Front Matter
 Half Title
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Holiday song
 St. Nicholas
 The tulip, the lily and the...
 Snow, rain and hail
 The deaf and dumb
 A fable
 The flight of the butterflies
 The little girl who will not be...
 The flower
 Life in the ocean
 Don't kill the birds
 Choice of paintings
 Keeping the Sabbath holy
 Going to school
 Little bird! Little bird!
 How the birds make their nests
 Where would you like to live?
 The present
 The old man and the children
 The old frock
 The journey
 The waggon boy
 Of such is the kingdom of...
 The fairy monitor
 The story of a little boy, who...
 Little Mary and her dog
 How to be happy
 The cottage

Title: Gems for boys and girls.
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00062342/00001
 Material Information
Title: Gems for boys and girls.
Series Title: Gems for boys and girls.
Physical Description: Book
Publisher: J. Menzies
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00062342
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltuf - ALH0584
alephbibnum - 002230236

Table of Contents
    Front Matter
        Page iv
        Page v
        Page vi
    Half Title
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Title Page
        Page ix
        Page x
    Table of Contents
        Page xi
        Page xii
    Holiday song
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
    St. Nicholas
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
    The tulip, the lily and the rose
        Page 21
        Page 22
    Snow, rain and hail
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
    The deaf and dumb
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
    A fable
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
    The flight of the butterflies
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
    The little girl who will not be dressed
        Page 41
        Page 42
    The flower
        Page 43
        Page 44
    Life in the ocean
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
    Don't kill the birds
        Page 67
        Page 68
    Choice of paintings
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
    Keeping the Sabbath holy
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
    Going to school
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
    Little bird! Little bird!
        Page 83
        Page 84
    How the birds make their nests
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
    Where would you like to live?
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
    The present
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
    The old man and the children
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
    The old frock
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
    The journey
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
    The waggon boy
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
    Of such is the kingdom of Heaven
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
    The fairy monitor
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
    The story of a little boy, who sometimes got angry
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
    Little Mary and her dog
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
    How to be happy
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
    The cottage
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
Full Text

TOUTH, by Mar 0CI

BUUBHIni AD BHADI: or, th Dea
by Bsah Xbe.
ooUmSI BBHABe SToauts, by a
B1O XAIl HAPPY; r, 3UlB 51
aeMb -m by a"s
. m-i ten to solioa ooOl :
d rAms~hIb.rL
Ln TTI WBrATH of BStarin


mm IJmly,


oegm Ad
l uoy vbf

lPm frt




N9idrs .

mBah .a .AN

a DW amDmb

L JWAr GM wh bI e Df b

on KMw M6.
hhk(L*Oum. .
aiKEhs~r .

f so lddhp .
ies ssltt l T

r opk hM l * S
ptlla& *
lh I ltUMh akI . 8
r as v b Snh dnae Ne 8
mt wm skpsh l to to 11
1peJ u 11
I OUn w a to ~hldr ; 1|

Oi WgmLtah 11

Dly ee *-

seas7 o s s

whhsqg I

nolloy I


Then oin the happy chorus,
nd let our motto be,
To work with all our hearts at school,
And folr when we're free I
Holiday I


We dly take the lower
st l irn d hands have brought,
Tbho we huona'd her idle bowerm,
When taody ehim'd our thought.
Holiday I

Then joi the happy chonu,
Ad let our moto be,

UsI AT eg. s1
To wek w all or Lbe atu abool,


What uth shall ear tu Iu l,
MWhm our joym @# s dom t



The Joaith hkppy ehrH,

To werk wIk H emr hert at sehoal,
And ole wrU we'e fw I
Hobay I


hat umid shall wear the rod re
Amid this saliag ring t
She who with modest sweetness
Her te.hesr's p n seo ba Hfnd.

1i HOOLDATY 00e.

Them joln the happy chorus,
And let our motto be,
To work with all our heart at school,
And froiH when we're freeI
Holiday I




ns Christatm m, John Eglesto hune hi
Mkiag arLuty by the almay m r, mad
tar mnlyg his tw dl adauu.
John dnmM tht h w is be^d, -sblmg
hi. eteMUp gw tq, bedaiot wo m ha
.w a ery IauMtu I lmag dld P M
an do-n thk oha oMy ak a l"ee now.
midely ilk we_ med Zighdae "hS Us
-L U ^ a -* ____y ' ^S

hA Mlll Woo -hen hBe r
i, the, rider.
r wa made o dquibs, nd al I
d serer to dte mp that
, pop went r me of the e

my- -- -- a----- -
and then looked at his stoking. It hang
He can't put the pony in it,' said he to
el, and that is a pity.'
The old gentleman's pockets stuck out
digiouly, and he panted and puffed u
had bahe. cudgllp g anlator.
*Wl,' sid he, wiping the pepiat
hifsee, although it wae cold Decembr, '*
is not hard work. S1ty-ive youngsters
I eaed an the lat hour. Harkt the
tadm don the chimey, one, two; I
Aks tough job to pop down all the hi
1 diE t own heI dayligt. I welder
dthi epwoald lker a Christ as pre
seatilned he, eyinsg the sodking; then
ting h arms a-kimbo, he began to consid
Joh' heart beat.
SOood Mr. NIWlsu,' said he to himeel
yoa eold oaly give m that poay.'
ut bhe pt quite stBl, r he saw th
mau thrust hi hands into his tremet

ff VWLAS. to
A i ii"*up dim"h";hai 'Ism*6*
di dta I w rto ben L l[Ta to
r, Wth haM so qvkrsbi whh bis db
a went dte jdmiht,
wm tdh my B-y oBg rwt.
ma dto dd m de*ami bis pakMl

Iraw, utom evlm r *osr, Ms a4
tarlkg to btal&sl
arel, d elrw ", wbe sw tlle ume
H" his Met sees Mow tam =me
the bis kIt we s d bbledsr wh b

b alp% so we woly Is by ft
a wonHalMtl for bevepe1e ah

tw whr hib own wort vdm be
t dht be m A br nk in (M rhi
Ioo tb*t IM id IMB Li4d te UO

Ja^i ImY: 1Ydk *-ae hst eaA
&N&go-MRf hbs but he
atd br *s s ueN r "motbeorr th

i thm* k %A baf it bkr, sI m ptfr

oa his mias for laughing, the old gent
ooked so droll.
As St. Nik was stooping over the li
t a nw so ppy into the stocking, a
umber e ad the little pony gb
tart disappeared up the chimaey,
John awake; it was jut daybreak
pang out ot bed, aroed all the fmall
SMerry Cristas,' ran to the stabi
rhat should he see but aunde Ben's po
bridle o his aeek, on which was ph
ieef of paper writteI-
*1A C"rimAsuA wiJ th poy Lj
r U5 PU SJdk.'


'How dart thou come, thou pale-faed
A gorgeous Tulip aid,
'And spmd thy potals to the gase,

But thoes who know thy want of worth,
Par the unheeded by.

' Not so, my gentle, lovely friend,
The peerless Lily there;
Sbe shines in beauty, and she sheds
Beh fhagrane through the air.

SThe bee till finds the eboie t store
Within her estar'd bells;
And every little bumming-bird
Of her me r wtaee telb.

*The poet, when he paints his f,
Doee both ear seharsr UIe;
He gives her bheek the RBoe'q glow,
Her neek the L3ly's white.

*Thu still the LUay ad the Rose
An eual empih elat
A,.d let s memer oewer prenme
To oemlaes our fume.'



WAT is falling all around,
White and soft upon the ground,
Making not the lightest sand ?
It is the snow.

What agi t the window patter,
What along the ter latter.,
And every treller bespaters
It Is the rain.

What doe on the pamntm beat
Lie the awe d manay hae
Rattling lad along te srnat t
It bi the hal.

What doe through the eaemnt pour,
Or oad the abimney-top does roar,
Or whistles at the open door ?
It is the wind.

-A | A Am

What oo at night when an i still,
And sto the olakladg of the lll,
And trns to ie the bobbing rill
It is the fhot.

What wraps us in its murky fold,
When low it lie, but when p-rolled,
Tar all to purple and to agold
It is a aled.

What makes the rain, ad hafl, and snow?
What makes the wind to howl and blow
What uakes the water bees and ow
Wa gives the clod its orimao glow
It is God.



sA, Eer.mwuo's ir chee rehtd aer
low, a few emar rtad Ae he rIu,
I he bn rthig wM iku the mts tEy
f on the smth watebr whim he rL
st on tmipnto her soor, opeMud bWib
mad pblaed bornskg iLa iaml s.
a look of satiuda iauen ea nMuSb
ew, she tom"d hr hmtr do* MM G
aof ad depart h a *le
=r of ls.
demed that sduwwg &tMA
sly down the Amy, sMg wth a a
E m-ealy. I eut lk owa ths
qhG she ehuauwit fw wlw tws
A t ha kA& &e --- At &as uim-

wiin some mouiSy a ua rg wax uou an u m s
fondly caressed it, her soft voice sang-
"Ha thek, my dullg,
Thy J) 7 Was damr,
Bat D U e to ussa,

ThI wau a short connltation among tl
attendants, when a little footman in suarh
livery, let down the steps like a fash, an
taking the lead of twenty others, bore wit
some difioulty and much wiping of brows, th
doll to the stocking. Finding it impossible I
get her in, they laid her on the toilet-table, an
rtarned to the barouehe with a fourish I
little trumpets.
Another consultation followed, and the litt
peop, darting about like are-iels, began i
play the contents of the barouche. 8wa*
flA tarkey and eat pincushions, thread-ea
of all hria and colours, implements of indul
try, from the silver eyed needle to the gold ii
2~~a_7 & _i^ __. _^_i ^ ii _

e othr thLns, Sas disdaiglshed a min
SPresnh u Sgarplu As to breath at
inderelaw peased over them, enry tSh
oked fresher and fairer.
Another hiring took place, Nad Sums
heard the words,-
A desert fa Bam'. di er-puty.'
Quick u thought was aamsd a smll
olithed tabl, with place for twelv. A
sper, oolamed with ralaebr hu, suddes
hot up in the etr, by th side dof ed
ym wid, on whib was a waving ie, with Ae
a rrCy CAriatmsardOW j NeM Year.'
Fruits of every desriptio, fromthe beed-
ke ourrent of dh North, to the beatiul
omgr~ast of the South, wv depotld in
las and siler dishes on the ftive bod.
'What are you placing thee said Cbder-
laws suddenly, as the waiters wre buly ar-
suagi little decanters at the cornr, Sd
tiny little codial stand at the head of th
'A litle French cordial answered e,
A frown rose to th little brow of th fairy,
kea thundercloud on the blue ky. She ese
addenly, and stamping her small foot until
be barouohe rang again, exclaimed,
'How dare you do this If men turn
rote with stimulants, leave at least temper.

28 ammarAvws
ae to th ymeg. Brk hae th pobn
sh eoattised, her mnll roie asholti i
worth Imnignatiou 'bring it here,
awsr '
with both hands ash graup the bott
ad dauhn eboem euetly o a th heart
hiUred tem to pi-, white the bluh
liquid Sowed arw d.
The a-sUtru attendant looked don
dhame. A low whistle sound; the blank
slowly demaded, enveloping the barmoche
t o sI prsed their wigs, and Sun
d deMrpel rises .o.e ting, as the fai

*Wake I wd I ben Urki
Sthe dawaiag da y;
We uSme fee tklhe r
mut, nouat, M nad .

Pas,' sld Sas, as h carsd a beau
Sdoll b had gSe her befk breakfut,
dreamed lat dBght that Clderakws belong
to &e Temperun Soeity.'
'I bop ift b tr,' sid he fther.


In old time. tho who we~r mo -* i -

--- --- -Ur-
mom of my sohool-kllows did not we yao be-
fbr, but thy dip toe th they are grate-
fi, as I am, to yo. We pry much for yo.
Do you like us to pray or you t'
The volume b comped of hot religious
piese, writt s by eval dearsad dumb boys;
but the mot beatitld pirit among them all
is named Hogh Coyle. He writ: Oh, my
God, thou knewest I haw no hatred to s .
I would not he reve g to any. Bet, Ok,
my Father wbe any one teasI m, my bear
is hot ith passio, aad my fo is ted, and
y eye are bright to anger. Bt I wl aIt
beat him. I will not slander about him.
will not keep molle against himt became
ltfer for my Jesus Christ. I try to i
.s]l -.-I-e In,, i.. 1 T LA.I.m "I--I

ibnlation with noble mind. But, Oh, my
father, I tell thee it is hard to know well about
is, because I am ignorant. Oh, my God, I
n humble in thy sight, because I know I am
Iperfeot in my all. I feel sin is dull to me.
: hu no pretty thoughts, and no peace. I have
eked at the new bird in the cage, and it wea
easy, and it disliked the prison. It would
y away in the pure air to the high tree. Sin
like a cage to me, because t makes my mind
happy and heavy. I every day pray the
pardon me, became every day I do sin In
y sight, Oh, my Father. I believe that
rayer prevails with thee, and I am at reet in
ly heart. I know I often aik what ii not
roper for me; but thou sAusest to give me,
because thou art merciful and wise. I ask
inch money of thee, because I think to be
heritable to poor men; but thou giveet me no
rest money; for thou knoweet it would make
ke proud, and vain, and indolent. Tbn
ivest me all things better than money. Then
iveet me patience. Thou girst me thirst fo
knowledge. Thoa giveet me dserfulame in
ty religion. Thoa giest me trust in my
or Christ. Thou givet me charity in heart
mvake* me pray to thee for others; and I
. with wil t all thy doings to me. My heart
it the. I choose pretty words in mind
I I have great name for thee in my

85 Ts DmI AID wMs.
heart. I love to hold eonverse with thee; sad
I sometime weep to thee, Oh, my Father.
My Wther-man is goe from me, Oh, God s
ad I am my own ome Hugh Coyle in the
world. I =m poor in my clothes, anad I am
like a little tree in the fair wide field. But I
ee thon givest trees new dreses; and I see
thou market men kind to thy little birds ad
pretty animals sad I know thou wilt make
men friends to me, and kind to me; because
thou art happy to love me, and see me pray,
Oh, my fLther.'.





Is a beautiful garden, my dear little mad,
A grape-vine had twined Itelf into an arbour.
And under its branhes in beauty array'd,
A small but sweet roe-bash delight to

The blush on its boom was brilliant and lilgt,
As that which on modesty's chek oft re-

And it beam'd with a freshness a fair to the
As youth in its innocent beauty discloses.

84 A RALW.1
Those thought, who had een it, Its grace and
its bloom,
Resembled the bharms of a sweet little child
And while giving delight by its grateful per.
Compar'd it to her who was pleasant and

One beautiful morning while nature wa gay,
And the sun in his elegant splendour wa
The grape-vine appeared in her fairest array
Of dew drops, that hung on her mantle a
kha -.WA'A -- La. L..,A .,A 11nk>A AInm. t#o k

IroUm Qayg i
exposed to the sun you no lager o
I around your fie head all your l
would be flying

off your pretenslons, you look li

But when I am present rayj who woold a

he roe really blush'd the deep seret of
To e one so mch older so ore ad Ill
&nd she hi her sweet face on a s hrb by her
Which presd to support her soft i osnt

But sudden the skies darken'd into deep gloom,
While the lightag's red gleam ws trmea-
dos sad wild;

86 A FABLt

The high grape-vine trembled in fear of her
But the innocent roee-bush looked upward
and smil'd.

And now the wild winds whistled hoarsely
And deep peak of thunder came burting
The rde tempest fell'd the fair vine to the
And the arbour laid low, with its ringlets of

The loud storm had oea'd, and the ran's bril-
lisat ray,
Shone gaily on nature and open'd each
When Mary young, innocent, modest and gay,
Stole into her garden, her favourit retreat.


She paus'd as she saw the high vine laid so
And the lesson bse learned found its way to
her heart,
And she pray'd, that her God would his four
And bid from her mind evil passios depart.

She pray'd, as the roe, tobe modest and meek,
Nor boast, like the grape-Tine, of beauty
and grace:
For pride spoils the bloom of a beautiful cheek,
And a heart that is pure is more fair than a


I wA ever disturbed in my calm retreat upon
a gr las u4 to eve ninlg a little boy ear-
rid m away. thought at Anrt he intended
to destroy m, b I soom perelvd that e did
ot. The L ely thing I eould bout aewas a
Ihand- eot, for people y that we wrms
are not alwy mild teppered. The boy
mountedo a eri loou g nimal. Ilt every
moment a if I shoBld i but luhily Ir my-
alf I di not. A soon ls got hom h
showd me to his sister, who ds ollerted
several of my spes. I was Mrried into a
,mll room with a wlndor in it, udA pi edl a
haw half Allud with lnavm theL thma la ume

TaE F1wn or a T"ma Usl. a
I did not try to a esp, I thought I dsU
be wll taken a of. The Mat moring I
had fkesh leve given me, sa d ard my lit
mater ad mistress talking about me. There
we a gret many other worm, but of mhd
Inferior rak to myself, ad I Moon bnd I wa
in the hand of young stauralst, of whom I

hen ascended feebly, then gaining strength as
he breeze blew on them, mounted to the
middle of the apartment. Here they seemed
o hold a momentary consultation, and then
larting through the window together, disap-
But my strength is failing. I faint-I die.


sac Con.,



Tb.M d "l* gh

2%0a* sso wo WA

My &&n re th& dew,
And, restg aon my rast,
Chr me wins I awae,
Refresh wenI I Mt.


44 TB nFOWMn.

But one s greater still,
Than sun, or air, or dew;
The God who gives them a1,
And made the floweret too.



TL flai I. or.(i, lk. etm.ua biB ,
nam thM a I..s a. ...am u lit n
Tha an ea*. em. alt..o O
Tb* ftvbo, bIw .. G r =amn o N r.
TbA,. vit a %f ml aM &Ws dam.

JOBH. Aunt Maria, did you y that coral
was sa animal
Aswa Maria. It is ruppsed to be a coll.-
tion of the shells of )p mari animals jdld
togtbhr by ams7y eamnat.
Jo.W t d of animal ean it be that Hli
in sueh a mamer
A..a Mari A ry singular clam esaled
oophytes, free two Greek words, which
ipfy a plat-snimal. They are o alled,
became thy seem in some respect to be ik
vegetables, and in others like aimal. There
ne several varieties of them. The spoaes,
the eaillines, the star-fish, and the sq-

am-ome, belog to this i lr aa.
Se-AmemoMe s es called fo it sa
resmblame to a low, both in its shape,
th brigt rvar ty of its oklon. This ail
sower is usay hatond at om etremity
moek, or sto ia th sand. At the o
extremity, the laws armaged nh eir
whUh gie it the appears of a blos
They open d shat the laws, to ob
food. Thy a very greedy, and will swa
a muse or a oab as lam a hen'is
That ela of osoEhytm whih are aoy,
oral, called thophyte, fom two Go
wvos stae-plast. The ithoph
eat bild e vth lhel of th o; no
t W bu A ao hig as tok bIt umcoe
w*d r, whm th ide is lowest.
Ju kt I hae ead l books of v
abset oaral eef being seen above the ocss
AdA MJai. They ae hequetly a
1 ale teo bht smn f t d tropism often r
hi s, and eaG lar braeha to b
4 i thee basb es on the tide,
Sa loedd oa the top of th reea,
S' nLanogled there. The the i
V4b the and eomb the froisoea adl lam
oagwtid ledges there and desooy. A&
S Wk, d birds drop moed, whibb take
sd grow, ed blossom, and go to ed,
41i. 2h a soil is slowly fnald, and ga
id sAnae grow, and the birds come &ad

a mn ia. l- eat lh
eood, whih hve driftd themmhi arlLS
the oral ref beommes an landIt thenr
mas gt joaid together by oee
wig up between them, aud theu
tMeats. It Ia bellved that a new **e
at is now being Ia md, exte md ii
r Zealand to the SBawih If
other ontiet i thus added to the wed,
may thank the soophyles ad the blrd, r
a dome their masaoy and g0miieg to
ud. It is wmderal'to think dot k a
Sorehture' bufldig eaomlaeme I Mr ft
akow tL ht N Iort eoL O t
= boo bridge, ontsent Iou *
Iben at work m them ra the .4 M
ba Christopher Cola umbus
in search of the new weiU.
dat urrti. Very ikely itfwo -s
dam i. otaautlyaryngMI *
the mort fadosat ata. 'l
td ortals bnr ew othng th
until we mit rMk at eI I
PNela Oeso- d &t SeIm
I r the ondual l wra m'i *I
i Stiments. Tk" growth at lheo M
@is predigtos a d a mwhat is l
Met lways in a direm, ir

John. I remember reading in a book that
in old times people thought mushrooms grew
in rings, became fairies had danced there in a
circle, and mushrooms sprung up all around
their path.
Aunt Maria. You know the Irish tell
many stories of a kind of sea-fairies, which
they call merromo. It is just as likely that
coral grows up where they dance in circles in
the water. At any event, there is beauty
enough to be the work of fairies. In some of
these erescent-shaped Islands, you see a rim of
coral running out into the deep, unfathomable
sea, covered with tufts of Palm, Coooa, and
Bread-Fruit trees. The tropical seas, near
the share, are of the clearest and most brilliant
green. When the un shines on it, the grace-
ul branches of white coral may be seen deep
do*n through the emerald waters, interspersed
with sponges, sea-moss, coralline fans, leaves,
and nlumanm with eolours m varions and bril-


M IW S 0W W. 4
s e lst as wh ah th lssei h bell
tl an olre c e oootely eelore with
the aenmy subuaes thy depds.
Job. A sflor oesS showed mna tiof
wood al eoverd with i tte hd H
laid th entire bottom of a vw l wa some-
tiam meemd with thr.
A4s Mard. That is a small osto, that
Hli in what is Called the sa-eoer, r the
ason-shll. The silos ell them brmales,
They hbst themslves to reks, sts, end
eve to mri* alnmals. On the bea you
will ofts dAd pebbles so eorm with thm,
that they look lkte ties-heoeyosmb. These
ussites hits on vesels i wmash numbers,
that they are sometimes oi i ters ships
bottom upward d arpe them et
JA.. What doy eaB them MiW art
Awsa Mars. a p drso t rsih
mma, or a powertal m, end kees abot bhi
all the time, in hope of ftag -mthig
nd will eot go awae, thog h ae nw h
eempny Idisagreea he is eala a pasie.
The m aroh p-la whih lis thelr nree
islt the tmserted otr p a tab esay their
trngth. The middle ths aks m Itrs ad
dodder bfteMs o& a. Bsuh plasts an saled
parasite. Thee a a variety of shell
that on theuselvs to rooks, and to other
Ash. All h are led prsites. Some of

them have dslls In two puae, le oyster
elams. They lie with shei e open, wait
for something to swim along for them to *
but if they see any danger coming, they i
up very quick.
J That must be a very safe and a
way of getting a living.
Adn MarMi. Not so safe as yo thi
They have a destructive enemy, called
Troehus; a kind of sea-sail, with a coal
shell, and a trunk toothed like a saw. I
instrument bores, like an augur, through
hardest and thicket shell. When the troel
oas fastest, he cannot be shaken of. II
of so use to open and shut the shell, ever
violently. There he stay till he bore throu
and eats the fish side.
JeAn. Ia that the reason why there as
many shells of elms, oysters, and cookle,
th beeeb, with round hole in them, as if ti
had been bored with an awl t
Arat Maria. Yes. When the anima
*eked out, the empty hell is washed oa sh
M.T. I I werea oeke I would be
aai. I would eep into ao of these
shell, sad than if troejbu easn alog
aw the hole, he would thinkL the was ob
at hone.
AJ Maria. What if he should happen
oteh you walking t

sun Tau o0ar. 51
J.oM. A dshe k walk That aes
Ajt Mark. But they do walk sad by
many lngnIu srsbtrrvaes, they mam te
do ver well without eet. When
shells an left on the beach by the L mtmig o
the adma that habit them throws the valves
of his bell wide open, and eledag them with
sudden jerk, throws himel forward ive or
sia lahes. By repeatg this prNese he at
lut get baek to the ea. Some oystls th
one end of their shel in the mad, tl thy
stand nearly upright, ad wait hr the 1omlea
tide to pithe the over. The sar el a bha a
shebl fll of smll bols, through Meek of wlk
he pukhe horn, someatl Ile a mlra.
On thee e rolls over like t he el a seeab,
until he reee the end of his Jom Fro
his appear ee, when these horm me thret
out, h is oten Mll the m-edgebh, or

morsu~la. The river-mueel dils a h be i

doand *itbh = d*t, by a eiot met

amam w"lal Ita s an gru "al Utl
alry-bet, eu oome up.to th" erM of i dl
sea, whbamver h chooe to mko blb Nee
ighter, by thrlrag out water. H has a
thia oeb whrMh be am Jar a s. I
throw out two loea urnmw r f rs, uee
with hi thr arm. It b tlrhe vf al:
to ths lttdle Zom f wdding tl
wind. Thky nwr tsw B asid Arga
foi th enrr of ti old GOnk kbip Argo, tl
most selont Maos a d. SA. M suppa
tat the AnA idea at akag Tlom with w
ad oa Was suceted by tdM Bttl pos

Lus n m 02M. M
babl TheI sdhaI are not w- y seas. It
is almost impossible to eah them while e.
iagI bor at the ellghtet appsebh ofa damg,
the aaming Argroent takes in bhis sa, aed
draw in water enough to sink s instantly.
When takes, they an usually shed up on
reeky shores; but the sklk are so vry britte,
that it is extremely diasult to bring the
home sfely. Theor .ib me spell called
Argoeauta Vltrus, or Ohla ArgOtnat, besme
it is s transperet s glass. TIse am -
tremely rae, and vMde wry gl y.
There is another eauotl called the
Nautilus, which is shaped somewhat like the
Argonaut, but t is les rnefl, and thiekr
and troger. The a Mni lives in it, ea
ail in itlke a boat, but ih g rally floAat o
the water, with his dsB eL hs bhk. Th
winding part of his UMit i plase is di.
vided into varlom ea -svibs t a - .iry or
frty, ol above another, i by o e of
pearl. The Aslati ss a l paha a ttd
sell, and greatly admirn t hr its beauty amd
singular obstruction.
Joh A pearls de of this shell
A a Maers. No. Pearls are obtained
hfm two or three speee of oyster. The mat
fmous of the is the Mytilus Margaritifra,
or Peari-baring Musles. They abound a the
eest of Osyle. and the Penian Gulf. Same

54 I n N Tia OOx.
of the sdl sob eta tuea tnwel peals, d
ot ay. They rmeek in si e, form, m
oelor. Bom an ula u a walnutt bttbh
an rar. The rmllest am aled -m-peAr
someam ae lo, s e a ry whit ebi, INs l
olour, d some bleak. Some are round, Mo
p r-bMaped, sad same onioa-sabped. Thi
li Ia th sibls, and a waruhd out. It
generally ppod tht ature prowidla ti
Asrr w ith ti, substaoe d to mod or a
nr ib el", as I hm need. Then is
hard subst s isde the b, which di

alrs in order to mak a mew sDl whe 1
Inves his oM oNe.
John. Whatdoes lesw bis hll r
Ands Mri. r hosome b ma-wa IL.

m IN 2= onu.-'
Mr d wb m Sab. Ud
lolnerm et their aelln, as ke do tb Mei

skias. For a ttle while, they hae other
coerig thn a very thin embame, Uk the
slka betwe an on san il 4hW. They1d1
away madr roea uti tm h n r a d le h
Jon. I sh1ld not lk to do so, wlU I
w waiting for a new it of cloths. But
bow do they t the oysrs that hav pert iM
Amut Maria. Dive go down lt the ea,
with ropn hetemed abeat the wat, d msa
ees- tie to them. It a wry difdlei= l
dulrag tUnd. The dinvers oaft do

SLIMS 1s TH3 00W.
amed by skbS, ad tir hehL always Ne

by thi buses. The oysters li eight or to
fathom dep, sd fasten thmeelves so stroma l
to the reks, that it rqulres fat fore to in
them way. The p mse o tme water at th
depth i dnedfll. It breM the blood from
see, yes, md rs, ud oaeeMious soads h
th head lk eth report of a g. DIhr gV
down with mestrils al ers W kd with ottom
to pnvet the water from gesttg in; and
the am is fastened a sp dipped in oil
whbi they now sad theI ld r the mroth
In orde to brethe without swallowing
8mee the invntion of the disng-.bll, the da
a dif iltoles of the pearl bery a
b, but it I still a vry diepmr ble m

um mU OCAo. 7
rkI. Mm arm e s a&V deal hr pel
tab o emek tro le hr them.
d4u ,i Thr who div re poor m,
ls i m l e k risk to ew mMeay. Blk
val e p r their bauty, aud we
lo ar me of mosey hr them;
w;I el wrtho0 t those beaM
I jewl. R -iOn for them tbhm.
Mo. af a pese wbish
owtr 5E to th helh of
oay. Pay, that pearl was
aid t aboot o ar present
my. I uppOlM e pI quea, in her
I uad vU, nver t L howr much the
i divr nfd to obta e peoious jewel.
parl valued at 80,000 dret wa wiv to
llp II., King of pal. Itwas andsd
- a pigeM's en. The NeM 4f petM
Sbes lemne Is modn tlum, by the
tture of artuell years of great
S Wht is modMher,.perl, of whki
y ak ash h-andsom buttme msd
dont Irda It isaithe ler prto the
II of the Per Muolae Beautld lit
sels anr lwise made o the Haliote, or
-Ear. Thi shell is lstrou as pearl,
I is spldidly varigated with all the olour
the rlabow. Whim poishie, it isa rish

58 Lun nr Tua coa.
as a peacock's tai Large pearls an m

Clm, the largest orf nl .hJb. Lnna
deseriMe one which weighed 498 EDa
peada. He says the violent losing o
alve has bee known to nap a cable in tv
ad the animal it contained hau mnplid C
hundred and twenty men with a day's f
One of those huge ells was presented by I
VsdMtes, to lFnmes I., King of Fr ne. I
still ud as a betismal fot. in the church

It. Sulple, la Par. It is oomm to pl a
hll do thas klad a the table, at the au w-
t hth PltgrfImN in Plym th.
Zi -- ibllEk -- to beo m nost
sIplm df%&i.
AM Airt. They l m not Mbes ft u-
ros setd 1t we n ow little o their
Man of pMted, owing to the imposbility
r ob thqm in their nath element.
lost of them ba I1t6e dooe, whi they shat
a the a o da r, aor wt h troubled
1th a se. MaNO of the snail
le sem up their shddbL the *,qrOeh of
inte, and do not ope thm s rnrinl
turns. The Chitoa or CeOt Mail,h a
erll formed of moles, lylg eam over an-
har, :lik shingle on a hem ., ao pio d
isent armour. It looks bl aire pbble
*piag about among the rooks, wreathsi
i a.weed; but on the slight id pe of
lger, it rolls itself up into a t lht lto bl,l
* porcupin do.. Tho Pd, orPr P s
as, is aumd with a istrummt by vhl t
a uet into wood, sowal, o rook, sad hide i.
If lonely Many them ar fBud i
elk, whieh mut be a pl-etor home hr
m than roeokms d stome. Thee is o msh
hopheorm about the Phels, that oe f them
Sbowl of milk will render it so brightl
mine, that all theobjects awoud ea be
SIts light. Many mariMe anfa mae furnbh .

w W I n Twas 0cu.
with a tlile beg of glutlus matter, with wi
they spla threads, like the pider ao dllkp-w

By these threads they Amte themselves to I
morks. Sometiam thee line an not a
thn two ithes long; and sometimes they
strem floting threads wheh can be drawa
or let out, at pleaure. This enbles them
v'aM up and sport on tmhe sur of the wa
gad go down whenever they ebooee. M
than me hundred and fifty of those ebles
ometimer employed to moor a salgle mus
The BSolm, or Rasor Sheath eau dig pita in
oAt mid, and hid himself at a great dep
The common oyster ha the power of throw
water from his shell with nsa ient tero
ee7p of any ordinary emy.
* raMn. But a whleo ensgie company wo

Lua M rTs oIuNM wi
of no use against the Troehua. A meam
low, to be going about boring a hole into
her peoe'~ houses I
AsSi J 'a. Another mean fellow is the
tracol Soldata, rightly named the Soldier-
mail. He is among fishes what the cuckoo Is

song birds. The cuckoo builds no nest fbr
enelf, but lay her eggs in other birds' nests,
d when the young cuckoo is hatched, he tuna
it all the rightful family. The Soldier-Snail
a no shell of his own, but takes pomession of
e best one he cana nd. When he outgrows
Sbhouse, he goes in search of another, and
;hts with any defencelesu shell fihb, who bas

62 Ta s D AxD DMtB.
a home more convenient than his own. E
the Pinna, or Sea-King, has a little friend, tl
manages to get his living as cunniqly as a
one I know of. The Pinas fastenthemsle
to rocks by means of thick tufts of tbrej
which are often broken off for Isle. In Sici
the women wash it, @oak it in lemon-jui
dry it, card, spin, and weave it into gloves a
cps of a beautiful golden brown-colour. I
thrs reason, these shell-fish are often call
Ocean Silk-worms. They are blind, and c<
stantly annoyed by the Cuttle-Fish. Bul

small, quick-sighted crib is aid to lodge in I

un ni Tra oa 63
ll with them, and give notice when danger
proaches. When he sees provisions floating
ir, he Io his friend Pinna a nip, and he
ins the valves of his shell, and draws in
i food, which answers for himself and his
le steward.
JoAn. There is some sagacity among shell
kes, though they do seem so stupid. But do
i believe the little crab boards with the
ina, and gets his living by keeping a sharp
k-out for him ?
Aunf Maria. It is generally believed, and
i been so from ancient times. The Greek
istotle and the Roman Pliny both speak of
1s a fact in natural history. I have read
)Lher anecdote of shell fishes, which seems to
almost too much to believe. Lobsters are
y fond of oysters, and always feed pon
im when they can get a chance. It i mM
t a large oyster was one day lying fote

with a long sharp hora, edged like a saw. He
runs under the whale and pierces him with this
horn; and when the huge creature in agony
rushes to the top of the water, the thrasber is
there to strike at him, till he drives him down
again. He lashes the waves in fury, but his
nenmies are so much lighter than he is, that they
easily keep out of the 'way of his enoritous
tall. Every time the distressed animal heats


Liur nw Tna ocuA. 85

he waves, it sounds like the report of a
John. What immense creatures they must
Aund Maria. The great Greenland whale fi
usually from ffty to seventy feet long, weighs

L mueh as two hundred ft aman, ma al A.

fore obliged to- come up to the sun
water to breathe. The nostrils, or
through which they draw in the air
top of the head. In breathing ti
very loud noise, and throw up wat
a little distance looks like column
Sometimes the whale throws himself
pendicular posture, and rearing his
beats the water with such tremendc
that the sea is thrown into foam for
and the air filed with vapours.
cracks his mighty tail, like a whip,
heard for miles.

I -- I


,oox mother,' cried little Tommy, a he ran
almost out of breath, I have killed a bird
th my blow-gun. It was so very busy in
iging on one of the trees in the yard, that I
opt close to it without being seen. The
row went into its body, and it flew a great
my before I could catch it. Is it not a pretty
rd, mother T'
SYes, it is a very pretty bird, and besides, It
a very harmless little bird, and could it talk
well as you, perhaps it would have asked you
ow you could take pleasure in killing it, while
was so happy itself, and giving happiness to
hers, by its sweet voice.'

>0 DUX T ILlb TlE B1LBe.
SMother, is it wicked to kill birds ?'
It is, my son, wicked to kill anything whet
we cannot be benefitted by it. This little birch
ivedpon seeds and insects, and cheered ui
with It song; and in the cold winter, when it
food is scarce, when there are no insects crawl
ng, you would find it about the yard, picking
up little seeds, and even coming close to th,
door for crumbs, to satisfy its hunger. But tlh
little bird will do so no more; it will fly abou
and sing no more. This has been a sad day t,
it, it it has young ones; it will see them n
Mother. I am sorry that I have killed th



I enoosa the racked Ixion,
With his fierce and burning pain;
I love to see the pencil's touch
Such awful mastery gain.


Yet let the thrilling punishment,
Its moral truth inspire,
And keep your spirit pure, my son,
Untouched by base desire.


I'll take the water-melon,
With seeds so black and nice,
And give my little playmates,
All round, a famous slice.

70 09OInx oT PAnTIIag.
But oh I 'tia but a piture,
And on a mummer's day,
If they would not let me eat it,
4 would wish it far away.


Give me the brave Napoleon,
With his war steed thundering by,
Where the snowy Alps majestical,
Look upward to the sky.


Oh I boy, that conqueror leaped o'er hearts,
With reckless cravings too,
While his own was cold and tempest stirred,
As the mountain scene you view.


I choose the views of Lilliput,
Where the tiny people play,
Looking with great astonishment,
At birds more large than they;
While two of them with all their might,
Attempt an egg to roll;
And some are diving, quite alarmed,


Oh I give me Ariadne, a
With her soft and dewy eye,
Her lip of glowing coral,
And her forehead fair and high.
I feel th' ZEgean breezes,
As they fan her braided hair,
And cool her chastened beauties,
Nor leave a dark tinge there.


I love the finished manlHeu,
That dwells on Baechus' brow-
Where Earth and Inspiration,
Seem boldly mingling now.
The sunny hue of India
Glows burning on his cheek,
And lights those lips so eloquent,
That ask not words to speak.


Yes I o'er the form that Guido Iimn'd

mnere elassu areams or poesy
In local beauty start I
e raise our cramped and earth-bound so
To Him creative power,
Mhose sacred touch, omnipotent,
Gives genius its high power.




[AMMA, why do you make me keep
uiet on Sundays? I can neither have
nusements at home, nor go any where to
ith my acquaintances. Papa requires a
!ad the chapter that the minister pre
om, morning and afternoon, and as if that
at enough, I haveto go to Sunday School
I cannot see why 1 should be confian
kis way, and why I am not permitted to I
happy as some children I know, who are
Dthered about reading chapters, reel
ymns, going to Sunday school, and I

I am sorry, my daughter, that you thil]


NO nwn AIIrAT n

Ea eep mue oADomin Uay nooy, aLa usQr-
om other days, is because God has rured
Suppose a great king, living many piles
ere to send you every week a beautiful
at of toys, which should delight and
a you, and at the same time say to you,
i may play with these toys every day in
reek but one; and the reason is this, if you
iory day occupied with them, you will
r become weary and not enjoy them, or if
are interested all the time in them, you
think so much of your toys as to forget
the giver.'
i you think that princely friend would ask
luch, when he requested you to lay aside
toys for one day in seven f God gives
everything which you enjoy. He is your
M friend. Will you not devote one day to

ie second reason why your parents try tc
our mind with serious, but not sad, oecu.
na on the Sabbath, is, that you may
relgiout habits. You will know how tc
hip God. And suppose you die in youth;
happy will you be that you have not beer
anger to Him. You may live, though, m]
child, to be older than your parents now

KuMnwo tI3 unAsS now. 7.
i, and I cannot describe to you what ereanit
d peace an acquaintance with God gives.
My own mother suffered many months from
liease that confined her to her bed. In th
pth of the night I have often heard a sweet
aip of music rising from her lonely chamber
hen I went to inquire into her wants,
received that she was singing the hymns sh
. 1..-..A L- l .IlALn A .-.A .. ..A AL.


WILLIE, it is half-put eight,
And I fear you will be late;
Don't forget your teacher's rule,
Take your hat and trudge to school.


Mother, I am tired to-day,
Let me stky at home, I pray;
The air is warm, and close, and thick,
And, really, I am almost sick.


Your cheek is red, your eye is bright,
Your hand is cool, your step is light;
At breakfut time you ate your fill--
How can it be that you are ill I

Goono TO 3nooL. 77


True, mother, I'm not ill enough
To take my bed or doctor's stuff;
But yet at home, pray let me stay,
I want to run about and play.


Ah that's the thing. Now, let me see,
Next June you nine years old will be:
And if you often stay at home,
What of your learning will become ?


But just this once I shall not stay
At home another Igle day.
I do not think 't L make a fool,
To stay, just once, away from school.


Stay once, and it is very plain,
You'll wish to do the same again.
I've seen a little teasing dunce,
WL.. e msn alw iuA d Ilia n Auw



A day's but a short time, you know-
I shall learn little if I go;
Besides, I've had no time at all
To try my marbles, and my ball.


A stone a day will raise a tower-
The bee gains little from a flower;
Yet the hive is filled, the tower is done,
If steadily the work goes on.

Have you forgot that weary day
You staid at home from school to play;
How often you went in and out,
And how you fidgetted about I


gated beyond all prettiness; in other words,
she was sulky.
Sitting in this uncomfortable state of mind,
she felt gradually a singular sensation on her
chin, and on passing her hand over it, it ap.
peared longer than usual. She resumed hei
work, trying to look unhappy, but her chin at.
traced her attention, for it was certainly
lengthening. She dropped her work, and fell
it with both hands-it pushed itself between
them; she tried to rise-it was impossible I
she attempted to call her mother-her voice
seemed chained; her chin increased every mo.
ment, until at length she saw It. What a mo.
meant of horror, a horror incaased by the idei
that this was a punishment for ill-nature I Ia
dreadful alarm and perp'exity she gazed wildly
Q-AA.l. .L-. ki..A af i..in.,,a. Ii)

delicate tinkling like musical wings, and, glid-
ing on a sunbeam, appeared a minute female
figure, which floated before her. Her form
was chaste and symmetrical as the column of
a sea-shell, her drapery was woven from hum-
ming-birds plumage, and dazzled the eyes of
Alice, until they rested on her tiny face, fair as
a clematis's bloom peeping from its robe of
green. At every motion of her wings, a
thousand little bells, musically tuned, rang out
a sweet melody, while her feet, white and
noiseless as the falling petal of a bay-flower,
kept time in graceful transitions to their soft
The music ceased, and a voice still sweeter,
though piercing as the cicada at summer's noon,
addressed poor Alice.
SI am Tinytella,' it said, 'the friend of
youth. I know your misfortune, and its cause.
here is but one cure,-the feeling and smile
of good-humour.'
Her bright blue eyes looked full in Alice's
face, her little mouth dimpling like the water
in a rose vase when it receives flowers. Alice
smiled. Instantly the frightful deformity disap-
peared, and she heard the bells of Tinytella
tinkling on the distant air.

II"Le bird I Utus Dird i waere w11 ut go,
When the field are all buried in mow f
The iee will cover your old oak tree;
You had better come and stay with me.

Nay, little maiden, away I'll fly
To greener fields and a warmer sky.
Wheb Spring returns with pattering rain,
You wi hear my merry song again.

Little bird I little bird I who'll guide thee
Over the hills and over the seal
Foolish one, come in the house to stay,
For I'm very sure you'll lose your way.

Ah, no, little maiden I God guides me
Over the hills and over the sea.
I will be free as the rushing air,
Chasing the sunlight everywhere.

ENo a to J er Ih M beak w Nall;
thow ureely stalae r,

)m you ever me a bird's neet, my young
sader? I dae ay you bhae, and have greatly
rished that you could watch the pretty little
restate, while she made it. There area great

variety of nests. Some birds make them with
-much more neatness and ingenuity than others.
There are the Ground-Builders, the Platform
Builders, the Mining-Birds, the Mason-Birds,
the Carpenter-Birds, the Basket-making-Birds,
the Dome-Builders, the Cementers, the Wea-
ver-Birds, the Tailor-Birds, and the Felt-
Birds that build on the earth, or the floor,
are called Ground-Builders. The Redbreast,
the pretty little Song Sparrow, and the Yellow-

winged Sparrow, build their nice little nests of
dried grass, lined with horse-hair, close to the
root of some protecting bush, or under the
shelter of a high tuft of grass. The Swamp
Sparrow, and other little birds that love watery

places, make their nests of wet grn, rushes,
and sea-moss, often in the midst of a bunch of
rank graas, surrounded by water.
The famous Eider-Dauk, from which the

warm elder-down Is obtained, for our hoods
and cloaks, bhilds near the sea-shore, under a
Juniper bush, or a bundle of dry sea-weed.
They make a rough mattress of dry gras and
sea-weed, over which the good mother spreads
a'bed for her little ones, of the finest and softest
down, plucked from her own breast. She heaps
it up, so as to form a thick puffed roll round the
edge; and when she is obliged to go away in

18 noW TaB BIsw MAX Tham naSM.
mareh of food, she pulls the roll down, and
carefully spreads it over the eggs, to keep them
warm till she returns.
This down is so very light and warm that
t brings a high price. One nest generally con-
sis about half a pound, which sells for eight
shillings. In some parts of Greenland and Ice-
and, these nests are so thick, that you can
scarely walk near the sea-shore without tread-
ng on them. People steal the down, and the
poor mother again plucks her breat, and pa-
:iently lines the nest anew. It again robbed,
ind she has no more down to give, the father-
bird plucks his breast to line a cradle for his
family. These birds often build in places so
hard to get at, that men are let down by ropes,
)ver steep preelpices, to rob their nests of the
precious down.
Birds that do not'shape a hollow nest, but
limply strew their materials on a flat surface,
are called Platform-builders. The Ring Dove,
Ir Wood Pigeon, merely lays a pile of twigs and
leaves on the branches of an oak or fir tree.
The Eagle builds his rude, strong nest of large.
sticks and sods of earth on the ledge of some
high precipice. Storks spread twigs and straw
on the roofs of house, the towers of old churches,
and the columns of ruined temples. Almost
every pillar among the ruins of Persepolis, in
Persia, contains a stork's nest. In Bagdad,
and other cities of Asiatic Turkey, nearly all

NOW THI Bste MAKI T1Im W11 89
the towers of the moques are surmounted by
a stork's nest; and the large bird, stretching
up her long neck, looks like a carved pinnacle
or ornament. The ancients considered the


tenderness. This is partly owing to their ua-
fulness in destroying reptiles and vermin, and
partly because they are so faitliful and af-
fectionate to each other. In winter, they gc
south, to Arabia, Egypt, and other warm
annntrips* hant hAn Eam mfttAs vnttifn wasI

90 HOW THrs urs MAX Trmsr r Nm s.
after year, to the name nests. In Germany
Mad Spain, many families know their own par-
diular storks, and the storks know them. It
is considered great good luck to have them
build on the house roof. In mashy districts,
where they are particularly useful in destroying
reptiles, the inhabitants often fasten an old
cart-wheel on the top of a strong high post, and
the storks are almost always eur to spread
their nests upon it. The Turks hold them in
peculiar veneration; and the sarks understand
their attachment so well, that n eities abound-
ing with foreiae, they will single out the
Turkish houses to ubild upo. When the
Greeks were at war with the Turks, they were
unmanly enough to show their hatred by
killing the storks. When remonstrated with
for their cruelty, they answered, 'It is a vile
Turkish bird, and will never baild on the house
of a Greek' But if they had loved and pro-
tected the birds, I dare say they would have
nestled on their houses.
Mining birds are those that scoop out nests
in the ground. Bank Swallows cling with
their sharp claws to the side of a sandy bank,
and peck at it with their hard bills, as a miner
would with a pick-axe. They bore little
winding galleries two or three feet into the
bank, slope them upward to keep out the rain,
and at the end, place a nice little bed of hay
and feathers. These birds live together in

zow tw maDI mA"E Trn Ma *i1
large Books. Sometimes the the of a sa
beak will be entirely covered with the nrom
holes by which they eater their nets.
Owls, Puolin, and Penguins, burrow deel

holes under ground, with many turnings a
winding. They dig with their strong shar
bills, and srape out the rubbish with thel
feet. In some unfrequented places, they bor
so many holes in the loose sandy soil, that i
eaves in, when a traveller attempts to walk onv
it. No doubt they are very neighbourly i
such cases, and lend each other their housi
till repairs can be made.
Mutam hbibA bild with mnd and elam

moitened by a kind ofglutinous liquid from
their own throats. Cliff Swallows go in flocks,
and fasten a whole settlement of such nests
under a projecting ledge of rocks, or under
the eaves of a house. They look like rough
little jugs glued against the wall, with the open
mouth outward for an entrance. Within, they
are lined with dried grass. Though they have
an *hnvla, tn mir their mortar. and no harrows

nestle in them : but, for fear of a tumble, they
are always careful to make a substantial ridge

S now TaIt ms xAU TaB twg. 98
of mapnry underneath the shell. A pair of
these birds built, for two sueeeslve yjea,
the handles of a pair of golden shes, steak
into the boards of an outhouse. They lie
their little cradles with straw and feathers, or
moss interwoven with wool.
The Barn Swallows of America are as
universal favourites as the Window Swallows
are in England. They build among the rafters
and beams of barns and sheds, and fly in and
out when the farmer is tending his cows, with-

out seeming the least afraid. They mase a
later of clay and bits of fine straw, and in
some snug corner of the rafters they fashion a
little eap-shaped nest, warmly lined with Ae
bits of hay, hair, and feathers.

SOftbn from the careless back
Of herds and took, a thousand tuggin bills
Pluck hair and wool; and oft, when unobserved,
Steal from the barn a straw; till soft and warm,
Clean and complete, their habitation grow."

Sometimes twenty or thirty swallows will
build side by side, in the same barn. They
never quarrel, but seem to live together in
most happy friendship. I once watched a pair
of swallows, while they were making their nest,
and feeding their young. It was great joy to
me to hear their happy voices, as they flewin
and out with straws and feathers. The father-
bird was very kind and attentive to his mate.
When he found a particularly large and downy
feather, he would bring it to her in a great
hurry, and pour forth a gush of song, as if his
little heat were brimful of love and joy.
But the neatest nest is made by the Song-
Trush. In some hawthorn-hedge, holly-bush,
or silver-fir, she lays a foundation of feathery
green moss, which she fashions into a rounded
wall, by means of grass stems and bits of straw.
Round the edge, she makes a thick band, to
keep all in place. When the frame is com-
pleted, she lays on the inside a thin coating of
yellow plaster, which is hard, water-proof, and
as smooth and polished as a tea-cup.
In South America, a bird, called the Baker-
bird, makes a nest shaped like a baker's oven,
on tha leafless branch of some tree. a hiph

HOW TN == KA m TMS IwN 95
post, or a eruei.. It i made of mortar,
which the birds carry in their bills, in munll
peliete, about as big as a filbert. The interior
divided into two rooms, by a partition of the
same mason-work. A bed of dried grasu s
read for the eggs. These nests lat more
one season, and are so convenient that
swallows, parroquets, and other birds, are apt

to go in and take possession, and the builder
has trouble to drive them away.
You have probably seen, in museums, tall
soadet birds from Africa, caled Flamifnoes.

s96 Uow ru smm MAfK vm mm.
Thee birds build, in the manbhe, hillocks d
mud and slime, a high a their long lp.
The base i broad, and a little hollow is left
at top fbr their eggs, which they hatch stand-
ing. They look awkwardly enough, straddling
aeroe their mud hillocks.

r wheih their are several pecies. They have
drt bills, very sharp and hard. When thev

m m W =a "m WWr. = T
lt a nlitabl tree, the themr d l bejom to
m tahole, romudm ead seth as i meby
Seus mae too While se L atr the s l rA
lIow hrsha. I They eLny mry awr
il the hlp tey make; poabel tio
Inawig attaendo to the net. The enrteae l
ut big enough for the brd o pmr through.
t slopes downward, and terminates la a ise.
We ltte 1oom,a 00 at a iu m lalhed by a
eauet-.maker. Some spec- maken it eightmee
or tw itymiaeh deep, other thr or br feet.
But notiwidMtadt the paia they tak to pla
their lite ooe a i f ety, a agly n oak .se-
tiume gte na ea them ap; adifa maghy
boy pk in a etisk, do ditrb the poor Uti
Soodpk, ste out a great
X nww b wk-elu. '
The Houm-Wrm i a pst pet to th
Woodpeeker. Though a rmy m Mad, dhe
is wry noiy, p rt, -ad alsUMee- It sh
dus a ls littr et of th Ble Bkd, th
hbo of sa appt-tr, or meat he be in At
garden, she watee till the ble bd i amnt,
adw them pl her eMt to ple, a hot her
little bll ea work. When a woodpeker be.
gir h bouse, he wtake tMl he think he
mde a hole deep enough to sult hr par-
po, ad tha, while e has gon to cany of
Uship, the impant thing walksla ai take
pei I e saw a ry r ing sa

N nOw fOts a Ma s-m aM
tet between these bird. Th wre stole a
nsely ehisselled hole, and bepn to maul her
net. While he was gone for food, the wood-
pecker came bok, and pitched all her twigs

soomrxg na wrea. mna quarom wasn s
martin brealu up their ests, while tey are
away from home, sad take pawmmon herself.
A gentleman who watched one of thse fghts,
says, the martins, at last, went into the box
when the wren was absot, and built up the
opening with clay and straw, so that she could
not get in. The wren, after @puttering and
tripg round for two dayS, finally weato ,ad
lef di martina In peace.

aWm nM US NEu n nM m M a.
The HouMs Wren seMms to be in Amelis a
bd of the sam ehusmte a the House Spar
row ia Burop~e of whom Mary Howitt writw:
N A b thn "re woL m oi-
ther he, kkpMairi d J1tivs
or iff w t Me, k6 take tt rtl,
Jrl beman tie othism I h wi l
Fom hour to hoer, frm udis day to day,
BH its to drive lmho uh eme ad y.
The ra tm binig rds weae ticks and
twip together l a Ittle buke, sad li it
with a me rsot f sUa dhe Ibrf s roots.
The Blh lay, the Wik the Mooktig rd,

tie Solitary Thrau, ad several other mll

. 100 How M mB aW m mtA a at s .
make a nater nest than the Blue Lint, or
I o Bird. She swing her pretty little
between two talks of cor, or troag
high grs, around which she fatens strip o
a, woven into a basket-work fme,d lined
with fine dry gras.

The Reed Bunting bufld among reeds h
a similar way.
Crows make a clamsy baket-eet, of twig
sad bleak-thorn branhesb with the them

maw a mN mu tm w mm 101
l anth at romnd. Wlthid a soft bed
Sod, or rabbits hfr.
Books make a frame-work similar to their

eou.,a the erws, liH it with a basket.
work ofd Ie b es. These birds live
together n eeks. In a whAle grove
of tee may be s lo with their nab.
They = ewi food l lofdt am the
pinr ad bettlOTMB of Ool i hbblage.
,Soima a ygMf ooople will dlllbrm an
od net,e to e thdlnw tl o e of
fying hr hr siks md twigs. As @man the
rooks dd this o"t, tey gather together, aad
Ahow their displays u pblygd the stolen
nst to pieces. Their dwi of "sCh thievish
ghbours Is so strong, that when they try to
build thdr et, one is obliged to stay ad
gurd it aU the ti while the othr goes r
asrials. But who th motor bogis to la

102 ow T MMe -rs u U n r --u .
her egg, the neighbour eeau to meree theU,
sad leave them to bring up their brood l
Of a11 the bua t-maker, the Sodable Gro.

beak of AMft seems the met isinemkhlb.
Tmee birds cover the bonghe of a entire tree
with. roof made of Bashman' grass, so firmly
basketted together that not a drop of water a
get through. It slopes like an umbrella, to
carry the rain of. All round the eave of dt
eaaopy are a multitude of little nests, so *lad
together, that the same opening somedMs
uswes ibr two or three thamiea.
SMi. ihaa makea their mats with an m-...

Mow mm *an w.ae t $18
lg at th sMid, mlased ao the tep, a e s i
Dome-Builders. In hot eoeatris they ae
mon apt to build mo; pobably ir the aaL o
a root a ho A theshm th sum. The
European wre s builds a beaatfd little meet in
this way, of ree mm lined with hair. It
look a ommRa bird's met standing up on
The Hay Bird bda oe meet, .in
similar fahiem.
The Anmeiam Wark Wmsa sfta e vry
strong a"d IA ism Ra. It is fared of
wat ru~dba d At with mud, well itertwismd,
and mmadd let the frm of a eeaeo ma A
ll hobl is left in the ide, and th upper
ets r rd h lwer, UHb a ped-iose
to ap them va. The ilsa des d with
Is so f an d s athea s It is r
aupa eraai sftream neda, above tha
of th tide. It is ti o bt that the winds
eaanot blew it down, and when hardead by
the se, it will stand all kinds of weather.
aU Ma makes a laoonse knugulr hWle
of thobry braac ad builds a dome or
ber mest with the material. The opeig
i a mll, an the thorn sticking outward Afrm
a prickly eae all road. Inde is a bowl at
well-wroght clay, aa mueh as a foot dep,
dli with dry grae and fbrou roots. Even
the fo, with all his cnning, would find it

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