up to the passers
by, and barked till he attracted their attention,
and brought some one to the aid of the poor
boy, who could not move.
The faithful creature had performed his duty
in driving away intruders; but he had too
good a heart, and was too generous to hurt a
fallen enemy. In the account I read he was
called a Christian dog. His conduct would be
a good example to all Christians.
I have now a story of a roguish dog that I
think we could not praise so much for his good-
ness as for his cunning. A gentleman in Paris
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 39
was in the habit of crossing every day one of
the bridges over the Seine, on his way to his
place of business. One day, a very dirty poodle
dog rubbed himself so against his boots as to
make it necessary to get a man, who sat at one
end of the bridge with blacking, to clean them.
The next day the same thing occurred, and again
and again, till, at last, the gentleman suspected
that the bootblack had taught the dog this
trick, in order by that means to get customers.
He watched, and saw, when he approached the
bridge, Master Poodle go and roll himself in a
mud puddle, and then come and rub himself
against his boots. The gentleman accused the
bootblack of the trick. After a while the man
laughed, and confessed his roguery."
That poodle was a brick," said Harry.
"One more story of dogs. A surgeon of
40 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
Leeds, in England, found a little spaniel who
had been lamed. The surgeon carried the poor
animal home, bandaged up his leg, and after
two or three days turned him out. The dog
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 41
returned to the surgeon's house every morning
till his leg was perfectly well.
At the end of several months, the spaniel
again presented himself, bringing another dog
who had also been lamed, and intimating, as
plainly as piteous and intelligent looks could
intimate, that he desired the same kind assist-
ance to be rendered to his friend as had been
bestowed upon himself.
But I am forgetting poor puss.
Mr. W., a friend of mine, whose word might
be taken for any thing, told me an extraordi-
nary anecdote of a cat, which he said he knew
to be true.
A friend of his was setting out on a voyage
to some place, I forget where. Every thing
was carried on board, and the two friends were
in the cabin about taking leave of each other.
42 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
"I asked my friend before parting," said Mr. W.,
"whether he had every thing that he wanted;
if there was nothing more that he could think
of to make him more comfortable or happy on
his voyage." "One thing," he replied, would
add to my pleasure very much, if you would
bring it to me. In the counting room of my
store is a small white cat; I am very fond of
the poor thing, and she will miss me I know; I
should like to take her with me." I immedi-
ately went ashore and found his little cat look-
ing very sorrowful in his lonely room; I car-
ried her to him. They seemed mutually pleased
When the vessel returned, Mr. W. received
this account from the officers of the ship. They
said that his friend made a great pet of the cat,
and fed her always at his own meal times. He
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 43
taught her to stand on her hind legs and ask
for her food; he made her jump over a stick
for his amusement; in short, he taught her to
perform a great many amusing tricks. The
officers and men were all very fond of poor lit-
At length, the young man became very ill.
The cat would not leave him night or day. At
last, one day, she left the cabin and began to run
about the ship, making the most terrible mew-
ing. The sailors offered her food; she refused
it. She would not be comforted. Finally, her
.cries turned into a complete howl. She mani-
fested the greatest suffering, and, at last, she
ran off to the end of the bowsprit and leaped
into the sea. Just at the moment that the
poor little faithful, loving cat was swallowed
up by the waves, her human friend breathed
44 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
his last, and they both entered the invisible
Such an extraordinary event, and the gloom
which a death at sea always casts over a ship's
company, both together made the sailors even
more than usually superstitious. They all de-
clared that, every night at that same hour when
the sick man died, a white cat was seen leaping
Into the ocean. The white crests of the break-
*ing waves might easily thus appear to an
'ignorant person who lives, as a sailor does,
in'the midst of the wonders and sublime scenes
which the ocean presents, in the awful ter-
rors of its storms, or the serene glory of its
quiet hours. But the love of the poor dumb
animal for its master that was a beautiful
I have a story now for you, Frank, about a
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 45
horse, as I know you are particularly fond of
horses. An Arab chief with his tribe had at-
tacked in the night a caravan, and had plun-
dered it; when loaded with their spoil, however,
46 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
the robbers were overtaken on their return by
some horsemen of the Pacha of Acre, who killed
several, and bound the remainder with cords.
The horsemen brought one of the prisoners,
named Abou el Marek, to Acre, and laid him,
bour I hand and foot, wounded 'as he was, at
the entrance to their tent. As they slept dur-
ir the night, the Arab, kept awake by the
kiain of his wounds, heard his horse's neigh at
/a distance, and being desirous to stroke, for the
last time, the companion of his life, he dragged
himself, bound as he was, to the horse which
was picketed at a little distance.
"Poor friend," said he; "what will you do
among the Turks ? You will be shut up under
the roof of a khan, with the horses of a pacha
or an aga; no longer will the women and chil-
dren of the tent bring you barley, camel's
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 47
milk, or dourra, in the hollow of their hands.
No longer will you gallop, free as the wind of
Egypt, in the desert. No longer will you cleave
with your bosom the water of the Jordan
which cools your sides, as pure as the foam of
your lips. If I am to be a slave, at least may
you go free. Go, return to our tent which you
know so well; tell my wife that Abou el Ma-
rek will return no more; but put your head
still into the folds of the tent, lick the hands
of my beloved children."
With these words, he untied with his teeth
the fetters, and set the courser at liberty. But
the noble animal, on recovering its freedom,
instead of bounding away alone, bent its head
over its master, and, seeing him in fetters, took
his clothes gently in its teeth, lifted him up,
set off at full speed, and, without ever rest-
48 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
ing, made straight for the distant but well-
known tent in the mountains.
The horse arrived in safety, laid his master
down at the feet of his wife and children, and
immediately dropped down dead with fatigue.
The whole tribe mourned him, the poets cele-
brated his fidelity, and his name is still con-
stantly in the mouths of the Arabs of Jericho.
And now, boys, let us talk about the ele-
phant a little. I have been reading something
of his history, and I am disposed to think that,
of all animals, he is, on the whole, the most
"More intelligent than the dog, Mother "
"Yes, it seems so to me. He is not so dis-
interested, so loving, but he reasons more
than any other animal. He is also capable of
very strong attachment, but he will not bear
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 49
ill treatment. The elephant seems revenge-
ful. The dog still loves the master who is un-
kind to him.
The elephant will learn to assist his master
in his work. An elephant who belonged to
the Duke of Devonshire would come out of
her house when her keeper called her, take up
a broom, and stand ready to sweep the paths
and grass when he told her to do so. She
would take up a pail or a watering pot, and
follow him round the place, ready to do his
bidding. Her keeper usually rode on her neck,
like the elephant drivers in India, and he
always spread over her a l1rge, strong cloth
for alighting, which the elephant, by kneeling,
allowed him to do. He desired her to take off
the cloth. This she contrived to do by draw-
ing herself up in such a way that the shrinking
50 wHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
of her loose skin moved the cloth, and it gradu-
ally wriggled on one side, till, at last, it would
fall by its own weight. The cloth, of course, fell
all in a heap; but the elephant would spread
it carefully on the grass, and then fold it up,
as you fold your napkin, till it was small enough
for her purpose; then she held it up with her
trunk for a moment, and, at last, with one jerk,
threw it up over her head to the centre of her
back, where it remained for use, out of the
way, ready for next time, and as nicely placed
as if human hands had put.it there.
A few years ago, an elephant in London
was taught to take part in a play. She came
in and marched very properly in a procession.
At the waving of her keeper's hand, she would
kneel down and salute any individual, or put a
crown on the head of the true prince. She
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 51
would eat and drink with great propriety of
manner, and make her reverence to the audi-
ence. But all this is nothing to what the ele-
phants were taught by the Romans. The
keepers, by treating their elephants with the
utmost kindness, taking care of them as to
health, and doing every thing to make them
happy, acquired over them the greatest power.
The elephants learned to love music. They
were at first frightened by the loud instruments;
but, after a while, became very fond of all,
particularly of the gentle flute, at which they
would show their delight by beating time with
their great feet. The keepers accustomed them
to the sight of great multitudes of people. At
one time, when a particular exhibition of the
docility of elephants was required, twelve of
the most sagacious and well trained were made
52 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
to march into the theatre with a regular step.
At the voice of their keeper, they moved in
harmonious measure, sometimes in a circle, and
sometimes divided into parties, scattering flow-
ers around them. In the intervals of the
dance, they would beat time to the music, and
were careful to keep in proper order. After
this display, the elephants were feasted, as the
Romans were in the habit of feasting them-
selves, in grand style. Splendid couches were
placed, ornamented with paintings and covered
with tapestry. Before the couches, upon tables
of ebony and cedar, was spread the banquet,
in vessels of gold and silver. When the feast
was prepared, the twelve elephants marched
in.; six gentleman elephants dressed in the
robes of men, and six lady elephants attired in
women's clothes. They lay down in order
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 53
upon the couches; and then, at a certain sig-
nal, extended their trunks, and eat their sup-
pers with the most praiseworthy moderation and
propriety. Not one of them," says the histo-
rian of the elephant, appeared the least vora-
cious, or manifested the least desire for more
than his share of the food, or an undue propor-
tion of the delicacies. They were as moderate
also in their drink, and received the cups that
were presented to them with the greatest deco-
rum and temperance."
The elephants were taught to hurl javelins,
and catch them with their trunks, and to pre-
tend to fight with each other, for the amuse-
ment of their warlike masters, and were taught
also to perform a dance. Finally, these won-
derful animals would do what you would think
was utterly impossible. You remember, when
54 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
the circus riders were here seeing a man walk
and dance on a rope."
"Yes, Mother," said Frank; "but an ele-
phant could not do that, I'm sure."
"Historians of Rome, supposed to give true
accounts, say that the elephants were taught to
walk along a rope forward and then backward.
One elephant is described as walking up a
slanting rope to the roof of the theatre with a
man on his back."
I should not have liked to be the man on
his back," said Harry.
It is as astonishing, perhaps more so, that
a horse has been taught to do similar things.
When I was in Paris, I saw some horses dance
a quadrille very respectably, and keep excel-
lent time. One of the Roman historians re-
lates, "An elephant, having been punished for
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 55
stupidity in executing some feat which he was
required to learn, was observed, at night, en-
deavoring to practise what he had failed to
perform in the daytime." It is mentioned that
elephants have been observed practising their
lessons by moonlight, without any directions
from the keepers. Think what a good example
elephants are for school boys. I have only told
you a very little about this wonderful animal;
yet enough, I hope, to make you want to read
some of the many books about him. You
have, I think, read of the story of the elephant
who was wounded in his proboscis or trunk,
and, in his anger, unintentionally killed his
keeper, and of what the keeper's wife did."
No, Mother," said Frank; we have never
read it. What did she do? "
"In her despair, not knowing what she did,
56 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
she held out her son, and said to the raging
animal, Take him too." The angry elephant
became quiet. He seemed to understand the
agony of the poor woman. He gently lifted
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 57
and placed upon his back the little child, and
ever after obeyed him for a master."
"You know the story in Evenings at Home,
Mother, of the Elephant and the Cobbler, how
the fellow pricked the elephant's trunk, and
.how the elephant punished him by squirting
muddy water all over him."
"Yes. The elephant's trunk is so suscepti-
ble that nothing enrages him so much as any
wound on it. He cannot bear patiently the
Now I will tell you a story of a lion. An Eng-
lish gentleman, who was living in India, had a
fancy to see what effect extreme gentleness, and
kindness, and very simple diet would have upon
the character of the lion. The gentleman had
the good fortune to get a baby lion for the experi-
ment. He made a real pet of him. He fed him
58 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
with bread and milk and rice, and such things,
and took care always to satisfy him with food.
The young lion loved his master, who was
always very kind to him, and who was really
very fond of his lionship. This man lived, as in
India a gentleman often does, in a house by him-
self, and could easily have his friend lion with
him, without annoying any one. The baby grew
bigger and bigger, and became a good-sized, full-
grown lion. He was gentle and happy, full of
play, and rather a pleasant companion to his
two-legged friend. Whether the lion ever
roared for his master's amusement, the friend
who told me this story did not say.
At last, this gentleman wished to return to
England to see his old mother. He was too
much attached to his lion to leave him, and so
took him in the place of a dog. The lion was
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 59
very good all the voyage. No one had a word
to say against him. His conduct and manners
were faultless. He played with the sailors, he
obeyed his master, and, in short, was a very
quiet, well-behaved, human lion. When the
gentleman arrived in England, as soon as he
could leave the ship, he called for a carriage to
take him to his mother. When he got into the
carriage, the lion jumped in after him. "Your
honor," said the driver, I'm afraid of that
beast." O, never mind," said the gentleman;
"he'll not hurt you." "But, your honor, I never
in my born days took a lion in my carriage. It's
not a place for such brutes." There's always
a first time," said the gentleman. "Here's a
crown for my lion; and now get on; I can't
wait." The cabman, thinking it wise to make
the best of things, and not quarrel with a man
60 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
who had a lion for a friend, stepped up on
his box, and drove away rattlety-bang to Re-
gent's Park, some three or four miles' drive.
The lion was much astonished, and sat bolt
upright on his hind legs, looking out of the
window. He did not appreciate the beau-
ties of London; he was disgusted with the
noise, and growled a little. The driver heard
him, and drove all the faster. Poor Lord Lion,
his temper was tried; but he bore it better than
most lions would. At last, the cab stopped at
the house of the gentleman's mother. He sprang
out, and rang the bell: "Does Mrs. B. live
here 1" "Yes, sir." Is she well ? The foot-
man turned pale as ashes, and scampered off as
if he thought the lion would devour him. The
gentleman ran up stairs, and the lion after him.
In another moment, the arms of the son were
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 61
around his mother. Presently, the lady saw
the lion. She had heard of her son's pet, and
saw she was in no danger. She begged her son,
however, to put him down in the yard and keep
him chained, or she should not have a servant
in the house. The lion was not happy chained.
The gentleman, finding, moreover, that he
could not go into the streets with his friend
without being followed by a mob, at last placed
him in the Tower, where there were other lions,
and gave many charges that the pet lion should
be well treated. Many years afterwards, the
gentleman returned from another voyage to In-
dia; and, after seeing his mother, went to the
Tower to see his friend. When he came to the
large cage in which the lion was confined, the
keeper said, "This is our finest and our fiercest
lion." Open the door,'" said the gentleman.
62 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
The keeper, not knowing him, objected. The
gentleman insisted, and entered. The lion'was
lying down, and, seeing a man in his cage, for a
moment looked angry; in another moment he
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 63
rose on his hind legs, put his paws around his
old master, and showed the greatest delight at
"Why, he was almost as good as a dog,"
said Frank. But now, Mother, please tell us
the story about a bear which you said you
heard on your journey last summer."
"I ought rather," said Mrs. Chilton, "to call
it the story of a cow, for she was the heroine
of the tale. I was travelling with a small party
among the White Hills. When we stopped to
dine, we saw a number of people assembled
around the door of the hotel, and found that
they were looking at a black bear that had
been just shot. This bear had inspired the
neighborhood with some fear, for he was a
large one. They had tried a number of times
to shoot him; but all in vain. Master Bruin
64 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
was never off his guard. At last, the poor
fellow foolishly left the deep wild wood, where
he could easily hide himself, for a little grove.
When the villagers saw his mistake, they
immediately took steps to surround the grove.
The number of the inhabitants was small;
so they summoned all the women and chil-
dren, as well as the men, and so got an un-
broken line all around the little wood. As
soon as the bear sought any part, in order
to escape, he was saluted by the most fright-
ful screams, as well as a shower of stones.
He fled to the opposite side, but there met with
the same reception. This went on for some
time. At last, some one succeeded in shooting
him. He measured a little over six feet from
the tip of his nose to the tip of his tail, and
his teeth were very formidable.
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 65
A gentleman who had assisted in the capture
of the bear, told me the story I promised to tell
you of the cow and the bear. A little girl,
about twelve or thirteen years of age, was sent
by her mother, one afternoon, to bring home
the cows from a neighboring wood, where they
were at pasture. There were many fallen trees,
as is often the case in our wild woods; and the
child amused herself by climbing over the
Now, one of the black-looking logs was a
large bear that was lying asleep, and the little
girl jumped right upon his growling majesty.
The bear arose, evidently not quite pleased at
being made a stepping stone, took the little girl
in his great shaggy paws, and gave her an ugly
hug, such as only a bear can give. Mr. Bear
would have squeezed the breath out of the
66 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
body of the poor little girl, had not the good
old cow seen the danger. The courageous
creature, instead of running away, turned back
immediately, and began goring the bear with
her horns in such a way as to force old Bruin,
if he valued a whole hide, to turn round and
defend himself. So he let go his hold on the
little girl, who, though sadly frightened and
bruised, was still strong enough to run towards
home. Presently the bear followed her. Im-
mediately the cow attacked him again with her
horns, and drove him off. This continued till
they got out of the wood, when the bear ran
back to his own home. The gentleman who
told us this story said he had seen the little
girl, and that she had never quite recovered
from the effect of the horrid squeeze of the
grim old bear, but still suffered in her chest.
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 67
Still she was thankful that her life was saved,
and always considered the good old cow her
Why, Mother," said Frank, I did not think
that a cow could be good for any thing but to
In Germany, they use cows for draught,
and make them work pretty hard. There you
see cows every day doing the same work that
our oxen do, and giving the poor man his sup-
per at the end of the day besides; and it is said
that the labor does not hurt them. The Ger-
mans feed the cows well, treat them gently and
kindly, but make them, as well as the dogs,
work for a living.
Now I will tell you a story about a pike.
We are apt to think fishes very stupid; that
they have no feeling. A gentleman in Eng-
68 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
land, a surgeon and a naturalist, told me of
what he had himself seen. A pike had struck
its head against a tenter hook orf a post in the
pond where he was swimming. His agony was
so great that he darted backward and forward
with the greatest rapidity, then buried his head
in the mud, then whirled his tail round and
round, and threw himself up into the air to
the height of two or three feet, and, at last,
he threw himself out of the pond upon the
grass. Dr. Warwick placed his hand on the
fish, examined the injury, and observed that
the hook had entered the skull, wrenching up
one side of the bone and depressing the other,
and that a small part of the brain had escaped.
With a toothpick the doctor restored the bones
to their proper places. The patient remained
perfectly still during the operation, and after-
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 69
ward was returned to his native element. He
seemed restless for a little while, and then lay
quiet. Dr. Warwick then made a sort of cra-
dle in which he placed the poor sufferer, who
seemed disposed to lie still on one side.
The next day, very early, Dr. Warwick went
to the pond. To his astonishment, he found
that the pike knew and remembered him. The
fish came to the edge of the pond, placed his
jaw upon the toe of the doctor's boot, let him-
self be taken hold of and caressed, and allowed
the wound to be examined. It was much bet-
ter. When the doctor walked along the side of
the pond, the fish followed him. When the
doctor returned from his walk, he found his pa-
tient watching for him. The pike then swam
backward and forward while the doctor re-
mained there. The fish had lost one eye in
70 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
consequence of the wound from the hook, and,
when his blind side was towards the doctor,
was always very restless. The poor fellow
seemed anxious to keep his surgical friend in
sight. The doctor would often whistle when
he went to the pond; and the pike always
came at the call, and showed pleasure at seeing
him. Dr. Warwick introduced his family to
his friend and patient, the pike. The grateful
fish allowed them to give him food, and put
aside much of his native shyness. In truth, he
received their attentions very civilly, but he al-
ways showed a decided preference for his medi-
cal friend. Dr. Warwick was the father of my
friend, Mrs. A., in Liverpool. He related all
these facts to me himself, and they are all to be
perfectly relied upon."
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 71
Now I will read you a German story called
One pleasant afternoon, the Caliph of Bag-
dad was sitting comfortably on his sofa: he
had slept a little, (for it was a hot day,) and
looked quite bright after his nap. He was
smoking a long rose-wood pipe, and sipping
coffee, which was poured out for him by a
slave; and occasionally he stroked his beard
with great satisfaction. In short, it. was evi-
dent that he felt quite pleasantly.
This was the best time of day for speaking
with him; for at this hour he was always very
good-natured and affable; and, on this account,
the Grand Vizier Mansor always visited him
at this hour. He came also this afternoon,
but looking very thoughtful, quite against his
wont. The caliph took the pipe partly away
72 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
from his mouth, and said, What makes you
look so thoughtful, Grand Vizier "
The grand vizier crossed his arms over his
breast, bowed to his master, and answered,
" Sir! whether I look thoughtful or not is
more than I know; but certain it is, that there
is a pedler down stairs who has such beautiful
things, that it vexes me not to have any money
The caliph was very willing to do his grand
vizier a favor; so he sent the black slave to
bring the pedler up stairs. The pedler came.
He was a little, dumpy man, with a dark com-
plexion, and dressed in ragged garments. He
bore a chest in which were wares of all sorts:
pearls and rings, richly mounted pistols,-drink-
ing cups, and combs. The caliph and his
vizier rummaged over the whole chest, and the
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 73
caliph finally bought some pistols for himself
and Mansor, and a comb for the vizier's wife.
As the pedler was about to close the chest, the
caliph saw a little drawer, and asked if there
was any thing more in it. The pedler pulled
the drawer out, and showed in it a box of
blackish powder, and a paper with curious
writing on it, which neither the caliph nor
Mansor could read. "I got these two things
from a merchant who found them at Mecca, in
the. street; I do not know what they contain,
but you may have them very cheap, for I can-
not do any thing with them."
The caliph, who liked to have old manu-
scripts in his library, although he could not
read them, bought the paper and the box, and
dismissed the pedler.
The caliph, however, thought he should like
74 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
to know the contents of the manuscript, and
asked the vizier if he knew any body who could
decipher it. "Most gracious sovereign and
master," answered he, there is a man at the
great mosque, who is called Selim the Learned;
he understands all languages; send for him;
perhaps he may make out these mysterious
The learned Selim was soon brought. Se-
lim," said the caliph to him, they say you are
very, learned; now just look into this manu-
script, and see whether you can read it; if you
can, I will give you a new dress; but if you
cannot, you shall have twelve boxes on the ear,
and twenty-five blows on the soles of your feet,
for having been called, without reason, Selim
Selim bowed and said, Be it as you com-
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 75
mand, Sir!" He examined the writing for a
long time, and then suddenly cried out, This
is Latin, sir, or I'll give you leave to hang me."
" et us hear what it contains, then, if it is
Latin," said the caliph.
Selim began to translate: O man who find-
est this, praise Allah for his goodness. Who-
ever snuffs up some of the powder in this box,
and at the same time says, 'Mutabor,' may
change himself into any animal, and will un-
derstand the language of animals. If he wishes
to return to the human shape, let him bow
three times towards the East, and pronounce
the same word. But let him take care, after
he is transformed, not to laugh, otherwise the
word will disappear entirely from his memory,
and he will remain a beast."
When Selim the Learned had read this, the
76 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
caliph was exceedingly delighted. He made
Selim swear never to reveal any thing of the
secret to any one; then he gave him a beauti-
ful robe, and dismissed him.
Then he said to his grand vizier, That is
what I call a good bargain, -Mansor! How
impatient I am to become a beast! Come to
me early to-morrow morning, and we will go
out into the fields, snuff up a little of the
powder, and then listen to what is said in the
air and in the water, in the woods and in the
Scarcely had the caliph breakfasted and
dressed, the next morning, when the grand
vizier appeared, according to his orders, to ac-
company him in his excursion. The caliph
stuck the box with the magic powder into his
girdle, and having commanded his retinue to
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 77
remain behind, he set off with only the grand
vizier, on his way. They went first through
the spacious gardens of the caliph, but they
could not find any living animal to try their
experiment upon. At last, the vizier proposed
to go out to a pond, where he had often seen
many animals, particularly storks, which had
attracted his attention by their grave demeanor
and their chattering.
The caliph approved of the vizier's proposal,
and went with him towards the pond. When
they got there, they saw a stork, walking
gravely back and forth, searching for frogs,
and occasionally chattering something to him-
self. At the same time they saw another stork
soaring high in the air, above the place.
I will wager my beard, most gracious Sir,"
said the grand vizier, that these two long-
78 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
legs are carrying on a fine conversation togeth-
er. What say you to turning ourselves into
Well said! answered the caliph. But
let us see; how is it that one is to become
man again ?"
0, yes! we are to bow three times towards
the East, and say, Mutabor, and then I am ca-
liph again, and you vizier. But for Heaven's
sake don't laugh, or we are lost! "
While the caliph was speaking, he saw
the other stork come sailing down over their
heads, and settle in a business manner on the
ground. Quickly he drew the box from his
girdle, took a good pinch of the powder, and
handed it to the grand vizier, who also took a
pinch, and then both cried out, Mutabor "
Immediately their legs shrivelled up, and
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 79
became thin and red; the beautiful yellow slip-
pers of the caliph and his companion turned into
clumsy stork-feet; their arms became wings;
their necks stretched out from their shoulders,
and were an ell long; their beards disappeared,
and their bodies were covered with soft feathers,
instead of clothes.
"That's a pretty bill of yours, Mr. Grand
Vizier," said the caliph, after a long pause of
astonishment. By the beard of the Prophet,
I never saw any thing like that in my life."
"Thank you kindly," answered the grand
vizier, bowing; "but, if I may be allowed the
observation, your highness looks almost hand-
somer as stork than as caliph. But come, if
you please, let us listen to our comrades yon-
der, and try whether we really do understand
80 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
In the mean time the other stork had alight-
ed on the ground. He arranged his feathers
with his bill, put himself to rights, and walked
up to the first stork.
The two new storks made haste to approach
them, and overheard, to their astonishment,
the following conversation.
"Good morning, Mrs. Longlegs; you are
early on the meadow."
Thank you, dear blatterbeak! I have been
getting a little breakfast. Will you take a bit
of lizard, or a frog's leg? "
"Much obliged, but I have no appetite this
morning. I came on to the meadow for quite
a different purpose. I am to dance before the
guests at my father's to-day, and I thought I
would exercise a little in private befoi'ehand."
At the same time the young storkess marched
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 81
about the field making the oddest gesticula-
tions. The caliph and Mansor looked on with
wonder. But at last, when she put herself into
a picturesque attitude on one foot, and grace-
fully waved her wings, they could stand it no
longer; an inextinguishable laugh burst from
their bills, from which they did not recover for
some time. The caliph composed himself first.
"What a capital joke!" cried he; "I never
saw any thing better in my life; it is a pity
that the stupid birds were frightened away by
our laughter, else she would certainly have
But it now occurred to the grand vizier that
they had been forbidden to laugh during their
transformation. He communicated his anxiety
to the caliph.
"By Mecca and Medina cried the caliph,
82 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
" it would be a pretty piece of business if I
had to remain a stork all my life Try think
of the stupid word; I can't remember it."
"We must bow three times towards the East,
and say, Mu- Muu- Mu-." They turned
to the East, and bowed away till their beaks
touched the ground. But, alas! The magic
word had vanished, and with all the caliph's
bowing, and his vizier's crying Mu- Mu-,
all recollections of it had disappeared from
their memories, and the poor Chasid and his
vizier still remained storks as before.
The caliph and the grand vizier walked in
a melancholy mood through the fields, not
knowing what to do in their sad plight.
They could not get out of their stork-skins,
and it would not do for them to go back to
the town to tell any one of their condition,
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 83
for who would believe a stork if he said that
he was the caliph And even if they had
believed him, would the inhabitants of Bagdad
be willing to have a stork for their caliph ?
So they sneaked about for several days, feeding
upon wild fruits, which, however, they could
not manage very well, on account of their long
bills. For lizards and frogs, they had no appe-
tite. Their only satisfaction in this sad pre-
dicament was that they could fly; and they
often flew over on to the roofs in the city of
Bagdad, to see what was going on.
For the first few days they observed great
uneasiness and mourning in the streets. But,
on the fourth day of their enchantment, as
they were sitting on the roof of the caliph's
palace, they saw in the street below a splen-
did procession. The drums and fifes sounded,
84 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
and a man in a scarlet robe, embroidered
with gold, came riding along on a richly ca-
parisoned horse, surrounded by servants in
glittering garments. Half the town were at
his heels, and all were shouting, "Hail to
Mizra! Caliph of Bagdad!" The two storks
looked at each other as they sat on .the roof,
and the Caliph Chasid said, "Do not you
begin to understand how I come to be en-
chanted, Grand Vizier? This Mizra is the
son of my mortal enemy, the powerful en-
chanter, Kaschnur, who in an evil hour vowed
vengeance against me. But I do not yet give
up all hope. Come with me, faithful com-
panion in misfortune; we will make a pil-
grimage to the grave of the Prophet; per-
haps the charm may be broken in sacred
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 85
So they raised themselves from the roof of
the palace, and flew in the direction of Me-
Flying, however, did not suit the two storks
very well, on account of their want of prac-
tice. "Ah, Sir," groaned the vizier, after they
had been flying a couple of hours, "with your
permission I cannot stand it any longer;
you fly too fast! Besides, it is already grow-
ing dark, and we should do well to be looking
out for some place to pass the night."
Chasid yielded to the request of his officer,
and perceiving a ruined building in the valley
below, they flew down to it. The place which
they had pitched upon for their night-quarters,
seemed to have been a castle. Beautiful col-
umns were still standing among the ruins, and
numerous chambers, which were in tolerable
86 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
preservation, testified to the former splendor
of the house. Chasid and his companion
walked about the passages to find a dry spot;
suddenly the stork Mansor stood still. "Lord
and Master," whispered he, softly, if it were
not that it would be foolish for a grand vizier
-and still more so for a stork -to be afraid
of ghosts I do not feel easy at all, for I heard
some one sighing and moaning, quite plainly."
The caliph also stopped, and heard distinctly a
noise as of some one weeping, which sounded
more like a human being than like an animal.
Full of expectation, he was about to advance
towards the place whence the sound proceeded;
but the vizier seized him by the wing with his
bill, and begged him earnestly not to expose
himself to new unknown dangers; but in vain !
The caliph, under whose stork-wings there beat
WHAT THE ANIMAIA DO AND SAY. 87
a valiant heart, tore himself away with the loss
of some feathers, and ran into a dark passage.
He soon came to a door, which appeared not
to be fastened, and from which proceeded dis-
tinct sighs and a slight hooting. He pushed
the door open with his bill, but remained
standing in astonishment on the threshold. In
the ruinous chamber, which was lighted scan-
tily by a small grated window, he saw a large
owl sitting on the floor. Large tears were
rolling from her great round eyes, and with a
hoarse voice she uttered complaints from her
crooked beak. But when she beheld the ca-
liph and his vizier, who had crept after him in
the mean time, she raised a loud cry of joy.
Then she gracefully wiped the tears from her
eyes with her brown-spotted wing, and, to the
great astonishment of both, she cried out, in
88 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
good human Arabic, "Welcome, ye storks;
ye are a good omen of my deliverance, for it
has been prophesied to me that a great good
fortune would come to me through the means
of some storks! "
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 89
When the caliph had recovered from his as-
tonishment, he made a bow with his long neck,
placed his thin feet in a graceful position, and
said, Owl! thy words would lead me to con-
clude that thou art a partaker of our misfor-
tune. But alas! thy hope of being delivered
by us is in vain. Thou wilt perceive our help-
lessness when thou hast heard our story." The
owl begged him to relate it, and the caliph
began, and told her what we already know.
When the caliph had finished telling their
story to the owl, she thanked him, and said,
"Hear, alas! my history, and you will see that
I am not less unhappy than you. My father is
the King of India, and I, his only daughter, am
named Susa. The enchanter, Kaschnur, who
enchanted you, brought me also into misery.
He came one day to my father, and desired me
for wife for his son Mizra. But my father, who
is a quick-tempered person, had him kicked
down stairs. The scoundrel contrived to come
90 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
into my presence again under another form;
and once, when I wished to take some refresh-
ments in the garden, he brought to me, in the
disguise of a slave, a potion which transformed
me into this horrible shape. As I was power-
less from fright, he brought me hither, and
cried with a terrible voice into my ear, -
Here shalt thou remain, ugly and despised
even by the beasts, until thy death; or until
some one of his own accord shall desire to
marry thee, even in this vile shape. Thus I
revenge myself on thee and thy proud father."
Since then, many months have elapsed.
Solitary and sad, I live as a hermit in these
walls, despised by the whole world, disgusting
even to the beasts; the beauties of nature are
shut from me, since I am blind by day, and,
only when the moon pours her pale light over
these walls, does the veil of darkness fall from
She ended, and wiped her tears again with
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 91
her wing, for the narration of her sorrows had
caused her to weep.
The caliph pondered deeply on the story of
the princess. "If I am not entirely in error,"
said he, there is a secret connection between
our misfortunes; but where shall I find the
key to this riddle "
The owl answered, "Sir, I have also the
same feeling; for it was prophesied to me, in
my earliest youth, by a wise woman, that a
stork would bring me great good luck; and
perhaps I can tell in what manner we may
The caliph was much amazed, and asked in
what manner she meant. The enchanter,"
said she, "who has rendered us both unhappy,
comes once every month to these ruins. Not
far from this chamber, there is a hall in which
he is accustomed to revel with many comrades;
I have often watched them there. They relate
to each other their villanous deeds, and per-
92 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
haps he may pronounce the magic word which
you have forgotten."
O dearest Princess," exclaimed the caliph,
"tell me when will he come, and where is the
The owl was silent for a moment, and then
"Do not take it ill, but I can fulfil your
wish only on one condition."
What is it? what is it? cried Chasid;
"whatever you please; I will agree to any
"Why, I should like to obtain my own lib-
erty also; but this is possible only on condi-
tion that one of you shall marry me."
The storks seemed somewhat embarrassed by
this proposal, and the caliph motioned to his
officer to go out with him a moment.
Grand Vizier," said the caliph, when they
got outside of the door, this is a stupid busi-
ness, but I should think you might marry her."
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 93
"Indeed!" answered he; "do you wish to
have my eyes scratched out by my wife as soon
as I get home ? Besides, I am an old man, and
you are young and unmarried; it would be
more reasonable for you to give your hand to a
beautiful young princess."
"Ay, but there's the rub," sighed the caliph,
drooping his wings composedly; "who told
you that she was young and beautiful ? That
is what I call buying a pig in a poke !"
So they talked a long while about it, till, at
last, as the caliph saw that his vizier preferred
remaining a stork to marrying the owl, he
made up his mind to fulfil the condition him-
self. The owl was highly delighted. She in-
formed them that they could not have come at
a better time, for probably the enchanters
would assemble that night.
She left the chamber with the storks, to con-
duct them to the hall; they walked for a long
time through a dark passage; at last, a bright
94 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO. AND SAY.
light streamed towards them from a ruined
wall. Having reached this, the owl advised
them to remain perfectly still. From the cleft
at which they stood, they could see over the
whole hall. It was surrounded by columns,
and splendidly ornamented. Numerous col-
ored lamps supplied the want of daylight. In
the midst of the hall, stood a round table cov-
ered with various delicacies. Round the table,
was placed a sofa on which sat eight men. In
one of these men the storks recognized the
merchant who had sold them the magic pow-
der. The one who sat next to him asked him
to relate his newest exploits. He told, among
others, the story of the caliph and his vizier.
And what word did you give them ? asked
another of the magicians. A very hard Latin
one;. it is called lMutabor."
When the storks heard this at their chink in
the wall, they were almost out of their senses
with joy. They ran so swiftly to the door of
WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY. 95
the ruin, with their long feet, that the owl
could scarcely keep up with them. When
they had got out, the caliph said with emotion
to the owl, "Deliverer of my life, and of the
life of my friend, accept me for your husband,
as an eternal mark of gratitude for what you
have done for us." Then he turned towards
the East. Three times the storks bowed their
long necks towards the sun, which just then
was rising over the mountains; cried Mutabor,
and in an instant they were disenchanted, and
the master and servant lay in each other's arms,
weeping for joy. But who could describe their
astonishment, when, on looking round, they saw
a beautiful lady in magnificent attire ? "Do
you not know your owl? said she, smiling, as
she gave her hand to the caliph. It was she,
and the caliph was so enraptured with her
beauty and grace, that he declared he had been
most fortunate in having been turned into a
96 WHAT THE ANIMALS DO AND SAY.
All three now returned to Bagdad, where
the arrival of the caliph excited great astonish-
ment. All had supposed that he was dead, and
the people were highly delighted to recover
their beloved ruler.
The caliph Chasid lived long and happily
with his wife, the princess; and sometimes,
when the grand vizier came to see him of an
afternoon, when he was in particularly good
humor, he would condescend to imitate the
appearance of the grand vizier in the character
of the stork ; walking gravely about, with feet
extended, chattering, and waving with his
arms; and showed how the grand vizier bowed
in vain towards the East, and cried Mu- Mu.
But when he kept this up too long, the vizier
used to threaten that he would tell the caliph's
wife the discussion, outside of the door, about
the princess owl.