Front Cover
 Title Page
 Front Matter
 Explanation of the map key and...
 Part First
 Part Second
 Back Matter
 Back Cover

Title: Key to Pelton's new and improved series of outline maps
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00060027/00001
 Material Information
Title: Key to Pelton's new and improved series of outline maps : containing all the important geographical names in the known world : comprising its continents, islands, peninsulas, isthmus, capes, mountains, etc. together with its oceans, seas, gulfs, bays, straits, channels, sounds, lakes, and rivers, arranged in verse for musical recitations : to which is added a brief description of the present state of the world : confined to the most interesting and characteristic matter
Physical Description: 192, 2 p. ; 23 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Pelton, C. (Cale) 1811-1853 ( Author, Primary )
Pelton, C. (Cale) 1811-1853 ( Publisher )
Wyeth, S. Douglas (Samuel Douglas) ( Stereotyper )
Publisher: C. Pelton
Place of Publication: Philadelphia
Manufacturer: S. Douglas Wyeth
Publication Date: 1850
Copyright Date: 1847
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00060027
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: ltuf - ALH6351
alephbibnum - 002235887

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Title Page
        Page i
    Front Matter
        Page ii
        Page iii
        Page iv
        Page v
    Explanation of the map key and the abbreviations used in this work
        Page vi
    Part First
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
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        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
        Page 111
        Page 112
    Part Second
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
        Page 123
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        Page 191
        Page 192
    Back Matter
        Page A-1
        Page A-2
        Page A-3
        Page A-4
        Page A-5
        Page A-6
        Page A-7
        Page A-8
        Page A-9
        Page A-10
        Page A-11
        Page A-12
        Page A-13
        Page A-14
        Page A-15
        Page A-16
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text













(i' This Key and the Author's Outline Maps are published and TOR IALE at
the Rooms over Nos. 104 & 106, North Sixth Street.



Tai Work consists of Partirst and Part Second. Part First is bound se-
parately for the convenience of those who desire it, and is designed to impress
upon the mind a correct delineation of the earth's surface, which the learner
* must acquire before he can.enter upon the study of descriptive geography with
advantage. Part Second contains a succint description of the present state
of the World, confined to the most interesting and characteristic matter, toge-
ther with the names of the most important cities and towns on the globe, and
it is believed that the plan and arrangement of this part of the work will be
found such as to interest the learner, and meet the approbation of teachers. It
is bound oith Part First only, and is designed to be studied either after, or in
connection with it, at the discretion of the teacher.

Teahers, Agents, and others at a distance, who wish to obtain this Work by
thd dosen, or the Author's Outline Maps, are requested to apply by letter to the
Authr, who will carefully forward them to order to any part of the United
Itate% or cause them to be promptly supplied by an authorized Agent

STeachers and Agents supplied at the lowestprire with Baldwin's Uni.
veiral P founcing Gazetteer."

Entred according to Act of Congress in the yeu 1847,
in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Eastern District of Pwsylvania.
Sareotyped by
No. Perw r et, Philamlpkh




Enunraged by the extraordinary marks of favor with which the first Sria of the authee
Outfie Map we re ceived and convinced by he progress of his pupils and the oonunrre
testimony of a large number of Teacrof the highest respectability and of great expri-
ence, that the method of teaching Geogaphy from large and boldly delineated map within
names, was far superior to all others in respect to facility of acquirement, durability of itp
preion, and discipline of the mind, the author has constructed, and had engraved in the
beet tyle of ar an entirely new Series of Outline Mape, having spared neither pains nor e-
pene to render them accurate, and worthy of public patronage.
The Series consistsof .na I large, boldly engraved, and richly colored maps, viz:
1. Map of the Western Hemisphere, 82 by 82 inches.
2. Map of the Eastern Hemisphere, 82 by 82 inches.
3. Map of North America, 70 by 74 inches.
4. Map of the United States, 70 by 82 inches.
6. Map of Europe, 70 by 82 inches.
6. Map of Asia, 70 by79 inches.
7. Map of South America and Africa, 70 by 84 inches.
Thee Mape, it is believed are superior to any Series of Outline Maps qaantuad the pub,
lisher invite the attention of Teachers and Purchasers to the following eoidee tihe.
L They are the largest, best executed, most comprehensive, and the meot distinctly
2. They are printed on superfine paper.
3 They are colored with the most brilliant, expensive, and durable colors.
4. They are mounted with rollers and mouldings in the most substantial manner.
5. They ar well sized and highly varniaed. which preserves the brilliance of the odimo
and gives them strength and durability. Hence, whenever they become soiled by Iog expo.
ure or oerwie, they can be cleansed with moist ponge or cloth without receiving any
injury. I
In their construction, the author has availed himself of the information comeaid in
latest and best authorities. vij BAL.i's Annso na GzooaRirHi. a produdion a
merit; BALDwIN's UNIRvasAL Paoonounolre Gazrrr=m. McCoLLOou ''s ew
CAL DIOTIONAIr; Tai PanNT CrcLorajDIn; MALTr Baun's G0aooaAi U '
INJmXOH Gaziirm.
These Maps are accompanied by a Key, containing nearly all the lnporaat g
names in the known world, arranged in verse. This, it is believed, will not only dar the
study more attractive, but will greatly facilitate the acquisition of th di facts of Peog-
raphy a well a the pronunciation of geographical ameas.
The spelling of Oriental and some other ame in dte Key will be fod mseesinally to
differ from that which occur in our school atle. As the same name is oem i dif
fervently on difrent maps, causing great embarrammment to both te&harat ul abla
times giving rim to serious error the ahor hs, after a careful exazminlio f thde 1 ,
adopted the admirable system set forth In Baldwin't Pronouneing mGauet, p~g d r '"



XV. This system wilL he i persuaded be found at once complete, simple, and stiuac-
In teaching geography nothing is more important and nothing has occaioned more em
barraement to the thorough and conscientious teacher, than the pronciation of geogra-
phical names. The author has therefore been at great pain to make the accentuation of the
names occurring in the verse. correpond with the true pronunciation a established by the
best authorities. He takes this opportunity of acknowledging his obligations to the author
of the Pronouncing Gazetteer, for their kindness in permitting him to avail himself so freely
of the results of their laborious rsemhes, by the aid of which he has not only been enabled
to give the true pronunciation of some very difficult names, but also to correct a number of
errors of various kinds which have crept into our most popular school geographic. It is be-
lieved, therefore, that in point of accuracy, (apart from its other merits,) this Key will be
found superior to any other work of the sort hitherto published.
In a former edition of the Key (page 26 note), the author stated that the only regret he felt
in consulting the Pronouncing Gazetteer arose from its not being fuller with respect to the
number of names. It affords him great pleasure to be able now to state that a new and muoh
fuller edition of that work, prepared with extraordinary labor and care, and containing the
pronunciation of ail the difficult names found in our best school atases and geographics has
just been published. Such a work is invaluable to every teacher and learner. The want of
a correct and perfectly relinab system of geographical pronunciation has been felt by every
good teacher; the only book, which can be said to supply this want in a manner at all atis-
factory, is Baldwin's Pronouncing Gazetteer. It is not, however, necessary here to recom-
mend a work which has not only received the highest encomiums from many of our most
eminent limrti, and highest literary journals, but which has been introduced a a standard
into the public schools of tberly all the principal cities of the United States. The author
would merely observe that to this work he must refer as his authority for the spelling and
pronunciation of names occurring in this Key, and for the full explanation of many points in
connection with these suejets, to which the plan and limits of this work only permit him to
Philadephia, 1850.



In oaing to he publies ak like te pFat, wi a si of iti sbehars-
teristice, is entirely new-he author flb himself called upon to la brd dthe of
the work. and the motives which ioduced hinW to prepare it for pboti
Geography, a bhas been truly mid, i* one of the most interesting, ad petiecal of
the mienucm Nothing ha contributed more to the general intelligence of the people of the
United States-to their knowledge of the natural and physical condition of the eart-to
their familiarity with the aol d productions of every climate-to their aoquainace with
the inhabitant of all countries, in all their vast varied from barbariaen to rdmneam -to
their etesrive intesourse and commerce with ll nationas-d to the perfection of opt
oeil mad civil iatitutioon, and the enncemet of individual enjoyment-than t iar M il
study of Geography in all our schools.
Yet, the knowledge of this science, heretofore acquired during the long period of dwml
tary education, has been the result of long and tedious labor on the pt of the leaner. The
oltet of the author. tefor a been, in prepang this work for publictionin cmmit
with hi Series of Outline Maps, to render the study of Geography more reapi and Imt
ating, ad to put the learner in posseeion of facilities for acquiring a mor eaxtesi ad
permanent knowldg of this ufeul once in short period of time. A desir toiom-
plish this object led to the publication of the author's fir Series of Outdins Maps m al
yeam ago, an it is now the cocmrent testimony of the educator of th highest rea pee
ability and of the greatest experience, both in this country and in Emop., that the method of
teaching Geography from large and boldly delineated maps without names, is rpeior ao Ul
other in respect-first, to facility of acquirement; secondly, durability of iaNpresi and
thirdly, discipline of the mind.
The principle of thi method of ineamioMn -tai by te ey-based on that lw of
intellect, that the object of igt ore readily become the m ecu of cowceso nad a ory,
thea those qf the otder semua" and the asme dirdy t san the medre lisly is taw ees
optio. and an mre ltin ti itmpresesi on te mind."
The Maps have been eostruted on a large scale, with special refrence to this
and by presenting to the eye a bold, clear, and attractive representation of the eart the Mld
is early led abroad to survey its Continents and Ilands. its Ocean and Seas it Lakes a
Rivers, its Soil and Productions the Phyical and Moral condition of mma and receive
expansion which no other stady could equally afford.
To accomplish his object more suceemfully, and to render the study of Georaphy in i
highbe degree pleing and interesting to the pupil, the author bh conaneoed with it d&
science of muie- science which seldom fails to awaken te feelings and mrose both th
physical and intellectual powers into renewed and vigoru action. Every day ftriae
proof abundant and positive, of the exhilarating ealct and controling inluMnce el
ove the youthul mind. If it is employed as mn of giving eprio to tde Nut ad
most refined M nimentm s of the earth and the saliimmt emtions of the soul. dh iL a i
denied in awaking and seeurin the attition of the young, and impemming qspdia dt
facts pertaining to oe of the most useful and practical of the science
With respect to thp vesifiestion, it is merely necessry to my, that the deign hai ben to
put all the important geographical localities on the globe im onnetion with muh vlmi
matter, in a form that can be the moat eaily committed to moCer ; and it is ooqld
believed, that the xhiloartig eft of harmonies sound will gmre troilift the oaquii.
tion of thi knowledge, and care ha been taken that none but poplar and Mpproed eirae
inserted in the work.
The difficulties which attend the adaptation of ver to such puraps, oi wha
brevity and comprehensiveness ae required,) can be etimtd only by thmo who tv
a similar experiment.

^ 4-6.,

I a


Disamcrono To Ti LEmArm.--B looking on the Map of North America, you will per-
ceive a Figure, or Number, in the Cauf or Middle of the Spaes formed by the ProlUs of
Laritda and Meridians.
By the aid of these Figures or 1qpber found in the Key, in connection with the follow.
ig abbreviations you can easily locate and certain the name of any Country, Island. Lake,
Bay. River, &c., on the Map.
Auusmarv ions.-M. refer to the Middle or Centre of the Space numbered on the Map;
N. to the North of it; S. to the South pat; E. to the East part; W. to the Wet part; N.E.
to the Northeet part: S E. to the Southeast part, N. W. to the Northwestpat; and W.
to the Southwest part.
ExAunr a-Rusian America, 19, 20. By looking on the Map of North America, yon
will ee the figures 19,20, in Rusian America, which shows its locality on the Map.
ilville Idld 6 M. You will perceive that Melville Island i in the Middle of the Space
numbered Iceland, 33 M. Hayti 79N. You willperceive that the land of Haytis in
the North part of the Space numbered 79.
Great Bear Lake, 23 M. You will perceive that the Great Bear Lake is in the Middle of
he Space numbered 2S.
Great Slave Lake. 4 S. W. You will perceive that the Great Slave ake i in the South
eMs part of the Space numbered 24.
Athabesca Lake, 40 N. E.
Bay of Fundy, 56 W. You will perceive that the Bay of Fundy i in the Weet part of the
Spaee numbered 5S Gulf of Mexico, 70.
Mackense' River, 22 N., 23 W. You will perceive that Mackensie's River i in the
Spaces numbered 22 and 3.


Al. Alabama.
Ark. Arkansas.
C. Caps.
Cap Capital.
Cb. Channel.
CL or Conn. Conecticut.
DL Delaware..
L eAhL

f1. Ft ida.
G. Gegia.
I. Island
IDIl inoil
IL. Indian.
la. lowa.
Ky. Kentucky.
L Lake.
Lt. Latitude.

Long. Longitude
Me. Maine.
Mm. Masachusett.
Md. Maryland.
Mich. Michigan.
m. in L miles in length.
m. L miles long.
m. mile wide.
Mia. Miasippi*
Mo. Miouri.
Mt Mount
Mts. Mountains.
N. North.
N. C. North Caroline.
N. Northeast.
N. EH New Hampshire.
N. J. New Jersey.
N. W. Northwet
N. Y. New York.

O. Ohio.
Pa. Pennsylvania
Pop. Population.
Pt Point.
R. River.
R. L Rhode Iand.
. South.
&. L Southeat.
S. C. South Carolina.
eq. ma. square miles.
Str. Strait.
S. W. Southwet.
Tenn. Tenneee.
Ter. Territory.
U. United Swate
Va Virginia.
Vt. Vermont
W. Wes.
Wis. Wisconsin.




An-.uUM LOW fItP
Ir iLteoraphy we learn. a sciee oflgrt worth,
Which makes s well acquainted with the srfce of the earth;
The varioa cntome of each elim, it pleaingly makes known,
And teaches u, from foeip lands, to estimate our ow.
It shows our race propesvei, from barbaros nations rude,
To where efnement and the ar have all their blesing nw'd
Herme and entertainmet join to charm both age ad youth.
For to the set of Novelty, we add the force of Trth.

1. GoaBnAPHY is a description of the surface of the Eyath.
2. The Earth is a large globe, ball, or sphere.
3. Its surface is composed of land and water.
4. About one-fourth of its surface is land, and three-fourths water.
Am-,uU Lan 81"0
1 2
The Earth is a large ball or globe Two hundred milliursmi af flis,
Whoe surface has been found, Earth's surface das n ;
Three-fourthswithoceanwaveslbmerged, Eight hundred million ote h-e
And bt one-fourth dry ground. All find a dw
Question.-l. What i Geographyt 2. Wht is the Earth 3. Of what i is tldes
composed 4. How much of its surface is land, and how much water

5. The land is divided into Continents, Islands, Peninsulas, Isthnn
Casr, Promontories, Mountains, and Shores or Coasts.
CA continM t is a vast extent of land, no where entirely sepanhtld
7. An island is a body of land entirely surrounded by water.
8. A peninsula is a portion of land almost surrounded by water.
9. An isthmus is a neck of land which joins a peninula to the mai
land, or connects two parts of a continent.
Tismy delight, &e.
To TMacm *ro LuAzunr -You will pereeive that vere of this menr, a n we as
of the otldr kinds of vers in the Key, is capable of bueig adapted to a sede of eirs.


10. A cape is a point of land extending into a sea, ocean, or some other
body of water. A high or rocky point of land, extending into the sea or
ocean, is called a promontory or head land.
11. A mountain is a vast elevation of land. Several mountains con-
nected together are called a range or chain of mountains. When the land
rises to a small height, it lled a hill. Land lying between hills or
mountains is called a valley
12. A volcano is a mount at sends forth flame, smoke, and lava or
melted stones, from an opening t the top, called a crater.
18. A plain is a level tract of land. In North America plains are called
Prairies; in South America, Pampas or Llanos; in Europe, Steppes; in
&Asia, Savannas.
w 14. A desert is a vast sandy plain, mostly destitute of water and vegeta.
tion. Some deserts contain a few green and fertile spots. These spots are
called oases, and resemble islands in the ocean.
15. A shore or coast is the edge or margin of land bordering on the
Qustion.-5. How is the land divided? 6. What is a continent 7. What is an
ilandt 8. What isa peninsula 9. What is an isthmus? 10. What is a capet What is a
promontory 11. What is a mountain What is a chain or range of mountains What is
a hill? What is a valley? 19. What is a volcano 13. What is a plaint What are
plains called in North Americat In South America In Europe? In Asia? 14. What
is a desert? What do some deserts contain? What are thee spots called, and what do
they resemble I1 What is a shore or coat

16. The water is divided into Oceans, Seas, Archipelagoes, Gulfs,
Bays, Straits, Channels, Sounds, Lakes, and Rivers.
17. An ocean is a vast body of salt water.
18. A sea is a large body of salt water, smaller than an ocean, and
mostly surrounded by land.
19. An archipelago is a sea interspersed* with many islands.
20. A gulf or bay is a part of some larger body of water, extending
into the land.
21. A strait is a narrow passage of water, separating two portions of
land, and connecting two bodies of water.
22. A channel is a passage of water generally wider than a strait.
28. A sound is a passage of water so shallow that its depth may be
measured with a lead and line.
24. A lak is a large body of fresh water mostly surrounded by land.
Small lakes are called ponds.
U. A rite is a large stream of fresh water, flowing from mountains
or high land, into an ocean, sea, or some other body of water. Small
streams are called brooks, creeks, and rivulets. The source of a river is
the place where it rises. The mouth of a river is the place where it
empties into an ocean, sea, or some other body of water. The right bank
*Interspersed, scattered, or set here and there among other things.


' aCentrams ars ii
4Y *3OaBU3, hUI.nL1INM. (

of a river is the bank on the right hand side aU yea deMed it; the it
bmnk, the bank on the left hand ide.
26. A port, harbor, or has, is a small pat of the ea nearly smr-
rounded by land, where ships can anchorith safety.

Quewona.-16. How is the water divied 17.
19 Whatis an arcipeagot 20. What a olf
22 What is channel 3. What is ao
lakes called 25. What i a river What ae
ola river What i the manth ofarivert Wh
the left? 26. What is a port, harbor, or haven'

t m I I& VAN sa sat
VAN in a drsk
Ishkal sko Whote smmi
NMI Wrha ibs a a6RM
bo d& baakof anMI Whis

To Tra Taucnza.-Wbie the olus it studying a lesa o thmep sould be uedo ta
various features an be seen distinctly by eahpupil nae .and w ole 6 m'
or one of the clhu should stand at the m witk a plaMe, ad boate oe pail o0t each oLeMt
named, traeing the coure of rivers, moouint &e.

27. A map is a representation of the whole or pa
28. The map of the World, or the Eastern and ; F Hemispherea
are a representation of the whole of the earth's surface.
29. The top of every map is North; the toas, South; the rigit.aund
aide, East; the left-hand ide, Wet.
30. North, South, East, and West, are called the card otdprecipl
points of the compass.
81. A compass is an instrument used by seamen or sailors, to point out
their course at sea. The needed of the compass points North and South.
82. The point half way between North and East is North-east; the
point halfway between South and East is South-east; the point halfway
between North and West is North-west; the point half way between Booth
and West is South-west.
88. N. stands for North-S. for South-E. for East-W. for Wet-
N. E. for North-east--. E. for Southeast-N. W. for North-west-S. W.
for South-west.

Tis our first purpose to explain
The Maps,which here unflrl'l,
Present in simple outline form,
A picture of the world.
Map represent the whole or part
Of thi vast all o sphere;
Maps of the world display the whole,
All countries r and near.

The principal, or cardinal points,
Upn the compass shown, [points
Are Nort, Sout, Ea and Wet,which
The needle does make known.
The compass an instrument,
To seamen a sre guide;
The needle still points Nortdl 8eso ,
Wherever ships may ride.

3 6
The top of every Map is North, In oceans vast or tracles sand,
The bottom South we make, Wherever man may issm
The rikbt.ide East, the left side West, The compass is a f&thll lisd
Presnting all mistake. That points him to his hom.
Nors-The pupil should be made fauliar with thO plinMs the a op.




Que itons--7. What is a mipt 9 S What does the map of the world, or the East-
ten and Westem Hemispheres represent 1 29. Which pert of the map i North t Which
South I Which Eastt Which West 30. What are the cardinal or principal points of
the compass 31. What is a compasrt Which way does the needle of the compass
point t 3 What are the names of Ihe points half-way between the cardinal pots ?
33. What lttera stand for the d points of the compass I
Point to the N. part of th i the prt. Tq the E. prt. To the W. part.
To the N. E prt. To the 8. E the N. W. part. To the S. W. part.



34. A Hemisphere is half of a globe or ball. When applied to the
earth, it means half of the earth.
36. The Eastern Hemisphere shows what is on the eastern half of the
earth, and the Western Hemisphere, what is on the western half.
T e Eastern Hemisphere contains the Eastern Continent.
W-tern Hemisphere contains the Western Continent.
To U Yda wt. l perceive that the yellow, red, green, &, on the map, represmt
land. and thbl -al- present water. Rivers are represented by crooked lines which
are mallet there ie ~ ris, and lart whee they ntety. Deserts, and sand banks in
the oeea are represented a great number oflmall dots.
38. The Eastern Continent is divided into three divisions, Europe, Asia,
and Africa.* The largest and most eastern division is Asia. The small-
est division, lying West of Asia, is Europe. The division, lying South of
Europe, is Africa.
39. The Wekern Continent is divided into two divisions, North America
and South America.t The name of the Northern Division is North
America; the name of the Southern Division is South America.
40. These are called Grand Divisions of the Earth. Asia is the
largest Grand Division, Africa is the second in size, North America is the
third, South America is the fourth, and Europe is the smallest.
41. Another Grand Division has been added by late geographers,
called Oceanica, composed entirely of islands lying S. and S. E. of Asia,
and W. of N. and S. America.
42. Australia or New Holland, lying S. E. of Asia, is the largest island
in the world.
48. A large extent of land near the South Pole, partly in the Eastern
and partly in the Western Hemisphere, called the Antarctic Continent,
was discovered January 19th, 1840, by the United States.

A Hemisphere is half a globe,
The earth has two, 'tis clear;
One is the Eastern called-and one
The Western Hemisphere.
Two Continents of vast expanse
Thee hemispheres have claimed,
One is the Eastern Continent,
And one the Western named.
S Bee mall Map of stern Hemisphere."
S t ae. elman Map oa 'Wmctrn Hemisphelre.
lJaio, Mate &c., called Political Divisions.


The Eastern Continent contains
All Asia's spacious lands,
All European regions fair,
And Afric's burning sands.
The Western Continent includes
America alone,
Divided into North and South,
As by the map is shown.
Thee Divisions are divided into Empires. King


Pive Grand Divisions of the Earth
Both Continents comprise;
Asia, (the mcen of great qvaeta,)
Is foremost a to size.
To Africa, the second place
We propy aign,
And, North America, we make
The third position thine.
Then South America the fourth
In magnitude we call,
And Europe,-(great in many things,)
Is smallest of them all

To these division we may add
A sixth, of islands made,
Called Ooeanioa, which lo0g
Unknown to Europe laid.
In south esa their station ,
And thse Australia lies,
By some New Holland l-l,-vart isle I
Unequalled s to size.
And by discoveries later still,
A large extent of ,nd
Call'd the Antarctic Continent,
Has farther soDth been found.

Queshs.-34. What a hemisphere When applied to Ur earth what does it mastm
35. What do the Eastern and Western Hemisphes ahow I
36 What doe the Eastern Hemisphere contain 37. The Wetern Hemispheret
How is the Eatern Continent divided Which is the largest and mot eastern division I
Which is the smallest division I What division lee 8. of Emepe 1
39. How is the Western Continent divided What is the nam of the rthern diviieon
The Southern division t 40. What are thee divisions called, and how do they compare with
each other in size I 41. What other Grand Division has beea added by late geographesr
and of what is it composed 42. What large island E. of Asia, and what is its compare
tive size I 43. What large extent of land near the Poli p al the tEaern and partly
in the Western Hemisphere, and when discovered.
Which is the larger, the Eatern or Wetern Continett Which grand diviio of the
Easter Continent extends fathest 8. Which exteads farthst L Which exteadal bri
W., Europe or Africa North America or South Americst Which extends farther Afrie
or south America Europe or Asia North America r Europe South Amrica or Aiarlia
What grand division E. of Europe? South W What grand division W. of Africa?
North! Northeatt In what direction from North America is Sooth Americat E ptel
Ariae Africa In what direction from Europe is Aist Africat North Americat Sia

44. The great body of salt water on the globe is called the ms or ceas.
45. There are five oceans: viz. 1.the Iortern or Arcic ocean; the
Southern or Antarctic; 8. the Alantic; 4. the .Pasifc; 5. the hIdias.
40. The Northern or Arctic Ocean lies N. of North America, Europe,
and Asia.
47. The Southern or Antarctic Ocean lies S. of South America, Africa,
and Australia.
48. The Atlantic Ocean lies E. of North and South America, and W.
of Europe and Africa.
49. The Pacific Ocean lies E. of Asia, and W. of North and South
50. The Indian Ocean lies S. of Asia, and between Africa and Australia.
51. The Pacific is the largest, the Atlantic is the second in extent, the
Indian is the third, the Southern or Antarctic is the fourth, and the North*
em or Arctic is the fifth.


' ^w



1 3
These vast collectioeof salt waves, The Atlantic, second in extent,
Old Neptune's blue domami, Here shows its wide expane,
Are oceans called, and sometimes seas; And thirdly comes the Indan sea,
And fj e this earth contains Distinguished at a glance.
2 4
The broad Pacific frt we tame, The Southern or Antarctic Sea,
Unequall'dw to sie, In magnitude ranks next,
It from America due west, And last the Arctic ocean comes,
And east of Asia lies. With icy isles perplexed.
Quetion.--44. What is the great body of alt water on the globe called 1 45. How many
Oceans are them and what ae they called! 46. Where doe the Northern or Arctic Ocean
list 47. The Southern orAntarctic 48 The Atlantict 49. ThePacifiec 50. The In-
diant Point out on the map the Northern Ocean. The Southern. The Atlantic. The
Paeifs. Thelndian. SL Which isthe largest Ocean The second in extent Thethird?
The fourth The fifthI

52. The diameter of the earth is the shortest distance through its centre,
from one side to the other.
58. The circumference of the earth is the greatest distance round it.
64. The earth is about 8,000 miles in diameter, and 25,000 in circum.
65. The aois of the earth is an imaginary* straight line, passing through
its centre from North to South.
56. The poles of the earth are the two ends of its axis; one is called the
Nott Poe and the other the Sath Pole.
57. The earth has two motion: it revolves on its axis once every
day, causing day and night-and moves round the Sun once every year,
causing the succession of the seasons, Spring, Summer, Autumn, and
1 4
By earth's diameter we mean Earth's axis is a fancied line,
The shrtet distance through, That through the globe extends
A iacied line fam side to side, From North to South, the centre cuts,
To touch the centre too. And at the poles it ends.
2 5
Now, through-the centre of this sphere, Two different motions has the earth;
The shortest distance take, One, on its axis made,
Ei&bt thousand miles diameter, Which brings the glorious light of day,
The measurement will make. And night's succeeding shade.
3 6
By earth' circumference, we mean It has its motion round the sun,
The greatest distance round; Which occupies a year;
Just five and twenty thousand miles, Spring, Summer, Autumn,Winter, hence
That distance has been found. Successively appear.
Questio.--M. What is meant by the dimer of the earth By the circumference
s4 What i thodikniiar sd eicuidesrne of the earth 66 What is the xis of the earth
5 What are the poles of the earth 57. How many motions bs the earth
Imaginary, mnt real t Revolve, to roll round. l Succeuion, following in order.


58. Tml EoUArTo is an imaginary circle, extending ast and West
round the earth, at an equal distance from each Pole, and dividing it into
the Norther and Souern Hemispheres.
59. LATITUDE is distance from the Equator.
60. NoaTa LATITUDE is distance North of the Equator.
61. Soura LATrrUDE is distance South of the Equator.
62. PAA.tuza or LATrrrUD are imaginary dles, extending Est
and West round the earth, parallel to the Equator.
68. Latitude is reckoned in degrees from the Equator to each Pole. At
the Equator it is nothing; at the Poles it is 90 degrees, one-fourth of 860
degrees, the distance round the earth.
64. The figures along the sides of maps, and the edge of the Hemi.
spheres, express the number of degrees of latitude N. or 8. of the Equator.
65. A degree is 60 geographical, or 691 common or English miles; 60
seconds make one minute, and 60 minutes or miles, one degree.
66. Mirnxaws are imaginary circles, extending North and South
through the Poles of the earth, and intersecting the Equator at right angles.
67. LONGwITDE is distance East or West from any given meridian. It
is marked in degrees on the Equator, or at the top and bottom of the map.
68. EAsT LOTorruDE is distance East of any given meridian.
69. WIaS LonGorrtD is distance West of any given meridian.
Most nations reckon Longitude from the Capital of their own country.
On the Map of the World, or on the Hemispheres, Longitude is reckoned
from the meridian of Greenwich near London.
70. THE TRoPIcs are two imaginary circles drawn round tne earth,
parallel to the Equator,-one. 28 degrees and 28 minutes North of it,
called the Tropic of Canoer; and the other, 28 degrees and 28 minute
South of it, called the Dopic of Capriom.
NoTr-Tropio signises "to return.* When the sun has re aed a of the Topies it ntrs
the other.
71. Tea POLAn CIrcLts are two imaginary circles drawn round the
earth, parallel to the Tropics,--one 8 degrees and 28 minutes from the
N. Pole, called the Arctic Circle; and the other, 28 degrees and 28
minutes from the S. Pole, called the Antarctic Circle.

o0noLr ON sr OLOauW
1 3
The circles atn th glkawe nune; Northern ad Sethern HEsmiqphses
Imnagin things, Thu are their asms sexprss'd;
Prom which the sciepnf mind, And the Equator takes its coarse
Important uses bring. Precisely East and West
1 4
The Equator is a fcied ring From either Pole its distance is
Around the earthly bll, Undoubtedly the ame;
Dividinm it in equal parts, And distance hm the Equtnr North,
Which hemispheres we call. North latitude we name.


iny reO P3LfON'5 soTJYNs MAP.

5 10
Math Latitude is distance South East longitude is distance East,
Of that same fancied ring, As by the words expres'd,
And parallels of latitude West longitude we can't mistake,
STo range with it we bring. To mean the distance West.
6 11
Like the Equator, East and West, The Tropics are in number two.
These parallels go round, Circles of vast extent,
And on the sides of all our maps, To the Equator parallel,
The mark'd degrees are found. Round earth by fancy bent.
7 12
Meridians, ranging North and South, Tropic of Cancer North is placed;
Are fancied circles too; We from the Equator rate
They touch each Pole as they proceed, Its distance twenty-three degrees,
And cut the Equator through. And minutes twenty-eight.
8 13
By longitude we understand Tropic of Capricorn due South
The distance East or West From the Equator lies,
From some meridian that we choose, Its distance just the same from it,
Whichever we think bet. In measurement precise.
9 14
Some people Washington will take, At the same distance from the Pole,
And some will Greenwich choose, Each Polar Circle trace;
And several other points there are The Arctic Circle on the North,
Which different nations use. The Antarctic, South we place.

Quisoa.-What is the Equator! fi. What is Latitude 60. What is North Latitude?
6L What is South Latitude 62. What are Parallels of Latitude 63. How is Latitude
reakeed? What is it at the Equatort At thePoles 64. Whatdothe figure along the
ides of map andedgeofthe Hemispheresexpress 65. What is degree How many
seconds make a minute or mile How many minute* or miles make a degree?
L. What am Meridianst 67. What is Longitude? How is it marked? 68 What is
ast Longitude t 6. What is West Longitude I From what place do most nations reckon
Logitude From what place is it reckoned on the Map of the World, or on the Hemi-
ghrsmt 70. What are the Tropics I 71. What are the Polar Circles?
Peint to Europe on the map. Is it in North or South Latitude? Why in North Latitudet
Asl. Because it is North of the Equator. In what latitude is Australia? Why in South
latiotude Inwhatlatitudeis Asia? Whyf
In what latitude is North America In what latitude is South America Asi. Partly in
N. ant partly in latitude In what latitude is Africa? Why What parallel of latitude
crosse the S part of Africa As. The parallel of 300 S. latitude. The N. part? The.
patofEurope The N. part of Asit The middle of North America? The N. pant
T'm 8 part
In what longitude is Asa A. In E. longitude. Whyf Asn. Because i is E. of the
fir or principal meridian. In what longitude is N. and America f Ans. In W. longitude.
Whyt As. Became they are W. of the principal meridian. In what longitude is Austra.
lit What meridian aroess the western part of Africa? Ani. The meridian of 100 W.
longitude? What meridian roses the Eastern part? As. The meridian of 509 E. loogi-
tod. What meridian oasee the Eaem part of S. America The Western part The
Easerm part of Autraliat TIe Wetern part of N. America What two hemisphere do
S both tpies erst What two continntt What grand divisions does the Tropic of Cancer
mrast What two onesa doesit rest What grand divisions doe the Tropic of Capri.
oear croes What three oneaM does it ereos What large island What three grand
divisions don the AAtie Cile cres What ocean does it eros What ocean does the
Antarctic Circle eorme

eOAmQIoAM. DUinrmIns. I

72. Zowas are divisions of the earth's surface, formed i Tnrics
and Polar Circles. There are jcl zooe, viz :-one brridw
and two J gid
78. THE ToEiD Zons is that part of the earth's surface, lying between
the Tropics.
This Zone is the hottest part of the earth's urfac, because it is the mostexposed
to the heat of the son. It has but two seasons, a wet winter and a dry saoer.
The vegetable productions are Oranges, Lemons, Pine-apples, Figs, osoae-ats.
Tea, Coffee, Sugar, Spices, Indigo,&c. The forests are clothed in perpetual ver-
dare, and abound in birds of the most brilliant and beautiful plumage.
The animals are the Elephant, Rhinoceros, Lion, Tiger, Leopard, Camel, Ante
lope, Crocodile, Lama, &c, Serpents and insects abound, many of which are
extremely venomous.
74. THE TEMPERATE ZowEs are those parts of the earth's surface, lying
between the Tropics and Polar Circles.
75. THE NonTH TnMPEEATz Zowr lies between the Tropic of Cancer
and the Arctiq Circle.
76. THE SorTH TxEPEzATE ZONE lies between the Tropic of Capri-
corn and Antarctic Circle.
These Zones have four seasons,--pring, Summer, Autumn, and Winter, aad
a temperate climate,--the most delightful in the world.
The vegetable productions are Wheat, Corn, Rice, Cotton, and a variety efgrales
and fruits.
The animals are the Horse, Ox, Sheep, Deer, Buffalo, Elk, Bear, Wolf ; r
other, &.
77. THE FRIGID Zowms are those parts of the earth's surface, lying
between the Polar Circles and the Poles.
78. THa NoaTH FaoIID Zowa lies between the Arctic Circle and North
79. THE SouTH FRIoID ZONw lies between the Antarctic Circle and
South Pole.
These Zones have two seasons,-a short summer, and a long, cold Winter.
The days and nights near the poles are from four to six months long. Snow and
ice cover the land and sea nearly the whole year.
The vegetable productions consist of a few Shrubs, Berries, and a species of
The animals are few and of the most hardy kind, consisting of the White Bear,
Seal, Musk Ox, Reindeer, &c.
The inhabitants are few in number, of a dwarfish size, and swarthy complexion.

1 2
Zones are divisions of the globe; North Temperate Zone embnrae lands
Two Zones we Frigid all, Where numerous blemina print,
One Torrid and two Temperate; Tropic of Cancer this side boids,
Their number five in all And that, the Actis ring.

L m


3 4
South Temperate Zone its place beside The Priid Znes between the Poles
The Antarctic Cirle takes; Ad Polar Circles lie
Tropic of Capricorn we me, The Tropics bound the Trlid Zone
Its other boundary makes. Beneath a burning sky.
Quesicsw -7 What are smst How many sones we thee, and what ae they caBed
73 What is the Torrid Zonet Point it out on the map. How many degrees N. of the
Equator does it extmedl How mny S.t Why is the Torrid Zone the hottest part of the
earth WhatpartofN. America sin this soe An. The southernetrmmity. What
partof&Amriet Am The N.part. What grand division is almo wholly in this soot
What part of AMi What part of Amaliat
74. What ar the Temperate Zones 75. Where is the N. Temperate Zone 76. Where
is the Temperate Zone Point out the N. Temperate Zone on the map. The Tempe-
rate. What three grand divisions lie almost wholly in the N. Temperate Zone What part
of S. America iin the Temperate Zonet What part of Africa What part of Australi
77. What are the Frigid Zone 7 Where i the N. Frigid Zone! 79. Whe is the 8
FrigidZonel Point out the N. Frigid Zone. The S.FrigidZone. What part of N. America
isintheN. FrigidZone What part of Europe Whatpart ofAsial What oceanin the
N. Frigid Zone? What ocean in the 8. Frigid

1. The human family consists of several varieties, differing from each other i,
color, form, and features.
2. They derive their names from the grand divisions of the earth, which they
chiey inhabit, and are divided into five lasees, viz: 1. The European or Cau-
asian rae; 2. The Asiatic or Mongolian race; & The American or Indian race;
4. The African or Negro race; 5. The Oceanic or Malay race.
& The Europeans are white; the Asiatics, olive yellow; the American In-
dis red, or copper-colored; the Africans, black; and the Malays, dark brown.
Qauioim -L Of what does the human family consist 2. From what do they derive
their ame, and how divided 3. What is the color of each race I

1. The nations of the earth may be divided, with respect to their social state, .
into five classes, viz: Savage, Barbarous, Half Civilized, Civilized, and Ealight-
2 In the savage state, men subsist mostly by hunting, fishing, and dn the
spontaneous productions of the earth; live in the open air, or in rude huts, and
can neither read nor write.
& In the barbarow state, men derive their subsistence chiefly from pastuage
and rode agriculture; live in tents, and wander from place to place with their
flocks and herds.
4. In the haf-cvilized state, men understand agriculture and many of the
arts, and have some books and learning, with established laws and religion.
5 In the civikNed tate, men are acquainted with the arts and sciences, and
derive their subsistence fom agriculture, manufactures, and commerce.
6 In the enlighteed state, men have carried the arts and sciences to the
greatest perfection, and are distinguished for their industry, intelligence, and
Questim--l. How may the nation of the earth he divided with respect to their social
state Hew do man ubsist in the savage ate? 3Inthe brbarousstate 4. Describe
the half civilized t & 'Ie ivilissd stat. & The enlightened sate.

POUtlAlO "DVonaIrN
1. An eagef iempoa d d.mgaLm t eemlM i d a mua altdi '
2. A kingdom is a country govered by, aing aUeopr L
& A rqu"cis a country in O the powOr in a the hbads I elected t popl.
4. P ca ,ducde, grand duchioe, a4 a ar rehi f d r dti e
tent, governed by prinees, dk, g drmod atde, .
& An abslogisn a r i n grea t i L a win eh P)se "hi aM
cording to his ow win an is tyled monro salesp, "0ei otm a epeor
A limited moarcky is goven Bent whose laweliit e por of dthe
monarch or sovereign. '
7. A repub~ is a government whose rl ane chosen by the peksi
8. Savage and barbarous nation no n a governed bLyh idm t Cig.
9. A is wsn appointed by a king or serg tonial over a re-
mote luat of h duion.
Quetioa.-L Of what i an empire composdt What i a kinogomf 3 Wht is a
republic 4. What mpriacdlpitieism dlkis. daMhieM t & Whiat. bis a te
monarchyt & Alimitd monarchy 7. A republiet a Bow ae mp ead betaes
nations usarlpy wredt What is a vi y

1. The religion of the world, are the Christion, 1Ml *mm-
Chkritiam are those who believe in Christ as the Saviour of the word.
There are three great diriio of Christian, Prottaotd, RomcsO CaOt lr,
and the Greek Church; distinguihed omn each other by peculiar docaiMe
and modes of w v hip.
3 Mohammedans believe in Mohammed, e impostor of Arabia, who liv
about 000 year after Christ, and pretended to be i nped.
4. Pagans or Heathen are those who believe in fe gods, and worship idols
& The Jew are those who believe in the Old Tetament, but reject the Now,
and expect a Saviour yet to come.
Questimo-L What are thed miligligiom ofhe woldd s. WhoarChriait
In whom do MohImmomeda bedml 4. Who ar Pap or0Beathen Who a* th


1. AMnnICA, or the Western Continent, was discovered in 1492, by
Christopher Columbus, a native of Genoa, in Italy. After its discovery,
the Europeans called it the New World.
2. Columbus found it a vast wilderness, inhabited by a people, to whom
he and his companions gave the name of Indians, because he supposed
that the country he had discovered was India.
8. It is more than 9000 miles long, and is divided into N.and S. America,
which are connected together by the Isthmus of Panama, or Darien.
Resujions.-L When and by whom was America discovered 1 What did Columbus
find it and by whom inhibited 3. What is it length and how divided t

Square miles 8,M& OOX -Population, 3&5000,0.-Population to q. m. 4t.
North America comprises the northern division of the Western Conti.
nent, and is noted for the largest lakes of fresh water in the world.
QuesOos.-What does North America comprise, and for what is it noted I WhtOcean
bounds it on the N. Ac. WhatOcean on the E. I Ac. What Ocean on the W. and S.W.t
Pc. In what Latitude is itt What part is cronsed by the Tropic of Cancer1 By the Arctic
Circle I n what Zone is the greater part of it t The pant The N. part
Aml-The Old Granite Slate.
1. 2.
The Map which here we station, Each Lake, enclosed by dry land,
For present explanation, Each Channel, Cape, and High-land,
Is a delineation Each River, Sound, and Island,
Of North America. And each Peninsula.
And now 'tis our commission All this we mean to mention
To sing of each Division, To help your apprehension;
And name with great precision, So give your best attention
Each Ocean, Sea, and Bay; N' all that we shall my.
1 The Map in use, or if convenient, all the Map* should be suspended before the Clas,
&. The Clas should be provided with two or more pointers ive or six feet in length.
1. The Teacher should point out on the Map, and name distinctly the fret Example given to
be chanted. The Class should then repeat this several times in concert with the Teacher so
as to acquire a correct pronunciation of each Geographical Name.
4. The Teacher should chant this example acotditng to the directions given, and then require
the Clan to chant it with him until they ae familiar with the Location and Shape of the Ofects
ramed in the Chant, and represented on the Map. The following Example should be pointed
eot, repeated and chanted In a similar manner, and as each succeeding Example is learned, the
Cas should review several of the pmeeding ones, chanting them beek and forth When a
Chant comprises thr Geographiol Names, hey, also, should be chanted bet and forth.
& After the Political Divisions. o Islands of North America, for example, have been recited
in Ae manner described, two or mae of the Class should point them out on the Map, and the
others should chant them. and r i the sers in connection with the chant to deepen the impres-
eion and add interest to the exercise. The Teacher should ask the Questions in the Key, fol-
lowisn each exercise.
6. After the Clas are familiar with two or more Maps, the teacher should point out Objects
on them prmeJulessuy, sometimes requiring the Clam to chant the Objecu pointed out, and
sometimes, to repeat them in concert.
7. When the Teacher has notime to point out the Objects tobe recited, the Class can first learn
their Location and Shape from the Map by the aid of the Key, and then recite them as directed.
8. Teachers, who have o no knowledge of Music as a science, ean learn the Chants in a few
minutes by the aid of some friend who understands Music. In nearly every school there are
pupil who can sing. and who will feel complimented in being called upon by the Teacher to
take the lead of the Class in chanting, and in singing the verse.
9 By following the Diretlons in the Key, Teachers carn prepare testues e to teach th s
system Vihot prumly taNkr a lsseswu.

anoM A4S a

-. -- , Yqt

BA. i*

BaAMkru or T oES imC.-Bithier ot oliewing ChOtsk Is deiged to Mbe sed is shl.
ia the PoRitlel Dirvila with tr ei. the Ose 8un, Days, 0G82mCaUelUi
ILr e wi ar n I as r ir e purpose Al hm
----- lwth d M mkt tMt It from tI sunooedigf om ets
ts usader British Atrie, elkew &.
The At r ampl* gle to bl u thattd OUr bMs, the ta t aWale,
ranged r the brt Chut. Tm emend pie is AMretik lM, Mnio" M
Ituy Moantms," arune send er the Cheat flsek lusai sh l4 Hb
Meselsn:cMi. VU rt ",oois noe*" allavalrir i the t Chant.
The Teacher should nqi the Ola to larn tbhse Cants therMdy, und thda y b
able to ohat ewry Bple given Ia the Key.

S* ni ted States, the cap-i tal is Wash-.I-tos.

Arctic Highlands, I -',-- un iW I Aretie Hihlad, I 1L Mda. I
Mount Heels, I 'hay Mountain. Mount HI llny Motal


Greenland, . 13, 14.
Russian America, 19, 20.
British America. . 24, 40, 44.
New ritain, . 22,42,44.
New North Wales,
New South Wales.
East Main, included
in Labrador.
Canada,t Toronto 1 54 M. & E.,
and Quebec.t 55 N. W.
New Brunswick,t the
capital is Frederick. E., w.
ton. . . W.
Nova Scotia,t the ca. 56 M. & W.
pital is Halifax. *

United States, the cap.
ital is Washing. 52, 62, 68.
ton. . .
Mexico, the capital is o 6 9.
Mexico. . .
Yucatan, the capital is 77N. .,
Merida. .. 70 S. E.
Guatemala, the capi. 77 M. ds
tal, San Salvador. RE.,78 8.
77 N. E.,1.
Balize, the capital is tweea YTw
Balize. a&Gab

Noa.-Now Britin embraces all British Anmries N. of the U. and Cu uda d IMsd
New N. Wales and New 8. Wles, tri ofln d alerts o nd yi t N. W.u nd &W.
cout or Hdson's Bay; also East Main, lying along t hek o t, together wltk Lbdor,
co.priss thaftpm of NoW Bntun lying between Hdeoms's% y a d t1h AtltLe, sells I.
POfiiOAl DmSIaM&
Ant-Isay D.m.a

Let North America be first
In our descriptive rhyme rehearsed;
Its Northern bound, the Arctic waves,
Its Est, th' Atlantic Oeean laves.
The Gulf of Mexico we se
Upon its Southern boundary;
Its Western and Southwestern sides
Are washed by the Pacific tides.

We dIall proceed to tell yeou he
This region i divided now;
First Greenlandomes, and that,we ar,
A cold beginning will appear.
Russian America we note,
In Northernregions r remote;
British America behod,
A climate comlrtless aid old.

1 0e RRVtonAtIna Otth Kay aS O pPI to thu I Lee 5.
*Keiplutloiorteusl MUap d asN dWSartela.
Ih CapW al of Coatries m ,m y dets. anThI Ca O=a. s =m Toreto l Aua.M.
| Or Ut wtlsdIn Way, &s.



5. 8.
New Britain, New North Wale we la the United State we fnd
,ame, [chairs; The rule to Wasdingtl M aui'd;
And New South Wake hall notice Let Mexico attention claim,
And nezt, Eat Main we may explore, Which gives its capital Its nme.
Then the bleak coast of abrador.
6. 9.

To Canada we now repair,
Tomato and Quebec rule there;
New Brunswick next in oder trace,
And Fredericton is its chief place.

To Yucatan we make our way,
Where Merida maintains the sway;
Then reach we Guatemala's shore,
Its capital, San Salvador.

To Nova Scotia next repair, And, all these rapid movements past,
And Haliaxis regent there; To the Balize we come at last,
These led to foreign rule are bound, Whoe capital the natives please
Bit Freedom's home shall next be found. To give the title of Balize.
Qwumts--What ar the Political Division of N. Ameriaa Name and point out on th
map each dirson with it capital

Atlantic Ocean, 8000 E. of North Musquito Bay. . 27 S. E.
m. 1.* & 8000 w.t America. Ungava Bay, . 44 N. E.
Pacific Ocean, 11,000 W. of North Strait of Bellisle,. 45 S. E.
m. 1. & 7000 w. America. Gulf of St. Lawrence. 56 N.
Arctic Ocean, N. of North 66, between
Acenca. Nova Scotia
Poar Sea. . 4 6. Northumberland Str., and Pr. Ed.
Polar Sme, 4 S.,S. and Pr. Ed
Barrow's Strait. 9 M. & W. wards I.
Baffn'.- Bay, 50 m 1 56, between
in Bay, 0 m. 10 M., 11 theN.E. part

LaMnostar Sound, 9 M. &. E. Strait of Canso, . Nova Sco-
Smith's Sound, . 10 N. W. tia, and Ca
Melville Bay . 11 M. BBreton 5 W .
North- tBa 12 S. .E. n 55 W.
South East Bay, . 30 N. E. g Iland found, 64 S.
Davis' Strait.. 29 E., 30W. are Bay, 64 N. W.
Cumberland Strait, 28 M. &. E. Cheapeake Bay. of Del. Bay
rob'isher' Strait, 98,29,&S ulf Stream., from 3 64TS.W.,M.,
Hudson's Strait. last in order to 5 miles per hour. ( & N. E.
Hudn' Bay, 1200 1 4 N. Cariban Sea, 1600 78 N. & E.,
m. I. &600 w. 27 8. m. in. 1: . 79 M.
Fox Channel, . 27 M. Gulf of Mexico, 1000 .
Welcome Strait, .27 W. i. & 800 w. .
ChesterfieldInlet. M. y of Ca echy, 77 N.
James ay 48 M. & S. Channel of Yucatan, 71 S. W.
Richmond Gulf, . 48 E. Bay of Honduras.. N. wE.
Sm.1. miles long. t w. wide. $ m. in. mles in width.
( See Pr. Edwars and Cape Breton Ie., page t.
I The Gulf Stream lows free o to mUle per hour.


Amatique Bay, . 77 E.
BayofGuantmek,. 78 M. 8.
G. of 1s., tap _7 W.
GuLfofn mwL M. O N.
Francio Bay, . 6~0,N.of M
8tr. of JuandeFuca, as N. W.
50 N. W., 89
Gulfof Georgia. 8.W.
Q. Charlotte' Sound, 38 S. E.
Washington's Sound, S8E.,&S.E.
Prince William's 20 8. E., 21
Sound. . 8. .W.

Cook' Inlet, . 20 8. '
Bristol Bay, . MAS "
Norton'* ouad. . 1911,
Behringt Bij t is i8
Coronion Gul, 24N.
BatbulwtInlet. $ k i.
Gulf of Boothia, . N.1
Regent's Inlet, . SM. S.
Winter Harbor.. M.

oAMN,, Vs, omWu, muT, rtAm, OmuanIy raN m e.
Au--Wnu Dm,.t
1 8
We now recte what Oceans, Bys, The Strait cf aneo, small in msie,
Seas, Gulf, and trait, this land diwNortheast of Nova Sootia lie;
With the Atlantic Sea begin, [plays; The By of Fandy next is fond,
That hems the Eastern border in. And thea we seek Loag mlUad Soud.
2 9
Pacific Ocean takes its p To Bay of Delaware we speed,
Upon the West and hwest oadt; And then to Cheapen ae proved;
The Arctic Ocean will be fund To Gulfl tream, Cuibbean ae;,
Extended on the Northern bound. And Gfof f Mexico we fee.
3 10
The Polar Sea we next rvey, Campeachy Bay shall net be te
Then Barrow's Strait and Bain's Bay; On which old Vera Cru i piaed;
In this same ay two Sounds apmr, Chanel of Yucatan survey
Whose names are Sith's and I And dan awhile Headumai y.
4 11
To Melville Bay we net shall turn, Bay .Amqe before a liM
And North ast Bay' position learn; And Buate Bay likewise;
Note South Eat Bay, ths Davis' trait, Gulf of Tehantepe we view,
Which West of Greenland we locate. And Gulf of Califiia too
5 12
Comberland Strait we now my view, Franciso Bay we now
Frob'isher's Strait and Hudson' too; Juan de FuO's Strait we
See Hadion's Bay, (in size 'ti great,) To Georgia;i Glf in l
Fox Channel mark and Welcome Strait. And pause awhile at C
6 13
Thy Inlet, CheterfeM, we spy, And now the muse delir ghie
And James' next attratm the eye; To seek the Sound called Wr
Here Richmod Gulf we ind, and there Prince William's Son ,'
Musquito Bay, (a mall afir.) Cook's Inlet too and B i .
.7 '14
Ungaky we note awhile, Pam further North a R
Then seek t narrow strait, Bellisle; To take a glance at Nort a
Awhile at Gulf St. Iwrene wait, To Bahri' Strait we mat d pt
Then reach, Northumberland, thy Strait. Fat by the Asiatic Q 't

* t-waru.-puX.

t or-L$e Wibt way, as.,




15 16
To Coronation gulf we sail, A little Artber go to great
And feel the Arctic's icy gale; The Golf of Boothia's cool repeat;
To Bathurst Inlet next we go, -To Regent's Inlet then we skip,
Where oft the Polar tempests blow. And Winter Harbor ends our trip.
Quetidon-What is an Ocean See Definition 17.-Describe the Atlantic Ocean. Anu.
It is one of the largest bodies of water on the globe, lying between N. and 8. America. and
Europe and Africa, and is about 3000 miles wide and 8000 long from the Northern to the
Southern Ocean.
Describe the Pacific Ocean. Am. It is the largest body of water on the globe, extending
from Behring' Strait, which connects it with the Arctic Ocean, about 7000 miles to the
limits of the Southern Ocean, and from America to Asia, about 11,000 miles, or nearly half
round the globe. It contains numerous groups of Islands lying chiefly between the Tropics.
Describe the Arctic Ocean. An*. It is one of the largest bodies ofwater on the globe,
lying North of North America, Europe. and Asia, around the North Pole, and contains
numerous islands.
What is a Seal See Definition 18.-Where is the Polar Seal An#. It borders on the
North of the Western part of British America, and is a part of the Arctic Ocean.-What is a
Strait! See Definition 21.-Where is Barrow's Straitt Ana. It separates the moet Northern
part of B America from the most Eastern of the North Georgian Islandst and connects the
Polar Sea with Baffin's Bay.
What is a Gulfor Bay See Definition 20.-Where is Bafin's Bay Anm. It is between
the Northeastern pan of B. America or Prince William's Landt and the Western part of
Greenland-is a part of the Arctic Ocean-mad 350 miles wide.
What is a Sound! See Definition 23.-Where is Lanoaater Sound? Ans. It is between
the Northern part of Prince William's Land, and the most Eastern of the North Georgian
Islands and is a prt of Baffin's Bay.--mith's Soundf AIn. It is between the most West-
ern prt of Greenland and the most Eastern of the North Georgian Islands, and is a part of
Baoin's Bayt-Melville Bay? Ans. It is in the Northwestern part of Greenland, and is a
pant of Bain's Bay.-Northeast Bay An*. It is in the Western part of Greenland, and is a
put ef Bena's Bay.-Southeast Bay? An. It is on the Western part of Greenland, and is a
past ofBain's Bay.
Were is Davis' Strait? Ans. It separates the Southwestern part of Greenland froi the
oburehastm part of Prince Wilism's Land, ad connects Bain's Bay with the Atlantic
Oasa.-Cumberland Strait, Frobisher's Strait, and Hudson's Strait Ans. They are between
the Soethen part of Prince William's Land, and the Northern part of East Main and Lab.
radr, and connect Hudson's Bey with the Atlanti Ocean.-Hudson's Bay t An. It is in
the taste interior of Brish America, and is 1200 miles long and 600 wide.
What ie Channel See Definition 2f.-Where is Fox Channel? An#. It is between the
leibhwess part of Prince William's Land and the Eastern part of Southampton Island,6
and dte Poeal d of Melville, and is a part of Hudson's Bay.- -Welcome Strait An. It
ueia e Western part of Southampton Island from British America, and isa part of
Ta eneat fe to perceive the importance of the answer to all questions oa the Maps,
a the weald respetolly suggest the necessity of their requiring their pupils to become
thum h as,by looking on the asp, there will be able, with a little practice, to give
0mm with ease ad facility.
The -ewn givn to te questions on this and the succeeding pages, are designed to aid the
pupils la mus Jg the remaining similar questions In the Key--nd after they can readily point
ot the vaol sloelities on the maps, there is no exerose, the athor believes, more proeablbe,
aes no way Is which thee localities can be more rremay and prmeusetl mpresed upon the
mind, tha a firing the pupils to answer the questions ooomedy, according to the tes given
mtheIsy. Ip.
Ater ae bee a tmc miliar with the forms gien, which should be required of them, and
es '~ iwr the questions on this and a few of the succeeding pet, the teacher will per-
elv 'S a gles the s wers to the remaining question in t Ky with esjd facility,
"1a a 1.ma few times, will e hip to give them without the aid of the ips.
nTeeu ot or e of the class. nst give the answer to each question, and then let the class
repet i tw ie d l and distetly in eoeertn,with or without the Teaher. Two of the class in
the meantime e int oat on te map each otbect to be described, as oon as the question is
asked by the Tsa -lraeiy the ourne of Rivers, direction of Mouneains, &e.
t North Qe aaS Islaad 7, ,8, See map.
*$ Priame Wima Land forms the N. E. part of British America. f M. See map.



Hadsoan Bay.-Chauerld Inl* & It is i New N rh Wale a .is mprt.
m n's Bay.-JaU e' Bay? AM. It i bhatwe ti Easut parm t M rw ekh *i* ,ad
the W ern part of lat ldm, ad iM a partf Hudmn'is Bap- lrhmed GOdt Am, It
i in the Wetern part of Bat Maiin, ad i a part f Hudsoa's Bay.
Where is Muiqpit Bay Am. t i ia te Northwestehr pat M Est Maimita
of Hudson'e Bay.-Upgary Bel l Ams. It iin te Noathe part of ikad arJ l pt
of the Atlantic Oceam-&traA Bellit Ans. Itrpammual t Bthouthe n
dor from the Ilad of Newill *end. ad onaiMec theat oBf aSt. Lwm a At-
lantic Ocean.
Whoe is the Gulf of St. Lawrence As. It border r on the Southern part of Labradr.
the Eatern prt of Canada and New Brmunwict the Noieasern part of Nea Scotia. ad
the bW im part of Newfoundland ad is a pat of the Ooen.-Northamba uad
Saiht As. It eparates Prince Edward's Iland from I.brunwick and NorMvaee
and comnect different par of the Gulf of St. Lawreace.-ra of Canet Aus. It epa-
rates Cape Breton Iland from Nova Scotia, and connects the Glf of St. LawNmee with th
Atantic Ocean.
Where is the BSy of Fundy As. It in between Nova Scotia and New Browitok and
ii a part of the Atlantic Ocean t-Long Island sound t Au. It lie between the Stte of Con-
necticutt and Long Island, and i a part of the Atlantic Ocean.-Delaware Bayf As. It i
between the Eastern part of Delaware and the Sorthern part of New Jerey, is a par of th
Atlantic Ocean, and 65 miles long.-Chemapeake Bayt Anm It is in the Eatern pat of
Maryland and Virginia, i a par of the Atlantic Ocean, and 00 mile loeag- (if am f
Ans. It is a remarkable current in the Atlantic Ocean, flowing fiom theulf of Maio along
the East cosas of the United lSates from Florida to Newfoodilad, at h rate df fi mil
an hour where it is narrowest dimnmihing in rapidity a it dowS Nost.
Where is the Caribbean Seat AM Itborder;on the Eaten part of Yoatan. Bal nd
Guatemala, and on the Northern part of South America, having the Wae lnadia d a
the North and East and i 1600 miles long.-alf of Mexico Ass. It boru de i thi
Southern prt of the United States the Easter partof Mexio, the Northemrn prt ~
tan, and is 1000 miles long and 800 wide.-Bay of Campeachyl AMs. It esa bete thai,
Southeastern part of Mexico and the Wesatrm prt of Yucan. and i a pat of -d Gdtlf
Where is the Channel of Yucatant AM. It epareasi hoNeetheasie pait of TYu
from the Weatem prt of the Islad of Cuba4 and aesis ote Gl of d Mao ,i the
Caribbean Se.-Bay of Hondumt As. It is betwe m ln th u pat of Goel a>
the Eastn part of Yucta.n ad i a part of the Car lla -Amstiaqe Bay Am It
is between the Southern prt of Balise, and the Northern pAs ofGuatemala. and i a gut of
the Bay of Honduras.-Bay of Guatemalat AMs. It is in the Eastern part of (Guaj la, a
is a prt of the Caribbean Sea.
Where is the Gulf of Tehuantepec Am. It is in the Southeastern pII f M loes I
is a part of the Pacific Ooean.-Gulf of California % Ass. It is in the apast i f-
and- miles e ou.-- rancioo Bay f An. Itisin--, and i a partof---. o
Juan de Foca Ass It separates the Southesater paot o Vancotver'a UI l =
Northwestem part of Oregon Territory. and connects the Gulf of Georgia ( 0he lasb
Ooean.-Glf of Georgist AM. It i between and Vancouver' Isl ad i a prr
Where is Queen Chalotte's Soundt AM. It is between the Northwesi part of Va

*N N. N. W. 8eemap. t See Map of the Uited Duates. i&' E* e*
SAnwers to the preedin questions have been given as example a i a il r the
amini similar questions in ey. .*
A for aswering a f ion to a Gulf or Bay, which with sliCgt mvrit l wl e Lea
appllell in all eses. etion. Bayt An.. It is (or betwsbea)-) le as Io
ad miles long, ad wide.
A rm fr answering a question to a Stit. Question. Srait? AM. d.Lim-* l
- and semre -- with (and is miles wide.)
Examples ad forms for answering questions to Islan, pes Lakes, Sier, n a, will als be
I Vaneouver's Iland. 50 N. W.
1 Orego Territory (". 51 W.) constitutes that par the U. Stua W. of tha eeky Mea-
tain, and N. of rlifornia.


ooner's lMd sad Bricdd Ansrie and is a pe of the PoiicW Oeenw-WasiinptO'
kSadl AIs. It is betw -- ad Quem CharleJe slnd* Wad i part of .
Prie Willim's Sound Am. It is in the bSothe prt of- and s a part of- .
Cook' Inlet At&. It isin ---, nd i a pt of-- Bristol Bay Norton a ound
Berig's ltritt A. It spara -- froam tN. pert of A .andeonets -- with
the-- Corontion Gulf Bathum ltet GulfofBooth Regent' Inlet Winter
Herbort Av. It is in the souatha pt of Melvills IdAt and i noted for th uwnter
reidee of CaptaiB Parry md isdcr w, whme it r die sam of "Parry's Winer

Alaska N, E. 388 Florida, . 71 M and N.
AlaskN. . 70 S. E., 77
Melville, . 7 N. Yucatan, N.E.
NovaScotia.. . 6M. and W.California. 68M. & N.W.

Am.-111U aI
Am-.Ju Lu'.

Now the Peninlas we sig,
Alska lad the rhyme;
Then Melville, Nova cota come,
All in the Northern clime.

In Southern region, Florida,
With Yucatan we meet;
And Califrnk follow next,
To make the lit complete.

Qestim.-What is a Peni hl Denition 8.-Whee isthe Peinlaof Ah"a
AOM It is dte outhwesern prt of RB ien America, extending into the Pacifi Ocea.-
Mehllt Am. A Northeaster part of British Ameri, between Hudson's Bay and the
Glf of Boothi-Novan ootia Floridat Yucatan Caliorniat


North Georgian Is., 8,7,8,9.
Melville Island, . 6
Bak' sLand. . .of M.
Sabine Island,. N. E.
Byam Martin Island, 7 W.
Bturs Islad. 7 E.
C. 8 W.
JwM ays Island, 14S. K
Ioenad.. . . 8 M.
Disco 80 SON.
Pr. Willia' Land, 28 N, 98.
Southampton Island. 27 M.
Newfbund-d, theca. 7 N. W.
pital is t Joh'. o nN I
AntioiM .d 8o N. W.
Cape Breto Island,. 56 M.
Sable Island. Breton I

Prince Edward's I., 56, & next
the capital is Char N.ofNova
lotte Town.. Scotia.
Bermuda Islands,. ,65 S.
Florida Reefs, ; 71 M.
Tortugas Islands. 71 W.
Wet India Is, com. 71 8. E, 72,
pricing 8 division. 79, 80.
BahamIlnd T71 ,'72.W.
B m 8" & S.
including 4
Is., Cuba, 71
maica, 78 N.
Grater Antillea, E. ,ht79
N., Porto Ri.
co,80 N.W.,
79 N. E.

* M and of M., or sBout of the aidl of th space.

t 6 U. Beemap.
I an Wel.,

o1M AX 81"o.

Cuba, the capital is 71 & E
Havana. . .
Jamaica, the capital 78 N. E.
is Spanish Town.t 78
Iayt the capital is79 N.
Po au Prince. .
Porto Rico, the capi. 80 N. W.,
tal is St. John's. 79 N. E.
St. Thomas' 80 & N.Eof
Porto Rico
St. John' Islam, ., in order.
Anguilla Island.. .
St. Martin' Island,. 80, and neot
St Bartholomew, S. .E. of St.
Barbuda Island. John's Lin or.
Antigi slad, . der.
SBarbados, nearly E. oft. Vinmat
SOr Buen Ayr (bwea-i-ry.)

S80, 79 8.
inlu l Sta Cruz Iland,
the Cabean
Lemer Antilles. group, with St. Eutatia. ..
those lying a-. itt's land, .
theotGuadloupe Islandd,
_merica Marie Galante. .
Ab'aco Island, . E. Dominics land,
Ne71, & next S. Martinique Islad,
New Providence I., & .W. St. Luca Ind
Andros Island. .Abaco I: in St. Vincent land,
order. Barbado Iad4
S71, and nextCanguanIlnd.
Bahama land, W.f Ab arriacou island,
and. Grenada Island,.
Eleu'thera, 72 W. Grenada
Little Island.. Tobag Island. .
San Slivador, Trinidad Island,.
Long Island,. Marrit Island,
Crooked Island. 72, & E.of i ta Is
Mayagua'na Island,. Eleuthera I.
West Caycos,. in order. Blanquilla Island
Grand Cayoos. Tortu a, .
East Caycos,. hill Island, .
Turks Island, Los qe land
72,. ext N nair Island .
E. of the Island,
Inua land.. extremity of ru'b Ilad.
Cuba. Isle of Pin .

Corn Islands, 78 of M.
Quibo Island. .. 81 M.
Revillagigedo, 75 N.
an Francisco, 88 N.
Tiburon' Iland.. 68N. 08.
tInes Island, . 608.
Ignacio Island, .shad of the
of)a Cwifma.
Vancouver's Island. 8 N. W.
Queen Charlotte's I., 88 M. & S.
Sitka Island,. . 8 N. W.
Kodiak Island. N. of
Shoomagin's Island, 5 B. b.
Aleutian Islands, 8M. & W
Nunnivack Island.. 19 S; W.
t Spauis Town, 7 au a 8. aseaN

I4 kua-r-w.

80, net 8. .

80, & next S.
* E. of Santa
Cruz I. in or.

80, a& N.
. W. or Trmni
dad L
. 80, and nxt
. of M.
gaita Iand.
in order.
9 S. E.
.70 &BaetW.
Sof Bonair L



Am-.Wl Lon gA"&*

The Islands now we shall repeat, LAg Island mark, and then the route
Each in its proper style, To Crooked Isle pursue;
North Georgian Islands, Melville first, Then Ma tl a Isle approach,
Bank's Land and Sabine Isle. And Vi Caycoe too.
9 12
See Byam Martin, Bathurst Isles, Grand Caycos and East Caycos next
Far in the Arctic main, In verse shall be embraced;
Corowallis and Jan Mayen too, Turk's Island, and Inagua,t
Where dreary winters reign. Bastward of Cuba placed.
3 13
Iceland in Northern Seas behold, On Cuba's more extensive ground
Then Disco Isle survey; [too, We presently appear;
Prince Williams' Land, Southampton Then to Jamaica, farther South,
The last in Hudson's Bay. And Hayti's isle we steer.

And next we come to Newfoundland,
Then Anticosti trace;
Adjacent to St Lawrence Gulf
Cap Breton Isle we place.
South of Cape Breton a we go,
See Sable Isle arise;
But in'S. Lawrence Gulf enclos'd,
Price Edward's Island lies.
Now, o'er the Ocean let us speed
To the Bermuda Isles,
A clime superlatively bles'd,
Where spring perpetual iles.
Florida Reefk, Tortugas Isles,
Are in uceesion pas'd;
Then the West India Islands come,
In three divisions clas'd;
Bahamas, numerous and mall,
The first division make;
Antilles the Greater next we name;
Then Les. r Antilles take.
To Aaeeo's drer solitude
We give a hasty glance;
Then to the bms New Providence
And Andrem we advance.
ahama Isle se Artber West;
Ele'thers glanee o'er;
Next Little Island meets our gae,
And then San Salvador.

* e Ron ao Allandals, he.
an Fhllll~h.
L r~L

Now Porto Rico may be seen,
The property.of Spain;
St Thomas' Island and St. John's,
Belonging to the Dane.
Anguilla, southeast of St. John's,-
I by the English claimed;
St. Martin's, St. Bartholomew,
Are next in order named.
Barbuda and Antigua, names
The muse in metrqnits;
Then finds a place for Santa Cruz,
Eustatia and St. Kitts.
Still farther off to sea we go,
And numerous islands meet,
There Guadaloupe, Marie Galante,Il
And Dominica greet.
Seek Martinique, St. Lucia too,
Then to St Vincent speed;
Next to Barbados, Canauan,
And Carriacou proceed.
Grenada and Tobago Iles,
And Trinidad we reach,
Then Mararrit&-ld, and
Blanquilla'sI sandy beach.
Tortug, Orchilla, Bonair,
And then Ims Roques trace,
Then Curacoatt Oru'ba too,
Each shows its ea-wash'd fce.

4 bah'r0hof0 in-sh'gwsk

t mi-hb5Wah'flah.
I mab-too' -lant'
It ks-r&V"

wI W ....



Houthward of Cuba's West extm
We me the Ie of Pines;
Corn Isle o'er which the rimig sn
On Guatemala shine.

And on the calm Pacifo'keast,
Lo Quibo bland lies
But Revillagigedo see
More westerly arise.

Then in the Califbrait Gulf
See San Francco set;
St. Ines there and Tiburon,
Are with Ignacio met

Vamoomer'd Qaean Chaditef lN
Are eame idt ofea's a l66
Both wild, mlua v atd tiMi
Where sage nata im m

till ratherr North, to Bith sle,
And Kodisk, we're bound;
Where srce the hrdy Rum endures
To tmed the froea ground.

Al a 's 1ile u oeads;
Aleutin be ad Nnaiv~ck,
With them oar.tavel ends

Que.ti-r-lMht i an Iland* See Dedtion 7.--Where an the North Georgian i
lands vi. Melville, B k's Land, MSbim, Byam Marhi Buhhed a CorUannM t As
They are in the Arctic Ocean, Neth of Britih Anria MaWy& Imdtd Ass. is i
the Arcti Ocan, E of GreenomndL-Ioland Am. It is in- of-- DisI-
laudt Am.Itiin--,W.of-. Prince William's ndt Ams. It t surroundd by
the waters of--. ad form the N. L prt of ridih Amdri.-~Boudnpto I.
Whee is Newfoundland t A. Itisin --,L of---. AntMisi CIaps~ase
I. a"ble L Prince dwed'sl.t Bemnda ISl Florid Rebst Torta e I t We
India I.l Ais. They are a lae rop of imde in thAtlanti Oom and Cuar n m ,
lying between N. m Arica.-Bdhma Idand As. Thab e a p Io h-,
of the Peninula of Florid.-Coat JmMicait B t Poato P iool IMAr Ani t
IU of Piot Coml t Quibo h.t Revilliedo Ilst Sn FmaisoLI r TaIm
1.1 Stkal.t I.lp io Lt VIaooer's LI QesenChmleseI lk Lt XiJdh
I.f Shoomagi'sI. Aleutinas.l Nmaivck L


Brewster, . 88 N. W.
88, the N.W
h Cape, .point of ee
Farewell. . 81 S.
Walshingham, 29 E.
's Cape, . 27 E.
Chudleigh.t .29 S. W.
St. Lewis, . 46 W.
St. John, . 46 S. W.
S57, the S. E.
Race. . point of New.
5-, 6the S. W.
Sable, . int of Nova
M ia.
Cod, . . 5 S.E.
Cannaveral. 71 N. E.

CapeSable, . 71 M.
Cape St. Antonio, 7. 7 ~ W.
Cape Catoche . 71 W.
Cape GraciaaaDios, 78 M.
Cape Corrientes, . 69 8. W.
CapeSt. Lua... 8S. o M.
Morro Hermoeo, 68 N. W.
Cape Mendocino, 9 N. W.
Cape Orford.. . 50 8. W

Cape Flattery, . N..

Cape Elizabeth, . 89
Cape Romane .- iR W.
C. Prince of ale,. IA. .
R.^n. 118,&W.otC.
BastCape,. . Pr.ofWale.

* In giving n answer to an Islad, J lUl wilatbody of wa e Is its, d the wL ht d
lion from the nearest larger body of land.
t Incorrectly spld Clidley. t hlh -'.tehl. I ma-d-s'r'N








Icy Cape. . .
Pt. Barrow, .
Pt Demarcation..

19 N. W.
18. E.

Cape Bathurst, . 5 S. W.
Pt. De Witt Clinton, 28 N.
) 8, the N. W
Cape York. . point of Pr.
Wm.'s Land.

N"""a 4
Ara--Lf, In age. A
1 shelll rhyme; 3
Capes of this clime, your names we MrroHermosoisnext to be sung;
eipe on the harp, roms up the lay, Sweetly the name falls on the ear;
Brewster Cape fist, ad then North Sound Mendociao on each tuneful
Cape we chime, tongue,
To Cape Farewell.then away. Orford C then let us hear.
Walsingham Cape is the next we shall Now we a place for Cape Flattery find,
name, [main, Oh! let us be to Elizabeth kind;
Kin's Cape is seen o'er the blue misty Cape Romansoff in our song is en-
Chleih, St. Lewis, we must not di- srined,
And Cape St Joha we survey. dain, Cape Prince of Wales shall appear.
2 [we trace; 4 succeed ;
Speed to Cape Race, then Cape Sable East Cape and cold Icy Cape shall
Glance at Cape Cod, then par along; Point Barrow see, nearer the Pole;
Find Ir the Cape calPd Canaveral a-On with the song-to Point Beechey we
pluce, qpeed,
Same Cape place in the Mar. Where northern storms have control.
New let go, St. Antonie to meet, Onward to Point Demarcation we bound,
Caosee ad O~aciu a Dios we greet, Glance at Cape Bathuet, on deslate
CO Crienaatee, th name we repeat, goi nd; [is found,
St Lcas we add to the throng. Point De Witt Clinton mre eastward
York Cape is last on the scroll.
Qseiaos.-What i a Cape! See Definition 10.-Where is Cape Brewser d An. It
isa Emim pint of Greenlandd. etding into the Artie Om.-North Cap!e An. The
smm NerthwmMn point of Icelad, extending t the Areti Ocean.-C. Faewell Ass.
It is the mot Southern point of --, extending into C. Walsingham t Kings C'
C. Chudleibt C. StLewist C.S.JohnI An. A Northern point of-- ,extending into
- C.Racet C.Sablet C.Cod! C.Cannaveral! C.Sablet C.St.Antoniot C.
Catochet C.GracismaDiost C.Corrientest C. StLucase Morro Hernoeot C. Men-
doeiMo C.Otforl C.FlmuerM C. Eisbetht C. Romanofft C. Princeof Wales
RMa C. ltaC. Pt.BarrowP PtBecheyt Pt.Demarationt C.Bathumtt PtDe
WittClinitm C. Yorkt


Autic J16aads,
% Hecla,
Alleghbay Mte. .

Guedale;e- 4
Pi~~,3i"F~eak, : H~8~Lir

. 8E.
68 W., M., &
* N. E.
. 2 W.
6. 18.&N.W.
). N. W., &
Sfrom 8. to N.
in order.

Long's Peak,
Rocky Ms. .
Fremont's Peak,
Mt. Hooker, .
Mt. Brown. .
ML t. F ia, .
Mt. Fairweather,

52 8. W.
) 22, 28, 39,
S40, 51.
S51 E.
. 40 S.W.
S21 8.
37 N.E.

* Capes are msMlaes called point.

0oa'R a~saeA.

Caocdo Renp..

Mt. Baker, .
Mt. Olympu, .
ML Rainier. .

Mt St. Helen, .
Mt. pood,
Mt. Jefferson.

150, in thelV,

N. and S.
. 0 N.
. 0N. W.
5 next S. E.
of Olympus.
S50,Bit 8.W.
* of Rainier.
50,& E.of M.
0,& S. of M.

MRShtMue, . 8.
wCoaotRbae, .O-1C
BierraNorva M .BIL
Mt. SBernuardia. .'9 -SO VW.
WaheMatD MIL., .60 M. & X.

Mexican Cordilltes. Ij N. W. &, .

PopeCaPe .. 76 N. E.
Water Volano,. I M.
C-.Qv . IL, 7W.

Am-hayam .*e
The Mountains lofty and sublime, To Mount airweathder the we i e tane,
Require a more exalted rhyme; And reach at last the Caeade lagt
But all the skill our poesy claims A chain of note, that passes on
Is but to register their names. Through Western wilds of Oregon.
2 8
In Northern regions we bei Mount Baker now shall notice laim,
And bring the Arctic igand in; And Mount Olympp, classs name!)
To Island's dreary isle we turn, At the next move, behold eas ...
And smoking Heca there discern. At Munat St. Heles and r.
3 9
Next would we sing in artles train Still bfd of change, we thinkgi r '
Of Alleghny's wondrous chain; To make a visit to Moont~ # ; ,.
Then in Minouri may we mark Thence to Mount Jelnoton we peea
A ridge much sanller, called Ozark. And soon to Sh'te Mount proceed.
4 10
Then Guadalape our mise hall seek, Newmnee a-,L-to Coat Raoe r;
And rest awhile on Spanish Peak; isel Ne -s, at of ow
To Pike's Peak then she takes her way, AAnd so the MoMst St BiaWni
But cannot long at Leng's Peak stay; Is in imagination seen.
5 11
For lo--the Rocky Mountains stand, One more removal, and wegan
Immediate notice to command; Wahsatch, the Californian man;
That chain prodigious is confes'd To the Cordilleras we poet,
The mountain wonder of the West. A chain that Mexieo can boae -
6 19
We pause awhile at Fremont's Peak, Upon that knmia volcanic hbeit
And then Mount Brown and Hooker Ca'd Popoctpetl, light;
By St. Elias now we tand, [seek; Water Vols then is paed,
The tallest mountain in the land. And Co n is the las
Quetionu.-What is a Mountat Su De nion 11- Whi m amr e Ads r I bIteal
Ans. Thy we in the N. W. part of GMeaiand, exteding NA R ad S W.-MLt Hseat
A. It is a vorsai Mountain in the SoItrn part of lcemadil is aO fa~ Uhi
Where ae te Alleghany Mt Aq. Threy ue in thie IsBI par I U. s
ending N. Eand 8 W.-Oark NM Guadli Mtt I(p *i t Pike's Phin
An. Itis n --, and is 1o00 ftet bigkl-- e Pat A'* h Itis sF.,ad is n
feet hig-Rocky Mtt Au. They swe a obin od Moe M a the W. t of N. Amri-
SThe WndlndI Wr, te.



ca, connmmeiag in the N. prt of Mexico, and roing N. N. W. through the U. State, K
America, and the N. E. prt of IL Amrica. and iar 400 mile long.
Where is Fremont's Peak AM. It is i -- and i 13.576 feet hbig-ML Hookwt
Aun. It iin -- and i 15,700 fat hih.-Mt. Brown A. It i in--. and i 16000 feet
high.-ML SL. i I Am. It is in the 8. L trt of--, and is 17,900 feet high, the highest
mountain in N. Amrion.-Mt. Fairweert Anu. It is in --, and is 14,796 feet hig.-
Cascade Page Mt.Bakert Mt.Olympiat Mt. Rainier? A. It is in --,d is100
Feet high-Mt. 8t. Hl t les t A t isin and is 1300 t high.-Mt. Hood? Am. It
is in --, and i 14,00 feet high.-Mt. Jeffont Mt.L 'utl Coast Ran fI 8ier
Nevada A. They are in --,nd are 15,500 feet hih.-Mt. St. Bemardint Wa tch
.Mt.t Mexican CordilleastPoposeipedt Anu. It in the & partofMexico, a is 17,723
feet high.-WaerVolcanof Aa. It isin -- and is 1a20 fht high.-Coeigiat Asu.
It is aVoloano in the 8 prt of Guato als.

Sandy Desert, G6N Wa 600 m. M. & .
Great American Desert, 61 M: N.I G d, 67 M. & E.
Green Bank. 57 W. ..
Ara--may Dmm.

The Deserts vast we now approach,
And without railroad car or coach,
n' d "Their pathles wilds will travel o'er,
Aad then the sandy bank. exple.
To Sandy Desrt firt we haste,
A ma uncomfortable waste;
Then let us range that desert wild
Which Great Americ" is styled.

Of Sandy Shoals or Banks that keep
In ambuscade beneath the deep,
Two will we name, of great extent,
Beneath the foaming billows pent.
Green Bank, a shoal of wondrous size,
Eastward of Noa Scotia lies;
Grand Bank, in size most truly grand,"
Southeastward lies of Newfoundland.

Quemlis--What is a Deent See Deaition 14-Whee i SBady Deset Anu. It i
in the interior of Califis.* or the wtert part of the United Stat.-Great Aerican De-
srt t Geen Bank Am. It i in the Atianto Ocean S of Newfonndld.--Grand Bank

Richmond Lake, 44 N. L. Ontario, 190 m. 54 E
SealLale, 44and next in. 1.
SofRichmondL. L.Erie, 260 m. in 1. 54 S.
Apiokac'umish. .) in orler.54 nd N
LCW, .ake St. Clr,, 7 f than next N.
L. Canipuscw, 44 Lke.Clair, 27of the W. part
L.Nitbeguon,.. 4 E. m. in. n of L. Erie.
) d nextWUeHrn28
L. Copimescaw. of L Nit inHun, 28054 M.
gm. ion.n. .
Lake~~ii' y,. L. Manitouline, 170 54, and next N.
Lake Abit'abey, "4 N. m. in I . E. of L. Huron.
Lake AbbitibLbe, L. ..
Temis'aming L .' ILohhign,880. m :

* Callbra, M N. K, 0 M. and N.

y' $ j

k ~A~d~ji, ~


Lake Superior, 400 4 W., 68 E.
m. in 1. N.,
Rainy Lake, 40 m. eed with L,
mn .. Superior.
L. of the Woods, 8 N. W
100 m. in 1.. .
L. Sal, 100 m. in 49 8
Cat Lake, 60 m. 42, and next N.
in L . . ofL.Sal.
Winnipeg Lake,800 41 8. E.
m. in 1. .
Lake Manitoba, 418.
S41, and next N.
Little Winnipeg, W. ofL. Mani
Bufalo Lake. .41 W.
Deer Lake, 41 M.
Wollaston Lake, 41, and next N.
Wollaston Lake, of Deer L.
Indian Lake. . 41 N. E.
North Lined L., 28 8. E.
Yath Kyed L, 25, andtnext N.
Yath KyedL.,. of N. Lined L.

Doobsuat Lake. ,adnextW.

Great Bear L., io0
m. inl. .
Great Slave L., 800 4. W.
m. inl. . .
Athabaca ake, 40 N. K
200m.inl.. .
Little Slave L,. 40 W.
Lake Sheleko,* 6 N. W.
North Lake. . 89. E.
South ijae, . 60 N. B
lat Bow Lake, 50 N.W ,
u pem L. 6N. W.
Kulluspelm L. . 51 N. W.

Plat Head Lake,

Great Salt Lake,
Tulet Lakes. .
Lake Cayman',
Lake Chapala, .
Lake Nicara'gua.

)61, and aeitE
. of KuHlpa e
. 618.
. K Eof M.
60 N.
69 8.
78 S. W.

MA-b...' .4Wdb.

Now the Lakes our verse demand
Which like inland ses expand
In dimensions vast and grad,
In North America.
First we mention Richmond Lake,
Not for size but order's sake,
Seal Lake next, and then we take
Caniapuscaw shall lead,
Nitcheguon shall next succeed,
(Names unit for verse indeed,)
Then Copim'escaw.
Mietimin'ny now w note,
Not from Hudson's Bay remote,
Then Lake Abbitib'be quote,
Then Temi'caming.
Ontario, Erie are surveyed,
Twixt thm is the grand casade;
And mirror-like, St. Clair's displayed,
Shiin brilliantly.
Or Ctehaor. t


Next our notice hll be bent
To Ake HBon's vast extent.
Nueous bays its homs indent,
shape irregular.
Manitoolian next we call,
Micbigan by no means mnal,
And rthe r t of them all,
Lake Superior.
Now to Rainy Lake we go,
Than Lake Woods proceed to hDbw I
At a glance ake Sal we know,
Cat and Winnipeg.
Now Lake MaAitob clear,
And Little Winnp appear,
Then Lakes Bf ad Deer,
-algi merry.
Next in m~a It u take
Wol,,la.to 11 i aia
'To a vt'vsltelll0,,

oleto. ,$ ahtg.:


11 18
Doobsut Lkde demand oar care, North Lake, Soth Lake notice claim,
Great Slave Lake ud Great Lke Bear; Flat Bow ake and Kullupelm,
Athabaca, bright and ir, Flat Head Lake we next hall name,
Slumbers trnquilly. Lake Great Salt and Tule.

Little Slave lke we survey
Twards the mountain far away;
Shelekbo neathh Rumian way,
Sparkles teesingly.

At Caymn' a glance we cast,
ake Chaala, ud the lut,
Nicaragu ;-hold all ft
In your memory.

Quemius-What i a Lalt S ee Defnition 54.-Whim are Lake Riebmond, Seal, and
Apiokacunish As. They am in the interior of Labrador, of the Southar part of Bud-
o'a Bayr -akes Camniapsaw ad Nitcobguont Lke. Copimem Lwalnd M m tisa L
Abbitibbel Team aping L.-For Aamus s to Laks Ontarie e, St. Clair, Huron Ma-
aboulie Michipn Superior, Rainy Lae and Lke of the Wood& Me Ma of th United
States.-Wbire i L Sell AL. h the Southem prt of New Britain, W. f Hudsoa's
BayI-Cat LI Winnipeg Lf L Manitobat Little Winnipegt Builo LI Deer L
Wollaton uL lndian LI North Lind. Yt Ky. and Doohauat Lakel t Ont BaL
Ont Slave L Athabaca L LittleSlaS Lt L Shelekhoft North and South Lak
FlrtBowL, KI laqmelmLt FlMat HdLt GrnatltLt TueLaket LC Cayman
L Chapalaf L Npawual


Mack.rmia' R.,
Peel River, .25
Liard's River. 60
Hay River, . 00
* Slave River, 18
Peace River. 800
FiVay River,
AthabscaR., 6
Coppermiae R. 2
Great Fish R., 600
Wager River, 800
Chteirfield R. 400
Knap's River, 20
Churchill R., 90

York River. 400
Neion'e River,* 160C

Loeaado on the
22 N., 2
22 M.
23 8.,39 N
39 N.E.
24 8.,40 N.
40 N. W.
39 E.
40 M.&N.
24 N. W.
SS5 N.ofM,
S2 N. W.
26 W.&E.
) US.W.&
26 S. W.
41 M., 42
SN. W.
S4, 41, and
Pext S. of

North Branch. .
South Branch,
Red River, .
Asiniboin R.
Severn River,
Equan River,
Albany River,
Abbitib'be River,
Haricanaw R.,
Rupert River.

East Main River,
Great Whale R.,

3eal River. . 00
North River, 150

Koksak River, .

Leation on the
41 M.
40 M. & E:
40 S.& 8.E.
42 M.& E.
48W.,42 E.
S42 S. E.,
. 48 S. W.
54 N., 4 S.
43 S. E.
44 S. W.,
S48 S. E.
44S., 48 .
44M.,48 E.
44, & next
N. of Gr.
in order.
44N. E.,
46 W.

Norn--lwul au d their Issa am be eited eeordlan to the saueal arreage at;; bat
f T7rl.h he..L re C Riverkcb e. When a river i formed by the
juneties a twe rivers, Ite eWgth iven iasaeh hastuldits longest branch.


- ~~ ~--w~FV,~LY-?W
.-' w-w

St. Lawrence
River .
Sagueay River

St. Maurice R.,

Ottawd Rive..
Frazer's River,

Column~ River

McG9L ay R.
Clark's River,
Lewia' River,
Kooskooskee R.

Salmon River,

Owybee liver,
Malheur River.

Fall River, .

Willam'ette R.,

Klamet River.

Sacramento R.,

San Joaquin',

Rio de los Mar'.
Colorado River,

In l aI4.aon a

400 .N.
S65, & next
0 of Sa.
) gUen yR. ,

70 39 M. & S.
50 M. and
io N. E., se
8 E.
400 51 N. W.
51 M. & N.
61 8.&W.
90 *IM.&W.
1, & next
00 .ofKoo s
S51 S. W.
S'61 8. W.,
00 -fowN.
into Co.
I lumbia R.
S6 XM., and
00 net W.
)of Fall R.
50 S. W.-
00 flow W.
into th
400 60S.,69 N
69 N.ofM
250 .iawo th

iME. N
Ir .

Rio Virge, .

Sevier Rier.

Rio Jaqeimi'la,

Gil River, .

Yaqui' River.
Rio rande, .
Zacatula River,

Yopez' River. 7 ,

Rio Verde, .

San Jan River 1

Gold River.. 60
Roman River,

Balize River, .800

Hondo River. 1
abato River, 2
Paneo River, 9
tantndew Rives

Rio del Tigre, '.

Rio GrandaStf 1
IConchs River.

* at. Lawnmg Uast, llOeiia( k* biatl La ke., is gaIM s.
tOr, Rio del MeI .


76 R
78. Wi.-


Ga w%
the Bay of

77 iftw

77 N. E.
77 N.

09 & next
* N.erfbt-
tander R.
9It. E.
61 8.W.
69 N.


L .
0 E.of iM.
-do. sW.
into the

into the
6 N.E.
T6 N.

f i

- ~~ -m -T.


Ain-Ap* -- rm.

Rivers gliding to the sa,
Shall oar parent abject be;
FPinrst Mackenzie' River see,
Northward far way.
Note Peel River's rapid course;
Liard's River, from it source
Chilled by mountain breames hoase,
Coun easterly.
To Hay River let us p ,
And le River, smooth u glass;
Theae among the smaer cla
Willwe register.
Now our rapid history strides
Where Pseae River calmly glidee;
Finlay River's dopin sides
Now we're visiting.
Now a Athabasca gaze,
Waairian in a glittering maze;
Then ow roving use surveys
River Coppermine.
Great P9s River now she sees,
Quivering to the northern breeze;
Wager Biver'midst the trees,
Flowing silently.
Rives Cbestereld ad Knap's
Sbll oewn notice have perhaps,
o' they figure on our maps
Not extensively.
hrabil River now survey,
flowi into Hdson'. Bay;
Them I Nelson's river stray;
See York River too.
See Sashtch'awanm wide mnth,
* (Two itf banche North ad South,)
Floisg, to prenat a drouth,
l lat Winnipe.
Now Red River i lpy,
Creokd in its e d sly;
Then Aanibolin d
Glidiarf p any.
River Severn's glittering stream,
Worthy our vese shall eem;
Equan River, too, we dee
Quite poetioal.

Then a line we shall decre,
River Albany, to thee;
Then bright Abbitibbe see,
Flowi orthwardly.
See the Haricanaw stray,
To the eastward of Jamn' Bay;
River Rupert next survey,
East Main River too.
Farther North, the ftoit congeal
Great Whale River, River Seal;
And North River too mudt feel
The chill atmosphere.
Koku River's merry dance
I' ba subjet for romance;
Then at great St. awence glance,
Streak remarkable
Now let active fancy g
aguenay*, to see t flow,
Ad St. e rambling low,
Sight aoot beautitl.
River Ottawa is found;
Fraer's stream 'midst savage ground;
And to calm Pacific bound,
See Columbia.
Eatward further let us stry,
To obaee McGillivray,
And Clark's River on its way,
Running men lyr
Lewis' River next shall be,
Reach the River Kooskooekee;
Salmon River let us see,
And the Owyhee.
Maheur stream is slow and ad,
Bht PaM River's brisk and glad;
Klaimet and Willam'ette add,
Sacramento too.
Now San Joaqin,t espied,
Rolls to Sacramento's tide;
To De los Mr'tres we stride,
Colorado see!
Rio Virgen, let us pay
To thy charms a votive lay;
Then to Sevier River stray,

f ho-4h-0k6'.





a* RAver mxt we git, Now tihe 0Imuse01 '
en with Coload me; Dnt Gold River,
thre at ty Glf eomte, RU RoRier-tl d t
OCsifcnift Woe~ia"

SYait a sportier um; Now to Bado Rier ly,
Gramdef ir we deem; On TabuoMe On eie;
rkling in the solar bnum, Then Pao i ~Lr I*py,
Zatla Mee. Amd brigt a w.
S5 U
Yopeq we now draw near, Glance at Air Del Ti re' m,
SVerdea surll u w, Rio Greadrs *lk ty im; ,
en our wr oouis we teer And to close the iui
To the Juan. CoZach n. cia

Quesc iou.-What a Riwett 8w Definition SL-Whe- s i MPkSesuier' Ri1w AM.
form the outlet of Gat Slaw IAke in the wesk inhiurof Briti Aemrie. lwaah-
weesrly Conato i the IMutben pat o tbe P. aim Ad iiso0 mlil tog.--lt ALI
It rim in the nenhwe paI t nf Briti Aimaica, int te ara &e a N& Ii
merely eowimlM. Msokse' lRier, amd l o s0 milms l io-UUds A hi i in
the western part efritih Amiris*. towe fiat a ntheerily, a he a heasubidMlpMth
easterly, and larty a mirthwly couse into Maecksm's Rier, ad i 5m00 nl lera.
Hay R.
Whie is Sle R.I Au. It form the outlet of -.-, Aow ---s i- ....!
miles lo-Piace 8.1 Apm. It rim in the wiestn put of B. Aiai.&A Soweimfe
6rly, theon a il.*, ad ady a noisthiatroly l--. i.-..s IL-
At*ebacaREL Coppemnd uIt OGmtFidhL1t Wjr Chmr.mllIt Ia
Churohll I As. It rie ia l outhweierau Ammri. As a.
Northitery course into the wetern part of Hu ald is n mioeolon --Taok .? .
When i Nelona'R.Lt As It 'for tihe tr' ak owr a orthnlraMd
coura into the wtern part of Hudon'es "ay. esd. i the 8eakuthawanM 160b
long.-Sakatchawan Lu A. I tirAfoLrmdy th io of tb N. Branch d 8.8ra Bs.
fows firt a northestil, thdn asdthmlib o intothe northwee pntof iw rt i Mi
Lak andi. i isii oest Brach. isa 1100 mitn oig.-orth Branch I AsW li
the Rocr t&e6 in the othweistor pmt of B. Ametic lowa irt a lb *M
a aotlh; en land y an easterly cors, anud unit th t Sooth ltllf as s
atcthawan, rand i 00 mile long-South Branch A. It rim imn t ,'
--.tbn -- and uit with the N. Brkh to form the SmkLatce, w --
long. .
WheeisLRedR? AiniboinR.t SeerwnR? EqmanR.t AlbayLR.t
HaricunwLt Rupert R. EautMain R. Great WhaleR t SBalRt NNolt
mak R Am. It forms the outlet of L k Ckiwpomlw the 8 pt R p blr of. \
fit a general nonrtherly then a aorth eplmll imo 1 l m Nt U r4 500aIeqllag
Wher iSt Lawtmbmat As. Itm Almthe llm W4* tim mthtpitu '
the U. StateM and Cmanad Lo e a mBordmthe mly coims Wrf ,l aIl
in nd the chain of Lake.. i 0 ,0 mi is ili kA IY
RIt srar'R.t Colombi MIeQlhmiy'LI ml. ClMLt
keeR t SBdaooRl OnwyheB.T MaIherb t rllasr tt, l
SHaramntoRt HuJaquinRt DelMautiarLt Coli)i> im t
vierR-t RioJaiqugat Oil LI Taqi L Rio Greads Iri ll .
Rio Verdef Seam Ja l GoldUat M R.t liR Lf I 'thes lR.t
PanuooL.t luaaderLt aio delT Reio GRsadt crl.t \

I 1'bea itr 1e1 eiming etil wiahias i mem "It be \
puihad.. e.N sad ne'.veday. raa wS,
a it does oar own taagr e IMefat Mtoltebty, Cail
Baldin's Gfauser, p.
I tgry. it


8quae ila, S,0000.-Ppulation, 24W00.00.-Popt to s. 7.
1. Tis United States are the most populous, powerful, and enlightened
country on the Wettern Continent.
2. They were formerly colonies of Great Britain.
8. On the 4th of July, 1776 they declared themselves independent, and
assumed the title as a nation of Tim Urrr T STam orC AUaZICA."
4. The number of the original* States was thirtees. Eighteen other
states have since been formed and admitted into the Union.
&. The country is at present divided into 81 States, 1 District, and
6 Territories.
atha L What is sid of the United latest 2. What were they fomredy I 3 When
didd t dedcrelme ta g independet, sad what title did they amumet 4. What wa the
mber oafoinal matet How aH have inoe been formed and admitted into the Union I
& How is the eauy at p emdaen f

Am-w-sM mMa Am.
Hall, land of Columbia! our dear native land,
Where all that is lovely and all that is grand,
By nature is blended in rest and plain,
In lake and in river, and mountainous chain.
Hail! hail! fair and free!
SF',* There's no land like thee,-there's no land like thee.

a of C mbis I wherb te has combined,
Lt iiinrtf nature and triumphs of mind;
Ob! ',uma etb m which thy destiny takes,
As u mountns, bright u thy lake.
9i halh I hi lir and 'iee
Thae'a no land like thee ;-there's no ld like thee.

On U e sll the tide of prosperity roll, *
Like thy own mighty torrems that esrn all control;
Here knowledge and science s hallapread arie,
Expand like th prais and shine like thy skies.
HaiJil fair and free I
Ther~s no land tli h tee-- ere's no land like thee.
Oril.s Art, at the beginning.
36 -

State of Mine, the9 &, N. Mia pi k t
epot A t .. 19 N. nc." M.
New Hamposhir,* the P W. & N. Louisiana, cap 81 18, 31 .,
capital is Concord. W Listi, o r 5 al 8. .W.
Vermont, the capital, l8 N.E Aru, he ital S ,
Montpelier. .. L t ,. 1.
*asachusetts,* the 1 u,19 W Arkansas, the capital 83S.E.,248.
capital is Boston. ". is Little Rock.,. W.,S1N.E.
Rhode Island* Pro. 1 TMand of ai- Etl
evidence and New. tal is Nashvllf. 8. Wl
port Kentucky, the capital E, ,
Connecticut, and.o i Fnkt .1 kW. Jc .^
Hartford and New hio the capital Co.
Haven.1 lumbu. .
New YorkThe cap. 17 E.,18 W. Michigan, the capital I w..
ital is Albany. . M. Las iaW .
Ne w~Jethe cis Indian&, t capital, 16 8. W., 85
iNew seynt.p 18 lS., 27 N. Indianapodli. . N.W.
italasTrenton.. Illinois, the capital is 16 &, 24 N.
Pennsylvania,* the 17 S. E., Springfield. .
capital M Hari7 8. W.ri, theapitl N. E, 24
burg. .. Jeibsotf City. W
Delaware,* the capi 27, & S.W. W.w, he capital 41 M. &
tal is Dover. of N. J. Iowa Cty. . W.
Maryland,* the capi. 26 N.E., 87 Wiscosi, the capi. 5 8.W., 1 N.
tal, Annapolis. N. W. tl i Madioo.
'26 N. K, ipi I
District of Columbia, the S. W. ia &IaJo.g.
WashiBgton. p Md.Mineota Territory,
S-- tim eapitl is 8t. 4,t, tN,
Virginia* the capital the M P tal. . 4
is Richmond. M ri Terio2y8 1, ; 4.,, N.
North Carolina,* the s6 noiedforitaWaries.,i lN.
capital is Raleigh. IndianTerritorygiven 12 8,, SM a
South Carolina,* the8, N, W to the Indians. F WI F
capital, Columbia. Oregon Terrio 49 1
Georgia*' the capital 33 M. Oe Ss 1_ ,
dh 88 M. & E. ity C W MS.
is Milledgeville. Ci U M. cit
Florida, the capital, 89 U ir, tQ a ",m .
Tallahassee. E., 4 W. e at Salt e
Alabama, the c#ibal, E. 88 3 New VeiteoW ds w. se
Montgomery. ital iu Santa F. rw.

T -Thin oninl as uwe marked with aw. tw l .
t Hmrtord, N.I --Nw aey. T .

11 I


AM-AILM Usti ^i.0*
Our country, the United States, shall now Vage our rhyme,
And Washington is capital of this most tor cle;
Now every individual tate, in order we report,
New Egland, or the Eatern States, our notice first shall meet.
Of these the State of Maine comedy first, where hills and woods abound,
Augusta is the capital, for river trade renown'd;
New Hamphire next we celebrate, and Concord its chief town,
There beauteous lakes expanded lie, and gloomy mountains frown.
Vermont-Moatpelier there presides-our minstrelsy employs,
Shardy foks inhabited, the brave reen Mountain Boys;"
n Ma usetts comes in place, an enterprising ld,
There Boston holds supremacy, right worthy to command.
Rhode Island is the smallest State, two capitals are there,
Newport and Providence their names, and handsome towns they are;
Connecticut, for morals fmed, is learning's fvor'd seat,
At Hartford and New Haven both, its legislators meet.

Now to the Middle States we ;-of these New York stands first,
And L a-tive wisdom there in Albany is nursed;
New Jeiy is the next we name. a fruit-prodcing State,
At Trento, its metropolis the Hesianamet their fate.
Then Pennsylvania's fertile fields we joyfly explore,
Its capital is Harribnrg, on Susquehana's shore;
Thon Delaware by Dover ruled, we note thy andy soil,
Which, taught by art and industry, rewards the B her's toil.
SAnd now the Southern State we reach, and Maryland is spied,
Its capital Anpois, on Severn's placid tide;
7Th DiastrictoColumbia with Washington is graced,
The national ooli, by broad Potomac placed.
0 8
Vigini is by Richmond ruled, a region highly praised,
Tobaco them and President abndatly are raised;
N Cardt famed for tar, and turpentine, and gold,
By eBalighl the river Neuse, is legally cootrolld.
Booth Carolina's mahy feds, its rice and ottn see,
Colombia is its apial, upon the Coegaree;
And Gorgia has ts mines of gold, and Arning there is bles'd,
Its epiais Milledgvile, of moderate trade poised.
Florida, named ftom beoin elds, onee property of Spai
There Tallabassee rules and has a rich nd r domain;
In Alabama e a new and otton-growing state,
And at Montgomery, we ind, its law-mke debate.
'is py delight, The RoeM of AUStsil, &e.


To Mi ppi's Artile Stt, our vri raill prove no ohurl,
Its capital Jaclkmon aU, au the river Parl;
Now Nuia'g r kfle b us re a1 it,
The capital is Batom ~ age on MmiMippi' k

To Tesa, recently onex'd, atttion now L pid
Austi, a Colorade re the ca pital i made;
Now to the Westoma states we come; Arumu, fat of these,
Its legislative regency to Little Rock decrees.
And now to Tennesee we tern, whose sept Nashville wie h,
Tobacco. u d cotton, fill abaundatly the Adi&;
Kenc o B the limestone rock, may mast -irthM il seem,
Its capital irankfort called, upon Kentucky's tam.
Ohio, pride of Western plains, here r nd pk abound,
Columbus i thy capital, and fertile i thy d;
Next Mihigan invites our lay, among thes it lies,
A growing town, 'ti Lasing called, a capital supplies.
A rich and thriving state we next in India meet,
It has at Indianapoli its legislative eat;
To Illinois, the prairie state, our poey has sped,
Its capital is Sprinfield called, it wealth i coal and lead.
Missouri next dll be our them, whose mineral wealth i grat,
Jef rson City holds the rule o'er this.dn ve rtae;
Iowa ha a enewiu soil and a alubriou clime,
Iowa City, its chief town, outstrips the maih of time.
Wiconsin in the way to wealth a rapid progress makes,
Its capital, called Madison, i placed between two laks;
To California have we come, San Joe rules that land,
And now the Territories vast our notice hall command.
Of these comes Mineota first, Mimouri next we name,
And Indian Territory then shall observation claim;
Now Oregon's extensive wilds, then spacious Utah me,
And a concluding line we give, New Mexico, to thee.

Qu ioeri--Undar how ma division a th U. Ilate qpok of from tlhir amius j '
dia t parts of the Union Am. Four; thd rasm or New Enand W l the M
Statu lh Southim tates, and the Waem fuat.
Namlr de New Englandor Bmra ie Which isthe krsl t WM~sa k the m nt
Whichlia on tW. of Mait Whikh ao th W. of New RHumphi Whih liU
the & of New Hampuplbe dd Veamoott Which two on the 8. of l Ima at
Naythefor middle Sta Which ik th largot L. T. bTmm s d i Anet It
thidnf WhisaMhthesallnra Wkichaabdse rtMr.t h tN b iut
Name th 1SoodN e tatS Tb ll WMsan SMwt aHow isthe DmiO C
itmnMdl.f A. G O Pomal# imv, isth W. pMat f MY Wties a ly es I
coatain Am. Wasuwaro i-4e epal of thd U. Wla No dthu W
Ssee ver ofr tm V alum


Atlantic Ocean, E of the United
8000 m.. and tates.
3000 w.. .
PassamaquoddyB., 9 S. E., 10 S.W.
Penobscot Bay, 19 ., and E. of

Casco 19 .W.,andS.
Casco Bay. of Augusta.
Masachusetts B, .19 W.,and in the
B, E. part of Mass.
Cape Cod Bay, 19, &the S. part
CapeodBay, of Ma. Bay.
19,andin theW,
Plymouth Bay.. part of Cape Cod
Buzza, and W. of
Buzzard's Bay, Cape Cod Bay.
Vineyard Sound,. 1B, ad S. of
Buzzards Bay.
19, and in theE.
Narraganset Bay. 19, of R. I.
Long I. nd, 18,&8.e"Con.
120m. inl. .
Delaware Bay, 27, between N.J.
65 m. in 1.. and Delaware.
Chesapeake Bay W. & N. W.
200 m. in 1. W.&N.W.
Albemarle Sound, 27,& in the NE.
60m.in . .partofN. C.
Pamlico Sound, 27 & W.
80 m. in !. 1

Gulf of Mexico, )
1000 m. L and y87, 88, 39.
800 w; . .
Chatham 40 S, W.
Charlotte Barbor, 89 S. E.
TampaBay. 89 E
Vacasear Bay, 89 N. E.
Apalachee Bay, 39 N.
Bay. 828.E.,&i
Pensacola By.. part of
32Mobile,& in the.
Mobile Bay, F Ala

Black Bay,

Barataria Bah

in the

88 N, & N. of
the mouth of the
Miss. River.
S88 N., & in the
y S.of the E. part
of Louisiana.

Atchafalay'a Bay. 88 N. W.
Cote Blanche B.,. tchalayaB.W.
Vermillion Bay. 37 N. E.
3Gal n B, 87 N., and in the
Galveston Bay, ,E.partofTexas
Matagorda Bay, 36N.E.,7N.W.
Copano Bay.. tagorda Bay.
) 16 N.E.-extend.
aginaw Bay, ing S.W. into the
Interior of Mich.
Thunder Bay, 16N.E.,&N.of
under Bay,. Saginaw B.
Green Bay. . SI.E.,16N.E.

00oAI, euVus, ATY, sAD soONDs.

1 3
What Ocean border on the shore Pas'im quod'dy Bay we see
Of thee Unitd States, On Maine's mot eastem bound;
And all the Gulf and Bays and ounds, Penobsoo Bay and Cuco both
Our mlody relates. In Maine are likewise found.
2 4
And now for a be air take Than M sat Bay we r
The brad Atlanti ti(A nole bay in M1)
Wlh bonds these a United States This with C od and Plymouth ys
Upa their eastern side. In a tts lies.
SThe learner will perceive that mym loeaUtiu a more ditinetly reptented on the map of
Vermont, New Hmpshire, Massachusetts, lhode Islnd, and Connectiet.

Vn2sD ImAW*

There Buzzard' By is likewise seen,
And also Vineyr Bound;
But NamrrMt Bpy indents
Rhode I arod# goiua .
See southwad.of Coancticut,
Long Island ound extend;
The Bay of Delaware enfolds
New Jersey's southern end.
Southwesterly we then proceed
To find the Cheapea e;
And then the 8bkda called Albemarle
And Pamlico we seek.
Now to the Gul of Mexico,
We willingly repair,
And soon we meet with Chatham Bay,
And Charlotte Harbor there.
To Tampa and Vacusar Bay,
(Within the Gulf,) we drive;
And now at Apalachee BLy,
(More northward) we arrive.

The Bay of Pensacol now
SAniMobile B we fnd;
Black Bay to LIwh 'a coat
h properly MI d.
On anisea's soetbhrn t oe
See Brtaria ky;
Atchaf&ly's Bay we next
More whaterly m~rvey.
Cate Nmeh Ba, then Istil
We readily d rn,
And shortly to Ve sUia) p -.
And GaJvepra we to=. ,
The lutf with Mahtonr Bay, .
To Texas we gn;
CoaMs too;-4at -biam,
Now eastwardly in Michigan,
With Thunder ay we meet;
To Green Bay then we pawhich makes
The catloge complete.

Qaeao-O-Dmribe the Admatie O an. Bee pap Where Pu-m ipddy Bf
As It is hwe tbe southeasa pt of lMpi4s MiNsthwestrn part of New Bron
wick~ and is a part ofth Awt anti Oesaa.- &t Aa l in the sth prtn of-
aidis-. CacoB.t MmdmemMttalt CrapOait l wlmin l.t B~ BdlLt
Viney rd Soundi A m It i between a southesv pe of es and Mn m artha's Vsinr
and i a prt of--.
Wher is Narraganet Bayt A. It is i --the and i--s Lg lUId lspdt
Au. It i between the South part of-- d Leg Lol ie panst-- e and- milke
-Delawar B.t Chesapeak Albemnarle omt PalieerSndt GulfSooioo
Chatham B. Chorlotte Harbrt Tmaa8 s Vksmer t Apalach B.e Panma
colat Mobile B.B Black B. Batarin Atobealaa B Cote Blaneh Vet
milliaont GalvoacB.t Matagord Bayt Copua Bqat SainawB.t Thbadel
Green B. I

Nantucket Island, 198. Block bland, . 19, &S.ofR.L
Martha's Vine. 19,&W.of Nan. p a Island. 19,&nextW.of .
yard, . ticket Iland. d Blook Islad.
19,Nof 4. Long Ilia
No Wn'sa Land. 1o U. U dt &a, W

RhodUla Islaods. 424 X.W. Of

* nu1deak of U.*

t meepget

1w- d


Aim-kmy Doom.

Come, listen to our song and hear
What Islands in the States appear;
Their various names we will unfold.
And their positions shall be told.
First with Nantucket let us start,
Of Masachusetts 'tis a part,
Tbo' twenty miles of sea divide
Its border from the main-land side.

Rhode Island next we shall locate
Southeastward in flhode Island State,
In Narragunset By 'ti set;
Block Island ratherr south is met
But let us not New York beguile
Of that small tract called Fihetr's Isle;
Long Island's more extensive ground
In New York State is likewise found.

3 6
Two oter isle of note are traced, Proceeding southward far aw~y,
With the Bay State's boundsembraced; We find the Reefs of Florida;
The first, as Martha's Vineyard fmed, Then westwardly frof there behold
The second, "No Man's Land"isnamed. Tortugas IslesMand all is told.
Quesion u-What i an iadt See defition .--Wbere i Nentcket L Als It is i
te Alantic Ocem, & E. of Machus -Martla's Vineyud No Ma's Landt Rhode
Islad Block 1. Fisher'sl. Long L FloridaReefs? Tortugas s.


19,in theN.part
Cape Ann, of Mas. Bay.
e Cd . 9,E.&N.E.of
CapeCd,. ape Cod By.
19, a S. E. point
Cape Malabar. 1of Mass.
Montauk Point, 19, S.W,, the E
point of Long I.
Sandy Hook,. f N.e 8 J.po

Cape May. the S. point
of N. J.
27, in the S. E.
Cape Henlopen, part of Del.at the
) mouth of Del. B.

Cape Charles,
Cape Henry. .

Cape Hatteras,
Cape Lookout,
Okpe Fear.

Cape Sable,
Cape Roman,.
Cape San Bias.

I 27, at the mouth
ofChesapeake B.
C. C.hrles oethe
. N., &6 C. Henry
on the 8.
the most eastern,
Southern points
along the coast
J of N.C. in order.
S40 S.W.
39 N. W.

1 AM-LO, W1 op.
Sto the Capes a delectable air, Charles Cpe and HenryatChespeake's
p four olad, sing we to you; moth, [spray;
first to Cape Ai in New England Rear up their heads 'midst ocean's
repr, Hattras ape is beheld father inth,
And then Cape Cod we shall view. Then Cape Iohkout we array.
MalbarCapend Point Montaukbehold, Now to Cape Fear let us rapidly Ay,
Hae Sandy Hook in the schedule Sable Cape next in our corse we p
enrolled; [told, by, [draw nigh,
May and Henlopen your names shill be Then to that point called Cape Roman
While we this theme shall pursue. And Cape San Bias ends the lay.


Qumiima.-WhatisaCpapt ee nDe.M 0. Whr e Cap Anat It is a
ent1r pin f M shuLseenL, id~g latei lhe O --i rCedt C. ~
her MeatekPoit o md SeIkt C.Myt C.milepot CM.C-t C. mt
C. Hanu C. Lookaut C. Fe C-. Aet C. ekmi C;.sMaMim


Mt. Sugar Loaf,. 9 M.
MarsHil in9 the N. E
Mars Hill,. p of Me
Mt. Katah'di. SB.
White Mt., . 19N.W.,in N.
Mt. Washington,. estpeak of
Wachuett Mt. 19 W,

1Mt. Ho e, MlinMar the E
.Holyoke, Mt. T. near the
Mt. Tom,. W. bank of th
Conn, R.
Green Mts. 18N..,run N.A
S__ S. through Vt.
Mohegan Mts., 18 N.
0"higet peak of
ML Marcy, Mt.
Catskill Mt. 18 M.,in theS.E
Ctll M part of N.Y.
Blue Mts.,, . 18 S. W.

Mw M. [ .Bm, 8.
Ble idgs . N.W 8
Black Mt. I W., a peak
*oFBlusBBid<((p ,

Inv. N .B.w
Alleghany Mt. 8. & ?E, M
Tenm. MW.C.
Cumbrlad ., b Ky.
sar Mat. . aE.u ar
PilotKnob, . 4W.,f9 to
[ron Mt., N. in order.
High eak. .. 30 E
Mudupe --wt. 8S.W.,S N.a
Green Mts., . 21W. N. W.
RockyMt. 11,1.
Wiad ts.w 11 W.
Blak Hill, .. 1 N. W.
Bpafnih PPea. 21 W.
Piluk.e 21 N. W.
Loneg' Peak. t1 8. W.
Fremonft Peak. .11 W.

Am--JM La. aBe.
1 6
The lofty mountains of the States The Catakill Manaoin in New York,
Our muim hall round, Much admiratio in;
Beginning witb Mt. Sugar Inof Then ee Ma B ount=ae i
SMae's disputed grond. Each shows a wondroul chia.
S 6
Mars Hill, Katahdi Mount we pae, Itek MeAteaia all that azure rie
Then in New Hampshie, eak a altitude tmasmnds;
White Mountaim where Mout Wah- Woodrfms AIlelh' ruae,
Appean the tllert peak. [ingtmo Throgh S ate odf
8 T
Toe Wam husetta them we ea, The umotaimn Cumberliad o'whl
see Mount Wachustt there; Viiina's wem a IboM ;
And gt Mount Holyoke ad Moont Ton i bt rk MMonl withPt lk a
Their plant summit, rear. An in Mimsori oad.
4 8
Green Mountains give Vermont a ame, The too the Irea MoantaiWn adu ;
And through that State extend; High Peak attreetsb ur a;
Mokaga range behold, o'er which The Ten Ridge called Guaahpe
Meant Marty' heights ucend. lb niy tops display.


9 10
Green Moontala, (not the VermMot Whi B Mta ant d Black Hills,
Ridge,) And Spanish Pek are view'd;
Are now before our eye; With Pike's Peak, Lng's and Fremont's
And soon the famous Rocky Mounts Peaks,
Majestically rise. Our mountain rhymes conclude.
Questios.-What i a mountain! 4%ded itiol Whereis Mt.SugarLoaf An.. It
is in Canada, na the N. W. boundary of Maine.-Mars Hinl AM. It is near the eastern
boundary of the northern part of MMe.-Mt. Katah'din Am. li is in the northern inte.
rior of Maine, and is 5300 feet high.
Where are the White Mountainsl M. Washingtonf As. It i the highest peak of the
White Mts, and is 6.34 feet high.-Wachusett Mt. Mt. Hoyoket Mt. Tomt Grea
Mt. AIM. 'ty attend N. and S through the State of Vt., and the western part of Mas.
into .-Mohegao Mits. Mt. Maey I AM. It is the nd is 5.467 feet highI Cat-
kill A ,l Mu M t, Blue Ridg6d Black M Lt At. It i a peak of the Be Ridge in
the nowemh e pant of N. Carolina. and is 6476 feet high.-Alleghey Mts. Cumberland
Mlt 'l0jgkMts.f ?ilotloobt IronMt. HighPeakt GuadalupeMtm GreenMtt
Roo'ky t ee page 29. Wind River Mts t Black Hilll Spanish Peakst Pike's
PeakI page SO.-Long's Peak t see i~e 30.-Fremont' Peak t See page 90.


Moomehead Lake,
m6 m. in L. .
Cheuncook L.,s 9,& N.ofMooe
m. in 1. . Wed Lake.
Schoodic Lake, 9 S. E.
Umbagog Lake, Me ad N. HL
Winnipisiogee* 19, in the inte
Lake. . rior ofN. H.
L. Memphrema.. 1 8 E., 18 N. E
gog, 27 m. in 1.
Lake Champlain, 18 N.,& between
120 m. in 1. Vt. and N. Y.
18, in N.Y. and
connected with
Lake George,. the S. part of L.
)a itile W. ofth
Oneida Lake,.. central part
)N. Y.
Skeneatelee Lake.
* Owar-o .k 18 & S.W. of
Cayuga Jke, . Ei L i or.
Seneca e.. .
Crooked kn .
3 i .. .c 17E.&naptN.W,
Snandaig o. neca L.

17 M., in the S.
Ohatau'que L. W. part of N. Y.
Lake Ontario, 190 17N.E.,18N.W.
m. in 1. . .
Lakem Eri 6,p. 17 M. & W.
in 1. t
Lake Clair, 27 16 E.
m. in 1. . 1
Lake Huron, 280 N. S. E.
m. in 1.
L. Manitouline, 7 S. W.
170m. in 1. .
Lake Nipissing, 7, & N. of Mani-
65 m. in 1. touline L.
Lake Michigan, 1 5E.&N.E.,16
380 m. in W. & N. W.
Lake Superior,
400 m. inl. M.&E.6W.
Rainy Lake, 4N.E.
L. of the Woods, 4 N.
Pem'binaLake. 8 N. E.
Devil Lake, . 8E.
RedLake,. 4N.W.
Winnipegooss L. next S.

e-pe-sok o.

, I., --'. ,-

oUNriD WTrM.

Leech 1#W, 4, and next S. of
Leech 4IIp%, iipegooehL

Vermilion Lake of

Spirit Lake, . 8i L.

la 6 4t W." .oue of
ICa Lake, . e Miss. or

Otter Tail Lake. 4a net S. of
Elk ke, 4, and next 8. of
ElkLake,. . Otter TailL.
4 8. W.aad nexl
Big Stone Lake,. s.w. of Elk mi
LakeW. of Parle..k L
Lake Qui Parle.. 4,and 98.of
jI Fk Ldrk&

keSt. Crox, 4 S.E.
Pepinl4k* U N. L
Wimnnb IA 1s6. 15N
heFobsvLab isL X
Middle I -11 No'
ublete. lAkeO..fra4.Wo

eLaked. W~F~~..E

lie W So8. X

LOke elibse..

A d#
Am-Usrgs 0aw Mh~

akes that beautify dour land, No to E
You our miusio shall command; And Lake
Moosehead Lake the theme beginS, Naaitoli
Then a place Chemncook wia4
Schoodic lakes aear in it
Umbagog looks ilr and brig B y
Winnipiaogeet slmb'rig lies Next in p
Where the graite hills ari; Oouer
Memphremago nw Murvey Likiewi
In Vermont a Canada; lake P
Lake Champlain is next in sight, Devil I
And Like Georg shines clear and Darkly

Now a wetwar coue we take, Red Lake
Glance we at Oneida lake; Near our
Then to Skeneateles pse, Wunmi
And Owasoe, clear a fla; Then i
Lake Cayga i in eight, TMe a
Seneca hines clear and bright. be VS
Be the morning mists dispell'd, Spirit La
Crooked Lake a then beheld; Lake ItA
cnada a is revealed, Elk Laka
hi lie a iler shield; Then fnd
Lake Cau taae in sight, Iake
And Ontario cear and brght. Lake
The 8ihw-Ibam, Wkhe shll we thre *Mat pin, &e.

ie ad t Clair,
flurop wq reply;

e I&ur wenpa10
ne Mw wew a

as a
is clearO brsi t.

La. Lae Woods i' ad,

Aethat othlla iw,
named, bt clear and bright
is of Taise
northrand it lie;
>oa- now we pa-,
t lah lake we a

(p1 it s 1ace
s. craiz EM 1s.
t wiiese.gee.



S 9
Give to Pepin ake a place,
Then lake Winebago tac;
Now the Four aks let as view,
Biddle ake aud Sublette too;
Lake Saline i now in aifft,
Fir ia aspect, cle u bright.

Now we eek out Lake Sabe,
Nest lab Calcasieu is sn;
On to Poatchtrain prooeed,
Then lake Borgne will notice need;
Iut of t appeeu in light,
Okechoee i and bright.

Querim--Wlbt a lake t Lee Definition 24.-Who s Moomehead lake A. Itis
in the itrior of the western pt of Maine, md is 35 miles lo.-Cheeunoook LI Sohoo-
die Laket Umbhkog Lt Ata It i in the wester prt of Maine amd the northeastern
prt of New Ilamhire-WirM piiiogee L L L. Memphromaot L. Chumplainf L
George OMida Lt Skeneale, Owuso. Cayugs. Senec. and Crooked Laket Canm -
da*ip L Chantauue Lt
pis L Ontariot Ass. I border p the northwesten p of N. Y., and the th-
S1 t Canammda West, and i 190 mile log.-L Erief A. It borders on the wt-
me it Nit. Y. the northwestern pat of Pa. the north tern nd northern part of 0. the
MethMaer prt of Mich., and the southern part of Cada Wat and is long.
Whe is L St. Cair Am. It is between the mothemarn prt of Mich., and the south-
wten pert of Cand West, and is long-L Huron Am. It border on the eastern
prt of Mich. and the westr pat of Cneda West and is long.-L Manitoulinet
Ant It% in Canada West. N. L of L HuIro.n ad i lon-g-L Nepiumng I Ant It i
in the interior of Canda West, and is ong.-L Michigant An. It border on the
wetern and northin part of Mih., the northwest part of I. the northeastern prt of IL,
and the emter pt of Wionm and is-- log.-L Supenor Am. It border on the
northern prt of MiU., the northwestern prt of Wl, the easem part of Minnesot Ter.
the soothe pat of New Britai, and the northwter part of Canad West, and is-
lc--Raiay L t AM. It is btween the northern pet of Minnesota Ter., aad the south.
qllt ptol NewB ritaL -L oftheWoodmt Aim. It i in the outhem part of New Britain,
SIlgloa the northern part of Minneota Ter. .
WhosrbPembinaL DevirlL RedL Winnipegoosai L CUaeL LeechLt
bmmilnin L Spirit L ItmeaLt As. It i i-- ad i the ouro of the Mi.
tiyer-OTrTail Lt EIkL gStoemLt LQui Pade LeSCroixi Pepi Lt
WVaebegoLt TheFourLahet BiddleLt SubleusetLt falineLt Mbin Lt
CaleaoeuLt LPotea rtraint LBogasif LOkeechobeet


a Letion on the Map.
I 18 N. W., 8 8.
S460 10 S?
branches of St.
SJohn's R. in the
7 N. part of Me.
S100 from W. to E.
in order.
100 98. B.
,*800 intoPenobeootB.
9S.,19 N., flows
250 from Mooeehead

gin R.




hames R.,

In Loeation on the Map.
0ngt 19, next W. of
Kennebec R.
19--in the E.
100 part of N. H.&
in theaS.W.part
of Me.
19, between the
0o 8. W. part of
Me. & N. H.
) 19,i M.&S.of
00 N. H. & in the
) N. E. of Mass.
100 18,in the E.part
of Conn.

ft. JEs' R:
Allagp BL

S.. roir I.

lennebec R

' *>r

am hlbre a. Ml ~
W., 18 ITM,18,i bdi
i the W. WBrnh...n flows&B S.E.
f Cnn. into Sthe qut
theE.and hb n I t
pt of N. i7,&S.otthW.
Juniati R ., Branch,a sw E.
ows int the'Swqe.
into the hanna.
tW.p# Potopma R., 40 N.

,fow~ N. ries in A
heanudoah 00o interior of Va.,
i the N River. ows N. E.A
I' Vt., N. the Potomc.
er Creek 96 E., 7 W.,
er. Rappahan- 2g next 8. of the
nock R., 'Po.omco in or.
,9S .W York R., M0 dei.
outehtof S6M.&E.,7
ames R. .M 1 .*X
Amplain. W.
theN.W ) 7, tia 8.
Y., flo Chown R., 00 E.&8.inAl
oto Lak bemue i
io. )6,ov8.
d 8. W, RonokeR. 40 E. into Alb.e
ack River reade Sound.
the W.of 19 8. E., & 8.
-flows N Tar River. 0. of Roanoke in
r. Ontario NeueR a., 00 order,flowS.E.
en L. Eri into Pamlioo 8.
. Ontario Cape Few 800 6 8., 84 N. E.
. & 8., be River, .,
Pa.&NJ 126, 34, ris in
.. n I ,,k.I. T lu -_

c* do dwM bnl MOut Cusauly.


Wateree R..


Salud R.,

Ed'iato R. 200

Savannah R. 450

Ogechbe R,, 200

Altamaha. 400

Oeonee R.] 250
OulgeR 2W0

Satilla R. .

St. Mary' R.

St. John's R.

Sowaaee R. I 50

08@wc, .
la.. .
Flint River,
chee R.,.

Zaidon onthe Map.
84, the North
branch of
84 N. W., the
W. branch of
the Santee.
83, 84, the W.
branch of the
84, the next S.
W. of the San-
S34W., 88 N.E.,
bet. Ga. & 8. C.
84 W. and nex
S. W. of Savan
Snah. -
88, 84, flows
through the in.
terior and S. E.
part of Ga. into
the Atlantic.
88, in the inte-
rior of Ga.
from N.E.to S.
Win orderfor
the Altamaha.
88, next S. of
the Altamaha.
Ga. & Plor.
40 N. W., 84 S
88, S. E., flows
8. into the Gulf
of Mexico.
$8 S., next W.
of Suwanee in
88 N., M.,& S.
88 M., from E.
to W. in order,
form the Apala.

24 M.&E.,25.,
24 S. E., 82 N.
E.,25 S. & S.E.
25 S. E., 26 W.,
from S. to N. in
order,flow S.W.
into Tenn.R.
24 S. E., flow
W. into the Ten-
S25M. &S W.,
24 S. E.
24 E., 26 W.
125, next N. E.
of Green R.
N. W.into theO.

r:'.'y~rr ~'-.` ''.~~\~f~Pm~;PTL

nwrraD Ms~ .

Licking R.,j 960


la R.,. .
River. .

Beaver R.

Scioto R.,
Miami R.
Manmee R.,

Detroit R.,.

Thames R.

St. Clair R.,

Saginaw R.,

Beteey's R.,
Monistic R.,

Grand R.,.

St. Joeeph's
Wabash R.,

In oI ation oa tka Mp.


265,intheN. K
part of Ky.,
flow N. W. ia.
tothe Ohio.
1 E4 between
Ky. Va.
S26W.ofM., &
N. W.
Sof Va., 17 8.
17 M. & S.
17, in the W.
part ofPa.,flow
S.into the Ohio.
S26 N. W., 17
S. W.
26 N., 16 S.
S16 8., flows N.
E. into L. Erie.
16 E., between
L.Erie& L. St
17 W., 16 E.
16 E, between
L. St. Clair &
Lake Huron.
Saginaw Bay.
6 8.

16 N. W.
S16, next 8. of
Betaey's R. in
16 M.,flows N.
W. W.into fI.
16 M., flows W.
into L. Mich.
16, in theS.W.
Part of Mich.

White R.,.

Bast Fork.
West Fork,


[Ilinois R.

Sangamon R

Fox River, .

Rock River.
Wolf River,
River, .
St. Croix R.
Rum R. .
St. Louis R.
Red River,.
Upper Iowa
Turkey R.,
con, .

~r wyw5plSEF~~',~

I onS tdo' .
M80 interior B. W.
part of Is. into

S25 N. W., flow
2 8. W., uite and
280 form the White
I River.
24, rues i the
E. part ofr
800 lows W.G
the Miui
500 N.W.
S4 N., 18 Suth,
00 flow W. into the
16 E., the largest
200 N. branch of Ill
15 M., flows 8.
0 W. into the Mis.
I15 N., flow 8.
400 & 8. W. into th

100 15 N. E. 8.
180 5 S.E.

200 5S.W.,16 N.W.
100 6S.E.
4, next W. ofSt.
10 Croix R.
160 4E.
5 4 W., 8 N. E.
800 14 N., 4 8. W.
S14, 16,in the N.
00 E. part of Iowa.
2 14, 16, Net 8.
0 of Upper Iowa.
180 |15 W., it 8.
of Turkey R. in
t order.

'" T, *f', -7 "T . .

Xr TO PryrON's OuorTN MAPI.

Iowa R.,

Des Moines
Salt River,.
Missouri R.
Sioux River,
James' RI.,
William's R.
Maria's R.,
Big Horn R.
Tongue R.,
Little Mis-
Sienne R.,
Teton R.,

White R.
Water R.,
Platte R., .
North Fork
South Fork,
Loup Fork,
Kansas R.

600 13 S., 22 N. E.

0 22 N. & N. W.

Smoky Hill
Fork, .
Osage R.,

Instdon onthe Map.
14 E., 15, flows
Sthro' the interim
& 8. E. of Io
into the Miss.
14 E., 15 W., a
branch of lo. R.
) 14 M.,15 S. W.
13 N. E., 14 W.
3 S. E.,13 N. E.
-2 N. W.
S11 N. W., in or.
der from W. to
E.-sources of
the Mo.
2 M. & S. W.,
11 M.
11 N. E., 1 S. E.
11 M., 12 N. W
12 N., 2 S.
2 E. & S.E.
13 N. W.
> 12, 13, next S.
of Shienne R.
18 W., 12 E., &
S. of Teton R.
13 M. & W., 12
11 E., 12, 13,
14 S. W.
11 E., 12 M.
12 S.,21 N.W.
13, a branch of
the Platte R.
23 N. W., 22 M.

White R.

Big Black R.

Arkansas R. 2000

Neosho R. 250

Cimarron R.
Canadian R.

North Fork,

Red River,.
Washita R..
ta,. .
Sabine R.,.

Neches R..
Trinity R.,.
San Jacinto,

Location on the Map.

S22, next S. of
in order.
23 M. & E.
28 E., 24 W.
the S. E. part o
of Ark. into the
f 24,an E.branch
ofSt.Francis R.
32 N. W., 24 S.
W., 23 S. E.
)24W. & S.W.,
a branch of the
White R
31 N. E., 2 S.
& W., 22 M.
21 M.
23, in the E.part
of Indian Ter.,
flows S.E. & S.
into Ark. R.
22W., M., & E.
22, 28, next S.
of Cimarone R.
22 S.
22; 23 S. W., a
dian R.
31 M., 30 N. &
31 E.
30 N.E.
81 M. & S.,bet.
Texas & La.
31, next W. of
Sabine R.
31 W. & S.
81 S., flows into
Galveston Bay.

St. Francis 00
River, 40

I_ _


-- k W", 111 P I - a 7,10 V T"X~mimlf -



UrntlE 1A1 .' -

Miles Mile.
la Location on dhe Map. )1
lo6th. 0 h & X 1
Brazos R. 650 80o881 dupe 250 3 N. &N.E
.. w. . River;,
~ 87 N. W., 0 San Alto 8 ast 8.W.o
Colorado R. 700 E., source uadlupe .
SN.W. ,--
PasigonoR., 850 80 W, 29 E. Nueces R., 8 N.W., &E.
Salado R. 250 29 E., 30 West, Pueroo R., 00 9 N., M., & 8.
Red Riverof 250 unite and form M M., 29 W.,
Texas, N.R. Rio Grande. 18 21 W.

ATe- xus, Xhue a.E
Ats-0 (V", ONmwfersy.
Oh! come, let us swain our country's noble rives,
St. Lwrence gay begin@ the ly, ,
St. John' now we see.
Walloostook, Allgasb we note,
Aroostook and St. Croit we quote,
And then a line devote,
Penobacot, to thee.
Here mark Kennebec, there AMecoggin quiva,
*To Saoo story, Picataqmu,
And Merrimack meek:
To Thames, Connecticut we hie,
The Houatonic then descry,
Next Hudson, Mohawk spy,
* And then Otter Creek.
Now Onion river mark, Lamoille, Misisque glisten,
St. Francis view, and Richelieu,
Black River pal by;
Then note Omwego, Genesee,
But soon we turn to gaze-o thee, ,.
Oh great Niagara!
Then Delaware eqo ..
Now Leh igh S.Ichuylkill, Stqiuhum, ,
North Bran ehbWestach
Thdi speed, speed away;
Be Juniata's banks of green,
Potomac, Sheansh seen;
Note Rappahannock' sheen, '
York River survey.
Now James River me, Chowan and Rosano Rivers;
Tar River view, NeuM River too,
And River Cap ear.
See Great Pedee and Small Pedee,
Santee and River Wateree,
Then let the COgaree
In beauty appear.

. Katr To pIItoN's OOTflnU Asn.
Salud we pas; Me d'isto, Savannah;
Ogeehee's team shall be our thee,
And Altamaha.
Oooee's stream of silvery hue,
Omaulge and Satilla view,
St. Mary' River too,
As southwud we draw.
St. John's and 8wanee in Georgia's munlght glitter;
Omilla bright is next in might,
Then speed speed away,
SWhere sportive Ockloko'ny bonds,
And Aplachicola sounds,
And then in Georgia's grounds,
Flint River survey.
Behold Chattahoochee and the Choctawhatchee I
Escambia view and Mobile too,
Then speed, speed away;
Now Alabama shall appear,
Tombigbee see and Coosa clder,
To Tallapoosa steer;
Black Warrior survey.
And lo Pascagoula, Pearl and Mimsissippi,
Then Big Black stream shall be our theme;
Yazoo next is seen.
Ohio, Tennessee look grand,
By Holston, Clinch, and Duck we stand;
See River Cumberland,
Then note River Green.
Salt River we pas, Kentacky too and Licking;
Big Sandy Stream becomes our theme,
Kanawha rolls by.
Moao hnels is in sight,
See Teghny, Beaver bright.
Muskingum do not slight,
Scioto espy.
Miami we hail, Maumee, Detro
To Thames repair, then see fc.ur,
Next Sagmaw view.
Ch bygan, Betsey's River clear,
Monistic, Mskegon appear;
To River Grand we steer,
And Kalamazoo.
St. Jo=ph's now greet, then Wabash and White River;
Now st Fork view and West Fork too,
Then speed, speed away;
SKaskaskia, Illinois we spy,
And angamon, Fox stream descry,
Rook River peaing b,
Wisconsin survey.

S 0,

Now Wolf Rua me, MolpmlC~ "
Then Chipppyn, Bt. C80it ay;
Rna Rier we spy. *
St. ois see, Red River gay,
t. Peter's, Upper owa,
And Turkey stream survey, .
As onwead we fy.
Make'get ease oh 'tis a charming river,
Behold it stray through Iowa,
Theno ha^ hte along,
The Wapsipiheca to viw,
And lowa's brit coune pursue;
Red Cedar River too
Finds place in oar song.
Des Moines now appeal, Salt River and Miso ri;
See River Sioux, Jame River too,
Then speed, sped away,
Where William's River parking uns,
Mari's too and Jefleon's;
Now glance at Madions,
And Gallatin's gy.
We reach Yellow Stoe, Clark's Fork ad BiMg Hers Riv
And River Tongue hall net be Mng;
Imal Mioouri name;
Shimenn ad Teto Rivers see
To White iSream, Roaning Water lee.
Tbhen Plate, widb branees th
Our among l proclaim
Now North Fork seen; South Park and oop tork p-ai,
To Kansas fir we net repair,
Hate on--nward till;
To Fok Republican we go,
On Soloolmor a glance bestow,
Then Grand ale we show,
And Fork Sm*y Hill.
Witeo r ae; me Gasci M am e, o th e
White River is shown;
NexttoNeosos ale draw near; a
And then we westward steer,
To reach Cimarron. V
Now Nemketona, Canadian leaving,
North FPrk we view, Red River too,
Then onward we fy;
For Wauhit must next be seen,
Fase Washita and the Sabine;
In Tean meadow yireee
The Noches we spy.


Lot Trinty now and San Jacinto Bives;
Where Brao shine. our course iclines,
Proceed with the lay;
To Colorado let as turn,
Nr humble Pauiono spurn,
Salad' coure discern,
While rippling away.
See Texan Red River and Gaudalupe flowing;
Each graceful stream shall be our theme,
Then speed, speed away;
To San Antonio draw nigh,
Nueces and Puerco spy;
To Rio Grande we hie,
The last in our lay.

Question.-What is a river f Where is St. Lawrence River See answer on page 35.-
St John's R.t Ass. It is formed by the junction of the Walloostook and Allagash, in the
northwestern part of Maine, ows first a northeasterly, then a southeasterly, then a southerly,
and lastly a southeasterly course into the Bay of Fundy, and is 450 miles long.
Where is Walloostook R. Asi. It rises in the high lands between the northwestern part
of Maine and Canada, flows a northeasterly course, and unites with the Allagash to form the
St John's, aod is long.-Allagash R An. It rim in the N. W. part of Me., fows a
northeasterly course, and unites with the Walloostook to form the St. John's, and is -
long.-Aroostook R.f Ass. It rises in flows into and is long.-St.
Croix R. An. It rie in--, flows into forming a part of the boundary between
Mains and New Brunswick, and is long. .'"
Where is Penobscot Rt Ass. It rises in the western part of Me., flows first an early,
then a northerly, then a southeasterly, and lastly a southerly course into Penobscot Ba and
is longe-Kenneba& RL Androecoggin IR. As It form the outlet of Umbagog Lake,
flows fint a general outherly, then an easterly, and lastly a southerly copee uniting with the"
Kennebec, and is long.-Saeo R.L Picataqua R. Merrimack R.t As. It rims i
the northern interior of N. H., flows first a southerly, then a northeasterly course through the
N. L of Maw. into the Atlantic Ocean, and is lng.-Thames R.L
Where is Connecticut R As. It riss in the northern part of N. .. flows first a outh-
westerly, then a southerly, and lastly a southeasterly course, forming the boundary between
N. H. and Vt., paying through the western part of Mas. and the interior of Conn. into Long
Island Sound, and is long.-Houstonic R. Hudson Lt Mohawk Rt Otter Creek t
Onion Lamoille RL Miisque RI St. Francis R. Richelisu R.t Black R. Oswego
Lt Genessest
Where is Niagara LR AsM. It constitutes the outlet of Lae Eria and flows a northerly
eouam into jk Ontario, forming a part of the boundary bt*een N. Y. and Canada, and is
35 miles At h outlet it isthreequartersofa nlwkid femd from 40to60 feet deep.
As it e i and eibosos Grand land. 1 miles long, and from to 7 miles
wide, h entire waters are precipitated over a precipice 160 feet high,
the most sublime cataract on the globe.
SLehigh R.1 Schuylkill R.t Susquehansn R.t As. It is formed
by Branch and W. Branch, in the interior of Pa., ows fit a then
a l-long.-North Branch West BranchI Juniata Rt Potomac
LR.f ahadl R paannock LR. York LRt James R Chowan LB Roanoke LR
Tar R.I Neuss R Cape Fear IRL Gret Ped R ttPedesedee LR. bantae R Wateree
R. Congere RR 8Sluda R.f Edisto R.L Savannah Rt Opechee RL Altamaha Rt
Oconee Rt Ocmulgee R. Satilla RI St. Mary's LR St. John's R Suwanaee R Oacil-
la RL Ocklockony LR Apalachicola R. Flint LR Chattahoochee RL Choetawhatohee
R.I Eacambliat L

~s~rrr~- 'c~-~T;p~qFR~

5m1 IrSAs. m

Whete is Mobile .t A.m It is Lomd i by the .j4cti4on H iad
in the 8. W. part of Als. fows ino--and i --lw 4S t '
formed by the junction of th Come G 7 it'prpo in to of l I'll
a westrly, then a outhwemely oeaes unites withthhe Todmbighe to f(t Mb
is long.-Tombigbee RIt Aa. It rism in the nothelisrn prt of Mrs, lmo a
general southerly course, unite with the Alabamn to form the Mobile, ad s loa-
Coos R.V Tallapooes RIt. Bla Warrior hR. Paseopa lt PillU .n Iniiii
A%. It rise in Itaca Lake, lows t ia nMotrtrly. i then hternately ge-
neral southweterly and soutbeaterly course, uaing through the inatior of Minneot Ter.,
forming the boundary between the 8 E. part of Minnesota Ter. and Wi., tc boundary be-
tween Wi. and Io.. To. and II, Iland Mo, Mo. and Ky. Mo. and T'lh. T. and Ark.,
Ark. and Mis., part of the boundary between Minr. ad La, passe through thsoth ten
pat of La. into the Gulf of Mexico and is 4100 milke lg.-Big BlDck RI Taso L
Where is the Ohio R.t An. It i formed by the junction of the Monangsihak m ANd
ghany in the western part of Pa., qwo dater a general northweterly and sd hweasil
course into the Mis., forming the boundary between Va and 0., 0. and Ky., Ky. aMd 11J .
and Ill, and is iong.-Tennao e t Am. It rim in the weern part of N. C., s
firt a northwestery, then a general southweeerly course through the easern part of Tea
then a westerly course through the northern part of Ala, latly a general nortNhbry
through the western part of Ten. and Ky. into the 0.. and is- long.
Where i Hohton R. Clinch R. Duck Rt Cumberland Rt OGm Lt A RtL
Kentucky R.t Licking R.t Big andy R. Kaawhka L Monougaelar ARI It
rim in the northern interior of Va., ow a northerly oose, nmits with the All3eh to
form the 0, and is long.
Where isAllghany Rt BewrR.t MskingumR.t Scioto R Miami L Mall
R.t Detroitt R A. ItoonneoiD Lae SL Cliir with lake Erie, ow a sauidrMieo ,
andis log.-Thames R. t.ClairRLt Saginw Rt CheboyganRi W I5 tJ
Monistic L Maskegon R. GOtad Rt Kalamsu o t S o. Jaephb'e tift 1 ,
White Rt EustForkI West Forkt Kaskskia Rt Illinoier t
R.t Rock R. WisconsinR. WolfRLt MemnmoneaRt ChppWAJ 1 u i
RumlRt Lt. u IbL R RedRt L SPaer's .t Uppetelowas R Thdr Kt di.
quota R Wapsipiecon Rt lowaRt R edCeduRlt DaMoimsLt (I Lt
Whe is Miioar i.t Ai. It is floned by the juction of Jma'sin EdisA ', and
Gallatin's Rivers in the thwestern prt of Mo. Ter., flows If a anrthery, than an Me
orly, then a northeasterly, and lasty a general soutzeasterly comus, psn th rouh Mo. Ter.
forming the boundary between Indian Ter. and o.,part of the bodary twee Indian Tar.
and Mo., par through th interior of Mo into the Mi. Riwi, ad i oiAg.-s
LR. Jmes' IRt Williams R.I Mari's R.t JeIriop's t Mi Af on's R.t Galtin'
Rt Yellowtone Rt Clark's Forkt Big Hor R.t Tongue L Litde Misuri R.t
ShienneRL TetonR.t Whitel R RunningWaterRt PlatteR.t NorthFekl SothFokt
LoopForktI KXala t Republican ForA Solomon'sForkt Grand SlimForkI ab ky
Hill Forkt Oage LR. Gaeonade R. St Francis R White Watr Lt Whit L
BigBlack R. Arkans RI Neosho Rt Cimarron Rt Neemkitoa RI Crial
Rt NorthForkt Red I Washia RL FaleWashits Rt SabieRt. NI es LR.
Trinity Rt an Jacinto Lt Bra nw R Colorado RI-Paigom o Lt Ildo I o Red
Rir of Tast Guadalope I Sn Antonio Lt Nu#ses t m met l l is el

jD .o



quae .iosM 7 04000-Populatie 1070.WO.-Pfo to q mn., 2I.
1. SoTra AmnSICA is about one million square miles smaller than North
2. It is noted for the height and length of its mountains, the grandeur
of its rivers, and the extent of its plains.
8. It surpasses every other division of the earth in its rich and exten.
sive mines of gold, silver, platina, mercury, and diamonds.
The Andes, an immense chain of lofty mountains, the seat of nume-
Srous"olcanoes, extend along the whole length of the western side of S.
America, at a distance varying from 50 to 100 miles from the coast.
6. East of the Andes are immense plains called Llanos or Pampas.
They are well wooded near the streams, but elsewhere covered with grass,
and over many of them range vast herds of wild horses, cattle, and sheep.
6. The climate is various; on the low plains it is hot and frequently
unhealthy, and the temperature is that of perpetual summer. The table.
lands and valleys of the Andes enjoy perpetual spring. Seed-time and
harvest are always present, and the hues of spring and autumn are blended
in the same landscape, while the summits of the mountains are constantly
covered with snow.
7. The inhabitants of 8. America consist of whites, Indians, negroes,
mestizoes, mulattoes, and samboes.

Quawio-L What is the eomstiw sie of 8. Amrica or what is itnotedt 3.
awhat doe it mrp er Moerdivbion of the earth 4. What is aid of the Andes
& Whatitheoeoftheo tryeastof heAndeAl & What itheelimate 7. Ofwhat
do thi inhabitmats consi t
What ihm conaets & America with N. America Dn. What ma wadbe the north-
ameon tt? A. The Caribbeen Ba. Whatocean on the.t Ac. What ean on the
Am-.J Lv 4,i
The nablst rivers upon arth, with mineral treasures vast,
And trpic vegetation too, abundant, unsurpan'd,-
Thes, Sut America, are thine; what gi to make thee ble'd,
Wae science and true liberty but added to the rest

Eteasive plains with verdure crown'd, and many a dizzy height,
Grandeur of scenery to amaze, and beauty to delight;
These are thy boast;-but noxious things lie hid among thy powers,
And dread volcanoes on thy fields discharge their sulphurous bowers
Table-land, elevated, Est land.



New Grena'da, the .
capital is Bogota'. I
Ventsua, the capi. 38 & N
tal, Carecas. 5..
Guiana comprises 89W., M.&
three division. E.
1. English uiana, the
capital is George. 39 W.
town .* . .
2. Dutch Guiana, the
capital, Par'amar'. 9 M.
ibo . .
3. French Guiana, )
the capital is Cay. 89 E.
enne.f *. .
Brazil, the capital is 52, 54, 668
Rio Janeiro. . 8( 7.

ParuBiyi, *te "P"4 7IL.i

Asaspion. .)

Buenos Ayres, the
capital is Benos 89,77.
Ayres . .
Patagonia, inhabited 97 &, 96W.,
by Indian.. . 10 N.W.
Chili, the capital, 68 E.,7a8.
Santiago. . .
Bolivia, the capital, 665 M. & .
Chuquisa'ea. . 77 N.Kl
Peru, the espital 8.
Lima.. . .
Ecuaor, th capital 51 N., 87 8.
is Quito.. .. W.


1 8
Now South America we greet, Then pasr we an to Pa ay,
And its division all repeat; And there AMumpsia hbeo li sway;
First New Gren'da is enrolPd, To Unlay wnext e ae
By Bogota' it is controlled. Where MaOtvidee tale the lea
2 6
To Venezuela then repair, Let Buaen Ayr4 ntie claim,
Caracca holds dominn there; Which give its capital its eam;
Then let us at Oaiana touch, To Patagia then we ease,
Pome'd by English, French and Dutch. Where Indiu tribe sl find a hme,.
3 3
English Giana first we name, Our musi now-to Chili lide,
Whoe regency Georgeto claim;And Snti'p thee pri ;
But Dutch Guiana's rule we find Next on Bolia's we sttad,
ToParamaribo aig'd. Where Chuquisat itaes eemasnd.
We pas to French Guiana then, The region of Par we gain
And its metropolis, yenne;t WheeLiml rules the rialh da ;
Bruil extends o'er ample space, And last 3emdor we gue4
Rio Janiero its chief pla Quito"* gove mrenmtal

Quise.---Name ad pointt w te politil diision of & AmMier. with tih apil
What divions bolder on the Caribbn elat What Ol th Atlainlo O the FPaie
What d-simn ae oremed by the equatrt By the pll of IO N. lhiIest by
pgl of w1 & Ititadet By the pee of So S latitudef y the n of Capi
cone Byrtlhpealllof 30 & titudef By the penla of 400 &L kladtdt l utM
is the gmter part' M of & America Td. Iawhetsmeisthe pltli a.

; Onth eLaSmt in the N. pen
I Ieuah.

thi-non'. $ hVunsa~e
~~~~~ akwhdr' rL Lbw.



SAtlantic Ocean, 8000 N.E.&E.od
m. 1. & 3000 w. S. America,
Pacific Ocean, 11000 W. of South
m. 1. & 7000 w. America.
Caribbe'an Sea, 1600 2 ,
m. in 1. 28, 24.

Gulf of Darien, .

Gulf of Venezuela,
Bay of All Saints.
Blanco Bay, .
SL.athias Bay,

Desengaio Bay..

87 N. W., a
Part of the
Caribbean S.
. 23S.E.
68 N. ofW
98 N.
98-next S8
of St. Ma.
this Bay.

Bay of St. George, 98 M.
Strait of Magel'lan, 102 N. E.,
108 N. W.
Strait of Le Maire. 103 M.
Gulf of Peiias,t 97 S. of M.
Gulf of Guaite'ca,4 97 M. & Nf. E

Gulf of Guayaquil'.

Sardinas Bay, .
Bay of Choco,.

Bay of Panama'. .

50 N. E., 51
37 S. W.
37 W.
37 N. W., a
part of the

AM-I% ito q'Aeaaa

Of South America we tell,
In geogphic vene;
Its Oeitsa yE it Stmit,
Its Gulfa ad Sounds reheare.

Th' Atlantic Ocean on the east,
Pacific wet is fond;
Then comes the Caribbean Sea
To make a northern bound.
The Gulf of Darien on the north
Observing eye may trace;
More twd Venezuela Gulf
May likewise find a place.
Lo I a the eat Brailian coast,
'Te Bay of All Saints lies;
Bat Banco Bay much irther South
The traveling mus decrie.

The Bay of St. Mathias mark,
Glance Deengaiio* o'er;
These with St. George's Bay indent
The Patagonian shore.
Magellan Strait, (a crooked pua,)
The Strait we call Le Matre,
In Patagonia find a place,
And Penast Gulf is there.
And Gulf Guaite'cat now we note,
Then northward speed away
To see the Gulf of Guayaquil',
And hail Sardina Bay.
Now on Grenada's western side,
The Bay of Choco see;
And then the Bay of Panama'
Our closing theme hall be.

Questis.-What is an Oean Decribe the Atlantic Ocean. See page 2. The Pacific
Oean. b ra I9 Caribbean Se. ee paeg 3. Where i the Gulf of Darien As.
It is i the N. w. part of New Grada, and is a part of the Caribbean Sa.-Gulf of Vene
edast BayofAUllbai BlianoB ayt StMathaiuBay? DesgaMioBayt Bayof(B
Gorge t IlH of Magell( a Am. It separate -- from --, and econects with
- I itofIL lreit f Peial Gulf of Gasitecat Gulf ofGuyaquilt Bar-
dinsa ftl rfChaooo Bay of Panamat


t pin'yu.

$ Swi-uy'kah.

i swi-idk-keel


Bermuda Island, .
West India Iland, .
Joannes Island. .
St. Paul's island, .
Fernando Noron'ha,*
Itamara'ca Island.
Abroehoet Islands, ,,
Trinidad Islands, .
Saxemburg Island.
St. Sebastian I., .
Canane'a Island, .
St Catharina .


54 N.W., 85
41 8. W.
66 N. E.
55 8.
68 8. W. *
80 N.W.
91 N.
79 M.
79 W.
79 S. W.

Falkland Islands, . 103 N. W
East Falkland,, . 104 N.W.
West Falkland. 103 N. E.
Aurora Islands, 105 N. W.
105 E., 106
South GeorgiaIslands, 10W.
Traverse Ilands. 106 N. E.

The Isles of Sooth America
Our present theme supply,
Commencing with Bermuda Isles,
That in th' Atlantic lie.
West India Isles we register,
Joannes and St. Paul's;
And then our glance poetical
Upon Fernando fils.
Itamara'ca, Abrolhos Isles,
Our careful muse shall heed,
Southeastwardly to Trinidad
And Saxemburg proceed.
Now dimly through the ocean mist,
See St. Sebastian rise;
Then ratherr to the southwad glance
Where Canane'a lies.
St Catharina's Island then,
In bounds Iazilian note,
And FPlklau ands, East ad Wat,
Inouthern seas remote.

sandwich Lend, . 1078.
South Orkney Isrands I II.R1
South Shetland I. 111,112.
T d u 102 B., 108
rerra dd Fuig, W M
taten Luad, . lOE.
Hermita Ilad.. . 108W.
97, at 8. of
Wellington Iland, tb OGtf of

Chiloet Island,. 971 E.
an Fernandez Is. 88 N. W.,
) 87 N. I.
a a ria . 87 iA4
Selkirk' Idand, ,8N.W.
St. Feli land. 7 .
St. Ambrose Iland, 76 W.
Puna land, . 60 N. of E.
laleofReay. .. 8 N. W.

Aurra laab thedt wepas;
A seawmad eonre praes,
And lo! Sooth Georgian Isle apper,
And Traveme Isads too
7 V3a1,.
Then Sandwich Lnd, South Orkue
Sboth Shetland too, we spy;
At Terra del Fuego touch,
And Staten Land elos by.
Upon this ria's soth extnae
T HarmittUed a;
The Isle all'd Wellingt 's adoa
Paci's breast ans
Thn rather north ee Chiloe4
In Chill's bounds embrc'd;
The alse Jien emande then
Nrthwsterly are tnd.
Mue a f ina ro*p
With Selkirk's. i aWmP
FPom thLes our oint a
To Isl 8L Plik s *-

0 no-roneyah. I asble*-Ye.. I chebl-..sy. I. I 'VAN-h-" V





St. Ambroe Iland close beside
St. Felix bsle is l;
But in the Gulf of Goayquil'
I Puna Ise survey'.

is .
Then in the by of Panama',
Behold the Ie of Bay;
Thi shall thp island list conclude,
And likewise end our lay.

Qxueieon-What is an Iand Whr are the Bermuda Ildend Au. In the Atlantic
Ocean, E. of the southern pmt of th U. Sates. Weta I ai I s. See page 27. Joanneus I
An&. In the northern pat of BrziL at the aoh of the Amson River.-St. Paul's .t Fr
nando Noronha Itamermoa AbroosL t Trinidad Lt Sazemburg LT S. Betian
I.t Casnes I. St. Cathari I. Falland I t Aurora I. South Georgia Is t Tra.
vere Is.I Sadwich Land South Orkney IL t South Shetland Is. I Tern del Fuego I
taten Land I Hernit L Wellingtoo LI Chiloel. l Juan Fernadez I. I Mu a Fuer
.t Selkir'sI. t St.Ambrose.t Punal.t IdleofReyl


Cape Gallinas,

Cape Orange,

Cape North.. .
Cape St. Roque, .
Cape Frio, .

Cape St. Antonio.
Cape Corrietes,.

28, the N. E.
Point of New
89 E., the N.
.point of Bra
, 89 8. E.
S55 M.
S79 E.
I 90, the most
E. & S. E.
point in or
Sder on th
coastof O
noe Ayres.

98 S. of M.,
& N. of the
Cape Blanco,. . mouth of
Port Desire
CapeHorn. . 108 W.
102, the N.
W. extremi-
Cpe Pillar, ty of Terr
del Fuego.
S50, the most
Cape Blanco, western point
Caof Peru.
Cape St. Francisco.. 87 S. W.

Am--J. .fmrry MJ*u lea.
To the Capes, to the Capes South American turn,
All their names shall m order be told;
We begin at the north, there Gallinus discern,
Whish the waves Caribbean enfold;
Cape Orae then we shall explore
the North Brazilian shore;
spemlway to Cape North, thth hy aspect so stern
;ppe St Roque through the mists we behod.
M%8 Cape Frio more southward appears in Brail,
t. Antmnio btet we glance o'er;
And ten thence to the Cape Corrientes we teal,
i Aya, 'tis lt nd on thy hore;
o e the Patsonian coast
V r C LaqLdI Horn, and Pillar post;
M TMa er Blanco Perau hal reveal
. at Francisco is thine, Ecoador.

QumimLa-.WIt is a eep Whe i Caps OslliinesI An& It Is l6 sea hsumpelsi
of Now tsaldaszMing into the Cribs 89&-C Oinng C Nor" ? IAma~se
Geasern point of dhe Sordtn pat of ---= ~g ki -. C. aI Rooqnp C. ri. C.
OL AntotoII C.Coiut C. I aneBl C.HRom I An& Iti *d aounpoistofB11
mit Island. siteajing ins ~L Mit ~.c. Blanot C"L Pb ptinm?

Andes Mts., 400 m.
in 1.

Acaray .
GeralMts., .
Brazilian Mts..

extend along Vulcan Mt,. .
the whole Mt. Illimani, .
.length Of ML Sorata.
the estn
coast of S.
America. Mt. Cotopaxi,
3 So., 88 8. Mt. Pich
66 N.
67, 79. Mt. Chimberazo.

AM-n2 OU Ormdt a"u.

The Mountains am before u,
Their snowy tops rise o'er us;
And now m lively corus,
With Andes we commence;
See Acuay ascending,
Lo Geral' clifi impending,
Brazilian range extending,
And Vulcan's vapors dene.t

66 W,

*?ff*e., &8.a


I N .

limani* aext n ld-er
Stai upon a= bia' bnerd
Like a bold g agpti W er;
T ten fors height asse
Cotopa next we mention;
Give Pichincha sme attention;
Then with-te steep uasise
Of Chimboa ead.t '

Quedions.-Whbt i a mountain I Daeribe t Andes. Asa. 1hi a isaum sseka
of lofty moustMai, exteDding alone the who le igth f te wasm ide of A Mlt~
adin varying from 5 to 100 mile from the ct sa.l are ibt OW miles nt-
Acary Mus. Am. Th are bemtwn the northern pnrt of iL, a th southerpant
Guiana md the southeastern prt of Venemals extandig at ~id w .-Whas ae Orsu
Mt t. BrazilianMt@ Vulolan Mt Mount lllimnit As. It in the w* part of
Bolivia, and i 24,350 feet high.-ML. Sorat As. It is in -- Uand is 50 W high, be
highest mountain on the Wesemr contine-at-M Cotopaui As. It is in --, d is
88 feet high.-- Mt.Piibhinrha Aa It i ---und is 1 6S w iigk.-4t ehiah
rtzof An. It i in --,nd i 2lL40 fethigh.


Lake Zapatosa,
Lake Maracay'bo,.
Lake Ipava.
Lake Xaray'ee,
Lake Ibera,. .
Lake de loe Patos.

87 N. E.
88 M.
66 8. W.
78 8. W.
90 N. .

90, & S.
Lake Mirim, . of De
Lake Coluguape, 97 E.
Lake Guanacache. 89 N. W.
* l-.yh-mah'a. t Re

Lake Beede'wo,

Poronge Lake,
Lake del Valle.
Lake Whhy, .
Lake Tidea'ea

Lake R'ee. .

s8, &8 S. of
*.Lake 60=66.

as J. a.

of, imsthg
"aiis 6f *10

eat ie t fmor line..


I _ __ ~L_


s~g~ ~~T

, -7, -_ F
7 r_

, 'rv-sv

63 Y TO PLo r l n' OUTLINE IAP.

&AKMs. <

1 f
Lakes that in this reo isine, tward now of Uruguay,
Near the Equinocti7ine, To Lake Mirim make our way;
Those that &r mouth incline, And in Patagonia,
Now commemorate. Coluupet see.
2 6
In Granada may be Meen Guancchet Lake we greet;
Zapatom's waters green Next with levedero meet,
And thy spet ebriht, erene, Then in Buenos Ayre seat,
Maraeaybo Lak. The Poron1gs Lake.
8 7
ake Ipava, (small in sie,) Lke Del ValleN then is found
Veneela's gronds comprise; Set in Benos Ayrean ground;
Xuare in Bolivia lies, But Lake Ubhyll is found
Near Brailian bound In Bolivia.
Now for Buenos Ayre make, In Bolivia and Peru,
There to find Iba Lake; Titicaca lake we view,
De ls Pate tl we take, Lake Reyes, then a line for you,
In Brazil it lies. To close the registry.
Qua -si&-What is a lke Whe i Lake Zapato I Ass. It i in the northern put
of New Grenad-L Maraeayeot .Ip LIp XaryetL f LIben L DeloPatost
LMirim L.Cd gape l LGena=ache LBevderot PorangoLL. LDeVaBle?
LUbaby~ LTitIsaat LIRMet


Cuca R.,
Oronoco R.

Apu're R.
Arau'ca R.,
Meta River.
Guavia're R.

SCaW R.,

Berbice R.,
arionam R.

Loation mn the Map.

87 M. &N.
87 W. & N.
88 N. & M.
38 N. W., 87
88 W., 87E. &
S. of ApureR.
in order.
38 E.,flows N.
into the Oro.
S 89-next E. of
Ea8equib in
89 .&M.

Maroni' R.,
Oyapock R.,
Amazon R.

Aniba' R.,
Negro R.

Branco R.,
Padaviri' RL,




Location on the Map.
8 3--next E. of
Surinam R.
89 E.
S68 N., 62, 61,

68 N., 39 S.
58 N. W., 39 S.
52 N.E. & N.

38 S. E. & 62
88 .
88, connects the
Negro with the

t ko".o1gwah1pay.

I OAba .


w ray' eh.
lig !.s5

* Wda.

wT I;%L-''~L;i~~~

wwu EU~


Uaupes R., 800

Japura R., .100

Apapura R.
Putumayo 80
Napo River, 50
Curaray R. 400
Tungura'gua 90
River, .
HuallagatR, 500
Ucaya'li R. 1200

Paro River, 500
Javary R., 400
Jutay River. 800
Juru'a R., 900
Purum R., 900
Madeira R. .2200
Ben'River, 00
MAmore R., 1200
Branco R.. 1000
Guapo're R., 500
Topayos R., 1100
Tres Barra 20
River.. .
Arinhos R., 300
Xingut R., 1800
Para' River. 1300
Tocantihs R. 1200
Araguay R., 1200

LoeaUtn on the Map.
52 N. W., 3;
S. E:
62 N. & N.W.,
51 N.
51N. ., E 87S.
Sof the Japs
51, next 8. W.
of the Putu.
mayoin order.
51 M., W. &
51 8. & M.
64 N.&N.E.,
51,8. E.
64 N.E., 65N,
51 E.
51 8. E., 5 W,
52 S. W.
52 S. E.f65 N.
66 W.
65 M. & 8.
65 S. E. & M.
65 E. & N.E.
68 M. & 8.
66 N.
S5 N.E.& S. E
6 6N.E.
64 W., 67 M.
54 8.W., 66 E.

Gury R.

Diamond .,
Paraiba R,
Rio de la
Plata.. .
Uru uay R,
Negro R., .
Parana R.

Rio Grande,
Paraguay R.
Taoas. R.
Cuya'ba R.
Vermejo R.,
Sala'do R.,
Dul'ce R.

Tercero R.,
Saladillo R.,
Colorado R.
Rio Negro,
Port Desire

5 l4 N. & W. or


67 N &. & S.

00 X& W.

90 N. W., 78
8.W.& N.E
8. W. 4a 0

07' S.B, so
0 .W,79 SW.


89 N.* "
99 X, I*1w.

89 S.
90 M. 4; NeV

S97R., s0 LW.

* wow'.pes. t wal-yah'-k
$ Written also Chingu. It isto be oph ved that Braihplia ane pNromn omld asel
the moundf of the Ponrul es while the anme of the rest of %II.Amerle e s ,,m f
Mexico, conform to the T of the Spaik lani e. The polpd harmed r th
following:-In Portuguee, a in Preneh, and ao Tbefore or, eu like sl, *r lke -
mur; e and IA are pronounced like or ; hece Cingu nand XI n p .lo rml Mh
alike. On the other hand,j sad in Stiih have the Mound of a S pliy"t i ; ma 6e l,
pronouoned nlt as it is in the B I wort esd ; eecordnglly we m ot cay 'gree aot
alh'gres; e:Le-wh'wah, mad not -web wah. (See Bawumrt Paoomucume ,amsomr IEam-
duetion, XXVI., 8, and 11; als, XXVII. 5, 9 I and 17.)
In the pronuneiation of eog ahiel names, it would be we A r the W a.Iher b~ atl to M
the attention of hi pupalo to t a et that in aaurly Irei namms u sondIe h e i pei
word father- a eiMe ppm ohingl the elaAa; e Apt -eor me; alie hpi.r

J1 ''

team. of South Amerida,
Rolling on your raid wy,
Now in vere we al unly
Your nm melodic oO
Magdalena River sing,
Flowing frm its mountain spring;
Then our way to Ccaes wing,
Oronoo see.
Now Ap.w* come to view,
And the ior Auna too;
Thn a southward come pure
Aad the Mets ee.
GuaviW'ret is scrolled,
Oarm it we thn behold;
SM Qakimn'. plain enLd
BiEqaibo's stream.
Demauu we premet,
Which in eoon waves maet,
Then a tmn of hort extert,
ebice River alle
Surinam ,d Mami',
In iraoth we ee,
a line we troll to thee,
Biver OYVock.
Bt what object meets our gazel
Who on look without ome,
When Brsil thy treum diphlay
Mighty Amae I
Trombeta Rier, next in ple,
all our poey embrace;
River Amni' we trace,
In Brzilian ground..
Nero river, large ad long,
Is mnerted in our af,
BranoM/s Oe t, switt a trong,
And Ptdariri.r
Now to Cuiq itre hate,
Link between two rivers pleod;
Bat the Uaped my be taed
In Gremnd plinm.

XUY toPU ~IweN' 0311.1MW MAS.

*a~-bkW ~Yrn.

Now Japom is in ht,
Apapur's apect bright
Sparked in ithe melow light;
Platuayo see!
Napo River then we note;
On Curaray* infancy float;
Then to ee a line devote,
Tungura'a fair.
See Uallgaff to the last
From its mountain source flows &t;
Ucaali then is paed,
Paro River too.
Thence removing, we drew nigh
To Javaytt ad Jutay ;J
Then the leasn bank we spy
Of Jona' stream.
Purm and Madeira see,
From the mountains bows Beni ;i
Then Mamore'. place hall be
In BoliviL
Branco deook Bolivian gromd
Which Gouporell na iea boundm,
But TopaLvo murnuring sou1ads
Though Brailisn land.
In those lamds Tre Barrm too,
And Arinhs**u and Xingo,
All a northern course purue
To the Amaon.
Tocantin, Pa' combine
Near the equatorial line,
There uniting with the brine
Of th' Atlantic ea.
Io the River Araguay
Northward makes its rapid way;
See Gurapy to ocean tray,
Also Maruham
Parnahi'ba northward goes,
Swoln by streams om mountain snows;
Seaward Bt. Fraoneoo flow,
Though Brazilian ground

* ab-pesm. tI Wma khrm.'. 9 pLAh dshY".le I wow'pel.
bb. tfoo-m-. t w0l-ymh'9ph. ff h 1:.aJ.
*a b..a'. TV gwa-pr'ns. ah-reen' yace.

* wei


Diamond River boldly leaps
Down the mountain's dizzy steepe;
Calmly Paraiba creeps
To th' Atlant.c wave.
The La Plata you may deem
Without doubt a "silver stream;"
Uragnay is now our theme,
Bright and beautiful.
Negro River then we see,
Flowing, Uraguay. to thee;
But tbh Parana' shall be
Buenos Ayrei thin.

Parnahy'ba now survey,
Rio Grande* fair and gay,
'Tke the River Paraguay,
And the Tacoary.t
Coya'ba, Pileonayo seek,
Vermejo and Salado eke;
Of Dulcet and Tfaeroq spik,
SoladM o see.
Colorado net admire,
Negro shall a line require;
Camarones, Port Desre
Close the melody.

Quesore.-What is a riwer Whet is the Magdalena Rivrt Ad. It riuein the sob.-
western part of New Grenada. flows a northerly course into the Caribbean Sea, and is I0
miles long.-Cauca R.t Oronoco R.I Anc. It rises in Ipava Lake in the southern part of
Venezuela, flows first a northeasterly, then a southeasterly, then a southwesterly, then a noth-
erly, and lastly an eaterly course, into the Atlantic. and is 1500 miles long.
WhereisApureR.t AraucaR. MetaR.t GuaviareLR. CaroniR.t EseqoibolR.
Demerara R.? BerbiceR.1 SurinamR.? MaroniR.? Oyapock L. AnmaonlLR Am.
It is formed by the junction of the TFuni rgua and Ueayatiin the somthasum paut of eu-
ador, flows a general easterly course into the Atlantie, 4000 miles ad IO mles wide at
its mouth, being the largest river in the world.
Where isTrombeta R.I Anibat. Negro R. Braorn L PadaviriR.' Casiquisr
ILt Acs. It i in the southern part of Vesezola, connecting the Negro River with the Oro
noco. and is 150 miles loqg-Uupes R I JapmRaa t Apapera L Putamyo R. Napo
R. Curaray R? Tmuguragun R. Ase. It rim in the wetem prt of Peru, fows first a
northweserly, then a general easterly oome, unihe with the Uesyli te frm ibaAmM and
is loig-Huanlag R.I
Where is Ucayali R. I As. It rises in Lake Reyes in the western prt of Peru, leo a
southeasterly, then a northeasterly, and lastly a general northerly coume, unites with the To*
pnrgua to form the Amuon, and is long.-Paro R. Javary R.t Jutay R. I J am
LR. Purus R.t Madeira R.L Beni Rt Mamore RIL Brrmeo R. Ouspure E To-
payoaR.? Tre BarraeR.f ArinhoeR. XingulR. Par R.L Ans. It i i the morth-
easem part of Brazil, flows a ortheasterly course into the Atlantic, and, including the To-
cantin, is 1300 miles long.
Where isTocantins R. Araguay R Gurapy RL Maranham R. Parnahib R.t St.
FranciscoR.t Diamond RI ParaibaR.! Riode la Plata Aes. It is formedbythe jue
tion of the Parana and Uruguay, flows a southeasterly course into the Atlanti forming a
part of the boundary between Buenos Ayrs and Uruguay, and, including the Parana is 400
mileslong.-Uruguay Rt Negro RL Parana R.t Paranahyba R. RioGrandt Pa.
guay RL TacoaryR.? CoyabasR. Pilomayo R. Veranjo R.I aladorL DdaeeIL
TereeroI. SaladilloR.? ColorndoR.? RioNegro? CamatomaeLl PoeDsipL.

* rne'o n'-day.

t takItwol-ro'. bei'Mr

i 1o-My'fm.

Square milMe 300,000-Population, 2 ,880,000o.-Pop to eq. m., 6f.
1. EvanoP is the smallest, but the most enlightened, powerful, and
thickly settled grand division of the earth.
2. It is inhabited almost entirely by civilized races of men.
8. The northern half, except parts of Norway and Sweden, is an im-
mense plain; the southern half is generally mountainous.
Quetiamt.-L What is Europt By whom is it inhabited 3. What is the fse of the
eounryt What Ocan onthe N. of Europe Ac. What grand divion of the earth on the
E A. Asia Whats- o the t Am. The Mediterraean S. What oea on the
W.t Ae.

Anl-.dU tLut Sy.
Europe, comparatively small, is boatful of her dower,
Her intellectual eminence, her opulence and power;
On every se her navies ride, her banners are unfurl'd
To civilis or subjugate all regions of the world.
Parent and nurse of useful arts, of boundless wealth pomsse'd,
Why is it that too frequently thy children are unblem'd
Extremes of wealth and poverty in every part we view,
The wretched are the many there, the happy are the few.

Norway, the capital, 24, 8 S. E., 1. Naples, the capital 1 80 E., 81 S.
Christiania.. . 9 N. is Naples. . W., 92 E.
Sweden, the capital is 40,26,9,10.2. Popedom,* the cap.-
Stockholm. ... ital, the city of 80 M. & N.
Russia, the capital, St. 28, 82, 58, Rome. ....
Petersburg. 1. 80, a little
Austria, the capital, 8. San Mari'no, the .Republic in
tVienna 0. capital is San Ma. the N. E.
Vienne rino. . part of
Turkey, the capital, ?82 88. o .Popedom.
Constantinople. 4. Tuscany, the capi 80
Greece, the seat of go- tal is Florence.
vernment is Athens.
67 68. 80, a small
W., 80, 81 5. Lucca, the capital is division ly
Italy comprises ten E 1 N2 Lucca. .. Ng on the
divisions. N. W. of
E., 79 S. E. Tuscany.
Or States o( the Church.


6. Mod'ena, 80 N.W., border
the capital is the W. of the N.
Mod'ena. part of Popedom.
7. Parma, the :0 N. W. 79 N
capital is Par- E.
ma. .. ..
8. Lombardy
and Venice,
the capital is
Mil'an. .J
9.Sardinia, the 67 ., 79 N., 79 8.
capital is Tu. E., 91 N. E.
ri. .
10. Mon'ac, 79 a small princi.
the capital is pality in the S. part
Meac. of continental Sar-
Mon'aco. I ia
Berne,' Lu- 67 M. & E., lies on
cerne,* and the N. of Sardinia.
Zurich.* . .
France, the
capital is Pa- [ 6
ris on the
Seine. J
Spain,the capi.
tal is Madrid
on the Man. 77, .
zanares. .
Portugal, the
capital is Lis. 88W. & N. 768.
bon. .
England and
Wales, the 62 (Wales 52 W.)
capitalisLon. 5
don. I
Scotland, the
capital is Ed- 187 W.
inburgh. .
pital is Dub. 51.
lin. .

Belgium, the
capital is 8 8s.E., 4 8.W.
Brussels. .)
Holland, the)
apial is the 53 E., 64 W.

Denmark, the 9 8. E., 64 N. E.,
capital, Co. 40 S. W.
penhagen. .
S56, 56 M. & E., &
Prussia, the a detached part 84
capital isBer. M. & S., lying on
lin . both sides of the
River Rhine.
Germany,tthe 54, 55, 67, 68.
capital is Frankfort 64 5. E.
Frankfort. on the River Mayn.

S68 M. & N. W. A
Bavaria, the detached portion
capital is Mu- (67 N.) lies on the
nich.. N. of the E. part
of France.
Wurtemberg, 67 E., lying on the
the capital is W. of Bavaria.
Stuttgard. .) w o Bn
Saxony,theca- 65 S. E., lying on
pital is Dres. both sides of the
den. .. .) Elbe.
Hanover, the) 55 W., 54 E. & M.
capital is Ha- The west part lies
over. .) on the Ems River.
Bad'en,theca- 67 M. & N. E., &
pital is Carls.> lies on the W. of
ruhe4 . Wurtemberg.

Hesse Darm-
ital is Darm-
stadt .. .

67, N. of Bade, lies
on both sides of
the River Rhine,
and a part 84 8. E.
on the N. E. of

t Germany, an exensie country or center BEnpe, consists of Independent Statem naled
under the OGerm ie Confedertion as uetabliehed by an ct e the Msll of Vienna, on the
of June, 1811. These States, eaek of which is independent in its own terrory, re pled not to
attack, but to defend each other in war, and to submit their disputes tl the decision of the Federa-
live Diet, a body eampoeed of members fom the dierent states, wh* holds its sittings a Prk-
fort on the Man, and over which the Rmperor of Austria presides.-.e table of Ge(rma Sms
in Part SBeond.
; Ikrl' roo.


Hess. Cassel, Lippe Schau. 64, a small division
the capital is 64 S. E. enburg, the ca. N. of Lippe-Det-
Camel. . pital is Bucke. mold and on the S.
64, 66, lies on the burg. of Hanover.
N. of Hanover Anhalt-Desaau,
Holsein&Lau- along the River the capital is
enburg,Gluck. Ele. Gluckstadt Dessau. .
stadt. . onthe Elbe, Pop. Anhalt-- C. 5 S of M., on the
0n the Elbe, P nht Elbe in Prussia.
6000. then, the capi- The capitals are,
67 N. W., 64 S. W. tal is Ccothen. Dessau in the S.E.
It appears on the Anhalt- Bern. Ccethen in the S.,
map in two divi- burg, the ca- & Bernburg in the
Luxemburg,the sions, the E. be- pital is Bern. S.W.
capital is Lux- longs to Holland, burg .
emburg. and the W. to Saxe Alten
Belgium. The a- burg, the capi. 65, a small division
pital is in the tal is Alten in the W. part of
E. part. burg. Saxony.
Nassau, the ca. 64 S. The capi- Saxe- Weimar,
pital, Wisba'. tal is near th e capital i
den. . Rhine. Wpimar
W6ima6 T

66, 54, a small di-
Brunswick, the vision lying in the
capital is S. E. of Hanover,
Brunswick. consisting of two
Mecklenburg. )55 N., borders on
Schwerin, the N. E. part of
Schwerin. Hanover.
Mecklenburg. 665, lies on the E.
Strelitz, New of Mecklenburg.
Strelitz.. Schwerin.
Oldenburg the 54 M., in the W.
capital is Old. part of Hanover.
enburg. .

the capital, of OIdenburg.
Kniphaumen. rg.

Lippet Det.
mold, the cap-
ital is Det.
mold. . .

54, a small division
lying on the W. of
the S. W. part of

x o g, 55 S. W. The cap-
Saxe. Coburg, itals areWeimarin
the capital is the N. E., Gotha
Gotha. . in the N., & Mein-
Saxe Meinin. ingen in the W. &
gen.Hildburg- S. W. of Gotha.
hausen, Mein.
ingen. . .
Rudolstadt, 66, a small division
Rudolstadt. S. W. of Weimar.
Son'dershau'- 55, a small division
sen, Sonders- in the S. W. of
hausen. J Prussia.
Reuss Greitz,
the capital is a small division 56
Greitz. S. The capitals
Reuss-Schieitz, are Greitz in the
the capital is E. & Lobenstein
Lobenstein.. in the W.
Waldeck, the 64, a small division
capital is Ar'. in the N. W. part
olsen. J of Hese.Casel.

* Kalubaa seording to Delhi, isea emal, indopendeat G esOo stale, coatalsing UN nimab-
htenr isat 2u 0 Ve yoie Iii cbe Fedruive Dist.

I- T

S-~ --f i- -.'


Hesse Horn
burg,the cap. 64 8., between Nas.
ital is Hom.- sau & rankfort.
burg. .
Hohenzollern. 6 7, a small division
in the 8. W. part
Hechingen, of Wurtemberg.
Hechingen. The capitals are
Hohenzollern- Hechingen in the
Sigmaringen, N., & Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen. in the M.
S67, a small division
Lichtenstein, between the E. parl
the capital is of Switzerland &
Va'dutz.. W. part of Austria.

Frankfort, the 64 8. E., a small
capital is Republic on both
Frankfort J sides of the Maya.
rem'en, the 64, a small Republic
capital is on the Weear, E.
Brem'en. of Oldenburg.
Ha m", the 64, 6, 6.a small R&e
Hamburg, the u
capital is othe b. of Hoe
Hamburg. W the 8. of Hol.
Hamburg. stein.
Lubeck,theca- 55 N. W., & lying
pital is Lubeck N.E. of Hamburg.

Al.-B-anl DMn.
I 8
Now be our geographic rhymes Then Modl'ea our vere eAlds
Transferr'd to European olimes; A namesake town the septre holds;
The grand divisions first we teach, To Parma then our course pursue,
With the metropolis of each. Whose capital is Pama too.
2 9
Norway, a region bleak and cold, To Lombardy and Venice hie,
By Christiania is controlled; Where charming MiFan meets the eye;
Sweden, (that Charles the hero bred,) Sardinia sues for notice brief
Takes Stockholm for its chief and head. Turin among its towns i hies
3 10
Russia in proud expansion sits, Then Monco, with namesake towa,
And to St. Petersburg submits; (The last Italian state) mark down.
Austria, with its imperial crown, To Switzerland we come, where Berne
Vienna takes for its chief town. Holds sway with Zurich and Lucerne.
4 11
Turkey, in Southern Europe placed, Prance and its capital we gain,
Is by Constantinople graced; The last i Paris on the Seme;
Greece, once for arts and arms renown'd, To Spain we rapidly proceed,
With glorious Athens still is crown'd. And its metropolis, Mdr
5 IS
To classic Italy we haste, And now for Portugal we teer,
In ten divisions 'ti embraced; Where Lisbon &ir will son appear;
Naples comes first in our review, ngland and Wales we next behokl,
Its capital is Naples too. By Loan, (fuaous town 1) contrl'd.
6 13

Next to the Popedom we repair,
" Imperial Rome" is regent there;
A line let San Mari'no claim,
Which gives its capital its name.
Then Tuscany our verse invi,
Its rule on lovely Florence lig ;
To Lucca next in order speed
Whose rule to Lucca is decreed.

Scotland we each,the U"Ladef(Q '
The rule there Edinburgh tabiheal
Ireland, tho' poor and munh diMtl5
Of beauteous Dublin is posses'd.
And Belgium, (often doom'd to bleed,)
To Brusels has the rule decred;
Let Holland in the list be sa
Nor Hague, its capital, forge.


15 25
Let Denmark, on the Northern Deep, Then Anhalt-Deua designate,
Its court at Copenhagen keep; Where Deseu holds the helm of state;
Prussia behold, a warlike realm, The muse of Anhalt-Cethen tells,
And Berlin there may hold the helm. Whose government at Cathen dwells.
16 26
At Frankfort Germany locates On Anhalt-Bernburg next we call,
The rule of nineand-thirty states; Where Bernburg is the capital;
Bavaria is or next resort, Saxe-Altenburg our rhymes embrace,
Which still at Munich keeps its court. And Altenburg is its chief place.
17 27
ThenWurtemberg more westward greet, Let not our verse Saxe-Weimar slight,
Stuttgard its governmental seat; O'er which to rule is Weimar's right;
Next, Saiony, we turn to thee, Saxe-Coburg too in rhyme shall stand,
And thy chief town, called Dresden, see. Where handsome Gotha takes command.
18 28
Lo Hanover, the nurse of kings, Saxe-Meiningen we next enroll,
Its name to its chief city clings; Which bows to Meiningen's control;
Bad'en, (so named from Baths,) we view, Then Schwarzburg-Rudolstndt we trace
Its capital is call'd.Carlsruhe. And Rudolstadt is its chief place.
19 29
Hesse-Darmstadt lies upon the Rhine, But Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, thou
Its rule to Darmstadt we assign; To Sondershausen's rule must bow;
Hesse-Cassel next in place is met, Then with Reus-Greitz the muse shall
Where Cassel at the helm is set At Greitz is held its ducal court [sport,
20 30
Holstein and Lauenburg succeed, Now to Reues-Schleitz a place assign,
Whose rule to Gluckstadt is decreed; Whose capital is Lobenstein;
Next Luxemberg the muse shall name, The muse to Waldeck then repairs,
Whose capital is called the same. Here Ar'olsen the sceptre bears
21 31
On Nassau next our verse shall wait, Hesse-Homburg name among the rest,
Wisbaden holds the helm of state; And Homburg with the rule invest;
Brunswick to Hanover is join'd, Then Hohenzollern, tho' small sized,
To Brunswick is its rule assigned. In two divisions is comprised;
22 32
To Mecklenburg-Schwerin we glide, Hec)'ingen, Sig'maring'en, they
Whose rulers at Schwerin reside; Must each a namesake town obey.
Then Strel'itz-Mecklenburg we gain, Proceed we now to Lichtenstein,
And there New-Strelitz holds the rein. Its chief town Va'dutzt on the Rhine.
23 33
Then Oldenburg we must enroll, Frankfort, a small republic, note,
Which bows to Oldenburg's control; Its rule to Frankfort town devote;
Kniphausen* next the muse shall name, Then Brem'en in our route we find,
Its seat of government the same. Whose rule to Bremen is aligned.
24 34
To Lippet-Detmold then we turn, Then Hamburg south of Holstein view,
And Detmold its chief town discern; Its capital is Hamburg too;
To Lippe.chauenburg we stray, Be Lubeck, (ruled by Lubeck,) Vlew'd,
Wr Be Buckeburg mamtains the sway. And here the German states conclude.
Que*Mias.-Name and point out each division with its capital. In what latitude is Eu-
lf What countries are crowed by the parallel of 40" N. latitude By the parallel of
450! By the parallel of 500? By the parallel of 5501 By the parallel of 60"? By the
parallel of 65? I By the Arctic Circle In what zone is nearly the whole of Europe? In
what sone is the N. part What countries are crossed by the meridian of Greenwich or
Lodon By the meridian of 5 W. longitude? Bythemeridian of 5E. longitude By
the meridian of 10 E. longitude? By the meridian of 150 E. longitude? By the meridian
of 20 E. longitude By the meridian of 25" longitude.
nip-how zen. t lip'peh. vah'doota.

--I- -I I W .1


8000 n
3000 w.
Arctic O
White Se
a. in I.
Strait o
ca,'le, 2
Black S
M. in I.
ir .
Sea of
150 rn.
Gulf of S
Gulf of

Gulf of:

Gulf of
Sea, %2
Gulf of
600 in.
Gulf of,
Strait of


Ocen, Gulf of Gea'oe, 79 N. L
n. L & W. of Europe. Gulfof Lyos. 78 B
I* IStraitofrGibral'.
sea, of Europe. tar, 1 m. in w. I*
a, 18,14. BayofBlacay, 60 8.W., 77N.
ya Gulf. 15 M. 1 8. W., i ts
*of, 200 78 M. &S. W. ay, S. W. P"t of
7 M. . Ireland.
f Yeni. W. Galway Bay. 51 W.
a.. in w. p Don ega 81 N. W.
ea, 760 North Channel, 1 N.B., ,S.E.
84,85. Frith of Clyde. 86 S.E., 37 S.W.
of B-os Solway Frith, 62N.W,878.W.
i m. 83 S.E. Irish Sea,. 61 N. E., B N.
I ) W.
I 2r'mon i i81 E., separates
ar'mora, ) s1 lain
i 88. St.eorg..e the S. E.part d
in3. *e S ... ..t. .. Ireland from the
the Dar 83 8.W. nel 8. W. part of
If * Wales.
ago, 95 W., 94 E. __
loni'ca. 81 8., 94 N. Bristol Channel, 82 8.W., 8.of
94 E. of M., &S. English Channel, 62 8., 66 N.
W. of Athens. trait of Dover. 68 8. W.
S94, & N. of the
Lepan'to, Peninsula of Mo. North Sea, 460 88,
rea. m. i w.
94 M.,&S.W. of Zuyder 4 W.
Na'poli. Egina Gulf. The Wash, . 8 W.
nean 90, 91, 9, 96.,S. rith of Forth. 87 S. of M.
,0 m. of Europe. Mo'ray Frith, 87 N. of M.
Vni N. E Skag'er Rack, 39 M. & E.
in 80N.E. Cattegat. . 40 W.
Otnto, 81 S. E. alti Sea, 800 41 M. &S.,4W.
Tar'anto, 81 S., 93 N. m in &N. W., E.
Messina. 98 W Gulf of Dantic, 5S N. E.
79 E ., s Gulf of Ri' 42 M.
f Boni. rates the Is. of Gulf o Finand. 48 N., 8 .
S. Sardinia &Cor. Gulfof Bothnia, ,SO '1
Ssica. 480 m. n 1. .
00UANl, iSAS, WlnVS, A&s, ITrAIWs, AND C r irL. > C
Ail-M It ua" .

ea, thy Ooeun, Sea, and ay,
'Tby Gal sad Straits we cin m;
And with t' Atlaic on the wet,
&ieia the ueul rhyme.

The Arctic Ocean onyv ar!
And White Sea nezl
Teheskay' Gulf and
Oae as Motis funed.

* Or the Chtnru of CoMlla tiople.


3 10
From hence through Yenile Strait, Gibraltr Strait is intarpmd
To the Black Sea we ail; 'Twixt Afrim and Spain;
And soon the strait of Bcsporus, Then, by a northward passage, we
And Mar'mora we hail. The By of Biscay gain.
4 11
Pass through the Strait of Dardanelles Proceeding to the Irish coast,
Where poor Leander died, We meet with Bantry Bay;
And reach the Archipelago, Then Galway Bay and Donegal,
On Turkey's southern side. Still farther north survey.
6 12
Proceed to Saloni'ca* Gulf. North Channel pas'd, in Scottish bounds
Which Turkish lands comprise; We see the Frith of Clyde;
Egi'na's celebrated Gulf, Then Solway Frith and Irish Sea
Southwest of Athens lies. Successively are spied.
6 13
Lepanto's Gulf where Christians once St. George's Channel separates
Defeated hordes of Turks; Th' Emerald Isle from Wales;
The Gulf of Napoli behold, The muse then Bristol Channel sees,
Renown'd tbr warlike works. And English Channel hails.
7 14
Mediterranean Sea we reach, The Strait of Dover separates
In its dimensions great; The English shore from France;
Then as we go to Venice Gulf, Next at North Sea and Zuyder Zee
We pas Otranto Strait Successively we glance.
8 15
Gulf Tar'anto in Italy, The Wash,-the Frith of Forth we pam,
Northwestwardly inclines; At Moray Frith arrive;
Moessina Strait, a narrow pass, To Skager Rack and Cattegat,
To Sicily adjoins. And Baltic Sea we drive.
9 16
Then Boniecio Strait observe, And then awhile to Dantzic Gulf
The Gulf of Gen'oa too, And Riga Gulf attend;
And to the Gulf of Lyons next, The Gulfs of Finland, Bothnia,
A westward course pursue. The catalogue shall end.
Question.-What is an ocean ? Describe the Atlantic Ocean. See pia 22. The Arctic
Ocean. Seepage22. What i a sat Whe is the White Seat Ans. t is in the northern
part of Russia. and is a part of the Arctic Ocean.-Tchesksya Gulf? Sea of Azof Ans.
It is in the southern part of Russia, and is 200 miles long.-Strait of Yenicale Ams. It
separates the Peninsula of Crimea from Circassia,t connects the Sea of Azof with the Black
Sea, and is about t2 miles wide.
Where is the Black Sea An. It border on the Southern pat of Russia, on the eastern
part of Turkey, on the northern part of Turkey in Asia, on the western part of Georgia.t and
is 760 miles long.-Straii of Bosponul As. It separates a part of Turkey in Europe from
a pat of Turkey in Asia.onects the Black Sea with the Sea of Marmora, and is 11 miles
wide-Sea of Marmors f'ls. It is between the southeastern part of Turkey in Europe and
t tdit*n estem art of Turkey ia Asia, and is 150 miles long.-Strait of the Dardanelles?
Asm t separates a part of Turkey in Europe from a part of Turkey in Asia. connects the
ie* IMarmomr with the Archipelago, and is from 2 to 10 miles wide.-The Archipelago?
Ass. fi between the eastern part of Greece and the wetem part of Turkey in Asia, and
is sally called the Grecian Archipelago.
Where is the Gulf of Salonieat Gulf of Eginas Gulf of Lepentot Gulf of Napolit
.Mediterranean Sea f Ans It separates the southern part of Europe from the northern part of
Africa, borders on the western part of Turkey in Asia, ad is 2250 miles long.-The Gulf of
Venicet An. It borders on the western part of Turkey, the southwestern part of Austria,
and the northeastern part of Italy. It is a part of the Meditemmean ea, and is 300 miles

Ssatl o-ne kah,.

t See Ciressis in Asia.

t Se Georgia in Asia.

7c7` r~ ~R r ~


long-S rat of Otrantot Au. It separate from --, ad cneets with--
Gulf of Taranto Ssit of Memimt AIn. It asipa-s- f o-m S. in a par of
the Mediterranea Se.--trait of Beniaciot AM. It sparat from---and i a
part of- GlfofGeulf ofGe ulfof Lyonse Strait of Gibrahart Am. It sepaa the
southern pan o( Spai from Afica, connects with -, and i -- mili wide.-..
of Biscay Amu. It bwrdem on the wet of France and the north of Spain, and is a put of
the Atlantic Ocea.
Where iBantryBa GalwayBayt Donegal Bay Nmi Channelf FlofCydat
Solway Frith? Irish Seat St. Georg Channld Bristol Channelf Eali h Cu
Strait of Dovrt North Sea Ans. It border on --,and is msaileswL
Zeet TheWush Frithof Forth MorayFritht Skager ackt'fAu. It m. lt the
northern part of Denmark from the souther part of Norway, and connects the Cattt with
the North ea.-Tbe CattegatU AMs. It separates the northeaerm par of Denmrk from
the southwestern part of Swden, is connected with the North Sea by the Skagr Ra k md
with the Baltic Sea by the Sound Great B. and Little Belt. The Sound is the msr. the
Great Belt the middle, and Little Belt the western passae.
Where i the Baltic eat An& It border on the ear part of wed. the westen par
of REia. the nortem part of Prusia and Germany, and i800 mami ka.-uOulf of Deat-
zict Gulf of Rip Gulf of Filand I GuOf ofBotdhnia A .& It is bat nthe eastmr
par of Sweden and the western pan of Russa. is the nonmer paa of the Bahic Sea, and
43 miles long.


. 9,25, 40.
S89 8. E.
. 72S.E.
94 M.

Italy, 80,818. & S.W.,
S 98 N. W.
Spain & Portu. 77,89.
gal. .

Am-;Nat. she, muse,..

Sing we each Peninsula,
European lands display;
Scandinavia first ia named,
Jutland next, by Denmark caim'd;
See Crimea, (nearly square,)
Ruaia holds dominion there.

Thoe, Mrea, art a piece
Of the olaic groud of Gree;
Next we Italy alute,
Shaped, ('tis lncied,) like a boot;
Spain and Portugal we call
Last and largest of them all.

Quetion.-What is a Peninsula t Where is the Peninsula of Scandinavia I Au. It i
in the northweetem part of Europe between the Baltic Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. oompia
Norway and Sweden.-The Peninsula of Jsutlbdl AM. It is the western part of Demark
having the North Sea on the week the ager Rack on the north, and the Cattgat and Baihi
Sea on the east-Peninsula of Crimea As. It i the southern part of Rusia. ad is nearly
surrounded by the Black Sea and the Sea of Aaom-The Peoineal of Moreal Italy Spaia
and Portugalt

Iceland, .
Qualoe Island,
Soroe Island..
Sen' n Island,
o den Isles,
Hin'doen Island.
Lan'goen Island,
Vigten Island,

5, 6.
2 8.
2 M.
9 N., the largest.
8 N.E., N. W
8 N. E., 9 N. W.
25 N. W.

Hitteren Island. 24 N. E.
Funen Island, .40 8:.W
Zealand, , 40 S.IW
Mo'en Island. 40 S., N.
Fal'ster Island, 55 N.
L5a'lan I5, next W. o
Laa'land Island, Falster Island in
Langeland I. order.

* When shall we three met again, &e.


55 N. E., the N.
W. part of Pru
40 8. E.
41 W.
41 E.
42 M.
27 8. W.
10 8. E.
96 8. E.

Candia Island, 95S.W.,94S.E.
95, & N. E.ofthe
Car'pathus Island, E. part of Can-
dia Island.
Isle of Rhodes.. 9 E. oft
Isle of Samos, 95, nearest M.
Isle of Pato, 95, next S. of Sa.
Isle of Pato, mos I.
95, next N.W. of
Isle of So.. amos I.

Icaria Island, 5 nextnd.ofS
Metelin Island, 95,&N.ofScioI.
Lemnos Island.. 95 N. W.

94,alarge I.near
Negropont, . the E., & N.E.
coast of Greece.
94 & E. of Ne.
8kyro Island, .i9,E.ofNe.
Tino Island. 95 W.
Myc'oni Island, 95,'next S. E. of
My i land, Tino I.
Naxos Island, 95, next 8. of
Myconi I.
Paros Island.. 95, next W. ofl
SNaxos Island in
Antip'aros Island, order.
A bIsland, 95,thetwolargest
la next S. t. of
Island. Naxosl.inorder.
Andros lan, 94 E.
Syra Island, 94 E., next S. of
Syra Island, . A r .
Andros I.
Zea Island. 94, next N.W. of
Syra I.
SThe Ionian Islands: viz., Ceri Zants, Cei
institute the Ionian Republic, nnkr the protect

Ru'gen Island,

Born'holm Island,
Oland Island,
Gothland Island,
Oesel Island,.
Dago Island..
Karle Island,.
Cyprus Island.



Irhrmia Iland,. 94, next W. of
(Sym I.
S 94, next S. W.ef
3erpho Island, Syra .
94, next 8. E. of
Siphanto Island.. Seipho I.
I Serpho 1.




Alderney Island. 65 N.
G y ld 66 N. & S. W. of
Gesey Iland, Alderey I.
Srk Island, .. 6, & S. of Al.
Jersey Island. derney in order.
albaia, Ithea, Santa Maurn, Pazo, and Corfu.
onof Great Britain.

94, the largest S.
Island, . W. of Siphanto
an Islands,* 94 S. & W., 98
in Islands,* T.E
go Island. 94 S.
tle land,. .94W.
halonia, 94W., & next N.
of Zante I.
a Island. 94,& next N.E.
__ of Cephalonia.
94, & N. of Ce.
Maura phalonia, & W.
ofthe N.W. part
of Greece.
o Island, 94 N. W
u Island.. 93 N. E.
la Island,. 92 S. E.
zo land, 92, next N.W. of
zo land j Malta.
tellari'a. 92 S. of M.
y Island,, 92 E., 93 W.
ri Islands, .92 N.E. 93N.W.
ca Island. 92 N.
linia Island, 79 S.E.,91N.E.
sica Island, 79 E.
Island. .. 80W.,the largest.
aric Islands, 90 N. & N. E.
orca Island,. 90 N. E.
orca Island.. 90 N.
90 N.W.& S.W.
a Island, of Majorca.
mentera, 90. & S. of Ivica.
umbretes.. 90 N. W.
of Leon,. 88S. E.
ly Islands, 64 N. E.


Isle of Wight, 52 E.
Anglesea Island, 2,neartheN.W.
coast of Wales.
Isle of Man. 62 N. W.

Achil Island,. E. W.6N.

Hebride lands,* 36, all the I. W.
of Scotland.
Isle of Skye... 36 E.

Isle of Mull, .. 6 theo la st I.
" S. of Skye 1.

Lewis Island, 36 N. E.
North Uist. . 9 M., the two
South Uist, . largest.
Orkney Islands,t 87 N.
37 N., the largest
Mainland. oftheOrkneyls.
Shetland Islands,, 22 8. E.
Mainland, 22. the gt of
Mainland,. . the Sh .
Faroe Islands. 21 M.

AzsHsee bw

sales of Europe,-'tis our aim,
All our titles to proclaim;
With cold Iceland we commence,
And due eastwardly from thence,
Qualoe Island shall we view,
Soroe, Senjen Islands too.
Then Loffo'den Isles we post
On the bleak Norwegian coast;
Hin'doen is first of these,
Far away in northern seas;
lan'goen will then appear,
Next for Vigten let us steer.
Then let Hitteren be traced,
Punen in the Baltic placed;
Danish Zealand farther west,
Moen Island with the rest;
Faster's insulated ground
Is in Danish limits found.
Lldand, Langeland we gain,
Both belonging to the Dane;
Rugen is to Prussia due,
Bornholm, Denmark, falls to you;

Now at Oesell Isle we pause,
Near the Gulf of Riga's jaws;
This and Dago, Aland too
To the hardy Russ are due;
Karl Island we pas by,
And away to Cyprus fly.
Now to Candia draw near,
Next will Carpathu appear;
Rhodes our notice shall engage,
Famed in the historic page;
Samoa, (now by Turkey claimed,)
Likewise is in history famed.
SOr Western Islands.
Se -sel.

Patmo we approach thy ground,
Consecrated and renown d;
Scio mark, a OGecian Ise,
Chios was its name tewhile;
Next Iarin shall be seen,
Then the Isle of Metelin.
nmoos, where the god of sleep
Once was feign'd his court to keep,
This and Negropont we note,
Then to Skro Iland 4t;
Tino Iand next we race,
'en to Myconi give place.
Nax now is to be named,
Paue br its marble named;
SThen Antiop'ro we view,
Amcoq Btam palia ton
Andrs ee with freets crowa'd,
South of this is Syr found.
Now an Zea let us gaze,
Thermia then its shore displays;
Then to Serpho let us speed,
And Siphanto shall succeed;
Milo Isand now survey,
Blem'd with a capacious bay.
Then Ionian Isle we show,
Not forgetting Ceri;
In the cluster just review'd,
Zate Island we include;
Cephalonia, Ithaca,
Santa Maun too mervey.
Pao soon o'er ocean smils,
Smallet of Ionian Ies;
To the Island of Corfu,
We a north-weat coase pursue;
Pams at Malta now awhile,
Then proceed to Gozzo Ise.
t The Group. t lanfel-d.
I Or Nlearia. I Or eriphu.



Then, north-westward let us go,
And Pantellaria* show;
Sicily, we reach thy shores,
Where the grand volcano roars;
Isle of Lipari we see,
On the north of Sicily.
Then to Ustica we bound;
See Sardinia's spacious ground;
North of this, nor far away,
Lies the Isle of Corsica;
Nearer to the Tuscan coast,
Elba Island has its poet.
Balearic Isles we gain,
Five their number, claim'd by Spain;
In this group Minorca view,
Here we find Majorca too;
Here Ivita likewise se,
Tis the smallest of the three.

Next is Formentera met,
Southward of Ivica set;
ColumLretes Isles appear,
Then to Leon Isle draw near;
Now to other seas we go,
And the Isles of Scilly show.
In the English Channel now
Room for Alderney allow;
Guernsey in that channel view,
Sark and Jersey Islands too;
Then the Isle of Wight we scan,
Anglesea and Isle of Man.
Achil Island next we spy,
Hebrides, the Isle of Skye;
Mull is seen amid the mist,
Lewis Island and North Ust ;t
South Uist next appearall these
Rank among the ebrides.

Next on Orkney Isles we call,
Mainland, largest of them all;
Shetland Islands then we view,
And their chief called Mainland too;
Faroe Isles are next dispoe'd,
And the registry is closed.

Quse iu,-What is an island Where i Iceland Ams. It is in the Atlantic Ocean
wat of NorwayJ-Qualo and BSog Is. Am. They are in the Arctic Ocean. near the north.
wet coast of Norway.-esimj* Lf Lled Ides, including Hindoen and Lasgoen Islandst
Vigpn .t. Hitten I.
Where are Fune and Zealand IW As. They are in the southwest part of the Baltic
Sea, between the southern part of Sweden and the eastern part of the Peninsula of Judand.
and separated by the Great Belt. Funen is separated from the Paeinsmla of Judtland by the
Little Belt, and Zealand from Sweden by the Sound.-Moen, Falter, Laland. and Lange-
land ILt Asn. They ar in and south of Zealand.-Rogen I.? Bornholm I. Oland
I.1 Gothland l. Oesel.t Dago IJ Aland I. Karle I. Cyprus I. Am. It is in-- .
south of the western part of Turkey in Aia.-Candia I. Carpthus I. Isle of Rhode t
Samoa, Patmo, Scio, learis, Melin. and Lmnnos ILI AMs. They are in the eastern pat of
the Archipelago near the west coast of Turkey in Asia.
Where is Neropott Am It is in the weeen part of the Archipelago, near the eastern
coast of Greece.--kyro I. Tino, Mycoi, Naxio, Paros, Antiparos, Amorgo, Stampalia,
Andros 8yra, Zea, Thermnia. espbo, iphanto, and Mile Is. As. They are in the Archipe.
lag, north of Candia.
Where are the Ionian Is. vi., Cerigo, Zante, Cephalonia, Itheae. Santa Maura, Paxo, and
Corfu I Am. Cerigo i in the Mediterranean Sea, near the southern coat of Greae, and
Zame, Cephalonia, Ithea. Bnta Maum, Paxo, and Corfu, are also in the Mediterranean Be,
near the wester coast of Greece, and the southwestern coast of Turkey.
Malta 1.1 Goso I.t Pantellaria Sicily I. Lipari Is.? Ustica .! Sardinia I? Corica I.t
Elba I.f Where am the Balearic Is via. Minerca, Majorca. Iria and Formentera Colum-
brIse ILs Isle of Leant Silly ILt Alerney, Guernsey, Sark, and Jerey Is. Isle of Wight
Angleesa Is.t Ide of Mant Achil I1. Where are the Hebrides Is. vi, Skye, Mull. Lewis
North Uist South Ust, &e. Orkney l. Mainland Am. It i the largestoftheOrkney
Ia. 8he1asd Is. Mainland Fare Ia.t

* pan-tel.-lh-ne'as.

t e-veeakh.

I Wet.


NorthCape, . E.
Cape 8viatoi, 14 N. W.
Cape Matapan.' 94 S.
Cape di u'c, 93 N.
Cap 98partivento, -the S. point
Cape of Naples.
Cape Pas'saro. 9 S. W.
CapeSorel'lo, 92 M.
91, the most S.
Cape Teula'da. point of the I.
of Sardinia.
9)1, the most 8.
Cape Carbona'ro. E. point of the
__ I. of Sardinia.
Cape Cors, 79-the N. point
ap C of Corica.
CapeSt. Marin, 90 N.W., an E.
Point of Spain.

Cape Pa.
Cape eGati,

Cape Trafalg

Cape St. Vin
Cape Caro
Cape Finiate
Cape Ortegal
Cape la Hogu
Lands End,
Cape Cear.
Cape Wt

The Naze,

North Cape.

S .8 8 of M.
) 88-in Spain near
are, the S. pat ofthe
SI. of Lmo
cent. 88 S. W.
ro, 88 N. W.
re, 76 W.
S76 N. W.
e, 65 N.
S. 1 8. E.
S. 1 S. W.
) 89-the 8. W.
S point of Nor-

. .

CA nS.
An--fIar g.uy, wa 4.rm.t
Now the Capes European melodiously mmd,
And cold North Cape is lnst in this ataloFus fbnd;
Them to Lapland proceeding, Cape Sviao an
On the mouth of Mora we fnd Matapn.
Cape di Leuca and Cape Sprtivento appear,
And to Pas'sro Cape we ah speedily steer;
Cape Sorello and then Cape Teolad are taoed,
On the south of Sardinia the last ball be placed.
Then to Cape Carbona'ro northeastwardly sail,
And Cape Coro in Corsica's Island we hail;
Now we haste to St. Martin's, (a Spanish Cape that;)
Then we pas by Cape Palos to reach Cape de Gatt.
On the Spanish coast too, we shall find Tralgar',
'Tis a name much renown'd in the annals of war;
Cape St. Vincent and Cape Carvoei'ro explore,
Both are found upon Portugal's westernmost bore.
On the wet coast of Spain we behold Finisterre,
And to Ortegal Cape then more northward repair;
Cape la Houe we behold, then for England we steer,
There and's End we see, and in Erin Cape Clear.
Now away let us speed o'er the rough ocean path,
Till we fhd, on the north coast of Scotland, Cape Wrath;
Next we come to the Nase, which lay signify "nose,"
Thence proceeding to leehnd, with North Cape we cle.
QuNioun.-What is a capt Whee is North Cape Am. It i a northern pnt orfor-
way, extr ding into tde Arete Oce.-. Svistel C. MatapanU C. di Lase C. 1parti-
sme.-sh-. t Arnby' Daughter, Buy a mrs, k.


vento C. Pauaro C. Sorello C. Tulada C.Crbonaro C. Corof C.St Martint C.
Palost C.de Gatt C. Trafbru C. t. Vinoetf C. Carvoeirol C. Fiaisurrs C.Ortnpl
C.laHogue? Land'sEndt C.Clmrt C. Wrath Th rNa e North Cape
Dovrefleld* Mts., 39N.,24 .&E.Cevennes Mts., 78 N. E.
Scandinavian 5, 9,. n Auvergne' Mts., 66 S., 78 N.
Range, . Monteerrat.. 78 S.
Ural Mts. . 34,18. Sierra Nevada, 89 8.
Erzgebirge Mts., 56 S. E. 89-the highest
Bohemian Mt.., 68 N. & N. E., Mt. Mulahacen', peak of the Si-
n 9 N. W. erra Nevada.
Carpathian Mts. 70 N. & E. E M. 88 E., 89 M., &
Balkan' Mts. 81, 82, 88. i W.
Mt. Etna, . 92 E. 93 W. O1 88 W. & N. E.,
Strom'boli.t 93 N. W. oledo M .,. 89 N. W.
79 N. P., 80, 81 Sierra Etrella, 76 S., 88 N. W.
Ap'ennine Mts., S. & S.W.,93N. Mts. of Castile. 77 S. W., 76 S.
W. E.
Mt.Vesuvius,tand 80 5.. Cantabrian Mts., 76 N., 77 N.
h Alps. 79 N., 67 S. & S.Pyr'enees Mts. 78 M. &W.,77E.
eAlps. E., 688. &S.E. Snowden Mt.. 52 W.
67 S. W-in the Cheviot Hills, 37 S.
Mt. Blanc, . N. W. part of Grampian Hills,. 37 W.
Sardinia. Mt Hecl 20-in the S.part
Vosges Mts 67 M. & N. M elat of Iceland.
Jura Mts. 67 M. & S.W.
Aa--Re Grrom adkl .Mutud3a.

The European mountains,
To harmonize we try;
May poesy her fountains
Of flowing verse supply;
At Dovrefield* she glances
In Norway's chil domain,
Then eastwardly advances
To Scandinavia's chain.
Now let our observation
To Ural Mountains change;
Then be its destination
To Erzgebirgell range.
Bohemian Mountains murky,
The proud Carpathian chain,
And Mounts Balkan' in Turkey,
Successively we gain.
The fanciful spectator
To Etna now may go,
And Strom'boli's red crater,
Forever in a glow.
Or Doeka ld. t Void
I ers--geh.bevr eb. 1 The Sierra

The Apennines extending
Through Italy, behold;
Then see the Alps ascending,
All comfortles and cold.


Vesuvius, sometimes blazing,
With heaving pains is vex'd;
Mount Blanc, thy height amazing,
Shall claim our notice next.
See Vosgesj and Jua standing
With aspects grim and stern,
Cevennes high peaks commanding,
And Mountains of Auvergne.
Lo Montserrat impending
Above the grassy plain;
Nevada see ascending,
The famous snowclad chain."
And now, admired by many,
Behold Mulahacen;**
Next onward to Morena,
We urge our flight again.
t Voy f Snow-lad ride."
se-.r-rk nay-vah'-dah. ** moo-lah.ah-tllen

-7- i*

3UmorP. TV

6 7
Toledo NMoentins Ipais Now in itngltion,
Bome notice will Imite; The Pyren we seek;
And as the vapor aih, And Inowdsn elevation,
Etrela is in sight. South attin's tallest peak.
Our course *all now be take The Cheviet's unmits taper,
To Castile Mounts in Spain; The Graqian's lost in mi,
Nor shall thou be foraken, And Hecla, wrapp'd in vapor,
Renown'd Cnta'brian chain. Are last upon the lit.
QuesoMn.-What a mountain Where are the Dovreeld Mtat AMs. They are the
southern prt of Norway, extending northeast ad southwesa-The Scandinevism Rue p
As. It is between Norway and Sweden, extending northeast and southwest, and i 70 feet
high. Ural Mld AMs. They are an extensive chain between Russ and Sibria ending
north and south. ad are 4000 lt high. Engebirge Mts. AnM. They ar between th
northweatern prt of Atria and the southeatern part of f nuy, extending noIthast aad
southwea, and ar bout 100 mams lbeg ad 3900 feet high.
Where ar the Bobemian Mt Am. They are between --, extending --, and re
4500 feet hilb.--CvpthienMta.? As. They tend through the northern and norteuMtern
part of Autria, form the boundary between the southeuuern part of Austria and a prt of
Turkey, and are from 6000 to 9000 feet high.-Balkan Mts. Am. They are a chain of
mountains in Turkey, ommencig near the Gqlf of Venice and extending eastward to the
Black Sea. throwing off branches to the north sad south, and are 700 miles long.-Mt Emtat
Am. It is a volcanic mountain in the astern pat of the Island of Sicily, and is 10,870 feet
bigh.-trom'boli? AM. It is a volcanic mountain on o of the Lipri Ilands nearly 3000
teet high. It has glowed incessantly for 9000 year, its Sam are sen at night 100 miles dis.
tant, and it serves as a light-houe to ailor in the Mediterranean.
Where are the Apenninest A-. They extend through the whole length of Italy from
northwest to outheast. and are from 00 to 10,000 feet high-Mt Veniius I Ama. It is a
volcanic mountain in the Kingdom of Naple, 10 mile nearly .& of Napl, the capital, and is
3890 feet high.-The Alpst As. They for part ofthe boundary between France and Sar
dinisa pas through the northwestern pert of Sardinia, form part of the boundary between
Sardinia and Swiueriand pass through th ern prt of Switzarland form part of the
boundary between Switzerland, and Lombmrdy an i and dthe divide into two range,
one of which extends eastward into Autria the other, fouing moet of the boundary between
Lombardy and Venice, and Auitria. terminate near the northern extremity of the Gulf of
Venice Theyare one of the most xtewiva ad the highest moontia range in Europe.-
Mount Blanc? Am. It is in the northweten prt of Sardinia, and is 15748 feet high, the
highest peak of the Alps, ad the most elevated mountain in Europe.
Where are the Voagee Mta. As. They are in --, and are 4500 feet high.-Jura Mt.?
Ans. They are and are 5,300 feet high.-Cevennes MtaL As. They are in ---, and
are 5,300 feet high.-Auvergne Mt.? AMs. They are in and re 6,470 et high.-Moot-
merratt An. It is in--, and i 3,937 feet high.-SeA a Nvadaf As. They are in-
extending ML Mulambsoen Am It i the bighe peak of the ierM Nevada, and i
11,658 feet high.-Sierr Morea? Ass. They ae in --, tending --, and are 58
feet high.-Toledo Mta.t As. Theyare in exoding Sierra Eastall They
are in --, extending- and are &0 feet higb.-Ma. of Castile Am. They are in
extending Cantabrian MI.t Ams. They ar in extending --- and ae
11200 feet high.
Where are the Pyrenees Mta AM. They form the boundary between extending
from the Bay of Bissy to the Medierran. sand are 11,318 fet high.-Snowden Mt. Am.
It is in --, and is 371 feet high -Cviot illt AMs. Tey form part of th boundary
betwe n- and are .6 feet high.--G pisaHilI ML.Hoclst Se page ri
SBalbi applies the ama 'Sacdliaviua Chai" to the meat mountain rage which ceumenaes
in the 8 part of Norway and runm N. E, oemI.n N. of rae parallel, the boundary between
Norway and Sweden. T'e Devrelld meantains comprins the hiii et part of this aa in Nor-
way, tbogh the name is sometime erroneully applied to the whole rang. (See DImn mu, in
eldwin' Osasteer.)


1zy TO PELTOI'es OTunliq NAPs.

Lake Miosen,
Lake Wener,
Lake Wetter.
Lake Malar,.
Lake Silian,.
Lake Storsion.
Lake Ena're,
Lake Imandra,
Lake Ule .
Lake Kal'la,.
Lake Pu'rus,
Lake Top.
Lake One'ga,
Lake Ladoga,
Lake Ilmen. .

26 8. W.
40 N.
40 N. E. 41 N.
41 N.
26. E.
25 N.E.
12 M.
28 N.
28 M.
28 E.
29 N. E.
29 E.
29 S. W.
44 W.

Lake Peipus,
Patten.See, .
W. Lake Cela'no.

48 N. of M.
. 69M.
80 E.

Lake Garda. 68 W.
LakeComo, . 7 S. E.
Lake Luga'no. next W. of Como
Lake Maggiore, in order.
Lake Constance, 67 E.
Lakeur e' 67, in the interior
Lake Lucerne. of Switzerland.

Lake Zurich. 67, next N. E. of
Lake Zurich. . L. Lucerne.
Lake Geneva,* 67 S. W.
LakeNeufatchel'. 67, next N. of L.

Am-7tA Mrry a~i Bqy.
Now the lakes, yes the beautiful lakes we recite,
All the lakes which in Europe are seen;
And first Lake Miosen our eyes shall delight,
Then Lake Wener mot fair and serene.
In Swedish ground Lake Wetter lies,
And there Lake Malar charms our eyes;
Lake Silian, Lake Storion, open to sight,
Then Enare, Imandra we meet
SLake Ulel, Iake Kalla, Lake PureS, Lake Top,
All of these and Onega we note;
Then awhile at Ladoga perhaps we may stop,
And a line to Lake Ilmen devote.
Lake Peiput is large in sie,
'Midst Rueia's fozen fields it lies,
Now a glance let the muse upon Platten See drop,
On Cela'no in fancy 'we float.
Then a place for Lakes Garda and Como prepare,
Next thy station, Luano, we tell;
Lake Maggiore, ("the large lake,") thy place re declare,
As ancient Verba'nm known well;
And now to Switzerland we turn,
See Constance, Zurich, and Lucerne;
Lake Geneva our musical honors shall share,
And we finish with Lake NeufchateLj
Qmmwa.-Whbt is lake I Whwe is Lake Mioan As. It iin the seutMheaun
pt of Nomay.-L Wmer An. It i in thesuthwestern part of Swedme-L Wetr
LMalat L. iliant L Wrioa L Enan L ImIndra LUlIf L KalI L PurrI
L Topl L Onega I Ladloga L Ilmenl L Peipw? Platten See L Cdlaot L Garda
LCoeo LLuganot L. Magiows L Coanase l L Lucmrne LZuricht L Geevar
L. NoafhalMt
w Leman. t ps'-- e t)o'r. ) -o'rsy. nash-1l'.


Glomme R.
Clara River, 260
Danr River.
Liuse R., 200
I'dal R., 160
An'german 20
River. .
U'mea* R., 300
Skeleftea 175
River, .
Lu'lea R. 00
halix R., 22
Tor'ne R., 275
Kee'iR. 17
Ijot River,. 20
lea 100
Onega R. 26
Dwina R., 700
Vaga R., .1 60
SookhbonaR. 876
Yoogt BR., 200
Vitcheg'da o00
River. ,
Pine'ga R. 800
Mezene R., 425
Vash'ka R, 200
Petcho'ra R. 626
Volga R., .2100
Kama R., 90
Viatka R. 450
Vetoog R., 225
Oka R.,, 660
Moskwa R.. 250
Mocksha R. 160
Soora R., 825
DoaR.. .1000

River, 00
River, .


Imoda opathYn
26W.,40 N.W.
40 N., 25 8.
20 S.,2 S. E.
25 B;, 26 W.
20 M., 26 N.E
26 N.W.&M.
26 N. E.
9 8. E.
9 E., 10 .W.
10 W. & S.
10 E.
11 W.
11M.& 8.W.
28 N. W.
O N.B.
81 N.W.& ,
38 W.
81 M.
81 B.
47 N.W.2 8.
382E., &S W.
82 N. E, 15S.
32 M. & NW.
84, 16.
75,62,46,44 K
j 47 S. E 48 S.
& N.
47 E.

46 S., 60 N.
45 S.
61 N.
61 E.,6,.N.W.
60 S.E.&N.W.
61 s. .

Khoper R,
Donetz R .
Dnieper R.,
De R, ,
Priptas R., .
BoR., ,
Dmester R.
Danube R.,
Pruth R.,
Be'eth R.
Alut R.,.
Their R.,
Marol R.
March R, .

Drave R.,

Muhr R.,

ve R...
Norava R.,

Adige R.,

'u R *

61 S.
60 E.
74W. 78N.
72 8. k &'
59 W., 44 8.
M9 E. W. i
58 M.
72W.,71 N.$
71 E.,70 N.:.
S8. N. W .88
71 M. & S.
71 8. W.
S82 N. E,708.
70 W. &S.W.,
419 N.
68 M., flow N.
SNZE iano*,
8 6M.,flowaE.
N. N. into
the Danube.
68S of I, a
S.E. & .of W.,
riaes in 68 by
two branches,
flows S. B into
the Danube.
S69 W., 68 E,
flow E.& S.E.
into the Drave.
69 8. W. & 8.
82M. & N.W.
83 S. W.
82 M. & S.
e 68S. W., fows
into the Gulf o
67N., 6S.4
t S .lE ,

* s in Swedish obls like the Fjglish e. t eyo t Or Jog. ( Or Aloul. (10 Mamsek.


Tiber R.
Arno R.,

Rhone R.,

Saone R.
Ebro R.,
Segura R..
River, .
Tagus R. .
Mondego R.
Douro* R.,.
Minho R.

Gironde R.,

Garonne R..

Dordogne R.
LotR. ,

Loire R.
Vienne R.

Cher BL,

Allier R.
Seine R.,
Mane R.,.

Scheldtt R.

Meas R.,

Lodaion on the Map. H

80 M.
Sof Tuscany.
78 N. E., 67
S. W., flows
through Lake
67 W., 66 S.E.
78 S.W., 77 M.
89 N. & N.E.
88S. E.,89W.
88 M., 88 N.
88 N.
76 S. & S. W.
77 W., 76 of
76 M.
including the
Garonne, 6 S.
E., 78 N. W.
77 N.E.,78 N.
W.,ource nea
78 N. W.
78, and next S.
E.of Dordoge
in order.
66 E.,66 M. &
S. E.
66 S. W.
66 S. & W.
flows N. & W
into the Loire.
S66 S., flows N.
into the Loire.
66N. W.& E.
67 W., 66 E.
53 S. E., in the
N. W. of Bel.
64S. W.

Rhine R.,
Moselle R. 276

Neckar R., 160

Mayn R., 2265
Ems R.. 176
Weser R.,. 00
Fulda R., 100
ElbeR.. 700
SaaleR., 10
Mulde R., 125
Molda R. 175
Spree R., 27
OderR., 478
Wartat R. .22
Vistula R., 650
Bug R., 250
Niemen R. 400
ViliaR,, 128
Duna R., 450

Neva R. 85

Volkof R.,. 125
Masta R., 200

Barrow R. 100

Shannon R.,
Boyne R.,

Clyde R.

Location on the Map.
67 M. & N.,54
S.& W., 63E.
67 N. W., 64S.
67 N. E. in the
W. part of Wir.
temburg, & N.
part of Baden.
64 S. E., 67 N.
E., 68 N. W.
64 M.
64 E. & S. E.
64 S. E.
64 N. E.,566 M.
&S.E.,66 S.W.
66 M. & S.
55 S.,& next E.
of Saale R.
65 N.E.& E.,
56 S. W. & S.
66 M. & W.
66 E., 57 W. &
67 M. & S. E.
42 S., 67 N. E.
S8e N.W., 42 S.
43 S.
44 N. W., St.
Petersburg is
situated on it.
44 N.W. &N.
44 E.&N.ofM.
51,in the S.E.
part of Ireland,
flows S. into the
51 W. & M.
5 61, fext N. of
37 S. W., flows
N. W. into the
Firth of elyde.
S Or Waths.

tOr S lda.

* Or Dem.

Ja castles oa the Uip.
87 M.,flows N.
100 E. & N. intc
SMoray Firth.

87 W., flows 8.
125 E. & E.into the
SNorth Sea.


TedR..100 ~into the f1eth

tiber R., 150 "N

Thames R.. 2W8 520. '1g, U4
'SevernR. .' 200 2 M.

Ala--Sey Dum.
1 S
Ye European Rivemn &ir, To Khoper, Vorboesh advaee,
Our venre yor varied cherms extols, There Dosetz, Dnieer, Dem, see;
In northern climes commneing, where ripe Bo, B al atand #a s
The swift Norwegian Glommen rolls Thei, Danube, let a tarn to the.
2 10
Clear and Dahl in Sweden rise, Pruth from the proud Carpathin ount
There Ljun*U likewise has its source; Onwad to meet th aM 1 glides;
There Indals' flow the mue espies, Sereth, and then ufI hats
And, Ang'erman, thy rapid oun e. Pour forth their ti btaty ties.
8 11
Sweden, with rivers richly ble'd, The Theisi ad Mane likewi e
U'mea sid Skeleftek claim TomeetwithDuube'lt'sniisk
Delights in Lu'le's sparkli cret, Thither the March and er flow,
And Kalix, as a Bvoaite, numns And thither speed the Inn and Dra
4 IS
To Tor'nea River next attend, To Tbrkijh lands we now draw ear,
And Kem'i, watering Russian ground; The Rivers Mhr and &ae pa by
A lance on Ijor River bead, Then hall Morava's stram appear,
Then to the banks of Uleat bound. And mo Marite meets the eya.
5 IS
Onega to the White Sea lows, Net Vardar, Adige are frnd,
There Dwina' mouth we see expand; And then the famed Italian Po;
Next Vaga swollen by Ruia mnows, See Tiber, (Roman stream reaow'd,)
And swift Sookhoas shall be cann'd. And then to Tuscan Arno o.
6 14
Add Yoog, Vitchegda to the train Next we bekod impetuous Rhooe,
Of Dwma's tributary streams; Proceeding southward to the main,
Then see Pinega and Meuenej Eastward in Fance we nd the SB s,
Reflect the languid solar beams. Bt Ebmo Sws through fild of8pai.
7 15
Vashka, Petcho'r next we each, Lo GOadalavia most pure,
And Volga, Russian River all; egqa, Gadalquivir, se;
See Kama and Viath,-each Trame Guadiansa'sr e o ur
I found in Volga's stream to all Then, Tagus, let He turto thee.
11 is

Now to Vetlooga we pss on,
To Oh, MNokwa, Mockdha haste;
Next languid Soor and the Don,
And Medvidita may be traced.

Mondego claim a transient k e,
To Doro, Minho then praen;
Next on the western oaat of France,
Giroade we reach, and &ir Garoone.

* le-ro'Ma, to be pronoeneed in ltw yllables, alu like lyeeme. t e'-T.
t a in Swedh sound like the English i MsaO a'. I ties. I alrdee.

Spey R.,

Tay R.,.


17 21
Two tributaries to the last, Lo Rivers, Mulde, Maldnu, Spree,
The names Dordogne and Lot obtain; Then Oder's winding course behold;
Tarn, Loire,Vienne, and Cher are pass'd, Warta and Vistula we see,
To reach the Allier* and Seine. And Bug and Niemen's torrent bold.
18 22
Marne likewise runs thro' Gallic ground, Vilia and Duna are surveyed,
SBut Scheldt to Belgium we assign; And Neva, swollen by Russian
Thy name, oh Meuse, the muse shall snows;
sound, Here icy Volkof is displayed,
And celebrate the glorious Rhine. And there the languid Masta flows.
19 23
Rhine's tributary stream, Moselle, From these to verdant Erin leap,
Pursues its course o'er Prussian plains; And reach the Barrow's grassy side;
Of German Neckar next we tell, Shannon and Boyne shall Erin keep,
And Mayn poetic note obtains. But Caledonia boasts her Clyde.
20 04
To North Sea, Ems and Weser run, The Spey and Tay to Scotland fall,
And Fulda into Weser pours; On Scottish borders Tweed is traced;
The German Elbe we must not shun, But Humber, Thames, and Severn, all
Nor scorn to tread on Saale'st shares. In English limits are embraced.
Quemiois.-Wrht is a river Where is Glommen Rivert An. It rises in the Dovrefield
Mountain, lows first a southeasterly, then a southerly course into the Skager Rack, and is
250 miles lng.-Clar R.t Dahl R I jume IRt Indals R.t Angerman R.t Umea IR.
Skelleften lt Lulealt Kalix RJ Totnes R. Kemi Lt ljo R Ulea lR. Onega R.
Dwina R I An. It rise in the northeastern interior of Rusia, flows a general northwesterly
cops into the White Se and is 700 miles long.
Wh is Vaga R.f Sookhona IR Yoop R. Vitchegda Rf Pinega IRt Mesene Rt Vashka
R.I Petchom R.1 VogaR.1 Am. It rises in the western interior of Russia, flows first a south-
eastedy, then a northeasterly, then a southeasterly, then a southwesterly, and lastly a south-
eastery course into the Caspian Sea and is 2100 miles long.-Kama R.I Viatka IR. Vet-
looga R.I Oka IR. Moskwa tL Mocksha RIL Soors RI Don R.I Medvieditsa RI
Kbper R.t Voronezh R. Dones R.I Dnieper R. Dena IR. Pripets R. Bog R.I
Dniestr IR
Whom is the Danube Rl Ans. It rises in Bade, flows first a northeastly, then a south-
easterly, then an easterly, then a southerly, then a southeasterly, then an easterly, then a north-
easterly, and lastl an easterly course into.the Black Sea, passing through Wurtemburg, Ba-
aria, Austria, and Turkey, forming pan of the boundary between Austria and Turkey,
Turkey and Russia. and is 1700 miles long-Pruth ILR Sereth RIt Aluta R.
Where is Theis R.t Maros R.t March Rt Iser R.f Inn R. Drava ILR Muhr R.t
Save R. Morava Rt Maritza R.? Vardar R. Adige R.? Po R.t Tiber R.I Arno R.l
Rhone LR. SaoneR. Ebro R. Guadalaviar iR Segura R. Guadalquivir,I~ Guadiana
R.t Tagus IR Mondego R.I Douro R.I Minho RIt Gironde R.I Garonne L.TDardogne
R.I Lot R. Tarn R. Loire I. Vienne R Cher R. AllierR.? Seine RI AlarmeR-t
Scheldt R.t MeuseR I Rhine LR. Moselle R. Neckar IR. Mayn R.t
Where is Ems R.I Weser R. Fulda R.t Elbe RI Saale R.t Mulde R.I Moldau R.t
Spree R.t Oder R.I Warta R. Vistul R.t Bug R.t Niemen R.t Vilia R.f Duna R.
Neva R.I Volkof R. Masta R. Barrow R.t Shannon RI Boyne R.I Clyde R.It pe
R.? Tay It Tweed R Humber Rt Thames RI Severn R.I
al-e-ay. t Nah'leh.


" T


Square miles, 1600,000A.-Population, 4ooooMs.-P to s a., & i
1. AsIA is the largest and most populous grand division of the glbe.
2. It was the seat of some of the most powerful empires of aBiqui y,
and the cradle of civilization, learning, and the arts.
3. Asia was the theatre of nearly all the great and interesting events
recorded in the Bible. Here our trst paints were created; here lived the
patriarchs and prophets here the ark rested after the flood; aid here our
Saviour was born, lived, and died.
4. The Asiatics are noted for transmitting their tustoms, manamn; amd
institutions, unaltered, from age to age; and for centuries they have ap.
parently made little advancement in the arts and sciences.
5. Asia, is distinguished for the variety and value of its prodets. I
supplies other countries with tea, produces the most *grant lant.the
most delicious fruits, many of the most valuable drugs, and the Vitgums,
spices, and perfumes. In the quantity, variety, and beetty of it aJs,
and in the richness of its metals, it excels all other parts of t1e earth.
The southern part conceals in its bosom the mot beautiful diamonds, white
its waves flow over the purest pearls and corals.

Quesmions.-L What is the compertive sise and poatio of Asial Whavs
formerly What events occurred there! 4. For what are the Asiatics noledt
what is Asia distilguihed With what does it supply othereomtriet In what does i e-
cel all other pans of the earth What ocean on the N.f On the E. on the & Whit gad
division of the earth on the W. & N. W.1 What mountains divide Ama from Eurpe on the
N. W.t Anm. The Ural or Oural* Mt. What grand division on the 8. W.t A'. Africa.
What sea separates Aia from Africa I As. The Red Sea. What ithmus connects Asia
with Africa! An. The Isthmus of Suz, (06 8. W.)

Aft--I" Lasg 4-&
Land of the Eut! what great events upon thy records hie!
Stupendous works of Providence and gifts of grace divine!
.In Asia, on the holy itouat, Heaven's mandate were revsl'd,
In Asia too, on Calvary, was oar redemption eal'&

There Eden smiled, where misery now extends a horri shade,
There most degraded men abide where man was perfect made;
The land which gave religion birth, idolatry maintain,
And where the sun of science res, the night of ign nee reigns.
0 It should be observed that a large number of the names of Asia and Afrca (as welt as mny
in Rusia) are ofen written variously, even by the best peliaphen. We would partleudry re-
fer thoee teuhea who my be desirous of uertanding this important bt somewnhat erplezhn
subject, to the TABLIN or DtrruRINT &aazlo5," at t d f the IA h dM i la, UMwin Pr
bouncing Gazetleer; and also to the remarks on pp. 18 and of the same work.



Siberia,' the capital is 20,28,40.
Omsk. . I
Chinese Empire, com. 64, 68, 68,
prices four divisions. 88.
1. China, the capital 70, 71, 82,
is Pekin'. . . 88.
2. Thibet,t the capi. 69 8., 68 8.,
tal is Lassa 67 E.
3. Chinese Tortary,
inhabited by roving 64, 56, 58.
Tartars. .. . .
4. Core'a, the capital, 72 N. & N.
Kingkita'o. . E.
Empire of Japan', the 7, 74 N.
capital is Yeddo. W., 60.
Anam, the capital is 93 M, N., &
Hue . . 8.
Siam, the capital is 98 W., 92
Bangkok'. . E.
Malac'ca,the capital, 103 W. &
Malacca . S.
Birma, the capital, 81 M. & S.,
Monchoboo . 92 N.
Hindostan, the capital, ? 80,
Calcutta. . .
Belooch itan', the cap- 78 N.
ital is Kelat'.. N

Now to the Asiatic clime
' Our labors are addre'd;
Its chief divisions all shall be
Melodiously exprea'd.

Afghan'istan, the cap. -a M. & S
ital is Cabool.*e. *
inhabited by hordes 61, 62.
of Tartars. .
Khi'va,tt the capital is 51 E. & S.
Khiva.. . .. E.
Khokand',ttthecapital 62 E. & S.
is Khokand.tt E.
Bokha'ra,ttthecapital, 66 N. W.,
Bokha'ra. . ... 62
Persia, the capital is 6, 64 E.
Tehran'. . . 6 64
Arabia,11 inhabited by 75 N.E., 76,
tribes of Ar'abs. 77, 87.
)75 N. & E.,
1. Hedjaz,the capi. 76W .
talis Mecca. . W.
2. Yem'en the capi-87 M.
tal is Sanaa'.. .(
2. Oman',- the capi. 77 M. & S
tal is Muscat'. . E.
4. Nedj'ed,4 the capi- 76 M. & S.
tal, Derreyeh.in . S.
68 M. & N.,
Turkey, the capital, 68 & N.,
Constantinople. W. .

Ara-JaW LoW Sre.

Beginning at the north extreme
Fast by the Arctic Sea,
Siberia, ruled by martial Omsk,
hall here recorded be.

Or Ru ia in Asia.-The territtory which lies between the Cui Sea (50 E) had the Back
Sea (4 M.) is elltle OcecselMl Rnsia. Th e eatry lying alon the north side of the C.
easwus e Manuin ei called Ire-asisa that b. tch ao thern sid, Gorgia.
t Th western part of this division is called Ltle Thibet
t s* ftpirn o Jaan eonsi of several lanr and a gat number of mall islands.
SOr Jeddo.
I Male in the southwest part on the coast
Q Ceast o arn arm of tih OagU ( 8. .)
Cabol. in there E. p L( (*K)
t Indendent Tartary i diidd hlto a number of independent Ktat or U which very
hin extent and Lali, and aft governed by behieb or Mes. TIk prinpal kanats are
Khmrlmhokand, and f harm.
I Arabi, fom the earlest ap, has been divided in numeroee independent tribes ad states
K trbe i uder ih sverament of its own ehieor shik, whke ezetrosparirehal authority
Mo rl uates aeled Yeas. Oman, and Neted.
II Or Dme.


3 ,
Th- C n Empire irther seth
In bour divisions lieu;
China the Aist, and thee Pekin
A capital supplieL
Thibet, with Leam it* chft town,
Is stationed farther west;
Then Chinese Tartary ppe
By roving tribe poseW d.
Core, by Kingkitao ruled,
The fourth division makes;
Then comes the Empire of Japan,
The rule there Yeddo takes
Anam, or Cochin China see,
Where Hue* takes command;
Siam, by Bangkok ruled, shall then
More southwardly be scann'd.
Malacca meat we reach, and find
Malacca there holds away;
Then Birma and its capital,
Call'd Monchoboo, survey.
Behold the land of HindeetaU,
Calcutta rule o'er that;
Beloochistan will then appear,
Its capital Kelat

Aj nfrau is now bebdd,
.0 acti 0 Cebood;
See independent Tarty,
Whobe roving Tartan!e0.
Three T Wart mte ioti our ;
Khiv, with nunmMke towam
And Khoand neat, whet
The governmental crew.
Bokhar third; Bokbar there
As capital we can;
Then Persia claims attention nut,
Its capital Tebran'.
Arbia next, and its chief atat.
In number 6ar, we greet;
SHejas a i t and Mecca i
Its governmental eat.
Then Yemen take. the mod place,
Sama' there holds the way;
And Oman, goevered NYr Mest,
Is third in thia
Nedd, by Deryebt sutreBfa'd
hefrth divion makes;
Last Turey comes, and thee the rule
Conuattiople takes

Quwsdem.-What a the political dliiele e Aina Nmeand point at eac dcmies
with iit capital In whatlatitude Asia what a the greer pn o it w I
zone is the southern parn T' northern par
What divisions are crossed by thed para of I N. latitude By the r mll of gP X
latitudeI By the parallel of 30" N. latitude By the parallel of 40 latidesl the
parallel of S N. latitude By the parallel of 60 N. laixtdel What divii se erend
by the meridian of 40 E. longitude By the meridian of 0 E longitudet By the aeridia
of 60 E longitude Bythe meridian of E. longitalne By the midia of (O*
longitude By the meridian of 110 longitudet


Pacific Ocean, 11000 L of a.
m. 1. & 7000 w. I
Indian Ocean, 60008 o Aia.
m. 1. & 4000 w. ,
Arctic Ocean,. . N. of Asia.
SeaofKara, . IN. W.
Gulf of Obi.. . 20N., 6 8
Yenisei Glf 0 8.
Gulf of the e'na, .11 & M.
Behring's Strait. 2 N.
hoo-y'. t ler-ay

Sea of Kamtchat'ka, 47,81.
Gulf of Anadeer', 80M. & E.
Gulf of Penjensky. 9 M.
See of Okhotek', 100 44, 4, 60
m. 1. & 700 w. N.
Peroue Strait, .. 60W.
Seaof Japan',. 7. N., 5S

hanel of Tartary. N. W.

I bOrfa nA**t




Gulf ofsues,. . W.

Strait of Matmay, 60 8. W.
Yeddo Bay, 78 E
Strait of Core'a. .72 E.,78W.
YellowSea, . 72 M. & N.
PetcheleV Gulf, 7 N. 72

EaMsern Se. . 84 N., 72 S.
Strait of Fowo'sa, 83 E,84W.
Channel of the Junks, 8 W., 4
Gulf of Tonkin'.* 98 N.E.
China Sea, 1500 m. L .
& 700w.. . .
Gulfof Siam,. 9 S. W.,
S 103 N. W.
Strait of Malac'ca, 10 S, W.
Gulf of Martabn'. 92 M.
Bay of Bengal', 1350 I1
m.w. .. . 9
Gulf of Manar',. 10 N. E.
Arabian Sea, .. 89,78.
Gulf of Oambmy. 79.8. W.
Gulf of Ctch, . 78 E.
Gulf of Or'mus, . 77 E.
Strait of Ormu. 77 N.
PeianGul, . N. .
5 N. iS:
Gulf of A'den, 87 S. E.
StraitofBabel.tnandeb 87 S.
Red Sea, 1400 m.ia. 87 W., 75.

AMa-K tMae, WisaMs.

Now a lively song we n
To the Oeas, Seas, and Bays
oGlf aad Straits to Asa due;
Com, the eauing thele pme ;
Fir ki te P fe.oi
On the et and southeast bound.
See where Tndian Ocean lie,
Aad a southern bound supplies;
TMl the Afntic Ocean ooll,
On Ue northern shore behold;
Sea of Karm let as nark,
Then on Obi Gulf embark.
Tonq t Or 1 ru,..
f Of A

Yenisei Gulf ea mdn
Nwtk*auly inriuan lands;
Then more eastwdly we go,
And the Gulf ,f hen ehow;
Next througlrBehring'8tsit we ail,
And thy sea, Kamtchatia, hil.
Gulf of Anadeer explore,
Placed in RMia' eastern bore;
Northward sen in Okhotsk Sea,
Gnlf Peaeneky next may be.
Set of Okhotsk we perceive,
Which by trait Perousel we leave.
t When hall we three meet agai, e
I pe-40o

Gulf of Ak'aba, . 75 N.
Deadle& . . 8.
Mediterrjn ea 1 EA., 6 3W.
68, sheN.E.
Gulf of Seoaderon', pa ofthe
nean Sea.
Archipelago.. . 62 N.
Strait of the Darda.
nelles, from A to 10 48 S., 62 N.

Sea oMar'mora, 150 48 S. E.
m. in .... ..
48S.E., con-
nects the
Strait of Bos'porus,t Sea ofMar.
It m. in w mora with
the Black
Black Sea, 760 m. 49 M., W.
inL . . & E.
49 M., con.
Strait of Yenica'le, nects the
m. w.Black Sea
m.iw with the
Sea of Azof, 20 m. 49 N.
in 1. . .
Caspian Seo% 00 I 50 RE.,51W.
in . .. and W.
S of Aral, 290 m 51E., 2W.
in 1.


Mask thmmn all.Japsla,
MrV. Ahr aon.....;
Mamay s&eit a Yeido bE .
And Core Strait Wrvey;
Yellow Sea i now decried,
Placed on China' eaten side.
Gulf of Petodee' we trace,
And in China is its place;
Eastern Sea from China lies
Eastward, as its name implies;
Now Formoa Strait pa through
Channel of the Jankl to view.
Next behold the Gulf Tonkin,
China Sea may the be seen;
Gulf of Siam contemplate,
Then behold Malacca Strait;
l of Martab awury,
Then Bengal' stupendous bay.
Now in Indian Seas afar,
Let us find the Gulf Manaar;
Wetward then our eonre bll be,
Till we reah Arabia Sm;.
Next at Gulf Cambay we touch,
Theu proeed to Gulf of Catch.

6 thrgoog ornm, au we 4 '.
Oifl Pehiareetsee r4ys,
Then to Aden Gulf we glide,
On Arabi's southern m
~, .10 ,.
Now noted strait appears,
a l-.Mande&b,* gate of learn;
Next the Red Sea may be found,
Where Egyptian hosts were drowan'
At the north of that Red Sea,
Suee Gul; thy pkace ball be.
Gulf of Akala we reach,
Then Dead Se's suphaltic Weah;
See the Medite~hean MM, *'
Thp the Gulf of Scanmd a ;
Next a Oinlance eow
On thejArcipa '
Strait of Dardanelle is spied,
Castellated on each ide;
ea of Marmonr we ha!
Then upon bhe Bosporus ail; -
Th~ ar Black Sea a l we wait,
Then an Yenicale Strait.

Sea of Azof next ris tpi,
'Botdny a Circama gred;
Caspian Sea a ace deiasan
Eatward of Ciroanian ludsi;
Lut the Sea of Ana take,
Scarce distingised rom a lake.
Qirdetiort.-Whi t iran ct Deeihe PifO a. See se l-Th
Ocean. AM It i one of the largt bodies ofwater ona lob, lying on he th of Aa
and bu ma Afhi and Australia, and is000 ift seloqn and 4000 wkdT The Arctie Ome
see pie 2. 0
What iaeatf Where isthe l aofK l Anr. It is betwen- d the Imd of
Nova Zeabt, amdia partof-. What ~i g P ere is the GulfofObit Yeoesi
Gulft Odfof the Lena What i a waitt Where is eklng~ S rat? a of Kaamtchathal
Gulfof Aadeeri GulfeaPaCg Mekyt UsofOkbokt Ppoe Strsit Sea of Japan
Channel of Tartamry Ais. Itapart ths seitmer pant of Cllans Tartr fiena Wsim
Island, and eoMncti--wh--. Straitof Ma t A. It Mparee Ni la d
from Yeoo irand, a onne with-- Ydo Bayt Strait of Corest YTl
Sea PetclhleeOulft EuaMtm eal
Where is the Stit of FieWne Am. It Msparas the sodhesmrn pat of Chia fra
Formoms tidm and conaves with -. Chanu l of the Jlutks As. It Mspaesm
the southmaart of-- frma HTain t lg mad com with -- Guf ofTD i
China Sea? Gulf of Siamt Shai of MIloea f An.& ItMeparates- fironam .trat
land, and onets with- Gulf of Mutabtet ay of Beagll GOlfof r:n
ArTbisa Smt OulfofCambsyt Gulf atCCabt' Olrf mOnrmt t traifOrfIt
Peria Galf GulTofAdmt Aml It i between time soabnimsrfAnala th*
eutern part of Afric, ad i part o- trait of lkb-madebt*
Or dab-emadaL. i

.~w F '~-


Where is the Red BSea Gulf of Suet Gulf of Ahabd Dead Sat Meditam an
SSeal o pap P .-Glf of Sonderoos Archipelagot I' pp 7S-4mk df the
Daurdmnle See pop 7.--S of Mall ormt See pe'p 7t.-rait of Seakrf e
age 71-Black eat Sam page ?L-trait of YaMitlef See pg 7,-S of Aelt
See pap ge -Caspian Sea Sea of Ai
Kamtchat'ka,. 45 E., 46 W. Malac'ca. . 108 W.
Core'a, 72E.&N.E.

Now sing we the Peninslas
In Asia bounds embraced;
First of the three Kamtchatka see
In cold Siberia placed.

-.hdu Ln a&
Cores next we designate
To Chinese region join'd;
And lat to India's oUihern coast
Malacca i aign'd.

Quetioue-What is peninsula Where i thsPeninsla of Kauntehetkha Am. it
the most soutbeaem part of Siberia, haing the Sa of Kantchartka the eam and the
Sea of Okhotk on the wet--Coaet Malacca

No'va Zem'bla, .
Kotelnoi, .
Liaghoff Island. .
New Sibe'ria, .
St. Lawrence Island,
St. Mathew's. . .
Behring's Islands,
Tchantar' Islands,
S Saghal'ien* Island .
Koo'rilet Islands,.
Yessot Iland,. .
Nipho* Island.

Keoeoo bIsland,

SitkofU Island, .
Bonin Is. .
Loo.Choo Islands,
Formo'sa Island, .
" Hongkong Island.
Lfinn' Island,
Phil'ippine Islands, .
Luon' Island. .

8 8.,4. Min
11 N. Pala
11 12W.Cel'i
12 M. Bor'
81 E.,32 W.

46 M.
44 W., 43 E.
44 W., 60
61 N.W.
60 M. &W.
78 M., 74 N.
S. E.
78, & E. of
86 N.
84 M. & N.

84 W.
83 S.
98 N. E., 94
96, 106.
9 W.





hna'o Island, 105 M. & N.
wan' Island, . 104 N. E.
be Island. .. 106 8.
ieo land, . 104M.&S.
S103, near the
pore Island,. S. point of
'tra land. 102 S. E.,
108 S. W.
bar'sland,. 102 N.
sman' Islands, 92 S. W.
on Island.. 101 N. W.,
100 N. EK
100 W. & N.
ive Islands, . W.
cadive Islands, 90 S. W.
bay' Island. . 90N. W
us Island, . 77 N.
ein Island, . 77 W.
'tra Island. . 88.
ru Island, . 6 W.
of Crete,1 .. 62 M.
of Rhodes. . 62 E.
62, next
of Co, . N. W. of
of Patmos, . Rhodes in
J order

*Or Taraki. t Or Kurile. Or hmeo. I Or Kiuia. I Or Sikoke. Or Candia.

f "-




Lemam Ibland. . 0 N. J 8o
s" b land, Lemnos en, xt W
island, order. Andros Iland. Samo I

I ".
To the Islands of Aia song let s raise;
Behold them arising adst ocean's base
Firt to drar Nova Zembl Ar northwrd we ster,
Thn the sle Kotelnoi shall eatwad appear.
Lisho4 New Siberia, we speedily reach,
AL gnin to Ramia the rule over each;
Then to nd Isle St awrence, we paehring's Strait,
South of which we the Isle of St. Mthews loate.
Behring' Islands more southward now open to view,
Then the Isles of Tchanta become visible too;
The Isle called Sghalien, (much larger than the,)
We behold near the oasts of the Tartr-Chiaess
To the Ilands of Koorile now let us speed o,
And the Japaese Islands, Yeo and Ni pho';
Keo-seoo, Bikoe, will then rise to our view,
Next behold Bohin Ides, and the Isles of IL Choa
To the Isle of Formos a greeting we send,
And the Island Hongkong to our muse we commend;
Then the Isle of Haman most delightfully smiles
From which we proceed to the Philippine IMs.
Luzon' Isle of the Philippine cluster is ehie&
Mindana'o is next, and in hape like a leaf;
Palawan' in this cluster we lso comprise,
But Cel'ebes island more southwardly lies
And now Bor'neo, grand in dimMeniim, glance o'r
Then wetwardly moving, we And Sigapore;
Drive on to Smatra in fany's bright car,
And we'll glance, as we go, at the Is Nieobar.
On the Isles Andamn' now make we a call,
And their place is due east in the By of Bengal;
Then the pic-bearin breae of Ceylon we meet,
And the Idsads of Ifdiv more wetwardly IE t
Then northward the Laccadive Isles we survey; i
And still rather north lies the Isle of Bombay;
At the mouth of the Persian Gulf may be Mand
A mall island called Ormus, for wealth mprnamw
Or ArabI's Duhter, Buy a c.


1 10
In the Peian Glf too, is the Isle f Bahrein ;*
Then southward proceeding, cotra we gain;
4 Next Cyprus, (once mered to Venus,) we greet,
And away let us sail for the Island of Crete.
Now the Islands of Rhodes, Cos, and Patmos, we view,
And the Islands of Lemnes and Tenedos too;
Then Lesbos and Scio, (famous islands,) are pass'd,
And Samos, Icaria, and Androe, are last.
Quesbo.-Wht isan islandI Where is Nova Zembl a Kotelnoit Liaghoff l. New
Siberia I St. Lawrence 1. St. Mathew's I. Behring's I. Tchantar ILI Saghalien I.
Koorile Is. Yeso I.1 Niphon, Keooweoo, and Sitkokf Ilf AM. They are in the Pacific
Ocean, east of the northern part of China. Bonin Ia LooChoo ILa Formosa 1. Hong-
kongl Hainan I.f
Where are the Philippine Islands, comprising Luzon, Mindanao, Palawan, and many
smaller islands I Amn. They are a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean, southeast of China.
-Cdlebee L Borneo I.t Singapore I.f Sumatra IJ Nicobar IL. Andaman lIt Ceylon
I. Maldive It Laccadive lal Bombay I. Ormu I.I Bahrein I.t Socotra I. Cyprus
1.t Isle of Cretet I es of Rhodes, Coe, Patmoa Lemnos, Tenedoa, Leebos, Scio, Samoe,
Iaria, and Androst
Cevero Voetotchnoi,. 7 N. E. Cape Romania, 108 S.t
Cape Chalagskoi, 15 S. Cape Negrais, . 92 M.
East Cape. .. .82 N. W. Cape Com'orin. 100 N.E.
Cape St. Thaddeus, 30 S. E. Cape rath,. 78 S. E.
Cape Lopat'ka, .. 45 S. Cape Ras al Gat, 77 S. E.
Cape Cambo'dia. 103 N. Cape Isolette. . . 88 N. E.

Am-T-7 .Arr bSit B3Eq.
To the Capee Asiatic a chant we begin;
Be the capes in their order enrolled
PFirst the Ressian North East Capel a notice sabll win,
Which the waves of the Arctic enfold.
Farther to the east we sail,
And the Cape Chalagskoi hail;
Now let East Cape be scann'd with its aspect so bold,
Then your eyes with Cape Thaddeus regale.
Cape Lopati we next shall most southwardly find,
Fru remote Cape Cambodia is set;
Cape Romania shall be to Malacca assigned,
Cape Negrais is in India met;
Comorin next is in our path,
And then northweetward see Cape Wrath;
Now to Cape Ra al Gat let our course be inclined,
And conclude with the Cape Isolette.
QushoMs.-What is a copel Where is Cape Cevero Voetqtehooit C. Chalagakoit East
Ct C. S.ThaddeMt C.Lopatkal C.Cambedia? C.Romaniat C. Neuais C.Co-
morin? C.Wasth C. salGatt C. Isolete
0 ba-rane'. t The.r jntof Malacca. t The most southern point of Ilindotan.
SOr Crero Vastehai.

Rural Mts., . .
Stanovoy Mts., .
Great Altai.
Little Altai,.
Thian-chan Mt.,.

Thsoung-ling Mts.

Kuen-lun Mts.,
Peling Mts., .
Nanling Mts. .
Himalay'a Mts.,
Mt. Dhawalaghiri,
Beloor Mts. .

-~:~al~"' ~r ~i~~~sA.


. 35,18. KoM .
S48, s, 9. oooo
Elburz Mts,
"* N.,64 N.
83 M., 88, Koordistan' Mt. .
* 68. GhautiMt., .
67 N. & N. Ada's Peak, .
SE., 68 W. Ramleah Mts. .
68 M. & E.,
S69. Mt. Sinai,, .
. 70 8.,71 Mt. Horeb,* .
.82 M., 88 M
Taurus Mts t
67 M., 80 N.
* 81 N.W. Mt.Olympus, .
80 N. Mt. Ar'arat,
68 8. W., 67 Catcasus Mts .
" N. W.
Am-Fra Grmeelsd's le .vfnatuia.

Now sing in lively measure
The mountains of this land;
First, rich in mineral treasure,
Lo Ural meontai stand.
Then to Siberia speeding,
See Stanovoyan chain;
Southwesterly proceeding,
The great Akait we gain.
The small Altai we mention,
Then Thian-chan descry,
Till Thsounglings steep ascension,
More southward meets the eye.
Mounts Kuen-lun in Thibet,
The Chinese chain Peling,
In order we exhibit,
Then Nanling Mountains sing.
On India's northern border,
The Hiialayaw trace;
And next to these in order,
Dhawalagiri} place;
The attitude commanding
Of Beloor Mountains view;
In gloom grandeur standing,
Behold tie Hindoe Koo.


06 it., 64 4 6
*( 1 Rw.

101 K. W. -

75 N.
:75 N.

602N, @2 N.

64 N.

To Peria.nw repairing,
The Elburz Monatain scan,
And westwardly still bearing,
See Mountains Koordita.
Now with a southeast motion,
Ghauts Mountains let a meek;
Then, frowning o'er the ocean,
See towering Adam's Peak.
Ramleah Mounts, located
In Araby, we trace;
And Sini, consecrated
By gifts of heavenly grace.
Mount Horeb's summit murky
Now rises o'er the plain;
Then in the realm of Turkey,
See Taurus Mountain chain.
Renown'd in heathen stoy,
See huge Olympn rie;
Then Ararat loo boaery,
Amidst Armenian skies.
And now our observation
To Caudsrus extends,
Cireamia its station,
And thee our travel ends

Queasioua.-What is a montaint Where are the Unrl MtWf See pae 79. ~ manov
Mt. Ans. They a in the eaie part of Siberia.eunding northeast and sothwL--
Great Altai Mt.t A.a They form prt of the boundary between Siberia and Chins T.

* Mt. Sinai is the E., and Mt. Horeb the W. peak.
t hi--Wli-Lz.

I dah-Wol-slm-gberae



- > ,


ary, pas through the southeastern part of Siberia, and are from 8000 to 1200 flet high.-
Litdo Altai NMst Am. They form the boundary between -- and ar from 8000 to 1J,0
feet high.-Thian-cMha Mta ASn* They tend through- from to-- and are
SLfeet high.-Theoung-ling M.? As. They flin the boundary between- extend-

Where are the Kuen-lun Mts.? Asi. They form the boundary between ---,n are from
12000 to 16000 feet high.-Peling Mia? Asn. They extend through from to .
Nanling Mtsa Ans. They extend through the southern part of from to -.
Himalaya Mu. AnL. They form the boundary between Hindoetan and Thibet, tending
northwest and southeast, and are the highest mountains on the globe. Dhawlaghiri the
highest peak is 2,000 feet, or nearly 5 miles high.
Where am the Beloor Mtli AsM. They separate a part of Independent Tartary from a
part of Chinese Tartary, and the northeastern part of Afhanistan from the western part ol
Little Thibet, and connect the Thin-chan Rage with the Himalaya Mountains.
Hindoo Koo Mts. Ans. They separate from and ae 9000 feet high.-Elburz
Mts.? Ans. They extend through --, and connect with the Hindoo Koo Mountains.
Koorditan Mt.t Ans. They are between the western prt ofPersi and the eastern pat of
Turkey. Ghauts Mta.? An. They ae in the southern part of Hindostan. extending dang
the southwest and southeast coast.
Where is Adam's Peakt Ani. It is in the interior of the Island of Ceylon. Ramlesh
Mts.f Ais. They am in the northern part of Arabia, extending nearly northeast and south-
west-ML. Sinai and Horeb f Ana. They are in the northwest part of Arabia near the
Gulf of Sues. or the northern part of the Red Sea. On Mt. Sinai, amid thunder and lightning,
and the smoka of the agitated mountain, and thick darknel," Moes received the Decalogue
from God.-(Exodu. chap. x.)
Where are the Taurus Mu An. They extend through the southern part of Asia Minort
and ar 9000 feet high.-Mt. Olympu Ans. It is in the northwest part of Aia Minor.-
Mt Araratd An. It is a famou mountain in Armenisa on the confies of the Turkish
Ruiian, and Persian Empires, and is 17560 feet high. It is believed to be the Ararat ol
Script, on whose summit the ark rested, after the waters of the food had mbsided.-Cau
caum Mt. t An*. They extend from the Caspian to the Black Sea, eparating Cireai frkomu
Georgia, and the most elevated summit is 17,908 feet high.

Kizil Koom Desert,. 62 S. W. Seistan Desert, 78 N. W.
Desert of Cobi,il 66S.,56,57. Great Salt Desert, 66 M.
Great Sandy Desert.. 79 N.W. JDesert of Akhaf.. 76 N. & S.

Aut-A ld Leal sni.
1 2
Deserts of Asia wild and vast, Great Sandy Desert now is reached,
Ye are our present text; Then Seistant is pas'd;
The Desert Kiil Koom cor es first, Next Great Salt Desert is described,
And Cobi Desert next. Behold Akhafthe last.
Quetions.-What is a desert Where is the Kizil Koom Desert f Asi. It i in the inte-
rior of Independent Tartary.-Desert of Cobi An. It is in and is 2000 mile long.-
Great SandyDesert! Seistan Desertf GreatSaltDesert Deer of Akbaf
Chomalade is giv ri In m works as the highest peak,but the best aaloritie teasider DIa-
watlahiri the highest.
t Asia Miner, an aneiontdivision o Turkey, omprises the northern and westernpanrto Trkey,
as indicated by a deeper shade of color.
t Armsail, a anieent division of Turkey, ia the orteast part, as indicated by a deeper shade
of color.
I Ors I O I I rao. a sa' q-tau'

In. -t,-

Lake Bai'kal, .
Poyang Lke,.
Ton-ting Lake.
Koko-Nor, .
Lake Lob, .
Zaizai Nor.


40 8. E. L Al Lke, .. s. *
88 N. E. Te:hiay LakLe, . 7 B.
88 N.W. BalcahLake, . 68W.
690E.,70W.ILakeurrah, . 65 ..
64 Lake Ooroomee'a, N. E.
64 N. Lake Van ... . N. W.

Al--2 Arl" & J".

8ing the Lke Asiatic, reflecting the glow
(Per the skies of that climate difus'd;
Not e'en to Lake Bi'kal in regions of wow
Shall a line of our soan be refiu'd;
Then to more geniaclimes we fly,
And Lake Poyang in China spy;
To the Lake called Toting we more westwadly go,
Then the bright Koko-Nor we debry.

See Lake Lob, which the land of the Tartar contains,
Zaisan Nor too in Tartary lies;
But Lake Altyn is bfond in the Russian lomais,
Which Lake Tchany will also comprise;
alcash in Tartar regions scan,
And Zurrah in Afaniatao;
See Lake Ooromeae' amid Persian plains,
And conclude with a glance at Lake Van.
Quetionr.-What is a Laket Wher is Lake Oaiklut AM t is ist le i mh u a pa
Siberias -Poyang L To-ing Lf Koko Nort I Lobf Zeun Mart Alta L Tdamiy
Lt Balosoh L Zwrah L Ooroomema L Van


in Location on the Map.
Obi River, .2700 1 ., 20 .,
65 N.W.
10 S. E., 87 M.,
Irtish River,2100 '54 N.
Tobol R. 826 86 M.
shim R., 800 86 E.
1 8. (rune W.
Vakh River, 4 i0 1. e OWbi).
into te Obi
Yenese'i R. 21 N., 22
98 8.
Selenga R., 70 66 N., 40 8.
Angara R., 00 40MNN. E.
Tungoos'k 1400 22 M., 28 M.
River. .

Piacina R.,
Katan'ga R.,
Anabera R.
Olene-k., .
Lena River,
Vitim R.
Aldan R, .
Amga R.,'.
Yana River.
River, ,
Kolima R.,.
Anadeer R.

Loeado oa he Map.
7 S., 6 8. E.
28 N. W.,8 S.

28 N. E.
24 N. E.
S25N.&S. W.,
24 S., 40 M.
41 M.
6 M., 43 N.
268.W,4 N.
O N.

28 M., 29 N.



ion on the Map.
8. E.,6N.,
42 8.W.
41 S., 67 N.W.
57 N.,418.E.
68 M., 9 N.W.
69 M.
71 N.
71 M. &W.,70
71 S., 82 N.,69
83.W., 82 M.
82 8.
98 S.& N. W.
81 N. E.
93W., 92 N. E.

92 N. E., 81 S.
92 N., 81 S. &
N., 69 8. W.
81 W., 80 N.
E., 68 S.
80 E., M.,& N.
80 N.W.. 79 N.
E., 67 S. E.

Mabanud'dy 450
River. . .
River, .
Krishna R., 600
Taptee R. 400
Nerbud'dah 700
River, .
Indus River, 1700
Sutledge R. 900
Ravee R.,. 460
Chenaub R., 32
Hydaspes R. 60
Doot R., 868
Helmund' R. 6
Yarkund' R. 700
Oxusi R., .100
Sihon R., .100
Ural River. 100@
AttrTckR., 30C
Koorl R., 460
Kizil Inak 4_
River. .
Euphrates 1800
River, .
Tigris R., .110
Kerah R. 453

Leatdon on he Map.

80 .
91 N.W.,90N.
& &N. &.
91 W 90 g.
79 S., 80 S.W.
78 E., 67 M.,
68 W.
67 8.
6 7, next N.W.
of Sutledge R.
in order.
78 N. W.
66 8. & S. W.
64 S.W.,63 S.
61 S. E., 66N.
S M.
U 8., 61 N.W.
6 N.
0 8.
49 8., 63 N.
64 & W., 63
64 M. & 8. F
04 E. & S. E.


Now in modulations sweet,
Asia's Rivers we repeat;
Obi first in RuBsi greet,
Irtib River next.
Tobol se in Tartary rise,
Ishim too its stream applies,
And to Rutian region nie,
Rolling northwasdly.
3 .
Then the river Vakh behold,
Yenisei, broad and bold;
See Selg clear and cold,
And the Angara.

Neat Tungoosim westward flows,
And to Yenisei oes;
Then more wartkwud grounds diclome
Piacina's stream.
Northwad in Siberia too,
We Katanga's course parne
Thee Ansam we view,
.Olenk Rivwr me!
Lena sent, (of larger se,)
To the Arctk Owen hies,
Vitim then we recoggne,
Aldan River too.

*OSoaga~i. tOr Usuvi,orOnsouri.
* Or Dko~osi, or M~loolaa. I *rAme.

t Or Sonamp~oi.
11 Or gar.

:. -. j "-


Amga, Yaa now appear,
Then for Indighirt steet,
Kolima, and Aiideer,
Amnor River too.
Then Amoor, thy branches twain,
Shilka and Ar n we ain;
Nor with negliget disdain
Treat the Soongree.
Ooscoree may then be found,
Flowing north in Tartar ground,
And near China's northern bound,
SPei Ho River see.
Still more outhwardly we go
To the River called Hoang Ho';
Then the Yang-te-kiang we bhow,
China's greatest stream.
Hoang Kiang* see, and Tonkin;
Next Cambodia may be seen,
Which in India's parch'd demesne
Courses mouthwardly.
Of Meinam then let us tell,
And Salwin its parallel;
Then the tide of vere to swell,
Irrawaddy comes.
Then thy Bay, Bengal, we span,
And the Brahmapootra scan;
In the plains of Hindostan,
"Sacred" Gange see.

See where isimM aes,
Boas with Gcl it eot Mai
Bat mtb-iert inelineu

Then Godavery we P
And the Krishoa in
Next comes Taptee l
And Nerbddah too.
Indus in dimensions grand,
Partly bounds the Indian land
Sutledge River shall command
Observation next.
Then northwestward seek Bavee;
Next, Chenaub, we turn to thee;
Then the "fimed Hydaspe" se.
And Doost River too
Lost in and behold Helmund,
Then northeatward seek Yarkund;
Be not turbid Oxus abunn'd;
Sihon River see.
Ural River next in place,
Attruck and Koor River trace,
Kizil Irmak then embrace
In our melody.
Then is great Euphrates view'd,
And the Tigris dark and rude;
And with Kerab we conclude
The river registry.

Quesiosu.-Wbat is a river? Where is Obi River t An. It riea in the northern part of
Chinee Tartary flows first a westerly, then a general nonhwesterly, and lastly a northerly
course. paying through the western pan of Siberia into the Gulf of Obi, and is 2700 mile
long.-Irtish R. Tobol R. Ishim R. Vakh ILR Yenisei RI Selengsa I Ama Lt
Tungootsk ILR Piacena IR Katanga R.? Anabara R.f Olensk RL Lena RI VMitmR L
Alden RtL Amga I R Yana R1 Indighirka R.t KolimaR L Anadeer R.t
Where is Amoor R.1 Shilka R.L Argoon RI Soongari R.? Uuri Rt Pei Ho RI
Hoang Ho R.I Yants-tkiang R.1 Hoang Kiang R.i Tonkin RI Cambodia Rt Meipm
R.f Salwin R.L Irrawaddy R.L Brahmapootra R. Ganges IL Jumaa RIL Mahanuddy
RIL Godavery R Krishna R.t Taptes Il Nerbuddah R
Where is Indu Rl Sutledge L R.aveseR. Chenaub R.1 Hydspe R DoostR. Bel-
mund Et Yarkund R. Ozxu R.t ihon R.I Ural Rt Attruck R.I Koor RL Kizil lr
mak LR Euphnates r TigrisR.I Kerash ,
STkse Arst ort of this manme should be proneseed almost In em syllable-h-- or uay.
(flBo HloAs o In Baldwin's Gastter); &e psauslatie os( i hold b-k-nea', wihtae
nt rlable very shon.

* I




1. Palestine, or t* Holy Land, lying along the eastern eost of the
Mediterranean Sea, contains an area of about 11,000 square miles.
2. It is one of the most celebrated countries in the world, and almost
every spot w associated with some great and interesting event recorded in
sacred hisl
3. Here Vpatriarchs, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, pitched their tents
and fed their flocks; here the Saviour was born, suffered, and died; and
here in later times, the armies of Europe and the warriors of Asia en-
Ohntered each other in the eventful period of the Crusades.
4. Palestine was first called the Land of Canaan, afterwards the Land
of Promise, then the land of Israel, and since the time of our Saviour, the
Holy Land.
5. It was divided by Joshua among the 12 tribes of Israel. It afterwards
contained the separate kingdoms of Judah and Israel, and has since been
successively governed by the Chaldeans, the Greeks, the Romans, the So.
racens, the Crisaders, and the Turks.
QusmtioeM l. Where does Palestine lie. and what does it contains 2. What is aid of it
3. What mnt have transpired here? 4. What names have been givento Palestine 5. How
was itdivided by Joehu s What did it afterwards contain, and by whom has it been eaocme-
sively governed
A a--UJ L aag Syne.
The Land of Palestine we seek, as Canaan once renowned,
Where every spot the pilgrim treads is consecrated ground;
The Hebrew patriarchs here abode, where turbid Jordan flows,
Here Salem's holy city stood, and here the Temple roee.
Here the Redeemer of mankind his mighty works displayed,
And for a lost and sinful race the great atonement made;
Here oft the cross and crescent met on th' embattled plains,
But o'er the sacred region now the haughty Moslem reigns.

1. Judah, . W.&S.W.
2. Simeon, 6S. E.
& Bn 7 N. & on the N.
3. Benjamin. of Judah.

4. Tribe of Dan, 6 N. E.
5. Ephraim,, 4S.W., 8S.E.
6. Manasseh. 3 E., 4 W. & S.,
4 N. E., 5 N.
7. Issachar,. 4 M. & W.

8. Zebul, 4 N., & on the N.
8. Zebulon, of Issachar.
4 N. W., 1S. W.,
9. Asher. . on the N. W. of
10. N ahtali 4 N., 1 S., on the
10. Naphtali, E. of Asher.
11. Tribe ofGnd, 4 S. E., 7 N. E.
12. Reuben. 7 E., & S.ofGad.

Aia--Auld Ld{ Sian.
1 .
The tribes of Israel we repeat, Ephraim, Manasseh, Isachar,
First ceptred Judah name; And Zebulon enroll,
Then Simeon, Benjamin, and Dan, With Asher, Naphtali, and Gad;
Shall our attention claim. And Rruben ends the scroll.
Manmseh conisits of two divisions.

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